First Battle of Bull Run
gathered around Washington D.C. in hope of seizing Manassas, VA, which
was a vital railroad, but the Confederate troops aligned the creek waiting
for Union forces at Bull Run. This was the first large battle of
the war. The Confederate forces defeated the Union.
was in command of Union Army. He decided to approach Richmond from
the Atlantic coast. McClellan landed troops in Yorktown, which is
a peninsula between the York and James River, east of Richmond. There
were battles fought there throughout July of 1862. The Confederates
defeated the Union in the battles, led by General Joseph E. Johnston, then
General Robert E. Lee.
First Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas) on Sunday July 21, 1861
Battle of Antietam
commander of the Northern Virginia Army, moved to strike Union territory
in Maryland. A Confederate messenger dropped a copy of the battle
plans, which was found by a Union soldier. The Union then learned
that Lee's forces were divided, so General Grant attacked. Antietam
(Sharpsburg) was a day long battle on September 17, 1862 at Antietam Creek
in Maryland. The battle ended in a draw.
Seven Days' battles, June 25-July 1, 1862
Battle of Shiloh
This battle was
the first after the Union dispersed troops into the West, as well as the
East. The Battle of Shiloh was fought as one of the battles of the
"War in the West." General Grant led his army into Tennessee and
continued to advance. Confederate forces attacked near Shiloh, resulting
in thousands of casualties between both armies in two days of fighting.
The Union won the bloodiest battle of the Civil War, even though they suffered
more losses than the Confederates.
Bloody Lane of Antietam, September 17, 1862
Battle of Chancellorville
The South won
the Battle of Chancellorville, part of the rising hope in the South.
This was a time for hope in the South because the Union was loosing troops.
Stonewall Jackson was killed accidentally by one of his own men at Chancellorville
when mistaken for a Yankee.
Bloody Pond of Shiloh in February of 1862
Battle of Gettysburg
Confederate troops discovered Union calvary in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
The Confederates attacked, paving the way for the largest battle of the
war, lasting three days. The Union Army won the Battle of Gettysburg,
destroying Lee's hopes of carrying the fighting further up North.
for the Confederates
took command of the Union Army during the Fall of Atlanta. Sherman
led troops through Georgia, seizing and burning Atlanta, a vital city and
railroad junction, on September 2, 1864.
July 1, 1863
March to the Sea
scorched the towns he marched through on his way towards the Atlantic coast
and up to Virginia. His army followed the "scorched earth policy,"
beginning first with Atlanta. They would burn, tear up railroad tracks,
raided and burned homes, and captured livestock; Ruthless destruction.
Union Army forces Confederate Army out of the Atlantic port of Savannah,
GA on December 22, 1864.
of Atlanta burning in boxcars outside railroad junction
his burning through North Carolina with hopes of reaching Virginia.
But, General Lee attempted to halt the Union Army and break through Grant's
lines in Petersburg, VA. The Union seized Petersburg on April 2,
1865 and then Richmond on the next day. Union forces cut Lee off
from leading his remaining army to North Carolina. On April 9, 1865,
General Lee surrendered to Grant waving the white flag atop a hill overlooking
the Appomattox River in Virginia. General Grant later accepted General
Lee's surrender in the Appomattox Court House.
burned railroad town, Allatoona Pass, North Georgia
To view a
poster on the main key battles, click here
Court House in Appomattox, where the surrender of General Lee to General
Grant took place
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