When adjunct professor Frances Ford and two MSHP Second Year students agreed to conduct a teaching demonstration project at Salve Regina University they did not expect that they would uncover a lost part of an important building’s history. Working in Ochre Court, one of the large Gilded Age “cottages” architect Richard Morris Hunt designed for wealthy clients in Newport, Rhode Island and now part of Salve Regina’s campus. Kendy Altizer and Will Smith assisted Ford with assessment of the ceiling of one of Ochre Court’s most heavily decorated rooms. Removal of modern paint revealed a decorative sky under which was a painted canvas imported from Europe and installed as the house was completed in 1895 for New York Banker Ogden Goelet. Removal of both layers of overpainting in a 5-by-7 foot section revealed a painted cherub, an unexpected discovery that Ford and her students hope to explore further.
Post & Courier Article
MSHP Students Participate in Preservation Action’s Lobby Day
A group of First and Second Year students braved a snow storm that rocked the Mid-Atlantic on the first day of Spring Break to join historic preservation professionals from across the nation at Preservation Action’s annual gathering in Washington, DC.
Architectural historians with research interests in the idioms of classically-inspired design that shaped building in the Atlantic basin from the mid-seventeenth to the mid-nineteenth century will gather in Charleston April 10-12 for the third annual meeting of Vitruviana, a conference co-sponsored by the MSHP program in cooperation with other Charleston area historic preservation organizations, among them Drayton Hall. Learn more about Vitruviana 2014 here.
Dr. Carl R. Lounsbury, senior architectural historian at Colonial Williamsburg Foundation will conduct a workshop for First Year Students as Spring 2014 Expert-in-Residence. Author of The Chesapeake House and other books that explored the form and meaning of early American architecture, Lounsbury will lead students through analysis of an unstudied house on Tradd Street.
Second Year Megan Funk will present a paper based on a portion of her thesis at in University Kentucky on February 28, 2014: The Evolution of the Kentucky Main Street Program: Its Beginning, Expansion, and Renaissance
Professor Amalia Lefeiste has, for the second year, started her spring semester historic preservation studio for First Year students with a field documentation exercise. Students completed documentation drawings of the ruins of eighteenth-century Pon Pon Chapel near Walterboro, one of South Carolina's colonial "chapels of ease." MSHP students also completed digital reconstructions of what the church might have looked like, compiled an inventory of surviving grave stones, and provided conservation recommendations based on analysis of current conditions.
Student Travels to Colonial Williamsburg
Shannon Devlin, a First-Year Student who completed her undergraduate degree in art history at Penn State University, received a scholarship to attend the 2014 Colonial Williamsburg Antiques Forum, February 14-18.
Assistant Professor Amalia Leifeste will coordinate MSHP student participation in cooperative project sponsored by Historic Charleston Foundation to create three dimensional interpretative digital reconstructions of the double parlors of the Aiken-Rhett House on Elizabeth Street in Charleston. Four MSHP students will then spend two weeks in December translating point clouds captured by laser scanning into finished drawing. Two students will worth with architects from the Historic American Buildings Survey to convert scanned data into documentation drawings of the parlor working at HABS studio in Washington, DC. Two will work in Charleston with Liollio Architects, the firm hired to complete this documentation project, to translate data into digital reconstructions of the parlors as they appeared at various stages in the history of the house. The purpose of this phase of the project is to create images that can be used on site to present the appearance of the parlors to visitors.
Assistant Professor Amalia Leifeste and Class of 2013 teaching assistants Pam Kendrick and Liz Shaw traveled to Taliesien West in Scottsdale, Arizona to accept the second place Peterson Prize award for the MSHP drawings of Fenwick Hall.
Second-Year student Valerie McCluskey will deliver a lecture for history students and faculty at Valparaiso University on November 4 that explores the Bishop Hill community of western Illinois and its context within religious utopias of the 19th century, an aspect of her undergraduate thesis “Defining Utopianism: The Bishop Hill and Oneida Communities."
Wendy Madill, MSHP Class of 2013, will present a paper based on her thesis at the annual meeting of the Southeast Museums Conference. "Noiseless, Automatic Service: The History of Domestic Servant Call Bell Systems in Charleston, South Carolina, 1740-1900" is based, in part, on Madill's close analysis of the evidence for the antebellum call bell systems installed in two phases, the first in the 1830s and the second in 1858, at the Aiken-Rhett House in Charleston. Madill's discovery of key differences in bell systems installed in England, the American South and Northeast shed new light on working conditions of domestic household labor in free and slave states prior to the Civil War.
See announcement here:
Peterson Prize Winners
A student competition of measured drawings, the Charles E. Peterson Prize is presented jointly by the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) of the National Park Service,the Athenaeum of Philadelphia, and the American Institute of Architects. The annual competition, currently in its 31st year, honors Charles E. Peterson, FAIA (1906-2004),founder of the HABS program, and is intended to heighten awareness about historic buildings in the United States and to augment the HABS collection of measured drawings at the Library of Congress. In addition to generating over 5,800 sheets of drawings for the collection to date, the competition presents awards totaling $7,500 to the winning student teams. Drawings must be of a building that has not been recorded by HABS through measured drawings, or be an addendum to existing set of HABS drawings that makes a substantial contribution to the understanding of the significance of the building.
SECOND PLACE AWARD: $2,500
Project: Fenwick Hall
Location: Johns Island, South Carolina
Program: Clemson University / College of Charleston, Graduate Program in Historic Preservation
Instructors: Amalia Leifeste; Ashley R. Wilson, AIA
Team Leaders: Pam Kendrick, Liz Shaw
Student Team: Caglar Aydin, Laurel Bartlett, Charlotte Causey, Lia Farina Kerlin, Katherine Ferguson, Kelly Finnigan, Emily Ford, Robert Fuhrman, Lauren Golden, Elise Haremski, Elyse Harvey, Julianne Johnson, Brittany Lavelle, Rebecca Long, Wendy Madill, Stefanie Marasco, Neale Nickels, Rebecca Quandt, Joseph Reynolds, Mary Margaret Schley, Mariah Schwartz, Karl Sonderman, Julia Tew, Sun Tianying, Amy Elizabeth Uebel, Syra Valiente, Daniel Watts, David Weirick, Jamie Wiedman
Graduate students in the Clemson University / College of Charleston graduate program in historic preservation will undertake a revision of the historical and architectural documentation of Drayton Hall in a unique partnership between the program and the National Trust for Historic Preservation. Acquired by the National Trust in 1974, Drayton Hall was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1960. The National Trust has conducted important research efforts that include archaeological explorations and structural investigations with the result that considerably more is known about this important mid-eighteenth century house. For example, archaeological excavations confirmed the existence of a colonade that once connected the house to flanking outbuilding depicted in a newly-discovered watercolor of the house dated 1765. Archaeological research also revealed that the house rests on foundations that extend only a few courses below the current ground surface and overlap evidence of a substantial late-seventeenth to early- eighteenth-century brick building that preceded Drayton Hall. These revelations and the results of paint analysis, intensive studies of the surviving architectural hardware, and on-going efforts to understand changes made to the building in the 20th century are among recent discoveries that will be summarized and included in and updated and expanded NHL documentation. Members of the MSHP class of 2015 will pursue the research and fieldwork necessary to update NHL documentation for Drayton through course assignments.
Kendy Altizer, MSHP Class of 2014, will present a paper based on early results of her thesis research at the 2014 meeting of the Society for Historical Archaeology when it convenes in Quebec. Altizer is excavating small test units within the ruins of Peachtree to ascertain the interior plan of the mid-eighteenth century house that was home of signer of the Declaration of Independence Thomas Lynch. The house burned in 1840. Altizer’s paper will be a part of a session devoted to current research in the South Carolina Lowcountry organized by Sarah Stroud, Director of Archaeology at Drayton Hall.
As the summer ended, the MSHP program said good bye and thank you to the two ICOMOS interns who spent the summer working on a range of preservation initiatives from 292 Meeting Street. Julia Crimmins from Ireland and Lia Farina Kerlin from Paraquay left Charleston in late August to report the results of their summer work in Washington before they departed for home. Julia and Lia worked on a range of documentation and research projects, among them Medway Plantation working with Historic Charleston Foundation interns Kavan Argue and Lindsay Lanois. The MSHP program cooperates annually with US/ICOMOS and Historic Charleston Foundation to sponsor two ICOMOS summer interns.
Architectural Conservator Frances Ford and eight MSHP students traveled to Genoa, Italy to resume research begun in 2011 of interior finishes in Clemson's 19th-century villa: The Charles E Daniel Center for Building Research and Urban Studies. Used during the academic year as a node in the architecture program's dispersed campus, MSHP students used the villa in May as a base from which to explore the northwest coast of Italy and extend documentation efforts that, when complete, will form the backbone of a historic structures report.
Check out the Genoa blog here.
“Turning the Corner: The Modernization of Tomb Building in New Orleans, 1880-1915” drew on the data Ford assembled on the craftsmen and firms that was an important element in her thesis “The Stonecutters and Tomb Builders of Lafayette Cemetery No. 1, New Orleans, Louisiana.”
Check out where our rising second-years are participating as summer interns:
Kavan Argue: Genoa Fieldwork + Historic Charleston Foundation
Kendy Altizer: Genoa Fieldwork + Seldon Hill at The Village Museum, McClellanville,SC
Megan Funk: Genoa Fieldwork + State Historic Preservation Program Intern, Main Street Program, Kentucky Heritage Council, Frankfurt, KY
Kelly Herrick: Genoa Fieldwork + Preservation Intern, Huntington Beach State Park, Murrells Inlet, SC
Lindsay Lanois: Historic Charleston Foundation
Lindsay Lee: Genoa Fieldwork + Archaeologist, Lord Ashley Plantation Field School
Valerie McCluskey: Intern Glassworker, Charleston Architectural Glass + Intern Bookbinder, Charleston Library Society
Brittany McKee: Genoa Fieldwork + Kanuga Property Committee, Hendersonville, NC + Oatlands Historic House and Garden, Leesburg, VA
Erin Morton: Easement Intern, Preservation North Carolina, Raleigh, NC
Melissa Roach: Genoa Fieldwork + Kanuga Property Committee, Hendersonville, NC + Director of Housing and Community Development for the City of Charleston, Charleston, SC
Leigh Schoberth: Preservation Specialist, Oatlands Historic House and Garden, Leesburg, VA
Katherine Schultheis: NRHP Survey and Research Coordinator and Looking Up Downtown Tours Marketing Coordinator, Baltimore Heritage, Baltimore, MD + The Victorian Society in America's London Summer School, England
Will Smith: Genoa Fieldwork + MSHP
Congratulations to our graduates who completed and defended their theses and obtained a Master of Science in Historic Preservation! Students participated in the College of Charleston Graduate Commencement on Friday night, May 10. The ceremony was followed by an awards reception at 12 Bull Street, where the Ann Pamela Cunningham and Best Thesis Awards were announced. Faculty and staff enjoyed meeting and mingling with the families of the MSHP students that they had grown to know and advise for two memorable years. On Saturday the 11th, faculty, staff, students and family gathered at Fenwick Hall to celebrate once more plantation-style. Students enjoyed showing their families the site that they frequently visited and thoroughly documented while studying in Charleston. Guests enjoyed the Lowcountry weather, barbecue, good music, and exploring the grounds of Fenwick Hall.
The MSHP Graduating Class of 2013
Best Thesis Award Recipient Julianne Johnson with Ann Pamela Cunningham Award Recipient Amy Elizabeth Uebel
The Class of 2013 at Fenwick Hall (not pictured: Charlotte Causey)
Two members of the MSHP class of 2013 will make presentations based on their thesis research at the annual conference of two historic preservation organizations in the spring. Liz Shaw presented a summary of her thesis entitled "Adaptive Use Potential of Kitchen and Carriage Houses Toward Smart Growth Goals in Charleston, South Carolina" in a poster session of the annual conference of US/ICOMOS, the American affiliate of the International Committee on Monuments and Sites which convened this year in Savannah, Georgia. Emily Ford will present a paper based on her analysis of the stonecutters and tomb builders of Lafayette Cemetery No. 1 in New Orleans at the annual meeting of the Society for Gravestone Preservation when it meets in June in Portland, Oregon.
Amy Elizabeth Uebel, an MSHP student who will complete her degree in May 2013, will present a paper that draws on her thesis research at the 2013 Symposium for Students of Conservation and Preservation sponsored by UCLA and the Getty Conservation Institute. Ubel’s paper, “Understanding Architectural Metal Conservation,” will summarize the results of her study of antebellum iron objects at Fort Sumter. The abstract of her paper follows:
Iron is one of the most overlooked materials in architectural conservation. Its status as a functional construction material, rather than a decorative element, often makes iron the least understood material by architectural conservators. As historic metal becomes increasingly significant in the built environment, new approaches must develop in order to better predict and understand the corrosion process.
The behavior of corrosion has been extensively studied in the engineering and conservation communities, but the two fields have developed different approaches to iron conservation. Typically, engineers classify corrosion on a macroscopic scale, while conservators approach iron on a microscopic level. Both approaches are undeniably useful; conservators, engineers, and contractors must reach a middle ground in order to make better-informed decisions regarding the sustainability, longevity, and integrity of historic iron.
Famous for its role in the Civil War, Fort Sumter is now largely a ruin with few original iron artifacts intact. History has not been kind to the fort and the metal has experienced decades of exposure to the harsh marine climate—burial in sand, and multiple rebuilding campaigns. Three well understood causes of iron corrosion, the atmosphere, context, and the metal’s composition, were applied to the architectural iron at Fort Sumter to determine which aspect has the greatest impact.
The temperature, wind, and airborne chloride levels were tracked at Fort Sumter to determine the atmospheric corrosivity level. As surrounding materials affect the exposure of embedded metal, each material was compared to see how its composition affected the historic iron. Lastly, a selection of iron objects was chosen for further analysis using X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF), Raman spectroscopy, and archival research. By studying these aspects of iron corrosion, the National Park Service will be able to form a better understanding of the corrosion of historic ironwork and implement appropriate, sensitive conservation treatments.
Rebecca Quandt’s poster entitled “Documenting Ireland’s Elizabethan Landscape” won one of three prizes awarded by an interdisciplinary team of faculty judges in the College of Charleston’s annual Graduate Student Research Symposium. Quandt’s poster summarized field work that she and 6 of her classmates conducted in the summer of 2012 documenting the ruins of Molana Abbey in County Waterford, a 14th-century complex occupied in the last decades of the sixteenth century by Thomas Hariot, surveyor, scientist and protégé of Sir Walter Raleigh.