Adler, P. H. 2005. Black flies, the Simuliidae. Pp. 127-140. In W. C. Marquardt (ed.). Biology of Disease Vectors, 2nd edition. Elsevier Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

Adler, P. H. 2009. Legs. Pp. 555-558. In V. H. Resh & R. Cardé (eds.). Encyclopedia of Insects. Elsevier, San Diego, CA. 1,132 pp.

Adler, P. H. & B. Belqat. 2001. Cytotaxonomy of the Prosimulium hirtipes species group (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Morocco. Journal of Insect Systematics and Evolution 32: 411-418.

Adler, P. H. & D. C. Currie. 2008. Simuliidae. Pp. 825-845. In R. W. Merritt, K. W. Cummins & M. B. Berg (eds.). An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America, 4th edition. Kendall/Hunt, Dubuque, Iowa.

Adler, P.H. & D.C. Currie. 2008. Barbarians at the gate: the biting flies of Beringia. Alaska Park Science 7 (1): 28-31.

Adler, P. H. & E. A. Kachvoryan. 2001. Cytogenetics of the Holarctic black fly Simulium noelleri (Diptera: Simuliidae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 79: 1972-1979.

Adler, P. H. & B. Malmqvist. 2004. Predation on black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) by the carnivorous plant Pinguicula vulgaris (Lentibulariaceae) in northern Sweden. Entomologica Fennica 15: 124-128.

Adler, P. H. & J. W. McCreadie. 2009. Black flies (Simuliidae). Pp. 183-200. In G. Mullen & L. Durden (eds.). Medical and Veterinary Entomology. Academic Press, NY. 2nd edition. Elsevier. San Diego, CA. 930 pp.

Adler, P. H. & J. W. McCreadie. 2009. Black flies (Simuliidae). Pp. 183-200. In G. Mullen & L. Durden (eds.). Medical and Veterinary Entomology. Academic Press, NY. 2nd edition. Elsevier. San Diego, CA. 930 pp.

Adler, P. H. & D. Werner. 2010. Eugenie Ashotovna Kachvoryan (2 March 1942 - 6 December 2008): the life and career of an Armenian entomologist, with special reference to the family Simuliidae (Diptera). Studia Dipterologica 16: 73-83.

Adler, P. H. & W. Wills. 2003. Legacy of death: the history of arthropod-borne human diseases in South Carolina. American Entomologist 49: 216-228. [feature article].

Adler, P. H., J. J. Becnel & B. Moser. 2000. Molecular characterization and taxonomy of a new species of Caudosporidae (Microsporidia) from black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae), with host-derived relationships of the North American caudosporids. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 75: 133-143.

Adler, P. H., D. C. Currie & D. M. Wood. 2004. The Black Flies (Simuliidae) of North America. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. xv + 941 pp. + 24 color plates. Cornell University Press

Adler, P. H., D. J. Giberson & L. A. Purcell. 2005. Insular black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of North America: tests of colonization hypotheses. Journal of Biogeography 32: 211-220. PDF

Adler, P. H., D. Roach, W. K. Reeves, J. P. Flanagan, M. E. Morrow & J. E. Toepfer. 2007. Attacks on the endangered Attwater’s Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido attwateri) by black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) infected with an avian blood parasite. Journal of Vector Ecology 32: 309-312.

Adler, P. H., R. A. Cheke & R. J. Post. 2010. Evolution, epidemiology, and population genetics of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Evolutionary Genetics of Infectious Diseases (= Infection, Genetics and Evolution) 10: 846-865.

Adler, P. H., H. C. Tuten & M. P. Nelder. 2011. Arthropods of medicoveterinary importance in zoos. Annual Review of Entomology 56: 123-142.

Adler, P. H., Y.-T. Huang & H. Takaoka. 2012. Nearctic-Palearctic relationships of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae): chromosomal and morphological evidence for the Prosimulium magnum species group in Japan. Journal of Natural History 46:1467-1475.

Adler, P. H., Y.-T. Huang, W. K. Reeves, S. K. Kim, Y. Otsuka & H. Takaoka. 2013. Macrogenomic evidence for the origin of the black fly Simulium suzukii (Diptera: Simuliidae) on Okinawa Island, Japan. PLOS ONE 8 (8): e70765. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070765

Beard, C. E. & P. H. Adler. 2000. Bionomics, axenic culture and substrate-related variation in trichospores of Smittium megazygosporum. Mycologia 92: 296-300.

Beard, C. E. & P. H. Adler. 2002. Seasonality of trichomycetes in larval black flies from South Carolina, USA. Mycologia 94: 200-209. PDF

Beard, C. E. & P. H. Adler. 2003. Zygospores of selected Trichomycetes in larval Diptera of the families Chironomidae and Simuliidae. Mycologia 95: 316-319. PDF

Beard, C. E., J. W. McCreadie & P. H. Adler. 2003. Prevalence of the Trichomycete fungus Harpella melusinae (Harpellales: Harpellaceae) in larval black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) across a heterogeneous environment. Mycologia 95: 577-583. PDF

Belqat, B., P. H. Adler & R. W. Crosskey. 2011. Faunistic and bibliographical inventory of the blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Morocco. Zootaxa 2829: 46-58.

Brockhouse, C. L. & P. H. Adler. 2002. Cytogenetics of laboratory colonies of Simulium vittatum cytospecies IS-7 (Diptera: Simuliidae). Journal of Medical Entomology 39: 293-297. PDF

Cammack, J. A., P. H. Adler, J. K. Tomberlin, Y. Arai & W. C. Bridges, Jr. 2010. Influence of parasitism and soil compaction on pupation of the green bottle fly, Lucilia sericata. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 136: 134-141.

Currie, D. C. & P. H. Adler. 2008. Global diversity of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595: 469-475.

Duncan, G., P. H. Adler, K. P. Pruess & T. O. Powers. 2004. Molecular differentiation of two sibling species of the black fly Simulium vittatum (Diptera: Simuliidae) based on random amplified polymorphic DNA. Genome 47: 373-379. PDF

Durden, L. A., W. Wills & K. L. Clark. 1999. The Fleas (Siphonaptera) of S.C. with an Assessment of Their Vectorial Importance. Journal of Vector Ecology 24: 171-181.

Foottit, R. G. & P. H. Adler. 2009. Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Chichester. 632 pp.

Gray, E. W., R. D. Wyatt, P. H. Adler, J. Smink, J. E. Cox & R. Noblet. 2012. The lack of effect of low temperature and high turbidity on operational Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis activity against larval black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 28: 134-136.

Green, T. B., S. White, S. Rao, P. P. C. Mertens, P. H. Adler & J. J. Becnel. 2007. Biological and molecular studies of a cypovirus from the black fly Simulium ubiquitum (Diptera: Simuliidae). Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 95: 26-32.

Hamada, N., J. W. McCreadie & P. H. Adler. 2002. Species richness and spatial distributions of blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in streams of Central Amazonia, Brazil. Freshwater Biology 47: 31-40. PDF

Hamada, N., E. da Silva Pereira & P. H. Adler. 2008. Polytene chromosomes of Simulium (Psaroniocompsa) daltanhani from Central Amazonia, Brazil. Zootaxa 1676: 57-62.

Henry, W., S. Thapa, P. H. Adler, S. K. Dey & R. Varma. 2011. Cytotaxonomy of Simulium (Montisimulium) ghoomense (Diptera: Simuliidae) from the Darjeeling Hills, India. Zootaxa 2872: 49-57.

Huang, Y.-T. & P. H. Adler. 2011. Chromosomal relationships of Simulium suzukii, an Old World member of the Simulium tuberosum species group (Diptera: Simuliidae). Medical Entomology and Zoology 62: 23-30.

Huang, Y. T., P. H. Adler & H. Takaoka. 2012. Polytene chromosomes of Simulium arakawae, a pest species in the Simulium venustum species group (Diptera: Simuliidae) from Japan. Tropical Biomedicine 28: 376-381.

Huang, Y.-T., J. Phasuk, J. Chanpaisaeng & P. H. Adler. 2010. A new species of black fly in the subgenus Simulium (Diptera: Simuliidae) from Thailand. Medical Entomology and Zoology 61: 49-58.

Ilmonen, J., P. H. Adler, B. Malmqvist & A. Cywinska. 2009. The Simulium vernum group (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Europe: multiple character sets for assessing species status. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 156: 847-863.

Jitklang, S., C. Kuvangkadilok, V. Baimai, H. Takaoka & P. H. Adler. 2008. Cytogenetics and morphotaxonomy of the Simulium (Gomphostilbia) ceylonicum species group (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Thailand. Zootaxa 1917: 1-28.

Khazeni, A., P. H. Adler, Z. Telmadareiiy, M. A. Oshaghi, H. Vatandoost, S. M. Abtahi & A. Lofti. 2013. The black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Iran. Zootaxa 3694: 67-74.

Kim, S. K. & P. H. Adler. 2005. Multiple symbiotes in larval black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae): Associations of trichomycete fungi with ichthyosporeans, mermithid nematodes, and microsporidia. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 88: 247-253. PDF

Kim, S.-K. & P. H. Adler. 2007. Size variation of trichospores of Harpella melusinae in larval black flies. Mycologia 99: 351-355.

Kim, S.-K. & P. H. Adler. 2009. Digestive system of larval black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae): structure and phylogeny. Invertebrate Biology 128: 182-204.

King, R. S. & P. H. Adler. 2012. Development and evaluation of methods to measure populations of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) at nests of the endangered whooping crane (Grus americana). Journal of Vector Ecology 37: 298-306.

Lehnert, M.S., D. Monaenkova, T. Andrukh, C. E. Beard, P. H. Adler & K. G. Kornev. 2013. Hydrophobic-hydrophilic dichotomy of the butterfly proboscis. Journal of the Royal Society Interface. [Featured in Science News].

Malmqvist, B., P. H. Adler, K. Kuusela, R. W. Merritt & R. S. Wotton. 2004. Black flies in the boreal biome, key organisms in both terrestrial and aquatic environments: a review. Écoscience 11: 187-200.

Malmqvist, B., P. H. Adler & D. Strasevicius. 2004. Testing hypotheses on egg number and size in blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Journal of Vector Ecology 29: 248-256. PDF

Malmqvist, B., D. Strasevicius, O. Hellberg, P. H. Adler & S. Bensch. 2004. Vertebrate host specificity of wild-caught blackflies revealed by mitochondrial DNA in blood. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, Biology Letters 271: S152-S155. PDF

Malmqvist, B., D. Strasevicius & P. H. Adler. 2007. Catches of bloodsucking blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) tell different stories depending on sampling methods. Entomologica Fennica 18: 110-116.

Mantilla, J. S., L. I. Moncada, N. E. Matta & P. H. Adler. 2013. Two new species of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) from the High Andes of Colombia. Zootaxa 3700: 423-434.

McCreadie, J. W. & P. H. Adler. 2006. Ecoregions as predictors of lotic assemblages of blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Ecography 29: 603-613.

McCreadie, J. W. & P. H. Adler. 2008. Spatial distribution of rare species in lotic habitats. Insect Conservation and Diversity 1: 127-134. [Selected as Editors' Choice].

McCreadie, J. W. & P. H. Adler. 2012. Variation in larval fitness of a black fly species (Diptera: Simuliidae) over heterogeneous habitats. Aquatic Insects 34: 143-150.

McCreadie, J. W. & P. H. Adler. 2012. The roles of abiotic factors, dispersal, and species interactions in structuring stream assemblages of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Aquatic Biosystems 8: 14 [11 pp.] [Editors’ Pick].

McCreadie, J. W. & C. E. Beard. 2003. The microdistribution of the trichomycete Smittium culisetae in the hindgut of the black fly host Simulium vittatum. Mycologia 95: 998-1003. PDF

McCreadie, J. W., P. H. Adler & N. Hamada. 2005. Patterns of species richness for blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in the Nearctic and Neotropical regions. Ecological Entomology 30: 201-209. PDF

McCreadie, J. W., C. E. Beard & P. H. Adler. 2005. Context-dependent symbiosis between black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) and trichomycete fungi (Harpellales: Legeriomycetaceae). Oikos 108: 362-370. PDF

McCreadie, J. W., P. H. Adler & C. E. Beard. 2011. Ecology of symbiotes of larval black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae): distribution, diversity, and scale. Environmental Entomology 40: 289-302.

Miller, G. L. & P. H. Adler. 2009. "...drenched in dirt and drowned in abominations...": Insects and the Civil War. Pp. 5-12. In Proceedings of the Department of Defense Symposium "Evolution of Military Medical Entomology." Armed Forces Pest Management Board Bulletin. 77 pp.

Moncada, L. A., S. Mantilla, I. Lotta, N. Matta & P. H. Adler. 2013. Simulium cormonsi Wygodzinsky (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Colombia: first record, egg and larval descriptions, and bionomics. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 115: 103-106.

Monaenkova, D., M. S. Lehnert, T. Andrukh, C. E. Beard, B. Rubin, A. Tokarev, W.-K. Lee, P. H. Adler & K. G. Kornev. 2012. Butterfly proboscis: combining a drinking straw with a nanosponge facilitated diversification of feeding habits. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 9: 720-726. [Featured in Science News].

Nelder, M. P. & W. K. Reeves. 2005. Ectoparasites of road-killed vertebrates in northwestern South Carolina, U.S.A. Veterinary Parasitology 129: 313-322. PDF

Nelder, M. P., P. H. Adler & E. A. Kachvoryan. 2005. Do gut symbiotes reflect the endemism of their host black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) in the Caucasus of Armenia? Journal of Biogeography 32: 1333-1341. PDF

Nelder, M. P., J. W. McCreadie & C. E. Beard. 2005 Laboratory investigations of trichomycete host usage in a Smittium-simuliid model. Mycologia 92: 338-345. PDF

Nelder, M. P., W. K. Reeves, J. A. Korecki & L. A. Durden. 2005. Fleas of the genus Ceratophyllus (Siphonaptera: Ceratophyllidae) in the southeastern United States. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 107: 471-473. PDF

Nelder, M. P., C. E. Beard, P. H. Adler, S.-K. Kim & J. W. McCreadie. 2006. Harpellales (Zygomycota: Trichomycetes) associated with black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae): world review and synthesis of their ecology and taxonomy. Fungal Diversity 22: 121-169. PDF

Nelder, M. P., E. S. Paysen, P. A. Zungoli & E. P. Benson. 2006. Emergence of the introduced ant Pachycondyla chinensis as a public health threat in the southeastern United States. Journal of Medical Entomology 43: 1094-1098. PDF

Nelder, M. P., J. W. McCreadie, & C. E. Beard. 2009. Predicting occurrence of the fungal symbiote Harpella colonizing black fly larvae in coastal streams of Alabama and Mississippi, USA. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 102: 1-5.

Nelder, M. P., W. K. Reeves, P. H. Adler, A. Wozniak & W. Wills. 2009. Ectoparasites and associated pathogens of free-roaming and captive animals in zoos of South Carolina. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 9: 469-477.

Nelder, M. P., C. E. Beard, and J. W. McCreadie. 2010. Seasonality and host usage of trichomycetes in larval black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of southern Alabama, USA. Fungal Ecology 3: 43-48.

Nelder, M. P., D. A. Swanson, P. H. Adler & W. L. Grogan, Jr. 2010. Biting midges of the genus Culicoides in South Carolina zoos. Journal of Insect Science 10 (55): 1-9.

Nelder, M. P., W. K. Reeves, G. R. Curler, B. R. Ellis & P. H. Adler. 2012 [2011]. Filth flies (Diptera) in zoos of South Carolina, USA. Studia Dipterologica 18: 11-19.

Parks, K.S. 2013 (2011). Spontaneous triploidy in the black fly Simulium snowi Stone & Snoddy (Diptera: Simuliidae). Entomological News 122: 486-488.

Porter, T. M., W. Martin, T. Y. James, J. E. Longcore, F. H. Gleason, P. H. Adler, P. M. Letcher & R. Vilgalys. 2011. Molecular phylogeny of the Blastocladiomycota (Fungi) based on nuclear ribosomal data. Fungal Biology 115: 381-392.

Pramual, P., K. Wongpakam & P. H. Adler. 2011. Cryptic biodiversity and phylogenetic relationships revealed by DNA barcoding of Oriental black flies in the subgenus Gomphostilbia (Diptera: Simuliidae). Genome 54: 1-9.

Pramual, P., C. Kuvangkadilok, S. Jitklang, U. Tangkawanit & P. H. Adler. 2012. Geographical versus ecological isolation of closely related black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae) inferred from phylogeny, geography, and ecology: implications for speciation in black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Organisms, Diversity and Evolution 12: 183-195.

Reeves, W. K., P. H. Adler, O. Rätti, B. Malmqvist & D. Strasevicius. 2007. Molecular detection of Trypanosoma (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Comparative Parasitology 74: 171-175.

Reeves, W. K. & P. H. Adler. 2011. Colonization of Pacific islands by black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 113: 371-376.

Reeves, W. K., C. E. Beard & D. A. Craig. 2004. Trichomycete symbiotes of Crozetia seguyi, a primitive black fly. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 87:67-69. PDF

Reeves, W. K., A. D. Loftis, R. A. Priestley, W. Wills, F. Sanders & G. A. Dasch. 2005. Molecular and Biological Characterization of a Novel Coxiella-like Agent from Carios capensis. Annals of the NY Academy of Sciences 1063: 343-345.

Reeves, W. K., M. P. Nelder & J. A. Korecki. 2005. Bartonella and Rickettsia in fleas and lice from mammals in South Carolina, USA. Journal of Vector Ecology 30: 310-315. PDF

Reeves, W. K., M. P. Nelder & K. D. Cobb. 2006. Bartonella spp. in deer keds, Lipoptena mazamae (Diptera: Hippoboscidae), from Georgia and South Carolina, USA. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42: 391-396.

Seitz, G. & P. H. Adler. 2009. A new species of the Simulium vernum group (Diptera: Simuliidae) from the Alps of southeastern Germany. Aquatic Insects 31: 1-10.

Seitz, G., H. Zwick & P. H. Adler. 2012. Description of a new species, Simulium (Rubzovia) joanae (Diptera: Simuliidae), and its chromosomes, with new information on the blackfly fauna of Madeira. Lauterbornia 74: 1-28.

Swanson, D. A. & W. L. Grogan. 2011. A new predaceous midge in Brachypogon (Brachypogon) from Alabama and Florida, USA and new distribution records for Brachypogon woodruffi Spinelli and Grogan (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 113: 531-540.

Swanson, D. A. & W. K. Reeves. 2011. New records of biting midges (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) from Guam Island. Check List 7: 313-314.

Swanson, D. A. & P. H. Adler. 2010. Vertical distribution of hematophagous Diptera in temperate forests of the southeastern U.S.A. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 24: 182-188.

Swanson, D. A., P. H. Adler & B. Malmqvist. 2012. Spatial stratification of host-seeking Diptera in boreal forests of northern Europe. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 26: 56-62.

Tang, X., P. H. Adler, H. Vogel & L. Ping. 2012. Gender-specific bacterial composition of black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). FEMS Microbiology Ecology 80:659-670. PDF

Tangkawanit, U., C. Kuvangkadilok, V. Baimai & P. H. Adler. 2009. Cytosystematics of the Simulium tuberosum group (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Thailand. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 155: 289-315.

Tangkawanit, U., C. Kuvangkadilok, V. Baimai & P. H. Adler. 2009. Morphotaxonomy of the Simulium (Simulium) tuberosum species group (Diptera: Simuliidae) in Thailand. Zootaxa 2048: 31-46.

Tomberlin, J. K., P. H. Adler & H. M. Myers. 2009. Development of the black soldier fly (Diptera: Stratiomyidae) in relation to temperature. Environmental Entomology 38: 930-934.

Tokarev, A., B. Kaufman, Y. Gu, T. Andrukh, P. H. Adler & K. G. Kornev. 2012. Probing viscosity of nanoliter droplets of butterfly saliva by magnetic rotational spectroscopy. Applied Physics Letters 102: 4 pp. doi: 10.1063/1.4788927.

Tuten, H. C., W. C. Bridges, K. S. Paul & P. H. Adler. 2012. Blood-feeding ecology of mosquitoes in zoos. Medical and Veterinary Entomology 26: 407-416.

Tuten, H. C., W. C. Bridges & P. H. Adler. 2012. Comparative morphology of the pyloric armature of adult mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). Arthropod Structure and Development 41: 475-481.

Werner, D. & P. H. Adler. 2005. A faunistic review of the black flies (Simuliidae, Diptera) of the federal state of Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany. Abhandlungen und Berichte für Naturkunde 27: 205-245.

Xia, Y., A. Gower, P. H. Adler, J. VanDyk, G. Kennedy & R. Stinner 2008. Entomology Digital Library (EntDigiL). American Entomologist 54: 10-13. Link to PDF. Digital library has moved. Link to Digital Library