Bacterial Transformation

Description of the Activity

Students learn the fundamentals of gene expression by transforming E. coli to incorporate the genes to produce green fluorescent protein (GFP).  The GFP genes are inserted using recombinant plasmids.  After incubation, the transformed culture will be compared to the control to test for the ability to produce glow in the dark colonies.


  • Identify the structure of bacterial cells
  • Describe the bacterial genome
  • Explain the process of genetic transformation
  • List the parameters necessary for successful transformation
  • Discuss how phenotype is a result of genotype

Meets SC Content Standards