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Thomas R. Rainwater

Research Scientist / Wildlife Research Coordinator
Tom Yawkey Wildlife Center
Forestry and Environmental Conservation Department, Baruch Institute of Coastal Ecology and Forest Science

Office: Georgetown, SC
Phone: 806-239-5472
Email: TRRAINW@clemson.edu

 

 Educational Background

Ph.D. Environmental Toxicology
Texas Tech University 2003

M.S. Environmental Toxicology
Clemson University 1994

B.S. Biology
Furman University 1989

 Profile

 Research Interests

Dr. Rainwater joined Clemson University's Baruch Institute of Coastal Ecology and Forest Science and the Tom Yawkey Wildlife Center in 2015 as Research Scientist and Wildlife Research Coordinator. He has broad interests in wildlife biology, ecotoxicology, and conservation. Much of his recent research has focused on the impacts of environmental pollution, habitat alteration, and over-exploitation on endangered crocodilians and turtles in the United States, Central America, Asia, and Africa. He is also involved in long-term projects examining the nesting ecology of crocodilians in coastal habitats.

 Publications

Platt, S.G., Tint Lwin, Myo Min Win, Kalyar Platt and T.R. Rainwater. Batagur trivittata (Burmese Roofed Turtle). Description and phenology of sexual dichromatism. Herpetological Review. 48:616-618.

Platt, S.G., K. Platt, Lay Lay Khaing, Thin Thin Yu, Shwe Htay Aung, San San Nwe, Me Me Soe, Khin Myo Myo, Tint Lwin, Win Ko Ko, Swann Htet Naing Aung and T.R. Rainwater. 2017. Back From the brink: ex-situ conservation and recovery of the Critically Endangered Burmese Star Tortoise (Geochelone platynota) in Myanmar. Herpetological Review. 48:570-575.

Labarre, D., P. Charruau, S.G. Platt, T.R. Rainwater, J.R. Cedeño-Vásquez and H. González-Cortés. 2017. Morphological diversity of the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) in the Yucatán Peninsula. Zoomorphology. 136:387-401.

Hale, M.D., T.M. Galligan, T.R. Rainwater, B.C. Moore, P.M. Wilkinson, L.J. Guillette, Jr. and B.B. Parrott. 2017. AHR and CYP1A expression link historical contamination events to modern day developmental effects in the American alligator. Environmental Pollution. 230:1050-1061.

Rainwater, T.R., R.H. Lowers, C. Carter and S.G. Platt. 2017. Alligator mississippiensis (American Alligator). Frugivory. Herpetological Review. 48:430-431.

Platt, S.G., R. Dingqi, F. Li, X. Ma and T.R. Rainwater. 2017. Ptyas korros (Javan Rat Snake). Diet. Herpetological Review. 48:458-459.

Platt, S.G., E.A. Measures, D.M. Rohr, K. Platt and T.R. Rainwater. 2017. Batagur trivittata (Burmese Roofed Turtle). Nesting site and substrate. Herpetological Review. 48:420-422.

Simpson, Z.J., J. Dozier, S.G. Platt, S.M. Miller and T.R. Rainwater. 2017. Pantherophis alleghaniensis (Eastern ratsnake). Diet. Herpetological Review. 48:217.

Becker, D.J., M.M. Chumchal, A.B. Bentz, S.G. Platt, G.Á. Czirják, T.R. Rainwater, S. Altizer and D.G. Streicker. 2017. Predictors and immunological correlates of sublethal mercury exposure in vampire bats. Royal Society Open Science. 4:170073. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.170073

Bangma, J.T., J.A. Bowden, A.M. Brunell, I. Christie, B. Finnell, M.P. Guillette, M. Jones, R.H. Lowers, T.R. Rainwater, J.L. Reiner, P.M. Wilkinson and L.J. Guillette, Jr. 2017. Perfluorinated Alkyl Acids in plasma of American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) from Florida and South Carolina. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 36:917-925.

Bangma, J.T., J.L. Reiner, M. Jones, R.H. Lowers, F. Nilsen, T.R. Rainwater, S.E. Somerville and L.J. Guillette, Jr. 2017. Variation in perfluoroalkyl acids in the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) at Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge. Chemosphere. 166:72-79.

Platt, S.G., T.R. Rainwater and S.M. Miller. 2016. An observational study of carrion use by foraging turkey vultures (Cathartes aura) in west Texas. Bulletin of the Texas Ornithological Society. 49:65-74.

Platt, S.G., D.J. Miller, T.R. Rainwater and J.L. Smith. 2016. Notes on the reproductive ecology of the rough-footed mud turtle (Kinosternon hirtipes) in Texas, USA. Acta Herpetologica. 11:221-225.

Wilkinson, P.M., T.R. Rainwater, A.R. Woodward, E.H. Leone and C. Carter. 2016. Determinate growth and reproductive lifespan in the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis): evidence from long-term recaptures. Copeia. 104:843-852.

Sherwin, B.D., J.F. Mudge, J.E. Cañas-Carrell, H.A. Lanza, T.R. Rainwater, S.G. Platt, S.T. McMurry and T.A. Anderson. 2016. Organochlorine pesticide residues in caudal scutes of Belize Morelet’s Crocodiles (Crocodylus moreletii). Journal of Herpetology. 50:552-558.

Me Me Soe, San San New, S.G. Platt and T.R. Rainwater. 2016. Geochelone platynota (Burmese Star Tortoise). Scavenging. Herpetological Review. 47:444-445.

Platt, S.G. and T.R. Rainwater. Crocodylus moreletii (Morelet’s crocodile). Troglodytism. 2016. Herpetological Review. 47:457-458.

Platt, S.G., T.R. Rainwater and S.T. McMurry. 2016. Predatory interaction between a Morelet's crocodile (Crocodylus moreletii) and a Mexican Hairy Porcupine (Sphiggurus mexicanus) in Belize. Mesoamerican Herpetology. 3:474-477.

Platt, S.G., A.R. Berezin, D.J. Miller and T.R. Rainwater. 2016. A dietary study of the rough-footed mud turtle (Kinosternon hirtipes) in Texas, USA. Herpetological Conservation and Biology. 11:142-149.

Platt, S.G., Tint Lwin, Aung Lin Htet, K. Platt, P.P. van Dijk and T.R. Rainwater. 2016. Nilssonia formosa (Burmese peacock softshell turtle). Morphometrics, coloration, and first photograph of neonate. Herpetological Review. 47:125-126.

Platt, S.G., T.R. Rainwater, J.C. Meerman and S.M. Miller. 2016. Notes on diet, foraging behavior, and venom of some snakes in Belize. Mesoamerican Herpetology. 3:162-170.

Platt, S.G. T. Gukian, R.E. Meraz, C.M. Ritzi and T.R. Rainwater. 2015. Exhumation of buried carrion by Turkey Vultures. Journal of Raptor Research. 49:518-520

Rainwater, T.R., S.G. Platt, J.R.B. Montero and B.R. Barr. 2015. Crocodylus acutus (American crocodile): ectoparasitism. Herpetological Review. 46:429.

Platt, S.G., K. Platt, Me Me Soe, Khin Myo Myo, K.E. Holmes and T.R. Rainwater. 2015. Marine turtles and estuarine crocodiles in Lampi Marine National Park, Myanmar: a conservation and threat assessment with recommendations. Herpetological Review. 46:319-327.

Hekkala, E.R, S.G. Platt, J.B. Thorbjarnarson, T.R. Rainwater, M. Tessler, S.W. Cunningham, C. Twomey and G. Amato. 2015. Integrating molecular, phenotypic, and environmental data to elucidate patterns of crocodile hybridization in Belize. Royal Society Open Science. 2:150409. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rsos.150409.

Parrott, B.B., J.A. Cloy-McCoy, T.R. Rainwater, P.M. Wilkinson and L.J. Guillette, Jr. 2015. Incubation prior to the canonical thermosensitive period determines sex in the American alligator. Reproduction. 150:279-287.

Brunell, A.M. T.R. Rainwater, M. Sievering and S.G. Platt. 2015. A new record for the maximum length of the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis). Southeastern Naturalist. 14:N38-N43.

Platt, S.G. and T.R. Rainwater. 2015. Wildmen in Myanmar: a compendium of published accounts and review of the evidence. The Relict Hominoid Inquiry. 4:53-66.

Platt, S.G., K. Platt, Win Ko Ko, Khin Myo Myo, Me Me Soe, B.D. Horne and T.R. Rainwater. 2015. Manouria emys phayrei (Asian brown tortoise): fire scarring. Herpetological Review. 46:83-85.

Platt, S.G. and T.R Rainwater. 2015. A critical evaluation of two literature records of large Python. Herpetological Review. 46:31-33

Platt, S.G., P. Charruau and T.R. Rainwater. 2014. Scavenging of crocodile eggs by vultures (Cathartes aura and Coragyps atratus) in Quintana Roo, Mexico. Bulletin of the Texas Ornithological Society. 47:37-40.

Platt, K., S.G. Platt and T.R. Rainwater. 2014. First record of the spiny turtle (Heosemys spinosa, Gray 1830) in Myanmar. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 13:257-260.

Platt, S.G., K. Platt, Lay Lay Khaing, Thin Thin Yu, Me Me Soe, San San Nwe, Thet Zaw Naing and T.R. Rainwater. 2014. Heosemys depressa in the Southern Chin Hills of Myanmar: A significant range extension and traditional ecological knowledge. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 13:252-256.

Platt, S.G., K. Platt, Khin Myo Myo, Me Me Soe and T.R. Rainwater. 2014. Dogania subplana (Malayan Softshell Turtle). Diet and Island Population. Herpetological Review. 45:687.

Platt, S.G., P.R. Manning and T.R. Rainwater. 2014. Consumption of desert gourds by collared peccary suggests the fruit is not an ecological anachronism. Southwestern Naturalist. 59:141-144.

Platt, S.G., C. Chenot-Rose, V. Rose and T.R. Rainwater. 2014. Crocodylus acutus (American crocodile). Frugivory. Herpetological Review. 45:120-121.

Platt, S.G., K. Platt, Win Ko Ko and T.R. Rainwater. 2014. Chitra vandijki McCord and Pritchard 2003 – Burmese Narrow-Headed Softshell Turtle. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Pritchard, P.C.H., van Dijk, P.P., Saumure, R.A., Buhlmann, K.A., Iverson, J.B., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5, pp. 074.1–7, doi:10.3854/crm.5.074.vandijki.v1.2014, http://www.iucn-tftsg.org/cbftt/.

Parrott, B.B., J.A. Bowden, S. Kohno, J.A. Cloy-McCoy, J. Bangma, T.R. Rainwater, P.M. Wilkinson, J.R. Kucklick and L.J. Guillette, Jr. 2014. Influence of tissue, age, and environmental quality on DNA methylation in Alligator mississippiensis. Reproduction. 147:503-513.

Platt, S.G., T.R. Rainwater and S.M. Miller. 2013. A large number of short-tailed shrew, Blarina carolinensis, skulls recovered from a single discarded bottle. Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science. 129:188-189.

Platt, S.G., T.R. Rainwater, R.M. Elsey and C.G. Brantley. 2013. Canebrake fauna revisited: additional records of species diversity in a critically endangered ecosystem. Bamboo Science and Culture. 26:1-12.

Gooden, R.M., T.R. Rainwater and S.G. Platt. Crotalus adamanteus (Eastern diamondback rattlesnake). Anti-predator behavior. 2013. Herpetological Review. 44:688-689.

Platt, S.G., K. Platt, Khin Myo Myo, Kyaw Moe, Me Me Soe, Thet Zaw Naing, Naing Lin and T.R. Rainwater. 2013. Noteworthy records of chelonians from the Chindwin River Basin and Naga Hills of western Myanmar. Herpetological Conservation and Biology. 8:335-350.

Platt, S.G., R.M. Elsey, H. Liu, T.R. Rainwater, J.C. Nifong, A.E. Rosenblatt, M.R. Heithaus and F. Mazzotti. 2013. Frugivory and seed dispersal by crocodilians: an overlooked form of saurochory? Journal of Zoology. 291:87-99.

Weir, S.M., M. Dobrovolny, C. Torres, C. Torres, M. Goode, T.R. Rainwater, C.J. Salice and T.A. Anderson. 2013. Organochlorine pesticides in squamate reptiles from southern Arizona, USA. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 90:654-659.

Barst, B.D., C.R. Hammerschmidt, M.M. Chumchal, D. Muir, J.D. Smith, T.R Rainwater and P.E. Drevnick. 2013. Determination of mercury speciation in fish tissue with a Direct Mercury Analyzer. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 32:1237-1241.

Platt, S.G., T.R. Rainwater, J.B. Thorbjarnarson and D. Martin. 2013. Diet of the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) in marine environments of coastal Belize. Journal of Herpetology. 47:1-10.

Platt, S.G., C.M. Ritzi, K. Craig, D. Miller, and T.R. Rainwater. 2012. Terrepene ornata luteola (Desert box turtle). Diet. Herpetological Review. 43:640.

Platt, S.G., K. Platt, Thet Zaw Naing, Hong Meng, Win Ko Ko, Naing Lin, R.J. Tizzard, Khin Myo Myo, Me Me Soe and T.R. Rainwater. 2012. Birdlime in western Myanmar: preparation, use, and conservation implications for an endemic bird. Ethnobiology Letters. 3:68-75.

Platt, S.G., Win Ko Ko, Kalyar Platt, Khin Myo Myo, Me Me Soe and T.R. Rainwater. 2012. Species inventory and conservation status of chelonians in Natma Taung, National Park, Myanmar. Hamadryad. 36:1-11.

Platt, S.G., V. Monyrath, H. Sovannara, L. Kheng and T.R. Rainwater. 2012. Nesting phenology and clutch characteristics of captive Siamese crocodiles (Crocodylus siamensis) in Cambodia. Zoo Biology. 31:534-545.

Mazzotti, F.J. L.A. Brandt, M.S. Cherkiss, I. Fugisaki, K. Hart, B. Jeffrey, S.T. McMurry, S.G. Platt, T.R. Rainwater and J. Vinci. 2012. Body condition of Morelet’s crocodile (Crocodylus moreletii) from northern Belize. Journal of Herpetology. 46:356-362 .

Rainwater, T.R., T. Pop, O. Cal, A. Garel, S.G. Platt and R. Hudson. 2012. A recent countrywide status survey of the Critically Endangered Central American River Turtle (Dermatemys mawii) in Belize. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 11:97-107.

Platt, S.G., J.B. Thorbjarnarson and T.R. Rainwater. 2012. Scalation of the American crocodile (Crocodylidae, Crocodilia) from the coastal zone of northern Belize. Caribbean Journal of Science. 46:332-338.

Platt, S.G. and T.R. Rainwater. 2012. Red-tailed hawk predation of a striped skunk. Prairie Naturalist. 44:58-59.

Platt, S.G., Thanda Swe, Win Ko Ko, Khin Myo Myo, Kalyar Platt, T.R. Rainwater and D. Emmett. 2011. Geochelone platynota (Blythe 1863) – Burmese star tortoise, Kye Leik. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., P.C.H. Pritchard, P.P. van Dijk, R.A. Saumure, K.A. Buhlmann, J.B. Iverson, and R.A. Mittermeier (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: a compilation project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5, pp. 057.1-057.9, doi: 10.3854/crm.5.057.platynota.v1.2011, http://www.iucn-tftsg.org/cbftt/.

Barst, B.D., A.K. Gevertz, M.M. Chumchal, J.D. Smith, T.R. Rainwater, P.E. Drevnick, K.E. Hudelson, A. Hart, G.F. Verbeck and A.P. Roberts. 2011. Laser ablation ICP-MS co-localization of mercury and immune response in fish. Environmental Science and Technology. 45:8982-8988.

Platt, S.G., T.R. Rainwater, J.B. Thorbjarnarson and D. Martin. 2011. Size estimation, morphometrics, sex ratio, sexual size dimorphism, and biomass of Crocodylus acutus in the Coastal Zone of Belize. Salamandra. 47:179-192.

Larson, O.R., S.G. Platt, Z. Fast Horse, T.R. Rainwater and S.M. Miller. 2011. Distribution records and comments on fleas in southwestern South Dakota. Western North American Naturalist. 71:240-246.

Platt, S.G. and T.R. Rainwater. 2011. An observation of scavenging by Crotalus molossus (Baird and Girard, 1853). Kansas Journal of Herpetology. 37:8-9.

Rainwater, T.R., N.J. Millichamp, L.D.B. Barrantes, B.R. Barr, J.R.B. Montero, S.G. Platt, M.T. Abel, G.P. Cobb and T.A. Anderson. 2011. Ocular disease in American crocodiles (Crocodylus acutus) in Costa Rica. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. 47:415-426.

Chumchal, M.M., T.R. Rainwater, S.C. Osborn, A.P. Roberts, M.T. Abel, G.P. Cobb, P.N. Smith and F.C. Bailey. 2011. Mercury speciation and biomagnifications in the food web of Caddo Lake (Texas/Louisiana, USA), a subtropical freshwater ecosystem. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 30:1153-1162.

Platt, S.G. and T.R. Rainwater. 2011. Predation by neotropical otters (Lontra longicaudis) on turtles in Belize. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin. 28:4-10.

Platt, S.G., G.T. Salmon, S.M. Miller and T.R. Rainwater. 2010. Scavenging by a Bobcat (Lynx rufus). Canadian Field-Naturalist. 124:265-267.

Rainwater, T.R., L.D.B. Barrantes, B.R. Barr, J.R.B. Montero and S.G. Platt. 2010. Crocodylus acutus (American crocodile): adult mass. Herpetological Review. 41:489-490.

Platt, S.G., T.R. Rainwater, J.B. Thorbjarnarson and E.A. Hekkala. 2010. Iguana iguana (green iguana). Nesting. Herpetological Review. 41:493-494.

Abel, M.T., G.P. Cobb, S.M. Presley, T.R. Rainwater, G.P. Austin, S.B. Cox, T.A. Anderson, B.D. Leftwich, R.J. Kendall G.L. Gay and B. Suedel. 2010. Lead distribution and risks in New Orleans following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 29:1429-1437.

Platt, S.G., Win Ko Ko, Khin Myo Myo, Lay Lay Khaing, K. Platt and T.R. Rainwater. Notes on Melocanna baccifera and bamboo brakes in the Rakhine Hills of western Myanmar. Bamboo Science and Culture. 23:38-48.

Platt, S.G., Khin Myo Myo, Win Ko Ko, Aung Maung, and T.R. Rainwater. 2010. Field observations and conservation of Heosemys depressa in the Rakhine Yoma Elephant Range of Western Myanmar. Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 9:114-119.

Abel, M.T., S.M. Presley, T.R. Rainwater, G.P. Austin, S.B. Cox, L.N. McDaniel, R. Rigdon, T. Goebel, R. Zartman, B.D. Leftwich, T.A. Anderson, R.J. Kendall, G.P. Cobb. 2010. Spatial distribution of lead concentrations in urban soils of New Orleans, Louisiana USA. Environmental Geochemistry and Health. 32:379-389.

Presley, S.M., M.T. Abel, G.P. Austin, T.R. Rainwater, R.W. Brown, L.N. McDaniel, E.J. Marsland, A.M. Fornerette, M.L. Dillard, R.W. Rigdon, R.J. Kendall, G.P. Cobb. 2010. Metal concentrations in schoolyard soils from New Orleans, Louisiana before and after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Chemosphere. 80:67-73.

Platt, S.G., C.M. Ritzi and T.R. Rainwater. 2009. An historic record of the red-cockaded woodpecker in Indiana. Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science. 118:200-202.

Platt, S.G., T.R. Rainwater, J.B. Thorbjarnarson, A.G. Finger, T.A. Anderson and S.T. McMurry. 2009. Size estimation, morphometrics, sex ratio, sexual size dimorphism, and biomass of Morelet’s crocodile (Crocodylus moreletii) in northern Belize. Caribbean Journal of Science. 45:80-93.

Platt, S.G. and T.R. Rainwater. 2009. Noteworthy observations of foraging turkey vultures. Wilson Journal of Ornithology. 121:839-841.

Platt, S.G., T.R. Rainwater, G. Salmon and S.M. Miller. Glyptemys muhlenbergii (bog turtle). Mortality. Herpetological Review. 40:434-435.

Platt, S.G., C.G. Brantley, T.R. Rainwater and A.R. Berezin. 2009. Native American ethnobotany of cane (Arundinaria gigantea) in the southeastern United States: a review. Castanea. 74:271-285.

Rainwater, T.R., M. L. Sauther, K.A.E. Rainwater, R.E. Mills, F.P. Cuozzo, B. Zhang, L.N. McDaniel, M.T. Abel, E.J. Marsland, M.A. Weber, I.A. Youssouf Jacky, S.G. Platt, G.P. Cobb and T.A. Anderson. 2009. Assessment of organochlorine pesticides and metals in ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve, Madagascar. American Journal of Primatology. 71:998-1010.

Platt, S.G., Z. Fast Horse, T.R. Rainwater, and S.M. Miller. 2009. Distribution records and comments on mammals in western South Dakota. Western North American Natutralist. 69:329-334.

Rainwater, T.R., and S.G. Platt. 2009. Possible decline of an American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) population on Turneffe Atoll, Belize. Herpetological Bulletin. 107:3-11.

Platt, S.G. and T.R. Rainwater. An elevation record for Crotalus lepidus lepidus (Kennicott, 1861) in the Davis Mountains of west Texas. Journal of Kansas Herpetology. 30:12.

Bailey, F.C., V.A. Cobb, T.R. Rainwater, T. Worrall and M. Klukowski. 2009. Adrenocortical effects of human encounters on free-ranging cottonmouths (Agkistrodon piscivorus). Journal of Herpetology. 43:260-266.

Platt, S.G., T.P. Condon, J.S. Tasirin, I. Hunowu, S. Siwu, R.A. Jones and T.R. Rainwater. 2009. Notes on red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) in northern Sulawesi, Indonesia, with an emphasis on genetic introgression with domestic chickens. Malayan Nature Journal. 61:23-33.

Platt, S.G., T.R. Rainwater, D.J. Leavitt and S.M. Miller. 2009. Diet of barn owls (Tyto alba) in northern Belize. Southwestern Naturalist. 54:104-107.

Vogt, R.C., S.G. Platt and T.R. Rainwater. 2009. Rhinoclemmys areolata (Duméril and Bibron 1851) – furrowed wood turtle, black-bellied turtle, mojena. In: Rhodin, A.G.J., P.C.H. Pritchard, P.P. van Dijk, R.A. Saumure, K.A. Buhlmann, J.B. Iverson, and R.A. Mittermeier (Eds.). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: a compilation project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs No. 5, pp. 022.1-022.7, doi: 10.3854/crm.5.022.areolata.v1.2009, http://www.iucn-tftsg.org/cbftt/.