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Gustavo Lascano

Assistant Professor
Animal and Veterinary Sciences Department

Office:
Phone:
Fax: Poole 122

Email: glascan@clemson.edu
 

 Educational Background

Ph.D. Ruminant Nutrition
The Pennsylvania State University 2011

M.Sc. Animal Science
The Pennsylvania State University 2007

B.Sc. Animal Science and Agricultural Engineering
Zamorano University 2004

 Courses Taught

AVS 3750 Applied Animal Nutrition
AVS 8910 Advanced Ruminant Nutrition
AVS 4910/4220 Ruminant Nutrition Research Team
AVS 4090/WFB 4630 Prairie Ecology

 Profile

Dr. Lascano was born in Ecuador and grew up in several places in Latin and North America. Dr. Lascano received his B.Sc. in Animal Science from Zamorano University in Honduras. He obtained his M.Sc. and Ph.D. at The Pennsylvania State University with specialization in Ruminant Nutrition. After this Dr. Lascano accepted a position as an Assistant Professor at Cal Poly, San Luis Obispo and was the leader in developing the ruminant nutrition laboratory. He is currently an Assistant Professor at Clemson University where he continues this work. Dr. Lascano has taught classes including Principles of Animal Nutrition, Advanced Ruminant Nutrition and Metabolism, Integrative Dairy Cattle Management, and is developing an International Animal Production Management class to be incorporated to the Animal and Veterinary Sciences curriculum at Clemson.

His research has been presented in several international conferences and been published in several peer-reviewed journals including Journal of Dairy Science, Livestock Science and CABI journals. His research interests include increasing nutrient utilization and animal performance and their interaction with the environment, identification of enzymes and microbial modifiers to enhance dietary contributions in ruminants, and the use of livestock production to reduce poverty, environmental impact, and the implementation of efficient techniques to support milk production in a sustainable manner.

 Research Interests

Nutrient utilization to improve feed efficiency, reduce metabolic costs of energy and protein, maximize microbial protein synthesis and milk production is the broad spectrum of my research program. The following areas are being studied to accomplish this objective: Understanding the relationships between forage to concentrate ratios, dietary components and mammary gland development and function when nutrients are provided precisely to meet the requirements dairy ruminant animals. Enabling nutrient utilization in ruminants by developing technology to increase their potential use. The use of by-products to replace conventional ingredients based on the production system and geographical location. Using in-vitro and in-vivo methods to identify fybrolytic enzymes, microbial modifiers, optimal carrier methods that enhance nutritional contributions to the animal. Different chemical and molecular approaches for improving our basic knowledge of ruminant digestion are tools are currently being used to undertake this intriguing and exiting area of research. The use livestock production to reduce poverty, effects on climate change, and the implementation of efficient techniques to support sustainable (productive not subsistence) milk production for small farmers around the world.

 Publications

Lascano, G.J. Koch L.E., and A.J. Heinrichs. 2016. Precision-feeding dairy heifers different levels of dietary fiber and high rumen degradable protein diet and differing levels of dietary fiber: Effects on nutrient utilization and N efficiency. J Dairy Sci. In press.

Lascano, G.J., Alende, M., Koch, L.E., and T.C. Jenkins. 2016. Changes in fermentation and biohydrogenation intermediates in continuous cultures fed corn grains differing in rates of starch degradability. J Dairy Sci. In press.

Suarez-Mena, F.X., Lascano, G. J., Rico D.E., and A. J. Heinrichs. 2015. Effect of forage level and replacing canola meal with dry distillers grains with solubles in precision-fed heifer diets: Digestibility and rumen fermentation. J. Dairy Sci. 98:1928-1937.

Lascano, G.J, Heinrichs, A.J., Gary R.R., Topper P.A., Brandt R.C., Adviento-Borbe A., and E.E. Fabian. 2015. Effects of forage-to-concentrate ratio and dietary fiber manipulation on gas emissions and olfactometry from manure of Holstein heifers. J. Dairy Sci. 98: 1928-1937.

Ding. L.M., Lascano G.J., and A. J. Heinrichs. 2015. Effect of precision feeding high and low quality forage with different rumen-degradable protein levels on nutrient utilization by dairy heifers. J. Anim. Sci. 93: 3066-3075.

Lascano, G.J, Tricarico, J.M., and A.J. Heinrichs. 2015. Saccharomyces cerevisiae live culture affects rapidly fermentable carbohydrates fermentation profile in precision-fed dairy heifers. Can. J. Anim. Sci. 95: 3298-309.

Suarez-Mena, F.X., Lascano, G. J., and A. J. Heinrichs. 2013. Behavior of precision-fed dairy heifers on a low or high forage ration at four levels of dry distillers grains. J. Dairy Sci. 96:5184-5193.

Lascano, G.J, Tricarico, J.M., and A.J. Heinrichs. 2012. The effect of dietary starch level and dose response of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in nutrient utilization for control-fed dairy heifers. J. Dairy Sci. 95:3298-3309.

Lascano, G.J., Velez, M., Tricarico, J.M., and A.J. Heinrichs. 2012. Nutrient utilization of fresh sugarcane-based diets with slow-release non protein nitrogen addition for control-fed dairy heifers in the tropics. J. Dairy Sci. 95:370-376

Lascano, G.J, and A.J. Heinrichs. 2011. Effects of feeding different levels of dietary fiber through the addition of corn stover on nutrient utilization of dairy heifers precision-fed high and low concentrate diets. J. Dairy Sci. 94:3025-3036.

Lascano G.J., Zanton, G.I., Heinrichs, A J., Weiss, W.P., 2010. Technical Note: A noninvasive urine collection device for female cattle: Modification of the urine cup collection method. J. Dairy Sci. 93, 2691–2694.

Lascano, G. J., G.I. Zanton, and A. J. Heinrichs. 2009. Concentrate levels and Saccharomyces cerevisiae affect rumen fluid-associated bacteria numbers in dairy heifers. Livest. Sci. 126:189-194.

Lascano, G. J., G.I. Zanton, F.X. Suarez-Mena, and A. J. Heinrichs. 2009. Effect of limit feeding high and low concentrate diets with Saccharomyces cerevisiae on digestibility and on dairy heifer growth and first-lactation performance. J Dairy Sci. 92:5100-5110.

Lascano, G. J., and A. J. Heinrichs. 2009. Rumen fermentation pattern of dairy heifers fed restricted amounts of low, medium, and high concentrate diets without and with yeast culture. Livest. Sci. 124: 48-57.

Lascano, G.J., Zanton, G.I., Moody, M.L., Topper, P.A, Wheeler, E.F. and A.J. Heinrichs. 2008. Short Communication:Effect of changing the ratio of forage to concentrate on ammonia emissions by dairy heifers. J. Dairy Sci. 91: 4301-4306.

Lascano, G.J, and A.J. Heinrichs. 2008. Yeast culture (Saccharomyces cereviasiae) supplementation in growing animals in the dairy industry. CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources.2: 049.

 Links

Clemson Ruminant Nutrition Lab