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Dr. Nigel B. Kaye

Associate Professor of Civil Engineering

Areas of Interest:
Environmental fluid mechanics
Wind-borne debris flight
Heat and pollutant transport in buildings
Mixing in stratified flows
Buoyancy driven shear flows

Research Page

Education:
B.E., 1994 University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Ph.D., 1998, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

Classes typically taught:
EM 2010 - Engineering Mechanics - Statics
CE 2080 - CE Dynamics
CE 3410 - Applied Fluid Mechanics
CE 4470/6470 – Stormwater Management
CE 8680 – Environmental Fluid Mechanics

Professional Society Membership:
American Society of Civil Engineers
American Physical Society
American Geophysical Union

Sample Publications:

Refereed Journal Publications

Kaye, N. B. “Discussion of ‘Light Attenuation Model for Waters: Linear and Nonlinear Dependencies on Suspended Sediment’ by R. L. Stewart and J. F. Fox.” A. S. C. E. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering (accepted)

Kaye, N. B. & Baratian-Ghorghi, Z. “The role of ambient turbulence in dense gas dispersion from confined urban regions” A. S. C. E. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 144(2) (2018)

Tohidi, A. & Kaye, N. B. “Stochastic Modeling of Firebrand Shower Scenarios” Fire Safety Journal 91 pp. 91-102 (2017)

Tohidi, A. & Kaye, N. B. “Aerodynamic characterization of rod-like debris with application to firebrand transport” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 168 pp. 297-311 (2017)

Tohidi, A. & Kaye, N. B. “Comprehensive wind tunnel experiments of lofting and downwind transport of non-combusting rod-like model firebrands during firebrand shower scenarios” Fire Safety Journal 90 pp. 95-111 (2017) – Editor-in-Chief’s Featured Article for June 2017. 

 Afrin T., Kaye, N. B., Khan, A. A., & Testik, F. Y. “Numerical investigation of free overfall from a circular pipe flowing full upstream” A. S. C. E. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 143(6) (2017).

 Afrin T., Kaye, N. B., Khan, A. A., & Testik, F. Y. “A parametric study of perforated pipe underdrains surrounded by loose aggregate” A. S. C. E. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 142(12) (2016).

 Hodges, J., Saylor, J. R., & Kaye, N. B. “A functional form for the diurnal variation of lake surface temperature on Lake Hartwell, northwestern South Carolina” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 9(8) pp. 3564—3577 (2016).

 Philips, R., Saylor, J. R., Kaye, N. B., & Gibert, J. M. “A multi-lake study of seasonal variation in lake surface evaporation  using MODIS satellite derived surface temperature” Limnology 17(3) pp. 273—289 (2016).

 Afrin, T., Khan, A. A., Kaye, N. B., & Testik, F. Y. “Numerical Model for the Hydraulic Performance of Perforated Pipe Under-drains Surrounded by Loose Aggregate” A. S. C. E. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 142(8) (2016).

 West, D., Kaye, N. B., Putman, B. J., & Clark, R. “Quantifying the non-linear hydraulic behavior of pervious concrete” ASTM Journal of Testing and Evaluation 44(6) (2016).

 Martin, W., Kaye, N. B., & Putman, B. J. “Closure to ‘Effects of Aggregate Masking on Soil Infiltration under an Aggregate Bed’ by William D. Martin III, Nigel B. Kaye and Bradley J. Putman” A.S.C.E. Journal of Irrigation & Drainage Engineering 142(6) (2016).

 Tohidi, A. & Kaye, N. B. “Highly Buoyant Bent-Over Plumes in a Boundary Layer” Atmospheric Environment 131 pp. 97—114 (2016).

 Martin, W. & Kaye, N. B. “Hydrologic characterization of an underdrained porous pavement” A.S.C.E. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 20(2) (2016).

 West, D. W., Kaye, N. B. & Putman, B. “Surface flow and spread calculations for the preliminary design of porous pavement bike lanes” A.S.C.E. Journal of Irrigation & Drainage Engineering 142(2) (2016)

 Hutton, D., Kaye, N. B., & Martin, W. “Analysis of Climate Change and 24-Hour Design Storm Depths for a Range of Return Periods Across South Carolina” Journal of South Carolina Water Resources 2(1) pp. 70—79 (2015)

 Martin, W. & Kaye, N. B. “Effects of aggregate masking on soil infiltration under an aggregate bed” A.S.C.E. Journal of Irrigation & Drainage Engineering 141(9) (2015)

 Tohidi, A., Kaye, N. B., & Bridges, W. “Statistical description of firebrand size and shape distribution from coniferous trees for use in Metropolis Monte Carlo simulations of firebrand flight distance” Fire Safety Journal 77, 21—35 (2015)

 Kaye, N. B. “Solutions to the compact debris flight equations.” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 138, 69-76 (2015).

 Martin, W. & Kaye, N. B. “Characterization of undrained porous pavements using a broken-line model” A.S.C.E. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 20(2), 04014043-1-8 (2015).

 Murphy, P., Kaye, N. B., & Khan, A. A. “Hydraulic performance of aggregate beds with perforated pipe underdrains flowing full.” A.S.C.E. Journal of Irrigation & Drainage Engineering 140(8), 04014023-1-7 (2014).

 Martin, W. and Kaye, N. “Hydrologic Characterization of Undrained Porous Pavements.” A.S.C.E. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 19(6), 1069–1079 (2014).

 Martin, W., Kaye, N. B., & Putman, B. “Impact of vertical porosity distribution on the permeability of pervious concrete” Construction & Building Materials 59 pp. 78—84 (2014)

 Martin, W., Putman, B. & Kaye, N. B. “Using Image Analysis to Measure the Porosity Distribution of a Porous Pavement” Construction & Building Materials 48 pp. 210—217  (2013)

 Baratian-Ghorghi, Z., & Kaye, N. B. “Modeling mixing driven by an exchange flow and skimming flow in the purging of dense fluid from a street canyon” Physics of Fluids 25 076603 (2013)

 Giannakopoulos, B. A., Kaye, N. B.,  & Hunt, G. R. “Smoke filling times for a room – influence of room geometry” Proc. I.C.E. Engineering and Computational Mechanics 166(2), pp. 68—87 (2013) – Winner of the 2013 Telford Medal for the best publication of 2013 in Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers.

 Heiliger, C., Kaye, N. B., & Testik, F. Y. “A computational study of the role of particle size standard deviation on the collision frequency in differential settling” International Journal of Sediment Research, 28 pp. 42—53 (2013)

 Stanford, S., Benson, L., Alluri, P., Martin, W., Klotz, L., Ogle, J., Kaye, N., Sarasua, W., and Schiff, S. “Evaluating Student and Faculty Outcomes for a Real-World Capstone Project with Sustainability Considerations.” Journal of Profesional Issues in Engineering Education Practice, 139(2), pp. 123–133 (2013)

 Durrani, F., Cook, M. J., McGuirk, J. J., & Kaye, N. B. “Large eddy simulation of buoyancy-driven natural ventilation: twin-plume flow” International Journal of Ventilation, 11, pp. 353-366 (2013)

 Karimpour, A., & Kaye, N. B. “Wind tunnel measurement of the parapet height role on roof gravel blow-off rate for two dimensional low rise buildings” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics  114 pp. 38-47 (2013)

Baratian-Ghorghi, Z., & Kaye, N. B. “Shear driven flushing of dense fluid from a canyon” Journal of Visualization  16 (1) pp. 29-37 (2013)

 Baratian-Ghorghi, Z., & Kaye, N. B. “The effect of canyon aspect ratio on flushing of dense pollutants from an isolated street canyon” Science of the Total Environment 443 pp. 112-122 (2013)

 Baratian-Ghorghi, Z., & Kaye, N. B. “Flushing a finite volume of dense fluid from a square street canyon by a turbulent overflow” Atmospheric Environment 60 pp. 392-402 (2012)

 Karimpour, A., & Kaye, N. B. “The critical velocity for aggregate blow-off from a built-up roof” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics  107-108 83-93 (2012)

 Baratian-Ghorghi, Z., Kaye, N. B., Khan, A. A., & Smith, J. R. “The merging of two unequal axisymmetric parallel turbulent jets” Journal of Hydrodynamics 24 (2) 257-262 (2012)

Karimpour, A., & Kaye, N. B. “On the stochastic nature of compact debris flight” Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 100 77-90 (2012)

 Karimpour, A, Kaye, N. B., & Baratian-Ghorghi, Z. “Modeling the neutrally stable atmospheric boundary layer for laboratory scale studies of the built environment” Building & Environment 49 203-211 (2012)

 Prohaska, P. D., Khan, A. A., & Kaye, N. B. “Closure to ‘Investigation of flow through orifices in riser pipes’ by Prohaska, P. D., Khan, A. A., & Kaye, N. B.” A.S.C.E. Journal of Irrigation & Drainage Eng. 137(9) 633-633 (2011)

 Kaye, N., & Scase, M. “Straight-sided solutions to classical and modified plume flux equations” Journal of Fluid Mechanics 680 564-573 (2011) 

Karimpour, A., Kaye, N. B., & Khan, A. A. “A CFD study of merging turbulent slot jets” A.S.C.E. Journal  of Hydraulic Engineering 137 381-385 (2011)

 Kaye, N. B., Flynn, M. R., Cook, M. J., & Ji, Y. “The role of diffusion on the interface thickness in a ventilated filling box” Journal of Fluid Mechanics 652 195-205 (2010)

 Prohaska, P. D., Khan, A. A., & Kaye, N. B. “Investigation of flow through orifices in riser pipes” A.S.C.E. Journal of Irrigation & Drainage Eng. 136 340-347 (2010)

 Prohaska, P. D., Khan, A. A., & Kaye, N. B. “Investigation of Detention Pond Outflow Characteristics.” Proc. I.C.E. Water Management 163 123-131 (2010)

 Kaye, N. B., & Hunt, G. R. “The effect of floor heat source area on the induced airflow in a room.” Building & Environment 45 (3) 839-847 (2010)

 Kaye, N. B., & Hunt, G. R. “An experimental study of large area source turbulent plumes” Int. J. Heat & Fluid Flow 30 (6) 1099-1105 (2009)

 Kaye, N. B., Ji, Y., & Cook, M. J. “Numerical simulation of transient flow development in a naturally ventilated room.” Building & Environment 44 (4) 889-897 (2009)

 Kaye, N. B. “Turbulent plumes in stratified environments: A review of recent work.” Atmosphere Ocean 46 (4) 433–441 (2008)

 Prior to Clemson

Kaye, N. B., & Hunt, G. R. “Smoke filling time for a small fire in a room: the effect of ceiling height to floor width aspect ratio.” Fire Safety Journal 42, 329–339 (2007)

 Kaye, N. B., & Hunt, G. R. “Overturning in a Filling Box” Journal of Fluid Mechanics 576, 297–323 (2007)

 Kaye, N. B., & Hunt, G. R. “Heat source modelling and natural ventilation efficiency” Building & Environment 42 (4) 1624–1631 (2007)

 Kaye, N. B., & Hunt, G. R. “Weak fountains” Journal of Fluid Mechanics 558 319–328 (2006)

 Hunt, G. R., & Kaye, N. B. “Pollutant flushing with natural displacement ventilation” Building & Environment 41 (9) 1190–1197 (2006)

 Linden, P. F., & Kaye, N. B. “Interacting turbulent plumes in a ventilated box” International Journal of Ventilation 4 (4) 301–310 (2006)

 Kaye, N. B., & Linden, P. F. “Colliding turbulent plumes” Journal of Fluid Mechanics 550 85–109 (2006)

 Hunt, G. R., & Kaye, N. B. “Lazy plumes” Journal of Fluid Mechanics 533 329–338 (2005)

 Kaye, N. B., & Hunt, G. R. “Time-dependent flows in an emptying filling box” Journal of Fluid Mechanics 520 135–156 (2004)

 Kaye, N. B., & Linden, P. F. “Coalescing axisymmetric turbulent plumes” Journal of Fluid Mechanics 502 41–63 (2004)

 Hunt, G. R., & Kaye, N. “Virtual origin correction for lazy turbulent plumes” Journal of Fluid Mechanics 435 377–396 (2001)

Books Edited

Wind-borne Debris Hazards (Ed. N. B. Kaye), ASCE (2018)

Book Chapters

Martin, W., Sumanasooriya, M., Kaye, N. B., & Putman B. “Design of porous pavements for improved water quality and reduced runoff” Handbook of Environmental Engineering (Ed. M. Kutz) Wiley (2018)

 Kaye, N. B., Khan, A. A., & Testik, F. Y. “Environmental fluid mechanics” Handbook of Environmental Engineering, (Ed. M. Kutz) Wiley (2018)

 Kaye, N. B. “Introduction” Wind-Borne Debris Hazards (Ed. N. B. Kaye) ASCE (2018)

 Kaye, N. B. & Karimpour, A. “Debris motion initiation” Wind-Borne Debris Hazards (Ed. N. B. Kaye) ASCE (2018)

 Kaye, N. B., & Flynn, M. R. “Air flows through buildings.” Handbook of Environmental Fluid Mechanics (Ed. H. J. S. Fernando) Taylor Francis (2012)

Kaye, Nigel B.
Contact Information:
Office: 218 Lowry Hall
Phone: (864) 656-5941
FAX: (864) 656-2670
email Dr. Kaye