Skip to main content

Christopher L. Kitchens, Ph.D.

Christopher L. KitchensAssociate Professor
Nanotechnology, Surface Science, and Advanced Materials
Principal Investigator and Director: SPECTRA Program and NRT RIES Program
Email: ckitche@clemson.edu
Phone: 864-656-2131
Office: 130 Earle Hall


christopher kitchens with studentEducation

Ph.D., Auburn University, 2004
B.S., Appalachian State University, 1999

Research Interests:

Nanotechnology, Surface Science, and Advanced Materials

Professor Kitchens' research involves the design of advanced materials for clean and efficient energy applications through technological developments in nanotechnology, renewable resources, membranes, and smart materials. The research implements designed functionality of nanomaterials and surfaces using tailored chemical functionalities, material processing using tunable fluids, development of smart materials with switchable properties, and state-of-the-art characterization techniques.

Professor Kitchens' research takes a multidisciplinary approach using chemistry for chemical functionality design through structure-activity relationships, materials science for characterization, and chemical engineering for product and process design. The goal of developing new materials with a wide range of applications is paramount where the methods of synthesis and chemistry of components will define the resulting material, and thus the application. Attention to the principles of green chemistry in the development of sustainable processes is a key factor in his research with both environmental and economic benefits.

Selected Publications

Chakraborty, S.; Kitchens, C.L.; “Modifying Ligand Chemistry to Enhance Reusability of pH-Responsive Colloidal Gold Nanoparticle Catalyst” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Accepted pending revisions (2019).

Chakraborty, S.; Ding, J.; Thies, M. C.; Kitchens, C.L.; “More Elongated Solution Structures in Lignin Precursors Improve Properties of Resultant Carbon Fibers.” ACS Applied Polymer Materials Article ASAP, DOI: 10.1021/acsapm.9b00530 (2019).

Pollet, P.; Samanta, S.; Apkarian, R. P.; Gelbaum, L.; Leisen, J.; Kitchens, C. L.; Griffith, K.; Richman, K. Eckert, C. A.; Liotta, C. L.; “CO2 Promoted Gel Formation of Hydrazine, Monomethylhydrazine, and Ethylenediamine: Structures and Properties” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research Article ASAP, DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b03317 (2019).

Jiang, M.; Seney, R.; Bayliss, P.; Kitchens, C.L.; “Carbon Nanotube and Cellulose Nanocrystal Hybrid Films” Molecules, 24(14), 2662-2679 (2019) (Invited Special Issue).

Góchez, R.; Chapman, K. W.; Wambaugh, J.; Kitchens, C. L.; "Phosphoric acid‐modified magnesium oxychloride: study of water stability, kinetics, and pair distribution function." Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 102 (6), 3728-3737, (2019).

Chakraborty, S.; Abbasi, A.; Bothun, G. D.; Nagao, M.; Kitchens, C. L.; “ Phospholipid Bilayer Softening Due to Hydrophobic Gold Nanoparticle Inclusions” Langmuir, 34 (44), 13416–13425 (2018).

Orellana, J. L.; Wichhart, D.; Kitchens, C. L.; “Mechanical and Optical Properties of Polylactic Acid Films Filled with Surfactant-Modified Cellulose Nanocrystals” Journal of Nanomaterials, 2018, 1-12 (2018).

Jiang, M.; McMillan, M. F.; Davis, V. A.; Kitchens, C. L.; “Phase Behavior of Acetylated Cellulose Nanocrystals and Origins of the Cross-Hatch Birefringent Texture” Biomacromolecules 19 (8), 3435–3444 (2018).

Saha, P.; Ansari, N.; Kitchens, C. L.; Ashurst, W. R.; Davis, V. A.; “Microelectromechanical Systems from Aligned Cellulose Nanocrystal Films” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 10 (28), 24116–24123 (2018).

Chakraborty, S.; Ansar, S. M.; Stroud, J. G.; Kitchens, C. L.; “Comparison of Colloidal versus Supported Gold Nanoparticle Catalysis” J. Phys. Chem. C 122 (14), 7749–7758 (2018).

Ansar, S. M.; Chakraborty, S.; Kitchens, C. L.; “pH-Responsive Mercaptoundecanoic Acid Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles and Applications in Catalysis” Nanomaterials 8(5), 339-351 (2018).

Davis, K.; Vidmar, M.; Khasanov, A.; Cole, B.; Ghelardini, M.; Mayer, J.; Kitchens, C.; Nath, A.; Powell, B. A.; Mefford, O. T., The effect of post-synthesis aging on the ligand exchange activity of iron oxide nanoparticles. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 511, 374-382 (2018).

Wen, Y.; Jiang, M.; Kitchens, C. L.; Chumanov, G.; “Synthesis of carbon nanofibers via hydrothermal conversion of cellulose nanocrystals” Cellulose 24(11), 4599–4604 (2017).

Ansar, S.M.; Fellows, B.D.; Mispireta, P.; Mefford, O.T.; Kitchens, C.L.; “pH Triggered Recovery and Reuse of Thiolated Poly(Acrylic Acid) Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles with Applications in Colloidal Catalysis” Langmuir 33 (31), 7642–7648 (2017).

Góchez, R.; Vreeland, T.; Wambaugh, J.; Kitchens, C. L., “Conversion of Magnesium Oxychloride to Chlorartinite and Resulting Increased Water Resistance” Materials Letters 207, 1-3 (2017).

Preiss, M. R.; Hart, A. E.; Kitchens, C. L.; Bothun, G. D.; “Hydrophobic Nanoparticles Modify the Thermal Release Behavior of Liposomes” Journal of Physical Chemistry B 121 (19), 5040–5047 (2017).

Góchez, R; Wambaugh, J.; Rochner, B.; Kitchens, C. L.; “Kinetic Study of the Magnesium Oxychloride Cement Cure Reaction” Journal of Materials Science 52 (13), 7637-7646 (2017).

Senses, E.; Ansar, S. M.; Kitchens, C. L.; Mao, Y.; Narayanan, S.; Natarajan, B.; Faraone, A., “Small Particle Driven Chain Disentanglements in Polymer Nanocomposites” Physical Review Letters 118, 147801-147805 (2017).

Jiang, M.; DeMass, S. N.; Economy, D. R.; Shackleton, T.; Kitchens, C. L.; “Formation of Highly Oriented Cellulose Nanocrystal Films by Spin Coating Film from Aqueous Suspensions” Journal of Renewable Materials 4 (5), 377-387 (2016).

Orellana, J. L.; Mauhar, M.; Kitchens, C. L.; “Cellulose Nanocrystals versus Polyethylene Glycol as Toughening Agents for Poly(Lactic Acid)-Poly(Acrylic Acid) Graft Copolymer” Journal of Renewable Materials 4 (5), 340-350 (2016).

Ansar, S. M.; Kitchens, C. L.; “The Impact of Gold Nanoparticle Stabilizing Ligand on Colloidal Catalytic Reduction of 4-Nitrophenol” ACS Catalysis 6 (8), 5553–5560 (2016).

Glasgow, W.; Fellows, B.; Qi, B.; Darroudi, T.; Kitchens, C.; Ye, L.; Crawford, T. M.; Mefford, O. T.; “Continuous Synthesis of Iron Oxide (Fe3O4) Nanoparticles via Thermal Decomposition” Particuology 26, 47-53 (2016).

Ansar, S. M.; Mohammed, F. S.; von White, G., II; Budi, M.; Powell, K. C.; Mefford, O. T.; Kitchens, C. L.; “Effect of Postsynthesis Purifications on Gold and Silver Nanoparticle Ligand Coverage” Journal of Physical Chemistry C 120(12), 6842-6850 (2016).

Mohammed, F. S.; Kitchens, C. L.; “Reduced Reactivity of Amines against Nucleophilic Substitution via Reversible Reaction with Carbon Dioxide” Molecules 21(24), 1-11 (2016). Invited

Book Chapters

Kitchens, C. L.; Soh, L.; Green Engineering. In Green Techniques for Organic Synthesis and Medicinal Chemistry, Second Edition, Zhang, W.; Cue, B. W., Eds. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; Ch 4, pp 71-90 (2018).

Saunders, S. R.; Roberts, C. B.; Hurst, K. M.; Kitchens, C. L.; White, G. V.; Akers, D. B., CO2-Expanded Liquids for Nanoparticle Processing. In Handbook of Green Chemistry, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA (2010).

Kitchens, C. L., Roberts, C. B., Liu, J., Ashurst, W. R., Anand, M., White II, G., Hurst, K. M., Saunders, S. R., “Application of Gas eXpanded Liquids for Nanoparticle Processing: Experiment and Theory” ACS Symposium Series - Gas-Expanded Liquids and Near-Critical Media Ch 16. (2008).