NSF Workshop 2011
From Clemson Engineering Design Applications and Research
 Mechanical Engineering Design Knowledge Workshop (2011 at ASME IDETC and CIE Conference in Washington, DC)
The primary objective of this proposed workshop is to clearly define the needs and develop an outline for a research program for capturing, representing, and modeling mechanical engineering (ME) design knowledge. The idea is to model knowledge about ME principles, for instance the conservation of mass and energy, and their application to ME devices and systems using standard techniques such as free-body diagrams or control volumes. Further, the knowledge about how to formulate models of devices and of design decisions should be modeled. The proposed research program is a much grander vision than other NSF sponsored projects and programs that were focused on collecting repositories for artifacts (functions, geometries, behaviors, etc.). A formalized language of mechanical engineering is envisioned that will allow engineers to communicate more precisely between each other and with computers. The resulting formalized ME design knowledge and language will be encoded and implemented in an open-knowledge repository. Such a knowledge repository could capture the disparate and representationally diverse ME knowledge of typical undergraduate students providing numerous benefits: 1) standard for ME knowledge, 2) a knowledge base to support engineering design, 3) a knowledge base for computer-aided tutoring systems, and 4) more generally a key component of the ME research and education infrastructure. When considering the challenges associated with developing a true Mechanical Engineering modeling language (MEml), collaboration with many disciplines is necessary. A convergence of artificial intelligence, engineering informatics, description logics, and the semantic web with mechanical engineering design research will be the enabling factor to realize the vision of this research proposal and workshop. The workshop is funded by a NSF grant from the Engineering Design program in the CMMI Division.
David Rosen, Ph.D. School of Mechanical Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta, GA 30332, USA David's e-mail Phone: (404) 894-9668
Joshua Summers, Ph.D. Department of Mechanical Engineering Clemson University Clemson, SC 29631-0921, USA Joshua's e-mail Phone: (864) 656-3295
 Organizers Biographical Sketches
David Rosen is a Professor and Associate Chair for Administration in the School of Mechanical Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. He is Director of the Rapid Prototyping & Manufacturing Institute at Georgia Tech. He received his Ph.D. at the University of Massachusetts in 1992 and his Masters and Bachelors degrees from the University of Minnesota in 1987 and 1985, respectively, all in mechanical engineering. After he received his MS degree, he was a software engineer at Computervision Corp. for two years developing mechanical CAD software. During his Ph.D. studies, he was a Visiting Research Scientist at Ford Research Laboratories for a semester. His research interests include computer-aided design, additive manufacturing, information modeling, and design methodology. His research is funded by NSF, DARPA, the Air Force Research Laboratory, and a variety of large and small companies. He is a Fellow of ASME and recently served on the ASME Computers and Information in Engineering Division Executive Committee.
Joshua D. Summers, Associate Professor in Mechanical Engineering and named College IDEaS Professor at Clemson University, co-directs the CEDAR Group (Clemson Engineering Design Applications and Research). Dr. Summers earned his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Arizona State University in 2004 researching design automation. Dr. Summers received his BSME and MSME from the University of Missouri-Columbia working on VR-based submarine design. Dr. Summers has worked at the Naval Research Laboratory (VR Lab and Naval Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence). Dr. Summers’ research has been funded by government (NASA, NSF, US Army TACOM), large industry (BMW, Michelin, General Motors), and small-medium sized enterprises (Wright Metal Products, Hartness International, and others). Dr. Summers’ areas of interest include collaborative design, knowledge management, and design enabler development with the overall objective of improving design through collaboration and computation. He currently serves on the Computers and Information in Engineering Division Executive Committee.
 Expected Background of Participants
Basic knowledge of information modeling, conceptual design, and mechanical engineering.
 Expected Audience
This workshop is addressed to faculty and researchers having interests in knowledge modelling for conceptual design and interested in collaboratively developing a formalized language of mechanical engineering. Attendees can apply for reimbursement of partial travel expenses.
 Need for the Workshop
Major outcomes of the study will be creation of a research agenda that could lead to a ME Knowledge Repository encapsulating the knowledge of typical undergraduate ME students.
Successful definition of a research agenda toward a ME knowledge repository has the potential for transformational outcomes. Increased awareness in the research community of high-impact research areas will increase interest in knowledge modeling. Establishing a ME knowledge repository as part of the educational infrastructure enables myriad methods and tools. .
 Workshop Agenda
8:30 Introductions, Objectives, Workshop Format (D. Rosen)
9:00 Keynotes - Potential Speakers 9:00 Function-Behavior-Structure Modeling Ashok Goel 9:45 Engineering Information Ian Grosse
10:30 - Break
10:45 Constraints: Yan Wang 10:55 Formalisms: Karthik Ramani
11:05 Discussion of Knowledge Requirements for MEml
Knowledge Representations and Languages 11:40 Unified Meta-Language: Jyotirmaya Nanda 11:50 SysML: Chris Paredis
12:00 Charge to the Break-out Groups
12:10 Break-out Groups, Working Lunch Knowledge Representations, xxMLs Chris Paredis Knowledge Formalisms, Description Logics Greg Mocko Semantic Web, Tools Jyoti Nanda Design Processes Joshua Summers Modeling Mathematics Ian Grosse
2:00 Reports from Break-out Groups (15 minutes each)
3:30 Research Agenda Formulation
4:30 Wrap-up Workshop leaders and break-out chairs to continue to draft report sections
Knowledge Representations, xxMLs Chris Paredis, Chair Yan Wang Chuck Eastman Dave Brown T. Kesavadas
Knowledge Formalisms, Description Logics Greg Mocko, Chair Farhad Ameri Erik Antonsson Matt Campbell Kevin Lyons
Semantic Web, Tools Jyoti Nanda, Chair Uma Jayaram Jitesh Panchal Tolga Kurtoglu
Design Processes Joshua Summers, Chair Chris Williams Noe Vargas Julie Linsey
Modeling Mathematics Ian Grosse, Chair Karthik Ramani Cameron Turner Vijay Srinivasan
 Sample reading
Yes, homework is expected. Below are a list of different papers that might be of relevance in the discussions. Participants are encouraged to read and think about these.