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Hydrogeology Field Camp at Clemson University hydrogeology field camp

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More Past Schedules: 2001 (PDF) -- 2002 -- 2003

Syllabus -- Hydrogeology Field Camp, GEOL 475/875
Summer 2004

Meeting:  MF 0830, Room 342 Brackett Hall

Instructor:  Larry Murdoch, Room 337; 656-2597; lmurdoc@clemson.edu

TA: Brady Rambo              

Office Hours:  by appt

Textbook:  (recommended but not required) A Manual of Field Hydrogeology, Laura Saunders, 1998.  Additional reading material will be provided. 

Objectives:  The objectives of this course are to give the student a working knowledge of the methods and concepts of field hydrogeology, and to use those methods to understand several hydrogeologic settings.  Another objective is to introduce you to a variety of practicing hydrogeologists and scientists in related fields.   

Prerequisites:  GEOL 408/608 or permission of instructor.   

Approach:  The course will be taught by reviewing principles and methods in the classroom, and then practicing those methods in the field.  The first three weeks will be spent doing field exercises locally.  We will make two trips out of town, one to the Mammoth Cave area in Kentucky, and the other to eastern South Carolina.  A detailed schedule is given on the following page.    

Many of the projects will involve collaborating with others in a group setting.  This is necessary because some of the methods, like surveying, cannot be done individually.  Also, it is often helpful to work with others while learning a new technique. 

Time Expectations:   Field camp will represent a significant time commitment.  You should be prepared to meet at 8:30 and to be in the field until dark.  We will make an effort to return from the field considerably before dark on most days.  Nevertheless, circumstances will require us to be out late for some activities. 

Food and drink:  Always bring your lunch if you want to ensure that you have something to eat during day.  We may have an opportunity for you to buy lunch, but you should not count on it.  Always bring enough water, or other non-alcoholic beverage, for you to be comfortable during a full day in hot weather.

Grading:

Field exercises and projects -- 0.5
Quizzes -- 0.25
Participation and attitude -- 0.15

Attendance:  It is important to attend every day of field camp.  If you must miss a day, then you should let the instructors know in advance.   Five points will be deducted from your final grade per day that is missed without a valid excuse

Graduate credit:  Students taking this class for graduate credit will be responsible for combining individual field exercises in report format.  Two reports will be required, one covering work on aquifer characterization, another covering the work on characterizing the vadose zone.  The reports are optional for undergraduates.       

EQUIPMENT 

The following is a list of equipment that you will need, or is recommended, for field camp.  Some items are available locally.  Other items can be ordered.  Ben Meadows and Forestry Suppliers carry the items, as do a variety of other companies.  The product codes for some of the suggested items are given below.  The websites for those suppliers are listed below, and the catalogs are available in 337 Brackett.    

 Please have the items listed below with you every day.

FIELD EQUIPMENT

Field notebook: You will need a bound book with lines and graph paper.  The bookstore has some, also Forestry Supplier, 49352, $5.95

Compass:  You will need a compass that has a sighting mirror and an inclinometer.  Here are several that will work.  Get the Brunton if you can afford the extra $.

  • Suunto MC-2,  Ben Meadows 101884      $36.50
  • Silva Ranger, Type 15,  Ben Meadows 101924   $44.95
  • Brunton, Eclipse  Model 8099, Forestry Supply 37400    59.99
    A Brunton pocket transit will also work well, but they are considerably more expensive than the compasses listed above. 

Clipboard: Conventional clipboard will be satisfactory.  A clipboard with a cover is preferred , and one that will store extra sheets (Forestry Supplier 53190) is even better. 

See-thru ruler and protractor:   This is both a ruler with parallel lines and a protractor.  It is handy for drawing maps.  Get a few of them, they are useful and cheap.  Should be available at Clemson Variety and Frame, or atForestry Supplier , 47161, or 47420.    $1.50

Engineer scale:  Available at Bookstore or Clemson Variety and Frame
Forestry Supplier, 45972,     $5.25

Graph paper:  5 or 10 squares per inch    

Calculator:  something to so simple calculations in the field.

These items are needed for various exercises, but are not necessary every day

Hand lens:  Available at Bookstore, the one you have from mineralogy would be fine.  

Digging implement:  Small shovel, trowel or scraper to expose soils or sediments.

 

These items are useful, but not required

Watch:    inexpensive digital watch with stopwatch capabilities.  Strongly recommended

Multi-tool or Swiss Army knife:    One of these types of tools is helpful for many applications in the field

Colored pencils: useful if you already own them

Rock hammer:  useful if you already own one 

Acid bottle:  useful if you already own one 

Grain-size chart:  We will provide one, but bring yours if you have one

PERSONAL EQUIPMENT

We will be outside in a variety of conditions and you should have the appropriate clothing and equipment to take care of your personal comfort.  Shorts and a T-shirt will be fine for most days, but long pants are recommended for some situations.  It is probably best to avoid wearing sandals because they can be uncomfortable in tall grass and on uneven terrain.  These things will be useful during some of the activities:

  • Boots with ankle support
  • Rubber boots, waders or some type of footwear you can get wet and/or muddy
  • Work gloves
  • Knee Pads.  These will be helpful while caving
  • Sunscreen
  • Insect repellent
  • Rain gear
  • Field backpack
  • Water bottles
  • Hat

LUNCH

You should be prepared to eat lunch in the field every day.   Some days we will be in the department and it will be possible to buy something to eat.  However, it will often be inconvenient to buy lunch when we are in the field near Clemson, so you should plan to bring something to eat or you may get hungry by dinner time. 

WATER

You are responsible for bringing water, or some other non-alcoholic beverage, in the field.  Some days we will be unable to refill water bottles during the day, so you should bring water with you in the morning.  You can easily drink 2 liters of water during a hot day in the field.     

Preliminary Schedule of Activities

Please note that the activities listed below are subject to change due to a variety of factors that are beyond our control.  We will keep you informed as soon as we know about schedule changes, but you should contact us to confirm the schedule a few days in advance if it is important. 

 

 

Date

Day

Activity

travel

 

 

1

May 18

T

Hydrogeologic Overview; Spatial Mapping;  Campus 

C

Exercise

2

19

W

Transit, depth to water, piezometric surface; Gardens

C

Project

3

20

TH

Saturated zone. Slug test; theory, field methods, data reduction;

C

Exercise

4

21

F

Pumping test; field methods,  Long-term pumping test start

C

Exercise

5

24

M

Well logging, borehole video, and packer tests

C

Exercise

6

25

T

Water sampling ; Water quality; Braezeale Superfund site visit

C

 

7

26

W

Wells:  Drilling and well completion

C

 

8

27

TH

Surface water;  Surface water, Stream gauging, seepage meters

C

Project 1 due

9

28

F

Vadose zone:  Soil properties:

C

Exercise

10

31

M

Soil profiles at Simpson Station

C

 

11

1

T

Three and Twenty Characterization

C

Project

12

2

W

Three and Twenty Characterization

C

 

13

3

Th

Remediation pilot tests; Vapor extraction, sparging, hfrx

C

Exercise

14

4

F

Hydrogeology of karst and fractured sedimentary rock; Travel,

O

Project 2 due

15

5

S

Tour Mammoth Cave; Overview of karst geology ,MC

O

 

16

6

S

Intro to Caving, Mammoth Cave;  Karst in Bowling Green, KY.   

O

 

17

7

M

Univ. Tennessee Knoxville Research Station, TN

O

 

18

8

T

Fractured sedimentary rock:  Oak Ridge National Lab, TNTravel

C

 

19

9

W

Trip review

C

 

20

10

TH

Piedmont hydrology and Elberton granite quarries

C

 

21

11

F

Tour of selected contaminated sites; RMT

C

 

22

14

M

Groundwater management, GE Plant, Greenville; exercise

C

Exercise

23

15

T

Surface water issues in the Piedmont

C

 

24

16

W

Long-Term Ecological Research, Panola Mountain,  GA Travel

O

 

25

17

TH

Coastal Plain sediments, Aiken, SC

O

 

26

18

F

Measuring stratigraphic section, Aiken, SC, Municipal water supply

O

Exercise

27

19

S

Beach erosion, municipal ground water supplies, Charleston

C

 

28

20

S

Report Preparation

C

 

29

21

M

Anderson County Landfill, stream sampling

C

Exercise

30

22

T

Recap and equipment inventory

C

 

 

 



Last Updated: January 11, 2005 -- Questions or comments, contact Larry Murdoch.
School of Environment, Department of Geological Sciences -- Hydrology -- Hydrogeology Field Camp
340 Brackett Hall, Clemson, SC 29634  USA --
Telephone: (864) 656-3438, Fax: (864) 656-1041
© 2004-2005 Clemson Univeristy, Clemson, SC, USA. All rights reserved.