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Summer 2014 Syllabus
Hydrogeology Field Camp, GEOL 475/875

Meeting:  Room 220 Brackett Hall, or as indicated
Instructors:    Larry Murdoch, lmurdoc@clemson.edu, Brackett 337; 656-2597;
                        Scott Brame, brames@clemson.edu, Brackett 334, 656-7167

Office Hours:  by appt

Textbook:  (recommended but not required) A Manual of Field Hydrogeology, Laura Saunders, 1998.  Additional material will be provided. 

Objectives:  The objectives of this course are to give the student a working knowledge of the methods and concepts of field hydrogeology, and to use those methods to understand several hydrogeologic settings.  Another objective is to introduce you to a variety of practicing hydrogeologists and scientists in related fields.   

Prerequisites:  GEOL 408/608 or permission of instructor.   

Approach:  The course will be taught by reviewing principles and methods in the classroom, and then practicing those methods in the field.  The class will include field trips as well as field exercises.  A detailed schedule is given on the following page.    

Many of the projects will involve collaborating with others in a group setting.  This is necessary because some of the methods, like surveying, cannot be done individually.  Also, it is often helpful to work with others while learning a new technique. 

Time Expectations:   Field camp will represent a significant time commitment.  You should be prepared to meet at 8:30 daily and to be in the field until 6 PM and later as needed to complete projects on time.

Food and drink:  Always bring your lunch if you want to ensure that you have something to eat during day.  We may have an opportunity for you to buy lunch, but you should not count on it.  Always bring enough water, or other non-alcoholic beverage, for you to be comfortable during a full day in hot weather.

Grading:

Field exercises and projects                                                   60%
Quizzes and field notebook                                                    25%
Participation and attitude                                                       15%

Attendance:  It is important to attend every day of field camp.  You must inform the instructor that you will not be attending before the start of the day you are going to miss.  Failure to do this will result in the loss of 1 letter grade on each occurrence.  You must make up every day you miss by completing an extra assignment.  You should discuss with the instructor the possibility of withdrawing from the course if you miss more than 3 days. 

Graduate credit:  Students taking this class for graduate credit will be responsible for combining individual field exercises as projects.  The reports are optional for undergraduates.       

EQUIPMENT 

The following is a list of equipment that you will need, or that is recommended, for field camp.  Some items are available locally.  Other items can be ordered.  Ben Meadows and Forestry Suppliers carry the items, as do a variety of other companies.  The product codes for some of the suggested items are given below.  The websites for those suppliers are listed below:

www.benmeadows.com
www.forestry-suppliers.com

  Please have the items listed below with you every day.

FIELD EQUIPMENT

Field notebook:      You will need a bound book with lines and graph paper.  The bookstore has some, also Forestry Supplier, 49352, $5.95.  I prefer the classic Rite in the Rain Geological Field Book (No. 540F).
Compass:  You will need a compass that has a sighting mirror and an inclinometer.  Here are several that will work.  Get the Brunton if you can afford the extra $.

     Suunto MC-2,  Ben Meadows 101884      $36.50
     Silva Ranger, Type 15,  Ben Meadows 101924   $44.95
     Brunton, Eclipse  Model 8099,       Forestry Supply 37400    59.99

A Brunton pocket transit will also work well, but they are considerably more expensive than the compasses listed above. 

Clipboard:   Conventional clipboard will be satisfactory.  A clipboard with a cover is preferred , and one that will store extra sheets (Forestry Supplier 53190) is even better. 

See-thru ruler and protractor:   This is both a ruler with parallel lines and a protractor.  It is handy for drawing maps.  Get a few of them, they are useful and cheap.  Should be available at Clemson Variety and Frame, or at Forestry Supplier , 47161, or 47420.    $1.50

Engineer scale:  Available at Bookstore or Clemson Variety and Frame, at Forestry Supplier, 45972,     $5.25

Graph paper:  5 or 10 squares per inch    

Calculator:  something to so simple calculations in the field.

These items are needed for various exercises, but are not necessary every day
Hand lens:  Available at Bookstore, the one you have from mineralogy would be fine.  
Digging implement:  Small shovel, trowel or scraper to expose soils or sediments.

These items are useful, but not required
Watch:    inexpensive digital watch with stopwatch capabilities.  Strongly recommended
Multi-tool or Swiss Army knife:    One of these types of tools is helpful for many applications in the field
Colored pencils: useful if you already own them
Rock hammer:  useful if you already own one 

Acid bottle:  useful if you already own one 

Grain-size chart:  We will provide one, but bring yours if you have one

PERSONAL EQUIPMENT

We will be outside in a variety of conditions and you should have the appropriate clothing and equipment to take care of your personal comfort.  Shorts and a T-shirt will be fine for most days, but long pants are recommended for some situations.  It is probably best to avoid wearing sandals because they can be uncomfortable in tall grass and on uneven terrain.  These things will be useful during some of the activities:

  • Boots with ankle support, Rubber boots, waders or some type of footwear you can get wet and/or muddy, Work gloves, Knee Pads.  These will be helpful while caving
  • Sunscreen, Insect repellent, Rain gear, Field backpack, Water bottles, Hat

 

LUNCH

You should be prepared to eat lunch in the field every day.   Some days we will be in the department and it will be possible to buy something to eat.  However, it will often be inconvenient to buy lunch when we are in the field near Clemson, so you should plan to bring something to eat or you may get hungry by dinner time. 

WATER

You are responsible for bringing water, or some other non-alcoholic beverage, in the field.  Some days we will be unable to refill water bottles during the day, so you should bring water with you in the morning.  You can easily drink 2 liters of water during a hot day in the field.     

Preliminary Schedule of Activities
Please note that the activities listed below are subject to change due to a variety of factors that are beyond our control.  We will keep you informed as soon as we know about schedule changes, but you should contact us to confirm the schedule a few days in advance if it is important. 

Date

 

Activity

 

May 14

W

8:30-9:15        Intro to course, notebooks
9:30-10:00      Professional hydrogeology
10:15-11:00   Water Cycle, nomenclature 
11:15-12:00   Spatial Mapping
1:00-5:00        Bowman Field Exercise 

Spatial Mapping Exercise, 1

15

Th

8:30-8:50        Exercise recap
8:50-9:40        Well drilling and completion
10-10:50         Hydraulic head  
11:15-12:00   Darcy’s Law and flow through pm
1:00-1:30       Transit, surveying overview
1:50-5:00       Surveying exercise, Gardens
                        Groups: 6(2) Grad, 5(3) undergrad             

Surveying Exercise, 2

16

F

8:30-8:45      Surveying recap   
8:45-9:35      Aquifer Properties
9:50-10:40    Pumping tests
11-12             Pumping test in class exercise
1:30-4:00      Pumping test demo, Gardens
4-8:30            Pumping test exercise,  Group 1
                          Groups: 3(4) Grad 3(4),1(5) undergrad             

Pumping Test Exercise, 3            

17

 

Pumping Test Exercise, Surveying
Group 2:  8-12
Group 3: 12-4
Group 4: 4-8

 

18

 

Pumping Test Exercise, Surveying
Group 5:  8-12
Group 6: 12-4
Group 7: 4-8

 

19

M

8:30-8:45      Pumping test recap
8:45-9:30      Hydraulic head maps and 3-pt problem
9:50-10:40    Slug tests
10:50-12:00  Slug tests, in class exercise
1:00-5:00      Slug test exercise, Gardens and Bottoms

Slug Test Exercise, 4
Clemson Bottoms Exercise 5

20

T

8:30-9             Slug test recap
9:20-10:10     Hydrogeology of the Southeast
10:30-12:00   Characterizing fractured rock
12:00             Exercise: borehole video, and packer tests

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Packer

*

*

 

 

 

 

 

Slug tests

 

 

*

*

 

 

 

Surveying

 

 

 

 

*

 

 

Bottoms

 

 

 

 

 

*

*

Borehole Exercise, 6

21

W

8:30-9:00       Recap

9:00-10:30     Borehole radar

11                    Well field exercise

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Packer

 

 

 

 

 

*

*

Slug tests

*

*

 

 

 

 

 

Surveying

 

 

*

*

 

 

 

Bottoms

 

 

 

 

*

 

 

Radar

11

12

1

2

3

4

5

Borehole Radar Exercise, 7

22

Th

8:30               Meet at Wellfield
                Well Field Project
a.m.

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Packer

 

 

*

*

 

 

 

Slug tests

 

 

 

 

*

*

 

Surveying

 

 

 

 

 

 

*

Bottoms

*

*

 

 

 

 

 

p.m.

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Packer

 

 

 

 

*

 

 

Slug tests

 

 

 

 

 

 

*

Surveying

*

 

 

 

 

*

 

Bottoms

 

 

*

*

 

 

 

Well field Project

23

F

8:30      Well Field Project

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Packer

Text Box: Open

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slug tests

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Surveying

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bottoms

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 pm    Data analysis
4 pm    Data review meeting              

 

24

S

8:30           Hydrogeology of Mid-Continent,
                   Leave for Mammoth Cave

 

26

M

8:30           Karst in Mammoth Cave

 

27

T

8:30           Karst in Mammoth Cave

 

28

W

8:00           Fractured rock in Knoxville

 

29

Th

8:00           Fractured rock in Knoxville

 

30

F

Return to clemson

 

3

M

8:30-9:20    Vadose zone
9:40-10:20    Soil description
10:30-12:00  Soil description exercise in class
1:15-5:00  Soil description exercise Simpson Station

Soil Description Exercise, 7

4

T

8:30-9:20      Water balance
9:40-10:30  Water content and hydraulic head
11:0-12:00   Measuring water content demo
1:-5     Water content in class exercise

Water Content Exercise, 8

5

W

8:30-9:20      Flow in the vadose zone
9:40-1030     Permeability in the vadose zone
11:00            Permeability and flux exercise

Soil Flux Exercise, 9

6

Th

8:30-9:20     Characterizing surface water
9:40-10:30   Ground water-surface water interaction
11:00            Surface water exercise

Surface Water Exercise,10

7

F

Blue Ridge Geology
8:00  Brackett

 

10

M

8:30-9:20       Water Quality Overview
10:00-12:00   Sampling demo, EON
1:00-2:30       Water quality analysis methods
3:00-6:00       Field exercise, Gardens

Water Quality Exercise, 11

11

T

Clemson Watershed Project
8:30-10:00   Project overview, Brackett
10:30-12    Recon of field areas
1-3              Field planning
3:30-6        Ground Penetrating Radar,  Brackett  

 

12

W

Clemson Watershed Project
8:30-9          Daily planning, Field trailer
9-6            Groups 1,2,:    Surface equip
                  Groups 3,4:     Vadose equip, Radar
                  Groups 5,6,7   Saturated equip

 

13

Th

8:30-9          Daily planning, Field trailer
9-6            Groups 1,2,:    Vadose equip
                  Groups 3,4:     Saturated equip
                  Groups 5,6,7  Surface water, Radar

 

14

F

8:30-9          Daily planning, Field trailer
9-4            Groups 1,2,:    Saturated zone, radar                                                             .                Groups 3,4:      Surface water
                  Groups 5,6,7  Vadose
4-5            Status Review
6:30          Banquet

 

15

S

Watershed Project Field Work
Open access to equipment

 

16

S

Watershed Project Field Work
Open access to equipment

 

17

M

8:30-9         
9-6            Groups 1,2,:   Saturated zone, data review
                  Groups 3,4:   Surface water
                  Groups 5,6,7,  Vadose

 

18

T

8:30-9          Daily planning, Field trailer
9-6            Groups 1,2,:   Saturated zone, data review
                  Groups 3,4:   Surface water
                  Groups 5,6,7,  Vadose

 

19

W

Field Trip: Chattooga River Hydrology
8:30        Meet Brackett
6              return from field

 

20

T

Final

 

 



Last Updated: October 15, 2014 -- Questions or comments, contact Scott Brame.
Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences -- Hydrogeology -- Hydrogeology Field Camp
445 Brackett Hall, Clemson, SC 29634  USA --
Telephone: (864) 656-3438, Fax: (864) 656-1041
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