Millie Davenport,
Home & Garden Information Center

Echinacea, also known as coneflowers, are perennial flowering plants that are hardy in Zones 3 to 9, depending on the species. Echinacea species are native to the eastern and central regions of the United States. The genus is named after the Greek word for hedgehog, echinos, because of the prickly center of the flower. Of the eight to nine species of Echinacea, E. purpurea, the purple coneflower, is most readily available.

Echinacea species have dark green lower leaves that are lance to oval shaped measuring 4- to 8- inches long, becoming smaller and narrower toward the top of the stems. They bloom in mid-summer and continue to flower sporadically until frost. The flowers measure 2 to 4 inches in diameter with a mounded, brown, central cone of disk flowers, surrounded by pink, purple, yellow or white petals or ray flowers, depending on the species. The ray flowers extend straight out from the center or tend to slightly reflex downward.

For more information on Echinacea, see HGIC 1182, Echinacea.

Page maintained by: Home & Garden Information Center

This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed.