Broadleaf Arrowhead

picture of broadleaf arrowheadSagittaria latifolia

Family:
Alismataceae

Lifecycle:
Perennial

Native or Introduced:
Native

Nutrient Removal Rating:
Medium

Wildlife Value:
High

Sagittaria latifolia bloomInvasiveness:
Medium

Rooted or Floating:
Rooted

Site Requirements:
Full sun

Maximum Water Depth:
12 inches

Plant Description:
Broadleaf arrowhead is an herbaceous perennial that produces a large underground storage organ in the form of a corm.

Basal leaves arise from the corm. Petioles measure approximately 20-30 inches in length. Leaf blades are arrowhead-shaped and 1.5-2 feet long by 6-12 inches wide. 

Inflorescences are large groups of flowers measuring 2 inches in diameter. Flowers have three white petals and three green sepals and are either male or female. Flowering and fruiting occurs from summer to fall.

Plants live in ditches, marshes, and pools and along the banks of streams and lakes.

Sources:

  • Audlbach-Smith, C.A., deKozlowski, S.J. 1996. Aquatic and Wetland Plants of South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources.
  • Flora of North America (see link below),

Additional reading: