University Facilities

Campus Bikeways - Recommendations

  • Campus Network +

    Bike lanes, shared roadways and shared use paths comprise the campus bikeway network. Bicycle routes build off existing bikeways and major transportation corridors on campus. The network is intended to increase bicycle accessibility and provide a legitimate place for bicyclists. A map of this network can found in the Campus Bikeways Map section below.

  • Roads on Campus +

    All roads on campus should be open to bicycles, including those that do not have shared roadway signs or pavement markings. Signage and pavement markings can indicate preferred routes and circulation for cyclists.

  • Bikeway Types +

    Example of a bike lane.The campus bike network should consist of clearly marked primary bikeways, secondary bikeways and shared-use paths. Primary bikeways should be designated by either an on-street bike lane or signed, marked shared roadways. Bike lane design should meet state minimum standards (4 feet wide), but to promote safety, recommended bike lanes widths should be designed to national guidelines (5 feet wide). Conventional and buffered bicycle lanes could be considered for campus roads. Secondary bikeways should be designated by signed, marked shared roadways. Shared roadways signs and lane marking should be clearly visible to help promote safety and communicate preferred bicycle circulation. Pavement markings are preferably paced in the center of the travel lane to minimize wear and to promote single file travel. Shared use paths should be wide enough to accommodate two-way traffic, as well as accommodate the needs and minimize conflicts between pedestrians and bicyclists.

    Shared-use paths are another type of bikeway intended for use by bicyclists and pedestrians. As a recreational feature of the campus bikeway network, they provide connections between destinations on campus as well as become their own recreation destination. Shared-use paths are typically designed for cycling at slower speeds than on-street bikeways.

    There are places on the campus where a shared-use path will enhance bicycle recreation opportunities and circulation on campus. Developing the trail found along the dike, stretching from the Madren Center, crossing Old Greenville Highway to the University and City property line will provide a long path for bicyclists to use and enjoy. Other shared-use paths include: the continuation of Jervey Meadows past the baseball diamond, connecting to East Beach Drive; connect through Calhoun Courts, connecting Morrison St. to McMillan and Cherry St; near Lee Hall, connecting Fernow Street with Lambda Street; around Lehotsky Hall and Poole Agricultural Center area and on the eastern edge of campus, east of Hwy 76; and through the southern portion of the Douthit Hills development. 

    Dismount Zones, areas where there is high pedestrian activity and it may not be appropriate for bicyclist to ride, also have a place. There are two areas on campus where this bikeway facility may be found: the plaza behind Cooper Library and the Pedestrian Bridge by the Lightsey Bridge Apartments. Policies to enforce and inform the campus community should be established, including sign placement and content.

  • Campus Beach +

    Road at Campus Beach siteConsiderations for bikeways should also be included at the beach in its present condition and in future developments. Bike lanes on Old Greenville Highway provide access to the Campus Beach, however, current conditions do not provide a safe environment for bicyclists. There are few bicycle facilities at the beach site. Despite these conditions, students still bike from campus to the beach.

    As improvements on the site are considered and developed, enhancements to the bicycle facilities on site should be included. Providing a bikeway that connects Old Greenville Highway to the beachfront is important. Developing a shared roadway on YMCA Circle is appropriate for the beach in its current condition. However, as demand, development and traffic increases, shared roadways and bike lanes should be installed as appropriate. Developing a shared path that enhances recreational activities, provides additional circulation opportunities and connects the Ravenel Center and the Beach should be considered.

    Signs directing bicyclists to the water front, the home of CORE, the campus bike shop and other destinations should be provided. Bicycle parking should also be added and located in close proximity to the beachfront, the CORE offices and other future destination points and recreational facilities. Consideration for covered, long-term parking should also be included.

    Bikeway wayfinding signage on campus could include directions to the Campus Beach. If part of the site is developed as a parking lot, considerations should be made to make this a “Park and Bike” lot.

  • Campus Bikeways Map +

    Campus Bikeways Map

  • On-Road Bikeway Recommendations +

    The table below provides detailed information for bikeways and improvement type for some specific campus and forest roads. A more comprehensive listing of bikeway improvements is found in Section 6. Implementation.

    Project Segment From To # Travel Lanes Recommended Bikeway Type Miles Improvement Type
    Perimeter Rd Old Greenville Hwy Cherry Rd 4 Bike Lane 1.16 Shoulder Improvements, Signage, Pavement Marking
    Perimeter Rd Cherry Rd McMillan Rd 2 Bike Lane 0.98 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Perimeter Rd McMillan Rd Hwy 76 2 Bike Lane 0.16 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Old Greenville Hwy Seneca Creek Rd Perimeter Rd 4 Bike Lane 1.14 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Old Greenville Hwy Perimeter Rd Williamson Rd 4 Bike Lane 0.28 Pavement Marking
    Old Greenville Hwy Williamson Rd Cherry Rd 4 Shared Roadway 0.83 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Old Greenville Hwy Cherry Rd Hwy 76 4 Bike Lane 0.57 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Cherry Rd Old Greenville Hwy McMillan Rd 2 Bike Lane 0.29 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Cherry Rd McMillan Rd Old Cherry Rd 2 Bike Lane 0.47 Pavement Marking
    Zeta Theta St Cherry Rd Perimeter Rd 2 Shared Roadway 0.30 Pavement Marking
    Williamson Rd Old Greenville Hwy Perimeter Rd 2 Bike Lane 0.71 Pavement Marking
    Old Stadium Rd Perimeter Rd Old Cherry Rd 2 Bike Lane 0.63 Realignment, Pavement Marking
    Madren Center Dr Old Stadium Rd   2 Shared Roadway 0.24 Pavement Marking
    Avenue of Champions Perimeter Rd Williamson Rd 2 Shared Roadway 0.29 Pavement Marking
    East Beach Dr Perimeter Rd   2 Shared Roadway 0.71 Pavement Marking
    Heisman Dr Perimeter Rd Klugh Avenue 2 Shared Roadway 0.19 Pavement Marking
    Klugh Avenue Heisman Dr Fort Hill St 2 Shared Roadway 0.17 Pavement Marking
    Fort Hill St Williamson Rd Calhoun Dr 2 Shared Roadway 0.27 Signage, Pavement Marking
    S Palmetto Blvd Williamson Rd Library 2 Shared Roadway 0.21 Pavement Marking
    McMillan Rd Cherry Rd Perimeter Rd 2 Bike Lane 0.57 Signage, Pavement Marking
    McMillan Rd Cherry Rd Library 2 Shared Roadway 0.29 Signage, Pavement Marking
    McGinty Ct McMillan Rd   2 Shared Roadway 0.06 Pavement Marking
    Jersey Ln Cherry Rd   2 Shared Roadway 0.23 Pavement Marking
    Calhoun Dr Old Greenville Hwy Fernow St 2 Shared Roadway 0.38 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Fernow St Calhoun Dr   2 Shared Roadway 0.19 Pavement Marking
    Lambda St Lambda St Williamson 2 Shared Roadway 0.11 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Parkway Dr Old Greenville Hwy Cherry Rd 2 Shared Roadway 0.38 Signage, Pavement Marking, Bi-Directional for Bicycles
    Morrison Dr Newman Rd Calhoun Courts 2 Shared Roadway 0.19 Pavement Marking
    Sherman St Old Greenville Hwy   2 Bike Lane 0.13 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Newman Rd Old Greenville Hwy McMillan 2 Shared Roadway 0.15 Pavement Marking
    Martin St Daniel Dr. Wyatt Ave 2 Shared Roadway 0.19 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Cherry St Extension Cherry St Martin St 2 or 4 Bike Lane 0.06 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Garden Trl Perimeter Rd   2 Shared Roadway 2.28 Signage
    Jervey Meadows Perimeter Rd   2 Shared Roadway 0.66 Signage, Pavement Marking
    YMCA Circle Old Greenville Hwy   2 Shared Roadway 0.51 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Bikeway to South Forest Old Cherry Rd Queen St 3 Bike Lane 1.42 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Paved Bikeway in North Forest Old Jewell Bridge Rd Old Six Mile Rd 2 Shared Roadway 3.79 Signage, Pavement Marking
    Paved Bikeway in South Forest Queen St Fants Grove Rd 2 Shared Roadway 5.50 Signage, Pavement Marking
  • Wayfinding, Signage and Pavement Markings Recommendations +

    Pavement marking examplesThe existence of a defined, clearly marked bikeway network will help cyclists navigate their way around the campus to other university destinations like the Beach and Forest, and will help to promote a sense of safety. A designated, marked bikeway network also provides a place for and legitimizes the role of bicycles as a part of the transportation network. It helps familiarize users with the bicycle network, identifies the best routes to destinations, highlights potential conflict areas and overcomes a “barrier to entry” for infrequent bicyclists. Signage and pavement markings also passively market the bicycle network by providing unique and consistent imagery throughout the campus.

    Signs and pavement markings, also known as shared lane markings, should be designed and used in tandem to create a clear, unique wayfinding system that’s easy to understand and visually appealing to first-time and long-time users. They should be consistently applied on and near bikeways, and should be visible to pedestrian, motorist and cyclist. Roadway signs should be updated to follow the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD), as well as other state and national bikeway guidelines, like SCDOT, AASHTO and the NACTO Urban Bikeway Design Guide. Additionally, signs and shared lane markings at the Campus Beach, in the Forest and on Campus should be related, share similar elements and be part of the same, comprehensive wayfinding systems.

    Various bicycle route signs

  • Intersections +

    Example of a bike box and a bike lane at an intersection.As the bikeway network becomes enhanced on campus, configuring intersections to promote safety and reduce potential conflicts where bicyclists, pedestrian, motorist and other forms of transportation interact should be considered. Designs for intersections with bicycle facilities should reduce conflict between bicyclists and vehicles by heightening the level of visibility, denoting a clear right-of-way, facilitating eye contact and awareness with competing transportation modes. Intersection treatments can resolve queuing and merging maneuvers for bicyclists, sometimes including timed or specialized signals.

    A variety of elements contribute to a more bicycle-friendly intersection, yet the issues and level of treatment are different at every intersection. The level of treatment required for bicyclists at an intersection will depend on the bicycle facility type used (bike lane, shared roadway), whether the bicycle facilities are intersecting, function of the adjacent street and sidewalk, traffic volume and land use. Bike boxes, intersection crossing markings, through bike lanes, combined bike lane/turn lane and median refuge island may be some of the ways to promote safety at intersections on campus.

    Additionally, bicycles can be better detected by using bicycle-activated loop detection devices. These devices trip the signal light, recognizing the presence of a bicyclist, providing extra “green light” time before the light turns yellow. Typical signals, like the ones found on Old Greenville Highway, do not recognize bicycles because they are too light. Signs and pavement markings can be used to help communicate the adjustments in behaviors. Other devices like hybrid beacons (also known as a high-intensity activated crosswalks or “HAWK”) may also be used as the need arises. Hybrid beacons, like the ones found at intersections along Old Greenville Highway and College Avenue or near Sikes Hall, help to improve non-motorized crossings on major streets.

  • Bicycle Parking +

    Covered back rack at Virginia Tech / Bike room at Olin College.Providing bicycle parking on campus is essential to the implementation of the Bikeway Plan. Without appropriate bicycle parking facilities on campus, bicycle facilities built on campus will be underutilized, especially by more experienced riders who hesitate to park in areas that are unsecure, unlit and uncovered. Providing appropriate bicycle parking in convenient areas can demonstrate the University’s commitment to sustainability and alternative transportation.

    Appropriate short-term and long-term bicycle parking facilities should be available to the campus community. Bicycle racks are appropriate for short-term use and should be placed near academic buildings, residence halls, athletic facilities and other activity centers. Covered, lit and secure bicycle racks, bicycle lockers and bicycle storage rooms should be considered for long-term use, especially in or near residence halls for students who bring a bicycle to campus. Consideration should also be given to provide supervised temporary bicycle parking at events. Bicycle racks that are used should:

    • Support the bicycle in at least two places to prevent it from falling over;
    • Allow locking of the frame and one or both wheels;
    • Be securely anchored to the ground;
    • Resist cutting, rusting and deformation.

    More detailed information about bicycle parking can be found in the Bikeway Design Guidelines in the Appendix.

  • Bicycle or Alternative Transportation Use Incentives +

    These institutions also provide different kinds of incentives to those who ride bikes. At Cornell University, students and staff who biked to campus and need to shower before class or work are allowed to use the athletic shower facilities for free. Virginia Tech provides repair kits on campus and free enrollment in an emergency ride home program. At the University of Maryland, committed cyclists receive 15 discounted daily parking permits for $15 per semester. Helmets, U-Locks and front and rear lights are offered at a discounted rate through the University of Maryland.

  • Forest Roads +

    Paved public roads through the Forest should be open to bicycles. Some roads in the South Forest, like Fants Grove Road and Queen Road, should have signage and pavement markings to encourage bicycling. Placing shared roadway signs along Old Six Mile Road in the North Forest may also be advisable to encourage motorists to slow down and respect cyclists’ right to the road. The University will need to work with Pickens and Anderson counties to mark and sign the roads. State law allows bicycles on the road, and, therefore, forest policy should not prohibit bicycles on any paved roadway. Signage and pavement markings can indicate preferred routes for cyclists.

  • Mountain Bike Trails +

    Bike washing station.Hikers, horseback riders and mountain bikers are the main trail users in the Forest. Trail design, grade, condition, type and user route knowledge currently drives trail usage, as the absence of trail signs and maps make getting around in the forest difficult especially for new users. There are some trails that are preferred and more heavily used by horseback rider, which can affect the trail condition for mountain bike riding and hiking in a negative way. Horses tend to pack down paths, wear out creek crossings and leave waste on the trail, making it less desirable for other users.

    The trail outlined in the North and South Forest follows existing trails and fire roads and is used by the local mountain biking community. Considerations should be made to advertise and develop the routes for new riders. Both trails have a relatively easy level of difficulty, provide an interesting, fun recreational experience and connect to other trails in the forest. They are also connected to fire and paved roads that act as outlets. Outlets act as “safety valves” for mountain bike riders if they become too tired or overwhelmed on a trail. The trails also start and end at areas that have parking lots and act as unofficial trailheads. Consideration should be given to providing mountain bike facilities like a bike washing station and a portable water station.

    Establishing a primary mountain bike trail in each of the North and South forest areas will provide preferred routes for mountain bikers to use. There is a route in each of the North and South Forest area that should be developed as the primary route, as found on the maps on the following pages. Trailhead locations are also suggested. In addition to having primary trails, a policy limiting or prohibiting horseback riding should also be developed to help keep these particular trails in a better condition for mountain biking. In the future, a trail-user policy should be developed and implemented for all trails in the Forest.

  • Forest Bikeways Maps +

    Forest Trails and Connections to Campus
    Campus to North Forest Bikeway Connection Campus to South Forest Bikeway Connection
  • Connections +

    Enhancing the connections between the Forest and Campus can provide a richer experience for the Clemson University community. The 17,000 acres of the North and South Forest are just a few miles from the campus. The South Forest is directly accessible from campus, whereas the North Forest is a few miles farther away.

    Developing a marked, signed bikeway from the campus to the North and South Forest will be an important step to increase connectivity. Wayfinding signs should be used to direct bicyclists to the forest, to a trail head and to other bikeway system elements in the forest. Establishing the bikeway route between the campus and South Forest may be relatively easier than establishing the route to the North Forest due to the proximity to campus. The route to the North Forest is located primarily outside the border of the University and within boundaries of the City of Clemson. Partnering with them to establish this route will increase recreational opportunities in the greater Clemson community. Considerations should also be given for providing a CAT Bus route or University group vanpool to each of the forest identified trails heads. A list of critical improvement areas that is important to increasing connections between the campus and forest is found below. Please see the maps in the Forest Bikeways Maps section

    Critical Intersection Improvement Areas

    • Old Cherry Road and Old Stone Church
    • Old Cherry Road and Queen Street
    • College Avenue and Hwy 123
    • Area around the bridge across Hwy 133 (The intersections of Pike Road + Hwy 133 and Old Six Mile Road + Hwy 133.)
  • Trailhead Design +

    Sample Trailhead designForest trailheads should be visible from the road and be the head of several trails or a primary trail. Adequate space for parking and equipment should also be provided. Trailheads should provide information on user group conflict policy, trail name, route, level of difficulty, intersection with other trails, permitted (or prohibited) user groups and the lead University organization or department. Trailheads should be designed in a way that establishes a sense of arrival, location and fun, setting the tone for the forest wayfinding and trail system. Trailheads should denote the specific area or part of the forest the user is in. They should also be consistent with the identity of the University, re-enforcing the idea that the University and Forest are unique parts of the same system. There could also be some connection or consideration made to establish visual cues between the bikeways and network on campus and those in the forest at trailheads. Trailhead design could incorporate elements of national and state forestry signs, but considerations should also be given to previous signage and wayfinding efforts at the University.

  • Ideas in Need of a Champion +

    Based on the review of the other universities in the Case Study section on the plan, there are other bikeway-related topics that are important to consider beyond bikeway facility development. Even though some of the ideas do not fit within the scope of the Clemson University Bikeways Plan, recording them is an important step in building a comprehensive bikeway network and program. The following is a list of ideas and recommendations that other University departments, organizations or even through a partnership with the City of Clemson, groups may choose to take on and address.

    • As the bikeway network is developed, create a map that highlights preferred routes and bicycle parking facilities. Have the map available in paper and digital form.
    • Provide opportunities to learn about basic bicycle user, safety, commuter and maintenance skills. Consider developing a university web-site, holding educational classes/workshops, providing printed materials and other ways to outreach to the Clemson community.
    • Develop a campus coalition and policy to determine the designation, signage and enforcement of “Dismount Zones” for the campus area. Discussions and decisions should address the expected behavior of bicyclists in pedestrian-oriented areas, paths and spaces in places like south of Cooper Library, Core Campus, the Campus Green and in the vicinity of Tillman Hall.
    • Develop a bicycle parking strategy that includes addressing the needs of long term and short term, covered and uncovered bicycle parking.
    • Develop a bicycle crash reporting and classifying system to monitor and track bicycle crashes on campus.
    • Consider collaborating with the City of Clemson and other local communities to develop fun and educational bicycling programs, events and activities.
    • Provide information about bikeways, state and local laws and safety tips in student orientation and new faculty and staff information.
    • Conduct biannual bike counts to track the number of bicyclists on campus.
    • Develop a bicycle operation and ownership policy that defines where bicycles are allowed and prohibited on roads, sidewalks and multi-use trails with clear enforcement strategies.
    • Develop incentives for students, faculty and staff that choose to ride their bike to campus as a form of transportation.
    • Include bicycling as part of the larger University transportation demand management strategy.
    • Examine the role, location and improvement needed to service the campus community at the campus bike shop.
    • Hold events to promote bicycling to and around campus and in the forest.
    • Develop a Bicycle Advisory Committee comprised of committed University faculty, staff, students, City of Clemson employees and community members.
    • Increase the number of rental bikes available to students. Successful programs have started small with miles of bicycle infrastructure in place. Consider investing in and developing the program sustainably over time.
    • Provide bicycle rentals at the Madren Center.
    • Consider the need for hiring a Bicycle Coordinator.
    • Develop and provide a “first-time offenders” class for bicyclists that break the law. Instead of just handing out tickets and collecting fines for violation of local, university and state bicycling laws, use enforcement as a way to teach and promote safer bicycling. Pilot programs include the City of Madison, Wisconsin.
    • Host car-free events that open parts of the campus and forest to bicyclists and pedestrians.
    • Complete an inventory of existing trails and roads in the North and South Forest to determine route location and suitability for the various user groups.
    • Manage user group conflicts in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Decide what trails are open (or closed) for each user-group. Establish a policy on user-group conflict on the trails.
    • Develop a comprehensive forest bikeway network that includes on-road, off-road, paved and unpaved routes. Determine a primary network of bikeways trails and roads as well as those that are open to bicycles.
    • Develop a trail rating system that indicates the level of difficulty for each of the user-groups permitted to use the trail.
    • Create a map of the comprehensive forest bikeway network that includes information about trailheads, user-group conflict policy, emergency contact information and clear network connections to the campus. Make it available online and at various locations in the University and community.
    • Develop and promote “Park and Bike” commuter lots where people who drive into Clemson can drive in from Anderson, Greenville or other, places park their car in a lot and ride into the interior of campus on their bike. Also consider putting bike racks in parking lots so students who may have a car on campus can bike to their car in a lot and securely park their bike.

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