University Facilities

Division 21 - Fire Suppression

21 00 00 General Information

Scope

Fire Detection/Alarm and Suppression Systems are required in all new Clemson University buildings or portions of buildings designated as Residential, Institutional, or Hazardous by the International Building Code.

Existing buildings at Clemson University that undergo renovations that exceed 50% of the building size or 50% of the building value shall be required to have Fire Detection/Alarm and Suppression Systems as if the building were new construction.

Design

Designer qualifications: Fire Sprinkler and Fire Alarm System design shall be entrusted only to South Carolina Registered Professional Engineers with training and experience in fire sprinkler and fire alarm system designs evidenced by passage of the NCEES Fire Protection Engineering Specialty Exam, and listed in the SC State Board of Registration for Professional Engineers as Fire Protection Discipline, hereafter referred to as Fire Protection Engineer (FPE).

For Above Ground Components of Fire Sprinkler Systems, Standpipe and Hose Station Systems, and Fire Pumps:

  1. Design of above ground components of Fire Sprinkler Systems, Standpipe with Hose Station Systems, and Fire Pump Systems shall be provided by the A/E’s FPE or Record.
  2. As part of the Design Documents Submittal, the A/E’s FPE of Record for the Above Ground Fire System Components shall:
    1. Provide engineer-sealed Fire Sprinkler System Specification Sheet, on the form provided by the SC Office of the State Fire Marshal, or the Clemson University Fire Marshal. Under no circumstance, shall a Specification Sheet or Certificate of Compliance be issued by an engineer employed or compensated by the contractor.
    2. Provide engineer-sealed fire sprinkler system drawings and materials specifications. Drawings shall contain all components or “preliminary plans” as described I NFPA 13 Appendix A.
  3. The A/E’s FPE of record shall review for certification the fire sprinkler shop drawings, hydraulic calculations, and seismic calculations. When in receipt of an acceptable contractor submittal, the A/E’s FPE of Record shall provide engineer-sealed Certificate of Compliance, on the form provided by the SC Office of the State Fire Marshal or the Clemson University Fire Marshal.

For Underground Supply Piping Components of Fire Sprinkler, Hose Station, or Yard Hydrant Systems:

  1. Design of fire systems underground piping including supply piping for Fire Sprinkler Standpipe Hose Station, and Yard Hydrant Systems shall be provided by the A/E’s South Carolina Licensed Registered Professional Engineer of Record for the fire systems underground piping. Fire system underground piping begins at the sprinkler system/fire pump supply stub-up blind flange 12” above the finished floor inside the building being served, and terminates at the connection to the municipal service.
  2. As part of the Design Documents Submittal, the A/E’s FPE of Record for the fire systems underground piping shall:
    1. Provide engineer-sealed Fire Sprinkler System Underground Supply Piping Specification Sheet, on the form provided by the SC Office of the State Fire Marshal, or the Clemson University Fire Marshal. Under no circumstance, shall a Specification Sheet or Certificate of Compliance be issued by an engineer employed or compensated by the contractor.
    2. Provide engineer-sealed fire sprinkler system underground supply piping design drawings and specifications, showing underground piping supply from the test hydrant to the sprinkler system stub-up inside the building, including any necessary details to accurately depict the work included in the project, and product specifications. Design must specify the necessary testing prior to the system being placed into service.
    3. Submit for approval underground piping engineer-sealed specification sheet and design drawings with specifications, to the South Carolina Office of State Fire Marshal, the Clemson University Fire Marshal, the A/E, and the South Carolina Office of the State Engineer.

Clean-Agent Fire Control Systems: The A/E’s FPE shall provide a design for a complete Clean-Agent Fire Control System with specifications and drawings that show site plans, floor plans, riser diagrams, piping schedules, area hazard classification, building cross sections, including any necessary details to accurately depict the scope of work included in the project. Design must include all nozzles, piping, bracing, hangers, valves, tanks, and components necessary to furnish a complete clean-agent fire control system for the facility. Design must specify the necessary testing of the system prior to the system being placed into service.

Fire Alarm Systems: The A/E’s FPE shall provide a design for a complete Fire Detection and Alarm System with specifications and drawings that show site plans, floor plans, riser diagrams, device types and locations, wiring diagrams, power requirements, back-up power supplies, and components necessary to provide a complete fire detection and alarm system for the facility. Design must specify the necessary testing of the system prior to the system being placed into service.

Give special attention to the coordination of the installation of fire protection equipment that is specified by other divisions or that will require the services of other divisions.

Consult the Manual for Planning and Execution of the State Permanent Improvements for information concerning requirements, codes, and standards that are applicable to this design. The design shall also comply with all local codes having jurisdiction, OSHA regulations, ADA compliance, applicable seismic codes, and any other codes that may apply. The design engineer shall interpret any conflicts or discrepancies which may arise between applicable codes and shall enforce the more stringent of any requirement. The designer shall be aware and familiar with not only the instructions contained in this manual, but also of any specific instructions from the Office of the State Engineer and/or the State Fire Marshal’s Office concerning design requirements for fire suppression systems in state facilities. In particular, be aware of OSE Standing Order Two dated March 27, 2007, which mandates the minimum design standard for sprinkler systems in state buildings.

Clearly specify that the products to be provided for installation under this Division are in strict accordance with the Product and Material listing for this Division.

Clearly specify the applicable Codes and Standards for the project; include the edition (year) for each referenced Code and Standard. Also clearly specify any applicable Regulations and/or Manuals as put forth by any Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ), including but not limited to: Clemson University, Office of the State Engineer (OSE), Clemson Fire Department, Clemson Facilities, Local Water Purveyor, Department of Health and Environmental Control (DHEC), etc. that affect the project.

21 05 00 Common Work Results for Fire Protection Systems

Submittals to Appropriate Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ)

Specify what submittals, if any, must be made to the various AHJ. Specify which approvals must be obtained before work may begin. Clemson University Fire Marshal must approve all plans that include or affect any Fire Protection System.

Materials and Components

Specify that all materials and components used in any new, upgraded, or retrofit Fire Protection System must be either UL Listed or FM Approved.

Specify that all materials and components used in any new Fire Protection system must be new; reused and/or refurbished materials and/or components are not acceptable. For upgraded and upfit systems, reuse of existing materials and/or components is acceptable only with prior written approval of the Owner and the Engineer.

Acceptance Testing

Specify that all systems be tested according to the latest adopted Codes and Standards and that all required documentation of testing and test results be submitted to the Owner and Engineer of Record. The CU Fire Marshal shall

Specify that the Contractor give the Owner and Engineer a minimum of two (2) working days notice before conducting tests to allow the Owner and/or Engineer the opportunity to witness the testing. The CU Fire Marshal, or his designee, shall be present to witness testing of all fire protection apparatus.

21 10 00 Water-Based Fire Suppression Systems

Fire Suppression Systems Water Piping

Specify that underground piping and fittings shall be Ductile Iron minimum Pressure Class 51 with thrust resisting couplings at all fittings, and at least 10 linear feet beyond the fitting. Underground piping also must comply with Divisions 31 (Earthwork) and Division 33 (Utilities) and the Clemson University Tree Protection Policy.

Specify that above ground piping be steel: Schedule 40 with threaded fittings for piping of nominal diameters 1” – 2” and minimum Schedule 10 for piping 2 ½” and larger. All drainage piping and dry piping must be galvanized and of the same minimum Schedule.

Specify that Fire Department Connection(s) are to be sized and located as per the requirements of NFPA and the Clemson University Fire Department.

Valves

Specify that all control valves supplying water to a Fire Sprinkler System be installed with a tamper switch that must be monitored by the Fire Alarm System.

Hangers for Fire Suppression Systems

Specify that all hangers must conform to NFPA 13. Powder-actuated fasteners are not permitted.

Seismic Considerations

Specify that all fire sprinkler systems be designed with seismic considerations. Specify that seismic bracing, clearances, appropriate couplings, restraining straps, and all other aspects of protecting fire suppression system components in areas subject to earthquakes be followed as outlined in adopted Codes and Standards.

Sprinkler Heads

The Reliable Automatic Sprinkler Company currently supplies most types of sprinkler heads to Clemson University at no cost. It is intended that we utilize this asset on most of our projects. For specific technical questions please contact Reliable Sprinkler at: technicalservices@reliablesprinkler.com. Exceptions may include very small renovation projects that require only a few new sprinkler heads with our best interests being served by using sprinkler heads that match the existing heads in the renovated area. Consult with the Project Manager concerning requirements for utilizing the Reliable Automatic Sprinkler offer.

Freeze Protection

Specify that fire sprinkler systems are to be protected from freezing and are not to be subjected to temperatures below 40ºF. Specify that dry systems or anti-freeze systems be utilized in areas subject to temperatures below 40°F at any time.

Flushing

Specify that all underground piping shall be flushed at a minimum of full system flow until the water runs clear before connecting the underground piping to the fire sprinkler system or fire pump, if a pump is required.

21 20 00 Clean-Agent Fire Control Systems

All new computer room and electronic systems fire protection shall be in compliance with NFPA 2001 Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems.

21 30 00 Fire Detection and Alarm Systems

See Division 28, Section 28 30 00, for information and instructions concerning the design and installation of Fire Detection and Alarm Systems

21 40 00 Fire Suppression Systems for Cooking Exhaust Hoods

Scope

Specify that fire suppression systems for cooking exhaust hoods shall be installed on all exhaust hoods that exhaust to the exterior of the building.

The system shall comply with the latest edition of NFPA 96 for commercial cooking operations as adopted by the OSFM.

21 50 00 Fire Safety Site Conditions

Fire Hydrants

Specify that fire hydrants are to be Meuller Centurian model or approved equal. Specify that placement of all fire hydrants, Post Indicator Valves, and fire department connections are to be pre-approved by the Clemson University Fire Marshal.

Fire Apparatus Access

Specify that minimum Emergency Vehicle Turning Radius is to be per the International Fire Code and the Clemson University Fire Department. Clemson University Fire Marshal is to review and pre-approve all proposed roadways, driveways, and parking lots to ensure adequate accessibility for fire-fighting apparatus.

See Access Requirements for Fire Apparatus for design access requirements for both fire fighting apparatus and equipment as well and guidelines for EMS vehicle access. The following notes pertaining to these access requirements are for additional information:

  • Vertical clear unobstructed height of 13’-6” shall be maintained
  • Minimum clear fire lane width shall be 20 feet
  • Required outside turning radius of 42 feet
  • Minimum inside turning radius is 20 feet
  • Maximum departure and approach slope is 10%
  • Longest fire apparatus is 40 feet
  • Lowest apparatus clearance is 8 inches above grade
  • Average tailboard/bumper overhang is 8 to 10 feet from center of front axle
  • Average height of tailboard or front bumper is 18 to 20 inches above grade
  • Width of apparatus is 8.5 feet with an additional 1 foot on each side for mirrors
  • Height of aerial ladder is 8 feet above grade bedded at the turntable
  • Tip of aerial ladder (bedded) extends 4 feet beyond front of cab
  • Gross vehicle weight (GVW) is 65,000 pounds

Fire Department Connections

Fire Department Connections are to be sized and located as per the requirements of NFPA and the Clemson University Fire Department. Both the location and orientation of the connection shall be reviewed and approved by the University Fire Marshal.

Emergency Access Key Cabinets

Specify that all new facilities and facilities undergoing significant exterior renovation shall have a Series 4100 Knox-Box emergency access high security key box. Location of this key box will be determined by the Project Manager and the CU Fire Marshal. Order blank authorization forms are available through the Fire Marshal’s Office.

PRODUCTS AND MATERIALS

DIVISION 21 – FIRE SUPPRESSION

  • Fire Hydrants
    • Mueller Centurion
  • Emergency Access Key Cabinets
    • Series 4100 Knox Box
  • Underground Piping
    • AWWA C150/C151 ductile iron, thickness class 51, bituminous coated, cement lined, per ANSI A21.4, with UL approved thrust-restraint type couplings.
  • Above Ground Piping
    • ASTM A795; ANSI/ASTM A53; ASTM A135.
    • Piping less than or equal to 2” diameter shall be Schedule 40 with threaded couplings.
    • Piping greater than 2” diameter shall be minimum Schedule 10, with roll grooved or welded couplings.
    • All dry system piping and drain piping shall be galvanized.