This division covers the design and specifications of exterior improvements including paving roads, parking lots, curbs, sidewalks, and landscaping associated with construction projects at Clemson University. The work specified under this division must be carefully coordinated with the work that is associated in other divisions dealing with site utilities and landscaping including, OSHA regulations, erosion and sediment control, notifications to the local utility locating service, and to comply with CU Fire Marshal’s Fire apparatus access requirements.
Contractual responsibilities for testing are identified in Division 1 Section “Quality Requirements”. The designer will specify all testing requirements in accordance with pertinent codes and standards. In general, the owner will engage a testing laboratory as needed to perform materials testing on the specified products. Materials failing to meet the specified requirements shall be retested at the contractor's expense. The testing agency will conduct and interpret tests and state in each report whether tested work complies with or deviates from specified requirements. Additional testing of work that was initially found not to be in compliance with the specifications will be conducted at the expense of the contractor. The contractor shall be responsible for coordination of testing services and maintain a log, preparation of test cylinders as needed, etc.
Specify complete technical data and performance properties for each product design, certifications, qualification of firms Specify any warranties, certificates, or test reports signed by the applicable manufacturer or contractor, certifying that each material complies with requirements. Require MSDS sheets on each product as requested by the owner.
Instruct contractor to conduct operations so as to minimize any disruption to the owner's operation. The contractor is responsible for the protection of any existing property or utilities in or adjacent to the construction site. Protect exterior improvements from damage. Protect the surface finish of newly placed concrete or asphalt paving from damage by rainwater or construction traffic. Maintain exterior improvements free of stains, discoloration, dirt, and other foreign material until substantial completion.
Provide all necessary barricades, flagmen, or other traffic control devices to prevent injury to people or damage to adjacent property or facilities. This protection includes the existing landscape and plantings. Provide protection for people and pedestrian traffic around the construction area. Do not close or obstruct adjacent streets and pedestrian walkways without permission from the project manager. Promptly repair, or remove and replace, project components, damaged utilities and owner’s property, that are broken or defective or that do not comply with requirements in this Division, as directed by the project manager at no additional expense to the owner.
Milling shall reference the requirements of Division 31 and the appropriate sections of the SCDOT “Standard Specifications for Highway Construction”. Specify milling must be scheduled so that the period of time between the milling and the installation of the new paving is minimized. The schedule must be approved by the Project Manager.
Specify the equipment to have a self-contained water system to control dust and other fine particles. Specify the planed surface to be free from gouges, ridges, oil film, and shall have a uniform appearance suitable as a riding surface that is capable of handling traffic prior to the installation of the new paving.
The designer shall require particular care to be taken in milling adjacent to existing utility rings and covers and beneath existing tree cover. Damages to adjacent structures and areas where all of the existing paving is removed shall be stabilized and/or repaired as directed by the project manager at no additional cost to the owner.
The milling debris becomes the property of the contractor and shall be disposed of by the contractor in compliance with all statutes governing the disposal of this waste. Recycling of the milling waste is strongly encouraged.
Design, material, and execution shall adhere to applicable standards that apply to aspects of asphalt and concrete construction. Among these referenced may include the following:
The designer shall detail the examination, preparation, quality control measures, temperature and other environmental factors, for the installation of the base courses, paving, and concrete materials in accordance with the above referenced standards. Specify the type and frequency of testing and inspection. Stipulate alterations or correction procedures. Instruct the contractor to verify existing conditions before starting work. Design all surface paving and exterior flatwork with a positive drainage flow towards appropriate conveyance.
Provide placement instructions with emphasis that application on frozen, muddy, or soft surfaces is prohibited unless addressed in the design. Contractor to provide for labor and a ten (10) foot straight edge in the vicinity of paving operation at all times for measuring surface irregularities. The surface of all courses shall be checked with a straight edge as necessary to detect surface irregularities. Unless other conditions warrant, design tolerances from the above referenced standards are:
As with aggregate base courses tolerances shall be checked with a straight edge as necessary to detect surface irregularities. Unless other conditions warrant, design tolerances from the above referenced standards are:
Design must indicate placement of hot-mix asphalt binder course in number of lifts and thicknesses. Unless other conditions warrant, design tolerances from the above referenced standards are:
Compact each course to produce a surface smoothness within the following tolerances as determined by using a 10-foot straight edge applied transversely or longitudinally to paved areas:
Designate contractor to reset utility frames for manhole covers, cleanout covers, valve boxes, and other such units with areas to be paved to the final grade as part of this work. It is preferred that adjustments be made with appropriate paving rings. Surround the frames that have been adjusted to grade with a ring of compacted asphalt base prior to paving. Adjust frames as required for paving, providing temporary closures over openings to prevent damage during the rolling operations and construction traffic. Replace covers at the completion of the paving operation.
The contractor shall be responsible for the installation of any signalization sensor loops beneath the finish asphalt surface course. The installation of these sensor loops shall be provided by an SCDOT approved installer/contractor. Loops shall be installed prior to the placement of the finish asphalt surface course.
Design concrete paving in lieu of asphalt, in any loading dock, dumpster pad, or receiving area subject to heavy vehicular traffic, or where liquid oxygen may be present.
Unless other conditions warrant, specify concrete with the compressive strength of 4000 psi for 28-day strength as minimum for pavements and curb and gutter subject to vehicular traffic. Specify reinforcement method. Specify slump in the range of 1 to 2.5 inches for slip-form paving and no greater than 4 inches for fixed-form or other means of paving. Specify entrained air voids in the mix ranges from 3% to 6% at the point of placement in the roadway. Unless other conditions warrant, design tolerances are:
Contractor to proceed with concrete pavement operations only after nonconforming conditions have been corrected and subgrade is ready to receive pavement. Inspect and complete formwork installation, steel reinforcement, and items to be embedded or cast in. Provide and maintain sufficient tools and equipment on hand to facilitate uninterrupted placement of the concrete. Do not use concrete that is not placed within one hour after water is first introduced into the mix Emphasize consolidating concrete with care to prevent dislocating reinforcement, dowels, and joint devices. Honeycombed areas are considered defective and will not be accepted.
Specify construction, isolation, and contraction joints and tool edgings true to line with faces perpendicular to surface plane of concrete. Specify temperature and environmental conditions and note concrete which fails to meet strength requirements, dimensional tolerances, watertightness criteria, or is otherwise deficient due to insufficient curing, improper consolidation or physical damage shall be replaced or repaired as instructed by the project manager at no expense to the Owner.
Specify finish surfaces to true planes. Draw a soft bristle broom across float-finished concrete surface perpendicular to line of traffic to provide a uniform, fine-line texture.
Allow concrete curing by moisture curing, moisture-retaining-cover curing, curing compound, or a combination of these methods.
Contractor to protect freshly placed concrete from mechanical injury, premature drying, and excessive cold or hot temperatures. Exclude vehicular traffic from concrete pavement for at least 14 days after placement.
Walkways and pedestrian circulation is discussed in the Clemson University Site Design Guidelines and must be reviewed when selecting paving material for walkways on the campus. The brick that is in general use for brick paved areas on the campus is solid paver in the red-brown range. All brick pavers shall be installed with a 4” concrete sub base with a ¾” sand base.
Consult with the Project Manager concerning the selection and use of brick pavers on the project.
Concrete work shall reference the requirements of Division 3 as well as 32 13 13. The location and type of curb and gutter shall match adjacent whenever possible.
Provide concrete with the compressive strength of 3000 psi for 28-day strength as minimum for sidewalks and curb and gutters not subject to vehicular traffic. Specify slump and air entrainment, environmental conditions, reinforcement method and joint location.
Finish all concrete surfaces in accordance with the following schedule:
Specify paving to cure for 14 to 30 days before starting pavement markings. Sweep and clean surface prior to painting to remove any loose material and dust. Apply paint with mechanical equipment to produce pavement markings with uniform, straight edges.
Pavements markings shall consist of pavement marking paint or thermoplastic pavement markings as required by the project manager or authorities having jurisdiction. Paint shall typically be used for low traffic installations such as parking lots and Thermoplastic shall be used for higher traffic applications.
Fire lane markings shall be approved by the University Fire Marshal. A minimum stencil of 4 inches high in contrasting white or red color shall be placed on the curb or road surface.
Provide an irrigation system if determined necessary by the University Landscape Architect for all new or renovated lawn areas and planting beds designed and constructed by the project.
Specify all site irrigation system controls shall be Weathermatic compatible.
Design all systems with appropriate backflow preventers and require a manual shutoff valve to isolate the irrigation system from the water supply main.
Record “as-built” drawings for all newly installed, removed and/or relocated irrigation sprinkler piping including location and type designation of all associated sprinkler heads, valves, controllers, etc.
The contractor shall take necessary precautions to protect site conditions to remain. All work in the vicinity of trees shall be in accordance with the Campus Tree Protection Policy.
Depending on the size and scope of the irrigation on a project, Landscape Services may choose to do the installation with their own forces. The designer shall discuss this with the Project Manager.
If the installation of the underground sprinkler system is specified as part of the construction contract, specify that the contractor shall notify Landscape Services prior to beginning the installation and make all underground work available for inspection by Landscape Services prior to covering.
Coarse Aggregate Type A or B gradation of ABC
Fine Aggregate: Sand gradation 1S or 2S
Type CM as specified in Section 403 (2” compacted typical)
Type C as specified in Section 402 (3” compacted typical)
Type B as specified in Section 310 (4” compacted typical)
• Highway White: Finish 0.0TM0226 – Acrylic Waterbourne Paint White
• Handicap Blue: Finish 0.0TM2133 – Latex Paint Blue
• Firelane Red: Finish 0.0TM2132 - Latex Paint Red
• Blackout Black: Finish 0.0TM2135 - Latex Paint Black
• Highway Yellow: Finish 0.0TM0227 - Acrylic Waterbourne Paint Yellow
• Green Marking Paint: Finish 0.0TM0226 - Acrylic Waterbourne Paint White (Formula [5 gallons] – 50/31 b1, 60/32 y3, 8 oz. G2, 47/32 y1)
• Clemson Orange Marking Paint: Finish 0.0TM0227 – Acrylic Waterbourne Paint Yellow (Formula [5 gallons] – add 1 gallon DTM safety Red to 4 gallons Setfast Yellow
• Magenta: Finish 0.0TM0226 - Acrylic Waterbourne Traffic Marking Paint White (Formula [5 gallons] 4 oz 47/32 b1, 61/32 1/128 r2, 16 oz .38/32 r33)
Comply with AASHTO M-247
Tensar BX1100 Geogrid 32 12 16-2
Spray nozzels Rainbird Van nozzel
Bubbler Orbit 54042 Full Plastic Mushroom Bubbler
Rotary Heads Weathermatic T3 or CT70 depending on size area covered (Speers or Lesco swingjoint)
Spray heads Weathermatic LX series
Valves Weathermatic 1'' Blackmax 11024FCR-10 1.5'' Blackmax 11024FCR-15
Controller Weathermatic Smartline SL1600 series 2wire Over 24 zones needs Smartline SL4800 series 2wire
Weatherstation Weathermatic Smartline SLW15
Drip NDS Agrifim SFPC-BR-6412-05 (Needs 40PSI pressure regulator and filter) Only compression fittings to be used.
Valveboxes NDS Pro Series 6'' part number 208BC 10'' part number 212BC