Pigment in flesh, slight suture bulge, excellent taste and flavor, very nice peach
Burpeachone was patented 10/23/2011 by The Burchell Nursery, Inc., Oakdale, CA. It is patent #12156.
BACKGROUND OF THE NEW VARIETY
The present invention relates to a new, novel and distinct variety of peach tree, which has the denominated varietally as `Burpeachone`. The `Burpeachone` Peach Tree produces an exceptionally high quality, peach which is mature for harvesting and shipment in the early season. Another unique aspect of the `Burpeachone` is that it yields a very firm peach that has a high eating quality.
The present variety of peach tree resulted from an ongoing program of fruit and nut tree breeding. The purpose of this program is to improve the commercial quality of deciduous fruit and nut varieties and rootstocks by creating and releasing promising selections of prunus, malus and regia species. To this end, we make both controlled and hybrid crosses each year in order to produce seedling populations from which improved progenies are evaluated and selected. The seedling `Burpeachone` was originated by us in 1994, and was chosen from among a population of seedlings which resulted from a controlled cross from two selected parents. The female parent was an early ripening peach of unknown parentage, and the pollen parent was the `Rich Lady` Peach Tree (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 7,290). The resulting seed from this controlled cross was planted in the spring of 1995. The new variety was selected from among seedlings growing in the experimental orchards of the assignee which are located near the city of Fowler, Calif., County of Fresno, in the central portion of the San Joaquin Valley of California. The Peach Tree `Burpeachone` was subsequently marked for observation and noted as having exceptional characteristics. It has subsequently been evaluated during the 1997-2000 fruiting seasons. After the 1996 season, `Burpeachone` was selected for advanced evaluation and repropagation.
The new variety of Peach Tree `Burpeachone` was grafted into two different and existing `Nemared` peach (unpatented) rootstocks in February of 1997. The Nemagrand rootstocks were planted in January of 1995 in order to provide a site from which more information of the new variety could be derived. Scionwood from the original seedling of the Peach Tree, `Burpeachone` was collected and grafted in the evaluation plot on assignee's experimental farm previously described. Fruit from the resulting propagation has been evaluated for the 1998 and 1999 fruiting seasons, and this subsequent evaluation clearly demonstrated that the repropagated trees are true to the characteristics of the original seedling in all observable aspects.
SUMMARY OF THE VARIETY
The `Burpeachone` Peach Tree is characterized as to novelty by producing early season fruit having a very high quality; which are very firm; and which also have an attractive exterior coloration. In this regard, the present variety of peach tree bears fruit which are ripe for commercial harvesting and shipment on approximately May 17 to May 23. These harvest dates are substantially similar to the harvest dates of the commercial peach variety the `May Crest` Peach Tree (U.S. Plant Pat. No. 4,064). The present variety of peach tree distinguishes itself from the `May Crest` Peach Tree by producing fruit which have a brighter exterior coloration, are more flavorful and has a firmer flesh. Further, the `Burpeachone` Peach Tree distinguishes itself from the `May Crest` Peach Tree in that the fruit of the `May Crest` Peach Tree has a background color that can vary from a greenish to yellow-green hue, while in contrast, the fruit produced by the `Burpeachone` Peach Tree has a background color that is yellow-orange to an orange color.
Evaluations are based on a 1-8 scale (6=OK,7=Commercially acceptable, 8=Excellent)
Size is in inches
Shape: round is assumed, T=tip, P=point, S=suture, OB=oblate, OV=ovate
Freeness: 3=early cling, 8=completely free
Status: 0=discard, 1=keep
Notes: SOS=soft on suture, SOT=soft on tip, RIF=red in flesh, GAS=green around stem
RAP=red around pit, GGC=green ground color, sz=size, wh=white, yt=young tree, CCT=concave tip
Bloom date is when approx. 90% of blooms are open (full bloom)
The description of each variety of peach or nectarine fruit under each group is in different formats as this information is collected from varied sources and hence is not consistent