Leadership as a Buffer of Job Demands: The Roles of Leader-Member Exchange and Social Support on Well-Being
A Thesis Proposal Presentation by Crystal Burnette Tuesday, April 5th at 12:30-1:30pm Brackett 419
Committee: Dr. Bob Sinclair (Chair), Dr. Pat Raymark, and Dr. Patrick Rosopa
Abstract: Extensive research has examined the negative impact of job demands on both psychological well-being and emotional exhaustion.
Previous research has also examined how leadership may influence these relationships. However, few studies have examined how leadership can influence the impact of job demands by facilitating the development of known moderators of this relationship, such as social support. The proposed study examines the influence of leader-member exchange (LMX) in a sample of high-skilled employees and managers in a manufacturing plant in the People’s Republic of China. Data was collected in two waves, allowing for the longitudinal relationships between variables to be tested. High-quality LMX relationships are expected to facilitate supervisor social support. Supervisor social support, in turn, is expected to moderate the relationships between job demands and (a) well-being and (b) emotional exhaustion. Specifically, as supervisor social support increases, the negative impact of job demands on well-being and emotional exhaustion is expected to decrease. The direct relationships between supervisor social support and (a) well-being and (b) emotional exhaustion are also examined. A better understanding of these relationships will help clarify how leadership is associated with psychological well-being and emotional exhaustion and how supervisor social support can help subordinates withstand stressful working conditions.
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