Lindsay E. Sears: Predictors and Outcomes of Occupational Commitment Profiles Among Nurses

Defense Title:  Predictors and Outcomes of Occupational Commitment Profiles Among Nurses

Committee:

Dr. Robert R. Sinclair, Committee Chair

Dr. Tom Britt

Dr. DeWayne Moore

Dr. Patrick Rosopa

Date: October 15, 2010

Time: 2pm

Location: Brackett 414

Abstract:

Occupational turnover is a costly problem afflicting much of the nursing
industry, and occupational commitment is a strong predictor of withdrawal
from one’s profession. Traditional organizational research examines most
commitment-behavior relationships from a variable-centered perspective,
focusing on the relationships between constructs. The present study adopts a
configural, or person-centered approach aimed at identifying and describing
clusters of individuals who share a similar set of occupational commitment
mindsets. The present study extends current literature by a) investigating
the existence of several occupational commitment profiles and describing
their characteristics; b) examining situational and demographic predictors
of profile membership; and c) testing differences in occupational withdrawal
intentions across the occupational commitment profiles. I examined these
questions longitudinally using Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) in an archival
data set of Registered Nurses from different organizations in the
Northwestern United States. Five distinct profiles of occupational
commitment among nurses emerged – free agent, allied, complacent, attached,
and devoted – each differing with respect to their predictors, outcomes, and
degree of stability over time. While there were few demographic differences
across profiles, the frequency of successes, supports, and demands on the
job appear to play an important role in the development of occupational
commitment mindsets. Profiles were also characterized by their varying
effects on withdrawal from the occupation. The findings supplemented results
gleaned from more traditional hierarchical regression techniques. Additional
implications and future directions for research are discussed.

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