Departmental Awards for Outstanding Contribution to the Literature

Thomas W. Britt

T. W. Britt, T. M. Greene-Shortridge, & C. A. Castro (2007)
“The stigma of mental health problems in the military.”
Military Medicine

June J. Pilcher

D. P. Schmitt & J. J. Pilcher (2004)
“Evaluating evidence of psychological adaptation:
How do we know one when we see one?”
Psychological Science

Patrick J. Rosopa

E. F. Stone-Romero & P. J. Rosopa (2008)
“The relative validity of inferences about mediation
as a function of research design characteristics.”
Organizational Research Methods

Fred S. Switzer

P. L. Roth & F. S. Switzer (1995)
“A monte carlo analysis of missing data techniques
in a HRM setting.”
Journal of Management

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Wiedemann: “Employee Engagement Simplified by Self-Determination Theory”

“Employee Engagement Simplified by Self-Determination Theory”

Thesis Proposal, Crystal Wiedemann

Committee: Dr. Fred Switzer (chair), Dr. Robert Sinclair, Dr. Patrick Raymark

Tuesday, Feb 25th at 2:00 pm, Brackett Rm. 121

Due to increasing economic pressures over the last decade, organizations have been forced to “do more with less.” In an effort to maintain performance, and in some cases gain strategic advantage, more and more companies are looking to derive all they can from their employees. A fully “engaged” workforce has steadily moved from a dream to a necessity in today’s fiercely competitive marketplace. Unfortunately, actually creating an engaged workforce has proven to be a difficult endeavor. Organizations that have been able to figure out the mystery of employee engagement tout increased employee loyalty, happier customers, and bigger profits (Harter, Schmidt, & Keyes, 2002). Despite the demand for scientific research on employee engagement from the business community, a large amount of ambiguity still surrounds the conceptualization of the construct in academic research. This paper will investigate Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985) as a theoretical framework in which to root employee engagement as proposed by Meyer & Gagne (2008). We will examine whether satisfying the needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness through the work environment will result in increased autonomous work motivation, employee engagement, and well-being. If employee engagement turns out to be as directly related to Self-Determination Theory as hypothesized, it could simplify the course of action required to increase engagement in organizations.

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Brawley: Unifying specific climate research with a molar climate measure: A Situational Affordances approach

“Unifying specific climate research with a molar climate measure: A Situational Affordances approach”

Thesis defense, Alice M. Brawley

Committee: Dr. Cynthia L. S. Pury (chair), Dr. D. DeWayne Moore, & Dr. Fred S. Switzer, III

Thursday, February 27th at 8:30 AM in Brackett 419

Abstract: Organizational climate – briefly, the shared perceptions of a workplace – was originally studied as a molar concept, but this approach generally lacked focus and thus resulted in unmanageable measures. Organizational climate research has been subdivided into many areas of specific climate research focusing on particular organizational factors or outcomes, such as safety or customer service (Schneider, Ehrhart, & Macey, 2013). While the study of specific climates has been and remains worthwhile, recent literature in the area has called for a return to the molar or global conceptualization of organizational climate (Kuenzi & Schminke, 2009; Schneider et al., 2013). In an answer this call, the present study develops and validates a self-report measure of molar organizational climate, the Situational Affordances at Work Scale (SAWS). This measure is based on a taxonomy of Situational Affordances (Pury et al., 2014) that conceptualizes the broad influences on behavior in a given situation as affordances, allowing or preventing particular behaviors. These seven Affordances – Change (Dynamic and Static), Ownership (Self and Other), Valence (Approach and Avoid), Timing (Wait and Act), Target (Object and Person), Privacy (Keep and Share), and Consideration (Self and Other) – are proposed as a holistic view of high-level situational characteristics that influence behavior.
In Study 1, undergraduate students with work experience (N = 217) responded to an initial version of SAWS. Results of this study were used to develop a preliminary version of SAWS. In Study 2, residents of the United States (N = 465) responded to the preliminary version of SAWS and to measures of safety climate, service climate, job characteristics, and social desirability. Results of this study show that the relationship between safety climate and service climate in a cross-section of jobs and industries is strongly positive, r = .652. Therefore, the two climates, in terms of molar climate dimensions, are largely similar. Both safety and service climates are positively related to molar climate Affordances for Change, Self-Ownership, Positive Valence, Acting, Focusing on both Persons and Objects, Sharing information, and Considering both one’s Self and Others. Both climates are negatively related to molar climate Affordances for not Changing, Other-Ownership, Negative Valence, Waiting, and Keeping information private. A few of these relationships with molar climate differ in magnitude across the two specific climates: service climate is more strongly positively related to Affordances for Self-Ownership and Positive Valence and more strongly negatively related to Affordances for not Changing, Other-Ownership, and Negative Valence than is safety climate. These results suggest molar climate dimensions where safety climate and service climate may differ in a cross-section of workplaces, but overall indicate that these two specific climates are more similar that previously hypothesized in the literature (cf. Paul, 2012). Results of this study also show statistical discrimination between SAWS and job characteristics, indicating that SAWS measures a construct distinct from job characteristics. Results of these studies support SAWS as potentially useful tool in understanding the broad portrait of an organization’s climate.

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Brock Bass Thesis defense 12/16

Faces as Ambient Displays: Assessing the Attention-Demanding Characteristics of Facial Expressions

Thesis Defense

Dr. Richard Pak (Advisor), Dr. Leo Gugerty, Dr. Christopher Pagano

Ambient displays are used to provide information to users in a non-distracting manner. The purpose of this research was to examine the efficacy of facial expressions as a method of conveying information to users in an unobtrusive way. Facial expression recognition requires very little if any conscious attention from the user, which makes it an excellent candidate for the ambient presentation of information. Specifically, the current study quantified the amount of attention required to decode and recognize various facial expressions. The current study assessed the attention-demanding characteristics of facial expressions using the dual-task experiment paradigm. Results from the experiment suggest that Chernoff facial expressions are decoded with the most accuracy when happy facial expressions are used. There was also an age-effect on decoding accuracy; indicating younger adults had higher facial expression decoding performance compared to older adults. The observed decoding advantages for happy facial expressions and younger adults in the single-task were maintained in the dual-task. The dual-task paradigm revealed that the decoding of Chernoff facial expressions required more attention (i.e., longer response times and more face misses) than hypothesized, and did not evoke attention-free decoding. Chernoff facial expressions do not appear to be good ambient displays due to their attention-demanding nature.

1 pm, Monday December 16th, 419 Brackett

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Drew Link Live at HFDG – 11/22/13

This week at HFDG

Who: Drew Link
Where: Brackett 419, this Friday at 2.30p
What: Dissertation plan and discussion

From Lee’s lab, Drew will be talking about research leading up to his current proposal
for a dissertation topic. The general research is on adaptive decision making in healthcare from a patient perspective. He is interested in studying variables that deal with how patients gather information regarding health topics online and how conditions (either of the individual or environment) may affect their ability or willingness to adapt their strategies. Drew will be presenting several potential study designs and will discuss potential considerations for the study.

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Cartee: The Effects of Reminder Distinctiveness and Anticipatory Interval on Prospective Memory

Thesis proposal

ABSTRACT: Prospective memory (PM) failures (or failures to remember a future intention) can result in a wide range of negative consequences. The use of reminders has been shown to improve the rate of PM successes. The current study aims to examine the effectiveness of reminders based on their type (text or picture) and their timing. We hypothesize that successful PM performance will be maintained over longer anticipatory intervals when paired with picture reminders rather than with simple text reminders because of their inherent distinctiveness. Prior research has shown increased memory for PM intentions when distinctiveness was high.

Committee: Rich Pak (chair), Patrick Rosopa, Paul Merritt
Wednesday, November 20th at 12:30pm in Brackett 414.

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Haptics Lab – Live at HFDG – 11/15

November 15th

Who: Dr Chris Pagano, Bliss Wilson Altenhoff, and Leah Hartman
Where: Brackett 419, Friday at 2.30p
What: Research and activity in the Haptics Lab

More specifically, Chris’s Lab will be presenting the concepts and theories behind their current work in Haptic perception and minimally invasive surgery. They will also be discussing past lab member, Lindsay O’Hara Long’s, dissertation results.

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CSIOP Speaker Series on Friday, 11/15

CSIOP is excited to host another great speaker series!

Rex Backes and Tom Killen, from the Talent Management group at TIAA-CREF, will join us this Friday (11/15) for a talk from 11:30-1:00. Rex and Tom will discuss their experiences in strategic workforce planning and some of their new talent management initiatives.

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Stephanie Whetsel Borzendowski’s dissertation proposal

Stephanie Whetsel Borzendowski’s dissertation proposal is scheduled for Tuesday, November 26 at 9:00 am in Brackett 419.

Encouraging the Appropriate Use of High Beam Headlamps: An Application of the TPB

Drivers typically underuse their high beam headlamps at night even under ideal conditions (i.e., no leading, following, or oncoming vehicles). One explanation for this is a lack of knowledge regarding both the magnitude of visibility problems at night and the benefits that high beams provide. The purpose of the present study is to design and evaluate an educational intervention that is based on the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) that targets a more appropriate reliance on high beams. The TPB provides a framework for understanding how interventions may lead to changes in intentions and/or behavior. Study 1 will identify salient beliefs about high beams and determine the factor(s) that best predict intentions to use high beams. This information will inform the design of the intervention that will be evaluated in Study 2. Half of the participants who receive the intervention in Study 2 will form implementation intentions about the conditions under which they plan to use their high beams; it is expected that these participants will report using their high beams more often. I hypothesize that the participants who receive the intervention, particularly those who form implementation intentions, will report using their high beams more often, will be observed using their high beams more often during a short on-road drive, and have greater knowledge of the visibility benefits provided by high beams.

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FitDesk on Campus

Dr. Pilcher’s research team are working on a new FitDesk Initiative on campus where students, faculty, and staff can be active as they work or study.

1. Segment in ABC/ESPN Clemson-Boston College game (the FitDesk segment starts at 1:50:39):

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=jOUVyYatcro#t=6639

2. Segment on news channel 4: http://www.wyff4.com/news/Clemson-University-students-combine-exercising-studying/-/9324534/22358568/-/n7eexnz/-/index.html

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