Office of Research

Introduction

License to use Radioactive Material

 

The State of South Carolina is authorized by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission to regulate the use of Radioactive Materials within the state.  Clemson University is licensed by the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control under Radioactive Materials Regulation 61-63 Title-A to possess and use radioactive materials.  The main campus, Clemson Institute of Environmental Toxicology (C.I.E.T) and Environmental Engineering and Earth Science (EEES) and the Clemson University Biomedical Institute (operate under license #540 and the Clemson Environmental Engineering Laboratory operates under license #482.  It is the responsibility of the Radiation Safety Committee (RSC), Radiation Safety Office, the Authorized Investigators, and the end users to ensure that these license conditions are met.

 

Radioactive materials are used at University facilities in support of a variety of biotechnical research and teaching activities. Radioactive materials and radiation producing equipment are important tools used in all of the scientific disciplines pursued at the University.

 

Both Federal and State governments regulate the possession and use of radioactive material and radiation sources.  Radioactive source material is controlled in accordance with rules and regulations contained in the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control (S.C. DHEC) Regulation 61-63 Radioactive Materials (Title A).  The University is authorized to possess and use radioactive materials in accordance with the limitations and precautions specified in the University’s Broad Scope Radioactive Materials licenses (#540 and #482).  In order to qualify for issuance of these licenses, the University has committed to certain license conditions in its application to possess and use radioactive materials.   It is important to note that these practices and procedures, which are committed to in our license applications, became conditions of use upon the approval of the licenses, and carry the weight of law.

 

One of the special conditions of license approval is establishment and maintenance of a Radiation Safety Committee (RSC).  The Code of Federal Regulations Title 33 and South Carolina Title-A regulations both require that a Radiation Safety Committee composed of such persons as a radiological safety officer and persons trained and experienced in the safe use of radioactive materials be formed as a prerequisite to issuance of a Type -A Radioactive Materials License of Broad Scope.  License conditions specify that the RSC is the final authority in all matters pertaining to the possession and use of radioactive materials.

 

The University’s Radiation Safety Officer (RSO) serves as an agent of the RSC and has developed a radiation safety program to assure compliance with the provisions the license.  This program is designed to protect the health and safety of University employees, members of the general public, and the environment from the potentially harmful effects of ionizing radiation.  It is University policy to maintain radiation exposure to personnel and the environment “as low as reasonably achievable” (ALARA).

 

This "Radiation Safety Manual" sets forth the rules and procedures of the Radiation Protection Program.  Users should become familiar with the requirements and guidelines put forth in the manual. These requirements and guidelines are intended to assist the end user of radioactive materials and aid the University at large in meeting the regulatory compliance commitments relative to our authorization to possess and use radioactive materials and machine produced radiation.

 

The Radiation Safety Office performs periodic inspections of areas in which radioactive materials and/or radiation producing equipment is stored and/or used.  Inspections are performed in order to ensure compliance with the conditions and limitations of the University’s Radioactive Materials Licenses, and with State regulations Title-A and Title-B, pertaining to radioactive materials and radiation producing equipment respectively.  Violations of established rules, regulations and procedures may result in the loss of privilege to use radioactive materials or radiation producing equipment as well as cause undue hazards to both the user and personnel in surrounding work areas.

 

Radiation safety depends on each user following the guidelines and procedures described in the Radiation Safety Manual. 

 

Please note that nothing in this manual or the radiation safety program proper relieves anyone from meeting the requirements and procedures of other programs of Research Safety to include chemical hygiene and hazardous waste management.

 

A.        This manual has two objectives:

 

  1. To provide information to the authorized users, and the individuals who work under his/her direction, and to standardize the practices and procedures for the safe use of isotopes, and

 

  1. To provide explicit directions on how to properly handle the radioactive (rad) wastes which are generated as a result of the use of radioactive materials.

 

B.        The manual is divided into sections that deal with each objective.  Part one deals with the radiation safety program, protective measures, and provides information on radiation protection.  Part two deals with radioactive waste minimization and management.

 

C.        For more information, please call Radiation Safety at 656-7165.  The postal address is 114 Long Hall, and e-mail may be sent to price3@clemson.edu.

 

 

1.         Copies of the Radiation Safety Manual, the Radiation Study Guide, as well as other reference materials concerning the safe use of radioactive materials and radiation exposure may be obtained from Radiation Safety.  Consult the R.S.O. and refer to Title A: Radioactive Material Regulation 61-63 issued by the S.C. Bureau of Radiological Health for explanations concerning the regulations pertaining to the use of radioactive materials.