Skip to Content

PRTM Research Grants and Publications

Academic/Research Publications - Peer Reviewed

(Graduate Students: * Ph.D.; ** M.S.)

Alazaizeh, M.*, Hallo, J., Backman, S., Norman, W., & Vogel, M. (2015). Crowding standards at Petra Archaeological Park: A comparative study of McKercher's five types of heritage tourists. Journal of Heritage Tourism, DOI: 10.1080/1743873X.2015.1113977

Alazaizeh, M. M., Hallo, J. C., Backman, S. J., Norman, W. C. & Vogel, M. A. (2016). Value orientations and heritage tourism management at Petra Archaeological Park, Jordan. Tourism Management, 57, 149-158.

Altenburger, P. A., Schmid, A. A., Van Puymbroeck, M., & Miller, K. K. (2016). Impact of yoga on postural stability in stroke. International Journal of Neurorehabilitation, 3(1), 195. doi:10.4172/2376-0281.1000195.

Alzboun, N.*, Khawaldah, H., Backman, K. F., & Moore, D. (2016.) The effect of sustainability practices on financial leakage in the hotel industry in Jordan. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 27, 18-26.

Arthur-Banning, S. B., & Black, K.* (2016, in press). Communication, sport and disability: The case of power soccer. International Journal of Sport Communication.

Arthur-Banning, S. G., Colistra, C. M.*, Barcelona, R. J., & Orem, G. L.* (2015). An integrative review of sport research in selected United Stated Recreation. Applied Recreational Research and Programming Annual, Volume 5, 22-59.

Bachman, J. R., Norman, W. C., Hopkins, C. D., & Brookover, R. S. (2016). Examining the role of self-concept theory on motivation, satisfaction, and intent to return of music festival volunteers. Event Management, 20(1), 41-52.

Backman, K. F., & Munanura, I. (2015). Introduction to the special issue on ecotourism in Africa over the past 30 years. Journal of Ecotourism Vol. 14, 2-3, 95-98.

Backman, K. F., & Munanura, I. (2015). Editors of special issue, Ecotourism in Africa Over the Past 30 Years. Journal of Ecotourism, Vol. 14, 2-3, 95-287.

Batanova, M., Bowers, E. P., Hilliard, L. J., Tirrell, J. M., Stacey, D. C., McClain, A., & Lerner, R. M. (2016). Examining cross-age buddy conversations using interactive media: Can a digital story about bullying promote students' understanding of humility? Research in Human Development, 13(2), 111-125.

Bixler, R. D., Crosby, C., Howell, K., & Tucker, T. (2016). Choosing illustrations of spider (faces) for best first impressions in natural history interpretive programs: A program component analysis. Journal of Interpretation Research, 20(2)7-18.

Bowers, E. P., Hilliard, L. J., Batanova, M., Stacey, D. C., Tirrell, J. M., Wartella, K., & Lerner, R. M. (2015). The Arthur Interactive Media Study: Initial Findings from a Cross-Age Peer Mentoring and Digital Media-Based Character Development Program. Journal of Youth Development, 10(3), 46 - 63.

Bowers, E. P., Wang, J., Tirrell, J. M., & Lerner, R. M. (2016). A cross-lagged model of the development of mentor-mentee relationships and intentional self-regulation in adolescence. Journal of Community Psychology, 44(1), 118-138.

Camus, M., Hurt, N. E., Larson, L. R., & Prevost, L. (2016). Facebook as an online teaching tool: Effects on student participation, learning, and overall course performance. College Teaching, 64(2), 84-94. doi: 10.1080/87567555.2015.1099093

Cardenas, D. A., Byrd, E. T. & Duffy, L. N. (2015). An exploratory study of stakeholder understanding and sustainable tourism development principles. Tourism and Hospitality Research. doi: 10.1177/1467358415580359

Carey, R., Dickes, L., & Crouch, E. (2016-in press). The economic impact of changing water levels: A regional economic analysis of Lake Thurmond. The Journal of Public Management and Social Policy.

Cho, H., Ramshaw, G., & Norman, W. C. (2015). The Classification of Nostalgia in Sport Tourism. Journal of Sport & Tourism, 19(2), 145-167.

Conway, A., Hernandez, S., Carroll, J., Green, G., & Larson, L. (2015). Local awareness of and attitudes toward pygmy hippopotamus conservation in the Moa River Island Complex, Sierra Leone. Oryx, 49(3), 550-558. doi:10.1017/S003060531300077X

Cordle, J.*, Van Puymbroeck, M., Hawkins, B., & Baldwin, E. (2016) The Effects of Utilizing High Elements Ropes Courses as a Treatment Intervention on Self-Efficacy. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 50(1), 75-92.

Crouch, E.*, & Dickes, L. A. (2015, in press). Examining Infidelity: The Relationship between Probabilities and Individual, Family, and Social Costs. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy.

Crouch, E.*, Dickes L., & Kahle, A. (2015). Review on antibiotic resistance. Advances in Pharmacoepidemiology & Drug Safety, 4, 183. doi: 10.4172/2167-1052.1000183.

Crowe, B. M., Van Puymbroeck, M., Linder, S. M., McGuire, F. A., & Watt, P. A. (2015). The effects of yoga participation on women's quality of life and symptom management during the menopausal transition. Health Care for Women International, 36(10), 1124-1142, available at:

Crowe, B. M., Van Puymbroeck, M., & Schmid, A. A. (2016, in press). Yoga as coping: A conceptual framework for meaningful participation in yoga. International Journal of Yoga Therapy.

De Urioste-Stone, S. M., Fefer, J. P.*, McLaughlin, W. J., Daigle, J. J. (2016, in press). Applying case study methodology to tourism research. In R. Nunkoo, (Ed.), Handbook of research methods in tourism and hospitality management. In Press: Edward Elgar Publishers.

Depper, G.*, Vigil, D., Powell, R. B., & Wright, B. A. (2016). Resource protection, visitor safety, and employee safety: How prepared is the National Park Service? Park Science, 32(2), 18-24.

Derom, I., & Ramshaw, G. (2016). Leveraging sport heritage to promote tourism destinations: the case of the Tour of Flanders Cyclo event. Journal of Sport & Tourism.

Dickes, L. A. & Crouch, E.* (2015). Policy effectiveness of female governors in the United States. Women’s Studies International Forum, November-December, pp. 90-98.

Dickes, L. A. & Crouch, E.* (2015). The impact of changing lake levels on property values. The Review of Regional Studies, 45.3 (2015), 221-235.

Duffy, L. N., Kline, C. S., Swanson, J., Best, M., & McKinnon, H. (2016). An application of community capitals framework to urban organic farming in Cuba. Journal of Ecotourism, online first, doi: 10.1080/14724049.2016.1218498.

Duffy, L. N., Stone, G.*, Chancellor, H. C., & Kline C. S., (2016). Tourism development in the Dominican Republic: An examination of the economic impact to coastal households. Tourism and Hospitality Research, 16 (1), 35 – 49. DOI. 10.1177/1467358415613118.z

Evans, K. E., Walters, K. A.*, Liechty, T., & LeFevour, K. M. (2016). Women’s experiences of physically active leisure during pregnancy. Annals of Leisure Research, 13, 1-19.

Farmer, J. R., Chancellor, H. C., Brenner, J. C., Whitacre, J., & Knackmuhs, E. (2016). To ease or not to ease: Interest in conservation easements among landowners in Brown County, Indiana. Professional Geographer. DOI: 10.1080/00330124.2015.1129910.

Farmer, J. R., Meretsky, V., Knapp, D., Chancellor, H. C., & Fischer, B. C. (2015). Why agree to a conservation easement? A behavioral approach to understanding the decision of conservation easement granting. Landscape and Urban Planning, 138,11-19.

Fefer, J. P.*, De Urioste-Stone, S. M., Daigle, J., & Silka, L (2016). Using the Delphi Technique to identify key elements for effective and sustainable visitor use planning frameworks. Sage Open, 1-16.

Franz, N., Garst, B. A., & Gagnon, R. J.* (2015). The Cooperative Extension program development model: Adapting to a changing context. Journal of Human Sciences and Extension, 3(2), 3-12.

Frash, R. E., Blose, J. E., Norman, W. C., & Patience, M. (2016). Healthy parks, happy people: An exploratory study of a county park system, Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 34(1) 84-100.

Gagnon, R. J.*, & Bumpus, M. F. (2016). Fidelity and its importance to experiential and outdoor education. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership 8(1), 10-25.

Gagnon, R. J.*, Franz, N., Garst, B. A., & Bumpus, M. F. (2015). Factors impacting program delivery: The importance of implementation research in Extension. Journal of Human Sciences and Extension, 3(2), 68-82.

Gagnon, R. J.*, Garst, B. A., & Franz, N. (2015). Looking ahead: Envisioning the future of the Extension program development model. Journal of Human Sciences and Extension, 3(2), 170-176.

Gagnon, R.*, Stone, G.*, Garst, B., & Arthur-Banning, S. (2016). Competitive climbing: From leisure pursuit to lifestyle sport. Journal of Unconventional Parks, Tourism, and Recreation Research, 6(1), 2-12.

Garst, B. A., Baughman, S., Whittington, A., & Gagnon, R. J.* (2015). Influences of resident camp experiences on career choice: A case study of female alumnae. Research in Outdoor Education, 13(1), 59-82.

Garst, B., & Gagnon, R. J.* (2015). Exploring overparenting within the context of youth development programs. Journal of Youth Development, 10(1), 6-18.

Garst, B., Gagnon, R.*, & Bennett, T. (2016). Parent anxiety causes and consequences: Perspectives from camp program providers. LARNet: The Cyber Journal of Applied Leisure and Recreation Research, 18(1), 21-39.

Garst, B. & McCrawley, P. (2015). Solving problems, ensuring relevance and facilitating change: The evolution of needs assessment within cooperative extension. Journal of Human Sciences and Extension, 3(2), 26-47.

Gedikoglu, Z. A.*, Gagnon. R. J.*, Stone, G. A.*, Walters, K. A.*, &Chen, L-H*. (2016, in press). Play as Prevention: The influence of play on child risk behaviors. Leisure Sciences.

Gedikoglu, Z. A.* (2015, in press). A case study representing Bavarian culture: A tourism destination in United States Helen, Georgia. Tourism and Hospitality Research.

Gedikoglu, Z. A.* (2015, in press). Effects of social media on tourism destination image: A case of Helen, Georgia. Tourism and Hospitality Research.

Harris, B. S.*, Jordan, K. A.*, Powell, G. M., Tucker, T. W., & McGuire, F. A. (2016, in press). Let’s talk about it: Using interactive exams to bring learning to life. Schole: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education,

Harris, B. S.*, & Schmalz, D. L. (2016). "Cool" party, bro: The fraternity use of party structure as a mechanism for control over female status on campus. Deviant Behavior, 1-12. Available: DOI: 10.1080/01639625.2016.1170542

Hawkins, B. L., McGuire, F. A., Linder S. M., & Britt, T. W. (2015). Understanding the contextual influences of community reintegration among injured military service members. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development. 52(5), 527-542.

Hawkins, B., Townsend, J., & Garst, B. A. (2016). Nature-based recreational therapy for military service members: A strengths approach. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 50(1), 55-74.

Holladay, P. J., & Powell, R. B. (2016) Social-ecological systems, stakeholders and sustainability: A qualitative inquiry into community-based tourism in the Commonwealth of Dominica. Caribbean Studies, 44(1).

Huang, W., Norman, W., Ramshaw, G., & Haller, W. (2015). Transnational Leisure Experience of Second-Generation Immigrants: The Case of Chinese-Americans. Journal of Leisure Research, 47(1), 102-124.

Huang, W., Ramshaw, G., & Norman, W. (2016). Homecoming or tourism? Diasporia Tourism Experience of Second-Generation Immigrants. Tourism Geographies, 18(1), 59-79.

Huang, W-J., Beeco, J., Hallo, J. C., & Norman, W. C. (2016). Bundling attractions for rural tourism development. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(10), 1387-1402

Huang, W.-J., Beeco, J. A., Hallo, J. C., & Norman, W. C. (2016, in press). Heritage attractions and alternative activities for rural tourism development. Journal of Sustainable Tourism.

Huang, Y-C., Backman, S. J., & Backman, K. F. (2015). Experiencing student learning and tourism training study in a 3D Virtual World: an exploratory study. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education.

Huang, Y-C., Backman, K. F., Backman, S. J., & Moore, D. (2015). Exploring the implications of virtual reality technology in tourism marketing - an integrated framework. The International Journal of Tourism Research, Vol.18, 116-128.

Huang, Y-C., Backman, K. F., Backman, S. J., & Chang, L-L. (2016). Exploring the implications of virtual reality technology in tourism marketing: An integrated research framework. International Journal of tourism Research 18, 116-128.

Hughes, M. D.*, Hallo, J. C., & Norman, W. C. (2016-in press). Re-conceptualizing recreation-based social worlds: Examining the core characteristics of social worlds. Leisure/Loisir, 40(2) 149-174.

Jennings, V., Larson, L., & Yun, J. (2016). Advancing sustainability through urban green space: Cultural ecosystem services, equity, and social determinants of health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13, p.196. doi: 10.3390/ijerph13020196

Johnson, S. K., Buckingham, M. H., Morris, S. L., Suzuki, S., Weiner, M. B., Hershberg, R. M., Fremont, E. R., Batanova, M., Aymong, C. R., Hunter, C. J., Bowers, E. P., Lerner, J. V., & Lerner, R. M. (2016). Adolescents' character role models: Exploring who young people look up to as examples of how to be a good person. Research in Human Development, 13(2), 126-141.

Jennings, V. L., Larson, C. K., & Larson, L. R. (2016). Ecosystem services and preventive medicine: A natural connection. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 50(5), 642-645. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.11.001

Joshi, O., Poudyal, N., & Larson, L. (2016, in press). The influence of socio-political, natural, and cultural factors on international tourism growth: a cross-country panel analysis. Environment, Development & Sustainability. doi: 10.1007/s10668-016-9767-x

Kitheka, B. M.*, & Backman, K. F. (2016, in press) Gaps identified in tourism environmental planning in Kenya: A content analysis to Asses Sustainable Tourism Policy in the Country. International Journal of Tourism Policy.

Kitheka, B. M*., Baldwin, E. D., White, D., & Harding, D. (2016). A different "we" in urban sustainability: How the city of Chattanooga, TN, community defined their own sustainability path. International Journal of Tourism Cities, Vol.2 (3), 185-205. Emerald Group Publishing: UK.

Larson, L. R., Conway, A. L., Krafte, K. E.*, Hernandez, S. M., & Carroll, J. P. (2016). Community-based conservation as a potential source of conflict around a protected area in Sierra Leone. Environmental Conservation, 43(3): 242-252. doi: 10.1017/S0376892916000096

Larson, L. R., Cooper, C. B., & Hauber, M. E. (2016). Emotions as drivers of wildlife stewardship behavior: Examining citizen science nest monitors' responses to invasive house sparrows. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 21(1): 18-33. doi: 10.1080/10871209.2015.1086933

Larson, L. R., Jennings, V., & Cloutier, S. A. (2016). Public parks and wellbeing in urban areas of the United States. PLOS ONE, 11(4): e0153211. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0153211

Larson, L. R., Stedman, R. C., Cooper, C., & Decker, D. J. (2015). Understanding the dimensions of pro-environmental behavior. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 43: 112-124. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2015.06.004

Liu, B., & Norman, W. C. (2015). Developing a conceptual framework to understand local residents' contribution in online travel communities. International Journal of Tourism Anthropology, 4(4) 367-382.

Mainieri, T., & Anderson, D. M. (2015). Exploring the post-camp civic outcomes and the supporting program features of the Teens Leading & Connecting program. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration, 33(2), 54-72.

Mainieri, T., & Anderson, D. M. (2015). Exploring the 'black box' of programming: Applying systematic implementation evaluation to a structured camp curriculum. Journal of Experiential Education, 38(2), 144-161.

Mainieri, T., & Anderson, D. M. (2015). "There was more out there than our street": Exploring summer camp as a context to foster civic engagement and social capital after camp. Research in Outdoor Education, 13(2015), 38-58.

Manning, R., Rovelstad, E., Moore, C., Hallo, J., & Smith, B.* (2015). Indicators and standards of quality for viewing the night sky in the national parks. Park Science 32(2).

McNutt, M. K., & Machlis, G. E. (2015, June). Science, 348:1291. Parks for Science.

Mgonja, J. T., Sirima, A., & Mkumbo, P. J.* (2015. December). A review of ecotourism in Tanzania: Magnitude, challenges, and prospects for sustainability. Journal of Ecotourism, 264-277. DOI: 10.1080/14724049.2015.1114623.

Miller, Z. D., Quigley, C. F., Hallo, J., Dogbey, J., Che, M., & Seno, S. (2016, in press). Investigating wildlife and grazing perspectives of Kenyan university students. Journal for Nature Conservation.

Morris, E., & Arthur-Banning, S. B. (2016, in press) Constraints to millennial generation female assistant coaches pursuing head coaching careers. International Journal of Sport Management

Munanura, I., Backman, K. F., Hallo, J., & Powell, R, (2016). Perceptions of tourism benefits as a tool for wildlife conservation among protected area managers and local residents: The case of tourism revenue sharing at Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda." Journal of Sustainable Tourism. DOI: 10.1080/09669582.2016.1145228
To link to this article:, Impact factor=3.065

Munanura, I., Backman, K. F., Moore, D., Hallo, J., & Powell, R. B. (2014). Household poverty dimensions influencing forest dependence at Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda: An application of the sustainable livelihoods framework. Natural Resources, Vol. 5, 1033-1045.

Ogucha, E. B., Riungu, G. K.*, Kiama, F. K., & Mukolwe, E. (2015). The influence of homestay facilities on tourist satisfaction in the Lake Victoria Kenya Tourism Circuit. Journal of Ecotourism, 14, 2015, Issue 2-3, Ecotourism in Africa Thirty Years Later. Available online at:

Piatt, J. A., Van Puymbroeck, M., Zahl, M., Rosenbluth, J., & Wells, M. S. (2015, in press). Examining how the perception of health can impact participation and autonomy among adults with spinal cord injury. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury.

Powell, G. M., Duffy, L. N, Stone, G.*, Pinckney, H. P., Tucker, T., & Cathey, J. (2016). Triple Gain: Practical ideas for maximizing connections between students, faculty, and professionals. Schole: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 31(2) 56-67.

Powell, G., Kuzminykh, Z., & Duffy, L. (2016) Critical thinking in action: Youth camp gives natural focus for choices. Vestnik of Volga State, 1(19), 16-22.

Powell, R. B., Ramshaw, G. P., Ogletree, S. S.*, & Krafte, K.* (2016). Can heritage resources highlight changes to the natural environment caused by climate change? Evidence from the Antarctic tourism experience. Journal of Heritage Tourism, 11(1), 71-87.

Ramshaw, G. (2016). Sport heritage and the healthy stadia agenda: An overview. Sport & Society,

Ruseva, T., Farmer, J. R., & Chancellor, H. C. (2016, in press). Networking for conservation: Social capital and perceptions of organizational success among land trust boards. Ecology and Society.

Schmalz, D. L., & Colistra, C. M.* (2016). Obesity stigma as a barrier to healthy eating behavior. Topics in Clinical Nutrition, 31(1), 86-94.

Schmid, A. A., DeBaun-Sprague, E., Gilles, A. M., Maguire, J. M., Mueller, A. L., Miller, K. K., Van Puymbroeck, M., & Schalk, N. (2015, in press). Yoga influences recovery during inpatient rehabilitation, a pilot study. International Journal of Yoga Therapy.

Schmid A. A., Miller, K. K., Van Puymbroeck, M., & Schalk, N. (2015, in press). Feasibility and results of a case study of yoga to improve physical functioning in people with chronic traumatic brain injury. Disability and Rehabilitation, available ahead of print at

Schmid, A. A., Miller, K. K., Van Puymbroeck, M., DeBaun, E., Shively, C., Peterson, E., & Finlayson, M. (2015, in press). Group occupational therapy for fall risk management after stroke: A pilot study. British Journal of Occupational Therapy.

Schwab, K.*, Legg, E., Tanner, P., Timmerman, D., Dustin, D., & Arthur-Banning, S. G. (2015). Career paths in sport management. Schole: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, 30(2).

Skupien, G. M.*, Andrews, K. M., & Larson, L. R. (2016). Teaching tolerance? Effects of conservation education programs on acceptance capacity for the American alligator. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 21(3), 264-279. doi: 10.1080/10871209.2016.1147624

Skibins, J. C., Powell, R. B., & Hallo, J. C. (2016) Lucky 13: Conservation implications of broadening 'Big 5' Flagship species recognition in East Africa. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. DOI:10.1080/09669582.2015.1101126

Sgalitzer, H. A.*, Brownlee, M. T. J., Bricker, K. S., & Powell, R. B. (2016). Travelers' philanthropy: Understanding tourists' motivations to donate at Sweetwater Chimpanzee Sanctuary. Journal of Ecotourism. doi: 10.1080/14724049.2015.1117091

Sprague Martinez, L., Bowers, E. P., Reich, A. J., Ndulue, U. J., Le, A. A., & Perea, F. C. (2016). Engaging youth of color in applied science education and public health promotion. International Journal of Science Education, 38(4), 688-699.

Stern, M. J., Ardoin, N. M., & Powell, R. B. (2016, in press). Exploring the effectiveness of community outreach strategies: The case of the Audubon Toyota TogetherGreen program. Society and Natural Resources. DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2016.1164266

Stone, G. A.*, Duffy, L. N., Holland, H., Bowers E. P., & Wilson, M. F. (2016, in press). Travel and adolescent identity(s): A qualitative study of the potential of a sister cities international exchange to facilitate adolescent identity development. Tourism Analysis: An Interdisciplinary Journal.

Stone, G. A.*, Gagnon, R. J.*, Witesman, E., & Garst, B. A. (2016). Values and decision-making: Introducing the public servant values questionnaire to recreation administrators. Journal of Unconventional Parks, Tourism, and Recreation Research, 6(1), 13-20.

Stride, C. B., Thomas, F. E., & Ramshaw, G. (2015). Standing out from the crowd: Imagining supporters through sculpture. International Journal of the History of Sport

Taylor, L. L., Hartman, C. L., & Baldwin, E. D. (2015) fostering student engagement through a multi-day industry tour. SCHOLE: A Journal of Leisure Studies and Recreation Education, [S.l.], v. 30, n. 2, Aug. 2015. ISSN 2162-4097.

Townsend, J., & Van Puymbroeck, M. (2016, in press). Parental perceptions of changes in family well-being following participation in a camp: Experiences of families with a child with an ASD. Journal of Leisure Research.

Townsend, J., Van Puymbroeck, M., & Zabriskie, R. (2016, in press). The core and balance model of family leisure functioning: A systematic review. Journal of Leisure Research: Special Issue on Family Leisure.

Van Puymbroeck, M., & Austin, D. R. (2015). The recreational therapy faculty shortage: A crisis for the profession. American Journal of Recreation Therapy, 14(1), 35-42.

Van Puymbroeck, M., Miller, K. K., Dickes, L. A., & Schmid, A. (2015). Perceptions of yoga therapy embedded in two inpatient rehabilitation hospitals: Agency perspectives. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Volume 2015, Article ID 125969, 7 pages.

Vezeau, S.*, Powell, R. B., Stern, M. J., Moore, D., & Wright, B. (2016). Development and validation of a scale for measuring stewardship behaviors and elaboration in children. Environmental Education Research. doi: 10.1080/13504622.2015.1121377

Ying, T., Norman, W., & Zhou, Y. (2016). Online networking in the tourism industry: A webometrics and hyperlink network analysis. Journal of Travel Research. 55(1) 16-33.

back to top