South Carolina Electric and Gas Distinguished Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Ph.D., 1981 - Iowa State University
M.S., 1978 - Iowa State University
B.S., 1969 - Assiut University, Egypt
Office: 303 Riggs Hall
Office Phone: 864.656.3378
Dr. Makram received the MS and Ph.D. degrees from Iowa State University in 1978 and 1981 respectively. From 1970 to 1976, she was an engineer in power system planning in Assuit, Egypt. From 1978 to 1981, she was research assistant at Iowa State University. From 1981 to 1983, she was a Project Engineer at Siemens-Allis, Inc., in Raleigh, NC. From 1983 to 1985, she was an Assistant Professor at North Carolina A&T University. Dr. Makram is an IEEE Fellow, member of ASEE, Sigma Xi, NSPE and CIGRE. She is a registered professional engineer. Her present research interests include computer simulation of power systems, high impedance faults, power system harmonics, and real time application in power systems. She is the recipient of the 1991 Alumni Research Award, the 1992 NSF/FAW award, the 1993 SWE distinguished engineering educator award, the 1994 outstanding faculty award at Clemson University, and the 1998 SCE&G distinguished professor.
- Effects of PHEVs in Unbalanced Microgrid:Modeling and analysis of microgrids with integrated renewable energy sources, focusing on the effects of increased PHEV penetration in the microgrid. Power quality effects and fault responses to be studied.
- Transient Analysis of Distributed Generation during Islanding:The effects of faults, switching, and islanding on distribution system with integrated renewable resources are studied. The primary focus is to study the transient interactions between disturbances and the DG in the distribution system.
- Transient Stability Constrained OPF with Wind Power Penetration:A Transient Stability Constrained Optimal Power Flow (OPF) will be developed as a multi-phase program that takes the transient stability and the impact of wind farm penetration in to account as constraints.
- Impact of Wind Penetration on Conventional Transmission Line Impedance-Based Fault Location Methods:Wind generation of various generator types is studied to evaluate the influence of the wind generator on the effectiveness of conventional impedance-based fault location methods.
- Synchrophasor-Based Wide-Area Monitoring and Special Protection Schemes:A wide-area monitoring and special protection scheme is developed using synchrophasor measurements as the primary inputs. The scheme is designed to be able to quickly identify and estimate the size of a disturbance and select appropriate corrective action to request from available system controls.
- Offshore Wind Farm Impact on Switching Transient:The effects of offshore wind farms on an existing power system are studied, starting with the steady-state effects on the system power flow and operational constraints, followed by the transient effects of switching and faults.
- Contingency Analysis Using Synchrophasor Measurements
- Sensitivity Constrained PMU Placement