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2020 Field Trips

Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium

Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium

Field trips associated with the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium have changed from 50+ participants to groups of 14 or less for the near future. Accordingly, several smaller trips have been scheduled for Fall 2020. Participants must drive your own car and observe social distancing and, where appropriate, wear a mask if needed. You will be advised of university mandated precautions before your trip. Additionally, you will be advised of university mandated precautions before your trip.

If any of these trips do not have at least 10 participants, the trip may be rescheduled to a later time.

1. Southwestward movements within the Paleozoic thrust stack and hinterland-directed Alleghanian back thrusting, Inner Piedmont, NC&SC.

Dates: Oct 23, Nov 13, Dec 18

The focus of this field trip is to view field evidence for two aspects of the complex tectonic history of the Inner Piedmont in the Standingstone Mountain and Cleveland quadrangles located along and near the NC and SC state line. We will examine southwestward directed movement along a retrograde shear zone interpreted as resulting from gravitational collapse of the Paleozoic ductile thrust stack and subsequent development of southward brittle thrusting interpreted as hinterland-directed back thrusting produced during Alleghanian northwestward thrusting.

Required level of fitness: moderate to slightly strenuous, need sturdy footwear.

Stop Description:

1. a ½ mile uphill walk and then a ½ mile hike downhill, moderate
2. a 200-yard downhill hike (with ladders) and then back up, strenuous
3. roadside
4. optional

Seneca fault at Mulligans View cut by back thrusts of the Caesars Head brittle fault system. Table Rock gneiss is in the footwall (white unit) and the hanging wall is the Tallulah Falls formation.


2. Panthertown Valley, NC

Dates: Nov 20, Dec 7, Dec 16

Rocks of the Toxaway gneiss will be observed on the roadside and then we will hike and examine numerous transitions between the Six Mile thrust sheet and the Whiteside gneiss.  Great views if weather is clear. 

Required level of fitness: moderate, need good hiking shoes

Stop Description: Two-mile hike with several uphill and downhill sections

3. Clemson to Woodall Shoals

Date: Dec 4

A geologic traverse through the three thrust sheets in the upstate of SC and across the Brevard fault zone. 

Required level of fitness: slight to moderate

Stop Description: Roadside stops except for short walk on level grade to Woodall Shoals for lunch

4. Sassafras Mtn to Table Rock

Date: Dec 14

Starting at Sassafras Mtn., we will encounter the Henderson Gneiss, and then shortly cross over the Eastatoee fault into the Walhalla thrust sheet (WTS) for the reminder of the hike. We will observe numerous transitions between formations within the WTS. Great views with nearly continuous exposures.

Required level of fitness: very strenuous, need excellent hiking footwear and a commitment to hike

Stop Description: Ten-mile hike