Workshop on Function Benchmarking - DCC

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198 articles in English


[edit] Benchmarking Function Models

2014 at DCC in London, UK

2014 at IDETC/CIE Conference in Buffalo, NY

[edit] Goals of the workshop

Multiple functional modelling approaches have been presented in the literature, with many taught in academia and some adopted in industry. In the research publications, the modelling approaches are illustrated with examples from the authors’ own research groups with an implied claim of general applicability of the modelling approach. It is however apparent that some modelling approaches are better suited than others for particular classes of problems. This workshop aims to discuss how different functional modelling approaches could be benchmarked in a way that coalesces the function research community around a shared understanding of the merits of different approaches. The workshop participants will discuss criteria, benchmark problems, and modes of operation around examples that the workshop organizers will prepare. We will use a simple benchmarking problem to examine different functional models generated in a number of approaches. The aim to this workshop is to establish benchmarking for functional models as a necessary and valid mechanism for scientific inquiry. The workshop prepares a second separate international event, where the benchmarking approach is applied to a number currently competing models, and which is a unique opportunity to bring disparate researchers together to foster this goal. An edited book from this second event is anticipated that will embody the benchmarking problems and protocols as established in the workshop. Workshop format – half day The workshop will be based around commercially available products and novel or non-existing products, which the members of the workshop will be encouraged to analyze before the workshop. The organizers will prepare two functional models of the same product and a list of criteria for benchmarking. The workshop will start with a short discussion of benchmarking and the need to generate benchmarking. Pieter Vermaas will give a short introduction talk to benchmarking from a philosophy of science perspective. The group will work together on reviewing the criteria and comparing the two models against the criteria. The models will be compared to each other by a number of criteria. The workshop will conclude with a shared reflection of the merits of benchmarking.

[edit] Organizers

  • Joshua D. Summers, Ph.D.
    • Department of Mechanical
    • CEDAR (Clemson Engineering Design and Applications Research)
    • Clemson University
    • Clemson, SC 29634-0921 USA
    • Email: [1]
    • Phone: (864) 656-3295
    • website
  • Claudia Eckert, Ph.D.
    • Design Transformation Group, DDEM,
    • The Open University,
    • Milton Keynes
    • Walton Hall, MK7 6AA
    • Email: [2]
    • website

[edit] Presenter(s) Biographical Sketches

Joshua D. Summers, Professor in Mechanical Engineering and named College IDEaS Professor at Clemson University, co-directs the CEDAR Group (Clemson Engineering Design Applications and Research). Dr. Summers earned his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Arizona State University researching design automation. Dr. Summers received his BSME and MSME from the University of Missouri-Columbia working on VR-based submarine design. Dr. Summers has worked at the Naval Research Laboratory (VR Lab and Naval Center for Applied Research in Artificial Intelligence) and served on the Foreign Relations/Armed Services staff of Senator John D. Ashcroft. Dr. Summers’ research has been funded (~$6.2M) by government (NASA, NSF, US Army TACOM), large industry (BMW, Michelin, General Motors), and small-medium sized enterprises (Wright Metal Products, Hartness International, and others). Dr. Summers’ areas of interest include collaborative design, knowledge management, and design enabler development with the overall objective of improving design through collaboration and computation. His research and teaching has been recognized with awards from SAE (Ralph Teetor Award and Arch T. Colwell Merit Award), TMCE (Outstanding Researcher Award), Innovision (Innovations in Education), the South Carolina Governor’s Award for Scientific Awareness, and others. Most significantly, Dr. Summers has been the advisor of record for five post-doctoral students, 10 completed PHD dissertations, 36 MS theses, 7 MS projects, two honor’s undergraduate thesis, and currently supervises over twenty graduate and undergraduate students. Eight post-doctoral and PHD students are currently in academic appointments at Texas State University, University of North Texas, St. Louis University, Clemson University, Florida Institute of Technology, and Carnegie Mellon University.

Claudia Eckert is a Professor of Design at the Open University, the British distance education university in 2008. She send 10 years in the engineering design Centre in Cambridge, where she was a lead researcher on design process improvement focusing on design process planning, engineering change and communication in design processes. She received her PhD on intelligent support for knitwear design from the Open University. Having switched research from the fashion industry to engineering design, she developed a long standing interest in comparison between design domains. Dr Eckert’s research spans empirical studies as well as method and theory development. Her methodological strengths lies in conducting empirical studies in design firms to describe design behavior and identify the needs for tools and methods. She has conducted empirical studies in a number of large European aerospace and automotive companies in the UK, Germany, Sweden and France. Dr Eckert has supervised 9 PhD students to completion and is currently supervising 7 full time PhD students and 6 part-time PhD students, most of whom are carrying out empirical studies as part of their own PhDs.

[edit] Review Committee

  • Pieter Vermaas
  • Ashok Goel
  • John Gero
  • Albert Albers

[edit] Expected Background of Participants

Participants are expected to bring an interest in function modeling research and a willingness to exchange ideas.

[edit] Expected Audience

[edit] DCC

This workshop is addressed to faculty, PhD students, MS students as well as researchers from industry with an interest in systematically studying function modeling.

Current Registrants (expressed interest):

  1. Claudia Eckert (The Open University) from UK
  2. Joshua D. Summers (Clemson University) from USA
  3. Andreas Jordan (University of South Australia) from Australia
  4. Rahinah Ibrahim (Universiti Putra Malaysia) from Malaysia
  5. Daniel McAdams (Texas A&M University) from USA
  6. Gongbo Zhang (Georgia Tech) from USA
  7. Pieter Vermaas (Delft University of Technology) from Netherlands
  8. Yuemin Hou (Tsinghua University) from China
  9. Prasad Bokil (Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati) from India
  10. Nathan Crilly (University of Cambridge) from UK
  11. Iestyn Jowers (The Open University) from UK

Participants (attendees)

  1. Claudia Eckert (The Open University) from UK
  2. Joshua D. Summers (Clemson University) from USA
  3. Marco Aurisicchio (Imperial College) from UK
  4. Hyunmin Cheong (Autodesk) from CA
  5. Mick Smythwood (UNC-Charlotte) from USA
  6. Iestyn Jowers (The Open University) from UK
  7. Srinivasan Venkataraman (TU-Munich) from DE
  8. Nathan Crilly (Cambridge) from UK
  9. Spencer Rugaber (Georgia Tech) from USA
  10. Ionnis Michalakoudis (Imperial College) from UK
  11. Hitoshi Komoto (AIST) from JP


Current Registrants

  1. Claudia Eckert (The Open University) from UK
  2. Joshua D. Summers (Clemson University) from USA
  3. Fatma Abid (LISMMA/VALEO) from France
  4. Mehmet Baysal (Syracuse University) from USA
  5. Oladapo Bello (University of Arkansas) from USA
  6. Joran Booth (Purdue University) from USA
  7. Charlie DeStefano (University of Arkansas) from USA
  8. Asko Ellman (Tampere University of Technology) from Finland
  9. Ashok Goel (Georgia Tech) from USA
  10. Karim Hamza (University of Michigan) from USA
  11. Ola Isaksson (GKN Aerospace) from Sweden
  12. David Jensen (University of Arkansas) from USA
  13. Amirhossein Khosrojerdi (University of Oklahoma) from USA
  14. Taeyoung Kim (LG Electronics) from South Korea
  15. Chris Paredis (NSF/Georgia Tech) from USA
  16. Toufic Zaraket (Ecole Centrale Paris) from France

[edit] Benchmark Problem

To start the conversation, we are asking a few of the attendees to prepare a reverse engineered function model of a hot glue gun. We would like to have the following from you:

  • A completed model (and intermediate models if possible to show the modeling approach)
  • A list of challenges associated with creating this model
  • A list of what you can do with the completed model
  • A list of what you learned by creating the model

For consistency, we propose these basic products for the glue gun benchmark:

[edit] Materials

[edit] Related Papers

  • Goel, A., Rugaber, S., Vattam, S., (2009), "Structure, Behavior, and Function Models in Complex Systems: The Structure-Behavior-Function Modeling Language", AIEDAM, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 23-35. online
  • Chakrabarti, A., Srinivasan, V., Ranjan, B., Lindemann, U., (2013), "A Case for Multiple Views of Function in Design Based on a Common Definition", AIEDAM, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 271-9. online
  • Summers, J., Eckert, C., Goel, A., (2013), “Function in Engineering: Benchmarking Representations and Models”, International Conference on Engineering Design, no. 248, Seoul, South Korea. DRAFT
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