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Tanju Karanfil

Tanju KaranfilProfessor, EEES
Vice President for Research
Clemson University
230 Kappa Street

Ph.D. Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, 1995
M.S. Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, 1991
B.S. Environmental Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, 1988

Professional Registration
International Water Association Fellow
Professional Engineer, South Carolina, 2003, No. 23143
Board Certified Environmental Engineer, 2005, No. 04-10040

Classes | Publications | Honors | CV

Faculty Overview

Dr. Karanfil's primary teaching and research interests are in the fundamentals and applications of physiochemical processes in water, wastewater, and hazardous waste treatment systems. There are three thrusts in his research group:

(i) The formation and control of regulated and emerging disinfection by-products (DBP) and understanding their precursors (e.g., the components of natural organic matter, dissolved organic nitrogen) in drinking water systems, wastewater effluents, and swimming pools. The current research focus is more on nitrogenous (Nitrosamines, Halonitromethanes) and iodinated DBPs, and the formation and control of DBPs during desalination and controlled and wildfires.

(ii) Phase separation, specifically sorption and membrane processes and technologies. The adsorption behaviors of several adsorbents (e.g., activated carbons, carbon fibers, ion exchange resins, impregnated carbon materials and nanomaterials), with more emphasis on CNTs, graphenes, and other nanomaterials in recent years, have been examined in engineered and natural systems. LSER and QSAR based adsorption models for CNTs and graphenes have been developed. Some membrane application projects have also been conducted.

(iii) Water quality research in natural systems and process engineering research in water treatment systems.

Dr. Karanfil's research group is particularly interested in applying fundamentals of chemistry and engineering to address environmental challenges faced in practical applications including both engineered and natural systems.

Class Information

For current syllabi, please search the Clemson University Syllabus Repository.

EES 8030 Physicochemical Operations in Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems
EES 8050 Laboratory in Water and Wastewater Treatment Operations
EES 8060 Drinking Water Treatment Plant Design

Selected Publications

Sharma, N., Karanfil, T. and Westerhoff, P. “Historical and Future Needs for Geospatial Iodide Occurrence in Surface and Groundwaters of the United States of America,” Environmental Science and Technology Letters, in press (2019).

 Liu, C., Ersan, M.S., Plewa, M., Amy, G. and Karanfil, T. “Cyanobacterial Organic Matter Extracted from Microcystis aeruginosa Serves as an Important Precursor for Iodinated Disinfection Byproducts,” Water Research, 162, 115-126 (2019).

 Ersan, G., Kaya, Y., Ersan, M.S., Apul, O. and Karanfil, T. “Adsorption and Aggregation Kinetics of Three Classes of Carbonaceous Adsorbents in the Presence of Natural Organic Matter,” Chemosphere, 229, 515-524 (2019).

 Tsai, K-P., Uzun, H., Huan, C., Karanfil, T. and Chow, A. “Control Wildfire-Induced Microcystis aeruginosa Blooms by Copper Sulfate: Trade-Offs between Reducing Algal Organic Matter and Promoting Disinfection Byproduct Formation,” Water Research, 158, 227-236 (2019).

 Beita-Sandi, W., Selbes, M., Ersan, M.S. and Karanfil, T. “Release of Nitrosamines and Nitrosamines Precursors from Scrap Tires,” Environmental Science and Technology Letters, 6, 251-256 (2019).

 Ateia, M., Erdem, C.U., Ersan, M.S., Ceccato, M. and Karanfil, T. “Selective Removal of Bromide and Iodide from Natural Waters Using a Novel AgCl-SPAC Composite at Environmentally Relevant Conditions,” Water Research, 156, 168-178 (2019).

 Ateia, M., Morali, A., Tharayil, N. and Karanfil, T. “The Overlooked Short- and Ultrashort-Chain Poly- and Perfluorinated Substances: A Critical Review,” Chemosphere, 220, 866-882 (2019).

 Ersan, G., Apul, O. and Karanfil, T. “Predictive Models for Adsorption of Organic Compounds by Graphene Nanosheets: Comparison with Carbon Nanotubes,” Science of the Total Environment, 654, 28-34 (2019).

 Uzun, H., Kim, D. and Karanfil T. “Removal of Wastewater and Polymer Derived N-Nitrosodimethylamine Precursors with Integrated Use of Chlorine and Chlorine Dioxide,” Chemosphere, 216, 224-233, (2019).

 Ersan, M., Liu, C., Amy, G. and Karanfil, T. “The Interplay between Natural Organic Matter and Bromide on Bromine Substitution,” Science of the Total Environment, 646, 1172-1181, (2019).

Awards & Honors

American Water Works Association, Membrane Treatment Best Paper Award (2014 & 2016)

Editorial Advisory Board, Journal of American Water Works Association (2008-2013)

American Water Works Association, Academic Achievement Award (2015, 2014, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2007)

American Water Works Association South Carolina Section, Membership Award (2008-2009)

Clemson University, Board of Trustees Award for Faculty Excellence (2011, 2008, 2006, 2003, 2002)

Clemson University, College of Engineering, Computing and Applied Sciences, McQueen Quattlebaum Faculty Achievement Award (2005)

National Science Foundation, Early CAREER Award (2001)

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Ph.D. Fellowship, (1989-1992)