1. Armitage, A. (2001). Armitage’s manual of annuals, biennials, and half-hardy perennials. Portland, OR: Timber Press.
  2. Armitage, A. (2006). Armitage’s native plants for North American gardens. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press.
  3. Armitage, A. (2008). Herbaceous perennial plants: A treatise on their identification, culture, and garden attributes. Athens, GA: University of Geogia.
  4. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center.(2011). Flowers fact sheets. Retrieved from 
  5. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center.(2011). Groundcovers & vines fact sheets. Retrieved from 
  6. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center. (2011). Trees. Retrieved from 
  7. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center.(2011). Shrubs. Retrieved from 
  8. Dirr, M. A. (2009). Manual of woody landscape plants. Champaign, IL: Stipes Publishing.
  9. Gilman, E. F. (1997). Trees for urban and suburban landscapes. Albany, NY: Delmar Publishers.
  10. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center University of Texas at Austin. (2012). Native plant information network. Retrieved from 
  11. McMillan, P., Plant taxonomist Clemson University, personal communication.
  12. Missouri Botanical Garden Kemper Center for Home Gardening. Plant finder. Retrieved from 
  13. North Carolina State University (2005). Plant fact sheets. Retrieved from 
  14. Strother, E. V., Ham, D. L., Gilland, L. (2003) Urban tree species guide: Choosing the right tree for the right place. Columbia, SC: South Carolina Forestry Commission.
  15. University of Florida, IFAS Extension. (2011). Southern trees fact sheet. Retrieved from 
  16. USDA. Plant profile. (n/d).Retrieved from 
  17. USDA. Plant wetland indicator status. (n/d). Retrieved from 
  18. Vincent, E., Environmental horticulturist Clemson University, personal communication
  19. Clemson Extension. Carolina Yards Plant Database. Retrieved from


Butterfly Weed 

Blue false indigo 

Carolina Allspice 

Blue Wood Sedge 

Shagbark Hickory


White Flowering Dogwood 

Smooth Purple Coneflower 

‘Kim’s Knee-High’ Purple Coneflower 

Fothergilla ‘Mount Airy’ 

Spotted Joe-Pye Weed 

Dwarf Fothergilla 

Willow-leaved sunflower ‘First Light’ 

Scarlet Rosemallow
Larry Allain @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database (13)

Pink Muhly Grass 

White Muhly Grass 

Passion Vine 

Blue-eyed Grass 

Late Purple Aster 

Burgundy Wild Lowbush Blueberry 

Highbush Blueberry ‘Misty’ 

Highbush Blueberry ‘Jubilee’ 

Woodland Sunflower 

Bushy Bluestern,%20Andropogon%20glomeratus%20-%20Coleman_small.jpg 

Eastern Blue Star

*Soil pH is determined using a professional soil test. Contact your Clemson University County Extension service for assistance Click on “local offices”.

**2012 Plant Wetland Indicator categories (quantitative derived)

Indicator Code Indicator Status Comment
OBL Obligate Wetland Almost always is a hydrophyte, rarely in uplands
FACW Facultative Wetland Usually is a hydrophyte but occasionally found in uplands
FAC Facultative Commonly occurs as either a hydrophyte or non-hydrophyte
FACU Facultative Upland Occasionally is a hydrophyte but usually occurs in uplands
UPL Obligate Upland Rarely is a hydrophyte, almost always in uplands