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Tanju Karanfil

Tanju KaranfilProfessor, EEES
Vice President for Research
Clemson University
230 Kappa Street

Ph.D. Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, 1995
M.S. Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, 1991
B.S. Environmental Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, 1988

Professional Registration
International Water Association Fellow
Professional Engineer, South Carolina, 2003, No. 23143
Board Certified Environmental Engineer, 2005, No. 04-10040

Classes | Publications | Honors | CV

Faculty Overview

Dr. Karanfil's primary teaching and research interests are in the fundamentals and applications of physiochemical processes in water, wastewater, and hazardous waste treatment systems. There are three thrusts in his research group:

(i) The formation and control of regulated and emerging disinfection by-products (DBP) and understanding their precursors (e.g., the components of natural organic matter, dissolved organic nitrogen) in drinking water systems, wastewater effluents, and swimming pools. The current research focus is more on nitrogenous (Nitrosamines, Halonitromethanes) and iodinated DBPs, and the formation and control of DBPs during desalination and controlled and wildfires.

(ii) Phase separation, specifically sorption and membrane processes and technologies. The adsorption behaviors of several adsorbents (e.g., activated carbons, carbon fibers, ion exchange resins, impregnated carbon materials and nanomaterials), with more emphasis on CNTs, graphenes, and other nanomaterials in recent years, have been examined in engineered and natural systems. LSER and QSAR based adsorption models for CNTs and graphenes have been developed. Some membrane application projects have also been conducted.

(iii) Water quality research in natural systems and process engineering research in water treatment systems.

Dr. Karanfil's research group is particularly interested in applying fundamentals of chemistry and engineering to address environmental challenges faced in practical applications including both engineered and natural systems.

Class Information

For current syllabi, please search the Clemson University Syllabus Repository.

EES 8030 Physicochemical Operations in Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems
EES 8050 Laboratory in Water and Wastewater Treatment Operations
EES 8060 Drinking Water Treatment Plant Design

Selected Publications

Ersan, G., Apul, O.G., Perreault, F., and Karanfil, T. “Adsorption of Organic Contaminants by Graphene Nanosheets: A review,” Water Research, 126, 385-398, (2017).

Liu, C., Olivares, C.I., Pinto, A.J., Lauderdale, C.V., Brown, J., Selbes, M., and Karanfil, T. “The Control of Disinfection Byproducts and Their Precursors in Biologically Active Filtration Processes,” Water Research, 124, 630-653, (2017).

Linard, E.N., Apul, O., Karanfil, T., van der Hurk, P., and Klaine, S.J. “Bioavailability of Carbon Nanomaterial-adsorbed Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons to P. Promelas: Influence of Adsorbate Molecular Size and Configuration,” Environmental Science and Technology, 51, 9288-9296, (2017).

Tsai, K-P., Uzun, H., Karanfil, T., and Chow, A. “Dynamic Changes of Disinfection Byproduct Precursors following Exposures of Microcystis aeruginosa to Wildfire Ash Solutions,” Environmental Science and Technology, 51, 8272-8282, (2017).

Beita-Sandi, W. and Karanfil, T. “Removal of both N-nitrosodimethylamine and Trihalomethanes Precursors in a Single Treatment using Ion Exchange Resins,” Water Research, 124, 20-28, (2017).

Ateia, M., Apul, O., Shimizu, Y., Astri, M., Yoshimura, C., and Karanfil, T. “Elucidating Adsorptive Fractions of Natural Organic Matter on Carbon Nanotubes,” Environmental Science and Technology, 51, 7101-7110, (2017).

Kim, D., Ates, N., Kaplan Bekaroglu, S.S., Selbes, M., and Karanfil, T. “Impact of Combining Chlorine Dioxide and Chlorine on DBP Formation in Simulated Indoor Swimming Pools,” Journal of Environmental Science, 58, 155-162 (2017).

Temizel, I., Emadian S.M., Di Addario, M., Onay, T., Demirel, B., Copy, N.K., and Karanfil, T. “Effect of Nano-ZnO on Biogas Generation from Simulated Landfills,” Waste Management, 63, 18-26, (2017).

Chen, C., Apul, O., and Karanfil, T. “Removal of Bromide from Surface Waters Using Silver Impregnated Activated Carbons,” Water Research, 113, 223-230, (2017).

Uzun, H., Kim, D., and Karanfil, T. “The Removal of N-Nitrosodimethylamine Formation Potentials in Drinking Water Treatment Plants,” Journal of American Water Works Association, 109, (6) 15-18 (2017).

Awards & Honors

American Water Works Association, Membrane Treatment Best Paper Award (2014 & 2016)

Editorial Advisory Board, Journal of American Water Works Association (2008-2013)

American Water Works Association, Academic Achievement Award (2015, 2014, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2007)

American Water Works Association South Carolina Section, Membership Award (2008-2009)

Clemson University, Board of Trustees Award for Faculty Excellence (2011, 2008, 2006, 2003, 2002)

Clemson University, College of Engineering, Computing and Applied Sciences, McQueen Quattlebaum Faculty Achievement Award (2005)

National Science Foundation, Early CAREER Award (2001)

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Ph.D. Fellowship, (1989-1992)