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Tanju Karanfil

Tanju KaranfilProfessor, EEES
Vice President for Research
Clemson University
230 Kappa Street

Ph.D. Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, 1995
M.S. Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, 1991
B.S. Environmental Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, 1988

Professional Registration
International Water Association Fellow
Professional Engineer, South Carolina, 2003, No. 23143
Board Certified Environmental Engineer, 2005, No. 04-10040

Classes | Publications | Honors | CV

Faculty Overview

Dr. Karanfil's primary teaching and research interests are in the fundamentals and applications of physiochemical processes in water, wastewater and hazardous waste treatment systems. There are three thrusts in his research group:

(i) The formation and control of regulated and emerging disinfection by-products (DBP) and understanding their precursors (e.g., the components of natural organic matter, dissolved organic nitrogen) in drinking water systems, wastewater effluents and swimming pools. The current research focus is more on nitrogenous (Nitrosamines, Halonitromethanes) and iodinated DBPs, and the formation and control of DBPs during desalination and controlled and wild fires.

(ii) Phase separation, specifically sorption and membrane processes and technologies. The adsorption behaviors of several adsorbents (e.g., activated carbons, carbon fibers, ion exchange resins, impregnated carbon materials and nanomaterials), with more emphasis on CNTs, graphenes, and other nanomaterials in recent years, have been examined in engineered and natural systems. LSER and QSAR based adsorption models for CNTs and graphenes have been developed. Some membrane application projects have also been conducted.

(iii) Water quality research in natural systems and process engineering research in water treatment systems.

Dr. Karanfil's research group is particularly interested in applying fundamentals of chemistry and engineering to address environmental challenges faced in practical applications including both engineered and natural systems.

Class Information

For current syllabi, please search the Clemson University Syllabus Repository.

EES 8030 Physicochemical Operations in Water and Wastewater Treatment Systems
EES 8050 Laboratory in Water and Wastewater Treatment Operations
EES 8060 Drinking Water Treatment Plant Design

Selected Publications

Uzun, H., Kim, D. and Karanfil, T. “The Removal of N-Nitrosodimethylamine Formation Potentials in Drinking Water Treatment Plants,” Journal of American Water Works Association, in review (2016).

Selbes, M., Brown, J., Lauderdale. C., and Karanfil, T. “Removal of Selected C- and N-DBP Precursors in Biologically Active Filters,” Journal of American Water Works Association, in revision, (2016).

Krasner, S.W., Lee, T.C.F., Westerhoff, P., Fisher, N., Hanigan, D., Karanfil, T., Beita-Sandi, Taylor-Edmonds, L., and Andrews, R. “Granular Activated Carbon Treatment May Result in Higher Relative Genotoxicity in the Presence of Bromide,” Environmental Science and Technology, in press, (2016).

Alansari, A., Selbes, M., Karanfil, T., and Amburgey, J. “Removal of Disinfection By-Product Precursors Using Hybrid Coagulation Ceramic Membrane Systems,” Journal of American Water Works Association, in press, (2016).

Selbes, M., Amburgey, J., Peeler, C. Alansari, A., and Karanfil, T. “Evaluation of Seasonal Performance of Conventional and Phosphate Amended Biofilters,” Journal of American Water Works Association, in press, (2016).

Ersan, G., Kaya, Y., Apul, O., and Karanfil, T. “Adsorption of Organic Contaminants by Graphene Nanosheets, Carbon Nanotubes and Granular Activated Carbons under Natural Organic Matter Preloading Conditions,” Science of the Total Environment, 565, 811-817, (2016).

Sakallioglu, T., Bakirdoven, M., Temizel, I., Demirel, B., Copty, N., Onay C.S., Demirel, C.S.U. and Karanfil, T. “Leaching of Nano-ZnO in Municipal Solid Waste,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, in press, (2016).

Dilek, F., Olmez, G., Yetis, U., and Karanfil, T. “The Environmental Impacts of Iron and Steel Industry: A Life Cycle Assessment Study,” Journal of Cleaner Production, 130, 195-201, (2016).

Ersan, M., Ladner, D.A., and Karanfil, T. “The Control of N-Nitrosodimethyleamine, Halonitromethane and Trihalomethane Precursors by Nanofiltration,” Water Research, 105, 274-281, (2016).

Amaral, P., Partland, E., Li, M., Lapolli, F., Mefford, T., Karanfil, T., Ladner, D. “Superfine Powdered Activated Carbon (S-PAC) Coatings on Microfiltration Membranes: Effects of Milling Time on Contaminant Removal and Flux,” Water Research, 100, 429-438, (2016).

Wang, J-J., Dahlgren, R., Ersan, M., and Karanfil T. “Leaching Effects only Partially Explain Temporal Variations of Disinfection Byproduct Precursors in Wildfire Ashes,” Water Research, 99, 66-73, (2016).

Ersan, G., Apul, O., and Karanfil, T. “Linear solvation energy relationships (LSER) for adsorption of organic compounds by carbon nanotubes,” Water Research, 98, 28-38, (2016).

Partland, E., Davis, K., Ren, Y., Apul, O., Mefford, O.T., Karanfil, T., and Ladner, D. “Effect of Bead Milling on Chemical and Physical Characteristics of Activated Carbons Pulverized to Superfine Sizes,” Water Research, 89, 161-170, (2016).

Beita-Sandi, W., Ersan, M.S., Uzun, H. and Karanfil, T. “Removal of N-Nitrosodimethylamine Precursors with Powdered Activated Carbon Adsorption,” Water Research, 88, 711-718, (2016).

Dulger, M., Sakallioglu, T., Temizel, I., Demirel, B., Copty, N.K., Onay, T., Demirel Uyguner, C.S. and Karanfil, T. “Leaching Potential of Nano-scale Titanium Dioxide in Fresh Municipal Solid Waste,” Chemosphere, 144, 1567-1572 (2016).

Alansari, A., Selbes, M., Karanfil, T. and Amburgey, J. “Optimization of Hybrid-Coagulation Ceramic Membrane Systems,” Journal of American Water Works Association, 107, E693-701 (2015).

Kim, D., Amy, G. and Karanfil, T. “Disinfection By-Product Formation during Seawater Desalination: A Review,” Water Research, 81, 343-355, (2015).

Wang, J-J., Dahlgren, R.A., Ersan, M., Karanfil, T. and Chow, A.T. “Wildfire Alters Terrestrial Precursors of Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water,” Environmental Science and Technology, 49, 5921-5929, (2015). 19. Selbes, M., Yilmaz, O., Khan, A.A. and Karanfil, T. “Leaching of Organic and Inorganic Tire Constituents from Scrap Tires,” Chemosphere, 139, 617-623, (2015).

Yilmaz, O., Anctil. A. and Karanfil, T. “LCA as a Decision Support Tool for Evaluation of Best Available Techniques (BATs) for Cleaner Production of Iron Casting,” Journal of Cleaner Production, 105, 337-347, (2015).

Awards & Honors

American Water Works Association, Membrane Treatment Best Paper Award (2014 & 2016)

Editorial Advisor Board, Journal of American Water Works Association (2008-2013)

American Water Works Association, Academic Achievement Award (2015, 2014, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2007)

American Water Works Association South Carolina Section, Membership Award (2008-2009)

Clemson University, Board of Trustees Award for Faculty Excellence (2011, 2008, 2006, 2003, 2002)

Clemson University, College of Engineering, Computing and Applied Sciences, McQueen Quattlebaum Faculty Achievement Award (2005)

National Science Foundation, Early CAREER Award (2001)

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Ph.D. Fellowship, (1989-1992)