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Streams - Objectives

Clemson Hydrogeology Field Camp

Clemson Hydrogeology Field Camp

Stream gauging and hydraulic gradient

Upon completion, students will be able to:

    • Measure the volumetric flow rate in a stream
    • Characterize the change in flow with distance
    • Use Manning's Law with stream gauging to characterize channel roughness

Interaction between ground water and surface water

Upon completion, students will be able to:

    • Characterize the interaction between groundwater and surface water
    • Measure the groundwater discharge to a stream
    • Measure the vertical hydraulic head gradient in a stream bed
    • Estimate the hydraulic conductivity of a stream bed

Water balance and water quality

Upon completion, students will be able to:

    • Recognize a stream hydrograph
    • Be aware of methods for analyzing hydrographs and recognizing some of the insights that can be gained from them 
    • Be aware of factors affecting water quality and basic measurements of water quality
    • Make water quality measurements and use them to make hydrogeologic inferences

Water and sediment sampling

Upon completion, students will be able to:

    • Use methods for sampling surface water and ground water
    • Use selected methods for sampling and characterizing water
    • Take sediment cores and analyze grain-size distribution
    • Measure bed-load transport rate across the width of the channel