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IDProject InfoCollegeCollege ID
4

Stress, Behavior and Health

The teams have been studying subtle changes in brain function that are associated with increased risk for hypertension in young adults. These changes in brain function produce emotional dampening; the reduced perception of emotionally meaningful environmental cues such as facial expressions. Emotional dampening could lead to increased psychosocial stress and further elevations in blood pressure and risk for cardiovascular disease.

Team Leaders
James A McCubbin Psychology
Accomplishments
McCubbin, J., *Whitesides, K., Tucker, J., Davis, K., Priddy, C., Basiura, R,. Haile, B., and Wood, D. (2017, March 31). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening of Threat Perception: A Preliminary Study of Blood Pressure and Financial Risk-Taking. Poster to be presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Diego CA.
McCubbin,  J., *Whitesides, K., *Tucker, J., *Davis, K., *Priddy, C., *Basiura, R.,  *Haile, B., and Wood, D. (2017, March 31). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening of Threat Perception: A Preliminary Study of Blood Pressure and Financial Risk-Taking. Accepted for poster presentation at the annual meeting of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, San Diego, CA.
McCubbin, J.A., Zinzow, H.M., *Lindberg, C.A., *McGee, T.E., *Rodriguez, M.K., *Hayes, J.M., *Green, C.A., and *Kinard, S.L. (2015, April). The relationships among sleep quality, hostility, blood pressure, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, in young adults without a known trauma history. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.
McCubbin, J.A., Zinzow, H.M., *Hibdon, M.A., *Nathan, A.W., *Morrison, A.V., *Hayden, G.W. and *Lindberg, C.A. (2015, March). Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, sleep quality, hostility and blood pressure in young adults without a known trauma history. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, Savannah, GA.
*Nathan, A., *Lansinger, D., *Hayden, G., *McDermott, K., *Newman, A., *Quakenbush, J., McCubbin, J. (2014, April). Systolic blood pressure and effects on threat appraisal and risk behavior. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Hibdon, M., *Morrison, A., *Stephens, J., *Scanlon, M., *Lindberg, C., McCubbin, J. (2014, April). Cardiovascular emotional dampening and blood pressure: Is there a relationship between diastolic blood pressure and risk-taking behavior? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
McCubbin, J., Zinzow, H., *Hibdon, M., *Nathan, A., *Morrison, A., *Hayden, G., *Lindberg, K. (2016). Subclinical post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms: Relationships with blood pressure, hostility and sleep. Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology, Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4720941, 9 pages.
McCubbin, J.A., Loveless, J.P., *Graham, J.G., Hall, G.A., Bart, R.M., Moore, D.D., Merritt, M.M., Lane, R.D., Thayer, J.F. (2013, June). Emotional dampening in persons with elevated blood pressure: Affect dysregulation and risk for hypertension. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 47, 111-119.
McCubbin J., *Peach, H., Pilcher, J., Moore, D. (2012, January). Decreased Cognitive Function in Young Adults at Risk for Hypertension: Effects of Sleep Deprivation. International Journal of Hypertension, vol. 2012.
McCubbin, J., *McGee, T., *Green, C., *Grady, J., *Kinard, S., *Whitesides, N., *Basiura, R., *Cole, S., *Davis, K., *Priddy, C., *Spencer, B., *Tucker, J., Wood, D. (2016, April).  Blood pressure, emotional dampening, and risky behavior: A model and converging methods. Presented at the annual Clemson University Focus on Creative Inquiry poster session.
McCubbin, J., *McGee, T., *Green, C., *Grady, J., *Kinard, S., *Whitesides, N., *Basiura, R., *Cole, S., *Davis, K., *Priddy, C., *Spencer, B., *Tucker, J., Wood, D. (2016, April 6). Blood pressure, emotional dampening, and risky behavior: A model and converging methods. Presented at FoCI Conference, Clemson University. * CI Students
*Graham, J.G., *Hibdon, M.A., *Nathan, A.W., *Schram, R.R., *Caldwell, M.T., *Morrison, A.V., *Wilson, E.D., *Backman, K.L., McCubbin, J.A. (2013, April). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening is there a Relationship Between Social Support and Blood Pressure. To be presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, La Crosse, WI.
McCubbin, J.A., Loveless, J.P., *Graham, J.G., Bart, R., *Hibdon, M.A., *Loukas B., *Brower-Lingsch, D., *Ross G., *Nathan, A., *Isgett, S.F., and *Schram, R. (2012, April). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening Is There a Relationship Between Blood Pressure and Perception of Risk. Presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, New Orleans, LA.
*Graham, J.G., *Hibdon, M.A., *Nathan, A.W., *Schram, R.R., *Caldwell, M.T., McCubbin, J.A., (2013, March). Does Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening Reduce Social Support. To be presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, Miami, FL.
McCubbin, J.A., Burnette, C.M., *Peach, H., Allen, A.J., Gillispie, S., Pilcher, J.J. (2010, March). Methodological Pilot Study The Relationship Between Blood Pressure and Perception of Emotion in Narrative Sentences. Presented at Annual Meeting of the American Psychosomatic Association. Portland, OR.
McCubbin, J., Loveless, J., Hall, G., *Robinson, G., Moore, D., (2011, March). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening is Independent of Alexithymia Presented at American Psychosomatic Society, San Antonio, TX.
*Robinson, G., Hall, G., Loveless, J., McCubbin, J. (2010, August). The Relationship Between Cardiovascular Function and Emotion Recognition Studying the Emotional Dampening Hypothesis. Presented at Conference on Applied Psychology. Clemson University, SC.
*Peach, H., James, M., Pilcher, J. (2011, March). Cognitive Functioning Declines in Pre-Hypertensive Young Adults throughout a Night of Sleep Deprivation. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society. San Antonio, TX.
*Robinson, G., Moore, D. (2011, March). Sleep Deprivation Increases Blood Pressure in Persons with a Family History of Hypertension. Accepted for oral presentation at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society. San Antonio, TX.
*Peach, H., James, M., Pilcher, J. (2011, April). Cognitive Functioning Declines in Pre-Hypertensive Young Adults throughout a Night of Sleep Deprivation. Accepted for presentation at the annual ACC Meeting of the Minds Conference. Coral Gables, FL.
McCubbin, J., *Nathan, A., *Hibdon, M. A., *Stephens, J., *Morrison, A., *Graham, J. G., *Schram, R., *Hayden, G. (2014, March). Blood pressure and emotional dampening in young adults: Effects on threat appraisal and risk behavior. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, San Francisco, CA
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
10

Aging: a programmed or environmental stress induced process?

As organisms age, their bodily functions and regulation mechanisms decline. This general decline contributes to several age-related diseases, such as Alzheimer's Disease (AD). One specific regulation mechanism that is decreased in AD patients is the ability to maintain normal levels of functioning proteins. This reduction in proteostasis can lead to the development of beta-amyloid plaques in the brain. The plaques indicate that AD patients are unable to properly dissolve and fold many important proteins in their brains, therefore contributing to the symptoms of this disease. The CI project focuses on the regulatory function of edible nutritions on proteostasis. 

Team Leaders
Yuqing Dong Biological Sciences
Min Cao Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Brand, K., *Collier, D., *Freebern, E., *Moore, R., *Richardson, L., *Staley, T., Dong, Y., Cao, M. (2017, April). The effects of anti-aging agents on the regulation of proteostasis. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Rypkema, E., Duvall, A., Phillips, A., *Shah, M., Natarajan, O., Cao, M., Dong, Y. (2016, April). Role of ethanol on healthspan of C.elegans. Presented at the annual meeting of FoCI, Clemson, SC.
*Cook, L., Wang, X., Cao, M., Dong, Y. (2015, April 6). Royal jelly-mediated prolongevity and stress resistance in Caenorhabditis elegans is possibly modulated by the interplays of Daf-16, SIR-2.1, HCF-1, and 14-3-3 proteins. Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Guha, S., *Kane, R., *Murbach, C., Dong, Y. (2013, June). "Long Term Consumption of Cranberry Extract Improves C. elegans Healthspan in Elderly Populations." 42nd Annual Meeting of the American Aging Association, Baltimore, MD.
Guha, S., Cao, M., *Kane, R., *Savino, A., Zou, S., Dong, Y. (March 9, 2012). "The Longevity Effect of Cranberry Extract in Caenorhabditis elegans is Modulated by daf-16 and osr-1." 8th Annual SC Aging Research Day, Greenville, SC.
Dong, Y., Zou, S., Guha, S., Cao, M., *Kane, R., *Savino, A. (2012). "Cranberry Extract Promotes Longevity and Modulates Stress Response in Caenorhabditis elegans." 41st Annual Meeting of the American Aging Association, Fort Worth, TX.
Guha, S., Cao, M., *Kane, R., *Savino, A., Zou, S., Dong, Y. (2012, March). The Longevity Effect of Cranberry Extract in Caenorhabditis elegans is Modulated by daf-16 and osr-1. 8th Annual SC Aging Research Day, Greenville, SC.
*Kane, R., *Savino, A., Guha, S., Dong, Y. (2011, December). Effect of cranberry supplementation upon insulin signaling pathway and behaviors for Caenorhabditis elegans. 5th Annual Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Cook, L., *Grasso, L., Dong, Y., Wang, X. (2014, April). Royal jelly-mediated prolongevity in Caenorhabditis elegans is modulated by the interplays of DAF-16, SIR-2.1, HCF-1 and 14-3-3 proteins. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Wang X, Cook L*, Grasso L*, Cao M, Dong Y. (2014) Royal jelly-mediated prolongevity in Caenorhabditis elegans is modulated by the interplays of DAF-16, SIR-2.1, HCF-1, and 14-3-3 Proteins. Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences.
Guha, S., Natarajan, O., *Murbach, C., Dinh, J., *Wilson, E., Cao, M., Zou, S., Dong, Y. (2014) Supplement timing of cranberry extract plays a key role in promoting Caenorhabditis elegans healthspan. Nutrients. 6(2): 911-21.
Guha, S., Cao, M., *Kane, R.M., *Savino, A.M., Zou, S., Dong, Y. (2013). The longevity effect of cranberry extract in Caenorhabditis elegans is modulated by daf-16 and osr-1. AGE 35. 1559-1574.
Sujay Guha received the only poster award presented at the 8th annual SC Aging Research Day which was held at the Greenville Hospital System University Medical Center, on March 9, 2012. Undergraduate students Ryan M. Kane and Anthony M. Savino were co-authors of the poster.
ScienceG
18

Mirrors and Windows: A Children's Literature Newsletter

The purpose of this CI project is to create a newsletter that focuses on children's literature intended for youth in grades K-6. The books will be diverse in terms of genres (e.g., poetry, fantasy, nonfiction, etc.) as well as the race of the authors and illustrators. Students will read 6-8 titles and select their favorite book to review.

Team Leaders
Jonda McNair Teacher Education
Accomplishments
McNair, J.C. (2015). Picturebook Apps. Mirrors and Windows, in print.
McNair, J.C., *Webb, T., *Spencer, D., *Doctor, A.E., *Montgomery, L., *Richardson, R., *Cobbs, W.D., *Watkins, A. (2007, December). I Never Knew : A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Fall 2007.
McNair, J.C., *Spencer, D., *Montgomery, L., *Watkins, A., *Webb, T., *Wilkes, K., *Doctor, A.E. (2007, May). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Spring 2007.
McNair, J.C., *Joseph, M., *Montgomery, L., *Cobbs, W.D., *Henry, R., *Halloway, J., *Crouch, A., *Ochieng, L., *Chandler, L. (2008, December). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Fall 2008.
McNair, J.C., *Richardson, R., *Joseph, M., *Spencer, D., *Brice, C., *Montgomery, L., *Webb, T., *Cobbs, W., *Doctor, A., *Henry, R., *Gaines, L., *Watkins, A. (2008, May). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Spring 2008.
McNair, J.C., *Dekine, T., *Darby, L., *Joseph, M., *Montogmery, L., *Richardson, R., *Chandler, L. (2009, December). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Fall 2009.
McNair, J.C., *Smiley, A., *Ouzts, J., *Weir, M., *Dover, S., *Sturkie, C., *Joseph, M., *Montgomery, L., *Cade, L., *Nimmo, L. (2010, May). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Spring 2010.
McNair, J.C., *Mobley, D., *Trotty, C., *Sease, K., *Fowler, A., *Shaw, T., *Pate, C. Jr., *Hicks, H., *Ochieng, L., *Johnson, C. (2011, December). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature Fall, 2011.
McNair, J. C. (2013). Mirrors and Windows. Clemson University.
EducationE
276

Design and Synthesis of Advanced Nanomaterials to Address the Global Challenges of the 21st Century

As we look into our future, we see many daunting challenges that face our global society. Einstein once said, “We cannot solve the problems we face using the same kind of thinking that was used when we created them.” Creative Inquiry offers a new kind of research where we approach research as an interdisciplinary, collaborative approach. This is particularly true when we look into the global challenges for the 21st century. Some of these challenges include: Providing renewable energy and clean water to satisfy the global demand, Developing new diagnostics and therapeutics for the next generation of diseases that we face, and creating sustainable technologies that benefit society without being detrimental to the environment. The goal of this creative inquiry research is to look into these challenges and determine what problems can be solved by designing advanced nanomaterials with specific functionalities.

Team Leaders
Christopher Kitchens Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Jiang, M., DeMass, S. N.*, Economy, D. R., Shackleton, T.*, Kitchens, C. L. (2016, in press). “The Formation of Highly Oriented Cellulose Nanocrystal Films by Spin-Coating Films from Aqueous Suspensions”. Journal of Renewable Materials.
Mohamed Ansar, M. S., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, March 12-16). “Impact of the gold nanoparticle stabilizing ligands on catalysis.” Spring 2016 National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, San Diego, CA.
Mohamed Ansar, M. S., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, March 12-16). “Modifying lipid bilayer permeability with inorganic nanoparticles.” Spring 2016 National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, San Diego, CA.
*Shackleton, T., *Wilson, O., Jiang, M., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, April). “Investigation of Carbon Nanotubes/Cellulose Nanocrystals Composites for Potential Use in Microelectromecanical Systems.” Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson SC.
McMillan, M., Jiang, M., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, April). “Nanocrystalline Cellulose Device Platforms.” Southeastern Regional AIChE Meeting, Tuscaloosa, AL.
*Mispireta, P., Ansar, S.M., Kitchens, C. (2015 April). Transformations of Silver Nanoparticles exposed to bovine serum albumim.
*Demass, S., *McMillan, M., Kitchens, C. (2014, April). Phase behavior and application studies of cellulose nano-crystals synthesized by acetic acid. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Solon, T., *Davidson, C., *Stonaker, J., *Ledford, T., Leroy, C., Kitchens, C. (2014, April). Stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems using gold nanoparticles and phospholipid vesicles. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
21

Conservation of Marine Resources

The Conservation of Marine Resources creative inquiry team participates in marine ecology research to benefit the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Current projects include studying (1) the direct and indirect impact of parrotfish grazing on the survival of coral transplants, and (2) the impact of mass sponge mortality on the survival of juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters.

Team Leaders
Kara Noonan Biological Sciences
Kylie Smith Biological Sciences
Michael Childress Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
$900 raised for Spring Break trip to conduct research in the Florida Keys. We raised this money through various fundraisers including bake sales, Krispy Kreme, Groucho’s, Go Fund Me, TDs, and other personal donations.
*Guryan, T., *Sims, R., Smith, K., Childress, M. (2017, February 25). Clean Freaks: Neon gobies facilitate reef herbivore diversity. February 25, 2017. Poster presentation at the annual Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Ehlers, A., *Ehlert, A., *Guryan, T., *Krachman, H., *Rolfe, S., *Sims, R., *Stroud, C., *Towe, A., *Whitaker, S.; Smith, K.; Childress, M. (2017, April) Forecasting the Future of Coral Reef Communities. Digital poster presentation at the annual Focus On Creative Inquiry Poster Forum.
*Guryan, T., *Sims, R., Smith, K., Childress, M. (2017, February). Clean Freaks: Neon gobies facilitate reef herbivore diversity. Poster presentation at the annual Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Krachman, H., *Ehlert, A., Childress, M. (2017 April 12-16). Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., *Sims, R., *Dubnicka, I., *Ehlers, A., *Whitaker, S., *Rolfe, S., *Krachman, H., *Stroud, C. (2017, April). Forecasting the Future of Coral Reef Communities. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Krachman, H., *Ehlert, A., and Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. 2016, March 12. Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Coster, D., *Ehlers, A., *Whitt, J., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Veggie Tails: Variable dietary selectivity of parrotfish in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Burgess, M., *Sims, R., Smith, K., Childress, M. (2015, January). Rescuing the Reef: Monitoring the impacts of macroalgal competition and parrotfish grazing on coral transplants. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, West Palm, FL.
*Burgess, M.T., *Sims, R.J., Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2015). Rescuing the Reef: Monitoring the impacts of macroalgal competition and grazing on coral transplants. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Athens, Georgia.
*Burgess, M., *Sims, R., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (April, 2015). Monitoring the impact of macroalgal competition and grazing on coral transplants. Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Ehlert, A., *Fraser, L., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (April, 2015). Are lobsters from disease free habitats more social? Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Whitt, J., *Drake-Lavelle, K., *Coster, D., Smith K., and Childress, M. (April, 2015). Taking a bite out of the reef: factors influencing foraging patterns and dietary selectivity indices. Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Burgess*, M.; Sims*, R.; Smith, K; Childress, M.; (2015, January 3). Rescuing the Reef: Monitoring the impacts of macroalgal competition and parrotfish grazing on coral transplants. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, West Palm, FL.
Holt, B., McClellan, K.*, Watts, R.*, Witt, R., Parmenter, K., Childress, M. (2012, March). Impact of Drought on Blue Crab Health. 2012 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Norfolk, VA
*Gurley, A., Parmenter, K., Childress, M. (2011, March). The influence of salinity variation on juvenile blue crab growth and survival. Presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Mobile, AL.
*Miller, S.D., Heldt, K.A., Childress, M.J. (2013, March). Effects of ocean acidification on aggression and den sharing behavior of juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters, Panulirus argus. Presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Savannah, GA.
*Micklewright, J., Parmenter, K., Childress, M. (2011, March). The influence of salinity variation on Hematodinium sp. infection of blue crabs in the ACE Basin. Presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Mobile, AL.
*Holt, B., *McClellan, K., *Watts, R., *Witt, R., Parmenter, K., Childress, M. (2012, March). Impact of drought on blue crab health. Presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Norfolk, VA.
*McClellan, K., *Quirk-Royal, B., Smith, K., Childress, M. (2013, March). Who says intermediacy is a bad thing? Influences of community factors on coral diversity in the Florida Keys. Presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Savannah, GA.
*Clarke, L., *Cunningham, K., Heldt, K., and Childress, M. (2013, April). Personality in lobsters: Do juvenile spiny lobsters show repeatability in their social and anti-social behaviors? Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Hoffmann, S. L., *O'Connor, E.K., *Burgess, M.T., Moody, K.N., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Modeling population structure and adaptation in a Hawaiian stream goby: Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presentation at Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
*Quirk-Royal, B., *Hoffmann, S., Childress, M., Smith, K. (2014, April). Just keep grazing: Parrotfish grazing and dietary selectivity in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Hoffmann, S., Childress, M. (2014, April). It's not easy being a reef: Impacts of competition and corallivory in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*O'Connor, E.K., *Burgess, M.T., Moody, K.N., Childress, M.J. (2014, April). Modeling population structure and adaptation in a Hawaiian stream goby: Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Ellis, J.R., *Cunningham, K.G., Heldt, K.A., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Do Spiny Lobsters Prefer to Associate with Familiar Individuals? Poster presentation at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
*O'Connor, E.K., *Burgess, M.T., Moody, K.N., Childress, M.J. (2014, March). Modeling population structure and adaptation in a Hawaiian stream goby: Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presentation at Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
*Cunningham, K., *Ellis, J., Childress, M. (2014, April). Do spiny lobsters prefer to associate with familiar individuals? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Dubnicka, I; *Krachman, H.; *Ehlert, A.; Childress, M., April 12-16. Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Ehlers, A; Whitaker, S.; Fraser, L.; Smith, K., April 12-16. Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Ehlert, A; Childress, M.., April 12-16. What Factors Influence Den Sharing in Juvenile Spiny Lobsters? Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Sims, R.; Towe, A.; *Rolfe, S.; Smith, K., April 12-16. Influence of farmer and non-farmer damselfishes on coral transplant success. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Smith, K., Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Testing trophic cascades: Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Ehlers, A., *Guryan, T., *Krachman, H., *Rolfe, S.; *Sims, R.; *Stroud, C.; *Towe, A., *Whitaker, S.; Smith, K.; Childress, M. (2017, April 6). Forecasting the Future of Coral Reef Communities. Digital poster presentation at the annual Focus On Creative Inquiry Poster Forum. Clemson University, Clemson, SC
Smith, K.; Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Testing trophic cascades: Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Sims, R.; Towe, A.; Rolfe, S.; Smith, K., April 12-16. Influence of farmer and non-farmer damselfishes on coral transplant success. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Ehlert, A., Childress, M., (2017, April 12-16). What Factors Influence Den Sharing in Juvenile Spiny Lobsters? Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Ehlers, A., *Whitaker, S., *Fraser, L.; Smith, K., April 12-16. Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Testing trophic cascades: Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Sims, R., *Towe, A., *Rolfe, S., and Smith, K. (2017, April 12-16). Influence of farmer and non-farmer damselfishes on coral transplant success. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Ehlert, A. and Childress, M. (2016 April 12-16). What Factors Influence Den Sharing in Juvenile Spiny Lobsters? Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Ehlert, A., *Whitaker, S., *Fraser, L., and Smith, K. (2017 April 12-16). Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Smith, K., and  Childress, M. (2017, January 4-8). "Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of coral cover in the Florida Keys". Oral presentation for Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology, New Orleans, LA.
*Sims, R., Smith, K., and  Childress, M. (2017, January 4-8). "Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef community structure". Oral presentation for Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology, New Orleans, LA.
Fraser, L., Smith, K., and Childress, M. 2016, March 12. Stay off my lawn: Territoriality and social structure differences in two species of reef parrotfishes. Oral presentation presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
Sims, R., Towe, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. 2016, March 12. Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef algal community structure. Oral presentation presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
Smith, K. and Childress, M. 2016, March 12. Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
Smith, K. and Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Sims, R., *Towe, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef algal community structure. Oral presentation presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Fraser, L., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Stay off my lawn: Territoriality and social structure differences in two species of reef parrotfishes.Oral presentation presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, April 7). Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Poster presented at the annual meeting of Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Sims, R., *Towe, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, February 20). Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef algal community structure. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Fraser, L., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, February 20). Stay off my lawn: Territoriality and social structure differences in two species of reef parrotfishes. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, February 20). Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Coster, D.*, Ehlers, A.*, Whitt, J., Smith, K., and Childress, M. 2016, February 20. Veggie Tails: Variable dietary selectivity of parrotfish in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Childress, M.J., Parmenter, K.J.* (2012). Dying of Thirst: Impact of Reduced Freshwater Inflow on South Carolina Blue Crabs. Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0314, USA. 2012 S.C. Presented at the Water Resources Conference proceedings.
Childress, M.J. (2010). Modeling The Impact of Drought on South Carolina Blue Crabs Using a Spatially-Explicit Individual-Based Population Model. Proceedings of the 2010 South Carolina Water Resources Conference.
*Hoffmann, S. L., *Quirk-Royal, B.E., Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). It ain't easy being reef: impacts of competition and corallivory in Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Quirk-Royal, B.E.*; Hoffmann, S.L.*; Smith, K.M.; Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Just keep grazing: parrotfish grazing and dietary selectivity in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Hoffmann, S. L.*; Quirk-Royal, B.E.*; Smith, K.M.; Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). It ain't easy being reef: impacts of competition and corallivory in Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Historical vs. contemporary effects on coral cover in the Florida Keys. Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Historical vs. contemporary effects on coral cover in the Florida Keys. Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium undergrad poster presentation 1st place awarded to *Daniel Coster
Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium undergrad poster presentation 3rd place awarded to *Lauren Fraser
Phil and Mary Bradley Award for Mentoring in Creative Inquiry - May 2015 - Clemson, SC
Best Undergraduate Poster - Second Place - Clemson Biological Sciences Student Symposium - Feb 2015 - Clemson, SC
Outstanding Undergraduate Research Poster 2010 Benthic Ecology Meeting - Wilmington, NC
Best Undergraduate Poster - First Place - 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium
Childress, M. J., Heldt, K. A., Miller, S. D. (2015, March). Are juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters (Panulirus argus) becoming less social? ICES Journal of Marine Science.
Heldt, K. A., Bridges, W. C., Jr, Childress, M. J. (2015, February). Behavioral response to habitat loss in juvenile spiny lobsters. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 521: 117-128.
Parmenter, K.J., Vigueira, P. A., Morlok, C. K.*, Micklewright, J. A.*, Smith, K. M., Paul, K. S., Childress, M. J. (2013). Seasonal prevalence of Hematodinium sp. infections of blue crabs in three South Carolina (USA) rivers. Estuaries and Coasts 36:174-191.
ScienceG
577

Modeling growth and disturbance responese of southern pines

Are you interested in how different southern pines respond differently to natural disturbances such as fire and ice storm? Are you curious about specific strategies that southern pines developed to cope with natural disturbances? Have you ever wondered how can we know a tree growing each year without measure them annually? Our research team will model tree growth through stem analysis and investigate the differential responses to common natural disturbances such as fire and ice storm.  Students will also explore adaptations developed in southern pines to cope with fire.  Students will obtain fieldwork and labwork experience in silviculture and ecology, while gaining insight into research at Clemson University. This project require a commitment of two semesters.

Team Leaders
Gaofeng Wang Forestry & Environment Conserv
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
23

Courage Research

Examines the psychological processes involved in courageous behavior.

Team Leaders
Cynthia Pury Psychology
Accomplishments
Pury, C. L. S. (2017, July). Nature is lumpy: Goal-risk parings and types of courage. Symposium contribution to Pioneering and Profiling Courage: The work and legacy of Shane Lopez. To be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Jordan, M. J., *Cataldo, A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Nichols, E. R., & *Green, M. M. P. (2017, July). Accolade Courage as a Reflection of the Observer's Values. Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. B., Saylors, S., *Vanelli, N., *Cataldo, A., *Nichols, E. R., & *Green, M. M. P. (2017, July). Virtues as Guides to Maximizing Well-Being: A Theoretical and Empirical Exploration. Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Hardy, B. P., Pury, C. L. S., & *Jordan, M. J. (2017, July). Does it take Courage to Start a Business? Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
*Jordan, M., Burnett, E., Wish, N., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K., *Russell, L, *Gonzalez, K., *Kouser, A., & Pury, C. (2017, March). Views of Controversial Decisions Based on One's Values. Poster presented at the 63rd annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Pury, C. L. S. (2016, July). Process Courage, Accolade Courage, and Meaning. Paper presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A.,  *Gonzalez, K. R., *Russell, L. E., *Clancy, K. E.,  *Jordan, M. J., *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., and *Allen F. E. (2016, July). A Situational View of Courage: Affordances for Action, Goals, and Risks. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., *Jordan, M. J., *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Clancy, K. E., and *Russell L. E. (2016, July). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., Wisch, N. R., Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell, L. E., and *Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S. (2016, July). Process Courage, Accolade Courage, and Meaning. Paper presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., *Jordan, M. J., *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell L. E. (2016, July). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S. (2016, July). Process Courage, Accolade Courage, and Meaning. Paper to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Kowalski, R. M., Pury, C.L. S., Sporrer, L., Hunter, E., Gorney, A., Baker, M., Smith, L., Elrod, M., DeWitt, S., Sternfeld, J., Mitchell, T. (2006, November). Courage and hope Pathways to action. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Knoxville, TN.
Kowalski, R. M., Pury, C. L. S., Kozlik, L. E., Bullington, E. A., Wachter, A. S. (2004, May). How courageous was that Reference group, actor-observer bias, and the modest hero. Presented at the American Psychological Society Convention, Chicago, IL.
Pury, C., Starkey, C., Hawkins, C., Weber, C., Saylors, S. (2009, June). A cognitive appraisal model of courage. Presented at the First World Congress on Positive Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Pury, C., Kowalski, R., McRae, T., Kentera, J., Arnold, C., Becht, C., Starkey, J. (2006, October). Getting up the nerve Self-reports of deliberate attempts to increase courage. In C. Pury (Chair) Symposium Courage. Presented at the 5th Gallup International Positive Psychology Summit,, Washington, DC.
Pury, C. L. S., Kowalski, R. M., Kozlik, L. E., Bullington, E. A., Wachter, A. S. (2004, May). Studying courageous acts A prototype approach. Presented at the American Psychological Society Convention, Chicago, IL.
Pury, C.LS., Kowalski, R. (2004, March). Standing up to teasing A courageous action. 50th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Pury, C.L.S., Kowalski, R.M. (2004, October). Prototypes of courage. Poster presented at the 3rd International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington DC.
Kowalski, R. M., Pury, C. L. S., (2004, November) Defining courage What makes an action courageous Poster presented at the 2004 Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists Annual Meeting, Clemson, SC.
Pury, C. L. S. (2004, November). The varieties of courage. Part of invited Positive Psychology Symposium (organizer) presented at the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists 2004 Annual Meeting, Clemson, SC.
Campbell, R., Pury, C. (2005, September). Moral courage, self-esteem, and self-respect. Poster presented at the 4th International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington, DC.
Hensel, A., Pury, C. (2005, September). Courage in retrospect An investigation into the roles of self presentation and hindsight. Poster presented at the 4th International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington, DC.
Pury, C., Kowalski, R. (2005, September). Human strengths, courageous actions, and general and personal vourage. Poster presented at the 4th Gallup International Positive Psychology Summit,Washington, DC.
Wasko, L. E., Pury, C. L. S. (2006, October). An empirical integration of affective forecasting and the Good Life. Poster presented at the 5th Gallup International Positive Psychology Summit,Washington, DC.
Higgenbottom, L., Pury, C. (2006, November). Getting up the nerve to overcome. Is there a relationship between the type of obstacles individuals encounter and the methods used to increase courage. Presented at the Annual Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students (ABRCMS), Anaheim, CA.
Pury, C. L. S. (2008, August). Types of courage within an organizational context. Presented at the 2008 Annual Academy of Management Meeting, Annaheim, CA.
Pury, C. L. S. (2007, October). Goal pursuit, meaning, and courage. Presented at the 2007 Courage Summit, Washington D.C.
Pury, C. L. S. (2008, April). The psychology of courage. Presented at University of South Carolina Lancaster Community Health Lecture Series.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C., Wueste, D. (2008, October). Cognitive appraisals, Courage, and academic integrity. Presented at the 2008 Center for Academic Integrity Conference Myrtle Beach, SC.
Pury, C. L. S., Murphy, H. J. (2013, April). Courage interventions in the workplace. Paper presented at the 28th Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP), Houston TX.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. (2013, February). A cognitive appraisal theory of courage. Presented at the American Philosophical Association 2013 Central Division Meeting, New Orleans.
Burnett, E. A., Pury, C. L. S., & Ellenberg, D. (2017, July). Interpersonal Courage in Organizations. Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Hardy, B. P., Pury, C. L. S., & *Jordan, M. J. (2017, July). Does it take Courage to Start a Business? Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. B., Saylors, S., *Vanelli, N., *Cataldo, A., *Nichols, E. R., & *Green, M. M. P. (2017, July). Virtues as Guides to Maximizing Well-Being: A Theoretical and Empirical Exploration. Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Jordan, M. J., *Cataldo, A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Nichols, E. R., & *Green, M. M. P. (2017, July). Accolade Courage as a Reflection of the Observer’s Values. Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Wisch, N. R., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell, L. E., and *Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., *Jordan, M. J., *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Clancy, K. E., and Russell L. E. (2016, July). "Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage". Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Russell, L. E., *Clancy, K. E., *Jordan, M. J. *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., and *Allen F. E. (2016, July). A Situational View of Courage: Affordances for Action, Goals, and Risks. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Wisch, N. R., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell, L. E., *Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., *Jordan, M. J., *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell L. E. (2016, July). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., Jordan, M. J., Vanelli, N.*, Wisch, N. R.*, Gonzalez, K. R., Clancy, K. E.*, and Russell L. E.* (2016, July). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., Wisch, N. R.*, Vanelli, N.*, Clancy, K. E.*, Russell, L. E.*, and Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Wisch, N. R., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell, L. E., *Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Russell, L. E., *Clancy, K. E., *Jordan, M. J. *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Allen, F. E. (2016, July). A Situational View of Courage: Affordances for Action, Goals, and Risks. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Wisch, N. R., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell, L. E., *Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., *Jordan, M. J., *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell L. E. (2016, July). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Russell, L. E., *Clancy, K. E., *Jordan, M. J. *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Allen F. E. (2016, July). A Situational View of Courage: Affordances for Action, Goals, and Risks. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C., Breeden, C., Murphy, H., Kelley, C. (2011, July). A goal systems theory explanation of courage. Poster presented at the International Positive Psychology World Congress.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. (2013, August). Is Courage always a virtue? Suicide, killing, and bad courage. Poster presented at the American Psychological Association 2013 Annual Convention, Honolulu, HI.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. B., Kulik, R. E., Skjerning, K. L., & Sullivan, E. A. (2015). Is courage always a virtue? Suicide, killing, and bad courage. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 1-6. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2015.1004552.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A., & Lopez, S. J. (in press). Courage. Submitted to S. J. Lopez & L. M. Edwards, & Marques, S. C. (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology, 3rd Ed. New York: Oxford.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. B., Kulik, R. E., Skjerning, K. L., Sullivan, E. A. (2015). Is courage always a virtue? Suicide, killing, and bad courage. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 1-6.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C., Breeden, C., Kelley, C., Murphy, H., Lowndes, A. (2014). Courage interventions: Future directions and cautions. In A.C. Parks & S. M. Schueller (Eds.), Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Positive Psychological Interventions. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 168-178.
Pury, C. L. S., Britt, T. W., Zinzow, H. M., Raymond, M. A. (2014). Blended courage: Moral and psychological courage elements in mental health treatment seeking by active duty military personnel. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9, 30-41.
Kelley, C., Pury, C. L. S. (2011) Development and validation of a workplace courage scale. Poster presented at Work, Stress, and Health 2011: Work and Well-Being in an Economic Context.
Lester, P. B., Pury, C. L. S. (2011). What leaders should know about courage.Leadership in dangerous situations: A handbook for the armed forces, emergency services and first responders. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 21-39.
Pury, C. L. S. Starkey, C. (2010). Is courage an accolade or a process: A fundamental question for courage research. The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue. Washington DC, American Psychological Association, pp. 67-87.
Pury, C. L. S., Lopez, S. J. (2010). Introduction. The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue. Washington DC, American Psychological Association, pp. 3 - 5.
Pury, C.L.S., Lopez, S. J., Key-Roberts, M. (2010). The future of courage research. The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue. Washington DC, American Psychological Association, pp. 229 - 235.
Pury, C. L. S, Hensel, A.D. (2010). Are courageous actions successful actions. Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 62-72.
Pury, C. L. S., Lopez, S. J. (2009). Courage. Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology, 2nd Ed. New York Oxford. pp.375-382.
Pury, C. L. S. (2009). Perseverance. The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology, Vol. 2. Oxford, UK Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 678-682.
Pury, C. L. S., Woodard, C. (2009). Courage. The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology, Vol. 1. Oxford, UK Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 247-254.
Pury, C. L. S. (2008). Can courage be learned Positive psychology: Exploring the best in people, Vol. 1 Discovering human strengths. Westport, CT Praeger Publishers, pp. 109 - 130.
Pury, C. L. S., Kowalski, R. (2007). Human strengths, courageous actions, and general and personal courage. Journal of Positive Psychology, 2, 120-128.
Pury, C.L.S., Kowalski, R.M., Spearman, M.J. (2007). Distinctions between general and personal courage. Journal of Positive Psychology, 2, 99-114.
Wasko, L., Pury, C. L. S. (2009). Affective forecasting. The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology, Vol. 1. Oxford, UK Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 24-26.
Woodard, C., Pury, C.L.S.. (2007). The construct of courage: Categorization and measurement. Consulting Psychology Journal Practice and Research, 59, 135 - 147.
Pury, C. L. S. (2013). Fostering courage in individuals: Basic directions and cautions.Voice and whistleblowing in organizations: Overcoming fear, fostering courage, and unleashing candor. Cheltnham, UK: Edward Elgar. pp. 343-357.
Pury, C. L. S. (2013). Proposed frailties of courage and related interventions.Human frailties: Wrong choices on the drive to success. Surrey, England: Gower, pp. 261-267.
Grau, C., Pury, C. S. (2014). Attitudes Towards Reference and Replaceability. Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 5, 155-168.
Pury, C. L. S., Glennon, K. N. (2014). Psychological and Spiritual Aspects of Courage for Self-Renewal. Clinician_s Guide to Self-Renewal: Essential Advice from the Field. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 251-262.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
892

EMAG!NE: K-12 STEM/STEAM Outreach Network

EMAG!NE is a coordinated network of Clemson University faculty, students, and staff with the mission to: Inspire K-12 students to see the value in their education and the impact they can make on society in STEM careers.Support K-12 teachers in overcoming the challenges associated with effectively integrating engineering and technology within the current curricular standards.Grow networks within communities that support and embrace STEM/STEAM education in formal and informal settings.The student, faculty, and staff members of the EMAG!NE network are dedicated to inspiring South Carolina K-12 students to see the value of their education and to consider careers in STEM fields.  The EMAG!NE network supports engineering integration in formal and informal learning settings by developing activity plans and context to enhance traditional learning objectives and to promote critical thinking, teamwork, communication, and leadership skills while helping students see the application of the science and math concepts they are learning in school.  To accomplish this goal, EMAG!NE travels across the state to help organize STEM/STEAM related events, lead design challenges, assist in developing engineering related curriculum content, and discuss STEM opportunities and experiences with students, teachers, parents, and community members.  During the 2015-16 academic year, EMAG!NE engaged more than 10,000 students, teachers, parents, and community members in active outreach activities.  By creating more educational activities based on the topics and products of research conducted at Clemson University, K-12 students and teachers will have a better understanding of how to apply their current knowledge (formal and informal) to challenges facing our society (locally and globally).

Team Leaders
Bradley J Putman Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
29

Physical Activity & Health

This research program uses FitDesks (stationary bikes with a desk top) or similar activity workstations in college study areas, K-12 classrooms, and in office spaces to examine how being physically active can positively affect performance, health, and well-being. We are placing FitDesks around the Clemson campus and in 6-12 educational settings. The goal of this research is to document the effects of placing activity stations in areas that typically encourage sedentary behavior. 

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
Drew Morris Psychology
Accomplishments
*Cashman, J. M., *Diaz, E., *Harrill, P. S., *Hulett, T. L., *Soman, A. K., *Spencer, J. H., *Morris, D. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, April) FitDesks for finals: Movement and its benefits on grades. Electronic poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. (*student collaborators)
*Morris, D. M., *Diaz, E., *Wilkes, M. J., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March). Beware of dog: Sleep deprivation and night driving. Presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA. 
*Cashman, J. M., *Limyansky, S. E., *Macpherson, V. K., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March). Effects of low-intensity activity on academic performance and mental health. Poster presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA. 
Pilcher, J. J., *Morris, D. M., *Hulett, T. L., & *Macpherson, V. K. (2017, May). Home sweet home: Study habits predict perception of activity workstations. Poster presentation at the 29th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, Boston, MA.
*Cashman, J., *Diaz, E., *Harrill, P., *Hulett, T., *Soman, A., *Spencer, J., Morris, D., Pilcher, J. (2017, April). FitDesks for Finals: Movement and its Benefit on Grades. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Macpherson, V. K., *Limyansky, S. E., *Drummond, C. N., *Morris, D. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Low intensity physical activity reduces autonomic coactivation and heart rate variability during stressful cognitive tasks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
*Limyansky, S. E., *Diaz, E., *Drummond, C. N., *Macpherson, V.K., *Cashman, J. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Comparing activity levels in high school athletes during studying. Poster presentation at 2016 CBSHS/CoED Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Pilcher, J. J., Merritt, P. S., *Bryant, S. A., *Walker, J. H. (2015, May). Exercise is not Enough: Low Level Activity While Studying, Presentation at the 27th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
*Smith, P. D., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, May). Context differentially affects males and females moral decision making. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
Pilcher, J.J., Merritt, P. S., Bryant, S. A.*, & Walker, J. H. (2015, May). Exercise is not Enough: Low Level Activity While Studying. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
Pilcher, J. J., Morris, D. M., *Hulett, T. L., & Macpherson, V. K. (2017, May). Home sweet home: Study habits predict perception of activity workstations. Poster presentation at the 2017 Association for Psychological Science Annual Convention, Boston, MA.
Morris, D. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, May). Resist: A methodological toolkit for measuring self-control. Poster presentation at the 2017 Association for Psychological Science Annual Convention, Boston, MA.
Cashman, J., Limyansky, S. E., Macpherson, V., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March 10th). Effects of Low-Intensity Activity on Academic Performance and Mental Health. Poster presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Morris, D. M., Hamilton, G. L., *Howard, E. E., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March 10th). Reading Your Opponent: Health Risk Interactions in Collegiate Athletes. Poster presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J., *Sauls, M. E., *Bryant, S. A., *Drummond, C. N., *Limyansky, S. E., & *Macpherson, V. K. (2015, October). Breaking a mental sweat: Low-intensity physical exertion during cognitive tasks did not affect performance. Poster presentation at the 2015 Neural Plasticity and Learning Conference, Columbia, SC.
*Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J., *Bryant, S. A., *Limyansky, S. E., *Macpherson, V. K., & *Drummond, C. N. (2016, May). The active heart: Physical activity moderates heart rate variability during cognitive tasks. Poster presentation at the 28th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, Chicago, IL.
Bryant, S. A., *Walker, J. H., Bryan, R. C., Drummond, C. N., *Macpherson, V. K., Morris, D. M., Merritt, P. S., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April). The Influence of Light Activity on Academic Performance and Sleep Quality. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Staton, M. (July 5, 2016). Clemson professor finds positive effects from bringing physical activity to the desk. The Newsstand. 
Montgomery, B. (July 10, 2016). Study: Mixing exercise and work leads to better results. Goupstate.com.
Logue, J. (December 15, 2015). Study cycle. Inside Higher Ed. 
Pursell, R. (March 9, 2016). How using a stationary bike at work could improve your productivity. Grind TV. 
James, S. (April 19, 2016) FitDesk Bikes Help Students Pedal Their Way to Health, Academic Rewards. NBC News. 
Carson, M. (July 11, 2016). New Clemson study finds benefits to FitDesks while working. South Carolina Radio Network. http://www.southcarolinaradionetwork.com/2016/07/11/clemson-professor-research/
Pilcher, J. J., *Morris, D. M., *Bryant, S. A., Merritt, P. A., & *Feigl, H. B. (under review). Increasing physical activity: Effects on academic performance, meta-cognition, and sleep. Frontiers in Neuroscience.
Pilcher, J. J. & *Baker, V. C. (2016). Task performance and meta-cognitive outcomes when using activity workstations and traditional desks. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 957.doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00957
Staton, M. (2016, July 5). Clemson professor finds positive effects from bringing physical activity to the desk. The Newsstand (media release).
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
30

Sleep and Sleep Loss

This CI team includes two main research paradigms. (1) Examining the effects of sleep loss and sleep deprivation on performance, health, and well-being. (2) Examining the effects of sleep habits (including sleep timing, sleep quantity, sleep quality, and day-time sleepiness) on daily functioning, performance, health, and well-being. The broad goal of this research project is to develop intervention strategies to improve performance and well-being in the work place and to help college students make better decisions regarding sleep habits.

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
Drew Morris Psychology
Accomplishments
*Wilkes, M. J., *Smith, E. M., *Scircle, E. J., *Diehl, K. L., *Morris, D. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, April). Slow and steady: Speed-accuracy tradeoff during sleep deprivation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
*Morris, D. M., *Hamilton, G. L., *Howard, E. E., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March). Reading your opponent: Health risk interactions in collegiate athletes. Poster presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Morris, D. M., *Diaz, E., *Wilkes, M. J., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March). Beware of dog: Sleep deprivation and night driving. Presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA. 
*Cashman, J. M., *Limyansky, S. E., *Macpherson, V. K., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March). Effects of low-intensity activity on academic performance and mental health. Poster presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA. 
*Wilkes, M., *Smith, E., *Scircle, E., *Diehl, K., Morris, D., Pilcher, J. (2017, April). Slow and Steady: Speed-accuracy tradeoff during sleep deprivation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Wilkes, M. A., *Diaz, E., *Morris, D. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Beware of dog: Sleep deprivation and night driving. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Sullivan, K. L., Pilcher, J. J., Rosopa, P. J. (2015, May). Differences between Positive and Negative Affect during Sleep Deprivation. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, New York, NY.
*Bryant, S. A., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, May). Stress Depletion of Physiological and Cognitive Self-Regulatory Processes. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, New York, NY.
Sullivan, K. L., Pilcher, J. J., & Rosopa, P. J. (2015, May). Differences between Positive and Negative Affect during Sleep Deprivation. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
*Sullivan, K. L., Pilcher, J. J., Rosopa, P. J. (2015, March). Differences in Predictability of Simple and Complex Task Performance under Sleep Deprivation. Presentation at the 61st Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Hilton Head, SC.
Pilcher, J. J., Morris, D. M., Donnelly, J., *Feigl, H. B. (2014, July). Sleep: Fueling self-regulation. Presentation at the Inaugural European Conference on Psychology and the Behavioral Sciences, Brighton, United Kingdom.
*Jennings, K. S., Pilcher, J. J. (2013, May). Effects of perceived interest and difficulty on auditory comprehension under sleep deprivation conditions. Presentation at the Work, Stress, and Health 2013 Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Pilcher, J. J., *Callan, C., *Posey, J. L. (2013, May). Sleep deprivation negatively affects reactivity to emotional stimuli. Presentation at the 25th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, Washington, DC.
*Bryant, S. A., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April). The Implications of Social Support on Stress Induced Depletion of Self-Regulation. Presentation at 2015 ACC Meeting of the Minds: Undergraduate Research Conference, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.
*Walker, J. H., *Rummel, E. G., *Williams, J. R., Morris, D. M., Jellen, J. C., Lamm, C., Pilcher, J. J. (2014, April). American vs. Europeans: Who Has Better Sleep Quality? Poster presentation at Clemson University 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Sullivan, K. L., *Henderson, E. A., *Hohenberger, M. E., *Smith, P. D., *Williams, J. F., Pilcher, J. J. (2013, April). Correlations between Sleep Factors and Body Mass Index in Undergraduate College Students. Poster presentation at Clemson University 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Bryant, S. A., *Howard, E. E., *Rummel, E. G., *Baker, V. C., Pilcher, J. J. (2013, April). Evaluation of Mood State and Sleep Quality in College Students. Poster presentation at Clemson University 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Morris, D. M., Limyansky, S. E., *Ferguson, E. M., *Horth, N. L., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, May). Applications of Wearable Technology to Monitor Movement during Sleep. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
Morris, D. M., *Horth, N. L., *Ferguson, E. M., *Limyansky, S. E., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, March). Motion by Body Location: Body Movement and Sleep Quality. Presentation at the 61st Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Hilton Head, SC.
*Rummel, E. G., *Horth, N. L., *Szubski, E. C., *Ferguson, E. M., Limyansky, S. E., Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April). Sleep Consistency as a Predictor of Daily Well-Being: Sleep Habits in Clemson and Vienna Students. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
(June 16, 2015). Drowsy driving segment. WSPA (CBS), Greenville, SC. 
Uhlmann, R. (July 2, 2015). Clemson Research: Bad sleep habits linked to higher self-control risks. The Newsstand. 
(July 5, 2015). Bad sleep can lead to bad habits: study. CTV News.
Bushak, L. (July 6, 2015). Sleep deprivation may have negative effect on self-control, increasing impulsivity and distractedness. Medical Daily. 
(July 7, 2015). Bad sleep habits can compromise self-control, Clemson University study. BioSpace. 
Ray, R. (July 9, 2015). Poor sleep leads to dangerous behavior. WBTW News 13. 
(July 10, 2015). The good habit which boosts self-control. PsyBlog. 
Holohan, M. (July 20, 2015). Resist chocolate! Boost your willpower by doing this one basic thing. Today.
(July 21, 2015). This is why your lack of sleep can ruin your life. Her World Plus. 
Shurkin, J. (July 22, 2015). Watch the car, not driver to cut accidents. Inside Science. 
Fluckey, E. (July 25, 2015). How sleep affects your willpower. The Huffington Post. 
(July 26, 2015). Self-control starts with a good nights sleep: study. Egypt Independent. 
Shurkin, J. (August 14, 2015). Watching the car and shaking the wheel to wake sleepy drivers. Inside Science. 
Uhlmann, R. (Fall 2015). A wake-up call for drowsy drivers. Glimpse, Vol 4, number 2, pg 11. 
Cara, E. (February 24, 2016). From poor sleep to ovulation, subtle trigger that can make us more impulsive. Medical Daily. 
TheBrainFlux. (March 1, 2016). Sleep can help you make better decisions. Time.
BedTimes. (October 7, 2015). Sleep well for better decision making.
Rodriquez, T. (March 1, 2016). Why sleep deprivation makes you crabby. Scientific American.
Shreiber, K.(March 24, 2016). 9 surprising things that make you overeat. Cosmopolitan.
*Elder, A. L., Pilcher,J. J., & Rosopa, P. J. (2016, May). Affective predictors of performance during sleep deprivation. Poster presentation at the 28th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, Chicago, IL.
*Morris, D. M., Pilcher,J. J., *Bryant, S. A., *Limyansky, S. E., *Macpherson, V. K., & *Drummond, C. N. (2016, May). The active heart: Physical activity moderates heart rate variability during cognitive tasks. Poster presentation at the 28th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, Chicago, IL.
*Szubski, E. C., *Roberson, T. A., *Old, A. L., *Jellen, J. C., Lamm, C., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Culture sleep habits: A comparison of Austria and America. Poster presentation at 2016 CBSHS/CoED Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Morris, D. M., *Limyansky, S. E., *Macpherson, V. K., *Hamilton, G. L., *Wilkes, M. J., *Yochum, C. A., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Training under cold stress improves future impulse control. Poster presentation at 2016 CBSHS/CoED Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Morris, D. M., *Hamilton, G. L., Powell, R. B., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Journey to the bottom of the earth: Occupational risk in Antarctica. Poster presentation at Clemson University 4rd Annual Graduate Research and Discovery Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
*Szubski, E. C., *Rummel, E. G., *Roberson, T. A., *Jellen, J. C., Lamm, C., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, March). Differences in sleep consistency and sleep habits across American and Austrian cultures. Poster presentation at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Morris, D. M., *Macpherson, V. K., *Limyansky, S. E., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, March). Think warm thoughts: Electroencephalography during cold stress. Poster presentation at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Morris, D. M., *Macpherson, V. K., *Limyansky, S. E., Pilcher, J. J. (2016, March). Think warm thoughts: Electroencephalography during cold stress. Poster presentation at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Szubski, E. C., *Rummel, E. G., *Roberson, T. A., Jellen, J. C., Lamm, C., Pilcher J. J. (2016, March). Differences in Sleep Consistency and Sleep Habits across American and Austrian Cultures Data. Poster presentation at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Feigl, H., *Howard, E., Henderson, E., Ferguson, E., Pilcher, J., Morris, D. (2014, April). Sleep habits around the world. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J., & Switzer III, F. S. (2015). Lane heading difference: An innovative model for drowsy driving detection using retrospective analysis around curves. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 80, 117-124.  
Pilcher, J. J. & *Baker, V. C. (2016). Task performance and meta-cognitive outcomes when using activity workstations and traditional desks. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 957. (*student collaborator)
*Morris, D. M. & Pilcher, J. J. (2016). The cold driver: Cold stress while driving results in dangerous behavior. Biological Psychology, 120, 149-155. (*student collaborator).
Pilcher, J. J. & *Bryant, S. A. (2016). Implications of social support as a self-control resource. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 10, 228. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00228 (*student collaborator)
*Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J., *Mulvihill, J. B., & *Vander Wood, M. A. (under review). Performance awareness: Predicting cognitive performance during simulated shiftwork using chronobiological measures. Applied Ergonomics. (*student collaborators)
Pilcher, J. J., *Jennings, K. S., *Phillips, G., & McCubbin, J. A. (2016). Auditory attention and comprehension during a simulated night shift: Effects of task characteristics. Human Factors, 58(7), 1031-1043. http://hfs.sagepub.com/content/58/7/1031
Pilcher, J. J., *Callan, C., & *Posey, J. L. (2015). Sleep deprivation affects reactivity to positive but not negative stimuli. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 79(6), 657-662. (*student collaborators)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.05.003
Pilcher, J. J., Geldhauser, H. A., Beeco, J. A., Lindquist, T. A. (2013). Controlled attention and sleep deprivation: Adding a self-regulation approach? International Journal of Psychological Studies, 5(1), 71-83.
Pilcher, J. J., Morris, D. M., Donnelly, J., Feigl, H. B.* (2015, May). Interactions between sleep habits and self-control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, 284.
*Burnett, M. L., Pilcher, J. J. (2011). Evaluating speed-accuracy tradeoff in sleep-deprived persons [Abstract]. Sleep, 34 (Suppl.), A100-A101.
Pilcher, J. J., Vander Wood, M. A., O'Connell, K. L. (2011). The effects of extended work under sleep deprivation conditions on team-based performance. Ergonomics. 54(7), 587-596.
Pilcher, J.J., *Burnett, M.L., McCubbin, J.A. (2012). "Measurement of Sleep and Sleepiness." Research Methods in Occupational Health Psychology: State of the Art in Measurement, Design, and Data Analysis. Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis.
Pilcher, J. J., *Lindsey, M. M. (2011). Effects of sleep deprivation on task engagement [Abstract]. Sleep, 34 (Suppl.), A72.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
32

Human Stress and Motion Science Laboratory

Students on the CI team serve as research apprentices and help collect and analyze data. Advanced students sometimes lead a project. Projects are related to understanding eating and weight loss behaviors and perceptual problems in virtual environments.

Team Leaders
Sarah Beadle Psychology
Eric R. Muth Psychology
Accomplishments
Beadle, S., Salley, J., McSorely, J. Determining Criteria for Valid Data in Long Term Studies with Wearable Devices. Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC, April, 2017.
*Demos, J., *Guercio, H., & *Hwang, T. (2017, April). "Taking a Bite from the Mindless Margin."  Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
Kinsella, A., *Cavanaugh, S., & Long, R. (2017, April).  "Assessing the Accuracy of the Remote Food Photography Method in Quantifying Energy Intake."  Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
*Hwang, T., *Muth, E., *Guercio, H., *Demos, J. (2017, April). Taking a Bite from the Mindless Margin. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jasper, P.W., Scisco, J.L., Parker, V.G., Hoover, A.W., Muth E.R. (2012). Using the Bite Counter Device to Measure Energy Intake in Overweight African Americans. Presented at the American College of Sports Medicine conference, San Francisco, CA.
Salley, J. N., Scisco, J. L., Hoover, A. W., Muth, E. R. (2011, October). Variability in bite count and calories per bite across identical meals. Poster presented at the 29th Annual Meeting of the Obesity Society, Orlando, FL.
Scisco, J.L., Muth, E.R., Dong, Y., Hoover, A.W., O'Neil, P.M., Fishel-Brown, S.R. (2011). Usability and acceptability of the bite counter device. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 55th Annual Meeting. Oral presentation.
*Burns, D., *Kohm, K., *Timmons, E., *Elsey, T., *Jeanes, K., *Rampey, L., *Williams, L., *Dison, R., *Schroer, R., and Muth, E. (2013, April). Accuracy of the Bite Counter Device in a Cafeteria Setting. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Westmoreland, M., *Brown, M., *Dixon, R., *Good, H., *Jackson, C., *Jasper, P., *Kohm, K., *Owens, R., *Srickland, C., *Sowell, A., and Muth, E. (2012, April). An Assessment of the Use of Bite Count as an Energy Intake Monitor in a Cafeteria Setting. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
Jasper, P., *Demos, J., *Hwang, T., and *Guercio, H. (2017 April 1). "Taking A Bite from the Mindless Margin". Poster presented at the Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
McSorley, J. (2017 April 1). "An Overview of the Effects of Latency on Simulator Sickness in Head-Mounted Displays". Poster presented at the Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
Kinsella, A., *Cavanaugh, S., and *Long, R. (2017, April 1). "Assessing the Accuracy of the Remote Food Photography Method in Quantifying Energy Intake". Poster presented at the Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
34

Institutionalizing Creative Inquiry in the Undergraduate Research Component of the Geology Curriculum Using the Clemson Forest and the Clemson Campus

This group represents the senior year culmination of the 6 semester Geology Undergraduate Creative Inquiry process. The students complete their senior capstone project in the fall and make oral and poster presentations of their research in the spring.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Seigler, M., Brame, S. (2017, April). Petrographic Analysis of Ultramafic Rocks in the Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont of South Carolina. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Wyant, P.*, Moysey, S. (2016, March 31). Virtual Reality Experience for Introductory Earth Science Classes. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Earle, M., Zavarin, M., Begg, J., Joseph, C., Leif, R., Lane, M., Shuller-Nickles, L. (2016, March 31). Evaluation of an Aqueous Phase Derivatization Reaction of Acetohydroxamic Acid. Prevented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Earnhart, J., Shuller-Nickles, L. (2016, March 31). Evaluation of Elemental Distribution in Trinitite Using Electron Microscopy. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Walters, D., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Changes in Soil CO2 Flux from an Urban Environment due to Anthropogenic Compaction. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Villanueva, R., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Re-examining the Geologic Interpretations Used to Delineate the Seneca Fault. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*George, S., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Comparative Study of Soil CO2 Flux using Eddy Covariance and Chamber Methods. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*McFarland, W., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). XRD Analysis of Soil between Outcrops of Amphibolite and Mica Schist. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Herrmann, A., Brame, S., Bharadwaj, A. (2015, March 25). Sediment Core Characterization in the Twelvemile Creek Arm of Lake Hartwell, SC. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Caldwell, G. S., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Refinement of the Seneca Fault in the Southwest Corner of the Six Mile Quadrangle. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Berisford, J., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). The Influence of Slope on the Weathering Rates of Biotite Gneiss Bedrock. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Miller, S., Murdoch, L. (2014, April). Analyzing Effects of Barometric Pressure and Temperature on Subsurface Displacement. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Bastian, B., Murdoch, L. C. (2014, April 3). Evapotranspiration Estimation and Water Balance in a Freshwater Wetland in Clemson, South Carolina. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Creighton, A., *Good, D., Moysey, S., Mangel, A. (2014, April 3). Topographic Effects on Infiltration in Rain Gardens. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Demille, R., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Soil Carbon Flux from an area underlain by Amphibolite in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Gloersen, K., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Determining Residual Soil Mineralogy using X-ray Diffraction. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Good, D. (2014, April 3). Measuring Soil Moisture in Rain Gardens using Geophysical Methods. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Goretoy, S., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Determining Mineral Weathering Rates in the Clemson Experimental Forest using a Mass Balance Approach. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Hickok, K., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Carbon Dioxide Efflux in Forest Soil and Topsoil Influenced by Soil Moisture and Temperature Variations. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Jackson, C. (2014, April 3). Characterizing the Effects of Rainfall on Soil Deformation. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Lacy, N. (2014, April 3). Carbon Dioxide exchange between the Atmosphere and Freshwater Reservoirs around Clemson. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Soil Carbon Flux on an Area underlain by Biotite Gneiss in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Searcy, C., (2014, April 3). Soil Displacement Correlations with Estimates of Evapotranspiration using the Penman-Monteith Equation. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Thompson, E., Murdoch, L. (2014, April 3). Evaluation of the Water Balance and Groundwater Flow in the Hunnicutt Creek Wetland. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Vaughan, T. (2014, April 3). Determining inflows in a freshwater wetland located in Clemson. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Wylie, P., Brame, S. (2013, April 4). Using Soil pH and Ca/Mg Hardness to Map Bedrock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Waterhouse, T. C., *William, M., *Chamlee, J. A., *Baldwin, E., *Thompson, T. V., Murdoch, L. (2013, April 4). Sediment Transport after Dam Removal on Twelve-Mile Creek, Norris, SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Black, E., Brame, S. (2013, April 4). Geologic Mapping by Soil Analysis: Determining the Contact between Amphibolite and Biotite Gneiss using Soil Chemistry and pH. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Berisford, J. and Brame, S. (2015, April). The Influence of Slope on the Weathering Rates of Biotite Gneiss Bedrock. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Walters, D., and Brame, S. (2015, April). Changes in Soil CO2 Flux from an Urban Environment due to Anthropogenic Compaction. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Newman, J., *Demille, R., and Brames, S. (2014, April). Analysis of carbon flux from soils derived from different rock types. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Gloerson, K., *Gorety, S., and Brame, S. (2014, April). Determination of chemical weathering rates using mass balance equations and determination of weathering products using X-ray diffraction. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Hickok, K. and Brame, S. (2014, April). Carbon dioxide efflux in forest soil and topsoil influenced by soil moisture and temperature variations. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Wylie, P. and Brame, S. (2013, April). Using soil pH and Ca/Mg Hardness to Map Bedrock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University.
*Black, E. and Brame, S. (2013, April). Geologic Mapping by Soil Analysis: Determining the Contact Between Amphibolite and Biotite Gneiss Using Soil Chemistry and pH. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University.
*Lefitz, A. and Brame, S. (2013, April). Mapping of the Clemson Forest using Digital Field Mapping Techniques. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Grayson, A. and Brame, S. (2012, April). Detailed Mapping of Amphibolite Rock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Coffin, A., Brame, S. (2014, April). Comparison of till and no-till agricultural practices on carbon dioxide flux from the soil on an organic farm. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Wagner, J. R., Bixler, R. D., Carraway, E. R., Moysey, S. M., Murdoch, L. R., Schlautman, M. R., Warner, R. D. (2010, August). Institutionalizing Undergraduate Research for Geology Majors Through Creative Inquiry Experiences. Journal Of College Science Teaching, 39(6), 30-37.
Wagner, J.R. (2011). Creative Inquiry Projects: Research Opportunity for All Students. CURQ Vignettes: Additional Examples of Undergraduate Research for All?, 32(1).
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
36

Lifestyle Medicine

Lifestyle Medicine projects are developed, refined, evaluated, and prepared in association with an interdisciplinary academic nursing center.

Team Leaders
William W Mayo Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
Paula Watt Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
Nancy K Meehan School of Nursing
Caitlin Moore Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
Accomplishments
*Berg, H., *Wiksell, G., *Tomevi, M., Meehan, N., Moore, C. (2017, April). Lifestyle Modification Within an Underserved Population: A Case Study Analysis. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Palermo, L., *Smith, A., Moore, C., Meehan, N. (2017, April). Participant Outreach for Frist Line Therapy Program at Rural Women's Clinic. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Funding given for supplies and cost of implementing programming.
*Cook, K., Gaal, E., Moore, C., Meehan, N., Watt, P. (April, 2016). CU Succeed: Incentive Wellness Program for Pregnant and Parenting Teens. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Miller, T., *Tantillo, E., (2015, April 23-24). Wellness Programs: Utilizing Incentives to Shrink Americans Waistlines. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Building Healthy Academic Communities National Consortium, Irvine, CA.
*Clements, N., *Stonecypher, G. (2015, April 23-24). Evaluating the effectiveness of an employee wellness program. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Building Health Academic Communities National Consortium, University of California, Irvine, CA.
*Tantillo, G., *Miller, T., Moore, C., Mayo, W., Watt, P., Meehan, N. (2015, April). Wellness Programs: Utilizing Incentives to Shrink Americans' Waistlines. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Clements, N., *Stonecypher, G., Moore, C., Mayo, W., Meehan, N., Watt, P. (2015, April). Improving Clemson's Employee Wellness Program. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
44

How can we document and communicate our skills and capabilities to others?

Evaluation of the values of ePortfolios in education

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
*Pittman, R., *Moss, G., *Shull, N., *Stanton, C., & Stephens, B. (2017, March). Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM versus Non-STEM Majors. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Pittman, R.*, Stanton, C.*, Diaz, E.*, and Stephens, B. (2017, July). Undergraduate Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM v Non-STEM. Poster accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland, OR.
Pittman, R.*, Stanton, C.*, Diaz, E.*, and Stephens, B. (2017, July). Lessons Learned for ePortfolio Iniatives at Clemson University. Poster accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland, OR.
Pittman, R. *, Moss, G. *, Shull, N. *, Stanton, C. *, and Stephens, B. (2017, March). Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM versus Non-STEM Majors. Poster accepted presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, Georgia.
*Pittman, R., *Nagaisha, M., *Carter, M., Stephens, S. (2016, March). Undergraduate Views of a General Education ePortfolio. Poster presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
Pittman, R.*, Stanton, C.*, Diaz, E.*, and Stephens, B. (2017, July). Ignite! Undergraduate Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM v Non-STEM. Paper accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland, OR.
Stephens, B., Pittman, R.*, Stanton, C.*, and Diaz, E.* (2017, July). The Do’s and Don’ts for ePortfolio Initiatives at Clemson University. Paper accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland, OR. 
*Stanton, C., *Diaz, E., Stephens, B. (2017, April). Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM versus Non-STEM Majors. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Stephens, B., Pittman, R.*,Carter, M.*, Stanton, C.*, Moss, G.*, and Shull, N.* (2016, August) Undergraduate views of the value of a general education eportfolio. Paper presented at the meetings of the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning, Boston, MA.
Ring, G., Brackett,B. Stephens, B, and Waugaman, C. (2016, August) ePortfolio and Improved Interviewing Skills. Paper presented at the meetings of the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning, Boston, MA.
Stephens, B.R., *Nagaishi, M., *Carter, M, *Pittman, R.  (2015, November). Using the PESC Schema to Identify Features of Academic ePortfolios. AAEEBL Southeast Regional Conference, Athens, GA.
*Carter, M., *Moss, G., *Pittman, R., *Shull, N., *Stanton, C., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Values of a General Education ePortfolio. FOCI, Clemson.
*Klien, N., *Bagley, A., *Ellis, J., *Embry, L., *Nagaishi, M., and Stephens, B. (2015). Improving Pedagogical Aspects of a General Education Portfolio. SEPA, Hilton Head.
*Klein, N., Stephens, B., *Ellis, J., *Embry, L. , *Bagley, A., *Nagaishi, M. (2014, November). Understanding and Improving Pedagogical Aspects of a General Education ePortfolio. Presented at the Annual Southeast conference of The Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning, Athens, GA.
Stephens, B.R., *O'Hara, C., *Leland, E., *Cooper, C.. *Egglefield, D., *Kirk, M., *Baskett, T., *Lucas, L., *Lassinger, D. (2014, July) Undergraduate views of the Clemson General Education ePortfolio. Presented at the Association for Authentic Experiential and Evidence Based Learning, Boston.
Stephens, B.R., *O'Hara, C., *Leland, E., *Cooper, C.. *Egglefield, D., *Kirk, M., *Baskett, T., *Lucas, L., *Lassinger, D. (2014) Undergraduate Views of the Structure and Value of the Clemson General Education ePortfolio. FOCI, Clemson.
Stephens, B.R., *Kistler, C., *Leland, E., *Marshall, C., *O'Hara, C., *Rinz, A., *Rollo, A., *Wasloski, S., *Bolt, T. (2013) Objective Measures of General Education e-portfolios. Presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, March.
Stephens, B.R., *McCormick, S., *Marshall, C., *McKissack, K. (2012, July) e-Portfolio Format Can Enhance Appeal of Job Applications. Presented at the AAEEBL, Boston.
*Birckbichler, J., Stephens, B.R., *Bolt, T., *Brannon, L., *Marshall, C., *O Hara, C., *Rinz, A., *Rogers. A. (2012, February). NSF/REU intern eportfolio maps correlate with program learning outcomes. Paper presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
*Birckbichler, J.M., *Maynard, S.V., *Klein, N.D., Stephens, B.R. (2011). Using student-centered instruction to enhance the effectiveness of an eportfolio program at improving competency in the social sciences. Presented at South Carolina Psychological Association meeting.
*Klein, N.D., *Birckbichler, J.M., *Maynard, S.V., Stephens, B.R. (2011, February). Student Learning via a General Education Eportfolio Does It Occur and How Can It Be Enhanced . Presented at Southeastern Conference on the Teaching of Psychology. Atlanta, GA.
*Maynard, S.V., *Birckbichler, J.M., *Klein, N.D., Stephens, B.R. ( 2011, April). Do students learn from completing an eportfolio Presented at South Carolina Psychological Association meeting.
*McCormick, S., Stephens, B.R., *McKissack, K., *Harvey, K. (2012, Febuary). ePortfolio format can enhance appeal of job applications. Paper presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
Stephens, B.R., *Klein, N.D., *Rivchun, A.R. (2011, September). Structural Measures of Intern ePortfolios in a NSF-funded REU Summer Program in Applied Psychology. Presented at Human Factors and Ergonomics Society meeting. Las Vegas, NV.
Stephens, B.R., Rondon, A., Getz, B., *Klein, N., *Laux, M., *MacMinn, J., *Hale, B., *Rivchun, A., *Harrill, K., *Dimitri, A. (2011, August). Multiple Artifacts And Deeper Reflection Increase Learners Ratings Of General Education Eportfolio Content Experiments And Implications. Presented at AAEEBL, Boston.
Stephens, B., et al, (2010, July) ePortfolios enhance learning, assessment and job applications. Presented at AAEEBL. Boston.
*Birckbichler, J., *Rinz, A., *Marshall, C., *Bolt, T., *O'hara, C., *Rollo, A., Stephens, B.R. (2012) Structural Measures of Undergraduate ePortfolios in Three Educational Contexts. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 56th Annual Meeting, pp 561-565.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
50

The Hispanic World through Film, Literature, and Media

This project will analyze social, philosophical, political, and economic issues in the Hispanic world through videos and pertinent materials. Students will explore the impact of systems on individuals to analyze strategies, values, and consequences. Topics will focus on multicultural environments related to the following: culture, society, economics, politics, psychology, philosophy, ethics, technology, health, business, gender, and dictatorships among other relevant topics.  

Team Leaders
Graciela Tissera Languages
Accomplishments
*Cram, E., *McConnell, R., *Campos, R., *Courage, M., *Fuentes, M., *Gilliam, H., *Haight, D., *Jones, C., *Rogers, R. (2017, April). The Fantastic in Hispanic Film. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*O'Sell, M. (2013, August). "Borges and 'The South': Text and Filmic Perspectives on the Essence of Time and Space". Presented at the XIII Jornadas "Borges y los otros" International Conference, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
*Dengler, E. (2013, August). "Cinematic Labyrinths and Symmetries in 'Death and the Compass' by Jorge Luis Borges". Presented at the XIII Jornadas "Borges y los otros" International Conference, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 
*Aleman, Y. (2012, February). In Graciela T (Chair). The long journey to the promised eden in Maria full of grace and El norte. Presented at Southwest/texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
*Edwards, B. (2012, February). In J Meehan (Chair). Representation of survival in national reorganization process through argentinean films. Presented at Southwest/Texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
*Cotton, T. (2012, February). In J Meehan (Chair). In the eyes of war Salvador and Machuca. Presented at Southwest/texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
Kincheloe, J.* (2012, February). In Graciela T (Chair). Hispanic children in the USA Visual learning, filmic portrayal. Presented at Southwest/texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
*Meehan, J. (2012, February). In Graciela T (Chair). The paradox of motherhood Cinematic and cultural perspectives. Presented at Southwest/texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
*Husain, M., *Winburn, E., *Lovett, K., *Haire, H., *Dunnigan, C., and Tissera, G. (2014, April). Literary and cinematic perspectives on gender studies. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Addis, C., *Aniarwalla, A., *Athavale, D., *Cotton, T., *Davis, B., *Fuentes, M., *Haire, H., *Jamison, A., *Orellana, K., and Tissera, G. (2014, April). International health and Hispanic culture. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Blackshire, E., *Cram, E., *Frasier, C., *James, N., *McCully, M., *Rojas, A., *Sullivan, A., *Valvo, A., *Watkins, A., *van der Horst, T., *Martin, C., and Tissera, G. (2016, April). Health and Business Topics in Film and Media. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University.
*Boyd, M., *Duenas, L., *Mcconnell, R., *Osell, M., *Plasky, R., *Sipes, C., *Hernandez, J., *Bolta, J., *Stephens, D., *Addis, C., and Tissera, G. (2015, April). Health, Business, and Gender Topics in Film. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Blackshire, E., *Dogan, J., *Jones, J., *Offerle, T., *Villegas, E., *Wingard, A., *Rojas, A., *Frasier, C., *Ragland, K., *James, N., *Williams, K., and Tissera, G. (2015, April). International Health and Hispanic Culture. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
54

Adaptive Sports

Challenger Baseball and TOPSoccer (The Outreach Program for Soccer) are community-based adaptive sports programs designed to meet the needs of children with physical and/or mental disabilities. Player participation and development are key elements of the program. Adaptive sports programs are designed to improve the overall fitness, self-esteem and social skills of child with disabilties.

Team Leaders
Joseph Ryan Teacher Education
Courtney Dukes Education & Human Dev
Antonis Katsiyannis Teacher Education
Accomplishments
Ryan, J.B., *Jennet, A., *Dukes, C. (2015, February). How to Establish an Adaptive Sports Program in Your School or Community. Presentation session at the South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Ryan, J.B., Katsiyannis, A., Johnson, M., *Chapman, M.K. (2014, April 10). Establishing Adaptive Sports Programs for Youth With Moderate to Severe Disabilities. Presentation session at the International Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) Conference, Philadelphia, PA.
Ryan, J.B., Katsiyannis, A., Cadorette, D., Hodge, J. Markham, M. (2014). Establishing adaptive sports programs for youth with disabilities. Preventing School Failure, 58, 32-41.
EducationE
161

Clinical Simulation: A Comparison of the Training Value of Two Types of Simulation: Computer Screen Based and Mannequin-Based Simulators

Simulation is an important solution to the challenges of patient safety. The reality, however, is that making mistakes is an expected and inevitable part of the learning process. Mistakes are a real risk to patient safety. With simulation learning, nursing students have the opportunity to develop and refine their skills using simulation technology — without putting patients at risk. In clinical simulations, integrating mobile technology and computer-controlled equipment may advance learning and ensure that students learn procedures and treatment protocols before using them on actual patients. A simulation environment allows students and providers to learn, practice, and repeat procedures as often as necessary in order to correct mistakes, fine-tune their skills, and optimize clinical outcomes. In addition, with simulation, students can gain experience with various types of patients and cases they may not actually encounter during their clinical experiences. This is particularly significant for training in managing emergency situations. Patients with serious and volatile conditions may not get second chances. Research studies indicate that simulation improves learning (Grantcharov et al, 2004). Simulation training helps learners prepare to deal with unanticipated medical events, develops teamwork and communication skills, increases confidence, and improves performance.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
Accomplishments
*Gandy, E., *Foley, E., and Lyons, T. (2016) Telehealth: Changing the Face of Healthcare. 
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
216

Bundling Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences

Teams design and test new healthy food products and services for children.

Team Leaders
Margaret Condrasky Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
*Adair, J., *Andrew, B., *Babson, E., *Bartz, M., *Baxley, M., *Bernhardt, A., *Buzhardt, C., *Cobb, K., *Dillard, J., *Downs, R., *Eades, A., *Marsh, S., *Martinez, A., *Mattocks, C., *Murphy, K., *Russell, N., *Whitlow, A., Condrasky, M., Darby, D. (2017, April). Healthy Children's Food Product Development. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Blankenship, C., *Cobb, K., *Cucco, P., *Floyd, Z., *Knight, A., *Mars, M, *Prevost, J., *Prochaska, A., *Sullivan, K., *Wood, K., Condrasky, M., Duncan, D. (2016, April). Applied Interdisciplinary Healthy Food Product Development for Children. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Condrasky, M., Weeks, A., Darby, D., Sharp, J., Coffee, A., Halteman, B. (2015). Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development for Sophomore Students. Presented at the Research Chefs Association, New Orleans, LA.
Condrasky, M., Darby, D., Sharp, J., Weeks, A. (2016, June). Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Course Design and Implementation. Journal article accepted by the Journal of Food Science Education.
Coffee, A., Condrasky, M., Darby, D., Halteman, B., Sharp, J.(2016, May 5). Development and Testing of Supplemental Materials For a Product Development Course to Include Herbs, Spices and Sensory Science. Poster presentation at the 2016 South Carolina Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Annual Conference, Columbia, SC. 
Coffee, A., Scharp, J., Weeks, A., Condrasky, M., Darby, D. (2016, March). Healthy Foods Created within an Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Course. Poster presentation at the 2016 Research Chefs Association Annual Conference and Culinology Expo, Denver, CO. 
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
217

Culinary Nutrition

Nutrition science applied to creative recipe modification, and culinary sciences project applications. Research with children programs and camps in the upstate.

Team Leaders
Margaret Condrasky Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
*Flowers, L., *Forbes, H., *Hudachek, G., *Jordan, T., *King, C., *Longobardo, A., *Mahoney, S., *Marshall, V., *Richardson, J., *Thomas, K., *Wendt, E., Condrasky, M. (2017, April). Vegetable Recipes that Families Choose. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Coffee, A., Scharp, J., Weeks, A., Condrasky, M., and Darby, D. (2016, March). Healthy Foods Created within an Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Course. Poster presentation at the 2016 Research Chefs Association Annual Conference and Culinology Expo, Denver, CO. 
*Blakenship, C., *Cobb, K., *Cucco, P., *Floyd, Z., *Knight, A., *Mars, M., *Prevost, J., *Prochaska, A., *Sullivan, K., *Wood, K., and *Condrasky, M. (2016, April 7). Applied Interdisciplinary Healthy Food Product Development for Children. Poster presented at 2016 Focus On Creative Inquiry, Watt Family Innovation Center.
Condrasky, C., Hegler, M. (2009, February). Bridging the Nutrition Gap for Chefs.The National Culinary Review, 54-56.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2009, June). Allergen Awareness. Culinary Nutrition News,1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2009, May). Vegetarian-Friendly. Culinary Nutrition News,1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2009, November). Downsizing Calories and Portions. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2009, October). Demystifying Lipids. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, December). Protein: The Vegetarian Way. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, February) Balancing the Plate from the Less-is-More Perspective. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, January). Nutrition Resolutions for 2010. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, July). Probiotics: The Friendly Bacteria. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, March). Nutrition and the Baby Boomer Generation. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, November). Allergen Awareness: The Peanut Edition. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, December). Building Better Menus for Kids. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-5.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, February). Fighting Phytochemicals. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, June). The Scoop on Sodium. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, March). Small Plates for Healthy Appetites. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, November). Functional Ingredients: Gums and Starches. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, September). The Other Red Meats. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2012, February). Why Most Diets Fail and How You Can Help. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2012, January). A Look Back at 2011-the Year of Culinary Nutrition. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
214

Lean Principles and Lean Accounting in Practice

This Creative Inquiry team focuses on learning to apply the scientific method on business problems. They collect data, perform analysis and recommend solutions to the participating company using Lean Six Sigma tools.Successful completion awards a Green Belt in Lean Six Sigma.

Team Leaders
Frances Kennedy School of Accountancy
BusinessD
62

International Design Projects With Engineers Without Borders (EWB) In Central America

Students participating in this project will lead drinking water treatment and production designs for the CU-EWB official project in Nicaragua.

Team Leaders
Mara Watson Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Mark A. Schlautman Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Erin Black Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
Hennessy, S., *Wylie, J., *Parker, M., *Black, E., Watson, M.M., Pales, A., *Bellino, K., *Brigham, E., *Braun, H. and Schlautman, M.A. Water Solutions and Bridge Design in El Serrano, Nicaragua. 25th Annual David S. Snipes/Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson SC, April 6, 2017.
Hennessy, S., Wylie, J., Parker, M., Black, E., Watson, M.M., Pales, A., Tracy, J., Bellino, K., Brigham, E., Braun, H. and Schlautman, M.A. (2017, March 12-15). Water Solutions and Bridge Design in El Serrano, Nicaragua by Clemson University Engineers Without Borders. 27th Annual South Carolina Environmental Conference, Sheraton Myrtle Beach Convention Center, Myrtle Beach SC.
*Braun, H., *Brigham, E., *Bellino, K. and Schlautman, M.A. (2017, April 5-6) Engineers Without Borders-Nicaragua. 12th Annual Poster Forum, Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson SC.
Generous funding from university sources including undergraduate student government (CUSG), Creative Inquiry, the Calhoun Honors College and other student organizations (including Omicron Delta Kappa and Alpha Lambda Delta).
Collaborating with engineers and geologists from Geosyntec (Greenville). Employees mentoring and participating in engineering activities with Clemson students. Geosyntec recently donated $15,000 towards our efforts.
In 2014-2015 we were fortunate to receive support from both Clemson University organization and outside organizations. Our well drilling project was supported in large part by corporate grants (Boeing and the Alcoa Foundation made large contributions to our projects). 
Award granted to Clemson EWB through EWB National from ALCOA in the amount of $10,000
Award granted to Clemson EWB through EWB National for $2000.
$4000 award given to EWB by Clemson's ODK honor society.
$2500 award granted by Clemson's ODK honor society.
Clemson’s chapter of Engineers Without Borders has worked in La Pintada, a rural community in Nicaragua, for four years. During this time, we have been able to identify issues with the water system in the community, and we have begun implementing solutions with the drilling of a well and updating of the distribution system. Our future implementation will include a chlorinator for the well and a structure to house it. Throughout this time, students have gained engineering design experience and hands on experience through travel and our chapter has developed a strong relationship with the community members of La Pintada.
*Harper, J., *McPherson, E., *Korte, C., *Tracy, J., *Stahel, K., *Broom, C., *Devol, N., *DeMass, S., Hotzlet, N., *Gordon, A., Boland, R., *Bryla, B., *Bellino, K., *Yeoman, C., *Rhodes, E., *Danahy, R., Parker, M., Estes, S., and Emerson, H. (2014, April 20). "Document 524 Draft Final Design Report". 
*Bellino, K., *Korneva, K., *Mumma, H., *Danahy, R., *Olinger, M., *McPherson, E., Watson, M., Parker, M., Tracy, J. (2015, July). Document 526 Post Implementation Report. Engineers Without Borders USA.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
69

Cyber Bullying

Students on this team examine the experiences with cyberbullying of both youth and adults.

Team Leaders
Robin Kowalski Psychology
Accomplishments
Incentive Award given by the office of Creative Inquiry
The students' poster won third place among judged posters at the annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Conference.
CAFLS Creative Inquiry Competition -- Zan Isgett* -- 1st place -- Cyberbullying among college students Prevalence rates and predictors.
Whittaker, Elizabeth -- ACC-CIO award recipient.
*Crawford, K., *Geary, E., *Dickson, A., *Foster, M., *Brady, A., *Pitts, B., *Nash, S., *Luber, C., *Doghman, M., *Bednar, H., *Taylor, K., *Morgan, M., & Kowalski, R. (2017, April). Change the Name, Change the Game: Cyberbullying Changes with Platform. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Crawford, K., *Morgan, M., Kowalski, R., *Geary, E., *Dickson, A., *Foster, M., *Taylor, K., *Brady, A., *Pitts, B., *Nash, S., *Luber, C., *Doghman, M., & *Bednar, H. (2017). Change the name, change the game: Cyberbullying changes with platform. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Kowalski,R. M., Morgan, M.*, Taylor, K, Broderick, A., Schrader, K., Geary, E., Wilson, E., Brady, A., Pitts, B., Wewers, L., Vernau, J.,Dickson, A., & Whittaker, E. (2016). Hard to say I'm sorry or is it?: Apologies in interpersonal interactions. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists. 
Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Kowalski, R. M., *Whittaker, E., & Gilbert, J. (2016). “Is this cyberbullying or not?”: Intertwining computational detection with human perception (A case study). Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, Orlando, FL.
Kowalski, R. M., & Morgan, M. (2016). Technology to overcome the stigma of mental illness. Paper presented at the meeting of the Southeastern Symposium on Mental Health, Greenville, SC.
Whittaker, E., Kowalski, R. M., Dillon, E., & Macbeth, J. (2016). Is it or isn’t it? Cyberbullying in conversations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Whittaker, E., & Kowalski, R. M. (2016). Cyberbullying in political campaigns. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Morgan, M., Kowalski, R. M., *Geary, E., *Schroeder, K., *Wilson, E., *Broderick, A., *Brady, A., *Wewars, L., *Dickson, A., *Taylor, K., *Vernau, J., *Pfeiffer, C. (2016). Going postal in a digital world: Online workplace bullying/incivility. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Toth, A., & Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Bullying in adulthood. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Kowalski, R. M., Toth, A., Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Herzog, A., & Thatcher, J. (2015). Cyberbullying among individuals with disabilities. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Morgan, M., *Geary, E., Zaremba, B., Drake-Lavelle, K., Stephens, J., Toth, A., *Whittaker, E., *Wewars, L., *Pfeiffer, C., Huff, M., *Dickson, A., *Brady, A., & Kowalski, R. (2015). Get up, Stand up: The effects of bystanders’ self-compassion and interpersonal reactivity on intervening in cyberbullying situations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
*Toth, A., Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Bullying in adulthood. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Kowalski, R. M., *Toth, A., Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Herzog, A., Thatcher, J. (2015). Cyberbullying among individuals with disabilities. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Morgan, M., *Geary, E., *Zaremba, B., *Drake-Lavelle, K., Stephens, J., *Toth, A., *Whittaker, E., *Wewars, L., *Pfeiffer, C., *Huff, M., *Dickson, A., *Brady, A., Kowalski, R. (2015). Get up, Stand up: The effects of bystanders self-compassion and interpersonal reactivity on intervening in cyberbullying situations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
*Allison, A., Kowalski, R. M. (2015). The Relations between Psychological Health Climate and Individual Health Behaviors. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Work, Stress, and Health Conference, Atlanta, GA.
*Morgan, M., *Toth, A., *Whittaker, E., *Stephens, J., *Webb, M., *Geary, E., *Drake-Lavelle, K. (2015). Bystander reactions to cyberbullying. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Hilton Head, SC.
*Morgan, M., Kowalski, R., *Geary, E., *Drake-Lavelle, K., *Whittaker, E., *Ballard, T., *Huff, M., *Zaremba, B., *Toth, A., *Pfeiffer, C. (2014). Complaining in the media: Regional differences in dissatisfaction expressed in letters to the editor. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Athens, GA.
Wynkoop, G., Kowalski, R., *Robinson, A., *Blackshire, E., *Toth, A., *Lankowski, C., *Emerson, L., *Dogan, J., Smith, B., Sherck, K., Brown, L., *Whittaker, E., *Allison, B. (2014). Ask me about 27. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Athens, GA.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M. (2013, March). Bullying and cyberbullying among college students with disabilities. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Fortune, A., *Morgan, M., *Murphy, C., Schroeder, A. (2013, March). College narratives Understanding student identity through passion dispersion. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Baker, B.*, Kowalski, R. M., McMillan, V.*, Turner, J*., Whittaker, E.*, Elsey, T., Fortune, A.*, Morgan, M., Murphy, M., Maclennan, C.*, Frazee, L.*, Stephens, J.* (2012, November). Happiness and passion: What type of passion defines happy people. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Gainesville, FL.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Turner J., *Whittaker, E., *Frazee, E., *MacLennan, C., *Murphy, C., *Stephens, J., *Elsey, T., *McMillan, V., *Morgan, M., *Fortune, A. (2013, March). Pet peeves and happiness How do happy people complain. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Baker, B., Schroeder, A., Kowalski, R. M. (2013, June). Energizing our way to a better workforce An examination of employee energy and passion. Paper to be presented at the Work, Stress, and Health Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Brooke, B. A., Kowalski, R. M. (2012). Domain and range Determining passion dispersion among college students. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Research Experience for Undergraduate Students, Clemson, SC.
*Freeman, S., *Fulmer, R. M., *Johnson, E., *Louderback, S., *Richman, A., Kowalski, R. M. (2011, March). Priming empathy in cyberbullying situations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
*Freeman, S., Kowalski, R. M., Woorons-Johnston, S. (2011, March). Athletic attainment. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
Giumetti, G., Schroeder, A.*, Kowalski, R. M. (2013, June). Two-wave panel study investigating the relative impact of cyber and face-to-face incivility on employee outcomes. Paper to be presented at the Work, Stress, and Health Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Hatfield, A.*, Guiumetti, G., Kowalski, R. M. (2011, March). Effects of experiencing cyber-incivility in the workplace. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
*Hock, L., Kowalsk, R. M., Hunter, E. (2012, March). The role of the actor-observer bias in attributions for obesity. Paper presented at the ACC Undergraduate Research Conference, Blacksburg, VA.
*Hock, L., Kowalski, R. M., Hunter, E. (2012, March). The role of actor-observer bias in attribution for obesity. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychologica Association, New Orleans, LA.
Isgett, S.*, Kowalski, R. M., Lattanner, M., Schroeder, A.*, Giumetti, G., Senn, W.* (2012, March). Cyberbullying among college students. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Isgett, S.*, Kowalski, R. M., Lattanner, M., Schroeder, A.* (2012, February). Cyberbullying among college students. 58th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Martin, J., *Frazee, L., *Turner, J., *Stephens, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A., *Whittaker, E. (2014). On the construction and sustainability of happiness: Where does my happiness come from? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Stephens, J., *Turner, J., *Frazee, L., *Whittaker, E., *Martin, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A. (2014). Redefining happiness: Is the happiness pie literature missing some pieces? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
*Whittaker, E.B., Kowalski, R. M. (2014) Cyber victimization: Categories, attitudes, and prevalence. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
*Whittaker, E.B., Kowalski, R. M. (2014). Cyberbullying: Victims, venues, attitudes, and prevalence. Paper to be presented at the ACC Undergraduate Research Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Webb, M., *Stephens, J., *Martin, J., Kowalski, R. M. (2013). What makes you happy? Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Augusta, GA.
*Morgan, M., *Frazee, L., *Turner, J., Kowalski, R. M. (2013). Defining happiness and joy. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Augusta, GA.
*Whittaker, E.B., Kowalski, R. M. (2013). Venue and subject of cyber aggression in social networking sites. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Augusta, GA.
Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Kowalski, R. M., *Whittaker, E., & Gilbert, J. (2016). Is this Cyber-bullying or Not?": Intertwining Computational Detection with Human Perception (A Case Study). In D. Nicholson (Ed.), Advances in human factors in cybersecurity: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 international conference on human factors in cybersecurity (pp. 337-346). New York: Springer.
Kowalski, R.M., Morgan, M., & Taylor, K. (2017). Stigma of physical and psychological disabilities and the use of mobile technology. Journal of Social Psychology.
Kowalski, R. M., & Morgan, M. (in press). Cyberbullying in schools. In Sturmey, P. (Ed.), The Wiley handbook of violence and aggression: Societal interventions (Vol. 3). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Toth, A., Kowalski, R. M., & Webb, M. (2016). Bullying among boys with disabilities. Psychology and Education Journal, 53, 34-39.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, C., Drake-Lavelle, K., & Allison, B. (2016). Cyberbullying among college students with disabilities. Computers in Human Behavior, 57, 416-427. doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.12.044.
*Whittaker, E. B., & Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Cyberbullying. International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences (2nd. ed.). New York: Elsevier.
Kowalski, R. M., & *Whittaker, E. (2015). Cyberbullying: Prevalence, causes, and consequences. In L. D. Rosen, L. M. Carrier, & N. A. Cheever (Eds.), The handbook of psychology, technology, and society. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, C., *Drake-Lavelle, K., Allison, B. (2016). Cyberbullying among college students with disabilities. Computers in Human Behavior, 57, 416-427. 
Bradley, B. E., Dean, J., Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Hidden trauma, Quiet drama: The prominence and consequence of problematic grieving among college students. Journal of College Student Development, 56, 280-285.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, M. (2015). Cyberbullying in schools. In Sturmey, P. (Ed.), The Wiley handbook of violence and aggression: Societal interventions (Vol. 3). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
*Toth, A., Kowalski, R. M., Webb, M. (2015). Bullying among boys with disabilities. Psychology and Education Journal.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, C., & Limber, S. (2012). Traditional bullying as a potential warning sign of cyberbullying. School Psychology International, 33(5),505-519.
Kowalski, R. M., *Giumetti, G. W., *Schroeder, A. W., *Reese, H. H. (2012). Cyber bullying among college students: Evidence domains of college life. In C. Wankel & L. Wankel (Eds.), Misbehavior online in higher education (pp. 293-321). Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing Group.
Kowalski, R. M., *Schroeder, A. N., *Smith, C. A. (2013). Bystanders and their willingness to intervene in cyberbullying situations. From cyberbullying to cyber safety: Issues and approaches in educational contexts.
Kowalski, R. M., *Baker, B., *Giumetti, G., *Turner, J., *Whittaker, E., *Frazee, L., *Stephens, J. (2014). Pet peeves and happiness: How do happy people complain? Journal of Social Psychology, 154, 1-5.
*Whittaker, E., Kowalski, R. M. (in press). Cyberbullying via social media. Journal of School Violence.
*Whittaker, E. B., Kowalski, R. M. (2015). "Cyberbullying." International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences (2nd.ed.). New York: Elsevier.
Kowalski, R. M., *Whittaker, E. (2014). "Cyberbullying: Prevalence, Causes, and Consequences." The Handbook of Psychology, Technology, and Society. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
Isgett, S.*, Kowalski, R., Lattanner, M., Schroeder, A.*, Giumetti, G. (2011, November). Cyberbullying among college students Prevalence rates and predictors. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Southeastern Social Psychologists, Johnson City, TN.
*Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Stephens, J., *Turner, J., *Frazee, L., *Whittaker, E., *Martin, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A., Kowalski, R., *Baker, B. (2014, April). Redefining happiness: Is the happiness pie literature missing some slices? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Turner, J., *Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Martin, J., *Frazee, L., *Stephens, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A., *Whittaker, E., Kowalski, R., *Baker, B. (2014, April). On the construction and sustainability of happiness: Where does my happiness come from? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
77

Re-engineering of Medical Training Simulator

Despite commercially available simulators, most of medical procedure training is conducted on human patients; medical students and interns perform their first trial of injection, intubation of airway, placement of central venous line, birthing, and neonatal resuscitation, and numerous other procedures on live patients. This is mainly due to the fact that the commercially available simulators do not completely simulate the anatomy and physiology of humans, thus, they do not allow realistic training of medical students. Dr. John Schaefer, professor of anesthesiology at the Medical University of South Carolina and an expert on the engineering of medical simulators, has recently presented these problems to the faculty of Clemson Bioengineering with intentions of collaboration to enhance the technology of medical training simulators. Thus, with clinical guidance and consultation from Dr. Schaefer, this creative inquiry project aims to 1) reverse-engineer and examine the problems associated with the existing models of medical training simulators, and 2) develop new devices or additional components to the existing devices to enable more realistic simulation for training of physicians. Applications for the team are typically due at the end of the semester. Please see the Department of Bioengineering website for details: http://www.clemson.edu/ces/bioe/creative-inquiry.html

Team Leaders
Jiro Nagatomi Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Jett, J., *Jacoby, J., *Barrett, A., *Van Metre, R., *Casey, J., (2015, March). Validation Testing of a Novel Central Venous Catheterization Simulator Poster presented at the annual Focus on Creative Inquiry meeting in Clemson, SC
*Luedicke, N., *Burghardt, E., *Hodge, J., *Barrett, A., *Thomas, R., Dean, D., Nagatomi, J. (2013, May 3-5). Novel Central Venous Catheterization Simulation for Medical Training. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Conference (SBEC), Miami, FL.
*Luedicke, N., *Burghardt, E., *Hodge, J., *Barrett, A., *Thomas, R., Dean, D., Nagatomi, J. (2013, May). Novel central venous catheterization simulation for medical training. Proceedings of the 29th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, 93-94.
In Sep. 2011, they filed a provisional patent through CURF for the final design. Patent filing: CURF Ref. 2010-066 CXU-674 MEDICAL SIMULATION PUNCTURE TISSUE.
USA, CXU-674, with G. Fercana, S. Becker, J. Nagatomi, M. Townsend, E. Tumblin, M. Dunphy, K. Grove, Clemson University Research Foundation, full patent filed
The student were awarded an SCRA Launch entrepreneur award in Jan. 2012 Presentations Presented a poster at the SouthEast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC), Biomaterials Day, and Biomedical Engineering Society meeting in Fall 2011.
*Ovington, T. and *Devon, A. (2014, April 29). Poster presented at the 18th Annual Posters on the Hill, Washington, DC.
*Thomas, R., *Barrett, A., *Foister, S., *Jett, J., *Hicks, K., Nagatomi, J., Dean, D. (2014, April). Medical training simulation for central venous catheterization. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
957

Investigations into Primate Personality

Individuals often vary in their behavior. When inter-individual differences in behavior are consistent over time and across contexts, animals are said to have distinct personalities. Such consistent behavioral tendencies are often heritable and entail consequences for survival and reproduction. Given that these traits satisfy the requisites of national selection (i.e., phenotypic variation exists, said variation is heritable, and there is differential survival and reproductive success based on phenotypic variation), personalities may have important implications for species’ evolutionary trajectories. Primates exhibit rich behavioral repertoires and are therefore interesting models for studying the causes and consequences of variation in personality traits. For this CI project, we examine inter-individual variation in the behavioral and physiological repertoires of captive callitrichine monkeys. Our study species include the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) and the golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia). Callitrichine monkeys offer interesting opportunities to investigate personalities for several reasons. One of which is that these monkeys typically give birth to twins or triplets. Thus, we can compare how variation in the sex ratios of the litter (i.e., how many males and females) impacts physiological and behavioral outcomes of individuals.Over the past two years, we have conducted experiments with the goal of uncovering the possible behavioral and physiological effects of differing birth sex ratios on female monkeys. Our CI students will attempt to better understand this phenomenon via analysis and interpretation of these data. To do this, students will actively participate in transcribing behavioral trials. Students will also have the opportunity to learn analytical techniques to measure hormonal correlates of behavior. 

Team Leaders
Lisa Rapaport Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Maggie Keener was awarded the honorable mention for the competitive Charles H. Turner Award ($125.00) to support her travel to the Animal Behavior Society meeting (Toronto, Canada) where she presented a poster about personality parameters in golden lion tamarin monkeys. 
Brett Frye was awarded the competitive Ruppenthal Student Travel Award ($500.00) to support her travel to the American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting (August, 2017) where she will present a talk about personality and physiology in common marmoset monkeys.
Tara Brown was awarded the competitive Charles H. Turner Award ($500.00) to support her travel to the Animal Behavior Society meeting (Toronto, Canada) where she presented a poster about personality parameters in common marmoset monkeys.
The Conference Travel Fund (CTF) is intended to provide financial support to students in the Calhoun Honors College planning to attend conferences related to their academic interests. Maggie Keener was awarded $500.00 to attend and present at the annual meeting for the Animal Behavior Society in Toronto, Canada.
Tara Brown was awarded the competitive Ruppenthal Student Travel Award ($500.00) to support her travel to the International Primatological Society/American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting (August, 2016) where she will present a poster of the sex differences of behavior in primates.
The Sigma Xi Grants in Aid of Research was awarded to support the aspects of our research that examine the developmental underpinnings of primate behavior.
The Conference Travel Fund (CTF) is intended to provide financial support to students in the Calhoun Honors College planning to attend conferences related to their academic interests. Alyssa has been awarded $500.00 to attend and present at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research.
Grant proposals are for general research projects, with preference given to training initiatives, start-up funds, supplementary funding for students, and innovations in animal care and research technology. Award amounts range from $500 to $1500, and will be for a period of one year.
*Brown, T.A., *DeLorenzo, M., *Jahn, J., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, June). Validating Behavioral Assessments of Exploratory Behavior in Captive Golden Lion Tamarin Monkeys (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society, Toronto, ON, Canada.
*Keener, M., *Schultz, C., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, June). Validating Behavioral Assessments of Exploratory Behavior in Captive Common Marmoset Monkeys (Callithrix jacchus). Poster presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society, Toronto, ON, Canada.
*Schultz, C., *Keener, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, Feb). Validating Tests of Behavioral Consistency in Captive Golden Lion Tamarins. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Brown, T.A., *DeLorenzo, M., *Jahn, J., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, Feb). Validating Tests of Behavioral Consistency in Captive Common Marmoset Monkeys. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Brown, T.A., *DeLorenzo, M., *Jahn, J., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, Feb). Personality Consistency in Common Marmosets in Response to Novel Foods and Objects. Poster presentation at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Brown, T., *Delorenzo, M., *Schultz, C., *Jahn, J., *Keener, M., Frye, B., Rapaport, L. (2017, April). Personality differences in exploration and activity in captive callitrichine primates. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Tara Brown has accepted a position at the Southwest National Primate Research Center in San Antonio, TX for mentor Dr. Corrine Lutz. Tara is one of six students in the United States that has been admitted this year. At the SNPRC, she will investigate how environmental enrichment can be used to improve the welfare of captive primates.
*Nielson, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, August). Hand preferences do not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster to be presented at the International Primatological/American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting, Chicago, IL.
*Brown, T., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, August). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster to be presented at the International Primatological/American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting, Chicago, IL.
*Nielson, M., *Cobranchi, A., *Holthausen, C., *Keener, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, April). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC.    
*Brown, T., *O'Brien, M., *Knotts, H., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, April). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC.    
*O'Brien, M., *Knotts, H., *Brown, T., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, April). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research, Asheville, NC.
*Cobranchi, A., *Holthausen, C., *Nielson, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, April). Hand preferences do not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research, Asheville, NC.
*Knotts, H., *Brown, T., *O'Brien, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, February). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Holthausen, C., *Cobranchi, A., *Nielson, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, February). Hand preferences do not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Knotts, H., *O'Brien, M., *Brown, T., Frye, B., and Rapaport, L.G. (2016, Feb 20). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Presented at  the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, SC.
ScienceG
78

Testing Variables of Foods, Films, Antimicrobials and Surfaces Affecting Transfer and/or Survival of Bacteria

This team studies the transfer and survival of bacteria on various surfaces related to food. This past semester the group compared gel vs. foam soap for handwashing effectiveness. Based on the small sample size, results indicated that foam removed more bacteria than gel and that more bacteria remained on the dominant hand.

Team Leaders
Paul Dawson Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
*Nguyen, T., *Garrison,S., *Taylor, A., *Macinnis, M., *Kurtz, A., *Mattox, C., *Ellis, V., *Freeland, J., *Monitto, F., *Polte, K., *Suffern, M., *Thurmond, A., *Riggs, D., *Downs, R., *McClary, J. (2017, April). Bacterial transfer and survival on lemons. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bartz, M., Buyukyavuz, A., *Dawson, E., *Diener, M., *Gates, R., Han, I., *Johnson, L., *Marvin, P., *Musselwhite, C., *Nicholson, A., *Randar, D., *Ritterpusch, M., *Zazzara, M., and Dawson, P. 2016. Transfer of Escherichia coli while using salad tongs. Journal of Food Microbiology, Safety and Hygiene. 1(2): 112 Open access journal.
*Baker, K.A., *Han, I.Y., *Johnson, L., *Jones, E., *Knight, A., *MacNaughton, M., *Marvin, P., *Nolan, K., *Martinez-Dawson, R., Dawson, P. (2015). Bacterial transfer from hands while eating popcorn. Food and Nutrition Sciences. In press.
Dawson, P.L., Han, I., Bailey, C., Lynn, D., Martinez-Dawson, R. (2015). Bacterial transfer to beverages during drinking games (beer pong). International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Safety. 5(2): 151-161.
Alsallaiy, I.*, Dawson, P., Han, I., Martinez-Dawson, R. (2015, July). Recovery, Survival and Transfer of Bacteria on Restaurant Menus. Journal of Food Safety,
*Bartz, M., *Johnson, L., *Marvin, P., *Musselwhite, C., *Nicholson, A., *Randar, D., *Dawson, E., *Ritterpusch, M., Dawson, P. April 2015. Study of the transfer of microbes from hands to tongs. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC
Hessinger, A., Dawson, P. (2014, April). Does Salt Affect Milk Spoilage? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Gillespie, C., *Musselwhite, C., *Johnson, L., *Marvin, P., *Brown, S., and Dawson, P. (2014, April). Foam vs. Gel; Are These Soaps Foams Equal. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
79

Using Creative Inquiry to Investigate Food Advertising Claims

This CI team evaluates various Food Advertising Claims including those claiming to taste "better", last longer and meet a specific specification. Last semester the team tested the "Foot-Long" sub claim of Subway and found that for the subs purchased in the local area, the length differed depending on the store and on the type of bread.

Team Leaders
Paul Dawson Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Rose Martinez-Dawson Mathematical Sciences
Accomplishments
*Butterworth, B., *Jones, E., *Pierce, L., *Reale, E., *Nicholson, A., *Spagnoletti, A., Dawson, P., Hopkins, D., Martinezdawson, R. (2015, April). Are Ruffles Deep Ridge Potato Chips Twice the Depth of Regular Ridge Chips? Using Statistics to test food advertising claims. Presented at FoCI, Clemson, SC.
*Painter, M., *Tatge, R., *Crosby, B., *Spagnoletti, A., *Boggs, A., Dawson, P., Martinez-Dawson, R. (2015, April). Testing if Coke Zero has real Coke taste. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC
*Macnaughton, M., *Butterworth, B., *Corvese, A., *Davis, K., *Ewald, E., *Green, H., *Grigg, A., *Jones, E., *Keating, L., *Maurer, M., Martinez-Dawson, R., Dawson, P. (2014, April). Investigating if Dr. Pepper TEN is a "10" for men. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Butterworth, B., *Corvese, A., *Green, H., *Grigg, A., *Falconi, L., *Jones, E., Martinez-Dawson, R., Dawson, P. (2014, April). Investigating Nabisco's claim that double stuff Oreos contain double the stuff. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
80

Changing Dynamics of China's Development

The objective of this one-credit Creative Inquiry course is to instruct Clemson University undergraduate students to systematically examine some of the most important issues facing the world, by involving the students in on-going discussions and debates and engaging them in direct dialogues with government officials and business leaders, both Chinese and American.

Team Leaders
Xiaobo Hu Political Science
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
92

Robotic Systems Research

Design and build a robot to compete in the IEEE Southeastcon hardware competition.

Team Leaders
III,William J Reid Electrical & Computer Engr
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
189

Nutraceutical and Functional Foods Research and Product Development

This project helps students learn analytical techniques of food components, such as vitamins, flavors, lipids, artificial sweeteners, nutraceuticals, colorants, etc, via modern analytical instruments such as spectrometer, gas chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography. We also encourage students to make nutraceutical formulations for human health.                      

Team Leaders
Feng Chen Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Receive American Chemical Society's trip fund $1000 to support the CI team to attend the final undergraduate research competition as the invited finalist
 
Attaway, D. (2017, February 22). Clemson students to present peach research in national competition.  The Newsstand. 
Wang, X., Beckham, T.H., Morris, J.C., Chen, F., Gangemi, J.D. (2008). Bioactivities of Glossypol, 6-Methoxygossypol, and 6,6'-Dimethoxygossypol. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56, 4393-4398.
Wang, X., Howell, C., Chen, F., Yin, J., Jiang, Y. (2009). Review: Gossypol-A Polyphenolic Compound from Cotton Plant. Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, 58(6), p213-261.
*Burgess, A., *McCullough, A., *Ramey, R., and *Nguyen, T.(2017, April 2-5). Investigation of Antioxidant Capacity and Bioactive Chemicals in South Carolina Grown Peaches. Presented at the 2017 American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition, San Francisco, CA. 
*Burgess, A., *McCullough, A., *Nguyen, T., and *Ramey, R. (2017, April 2-6). Total Phenolics and Antioxidant Capacity of South Carolina Grown Peaches. Presented at American Chemical Society National Meeting in San Francisco, CA. 
Carr Family donate $4000 to support this CI project.
2016-2017 Recipient of The Carr Family Endowment for CI.
Carr Family Creative Inquiry Endowment
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
99

Green Energy and Biodiesel Project

From Fields to Fuel, team members we will be researching all aspects of sustainable biofuels production and engineering while facilitating biodiesel and ethanol production to be utilized by University Facilities. Project team 1 is focused on facility optimization through relief of production bottlenecks. Project team 2 will research increasing biodiesel feedstock acquisition through cultivation of energy crops and harvest of waste lipid streams.

Team Leaders
Terry Walker Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Jazmine Taylor Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
$241,000 in SARE support for the collaboration under Dr. Zehnder. project number es13-117
Association of South Carolina Energy Managers - Energy Project of the Year! For production of an estimated 3000 gallons of biodiesel fuel over 2011. Simms, Bryan. Clemson Biofuels Program Wins Award. Biodiesel Magazine, Nov 2011. http //www.biodieselmagazine.com/articles/8205/clemson-university-biodiesel-program-earns-award
*Monroe, E.A. , *O'Connell, W.J., and *Mashtare, K.R. (2016, January 27). "Synthesis of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil Using Lipase Catalyzed Interesterification at Clemson University". Lecture given at National Biodiesel Conference in Tampa, FL.
*Hummer, J. "Enhancing Economic Competition Using Black Soldier Fly Composting." (2016, January 27). National Biodiesel Conference, Tampa, FL.
*Hummer, J. (2015, January 20). Use of Hermetia illuscens for conversion of waste to feed, fuel and fertilizer. Poster and Oral presentation at the National Biodiesel Conference. Forth Worth, TX.
*Bobo, C., Buie, R., Culbertson, M., *Dobberstein, L., Duke, K., *Gray, M., Hamlett, B., Huckabee, O., Hyder, E., Jones, C., Spearman, L., Stilwell, W., Szabo, J., Martens, C., McGowans, S., *Patton, R., Prosser, K., *Hughes, L., Williams, J. (2014, April). Exercise is medicine in rural health centers and federally qualified health centers. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Clemson Sustainable Biofuels
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
150

Microbial ecology and bioinformatics

Students will use bioinformatics as well as PCR, qPCR and next generation sequencing technology to identify, characterize and track the activity of microbes in the environment.          

Team Leaders
Barbara Campbell Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Katragadda, S., *Weber, E., Lim, S. J., *Weber, R., and Campbell, B. J. (2017). Feral Hog Fecal Source Tracking of Lake Keowee Tributaries. American Society for Microbiology South Carolina Branch 2017 Spring Meeting. Francis Marion University, South Carolina.
Nachman, E., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J.C. (2017). Quantifying the expression of genes involved in nitrogen assimilation in symbionts of the lucinid clam, Phacoides pectinatus. Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium. Clemson University, South Carolina (undergraduate student poster).
Katragadda,S.*, Weber, E.*, Painter, J., Miller, K., and B. Campbell. (Fall 2016). Seasonal Trends in Host-Specific Bacteroidales Prevalence and Activity in Lake Keowee Tributaries. COS Research meeting.
Weber, E.*, Katragadda, S.*, Painter, J., Miller, K., and B. J Campbell. (2016, April). Seasonal Trends in Host-Specific Bacteroidales Prevalence and Activity in Lake Keowee Tributaries. SC ASM Branch Meeting, MUSC, Charleston, SC.
*Weber, E., *Katragadda, S., Painter, J., Miller, K., Campbell, B.J. (2016, April). Seasonal Trends in Host-Specific Bacteroidales Prevalence and Activity in Lake Keowee Tributaries. SC ASM Branch Meeting, MUSC, Charleston, SC.
*Nachman E., Lim J., and Campbell B. (2017, March 25). Quantifying the expression of genes involved in nitrogen assimilation in symbionts of the lucinid clam Phacoides pectinatus. Poster presented at the biannual meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Florence, SC.
*Katragadda S., *Weber E., Lim J, Weber R., and Campbell B. (2017, March 25). Feral Hog Fecal Source Tracking of Lake Keowee Tributaries. Poster presented at the biannual meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Florence, SC.
*Love, K., *Seward, J., Miller, K.P., Kurtz, H., Henson, J.M. (2016, April 9). Assessment of the microbial soil community in two South Carolina peach orchards.  Poster presentation: South Carolina branch of the American Society of Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
ScienceG
112

Future Computing Technologies for Facial Recognition

Undergraduate students in the Future Computing Technology Facial Recognition Team are investigating distributed algorithms for biometrics and the use of accelerator architectures such as FPGAs, GPUs, and MIC processors to accelerate and improve the performance of these algorithms. The field of biometrics, specifically facial recognition, relies heavily on repetitive image processing but has yet to fully take advantage of the efficiency and parallelism offered by accelerator architectures. Facial recognition is desirable over other available biometric techniques due to its ease of collectability and acceptability, and thus has the potential for use in a wide range of applications. However, due to the lower uniqueness of facial features and typical variations in image samples obtained because of environmental changes like illumination, temporal changes, and occlusion, the robustness of the facial recognition process suffers severely. Several facial recognition algorithms, including principal component analysis (PCA), independent component analysis (ICA), and linear discriminant analysis (LDA), have been researched extensively in comparative and independent studies. Such studies have revealed that while each algorithm has advantages, none are accurate for all variations of input data, making robust identification difficult. Real-time recognition has also been hindered by the complex calculations and large memory requirements involved in this process. Our research exploits the inherent parallelism available in accelerators by implementing multiple algorithms concurrently to increase accuracy via fusion of results while improving decision time by exploiting the available parallelism. The successful development of robust biometric identification algorithms capable of high performance in uncontrolled environments is especially of interest to the intelligence community (e.g. CIA, FBI, Department of Homeland Security) and would represent a major contribution to the field of biometrics.

Team Leaders
Melissa Smith Electrical & Computer Engr
Colin Targonski Electrical & Computer Engr
Benjamin Shealy Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
*Goodall, T., Gibson, S., and Smith, M. (2012, July 10-11). Parallelizing Principal Component Analysis for Robust Facial Recognition Using CUDA. Presented at 2012 SAAHPC, Chicago, IL. 
*Shealy, B., *Targonski, C. (2017, April). Robust Real-time Face Recognition with PCA, LDA, and ICA. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
115

Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics: CU- REPRO

Medical implant devices have been used widely for more than 40 years, and it is estimated that 8 percent 10 percent of Americans (20-25 million people) currently have such a device. Although implant devices have produced great benefits, it must be recognized that sometimes MIDs must be removed or replaced. They are in a continual state of development to increase their performance and extend their useful lifespan. Long-term data on the behavior of implanted devices and host response are essential inputs to the development process, yet there are few systematic programs for the retrieval and analysis of implants in the USA. Independent and international data banks do exist however. The contributions to implant design provided by retrieval and analysis will benefit patients through improvements in implant performance. We can consider implants to be defined as having a minimum lifespan of 3 months, as penetrating living tissue, as having a physiologic interaction and as being retrievable. A number of barriers exist to the establishment of an implant retrieval program. Major impediments are the costs associated with such a program and fear of litigation affecting manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and investigators. The long term goal of this creative inquiry group is to discuss, investigate, develop, establish, promote and grow a viable Clemson University Implant Retrieval Program. The aim of such a program is to provide a working repository for retrieved implants, and to develop the tools and techniques for the systematic evaluation of implant designs, materials, surfaces and function.

Team Leaders
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Melinda Harman Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Nguyen H, Schöneberg L, Schmitt S and Harman M. (2017, August). Implant retrieval analysis of an ACL-Substituting TKR design at a minimum 5 year follow-up. Submitted to the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Young, L., *Bebler, M., Flannery, S., *Leslie, H., Snethen, K., Burnikel, B., Geary, S., Jeray, K., Pace, T., Shirley, B., Toaln, S., Harman M. (2017, May) Does Implant Design Affect Knee Stability After Total Knee Replacement? Submitted to the Health Sciences Center Research Showcase, Greenville, SC.
*Bebler, M., *Hargett, Z., *Leslie, H., *Nguyen, H., *Young, L., Harman, M. (2017, May) Retrieval Research and Reprocessing of Medical Devices. Bioengineering Design Expo, Greenville, SC.
*Adams, L., *Bebler, M., *Coggins, M., *Gaston, M., *Hargett, Z., *Leslie, H., *Marrs, E., *Nguyen, H., *Schroeder, W., *White, E., *Young, L., Harman, M. (2017, April). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*David M, *Bebler M, *Farrell A, *Harper C, *Leslie H, *Doyle J, *Li A, *Graham W, Harman M. Performance of four knee design categories: A comparison of CU-REPRO and international registries. Bioengineering Design Expo, Greenville, SC, April 29, 2016.
*David M, *Bebler M, *Farrell A, *Harper C, *Leslie H, *Doyle J, *Li A, *Graham W, DesJardins J, and Harman M. (2016, April 6-7). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Young, L., Snethen, K., Brandt, P., *Bebler, M., *Leslie, H., Harman, M. (2016) Constraint testing of flat, semi-constrained, and mobile bearing total knee replacements. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society, Minneapolis, MN.
*Young L, Snethen K, Brandt P, *Bebler M, *Leslie H, Harman M. (2016 Oct 6). Constraint testing of flat, semi-constrained, and mobile bearing total knee replacements. Podium talk presented at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Minneapolis, MN.
*Harper, C., *Leslie, H., *Doyle, J., *Young, L., *Li, A., *Farrell, A., *Bebler, M., *David, M., DesJardins, J., Harman, M. (2015, September 25).  Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). Biomaterials Day Regional Symposium, Society for Biomaterials, Clemson, SC.
*David, M., *Bebler, M., *Farrell, A., *Harper, C., *Leslie, H., *Doyle, J., *Li, A., *Graham, W., Harman, M. (2016, April 29). Performance of four knee design categories: A comparison of CU-REPRO and international registries. Bioengineering Design Expo, Greenville.
*David, M., *Bebler, M., *Farrell, A., *Harper, C., *Leslie, H., *Doyle, J., *Li, A., *Graham, W., DesJardins, J., Harman, M. (2016, April 6-7). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Freed, R., *Keith, K., Hodge, A., Harman, M. (2013, January). Risk of damage during hip dislocation: Surface roughness on dislocated versus non-dislocated femoral heads retrieved after total hip replacement. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS), San Antonio, TX.
Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., *Wabler M., DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Assessment of New Damage Scoring Methodology for Total Knee Replacement Retrieval Analysis. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Austin, TX.
*Cash, H., Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Wabler, M., Voss, F., DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Comparative Analysis of Retrieved Genesis II UHMWPE Articulating Against OxZr vs. CoCr Femoral Components. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Austin, TX.
*Cash, H., *Elpers, M., *Wabler, M.E., Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D. (2010, April). Total Knee Replacement Explant Surface Damage Characterization. Presented at the Spring 2010 Undergraduate Research Symposium. Clemson, SC, Clemson University.
*Csernica, R., Harman, M., Baleani, M., Tozzi, G., Stea, S., Toni, A. (2012). Mechanical disassembly and damage assessment of retrieved femoral stems with modular necks. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
*Durig, N., Alvarez, E., Harman, M. (2012, October). Characterizing metal-polymer bearing couples of knee replacement prostheses retrieved after in vivo function. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M.E., *Cash, H.M., *Wabler, M.E., DesJardins, J.D., (2011, October). Assessment of Quantitative Methodology for Evaluation of Retrieved Metallic Femoral Components from Total Knee Replacements. Presented at the International Joint Tribology Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D., Schmitt, S., Harman, M., (2012, February). Relationship between Surface Roughness and Articular Wear for Cobalt-Chrome on Polyethylene Bearing Couples Evaluation of Retrieved Unicondylar Knee Replacements. Proceedings of the Orthopedic Research Society Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M.E., *Cash, H.A., *Wabler, M.E., DesJardins, J.D. (2010, October). Assessment of New Damage Scoring Methodology for Total Knee Replacement Retrieval Analysis. Proceedings of the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC), Clemson, SC.
*Elpers, M., Alvarez, E., *Cash, H., *Wabler, M., Burnikel, B., Rodrigo, J., DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Comparative Analysis of Damage to Retrieved Femoral and Tibial NexGen PS Components. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Austin, TX.
Henson, K., *Quinn, R., Kuruvilla, J., *Lamb, A., DesJardins, J., Harman, M. (2012, September). Systematic Characterization of Specific Design Features for Retrieved Joint Prostheses. Presented at Biomaterials Day, Clemson, SC.
*Keith, K., Hodge, A., Harman, M. (2012). Surface roughness of dislocated metal hip heads retrieved after total hip replacement. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
*Elpers, M.E., Alvarez, E., *Cash, H.M., *Wabler, M.E., DesJardins, J.D. (2010, October). Comparative Analysis Retrieved Femoral Components Surface Scratching in the NexGen PS Design. Proceedings of the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC), Clemson, SC.
*Sloan, E., Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., *Wabler, M., DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Analysis and Damage Characterization of PS Total Knee Joint Replacement Posts. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Austin, TX.
Sloan, E.*, Alvarez, E., Elpers, M.*, Cash, H.*, Wabler, M.*, and DesJardins, J.* (2010, October). Analysis and Damage Characterization of PS Total Knee Joint Replacement Posts. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Austin, TX.
Pace, T.B., *Keith, K., Alvarez, E., Snider, B., DesJardins, J.D., (2012, August). Comparison of Conventional Polyethylene Wear and Signs of Cup Failure in Two Similar Total Hip Designs. Proceedings of the 2012 South Carolina Orthopaedic Association Annual Scientific Meeting, Kiawah Island, SC.
*Wabler, M., Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., Demos, H., Schutte, H., DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Damage Scoring and Surface Roughness Analysis to Assess Oxinium and Standard CoCr Femoral Component Scratching in Total Knee Replacements. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Austin, TX.
*Wabler, M.E., Wright-Walker, C.J., Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D. (2009, October). Exploration, Development, and Implementation of the Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program in Orthopaedics (CU-REPO). Presented at the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC). Washington, DC.
*Wabler, M., Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D. (2009, July). Exploration, Development, and Implementation of the Clemson University Implant Retrieval Program (CUIRP). Presented at the Seventh Annual NIH-NSF BBSI Second Annual NASA-REU SSBR Symposium, Podium, Clemson, SC.
*Elpers, M., Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D. (2010, April). Comparative Analysis of Surface Scratching of Retrieved Femoral Components in the NexGen PS Design. Presented at the 8th SC-LIFE Colloquium of Undergraduate Research. Clemson, SC Clemson University.
*Sloan, E.E., DesJardins, J.D. (2010, April). Protocols for Posterior Stabilized Total Knee Joint Replacement Wear Testing and Damage Characterization. Presented at the Spring 2010 Undergraduate Research Symposium. Clemson, Clemson University.
*Wabler, M., Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D. (June 2010). Exploration, Development, and Implementation of the Retrieval of Explants Program in Orthopaedics (REPO). Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Engineering Education Conference and Exposition. Louisville, KY.
*Durig, N., Harman, M. (2012, April). Characterizing Metal-Polymer Bearing Couples Assessment of Knee Replacement Prostheses Retrieved After in vivo Function. Presented at Biomaterials Day, Memphis, TN.
Stamer, C. (2015, May). (MS – thesis), "Assessment of Bore-Cone Taper Junctions in Explanted Modular Total Hip Replacements.". Thesis advisor, Melinda Harman, PhD
Panigrahi P, Durig N, Alvarez E, Harman MK. Damage from unintentional metal-metal articulation of CoCrMo, TiAlV, and oxidized zirconium knee replacements following polyethylene insert failure. Wear, 324-325:1-9, 2015.
Csernica, R.*, Harman, M.*, Baleani, M., Tozzi, G., Erani, P., Stea, S., Toni, A. (2013, January). Mechanical disassembly and taper damage assessment of retrieved femoral stems with modular necks. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS), San Antonio, TX.
*Stamer, C., *Taylor, R., Panigrahi, P., Harman, M. (2014, October). Quantifying variations in the femoral head-neck moment arm and associated surface changes on retrieved modular total hip replacements. Presented at Biomaterials Day, Atlanta, GA.
*Stamer, C., *Taylor, R., Panigrahi, P., Harman, M. (2015, April). Quantitative assessment of taper damage and head-neck moment arm on retrieved total hip replacements with modular bore-cone taper junctions. Presented at the Society for Biomaterials, Charlotte, NC.
*Binnicker, R., *Patel, A., *Taylor, R., *Hall, G., *Harper, C., *Leslie, H., DesJardins, J., Harman, M., (2015, April). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Alvarez, E., Harman, M., DesJardins, J.D. (2012, February). Development and Assessment of Knee Femoral Component Surface Damage Classification and Training Method, Poster #1949. Proceedings of the Orthopedic Research Society Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Best Poster (2nd place) - Retrieval of Explants and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO), Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson University (2013)
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
944

Perception & Action: Studies in Virtual Reality, Haptic Surgical Simulator, Robotics and Affordances

Students will assist in conducting experimental research in one of a number of ongoing projects involving visual perception in virtual reality, touch and muscle perception in a laparoscopic surgery simulator, tele-operated robotics and/or the perception of “affordances.” "Affordances" are the things that can be done with the surfaces of the environment, such as whether an area on the floor is "step-over-able" or whether the width of a doorway is "pass-through-able." In a series of experiments we will investigate the accuracy of perceptual judgments pertaining to a variety of affordance behaviors, such stepping over, jumping over, passing through, whether or not an object is reachable, whether or not a short incline is stand-on-able, etc. Students are expected to participate in the CI project for 2-4 semesters.

Team Leaders
Hannah Solini Psychology
Leah Hartman Psychology
Kathryn Lucaites Psychology
Christopher Pagano Psychology
Brian Day Psychology
Accomplishments
*Wegner, H., Day, B., Hartman, L. & Pagano, C. (2017). Investigating Avatar Transformations and Perception in Virtual Reality. Poster presented at the Clemson University Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, April 6, 2017.
Pagano, C. C. (2017, April 14). "Perceiving Haptic Distance-To-Break in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task." Illinois State University Department of Psychology & CBS Colloquium Series. Normal, IL.
*Wegner, H., Day, B., Hartman, L., Pagano, C. (2017, April). Investigating Avatar Transformations and Perception in Virtual Reality. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Day, B., Ebrahimi, E., Pagano, C. & Babu, S. (2016, March 19-23). Applied Perception Research Group, Clemson University. Demonstration at IEEE Virtual Reality Conference 2016, Greenville, SC.
Hartman, L.S., Day, B.M., Pagano, C.C., Kil, I. & Burg, T.C. (2015, July 15-18). Modality Effects in Training Haptic Distance-To-Break in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task. Perception and Action XIII: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Perception and Action, 117-120, Minneapolis, MN.
Day, B., Hartman, L. S., *Bryan, R., *Mask, R., *Goebel, A., Pagano, C. C. (2015, April). Is The Perceived Preferred Critical Boundary an Example of Gibson's Margin of Safety? Poster presented at Clemson GRADS research symposium, Clemson, SC.
Day, B., Hartman, L., & Pagano, C. (2016, June 20-22). Facilitating performance through perception. Poster presented at the 2016 North American Meeting of the International Society for Ecological Psychology, Clemson, SC.
Day, B., Hartman, L. S., Pagano, C. C. (2015, July). The Perceived Preferred Critical Boundary as an Example of Gibson's Margin of Safety. Poster presented at the Eighteenth International Conference on Perception and Action, Minneapolis, MN.
*Bryan, R., *Mask, R., *Goebel, A., Day, B., Hartman, L., and Pagano, C.C. (2015, April). Perception of Gap Traversability and Safety of Actions. Poster presented at 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Hartman, L.S., Kil, I., Pagano, C.C. & Burg, T.C. (2016). Investigating Haptic Distance-To-Break Using Linear and Nonlinear Materials in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task. Ergonomics, 59, 1171-1181.
Day, B., Hartman, L. S., Pagano, C. C. (2015). The Perceived Preferred Critical Boundary as an Example of Gibson's Margin of Safety. Studies in Perception and Action XIII. Proceedings from the Eighteenth International Conference on Perception and Action, pp. 179-182.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
118

Exploring the Electrokinetic and Magnetic Transport Phenomena in Engineered Microchannels for Developing a General-Purpose Microfluidic Biochip

We explore the use of electric and magnetic fields for the transport and control of biological and synthetic particles in engineered microchannels with lab-on-a-chip applications to chemistry and biomedicine.

Team Leaders
Xiangchun Xuan Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Zhu, L., Patel, S., *Johnson, M., Kale, A., Raval, Y., Tzeng, T. R., Xuan, X. Enhanced throughput for electrical manipulation of particles and cells in a stacked microfluidic device. Micromachines, 7, 156 (2016). http://www.mdpi.com/2072-666X/7/9/156
*Thomas, C., Lu, X., *Todd, A., Raval, Y., Tzeng, T., Song, Y., Wang, J., Li, D., Xuan, X. Charge-based electrokinetic separation of particles and cells with similar sizes via the wall-induced electrical lift. Electrophoresis 38, 320-326 (2017). http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/elps.201600284/abstract
Harrison, H., Lu, X., Patel, S., *Thomas, C., *Todd, A., *Johnson, M., Raval, Y., Tzeng, T., Song, Y., Wang, J., Li, D., Xuan, X. (2015, February). Electrokinetic preconcentration of particles and cells in microfluidic reservoirs. Analyst, 140, 2869 - 2875. https://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5AN00105F
DuBose, J., Zhu, J., Patel, S., Lu, X., *Tupper, N., *Stonaker, J. M., Xuan, X. (2014, October). Electrokinetic particle separation in a single-spiral microchannel, Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 24, 115018. http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0960-1317/24/11/115018
*Wilbanks, J.J., *Kiessling, G., Zeng, J., Zhang, C., Xuan, X. (2014, January). Exploiting magnetic asymmetry to concentrate diamagnetic particles in ferrofluid microflows. Journal of Applied Physics, 115, 044907. http://aip.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1063/1.4862965
Patel, S., Showers, D.*, Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T., Qian, S., Xuan, X., (2012). Microfluidic separation of live and dead yeast cells using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Biomicrofluidics, 6, 034102. http://aip.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.4732800
Church, C., Zhu, J., *Nieto, J., *Keten, G., *Ibarra, E., Xuan, X. (2010, May). Continuous particle separation in a serpentine microchannel via negative and positive dielectrophoretic focusing. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 20, 065011. http://iopscience.iop.org/0960-1317/20/6/065011
Patel, S., *Showers, D., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T. J., Qian, S., and Xuan, X. (2012, July). Microfluidic separation of live and dead yeast cells using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis. AIP Biomicrofluidics: Fundementals, Perspectives, and Apllications, 6(3). http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/bmf/6/3/10.1063/1.4732800
Zeng, J., Chen, C., Vedantam, P., *Brown, V., Tzeng, T. J., Xuan, X. (2012, August). Three-dimensional magnetic focusing of particles and cells in ferrofluid flow through a straight microchannel. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 22, 105018. http://iopscience.iop.org/0960-1317/22/10/105018/
Zhu, J., *Canter, R. C., *Keten, G., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T., Xuan, X. (2011, December). Continuous flow separation of particles and cells in a serpentine microchannel via curvature-induced dielectrophoresis. Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, 11(6), 743-752. http://experts.umn.edu/en/publications/continuousflow-particle-and-cell-separations-in-a-serpentine-...
*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X., Xuan, X. (2016, March). "Lift-enhanced electrical pinched flow fractionation for particle and cell separation". APS March Meeting 2016, Baltimore, MD.
Li, D., *Walker, P., *Sparks, J., Kozubowski, L., and Xuan, X. (February 2017). "Continuous sheathless separation of normal and drug-treated Cryptococcus neoformans in viscoelastic fluid flow through a straight rectangular microchannel". Presented at 88th Annual Meeting of The Society of Rheology, Tampa, FL.
Brumme, C.*, Shaw, R.*, Zhou, Y., Prabhakaran, R., Xuan, X. (2016, March). "Joule heating effects on electrokinetic flow instabilities in ferrofluids," APS March Meeting 2016, Baltimore, MD.
*Brumme, C., *Shaw, R., Zhou, Y., Lu, X., Xuan, X. (2015, November). "Electrothermal flow enhanced sample mixing in a ratchet microchannel". American Physical Society 68th Annual Division of Fluid Dynamics (DFD) Meeting, Boston, MA.
*Brumme, C., *Shaw, R., Zhou, Y., Prabhakaran, R., Xuan, X. (2016, March). "Joule heating effects on electrokinetic flow instabilities in ferrofluid". APS March Meeting 2016, Baltimore, MD.
*Brumme, C., *Shaw, R., Zhou, Y., Lu, X., Xuan, X. (2015, November). "Electrothermal flow enhanced sample mixing in a ratchet microchannel." Presented at the 68th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Boston, MA.
*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X., Xuan, X., (2015, November). "Continuous-flow electrophoretic separation of particles with dissimilar charge-to-mass ratios via the wall-induced non-inertial lift." Presented at the 68th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Boston, MA.
*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X., Xuan, X. (2014, November 16-21). Selective concentration and separation of colloidal particles by positive reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at the AICHE 2014 Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
Thanjavur, D., *Pasternak, S., Zhou, Y., Lu, X., Xuan, X. (2014, November 16-21). Electrokinetic instabilities in ferrofluid flows. AICHE 2014 Annual Meeting. Atlanta, GA.
*Wilbanks, J., *Kiessling, G. A., Zeng, J., Chen, C., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T. J., Xuan, X. (2013, May). Diamagnetic particle and microbe concentration using ferromicrofluidics. Advances in Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN.
Zeng, J., *Wilbanks, J. J., Chen, C., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T. J., Xuan, X. (2013, May). Continuous size-based particle and cell separation in ferrofluid flow through a straight microchannel with two offset magnets. Presented at Advances in Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN.
Patel, S., *Showers, D., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T., Qian, S., Xuan, X. (2012, November). Continuous-flow separation of live and dead yeasts using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at 65th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, San Diego, CA.
*Brown, V., *Zeng, J., Liang, L., Tzeng, J., Xuan, X. (2012, March). Continuous Cell Concentration Using Ferrofluids. Presented at Asme 2012 micro/nanoscale heat and mass transfer international conference, Alanta, GA.
*Ibarra, E., *Keten, G., *Nieto, J., Church, C., Xuan, X. (2009, November). Negative and positive dielectrophoresis of particles in curved microchannels. Presented at 2009 AICHE Annual Meeting, Nashville,TN.
*Showers, D., *Brown, V., et al. (2011, November). Dielectrophoretic Separation of Live and Dead Yeast Cells in Microfluidic Reservoirs. Presented at 64th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Baltimore, MD.
*Zeng, J., Liang, L. (2011, November). Diamagnetic Cell Focusing in Ferrofluid Microchannel Flows. Presented at 64th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics. Baltimore, MD.
Liang, L., *Rivers, J., Xuan, X. (2012, March). Continuous flow separation of magnetic and nonmagnetic particles in a ferrofluid. Presented at Asme 2012 micro/nanoscale heat and mass transfer international conference, Alanta, GA.
*Showers, D., Patel, S., Liang, L., Xuan, X. (2012, March). Three-dimensional characterization of electrokinetic particle entry into microchannels. Presented at Asme 2012 micro/nanoscale heat and mass transfer international conference, Alanta, GA.
DuBose, J., *Tupper, N., *Stonaker, J., Patel, S., Xuan, X. (2013, November 24-26). Electrokinetic filtration and separation of particles by size in single-spiral microchannels. Presented at 66th Annual Meeting of American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Harrison, H., *Johnson, M., Patel, S., Xuan, X. (2013, November 24-26). Electrical manipulation of submicron particles by reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at 66th Annual Meeting of American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Johnson, M., *Anderson, R., Patel, S., Tzeng, T., Xuan, X. (2012, October). Microbe removal using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at AICHE 2012 Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA
*Wilbanks, J., *Kiessling, G., Zeng, J., Chen, C., Xuan, X. (2012, October). Diamagnetic particle trapping in ferromicrofluidics. Presented at AICHE 2012 Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
561

Identification and Functional Evaluation of Anti-cancer and Anti-inflammatory Immunomodulators from natural products

Samples isolated from many natural products have anti-cancer and/or anti-inflammatory activities through the activation of the immune system, such as  natural killer (NK) cells, macrophages, etc. We are in a process of identifying these potential anti-cancer or anti-inflammatory compounds from various natural products. The CI project is a part of this effort and responsible for the biological screening and characterization of these samples. CI students will use in vitro screening systems to exam cell proliferation, cytotoxicity, inflammatory mediator production, etc. to identify potential anti-cancer/inflammatory drugs. A minimum of two semesters are required for a student to register this course (BIOL 4940).

Team Leaders
Yanzhang Wei Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Kouser, H., *Polito, M., *Schumacher, J., Yang, X., and Wei, Y. (2017, April 5-6). "Anti-cancer and/or Anti-inflammatory Effects of Marine Protist Metalized Materials." Presented at the 12th Annual FoCI Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Kouser, H., *Polito, M., *Schumacher, J., Wei, Y. (2017, April). Anti-cancer and/or Anti-inflammatory Effects of Marine Protist Matelized Materials. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Fox, A., *Cruse, K., *Polito, M., Wei, Y. (2016, April) CI Report. Presented at Dr. Wei's lab meeting.
*Kouser, H., *Polito, M., *Schumacher, J., Yang, X., and Wei Y. (2016). CI Semester Report 2016 Fall. Presented at Dr. Wei's group.
Youn, U. J., Park, EJ, Kondratyuk T, Sang-Ngern M, Wei Y, Wall M, Pezzuto J, Chang L. Anti-inflammatory and Quinone Reductase Inducing Compounds from Fermented Noni (Morinda press.citrifolia) Juice Exudates. J Nat Prod, (2016) in press
Tietje, A., Yang, I., *Huggins, H., *Brierley, S., *Burns, A., *Shearer, A. (2015, April). Anti-tumor potential of compounds isolated from Physalis peruviana (poha). Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Borucki, R., *Blumer, A., *Huggins, H., Wei, Y., *Tietje, A., Yang, X. (2014, April). Compounds from fermented noni exudates (fNE) selectively kill human cancer cells. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
162

Health Disparities

Racial and ethnic minorities represent one of the fastest growing segments of our society. Of the 281 million people counted by the 2000 Census, more than half were women. Approximately 41 million of these were women of color, representing 29% of all the U.S. population. Of these, 43% were classified as black non-Hispanic, 41% Hispanic, 13% Asian non-Hispanic, 0.4% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic) and 2.5% American Indian/Alaska Native (non-Hispanic). Concomitant with the population growth of racial/ethnic minority groups is growing in this country, the disparities in health between minorities and the majority group remain large in some cases continue to widen. Health Disparities are defined as differences in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of diseases and other adverse health conditions that exist among specific population groups in the United States when compared to non-Hispanics. Specific population groups are identified as African-Americans, Asian and Asian Pacific Islanders, Hispanic and Latino, Native American and Native Alaskan. Medically Under-served Populations are defined as populations that have inadequate access to, or reduced utilization of high quality health care. Included in this group are low literacy, rural and low-income populations, including older minority women. In an effort to improve the nation’s health, Healthy People 2020 encourages the design of strategies and action plans to address one or more of the leading health indicators. Successful interventions that target these indicators are integral to improving the quality of life and reducing the incidence of the leading causes of death for all people. It is well documented that many of the disparities in health are related to a variety of lifestyle factors and may be amenable to primary and or secondary preventive measures.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
Accomplishments
*Reifeis, E and Lanham, J. (2011, April). Health Promotion, Physical Activity, and Obesity Prevention in Preschool Children. Presented at CBSHS/CoE Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Lyons, T., *Gandy, E., and *Foley, E. (2016, April). Telemedicine: Changing the Face of Healthcare. Presented at 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
163

Geologic Mapping in the Upstate of SC

This group explores and analyzes the geologic structures and mineralogy of the bedrock formations that comprise the upstate of South Carolina.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Coolman, J. and Brame, S. (2017, April). Mapping Distinct Units within the Tallulah Falls Formation in the Southern Portion of the Six-Mile Quadrangle, SC. Poster presented at 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Marcacci, K. and Brame, S. (2017, April). Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Poster presented at 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
Seigler, M. and Brame, S. (2017, April). Petrographic Analysis of Ultramafic Rocks in the Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont of South Carolina. Presented at 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Seigler, M. and Brame, S. (2017, April). Petrographic Analysis of Ultramafic Rocks in the Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont of South Carolina. Presented at 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Nguyen, S. and Brame, S. (2017, April). Using a Mobile Eddy Covariance Tower to Measure CO2 Flux. Presented at 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Wykel, J. and Brame, S. (2017, April). Nitrogen Loading and Coliform Bacteria in Eighteen Mile Creek. Presented at 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Berisford, J. and Brame, S. (2015, April). The Influence of Slope on the Weathering Rates of Biotite Gneiss Bedrock. Presented at 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Walters, D. and Brame, S. (2015, April). Changes in Soil CO2 Flux from an Urban Environment due to Anthropogenic Compaction. Presented at 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., *Demille, R., and Brame, S. (2014, April). Analysis of carbon flux from soils derived from different rock types. Presented at 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Gloerson, K., *Goretoy, S., and Brame, S. (2014, April). Determination of chemical weathering rates using mass balance equations and determination of weathering products using X-ray diffraction. Presented at 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Hickok, K. and Brame, S. (2014, April). Carbon dioxide efflux in forest soil and topsoil influenced by soil moisture and temperature variations. Presented at 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Coffin, A and Brame, S. (2014, April). Comparison of till and no-till agricultural practices on carbon dioxide flux from the soil on an organic farm. Presented at 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Wylie, P. and Brame, S. (2013, April). Using soil pH and Ca/Mg Hardness to Map Bedrock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Black, E. and Brame, S. (2013, April). Geologic Mapping by Soil Analysis: Determining the Contact Between Amphibolite and Biotite Gneiss Using Soil Chemistry and pH. Presented at 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Lefitz, A. and Brame, S. (2013, April). Mapping of the Clemson Forest using Digital Field Mapping Techniques. Presented at 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Grayson, A and Brame, S.(2012, April). Detailed Mapping of Amphibolite Rock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at 7th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Marcacci, K., Brame, S. (2017, April). Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Lo, S., Brame, S. (2016, March 31). Interpretation of a Large Amphibolite Body in the Clemson Forest, Six Mile Quad, SC. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Slocum, C., Brame, S. (2016, March 31). Calculation of Mineral Weathering Rates of Four Different Rock Types in the Sunset Quad (SC) Using a Mass Balance Equation. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson.
*Berisford, J., Brame, S. (2015, March). The Influence of Slope on the Weathering Rates of Biotite Gneiss Bedrock. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Caldwell, G. S., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Refinement of the Seneca Fault in the Southwest Corner of the Six Mile Quadrangle. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Herrmann, A., Brame, S., Bharadwaj, A. (2015, March 25). Sediment Core Characterization in the Twelvemile Creek Arm of Lake Hartwell, SC. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*McFarland, W., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). XRD Analysis of Soil between Outcrops of Amphibolite and Mica Schist. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Villanueva, R., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Re-examining the Geologic Interpretations Used to Delineate the Seneca Fault. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Goretoy, S., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Determining Mineral Weathering Rates in the Clemson Experimental Forest using a Mass Balance Approach. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Gloersen, K., Brame, S., (2014, April 3). Determining Residual Soil Mineralogy using X-ray Diffraction. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Phillips, C. (2012, April) Geothermometry of Migmatites in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presentation at 20th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Grayson, A. (2012, April 12) Detailed Mapping of Amphibolite Bodies in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presentation at 20th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
645

Bamboo Reinforced Concrete

This Creative Inquiry (CI) project aims to address the sub-standard and dangerous construction of buildings with unreinforced concrete due to the high cost of rebar. In many developing countries, such as Haiti, single-story family homes are constructed with severely under-reinforced concrete beams and columns and in many cases unreinforced concrete masonry units (CMU). When the 7.0 earthquake hit Port-au-Prince in January 2010, thousands of people died from the collapsing of these under-designed homes. The high cost of rebar is the major cause for the construction of under-reinforced buildings. In many developing countries, the cost of rebar for a home could be more than several months’ wages and because of this, many chose to build their houses with little to no rebar reinforcement. This CI project will explore the possibility of using bamboo to replace steel to provide tensile reinforcement for concrete. Some past studies have shown that the maximum tensile capacity of bamboo is comparable to that of steel and the tensile strength to weight ratio of bamboo is six times that of steel. In addition, bamboo is a sustainable and renewable construction material. Bamboo grows naturally in many regions of the world including Haiti. It can reach full growth in just a few months and its full strength in just a few years.

Team Leaders
Weichiang Pang Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
*Brokaw, G., *Cook, M., *Davis, L., *Patel, M., *Repp, A., *Ressler, E., *Spong, C., Pang, W. (2017, April). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Patel, M., *Hummel, G., *Ressler, E., *Brokaw, G., and *Spong, C. (2016, December). “Bamboo Reinforced Concrete – Fall 2015 Activities Summary”. Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (CEDC) end-of-semester project summary presented Watt Innovation Center, Clemson, SC.
Anastopoulo, T.*, Hummel, G.*, Jerwann, K.*, Patel, M.*, Tatem, L.*. (2016, April). The Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Group. Innovations Summit Presentation.
Patel, M.*, Hummel, G.*, Tatem, L.*, Anastopoulo, T.*, and Jerwann, K.* (2016, April). "The Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Group". Concrete Innovations Summit,  Clemson, SC.
*Schneider, N., Pang, W., Gu, M. (2014, April 3-5). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete for Seismic Design. Presented at Structures Congress, ASCE, Boston, MA.
2015 - Overall 3rd Place in Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Beam Competition - ASCE Carolinas Conference
Schneider, N.*, Pang, W., Gu, M. (2014), "Application of Bamboo for Flexural and Shear Reinforcement in Concrete Beams," 2014 Structures Congress, Boston, MA.
*Schneider, N., *Albritton, S., *Crowder, M., *Goodwin, J., *Kiser, S., *Lawler, P., *Lehne, W., *Mcgowan, R., *Stoner, M., (2013). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete. Poster Presentation, Clemson Green Expo, Clemson, South Carolina.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
176

Health Promotion, Physical Activity and Obesity Prevention Among Children, Adolescents and Teenagers

The prevalence of obesity continues to be a health concern for children and adolescents in the United States. Obesity increases the risk of many diseases and health conditions. These include: Coronary heart disease Type 2 diabetes Cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon) Hypertension (high blood pressure) Dyslipidemia (for example, high total cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides) Stroke Liver and Gallbladder disease Sleep apnea and respiratory problems Osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint) Gynecological problems (abnormal menses, infertility) One of the Healthy People 2020 national health objectives is to reduce the prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents to less than 5%. Significant differences in obesity among race or ethnic groups remain. The prevalence of overweight in Mexican-American and non-Hispanic black girls was higher than among non-Hispanic white girls. Among boys, the prevalence of overweight was significantly higher among Mexican Americans than among either non-Hispanic black or white boys. There were significant differences by age. Adolescents were more likely to be overweight than younger children. Obesity and overweight are a result of an imbalance between food consumed and physical activity. National data have shown an increase in the calorie consumption of and no change in physical activity patterns. Overweight adolescents often become obese adults. Although the United States has the highest prevalence of obesity among the developed nations, it is not alone in terms of trends. Increases in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adults have been observed throughout the world.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Lanham, J., *Johnson, P., and Boyd, C., (2017, April). Prevalence and Incidence of Childhood Obesity. Poster presented at the annual FoCi Forum for Creative Inquiry. Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
Lanham, J., *Boyd, C., *Cureton, H., *Gibbs, J., *Holmes, S., *Johnston, P., *Robelen, M. (2017, April). Childhood Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
With golden arches on every street corner and video games to keep children on the couch for days, childhood obesity is a quickly spreading problem in today's society. Poor eating and sedentary habits can lead to the predisposition of chronic illnesses and eventually premature death. This publication intends to educate minority preschool age children about issues involving nutrition, exercise, and the benefits of living a healthy lifestyle. The group plans to create an activity book for interactive learning with the goal of decreasing childhood obesity.
Graff, R., Hook, L., Hungerford, S., Pryor, C., Wright, S., and Berkompas, B. (2013). "Healthy for me from A-z". 
Reifeis, E. (2013). "Health Promotion, Physical Activity, and Obesity Prevention in Preschool Children".
*Lanham, J. (2013). Childhood Obesity. Poster presentation for the Creative Inquiry Undergraduate Research Program. Clemson University, Clemson, SC
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
187

Exploring microbial community in students' exercising environment

Microorganisms are everywhere in the environment.  Although most of them are harmless or beneficial microorganisms, human pathogens or antibiotic resistant microorganisms can pose the threat to human health.  In this project, we are interested in understanding the microbial community in student exercising environment.  The goal is to evaluate the risks of students acquiring those harmful microorganisms during exercising, and develop practical methods for controlling those risks.Food fermentation practices can be traced back many centuries ago. Worldwide, there are numerous food products created by beneficial microorganisms such as lactic acid producing bacteria, mold and yeast. These fermented food products, such as cheeses, yogurt, miso, soysauce, kimchi, rice wine and so on, not only add the flavor, nutritional value but also enhance food safety of food products. We'll explore the microbiological aspects of these products using both traditional and molecular biological tools, and hopefully develop some unique products or improve the safety of existing fermented food products.

Team Leaders
Xiuping Jiang Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
195

Additive Manufacturing in Architecture

Students in the project will go through the process of conceiving a project developing it through cutting edge digital design methods and then fabricating their design using state of the computer controlled manufacturing equipment with our regional industry partners. This is a steep learning curve for them but extremely beneficial for them and will distinguish them from their peers at other institutions.

Team Leaders
Douglas Hecker School of Architecture
Accomplishments
Sewesky, M. (2011 April). "Clemson University students design urban furniture for Asheville."" Clemson Newsroom. Clemson University
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
199

Social and Organizational Psychology

Our research team uses multiple methodologies with diverse samples to better understand how characteristics of the individual interact with the demands and opportunities in the environment to influence motivation, health, and performance. Our research findings have led to recommendations for improving the well-being and performance of military personnel and foreign language analysts working for the US government, and have shed light on the structural and attitudinal barriers that affect individuals considering treatment for psychological problems.

Team Leaders
Thomas W. Britt Jr Psychology
Accomplishments
Pittman, R., Jennings, K., Goguen, K., Britt, T., Jeffirs, S., Wilkes, R., *Brady, A., and *DiMuzio, D. (2017). Personality traits and barriers to treatment seeking among college students. Poster to be presented at the LXIII Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (SEPA), Atlanta, GA.
*Peasley, A., *Jeffirs, S., *Zaremba, B., *Lee, A., *Rivera, K., *Palmer, J., Goguen, K., Jennings, K., Britt Jr, T. (2014, April). Implicit and explicit stigma towards mental health treatment. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
(2015-2016). What to Tell a Soldier Who Hasn't Gotten Treatment [Video file]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891179
(2015-2016). The Importance of Unit Support [Video File]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891181
(2015-2016). Barriers Soldiers Face [Video File]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891177
(2015-2016). The Benefits of Treatment [Video File]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891180
(2015-2016). Mental Health Symptoms and the Need for Treatment [Video File]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891180
Zinzow, H. M., Britt, T. W., Pury, C. S., Jennings, K., Cheung, J. H., & Raymond, M. A. (2015). Barriers and facilitators of mental health treatment‐seeking in U.S. Active duty soldiers with sexual assault histories. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 28(4), 289-297.
Gillispie, S.K., Britt, T.W., Burnette, C.M., & McFadden, A.C. (2016). Employee mental health treatment seeking: Perceptions of responsibility and resilience. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 31, 1-18.
Jennings, K.S., Cheung, J.H., Britt, T.W., Goguen, K., *Jeffirs, S., *Peasley, A., *Lee, A. (2015). How are perceived stigma, self-stigma, and self-reliance related to treatment seeking? Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal (Special Issue: Self-Stigma and Mental Illness), 38, 109-116.
Britt, T.W., Pusilo, C., McKibben, E.S., Kelley, C., *Baker, A.N., Nielson, K.A. (2011). Personality and strength-related attitude dimensions: Between and within-person relationships. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 586-596.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1085

Design, Development and Creative Uses of a Combined Optical Tweezer and Fluorescent Microscope

Optical tweezers is an instrument used to apply and measure loads to single molecules, particularly in the study of the physical properties of biological molecules. The tweezers primarily consist of a laser that is focused to a diffraction-limited point at which a 0.5 – 2 um bead can be trapped and an optical microscopy light path to observe the sample. The laser can be moved by deflecting the laser beam. Based on the location of the bead in the beam, the force that the laser exerts on the bead can be determined. Students work together in interdisciplinary teams to design and implement subsystems into an optical tweezer instrument. While the function of the subsystem will be determined based on the interests of the students who participate, it could have significant optical, mechanical, and electrical components. Additionally, there are opportunities for primarily software enhancements potentially adding functionality or improving the user experience. Possible design projects include implementing time-sharing for trapping multiple beads simultaneously with one laser, enhancement of feedback control algorithms, introduction of real-time particle tracking, adding imaging modalities to the optical path (darkfield, DIC, phase contrast), etc.The final outcome, after 2 (or more) semesters, of this project will be the presentation or publishing of the results of the research, design and demonstration effort at an appropriate scientific conference or journal. This project will give students practical, hands on experience building precision scientific instruments. Successful completion, the experience gained as part of this project will be invaluable to students either planning on finding an industry job or entering a graduate program in science or engineering.

Team Leaders
Subash Godar Physics and Astronomy
Rachel Andorfer Physics and Astronomy
Joshua Alper Physics and Astronomy
ScienceG
215

Value Stream Process Management

Students will interview Clemson or other company employees and develop a process map. Activities may include developing a survey or collecting data, and analyzing the results. They will identify redundant and non-value added steps in the process and recommend changes.Successful completion is awarded with a Green Belt in Lean Six Sigma.

Team Leaders
Frances Kennedy School of Accountancy
BusinessD
235

Exploring Nutrient sensing in an ancient pathogen

The sugar glucose is essential to the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of African sleeping sickness. Heretofore, we have known very little about the regulation of a key enzyme in glucose metabolism, hexokinase (TbHK1). Recently, our group has identified a second HK (TbHK2) that regulates the first. This observation, along with our finding that products from other cellular processes can alter HK activity, suggest that HK serves as a central mediator of metabolism in the cell. Here, we propose to explore how TbHK2 regulates TbHK1, including studies aimed at understanding the impact of multimerization on enzyme activity. Further, we will consider how the enzyme is regulated by other mechanisms, including phosphorylation and inhibition by other cellular metabolites. Our long-term goal is to carefully characterize the roles of the two HKs in the biology of T. brucei, with a particular emphasis on understanding the role of these proteins in regulation of metabolism. We hypothesize that the proteins may regulate the cells’ response to environmental changes in nutrient availability that occurs as the parasites move from one host to another.

Team Leaders
James Morris Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Qiu, Y, Patrick, SL, and Morris JC. (2016). Invited Review: Nutrient sensing in kinetoplastid parasites. Advances in Medicine and Biology. Vol 105, 177-202.
Gordhan, HM, Patrick, SL, Swasy, MI, Hackler, AL, Anayee, M, Golden, JE, Morris, JC, Whitehead, D. (2017). Evaluation of substituted ebselen derivatives as potential trypanocidal agents. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 27, 537-541.
Hackler, A, Patrick, SL, Kahney, EW, Flaherty, DP, Sharlow, ER, Morris, JC, Golden, JE. (2017). Antiparasitic lethality of sulfonamidebenzamides in kinetoplastids. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 27, 755-758.
Lin, S, Voyton, C, Morris, MT, Ackroyd, CP, Morris, JC, Christensen, KA. (2017). pH regulation in glycosomes of procyclic form Trypanosoma brucei. Journal of Biological Chemistry (Accepted, 03/27/17, doi: 10.1074/jbc.M117.784173).
Davis, M.I., *Patrick, S., Blanding, W.M., Dwivedi, V., Suryadi, J., Golden, J.E., Coussens, N.P., Lee, O.W., Shen, M., Boxer, M.B., Hall, M.D., Sharlow, E.R., Drew, M.E., Morris, J.C. (2016, July).  Identification of novel Plasmodium falciparum hexokinase inhibitors with anti-parasitic activity. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2016 Jul 25. pii: AAC.00914-16. [Epub ahead of print]
Hackler, A.L., Qiu, Y., Patrick, S.L., Lee, S.H., Acosta-Serrano, A., Morris, J.C. (2015, December) Characterization of an African trypanosome mutant refractory to lectin-induced death. Biochem Biophys Rep. 2015 Dec 1;4:33-38. PMID:26393238
*Hackler, A.L., Yijian, Q., *Patrick, S.L., Lee, S.H., Acosta-Serano, A., Morris, J.C. (2015).  Characterization of an African trypanosome mutant refractory to lectin-induced death. Biochemistry and Biophysical Reports 4, 33-38.
*Hackler, A. L., Qiu, Y., *Patrick, S. L., Lee, S. H., Acosta-Serrano, A., Morris, J. C. (2015, August). Characterization of an African trypanosome mutant refractory to lectin-induced death. Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports, 4, 33_38.
Harris, M.T., Walker, D.M., Drew, M.E., Mitchell, W.G., *Dao, K., Schroeder, C. E., Flaherty, D. P., Weiner, W. S., Golden J. E., Morris, J. C. (2013, Aug) Interrogating a Hexokinase-Selected Small Molecule Library for Inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum Hexokinase. (In Press) Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.;57(8):3731-7. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00662-13.
Harris, M.T., Mitchell, W.G., Morris, J.C. (2013). Targeting protozoan parasite metabolism: glycolytic enzymes in the therapeutic crosshairs. Current Medicinal Chemistry.;21(15):1668-78.
*Burkhardt, P., Qui, E., and Morris, J. (2016, November). Heterologous expression of human glucokinase in the African trypanosome. Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center 4th Annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Meeting. Outdoor Laboratory and Watt Center, Clemson University.
*Werner, T., *Newton, W., Milanes, J., and Morris, J. (2016, November 17-19). Targeting the Naegleria glucokinase as a therapeutic target: an amoeba Achilles heal? Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center 4th Annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Meeting. Outdoor Laboratory and Watt Center, Clemson University.
*Patrick, S.L., Golden, J.E., Dwivedi, V., Drew, M.E., Sharlow, E., Davis, M.I., Shen, M., Hall, M.D., Boxer, M., Blanding, W.M., Kahney, E.W., Morris, J.C. (2016, Jan 25-29). Protozoan hexokinases as therapeutic targets: Trypanosoma brucei and Plasmodium falciparum in the crosshairs. Presented at the Keystone Symposium Meeting, "Drug Discovery for Parasitic Diseases," Tahoe City, CA.
*Griffith, M. (2015, October). Purifying and Characterizing Hexokinase 1 in Leishmania donovani. Presented at the 3rd Annual Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Meeting.
ScienceG
986

Membrane Separations for Clean Water and Energy Applications

Team members in the Membrane Separations for Clean Water and Energy Applications CI group will design and build membrane separation units that will be used for outreach demonstrations and classroom experiments.  The CI will span 3 semesters.  In the first semester, students will study emerging membrane technologies and basic principles of membrane design and operation.  In the second semester, team members will design and cost a membrane separation unit. In the final semester, students will build the membrane separation units based on their design and conduct performance tests.

Team Leaders
Steven Weinman Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Scott M Husson Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Christine Duval Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
*Mullan, C., *Price, C., *Riggs, J., *Roberson, S., *Ruff, C., *Westbrook, B. (2017, April). Water Purification on a Cart: Mobile Laboratory Experiments to Teach about Membrane Separations. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Metri, J., *Mullan, C., *Reed, G., *Roberson, S., *Tedder, J., *Westbrook, B. (2016, April). Design and construction of a reverse osmosis demonstration unit for clean water. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Event, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
961

Take and Play: A Play Based Parent Intervention for Early Childhood

Students will work on an intervention-based research study that will involve developing take home based geared towards mathematics growth in an effort to support play based interactions between parents and young children.

Team Leaders
Sandra Linder Teaching & Learning
Accomplishments
PNC Foundation through Project BEEMS
Linder, S.M., Emerson, A., Heffron, B.*, Shevlin, E.*, Vest, A*. (2016). STEM use in Early Childhood: Viewpoints from the Field. Young Children, 71, 3, 87-91.
Linder, S.M., Emerson, A., Heffron, B.*, Shevlin, E.*, Vest, A.* (2016). STEM use in Early Childhood: Viewpoints from the Field. Young Children, 71, 3, 87-91.
EducationE
237

Biochemical and genetic approaches to understanding acetate metabolism in pathogenic fungi

Cryptococcus neoformans is an invasive opportunistic pathogen of the central nervous system and the most frequent cause of fungal meningitis resulting in more than 625,000 deaths per year worldwide. Exposure to C. neoformans is common, as it is an environmental fungus found in the soil and can enter the lungs through inhalation, leading to pulmonary infection. An increased rate of infection occurs in individuals with impaired cell-mediated immunity, particularly those with AIDS and recipients of immunosuppressive therapy. Acetate has been shown to be a major fermentation product during cryptococcal infection, but the significance of this is not yet known. Little is known about what enzymes are responsible for acetate production and how it is transported. We have identified three putative acetate-producing pathways in C. neoformans. The genes encoding enzymes from these acetate-producing pathways and two putative acetate transporters have been shown to be unregulated during infection, suggesting that acetate production and transport may be a necessary and required part of the pathogenic process. The objective of this study is to use biochemical and genetics approaches to investigate the role of acetate fermentation in C. neoformans in metabolism and infection. 

Team Leaders
Kerry Smith Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
NSF-REU supplement for 2010 - $6,000 Principal Investigator Kerry Smith Co-investigator Cheryl Ingram-Smith, Indi Bose Student Development
NSF-REU supplement for 2012 - $7,000
Principal Investigator Kerry Smith Co-investigator Cheryl Ingram-Smith National Science Foundation Biochemistry and physiology of novel acetate kinases from eukaryotic microbes 08/01/09 - 7/31/12 (extended to 7/31/13) Award# 0920274 $739,967
National Institutes of Health The presence of a bacterial metabolic pathway in eukaryotic fungi 05/01/10 - 4/30/12 (extended to 4/30/13) Award # GM084417-01A1 $210,720
The Awards of Distinction are presented by graduating National Scholars to faculty and staff who have served as significant mentors, both in class and out, and have helped develop the students intellectually, professionally, and personally during their time at Clemson. Brittany Avin* presented the award to Kerry Smith
*Ohlund, H., Ammar, M., and Smith, K. (2016, November 17-18). The Role of Carnitine Acetyltransferase in Cryptococcus neoformans. Presented at Departments of Biological Sciences and Genetics & Biochemistry and the Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation CenterCell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens (CBEP), Clemson, SC.
*Hunt, M., and Smith, K. (2016, November 17-18). The Impact of Acetate-Utilizing Proteins AcuL and AcuH on Cryptococcus neoformans Virulence. Presented at Department of Genetics and Biochemistry and the Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens (CBEP), Clemson, SC.
*Hunt, M., and Smith, K.  (2016, September 16). The Impact of Acetate-Utilizing Proteins AcuL and AcuH on Cryptococcus neoformans Virulence. Presented at Department of Genetics and Biochemistry and Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center College of Science Family Appreciation Day and Undergraduate Poster Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Ohlund, H.*, Ammar, M., and K. Smith. (2016, September). "The Role of Carnitine Acetyltransferase in Cryptococcus neoformans". Departments of Biological Sciences and Genetics & Biochemistry and the Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center  College of Science Family Appreciation Day and Undergraduate Poster Presentation
*Hunt, M., and Smith, K. (2016, March 10-12). "The Impact of Acetate-Utilizing Proteins AcuL and AcuH on Cryptococcus neoformans Virulence".  Presented in Washington, D.C.
*Hunt, M., Smith, K. (2016, April 8-10). The Impact of Acetate-Utilizing Proteins AcuL and AcuH on Cryptococcus neoformans Virulence. ACC Meeting of the Minds, Syracuse, NY.
Taylor, T., Bose, I., *Luckie, T., Smith, K. (2015, March). Biolistic transformation of the opportunistic fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans. Journal of Video Experimentation, 97.
Ingram-Smith, C., *Wharton, J., *Reinholz, C., *Doucet, T., *Hesler, R., Smith, K. (2015). The role of active site residues in ATP binding and catalysis in the Methanosarcina thermophila acetate kinase. Life (Basel), 5:861-871.
C. Ingram-Smith, J. Thurman, K. Zimowski, and K. S. Smith. 2012. Role of motif III in catalysis by acetyl-CoA synthetase. Archaea 509579. Epub 2012 Aug 15.
Meng, Y., Ingram-Smith, C., Cooper, L., Smith. K. S. (2010). Characterization of an archaeal medium-chain acyl-CoA synthetase from Methanosarcina acetivorans. Journal of Bacteriology 192:5982-90.
ScienceG
979

Google Education for Preservice Teachers

In support of the College of Education mission to “engage our students in high quality applied research, professional learning, and immersive experiences,” this Creative Inquiry project aims to provide a cohort of undergraduate education majors with an opportunity to participate in a unique educational experience focused on digital media in support of learning.During this experience, students will enroll in the EDHD3110 course in two consecutive semesters in order to: 1) learn fundamental and advanced concepts of Google Apps for Education; 2) lead informal learning activities developed to teach their preservice peers; 3) develop the (Google Apps) expertise necessary to provide professional development to classroom teachers; and 4) participate in research activities designed to address how preservice educators can develop a professional mindset by engaging in professional development, providing professional development, and by presenting at conferences. 

Team Leaders
Ryan Visser Education & Human Dev
D. Matthew Boyer Education & Human Dev
Accomplishments
Visser, R.D., Boyer, D.M., *Holbert, K., *Wersinger, B. (2016, March). Developing Google Certified Educators in Undergraduate Teacher Preparation. Research presented at the annual meeting of the Socitey for Information Technology and Teacher Education (SITE), Savannah, GA.
EducationE
244

Healthcare Logistics: Day-of-Surgery Mobile Learning Systems, and Traffic Patterns in the OR

The CI team will be working with faculty and graduate students on two multi-institution, multi-hospital grants to study how to improve: (1) communication and coordination of patient activities on the day of surgery, and (2) traffic flow within the operating room. Work could involve any of the following:User testing our mobile application for day of surgery coordinationCreation of user testing scenariosManaging our social media presence in promoting our research to others across the U.S.Working with discrete-event and agent-based simulation models for both projectsStudying traffic patterns and flows within the operating room

Team Leaders
Kevin Taaffe Industrial Engineering
Emily Huffer General Engineering
Accomplishments
Team member Emily Huffer was awarded an ACC Fellowship to fund research relating to this project.  
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
300

New Package Development

Most businesses consider packaging an afterthought. What if you had the skills required to develop new structural packaging during the product development phase? This is a course that walks you through ArtiosCAD, the leader in structural package development. Learn the program and apply the skills to the development of new packages for many different products. Have fun in a flexible environment and practically apply the skills you learn to real-life projects.

Team Leaders
Rupert Hurley Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Won first and second place in the Denesco competition 2012.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
447

Clemson ASCE Steel Bridge Team

Team designs, fabricates and competes in a regional steel bridge competition at the Carolinas Conference with the goal to attend the National Student steel Bridge Competition.

Team Leaders
Weichiang Pang Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
The Steel Bridge Team competed in both the regional (SC, NC, GA) and national competitions. The team was placed 1st in the regional competition and thus qualified for the national competition. The Steel Bridge team was invited to the 2016 National ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) and AISC (American Institute of Steel Construction) Steel Bridge Competition at BYU in Provo, Utah. The team competed against 223 total teams through the regional process and 47 teams at the National level with some International schools as well (5 teams form outside of the US). The Clemson Steel Bridge Team was placed 23rd overall with the 5th lightest bridge.
Team won first place in display (Aesthetic). National Student Steel Bridge Competition. Kansas City, UMKS. http://www.aisc.org/content.aspx?id=7176
2015 Qualified in National Competition and won 1st Place in Aesthetic Category - National Steel Bridge CompetitionOverall 1st Place in Carolinas Conferencehttp://www.aisc.org/content.aspx?id=7176http://www.aisc.org/uploadedFiles/University_Relations/Files/2014%20Qualifiers.pdf
2012 1st Place Overall, Carolinas Conference - 9th Place Finish, National Student Steel Bridge Competition - Hosted National Student Steel Bridge Competition.
2013 1st Place Overall, Carolinas Conference - 23rd Place Finish, National Student Steel Bridge Competition
2014 3rd Place Overall, Carolinas Conference - 26th Place Finish, National Student Steel Bridge Competition
The following companies donated or sponsored the activities of steel bridge team. The total monetary contribution from these companies exceeded $11,000. 1) SC State Board of Engineers 2) AECOM 3) SC Solutions 4) Sealed Air Corporation 5) Broyles and Associates 6) Dave Steel Company Inc. 7) Steelfab Inc. of SC 8) NUCOR Vulcraft Division 9) Johnson, Laschober and Associates 10) Britt, Peters and Associates 11) Keck and Wood 12) FlatIron
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
401

Product Innovation

In this project, micro teams of undergraduates will work on multiple design/build/test projects to create new, innovative products. The project will likely result in invention disclosures and patents.  This project is housed in a dedicated prototyping and testing lab that is supported by a local consumer product design group. Students should expect to get their hands dirty.

Team Leaders
Joshua Summers Mechanical Engineering
Douglas Chickarello Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Hess, T., *Bowman, M., Morkos, B., Summers, J., (2011, November). Cross Analysis of Metal Foam Design Parameters for Achieving Desired Fluid Flow. ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Denver, CO.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
259

International Design Projects with Engineers without Borders (EWB) in Gambia, Africa

The Engineers Without Borders (EWB) project in The Gambia, Africa offers students the opportunity to solve engineering problems for a community in need. This project is particularly focused on 1) irrigation 2) sustainable farming practices 3) fishery development 4) landfill development 5) community health. It offers students a unique chance to apply their engineering knowledge to real world problems.

Team Leaders
Mark A. Schlautman Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Mara Watson Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Girvin, Z., Boles, D., *Conroy, N., McCormick, C., *DeMass I. and Schlautman, M.A. (2017, April 6). Designing Rope Pumps for the Women's Garden of Brufut, The Gambia. 25th Annual David S. Snipes/Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson SC.
*Katherine Bellino, David Boles, *Nathan Conroy, *Rachel Pope, *Zachary Girvin, *Ian DeMass and Mark Schlautman. (2017, March 12-15) Rope Pumps for the Women's Garden of Brufut, The Gambia by Clemson University Engineers Without Borders. 27th Annual South Carolina Environmental Conference, Sheraton Myrtle Beach Convention Center, Myrtle Beach SC.
*Girvin, Z., McCormick, C., *Conroy, N. and Schlautman, M.A. (2017, April 5-6) Developing Rope Pumps for Agricultural Use. 12th Annual Poster Forum, Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Geosyntec (Greenville) recently donated $15,000 towards our EWB projects at Clemson.
Calhoun Honors College Travel Scholarship
Conroy, N.* (2015, September 25). Clemson University Engineers without Borders seminar, presented before the Department of Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences, Clemson, SC.
*Price, C., *McMillan, M. (2015, May). Document 522 Post Assessment Report. Engineers Without Borders USA.
http://newsstand.clemson.edu/tv/the_brufut_womens_garden_improvement_project_presented_by_carolyn_coffey_biosystems_engineering_clemson_engineers_without_borders/
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
263

Projects for Sustainable Development in Recovering and Developing Communities

Develop sustainable designs for ecological restoration: The past  semesters, the students will focus on the ecosystem of the Louisiana Gulf Coast and the South Carolina coast, and designs for oyster reef restoration.  A work trip to travel to coastal SC to help with oyster reef construction using discarded oyster shells is planned.

Team Leaders
Jazmine Taylor Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Caye Drapcho Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
Drapcho, C., Thurmes, R., *Calfe, M., *Cattell, M., *Davis, M., *Garza, C., *Hibberts, J., *Hillard, K., *Ihm, S., *Kirkland, A., *Stefano, G., *Thurmes, R., *Walker, J., *Willis, S. (2017, April). Oyster Reef Restoration. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Calfe, M., *Cattell, M., *Davis, M., *Garza, C., *Hibberts, J., *Hillard, K., *Ihm, S., *Kirkland, A., *Stefano, G., *Thurmes, R., *Walker, J., *Willis, S., Drapcho, C., Thurmes, R. (2017, April). Sustainable Design - Oyster Reef Restoration. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Primm, Z., *Agin, J., *Daughtridge, M., *Gilstrap, Z., *Kernich, K., *Loper, A., *Moriarty, C., *Skibenes, E., *Stefano, G., *Thompson, A., *Thurmes, R., *Willis, H., Tinsley, C., Drapcho, C. (2015, April). Oyster Reef Rehabilitation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
359

Physical Activity Promotion and Research

The purpose of this project is to 1) engage Clemson University students in the implementation and evaluation of an ongoing afterschool  program that promotes physical activity, nutrition, healthy lifestyles and positive youth development among young children from a predominantly Hispanic community; and 2) develop pilot study projects evaluating the afterschool program using resources from the Department of Public Health Sciences Instruction and Research Lab. This Creative Inquiry project will allow students to participate in a tested, theory-based physical activity and nutrition intervention and design and implement a physiology-based physical activity assessment. Both parts of this class involve knowledge and skill development in programmatic implementation, evaluation and research.

Team Leaders
Karen A Kemper Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
Kemper, K. A., Bossong, A.*, Cason, M.*, Falta, D. (2016). Getting out of the classroom: Experiential learning for public health undergraduates. Will be submitted to in summer 2016 Health Promotion Practice
Kemper, K., *Bosson, A., *Dundervill, K., *Huss, M., *Laporte, M., Passailaigue, L. (2016). Evaluation of the Greenville County Girls on the Run Program.  HEHD Research forum, Clemson University, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
672

Finding Your Voice (Spring 2018 camp)

This Creative Inquiry group will be responsible for planning and evaluating an all-girls weekend camp at the Clemson University Outdoor Lab. The purpose of the camp is to introduce 11 and 12 year old girls to nontraditional physical activities as well as to offer educational sessions on topics such as self-esteem, body image, and college life. 

Team Leaders
Teresa Tucker Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Alexsandra Dubin PRTM Leisure Skills
Denise Anderson Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Accomplishments
Partnerships with City of Clemson Parks and Recreation, Greenville County Recreation, Parks, and Tourism
*Bedenbaugh, E., *Fleming, L., *Janson, R., *Johnson, A., *Mims, M., *Nance, M., *Oliver, B., *Sease, M., *Shuey, M., *Stapleton, O., *Watt, C., *Whitney, D., *Workman, M. (2017, April). The Impact of the Finding Your Voice Camp on Middle School Girls. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
To supplement the budget provided by CI, students were involved in fundraising efforts from external donors that to date have netted $2000 in additional funding necessary to offer the camp to participants free of charge.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
287

ClemsonLIFE: Nutrition and Healthy Cooking

ClemsonLIFE Postsecondary program currently has 15 students with disabilities on the Clemson campus. The ClemsonLIFE Nutrition and Healthy Eating Creative Inquiry group will assist the program by providing instruction, support, and accountability in the areas of Nutrition and Healthy Eating. People with disabilities typically have a high occurrence of obesity and diabetes due to a sedentary lifestyle and poor food choices. This group will help the students explore healthy eating and cooking options along with educating them on nutrition principles to support them in achieving their ultimate goal of successful independent living.

Team Leaders
Elliot Jesch Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Sanders, S., Cleland, M., *Collins, J. C., *DiGorio, J., *Styles, S. (2010, February). Postsecondary Education for Students with Disabilities Pointing to the Future. South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference. Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Collins, J. C., Wagner, J. Y., aRyan, J. B. (2011, February). The Use of Assistive Technology to Promote Socially Appropriate Eating Behavior. South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference. Myrtle Beach, SC.
Sanders, S., *Collins, J. C, Romig, J. (2011, February). Postsecondary Education for Students with Disabilities Pointing to the Future. South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference. Myrtle Beach, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
301

The Clemson Concrete Canoe Team (3CT)

3CT is a student lead team (under the direction of a faculty advisor) that designs, builds, markets, and races a concrete canoe each year. This is a year long project where the students learn and apply classroom knowledge and concepts to a real-world project. This knowledge includes: Project management (organization, scheduling, finances, etc.); concrete mix design and materials; structural analysis and design; naval architecture; public relations; product performance and evaluation; sustainability;, mentoring and education; communication skills (oral and written) .

Team Leaders
Bradley J Putman Engineering,Computing,Appl Sci
Accomplishments
In 2011, 3CT won the regional concrete canoe competition at the ASCE Carolina's Conference. This gave the team the opportunity to compete at the ASCE National Concrete Canoe Competition in June. The team finished in 11th place overall at the national competition, which was an improvement over their 14th place finish in 2010.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
302

New Product Development

Want to build a new product for the market? Learn how to design in 3D to go to rapid prototyping and prep for market launch?If so, this is the CI for you! Learn Solidworks and go through a series of lectures and a collaborative forum to develop a new product of your choice! Prep all the files to run a 3D prototype! Have fun, experience a practical application of course content, and develop that thing you have always wanted!

Team Leaders
Rupert Hurley Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
iMotions Biometric software license extension provided
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1065

Remote sensing for agricultural production

Develop an understanding of remote sensing using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for crop production. Identify the components of a multirotor UAV. Gain hands on experience of building, programming and flying a multirotor UAV for remote sensing using infrared, thermal and color cameras.    

Team Leaders
Bulent Koc Plant & Environmental Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
563

Global Research Challenge

The Global Research Challenge is a competition overseen by the CFA Institute. At Local competitions, student teams are introduced to a publicly traded company and have to prepare an "Initiation of Coverage" report similar to what Wall Street financial analysts produce. Students have to research the firm, its industry, competitors, market conditions and use several different techniques to value the firm. In addition to a written report, the team will also deliver an oral presentation to a panel of judges made up of investment professionals and fund managers. The winner of the Local competition (SC, GA and AL) moves on the Regional competition and the Regional winner goes to the Global finals. For 2017-18, the Americas Regional competition will be in Boston and the Global Finals will be in Seoul, Korea. The CFA Institute covers all transportation and lodging costs at all levels.

Team Leaders
Jack G. Wolf Finance
Accomplishments
The CFA Institute Research Challenge is a global competition which tests the analytic, valuation, report writing, and presentation skills of university students. The challenge comprises analysis of a publicly-traded company, mentoring by a professional research analyst, writing a research report, and presentation of research to a panel of experts. Over 4,000 students from over 865 universities in 70 countries participated in the 2015 Challenge and learned best practices in equity research from leading industry experts.
BusinessD
564

Certified Financial Analyst Seminar

The Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) designation is one of the most prestigious certifications in Finance and is recognized globally. This seminar is intended for students that will sit for the Level I exam in June. The readings are allocated among the students who prepare outlines and deliver presentations to the rest of the group so that all will be better prepared to take the exam. Students also take practice tests to get a better feel for which topical areas may require more study.

Team Leaders
Jack G. Wolf Finance
BusinessD
318

Effects of environment stress on cell growth

Cells respond to their environment by modulating their growth and/or changing their behavior. This CI will focus on understanding how environmental stressors such as low-dose radiation and heat affect human cells. While these stresses are not large enough to kill cells they can significantly affect the cells behavior. This project will involve experiments as well as computational modeling techniques. By using a combination of experimental, analytical and computational techniques, the team will work on various problems related to cell growth modeling in response to environmental stress. 

Team Leaders
Matthew Rusin Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Endre Takacs Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
*Bradley, S., *Baginski, B., Dean, D., Takacs, E., *Truong, K. (2017, April). The Effects of Low-Dose Radiation on Various Cell Types. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Baginski, B.*, Wilson, J.*, Rusin, M., Takacs, E., Dean, D. (2016, October). The Effect of Very Low Dose X-Ray Radiation on the Proliferation of MCF7 Breast Cancer Cells, Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting in Minneapolis, MN.
Truong, K.*, Bradley, S.*, Rusin, M., Takacs, E., Dean, D. (2016, October). "The Cell Response of 7F2 Osteoblasts to Low-Dose Radiation". Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting in Minneapolis, MN.
*Desai, A., *Nguyen, A., *Miller, K., Miller, L., Dean, D. (2010, October). Effects of growth factor concentration gradients on cells in culture. Presented at SouthEast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference. Clemson, SC Clemson University.
*Desai, A., *Nguyen, A., *Miller, K., Miller, L., Dean, D. (2011, April). Effects of growth factor concentration gradients on chicken neurons in culture. Presented at ACC Meetings of the Minds. Miami, FL Univeristy of Miami.
*Harvey, T., *Dean, B., Dean, D. (2010, October). Constructing a realistic brain phantom to validate the Independent Component Analysis of EEG Data. Presented at Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting. Austin, TX University of Texas.
Chowdhury, A., Vo, Huu*, Olang, S.*, Mappus, E.*, Peterson, B.*, Hlavac, N.*, Harvey, T.*, Dean, D., (2016), A Customizable Chamber for Measuring Cell Migration, In Press for the Journal of Visualized Experimentation
*Truong, K., *Bradley, S., Rusin, M., Takacs, E., Dean, D. (2016, July), The Cell Response of 7F2 Osteoblasts to Low-Dose Radiation, Proceedings of the Annual Biomedical Engineering Society Meeting
*Nguyen, A., *Mappus, E., *Harvey, T., *Peterson, B., *O'Kelly, M., Hammes E., Dean, D. (2012, October 24-27). Fibroblasts Solving Mazes in Response to Growth Factor Concentration. Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting in Atlanta GA
*Mappus, E., *Hlavac, N., *Harvey, T., *Peterson, B., *Olang, S., *Keeley, R., *O'Kelly, M., *Vo, H., *Chowdhury, A., *Robinson, E., *Williams, K., Dean, D. (2014, April). Can cells solve mazes? Understanding cells responses to wound healing. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Elliott Mappus* was awarded the Hambright Award.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
908

Experimental Cardiovascular System

In this project students will design and prototype a benchtop flow system which mimics realistic human cardiovascular physiology and anatomy. Such a system can be used for direct medical device testing and clinical training. The current phase of the project is designing a pressure-generating device for producing realistic blood pressure waveforms in an experimental system.

Team Leaders
Masoud Farahmand Mechanical Engineering
Ethan Kung Mechanical Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
326

Service Learning Mission Trip to Tanzania: Exploring The Needs of Children and Village Life

Students from majors across campus have been meeting regularly (Jan 2012 - Present)to learn about and understand cultural, social, recreation, Health, water and building issues in Tanzania, Africa. With the recent MOU with several agencies and a University in Tanzania, we now want to continue with our research and development of a project plan culminating in a trip to Tanzania (May 2017). This trip will involve working with the local population of educators and various orphanages to improve understanding and to provide volunteer services. Upon returning to the US, students will continue to work with the local contacts in hopes of being able to bring some of the participants here to the US to work, study and research our health, recreation and social issues (Jan 2017). Finally, students from both countries will work to develop an action plan to be taken back to Tanzania to enhance their learning of health and recreation in a culturally acceptable way.Examples of activities that have come out of this CI have been: over $20,000 in donations or supplies, clean water initiatives, teaching of English and Structural Engineering at schools, donations of chickens to help pay school fees, using recreation as a tool for communication and understanding in the slums, deep discussions about race differences in the US and Tanzania ..and many many more. Ideally, students bring their strengths to the group and we figure out ways to put those skills to their best use in Tanzania. The trip then ends with a 3 day safari through Serengeti National Park to see Elephant, Lion, Zebra etc.

Team Leaders
Skye Arthur-Banning Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Accomplishments
Each year we receive approximately $4000 in donations (either in kind or in fundraising) that the students collect or produce through the projects or culturally appropriate sales to provide the additional funds needed to support our projects while in Tanzania.
Stone, G.A., Duffy, L.N., & Arthur-Banning, S.G. (2015, November 18-22). Confronting Whiteness in Tanzania: Exploring the Role of Cross-Cultural Contact on White Student’s Racial Attitudes and Identity. 114th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropology Association, Denver, CO.
Stone, G.A., Duffy, L.N., Arthur-Banning, S.G. (2015, November). Confronting Whiteness in Tanzania: Exploring the Role of Cross-Cultural Contact on White Student's Racial Attitudes and Identity. 114th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropology Association, Denver, CO.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
332

Genetics and Autism

Autism project: We are working on Creatine Deficiency Syndrome - an X-linked intellectual disability and Autism spectrum disorder.  Zebrafish are being used to model CDS, a neurological disorder caused by a mutation in the SLC6A8 gene that results in abnormal energy metabolism in the brain. 

Team Leaders
Susan Chapman Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Robinson, K., *Sullivan, M. K., Anderson, A., Wetzler, M., and Chapman, S. (2017, May 18-20). "N-Modified Creatine as a Treatment for SLC6A8-Related Autism Spectrum Disorders." Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeast Regional Society for Developmental Biology, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA.
Scott, A., Freese, N., and Chapman, S. (2013, March). "Araucana chicken as a model for DiGeorge Syndrome". Presented at 8th Annual ACC Meeting of the Minds Conference. Wake Forest University, NC.
Ray, P., Sharif, M.*, Chapman, S. (2016, May 19-21). Lectins differentially label tissues in the embryonic chicken head. Southeast Regional Society for Developmental Biology, Whitney Marine Laboratory, FL.
Ray, P., Sharif, M.*, Chapman, S. (2015, December). Lectins differentially label tissues in the embryonic chicken head. Anatomical Society Winter Meeting, Magdelene College, Cambridge, UK.
Ray, P., Hughes, A.L., *Sharif, M., Chapman, S.C. (2015, December). Lectin staining selectively labels tissues within the embryonic chicken head. Anatomical Society Winter Meeting. Magdelene College, Cambridge, UK.
*Robinson, K., *Sullivan, MK., Anderson, A., Wetzler, M., and Chapman, S. N-Modified Creatine as a Treatment for SLC6A8-Related Autism Spectrum Disorders. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeast Regional Society for Developmental Biology, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA. 18-20 May 2017.
*Bernstein, R., Freese, N., *Denney, H., and Chapman, S. (2013, January). Araucana chicken as a model for DiGeorge Syndrome. Presented at Opening of the Life Sciences Building, Clemson University, SC.
NIH R03: Creatine (Cr) transporter deficiency syndrome affects approximately 1 million people, resulting in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and X-linked intellectual disability (XLID). SLC6A8 codes for the Cr transporter, without which Cr cannot pass the blood-brain barrier, or enter neuronal cells, thus hindering ATP production and metabolic activity in the brain. The neuropathology of Creatine deficiency syndrome is not fully understood. We propose that Creatine is a novel neuromodulator and GABA antagonist at GABA A receptors.
1 Student received a Calhoun Honors Undergraduate Research Award for their projects in Spring 2016.
3 Students received Calhoun Honors Undergraduate Research Awards for their projects in Fall 2015.
ScienceG
336

Applications of Geographic and Soil Information Systems

Students work on soil inventory of private lands to create soil management plans using Web Soil Survey, GIS, Clemson Agricultural Service Laboratory analysis, and statistical software. Individual projects are developed by the students and faculty interaction and are not completed in group settings. Anticipated student learning outcomes include the ability to use cutting edge spatial research tools, including Web Soil Survey, GIS and statistical software, as well as the ability to synthesize information to develop soil management recommendations. Electronic posters, typically presented at the Clemson Creative Inquiry forum (as well as at the national meetings) are used as artifacts for ePortfolio. Students are encouraged to sign up for 3 credits in the Spring of 2014.

Team Leaders
Julia Sharp Mathematical Sciences
Elena Mikhailova Forestry & Environment Conserv
Christopher Post Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
*Brown, M., *Buckfelder, E., *Donohue, R., *Duffy, K., *Dukart, Y., *Lister, V., *McNeely, K., *Moore, F., *Williams, G., Mikhailova, E., Post, C., Sharp, J. (2016, April). Soil Inventory of Private Lands in South Carolina. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.
*Bryant, S.J., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J., Sharp, J.L. (2011, April). Soil Inventory of HWY 9 West, Wallace, SC. Presented at the Natural Resources Student Research Symposium, Clemson University.
*Green, L., Mikhailova, E., Post, C.J., Sharp, J. (2011). Soil Inventory of Two Residential Properties in Columbia, SC. Presented at the Minorities in Agriculture, Natural Resources and Related Sciences (MANRRS) 26th Annual Career Fair and Training Conference in Overland Park, KS.
Mikhailova, E.A., Tennant, C.H, Post, C.J., Cicimurri, C., Cicimurri, D. (2009, November). Geology Museum based learning in Soil Science Education. Presented In Annual meetings abstracts CD-ROM . GSA-ASA-CSSA-SSSA-GCAGS-HGS Joint Annual Meeting in Pittsburgh, PA.
*Vereen, M., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J, Sharp, J.L. (2011, April). Soil Inventory of a Residential Plot in Little River, SC. Presented at the Natural Resources Student Research Symposium, Clemson University.
Werts, J.D., Mikhailova, E.A., Ring, G. (2009, November). Introductory Soil Science Artifact for Student ePortfolios. In Annual meetings abstracts CD-ROM . Presented at the GSA-ASA-CSSA-SSSA-GCAGS-HGS Joint Annual Meeting in Pittsburgh, PA.
*Green, L., Mikhailova, E., Post, C.J., Sharp, J. (2011, April). Soil Inventory of Two Residential Properties in Columbia, SC. Presented at the Natural Resources Student Research Symposium, Clemson University.
Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J., Sharp, J.L., Speziale, B. J. (2015). Creative Inquiry in Soil Science: Soil inventory of private lands. Technical Contribution No. 6357 of the Clemson University Experiment Station. Nat. Sci. Educ. 44(1):1-8.
Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J., Koppenheffer, A., Asbill, J. (2009). Celebrating the Smithsonian Soils Exhibit in the classroom with the State/Representative Soil Project. J. Nat. Resour. Life Sci. Educ., 38, 128-132.
*Capps, J., Mikhailova, E. (2014, April). Soil inventory of Capps Forestland, Westminster, SC. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
347

Tackling Social Issues: Advanced Multidisciplinary Undergraduate Research in Applied Ethics And Ethical Debate

This research project involves examining various issues in applied ethics from a multidisciplinary perspective. The project will begin with a study of fundamental philosophical concepts that are commonly used in examining such issues. Following this will be a consideration of topics which may include the definition of death, genetically modified foods, automobile engineering ethics, and biometrics and privacy. The examination of these issues will incorporate relevant information drawn from areas such as biology, law, medicine, and psychology. The project will be student-centered and largely discussion-based: the bulk of the latter part of the course will be composed of presentations and related discussions and debates designed by the students. Students in the project must commit for a minimum of two semesters and will register for sections of PHIL 4920 to receive credit. There are two teams and they will be working on different aspects of the project. One group will be focusing on constructing and presenting arguments that address critical ethical issues (making the case for a position respecting an issue that must be presented and defended) the other will be focusing on critical responses to those arguments assuming an adversarial posture in both oral and written exchanges on the issue(s).

Team Leaders
Stephen Satris Philosophy and Religion
Kelly Smith Philosophy and Religion
Adam Gies Philosophy and Religion
Accomplishments
Competed at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Ethics Bowl Competition that was held in Fall 2015 at Clemson University.
Won the Mid-Atlantic Regional Ethics Bowl, November 2011. Placed second in nation at National Undergraduate Intercollegiate Ethics Bowl competition, March 2012.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
349

Ion Beam Physics

Student team will be involved in the development and running of experiments in ion beam physics. These range from radiation studies related to common electrical engineering device platforms (diodes, capacitors, transistors) to surface and bulk studies of material response to impacting and implanted ions. Training will lead to hands-on experience with vacuum technology, high voltage electronics, particle detectors, and computer interfacing.

Team Leaders
Chad Sosolik Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
Kulkarni, D. (2016, November). Hyperthermal Ion Induced Hot Carrier Excitations in a Metal Probed using Schottky Diodes. Presented at the American Vacuum Society International Meeting Symposium and Exhibition 2016, Nashville, TN. 
Holstead, A., Monga, N., Sosolik, C., and Kulkarni, D. (2016, April 6-7). Depth Profiling of Stainless Steel for Tritium Storage. Poster presented at 2016 Focus On Creative Inquiry.
Kulkarni, D. D., Ahl, C. D., *Shore, A. M., *Miller, A. J., Harriss, J. E., Sosolik, C. E.,  and Marler, J. P. "Kinetic energy offsets for multicharged ions from an electron beam ion source". Review of  Scientific Instruments. (under review)
As a result of this work, Savannah River National Laboratory has set up an external funding agreement to have our group process and analyze samples for them. These funds are allocated on a per sample basis and processed through the university's comptroller's office.
*Jones, V., *Monga, N., *Doran, W., *Gray, B., Kulkarni, D., and Sosolik, C. E. (2015). Interfacing Ion Beam Line and Data Acquisition System, Presented at the FoCI Poster Presentation, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
351

Ice Cream Innovation

1. Development of innovative frozen desserts and applications, 2. Manage an Ice Cream Innovation laboratory that engages the student community, 3. Compete in Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation competition against peer institutions

Team Leaders
John U. McGregor Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
*Lopane, S. and *Gaidousek, E. (2016). "Development of an Ice Cream Innovation Lab Tour". Presented to selected representatives for the State of South Carolina.
*Lopane, S. and *Gaidousek, E. "Development of an Ice Cream Innovation Lab Tour". (2016). Presented to department faculty in preparation for industry presentations, Clemson, SC. 
(2015). Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition. International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo. Chicago, IL
McGregor, J.U. (2009, February). Food Science - Real Time Examples for the Classroom. Foodservice Educators Learning Community Summit. Charleston
McGregor, J.U. (2009, February). Culinary Science Creative Inquiry. Presented at Foodservice Educators Learning Community Summit. Charleston SC.
Carr Family Creative Inquiry Endowment
2nd place overall team in national academic competition against peer institutions 4 top three team finishes in national academic competition against peer institutions 3rd place overall individual (*Kinsey MacDonald) in national academic competition against peer institutions 7th place overall individual (*Lindsay Jenkinson) in national academic competition against peer institutions 12th place overall individual (*Paige Lindquist) in national academic competition against peer institutions 1st place individual (*Kinsey MacDonald and *Lindsay Jenkinson) in national academic competition against peer institutions
$2,400 Received from the National Dairy Shrine
A member of our team, Kinsey MacDonald*, received the Joe Larson Leadership Award at the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition that was held in Chicago, IL at the International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo.� This prestigious award recognizes the student that demonstrates the greatest potential for being a future leader of the Food Manufacturing Industry. Clemson's team of students finished 2nd overall in the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition.� The competition was established in 1916 and is recognized by the Food Manufacturing Industry as a key opportunity to identify the future leaders of the world's largest manufacturing industry and the institutions they represent.� This is the third time in the past 6 years that one of our CI team members has won this prestigious International Leadership Award.
Clemson's team of students finished 2nd overall in the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition that was held in Chicago, IL at the International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo. The competition was established in 1916 and is recognized by the Food Manufacturing Industry as a key opportunity to identify the future leaders of the world's largest manufacturing industry and the institutions they represent. This group of students were outstanding representatives for Clemson at this prestigious meeting of internationally recognized business and industry leaders.
McGregor, J.U. (2015). National Ice Cream Retailers Association (NICRA) Flavor Standards - A Case Study of Student Engagement through Industry Collaboration. Journal of Food Science Education. Manuscript is in draft form and will be submitted Fall 2015.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
608

Safety Research

Evaluation of hazard detection

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
Stiltner, K.*, Burriss, T. *, Kirstein, S. *, Maad, H. *, Pearson, M. *, Seay, A. *, Sullivan, M. *, and Stephens, B. (2017) Trip Hazard Assessment: Is Texting Viewed as a Risk Factor? Paper session accepted at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Bartholomew, Z.*, Bensch, A.*, Boyde, R.*, Grossman, A.*, Kirstein, S.*, Sicilia, N.*, Taffer, A.* and Stephens, B. (accepted) Trip hazard assessment: A survey method. Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, April.
*Bartholomew, Z., *Kirstein, S., *Seay, A., *Sicilia, N., *Stiltner, K.A., *Taffer, A., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Trip Hazard Assessment: A Survey Method. FOCI, Clemson.
*Sicilia, N., *Bartholomew, Z., *Taffer, A., *Angeloff, G., *Hawk, S., *Pickens, E., *Scott, M., Stephens, B. (2016, April). Two techniques for conspicuity assessment. Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
*Angeloff, G., *Sicilia, N., *Scott, S., *Hawk, S., *Bartholomew, Z., *Pickens, E., *Taffer, A., Stephens, B. (2015) Detection and Identification Conspicuity. Presented at FOCI, Clemson.
Pacek, M.*, Angeloff, G.*, Scott, M.*, Solesbee, H.*, Stephens, B. (2015). Identification and Detection Conspicuity Measurement. Presented at SEPA, Hilton Head.
*Angeloff, G., *Ramsey, A., *Glaze, K., *Pacek, M., *Myers, B., Stephens, B. (2014, March 5). Attention and Search Conspicuity for Skylight Fall Hazards. Presented at SEPA, Nashville.
Stephens, B.R., Stephens, J.T., Pearl, G.S., *Ramsey, A., *Angeloff, G., *Glaze, K., Thames, Z. (2013). "An Efficient Method to Evaluate Skylight Hazard Conspicuity." Presented at Annual Meetings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, San Diego, CA.
*Bartholomew, Z., *Bensch, A., *Boyd, R., *Grossman,  A., *Kirstein, S., *Sicilia, N., *Taffer, A., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Trip Hazard Assessment: A Survey Method.  Poster presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
612

Obesity: Role of the home food environment

Two thirds of American adults are overweight or obese. The dramatic increase in prevalence of obesity began in the 1970s, at about the same time as the processing and distribution of foods changed, resulting in what has been called an "obesogenic environment." Weight loss programs have not worked in the long run because relapse is high. This project looks specifically at the home food environment of normal-weight and obese individuals, with the evantual goal that teaching individuals to control their home food environment might aifd in relapse prevention after excess weight loss.

Team Leaders
Bruce King Psychology
Accomplishments
King, B. M., Ivester, A. N.*, Burgess, P. D.*, Shappell, K. M.*, Coleman, K. L.*, Cespedes, V. M.*, Pruitt, H. S.*, Burden, G. K.*, & Bour, E. S. (2016). Adults with obesity underreport high-calorie foods in the home. Health Behavior and Policy Review, 3(5), 439-443.
King, B. M., *Ivester, A. N., *Burgess, P. D., *Shappell, K. M., *Coleman, K. L., *Cespedes, V. M., *Pruitt, H. S., *Burden, G. K., Bour, E. S. (in Submission). Obese Adults Underreport High-Calorie Foods in the Home.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1005

Sexuality Education

It is not known how many of the nation's colleges and universities offer sexuality education courses.  The CI team will examine all Level II-VI colleges and universities listed by the nation's six accrediting agencies.  For those colleges that do offer a course, a record of the department offering the course as well as a course description will be saved.  The work done by students will be entirely on-line.

Team Leaders
Bruce King Psychology
Accomplishments
King, B. M., Parker, K. L., Hill, K. A., Kelly, M. J., & Eason, B. L. (2017). Promoting sexual health: Sexuality and gender/women's studies courses in U.S. higher education. Health Behavior and Policy Review, 4(3), 213-223.
King, B. M., *Parker, K. L., *Hill, K. A., & *Kelly M. J. (2016).  Sexuality and gender/women's studies courses in U.S. higher education. Submitted for publication.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
948

Design and manufacture of Meta-Materials

Meta-materials are man-made structures whose global properties are different from those of its base materials. For instance, a structure could be designed to behave like an elastomer (rubber) although it is made of an elastic material such as aluminum or polycarbonate. Meta-materials are being investigated to reduce energy losses, absorb energy, dampen or eliminate noise, and possibly, cloak objects. The project will consist in testing various structures to identify how to possibly guide the design of such structures. Parts will be designed in CAD and built on 3D printers and or using origami techniques and then tested. More advanced students will investigate analysis methods to design such structures (topology optimization).Semester 1: Learn about metamaterials, generate sample geometries, build them on RP machines and learn how to test themSemester 2. Run DOE and identify critical parameters. Build multiple parts, understand experimental accuracy issues and run load cases to evaluate the effect of the parameter changesSemester 3 Identify specific geometries designed for specific behavior. Design, build and test to validate.

Team Leaders
Marcus Hubis Yoder Mechanical Engineering
Georges M Fadel Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Amick, A., *Buck, C., *Chisano, A., *Davis, B., *Hopkins, N., and *Moore, E. (April 29, 2016). The Analysis of Different Geometries in regards to Metamaterial Applications.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
625

Host-Microbe Interactions in the Gastrointestinal Tract

This research project will focus on various aspects of interactions between the normal (non-pathogenic) bacterial members of the human gastrointestinal tract and their human hosts. Initial work is focused on two projects: 1) understanding the involvement of Lactobacillus reuteri, a commonly marketed probiotic, in the recycling of bile acids in the small intestine and 2) investigating the possible involvement of Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron in the development and/or exacerbation of diabetes and obesity. This project uses a variety of biological and chemical techniques.

Team Leaders
Kristi Whitehead Biological Sciences
Daniel Whitehead Chemistry
Accomplishments
*Dawson, E., *Owen, H., *Peters, E., *Floyd, M., Whitehead, K., Whitehead, D., *Santilli, A., *Patel, N. (2017, April). Inhibiting the Starch Utilization System of Bacteroides spp. as a Therapeutic Target for Type 1 Diabetes. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Bryant, H., *Stein, N., *Patel, N., Santilli, A., Tackeberry, K., Whitehead, D., Whitehead, K. (2016). Modulation of Bacteroidetes polysaccharide metabolism by small organic molecules as a potential therapeutic for Type 1 Diabetes. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session. Clemson University.
*Patel, N., Bryant, H., Tackeberry, K., *Stein, N., Santilli, A., Whitehead, D., Whitehead, K. (2016). Investigation of inhibition of members of the gastrointestinal microbiota to prevent or delay the onset of Type 1 diabetes. Presented at FoCI 2016, Clemson University, SC.
ScienceG
880

Microbes All Around Us

Microbes are all around us. They are in the air we breathe, the water we drink, the soil we walk on, the food we eat; they are even in and on us. Although this fact is generally acknowledged, we don’t always have a great appreciation for the types of microbes found on various surfaces, nor do we always have a sufficient understanding of how the microbes ended up on the surface, how long they are able to remain on the surface, or their impact in that particular environment. This Creative Inquiry project will focus on investigating a variety of microbial environments to try to answer some of these questions. We will use hypotheses generated by the student investigators’ natural curiosity or recent news stories as the driving force behind our experiments. This CI has investigated topics such as microbial contamination of lab coats during General Microbiology teaching labs and the potential for magazines in physician's waiting rooms to serve as sources of infection.  We have also investigated the antimicrobial activity of various novel compounds with collaborators in the Department of Chemistry.  During the 2017-2018 academic year, this CI will continue our antimicrobial testing of various compounds, and we will also embark on new projects driven by student interest.  One of the projects beginning this Fall focuses on investigating sources and solutions for bacterial biofilms in industrial processes.

Team Leaders
Kristi Whitehead Biological Sciences
Krista R Rudolph Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Connolly, K., *Macomson, J., Whitehead, K., Rudolph, K., *Santilli, A., *Whitehead, D. (2017, April). Antimicrobial Effect of Volatile Organic Compound Capturing Nanoparticles. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Migliore, M., *Scott, M., *Ramey, T., Abercrombie, J., Rudolph, K., Whitehead, K. (2016). Assessment of microbial diversity on surfaces located around a college campus. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session. Clemson University.
*Ramey, T., *Scott, M., *Migliore, M., Rudolph, K., Whitehead, K. (2016, April). Investigation of the presence and impact of bacterial pathogens around campus. Presented at FoCI 2016, Clemson University, SC.
ScienceG
632

Bacterial Biotechnology: Microbial Sensors & Enzyme Engineering

Our mantra is “Inspired, but not limited by biology”. Microbial biosynthesis of chemicals and fuels offers a renewable way to create the molecules our society needs in a sustainable manner. The major barriers to more broad adoption of biochemicals in the chemical process industry are starting to be overcome by advances in biotechnology and engineering. Taking advantage of natural biodiversity, and engineering new biological components will enable an expanded set of biochemical reactions to be better controlled and therefore more efficiently produced. Team members in the Sustainable Chemical Production in Engineered Microorganisms Creative Inquiry will actively engage in using and creating biotechnology to improve the production of sustainable chemicals. CI students work with Dr. Blenner, graduate student mentors, and fellow CI team members in a highly active interdisciplinary research environment. Students learn how to identify a problem, design and conduct experiments using state-of-art laboratory equipment, analyze data, and communicate findings. The projects available in this Creative Inquiry involve: 1. The design of microbial enzymatic pathways to create sustainable chemicals. 2. Biotechnology development for controlling and improve microbial biosynthesis. 3. Creating a microbial produced non-living biocatalyst. To learn more about the projects available through this Creative Inquiry, or summer research opportunities, please contact Dr. Mark Blenner (blenner@clemson.edu) to schedule an appointment. Open to students in: Chemical Engineering, Biomolecular Engineering, Biosystems Engineering, Bioengineering, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, others. http://www.clemson.edu/ces/proteinengineering

Team Leaders
Mark Blenner Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Blenner, M. (2016, Novemeber). "Microbial Production of Value Added Chemicals and Opportunities for Creating New Markets for Biomass." Invited presentation to the South Carolina Biomass Council, Clemson, SC.
*Arvay, E., Yaguchi, A., & Blenner, M. (2016, October). "Improvements to microbial biodiesel production through dynamic regulation." Poster presented at Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
Dassetty, S., Wang, W., Blenner, M., & Sarupria, S. (2016, November). "Understanding the Structural Differences Between Psychrophilic and Thermophilic Enzymes: A Molecular Dynamics Study." Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Wang, W., Dassetty, S., Sarupria, S., & Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Improving the Activity of a Thermophilic Lipase By Increasing the Flexibility Proximal to the Active Site." Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Yaguchi, A., *Arvay, E., Rodriguez, G., & Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Improving Dynamic Regulation of Biodiesel Production in E. coli." Poster presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Yaguchi, A., Cook. T., Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Using Phage-Assisted Continuous Evolution to Develop Novel Biosensors." Poster presentation at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Dassetty, S., Wang, W., Blenner, M., & Sarupria, S. (2017, February). "Engineering Robust Activity in Extremophilic Enzymes: A Molecular Dynamics Study." Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Wang, W., Dassetty, S., Sarupria, S., & Blenner, M. (2017, April). "Engineering Enzymes For Broad Temperature Range Applications Through Active Site Flexibility." Presented at the American Chemical Society Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
*Arvay, E. *Barrett, R., *Burkes, K., *Karp, T., *Rumph, M., *Yu, T., Blenner, M. (2016, April). Engineering Bacterial Systems for Renewable Chemicals and Biosensors. Poster presented at the FoCI Conference, Clemson, SC.
ACCIAC Creativity & Innovation Fellowship to *Erika Arvay, 2016
NASA SC Space Grant Undergraduate Research Fellowship to *Erika Arvay, 2016
NASA SC Space Grant Undergraduate Research Fellowship to *Erika Arvay, 2015
Awarded to Taylor Cook* and Joseph Redzikowski* for projects related to Synthetic Biology for Space Exploration. Taylor's work focuses on developing protein-based sensors, and Joe's project focuses on biosynthesis of lubricating oils.
Blenner, M. (2015, October). Enzymatic Deconstruction of Lignin for Biofuels. Advances in Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels, 20-36.
*Arvay, E., Yaguchi, A., Rodriguez, G., Wilson, A., Blenner, M. (2016, April). Improving the Dynamic Control of Fatty Acid Ethyl Ester Production. Poster presented at the Southeast Regional American Institute of Chemical Engineers Meeting, Tuscaloosa, AL.
*Arvay, E., Yaguchi, A., Rodriguez, G., Wilson, A., Blenner, M. (2016, March). Improving the Dynamic Control of Fatty Acid Ethyl Ester Production. Poster presented at the American Chemical Society Meeting, San Diego, CA
*Campbell, H., *Fowler, J., *Gambill, L., *Hume, P., *Knowles, S., *Hussain, M., Blenner, M. (2015, April) Engineering Yarrowia lipolytica for renewable fuels and chemicals from lignocellulose and waste feedstocks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Arvay, E., *Kessler, C., and Blenner, M. (2015, April). Dynamic Regulation and Metabolic Engineering of Total Biodiesel Production in E. coli. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
963

Butterfly proboscis structure and engineering inspiration

Proboscis structure.  The CI team will use traditional histological activities, optical microscopy (possibly including confocal and multi-photon), and engineering analyses not traditionally applied in biology to elucidate some of the poorly understood important functions of the butterfly proboscis. During its adult life, the butterfly coils and uncoils the proboscis without noticeable deformities or loss of flexibility, unlike metal springs. The proboscis is a complex biological structure of rigid and flexible components, hydrophilic and hydrophobic components, and control structures. There also are questions about how the curvature, shape, and size relate to the function of the proboscis. For example, is the cross-sectional shape of a proboscis mechanically critical to function? Some investigators have hypothesized that the shape acts like a snap spring to stabilize the coiled or straightened position. Initially the emphasis will be on the butterfly. The CI team will then work in pairs to apply the microscopic methods to other proboscis insects (e.g. house fly) to compare the structures and engineering principles shared by fluid feeding insects. Image analysis will enable engineering analyses and modeling of function. Once techniques for studying adult specimens have been developed we will attempt to analyze pupal development of the structures and some of the specific components important to fluid feeding. 

Team Leaders
Konstantin Kornev Materials Science&Engineering
Terri Bruce Biological Sciences
Suellen Pometto Plant & Environmental Sciences
Peter H Adler Plant & Environmental Sciences
Charles E Beard Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Arling, A. K., S. Pometto, C. E. BEARD, P. H. Adler, and K. G. Kornev. 2016. Techniques for microscopic confirmation of Lepidopteran proboscis repair. The 62nd Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society. Hickory Knob State Park, SC.
Best undergraduate paper at South Carolina Entomological Society meeting awarded to Alison Arling.*Arling, A. K., Pometto, S., Beard, C.E., Adler, P. H. and Kornev, K. G. (2016). Techniques for microscopic confirmation of Lepidopteran proboscis repair. The 62nd Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society. Hickory Knob State Park, SC.
*Arling, A., Pometto S., Kornev K.G., Beard, C.E. and Adler, P.H. (2017, April 6-7). New histological techniques for exploring the fine structure of insect mouthparts. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Arling, A. M., Pometto, S., Kornev, K.G., Beard, C. E. and Adler, P. H. (2016, October). Techniques to examine insect haustellate mouthparts. 78th Annual Meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Montgomery, AL.
*Arling, A. K., Pometto, S., Beard, C.E., Adler, P. H. and Kornev, K. G. (2016). Techniques for microscopic confirmation of Lepidopteran proboscis repair. The 62nd Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society. Hickory Knob State Park, SC.
*Arling, A., Beard, C., Adler, P., Kornev, K., Pometto, S. (2017, April). New Histological Techniques for Exploring the Fine Structure of Insect Mouthparts. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Arling, A. (2017 March 29). Techniques to Examine Insect Haustellate Mouthparts. Presented at Annual meeting of the Association of Southeaster Biologists, Montgomery, AL. 
*Arling, A., Kornev, K., Beard, C.E., Adler., P.H. (2016). Developing methods to visualize insect proboscis structures. Clemson University Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
635

A non viral episomal vector system for induced pluripotent stem cell (IPS) production

A non viral episomal vector system for induced pluripotent stem cell (IPS) production Embryonic stem cells hold great promise for the cures of a variety of human diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's etc.. However, ES cell research has been hampered due to the ethical concerns of the use of human embryos. Recently, scientists have developed a novel way to convert somatic cells into ES-like cells through forced expression of four transcription factors key to the ES cell pluripotency maintenance. These cells are called induced pluripotent stem cells (IPS). The initial method used for IPS induction is based on retrovirus due to its high transfection efficiency. However, the potential dangers of retrovirus induced insertional mutagenesis and transformation pose great concerns for the applications of theses IPS cells in human. Therefore a great deal of research efforts have been put in the search of alternative delivery systems to create safer IPS cells, such as protein, mRNA, plasmid, and non integrating viral system. My laboratory has working with a non viral episomal vector based on the sequence of mammalian scaffold/matrix attachment region (S/mar), which are sequences in the DNA of eukaryotic chromosomes where the nuclear matrix attaches. S/mar sequences function as architectural DNA components that organize the genome of eukaryotes into functional units within the cell nucleus. Plasmids incorporated with S/mar sequence can be maintained as replicative episomal units within mammalian nuclei. We plan to clone the four transcription factors into this vector for IPS induction. This episomal vector system will not only reduce or eliminate the potentials of insertional mutagenesis, but also solve the problems of gradual loss from transfected cells encountered by regular plasmids due to the episomal replicative capacity of this plasmid.

Team Leaders
Xianzhong Yu Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
We are collaborating with Orbis Health Solution and Lauren's Hope foundation trying to establish patient-specific IPS for the treatment of Sanfilippo Syndrome, a deadly genetic disease affecting children. Both the company and the foundation have donated reagents to our research and we hope that further collaboration will lead to grants from them.
ScienceG
356

Geologic Properties

This group explores and analyzes the relationship between surficial processes and subsurface conditions.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
Martuch, A., Brame, S. (2017, April). Origin and Geochemical Relationships of Pegmatites in the Upper Piedmont of South Carolina. Oral and Poster presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Avard, D., Brame, S. (2017, April). Characterization of Accelerated Erosion and Failure Potential along Hunnicutt Creek. Oral and Poster presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Wykel, J., Brame, S. (2017, April). Nitrogen Loading and Coliform Bacteria in Eighteen Mile Creek. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
McCaffrey, D.M.*, Brame, S. (2016, March 31). Episodic Growth of Garnets from a Two-Mica Schist near Clemson, SC. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Bagbey, D., Murdoch, L., (2015, March 25). Characterization and Imaging of Pipe Flow Within a Natural Embankment. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Lyles, M. J., Murdoch, L.C. (2013, April 4). Characterizing Water Content Trends in Saprolite Soils near Clemson, SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Waterhouse, T. C., *Chamlee, W. M., *Baldwin, J. A., *Thompson, E., *Vaughn T., Murdoch, L. (2013, April 4). Sediment Transport after Dam Removal on Twelve-Mile Creek, Norris, SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Chamlee, W., Murdoch, L., (2013, April 4). Modeling Sediment Transport associated with a Reservoir Sediment Release following Dam Removal on Twelve-mile Creek. SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Baldwin, J. A., Murdoch, L. (2013, April 4). Quantifying Radial Borehole Deformation During Well Tests. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
McCaffrey, D.*,Brame, S. (2016, in press). Episodic Growth and Growth Factors of Garnets from a Two-Mica Schist near Clemson, SC. American Mineralogist. 
Kennedy, C. D., Murdoch, L. C., Genereux, D. P., Corbett, D. R., Stone, K., Pham, P., Mitasova, H. (2010, September). Comparison of Darcian flux calculations and seepage meter measurements in a sandy streambed in North Carolina, United States. Water Resources Research, 46(9).
Simon, A. (2011, June 12). PCB Cleanup Mired in Debate. The Greenville News.
Murdoch, L. (2014, April). Evaluation of Hydrology of Hunnicutt Creek Wetland. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
363

Creative Inquiry in Graphic Communications with Variable Data

This class provides the students an opportunity to develop research projects dealing with current technology in the print and marketing arena where they compare and measure the success campaign or technology options related to variable data and interfacing data base analytics.

Team Leaders
Linda A Kanaley Graphic Communications
John M Leininger Graphic Communications
BusinessD
364

Landscape Ecology and Conservation in the Appalachians

Students in this CI Project explore the influence of human land use on biodiversity. Specifically, they focus on amphibian response to a range of land uses, including urbanization and forest management. Students gain experience in experimental design, data collection and analysis, and project interpretation and communication.

Team Leaders
Russell Kyle Barrett Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
*Potter, H., *Carew, A., *Miller, B., *Cairco, B., Weaver, N., Barrett, K. (2015, October). The effect of a growing college town on stream health and abundance. Poster presented at The Annual Meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
*Cairco, B., Weaver, N., Barrett, K. (2015, October). Salamander and aquatic insect response to development in southern Appalachia. Poster presented at The Annual Meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
*Miller, B., Weaver, N., Barrett, K. (2015, Oct. 17). The influence of forest structure on Piedmont streams in Upstate South Carolina. Poster presented at the annual meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Surasinghe, T. D., Baldwin, R. F. (2011, April). Exploitative competition among stream salamanders along a land-use gradient. Presented at Natural Resource Graduate Student Symposium, Clemson, SC Clemson University.
Reinstein, Z.*, Albright, K.*, Enright, R.*, Surasinghe, T.D., Baldwin, R. (2012, March). Riparian land-use as a predictor of salamander diversity in stream ecosystems in Upstate SC. Presented at Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Surasinghe, T.D., McAliaster, M., Baldwin, R., (2012, February). Exploitative competition among stream salamanders along a land-use gradient. Presented at Southeastern Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation, Falls Creek Fall State Park, TN.
Surasinghe, T.D., Reinstein, Z., Baldwin, R. (2012, October). The community composition of stream salmanders as a function of riparain land-use. Presented at the Student Conference on Conservation Science, American Museum of Natural History, New York-Manhattan, NY.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
365

Multicultural Competencies in Peer Dialogue Facilitation: Building Capacity and Efficacy

Peer Dialogue Facilitators [PDFs] are a team of undergraduate students whose primary role is to enhance campus climate through programs which improve understanding, tolerance and communication among students at Clemson University. PDFs facilitate dialogue for the Clemson student body in an effort to develop essential communication and leadership skills, which are critical for living and working in diverse and inclusive communities. Peer Dialogue Facilitator's foster mutual understanding, compassion, awareness, and meaningful relationships among students from different social identities.

Team Leaders
Kendra Stewart-Tillman Education & Human Dev
Rebecca Morgan Gantt Center for Student Life
Tony W Cawthon Leadrshp,Counsl Ed,Hum&Org Dev
Accomplishments
*Mills, D. (2014, July 9). Dialogue to Shift a Culture. Presented at the annual conference of Diversity in Organizations, Communities & Nations, Vienna, Austria.
EducationE
371

The Sopranos: Organized Crime, Jersey Style

            In the late 1990’s, the acting boss of the DeCavalcante Crime Family became a government witness against members of the criminal syndicate that he had once helmed.  While he was the first boss of a La Cosa Nostra family to become a cooperating witness, his defection was preceded by a virtual cornucopia of colorful characters that included various capos, soldiers, and associates. The subsequent prosecutions left the family decimated and uncovered countless murders, government corruption, and various other criminal activities. Irrespective of the sensational headlines, the dismantling of the New Jersey based organization would have remained largely ignored by the American public had their demise not been foreshadowed by another, much more famous family from Jersey. As government interest in the DeCavalcante family increased, The Sopranos debuted on HBO.  Set in New Jersey, the series followed Tony Soprano as he navigated, often unsuccessfully and always with the assistance of a psychotherapist, the travails of domestic life as head of an organized crime family.  While marketed as pure fiction, the resemblance between many of the colorful characters depicted and individual members of the Decavalcante family is simply undeniable.              

Team Leaders
Marjie Britz Sociology and Anthropology
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1245

Tiger Cubs Breastfeeding Support Centers

Our creative inquiry (CI) team’s research, seeks to explore the need and feasibility for creating family friendly breastfeeding support centers for parents, infants and children at Clemson University sporting events.

Team Leaders
Heide Temples School of Nursing
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1243

ENGAGE Dominica 4: Transportation Infrastructure

After Tropical Storm Erika made landfall in August of 2015, the transportation infrastructure of Dominica was devastated. Prime Minister Skerrit stated that the storm set Dominica’s development progress back more than 20 years, leaving hundreds of homes destroyed with over half of the roads and bridges partially or completely damaged. Following Erika, Dominica’s government has placed a major focus on documentation and preparation for future natural disasters.The goal of the transportation infrastructure team is to research and gather a complete understanding of issues with the transportation network in Dominica to improve safety and security for its citizens.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Jared Delk General Engineering
Julia Harrison WISE-Women in Sci & Eng
Adika Mammadrahimli Civil Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
372

"Gangsterism" as a Film Genre: The Italian Experience

From the street hustler to the corporate embezzler, Hollywood has long been fascinated with crime of all types. Irrespective of ethnicity, the greatest interest has been reserved for criminal gangs and organized crime syndicates. Even those productions marked by poor direction, casting, or cinematography have proven all but irresistible to the American public. In contrast to other genres of American cinema (e.g. Westerns, historical epics, etc.), gangsterism as a cinematic concept has remained timely in the face of cultural, economic, and historical upheavals. While the notion of good versus evil has continued to be a bankable thematic foundation, contemporary audiences continue to demonstrate a preference for the presentation of the same in a colorful urban environment. While such requisites are necessarily found in the contextual landscape in which criminal syndicates flourish, depictions of both individual actors and organizations are not necessarily consistent with reality. As such, it is necessary to evaluate the development of gangsterism as a cinematic genre in both an empirical and historical context. The 2017-2018 Creative Inquiry will explore the American mafia genre specifically. Students enrolled in the Creative Inquiry will spend the Fall and Spring semesters of AY 2016-2017 evaluating films on the American mafia. Regularly scheduled group discussions will be held on the films to ascertain level of student participation, development of theoretical framework, and subsequent areas of focus. Particular attention will be given to the role of women, corruption of authority, community involvement, good vs. evil, role conflict, and duality of role, During the Spring Semester of the same year, students will compare and contrast depictions of the various criminal syndicates, assessing accuracy and identifying stereotypes. Students will present the findings of their inquiry in the form of brief reading summaries and a final paper. In the Summer of 2017, qualifying students will visit New York City. At this time, they will interact with various law enforcement agencies and visit geographical locales with significant importance to the applicable topics. At the conclusion of the visit, students will submit a term paper and poster which summarizes their experience and examines contradictions.

Team Leaders
Marjie Britz Sociology and Anthropology
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
922

Biochromic Sensors for Food Safety Applications

Polydiacetylenes (PDA) are polymers which when exposed to environmental stress, such as heat, solvent, mechanical impact, etc., change color from dark blue to bright red. In this project PDAs will be modified so that they respond to the presence of food pathogens (or to their metabolites), such as E. Coli, Salmonella, or Listeria. These sensors will be developed as swabs, wipes, aerosols, and gels for use in processing plants and to test storage and shipping containers.

Team Leaders
Paul Dawson Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Julie Northcutt Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
William T Pennington Jr Chemistry
Accomplishments
Zhang, Y., Northcutt, J., Hanks, T., Miller, I., Penningtion, B., Han, I., Dawson, P. (2016). "Polydiacetylene sensor interaction with food sanitizers and surfactants." Food Chemistry, submitted.
Pennington, W.T., Khadijatul, K., Dawson, P., Hanks, T.W., Jelinek, R., Northcutt, J. (2016, October 23-26). "Polydiacetylenes: Sensor Applications and Reversible Thermochromism." Invited talk to be presented in the Molecules to Functional Supramolecular Materials Symposium at the 2016 Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia SC.
Gotthelf, G.I., Hill, S.C., Pennington, W.T. (2015, April). Reversible Thermochromism in Polydiacetylenes. Presented at South Carolina Academy of Sciences Annual Meeting, Furman University.
*Garbowski, S.J., *Reamer, S.A., Hill, S.C., Pennington, W.T. (2015, April). Immobilization of Polydiacetylene Sensors onto Cellulose. Presented at South Carolina Academy of Sciences Annual Meeting, Furman University.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
376

Popular Science Journalism

Students will survey the primary science literature and produce articles on timely topics in research for the Tigra Scientifica column in The Tiger. Students will also assemble the articles into a magazine with the same name.

Team Leaders
Lesly Temesvari Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Temesvari, L.A. ed., Johnson, M.G. ed., Newbold, C.R. ed., *Bendixen, B., *Kloc, B. *Larrew, T.W., *Tom, D.M., *Ward, L., *Wasylyk, R.D., *Watts, R., *Woodard, M., *Jackson, F. (2012, May). Tigra Scientifica, Spring 2012 (Issue 3).
Temesvari, L.A. ed., Johnson, M.G. ed., Newbold, C.R. ed., *Isgett, S.F., *Larrew, T.W., *Scott, A.H., *Wasylyk, R.D., *Alsallaiy, I.A., *Deneen, L.C., *Kloc, B.M., *Richman, A.E., *Tom, D.M., *Peterson, A.J., *Simmons, K.E., *Villamizar, J.D. (2011, November). Tigra Scientifica, Fall 2011 (Issue 2).
Tuten, H.C., Temesvari, L.A. (2013, March). Popular Science Journalism: facilitating learning through peer review and communication of science news. Journal of Science College Teaching, 42(4), 46-49.
Tuten, H. ed., Stone, C. ed., *Isgett, S.F., *Larrew, T., *McCuen, V., *Murphy, C., *Scott, A.H., *Stephan, K.L., *Wasylyk, R.D. (2011, May). Tigra Scientifica, Spring 2011 (Issue 1).
*McCuen, V. (2011, April). Tigri Scientifica: Prosthetics get a leg up. The Tiger, p. A6.
*Larrew, T. (2011, April ). Tigri Scientifica: If I only had a heart ( and a kidney). The Tiger.
*McCuen, V. (2011, Febuary 18). Tigri Scientifica You Complete Me: Relationships Help Couples Expand Minds and Identities. The Tiger.
*Scott, A. (2011, Febuary 25). Alert: Intelligent Plastics May Not Be All They Claim to Be. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Murphy, C. (2011, March 4). The Key to Living Well: Ha, Ha, Ha! Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2011, March 11). Kiss and Tell: From Frogs to Antibiotics. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Isgett, Z. (2011, April 1). The Brains Behind the Beats. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Stefan, K. (2011, April 15). Fruit May Hold Key to New Fuel Source. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Isgett, Z. (2011, September 2). Don't Get Testy, It's Just Testosterone. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2011, September 9). The Romance of Fear: Lean on Me When You are Scared. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Scott, A. (2011, September 16). Ethics Versus Innovation: The Future of Gene Therapy. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Stefan, K. (2011, September 30). Chemistry of Heartbreak. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Isgett, Z. (2011, October 7). Tonight's Dinner Special: Test Tube Tartare. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Scott, A. (2011, October 21). CSI: Wildlife Forensics Unit. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Larrew, T. (2011, October 28). When H20 Can be H2 Much: The Truth Behind Exercising and Hydration. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Deneen, L. (2011, November 4). Parlez-Vous Francais? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Richman, A. (2011, November 11). The Essence of Trust. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Kloc, B. (2011, November 18). Sunscreen in a Pill? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Tom, D. (2011, December 2). Level Up: Gamers Advance Scientific Knowledge. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Alsallaiy, I. (2012, January 20). Relax...Take a Break...BREATHE. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2012, February 3). Using the Pill and Losing the Thrill. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Larrew, T. (2012, February 10). Bath Salts: The Drug that is Everything, but Clean. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Tom, D. (2012, February 17). Practice Makes Perfect: Musical Training has Long-term Impact. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Kloc, B. (2012, Febuary 24). Read Past the Calories: There's More than Meets the Eye. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2012, March 2). A Sight for Blind Eyes: Vibrating Vests Provide a Fifth Sense to the Visually Impaired. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Watts, R. (2012, March 9). Step Away from the Diet Soda! Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Bendixen, B. (2012, March 30). Attackbots for Your Body. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Woodard, M. (2012, April). Can I Have Your Attention Please? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Ward, L. (2012, April 13). Portable Physician. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Larrew, T. (2012, April 20). From Generation to Generation to Generation to... Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2012, August 24). Losing Your Keys Shouldn't Mean Losing Your Mind. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Kloc, B. (2012, September 7). Pumping Insulin May Soon Be a Thing of the Past. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Watts, R. (2012, September 14). Meatless Mondays, Tofu Tuesdays, and Wheat Wednesdays. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Ward, L. (2012, September 21). Sharing is Not Always Caring. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Watts, R. (2012, September 28). Howling for Help. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Luther, E. (2012, October 5). Professor Close Up: Dr. Mike Henson. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*West, H. (2012, October 12). Too Much Pep in this Spice? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Fall 2012.
*Xu, T. (2012, October 26). Allergies, Begone! Genetically Modified Plants Could Bring Relief to Millions. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Simonin, S. (2012, November 5). Green Tea Goodness. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012
*Khan, S. (2012, November 12). A Starving World and a Changing Planet. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Pollard, S. (2012, November 30). The Telepathic Light Switch. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Ward, L. (2012, December 7). You'll Have to Feel It to Believe It! Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Luther, E. (2013, January 18). Professor Close Up: Dr. June Pilcher. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Nix, Q. (2013, January 25). Companies are Starting to Make More Green. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Pollard, S. (2013, Febuary 1). Turning Trash into Treasure. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*West, H. (2013, Febuary 8). Risky Busniess. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Xu, T. (2013, Febuary 15). Trapped in Food Traffic. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Elmore, B. (2013, Febuary 22). Your Friendly Neighborhood Killer-the Cat? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
*King, C. (2013, March 1). Frankenfish or Futurefish? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
*Lutz, M. (2013, March 8). One Beer, Two Beer, Three Beer-What was that? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
*Raciborski, L. (2013, March 29). Shedding Some Light on Tanning. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
*Nix, Q. (2013, April 5). A Handy New Way of Designing Prosthetics. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
ScienceG
377

MacroAFM

This project is aimed at reconstructing a working Atomic Force Microscope at the Macro Scale for research and education purposes. We first start with an introduction to a real, working AFM machine (our recently received Asylum Research BioMFP-3D) – how it works and what it can do. We also will run some samples to better understand the principles of AFM. After that the team will study the existing designs of AFM models or build their own scheme. The team then uses their AFM to collect data to reveal the contours of a prepared macro-roughened surface – models of different molecules and biological systems – proteins, viruses. This model will be a very good demonstration object for education of summer undergraduate and high-school students.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Bagnal, W., *Roberts, F., *Roberts, T., Reukov, V., Shaporev, A. (2017, April). An Educational Model of an Atomic Force Microscope. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bagnal, W., *Canas, B., *Roberts, T.,  *Tilles, J., Reukov, V. (2016, April 6-7). Macroscopic Model of Atomic Force Microscopy, Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC
*Tilles, J., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016, March 11-13). mHealth Musculoskeletal Applications: Bluetooth Low-Energy Devices and Android. Presented at the 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA. 
*Hoelzen, M., *Athavale, D., *Portilla Rodriguez, M., Reukov, V., Shaporev, A. (2014, April). Macro-AFM model. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
378

Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World

Developing countries face healthcare challenges every day, whether it is lack of supplies or a shortage of healthcare professionals. Medical devices and equipment that are considered standard in hospitals in the United States can be hard to find and very expensive in developing countries, such as Tanzania. Tanzania has recently made significant advances with the quality of their healthcare; however, the infant mortality rate is still ten times greater than that of the United States. This is due to the lack of technology available and untrained healthcare professionals to use these medical devices. The goal of this Creative Inquiry team is to design and develop medical instrumentation and monitors that are robust, user-friendly, and low-cost for developing countries. The students on this team will be expected to work on electronics and instrument design. The first project will focus on developing a neonatal temperature sensing and control system for the prevention of hyperthermia in premature babies for Tanzanian health centers. The next projects will focus on development and design of cheap pulse oximeter and electrocardiography systems to monitor the blood oxygen levels and heart rates in these babies. These types of projects not only have the ability to improve the lives of young infants and families, but they can also impact the medical field in developing nations worldwide. Applications for the team are typically due at the end of the semester. Please see the department of Bioengineering website for details: http://www.clemson.edu/ces/bioe/creative-inquiry.html

Team Leaders
William Richardson Bioengineering
Melissa McCullough Bioengineering
Kayla Gainey Bioengineering
Jorge Rodriguez Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Guion, K., Dean, D., *Rohde, J., *Young, C., *Gilbert, R., *Wilson, G., DesJardins, J., *Erickson, H., *Hargett, Z. (2017, April). Medical Technology for Developing Countries. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Young, C., DeMass, I., Brewer, C., Gilbert, R., Guion, K., McCullough, M., *DesJardins, J., and Dean, D. (2016, October). "Assessment of Medical Equipment in Kisarawe, Tanzania", presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Minneapolis, MN.
*Stafford, S., DesJardins, J.*, (2015, November), Designing Medical Devices for the Developing World: A Global Health Partnership in Biotechnology. Oral presentation at the Partnering for Impact in Global and Public Health Symposium in Charleston, SC
Cobb, A., *Hawks, Z., *Herbst, A., *Rohde, J., (2015, Dec.), MicroSense, Invention disclosure presentation to CURF. Oral presentation to Clemson University Research Foundation.
*Rohde, J, *Brewer, C, *Young, C, *DeMass, I, Guion, K, Gilber, R, Cobb, A, (2016, April) "Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World" Poster at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster forum in Clemson SC.
*Showghi, J. D., *Stafford, S. G., *Veliz, J. S., Dean, D., DesJardins, J., Rodriguez, J. (2014). Respire Medical, a breath assistive device for low resource settings. Presented at Fifth Annual National Undergraduate Global Health Technologies Design Competition at Houston, TX.
*Elpers, M., *McCaskill, B., *Sosdian, L., Dean, D. (2010, April) Tanzania 2011 Wazungu, Saving Babies, and Awesome People. Presented at the Bioengineering Undergraduate Research Day.
*Elpers M., *McCaskill, B., *Sosdian, L., Dean, D. (2010, April) Tanzania 2011 Wazungu, Saving Babies, and Awesome People. Presented at the Honor's College Research and Travel Award symposium.
*Elpers M., *McCaskill, B., *Sosdian, L., Dean, D. (2010, October). Low-Cost Temperature Control Alarm Systems Designed for Application in Third World Countries. Presented at the SouthEast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference, FL.
Updated Invention disclosure to the university. (Hopefully should file patent soon) (CURF #2013-069) "Electrochemical Biosensor for the Detection of Microorganisms in Liquid Medium"
*Rohde, J., Cobb, A., *Gilbert, R., *Hawks, Z., Desjardins, J., Dean, D. (2016, July), "Development of Low-cost Impediometric Biosensors for Clinical Diagnostics and Water Testing", Proceedings of the annual Biomedical Engineering Society
*Gainey Wilson, K., *Ovington, P., Dean, D., (2015, June 12). A Low-Cost Inkjet-Printed Glucose Test Strip System for Resource-Poor Settings. Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, (in press).
*Showghi, J., *Stafford, S., *Rohde, J., *Hawks, Z., *Herbst, A., *Veliz, J., *Murdy, J., Dean, D., DesJardins, J., Rodriguez, J., Gainey, K. (2015, April). Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Kofoed, M., *Keith, K., *Nicholas, J., Dean, D., DesJardins, J. (2012, October). Medical Equipment Breakdown Survey _ Weil Bugando Referral Hospital, Tanzania. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Wiles, L., *Langworthy, S., *Halsey, M., DesJardins, J., Dean, D. (2012, October 24-27). Development of a Low-Cost Blood Glucose Monitoring System for Implementation in Resource-Poor Settings. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Youngman, T., *Kofoed, M., *Martin, D., *Metzger, A., Dean, D., Desjardins, J. (2013, Sep 26). Developing a Woven Grass Neck Brace for Low Resource Implementation. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Devon, A., *Gainey, K., *Adams, H., Desjardins, J., Dean, D. (2013, Sep 28). Designing Neonatal Monitoring Devices for Resource-Poor Settings. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Gainey, K., *Ovington, P., Desjardins, J., Dean D. (2013, Sep 25-28). Design of Low Cost Glucometer and InkJet Printed Test Strips. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Adams, H., *Adams, R., *Devon, C., *Hall, R., *Hargett, A., *Herbst, A., *Ovington, P., *Rye, K., *Stafford, S., *Tibbs, M., *Veliz, J., *Youngblood, R., Dean, D., Desjardins, J., *Gainey, K., *Metzger, A., *Rodriguez, J. (2014, April). Designing medical technology for developing countries. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Adams, H.*, Adams, R.*, Devon, C.*, Hall, R., Hargett, A.*, Herbst, A.*, Ovington, P.*, Rye, K.*, Stafford, S.*, Tibbs, M.*, Veliz, J.*, Youngblood, R.*, Dean, D., Desjardins, J.*, Gainey, K.*, Metzger, A., Rodriguez, J. (2014, April). Designing medical technology for developing countries. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
The Lemelson-MIT National Collegiate Student Prize Competition is a nationwide search for the most inventive undergraduate and graduate students, with winning undergraduate teams receiving $10,000 in two categories and graduate student winners receiving $15,000 in two categories: 1. "Cure it!"� for students with inventions that can improve healthcare. 2. "Use it!" for students with inventions that can improve consumer devices and tools. Tyler Ovington*, Alex Devon*, and Kayla Gainey* won in the "Cure it!"� undergraduate team category for their work in the Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World Creative Inquiry project. The Lemelson-MIT Program celebrates outstanding inventors and inspires young people to pursue creative lives and careers through invention.
The Woven Solutions team (Matthew Kofoed*, Danielle Martin*, Adam Metzger*, and Tyler Youngman*) from our CI won the Spiro Institutes Social LaunchPad Competition in April, 2013, for their work on woven neck braces that can be produced and used in low-technology areas such as rural Tanzania.
Katelyn Rye* and Sarah Stafford* (rising junior won the LIMBS International Design competition on prosthesis/orthosis design for developing countries. The finals were held at UT El Paso this weekend and Katelyn and Sarah won first place ($1000). It was for the latest design of the grass-woven neck brace from Tanzaniahttp://engineering.utep.edu/announcement061614.htm
Adam Metzger*, and Tyler Youngman* from our CI came in 2nd place at the Rice 360 Global Health Technology competitions for their work on woven neck braces that can be produced and used in low-technology areas such as rural Tanzania.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1075

Catapult Team

Clemson ASME and Pi Tau Sigma partnered during the Fall of 2014 to create the Punkin Chunkin team. Fall 2016 will be the team's fourth semester as a creative inquiry. The team goals are to apply concepts learned in engineering to an interesting project, give students machining experience, as well as to raise interest in STEM majors for students not yet in college as well as those just entering college. The team's project involves designing and building a pumpkin throwing catapult to compete in regional competions. Additionally, the team will exhibit our project in a fun and safe way to students not yet in college. The team's website can be found at http://sites.google.com/a/g.clemson.edu/asme/projects/punkin-chunkin

Team Leaders
Steven Truelove Mechanical Engineering
Matthew Anderson Campus Recreation
Huijuan Zhao Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Anderson, M. (2017, February 11). Clemson Catapult Trebuchet presented at the annual Storm the Citadel competition, Charleston. SC.
Received scrap materials from Koops through collaboration with CU ASME.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
379

Digital History and Introduction to Cyberinfrastructure in Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences

This course will appeal to students with an interest in the Civil War and Southern History who want to explore how digital technologies can help historians uncover dimensions of the past. Students will cull primary source materials for relevant characteristics of Confederate soldiers that will be integrated with an existing demographic database that includes socioeconomic data on the same soldiers. Students will use a relational database to study how the experiences of soldiers during the war affected the well-being of themselves (and their families) in the fifteen years following the war. The effect of the war on the families of soldiers will be compared to the experiences of families that did not have a male member who served in the army.  We use this  database to analyze who actually fought from a South Carolina county in the civil war and what their experiences were.  In other words, what difference did it make if you served in the Confederate army, were wounded, were imprisoned, etc. to your life.The creative partnership between computer science, the humanities, and the social sciences—the core of what we now call “humanities technology”—is the cornerstone of the digital revolution. Knowledge is useless without meaning, and meaning is the essence of the humanities and social sciences. This CI project introduces students to advanced applications computing, primarily Digital History, but also to other Digital Humanities, Arts and Social Science techniques. Students are encouraged to develop their own projects, but the class together works on Southern Identity and our changing understanding of the Civil War, using newspapers, the HathiTrust (largest collection of digitized documents, as well as the Social Medial Listening Center. Several students are also interested in tracing the “DNA” of the writings of Abraham Lincoln, that is who he read and influenced Lincoln, and who read and was influenced by Lincoln. Skills and knowledge acquired will be an advantage for graduates to be marketable in today’s workforce and enhance student’s applications for advanced study and graduate school.

Team Leaders
Vernon Burton History
Timothy Whitley History
Accomplishments
Appleford, S. (2016, November 20). "Using the Social Web to Explore Online Discourse on Southern Identity and Memory of the Civil War". Paper presented at a session on Collective Memory and Public Discourse in the Race and Ethnicity Network session at the Social Science History Association annual Meeting in Chicago, IL.
*Eichorn, C., *Werts, B., *Mack, D., *Madini, M. (2014, April) Digital History: Working with Large Data Sets. Presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Burton, V. (2013, February). The South as Other, The Southerner as Stranger. The Journal of Southern History, LXXIX:1: 7-50.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
380

Developmental plasticity of alternative mating strategies in molly fish

This project tests the influence of social environment on the expression of genes that encode life history and behavioral mating strategies in sailfin molly fishes.

Team Leaders
Mary Ramos-Negrete Biological Sciences
Margaret Ptacek Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Soby, E., Helstern, R., Voytko, M., Abbott, A., Hogan, K, and Ptacek, M. 2016. "Does social environment during ontogeny influence female mating preferences in sailfin molly fishes?". College of Science Undergraduate Research Showcase. Clemson University.
Hogan, K. 2016. "The influence of salinity on genotype by environment interactions for life history traits in the sailfin molly fish". Society for the Study of Evolution annual meeting, University of Texas-Austin. Contributed Talk.
*Helstern, R., *Abbott, A., Hogan, K., *Soby, E., and Ptacek, M. 2016. "Does who you grow up with matter? Influence of social rearing environment on female mating preferences in sailfin molly fish". Clemson's FOCI poster presentation.
Hogan, K. 2016. "Phenotypic plasticity in life history in response to salinity environment in the sailfin molly". Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium. First Place Award, Graduate Student Lightning Talk.
Hogan, K., Voytko, M.* & Ptacek, M. (2015, October 24). Phenotypic plasticity in life history traits in response to salinity environment in the sailfin molly fish (Poecilia latipinna). Annual SEPEEG meeting, Eatonton, GA.
*Collins, A.T. (2012, December). Allelic variation in the melanocortin 4 receptor gene in poeciilid fishes. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium (CBASS), Clemson, SC.
*Crawford, C. C., *Voytko, M., *Davidson, G., *Abbott, A., Hogan, K. E., Ptacek, M. B. (2015, April). The influence of salinity on activity and growth in sailfin molly fish (Poecilia latipinna). Poster presented at Clemson's Creative Inquiry Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Crawford, C. C., Hogan, K. E., Ptacek, M. B. (2015, February). The influence of salinity on activity and growth in sailfin molly fish (Poecilia latipinna). Poster presented at Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Lange, E., Hogan, K., *Davidson, G., Ptacek, M. (2014, June). The influence of rearing environment on life history and morphological traits of sailfin molly fish (P. latipinna). Poster presented at Evolution.
*Hunter, S.N. (2010, October). New microsatellite loci for the endemic Hawaiian goby, Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presented at Southeastern Population Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics (SEPEEG) regional meeting hosted by University of Florida, FL.
*Rice, E.W. (2012, September). The role of diet in the evolution of male morphologies in sailfin mollies. Oral presentation at the HHMI/SCLife Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Hogan, K., *Voytko, M., and Ptacek, M. 2015. "Phenotypic plasticity in life history in response to salinity environment in sailfin molly fish". SouthEastern Population Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics regional meeting, University of Georgia. Second place award, Graduate Student Poster.
*Helstern, R., *Voytko, M., *Abbott, A., Hogan, K, and Ptacek, M. 2015. "Does social environment during ontogeny influence female mating preferences in sailfin molly fishes?". SouthEastern Population Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics regional meeting. University of Georgia. Awarded First Place, undergraduate poster.
*Crawford, C. C., Hogan, K. E., Ptacek, M. B. (2015, March). The influence of salinity on activity and growth in sailfin molly fish (Poecilia latipinna). Poster presented at the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution conference, Athens, GA.
*Collins, A.T. (2012, October). Allelic variation in the melanocortin 4 receptor gene in poeciilid fishes. Poster presented at Southeastern Population Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics (SEPEEG) regional meeting Clemson, SC.
*Davidson, G., *Crawford, C., *Voytko, M., Hogan, K., Ptacek, M. (2014, April). The influence of rearing environment on life history and morphological traits of sailfin molly fish (P. latipinna). Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
959

Behavioral ecology of freshwater fish

Aquatic species have been declining globally. In USA, approximately 1/3 of freshwater fish and more than half of crayfish and freshwater mussels are considered at risk of extinction, and these numbers are higher than their terrestrial counterparts (mammals and birds).Observational studies of freshwater fish, both in the field and laboratory, have been relatively few in number and behavioral ecology of freshwater fish is little known. This CI project involves behavioral studies of freshwater fish and aims to contribute ecological information that is important to conservation of freshwater fish. 

Team Leaders
Yoichiro Kanno Forestry & Environment Conserv
Seoghyun Kim Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Kelly, B., Smith, A., Cary, K.B., Pregler, K.C., Kim, S., and Kanno, Y. (2017, March 2). The influence of species and tag size on detection probabilities using a portable PIT tag antenna wand in a small Piedmont stream. Annual Meeting of South Carolina Chapter of American Fisheries Society, McCormick, South Carolina.
Kim, S., and Kanno, Y. (2017, February). Spawning phenology and behavioral interactions of bluehead chub (Nocomis leptocephalus) and a nest associate, yellowfin shiner (Notropis lutipinnis). Annual Meeting of Southern Division American Fisheries Society, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. February 2-5, 2017.
Kelly, B., *A. Smith, *J.B. Cary, K.C. Pregler, S. Kim, and Y. Kanno. 2017. The influence of species and tag size on detection probabilities using a portable PIT tag antenna wand in a small Piedmont stream. Annual Meeting of Southern Division American Fisheries Society, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. February 2-5, 2017.
*Kelly, B., *Smith, A., *Cary, J., *Johnson, P., Pregler, K., Kim, S., Kanno, Y. (2017, April). Quantifying the Effectiveness of a Portable PIT Tag Antenna at Detecting Stream Fish. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Austin, T.B., *Cary J.B., Holbrook, J.L., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno. Y. (2016, February 18-21). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with a passive integrated transponder tag. Annual Meeting of Southern Division American Fisheries Society, Wheeling, West Virginia.
Austin, T.B., *Cary J.B., Holbrook, J.L., *Reed, M.E., *Steffensen. M., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno. Y. (2016, February 24-26). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with a passive integrated transponder tag. Annual Meeting of South Carolina American Fisheries Society, Seabrook Island, South Carolina.
Austin, T.B., *Cary J.B., Holbrook, J.L., *Reed, M.E., *Steffensen. M., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno. Y. (2016, April 6). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with a passive integrated transponder tag. Poster presentation at FoCI, Clemson, SC.
*Cary, J.B., *Holbrook, J.L., *Reed, M.E., *Austin, T.B., *Steffensen, M.S., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno, Y. (2016, July). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with an 8-mm passive integrated transponder tag. Submitted to Transactions of the American Fisheries Society.
Austin, T.B., *Cary J.B., Holbrook, J.L., *Reed, M.E., *Steffensen. M., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno. Y. (2016, February 18-21). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with a passive integrated transponder tag. Poster presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Division American Fisheries Society meeting, Wheeling, WV.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
960

Campus Suicide Prevention

This project will involve students in prevention and research activities associated with Clemson's Tigers Together to Stop Suicide initiative. Student research activities will include program evaluation, designing studies related to suicide and mental health, conducting literature reviews, data collection and analysis, creating written products from scientific and research findings, and presenting findings at conferences, meetings, and publications. Programmatic activities will include generating student organization involvement, providing educational seminars on suicide prevention to students, developing website content, recruiting students for a crisis hotline, implementing social marketing, organizing speakers panels, hosting the Out of the Darkness Walk, implementing activities for National Suicide Prevention Month, co-facilitating advocacy trainings for the campus community, and campaigns related to suicide prevention.  

Team Leaders
Martha Thompson Public Health Sciences
Heidi Zinzow Psychology
Accomplishments
Series of videos from August 28-29, 2016
Stanton, C., Farrenkopf, K., Free, K., Krug, B., Fields, M., Fritsche, A., Bogardus, L., Thompson, M., & Zinzow, H. (2017, April). "Examining the efficacy of a suicide prevention advocacy training." Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Stanton, C., *Farrenkopf, K., *Free, K., *Fritsche, A., *Krug, B., *Fields, M., *Bogardus, L., Zinzow, H., Thompson, M. (2017, April). Tigers Together: Examining the Efficacy of a Suicide Prevention Advocacy Training. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jeffirs, S., *Dickson, A., *Calvert, B., *Balser, C., *Kramer, A., Zinzow, H., Thompson, M., & *Bogardus, L. (2016, April). The efficacy of a suicide prevention advocacy training. Presentation for the Focus on Creative Inquiry conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Jeffirs, S., *Dickson, A., Calvert, B., *Balser, C., *Kramer, A., Zinzow, H., Thompson, M., Bogardus, L. (2016, April). Examining the Efficacy of a Suicide Prevention Advocacy Training. Focus on Creative Inquiry Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
643

Aspire: Developing Peer Delivered Initiatives to Foster the Promotion of a Healthy Campus

Students will collaborate on the development, implementation and evaluation of peer-delivered prevention and wellness focused programs for first-year students. Students will research multiple aspects of health and well-being as they relate to the college population. Possible focus areas for CI participants include: alcohol and other drug abuse prevention, addiction, alcohol and drug interactions, mental health and suicide prevention, interpersonal violence prevention, bystander intervention, and nutrition. Students may make videos, interview campus and community members, tour campus facilities, create new online content, and promote wellness through social media.

Team Leaders
Martha Thompson Public Health Sciences
Hailey Palmer Student Health Center
Jennifer Goree Student Health Center
Diamond Brown Student Health Center
Chloe Green Student Health Center
Accomplishments
*Uzell, L., Brown, D., Goree, J., Green, C., Palmer, H., Thompson, M. (2017, April). Increasing Student Resiliency through the Aspire to be Well Program. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Hester, E., *Wood, S., and *Webster, C. (2016). "Aspire Presentation". Presented at Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Harbin, M, *Smith, T., *Uzell, L., (2016, March). Increasing Suicide Awareness and Prevention on Campus Through the Aspire to Be Well Program. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Allison, H., *Greene, C. (2015, October) Clemson University's Aspire to be Well Program. Healthy Campus Summit Conference. Columbia, SC.
Allison, H., Burnette, C., Duncan, R., Greene, C., (2015, March). Breaking Down the Silos of Prevention. NAPSA Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA.
Goree, J., Greene, C., Thompson, M., Zinzow, H., (2015, April) Aspire to Be Well Fall 2014. Student Affairs Vice President Cabinet Meeting. Clemson, SC.
Allison, H., Greene, C., Goree, J., *Hinson, A., Rock, K., *Shaw, C., and Thompson, M. (2015, April). Developing Peer Delivered Initiatives to Foster the Promotion of a Healthy Campus. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
387

Multi-disciplinary Exploration of Materials Friction, Lubrication and Wear

Industry, academic and national laboratories are all interested in understanding how to control the friction between sliding surfaces. Work has shown that materials selection (surface materials and lubricant), surface topography (micro patterning), system parameters (velocity and force), etc. can all influence the coefficient of friction for a system. Since all these factors play a role (and their roles are not always completely understood), the direct measurement of the coefficient of friction and surface wear is often desired. Students in this group will look at surface deformation mechanisms, sliding contact and common test techniques used in this field. You will all contribute to this field by working on a research project in pairs. Don’t worry, we will help you select a partner and project. Focus for 2014- Tribocorrosion is understanding the synergistic effect between the friction between sliding surfaces (wear) and an electrochemical response resulting into material deterioration (corrosion). There has been a push to determine if one aspect dominates the other or if wear and corrosion equally contributes in the deterioration of the tribo-system (which are unique based on materials, loads, environment, velocity, etc.). Initially, wear tests and corrosion tests for each tribo-system are needed to be performed independently to determine the coefficient of friction, wear rate, and critical corrosion density of the system. Once the system is understood independently, the students in this group can follow ASTM standard G119-09 to determine the tribocorrosional aspects of the tribo-system.

Team Leaders
Marian Kennedy Materials Science&Engineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Amir Poursaee Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Mitchell, N., Eljach, C.*, Lodge, B., Sharp, J.L., DesJardins, J.D., Kennedy, M. (2011, September). Single and reciprocal friction testing of micropatterned surfaces for orthopaedic device design, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
397

Computational Design Group

The Clemson School of Architecture Computational Design Group engages in a critical exploration of emergent technologies and material science in architectural design. The aim of this group is to house several, more specific, research agendas concerning applications of computing methods in architecture under one, more general, classification of ‘computational design’.

Team Leaders
David Lee School of Architecture
Accomplishments
*Danahy, P. (2017, April 5-6). The Machined Shoe. Poster presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Lee, D., *Colquhoun, A., *Mabe, S., *Newberry, J. (April 2012). 'Visualizing Curricula'. Presented at the 7th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry forum. Clemson University, 2012.
Lee, D. and Newbold, M. (April 2011). 'Advanced Architectural Geometry: Subdivision Surfaces'. Presented at the 6th annual Focus on Creative Inquiry forum. Clemson University.
Lee, D., Hutcherson, D.*, Mountcastle, A. 2013. "Animated Curved Folding" in ACADIA 2013: Adaptive Architecture. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture. Edited by Philip Beesley, Omar Khan, and Michael Stacey. p413-414. Riverside Architectural Press, Waterloo, ON, Canada.
Lee, D., *Darsinos, A., *Perkinson, D., *Schulte, E., Stone, D. 2013, "Self-Organizing Origami Structures" in ACADIA 2013: Adaptive Architecture.Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture. Edited by Philip Beesley, Omar Khan, and Michael Stacey. p421-422. Riverside Architectural Press, Waterloo, ON, Canada.
*Smentek, B., *Javed, A., Lee, D. (2014, April). Light-responsive facade prototype. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Smentek, B., *Javed, A., Lee, D. (2014, April). Structural optimization using FEA tools. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Danahy, P., Lee, D., *Bell, E. (2017, April). The M. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Lee, David. (2016, February 25-27). Topological Tactics. Presented at the National Conference on the Beginning Design Student at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. 
Lee, D. (2016). Topological Tactics. Proceedings of the 32nd National Conference on the Beginning Design Student, Volume 32, 155.-159.
Boggs, B. (2015). Think Smarter, Not Faster. Decipher 2015. Clemson Creative Inquiry Magazine, p51-52.
Lee, D., (2014). Creative Inquiry: A case for specialized research as foundation of the undergraduate architecture curriculum/ In Globalizing Architecture: Flows and Disruptions: The Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture 102nd annual meeting Proceedings. p831-837.
Lee, D., (2011). Meta-Zoning Logistics. In ACADIA Regional 2011: Parametricism SPC. Proceedings of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture Regional Conference. p25-30.
Lee, D., *Darsinos, A., *Perkinson, D., *Schulte, E., Stone, D. (2013). Non-Uniform Responsive Origami Structures. In Proceedings of the 2013 Architecture Research Centers Consortium Conference: The Visibility of Research.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
416

TAGA Journal

Students will design, edit and produce a technical journal showcasing student research in Graphic Communications and compete with schools internationally for recognition for the quality of their work. Students will utilize state-of-the-art technologies for the printing industry to produce their project, and travel to the international Technical Association for the Graphic Arts (TAGA) conference for the competition and to meet and learn from top researchers in the Graphic Communications industry.

Team Leaders
Liam O'Hara Graphic Communications
Accomplishments
*Bates, V., *Fidler, L., *Dillard, C., *Jones, H., *Queen, K., *Brown, D., *Epps, B., and *Marion, A. (2017, March). "Clemson Chapter Student Journal". Presented in TAGA Annual Technical Conference in Houston, TX. 
*Hinson. R., Sisson, R., Rivers, S., Snell, M., Giles, G., Pretorious, N., Swiger, M., Heron, K., King, L., Cagle, J. (2016). Clemson University TAGA 2016 Edition.Journal/Book as a result of a competition
BusinessD
406

Creative Inquiry in Marketing: Advertising Campaign Development and Execution

A Creative Inquiry in Marketing (offered as MKT 3980 - 001) is an annual two-semester project in which students form as a simulated advertising agency. In the project, students must research and develop fully integrated marketing communication campaign proposals for actual national sponsors. Competitions for the current CI team will include proposals for Ocean Spray products and other competitions yet to be announced. Students will conduct secondary and primary research as they prepare a campaign that incorporates their findings across multiple platforms. They will consider the industry, competitors, the product categories, and the brand. They are particularly charged with targeting the millennial market for Ocean Spray products. Their strategic efforts will incorporate social media, targeted advertising, and sales promotions. They will be required to use media planning across a 5-10 million dollar budget.The team effort culminates their CI work in the second semester by competing against teams from other Universities in regional AAF competitions, with winners competing on a national level. This project requires weekly meetings to plan, execute, and present the final submission. This competition is part of the American Advertising Federation's National Student Advertising Competition (see under Education at www.aaf.org). Students participate in this Creative Inquiry project as part of the American Advertising Federation's annual National Student Advertsing Competition. For details, see under Education at the website: www.aaf.org.

Team Leaders
James G Gaubert Marketing
Accomplishments
Upstate advertising professionals presented topical coverage during the two semesters and critiqued their work prior to presentations in Raleigh.
Team 131. (2016). All Natural Snapple. Presented at the National Student Advertising Competition, Raleigh, NC.
BusinessD
418

Exploration into Rotator Cuff injury, diagnosis, and treatment

The impact of injury on athletes is well known by the general public. Current research shows that many injuries are caused by repetitive stresses to a joint, tendon, or ligament. In this project we will use medical images to develop measurements, and analyses to detect and diagnose the potential causes, existence of, and eventually efficacy of treatment for rotator cuff injury. Students will use ultrasound data of subjects ranging from children, to professional athletes, to non-athlete adults. This project has a wide potential impact as well as the opportunity to work with clinicians in a clinical setting. Applications for the team are due at the end of the semester. Please see the Bioengineering Department website for details: http://www.clemson.edu/ces/bioe/creative-inquiry.html

Team Leaders
David Kwartowitz Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Harley, W., *Kowal, E., *Showers, K., *Corbett, C., *Scruggs, H., *Hefter, G., *Maelowe, M., *Matel, N., Dean, D., Kwartowitz, D. (2015, October). "Ultrasound Elastography Probe Design for Rotator Cuff Diagnosis," Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting. Tampa, FL
*Scruggs, H., *Cusik, A., *Grove, K., *Guo, Q., *Perry, K., *Rogers, M., Kwartowitz, D., Dean, D. (2012, October). Force sension ultrasound probe design for better rotator cuff injury diagnosis. Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
The team won 1st place in the audience vote for the FoCI photography contest
*Scruggs, H., *Corbett, C., *Cusick, A., *Perry, K., *Sudduth, B., *Cash, H., *Showers, K., *Hanschke, M., Dean, D., Kwartowitz, D. (2013, Sep. 28). "Force Sensor Ultrasound Probe Design for Better Rotator Cuff Injury Diagnosis". Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Showers, M., *Kerr, C., *Cash, H., *Corbett, C., *Kowal, E., *Scruggs, H., *Hanschke, M., Dean, D., Kwartowitz, D. (2014, April). Detachable force sensor for an ultrasound probe to improve rotator cuff injury diagnosis. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
420

The Ben Robertson Society

Students will work with mentors to develop a Ben Robertson Society that will help spearhead research and publicity about this international World War II correspondent who was an alumni of Clemson and the writer of the southern classic Red Hills and Cotton: An Upcountry Memory (1942). Projects and activities will include developing a digital online museum about Ben Robertson as well as curricular and instructional materials. Other opportunities include assisting with an academic biography on Ben Robertson, re-issue-ing his Travelers' Rest and I Saw England, spearheading an annual consciousness-raising campaign via a SWING dance event that features Clemson's Jungaleers, a group that Ben Robertson founded in 1920, contributing to a traveling trunk museum related to the Battle of Britain, and offering assistance for the statewide South Carolinians for the Common Good Multimedia History Project that helps sustain Robertson's legacy within South Carolina.The Fall (2017) Ben Robertson CI will focus on completing plans to reissue Ben Robertson's I Saw England, his highly regarded first-hand account of the Battle of Britain or Blitz in the Second World War.  The book first appeared in 1941, during the Battle of Britain, and is considered one of the best accounts of the event.  Students will be looking at Robertson's articles for PM magazine, which became the basis of the book, and his relationship with other famous wartime correspondents like Edward R. Morrow.           

Team Leaders
Beatrice E Bailey Teaching & Learning
C Alan Grubb History
Accomplishments
Bailey, B. and Grubb, A. (2016). "Traveler's Rest". Clemson University Press. 
*Bailey, B., *Grubb, A. (2016). Travelers' Rest and promoted it in the fall. Published through the Clemson University Press a re-issue of Ben Robertson's 1938 novel.
*Bailey, B., and *Grubb, A. (2015). Introduction In Ben Robertson's Travelers' Rest. Clemson, SC: Clemson University Digital Press.
EducationE
422

ClemsonLIFE Mentoring Program

Through individual and group reflection, mentors will learn about students with disabilities and how to help them overcome challenges associated with integration in a campus community. The Mentoring Creative Inquiry students will be required to meet once per week with a ClemsonLIFE student. The Creative Inquiry group will assist the ClemsonLIFE program by providing hour long weekly mentoring meetings for ClemsonLIFE students to assist ClemsonLIFE students with personal goals such as becoming a friend, providing advice, and helping the student become acclimated to college life.

Team Leaders
Joseph Ryan Teacher Education
Erica Walters Foundation & Special Education
Accomplishments
Walters, E.* & Sulpizio, A. (2016, Feb). South Carolina’s Post-Secondary Education Programs for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities. Presentation session at South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Walters, E*. & Potter, M. H. (2016, February). The Ins and Outs of ClemsonLIFE and Implementing a Healthy Lifestyle for Students with Intellectual Disabilities. Presented at South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference in Myrtle Beach, SC.
Ryan, J.B., Traylor, D., Olson, C. (2015, February). Promoting HealthyLifestyles for Individuals with Disabilities. Presentation session at the South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Schwarze, T. (2016, 25 February). Wellness course proposed in CUSG Senate: Class would cover the seven principles of wellness. The Tiger.
EducationE
879

Ecology and management of invasive plants in forest ecosystems

Most graduates in the natural resource field will manage or be responsible for lands that are impacted by invasive species. This CI project offers an interactive, hands-on learning environment to teach natural resource students the common invasive plants in southern forests as well as the their impacts of forest ecology and management. Students will be engaged to think about how invasive plant species change forest ecosystem composition, structure and function, especially how invasive plant species will impact silviculture and wildlife management actions. In addition, students will also be exposed to the ethical implications associated with invasive species. This CI project will take students to several sites that have been impacted by invasive plant species. Students will investigate several impacted forest sites, select a site for management, create management plans, prescribe management treatments and monitor vegetation change.

Team Leaders
Gaofeng Wang Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Third place poster award at SE-EPPC/NC-IPC regional conference
*Lund, M., *Soriano, D., Pile, L.S., Thomas, S. D., Wang, G.G. (2014, October). Exotic Invasive Plant Species of South Carolina. Published in South Carolina Exotic Pest Plant Council (SC-EPPC), 1-76.
Miller, S. (2015, September 3). Clemson students publish guide to state's invasive plants. Herald Independent.
*Thomas, D.J., Durham, W.P., Pile, L.S., Wang, G.G. (2015). Are woody non-native invasive plants adapted to frequent surface fires in the southeastern US? Presented at the Society of American Foresters National Convention, Baton Rouge, LA.
*Steppe, C., *Adams, C., *Spencer, H., Pile, L.S., Wang, G.G. (2015). Are woody non-native invasive plants of Asian origin adapted to frequent fire regimes that were historically characteristic of the southeastern US? Presented at the Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council (SE-EPPC) and North Carolina Invasive Plant Council (NC IPC) Joint Annual Meeting, Chapel Hill, NC.
*Adams, C., *Lund, M., *Spencer, H., *Brady, T., *Garland, T., *Hutto, H., *Myers, C., *Raeckelboom, M., *Steppe, C., *Thomas, D., Pile, L.S., Wang, G.G. (2015). Increasing our scientific knowledge of invasive plant species of the Southeastern US and promoting public awareness. Presented at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum. Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
424

Synthesis and Modification of Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

Our team is developing novel synthetic routes for the production of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles for biomedical applications. Students will work on applications ranging from MRI contrast agents, drug delivery, and magnetic hyperthermia. Specifically we will be focusing on novel metal ferrites with controlled magnetic anisotropy.

Team Leaders
Olin Mefford Materials Science&Engineering
Accomplishments
*Livingston, J., *Sandler, S., and *Nguyen, C. (2017, May 1). MagMED of Cobalt Ferrite. Presented at Mefford-Kitchens Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
Mefford, O.T. (2016, October 23-26). "Evaluation of Substituted Ferrites in Magnetically Modulated Energy Delivery (MagMED) via SAXS". Presented at the 68th Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
Bigner, J.*, Fellows, B., Goodling, A., Kirkland, E.*, Mefford, O., Saunders, M., Timmins, S.* (2016, June 30). Beyond Magnetite: Evaluation of Substituted Ferrites in MagMED. Retrieved from Magnetic North V, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs. 
*Bell, M., Pearson, T., *Frazier, C., Fellows, B., Qi, B., Ye, L., Crawford, T.M., Mefford, T. (2015, June 23-25). The Formation and Isolation of Nanostructures through Directed Magnetic Assembly of Nanoparticle Patterns using Disk Drive Recording Media. Presented at Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
*Howell, S., *Burden, B., *Cantley, M., *DeMass, I., Mefford, T., (2015, June 23-25). Purification and Quantification of Magnetite Nanoparticles for Biological Applications. Presented at the Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
Mefford, O. T. (2015, June 23-25). Integrated approach for the fabrication of multifunctional metal and metal oxide nanoparticles. Presented at the Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
Stone, R., Raval, Y., Qi, B., Bruce, T., Mcnealy, T., Tzeng, T.J., Mefford, O. T. (2014, June 10) Synthesis of a heterobifunctional polymer platform for "tailored" multimodal theranostic magnetic particles. Oral presentation at 10th International Conference on the Scientific and Clinical Applications of Magnetic Carriers, Dresden, Germany
*Sandler, S., Fellows, B., *Livingston, J., Fuller, K., Bigner, J., Timmins, S., Lantz, K., Stefik, M., and Mefford, O. (2017, June 5-7). Systematic Investigation of Cobalt Doped Ferrites for Increased Energy Conversion in MagMED. Poster Presentation at Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particle V in Asheville, NC. 
*Livingston, J., *Sandler, S., Nguyen, C., Fellows, B., and Mefford, O. (2017, March 16). Investigation of Cobalt-Doped Ferrite Particles for Use in MagMED. Presented at MRS/OSA Poster Competition, Clemson University. 
Timmins, S.*, Kirkland, E.*, Fuller., K*, Livingston, J.*, Sandler, S.*, Bigner, J.*, Fellows B., and O. Mefford. (2016, March 24). Synthesis and Characterization of Doped Ferrites for Use in MagMED. Presented at 11th Annual MRS/OSA poster session, Madren Conference Center.
Murbach, J.*, Fellows, B., Wetzler, M., Mefford, T. O. (2015, June 23-25). Seeking alternative polymer coatings and functionality for magnetic nanoparticles. Presented at the Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
*Hunt, H., Fellows, B., Gutierrez, L., Puerto Morales, M., Mefford, O. T. (2014, June 10). Measurement of the size effects on the biodistribution of polymer sterically stabilized magnetic nanoparticles. Poster presentation at 10th International Conference on the Scientific and Clinical Applications of Magnetic Carriers, Dresden, Germany.
*Glasgow, W., Fellows, B., Qi, B., Darroudi, T., Kitchens, C., Ye, L., Crawford, T., & Mefford, O. T. (2016). "Continuous synthesis of iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles via thermal decomposition". Particuology, 26, 47-53.
*Jessica Bigner was selected to be one of two students from the State of South Carolina to Present at Posters on the Hill in Washington DC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
426

Improving Quality of Life for Those with Dementia and Their Family Caregivers

CI students will implement strategies to promote quality of life of those with dementia and their caregivers in community-based settings.  They will also provide education to healthy older adults about strategies to improve brain fitness. Students will become certified in Human Subjects Protection and will collect data to measure level of engagement of those with dementia in the socially and cognitively stimulating activities provided by fellow students.  Students will also assist the CI instructors in measuring changes in dementia family caregivers knowledge and attitudes regarding their care giving role.

Team Leaders
Cheryl J Dye Public Health Sciences
Caitlin Torrence Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
*Ball, E., *Cox, E., *Gonzalez, N., *Nolan, C., *Nguyen, T., *Passailaigue, L., *Pikula, J., *Tracey, M., *Tuttle, E., *Young, E., *Edwards, K., *Merritt, A., *Nance, E. (2017, April). Improving Quality of Life for Those with Dementia and Their Family Caregivers. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Jadrnicek, S. (2013, Jan. 26). Clemson professor offers up safe haven for family caregivers. Seneca Journal, pp.B1, B6.
Dye, C., Zhang, L., *Allen, A., *Bao, A., *Carsten, B., *Greiner, K., *Huff, M., *Kordonis, P., *Johnson, H., *Lang, E., *Lott, T., *Rennhack, J., *Sutcliffe, K., and *West, E. (2016). Caring for Others, Caring for Self. Poster presentation prepared for 2016 CI research forum.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
430

Student Directors of the Annual Clemson Literary Festival

Students in the project will thoroughly research, plan, organize, promote, and put on the 11th Annual Clemson Literary Festival. The events in the festival take place over a three-day period at locations on campus and in the Clemson community, with multiple readings by nationally-acclaimed authors free and open to the public. It is the only student run, student directed festival of it kind nationally. Other events include a Young Writers Workshop for area high-school students, a "Family Day" for children and young adults interested in learning more about literature, and an open mic for all who are interested in participating. The festival is sponsored by the City of Clemson and the CU English Department, among others.

Team Leaders
John Pursley English
Keith L Morris English
Jilian Weise English
Accomplishments
This year for the first time in its history, the class was able to procure a large external sponsor for the festival. The initial commitment is for two years, but we are hoping the family will agree to extend this commitment over the next ten years.
Grant from the Humanities Advancement Board, September 2011.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
648

Humanitarian Aid to Support Ethnic Reconciliation

This is a unique project initiated by the students who participated in PO SC 305-010 (spring & fall 2012) and Summer Study Abroad May/June 2012 in the Balkans. It is sort of branching out from "Democracy Building in Post-Conflict Societies". Students collect aid for young students (K 1-9) in Srebrenica and deliver it in May during the Study Abroad Balkans program. Their work during academic year 2016/2017 was very successful.

Team Leaders
Kaitlyn Samons
Vladimir Matic Political Science
649

AIChE ChemE Car Team

Each year, an inter-university competition is held by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers challenging students to power a small vehicle using a chemical reaction. While Clemson University is known for its outstanding chemical engineering program, it has unfortunately not been represented in this competition in the past few years. This creative inquiry would be committed to the crafting and submission of a car into this competition in March at the regional AICHE meeting.

Team Leaders
Mark Roberts Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Christopher Kitchens Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
*Owen, K., *Childs, B., *Pstrak, P., *Dworkin, J., *Coats, J., *Joshi, J., *Redzikowski, J., *Hughes, E., Kitchens, C. (2014, April). ChemE car. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
656

Reconstructing Historic Mitchelville:Using the Basic Tools Genealogy and Oral Histories to Gain a Better Knowledge of Life in Historic Black Community

Mitchelville, SC was the first community of freed slaves. Located on Hilton Head Island and established before the end of the Civil War. This town was an “experiment” by Union Army General Ormsby M. Mitchel as a solution to the growing number of abandoned and escaped slaves resulting from won battles of Confederate territory in SC. Students are still engaged in Daufuskie Island research.  During fall break 2017 we will hopefully tour the island as well as gain some perspective from the few native islanders still living on the island.  Students will complete IRB training during September and will arrange interview times for oral histories to be conducted during Spring 2018.Students will also participate in an archeological dig at the request of Joyce Wright, director of the Mitchelville Preservation Project.  This will take place in November.

Team Leaders
Barbara D Hamberg Philosophy and Religion
Abel Bartley History
Accomplishments
*Curenton, J. (2016, Dec. 2). "Newburg Plantation". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Smiley, S. (2016, Dec. 2). "Yvonne B Robinson".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Ray, J. (2016, Dec. 2). "Sallie Ann Robinson".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Arrington, P. ( 2016, Dec. 2). "Jane Hamilton School". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Leonardi, D. ( 2016, Dec. 2). "Mr. Francis Jones".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1088

Upstate Black Communities Then and Now: Their People and Their Places

The students researching Upstate Black Communities utilize Rose’s book to find the correlations between operations established by those who established Mitchelville and established operations of communities in Anderson, Oconee, Pickens and Greenville Counties. They will also conduct oral histories given by persons native to these communities to have recorded documentation of these disappearing communities. They will utilize the Heritage Library in Hilton Head, Ancestry.com and all forms of local, state and federal documentation to trace the migrations from these communities as well as look at how and why these communities thrived or ceased in existence.Students, at the Spring 2015 request of the curator of the Strickland Cultural Museum of Seneca, will research the Black churches of Oconee County. Students will construct a family tree; if you will, listing the lineage of each of the church’s pastors, will research the history of church that will include the founders, land purchase and activities of the churches they research. Students will utilize the Heritage Foundation Library to research the genealogy of the church founders. There will be a meeting of those interested parties of the chosen churches to record oral histories.  Research will be displayed at the Strickland Cultural Museum as well as documented in the archives of the Heritage Foundation Library as they see fit.  For Fall 2017 the student will complete IRB training.  Students will focus their research on New Harmony United Methodist Church.  During October and November oral histories will be conducted as well as the collection of personal artifacts.  Students will also trace family geneology of the congregants to see if there are connections to those churches and/or inhabitants of Mitchelville.  This will be done by the students from the other PAS Creative Inquiry sections.Students will travel to Hilton Head during fall break to participate in an archeological dig at the request of Joyce Wright, director of the Mitchelville Preservation Project as well as assist students from the other PAS CI sections in the preparations for their Spring 2018 research.

Team Leaders
Barbara D Hamberg Philosophy and Religion
Abel Bartley History
Accomplishments
*White, R. (2016, December 2). "Flat Rock Baptist Church".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Young, K. ( 2016, December 2). "St. Paul Baptist Church". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Cave, J. (2016, December 2). "St. Matthews Baptist Church". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Stackhouse, Z. (2016, December 2). "St. Mark Baptist Church, Westminster, SC".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Taurel, B. (2016, December 2). "Shiloh Baptist Church". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Heard, C. (2016, December 2). "Cheohee Baptist Church". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Brown, V. (2016, December 2). "Crossroads Baptist Church".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Howard, J. (2016, December 2). "Pleasant Hill Baptist Church".  Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Elgin, H., *Jackson, A., *Raphael, T., *Howard, J., *Travis, J., *Brockington, N., *Hardy, J., and *Francis, M. (2015). "Upstate Black Communities".
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
437

Mapping Amino Acids on Protein Material Surfaces

Dragline spider silks have relatively high mass-based mechanical properties (tensile strength, elongation to break and rupture energy) and are environmentally responsive (supercontraction). In order to produce new synthetic fibers with these properties, many research groups have focused on identifying the chemical composition of these fibers and the structure of the fiber core. Since each fiber also has an outer skin, our study will provide a detailed understanding of the silk surface morphology, the response of the surface morphology to environmental conditions and processing variables, and also determine if the silk surface has a definitive patterning of charged amino acids. Students in this CI will learn about artificial silking, tensile testing and atomic force microscopy.

Team Leaders
Marian Kennedy Materials Science&Engineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Montag, D., Hafner, K., Kennedy, M., Dean, D. (2016, October) Cellular response to spider silk scaffolds. Presented at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES), Minneapolis, MN.
*Catoe, J., *Maeser, H., *Hafner, K., Ellison, M., Kennedy, M., Dean, D. (2017, April). Spider silk scaffolds: Impact of varying silk properties on cellular response. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Hafner, K., *Catoe, J., *Maeser, H., *Ross, O., *Kays, L., *Stoner, C., *Ellison, M., Dean, D., Kennedy, M.S. (2016, April), Understanding factors influencing cellular response to spider silk, poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum in Clemson SC
*Hafner, K., *Catoe, J., *Maeser, H., *Ross, O., Kays, L., Stoner, C., Ellison, M., Dean, D., Kennedy, M. (2016). Understanding Factors Influencing Cellular Response to Spider Silk. TMS Annual Meeting, Nashville, TN.
Wakeford, R. (201, January 8). "The Effect of Temperature on the Mechanical Properties of Spider Silk". Presented to the CI. 
*Hafner, K., *Ross, O., *Maeser, H., *Catoe, J., Kennedy, M.S., Dean, D., (2016, July), Adhesion and Alignment of Stem Cells on a Spider Silk Scaffold after UV Sterilization, Proceedings of the Annual Biomedical Engineering Society Meeting.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Science User Grant CNMS2014-018 1/31/2015 Kennedy, Molly, PI: Nanostructuring of Natural Spidroin-like Protein Based Fibers- Characterization of Structure-Property Relationships
*Harkins, D. (2014). "Influence of Argiope Aurantia Temperature on Fiber Surface Morphology". 
*Kays, L. (2014). "Effect of Spider Body Temperature on Mechanical Properties of Silk". 
Wakeford, R. (2014). "Effect of Reeling Temperature on Mechanical Properties of Dragline Silk". 
*Shearin, M., Ellison, M., Dean, D., Kennedy, M. (2014, April 3-5). Determining a relationship between humidity magnitude and spider silk supercontraction. Poster presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research. Lexington, KY.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
454

Food Ingredient Applications

This CI team is focused on 1. Developing novel applications for traditional food ingredients, 2. Developing small scale manufacturing processes for the commercial production of ice cream inclusions, 3. Travel to food ingredient manufacturers to expand their understanding of companies that are focused on innovation of food ingredient applications.

Team Leaders
John U. McGregor Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
$2,500 was received from the National Dairy Shrine to support travel of students to Madison WI to attend the Wisconsin Cheese Makers Annual meeting.
Carr Family Creative Inquiry Endowment
Raised $3,000 in funding to support travel to industry trade show.
Clemson's team of students finished 2nd overall in the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition that was held in Chicago, IL at the International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo. The competition was established in 1916 and is recognized by the Food Manufacturing Industry as a key opportunity to identify the future leaders of the world's largest manufacturing industry and the institutions they represent. This group of students were outstanding representatives for Clemson at this prestigious meeting of internationally recognized business and industry leaders.
Writing Your Food Safety Plan, published online for Clemson Cooperative Extension distribution
Food Safety Plan  for Clemson Ice Cream, documents and templates created for use by other ice cream manufactures.  Presented at the National Ice Cream Retailers Association Annual meeting
ESPN Video Shoot.2016. '55 Exchange History and Culture
ESPN Video Shoot.2016. Creative use of Ice Cream Ingredients
Ciccone, M.*, Fish, K.*, Newsome, P.*, Santoro, H.*. (2012-2013). Evaluation of Strawberry Ice Cream Flavor Standards.
Felch, C.*, Maddox, B.*, Suhoza, S.*. (2012-2013). Evaluation of Dark Chocolate Ice Cream Flavor Standards.
Burpee, R.*, Davis, C.*, Richards, C.*, Thompson, S.*. (2012-2013). Evaluations of Chocolate Ice Cream Flavor Standards.
Haile, A.*, Madore, C.*, Mathews, S.*. (2012-2013). Evaluation of Vanilla Ice Cream Flavor Standards.
Haile, A., Madore, C., and Mathews, S. (2012). "Evaluation of Vanilla Ice Cream Flavor Standards".
*Worley K., and *MacDonald, K. Development of an Ice Cream Innovation Lab. (2016). Presented to department faculty in preparation for industry presentations during the fall 2016 semester, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1261

Exploring the effects of virtual embodiment in VR games on implicit racial bias

In this project, students will work together to develop and evaluate a VR first-person shooter video game, and what effect playing it has on implicit racial bias. In the first semester, students will create a VR game using Unity 3D and the HTC Vive. In the second semester, students will evaluate how playing this game impacts user behavior, in particular changes in implicit racial bias.

Team Leaders
Andrew Robb School of Computing
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
493

The Domestic Politics of US Treaties

In this Creative Inquiry project, we are investigating President Obama's behavior when completing international agreements and what happens to those agreements when the president submits them to the Senate as Article II treaties. Obama has completed far fewer Article II treaties than his predecessors, despite his efforts at international collaboration and multilateralism. What explains this puzzle? That will be our focus this year, as we collect original data on treaties, analyze the data and present our findings at national political science conferences.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Peake Political Science
Accomplishments
*Forrester, V.C., *Wilson, E. (2016, April). Treaty Politics in an Era of Partisan Polarization. Paper presented at the Midwest Political Science Association Meetings, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J. S. (2016, April 9). The Congressional Role in US Diplomacy in an Era of Presidential Unilateralism and Partisan Polarization, paper presented at the Midwest Political Science Association meetings, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J.S. (2015, April). Executive Agreements as a Foreign Policy Tool during the Bush and Obama Administrations. Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J.S. (2014, August). Unilateral Power during the Obama Presidency: Executive Agreements and the Implementation of American Diplomacy. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC.
Peake, J.S. (2014, April). The Obama Administration's Use of Executive Agreements: Business As Usual or Presidential Unilateralism? Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, Jeffrey S. (2013, August). The Domestic Politics of International Agreements during the Obama Administration: Presidential Unilateralism and Senatorial Obstruction. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, Jeffrey S. (2013, April). The Domestic Politics of US Treaty Ratification: Bilateral Treaties from 1949-2012. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.
*Forrester, V. C., *Wilson, E. A. (2016, April 8). Treaty Politics in an Era of Partisan Polarization. Paper presented as a poster at the Midwest Political Science Association meetings, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J. S., Krutz, G. S. (2014, August). Le President Obama, les Clevages Partisans et la Politique des Accords Internationaux (President Barack Obama, Partisanship, and the Politics of International Agreements). 2014 Annuaire Francais des Relations Internatinales XV, 534-59, in French.
Peake, J. S. (2014, December). The Domestic Politics of U.S. Treaty Ratification: Bilateral Treaties from 1949 - 2012. Foreign Policy Analysis.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
958

Camera traps in animal ecology

This project is designed to train undergraduate students to design, carryout and report on investigations into animal ecology through the use of remote camera trapping technology.  Specifically, students will utilize camera traps to collect scientific data on the location of animal species, then work with the instructor to analyze the data and report findings.  Students will be expected to be involved with the entire scientific process from building hypotheses to writing and presenting findings at professional meetings.  

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Wilson, S.B., R. Colquhoun, A. Klink*, T. Lanini*, S. Riggs, B. Simpson*, A. Williams, and D.S. Jachowski. 2016. Recent detections of Spilogale putorius (Eastern Spotted Skunk) in South Carolina. Southeastern Naturalist 15:269-274.
Wilson, S.B., R. Colquhoun, A. Klink*, T. Lanini*, S. Riggs*, B. Simpson, A. Williams, and D.S. Jachowski.  2016.  Recent detections of Spilogale putorius (Eastern Spotted Skunk) in South Carolina.  Southeastern Naturalist 15:269-274.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
477

Industry Interactions: Connecting Students With Companies

A primary goal of this Creative Inquiry is for students to interact with (a minimum of) 1,000 companies in the packaging industry. A data base will be created, and relationships will be created between companies and students, who will be working in their respective Emphasis Areas, and Areas of Interest. Students will first profile all packaging schools. Then, they will select companies to contact based on their Emphasis Area and Areas of Interest. Students will then research information about companies based on criteria created by the students, and augmented by me. This information will be entered into a relational data baseThis information will be entered into a relational data base. Students will make presentations to companies in several different ways, including visits to companies, visits to campus by companies, at industry trade shows, such as the upcoming PackExpo, and other industry meetings, conferences, and related events

Team Leaders
Robert Moore Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
457

Inquiring Minds: Engaging Students With Hands-On Science and Math Activities

Inquiring Minds: Engaging Students With Hands-On Science and Math Activities. The overall goal of this Clemson University student-driven program is to excite students about learning science and math through hands-on activities. We hope to accomplish this by:Teaching a series of simple yet powerful math and science experiments to students in after school programs. We have worked primarily with Central Elementary School and schools in the Anderson area.Involving friends, families, and other community members in the fun.

Team Leaders
Victoria Corbin Biological Sciences
Neil J Calkin Mathematical Sciences
ScienceG
1011

How does science inform natural resource management and conservation?

The proposed project would challenge students to identify the way in which scientific research informs management and conservation decisions that related to natural resources. 

Team Leaders
Shari Rodriguez Forestry & Environment Conserv
Russell Kyle Barrett Forestry & Environment Conserv
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
466

Carbon-Based Materials for "Fast-Discharging" Supercapacitors

Team members in the Carbon-Based Materials for "Fast-Discharging" Supercapacitors research topic learn how to research and evaluate carbon based materials and polymers for electrical energy storage devices. CI students work with Dr. Roberts, graduate student mentors and fellow CI team members in a multi-level, interdisciplinary research environment. Students perform literature searches, collect information to design experiments, and conduct measurements on state-of-the-art laboratory equipment. Through a series of directed tasks and activities, students learn how to properly formulate and evaluate hypotheses and efficiently conduct research on polymeric materials. Projects in this research topic include 1) integrating renewable, redox-active biopolymers with nanostructure carbon materials or electrically conducting polymers, 2) enhancing ion-transport properties in polymer electrodes using polyelectrolytes, 3) evaluating the effects of molecular structure and processing conditions on the material performance in electrode films. Undergraduate researchers are engaged in a multi-level educational environment where they learn how to become effective researchers and research mentors. Team members are mentored by the faculty advisor and more experienced researchers and are also required to mentor entry level students.

Team Leaders
Mark Roberts Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Mark Thies Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Klett, A., *Gamble, J., Thies, M.C., Roberts, M.E. (2016). “Identifying thermal phase transitions of lignin-solvent mixtures using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy”, Green Chem., 18, 1892-1897.
Arcila-Velez, M.R., Emmett, R.K.*, Karakaya, M., Podila, R., Diaz-Orellana, K.P.*, Rao A.M, and Roberts, M.E.(2016). “A simple approach to fabricating free-standing polymer/CNT composite electrodes”, Synth. Metals., 215, 35-40.
Leguizamon, S.*, Diaz, K.P., Velez, J., Thies, M.C., Roberts, M.E. (2015). "High charge-capacity polymer electrodes comprising alkali lignin from the Kraft process", J. Mater. Chem. A, 3, 11330-11339.
Kelly, J.C., *DeGrood, N.L., Roberts, M.E. (2015). "Li-ion battery shut-off at high temperature caused by polymer phase separation in responsive electrolytes", Chem. Commun., 51, 5448-5451.
*Kearns, J.T., Roberts, M.E. (2012). Enhanced performance of triarylamine redox electrodes through directed electrochemical polymerization, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 2392.
*Kearns, J.T., Roberts, M.E. (2012). Synthesis of high-charge capacity triarylamine-thiophene redox electrodes using electrochemical copolymerization. Journal of Material Chemistry. 22, 25447.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
467

Ecology and Biology of Bellamya japonica, a new invasive freshwater snail

This project includes multiple studies of a new invasive species in the Savannah River Basin. The freshwater snail, Bellamya japonica is expanding its range and this team is studying its dispersal, its behaviors, its reproductive capacity, and other aspects of basic biology and ecological interactions.

Team Leaders
John Hains Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Taylor, H., *Smith, T., *Mathis, E., *Mahon, R., *Elbrecht, M., *Davis, C., *Brady, J., *Bauer, J., *Bartell, J., Hains, J. (2017, April). Compendium of Research on Bellamya japonica, a New Invasive Species in the Savannah River Basin. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Taylor, H. (2017, March). "Development of a Hypothesis to Explain Geographic Differences in the Morphology of *Bellamya japonica* (von Martens 1861)". Presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Montgomery, AL". 
*Elbrecht, M. (2017, March). "Mass Dependent Metabolism in *Bellamya japonica* (von Martens 1861)". Presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Montgomery, AL.
*Fishburne, S., *Bartell, J., Hains, J. (2016). Observations on the Metabolism of Bellamya japonica, a New Invasive Species in the Savannah River Basin. Abstract. Annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists. Concord, NC
*Anthony, J., *Turbyfill, L., *Mahon, R., *Gaynor, A., Hains, J. (2016). Observations on the Fecundity of Bellamya japonica, a New Invasive Species in the Savannah River Basin. Abstract. Annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists. Concord, NC
*Hutson, J., *Kilpatrick, K., *Pappas, N., *Laird, J., Hains, J. (2016). Population Dynamics of Bellamya japonica: An Experimental Investigation of Sources of Mortality. Abstract. Annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists. Concord, NC
*Kilpatrick II, K., *Hutson III, J., *Melton, S., *Turbyfill, L., *Anthony, B., *Fishburne, S., Hains, J. (2015). Ecology and Biology of Bellamya japonica, a New Invasive Species in the Savannah River Basin. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Chattanooga, TN.
*Fishburne, S., Hains, J. (2015). Metabolism of Bellamya japonica: Hypothesis, experimental design, and results. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists. Chattanooga, TN.
*Fishburne, S., *Broome, B., *Farmer, J., *Hemphill, C., *Logan, J., *Rutherford, R., Hains, J. (2014, March 27). Metabolism of Bellamya japonica: Experimental Design and Limitations. Presented at the 2014 Southeastern Lake Management Conference, Asheville, NC.
Hains, J. (2014, March 26). Basic Limnology for Lake Monitoring. Presented at the Workshop given at the 2014 Southeastern Lake Management Conference, Asheville, NC.
*Fishburne, S., *Logan, J., *Broome, B., *Frees, L., *Helstern, R., *Howard, J., *Woollen, G., Hains, J. (2014, April 3). Metabolism of Bellamya japonica: Experimental Design and Limitations. Presentation given at the 2014 Annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Spartanburg, SC.
Hains, J., *Logan, J., *Broome, B., *Fishburne, S., *Frees, L., *Helstern, R., *Howard, J., *Woollen, G. (2014, April 3). The Ecology of a New Invasion by Bellamya japonica In the Savannah River Basin Presentation given at the 2014 Annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Spartanburg, SC.
*Mahon, R. (2017, March). "Fecundity and Mortality in *Bellamya japonica*, An Invasive Freshwater Snail". Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Montgomery, AL.
*Bartell, J and Hains. (2017, March). "Plankton Entrainment by Water Intakes: A Case Study and Limnological Influences". Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Montgomery, AL.
*Kilpatrick II, K., *Hutson III, J., *Melton, S., *Turbyfill, L., *Anthony, B., *Fishburne, S., and Hains, J. (2015, April). Ecology and Biology of Bellamya japonica, a New Invasive Species in the Savannah River Basin. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Broome, B., *Woollen, T., *Howard, J., *Logan, J., *Frees, L., *Helstern, R., *Fishburne, S., Hains, J. (2014, April). The ecology of a new invasion by Bellamya japonica in the Savannah basin. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
468

South Carolina Natural History Schools Outreach Project

The Carolina Natural History Schools Outreach Project seeks ways to incorporate hands-on inquiry-based natural history field studies into K-12 classrooms. Each semester, we partner with various master teachers and schools to help train K-12 students in the use of technology and techniques to successfully gather and interpret field data as they investigate the natural world, both in protected park settings and in their local communities.

Team Leaders
Jacob Archer Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
John R Wagner Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
Archer, J., Wagner, J. (2017, April). Interactive Tour of the Pendleton School Nature Trail. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Archer, J., *Bobo, A., *Braun, S., *Canterbury, S., *Huston, C., *Knowlin, L., *Sherley, K., *Smithdeal, C., Stefano, G., *Tidd, K., *Winns, J. (2016, April). The Pendleton Elementary School Nature Trail. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Poster Forum at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Video of the Pendleton Elementary School Nature Trail
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
522

Experiencing Woody Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

Forest trees are an essential component of our ecosystem, providing habitat and food for wildlife, stabilization of riparian zones, long-term carbon sequestration and other essential ecosystem services, as well as wood products for human use. In addition to use in lumber and pulp and paper, forests are a potential resource of biomass for sustainable energy production. In 2005, forestry and forest products contributed over $400 billion to the US Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a value exceeding the combined US farm income. However, many factors are threatening the sustainability of our forests, such as the increasing numbers of accidentally introduced exotic pests, diseases, and invasive plants, increasing climate instability, and forest fragmentation. This has created a dire need for forest management tools, including detailed genetic and genomic information, as well as an educated workforce. Unfortunately, interests in working with forest trees are generally low when compared to other systems. Thus, it is essential to educate and excite students about the ecological and economic importance of forest trees and the cutting-edge research. The goals of this Creative Inquiry project are to expose students to the genomics tools and biotechnology that can be used to improve biomass and fitness of trees and stimulate their interest in and appreciation for trees. 

Team Leaders
Haiying Liang Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Carlson, A., Zhang, X., Tian, Z., Staton, M., Schlarbaum, S.E., Romero-Severson, J., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2013, June). Liriodendron EST-SSR marker development and genetic constitution of two Liriodendron seed orchards. Presented at the South Forest Tree Improvement Conference. Clemson, SC.
*Carlson, A., Zhang, X., Tian, Z., Staton, M., Schlarbaum, S.E., Romero-Severson, J., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2013, June 23). Liriodendron EST-SSR marker development and genetic constitution of two Liriodendron seed orchards. Presented at the Plant Biology Annual Meeting, Providence, RI.
Zhang, X., Carlson, A., Tian, Z., Staton, M., Schlarbaum, S.E., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H . (2015, June). Genetic characterization of Liriodendron seed orchards with EST-SSR markers. Journal of Plant Science and Molecular Breeding, 4(1).
Chen, C.C., Xu, Y., Xu, T., Staton, M., *Stott, G., Bukles, O., Schlarbaum, S.E., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2015, January). Diversity level of genomic microsatellites in redbay (Perseaborbonia L.) generated by Illumina sequencing. Journal of Plant Science and Molecular Breeding, 4(2).
Xu, C., *Stott, G., *Barclay, M., Liang, H. (2014, April). Unraveling the basal angiosperm cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) genes that are involved in lignin biosynthesis. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Chen, C.C., Xu, Y., Xu, T., Staton, M., *Stott, G., Bukles, O., Schlarbaum, S.E., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2014). Poster presented in 2014 Biology Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.
CI student Alanna Carlson* received a 3rd place poster award in 2013 Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference
ScienceG
526

Soil Judging Project - Hands-On Experience in Soil Science

Soil Judging is a field-oriented project designed to master the techniques used to interpret soil and landscape characteristics with the application to real-life issues in the United States and abroad. It provides hands-on experience in soil morphology and classification. Students have a choice to participate in the Southeastern Regional Soils Contest held each fall at a university within the region which includes the following states: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. Contest consists of an individual and team competition where participant(s) must describe, classify and interpret the soil characteristics and their suitability for agricultural use, urban development and subsurface water treatment. If the team places in the top five positions, it is qualified to compete in the national contest held in the spring. In the Fall 2013 and Spring 2014 students will participate in the project "Adaptation and interpretation of Soil Judging in China."

Team Leaders
Elena Mikhailova Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
*Green, A., *Kneece, R., *Murphy, H., *Padgett, A. *Rogers, T., *Tisdale, E. (2017, April). Soil Inventory of Private Lands in South Carolina. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Baldwin, R., *Barringer, L., *Brady, J., *Hinson, W., *Infinger, D., *Morales, C., *Porter, B., *Sherbert, C., *Sigmon, T., *Sumwalt, W., Mikhailova, E. (2017, April). Soil Judging Project. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Dukart, Y.L., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J. (2016, April). Adaptation of Soil Judging to Brazil. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
901

High Risk Breast Cancer in SC: Ethnicity, prevalence, and Biomarkers (HBCSC)

This project is a retrospective chart audit with data analysis on available data focusing on high risk breast cancer patients or women at high risk to develop breast from a High Risk/ Inherited Cancer clinic at St. Francis Hospital in Greenville, SC.

Team Leaders
Julia A Eggert School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Watkins, K., Eggert, J. (2016, April 28 - May 1). "History of breast feeding in African American women with a breast cancer diagnosis." Presented at the ONS 41st Annual Congress, San Antonio TX.
Edwards, K., Tedder, M., and Eggert, J. (2016, August 6-8). Incidence of germline mutations associated with paternal lineage in Black women. International Society of Nurses in Genetics Congress, Dublin, Ireland.
Few, A.*, Coggins, K.*, & Wingo, C.* (2016). Effect of breast feeding on triple negative breast cancer in Black women. Poster presentation, International Society of Nurses in Genetics Congress, Dublin, Ireland.
Eggert, J., *Geer, W., *Sloger, H.,*Powell, C., *Inglesby, D., and *Peterson, M. (2016, April). Effect of Mammography on breast cancer rates in African American women. Presented at 2016 Focus On Creative Inquiry Forum, Watt Family Innovation Center.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
525

Development of Course Material for AGM Undergraduate Curriculum

Students will design, develop, construct, and test technologies to be used in AGM Undergraduate courses. These activities and materials have been partially developed in prior semesters and need improvements made. The course material will not only allow an opportunity for the students working on the project to get experience in the design process, but also add additional visual aids and teaching tools to the current AGM courses. Using AGM 473 this will be an continuing project, which will allow upper classmen to interact with the underclassmen to improve the teaching tools.

Team Leaders
Hunter Massey Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Large equipment donation. AGM program received a 2-row John Deere Cotton Picker and 14 foot equipment trailer to serve as the starting point for this project. These items were donated by Edisto Research and Education Center and Massey Farms.
Attaway, D. November 3 2016. Clemson students build cotton picker to increase awareness about agriculture.
*Mefferd, J., *Coleman, A., *Short, S., *Crisp, M.,*Barnes, J. (2015). Mobil Cotton Harvest Demonstration Unit. Tiger Prints.
*Perrow, J., *Holland, B. (2014). "Precision Agriculture Yield Monitor Mobile Trainer," Capstone Paper, Clemson University.
*Morgan, W., *Ramsey, G., *Whitesides, C. (2012). Golf Cart Modification. Presented at AGM 473 Capstone. Agricultural Mechanization and Business. Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
Massey, H., Kirk, K. (2013, July 23). Teaching Precision Agriculture Technology with Modified Diesel Golf Cart. Presented at ASABE International Meeting. Kansas City, Missouri.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
489

Exploring Peptoid Proteins: Making and Structurally Characterizing Peptidomimetic Structures

Natural peptides and proteins are critically important in biology and medicine as well as increasingly in biotechnology and the chemical industry. Chemical structures mimicking the properties of natural peptides and proteins have been developed over the past two decades, with enormous potential for transformative impact in many fields. One handicap of these peptide-mimetic systems, however, is the lack of a broad scope of knowledge comparable to that available for natural proteins and peptides. Databases such as the Protein Data Bank contain structures for ~100,000 natural proteins, collected over the past ~50 years. These rich data sources enable whole fields of research, such as bioinformatics and protein engineering, that rely on having abundant data. Design of peptide mimics and hybrid peptide-peptidomimetic systems, therefore, relies on rational planning and design. This project involves both a structural component--synthesizing peptoids and peptoid-peptide mimics to study their structures and test predictions for novel secondary structures; as well as biomedical component--using the proven strategy of replacing proline residues in peptides with peptoid residues, as well as incorporating other peptidomimetic residues.

Team Leaders
Modi Wetzler Chemistry
Accomplishments
*Cannon, J., *Haberman, V. (2017, April). Extending Half-lives of Peptide Hormones by PEGylation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Haberman, V., Hamilton, P., and  Wetzler, M. (2016, October 23-26). "Facile synthesis of PEGylated vasopressin, lypressin, and oxytocin analogs". Presented at the Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
Dong, D., Ehrlich, D., Johnson, J., and Wetzler, M. (in press). "Faster and Greener: One Minute Reactions for Synthesis of Peptoid Oligomers and Polymers". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 
ScienceG
479

Comparative Vertebrate Musculoskeletal Biomechanics

Research in my lab examines the patterns and processes of functional evolution in vertebrates. To understand the factors that have contributed to evolutionary transitions in function, we test the functional consequences of variation in biological design, primarily through experimental studies of vertebrate musculoskeletal biomechanics. We have extended these studies to include selection experiments on functional performance, allowing us to evaluate the impact of functional tradeoffs on structural diversification. Our three primary study systems have been examinations of (1) the load bearing capacity of vertebrate limb bones (and fish fins) during terrestrial and aquatic locomotion; (2) the functional performance of waterfall climbing gobiid fishes in a variety of behaviors, including climbing, predator escape, and feeding; and (3) the effects of differences in body structure on the swimming performance of turtles. These systems have allowed a diverse range of comparative studies that have provided insight into broader issues in the diversity and evolution of vertebrate functional design.

Team Leaders
Richard Blob Biological Sciences
Christopher Mayerl Biological Sciences
Kelly Diamond Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Stevens, L.M., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, G., Vance, J.T., Blob, R. (2017, April). Testing the effects of keels on stability and maneuverability in aquatic turtles. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Mayerl, C.J., *Pruett, J.E., Rivera, A.R.V., Blob, R.W. (July, 2016). Hind limb muscle function in turtles: is novel skeletal design correlated with novel muscle function? International Congress of Vertebrate Morphology. Bethesda, MA.
*Rubin, A. M., Diamond, K. M., Schoenfuss, H. L., Blob, R. W. (2016, February). Field observation of intraspecific and predatory attack behaviors of the Hawaiian sleeper fish, Eleotris sandwicensis. Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Pruett, J.E., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, A.R.V., Blob, R.W. (2016, February). Motor patterns of the hind limb muscles of pleurodire turtles. Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Pruett, J.E., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, A.R.V., Blob, R.W. (2016, April). Motor patterns of the hind limb muscles of pleurodire turtles: correlations between changes in muscle attachments and activity. Poster presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Vest, K. G., Young, V. K H., Espinoza, N. R., Blob, R. W. (2016, April). Swimming in terrestrial turtles: does limb function correlate with ecology or phylogeny? Poster presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC
Bertram, R.S., Schoenfuss, H.L., Lagarde, R., Ponton, D., Diamond, K.M.,  Offerle, T., and Blob, R.W.  (2016, January). Waterfall-climbing performance of gobiid fishes from La Reunion: how conservative are novel functional behaviors? Oral presentation at annual SICB meeting, Portland, OR.
Cullen, J., Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H., Blob, R. (2013). Novelty versus exaptation Oral kinematics in feeding versus climbing in the Hawaiian stream goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Presentation for 2013 National SICB meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Cullen, J., Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H., Blob, R. (2012). Novelty versus exaptation Oral kinematics in feeding versus climbing in the Hawaiian stream goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Presentation for 2012 Southeast Regional SICB meeting, Charleston, SC.
Young, V. K. H., *Vest, K. G., Rivera, A. R. V., Espinoza, N. R., and Blob, R. W. (2017, January). One foot out the door: limb function during swimming in terrestrial versus aquatic turtles.  Biology Letters 13:20160732. Vol 13 Issue 1.
Maie, T., *Meyer, S., Schoenfuss, H. L., Blob, R. W. (2014). Feeding performance and functional modulation of the Hawaiian sleeper, Eleotris sandwicensis (Gobiodei: Eleotridae): implications for selection pressures on prey. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 111:359-374.
*Cullen, J.A., Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H.L., Blob, R.W. (2013) Evolutionary Novelty versus Exaptation: Oral Kinematics in Feeding versus Climbing in the Waterfall-Climbing Hawaiian Goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. PLoS ONE 8(1): e53274. dx.dio.org/doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053274
McPherson, C.* (2012). Ontogenetic Scaling of Jaw Function in Hawaiian Gobioid Stream Fishes, Sicyopterus stimpsoni and Eleotris sandwicensis: Implication of Functional Demands and Specialization. Biological Sciences departmental honors thesis.
Meyer, S. (2011). Feeding Kinematics of Eleotris sandwicensis: Determining Significance of Feeding Performance on Successful Prey Capture. Biological Scinces departmental honors thesis.
Rubin, A. M.*, Diamond, K. M., Schoenfuss, H. L.,  Blob, R. W. (2017, January 4-8) Assessing the impacts of environmental contaminants on escape behavior in the migratory stream goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, New Orleans, LA
*Rubin, A. M., Diamond, K. M., Schoenfuss, H. L., Blob, R. W. (2016, January). Field observation of intraspecific and predatory attack behaviors of the Hawaiian sleeper fish, Eleotris sandwicensis. Poster presented at the annual meeting for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Portland, OR.
*Pruett, J. E., Mayerl, C. J., Rivera, A. R. V., Blob, R. W. (2016, Jan). Motor patterns of the hind limb muscles of pleurodire turtles: correlations between changes in muscle attachments and activity. Poster Presented at the annual meeting for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Portland, OR.
*Sutton, J., Blob, R., Young, V. (2014, April). In vivo femoral strains in swimming turtles: Influence of locomotor medium on limb bone loading. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Morgan Summerlin, Third Place, Science as Art competition, Clemson.
*Jake Youngblood, admitted to graduate program in biology at Arizona State University
*Jenna Pruett - admitted to graduate program in Biology at Auburn University
*Jenna Pruett – Honorable Mention, National Science Foundation GRFP
*Jenna Pruett – 1st place Best poster presentation at FOCI
*Jenna Pruett – 2nd place Best poster presentation at Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium
ScienceG
469

Integrating Children's Literature and Classroom Learning

The purpose of this CI project is to investigate current children's literature (grades 2-6) and approaches for integrating trade books in the elementary school classroom curriculum. Participants read 5-6 titles and develop teaching suggestions for using the books in classrooms.

Team Leaders
Rachelle Savitz Education & Human Dev
Pamela J Dunston Education & Human Dev
Accomplishments
Butler, T., Dunston, P. J., Cole, M. W. (2014). The Splendors and Glooms in Middle School Reading: Using Interactive Read-Alouds with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Reading Association, May 11, New Orleans, LA.
Dunston, P. J., McCrea-Andrews, H. J., Pang, S., Massey, C. L. (2013). Examining Changes in Adolescent's Reading Motivation: Traditional Text versus eBooks. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Literacy Educators and Researchers, November 2, 2013, Dallas, TX.
EducationE
918

Future Engineers and Scientists

To deploy an undergraduate/graduate mentored after-school program to excite elementary school students and recreation camp participants about STEM disciplines through hands-on project experiences. This program has been operating at Clemson Elementary School since Fall 2008 serving 4th and 5th grade students. Our objective is to extend this program to other schools, especially rural and predominantly minority schools through the recruitment and training of undergraduate/graduate teams that will work directly with the schools in six-week modules during after school club or in-service programs according to mutual agreement with the school. Moreover, we seek to collect empirical data on the impact that this program has on the longitudinal academic career paths of the elementary students as well as the professional career paths of the undergraduate and graduate students involved. Finally, we wish to involve Education students and help promote and develop new hands on modules for K-12 classrooms and PRTM students to expand our work in camp settings that are in increasing demand.

Team Leaders
Melissa Smith Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
Nominated for the SC Governor's Award for STEM outreach. This is an award given by the SC Academy of Sciences.http://www.scacademysci.org/govaward
Presentation to the American Camp Association that discussed and provided hands on demonstration of the importance and use of STEM activities.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
480

CI Tiger conservation

We will continue to maintain two CI teams working on tiger conservation projects in collaboration with the Clemson University Tigers for Tigers Club, and the National Tigers for Tigers Coalition which was formed here by an earlier CI class. Tiger Conservation CI (WFB 4700-045) will conduct the annual campus-wide competition on tiger conservation, inviting students to create written, art or video entries that focus on poaching of tigers in the wild, private ownership of tigers in the US and/or tiger farming in China.  This year we have added a group competition for student organizations, for more substantial contributions. Students will promote this competition, solicit and judge entries, and award prizes to the best in each category at an awards ceremony at the end of the semester.Tiger Awareness CI (WFB 4700-046) will plan and host the National Tigers for Tigers Summit again this spring, bringing together students from many schools and tiger experts to plan and coordinate efforts.  We will also begin plans for an international summit, in coordination with organizations in India and Bangladesh. 

Team Leaders
Shari Rodriguez Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
$800 from the International Fund for Animal Welfare to be used as prize money in our campus-wide Multimedia Competition on tiger conservation.
$2,000 from Tigers in America Foundation to be used as prize money in our campus-wide Multimedia Competition on tiger conservation.
As part of our planning for our campus-wide, spring Multimedia Competition on Tiger Conservation, we raised $2,000 in prize money from the Tigers in America Foundation.
$200 from an anonymous donor to be used as prize money in our campus-wide Multimedia Competition on tiger conservation.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
491

Reading and Reviewing Children's and Young Adult Literature

The purpose of this CI project is to write book reviews that will be included in a children's literature review column. The column will be published annually in Reading Matters, the journal of the South Carolina International Reading Association (SCIRA). Students will read 6-8 titles and then choose their favorites to review.

Team Leaders
Jonda McNair Teacher Education
Accomplishments
McNair, J.C. (2016). The Right Book: A Review of Children's Literature for Teachers. In Reading Matters Literature Matters, 16, 70-73.
EducationE
498

Democracy Building in Post-Conflict Societies: The Cases of Serbia, Kosovo, BiH, Montenegro and Croatia

This Creative Inquiry project is organized in spring as PO SC 3050-010 for students registered for Summer Study Abroad in May/June 2016 [Balkans trip]. Students are engaged in research of the history and causes of the conflicts in former Yugoslavia working in 5 teams, one for each country to be visited in May/June. They present their findings and draft research papers which are then finished during Summer Study Abroad using primary sources.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Matic Political Science
Accomplishments
Holba, K.*, Matic, V. (2014, April). Humanitarian aid for ethnic reconciliation. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
504

Developing and researching agricultural machinery technologies for field crops

This creative inquiry project researches and develops technology for agricultural field machinery, including harvesters, tillage equipment, sprayers, planters, spreaders, and other equipment. Projects generally involve field research or laboratory fabrication and testing.

Team Leaders
Hunter Massey Plant & Environmental Sciences
Kendall Kirk Edisto Research & Educ Center
Accomplishments
Fravel, J. B., Kirk, K. R., *Koch, J. P., Warner, A. C., Massey, H. F., Coleman, A. (2015, July). Testing of Handheld Grain Moisture Meters on Shelled and Whole Pod Peanuts. Presented at the 2015 ASABE Annual International Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
*Kolshak, M. J., *McLeod, S.C., *Phillips, R.C., *White, M.E. (2012, April). Design and Modification of a Research Plot Harvester. Presentation to Clemson University AGM 472 Capstone Class.
Kirk, K. R., Massey, H.F., Monfort, W.S., *Jordan, B., *Schmidt, W.B., *Kerr, B. (2013). Twin Row Peanut Digging and Combining Losses. Presented at the ASABE 2013 International Meeting , Kansas City, MO.
Kirk, K. R., Porter, W. M., Monfort, W. S.,. Han, Y. J, Henderson, W. G., Thomas, J. (2012). Development of a Yield Monitor for Peanut Research Plots. ASABE Paper No. 12-1337625.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
505

Sensors and Controls for Precision Agriculture

To learn sensors and instrumentation technologies for site-specific application of water and pesticide for precision agriculture and to demonstrate use, benefits and effectiveness of such technologies in the southeastern United States.

Team Leaders
Young J Han Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Conrad, D., Richardson, R., Rogers, N., Watkins, B. and Han Y. (2017, April 5) Variable Rate Intelligent Center Pivot. Presented to AGM 410/610 Precision Agriculture Technology.
Portable Electro-mechanical Educational Model for Variable Rate Center Pivot Irrigation Technology. (2016, April 23). Presented at the Dreams Imagination & Gift Development Program (DIG) STEM, (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) Festival, Williston.
Variable Rate Intelligent Center Pivot. (2016, April 20).  Presented to AGM 410/610 Precision Agriculture Technology.
Variable Rate Irrigation: Watering the Crops of Tomorrow. (2015, September 25).  Presented at the Lake Wood High School, Sumter SC.
Variable Rate Intelligent Center Pivot. Presented to AGM 206. (2015, September 16). “Machinery Management.” 
Variable Rate Intelligent Center Pivot. (2015, September 9).  Presented to AGM 101 “Introduction to Agricultural Mechanization and Business.”
Han, Y. J., Khalilian, A., Payero, J., Rogers, N. (2016). Development of a Portable Electro-mechanical Educational Model for Variable Rate Center Pivot Irrigation Technology. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 8(4):449-458.
Han, Y. J., Khalilian, A., Payero, J., *Conrad, D., *Richardson, R., *Rogers, N., *Watkins, J., *Avant, B., *Patrick, C., *Scroggs, C., *West, M. (2014, July). Demonstration of Intelligent Center Pivot Irrigation Technology. ASABE Paper.
*Conrad, H., *Rogers, N., *Richardson, R., *Watkins, J., *Patrick, C., *Scroggs, C., *Avant, B., *West, M., Han, Y. (2014, April). Intelligent center pivot. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
510

Aquaponics: Maximizing use of a biological system for unique production of an aquatic and plant based crop

             The effort for this creative inquiry is to motivate students involved in aquatic (fish, shrimp) production in recirculating systems and to expand the unit for establishment of a dual or polyculture unit. Traditional aquaculture systems have bio filtration units to reduce nutrient loading and clean the water efficiently for reuse in the system. However, because of high land, water and energy cost systems must be able to produce more by-products to be competitive in the food market and at the same time be environmentally stable; an aquaponics system provides this. The system is comprised of a fish system and a plant system.  The fish system consists of fish holding tanks, solids capture filtration and biofiltration.  The fish holding tanks are usually circular for good water circulation and should be about 3 to 4 feet deep.  Solids capture filtration is essential to remove solids (fish feces) so that the system water delivered to the plant system is clear so that the plant roots don’t become covered with solids which could suffocate the plants. Biofiltration is needed to house the bacteria discussed above so that nitrification can take place.  Ammonia, which comes directly from the fish, is converted to nitrite and then to nitrate in an oxygen rich environment.  Nitrate is the final product of nitrification and is the main element for plant production.  The plant system can be designed to suit the needs of the owner and all systems have both positive and negative aspects to production.  The creative inquiry will investigate processes for aquaponics and hone in on specific deficiency of the system which include passive heating techniques to reduce costs, system design (airlift technology) considerations for efficiency and power dependency, automation for system productivity and bacterial control for food safety considerations.          

Team Leaders
Lance Beecher Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
587

Cement - Civil Engineering Peer Mentoring Program Development and Evaluation

This group will develop, implement, and evaluate a peer mentor program for new civil engineering students and develop a model for college wide adoption.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Candice Bolding Civil Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
578

Green Building Materials: Magnesium Oxide Based Cements as a Sustainable Alternative

Have you ever wondered what goes into the building products that go into your house? In many cases, these materials can contain toxic components, have inferior structural properties, or be detrimental to the environment. The goal of this creative inquiry is to explore the use of magnesium oxide-based (MgO) cements as a sustainable alternative to conventional building materials that consist of Portland cement, gypsum and oriented strand board (OSB). The current materials that dominate the $15 Billion residential building products market have many drawbacks. For example, Portland cement has a huge carbon footprint, releasing one ton of CO2 per ton of cement. One way to offset this is to incorporate large volumes of fly ash, which is laden with toxic and carcinogenic heavy metals. OSB contains toxic phenol-formaldehyde resins and are highly flammable. We have recently paired up with Jet Products to investigate the nearly limitless potential for MgO cement boards in a diversity of markets, primarily focusing on residential building products. The societal benefits of this work have the potential to impact every individual that lives in the built environment. Example products include wall board, tile backer, siding, structural insulated panels, fire-proof panels, and ballistic panels.

Team Leaders
Christopher Kitchens Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Gochez, R., Wambaugh, J., Rochner, B., Kitchens, C. L. (2015 Submission). “Kinetic Study of the Magnesium Oxychloride Cement Cure Reaction.” Cement and Concrete Research.
*Mou, H., *Nasol, D., *Rogers, N., *Vreeland, T., Gochez, R., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, April 6-7). “Reinforced Magnesium Oxide Based Cements as a Sustainable Building Alternative.” Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson SC.
*Robison, J., *Brown, A. (2015, March).MgO Concrete CI Project. Presented to the CEO of Jet Products.
*Gragg, J., *Nasol, D. (2015, March). Magnesium Oxide Cement Research. Presented to the CEO of Jet Products.
*Haney, B., *Layman, O., *Hughes, E., *Foote, J. (2015, March). Life Cycle Assessment of the Magnesium Oxide Board . Presented to the CEO of Jet Products.
*Vreeland, T. (2015, June 29). "Reinforcement of Magnesium Oxychloride Cement through addition of organic and inorganic fibers". 
This is a initial draft for a Life Cycle Assessment publication that we plan to complete this upcoming year.
Flanagan, M., *Orear, C., *Johnson, K., Kitchens, C. (2014, April). The Cooler Koozie, optimizing thermal insulation for beverage consumption. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
966

Qualitative Consumer Research

This Creative Inquiry is seeking students interested in learning how to conduct consumer qualitative research. This CI is specifically tailored for students who are interested in pursuing a career in academia, qualitative research, or marketing research. Students must be committed for three semesters: spring, summer, and fall of 2017.   During the spring semester, students will meet every other week for a semi-structured seminar where research question development and qualitative methods selection will be taught and discussed. There will be no formal, face-to-face meetings in the summer. Rather, the students will collect qualitative data. During the fall semester, the students will learn how to analyze qualitative data and write-up their results. The project will conclude with the student’s turning in a research paper on their findings and results.     Students can earn 2-3 credit hours: 1 for the spring, 1-2 for the fall.  

Team Leaders
Anastasia Thyroff Marketing
Robert Fitzwater University Relations
Accomplishments
Kaitlyn Kooi*, University of Miami Fellowship. Pursuing PhD in Marketing starting Fall 2016
*Allen, M., *Maisel, H., *Andrews, E., *Mcguire, A., *Stabler, L., *Nenninger, M., Thyroff, A., Fitzwater, R. (2017, April). Festival Materialities: Assembling Cool from Chaos. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Thyroff, A.*, Kooi, K.*, Ward, K.*, Spilka, R.*, Ciramello, J.*, Clark, M.*, Meacham, B.* (2016, November). That's so Relevant: Exploring the 7 Assemblage Paradoxes behind the Lollapalooza Music Festival. Presented at the Society for Marketing Advances Conference, Atlanta, GA.
Thyroff, A., *Kooi, K., *Ward, K., *Spilka, R., *Ciaramello, J., *Clark, M., *Meacham, B. (2016, November). That’s so Relevant: Exploring the 7 Assemblage Paradoxes behind the Lollapalooza Music Festival. Presented at the Society for Marketing Advances Conference, Atlanta, GA.
Thyroff, A., *Kaitlyn, K., *Ward, K., *Ciramello, J., *Clark, M., Fitzwater, R., *Kountz, G., *Meacham, B., and *Spilka, R. (Forthcoming). (2016, November 2-5). "That's so Relevant: Exploring the 7 Assemblage Paradoxes behind the Lollapalooza Music Festival". Proceedings of the 2016 Society for Marketing Advances Conference, Atlanta, GA.
Thyroff, A.*, Kooi, K.*, Ward, K.*, Spilka, R.*, Ciramello, J.*, Clark, M.*, Meacham, B.* (2016). That’s so Relevant: Exploring the 7 Assemblage Paradoxes behind the Lollapalooza Music Festival. Proceedings of the Society for Marketing Advances Conference, (Atlanta, GA), Forthcoming.
BusinessD
569

Conservation Drones (UAV's) for Natural Resource Management

With recent advancements it is now possible to build unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, using off the shelf model airplane kits and available electronics/software systems. These model airplanes can house gps-enabled digital cameras and have the capability to take ultra-high resolution aerial photos. These conservation drones are being used all over the world to both evaluate land cover and to identify the location of wildlife species. This creative inquiry project will aim to develop a multi-disciplinary team to add this capability to undergraduate research at Clemson University.

Team Leaders
Elena Mikhailova Forestry & Environment Conserv
Christopher Post Forestry & Environment Conserv
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
575

Veteran's History Project Collection and Digitization

MGT 2970 CI Veteran's History Project 2 (2,2). The Veterans History Project of the American Folklife Center collects, preserves, and makes accessible the personal accounts of American war veterans, as well as U.S. Citizens who were actively involved in supporting war efforts (war industry workers, USO medical personnel, flight instructors, etc.) so that future generations may hear directly from veterans and better understand the realities of war. In order to assist the Library of Congress with this arduous task, Clemson University students will conduct interviews and collect other materials accepted by the project then facilitate their digitization for Clemson University records before sending the original materials to the Library of Congress.

Team Leaders
Vernon Burton History
Timothy Whitley History
Accomplishments
*Mall, A., *Devera, D., *Gerstmyer, H., *Richter, W., *Richter, J., *Hines, W., *Bruns, Z., *Mack, D., Young, L. (2014, April). Clemson veterans project. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Mack, D. (2014, April, 11). Clemson Veteran's Project. Presentation to Mr. Bob Patrick, The Director, Veteran's History Project, American Folklife Center,Library of Congress, Washington D.C.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1121

Breaking Bud: investigating the environmental control of spring bloom timing in peach.

Trees must time their spring bloom to avoid late frosts but allow sufficient developmental time for their fruit and seeds. Although we know cool (chilling) followed by warm (heat) temperatures are necessary for bloom, we do not currently understand the quantitative relationship between chilling and heat that results in a specific bloom date for a cultivar. Missing this information means we cannot make accurate predictions of the timing of bloom and the start of the growing season now or under future climate change scenarios. Additionally, understanding the environmental and genetic factors that determine timing of bloom date is critical to efforts to breed tree fruit varieties adapted to our current or future climates. The goal of this work is to establish the relationship between chilling and heat requirements for bloom date in trees and whether there is variation for this relationship within a species. We will test these question using peach trees from the diverse germplasm collection located at the Musser Experimental Fruit Research Farm. Students are expected to enroll in the CI project for 2-4 semesters with a minimum of 2 semesters essential. This CI will be listed as BIOL 4940/4941 sec 024 each semester.

Team Leaders
Douglas Bielenberg Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Cook, K., *Scott, G., *Spencer, H., Bielenberg, D. (2017, April). Characterizing genotype specific responses to chilling and heat for predicting spring bud break in peach. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
1000

Leukemia Research

This CI project will include literature and laboratory research focused on the pathophysiology of leukemia. Specifically, students will explore the genetic abnormalities leading to leukemogenesis, cellular pathways altered in leukemia, and the potential role for ultraviolet (UV) light in treating the disorder.

Team Leaders
Matthew Tedder School of Nursing
Julia A Eggert School of Nursing
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
970

Rooting difficult plants

While the new introductions of horticultural species and cultivars to the marketplace differ from one another relative to color, shape, and size, they share one common trait: ease-of-propagation. Despite a plant’s desirable, one-of-a-kind features, its availability and commercial success depend on the nursery producer’s ability to mass-produce utilizing conventional propagation techniques. The introduction of several potentially successful species and cultivars has been hampered by the inability to multiply them in large numbers.   Students will work with desirable plants whose potential success in the marketplace has been hampered by the inability to reproduce them easily and in high enough commercially acceptable quantities. The team will carry-out experiments in the greenhouse using an affordable, state-of-the-art fog/mist propagation chamber.  Experimental designs dial into the controlling factors involved in plant propagation that include timing, environmental conditions, and media requirements based on prior research and nursery propagation techniques (published and anecdotal). Ultimately, a propagation protocol will be brought to nursery growers to reproduce their favorite hard-to-root species and cultivars and make them commercially available.

Team Leaders
Jeanne Briggs SC Botanical Garden
Jeffrey W Adelberg Plant & Environmental Sciences
Robert Polomski Plant & Environmental Sciences
1043

Towards an Adaptive Multimodal Interface in Support of Real-Time Decision Making for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Command and Control

Data overload, especially in the visual channel, and associated breakdowns in monitoring already represent a major challenge for UAV command and control. The problem is expected to get worse due to the anticipated introduction of even more tasks and technologies. For example, the Office of the Secretary’s Defense Roadmap for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs) outlines the need to investigate “appropriate conditions and requirements under which a single pilot would be allowed to control multiple airborne unmanned aircraft simultaneously.” Currently, 2-3 operators are needed to handle all mission, flight, and management tasks for a single UAV; the ultimate goal, however, is to have one operator handle up to 10 UAVs. This drastic change in the operator-to-UAV ratio presents a major design challenge given operators’ limited attentional resources.   Given that an increasing number of tasks will have to be automated to achieve single operator control of multiple UAVs, the question then becomes what to allocate to automation and how to present this information to support attention management and multitasking. 

Team Leaders
Sara Riggs Industrial Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
787

Community Supported Art

CSA's are commonly known as "Community Supported Agriculture" - where shareholders pick up fresh produce at regular intervals throughout a season. An new spin on the CSA model is "Community Supported Art" - where shareholders pick up fresh art at special seasonal events, which are popping up around the country through arts centers, galleries, individual artist studios and other non-profits. This CI project will investigate the CSA and other innovative art and community models for application within the Clemson community, and as an opportunity for students interested in art to develop and implement a marketing plan.

Team Leaders
Valerie Zimany Art
Daniel Bare Art
Accomplishments
Bunda, C., Kim, D., & Zimany, V. (2017, March). Seven Semesters of Community Supported Art at Clemson. National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts (NCECA) conference, Resource Hall Table Presentation, Portland, OR.
*Bunda, C., Clevenger, J., *Davis, E., *Hunt, H., Miller, W., Murphy, J., Rinker, R., *Rupprecht, A., *Stanley, S., *Wesly, E. (2016, April). Community Supported Art Pop-up Exhibition. Exhibition design, publicity, and installation, Acorn Gallery, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Davis, E., *Hunt, H., *Murphy, J., *Rupprecht, A., *Wesly, E., Wilund, B. (2015, November). Community Supported Art Pop-up Exhibition. Exhibition design, publicity, and installation, Acorn Gallery, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hunt, H., *Rupprecht, A. (2015, August). Three Semesters of Community Supported Art. Exhibition design, publicity, and installation, Emory A Gunnin Library, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Abrams, D, Elsey, L, Iwamura, E. (2015, October). Community Supported Art in the Academic Setting. Lecture presented at the biennial meeting of the International Society for Ceramic Art Education and Exchange, Beijing, China.
*Hunt, H., *Rupprecht, A., Zimany, V. (2015, November). Three Semesters of Clemson Community Supported Art. Non-refereed public exhibition developed and presented in the Gunnin Architecture Library, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Davis, E., *Hunt, H., *Murphy, J., *Rupprecht, A., *Wesly, E., *Wilund. B., and Zimany, V. (2015, November). Fall 2015 Clemson Community Supported Art Pop-Up Exhibition. Non-refereed public exhibition developed and presented in the Acorn Gallery, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Abrams, D., Iwamura, E. (2015, October). Clemson Community Supported Art.  Peer-refereed presentation at the biannual meeting of the International Society of Ceramic Art Education and Exchange, Jingdezhen, PRC.
*Beaird, R., *Hunt, H., *Shafer, H., *Wilund, B. Zimany, V. (2015, March). Community Supported Art (CSArt) Launches Student Artists at Clemson University. Presented at the National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts (NCECA) conference, Resource Hall Table Presentation, Providence, RI.
Everyhope-Reiser, J. (2015). Bring the Audience to the Artists: Community Supported Art Gives Students a Taste of the Marketplace, Glimpse Magazine, Fall 2015, 12-13.
Hunt, H.* (2015). Buying Local with Clemson Community Supported Art. Decipher, 11-12.
*Hunt, H. L. (2015, May). Buying Local with Clemson Community Supported Art. Decipher A Creative Inquiry Magazine, 42-43.
Clemson U Ceramics Facebook Page
Clemson U Ceramics Twitter
Clemson CSArt Instagram
*Beaird, R., *Davis, E., *Hunt, H., *Murphy, J., *Pechthalt, S., *Pizzuti, M., *Rupprecht, *Shafer, H., A., *Wesly, E., *Wilund, B., Zimany, V. (2015, April). Community Supported Art (CSArt) Launches Student Artists at Clemson University. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1169

Kinetic Sculpture

Kinetic sculptures are art pieces that incorporate movement.  Traditional sculptures use energy stored in a spring which is released over time or are powered by the wind.  However, other mechanisms can be envisioned, including small motors, magnets, or others.  This project will work to design and prototype new kinetic sculpture.  Prototypes will be pursued via 3D printing of plastic sculptures, and successful designs may be pursued via other materials.  Highly successful designs may be entered for display at Artisphere, the art show held downtown Greenville in May, as part of the Clemson Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Mathematics (STEAM) exhibit.  Computer design software skills such as SolidWorks will be a huge asset to students in this project, although they are not required.

Team Leaders
Christopher W. Norfolk Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
962

Robot networks

The technological development of the last decade in robots, computing and communications has led to envisage the design of robotic and automation systems consisting of networked vehicles, sensors, actuators and communication devices. These developments enable researchers and engineers to design new robotic systems that can interact with human beings and other robots in a cooperative way. Applications span surveillance/monitoring, manufacturing, intelligent vehicles, exploration, and many others. In this project, we will explore some basics of robot networks and build robotic cooperation using several intelligent ground robots available in the lab. No knowledge of distributed dynamical systems or robotics is needed.

Team Leaders
Yongqiang Wang Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
Mulqueen, D., and Wang, Y. (2017, August) Undergraduate Creative Inquiry of Swarm Robotics: Communication Methods. Paper Presentation at The 3rd International Conference on Control Science and Systems Engineering, Beijing, China
*Osler, S. and Wang, Y. (2016). "Undergraduate Research of Swarm Robot Systems". Submitted to IEEE Conference on Networks and Control.
*Bear, E. and Wang, Y. (2016). "Cooperative Mobile Robotics". Submitted to IEEE Conference on Automation Science and Engineering.
*Maxwell, T., *Bear, E., *Raval, D., Anglea, T., Wang, Y.Q. (2016).  An undergraduate research platformfor cooperative control and swarm robotics. In Proceedings of the IEEE 11th Conferenceon Industrial Electronics and Applications.
*Maxwell, T., *Bear, E., Anglea, T., Wang, Y.Q. (2016).  A unified communication and control approach for decentralized heading alignment in robot networks. In Proceedings of the 28th Chinese Control and Decision Conference, China.
Wang, Y. (2016, May). $10,000. "A Summer Camp for Video-game Based Control Learning for Middle-School Girls" Control Systems Society Outreach Fund. IEEE. http://ieeecss.org/sites/ieeecss.org/files/A_Summer_Camp_For_Video_Game_Based_Control_Learning_Report.pdf
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
548

China's Foreign Policy

The objective of this one-credit Creative Inquiry project is to instruct Clemson University undergraduate students to systematically examine some of the most important issues facing the world, by involving the students in on-going discussions and debates and engaging them in direct dialogues with diplomats and business leaders, both Chinese and American.

Team Leaders
Xiaobo Hu Political Science
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
516

Heat transfer along the human arm in electric arch phenomenon(Mathematical Modeling with Advanced Engineering apps)

Participants pursue research on different aspects for the problem of heat transfer along the human arm occurring during the electric arch phenomenon. Emphasis is placed on modeling and considering various modules that this complex problem consists of with applications in engineering and science and on use of electronic portfolios. Students will continue this project  for three semesters.

Team Leaders
Timothy Teitloff Mathematical Sciences
Sofya Alekseeva Mathematical Sciences
Jameel Abbess Mathematical Sciences
Irina Viktorova Mathematical Sciences
Accomplishments
Bates, M., Viktorova, I. (2016). An empirically derived arc-flash discharge energy model and comparison to established safety codes. MMSEJ, Vol. 4, p.p. 634-641.
*Kose, M., Fleck, M., Viktorova, I. (2016). HAVs and HAVnots: Investigating resonance in the human arm caused by the contact with machinery. MMSEJ, Vol. 3, p.p. 543-551.
Bates, M., Viktorova, I. (2016). Modeling of Heat Transfer and Self-Heating Phenomenon in Materials with High Dissipation. MMSEJ,Vol 3,p.p. 20-27
Viktorova, I., *Fairchild, K., *Fischer, J. (2013). "Modeling Heat Explosion for a Viscoelasic Material." Topics from the 8th Anuual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference published by Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statisics.
ScienceG
580

Geologic Indicators of Climate Change

Students explore and analyze the carbon dioxide fluxes from soils, rocks, and reservoirs using a variety of techniques. The goal is to characterize the variability in CO2 fluxes from natural settings and from settings disturbed by human activities.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Christison, J. and Brame, S. (2017, April). Comparing Seasonal Soil Carbon Flux of Three Botanically Distinct Areas in the Clemson Botanical Gardens. Oral and poster presentation at 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Walters, D., Brame, S. (2015, April). Changes in Soil CO2 Flux from an Urban Environment due to Anthropogenic Compaction. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., *Demille, R., Brame, S. (2014, April). Analysis of carbon flux from soils derived from different rock types. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Nguyen, S., Brame, S. (2017, April). Using a Mobile Eddy Covariance Tower to Measure CO2 Flux. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*King, T., Brame, S., (2016, March 31). Preliminary Analysis of Total Carbon Levels in Lake Issaqueena. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*George, S., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Comparative Study of Soil CO2 Flux using Eddy Covariance and Chamber Methods. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Coffin, A., Brame, S. (2014. April 3). Comparison of Till and No-till Agricultural Practices on Carbon Dioxide Flux from the Soil on an Organic Farm. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Demille, R., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Soil Carbon Flux from an area underlain by Amphibolite in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Hickok, K., Brame, S. (2014, April 3).Carbon Dioxide Efflux in Forest Soil and Topsoil Influenced by Soil Moisture and Temperature Variations. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Lacy, N. (2014, April 3). Carbon Dioxide exchange between the Atmosphere and Freshwater Reservoirs around Clemson, South Carolina. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Soil Carbon Flux on an Area underlain by Biotite Gneiss in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC
As part of a collaboration with Stephen Moyseys NSF grant with the GeoPath program, a $35,000 Eddy Covariance (EC) system was bought for the climate change students to design experiments and collect data. EC systems are the state of  the art instruments used to monitor and detect changes in CO2 Fluxes.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
585

Research in Digital Media & Learning

"Research in Digital Media & Learning" gives students the opportunity to work as individuals or part of interdisciplinary teams to enact research that focuses on the intersection between digital media and learning. This CI is interest-driven, meaning that students should come with their own ideas about what they would like to investigate. Faculty will assist students in developing and enacting their research plan. Ideal candidates would be from any field, as long as their interests involve digital media and learning in some way. Students will also be encouraged to present their work at a research conference.

Team Leaders
Ryan Visser Education & Human Dev
Stephen Moysey Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
D. Matthew Boyer Education & Human Dev
Andrew Robb School of Computing
Accomplishments
Boyer, D. M., *Smith, J.E. (2016). Using course opportunities for learning game design. On the Horizon, 24 (1). 
*Roman, J., *Vargas, P., Boyer, D. M., Qian, M. (2014). ICLEP: Interactive Cases for Learning Educational Psychology. Paper to be presented at the Advances in Educational Psychology Conference. Fairfax, VA.
CI585 member researched, designed, and built an audio mixer using circuitry and the 3D printer.
CI585 member created a multimedia tutorial to support low-barrier-to-entry learning of FL Studio audio production software.
EducationE
586

The Jolly Postman Delivers: Dialoguing About Books With Children Through Book Talks, Letters, Blogs, & Vlogs

The Jolly Postman Delivers: Dialoguing about Books with Children Through Pen Pal Letters Creative Inquiry participants will have opportunities to read children’s picture books and tradebooks and dialogue through letters, book talks, blogs, or vlogs with students in elementary classrooms and libraries providing critical perspectives on quality children's literature. CI students will attend introductory sessions on picturebook characteristics and how to analyze picturebooks and tradebooks. Each group will learn ways to organize texts sets, critique, and model responses about books. Participants will create print or video book talks throughout the semester.

Team Leaders
Susan Fullerton Education & Human Dev
Koti Hubbard Teacher Education
Accomplishments
Fullerton, S. K., Hubbard, K., and McClure, E. L. (2016, December). First- graders’ re-descriptions of Ezra Jack Keats’ narratives: Transforming story worlds into social worlds through oral and written responses within read-aloud discussions and pen pal letters. Paper presented at the Literacy Research Association Conference, Nashville, Tennessee.
Fullerton, S. K., Hubbard, K., McClure, E. L., & Jordan, K. (2016, November). Interactive read-alouds and pen pals: Their use in a classroom and university collaboration to advocate for reading-writing connection. Session presented at the NCTE Annual Convention, Atlanta, GA.
Fullerton, S. K., Hubbard, K., and McClure, E. L. (2016, December, accepted). First- graders’ re-descriptions of Ezra Jack Keats’ narratives: Transforming story worlds into social worlds through oral and written responses within read-aloud discussions and pen pal letters. Paper to be presented at the Literacy Research Association Conference, Nashville, Tennessee.
Fullerton, S. K., Hubbard, K., McClure, E. L., & Jordan, K. (2016, November, accepted). Interactive read-alouds and pen pals: Their use in a classroom and university collaboration to advocate for reading-writing connection. Session to be presented at the NCTE Annual Convention, Atlanta, GA.
Fullerton, S. K., Hubbard, K., McClure, E. L., & Jordan, K. (2016, July). Story as “lived through” experience: First graders respond to Ezra Jack Keats’ Peter narratives. Research poster session presented at the International Literacy Association Conference, Boston, MA. 
EducationE
566

Identifying, Cloning and Characterizing Nodule Regulatory Mutants

The lab focuses on understanding how the shoots and roots of plants communicate with each other at the molecular level, using mutants in a process called nodulation to determine what genes and proteins are involved in long-distance signaling. The project involves DNA, RNA, and protein work as well as mapping & cloning genes.

Team Leaders
Julia Frugoli Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Chiu, C., *Patel, M., Nowak, S., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J. (2017, April) Novel M. truncatula CLE peptides in nodule regulation, a poster presented at the Southern Section meeting of the American Society of Plant Biologists, Orlando, FL April 8-10, 2017.
*Corbett, C., Chaulagain, D., Schnabel, E. L. and Frugoli, J. A. (2017, April 8-10). "Screening Medicago truncatula Tnt1 insertion lines for mutants in the Autoregulation of Nodulation pathway." Poster presented at the Southern Section meeting of the American Society of Plant Biologists, Orlando, FL.
Nowak,S., Kassaw,T., *Flanagan, B., *Patel,T., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J.(2016, July).  "Root derived signaling: Arabinosylation of peptides and their role in Medicago truncatula nodule regulation." invited talk for the the national ASPB meeting, Austin, TX.
*Castello, A. (2016). "Solving the Mystery of the Silenced Gene." Presented at the Genetics & Biochemistry honors presentation
*Corbett, C., Chaulagain, D., Schnabel, E., and Frugoli, J. (2017, April 9). Screening Medicago truncatula Tnt1 insertion lines for mutants in the Autoregulation of Nodulation pathway. Poster presented at the Southern Section Meeting of the American Society for Plant Biologists, Orlando, FL.
*Chiu, C., *Patel, M., Nowak, S., Schnabel, E., and Frugoli, J. (2017, April 9). Novel M. truncatula CLE peptides in nodule regulation. Poster presented at Southern Section Meeting of the American Society for Plant Biologists, Orlando, FL.
*Kotwis, K., Crook, A., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J. (2015, March 28-30). Is there TOO MUCH LOVE in Medicago truncatula nodule regulation? poster presented at the Souther Section meeting of the American Society for Plant Biologists, Dauphin Island, AL.
*Castelloe, A., Crook, A., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J. (2015). A Forward Genetic Approach to Unraveling a Genetic Pathway: Mapping Suppressor Screen Mutants. Poster presented at the Southern Section meeting of the American Association for Plant Biology, Dauphin Island, AL.
*Flanagan, B., *Puncheon, A., Crook, A., Kasswa, T., Schnabel, E. Frugoli, J. (2013, February). Identifying, Cloning, and Characterizing Nodule Regulatory Mutants. Presented at a poster for the Life Sciences Facility Dedication, Clemson, SC.
*Flanagan, B., Kassaw, T., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J. (2014). The role of Hydroxyproline Arabinosyl Transferases (HPATs) in Arabidopsis. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Section of the American Society of Plant Biologists, Lexington KY.
*Ashley Castelloe will be attending The Ohio State University to earn her PhD in Molecular Biology.*Tarek Patel will be apply for medical school in the fall.
Kassaw, T., Nowak, S., Schnabel, E., *Patel, T. *Flanagan, B., Frugoli, J. (2016, in press). "Roles for RDN/HPAT/FIN genes in root & nodule development".
Frugoli, J., (2012, March). Be Careful What You Wish For: Research Ethics Education in the University Setting, A Response to NIH and NSF Regulations. Teaching Ethics, 12(2), 103-105.
Kassaw, T., Frugoli, J. (2012, September). Simple and efficient methods to dissect long-distance signaling in Medicago truncatula and other small plants. Plant Methods, 8(38).
Schnabel, E., Karve, A., Kassaw, T., Mukherjee, A., Zhou, X., Hall, T., Frugoli, J. (2012, January). The M. truncatula SUNN gene is expressed in vascular tissue, similarly to RDN1, consistent with the role of these nodulation regulation genes in long distance signaling. Plant Signaling and Behavior, 7(1), 4-6.
Schnabel, E., Kassaw, T., Smith, L., Marsh, J., Oldroyd, G., Long, S., Frugoli, J. (2011, July). ROOT DETERMINED NODULATION 1 regulates nodule number in M. truncatula and defines a highly conserved, uncharacterized plant gene family. Plant Physiology, 157, 328-340.
Schnabel, E., Smith, C., Long, S., Frugoli, J. (2010, December). Transcript profiling in M. truncatula lss and sunn-1 mutants reveals different expression profiles despite disrupted SUNN gene function in both mutants. Plant Signaling and Behavior, 5(12), 1657-1659.
Schnabel, E., Mukherjee, A., Smith, L. Kassaw, T., Long, S., Frugoli, J. (2010, November). The lss supernodulation mutant of Medicago truncatula reduces expression of the SUNN gene. Plant Physiology, 154(3), 1390-1402.
Honors thesis from project
ScienceG
519

Advanced Synthetic Biology

Microbial biofilm confers high level of resistance to antimicrobial agents. Understanding how antibiotics penetrate through bacterial biofilms could aid the development of therapeutic approaches that facilitate the penetration of antimicrobial agents through biofilms. The team aims to develop a tool for detection of antibiotics in biofilms.  A antibiotic sensor system, i.e., a Biobrick consists of a green fluorescence protein reporter system under the control of Bacillus subtilis promotor PliaI, inducible by low concentrations of antibiotics will be constructed to measure the penetration of antibiotics through Bacillus subtilis biofilms.  A second Biobrick consists of a red fluorescence protein reporter system under the control of a synthetic constitutive promoter for Bacillus subtilis to measure the thickness of the biofilms.  A shuttle vector system will then be developed to study the penetration of antibiotics through Bacillus subtilis biofilms.  The completed antibiotic sensor tools will then be utilized to evaluate methods that could disrupt and/or facilitate the penetration antibiotics through biofilms.

Team Leaders
Tzuen-Rong J Tzeng Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Bickford, L., *Borthaye, S., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Hoy, S., *Jones, R., *Mathew, R., *Saffarian, M., Sridharan, J., *Summers, M., *Tzeng, A., *Wilson, J., Tzeng, T.R.J. (2016, April). Optimization of Bivector Systems for Export of Isoprenoids in Biofuel Applications. Poster presented at the FoCI Symposium, Clemson University
*Bickford, L., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Jones, R., *Tzeng, A., Wilson, J. (2015, October 24). Cellular Export of Isoprenoids for Biofuel Synthesis. Presented at the American Society for Microbiology, SC Branch Annual Meeting.
*Bickford, M., *Jones, D.G., *Kane, R., *Louie, R., *Scanlan, A., *Tzeng, J., *Whatley, A., *Wilson, J., Cao, M., Brown, A., Saffarian, M., Tzeng, T. (2013, Oct 4-6). "Development of a Universal Self-Amplified (USA) Biosensor for Repaid Detection of Viable Pathogens" Poster and oral presentations at the 2013 iGEM North America Regional Jamboree, University of Toronto, Canada.
*Bickford, M., *Wilson, J., *Jones, D., *Bickford, L., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Greene, G., *Jones, R., *Tzeng, A., Saffarian, M., Tzeng, T. (2014). Self-Amplifying Biosensor for Detection of N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone (AHL) in Low Limit. Poster and presentation to be presented at the 2014 International Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) Giant Jamboree, Boston, MA.
*Bickford, M., *Wilson, J., *Jones, D., *Bickford, L., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Greene, G., *Jones, R., *Tzeng, A., Saffarian, M., Tzeng, T. (2014). Self-Amplifying Biosensor for Detection of N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone (AHL) in Low Limit. Poster and presentation presented at the 2014 International Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) Giant Jamboree, Boston, MA.
Kane, R.*, Bickford, M.*, Tzeng, J.*, Wilson, J., Jones, D.*, Whatley, A.*, Louie, R.*, Scanlan, A.*, Brown, A., Saffarian, M., Cao, M., Tzeng, J. (n/a). Assessment of a Self-Amplifying N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone Biosensor. ACS Synthetic Biology.
Received the Silver Metal at the iGEM 2013 North American Jamboree for the development of Universal Self-Amplified (USA) Biosensors for detection of pathogens.
ScienceG
521

Economic, Ethical, and, Practical Aspects of Trapping

Have you ever trapped a mouse? That's right- you are a trapper! The Economic, Ethical, and Practical Aspects of Trapping provides an opportunity to learn about basic trapping issues. The participants in this project will review classical writing on the history of trapping and the importance to the economic development and settlement of the United States and Canada. Readings, debate, and discussion will be used to understand the negative externalities associated with trapping problem animals. The principle of actually trapping will be learned. This Creative Inquiry will encompass the economic effect from multiple species. The ethical aspects of trapping will be a theme of study. General laws and legal regulations will be reviewed. The practical benefits associated with this recreational activity will be explored. Students will be expected to engage in research and applied technical knowledge in order to complete the objectives, including: how trapping is an effective management tool, how it maintains sustainable resources by managing nuisance animals, while maintaining ethical standards.

Team Leaders
Webb M Smathers Jr Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
*Caldwell, S., *Reynolds, M., *Wilson, G., *Baldridge, B., *Bryan, J., Smathers Jr, W., *Honeycutt, M. (2017, April). Aspects of Trapping. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
991

Kennedy Waterfowl and Wetlands Conservation

Students will work with faculty, graduate students, field biologists, and land managers on applied waterfowl and wetlands research and management projects in South Carolina.

Team Leaders
Richard Kaminski Belle W Baruch Forest Sci Inst
Greg K Yarrow Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
*Byars, T., *Gallman, C., *Brown, A., *Frazier, R., *Sharpe, C., *Leland, R., *Hughes, Z., *Eidson, J., 8Hinkle, E., *Byrd, S., *Barron, D., Kaminski, R., Yarrow, G. (2017, April). Artificial nest structures and estimation of submersed aquatic vegetation forage for waterfowl in coastal South Carolina. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Clements, S. (2016, April). Aquatic invertebrate biomass and composition in managed South Carolina coastal wetlands. Presentation at Baruch Institute of Coastal Ecology and Forest Science. Poster presented at FoCI Clemson University, SC.
*Clements, S. et al. (2016, March). Aquatic invertebrate biomass and composition in managed South Carolina coastal wetlands. Presentation at annual meeting of South Carolina Chapter of The Wildlife Society.
*Clements, S. et al. (2016). Aquatic invertebrate biomass and composition in managed South Carolina coastal wetlands. Presentation at 7th North American Duck Symposium, Annapolis, MD.
*Clements, S., et al. (2016). Aquatic invertebrate biomass and composition in managed South Carolina wetlands. Presented at 2016 annual meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Kennedy CI interns won 2nd place internationally for their poster at the 7th North American Duck Symposium, Annapolis, MD, January 2016.
1.*Ms. Carley Colefield, a CI Intern, received the outstanding undergraduate student award from the South Carolina Chapter of The Wildlife Society. 2. *Nick Masto, a former CI Intern, is transitioning to a graduate program focusing on waterfowl and wetland conservation.
Kennedy. (2015, October 18-21).  Aquatic invertebrate biomass and composition in managed South Carolina coastal wetlands.  Poster presented at the Annual Conference of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Canada.
1079

ASME Student Design Competition Team

The ASME Student Design Competition is an annual international competition that tests students’ abilities to design and build a robotic solution to a unique problem statement often inspired by real world situations. Previous years’ problem statements have included: remotely navigate a room with an unknown layout in search of an object to retrieve; deliver a payload through various rugged terrain without contamination; design an automated machine to manufacture a projectile out of a piece of paper and launch it. The problem statement for this year will not be released until the end of August.

Team Leaders
Huijuan Zhao Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Koops, a manufacturing automation company located in Greenville, SC donated aluminum materials and electrical wires to our team.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
542

International Health and Hispanic Culture

International Health and Hispanic Culture This research project will focus on the interrelations between health and culture in the Hispanic countries and their impact on individuals and communities. The research will explore medical diseases and conditions, people’s traditions and concerns related to health issues, home remedies, behavior change, family and community, doctor-patient relationship, and social aspects of public health (ethnicity, gender, poverty). Students will have the opportunity to travel to the Dominican Republic (spring break) with the researchers and participate in health-related service learning activities to help Hispanic communities and collect data for the research project. The trip to the Dominican Republic will be organized through ELAP (Experiential Learning Abroad Programs).

Team Leaders
Graciela Tissera Languages
Accomplishments
*Anjarwalla, A., *Athavale, D., *Cotton, T., *Davis, B., *Fuentes, M., *Haire, H., *Jamison, A., *Orellana, K., Tissera, G., Moore, A. (2014, April). International health and Hispanic culture. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
550

Experimental studies of organelle biogenesis in protozoan parasites

This project employs biochemical, genetic and cell biology techniques in the study of organelle biogenesis in protozoan parasites using the African trypanosome as a model system.

Team Leaders
Meredith Morris Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Bauer, S., *Patel, T., McQueeney, K., Arigi, E., Almeida, I. and Morris, M. T. (2016, September 19). Defining the glucose- dependent glycosome proteome of T. brucei. Presented at the annual Molecular Parasitology Meeting, Woods Hole, MA.
Crowe, L., Bauer, S., *Nicholson, K., *Patel, T., and Morris, M. T. (2016, November 19). Resolving mechanisms that mediate environmental regulation of two unique kinetoplastids peroxins, TbPex13.1 and TbPex13.2. Presented at the annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens. Clemson, SC.
*Patel, T. (2016, April 8-10). "The search for new drug targets in the battle against African sleeping sickness: Identification of signaling molecules involved in organelle regulation in Trypanosoma brucei". Presented at 11th Annual ACC Meeting of the Minds Undergraduate Research Conference at Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York.
Hart, C*, Morris, MT. (2016, November 19) Defining the function of two novel Peroxins, TbPex13.1 and TbPex13.2 in Trypanosoma brucei. Presented at the annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens meeting, Clemson, SC
*Patel, T., and Morris, M. (2015, February). The search for new drug targets in the battle against African sleeping sickness: Identification of signaling molecules involved in organelle regulation in Trypanosoma brucei. Poster presented at the CBASS 7th Annual Symposium.
*Patel, T., Morris, M.T., Bauer, S.T., McQueeney, K.E. (2016, June 24). ER localization of a trypanosome peroxin. J Eukaryot Microbiol. doi: 10.1111/jeu.12343
Bauer, S., *Conlon, M., Morris, M.T. (2014). Using fluorescent proteins to monitor glycosome dynamics in the African trypanosome" Journal of Visualized Experimentation. In press
ScienceG
553

Poverty Ends with a Girl

Poverty Ends with a Girl is a Women’s Leadership Creative Inquiry that focuses on the unique challenges that adolescent girls and women face around the world and the important effect that education and empowerment has on alleviating global poverty.          Past projects by this Creative Inquiry include: A report entitled, ‘Envision Gender Equality in South Carolina,’ which evaluates the state of women and girls in South Carolina and provides guidance, based on successful programs from around the world, for improving our entire state by promoting gender equality. This research was presented at the 2014 ACS Gender Studies Conference. The report can be found here: http://www.clemson.edu/caah/womens-leadership/documents/Envision_Gender_EqualityThis report was written about by the South Carolina Press Association. The review of the report can be found here: http://scnewsexchange.com/?p=14410Three International Day of the Girl events, the last of which was attended by over 70 people, which raised awareness on global gender issues and girls’ empowerment.A research study on perceptions of education at the Jane Adeny Memorial School, an all-girls high school in rural Kenya.Attended the 2014 CARE conference Participated in Fulbright Scholars re-entry week, hosted by the Women’s Leadership department in Spring 2014, and brought the founder of the Jane Adeny Memorial School, Dr. Teresa Wasonga, to Clemson as a speaker for the event.Presented to a variety of groups about gender equality and global development, including Engineers without Borders, Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries, Clemson Nursing Majors, and at-risk girls at RC Edwards Middle School.

Team Leaders
Diane Perpich Philosophy and Religion
Accomplishments
Hodge, R., Savage, R., & White, C. (2017, March). "Women's Vulnerability Throughout the Lifecyle." Presentation at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Women's Studies Association, Atlanta, GA.
Crouse, C., McCullough, K., & McDonald, K. (2017, March). "Does Women's Political Under-Representation Increase Economic Vulnerability." Presentation at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Women's Studies Association, Atlanta, GA.
The Truman Scholarship is a prestigious, highly competitive graduate scholarship program for aspiring public service leaders in the United States.
*Moore, M., *Garland, W., *Taylor, E., *Mozingo, S., *Weed, J., *Morris, G., *English, A., *Farley, G., *Pape, A., Hernandez, A. (2014, June). Envision Gender Equality in South Carolina. Clemson University Undergraduate Research and Clemson University Women's Leadership.
*Moore, M., *Farley, G., *Garland, W., *Morris, G., *Mozingo, S., *Pape, A., *Taylor, E., *Weed, J. (2014, April 5). Envision Gender Equality in South Carolina. Poster presented at the Gender, and Sexuality Conference, Furman University, Greenville, SC.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1097

The impact of peer mentoring on the student of color experience

The CONNECTIONS program believes students of color at Clemson University are scholars who will achieve positive change in themselves, the Clemson community and their world. This creative Inquiry will prepare a group of undergraduate students whose primary role is to support students of color through their first-year transition at Clemson University. The students in the CI will understand student development and racial identity development theories and conduct research related to sense of belonging, self-regulated learning, academic achievement or student engagement.

Team Leaders
Sarah Dumas New Student & Family Programs
DeOnte Brown New Student & Family Programs
Cherece Fine Chief Diversity Officer
554

Development of NIR camera for early detection of diabetic wounds

Clinical applications for infrared (IR) cameras and thermometers have emerged in health care to detect and manage inflammation of tissue at risk of ulceration. Recent study findings in wound care suggest that IR technology is beneficial in targeting lower extremity skin temperature, including diabetic, pressure, neuropathic foot and venous leg ulcers, to predict, prevent, and treat these ulcers. However, portable IR cameras are expensive, and must be used in a clinical setting. The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to manufacture a cheap near-IR camera and application for use with smart phones to test whether the device can detect areas of skin at risk for ulceration. Near IR cameras are much cheaper and are readily compatible with smartphones. Near IR technology has previously been used to monitor wound healing in a hospital setting. However, a technology that enables patients to take images of their legs at home on a daily basis and transmit them to a clinician’s office over a cellular network is lacking. Such technology would allow early detection of nascent diabetic wounds, even before the patient can visually detect them. Students will be assembling and test prototype portable near IR cameras that could revolutionize prevention and treatment approaches to leg ulcers, specifically venous ulcers because they are expected to be readily detectable in near-IR range, and account for 80% of all lower extremity ulcers.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Aleksey Shaporev Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Reukov, V., Shaporev, A., *Portilla Rodriguez, M., *Fair, C., *Glace, B., *Gaston, M., *Abdeladl, O., *Schrody, R., *Groke, M., *Leonard, R., *Smithdeal, C., *Carp, M., *Magwood, K., *Stephenson, J. (2017, April). The Future Of Medicine Unseen. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Abdeladl, O., *Adams, S., *Bryant, K., *Fair, C., *Gaston, E., *Glace, B., *Giron, A., *Schrody, R., *Sleeper, B., *Portilla, M., and Reukov, V. (2017, March). "Development of a Portable Near Infrared Camera for Early Detection of Diabetic Ulcers". Presented at 33rd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2017, Gulfport, MS.
*Abdeladl, O., *Edwards, M., *Fair, C., Gilbert, R., *Giron, A., *Kunkle, B., *Schleicher, M., Reukov, V. (2016, April 6-7). Portable Near Infrared Camera for Diabetic Ulcer Prevention, Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Abdeladl, O., *Schleicher, M., Portilla, M., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016) Development of a Portable Near Infrared Camera for Early Detection of Diabetic Ulcers 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE.
*Abdeladl, O., Portilla, M., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016). Development of a Portable Near Infrared Camera for Early Detection of Diabetic Ulcers. 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE.
*Abdeladl, O., *Schleicher, M., Portilla, M., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016) Development of a Portable Near Infrared Camera for Early Detection of Diabetic Ulcers. Proceedings of 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE. pp. 55-56.
Abdeladl , Omar* et al. "Development of a portable near infrared camera for early detection of diabetic ulcer". (2016, March 11-13). Poster presented at The 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference held at the Shreveport Convention Center in Shreveport, LA.
*Bagnal, W., *Dautel, C., *Evans, C., *Hoelzen, M., *Portilla, M., *Schleicher, M., and Reukov, V. (2015, April). Portable NIR camera for Diabetic ulcers prevention. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Portilla Rodriguez, M., *Hoelzen, M., *Athavale, D., Reukov, V., Shaporev, A. (2014, April). NIR camera for early detection of diabetic ulcers. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
The Council For Undergraduate Research awarded the Certificate of�Honorable Mention to Maria Margarita Portilla* for her project "A portable, low-cost near-infrared imaging device for self-monitoring of diabetic patients to manage inflammation of tissues at risk of ulceration"�
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
742

Imaginative Ligands and Unique Metal Complexes: A Marriage of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry

Organic chemists often are puzzled by metals, and inorganic chemists are often puzzled by organic chemistry, but there are great opportunities in uniting the ability of organic chemists to generate complex 3D molecules with the unique reactivities and properties of metals. Living cells, which possess some of the most complex organic molecules, still turn to metals for their powerful reactivity in 2/3 of all enzymes (proteins that catalyze chemical reactions). Students participating in this project will focus on generating previously unknown ligands (organic molecules that bind metals) and studying their reactivity with the most biologically common metal ions (iron and copper). Additional ligand designs (such as more complex ligands for a variety of different applications) may be undertaken by students more interested in the organic chemistry; alternatively studies of the metal complexes could be pursued by students more interested in the inorganic chemistry aspects of the research. First semester organic chemistry and laboratory (CH 2230) are a prerequisite for this Creative Inquiry project, and one credit hour of commitment will translate to 3 hours spent in the laboratory. Specific times to conduct the CI project will be negotiated with Profs. Wetzler and Brumaghim.

Team Leaders
Modi Wetzler Chemistry
Julia Brumaghim Chemistry
Accomplishments
Pontius, R.K., Sibley, M.M., Wetzler, M. (2017, April) Synthesis of N-​(N'-​(3-​propyl)​-​N''-​methylimidazole-​2-​thione) diethylenetriamine tetraacetic acid for the reduction of nuclear waste. American Chemical Society National Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Kimani, M., Zimmerman, M., Stadelman, B., Owen, A., Bayse, C., and Brumaghim, J. (2016, October 23-26). "Metal properties control sulfur and selenium antioxidant activity". Presented at the Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
North, A., Sibley, M. M., *Wasilewski, M., and  Wetzler, M. (2016, October 23-26). "Trifluorotoluenesulfonyl as a new nitrogen protecting group" Presented at Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
ScienceG
556

Biology of Lipids and Lipid Droplets in Trypanosomes

We are investigating how the lethal blood parasite Trypanosoma brucei acquires and stores lipids from its host. More specifically, we are investigating the mechanisms of uptake and storage in lipid droplets of fatty acids.

Team Leaders
Kimberly Paul Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Baron, E.M., *Metropol, S.G., Bauer, S.T., Mattingly, C., Jones, C.H., Winston, B.C., and Paul, K.S. (2014). Fatty Acid Uptake in Trypanosoma brucei. Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium.
*Staub, S., Ray, S., and Paul, K. (2013, November) "Allosteric Regulation of the First Step of Fatty Acid Synthesis in African Trypanosomes." Presented at the 2013 Southeastern Regional Lipid Conference.
*Metropol, S., Bauer, S., Mattingly, C., Jones, C., Winston, B., and Paul, K. (2013, October). "Fatty Acid Uptake in the Early Branching Eukaryotic Pathogen, Trypanosoma brucei." Presented at the 2013 Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium.
ScienceG
1283

Human Performance Engineering In Health Care: Developing applications in emergency medicine when considering the patient (diagnostics, treatment pathways, and recovery), the care giver (training, teamwork and education) and the system (capability, processes, and interfaces).

The Greenville Health System (GHS) is growing to become an academic center in addition to its clinical care given service. The Emergency Medicine Department will open a new residency program in January 2017 which will include a clinical track as well as a research track. This creative inquiry will be instrumental in supporting this endeavor and provide theoretic assistance as well as practical engagement with various projects. This collaboration will require students to be able to engage with physicians, residents, and patients at various levels from data collection to present a progress report. The CI yearlong (Fall, Spring and possibly Summer) commitment will enrich the student’s hands-on research experience in healthcare and provide an in-depth knowledge of clinical procedures of emergency medicine.   

Team Leaders
Dotan Shvorin Industrial Engineering
Kevin Taaffe Industrial Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
574

Implementation of Public Art for the Clemson University Campus

Atelier InSite is a new paradigm for the implementation of public artwork on university campuses that capitalizes on a cross-disciplinary and inclusive approach that is predominantly student driven. Students enrolled in different department programs from art to the life sciences collaboratively work together to implement site specific public artwork. Students in this creative inquiry program engage in direct, hands on processes to determine the artwork placed around campus. They also conduct research on the nature of public art as well as investigate the design build process, conduct site analysis, and identify site locations for artwork on the Clemson University campus.

Team Leaders
Joseph Manson V Art
David M Detrich Art
Denise C Woodward-Detrich Art
Accomplishments
On August 26, 2013 the University Administrative Council approved a proposed policy that sets aside 1/2% of construction costs for new building projects and renovations exceeding $2 million for the purpose of implementing public art
*Lamont, B., *Farrow, S. (2014). Atelier InSite Public Art initiative. Presented at the City of Clemson State of the Arts conference, Clemson, SC.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
693

Human Energy Metabolism

Students will explore a wide range of factors contributing to energy metabolism, such as body composition measurement via DXA scan, monitoring nutrient metabolism and resting energy expenditure via metabolic cart, and physical activity and sleep monitoring with a wearable activity monitor. Initial semesters will be devoted to the collection of data, with additional semester work devoted to composition of a manuscript describing the work performed. Thus it is encouraged for students who join this CI team to remain on the team until the successful completion of a manuscript.

Team Leaders
Elliot Jesch Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
703

Alcohol and Other Drugs

This research teams is dedicated to reducing the negative impact of alcohol and other drugs on Clemson’s campus. This team will apply the results of the National College Health Assessment to develop and evaluate alcohol and other drug initiatives.

Team Leaders
Martha Thompson Public Health Sciences
Morgan Danyi Student Health Center
Jennifer Goree Student Health Center
Crystal Burnette Student Health Center
Accomplishments
*Smith, L., Andrews, L., Arms, C., Dipasquale, J., Graham, J., Henson, H., Loiselle, A., & Polomski, J., (2017, April). National College Health Assessment Data 2010-2016. Presented to the Office of Advocacy and Success at Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Smith, L., Andrews, L., Arms, C., Dipasquale, J., Graham, J., Henson, H., Loiselle, A., & Polomski, J., (2017, April). Promoting health on Clemson’s campus. Poster presented at Clemson University’s Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
704

Molecular Modeling of Biological and Polymer Systems

We are rapidly entering the era of nanoengineering where materials are designed molecule-by-molecule. It is therefore, critical that we understand and model how the molecular properties affect material properties. The Molecular Modeling of Biological and Polymer Systems CI team will focus on this aspect of materials design.This CI will provide the students with a molecular perspective of materials and introduce them to the world of nanoengineering. The students will perform molecular modeling and computer simulations to investigate how molecular interactions govern the behavior of materials. Specifically, we will focus on polymers and biologicalmolecules (e.g. proteins).Students enrolled in this CI will work under the mentorship of Dr. Sarupria and be tasked with becoming familiar with concepts from material science and computing. This cross-disciplinary environment will offer a rich experience which can enable clarify challenging concepts in materials science through modeling. Students will learn how to work cooperatively and communicate science across disciplines, while honing their own skillsfrom their own background. Ultimately, the project aims to construct molecular models that get us closer to engineer materials at the nanoscale.

Team Leaders
Sapna Sarupria Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
*Barton, D., DeFever, R., Sarupria, S. (2016). "“Molecular simulations of PAMAM dendrimers for oil dispersion." Paper presented at the annual meeting of 2016 Southern Regional Student Conference AIChE, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa.
DeFever, R., *Jacobs, D., Sarupria, S. (2015, November). Molecular Dynamics Investigations of Dendrimer-Aromatic Hydrocarbon Interactions. Presented at 2015 AIChE annual meeting, Salt Lake, UT.
DeFever, R., *Barton, D., *Jacobs, D., Sarupria, S. (2015, November). Dendrimers for Oil Dispersion: Atomistic and Coarse-Grained Molecular Dynamics Investigations of Dendrimer-Hydrocarbon Interactions. Presented at 2015 AIChE annual meeting, Salt Lake, UT.
*Hanger, W., Sarupria, S., Defever, R., Apon, A., Ngo, L. (2015, July). Experience using XSEDE resources for scalable rare event simulation. Presented at XSEDE 15, St. Louis, MO.
Sarupria, S., *Filanova, M., (2014, November). Separations Division (735g) Effects of Surface Chemistry on Heterogeneous Methane Hydrate Nucleation. Presented at the AIChE National Meeting.
* DeFever, R.S., Geitner, N.K., Bhattacharya, P., Ding, F., Ke, P., and Sarupria, S. (2015). "PAMAM dendrimers and graphene: Materials for removing aromatic contaminants from water", Environmental Science and Technology, 49, 4490-7
Sengupta, B., Gregory, W. E., Zhu, J., Dasetty, S., Karakaya, M., Brown, J. M., Rao, A., Barrows, J. K. Sarupria, S., Podilaa, R. "Influence of carbon nanomaterials defects on the formation of protein corona", Submitted to RSc Advances (under review)
*Barton, D., *Jacobs, D., *DeFever, R., and Sarupria, S. (2015, April) Dendrimers for Water Purification Applications: Molecular Dynamics Studies. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
David Barton received the NASA Space Grant Undergraduate Scholarship for his work on simulations of dendritic polymers for cleaning oil spills. This work started as part of the Molecular Modeling CI project.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
709

The development of critical thinking in undergraduates

Evaluation of the values of critical thinking in education

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
*Irvin, E., *Seo, H., Stephens, B. (2017, April). Teaching Induction and Deduction: Effect of Class Size. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Beesburg, C., *Brewer, V., *Carney, A., *Dicke, C., *Pittman, R., *Schneider, A., *Stevens, D., *Yockel, K., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Teaching Induction and Deduction for our QEP. FOCI, Clemson University.
*Stebbins, C, *Cole, M., *Cox, A., *Kennedy, S., *Overdyk, M., Stephens, B. (2015) Critical Thinking: Undergraduate Views and an Intervention. Presented at SEPA, Hilton Head.
*Bogart, L., *Carney, A., *Cox, A., *Dicke, C., *Overdyk, M., *Samour, M., *Staples, A., Stephens, B. (2015). Critical Thinking. Presented at FOCI, Clemson.
Brewer, V.*, Pittman, R.*, Stevens, D. *, Yockel, K. *, and Stephens, B. (2017, March). Teaching Induction and Deduction for our QEP. Poster session accepted at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Pittman, R. *, Brewer, V. *, McKinney, M. *, Philyaw, C. *, Robinson, E. *, Stephens, D. *, St. Laurent, H. *, Yockel, K. *, and Stephens, B. (2017-March) Critical Thinking: The effect of class size. Poster session accepted at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Dicke, C., *Beesburg, C., *Brewer, V., *Carney, A., *Flynn, M., *Pittman, M., *Staples, A., *Cox, A., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Teaching Induction and Deduction for Our QEP. Poster presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
*Webb, M., *Leland, E., *Huddleston, S., *Kennedy, S., *Cole, M., *Overdyk, M., *Fields, R., *Heard, N., *Laxgang, V., *Stephens,, J., Stephens, B. (2014, April). Undergraduate views of critical thinking. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
729

Geologic Field Trip Design and Implementation

Geology is an exploration of the world around us. Geologists examine, hypothesize, and decipher the landforms and associated natural process that created those landforms. One of the best ways to explore geology is on a field trip where a guide walks you through their interpretation of the processes that created what you are examining. This project seeks to place that responsibility of leadership on the student where they are assisted, encouraged, and trusted to develop field trips of their own and to lead them.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Marcacci, K. and Brame, S. (2017, April 5-6). Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Creighton, A., *Miller, S., *Herrmann, A., *Good, D., Miller, D. (2014, May). A Field Guide to the National Parks and Monuments of southern Utah. GEOL 375 Western Field Studies.
*Creighton, A., *Miller, S., *Herrmann, A., *Good, D., and Miller, D. (2014, May). A Field Guide to the National Parks and Monuments of southern Utah, Field Trip Guide for Geology 375: Western Field Studies.
Brame, S.E., *Goretoy, S. (2014, April). A Geologic Transect from the Piedmont to the Blue Ridge along US Hwy 76 in South Carolina. The 22nd Annual David S. Snipes/Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium Field Trip Guidebook, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
714

CI Practitioner - Advanced Cyberinfrastructure Projects

This creative inquiry project is hosted by the Center of Excellence in Next Generation Computing & Creativity, connecting students of all levels to advanced cyberinfrastructure research projects.  Students will join active research projects to learn and help develop advanced networking and computing solutions, including but not limited to software defined networks, cloud computing, high performance storage, big data computing and visualization.  Ongoing topics include brain sensing, health database and visualization, and big data transfer. New topics can include content centric networking and speech recognition.

Team Leaders
Kuang-Ching Wang Electrical & Computer Engr
Hui-Lin Tsai Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
*Porter, J., Wang, K. (2017, April). An Experiment with SDN-based Traffic Analysis Resistant. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Izard, R., Wang, Q., *Kribbs, B., *Porter, J., Wang, K. (2016, March 8). "Demo: Steroid OpenFlow Service." Presented at the 24th GENI Engineering Conference, Tempe, AZ.
Izard, R., Wang, Q., *Kribbs, B., *Porter, J., Wang, K. (2016, March 8). "Demo: GENI Cinema." Presented at the 24th GENI Engineering Conference, Tempe, AZ.
Izard, R., Wang, Q., *Kribbs, B., *Porter, J., Wang, K. (2016). "Steroid OpenFlow Service: A Scalable Cloud-based Data Transfer Solution", in Proceedings of CNERT, San Francisco, CA.
Izard, R., Wang, Q., *Kribbs, B., *Porter, J., Wang, K. (2016). "Demo: OpenFlow-Based Live Video Streaming with GENI Cinema", in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM, San Francisco, CA.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1114

South Carolina - China Economic Relations

The U.S.-China relationship is the most important bilateral relationship in the 21st Century and China has become the top destination for South Caroline exports.  In recent years China has expanded its international economic presence and South Carolina provides an alternative for Chinese outflow foreign direct investment.  Overall in the United States, China has established 1,583 companies with $46 billion that directly employs more than 80,000 Americans.  This project aims at exploring what South Carolina can offer to such international investment as Chinese FDI, what kind of business South Carolina has been able to attract from China, and what contributions Chinese investments are making to South Carolina's economic development.

Team Leaders
Xiaobo Hu Political Science
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
715

Beaches and Deserts: The microbial cycling of iron and other nutrients and their importance to healthy ecosystems.

Beaches are poorly studied with respect to coastal microbial ecology. While many of us spend time on a beach for recreational purposes, most are unaware of the complex biological processes found in the sand underneath their feet. It is the goal of this project to learn about the microbial ecology in a beach ecosystem. Using a variety of scientific tools, we will learn not only about the microbial diversity found within a beach, we will learn about the geochemical processes they mediate. Through this work, we hope to directly link these fundamental processes to the microbial diversity and ecologies found in estuarine, salt marsh and near coastal marine environments. To accomplish this, we will use multiple techniques from microbiology, genomics and biochemistry to gather the data necessary to support and revise our hypotheses regarding beach inhabiting microbial communities.

Team Leaders
Harry Kurtz Jr Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Tollman, CD., and Kurtz, Jr., HD. (2016, April 2). Kinetic Analysis of Ammonium Oxidation on Five Beaches on the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the SC Branch of the American Societyfor Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
*Lee, HM., *Hundzinski, CM., and Kurtz, Jr., HD. (2016, April 2). Measuring the Effective Change in Conditions in Ammonium Oxidizers in Beach Sands Caused by Contaminants Associated with Recreational Activities. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the SC Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
Taylor, H. B., and Kurtz, Jr., H. D. (2016, April 2). Diversity and Activity of Ammonia Oxidizing Bacteria in Beach Sands along the Eastern Seaboard. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the SC Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
*Tollman, C.D. (2016, April 9). Kinetic Analysis of Ammonium Oxidation on Five Beaches on the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard. Presented at the SCASM branch meeting, Charleston, SC.
Taylor, H.B., Kurtz, H. (2016, April 9). Diversity and Activity of Ammonia Oxidizing Bacteria in Beach Sands along the Eastern Seaboard. Presented at the South Carolina Branch of ASM meeting at MUSC, Charleston SC.
Kaur, S., Kurtz, H. (2016, April 1). Role Of Microbes In Coloring And Stabilization Of the Sandstone Outcrops In Colorado Plateau, USA. Presented at the 2016 meeting of the Southeastern Section of the Geological Society of American, Columbia, SC.
*Eyo, E., *Haire, M.L. (2016, April 9). Initial Characterization of Nine Previously Uncultured Bacteria Isolated from a Desert Ecosystem. Presented at the SCASM branch meeting, Charleston, SC.
*Lee, H.M., *Hundzinski, C. (2016, April 9). Measuring the Effective Change in Conditions in Ammonium Oxidizers in Beach Sands Caused by Contaminants Associated with Recreational Activities. Presented at the SCASM branch meeting, Charleston, SC.
*Tollman, C., Taylor, H., Kurtz, H. (2015, April 11). The Kinetics of Ammonium Oxidation in Coastal Beaches. Presented at the SC Branch ASM Meeting,
Taylor, H., Kurtz, H. (2015, April 11). Microbial Diversity within the Intertidal Zone of Four East Coast Beaches. Presented at the SC Branch ASM Meeting.
Kaur, S., Kurtz, H. (2015, April 11). Illumina-based Amplicon Sequencing Analysis of Cryptoendolithic Bacterial Communitiesin Sandstones of an Arid Region. Presented at SC Branch ASM Meeting.
*Xavier, S., *Eyo, E., *Lee, H., Kurtz, H. (2015, April 11). Concentration of Ferrous Iron, Ammonium and Nitrite on Coastal Beaches. Presented at SC Branch ASM Meeting
Taylor, H.B., Campbell, B.J., *Taylor, J.A., Kurtz, H.D. (2016, June 30). Community Structure and Presence of Ammonium Oxidizers in a Marine Beach Sand. This paper is under review for publication. 
ScienceG
716

Novel Applications of Photovoltaics

Due to constant reduction of prices of photovoltaic (PV) modules, the generation of electricity is at lower price than other energy sources. Without investing about $5 million per mile in long haul transmission of electrical power, the local generation of resilient and sustainable electrical power by photovoltaics is transforming   the global electricity infrastructure. As a personal source of smart electrical power,  we can use photovoltaics  all over the world with minimum cost of electrical power  infrastructure Team 1 is building a table that will have electricity provided by a Photovoltaic (PV) system for charging laptop, cell phone etc. The Tables will be placed in the Watson Family Innovation Center. Team 2 is converting a golf cart where all the power will be coming from PV  and it will be shown that PV integrated with Transport system (car, buses, trucks, rail , etc.) coupled with a DC charging station (PV generates DC power and batteries store DC power) . have the potential of replacing more than 90 % fossil fuel based transport system. Student will gain the know how of the real world engineering.Publications are expected.

Team Leaders
Rajendra Singh Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
*Canady, D., *Bruce, J., *Zanin, E., *Griffin, T., Singh, R. (2017, April). Optimal Performance of Electric Cart with Solar Panel Installation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Working with CU Automotive Engineering Center.
*Sternick, B., *Combs, A., *Shook, J., Singh, R. (2015, April). Intelligent Zero Net Energy Construction for Disaster Relief. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Goodwin, H., Neary, C., *Darlington, M., Singh, R. (2014, April). Local DC electricity generated by photovoltaics (PV): Transforming the electricity infrastructure of the 21st Century. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
717

Understanding the Current State of the Digital Divide: Moore Scholars Program

In this final year of the Moore Scholars CI project, we will focus on designing and implementing a research study of the digital divide in two regions of the state. Students will collect and analyze human subjects' data and report their findings through digital and face-to-face presentations, including FoCI and College of Education events.

Team Leaders
D. Matthew Boyer Education & Human Dev
Ryan Visser Education & Human Dev
EducationE
1285

A Collection of Vascular Plants in the Clemson Experimental Forest (Northeast Waterfalls Natural Division 3)

The students will conduct field-work in the Clemson Experimental Forest (CXF) to collect, document, identify and prepare vascular plant specimens in cooperation with and under the supervision of the curator of the Clemson University Herbarium. This project is significant as it adds to the documented records of the CXF and could be useful as a management resource. 

Team Leaders
Dixie Damrel Biological Sciences
ScienceG
719

Hands on Tissue Engineering:

Interested in working with cell and tissues for future clinical breakthroughs? Then this CI will give you hands-on experience in laboratory set up. During the past semesters students had work on various projects involving the culture of  novel three dimensional cancer models for screening purposes, creating cartilage tissues from chondrocyte cultures isolated from pig joints, development of a novel high throughput culture device base on the photoelectric effect of photovoltaic devices and more projects to come including cardiovascular tissues. This CI will provide you with the insights of bioengineering to better assess the propensity to continue towards a more formal research environment at graduate school. Students are expected to be enrolled in this CI at least two consecutive semesters.

Team Leaders
Jorge Rodriguez Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Tharp, P., *Branco, R., *Keating, E., *Dale, S., Rodriguez, J., Dean, D. (2017, April). Development of a Brain Model for Neurosurgery Pre-Operative Planning and Training Stage II: Integration of Cerebrovascular Sytem. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Tharp, P., *Branco, R., *Dale, S., *Keating, E., Navarro, M., Rodríguez-Dévora, JI., and Dean, D. (May, 2017). "3D Printed Brain Model for Preoperative Planning and Practice" BMES/FDA 2017 Frontriers in Medical Devices Conference focused on Innovations in Modeling and Simulation: Advancing Translational Science.
Stewart, A*; Holmes, S*; Wortkoetter, J*; Desai, A; Rodriguez, J; Dean, D (2015, October) Characterization of Mechanical Properties of Chondrocyte Spheroids. 2015 Sigma Xi Annual meeting and student research conference. Kansas City, MO.
*Cotton, B., *Repp, M., Navarro, M., Desai, A., Joseph, J., Dean, D., Rodriguez, J. (2015) 3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Preoperative Planning. Presented at Sigma Xi, International Research Conference.
*Holmes, S., *Wortkoetter, J., *Gorrell, L., *Johnson, K., Dean, D., Rodriguez, J. (2014) Biomedical Engineering (BMES) Annual meeting at San Antonio, TX. Abstract submitted: Analysis and Development of Spheroid Cell Culture Techniques. Oral Presentation
Navarro, M., *Cotton, B., *Stewart, A., Joseph, J., Dean, D., Rodriguez, J. (2016, May) 3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Preoperative Planning. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Southeastern Medical Device Associa-tion (SEMDA) 2016 Conference, Nashville, TN
*Cotton, B., *McGreevey, J., Navarro, M., Joseph, J., Dean, D., Rodriguez, J.I. (2016). 3D Printed Brain Model for Practice and Preoperative Planning. Presented at the GHS Poster Research Day. GHS memorial hospital
*Cotton, B., *Repp, M., Navarro, M., Desai, A., Joseph, J., Dean, D., Rodriguez, J. (2015) 3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Preoperative Planning. Poster presented at Sigma Xi, International Research Conference. ENG-01.
*Arthur, C., *Demos, C., *Garzon, K., *Holmes, J.S., *Jones, C., *Repp, M., *Stastny, A., *Wortkoetter, J. (2015, April). Exploration in Novel Tissue Engineering Methods. Poster Presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum. Clemson, SC.
*Holmes, J., *Arthur, C., *Wortkoetter, J., *Jones, C., *Stastny, A., *Gorrell, L., *Johnson, K., Rodriguez, J., Dean, D. (2014, April). Exploring tissue engineering. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Arthur, C., *Stastny, A., *Jones, C., *Saul, O., Dean, D., Rodriguez-Devora, J. (2013) Using Photovoltaic Surfaces for Cell Culture. Poster Presented at Biomaterials Symposium at Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
*Gorrell, L., *Holmes, S., *Johnson, K., *Wortkoetter, J., Dean, D., Rodriguez-Devora, J. (2013). The Effect of Spheroid Culturing Techniques on Cell Viability. Poster Presented at Biomaterials Symposium at Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
*Brittney Cotton and *Madison Repp were recognized by Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society for their Superior research poster presentation entitled “3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Presurgical Planning” in the Society’s 2015 International Research Conference that took place at the Sheraton Crown Center in Kansas City, MO from October 23-25, 2015
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
726

Engineering Protein Post-Translational Modifications for Therapeutics

Team members in the Engineering Protein Post-Translational Modifications for Therapeutics Creative Inquiry will actively engage in using and creating biotechnology to improve the production of protein and peptide therapeutics. Specifically, we will develop platforms for efficiently tyrosine sulfation – a post-translational modification important for several interactions in the immune system. Most notably, antibodies with tyrosine sulfation are able to mimic the HIV receptor. CI students work with Dr. Blenner, graduate student mentors, and fellow CI team members in a highly active interdisciplinary research environment. Students learn how to identify a problem, design and conduct experiments using state-of-art laboratory equipment, analyze data, and communicate findings. To learn more about the projects available through this Creative Inquiry, or summer research opportunities, please contact Dr. Mark Blenner (blenner@clemson.edu) to schedule an appointment. Open to students in: Chemical Engineering, Biomolecular Engineering, Biosystems Engineering, Bioengineering, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Biological Sciences, and others. http://www.clemson.edu/ces/proteinengineering

Team Leaders
Mark Blenner Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
*Pearce, S., *Robinson, A., *Wiseman, W., Blenner, M. (2016, April). Use of Biotechnology for Engineering Microbial Systems. Poster presented at the FoCI Conference, Clemson, SC.
*Stahel, K., *Dippre, A., *Pazzo, K., Blenner, M. (2014). Engineering Tyrosine Sulfation in E. coli. Presentation presented at 2014 AIChE Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Wiseman, W., Shabbir-Hussain, M., Blenner, M. (2016, April). Engineering bicistronic promoters for the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Poster presented at the Southeast Regional American Institute of Chemical Engineers Meeting, Tuscaloosa, AL
*Dippre, A., *Pazzo, K., *Borglin, J., *Wilkes, M., *Wiseman, W., Yaguchi, A., Blenner. M. (2015). Engineering Post-Translational Modifications for Protein Therapeutics. Poster presented at the 2015 FOCI.
ACCAC Creativity & Innovation Fellowship-$2000 awarded to Kyle Pazzo to continue research into the summer.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
739

mHealth devices and cell phone applications

According to Wikipedia, mHealth is a term used for the practice of medicine and public health, supported by mobile devices. mHealth applications include the use of mobile devices in collecting community and clinical health data, delivery of healthcare information to practitioners, researchers, and patients, real-time monitoring of patient vital signs, and direct provision of care (via mobile telemedicine). mHealth is a new and exciting technology that will bring doctor-patient communications to a new level within the next 5 years. The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to design and manufacture a series of mHealth devices and phone apps to monitor numerous physiological parameters for patients and transfer those collected data to the researcher’s office via secured connection.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Ilya Safro School of Computing
Aleksey Shaporev Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Abdeladl, O., *Bakker, E., *Baum, I., *Bear, E., *Garson, P., *Mcgreevey, J., *Shumpert, B., Reukov, V., Shaporev, A., Safro, I. (2017, April). Creating a mHealth Device for the Monitoring and Treating of Plantar Fasciitis. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*McGreevey, J., *Kunkle, B., *Gilbert, R., *Lindower, Z., *Giron, A., *Abdeladl, O., and Reukov, V. (2016). "Developing an Smart Sock to Assist in the Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis" presented at 2016 BMES Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN
*McGreevey, J., *Kunkle, B., *Gilbert, R.; *Lindower, Z.; *Giron, A.; *Abdeladl, O.; and Reukov, V. (2016, October). "Developing an Smart Sock to Assist in the Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis". Presented at 2016 BMES Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN.
*Tilles, J., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016). mHealth Musculoskeletal Applications: Bluetooth Low-Energy Devices and Android. 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE.
*Bear, E., *Shumpert, B., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016). SmartBottle: an mHealth approach to track liquid consumption. 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE.
*Bear, E., *Graham, T., *Hanger, R., *Johnson, C., *Macon, J., *Shumpert, B., *Tilles, J., Reukov, V. (2016, April 6-7). Mobile Health Applications. Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
McGreevey, J., *Kunkle, B., Shumpert, B., Bear, E., and Reukov, V. (2017) "Developing an Apparatus to Treat Plantar Fasciitis". Presented at 33rd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference in Gulfport, MS. 
Bear, Edward et al. (2016, March 11-13). "SmartBottle: an mHealth approach to track liquid consumption". Poster presented at The 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference at the Shreveport Convention Center in Shreveport, Louisiana.
*Tilles, J. (2016, March 11-13). mHealth Musculoskeletal Applications: Bluetooth Low Energy Devices and Android. Poster presented at The 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference will be held at the Shreveport Convention Center in Shreveport, Louisiana.
*Tilles, J., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016). mHealth Musculoskeletal Applications: Bluetooth Low-Energy Devices and Android, pp. 111-112. Proceedings of 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE. doi: 10.1109/SBEC.2016.61
*Bear, E., *Shumpert, B., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016). "SmartBottle: An mHealth Approach to Track Liquid Consumption," 2016 Proceedings of 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference (SBEC), Shreveport, LA, USA, pp. 173-174.
*Bear, E., *Shumpert, B., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016). SmartBottle: an mHealth approach to track liquid consumption. Poceedings at 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
741

Marine Conservation and Genetics

Over-fishing, pollution, and habitat destruction are among the major issues affecting marine life and habitats. Marine ornamental crustaceans, i.e., wild caught species sought by aquarium hobbyists due to their aesthetic value (e.g., bright coloration) and/or ability to control/eliminate aquarium pests, are particularly impacted by over-fishing and habitat destruction and do require immediate attention. The ornamental fishery, a well-established multi-million dollar industry, often operates unnoticed due to their niche market, the frequency of product export, and the diminutive size of the target organisms. Little attention has been paid to them and they have been managed based on little to no life history information. The marine aquarium trade relies predominantly on wild caught species with > 90% taken from coral reefs and associated habitats. The industry has increased dramatically in recent years with a distinct focus on crustaceans (and other invertebrates) that provide “ecosystem services” for aquaria (control of aquarium pests). As these organisms are harvested for the services they can provide in an aquarium, those services are potentially lost from the ecosystem. Immediately after corals, crustaceans represent the most heavily traded ornamental marine invertebrate worldwide. Basic life history information critical to manage any fishery with the goal of sustainability is largely absent. Furthermore, the mislabeling of the species traded in the industry is rampant. The development of a genetic (COI and/or 16S) barcode for this economically and ecologically important group of shrimps is warranted for achieving the goal of fishery sustainability. In this Creative Inquiry project, students will learn how to generate basic life history information about the most intensively traded species in the western Atlantic (e.g., shrimps from the genera Thor, Lysmata and Periclimenes, and crabs from the species complex Mithrax-Mithraculus). Furthermore, students will be exposed to relevant molecular techniques for setting up the bases for the development of a genetic barcode for the most heavily harvested ornamental crustaceans.

Team Leaders
Juan Antonio Baeza Migueles Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Major, R. and Baeza, J. (2017, April 12-16). Monogamy and sexual dimorphism in the shrimp Periclemenes rathbunae, living in symbiosis with the sun sea anemone Stychodactyla helianthus. Talk to be presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting 2017, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. 
*Steedman, S., Prakash, S., Behringer, D., Baeza, A. (2017, April 12-16). Reproductive Performance and Mating System in the Isopod Parabopyrella lata, a Parasitic Castrator of the Shrimp Lysmata boggessi. Talk to be presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting 2017, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. 
Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J., Baeza, J.A. (2016). Sexual dimorphism in the pygmy spider crab, Petramithrax pygmaeus, and testing a macroevolutionary trend in growth in the superfamily Majoidea. 2016 South Eastern Ecological Conference, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 
Simpson, L., *Major, R., Ambrosio, L.J., Baeza, J.A. (2016). Sexual dimorphism in the pygmy spider crab, Petramithrax pygmaeus, and a test of Rensch's Rule in the superfamily Majoidea. 2016 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Portland, Maine, USA. 
Baeza, J. A., Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J. (2016). Active parental care, reproductive performance, and a novel egg predator affecting fecundity in the Caribbean spiny lobster Panulirus argus. 2016 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Portland, Maine, USA. 
Simpson, L., L. J. Ambrosio, J. A. Baeza. Sexual dimorphism and allometric growth in the enigmatic pygmy crab Petramithrax pygmaeus (Bell, 1836) (Decapoda: Braychura: Petramithrax) with a formal test of Rensch’s rule in spider crabs (superfamily Majoidea). Journal of Crustacean Biology 36(6): 792-803. [CI student Rami Major earned research experience participating in this publication]
Baeza, J. A., L. Simpson, L. J. Ambrosio, R. Guéron, N. Mora. 2016. Monogamy in a hyper-symbiotic shrimp. PLoS ONE 11(3): e0149797. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0149797.[CI summer student Dallas Owen earned research experience during this project this year]
Baeza, J. A., Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J. Guéron, R., Mora, N. (2016). Monogamy in a hyper-symbiotic shrimp. PLoS ONE, 11(3), e0149797. Baeza, J. A., Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J. Guéron, R., Mora, N., *Owen, D. (2015). Reproductive investment in a phyletic giant, the Caribbean King crab Damithrax spinosissimus: exploring egg production costs in large brooding marine invertebrates. Journal of Shellfish, Research 34(3): 1049–1056.
Baeza, J.A., Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J., Gueron, R., Mora, N. (2016, March 2). Monogamy in Hyper-Symbiotic Shrimp. PLoS ONE, 11(3).
Baeza, J. A., *Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J., Guron, R., Mora, N., Owen, D. (2015). Reproductive investment in a phyletic giant, the Caribbean King crab Damithrax spinosissimus: exploring egg production costs in large brooding marine invertebrates. Journal of Shellfish Research, 34(3), 1049-1056.
*Simpson, L., Baeza, J.A. (2014, November, 11). Does Rench's rule apply to marine invertebrates?: A formal test of predictions using Crustacea as a model system. Poster presented at the 'Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and their Application in Evolutionary Biology' meeting, Sevilla,Spain.
*Johnson, C.A., Baeza, J.A. (2015, March 13-16). Exploring the effect of phyletic dwarfism on the static allometry of reproductive traits: Fecundity, Egg Size, and Reproductive Output in the Pygmy Spider Crab Mithrax pygmaeus . Poster presented at the The Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference (SEEC), Athens, Georgia.
*Hemphill, C., *Brownell, C., Charlton, H., Baeza, J.A. (2014, March) The lifestyle and sexual dimorphism of the symbiotic shrimp Ascidonia katoi suggests a polygamous mating system. Poster presented at the annual Benthic Ecology Meeting 2014, Jacksonville, FL.
*Simpson, L.A., & Baeza, J.A. (2014). Does Rench's rule apply to marine invertebrates?: A formal test of predictions using the Crustacea as a model system. 'Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and their use in Evolutionary Biology' Meeting, Sevilla, Spain. Runner up to best student poster price at the Meeting 'Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and their Application in Evolutionary Biology', Seville, Spain.
ScienceG
751

Health Literacy

The primarily focus of this Creative Inquiry project will focus on the concept of health literacy. Students will focus on literature which will support future research efforts targeting the following three areas: 1) the influence of functional health literacy on health/ health care ; 2) health promotion and health-seeking behaviors/ practices; and 3) adaptation of national and global models of health addressing chronic illnesses predominant in underserved and vulnerable populations. The influence of literacy on health and health care is an important area of investigation. Several studies support deficiencies in health literacy and its correlation to health practices and outcomes in vulnerable populations. Health literacy mediates some disparities in preventive health care utilization and adds important information to the growing understanding of the role of health literacy in the health of older adults. Low literacy was also associated with poorer health status, and less satisfaction with health care, even when controlling for other potentially confounding variables. Inadequate functional health literacy is common, but its impact is not well described. Traditional patient education relies heavily on written material about disease processes, medical management, and self-care instructions. Despite the availability of extensive health education materials with relatively consistent content, many are written at too high a level for low-literate patients to comprehend essential points. Thus, patients with inadequate literacy may not benefit from such educational efforts. This may explain why some patient education programs have been unsuccessful. Understanding the role of functional health literacy in disease management and patient education should enhance efforts to improve patients' knowledge of their disease and adherence to treatment/education plan. I would like to measure health literacy on focus group participants using the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults, the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM) or another appropriate health literacy tool to assist the team in the development of the education program. Project goals will guide future collaborative research efforts targeting health promotion/prevention strategies in the US and abroad.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
754

Determining Delirium in the Intensive Care Unit Utilizing a Wireless Sleep Assessment Monitor and Assessing Environmental Factors

Our creative inquiry (CI) team research seeks to discover if the use of the Z-Machine device improves the identification of events that disrupt the sleeping pattern of MICU patients. For this project, the team chose to utilize the Z-Machine device because it is the first complete electronic system for capturing and analyzing sleep event data far less complicated than an EEG. By solving the problem of inadequate sleep correlations could be made into better ways of providing care to patients in the MICU that would enhance recovery and minimize delirium. The result is better information you can use to improve protocols, streamline procedures, enhance Joint Commission compliance and improve outcomes. To gain a better understanding of the Z-Machine the objective wake/sleep state of the patient, the Zmachine contains an integrated EEG amplifier, digitization circuitry, and a processor with an integrated wake/sleep detection algorithm (”Zmachine Algorithm”). The Zmachine system acquires a single channel of spontaneous EEG data obtained from the differential-mastoids and a neck ground. The Zmachine Algorithm then processes the EEG signal to classify the wake/sleep state of the patient every 30 seconds. Because each patient will have a different EEG pattern, related to their unique characteristics (skull thickness, age, etc.), the Zmachine Algorithm automatically tunes its internal parameters to match each patient, thereby maximizing accuracy. A ninety-nine subject (99) clinical study was conducted (publication in progress) in which polysomnographic (PSG) data was acquired and analyzed by multiple PSG technologists and compared with the Zmachine wake/sleep detection algorithm.

Team Leaders
John Whitcomb School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Publication has been submitted and accepted for publication in Critical Care Nursing 2015.When this publication is released I will update with link to article.
*Fogle, S., *Ethridge, E., *Edwards, S., Whitcomb, J. (2015, April) A Pilot Study Determining Delirium in the ICU: Utilizing the Z-machine sleep monitor for assessment. Poster presented at the 14th Annual Research and Evidence-Based Practice Conference UCLA. Los Angeles, CA
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
756

Biochemical analysis of homologous recombination and DNA repair

The process studied in my laboratory is homologous recombination. Homologous recombination is an error-free pathway to repair DNA double-strand breaks within the genome. If these breaks in the genome are not repaired correctly, chromosomal aberrations and anueplodies can occur which may lead to cancer or even cell death. At the heart of homologous recombination in eukaryotes is two recombinases, Rad51 and Dmc1. Both the Rad51 and Dmc1 recombinases localize to a processed DSB and bind to the broken end of DNA. The recombinases then engage the sister chromosome and search for homology in order to promote error free repair of the DSB. In order to this, Rad51 and Dmc1 need help from accessory factors. My lab focuses on establishing a better understanding of the role these accessory factors play in the DNA repair process through biochemical and genetic experiments. This CI project is designed to provide students with an opportunity to perform molecular biochemical research. The project involves generating and cloning mutants of these accessory factors genes in order to express and purify the protein encoded by the genes. The purified protein from these mutant genes is tested for various biochemical activities (DNA binding, protein-protein interactions). The culmination of these studies will provide mechanistic insight in to the function of these recombination accessory factors.

Team Leaders
Michael Sehorn Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Kelso, A. A., Goodson,  S. D., Chavan, S., Say, A. F., Turchick, A., Sharma, D., Ledford, L. L., *Ratterman, E., Leskoske, K., King, A. V., Attaway, C. C., Bandera, Y., Foulger, S. H., Mazin, A. V., Temesvari, L. A., and Sehorn, M. G. Characterization of the recombination activities of the Entamoeba histolytica Rad51 recombinase. (2016, Nov). Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2016 Nov - Dec;210(1-2):71-84. doi: 10.1016/j.molbiopara.2016.09.001.
Kelso, A. A., Goodson, S. D., *Watts, L. E., Ledford, L. L, *Waldvogel, S. M., *Diehl, J. N., Shah, S. B., Say, A. F., *White, J. D., and Sehorn, M. G. (2017, January 25). "The β-isoform of BCCIP promotes ADP release from the RAD51 presynaptic filament and enhances homologous DNA pairing". Nucleic Acids Res. 2017 Jan 25;45(2):711-725. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkw877.
ScienceG
964

Calculation of NMR Chemical Shifts

As nanotechnology becomes more prevalent in our everyday lives, it is important to understand the interaction between materials such as carbon nanotubes and proteins, lipids, and other biological molecules.  In this CI project, students will work in teams to perform calculations of NMR chemical shifts for systems that are relevant to tissue engineering, nanotube separation and purification, and nanomaterial toxicity.

Team Leaders
Leah Casabianca Chemistry
Accomplishments
Vong, S., Foroughian, M., Renderos, G., Badiei, Y. M., and L. B. Casabianca. (2016, September). “Stability of New Ru(III) Catalysts for Water Oxidation,” Poster presented at College of Science Undergraduate Research Symposium.
ScienceG
762

Exploring New Materials for Advanced Lithium Ion Battery Applications

This creative inquiry project provides a focused field of study for the research and training of undergraduates in a vital area of basic energy sciences. Through this interdisciplinary research program, we will learn what constitutes prototype solids suitable for cathode applications in the next generation re-chargeable lithium-ion batteries. The underlined research goal is to examine and evaluate the critical parameters that produce electronically and ionically conducting materials for use in Electric Vehicles (EV), Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV), and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) which require high energy density and minimal capacity fade throughout multiple charge/discharge cycles. The major emphasis of our research activity is to investigate the chemistry of extended inorganic oxides featuring open-framework structures that warrant improved electronic conductivity and ion transport properties compared to the state-of-the-art cathode materials. This research covers a broad range of fundamental inorganic chemistry in an emerging field of advanced materials. It offers ample opportunities to acquire new knowledge that invigorates innovative directions in the research development of prototype materials for next generation, high-power battery applications. Students will participate in the research activities through which knowledge in emerging fields of materials science and engineering is readily acquired.

Team Leaders
Shiou-jyh Hwu Chemistry
Accomplishments
Hess, S., *Alvarez, N., *Lefort, C., *Jiang, X. (2017, April). Joining the Resistance: Microbial Presence and Antibiotic Resistance in Student Exercising Environments. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Sulejmanovic, D., Campbell, M., Raval, Y., *Anayee, M., Whitehead, D., Tzeng, J., Hwu, S. (2016). "Water-soluble Polyoxometalates: Synthetic Strategies and Applications." Department of Chemistry, Annual Research Symposium. 
*Malone, G., Hester, B.R., Hwua, S.J. (2016). "pH Dependent Isomerism in (V14As8O42Cl)n– and Non-Covalent Interactions Between Polyoxovanadates and Organic Ligands." Chem. Sci, in preparation.
ScienceG
763

Exploring New Magnetic Solids for Quantum Computing and Information Storage

This creative inquiry project provides a focused field of study for the research and training of undergraduates in a vital area of basic energy sciences. Through this interdisciplinary research program, we will learn the factors that constitute a prototype solid suitable for quantum computing and information storage. The underlined research goal is to evaluate and determine the parameters that are critical for materials selection in quantum device applications. The research activity is designed to investigate the chemistry of extended inorganic oxides featuring magnetic nano structures that warrant slow relaxation of magnetic spins. This research covers a broad range of fundamental inorganic chemistry in an emerging field of advanced materials. It offers ample opportunities to acquire new knowledge that invigorates innovative directions in the research development of prototype materials for next generation computing and information storage device applications. Students will participate in the research activities through which knowledge in emerging fields of materials science and engineering is readily acquired.

Team Leaders
Shiou-jyh Hwu Chemistry
Accomplishments
Shen, Y.; Sulejmanovic, D.; Malone, G. & Hwu, S.-J. (2016, March) Inorganic-Organic Hybrids – Crystal Assembly via Non-conventional Bonding, Poster Presentation at the Chemistry Department Annual Research Symposium.
*Malone, G., Shen, Y., Htet, Y., Sulejmanovice, D., Tennyson, A., Hwu, S.J. (2016). "Inorganic-Organic Hybrids – Crystal Assembly via Non-conventional Bonding." Department of Chemistry, Annual Research Symposium.
ScienceG
765

Engineering the Intervertebral Disc

Low back pain associated with intervertebral disc degeneration places major economic burdens on society here in the U.S. and around the world. The multi-factor degenerative process results in the degradation of the shock-absorbing cartilage discs in your spinal column and can result in pinched nerves and reduced mobility. Many patients must have their spines fused with metallic hardware or have a synthetic disc composed of metal and plastic implanted. The goal of this creative inquiry project is to develop an approach to creating a novel engineered total disc replacement that will ultimately consist of living cells and tissues. The participating students will be responsible for idea generation, hands-on experimentation, collaboration in a team environment, and presentation of their technical findings.

Team Leaders
Jeremy Mercuri Bioengineering
Dan Simionescu Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Mercuri, J. (2015-2016). Engineering the Invertebral Disc-Creative Inquiry Project 765.  
*Compton, C., *Lehane, A., *Rames, J., *Skelly, M., *Hensley, A., Mercuri, J. (2015, April). 'Development of a Novel Biological Intervertebral Dsic Scaffold'. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th annual focus on creative inquiry forum, Clemson, SC
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
769

Gender and Leadership: Cinematic, Corporative, and Media Portrayal

This project will explore different portrayals of men and women in leadership through film, media, and entertainment industries to define main strategies, motivation profiles, and common goals of diverse groups in a variety of disciplines. We will analyze new trends in leadership behaviors, styles, and gender-stereotypic arguments in the context of organizational and personal settings.          

Team Leaders
Graciela Tissera Languages
Accomplishments
*Husain, M., Winburn, E., *Lovett, K., *Haire, H., *Dunnigan, C., Tissera, G., Martin, D. (2014, April). Literary and cinematic perspectives on gender studies. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1006

Contemporary Art & Practice

Contemporary Art & Practice is a Departmental Creative Inquiry three-semester sequence consisting of AAH 3050, ART 4730, and then ART 4750. Visual Arts Majors seeking the Bachelors of Fine Arts (BFA) Degree begin this Creative Inquiry three semesters from graduation such that their final exhibition in the Lee Gallery coincides with their enrollment in ART 4750.             Contemporary Art & Practice CI students will explore historical and theoretical issues to gain critical perspectives on Art, visit and study current exhibitions in galleries in museums in New York City, gain professional experience, and share their studio research in an exhibition in the Lee Gallery.

Team Leaders
Denise C Woodward-Detrich Art
Joseph Manson V Art
Beth Lauritis Art
Andrea Feeser Art
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1089

The Churches of Mitchelville

Students researching the Churches of Mitchelville will conduct research on the history of the churches which were a part of this community of freed slaves and are some of the oldest Black churches in South Carolina.  Students will learn and document the traditions that are part of Black churches in the South Carolina Low Country.  The students will work with the Heritage Library to trace the Mitchelville descendants who founded the churches as well as the Mitcheville Preservation Foundation to document the locations and current information on the churches.Students will focus on Queens Chapel AME.  It has been requested that we conduct more research at this church since the congregants have a better understanding or what our research consists of and wish to contribute more  personal documentation and provide more documentation of personally historical artifacts.Students will complete IRB training prior to conducting oral histories and documentation/collection of personal artifacts.  For Fall 2017 the students will speak with individual congregants and gather contact information to supply all IRB required documents to those wishing to participate in the spring interviews as well as answer questions concerning what types of artifacts are needed.Students will also be given to participate in an archeological  dig at the request of Joyce Wright, project director for the Mitchelville Preservation Project.  This will take place in November.

Team Leaders
Barbara D Hamberg Philosophy and Religion
Abel Bartley History
Accomplishments
*Black, P. (2016, December 2). "St. James the Baptist Church (Mitchellville)".
*Glenn, J. (2016, December 2). "Mt. Calvary Missionary Baptist Church".
*Vaughn, S. (2016, December 2). "Sam Frazier".
*Hayes, R. (2016, December 2). "New Church of Christ". 
*Lipscomb, T. (2016, December 2). "First Zion Baptist Church". 
*Figueroa, J. (2016, December 2). "First African Baptist Church". 
*Carmichael, J. (2016, December 2). "Central Oak Grove Baptist Church"Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
772

Brain Tips

Students in this project learn more about the human brain and behavior. We find popular press and scientific articles that we think would be of interest to and help college and high school students and develop short, memorable tips to share using social media (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter). Students learn about the brain and how it works by developing ideas that others can find useful and apply in their lives. https://www.facebook.com/clemsonbraintips/; https://www.instagram.com/clemsonsss/

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
Accomplishments
*Boyk, M., *McIntyre, B., *Kouser, A., *Anzola, Z., *Schwiekert, M., *Askins, D., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, April). Smart & savvy students: Life hacks. Electronic poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
*Anzola, Z., *Boyk, M., *Kouser, A., *Mcintyre, B., *Schweikert, M., *Askins, D., Pilcher, J. (2017, April). Smart and Savvy Students: Life Hacks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Clancy, K. E., *Dickson, A. N., *Myers, C. M., *Kinard, S. L., *Sharpe, T. L., *Hiott, C. B., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Smart and savvy students: Broadcasting the brain. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. (* CI students)
*Holmes, K. M., *Bryan, R. C., *Clancy, K. E., *Palmer, D. E. *Tyler, C. P. & Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April). Smart & savvy students: Year 2. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Hildreth, L., *Holmes, K., *Osborn, R., Pilcher, J. (2014, April). Smart & savvy students. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
778

Virtual Teamwork

How do we turn teams of experts into expert teams, especially when their members are distributed across space and time? We are currently investigating this question in the Developing and Improving Globally Integrated Teamwork and Leadership (DIGITAL) Lab, as teams today face new challenges which may require different interventions and strategies than what seems to work in traditional teams. This CI team will involve conducting lab and field research with populations such as medical teams, business teams, and spaceflight crews to answer this question and expand our current knowledge of teamwork and leadership in culturally diverse, physically distributed, dynamic, and adaptive work environments.

Team Leaders
William Kramer Psychology
Pamela Farago Psychology
Nastassia Savage Psychology
Marissa Shuffler Psychology
Michelle Flynn Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Dana Verhoeven Psychology
Chelsea LeNoble Psychology
Accomplishments
*Rye, A., *Demos, J., Verhoeven, D., Savage, N., Flynn, M., Kramer, W., Farago, P., Shuffler , M. (2017, April). Leadership Formality and Cultural Diversity in Space Missions. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Patel, A., Kramer, W. S., Summers, J. D., & Shuffler, M. L. (2016). "Function modeling: A study of model sequential completion based on count and chaining functions". Paper presentation. Presented at the annual meeting of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conference and the Computer and Information in Engineering Conference, Charlotte, NC.
*Flynn, M., Savage, N., Shuffler, M. L., Farago, P., Wilson, S., & Tappert, T. (2017). Leading Safely: Leadership Behaviors as Predictors of Patient Safety Climate. In Sinclair, R. R. (Chair) & Manapragada, A. (Co-Chair), Putting the "Health" in Healthcare. Symposium presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., & Wilson, S. (2016). Political Skill and Media Use as Antecedents to Healthcare Leadership. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Shuffler, M. L., & Verhoeven, D. C. (2016). Leadership Demands for 21st Century Healthcare: A Multilevel Approach. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Shuffler, M. L., Verhoeven, D. C., & Savage, N. (co-chairs) (2016). Bridging the Gap: Challenges of Leadership in Healthcare. Panel presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Savage, N., Shuffler, M. L., & Wilson, S. (2016). Staying Positive: The Influence of Leadership on Justice in Healthcare. In M. Jimenez-Rodriguez, M. Key-Roberts, & B. Lynn (Chairs), Maximizing Organizational Productivity: Leader Strategies for Promoting Inclusive Climates. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
*Mercer, E. L., *Demos, J., Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., Kramer, W. S., & Shuffler, M. L. (2016). The Influence of Leaders on Organizations: Considering the Role of Political Skill in Healthcare. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, South Carolina.
*Savage, N., *Kramer, W. S., *Verhoeven, D. C, Shuffler, M. L., Burke, C. S., Salas, E. (2015). Are Distributed Teams More Stressed? The Influence of Distribution on Justice and Stress. Paper presented at the 10th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Pittsburgh, Pa.
*Allison, B.A., Shuffler, M.L. (2015, April). Leading tomorrow's teams today: The future of teams-focused leadership development. Panel to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Shuffler, M.L., Janicki, S. (2014, August). Student learning in a partially distributed teamwork assignment. In S. Perry & O. Leung (Co-Chairs), Teaching students to work in virtual teams: Lessons learned from three virtual team projects. Symposium presented at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
Farago, P.R., Verhoeven, D.C. & Shuffler, M.L. (2017) Growing pains: Leader-member exchange buffers organizational change effects. Poster presented to the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, TX.
Farago, P. (2017). Leaving it All on the Field: Coaching in Healthcare to Reduce Burnout. Poster presented to the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, TX.
*Mercer, E. L., Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., & Farago, P. (2016). The Positive Impact of Mindfulness in Organizations. Poster presented at the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, TX.
*Flynn, M., Farago, P., Savage, N., Shuffler, M. L., Wilson, S., & Tappert, T. (2017). "The Impact of Mindfulness on Burnout in Clinical Healthcare Employees". Poster submitted to the 12th Annual International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health, "Work, Stress, and Health", Minneapolis, Minnesota
Savage, N. & Shuffler, M. L. (2017). "Let's Be Fair: The Influence of Leadership on Interpersonal Justice Climate in Healthcare". Poster submitted to the 12th Annual International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health, "Work, Stress, and Health", Minneapolis, Minnesota.
*Flynn, M., Kramer, W. S., Patel, A., & Shuffler, M. L. (2017). "Learning and Training Development In Complex Function Modeling". Poster Submitted to the 2017 Industrial-Organizational & Organizational Behavior Conference, Jones School of Business, Rice University, Texas.
Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Wilson, S., & Tappert, T. (2016). Fairness Matters: The Importance of Leaders and Justice on Healthcare Teams. Poster Presented at the 11th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Helsinki, Finland.
*Kramer, W.S., Shuffler, M.L., Switzer, F. (2015, April). The effect of leader-member exchange on voice: A meta-analysis. Poster to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
*Kramer, W.S., Shuffler, M.L. (2014, July). Context's ability to influence team perceptions and performance: Bridging culture and leadership research. Poster Presentation. Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
DiazGranados, D., Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., Dow, A., & Yee, A. (in press). Defining the Pre-Hospital Care Multi-Team System. In J. R. Keebler, E. H. Lazzara, & P. Misasi (Eds.), Ergonomics and Human Factors of Prehospital Emergency Care.
Verhoeven, D. C., Cooper, T. N., Savage, N., & Shuffler, M. L. (in progress). Training in Healthcare: What Matters In Design and For Transfer. To be submitted to Human Resource Management Review.
*Kramer, W.S., Shuffler, M.L., Feitosa, J. (in press). The world is not flat: Examining the multi-dimensionality of culture and virtuality in teams. Human Resource Management Review.
Salas, E., Shuffler, M.L., Thayer, A. L., Bedwell, W. L., Lazzara, E. H. (2014, October). Understanding and diagnosing teamwork in organizations: A scientifically based practical guide. Human Resource Management, 54(4), 599-622.
Shuffler, M.L., *Kramer, W.S., Burke, C.S. (2015). #TeamLeadership: Leadership for today's multicultural, virtual, and distributed teams. In J. Wildman & R. Griffith (Eds.), Critical issues in cross-cultural management. New York: Springer.
*Verhoven, D., Cooper, T., *Flynn, M., Shuffler, M. L. (in press). Models of team effectiveness. In E. Salas, R. Rico, & S. Passmore (Eds.), Handbook of teamwork & collaboration. San Francisco, CA: Wiley.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
785

The Application of Package Design Knowledge to Non-Packaging Challenges

Students pair with groups from across campus and local entrepreneurs to compete packaging and structural design projects.

Team Leaders
William Snyder Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1182

Interdependent Critical Infrastructure (ICI)

We will be exploring how organizations (power, water, and gas) that are in competition with each other interact in times of crises when they are forced to work together. We will be conducting cognitive task analysis (CTA) interviews and creating concept maps that will be used to help prepare communities for disasters, such as the recent Hurricane Matthew. We will also be looking at how infrastructure professionals communicate with lay people about probability of disasters occurring. Our findings will likely end up being used to create a guidebook.There are also opportunities to work on other grant funded projects (at least 2), a master's thesis, and non-grant funded projects. Opportunities for summer funded research assistantships are possible. Presentations and publications are likely. Limited spaces available.Examples of other projects are: A project on synthesizing civil engineering curriculum instead of having silo'd knowledge. Teaching graduate students teamwork and leadership through workshops. Studying hacking of autonomous vehicles. We will also be studying and breaking down all components of CI teams using task analysis.

Team Leaders
Fred S Switzer III Psychology
Joseph Ligato Psychology
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
786

Engineering for Modern Healthcare

This Creative Inquiry collaborates with Centra hospital in Lynchburg, VA. Our contacts there have proposed several projects for us to help them with including process engineering and medical device design.

Team Leaders
Kayla Gainey Bioengineering
Hannah Cash Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Cash, H., Dean, D., *Long, K., *Maad, H., *O'Neill, K., *Bergamasco, G., Gainey, K. (2017, April). Color-Coding for Hospital Stockrooms. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Ford, A., *Parekh, D., *Shaw, E., *Hobbs, M., *Harper, N., *Zadeh, S., Gainey, K. (2014, April). A cross-discipline approach to healthcare needs. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
789

Generation and Characterization of Radiation for Biomedical Applications

In recent years there has been a strong growth in the number of medical devices that use different wavelength radiation for treatment and imaging applications. There is also a growing interest in different fields ( e.g. medicine, biology, space research, electronics) to understand and utilize the effects of different forms of radiation. The effectiveness of radiation technology depends on the understanding of the interaction with the materials in question ranging from surfaces of solids to biological soft tissues. The present research project lies on the borderline of physics and biology. The elementary physical processes of the interaction are well known, but their expressions in biological samples depend on the complex response of the system and its environment. Students in this project will explore different techniques to generate, detect, and characterize electromagnetic radiation, their uses in specialized medical devices, and their applications in research. Radiation sources that can be used in this program range from simple x-ray sources to the new CUEBIT facility of the Department of Physics and Astronomy. Biological response measurements will be designed based on the advanced techniques developed at the Department of Bioengineering.

Team Leaders
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Endre Takacs Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
*Medlin, D., *Heffron, W., *Siegel, A., *Wilson, K., *Klingenberger, A., *Gall, A., Rusin, M., Dean, D., Takacs, E. (2015, Jan. 11). Development of an x-ray irradiation port for biomedical applications at the CUEBIT facility. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 583(1).
*Klingenberger, J., *Schott, M., *Medlin, D., *Gall, A., Rusin, M., Dean, D., Takacs, E. (2015, Jan. 11). "Modeling low energy x-ray interactions biological material at the CUEBIT." Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 583(1).
*Baginski, B., *Brandenburg, K., *Caruso, S., *Hellyer, A., *Kimmel, T., *Klingenberger, A., *Medlin, D., *Miller, J., Williams, J., *Wilson, R., Wilson, J., Dean, D., Takacs, E., Rusin, M. (2014, April). Generation and characterization of radiation in biomedical applications. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
791

Low-cost microfluidics to detect Chagas disease in a rural setting

This project will explore the development of a low cost technology to detect the parasite causing Chagas disease in newborns in a rural setting. Chagas disease is a silent killer claiming up to 14k lives each year. Although the disease is deemed incurable in the mature stage, current antibiotics are capable of eliminating the parasite in newborns. Therefore, is extremely important to diagnose the disease at the time of birth. Unfortunately, those mostly affected by the disease are born in rural conditions where power and clean water are not always a given. The project includes review of the literature to detail the specifications needed to detect such parasite in blood; hands-on development of technology; and testing of the technology with biological samples. Expected outcomes include the development of a technology with the potential of being deployed in Latin America.

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Devin Keck Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Heustess, M. G., *Duncan, J. and Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30) Studying the attraction of T. brucei to different materials and landscapes. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA
*Sparks, J., Islam, M., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Towards synthesis of steel foams through carbothermal reduction of iron oxide nanoparticles and renewable biopolymers. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Duncan, J., *Hanson, N., *Heustess, M., *Kluttz, E., *Mitchell, F., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Studying the Attraction of T. brucei to different materials and landscapes. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Gullette, E., *Hanson, N., Kluttz, E., *Stuart, C., *Hammer, Pitman, A., *Wallace, K., Keck, D., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Studying the Behavior of T. brucei under Electric Field Gradients Implemented using Optoelectronic Tweezers. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Duncan, J, *Gullette, E., *Hammer, M., *Heustess, M., Pitman, A., *Wallace, K., Islam, M., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Carbon-electrode Dielectrophoresis for concentrating Trypanosoma Brucei. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
Everyhope-Roser, J. (2016, April). Trapping Chagas, Glimpse, 5 (1), 14-15
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
792

Origami-inspired manufacturing of composite parts

This project explores the use of paper soaked in different composite inks as a precursor of carbide parts. The goal is to develop a manufacturing process that allows the relatively easy creation of patterns in paper, i.e. following origami techniques, that will yield carbon and carbide parts after going through a heating process. Students will perform a literature review to determine the state-of-the-art in the field; develop composite inks; establish protocols for paper processing; and optimize the carbonization process.

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
795

Cardiovascular microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for myocardial regeneration

Myocardial infarction and heart failure are predominant pathologies in developed countries. Strategies for restoration of heart function remain clinical priorities. Mesenchymal stem cells have the potential to differentiate into cardiac cells, especially when grown as 3D spheroid structures. In this project, cell self-assembling techniques will be considered in order to form stem cell spheroids able to generate cardiac-like microtissues. These structures can serve as in vitro models to: 1) study of normal and pathological processes that occur in cardiac tissues; 2) study the effect of drugs on cardiac cells (and mitigate the use of animal studies); 3) assemble as building blocks and generate larger-sized tissue constructs (a tissue engineering and regenerative medicine approach). Students will work in a team environment; they will design, test, and compare several techniques, in order to create cardiovascular microtissues. Specific stainings will be used to determine cardiovascular tissue formation. Six students are required for this project.

Team Leaders
Agneta Simionescu Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Zheng, W., *Ramirez, Y., *Patrick, A., *Alerre, A., *Banaszak, B., *Boulez, A., *Evans, D., *Mcauliffe, E., *Robertson, A., *Wood, E., Simionescu, A., *Busher, J., *Marsh, S. (2017, April). Generation of cardiomyocyte-like cells from adipose tissue-derived stem cells. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Alerre, A., *Banaszak B., *Busher J., *Freeman D., Kamperman S., *Zheng W. & *Marsh, S. (2016, December). The Development of 3D Cell Structures for Myocardial Regeneration. Poster presented at the Bioengineering Undergraduate Research Day, Clemson, SC.
*Ayala, A., *Baker, A., *Beal, E., *Dale, J., *Jacks, I., *Marsh, S., *Moses, T., *Scalera, K., Simionescu, A. (2015, April). 3D cell-based structures for cardiac tissue engineering. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
797

Insulin-secreting microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for pancreatic islets regeneration

Diabetes is a significant health problem affecting over 8% of the population and increasing to epidemic proportion worldwide. In type1 diabetes, the pancreas completely stops producing insulin, a hormone that enables the body to use glucose found in foods for energy. The beta cells, responsible for insulin production, are located in pancreatic islets. Pancreatic islet transplantation is an efficient therapeutic strategy, but often rejection and poor function of islets occur after transplantation. A new tissue engineering approach has been recently described in the literature, based on the developing of multicellular aggregates or spheroids from commercial pancreas-derived cell lines. In this project, the potential of mesenchymal stem cells to form cellular spheroids and differentiate into insulin-producing cells will be investigated. These structures can be used to study pathological mechanisms involved in diabetes, as well as the effect of different drugs used for the treatment of diabetes. The participating students will explore several techniques to generate stem cell spheroids and test their ability to secrete insulin as a response to glucose stimulation. Students will develop their own hypotheses, test them in the lab, and select optimal methods for generation of insulin-secreting microtissues. Six students are needed for this project.

Team Leaders
Agneta Simionescu Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Brown, G., *Haney, A., *Jackson, L., *Knight, T., *Mandilwar, S., *Scalera, K., *Shearin, J., *Walker, B., *Marsh, S., Simionescu, A. (2017, April). Adipose tissue-derived stem cell differentiation into beta-cells. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Knight, T., *Brown G., *Haney A., *Jackson, L., *Shearin, J., *Walker, B., & Marsch, S. (2016, December). Insulin-secreting Microtissues: 3D Cell-based Structures for Pancreatic Islets Regeneration. Poster presented at the Bioengineering Undergraduate Research Day, Clemson, SC.
*Ambrosio, N., *Carlson, K., *Gow, D., *Haney, A., *Mulqueen, K., *Scull, M., *Wilkin, B., Simionescu, A. (2015, April 6). Insulin-secreting microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for pancreatic islets' regeneration. Poster presented at the Annual meeting Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
*Scull, M., *Wilkin, B., Simionescu, A. (2015, April 6). Insulin-secreting microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for pancreatic islets', regeneration. Poster presented at the Annual meeting Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
Ambrosio, N., Carlson, K., Gow, D., Haney, A., Knight, T., Mulqueen, K.*, Scull, M., Wilkin, B., and Simionescu, A. (2015, April 6). Insulin-secreting microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for pancreatic islets' regeneration. Poster presented at the Annual meeting Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
952

Interdisciplinary Service Learning: Assisting Local Head Start Programs with Hearing, Vision Screenings & Health Education

Head Start is a federally funded preschool/daycare agency that provides basic educational services to qualifying children ages 5 and under at no parental cost.  The centers typically have one RN who is responsible for each demographic region and can consist of as many as six schools!  The RN is required to perform a basic hearing, vision, and developmental screening on the children within the first 45 days of each school year.  This task is extremely difficulty for one nurse to properly do within this time constraint.  Currently our senior nursing students go to one of the centers to assist as one of their required clinical experiences.  The Head Start Centers have expressed sincere appreciation for our efforts and have asked if we can possibly assist more!  The experience is a great learning opportunity for our students in that they learn to communicate with, assess, and observe the behavior of three, four, and five year olds in the well-child setting.  It is a mutually beneficial activity!  Our nursing students are typically interacting with patients in the hospital setting when they are not feeling well and acting as typical preschool children.  The NCLEX RN licensing exam tests heavily around the topic of normal growth and development issues, so this increased interaction would not only serve this population in need, but would serve our students as well.  The hearing and vision screens are simple to perform and do not require any specialized nursing knowledge to implement.  The students would be taught basic growth and development expectations and cognitive theory for the age group prior to attending.  The project would be open to all levels and could progress semester to semester as the need is on-going.  This CI has been expanded to four groups based on schedule and interests related to solving this problem.            

Team Leaders
Terry H Busby School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Meehan, N., *Kuehn, K., *Osiason, R., Busby, T. (2017, April). Let Hearing Defecits Be Heard. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
799

The DEN (Design Entrepreneurship Network)

The DEN (Design Entrepreneurship Network)Are you entrepreneurially minded? Do you have an idea, design or technology that you would like to move to the next stage? This CI allows student teams to be mentored by leaders in device design, development, marketing, patenting and small business development to forward student-led technology and ideas. Initially, this CI will focus on mentoring technologies that are being generated by other CI groups, as well as from other Capstone Design programs, but other “independent” teams and technical areas will be sought after the CI structure is established. Teams can include undergraduates and graduates, and preference is given to groups that have already formed around a topic or technology of interest. Mentors and guest speakers from industry, patent law, marketing and start-up businesses will work with student teams to take technology beyond the university development level. The format will be very student driven, with small student teams presenting each week on some aspect of their technology development and business plans. These presentations will be the focal point for discussions, mentoring and advice. Key concepts to be covered are: 1. Predicting Technology Trends/Market Mapping 2. Opportunity Assessment/Intellectual Property/Licensing 3. Corporate Law/Contracts 4. Project Management 5. Product Development/Device Lifecycle Management 6. Operations/GMP/Logistics/Quality 7. Business Models/Start-Up Funding/Attracting Investment 8. Start-Up Finance 9. Regulatory/FDA/International 10. Clinical Trial Design & Management The goal of this CI is to take ideas and technologies forward using student-teams with the hopes of generating new start-ups, technology licenses and a greater network of design and entrepreneurship at Clemson and in Creative Inquiry.

Team Leaders
Sarah Grigg General Engineering
Kristen Lawson Dean of Health,Educ,HumanDev
Nancy K Meehan School of Nursing
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Suzanne H Edlein Graphic Communications
D. Matthew Boyer Education & Human Dev
Erica Black Graphic Communications
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
800

Investigating mechanisms of drug resistance in a fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans

Fungal infections are estimated to occur in over a billion people each year, and recent evidence suggests the rate is increasing. One of the pressing needs in antifungal therapy is to prevent frequent drug resistance among fungal pathogens. Commonly used azole drugs inhibit the production of ergosterol, an essential component of the fungal cell membrane. It has become apparent recently that two most significant opportunistic fungal pathogens, Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans acquire resistance to azole drugs by changing the number of chromosomes (becoming aneuploids or polyploids). It is well established that resistance of C. albicans to the azole drug fluconazole may occur through specific chromosomal rearrangements that result in an increase of the copy number of a gene that encodes the target of fluconazole, the Erg11. Similarly, Cryptococcus neoformans challenged with a dose of fluconazole higher than the MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) becomes an aneuploid with respect to key genes that permit survival of the drug treatment. What are the molecular mechanisms responsible for changes in chromosome number upon drug treatment remains elusive and the main objective of this Creative Inquiry project will be to investigate these mechanisms. The goals of this Creative Inquiry are 1. To improve our understanding of the mechanisms of fungal drug resistance 2. To engage students in a scientific discovery process that will include formulating relevant questions and hypotheses, hypothesis testing, and making conclusions. 3. To familiarize students with scientific tools and methods in a molecular biology laboratory. The participating students will enroll in GEN4910.

Team Leaders
Lukasz Kozubowski Genetics and Biochemistry
Damiana Al Tamirano Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Fang, D., *Simmons, C., Kozubowski, L., Al Tamirano, D. (2017, April). Elucidating fluconazole based aneuploidy in Cryptococcus neoformans. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Simmons, C., Kozubowski, L. (2015, October 22). Utilizing artificially derived diploid to elucidate the mechanism of fluconazole-induced aneuploidy in a haploid yeast Cryptococcus neoformans. Poster presented at The 3rd Annual Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium in Clemson University Outdoor Lab, Clemson.
Altamirano, S., *Fang, D., Kozubowski, L. (2015, October 23). Fluconazole-induced aneuploidy in C. neoformans. Speech presented at The 3rd Annual Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium in Clemson University Outdoor Lab, Clemson.
ScienceG
954

Building Healthier Communities in the Dominican Republic: Creative Inquiry and Study Abroad

This multi-disciplinary creative inquiry project engages Clemson students in a reflective critical thinking learning process and incorporates service learning in order to study the health situation of Las Malvinas II, a low-resourced setting bordering the highly polluted Ozama River in the city of Santo Domingo. Students will use the input gathered from direct interactions with the community to recommend appropriate courses of action for improvement under the healthy communities’ and socio-ecological frameworks. This project increases students’ cultural competence by translating applicable evidence-based health practices from the US to a LAC country. 

Team Leaders
Arelis de Peralta Youth, Fmly & Comm Studies
Accomplishments
Fuentes, M.*, Brown, K.*, Schockling, C.*, & Moore de Peralta, A. (2017, March 9-11). Utilizing Multi-disciplinary Partnerships to Build Healthy Communities in the Dominican Republic. 2017 ACHI National Conference. Meeting of the Association for Community Health Improvement. Denver, CO.
Moore de Peralta, A., *Schockling, C. (2016, June 28th). Building Healthier Communities in the Dominican Republic. Presentation to WFIC Board of Trustees.
*Schockling, C., *Brown, K., *Fuentes, M., *Lenti, R. (2016, March). Socio-cultural and linguistic adaptation of CDC CHANGE Action Guide to conduct a Community Health Assessment in the Dominican Republic: A multi-disciplinary and mixed methods approach. Presentation/Panel at Clemson Global Symposium, Clemson Univeristy; Clemson, SC.
*Garcia L., *Lenti, R., *Labelle, N., & Moore de Peralta, A. (2016, April 7). Using GIS to conduct a household survey for developing a community health and assets assessment in the Dominican Republic. Poster presented at the FoCI Forum, Clemson University; Clemson, SC.
*Schockling, C., *Brown, K., *Fuentes, M., Moore de Peralta, A. (2016). Socio-cultural and linguistic adaptation of CDC CHANGE Action Guide to conduct a Community Health Assessment in a low-income community in the Dominican Republic: A multi-disciplinary and mixed methods approach. Presented at the Community Engagement and Research Symposium, University of Massachusetts Medical School.
*Luis, G., *Lenti, R., *LaBelle, N., Moore de Peralta, A., Matta, P., Carbajales, P. (2016, April). Using GIS to conduct a household survey for developing a community health and assets assessment in the Dominican Republic. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.
*Brown, K., *Schockling, C., *Fuentes, M., *Lenti, R., Moore de Peralta, A. (2016, March 5). Socio-cultural and linguistic adaptation of CDC CHANGE Action Guide to conduct a Community Health Assessment in a low-income community in the Dominican Republic: A multi-disciplinary and mixed methods approach. Presented at Clemson Global Symposium.
Spitlet, N. (2016, May 4). Putting Data to Work. Clemson World.
Barnett, R. (2016, March 15). College students give up spring break frolicking for hammers and nails. Greenville News article.
$1,455.00
Schockling, C.*, Brown, K.*, Fuentes, M.*, & Moore de Peralta, A. (2016). Socio-cultural and linguistic adaptation of CDC CHANGE Action Guide to conduct a Community Health Assessment in a low-income community in the Dominican Republic: A multi-disciplinary and mixed methods approach. Poster presented at the 2016 Community Engagement & Research Symposium of the Center for Clinical and Translational Research; Albert Sherman Center, UMass Medical School, Worcester, MA.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
824

Plant biotechnology for use in crop genetic improvement

Abiotic stress including drought, salt, heat, cold etc. are important factors significantly impacting plant development and crop yield. Development of molecular strategies to genetically engineer crop species for enhanced performance under adverse environmental conditions would greatly contribute to agriculture production. This project involves identification, cloning, molecular characterization of new genes determining plant response to environmental stress and development of novel molecular strategies to improve crop species using biotechnology approaches. Students involved in such research activities will tremendously benefit from gaining new knowledge and learning modern technologies in molecular biology and cell biology and plant biotechnologies. This would train next generation agricultural research scientists who would contribute to continued development of agricultural research for sustainable agriculture, meeting the challenge of producing more food for increasing world population. As an experienced plant molecular biology and biotechnology educator, The PI has a long-term goal of making a difference in educating a new generation of citizens with deeper appreciation of plant science research. Thus the goal of this Creative Inquiry project is to cultivate student researchers in plant molecular biology and plant biotechnology to improve crop species with enhanced performance under adverse environmental conditions and increased agriculture production. The participating students will enroll in the project for at least two semesters.

Team Leaders
Hong Luo Genetics and Biochemistry
ScienceG
827

Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden

Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden is a model for urban design. It uses sustainable practices for design, installation, and maintenance. It measures environmental health via soil tests and soil moisture; and human perception of health via perception surveys that have received Institutional Review Board approval. Student designs from HORT 308 were adapted for installation and students enrolled in HORT 408 worked with landscape services to install the garden. Students each semester (including summer) maintain the garden; conduct surveys; and orally present on the project. The Web site is an instrumental communication tool that provides valuable information regarding plants, process, and people.

Team Leaders
Ellen Vincent Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Hollifield, K.* (2016, January 21). Sustainable landscape demonstration garden. Presented at the South Carolina Horticulture Industry Annual Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Busbee, E. (2014, August). From grease to green. South Carolina Nurseryman, 27.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
825

Synthetic Biology

The need for alternative energy sources has driven the scientific community to explore biofuels, energy sources produced by living things or their wastes. Biofuels may be produced using plants, bacteria, or other microbial systems. Bacteria are often the host of choice for mass production of industrial products because they are easily genetically engineered and cultured. However, using bacteria for the production of biofuels is not currently economical because harvesting cells is both time-consuming and energy-intensive. One way to reduce costs is to prevent the need for lysing the cells by using cellular processes to export the products instead. Not only will using cellular export allow the products to be more easily collected, but the cells can be maintained in continuous culture. There are many groups of well-described bacterial efflux pumps that can be utilized for the export of biofuels. In this study, we are evaluating the efficiency of two such efflux pumps in exporting isoprenoids. This study focuses on isoprenoids because they are already used to manufacture biofuels and are easily detectable using colorimetric methods. The goal is to combine isoprenoid production and efflux pump activity into the same cell for rapid and efficient export. Rapid product removal will drive production forward and minimize the toxic effects of overaccumulation within cells. Optimization of this system will allow for more rapid and economical production of bacterially-produced biofuels. 

Team Leaders
Tzuen-Rong J Tzeng Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Bickford, L., *Borthaye, S., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Hoy, S., *Jones, R., *Mathew, R., *Saffarian, M., Sridharan, J., *Summers, M., *Tzeng, A., *Wilson, J., Tzeng, T.R.J. (2016, April). Optimization of Bivector Systems for Export of Isoprenoids in Biofuel Applications. Poster presented at the FoCI Symposium, Clemson University
*Bickford, L., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Jones, R., *Tzeng, A., Wilson, J. (2015, October 24). Cellular Export of Isoprenoids for Biofuel Synthesis. Presented at the American Society for Microbiology, SC Branch Annual Meeting.
Kane, R.*, Bickford, M.*, Tzeng, J.*, Wilson, J., Jones, D.*, Whatley, A.*, Louie, R.*, Scanlan, A.*, Brown, A., Saffarian, M., Cao, M., Tzeng, J. (n/a). Assessment of a Self-Amplifying N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone Biosensor. ACS Synthetic Biology.
ScienceG
831

Clemson University Soil Judging Competition Team

This is a multi-semester project (3 hours in fall and 1 hr in spring unless we place and head to nationals at which time students can sign up to 4 credits in spring ) coaching students to compete in the SE regional Soil Judging competition. If make top 3 then students will advance to national competition. Expected Student Activities: 1.  characterize a soil profile, 2. identify the relationships between different soil characteristics and between soil characteristics and what the soil's uses maybe. 3. learn how to work as a team. 4. network with other students, faculty and state and federal officials for after graduation opportunities. 

Team Leaders
Dara Park Entomology, Soils & Plant Sci
Bill R Smith Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Gedding, E.*, Henderson, C.*, Seiders, H.*, Park, D. (22, April 2017). Students compete in the 2017 National Collegiate Soils Contest, American Society of Agronomy, Northern Illinois University, De Kalb, IL.
The Clemson University Soil Judging Team (Calum Henderson, Tee Stoudemayer, Elizabeth Geddings, and Hunter Seiders) placed 2nd out of 9 teams at the SE Regional Soil Judging Contest in Auburn Al, Oct 6, 2016. The team will now compete at the National Competition in Northern Illinois in late April 2017.
Calum Henderson placed 9th out of 59 students at the SE Regional Soil Judging Competition in Auburn, AL, Oct 6, 2016.
Timothy "Tee" Stoudemayer placed 5th out of 59 students at the SE Regional Soil Judging Competition in Auburn, AL, Oct 6, 2016.
Hunter Seiders* placed 7th in the individual competition.2017 National Collegiate Soils Contest, American Society of Agronomy, Northern Illinois University,De Kalb, IL.
*Reed, M., *Deason, J., White, D., Park, D. (2014, April). The Nitty Gritty of South Carolina Soil Orders. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
834

Inter-kingdom communications - studies on C. elegans and bacteria interactions

Bacteria are known to have social behaviors just like the higher organisms. They use special "languages" to talk to each other and make group decisions. The "languages" (or signaling molecules) are small chemical compounds, such as autoinducers and secondary metabolites, produced and secreted by the bacterial cells. Recent studies have revealed that functions of these signaling molecules are not restricted to communications between bacterial cells, but extend to cross kingdoms, i.e. communications between bacteria and their hosts. In this research, we will use the nematode, C. elegans, as a model to study the inter-kingdom communications. Specifically, we will investigate (1) interactions between bacterial pathogens and C. elegans, and (2) effects of probiotics on C. elegans health span.

Team Leaders
Yuqing Dong Biological Sciences
Miranda Klees Biological Sciences
Min Cao Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Gitto, A., *Whitesides, K., *Moore, C., *Patel, K., *Dimery, M., *Klees, M., Dong, Y., Cao, M. (2017, April). Probiotics and Fat Storage: A C. elegans model. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Gitto, A., *Sullivan, J., Klees, M., Dong, Y., Cao, M. (2016, April) Influence of Probiotics on Fat Storage in Caenorhabditis elegans. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC
*Gitto, A. J., Klees, M. L., Cao, M. (2017, June 3) Influence of Probiotics on Fat Storage in Caenorhabditis elegans. Poster presented at American Society for Microbiology- Microbe 2017 General Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
*Gitto, A. J., Whitesides, K., Moore, C., Patel, K., Dimery, M., Klees, M. L., Dong, Y., Cao, M. (2017, April 6) Probiotics and Fat Storage: A C. elegans model. Poster presented at the 2017 Clemson University Focus of Creative Inquiry (FoCI), Clemson, SC.   
Gitto, A. J., Klees, M. L., Cao, M. (2017, June 3). Influence of Probiotics on Fat Storage in Caenorhabditis elegans. Poster presented at the American Society for Microbiology- Microbe 2017 General Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
Klees, M., *Nguyen, D., *Tran, S., *Gitto, A., Dong, Y., Cao, M. (April 2015) Interkingdom Communication: Probiotics effect on healthspan in the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Angeloni, J., *Conley, M., *Hourigan, P., Dong, Y, Cao, M. (2015, April). Interkingdom Communication: Study of Caenorhabditis elegans and Vibrio cholerae Interactions. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Klees, M., *Nguyen, D., *Tran, S., *Gitto, A., Dong, Cao, M. (2015, April). Probiotics effect on healthspan in the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Andrew Gitto was selected to participate in the 2016 ASM URF program. The award will provide $4000 stipend for him to conduct a minimum of 10 weeks of summer research in our lab and up to $1000 for travel to the ASM 2017 General Meeting. 
Diana Nguyen was selected to participate in the 2015 ASM URF program. The award will provide $4000 stipend for her to conduct a minimum of 10 weeks of summer research in our lab and up to $1000 for travel to the ASM2016 General Meeting. Although Diana already accepted another summer research fellowship and had to decline this one, the award is a great honor.
Graduate student Miranda Klees was awarded the Visiting Scholar Award for Excellence in Scholarship for the Natural and Computational Sciences at the 14th Annual Graduate Research Symposium at the College of William & Mary, which was held on March 20-21, 2015. Miranda was one of eight graduate students chosen by CAFLS to represent Clemson University to present at the Symposium. Her research is focused on the effects of probiotics supplementation on health using Caenorhabditis elegans as a model system.
ScienceG
836

Comm3990 Sports Fandom

This creative inquiry project aims to provide individual students with the opportunity to work with the faculty mentor on experimental studies that will examine how football and fandom interact.  Specifically, the research will examine how race impacts perceptions of quarterback play and how concussive hits are perceived by football fans.

Team Leaders
John Spinda Communications Studies
Accomplishments
*Bates, G., *Burns-Heffner, K., *Canedo, T., *Chandler, G. *DeCoursey, E., *Dukes, B., *Eagleton, R., *McCullough, R. (2016, April). Examining how tweets influence Basking in Reflected Glory (BIRGing) and Cutting off Reflected Failure (CORFing) behaviors among sports fans. Poster presented at the Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI), Clemson, SC.
Earned top poster award by both judges and popular attendee vote.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1176

Deep Learning and Big Data Research (DL/BD)

            Deep Learning is currently a very popular paradigm of machine learning research used for applications such as image processing, natural language understanding, or even controlling a vehicle. Deep Learning has become so successful in recent years due in part to the availability of modern high-performance computing resources such as GPGPUs, but also because of the sudden influx of more and more labeled data for training these huge neural networks. The goal of this Creative Inquiry is to equip students with a better understanding of how Deep Learning networks operate, how they are directly affected by the training set used to teach them, and the methods and best practices for designing a training set for meeting a certain goal. Students should expect exposure to high-performance computing hardware, cutting-edge machine learning software, and the latest sensors used in dataset creation.

Team Leaders
Melissa Smith Electrical & Computer Engr
Edwin Weill Electrical & Computer Engr
Ankit Kulshrestha Computer & Network Services
Accomplishments
BMW has contributed support in conjunction with but not limited to the scope of this CI (it includes current research work by graduate students under my supervision).
Collaborations with CUiCAR and the Deep Orange 8 project. Specifically working on the image and object detection required for the autonomous aspects of the vehicle.
Presentations of work progress at BMW.
Multiple presentations with CUiCAR regarding Deep Orange 8 progress.
Collaboration with BMW on the use of Deep Learning toolkits and hardware to develop the use of machine learning in the context of both autonomous vehicles and management of parts and supplies in a manufacturing plant.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1267

Decision-Making and Risk-Taking

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry team is to conduct research on the (1) effect of emotion and reward motivation on goal-directed decision-making as well as (2) how individual differences, such as personality and susceptibility to performance pressure, affect risk-taking behaviors.  Decision-making is an inescapable, prevalent phenomenon that can have significant consequences.  This research aims to understand factors and cognitive mechanisms that affect decision-making and risk-taking. Students should expect to enroll in the CI project for at least 2 semesters. 

Team Leaders
Kaileigh Byrne Psychology
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
837

Test and Development of Instrumentation for NASA Sounding Rocket Experiments

This semester (Fall 2017) we will concentrate on the preparation of ionization gauges for two rocket flights in Norway in Spring 2018 which includes testing and calibration in my vacuum system.  Payload integration will be at NASA Wallops Flight Facility, Wallops Island, VA starting in October.  My focus is on absolute density measurements in the lower thermosphere (100-150 km).  Data reduction requires simulations of the supersonic flow around the payload and instruments.  For this we use a NASA software package, which we run on the palmetto cluster.   

Team Leaders
Gerald Lehmacher Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
Krier, W., *Near, J., & Lehmacher, G. (2016, April 6-7). Test and Calibration of Two Types of Ionization Gauges for a NASA Sounding Rocket Project.  Focus of Creative Inquiry, 11th Annual Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Burkholder, B. & Lehmacher, G. (2015, April). Rocket investigations of density and turbulence with ionization gauges and accelerometers. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
844

Human Performance Engineering: Developing Applications in Sports, Health and Human Machine Interface

This is a multidisciplinary research approach in trying to understand human capability with cutting-edge technological developments. Using a mobile and wireless EED (electroencephalograph) technology we are able to record brain wave activity and analyze its meanings. We are engaging with the most complex system in the universe as we apply various engineering tools. Our goals are to improve human performance when considering our physiology, cognition, and emotions. The human developmental aspects ranging from genes, that establishes our limitations, to experience, which shapes our capabilities, are critical to multidimensional research collaboration. Experts in different fields are working with us to examine ideas that may innovate our way of thinking when trying to solve problems. Looking at disability as well as high athletic capability allows us to learn the extremes of performance and create relative scales. Innovative technology allows us to directly communicate with our brain as we can code brain activity and use that code to activate a remote-control device. This capability gives rise to shorten the distance between thought and action and present tremendous potential ready to be explored. Being a part of this research requires creativity, adaptability, and motivation. This area presents many challenges as we face great uncertainty in every aspect, thus a research member is expected to initiate research progress on a weekly basis. This is internally funded research and its funds support our technical equipment and student presentation in professional conferences.

Team Leaders
Kevin Taaffe Industrial Engineering
Dotan Shvorin Industrial Engineering
Accomplishments
Dotan I. Shvorin was Awarded in April 2017, in recognition of outstanding work with undergraduate students in the Creative Inquiry program. 
This grant allowed us to present our research projects at the Industrial and System Engineering Conference, May 20-23, Pittsburgh, PA.
BrainHQ have sponsored 10 students to utilize their online software for a period of 12 weeks. This was a part of experimental testing for their software on the students bio-feedback. Results are still underway but this collaboration has opened up a link to design brain training for treating students with ADHD.
Tennis players strength is put to the test when facing a challenging drill that is analyzed for performance control.This is a research paper base line at the undergraduate level, which will be develop to a higher level publication.
The tennis player capability is depended on his reaction time in certain scenarios. A drill was design to test and evaluate this performance characteristic.This is a research paper base line at the undergraduate level, which will be develop to a higher level publication.
Consistency is one of the most important features of performance. The ability to replicate high level of performance is put to the test in this case study.This is a research paper base line at the undergraduate level, which will be develop to a higher level publication.
*Albo, H., *Berg, A., *Lee, C., *Mcgill, L., *Rosenberger, P. (2017, April). Human Performance Engineering: Decision Making in Virtual Reality. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Zakian, E., *Barker, C., *Johnson, E., *Schelble, B., *Christensen, D. (2017, April). Brain Activity Characteristics of ADHD. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Knotts, M., *Williams, D., *Cink, C., *Holt, A. (2017, April). Human Performance Engineering: Team Performance Priming Effect. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Zakian, E., *Schelble, B., *Johnson, E., *Christensen, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K.(2017, May 20-23). "Human Performance Engineering and Brains Affected by ADHD". Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering Annual Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Zakian, E., *Schelble, B., *Johnson, E., *Barker, C., *Christensen, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K. (2017, May 20-23). Human Performance Engineering and Brains Affected by ADHD. Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering EXPO, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Miller, R., *Meier, H., *Horne, J., *Jeffcoat, C., *Martin, C., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe K. (2017, May 20-23). Understanding Performance Characteristics Impact on Decision Making: Tennis Case Study. Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering EXPO, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Knotts, M., *Holt, A., *Cink, C., *Williams, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K. (2017, May 20-23). Team performance: from problem definition to solution methods. Presented Institute of Industrial and System Engineering EXPO, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Knotts, M., *Holt, A., *Cink, C., *Williams, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K. (2017, May 20-23). Impact of Prior Experience on Team Performance and the Brain. Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering EXPO, Pittsburgh, PA.
Keane, A.*, Jenkins, M., Farrell, A.*, Pajewski, M.*, and *M. Meadows. (2017, May 20-23). Using Brain Mapping Technology to Discover New Ways to Treat ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder). Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, Pittsburgh, PA.
Chuck, D.*, Bermudez, J.*, Fritz, B.*, Watson, K.*, and *B. Swartwood. (2017, May 20-23). Impact of Prior Experience on Team Performance and the Brain. Presented at Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Kalcos, L., Pence, E., *Singal, N., *Sonday, J. (2016). Decision Making Using Brain Wave Mapping, Human Performance Engineering Research, Department of Industrial Engineering, Clemson University.
*Courie, C., Csernica, M., *Leonard, M., Nunes, C. (2016). Sensory Stimulation vs Decision Making, Human Performance Engineering Research, Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University.
*Courie, C., Csernica, M., *Leonard, M., Nunes, C. (2016). Sensory Stimulation vs Decision Making, Human Performance Engineering Research, Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University.
*Courie, C., *Csernica, M., *Leonard, M., *Nunes , C. (2016, April). Sensory Stimulation vs Decision Making , Human Performance Engineering Research. Presented at Focus On Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, SC.
Shvorin, D., Taaffe, K. (2017). Improving The Player`s Recruitment Process Using Scenario-Based Decision Making Analysis, to be submitted to the International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing.
Shvorin, D., Taaffe, K. (2014). Improving tennis player performance using system development interpretations methodology, International Journal of Quality Engineering and Technology (IJQET), 4(3).
Connolly, M.*, Leonard, M.*, Shvorin, D., Taaffe, K. (2015, December). Strength Control Analysis. Human Performance Engineering Research, presented to Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University. 
*Bittner, A., *Hernandez, J., Shvorin, D.,and Taaffe, K. (2015, December). Confidence Testing. Human Performance Engineering Research, presented to Industrial Engineering Department., Clemson University. 
Jones, M.,Hyneman, K.*,Shvorin, D.,Taaffe, K. (2015, December). Confidence Testing. Human Performance Engineering Research, poster presented to Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University. 
Kalcos, L.,Singal, N.,Shvorin, D.,Taaffe, K. (2015, December). Testing Control and Reaction Time. Human Performance Engineering Research, poster presented to Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University. 
Talley, G.,*Courie, C.*,*Henderson, B. (2015, December). Consistency and Motivation. Industrial Engineering, Clemson University.
*Moorefield, B.,Sonday , J. (2015, December). Adaptation Drills for Accuracy Improvement. Industrial Engineering, Clemson University.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
840

Insect Viruses, Molecular Biology, and Biotechnology

Insects provide excellent opportunities to perform basic and applied biological experiments at the molecular level. They serve as model organisms for developmental and cellular biology, and are important vectors for human and agricultural pathogens. Additionally, many biotechnological advances and techniques have emerged from and continue to make use of insect-based systems. As a result, working with insect molecular biology has the potential to expose students to fundamental properties of life, to techniques and technologies relevant to all aspects of science, and to important biomedical and agricultural sciences. Students will develop projects which use insect cell culture with the baculovirus expression vector system to examine protein receptors regulating vertebrate development and behavior, test molecular approaches to interfere with gut microbes of insects, examine bioelectric physiological processes, and demonstrate the role of cell-cell communication in development. The studies will advance insect biology, knowledge regarding biomedical and agricultural sciences, and evolution of developmental mechanisms. Students will develop technical skills applicable to many life sciences disciplines, as well as increased ability to communicate their research.

Team Leaders
Matthew Turnbull Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Corker, A., *Hinsch, V., *Howard, D., *Howard, Y., *Melton, R., *Nietering, J., *Parker, J., *Reilly, M., *Stuart, G. (2017, April). Caterpillar Viruses And Insects In Biotechnology. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Melton, R. (2017, Feb). "Effects of gap junction inhibition on Heliothis virescens gut development". CBASS Annual Meeting, Watt Family Innovation Center.
Zhang, P., *Erickson, S.L., and Turnbull, M.W. (2016, October 28). Functional analysis of potential insect virus virulence factors. South Carolina Entomological Society Annual Meeting. Hickory Knob State Park, SC.
*Melton, R. and Turnbull, M.W. (2016, October 28). Significance of gut gap junction activity in caterpillar life history. South Carolina Entomological Society Meeting. Hickory Knob State Park, SC.
*Erickson, S.L. (2016, March). Use of transgenic Drosophila melanogaster to test function of insect virus genes. CBASS Annual meeting.
Hasegawa, D. K., *Erickson, S. L., Hersh, B. M., and Turnbull, M. W. (in press). "Virus innexins induce alterations in insect cell and tissue function". Journal of Insect Physiology.
ScienceG
843

Organizational Climates

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry team is to learn about and do research, specifically in the field of industrial-organizational psychology (or psychology applied to people’s work experiences). For example, one topic that we've been studying since our team was started is organizational climate, or employees' more informal perceptions of the way they should behave on the job. Climate is a neat topic to study (and our own results have surprised us a few times!) because it can be very different from formal rules or policies on the job, and make a huge difference in how employees behave. For example, if your formal safety rules say you should wear safety goggles on the job, but the informal perception (i.e., safety climate) is that the safety goggles look nerdy, you're probably going to have an issue with your employees wearing those goggles! Our stream of work has focused on looking at multiple types of climates at once.Other topics we research include: courage at work, unethical pro-organizational behavior, small family businesses, and online crowdsourced workers. We do our research with student samples, online samples, and applied samples, so team members get experience with a range of data collection techniques.Students in this Creative Inquiry will learn about the topics and research issues related to studying the field of industrial-organizational psychology. Students will gain hands-on experience in research design, data collection, and data analysis, and will have the opportunity to present research and submit manuscripts for publication after the conclusion of the project.

Team Leaders
Emily Burnett Psychology
Cynthia Pury Psychology
Accomplishments
Brawley, A. M., & Pury, C. L. S. (2017, April). All Climates are Highly Prioritized?: Depends on How You Ask. Paper to be presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Brawley, A. M., & Pury, C. L. S. (2017, April). Performance Management in Very Small Family Businesses. Paper to be presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Brawley, A. M., Rosopa, P. J., Pury, C. L. S. (2016, March). Examining controls for common method variance in psychological research. Paper presented at the 62nd annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M. (2016, April). Doing the best you can with what you have: Limited resources and research ethics. 2015-2016 Presidential Colloquium: Rigor, Rights and Responsibility in Research. Invited talk at Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Brawley, A. M., Rosopa, P. J., Pury, C. L. S. (2016, March). Examining controls for common method variance in psychological research. Paper presented at the 62nd annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Brawley, A. M., Pury, C. L. S. (2016). Work experiences on MTurk: Job satisfaction, turnover, and information sharing. Computers in Human Behavior, 54, 531-546.
Team mentor Alice Brawley was award the Graduate Student Award For Mentoring in Creative Inquiry, by Creative Inquiry and the Clemson Graduate School.
Brawley, A. M., Pury, C. L. S., *Fosu, E., *Flynn, M., *Lemere, C., & *Smith, B. (2015, May). Stress in a new era of employment: A study of crowdsourcing employees on MTurk. Poster presented at the 11th International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health: Work, Stress, and Health, Atlanta, GA.
Hardy, B., Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M. (2015, May). Does the climate of fear scale measure climate? Poster presented at the 11th International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health: Work, Stress, and Health, Atlanta, GA.
Brawley, A. M., Pury, C. L. S., *Lemere, C., *Smith, B., *Fosu, E., *Flynn, M., *Bennett, M., & *Glass, J. (2015, May). Do multiple specific organizational climates create incompatible demands for employees? Poster presented at the 11th International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health: Work, Stress, and Health, Atlanta, GA.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1147

The Do's, Don'ts, and Depends: Examining the Relationship between the Student Teacher and the Cooperating Teacher

The quality of the relationship between the student teacher (ST) and the cooperating teacher (CT) greatly influences the students’ decision to pursue a teaching career. University Supervisors spend months selecting CTs to mentor STs and help them navigate through the student teaching experience. No amount of preparation can match the learning curve that STs and CTs experience during the first weeks of the semester. Students participating in this Creative Inquiry Project will examine the ST/CT relationship based on previous research and design a model for professional development to assist both the student teacher and the cooperating to better prepare them for the experiences they will embark upon during the directed teaching internship. We will then begin to develop a research proposal and design to begin data collection.

Team Leaders
Catherine DiBenedetto Agricultural Education
848

Creative Play

Creative Play studies formalistic models for visual computation applied to creative disciplines and engineering. This CI project will introduce the LEGO brick system as a catalyst for creativity in design and as an introduction to formal systems for visual computation. Topics include design creativity, formal composition, engineering problem solving, exploratory research, manufacturing and game theory.

Team Leaders
Carlos Barrios School of Architecture
Accomplishments
*Sterckx, P., *Stanhope, K., *Southern, L., *Helander, L., *Abbey, A., Barrios, C. (2017, April). Creative Play. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
(2016, May). Richard Meier Architecture in LEGO. Work Exhibited at the Emery A. Gunnin Architecture Library, Clemson, SC
(2016, May). A Palladian Construction Grammar. Presented at the 2016 Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI), Clemson, SC
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
849

Design Morphology

The Morphology Research Studio studies morphogenetic design and biomimicry to research natural structures and processes to find applications in the build environment. The initial focus will be for structural applications using pre-cast concrete. Subjects of study include Geometry, Topology, Computational Design, Origami, Deployable Structures and Kinetic Design.

Team Leaders
Carlos Barrios School of Architecture
Brandon Ross Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Barrios, C., Ross, B., *Drinkuth, D., *Day, C., *Dorsey, R., *Johnson, L., *Krider, M., *Polk, W. (2017, April). Tesselations. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Kleiss, M. & Ross, B. (2016, May). Developing an agenda for teaching precast concrete in the design studio. Presented at the annual meeting of the PCI Foundation Teachers Seminar, Los Angeles, CA.
Kleiss, M. & Ross, B. (2016, March).  Experiences in precast concrete studio at Clemson University. Presented at the annual meeting of the Precast Concrete Institute, Nashville, TN.
*Nemetz, J., *Day, C., *Moreira, E., *Polk, W., *Dorsey, R., and *Drinkuth, D. (2017, Feb 28- March 4). Precast Concrete Morphologies. Poster presented at the Precast Concrete Institute Annual Convention held at the Convention Center in Cleveland, OH.
*Lehnert, A., *Sam, B., Ferguson, A., Barrios, C., Ross, B. (2016, April). Precast Tessellations. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Shutt. C. C. (2015) "Integrated Disciplines." Ascent: Designing with Precast.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
850

Cities, Memories and Models

This CI aims to create a collection of large scale wall models to serve as visual catalog of significant architecture and urban environments in the most prominent cities in the US.

Team Leaders
Ufuk Ersoy School of Architecture
Robert Bruhns School of Architecture
Carlos Barrios School of Architecture
Accomplishments
Barrios, C., Ross, B., *Bazzani, D., *Dale, T., *Owens, J., *Ramsey, A., *Roberts, C., *Rodgers, T., *Greer, H., and Ersoy, U. (2017, April). Collages of Ashville. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Guan, M., *Southern, L., Barrios, C., Ersoy, U. (2016, May). Historical Murals of Charleston. Presented at the 2016 Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI), Clemson, SC
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
858

Human-Robot Collaborative Manufacturing using Baxter Humanoid Robot

The goal of this project is to develop a deep understanding of capabilities and potentials for using human-robot collaborative teams in a manufacturing environment. In this project, students will investigate capabilities of humanoid manufacturing robotic systems (e.g., Rethink Robotics’ Baxter) by conducting experiments and surveys for human-robot collaborative manufacturing tasks simulated in laboratory settings. The experiments will include use case development, design and building of work environments, software design, and user studies. Students will gain experience in multi-disciplinary research at the frontiers of human-robot interaction and improve their computer programming and hands-on fabrication skills.

Team Leaders
Yue Wang Mechanical Engineering
John R Wagner Mechanical Engineering
Joshua Summers Mechanical Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
862

The use of compression clothing in children with Autism

For this project, students will explore how compression clothing affects ABA Therapy in children with Autism.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Accomplishments
MCDavid, B. Clemson students research possible benefits of compression clothing for children with autism. [Video file]. (2017, March 8). WYFF 4. Retrieved from http://www.wyff4.com/article/clemson-students-research-possible-benefits-of-compression-clothing-for...Clemson students research possible benefits of compression clothing for children with autism
The effect of compression in children with autism. [Video file]. (2017, March 3). Fox Carolina 21. Retrieved from http://www.foxcarolina.com/video?autoStart=true&topVideoCatNo=default&clipId=13149160
*Bennett, K., *Simpson, S., Bisson, J. (2017, April). The Effect of Compression on Stereotyped Behaviors in Children with Autism. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
916

Applying Engineering Methodology to Beekeeping

This team will study the feasibility of creating frames of pulled wax comb for use in beekeeping by utilizing engineering methods and wax purification in order to increase sustainability in beekeeping practices. Declines in honey bee colonies have been seen across the United States for several years - there are several factors that can lead to decline, including hive management, pesticide exposure, parasites and pathogens, and several other factors. This project will attempt to alleviate some of the stress colonies experience by testing innovative engineering methods while still respecting the fundamentals of beekeeping. Students will learn how to work across disciplines and discover the aspects of an important industry for modern agriculture.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Tsuruda Field Operations
869

Stream fish ecology on Clemson Experimental Forest

The southeastern USA harbors the highest freshwater fish diversity on the continent, but many species are declining due to human activities and environmental change. Science-based conservation and management of aquatic resources are necessary, however little biological information exists for many of "non-game" species. Taking advantage of the nearby Clemson Experimental Forest, this CI course intends to study life history and population biology of multiple non-game fish species mainly through fieldwork and observations. Modern-day fisheries techniques will be employed such as electrofishing and mark-recapture methods.

Team Leaders
Yoichiro Kanno Forestry & Environment Conserv
Kasey Pregler Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Hiesl, P., Kim, S. & Kanno, Y. (2017, March). Small streams and culverts: the impact on non-game fish species. Southern Region Council on Forest Engineering Meeting, Point Clear, Alabama.
Cary, J.B., Reed, M.E., Holbrook, J.L., Austin, T.B., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C. & Kanno, Y. (2016, August). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with a passive integrated transponder tag. The 146th Annual American Fisheries Society Meeting, Kansas City, Missouri. August 21-25, 2016.
*Kelly, B., *Smith, A., *Cary, J., Pregler, K., Kim S., and Kanno Y. (2017, February). The influence of species and tag size on detection probabilities using a portable PIT tag antenna wand in a small stream. Annual Meeting of Southern Division American Fisheries Society, Oklahoma City, OK.
Kelly, B., Smith, A., Cary, J., Kim, S., Pregler, K., and Kanno, Y. (2017, February 5-7). Influence of species and tag size on detection probabilities using a portable PIT tag antenna wand in a small stream. Annual Meeting of Southern Division American Fisheries Society. Oklahoma City.
Austin, T.B., *Cary J.B., Holbrook, J.L., *Reed, M.E., *Steffensen. M., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno. Y. (2016, February 18-21). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with a passive integrated transponder tag. Poster presentation at FoCI, Clemson, SC.
Austin, T.B., *Cary J.B., Holbrook, J.L., *Reed, M.E., *Steffensen. M., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno. Y. (2016, February 24-26).  Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with a passive integrated transponder tag. Annual Meeting of South Carolina American Fisheries Society, Seabrook Island, South Carolina.
Austin, T.B., *Cary J.B., Holbrook, J.L., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno. Y. (2016, February 18-21).  Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with a passive integrated transponder tag. Annual Meeting of Southern Division American Fisheries Society, Wheeling, West Virginia.
*Cary, J.B., *Holbrook, J.L., *Reed, M.E., *Austin, T.B., *Steffensen, M.S., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno, Y. (2016, July). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with an 8-mm passive integrated transponder tag. Submitted to Transactions of the American Fisheries Society.
*Cary, J., *Duvall, J., *Lam, B., *Medric, R., & Kanno, Y. (2015, April). A survey of stream fish diversity in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
871

The Final Frontier: Preparing Astronauts for Teamwork and Leadership in Long Duration Space Missions

How do astronaut crews function effectively when their missions last not just weeks, but potentially years? How will they perform from a teamwork perspective when they are with their team members 24/7 for years at a time, with very little or even no contact with Earth? Who will take on leadership roles, and how will they dynamically interact to ensure mission success? How do we select the "right" team members to even start this journey? We are currently investigating these questions in the Developing and Improving Globally Integrated Teamwork and Leadership (DIGITAL) Lab. While astronaut crews have successfully conducted a range of missions over the past several decades, moving to long duration space exploration is a new and uncharted territory that has many unknown implications. Although much of the focus has been on how to physically get astronauts to destinations like Mars, we also need to understand how to prepare these crews to interact effectively as a team--that is, how do we take this team of experts and turn them into an expert team? In this Creative Inquiry project, we will use a range of methods, including getting access to NASA's simulated crew environments, in order to run studies that will help us answer all of these questions (and more!). Students will be strongly encouraged to create their own research questions that we can explore in field and lab settings, and will be actively involved in translating research findings into practical guidelines and recommendations for NASA astronaut selection and training practices. Students will also be encouraged to present research findings at local, national, and international conferences, with funding available to support such trips.

Team Leaders
William Kramer Psychology
Pamela Farago Psychology
Nastassia Savage Psychology
Marissa Shuffler Psychology
Michelle Flynn Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Dana Verhoeven Psychology
Accomplishments
Shuffler, M. (2015, March). Psychology professor's research for NASA and Greenville Health System showing new trend in leadership and team dynamics. 
Shuffler, M. L., Kramer, W. S., Savage, N., & Verhoeven, D. C. (in press). Review of Multiteam Systems Related to Long Duration Exploration Missions. Technical Report. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Verhoeven, D. C., Cooper, T. N., & *Flynn, M. (In Press). Models of Team Effectiveness. In E. Salas, R. Rico, & J. Passmore (Eds), International Handbook of Collaboration and Teamwork. Wiley.
Shuffler, M. L., Kramer, W. S., Savage, N., & Verhoeven, D. C. (in press). Review of Multiteam Systems Related to Long Duration Exploration Missions. Technical Report. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
Shuffler, M.L., Jimenez, M., Kramer, W.S. (2015, September). The science of multiteam systems: A review and future research agenda. Small Group Research.
Shuffler, M.L., Thayer, A.L., & Salas, E. (Proposal accepted; 2nd Revise & Resubmit). Functional & dysfunctional teamwork in organizations. Academy of Management Annals.
*Moran, E., *Richter, S., Savage, N., Kramer, W., Verhoeven, D., Flynn, M., Farago, P., Shuffler , M. (2017, April). Examining Burnout in Medical Extreme Teams. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., & Kramer, W. S. (2017). Teamwork state profiles: A new approach to conceptualizing team processes. In S. Marlow & J. Feitosa (co-chairs), Team-Related Constructs: How and What to Measure? Symposium submitted to the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Verhoeven, D. C., & Switzer, F. (co-chairs) (2017, April). More than Just Average: Novel Approaches to Measurement in Teams. Panel submitted to the 32nd annual meeting of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., & Wilson, S. (2016). Political Skill and Media Use as Antecedents to Healthcare Leadership. Symposium to be presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.
Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., Kramer, W. S., & Burke, C. S. (2016). Examining the impact of distrust: A novel approach to shared leadership and performance. In C. N. Lacerenza & K. L. Cullen (Chairs), Develop me! Novel Approaches to Enhance Leadership. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.
Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., & Verhoeven, D. C. (2016). Diversity across levels: A qualitative examination of space flight crews. In J. Feitosa & M. R. Salazar (Chairs), Current State of Diverse Teams: Going Beyond the Diversity-Performance Link. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.
Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Flynn, M., & Burke, C. S. (2016). Can you hear me now? Vocal intensity as a predictor of team leadership. In N. Contractor & G. K. Plummer (Chairs), Novel Ways to Understand and Assess Teamwork. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.
Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., & Verhoeven, D. C. (2016). Diversity across Levels: A Qualitative Examination of Space Flight Crews. In J. Feitosa & M. R. Salazar (Chairs), Current State of Diverse Teams: Going Beyond the Diversity-Performance Link. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.
Shuffler, M. L., Kramer, W. S., Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., & Rosen, M. (2016). Utilizing State Profiles as Means for Exploring Multiteam System Dynamics "In the Wild". In M. Luciano & D. Carter (Chairs), The Paradox of Multiteam Work: Factors that Pull Systems Apart and Push Teams Together. Presented at the 11th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Helsinki, Finland.
Savage, N. & Hoch, J. (co-chairs) (2017). Virtual Teams "In the Wild": Considering Individual and Contextual Influences. Symposium presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Savage, N., Kramer, W. S., Allison, B. B., Goguen, K., & Shuffler, M. L. (2017). Getting Real about Virtuality: Practical Recommendations for Choosing Team Members. In N. Savage (Co-Chair) & J. Hoch (Chair), Virtual Teams "In the Wild": Considering Individual and Contextual Influences. Symposium presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Burke, C.S., Shuffler, M.L., Wiese, C.W., & Howell, R. (2016). Investigating Shared Leadership in Isolated, Confined Environments: An Analog Perspective. Paper presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Shuffler, M. L., Kramer, W. S., Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., & Rosen, M. (2016). Utilizing State Profiles as Means for Exploring Multiteam System Dynamics “In the Wild”. In M. Luciano & D. Carter (Chairs), The Paradox of Multiteam Work: Factors that Pull Systems Apart and Push Teams Together. Presented at the 11th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Helsinki, Finland.
Burke, C. S., Shuffler, M. L. & Kramer, W. S. (2016). Vocal Intensity: A Team Leadership Metric and Diagnostic Tool? Poster presented at NASA’s Human Research Program Investigator’s Workshop, Galveston, TX.
Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., Kramer, W. S. & Burke, C. S. (2016). Examining the impact of distrust: A novel approach to shared leadership and performance. In C. N. Lacerenza & K. L. Cullen (Chairs), Develop me! Novel Approaches to Enhance Leadership. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.
Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., *Flynn, M. & Burke, C. S. (2016). Can you hear me now? Vocal intensity as a predictor of team leadership. In N. Contractor & G. K. Plummer (Chairs), Novel Ways to Understand and Assess Teamwork. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, CA.
Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., & Verhoeven, D. C. (2016). Diversity across Levels: A Qualitative Examination of Space Flight Crews. In J. Feitosa & M. R. Salazar (Chairs), Current State of Diverse Teams: Going Beyond the Diversity-Performance Link. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
*Moran, E., *Flynn, M., *Huffer, E., & Shuffler, M. L. (2016). Listen to Me! Vocal Intensity as a Team Leadership Metric. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, South Carolina.
*Mcintyre, K., *Bateman, I., Shuffler, M., Burke, C., S. (2015). The Final Frontier: Preparing Astronauts for Teamwork and Leadership in Long Duration Space Missions. Poster presented at the Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Kramer, W. S., Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., Burke, C. S. (2015). An Examination of Antecedents of Shared Leadership: Considering Individual Differences and Complex Contexts. Symposium submitted at the 75th Annual Conference of the Academy of Management, Vancouver, British Columbia.
Allison, B.A., Shuffler, M.L. (2015). Leading tomorrow's teams today: The future of teams-focused leadership development. Panel to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Wildman, J.L., Shuffler, M.L. (2015, April). Shared leadership in teams: Contemporary perspectives in diverse contexts. Symposium to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Kramer, W.S., Jimenez-Rodriguez, M., Shuffler, M.L. (2015). Emergent states in multiteam systems: A review and research agenda. In S. Posnock & S. Zaccaro (Co-Chairs), Multiteam systems: Determinants and dynamics of emergent states. Symposium to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Burke, C.S., Shuffler, M.L. (2015). Shared leadership: Building autonomous teams in long duration space flight. In J. Wildman & M. Shuffler (Co-Chairs), Shared leadership in teams: Contemporary perspectives in diverse contexts. Symposium to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Shuffler, M.L., Kramer, W.S. (2015). Multiteam systems in the final frontier: A review and research agenda. In L. Landon (Chair), Teams in Space: New Research Frontiers. Symposium to be presented at the 10th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Burke, C. S., Shuffler, M. L., & Kramer, W. S. (2016). Vocal Intensity: A Team Leadership Metric and Diagnostic Tool? Poster presented at NASA's Human Research Program Investigator's Workshop, Galveston, TX.
Shuffler, M. L., Verhoeven, D. C., Savage, N., & Kramer, W. S. (2016). Review of Multiteam Systems Related to Long Duration Exploration Missions. Poster presented at the Annual Conference of Human Research Program Investigators Workshop, Houston, Texas.
Shuffler, M. L., Verhoeven, D. C., Kramer, W. S., & Savage, N. (2016). Review of Multiteam Systems Related to Long Duration Exploration Missions. Poster presented at the Annual Conference of Human Research Program Investigators Workshop, Houston, TX.
*Flynn, M., Verhoeven, D. C., Savage, N., Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Burke, C. S., & Salas, E. (2016). Moving Beyond Traditional Leadership to Build Highly Functioning Autonomous Teams. Poster Presented at the 20th Annual Posters on the Hill Conference, Washington, D.C.
Burke, C. S., Salas, E., Shuffler, M. (2015). Leadership-followership: Moving beyond traditional leadership to build highly functioning autonomous teams. Poster presented at the 2015 Human Research Program Investigators Workshop (NASA), Galveston, TX.
Verhoeven, D. C., Savage, N., Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Burke, C. S., Salas, E. (2015). Moving Beyond Traditional Leadership to Build Highly Functioning Autonomous Teams. Poster submitted at the 10th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Savage, N., Kramer, W. S., Verhoeven, D. C, Shuffler, M. L., Burke, C. S., Salas, E. (2015). Are Distributed Teams More Stressed? The Influence of Distribution on Justice and Stress. Poster submitted at the 10th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Kramer, W. S., Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., & Burke, C. S. (2015). An Examination of Antecedents to Shared Leadership in Distributed Teams: Considering Individual Differences and Complex Contexts. Poster submitted at the 10th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
965

Montana Prairie Ecology

This creative inquiry is part of a newly created undergraduate research fellowship program developed at Clemson to expose Clemson students to the biodiversity and working landscape of the Great Plains through directed undergraduate work and research experience.  Students will spend the spring semester learning about the ecosystem, developing research questions and preparing for the summer course where they will travel to Montana.  Acceptance into this creative inquiry is competitive, and applicants are expected to apply by December 1 of each year to be allowed to enroll in both the spring and summer courses.  More information on the project and how to apply can be found at:  http://prairieecology.blogspot.com/

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Not applicable - this is to pay for roundtrip transportation between Clemson and Roundup, MT (4,000 miles roundtrip @ $0.57/mile, 4 nights hotel stay) as part of this year-long CI.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
883

Looking at Proteins one at a time with high precision

The goal of this project is to understand how proteins move, fold and interact in molecular complexes by looking at them one at a time with super resolution methods. Biochemical, genetics and biophysical tools will be combined with analytical and quantitative methods. In some instances we will derive three dimensional models of bimolecular machines.

Team Leaders
Hugo Sanabria Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
*Spencer M, Levesque B., Wang B., Ding F., Bowen M., Sanabria H., (2016, April). Using FRET to determine structural dynamics and inter-domain interactions of tandems PDZ1-2 domains in PSD95. Syracuse, N.Y.
*Kouser, H, Blocker R.E., *Spencer M., *Disharoon Z., Yanez-Orozco I.S., Sanabria H. (2016, April). Recombinant Flavodoxin for Single Molecule Fluorescence Experiments, Clemson, SC.
*Tremblay, L., *Williams, F., *Disharoon, Z., *Andorfer, R., Yanez-Orozco I.S.A., Sanabria, H. (2014, November 7-8). Single Molecule Spectroscopy Using Multiparameter Fluorescence Detection. Poster presented at the Sigma Xi Student Research Conference, Glendale, AZ.
ScienceG
1081

Evaluating the impact of Livestock Exhibition on student professional development

Livestock Exhibition Techniques is a course in the Animal and Veterinary Sciences Department designed for students learn techniques associated with exhibition and evaluation of beef, dairy, equine, poultry, and swine.  While enrolled in the course, students often boast about the knowledge they are gaining not only about the livestock and animal industries, but also a considerable amount with regards to the responsibility, team working, and leadership skills.  The purpose of this project is to allow a student-ran team to evaluate the impact enrollment in Livestock Exhibition Techniques has on a student’s professional development.  

Team Leaders
Richelle Miller Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
886

Carbides from Epoxy-Nanoparticle Composites

The objective of this project is to train students on the development of composites. Furthermore, it aims at teaching them how to develop a product for specific applications. This project will afford the students an opportunity to learn how to handle nanoparticles in a controlled environment and obtain hands-on experience on weighting them and then dispersing them in a matrix. Research into the solution parameters, surface coatings, etc. needed to obtain a stable dispersion will be conducted. The nanoparticle composite will then be used as a potential precursor to carbides.

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Flach, J.P., *Figuereido de Lima, P., *Sparks, J., Islam, M., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2016, April). "Synthesis of Titanium Oxycarbide Through Carbothermal Reduction of Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles and Renewable Biopolymers." Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.
Flach, J.P., *Figuereido de Lima, P., *Sparks, J., Islam, M., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2016, May). “Synthesis of Titanium Oxycarbide through carbothermal reduction of titanium dioxide nanoparticles and renewable polymers”. ECS Engineering Carbon Hybrids Symposium, San Diego, CA.
Flach, J.P., *Figuereido de Lima, P., *Sparks, J., Islam, M., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2016). “Synthesis of Titanium Oxycarbide through carbothermal reduction of titanium dioxide nanoparticles and renewable polymers”. ECS Transactions. In press.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
904

Ruminant Nutrition Research Team

This research team provides an opportunity for the advancement of the teacher-scholar model at Clemson by integrating significant student learning experiences into an ambitious ruminant research program in the animal and veterinary sciences department. Students have an opportunity to gain exposure to and experience with ruminant research first hand, and skills gained through this process will provide them a critical understanding of real world synthesis and application of research in a systematic manner. Successful development of the team will, in turn, support honors thesis, M.Sc., and Ph.D. projects, and numerous other potential future projects, many of which will be the result of active discussion among students and faculty. The team offers students coveted hands-on experience in a unique situation, and encourages all members to view issues of ruminant production from a variety of perspectives and to actively seek out opportunities for multidisciplinary cooperation in research and in practice. The team will also provide significant opportunities for networking for our students, obtaining funding for research, and sponsorship for attending conferences. The development of this team has resulted in industry funding for students to attend conferences in the past. Finally, internships can be facilitated as industry and other research organizations are actively seeking individuals with the capabilities that the team will help students develop. Additionally, the team will provide students with the necessary skills to continue their professional careers in several areas: 1. Industry 2. Independent Consultant 3. Government 4. Graduate School 5. Veterinary School

Team Leaders
Gustavo Lascano Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Accomplishments
*Garbowski S.J., *Goho, A.E. & Lascano, G.J. (2017, June). Grocery By-Product Waste and How Dairy Cattle Can Help. Oral Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
*Scott, L. & Lascano, G.J. (2017, June). Exploring the Market of Goat Milk Products. Oral Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Dennis, T.S., Suarez-Mena, F.X., Lascano, G.J., Hill, T.M., Quigley, J.D., Hu, W., & Schlotterbeck, R.L. (2017, June). Effect of feeding increasing amounts of beet pulp on weaned calf performance and digestion. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Koch, L.E., Koch, B., Klopp, R., Hussein, S., *Murphree, V., and Lascano, G.J. (2017, June). Effects of replacing corn with different levels of starch degradability with beet pulp as a source of soluble fiber on fermentation in continuous culture. Oral Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Koch, L.E., Koch, B., Klopp, R., Hussein, S., *Murphree, V., & Lascano, G.J. (2017, June). Starch degradability in combination with sugar alter fermentation in continuous culture. Oral Presentation at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Koch, L.E., Koch, B., Hussein, S., *Murphree, V., Jenkins, T.C., Linn, J., Soderholm, C., Albrecht, J., & Lascano, G.J. (2017, June). Effects of combinations of prilled fatty acids with or without potassium carbonate on fermentation and biohydrogenation intermediates in continuous culture fermenters. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Richards V.P., Jenkins, T.C., Koch, L.E., & Lascano, G.J. (2017, June). Changes in rumen bacteria communities in continuous cultures fed high and low levels of unsaturated fatty acids with increasing rates of starch degradability. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Dairy Science Association, Pittsburgh, PA
Ranasinghe, P., Gomes, N.A ., Rowland, K.*, Caprio, A.*, Lascano G. J. (2015). The Effects of Substituting True Protein with Non-Protein Nitrogen in Holstein Dairy Heifers Precision-Fed Different Forage to Concentrate Ratios. J. Dairy Sci. Suppl 21:26. Retrieved from: http://m.jtmtg.org/abs/t/64334
Ranasinghe, P., Gomes, N.A ., *Rowland, K., *Caprio, A. & Lascano G. J. (2015). "The Effects of Substituting True Protein with Non-Protein Nitrogen in Holstein Dairy Heifers Precision-Fed Different Forage to Concentrate Ratios". Oral Presentation at the Federation of Animal Science Societies Joint Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL 
Bowen, L.E., A. Bowyer, S.A. Weeks, N.A. Gomez, & Lascano, G.J. (2015). Precision-feeding dairy heifers different levels of dietary fiber and high rumen undegradable protein. Oral Presentation at the Federation of Animal Science Societies Joint Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL.
Bowen, L.E., *Bowyer, A., *Weeks, S. A., Gomez, N, A., & Lascano, G.J. (2015). "Precision-feeding dairy heifers different levels of dietary fiber and high rumen undegradable protein". J Dairy Sci. Suppl. 21: 26.
Goho, A*. (2016, April 21). Back to the future, A Solar Oven Project. The Tiger,110(37) A2. 
Hill, K.*, Cook, E.*, Boyd, H., Lynch, J.*, Johnson, J., Johnson, A., Jeffcoat, A.*. "AVS Corner, May 2016" (2016). AVS Corner. Paper 5.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
899

Establishing a Clemson University-K-12 Research Collaboration

The purpose of this CI is aid in the establishment of a yearlong high school laboratory program that will include lectures, interactive discussions and and hands-on laboratory experiments in which students will generate some of the molecular constructs that will be used in research projects being carried out on the Clemson Campus.

Team Leaders
Meredith Morris Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Dr. Meredith Morris received the Clemson University Service Alliance Faculty Fellows for 2015-2016. The Fellows Program is a program for faculty interested in exploring issues related to service-learning and community-based research
(2015-2016). Bridging the Gap Between the Classroom and the Laboratory [video file]. retrieved from: http://tv.clemson.edu/bridging_the_gap_between_the_classroom_and_the_laboratory/
ScienceG
969

How to Start a Startup

The creative inquiry project is designed to be a practical equivalent for engineers and other types that want to start startups. We’ll try to cover everything you need to know other than how to build a product. Topics include: having ideas, getting users, company culture, fundraising, hiring, operations, management, and more. You can’t teach everything necessary to succeed in starting a company, but I suspect we can teach a surprising amount. 

Team Leaders
Matthew Klein AM Spiro Ctr for Entr Leadersh
John Hannon AM Spiro Ctr for Entr Leadersh
Greg Smith MBA Programs
BusinessD
906

Research and Development for the National Dairy Council's Annual New Product Competition

Small teams of undergraduates with hands on research experience with general guidance from a faculty mentor. The overall goal is to create a new dairy product to enter into the annual National Dairy Council new product competition. Emphasis being placed on conducting sensory panels and understanding ingredient functions as is relates to dairy foods.

Team Leaders
Sara Cothran Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1077

Prosthetics - Socket Fit Sensor

Amputees often experience volume change in the residual limb due to muscle atrophy, resulting in ill-fitting sockets and the need for new sockets over the course of their life. It is often difficult for a patient to determine when their socket is not fitting properly, so that they may take some corrective action, and it is difficult for care providers to justify the need for a new socket to insurance agencies. This project aims to develop a socket fit sensor, which will report to the user and care providers a quantitative measurement of the fit of the socket based on the movement of the limb within the socket. Basic programming skills will be a huge asset to students in this project, although they are not required.

Team Leaders
Christopher W. Norfolk Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
924

DEVELOP, DESIGN, AND MARKETABILITY OF SPECIALIZED CLEMSON UNIVERSITY FISHING LURES

Presently, the fish tackle business in the US is estimated to be worth over 5 billion dollars. An opportunity to actually design, construct, develop and market unique fishing baits will be a key learning outcome and a unique entrepreneurial opportunity. Today a significant amount of research is put into artificial bait technology and this project will expose Clemson University students to this industry and will also offer the opportunity to investigate and inspire fishing lure design and manufacturing with various materials and artistic graphics. Economics and simplicity of construction will also be emphasized. Different composites, special design techniques, various scents and innovative mechanical techniques will be evaluated for realistic movement in the bait for effective strikes. Hook strategy will also be explored for safe catch and release practices. Students in the CI and additional participants from the Clemson community will be selected to test prototype lures and collect data to determine which bait performs the best. Filming lure movement in clear water will give students the opportunity to better understand the realistic movement and action needed to attract fish. Business opportunities and patenting unique lure designs will be available and pursued if relevant designs are created.

Team Leaders
Webb M Smathers Jr Plant & Environmental Sciences
Lance Beecher Plant & Environmental Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
968

Thermal ecology with fence lizards

     Rapid climate change is affecting ecological systems across the globe at rates unparalleled in recent history. As global temperatures rise, an important goal of research is to improve our understanding of the ability of organisms to respond to a changing environment. In this way, research enables us to make predictions about the effects of climate change on organismal biology (e.g., thermal tolerances) and ecology (e.g., species ranges). Students in this Creative Inquiry (CI) project will be involved with a graduate research project that examines the ability of the Eastern fence lizard to modify its physiology and behavior under changing thermal conditions to improve models that make such predictions.     This CI project will engage undergraduate students in the study of thermal ecology through participation in laboratory and field research exploring the relationship between the thermal environment and lizard physiology and behavior. With these experiences, students will gain knowledge of theory in thermal biology and physiological ecology, as well as empirical skills necessary to carry out research. After training as research assistants, students will develop their own experiments based on graduate research projects in the Sears laboratory. Under the guidance of graduate student and faculty mentors, students will carry out projects individually or on small teams and present the results at state, regional, and national biology conferences. Motivated students will also have the opportunity to earn co-authorship on peer-reviewed publications based on work completed during this CI project.

Team Leaders
Michael Carlo Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
In 2016, we raised $2004 through a crowdfunding project on Experiment.com. Those funds provided a stipend for an undergraduate research assistant to conduct research with the project mentor, Michael Carlo, during the 2016-2017 school year.
*Camper, B., Cornbrooks, R., Willan, C. (2017, February). Sex or No Sex: That is the Question. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Stevenson, R., *Feiste, M., Carlo, M. A., Sears, M.W. (2016, April 7). Individual variation in nesting strategies within a population of Eastern fence lizards. Presented at the Clemson Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Stevenson, R., *Feiste, M., Carlo, M. A., Sears, M.W. (2016, February 20). Individual variation in nesting strategies within a population of Eastern fence lizards. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Our team was awarded a grant from the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists for our work studying Eastern fence lizard nesting behavior in Sumter National Forest.
Michael Carlo, the team's graduate student leader, was awarded a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship to support his research on Eastern fence lizards for the next�3 years. Since that research is the driver of the team's work, this award will enable Michael to focus more time, energy, and funds toward further developing group and individual projects.
*Feiste, M., Stevenson, R., Carlo, M. A., Sears, M.W. (2016, October 18). Individual variation in nesting strategies within a population of Eastern fence lizards. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Wildlife Society, Raleigh, NC.
ScienceG
953

Applied Psychophysiology and Performance

This research program explores physical ergonomics in applied settings to better understand user experience, occupational safety, and the effects environmental stressors have on human performance. The current project is associated with autonomous driving and understanding the physiological response of first time self-driving vehicle users.  

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
Drew Morris Psychology
Accomplishments
*Erno, J. M., Morris, D. M., *Wilson, G. A., *Campbell, M. R., *Meloy, J. K., Maad, H. J., Pilcher, J. J. (2017, April). Risk moderates heart rate variability during autonomous vehicle use. Poster presentation at the 2017 L. Starling Reid Undergraduate Psychology Conference, Charlottesville, VA.
Morris, D. M., Erno, J. M.*, Finlayson, M. S.*, Campbell, M. R.*, Wilson, G. A.*, Henry, M. R., Greene, S. T.*, Smith, E. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, February). Unexpected Health Risks Associated with Self-Driving Cars. Poster presentation at the 2017 University of South Florida Health Research Day, Tampa, FL.
*Campbell, M., *Wilson, G., *Erno, J., *Meloy, J., *Maad, H., Morris, D., Pilcher, J. (2017, April). Paving the way: A simulation based methodology for self-driving car research. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Finlayson, M. S., *Greene, S. T., Sullivan, A. M., *Campbell, R. M., Morris, D. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Autonomous vehicles: A physiological stress response to simulated dangerous driving. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Ormson, T. K., *Harper, J., *Romine, J. M., Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April). Ergonomic Evaluation for Occupational Redesign. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Awarded by the National Honor Society of Phi Kappa Phi National Committee to support Human Factors research and student mentoring
Awarded by the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society National Committee for outstanding research in the field of Human Factors Engineering/Psychology
Plastic Omnium is the world’s leading supplier of plastic and composite painted exterior components and modules. Its Auto Exterior Division has a large plant in Anderson, SC and employs several hundred employees who work traditionally factory jobs with many ergonomic related areas of improvement. Our collaboration involved the CI team visiting the plant to take ergonomic measurements and write up recommendations the facility could use to encourage long-term employee well being and health.
A warm congratulations to one of our senior team member who was offered a summer internship with the organization we have been working with for this project. The company piloted this internship position for the first time and was so impressed by our team members performance that they offered him a full position after graduation. Great job!
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1184

Being a Leader

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to discover the meaning and being of leader and leadership in order to empower each of us to be leaders in our lives, communities, and societies.  It is not a purely academic inquiry into theories, models, and case studies about leadership.  Our promise is that, if you participate fully, you will complete the semester being a leader and exercising leadership effectively as your natural self-expression.

Team Leaders
Melissa Vogel Sociology and Anthropology
Christopher Mann Aerospace Studies
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
993

A Retrospective study of cardiac arrest survival using Theraputic Hypothermia at a large upstate hospital

One of the most promising treatments fighting against cerebral injury post-cardiac arrest is therapeutic hypothermia (TH). TH has been proven successful because it suppresses the inflammatory response to cardiac arrest, decreases acidosis, minimizes cell death, and “can decrease the cerebral blood flow and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen consumption as much as 6% to 7% for each 1°C reduction in brain temperature” (Ferreira & Frontera, 2013, p. 638). Indicators for TH, such as the desired body temperature, biomarkers, and pre-existing conditions of patients, require further research to standardize the process. Our team is going to do a retrospective chart review for the last 5 years on patients who have experienced a cardiac arrest and received therapeutic Hypothermia post cardiac arrest and identify common variables associated with survival.

Team Leaders
John Whitcomb School of Nursing
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
996

Crossmodal Links Between Vision and Audition: How Visual Attention Changes Over Time

Research has shown that sensory channels are, to some extent, linked to one another. Specifically, spatial and temporal crossmodal links in attention have been demonstrated between vision and audition/touch (Driver & Spence, 1998; Ferris & Sarter, 2008). Crossmodal spatial links refer to the fact that presenting information in one modality in a particular location leads to an increased readiness to perceive information in other modalities in that same location. However, little has been understood crossmodally in terms of how crossmodal links change over time, mainly how visual attention is directed and how visual attention changes over time. For this experiment, the goal was to investigate how crossmodal attention between vision and audition change overs time using eye tracking. Eyetracking measures (fixation duration, scanpath length, scanpath patterns), performance measures (response time, response accuracy), and subjective feedback were collected. Overall, examining how people respond to crossmodal visual-auditory information presentation is important as most workplaces are becoming increasing complex the simultaneous experience of visual and auditory cues is likely to increase.

Team Leaders
Sara Riggs Industrial Engineering
Accomplishments
HFI Research Support Initiative request: Director's award-Awarded $500 to pay participants to take part in the study associated with this research project.
*Gomes, K., Riggs, S.L. (2015, May 30). Crossmodal Links Between Vision and Audition: How Visual Attention Changes Over Time. Lecture presented at the IIE Annual Conference and Expo, Nashville, TN.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1001

The Effects of Birth Satisfaction and Labor Choices on the Development of Postpartum Mood Disorders

Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 400,000 new mothers in the United States each year.  Current research suggests that mothers who feel more in control over their health and delivery process are less likely to develop PPD.  A woman’s ability to exercise personal choices during pregnancy, labor and delivery, regarding their care can be an important factor to their birth experience being seen as a positive one.  A simple decision like choosing their own maternity gown, may provide a sense of empowerment, control and confidence. This autonomy may relate to a more positive birth experience and make an easier transition into new motherhood avoiding the development of complications like postpartum depression. The study is not physically invasive, and the information gained has the potential to benefit future mothers and change labor room policies. If aspects of birth satisfaction are understood, then nursing interventions can be created to intervene during critical times in labor and delivery to lessen the occurrence of complications. The purpose of Clemson University’s research is to test whether the use of Pretty Pushers maternity gowns during labor and delivery will increase birth satisfaction and therefore decrease the likelihood of developing PPD in new mothers in upstate South Carolina.

Team Leaders
Lisa Miller School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Collaboration with Pretty Pushers, Inc. (New York) Maternity Clothing company. Collaboration has provided free designer labor gowns for the mothers in the Birth Satisfaction study.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1002

Measuring Functional Brain Asymmetry in Realistic Settings

Functional Brain asymmetry (the fact that the hemispheres of the brain show consistent differences in the type of cognitive and motor functions they control) has been known for over a century and is generally considered as one of the fundamental aspects of brain organization. Nonetheless, the reason why the brain is functionally asymmetric remains unclear.  One of the leading theories proposes that a crucial advantage that brain asymmetry may offer is to increase neural capacity, because specializing one hemisphere for a particular function leaves the other hemisphere free to perform other (additional) functions. However, to date the type of evidence showing a relationship between behavioral performance and degree of functional hemispheric asymmetry is quite limited.  One of the main reasons for this is that most current imaging studies (i.e., fMRI studies) of functional hemispheric asymmetry are conducted in highly artificial settings which drastically limit the type of cognitive/behavioral tasks that the subjects can perform. As a solution to the above-mentioned limitations of current research, I am developing a research program in which 1) the subjects are engaged in cognitive and motor tasks performed in more realistic settings, and 2) measures of brain function are obtained using functional transcranial Doppler technology (fTDS), a portable and fully non-invasive imaging technology, based on the same principles and technology of ultrasound imaging.

Team Leaders
Claudio Cantalupo Psychology
Accomplishments
*Davis, K., *Paschall, E., *Hentschel, B., *Kennett, P., *Kilcommons, P., *Neckles, V., *Ott, M., *Rice, A., Cantalupo, C. (2017, April). The "Cooling" Effect of Language: The Relationship Between Eardrum Temperature and Cerebral Blood Speed. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1016

Martian Soil Simulants - Mechanical Properties and Feasibility as Building Blocks

Mars has long fascinated humankind because of its potential as a host for alien life. Looking forward to continued exploration, it is of the utmost important that all technical components for Mars missions function properly once in situ. In order to test rover instrumentation before mission launch and improve the chances of success, understand and analyze terrestrial soils similar to those that will be encountered on Mars have become crucial. Mars soil analogues provide a preview of the physical environment that a mission to Mars may encounter.  In this project, the mechanical properties of JSC Mars-1A soil simulant will be analyzed through an extensive experimental study. Information gained from this project will be benchmarked against available data and will be used for (1) development of a numerical model to predict behavior of Mars soil simulant; and (2) feasibility of utilizing Martian geomaterials as building blocks for future Mars exploration missions.

Team Leaders
Qiushi Chen Civil Engineering
Zhengshou Lai Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
*Burden, M., *Burden, B., *Johnstone, C., *Mcdaniel, N., *Merry, P., Chen, Q., Lai, Z. (2017, April). Martian Soil Simulants - Mechanical Properties and Feasibility as Building Blocks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Brennan, M., Burden, M., and Chen, Q. (2016, July 29). Creation and Characterization of JSC Mars-1A Martian Simulant-based Composite Material. Palmetto Academy Symposium, College of Charleston.
*Burden, M., *Miller, J., *Shiotani, M., Wang, C., Bakthavatchalam, K., Chen, Q., Pilla, S. (2016). Martian Soil Simulants - Mechanical Properties and Feasibility as Building Blocks, FoCI.
*Burden, M., *Miller, J., *Shiotani, M., Wang, C., Bakthavatchalam, K., Pilla, S., Chen, Q. (2016, April). “Martian soil simulant - mechanical properties and feasibility as building blocks”. Presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
NASA SC Space Consortium Palmetto Faculty Grant is funded as a result of this CI project.
Matthew Brennan* is a Material Science and Engineering student working with the CI team on this Martian soil project. He received the NASA SC Space NASA SC Space Consortium Palmetto Student Fellowship to carry out research on Martian regolith-based composite materials.
Michael Burden* was a Civil Engineering sophomore working with the CI team on this Martian soil project. He received the NASA SC Space NASA SC Space Consortium Palmetto Student Fellowship to carry out research on Martian regolith-based composite materials.
David McCormick* was a Civil Engineering senior working with the CI team on this Martian soil project. He received the NASA SC Space Grant Undergraduate Fellowship for his proposed work on creating building blocks with Martian soil. He carried out his proposed research with the CI team.
SC Space Consortium Palmetto student fellowship is awarded to CI student Michael Burden on this research topic
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1018

Video game development for fun learning of distributed dynamical systems

This project aims at the development of a car racing video game which can enhance the student learning experience of distributed dynamical  systems and even more broader dynamical systems & control courses and auto engineering courses. The project will be built upon existing work which already realized a sophisticated vehicle simulator, a  game framework, and graphics engine. Students will be focused on developing an interface between existing work and student learning process. The game development itself will be a fun learning process. Knowledge of Linux and C++/C is required. No knowledge of distributed dynamical systems is needed.  

Team Leaders
Yongqiang Wang Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
Parakh, N. and Wang, Y. (2016). "Pulse-Coupled Synchronization of the Roomba". Submitted to IEEE Conference on Cybernetics.
*Baracskay, D., and Wang, Y. (2016). "Communication between two cars in the torcs program". Submitted to Chinese Control Conference.
*Maxwell, T., *Bear, E., Anglea, T., Wang, Y.Q. (2016).  A unified communication and control approach for decentralized heading alignment in robot networks. In Proceedings of the 28th Chinese Control and Decision Conference, China.
*Maxwell, T., *Bear, E., *Raval, D., Anglea, T., Wang, Y.Q. (2016).  An undergraduate research platformfor cooperative control and swarm robotics. In Proceedings of the IEEE 11th Conferenceon Industrial Electronics and Applications.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1020

Bionic Arm

This project is inspired by the eNABLE community whose projects are providing motion controlled prosthetics for children.  Our goal is to use their open source designs to 3D print a prosthetic arm and embed electronics for motion control via electromyography (EMG) and electroencephalogram (EEG). 

Team Leaders
Tyler Harvey Housing: Summer Programs
Melissa McCullough Bioengineering
Jorge Rodriguez Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Sedler, A., Harvey, T., McCullough, M., *Hicks, C., *Ormerod, A., *Roach, M., *Strohl, M., *Dorsey, R., Rodriguez, J., *Mcleod, D., *Robison, J., *Aitken, S. (2017, April). Clemson Bionics: Design and Development of Novel, Low-Cost Bionic Prosthetics. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Robison, J., *Sedler, A., *Hicks, C., *Sech, M., *Bryla, B., Rodriguez, R.,  and McCullough, M. (2016, October). "Development Of A Novel 3D Printed, Low Cost Bionic Hand". Biomedical Engineering Society Annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN.
*Sedler, A., *Hicks, C., *Bryla, B., McCullough, M., Rodriguez, J.L. (2016, April). Low Cost Bionic Hand. Poster Presentation. Presented at South Carolina Counselors at Clemson, SC.
J*Fauling, J., *Robison, J., *Roach, M., *Sech, M., *Sedler, A., *Hicks, C., *Bryla, B., *Denardo, K., *Gannon, S., *Johnson, H., *Mahanes, C., *Stewart, A., Zemitis, C., McCullough, M., Rodriguez, J.L. (2016, April). Low Cost Bionic Hand. Poster Presentation. Presented at The Focus of Creative Inquiry Poster Fo-rum at Clemson, SC.
*Fauling, J., *Robison, J., *Roach, M., *Sech, M., *Sedler, A., *Hicks, C., *Bryla, B., *Denardo, K., *Gannon, S., *Johnson, H., *Mahanes, C., *Stewart, A., Zemitis, C., McCullough, M., Rodriguez, J.L. (2016, June). Development of a Novel EMG-activated Low Cost Bionic Hand/Forearm. Presented at LIMBS Research Summit at El Paso, Tx.
*Fauling, J., *Robison, J., *Roach, M., *Sech, M., *Sedler, A., *Hicks, C., *Bryla, B., *Denardo, K., *Gannon, S., *Johnson, H., *Mahanes, C., *Stewart, A., Zemitis, C., McCullough, M., Rodriguez, J.L. (2016, May 18-19). Low Cost Bionic Hand.Poster presented at 10th Annual Southeastern Medical Device Association (SEMDA) 2016 Conference, Nashville, TN.
1022

Engineering Yeast for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Nutraceuticals

            Our mantra is “Inspired, but not limited by biology”. Microbial biosynthesis of chemicals and fuels offers a renewable way to create the molecules our society needs in a sustainable manner. The major barriers to more broad adoption of biochemicals in the chemical process industry are starting to be overcome by advances in biotechnology and engineering. Taking advantage of natural biodiversity, and engineering new biological components will enable an expanded set of biochemical reactions to be better controlled and therefore more efficiently produced. Team members in the Engineering Yeast for Sustainable Production of Fuels, Chemicals, and Nutraceuticals creative inquiry will actively engage in using and creating biotechnology to improve the production of sustainable chemicals. CI students work with Dr. Blenner, graduate student mentors, and fellow CI team members in a highly active interdisciplinary research environment. Students learn how to identify a problem, design and conduct experiments using state-of-art laboratory equipment, analyze data, and communicate findings. The projects available in this creative inquiry involve: 1.     Engineering yeast for metabolism of lignocellulose. 2.     Engineering biocatalytic conversion of animal fats into value added products. 3.     Establishing genetic and metabolic engineering tools for a novel oleaginous yeast.

Team Leaders
Mark Blenner Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program
ACCIAC Creativity & Innovation Fellowship (*S. Smith, 2016)
ACCIAC Creativity & Innovation Fellowship (*L. Gambill, 2015)
Rodriguez, G., *Gambill, L., Shabbir-Hussain, M., & Blenner, M. (2017, January). "Engineering Robust Xylose Utilization in Yarrowia Lipolytica Using Cryptic Metabolic Pathways." Presented at the International Conference on Biomolecular Engineering, San Diego, CA.
Shabbir-Hussain, M., Wiseman, W., & Blenner, M. (2017, January). "Development of Fine-Tuned and Responsive Genetic Engineering Tools for Yarrowia Lipolytica." Poster presented at the International Conference on Biomolecular Engineering, San Diego, CA.
Spagnuolo, M., Gao, D., & Blenner, M. (2016, November). "PHA Production Using Yarrowia Lipolytica and Alternative Feedstocks." Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Shabbir Hussain, M., *Baker, P., Wheeldon, I., Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Genomic Hot Spots for Strong and Stable Expression Sites in Yarrowia Lipolytica." Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Shabbir Hussain, M., *Baker, P., Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Engineering Fatty Acid Responsive Elements for Metabolic Engineering in the Oleaginous Yeast, Yarrowia Lipolytica." Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Shabbir Hussain, M., Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Development of Hybrid Lipid Sensors for Metabolic Engineering in the Oleaginous Yeast, Yarrowia Lipolytica." Presented at the Southeast Regional American Society of Microbiology Meeting, Florence, AL
Rodriguez, G., Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Gambill, L., Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Enabling Xylose Metabolism in Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica." Presented at the Southeast Regional American Society of Microbiology Meeting, Florence, AL.
Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Critical Challenges for Synthetic Biology Applications in Space Life Support Systems." Invited presentation at NASA Ames Research Center, Mountain View, CA.
Blenner, M. (2016, November). "Synthetic Biology: From Benchtop to Mars." Invited presentation to the Microbiology Club, Clemson, SC.
*Gambill, L., Rodriguez, G., Blenner, M. (2016, October). "Improving xylose utilization in engineered strains of Yarrowia lipolytica." Poster presented at the Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
*Brabender, M., Rodriguez, G., Blenner, M. (2016, October). "Urine as an alternative nitrogen source for growing Yarrowia lipolytica." Poster presented at the Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
*Smith, S., Shabbir Hussain, M., Blenner, M. (2016, October). "Understanding the rules of responsive hybrid promoters." Poster presented at the Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
Gao, D., Spagnuolo, M., Rodriguez, G., *Brabender, M., *Scola, K., & Blenner, M. (2017, April). "Synthetic Biology for Recycling Human Waste into Nutraceuticals and Materials." Presented at the American Chemical Society Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
*Smith, S. & Blenner, M., (2017, April). "Developing a genetic tool for metabolic engineering in Yarrowia lipolytica." Invited presentation at the ACC Meeting of the Minds, Durham, NC.
Blenner, M. (2017, April). "Expanding Capabilities for Engineering Yeast for Biochemical Production." Invited Departmental Seminar Presented at Chemical Engineering Departmental Seminar, Columbia University, New York, NY.
Shabbir Hussain, M., Schwartz, C., Wheeldon, I., & Blenner, M. (2017, May). "Discovery of a fatty acid response element in Yarrowia lipolytica and its use to construct finely tuned fatty acid responsive promoters to enable strain engineering and dynamic regulation." Presented at the Symposium for Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Yaguchi, A., *Robinson, A., & Blenner, M. (2017, May). "Aromatic metabolism by oleaginous yeast." Poster presented at the Symposium for Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Blenner, M. (2017, May). "Engineering oleaginous yeast for biochemical production using non-conventional feedstocks." Invited Industry Seminar to REG, San Francisco, CA.
Blenner, M. (2017, May). "Expanding Capabilities for Engineering Yeast for Biochemical Production." Invited Departmental Seminar Presented at Chemical & Materials Engineering, University of California – Irvine, Irvine, CA.
Blenner, M. (2017, May) “Expanding Capabilities for Engineering Yeast for Biochemical Production.” Chemical & Materials Engineering Departmental Seminar, University of California - Irvine, CA.
*Baker, P., *Brabender, M., *Gambill, L., *Hardy, W., *Scola, K., *Smith, S., Blenner, M. (April 2016). Engineering Yeast for Production of Oleochemicals from Waste and Renewable Resources. Poster presented at the FoCI Conference, Clemson, SC.
Rodriguez, G., Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Gambill, L., Blenner, M. (August 2015). Elucidating the Role of Xylose Metabolism Enzymes in the Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Presentation given at the Society of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology Annual Meeting, Philadelphia PA
Shabbir-Hussain, M. *Gambill, L., Rodriguez, G., Blenner, M. (November 2015). Exploring Mechanisms for Xylose Transport in Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Presentation given at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT
Rodriguez, G, Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Gambill, L., Blenner, M. (November 2015). Elucidating the Role of Xylose Metabolism Enzymes in the Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Presentation given at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT
Schartz, C. Shabbir-Hussain, M., Blenner, M., Wheeldon, I. (November 2015). Genome Editing in Yarrowia Lipolytica Using a Crispr-Cas9 System with RNA Polymerase II Transcribed Single Guide RNA. Presentation given at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, Salt Lake City, UT
Blenner, M. (November 2015). Yarrowia lipolytica as a robust platform for biochemical production from complex substrates. Invited Departmental Seminar, Ohio University
Rodriguez, G., Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Gambill, L., Blenner, M. (March 2016). Engineering Xylose Metabolism Through Unveiling Cryptic Enzymes and Transporter Expression in Yarrowia lipolytica. Presentation given at the American Chemical Society Meeting, San Diego, CA
*Gambill, L., Shabbir-Hussain, M., Rodriguez, G., Blenner, M. (April 2016). Identification of a xylose transport and interconversion pathway in the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Presentation given at the ACC Research Conference, Syracuse, NY.
Rodriguez, G., Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Gambill, L., Blenner, M (2016, April). Enabling Xylose Metabolism from a Cryptic Pathway in Yarrowia lipolytica. Presentation given at the Symposium for Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Meeting, Baltimore, MD.
Shabbir Hussain, M., Rodriguez, G., Gao. D., Spagnuolo M., Gambill, L.*, Blenner, M. 2016. “Recent Advances in Metabolic Engineering of Yarrowia lipolytica”, AIMS Bioengineering 3(4):493-514.
Rodriguez, G., Shabbir Hussain, M., *Gambill L., Gao, D., Yaguchi, A., Blenner, M. (2016, July 21). Engineering Xylose Utilization in Yarrowia lipolytica by Understanding its Cryptic Xylose Pathway. Biotechnology for Biofuels.
Shabbir Hussain, M., *Gambill L., *Smith, S., Blenner, M. (2016) Engineering Promoter Architecture in Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. ACS Synthetic Biology, 5(3):213-223.
Schartz, C., Shabbir-Hussain, M., Blenner, M., Wheeldon, I. (2016) Synthetic RNA Polymerase III Promoters Facilitate High Efficiency CRISPR-Cas9 Mediated Genome Editing in Yarrowia lipolytica. ACS Synthetic Biology 5(4):356-359.
Shabbir-Hussain, M. *Baker, P., Blenner, M. (2016, March) Engineering Fatty Acid Responsive Elements for Metabolic Engineering of Oleaginous Yeast, Yarrowia lipolytica. Poster given at the American Chemical Society Meeting, San Diego, CA
Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Baker, P., and Blenner, M. (2016, July) Genomic Hot Spots for Strong and Stable Expression Sites in Yarrowia lipolytica. Poster presented at Society of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1023

Enhancing School Readiness through Parent Education in the Preschool Setting

Parent education has been found effective at enhancing school readiness skills related to early mathematics and literacy.  This project will challenge students to create effective communication tools to share research-based information with parents of preschool students. 

Team Leaders
Anna Hall Teacher Education
Sandra Linder Teaching & Learning
Accomplishments
Emerson, A. & Hall, A. H. (2017). Is this just scribble scrabble? Accepted by the Literacy Research Association Annual Conference. Tampa, FL.
Hall, A. H., Guo, Y., and White, K. M. (2016). Who counts as a writer: An examination of teacher, parent, and child perceptions of writing during the preschool years. Presented at the annual meeting of the Literacy Research Association. Nashville, TN.
Hall, A. H., Guo, Y.*, & White, K. M. (2016) Who Counts as a Writer: An Examination of Teacher, Parent, and Child Perceptions of Writing during the Preschool Years. Presented at the annual conference of the Literacy Research Association, Nashville, TN.
Award based on research productivity and prominence in field
Hall, A. H. (2016). Sustaining preschoolers' engagement during interactive writing lessons. The Reading Teacher, 70(3), 365-369. 
Hall, A. H. (in press). Quality standards matter: A comparative case study examining interactive writing in the preschool setting.  Early Child Development and Care. 
EducationE
1028

Development of novel antifungals

A number of drugs are inhibitors of fungal growth. We have identified medicinal leads that are active antifungals and also inhibit bacterial growth. Using chemical and biochemical techniques, this project will explore how we can tailor the chemical structures of these leads to develop better drugs.

Team Leaders
Dev Priya Arya Chemistry
ScienceG
1029

Scroll of Honor Creative Inquiry

This creative inquiry project focuses on the Scroll of Honor and Memorial Park. Using a multi-disciplinary and multi-term approach, the goal is to assist The Clemson Corps in its vision to have a kiosk for visitors to obtain information about the Scroll of Honor and Memorial Park.Undergraduate students, freshmen – seniors, are invited to join the team. We are particularly interested in students majoring in landscape architecture, history, communication, English, or marketing, as well as students in any major who are active in Scabbard and Blade or other relevant organizations or those with a keen interest in military heritage

Team Leaders
Barbara E Weaver Dean ETM School of Education
Roy P Pargas School of Computing
Eddie R Smith Communications Studies
Martin Holland Landscape Architecture
John R Andrew Jr History
Jan Holmevik English
Accomplishments
EducationE
1031

Biological and Evolutionary Approaches to Consumer Psychology

What makes consumers buy the things they buy? Why are humans attracted to some types of products and ideas and not others? This Creative Inquiry is designed to give students hands-on experience with theory, methods and research for current issues in Consumer Psychology. This field spans research into evolved motives for behavior, the nature of consciousness, biological underpinnings of behavior culture and current market behavior.     Accepted students will work on a junior colleague model, which implies an invitation and expectation for contributions to conceptualization of projects, method generation, statistical analysis and theory-based data interpretation. Students will leave this Creative Inquiry prepared to do sophisticated theory-based analytical thinking using the most current methods, software and research as a toolkit for employment in analytics or eventual entrance into graduate school. 

Team Leaders
T. Andrew Poehlman Marketing
Accomplishments
Poehlman, *Kooi, K. A., Martin, Thorsteinsson (2016), "Directions in Consumptive Signaling." Panel Presentation at the Society of Marketing Advances, Atlanta, GA.
Larson, L.R.L., Poehlman, T.A., *Kooi, K.A., *Martin, N.S. (2015, November). New directions in evolutionary consumer behavior. Special session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Marketing Advances, San Antonio, TX.
BusinessD
1036

The role of glycolysis in Entamoeba growth and infection

Entamoeba histolytica is a human pathogen that causes diarrheal disease. Although Entamoeba infection is not a problem in the US, it is a major problem in developing countries with poor sanitation. Entamoeba lacks many of the typical metabolic pathways found in other higher organisms and instead relies on scavenging (including ingesting other cells) to get many of the cellular building materials it needs that it cannot make for itself. One key metabolic pathway that Entamoeba does possess is glycolysis, which is responsible for breakdown of the sugar glucose, which is the preferred energy source for a wide variety of cells and organisms. We are investigating the proteins responsible for performing the various steps of this pathway and what role these proteins play in Entamoeba growth and infection.

Team Leaders
Cheryl Ingram-Smith Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Jones, C., Khan, K., and Ingram-Smith, C. (2017, January 27). Investigating the mechanism of ADP-forming acetyl-CoA synthetase from the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. FEBS Letters, in press.
*Khan, K., Jones, J., Ingram-Smith, C. (2016). Investigating the mechanism of ADP-forming acetyl-CoA synthetase from the parasitic protozoan Entamoeba histolytica. Manuscript submitted.
Jones, C., Khan, K., Ingram-Smith, C. (2016, June). Investigating the mechanism of ADP-forming acetyl-CoA synthetase from the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. Manuscript in preparation for final submission.
*Khan, K., *Smith, N., Jones, C., Ingram-Smith, C. (2015, October 22-23). Investigating the mechanism of ADP-forming acetyl-CoA synthetase in Entamoeba histolytica. Poster presentation at Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson University, SC.
Khan, K., *Smith, N., Jones, C., Ingram-Smith, C. (2015, October). Investigating the Mechanism of ADP-forming Acetyl-CoA Synthetase in Entamoeba histolytica. Poster presentation at the Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson University.
Jones, C., Khan, K., Ingram-Smith, C. (2015, April). Exploring the mechanism of acetyl-CoA synthetase (ADP-forming) from Entamoeba histolytica. Poster presentation at the Southeast Enzymes Conference, Atlanta, GA.
*Kirin Khan received the Outstanding Senior in Biochemistry and Outstanding Senior in Genetics awards from the Department of Genetics and Biochemistry
ScienceG
1037

Sustainable, Transformative and Functional Composites for Next Generation Automobiles

The automotive sector is looking at revolutionary concepts to lightweight the vehicles due to the stringent CAFÉ standards to meet the 54.5 MPG of fuel economy by 2025. This is driving research not only in lightweight materials substitution but also parts consolidation, multifunctionality, novel manufacturing technologies and above all an overhaul in materials and vehicle design architectures.In this CI class, the students will work on designing, manufacturing, characterizing and testing sustainable, transformative and functional composites for automotive applications that will not only help to reduce weight but also add-in multifunctionality thereby levering parts consolidation, reinforce triumvirate (stiffness, strength and toughness) properties, sustainability (through the use of biobased materials), etc. The students will get transdisciplinary yet versatile experience in polymer synthesis, composites design, simulation and manufacturing including injection molding, extrusion, resin transfer molding, vacuum assisted transfer molding, and resin infusion technologies, and a number of characterization techniques including tensile testing, crystallization, thermal, spectroscopic, microscopic, etc. In addition to possible invention disclosures and research publications, the team will develop demo automotive products (based on the invented technologies) for elementary, middle, and high school students, thereby educating them of the futuristic technologies that will be forthcoming in next generation automobiles. 

Team Leaders
Srikanth Pilla Campbell Grad Engr Program
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1070

Educational Children's Books about Nature

This team will work on writing, illustrating, printing, and publishing  educational children’s books about nature. This project requires a commitment of two semesters.

Team Leaders
Suellen Pometto Plant & Environmental Sciences
David Blakesley English
Accomplishments
*Badger, A., *Brittingham, C., *Coleman, W., *Mangan, R., *Stoiser, A., *Wood, S., Pometto, S. (2017, April). Natural Collaborations: Pathway to Beautiful Books. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1042

Using EMS triage field reports to predict accurate trauma activations to reduce over and under triage rates

We are working with the the Trauma Surgery Group at Greenville Health System (GHS) to develop a model that predicts Injury Severity Score (ISS) using physiological data from EMS field reports.

Team Leaders
Robert Riggs Industrial Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1044

Japanese stiltgrass invasion in a multi-use forest: patterns, mechanisms and perceptions

Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum), an alien invasive grass native to Asia, is rapidly expanding its range across the Piedmont and southern Appalachians. Shade tolerant and highly competitive, it forms a dense monotypic carpet of vegetation – readily displacing native understory species and inhibiting the recruitment of overstory trees. Despite these documented impacts, little is known about how Japanese stiltgrass disperses across the landscape. While anecdotal evidence suggests that it spreads along trails, with seeds possibly transported by recreational trail users (equestrians, hikers, bikers, etc.), these hypotheses have yet to be tested. An improved understanding of Japanese stiltgrass dispersal mechanisms will aid forest managers in their early detection/rapid response efforts.

Team Leaders
Donald Hagan Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
*Rehfus, A., *Bock, N., *Durham, P., *Sayers, S., *Stamey, T. (2016, April 18-22). Identifying plant invasion hotspots to prioritize restoration efforts in a multiple-use forest. National Conference on Ecosystem Restoration.
*Bock, N., *Durham, P., *Rehfus, A., *Sayers, S., *Stamey, T. (2016, April). Do roads and trails facilitate plant invasions in multiple-use forests. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1216

Interdisciplinary Collaborative Focused on the Impact of Cognitive Decline and Creation of a Wellness Environment

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to use theories of human caring to explore experiences of aging across the lifespan and the impact of cognitive decline on individual/family and community. In addition, students will explore the environmental gaps and challenges in wellness care; examine the attributes of success for community-based wellness programs; develop collaboration with other disciplines and members of the community to co-create a Wellness Environment.   

Team Leaders
Kathleen Valentine School of Nursing
Anjali Joseph School of Architecture
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1048

The Phoenix Challenge

The Phoenix Challenge: Each year as part of this CI, the students participate in The Phoenix Challenge Foundation day-long competition focused on flexographic product design and printing for college teams to showcase their practical knowledge, problem solving, team work and presentation and communication skills. This competition has teams from North America as well as Canada representing the best of each university.  Each team is required to research, develop, design and produce three types of printed packaged goods that would be displayed for purchase or use.

Team Leaders
Nona Woolbright Graphic Communications
BusinessD
1050

The Limits of Free Exercise: Teacher Attitudes About Religious Expression in Public Schools

Recent supreme court decisions have sparked a resurgence of interest in the scope and limits of free exercise of religion. Specifically, in the wake of the Obergefell decision legalizing same-sex marriage, public sector employees across the country have refused to fulfill their professional job duties citing personal, religious objections. In this project, we will disseminate and analyze a national survey of public school teachers to gather and analyze their perceptions and attitudes toward the scope and limits of religious expression in public schools. Students engaged in this project will learn how to design and disseminate a large-scale empirical survey,embed experiments within the survey, and analyze survey responses using the latest software. Additionally, students will learn about constitutional law specifically as it relates to the first amendment, public schools, and democratic education.

Team Leaders
Laura R Olson Political Science
Suzanne Rosenblith Teacher Education
Daniel Frost Political Science
Accomplishments
Olson, L., Frost, D., Rosenblith, S., McCorkle, W., & Bindewald, B. (September 2016). “Teacher Attitudes about the Limits of Religious Free Exercise in the Classroom.” Paper presented at the Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Philadelphia, PA
Olson, L., Rosenblith, S., Frost, D., & McCorkle, W. (August, 2016). "U.S. Public Schoolteachers and Religious Free Exercise in the Classroom." Paper presented at the Nordic Conference for the Sociology of Religion, University of Helsinki.
Rosenblith, S., Frost, D., Olson, L., Bindewald, B., & McCorkle, W. (April, 2017). “Examining Teachers' Attitudes About Religious Free Exercise in the Public School Classroom.” Paper to be presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting, San Antonio, TX.
Olson, L.;Winkler, M.*; Frost, H.; Rosenblith, S. (2016). “Private Citizens or Agents of the State? Public Schoolteachers’ Attitudes about the Limits of Religious Free Exercise in the Classroom.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1052

Development of organic light-emitting diode (OLED) for biomedical applications.

Organic light-emitting diodes was first introduced back in 1987 and appeared to be a milestone in light source industry. But why is it so great? First of all, OLEDs provide incredibly low power consumption making these materials the best choice for portable electronics. Moreover, since OLEDs incorporate their own color filters, they can produce deeper blacks and a wider gamut array. The lack of a permanently-on backlight promotes higher contrast ratios and as a result of all of these OLEDs provide better picture quality comparing with conventional LEDs. Another thing should be underlined is that contrary to LED OLED panels can be durable and lighter which give additional options for portable device manufacturers. The purpose of this Creative Inquiry project is to manufacture a single OLED starting with synthesizing luminophore, coating a substrate, encapsulating the diode and finally manufacturing the electrical contacts. OLEDs can offer great advantages for smart and portable medical equipment which is essential for fast and easy point-of-care and point-of-use diagnostics, e.g. the emission of OLED patch will go through the body and interfere with photo-sensitive drugs, activating them only in certain regions of the body, or for implantation under the skin for medical monitoring, and other biomedical applications.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Dmitry Gil Bioengineering
Anastasia Frank Kamenetskii Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Markley, A., *Palsgrove, K., *Gustaveson, T., *Scammon, W., Gil, D., Reukov, V. (2017, April). Development of an Organic Light-Emitting Diode for Biomedical Application. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Abdel-Tawab, R., *Gustaveson, T., *Markley, A., *Mcauliffe, E., *Mcnamara, G., *Newell, E., *Palsgrove, K., *Scammon, W., *Tatem, L., Reukov, V., Gil, D. (2017, April). Development of Organic Light-Emitting Diode (OLED) for Biomedical Application. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Markley, A., Gil, D., and Reukov, V. (2017, April).  "Development of Organic Light-Emitting Diode (OLED) for Biomedical Application" presented at the Society For Biomaterials Annual Meeting 2017, Minneapolis, MN. 
*Burt, M., *Daly, S., *David, A., *Lindower, Z., *Markley, A., *Mcnamara, G., *Rodriguez, J., *Sedler, A., *Zenteno, A., *Gil, D., Reukov, V. (2016, April 6-7). Organic Light-Emitting Diodes for Biomedical Application, Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC
Presentation given to the students
Presentation given to the students. Some of the results obtained by students are described there. 
Presentation given to the students
Presentation given to the students
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1053

Evaluating Water Quality and Kidney Stone Correlations in South Carolina

Nephrolithiasis (kidney stones) is a common cause of significant morbidity. In collaboration with investigators at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and at the University of Maryland, we aim to determine the geospatial distribution of nephrolithiasis with respect to calcium and magnesium concentrations in the drinking water supply of South Carolina. In a retrospective cohort study using the South Carolina (SC) health utilization database, we will map annual nephrolithiasis incidence for each county in SC from 1997-2012. We will collect all available values for calcium, magnesium, zinc, pH, and alkalinity for each of the 639 municipal water districts in SC. We will determine the association between the calcium and magnesium content in the drinking water supply, and nephrolithiasis prevalence, adjusting for temperature and population demographics. SC is a good location for this study because of the geographic variability in calcium and magnesium concentrations in the water supply, which will provide the heterogeneity of exposure needed for this analysis, and the population-based database, which contains all 229,295 unique patients who received emergency, surgical, or inpatient care for kidney stones in SC from 1997-2012. Hypothesis: Areas with soft water (low calcium and magnesium concentrations) have a higher than expected incidence of nephrolithiasis.

Team Leaders
David Ladner Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
Ladner, D.A., Holtmann, K., Al-Dulaimi, R.*, Bui, K.*, Degen, J.*, Dove, M.*, Gallimore, N.*, Knapp, M.*, Markley, A.*, Mettlen, H., Shugart, R.*, and Vatalaro, A*. (2016, October). "Mapping South Carolina drinking water quality for alignment with health-record databases in epidemiological studies." Platform presentation at the South Carolina Water Resources Conference, Columbia, SC.
In this year we developed a relationship and collaboration with the water quality engineers at the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control. They provided water quality data for 63 surface water systems in the state of South Carolina.
Our collaborators are Gregory Tasian, a urologist at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and Edward Landa, an environmental scientist at the University of Maryland. They have been working with us to compile and analyze water quality and kidney stone occurrence data.
*Holtman, K., *Mettlen, H., *Knapp, M., Ladner, D.A. (2016, March). "Correlating water quality and kidney stone incidence in South Carolina." Poster presentation at the South Carolina Environmental Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Holtman, K.*; Mettlen, H.*; Markley, A.*; Knappe, M.; Al-Dulaimi, R.*; Shugart, R.*; Ladner, D.A. (2016, March 14). Correlating Water Quality and Kidney Stone Incidence in South Carolina. Poster presented at the annual South Carolina Environmental Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1057

Football player field data analysis

Twenty-six of Clemson University's football players have been instrumented in practices and games for the past year using a wearable technology from Catapult Sports.  This project will involve researching data analysis techniques applied to football player field data collected using the Catapult System for the purpose of optimizing performance and minimizing injury.

Team Leaders
Gregory Batt Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1069

Extreme Orange

IBM is a corporate partner in this projectExtreme Orange is a program designed to engage Clemson students using an innovative educational method that allows undergraduate students, from Engineering and Business, to apply academic knowledge and skills in a real-world manner. The program is two semesters. The intent is that the program runs each year. For the first year, the program focuses on projects related to Internet of Things and supporting infrastructure.

Team Leaders
Sekou Remy School of Computing
James Martin School of Computing
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1063

Maladaptive Traits

This inquiry will focus on exploring the effects of personality with a focus on maladaptive personality on relevant outcome variables including employee performance and interpersonal functioning. Research will be conducted in applied settings with both student samples and applied workforce samples. A strong emphasis will also be placed on quantitative methods for both use and evaluation.

Team Leaders
Stephen Robertson Psychology
Accomplishments
Robertson, S. A., Williamson, R. L., Stettler, B. R., Pury, C. L. S. (2017, April). An Unfolding Analysis of the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5. In Williamson, R. L., Castille, C. M., Harris, A. (Chairs), Ideal Point Item Response Theory Modeling: Advances in Personality Assessment. Symposium presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial-Organizational Psychology: Orlando, FL.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1068

Mammalian Genome Editing by CRISPR/Cas9

The process studied in my laboratory is homologous recombination. Homologous recombination is an error-free pathway to repair DNA double-strand breaks within the genome. If these breaks in the genome are not repaired correctly, chromosomal aberrations and anueplodies can occur which may lead to cancer or even cell death. At the heart of homologous recombination in eukaryotes is two recombinases, Rad51 and Dmc1. Both the Rad51 and Dmc1 recombinases localize to a processed DSB and bind to the broken end of DNA. The recombinases then engage the sister chromosome and search for homology in order to promote error free repair of the DSB. In order to this, Rad51 and Dmc1 need help from accessory factors. My lab focuses on establishing a better understanding of the role these accessory factors play in the DNA repair process through genetic experiments. This CI project is designed to provide students with an opportunity to edit the genome of a human cell line by 1) deleting a specific accessory factor and 2) exchanging the normal coding sequence for the accessary factor to one found in cancer.  The cell lines will be further investigated to assess the role of these accessory factors play in the repair of damaged DNA.  The culmination of these studies will provide mechanistic insight in to role these accessory factors play in the repair of damaged DNA.

Team Leaders
Michael Sehorn Genetics and Biochemistry
ScienceG
1061

Creative Inquiry : Retrofit design and implementation of an Automated Golf Cart

 Golf carts are being used as an alternative mean of transportation in many communities for local trips on secondary roads or neighborhood roads. Current golf cart users and communities are starting to face the necessity of switching to an automated and possibly on-demand mode of transportation to limit the number of golf carts being used and parked in unauthorized locations. In addition, elderly with reduced mobility or unable to drive could greatly benefit from such automated vehicles. The availability of automated driving systems kits is very limited and currently very expensive. The purpose of this project is to design and implement such automated driving system for golf cart using sensors, actuators, and advanced control system units to be mounted on the electric golf cart itself by keeping the overall cost to a minimum. Activities will be at CU-ICAR, Greenville

Team Leaders
Pierluigi Pisu Campbell Grad Engr Program
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1066

STEM Outreach to Clemson Area Schools

This project involves students in coordinated activities with area school teachers and administrators to improve their STEM activities.  Specific emphasis is placed on designing and conducting school science fairs and on team-oriented STEM activities, such as youth robotics.

Team Leaders
Chad Sosolik Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
(2016). Clemson Elementary School Science Fair Judging. Retrieved from: http://cle.pickens.k12.sc.us/parents_community/student_life/science_fair
The Clemson Parent Teacher association donated $600 to this effort last year.
ScienceG
1072

Coupling Green Roofs, Rainwater Cisterns, and Urban Agriculture

Independently green roofs and rainwater cisterns have many benefits for urban storm water systems, but they also have some drawbacks. This project is going to investigate how these two green infrastructure technologies can be used together in ways that mitigate their weaknesses and create a more effective and resilient system. As a bonus, coupling these systems may allow for their utilization for urban agriculture. We will first create a theoretical model of the system to see how to best configure the system, and then we will implement a pilot study system complete with monitoring systems to see how the system actually behaves.

Team Leaders
William Martin General Engineering
Steven C Brandon General Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1073

Using an Arduino for Tech Development

Arduino microcontrollers are very versatile tools. We will first work through some basic projects to become familiar with how to program and build projects with Arduinos. Then students will choose a project based on a need or problem they identify and design, code, and build a prototype. We will also utilize basic prototyping tools (3D printing, CNC, etc.) as needed in the design.          

Team Leaders
William Martin General Engineering
Steven C Brandon General Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1074

Engineering Innovations Studio

ENGR 1900:Freshmen students will research ideas for innovative products and conduct conceptual design, prototype development, and testing, hopefully leading to patent applications. This semester ENGR 1900 is not meeting.             ENGR 2900/3900:Upperclassmen students will continue designing, building, and testing projects begun in previous semesters. This year, the projects include completing a gear cooling subsystem for the bladeless helicopter prototype, continuing building a prototype for an automated saw, and building the second iteration of the electronics subsystem for the high efficiency refrigerator.

Team Leaders
Jonathan R.A. Maier General Engineering
Steven C Brandon General Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1080

Animal Diagnostic Imaging Research

Formal laboratory, library, or field study of problems related to diagnostic imaging research in animals, emphasizing hypothesis development, testing, and reporting results. Projects are preplanned, reviewed, and approved. Students are required to maintain a project journal, spreadsheet documenting tasks and hours, have regular progress report and goal-setting meetings with graduate student and faculty mentors,  participate in laboratory journal club meetings, and submit a final report. Students are invited and mentored to submit abstracts for poster presentation at professional meetings and serve as co-authors for papers that include their research.  Current projects are focused on lower back pain in working dogs. May be repeated for a maximum of four credits.

Team Leaders
Kristopher Murray Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Jeryl Jones Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Constance Brinks Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Accomplishments
Beeland S, Carnevale M, Jones J. 2017, April 3. Sacroiliac joint lesions in species other than humans and dogs: literature review. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the International Working Dog Breeder Association, Banff, Alberta, Canada.
Sanders, S. R.*, Jones, J. C., Rowland, K. L., and J.L. Sharp. (2016, October). Comparison of canine lumbosacral angle measurement techniques for standardized flexion and extension positions using computed tomography. In: Abstracts Of The 2016 Annual Conference Of The American College Of Veterinary Radiology, Orlando, Fl. Vet Radiol Ultrasound, 57: 670–684. doi:10.1111/vru.12428.
*Sanders, S.R., Jones, J.C., Rowland, K.L., Sharp, J.L. (2016). Comparison of canine lumbosacral angle measurement techniques for standardized flexion and extension positions using computed tomography. Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Veterinary Radiology. Orlando, Florida. Abstract in review.
*Beeland, S., Carnevale, M., Jones, J. (2017).  Sacroiliac joint lesions in species other than dogs: literature review. 2017. International Working Dog Breeder Conference, Banff, Canada. Abstract submitted.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1082

Human-elephant conflict in Asia: education and outreach

Conservationists have come to realize that the protection of any species requires the support of the people who live and interact with that species on a daily basis. This is especially true when trying to protect endangered mega fauna, such as elephants and tigers, which often come into conflict with the human communities who share their habitat. Mitigating human-wildlife conflict (HWC) requires a multi-faceted, collaborative, and innovative approach that balances both social and ecological benefits. In this creative inquiry project, we will explore some of the issues related to the cause and management of HWC, focusing in particular on human-elephant conflict in Myanmar and throughout Asia.  We will work in teams to produce science education and outreach materials (posters and other art work, animated shorts, childrens books, etc.) that will be used in Myanmar in villages dealing with human-elephant conflict. This is a Clemson Thinks 2 CI project and students will be expected to enroll for at least 2 semesters.

Team Leaders
David Tonkyn Biological Sciences
Robert Cohen Biological Sciences
Christie Sampson Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*May, M., *Scott, A., *Carpenter, G., Sampson, C. (2017, April). Using educational outreach to reduce human-elephant conflict in Myanmar. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Primm, Z.*, Towe, A.*, May, M., Rhodes, M.*, Sampson, C.  (2016, April). Mega-Gardeners: Asian Elephants. Poster presented at the FoCI Forum, Clemson, SC,
Primm, Z.*, Towe, A.*, May, M., Rhodes, M.*, Sampson, C. (2016, February). MegaGardeners: Human-elephant conflict in Myanmar. Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC., Clemson, SC.
*Scott, A., G. Carpenter, and *May, M.J. (2017, April 5th). Using educational outreach to reduce human-elephant conflict in Myanmar. Poster presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI), Clemson, SC
ScienceG
1168

Fish Biodiversity Challenge

The Southeastern US harbors the greatest freshwater diversity on the continent. South Carolina is no exception: from the Upstate to the Low Country, a variety of habitats support a tremendous fish diversity. Equipping young scientists with the tools to properly understand this diversity is a major investment toward preserving our rich biodiversity diversity for future generations. In this project, students will (a) survey and document the diversity of freshwater fishes throughout the upstate, and (b) monitor changes in habitat and fish communities of local streams. Along the way, students will become proficient in several fish collection methods (e.g. electrofishing and gill netting), field identification, and laboratory methods. 

Team Leaders
Brandon Peoples Forestry & Environment Conserv
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1165

Injured Military Veteran Adaptive Sport Program Development

A group of professors in PRTM have received grant funding from the Department of Veteran Affairs to provide adaptive sport activities coupled with community support and leadership services to Veterans with Disabilities and injured members of the Armed Forces. This CI will involve program development, community and health integration, and event planning with a number of various military groups both on and off campus. There is potential for tournament travel to Invictus/Valor or Warrior games(or similar) to assist with tournament planning and implementation.

Team Leaders
Skye Arthur-Banning Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1083

Biomimicry and Biomimetics

Biomimicry is an approach to innovation that seeks sustainable solutions to human challenges by emulating nature's time-tested patterns and strategies. Biomimicry and Biomimetics aims to create products, processes, and policies—new ways of living—that are well-adapted to life on earth over the long haul using nature as a model. This project proposes to observe and investigate the diverse ecosystem of the greater Clemson area watershed.

Team Leaders
Carlos Barrios School of Architecture
Accomplishments
Barrios, C., *Gaskins, J., *Hafner, N., *Faykus, M., *Busher, J., *Curry, T., *Frager, J., *Horne, J. (2017, January). Distribution of Curbicula Flumiea in Clemson area lakes. Poster presentation at Biology research poster session, Clemson, SC.
Barrios, C., *Gaskins, J., *Hafner, N., *Faykus, M., *Busher, J., *Curry, T., *Frager, J., *Horne, J. (2017, April). Shell organisms from Clemson area lakes. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Alderson, E., *Curry, T., *Faykus, M., *Gaskins, J., *Grubb, S., *Hafner, N., *Kittrell, B., *Lindler, M., *Loe, N., *Miyasato, E., *Rabin, J., *Rolfe, S., *Tharp, K., Barrios, C. (2016, April). Biomimicry. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1086

Activity in School-aged Children

This CI team investigates the effects of physical activity on performance and behavior in school-aged children. In general we are interested in how light activity while completing tasks may affect the students' ability to perform as well as their behavior in the classroom setting.

Team Leaders
Sarah Sanborn Psychology
June Pilcher Psychology
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Accomplishments
*Harley, L. A., *Pruitt, H. S., *McGill, S. L., *Old, A.E., *Bennett, K. N., *Benfield, E. J., *Renwick, L. E., Bisson, J. B., Sanborn, S. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, April). Active not distractive: The effect of bouncy band use on classroom behavior. Electronic poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
Bisson, J. B., Sanborn, S. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, April). Wiggle while you work: The effect of bouncy band use on classroom outcomes. Poster presentation at the Society for Research in Child Development Biannual meeting, Austin, TX.
*Harley, L., *Pruitt, H., *McGill, S., Old, A., *Bennett, K., *Benfield, E., *Renwick, L., Bisson, J., Sanborn, S., Pilcher, J. (2017, April). Active Not Distractive: The Effect of Bouncy Band Use on Classroom Behavior. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Roberson, T. A., *Pruitt, H. S., *McGill, S. L., *Harley, L. A., Bisson, J. B., Sanborn, S. M., Fleming, D. S., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Bouncing to success: How does in classroom bouncy band usage impact attention? Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1087

Using Mealworms to Recycle Polystyrene and Their Potential Use for Human Consumption

This project is investigating the potential for using mealworms to digest styrofoam into a usable organic material and harvesting the mealworms as a source of animal protein for human consumption. 

Team Leaders
William Martin General Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1090

Novel Materials for Additive Manufacturing

The booming market for additive manufacturing (three-dimensional (3D) printing) is estimated to be $3.5 billion in 2015. Today, additive manufacturing describes a family of processes in which consecutive layers of material are arranged under computer control. Current industrial applications include resilient prototypes and parts for automotive engineering, tools and parts for aerospace manufacturing. Companies and researchers are looking for new materials for 3D printing; these range from starch-derived PLA plastic to squid ring-teeth proteins. The major trend is to sustainably replace oil and coal plastics with plant-derived and recycled materials. This project is directed to the development of sustainable materials for additive manufacturing, which will promote resource recycling and decrease industrial production of CO2.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Atwood, A., *Baxter, N., *Burt, M., *Garand, J., *Lopiano, J., *Mccall, S., *Snipes, R., *Williams, S., *Young, B., Reukov, V. (2017, April). Development of a Protein Polymer Blend for 3D Printing. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1094

Tiger Gardens: healthy home gardens to combat malnutrition and obesity in SC, USA

Research suggests that failure to link agricultural production with human nutrition and health has led to the development of unhealthy food systems. Malnutrition and high-calorie linked chronic diseases are results of unhealthy food systems. A sensible and quick approach to combat nutritional challenges would be to increase dietary diversity, in which vegetables play a central role to provide a range of essential nutrients. This Creative Inquiry project provides an introduction to vegetable production, value addition, and nutrition.  Students are expected to develop a home garden model to provide year-round nutritious vegetables (especially micronutrients and vegetable proteins) to a small family. The project includes multiple semesters with regular 1 hr. lectures and hands-on practicum for 2 hrs./week.

Team Leaders
Dil Thavarajah Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
1. Clemson University Extension awarded $4000 to establish school gardens at Central and Pendelton Elementary School
*Mcswain M., Dil T. et al., 2017. Tiger Gardens: Educating Future Generations on Health and Sustainability, 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, April 5, 2017.
Thavarajah, D., *Abare, A., *Mcswain, M., *Cox, B., *Moore, H., *Fisher, A., *Erwin, D., *Chapman, M., *Chaney, J., *Kay, J., *Anderson, J., *Shine, J. (2017, April). Tiger Gardens: Educating Future Generations on Health and Sustainability. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Abare, A., Bell, J., Carruth, F., Chiu, C.*, Cox, B., Dahill, B., Edwards, R., Erwin, D., Kissell, D., Oswald, L., Randall, J., Webb, J., Yeargin, J., Agudelo, P. (Nov 1 2016). Clemson students share gardening knowledge with Pendelton Elementary students. Tiger Gardens Ci project. Clemson, SC.
Abare, A.*, Thavarajah, D., Abare, S.*, Smith, P., Fernandez, G., Thavarajah, P. (2016, April 16). Carolina grown Strawberry and Raspberry as a prebiotic carbohydrate rich whole food source to reduce obesity. South Carolina Academy of Sciences, Winthrop University.
Denise, A. November 2016. "Clemson students share gardening knowledge with Pendleton Elementary students". The Newsstand.
Attaway, D. (2016, April). Student grow Tiger Gardens in quest to fight obesity in South Carolina. Clemson The Newsstand.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1092

Mind Controlled 3D Printing

Using neuro-signal acquisition and processing headsets we hope to build a prototype of mind control 3D printer. Students will engage in the learning on how Electroencephalograms work, and acquire brain activity that become mental commands. Such wireless or wire commands will feed into a 3D printer for creating 3D objects. 

Team Leaders
Perry Bolick Mechanical Engineering
Hugo Sanabria Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
*Bolick, P., *Sech, C., *Strohl, E., *Acosta, G., Sanabria, H. (2017, April). Mind to machine additive manufacturing . Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bolick, P., *Willems, R., *Benson, C., *Wham W.H., *Mcmullen, D., *Moore, E.A., Sanabria, H. (2016, April). Mind controlled 3D printing. Presented at FoCI 2016 Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1095

Nutrient Acquisition and Utilization in Toxoplasma gondii

Toxoplasma gondii infects almost one third of human population in the world, causing severe disease and even lethality in people with compromised immune systems. The vacuolar compartment (VAC) is an emerging subcellular structure in Toxoplasma parasites that appears to be a lysosome-equivalent structure, and plays important roles in parasite pathogenesis including invasion, replication and virulence. A detailed characterization of the functions of this organelle will help identify the new targets to impact disease.

Team Leaders
Zhicheng Dou Biological Sciences
ScienceG
1096

Botanical Collection Team

Students will identify several hundred rare and interesting plants from a recently-acquired botanical collection. They will maintain plants in the greenhouse and use them to develop web-based educational materials on plant biology and taxonomy. They will create a a database of photographs, taxonomic information, and care recommendations for all plants. They will design QR code plant tags that provide greenhouse visitors with information on selected specimens.

Team Leaders
Christina Wells Biological Sciences
ScienceG
1099

Object Use in Children with Autism

The proposed project was created to help students gain an understanding of the research process through designing and conducting an experiment involving the use of objects and object affordances in children with Autism.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Accomplishments
*Doghman, M., *Collins, K., *Campbell, C., Bisson, J., *Kwon, J. (2017, April). How Many Can You Find? : The Effect of an Autism Spectrum Disorder on Object Perception. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Bisson, J., *Fant, C., *Tomberlin, C., *Keramati, C. (2017, April). Sleeping Hard or Hardly Sleeping: Differences in Nighttime Waking for Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1102

Evidence for Vitamin and Herb Usage

Purpose: Our creative inquiry (CI) team research seeks to determine the quality of evidence available to support the claims of vitamins and herbs for health. This project will include review of current literature to determine the level of existing research and the development of a project for health care providers to more confidently respond to inquiries about utilization of vitamins and herbs for health benefits including symptoms associated with chronic diseases.

Team Leaders
Rosanne H Pruitt School of Nursing
Accomplishments
*Carroll, A., *Lemanski, A., Pruitt, R. (2017, April). Translating Herbal Supplement Research for Patient Education. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Pruitt, R., *Lemanski, A., and *Carroll, A. (2017, July 27). Herbal Supplements: Safety and Research Support. Podium presentation at Sigma Theta Tau International Research Conference Dublin, Ireland. 
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1111

Development and Testing of Fatigue Experiments

This project focuses on hands-on participation to design and carry out fatigue experiments and analysis.  Modern measurement techniques, such as digital image correlation, will be utilized with a strong focus on fatigue crack growth and fatigue crack initiation.  Students will learn the proper procedure to carry out scientific, repeatable experiments and learn how to use experimental and measurement equipment.  The goal of this project in its first semester is to further understand fatigue and how to carry out experiments with an end goal of designing an experimental matrix to study fatigue in metals in subsequent semesters.

Team Leaders
Garrett Pataky Mechanical Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1112

Choosy Farm to Belly Evaluation

Choosy Farm to Belly Evaluation: Creative Inquiry students will learn about obesity prevention efforts aimed at preschool age children and their families and participate in evaluating the Choosy Farm to Belly program in Greenville, SC. The program is a hands-on, sustainable learning experience incorporating dance, music, games, recipes, gardening, and a farmers market for preschool age children and their families. The mixed methods evaluation of Choosy Farm to Belly includes observational, survey, and interview data.

Team Leaders
Sarah Griffin Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
*Lee, M., Griffin, S., *Burton, L., *Lott, T., Shack, M., *Skipper, M., and *Sutcliffe, K. (2016, April). "Evaluation of the Farm to Belly program in Three Head Start Centers". US Food Symposium, Knowledge Fair. North Carolina.
*Lee, M., Griffin, S., *Burton, L., *Lott, T., Shack, M., *Skipper, M., and Sutcliff, K. (2016, April 20). Evaluation of Choosy/ Farm to Belly Program in Three Head Start Preschools.  College of Business, Social and Health Sciences and College of Education Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson SC
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1120

An Examination of Death in Pickens County

This project focuses on working with the Pickens County Coroner's Office to create a digital database of death investigation records in the county over the past several decades. Currently, records are only available in paper files. A digital database will allow students to examine detailed trends related to deaths in the county from both temporal and spatial perspectives.

Team Leaders
Katherine Weisensee Sociology and Anthropology
Accomplishments
*Marcotte, A., *Whetstone, A., *Shillinglaw, A., *Couch Hoffman, A., *Rhodes, E., *Anderson, K., *Lucas, M., *Schweikert, M., Weisensee, K. (2016, April). Spatial Analysis of Deaths in Pickens County, SC. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1122

Insect Ambassadors

Participants will help plan and assemble educational outreach materials to share the wonder of entomology with K-12 and other audiences. The team will work in the Clemson University Arthropod Collection (CUAC) to develop thematic, specimen-based exhibits featuring different aspects of insect biology and diversity, particularly as they intersect with human well-being. They will also develop corresponding text-based presentations (for both remote and in-class use) and various age appropriate activities to illustrate and extend the concepts. A dedicated section of the CUAC's website will feature digitized images of the exhibits and share other accompanying materials with remote groups. Once materials are developed (probably mostly in semester 2), students will work with the entomology graduate student group to coordinate some classroom visits or on-site museum tours to put their materials to use. 

Team Leaders
Michael Ferro Plant & Environmental Sciences
Michael Caterino Plant & Environmental Sciences
John Morse Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
*Copeland, A., *Arey, N., *Crowder, J., *Gaynor, A., Caterino, M., Ferro, M., Morse, J. (2017, April). Insect Ambassadors. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1123

Introducing Middle-School Students to Scientific Careers

Clemson students who are currently majoring in science or science education will develop teaching modules that aim to introduce middle-school students to scientific research and careers, and present them in local middle schools with high percentage of Latino students.  The aim of this project is to give middle-school students hands-on experiences of scientific research, and to stimulate interest in science at a time when many students lose interest in the subject. We have targeted schools with high Latino populations because 1) this population tends to be under-represented in sciences and 2) because the Upstate area has one of the fastest growing Hispanic populations in the country. The data we collect on our impact on the students will be used as preliminary data for an upcoming NIH grant opportunity. 

Team Leaders
Serita W Acker WISE-Women in Sci & Eng
Margaret Warner Teacher Education
Victoria Corbin Biological Sciences
Mariela Fernandez Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Leah Casabianca Chemistry
Cassie Quigley Teacher Education
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1124

Protein and Peptide Binding with Carbon Based Nanostructures

Carbon based nanostructures, such as fullerenes, carbon nanotubes and graphene nanosheets, have found numerous applications ranging from novel electronic and optic nanodevices to nanomedicine in imagining, diagnosis, and drug delivery. Proteins and peptides are the building block of living systems. Understanding how these novel materials interact with biomolecules may help design biologically and environmentally sustainable nanoparticles and enable their vast applications in nanomedicine. In this Creative Inquiry project, we will apply state-of-the-art molecular dynamics simulations pioneered in our lab to model the binding of peptides with various carbon nanoparticles. By studying the molecular complex systems with different peptide sequences and carbon nanoparticles of various size and shape, we will uncover the molecular determinants of such nano-bio interactions.

Team Leaders
Feng Ding Physics and Astronomy
ScienceG
1126

Occupational Health Psychology

Short  The overarching goal of the Occupational Health Psychology (OHP) project will be to expose students to fundamental theories, principals, and practices pertaining to safety and health in the workplace. Students will be involved in generating research ideas to advance OHP research. In addition, this project will provide opportunities to gain hands-on research experience through engaging in literature reviews, data collection, data management, and presentation of findings. Topics covered will include, but will not be limited to, occupational stress, occupational safety, and work-family conflict. Students will be expected to register for this project for at least two consecutive semesters.

Team Leaders
Gargi Sawhney Psychology
Accomplishments
*Harley, L., *Wilkes, J., *Borders, A., *Boyle, C., *Jones, D., *Duncan, H., Sawhney, G. (2017, April). A Closer Look at Faculty Stressors and Recovery. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Sawhney, G., *Borders, A., *Boyle, C., *Duncan, H., *Harley, L., *Jones, D., & *Wilkes, J. (2017, June). Developing a taxonomy of faculty stressors in US universities. Paper to be presented at the 12th International Conference on Occupational Safety and Health, Minneapolis, MN.
Sawhney, G., Border, A., Boyle, C.*, Duncan, H.*, Harley, L.*, Jones, D.*, & Wilkes, J*. (2017, June). Developing a taxonomy of faculty stressors in US universities. Paper to be presented at the 12th International Conference on Occupational Safety and Health, Minneapolis, MN.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1127

How Do I Help? Critical Effects of Teamwork, Monitoring, and Backup Behaviors on Effectiveness

Think back to when you’ve worked on a group project. Can you think of any issues you might have had with workload or communication? Now imagine if those issues occurred in a different team context such as running a chemical plant. Having even small teamwork issues could potentially result in disastrous consequences such as toxic waste leaks or even explosions that flatten a city. This CI team will be involved in discovering what happens when teams work together and how we can improve that. We strive to do this through looking at team behaviors such as monitoring and helping in tasks, and how that affects team performance and safety. We hope to answer this question through conducting lab research and exploring the related literature on team processes and effectiveness.

Team Leaders
Tiffany Cooper Psychology
Fred S Switzer III Psychology
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1130

Small-scale proton-exchange-membrane (PEM) cells for hydrogen fuel cell research

In this project students will design and fabricate a modular testing platform for proton-exchange-membrane (PEM) fuel cells using hydrogen gas as fuel.  The design will be completely open to allow students to assemble all the parts of a fuel cell themselves.  By making the entire fuel cell themselves, from scratch, students will learn in a deep way how fuel cells work and how they could be improved.  Testing protocols will be developed, and possible uses of the fuel-cell devices in research and science teaching will be explored.

Team Leaders
Stephen Creager Chemistry
ScienceG
1131

Building Nutrient Dense Microgreens

Microgreens are a new food item comprised of young seedlings with one or two leaves.  They are highly nutritious.  We will learn how much nutrient comes from the seed "mother", how much comes from the plant medium, and how plant produced compounds enhance the plants nutrient availability. Students will work in state of the art, clean room, vertical gardens.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey W Adelberg Plant & Environmental Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1132

Improving Efficiency of a Savonius Wind Turbine Experiment

The growing need for clean energy is one of the major concerns of today’s world.  Some of the solutions include the adoption of renewable energy sources such as wind, solar, hydroelectric, ocean, geothermal, and regenerative power supplies.Vertical Wind turbines are typically applied for small scale electricity generation. A Savonius wind turbine is a vertical axis wind machine with a drag-type configuration. A prototype Savonius Wind Turbine has been fabricated that converts rotational mechanical energy of the turbine rotor into electrical energy by a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) for low wind applications.Preliminary results and real-time parameter measurements from the experimental setup using data acquisition equipment indicate that the electrical power output of the system does not meet expectations.  The objective of the student team is to repeat the initial test results using data acquisition equipment to measure real-time parameters, and then redesign and modify the existing wind turbine system to increase the power output.

Team Leaders
Todd Schweisinger Mechanical Engineering
John R Wagner Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Bostick, L., Knippenberg, C., Asselin, J., Wilson, H., Wagner, J, and Schweisinger, T. (2017, March 3). Improving the Efficiency of a Savonius Wind Turbine Learning Module Experiment for Distance Learning Course. Poster presented at the Zone 2 meeting of the American Society for Engineering Education at the Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
*Bowers, Z., *Patel, D., *Bostick, L., *Knippenberg, C., *Lee, H., Schweisinger, T., Wagner, J. (2017, April). Improving the Efficiency of a Savonius Wind Turbine Learning Module Experiment. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Bostick, L., *Knippenberg, C., *Bowers, Z. *Patel, D., Wagner, J., and Schweisinger, T. (2017). Improving the Efficiency of a Savonius Wind Turbine Learning Module Experiment. Poster presented at the Spring FOCI Poster forum at Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Bostick, L., *Knippenberg, C., *Asselin, J., *Wilson, H., Wagner, J., and Schweisinger, T. (2017, March 3). Improving the Efficiency of a Savonius Wind Turbine Learning Module Experiment for Distance Learning Course. Poster presented at the Zone 2 meeting of the American Society for Engineering Education at the Caribe Hilton, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1134

Pharmacogenetics effects associated with treatment of depression in the Hispanic population

Determine if there is a relationship between treatment failure of depression diagnosis and CYP enzyme in the Hispanic population in the Upstate of SC

Team Leaders
Julia A Eggert School of Nursing
Bohua Wu English as 2nd Language Cntr
Accomplishments
*Martin, J., Eggert, J., Wu, B., *Smail, E. (2017, April). Prevalence of Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) on CYP2D6 in non-White Hispanic Populations. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Martin, J., *Ratner, L., *Smail, E., Wu, A., and Eggert, J. (2016, August 4-6). Literature Analysis of Antidepressant Efficacy in Non-White Hispanic Populations. ISONG International Congress, Dublin, Ireland.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1135

Fish habitat fragmentation and forestry operations

Stream fish and habitat are affected by surrounding land use and forestry operations can impact streams in several manners. Habitat degradation is a major cause of imperilment of stream organisms. In addition, streams are highly vulnerable to habitat fragmentation because of their linear configurations of habitat. Forestry operations typically entail a system of roads, that inherently cross with streams and may potentially impede movement of aquatic organisms. Best management forestry practices have been used to minimize the impact of road crossings by installing culverts, but their effectiveness in passing stream fishes has been poorly investigated with non-game fish species in the southeastern USA. Using a passive integrated transponder tag and automatic antenna detection systems, this CI project will aim to understand the extent of stream fish movement in local streams and help communications between fisheries and forestry. 

Team Leaders
Yoichiro Kanno Forestry & Environment Conserv
Patrick Hiesl Forestry & Environment Conserv
Christopher Post Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Hiesl, P., S. Kim, and Y. Kanno. 2017. Small streams and culverts: the impact on non-game fish species. Southern Region Council on Forest Engineering Meeting, Point Clear, Alabama. March 9, 2017.
*Stello, E., *Martin, R., *Hobbie, W., *Michaeli, A., *Jones, D., Kanno, Y., Pregler, K., Kim, S. (2017, April). Annual and Seasonal Patterns of Stream Fish Body Growth. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1136

Hydraulic Jump Instability Investigation

Hydraulic jump instabilities   Hydraulic jumps are ubiquitous in nature and appear over a large range of length scales; from the kitchen sink to tidal basins. The geometry of the typical Type I jump is axisymmetric and governed by the balance of fluid inertia and hydrostatic pressure. Introducing a geometric obstruction (weir) to the flow field can affect the hydraulic jump to the point where it loses stability to a less symmetric state, the Type II jump, which is seen as a precursor to turbulence.  The goal of this project is to perform an experimental study of the Type II instabilities, as they depend upon the systems parameters. We will investigate the role of weir geometry and other forcing mechanisms in the transition to instability. 

Team Leaders
Joshua Bostwick Mechanical Engineering
Daniel B Fant Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Nichols, T., *Smith, B., *Wentzky, E., Fant, D., Bostwick, J. (2017, April). Hydraulic Jump Instabilities. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1138

3D Printing the Food of the Future

This project aims at determining the printing parameters that will lead to different textures when printing food-grade pastes. These pastes could be homogeneous or a composite, for example a gel with crunchy particles. Should you print it fast or slow to get a creamy texture? What will you do to have a crusty feeling? How can you tailor the porosity of the food and what will be the impact on the eating experience? You will explore how the combination of the paste composition and the printing parameters enables specific textures. The long term goal of the project is to implement a 3D printer capable of producing exciting and nutritious foods. Imagine the possibilities of having a robot that receives raw ingredients and prints a one-of-a-kind food experience, everyday. 

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1139

Mixed Model Scheduling Optimization of Mechanical Assemblies and Line Balancing of Remanufacturing Operations

For this project we are working with Borg Warner and their transfer case assembly operation in Seneca, SC. We are building a mixed model assembly scheduling tool for their assembly operations.

Team Leaders
Robert Riggs Industrial Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1143

Disability Research

For this project, students will explore the etiology of stigma related to individuals with disorders or disabilities. 

Team Leaders
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Accomplishments
*Rikard, B., *Vatrano, A., *Martin, H. (2017, April). Disable the Label: A Study of the Effects of Labeling Disability Categories. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1146

Getting to Mars Using Microorganisms

Getting humans to Mars will likely require that food and materials are manufactured using waste and resources readily available on Mars. This CI explores the role that microorganisms could play in the sustaining life on Mars. The goal will be to address short term gaps with experiments carried out on the International Space Station and build capacity to address long term challenges. 

Team Leaders
Mark Blenner Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1148

Inorganic Biomaterials

Inorganic biomaterials are being used for dental restorations,  orthopedic implants and bioactive materials like bioresorbable glass. Moreover, inorganic biomaterials can be also developed for applications like tissue regeneration.This project is devoted to design and synthesis of inorganic biomaterials and their characterization in cell culture environment.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Dmitry Gil Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Rodriguez Gonzalez, J., *Ward, B., *Tourville, N., Gil, D., Reukov, V. (2017, April). Novel antioxidant conjugates based on nanocrytalline ceria and SOD/Catalase. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Rodriguez J., *Ward B., Gil D., Reukov V. (2017). "Development of novel nano-conjugates to prevent oxidative damage". Presented at Southern Undergraduate Research Conference, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC.
*Rodriguez, J.,Gil, D., Ivanov, V., and Reukov, V. (2017) "Towards the prevention of oxidative damage via novel antioxidant conjugates". Presented at 33rd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Gulfport, MS.
McGreevey, J., *Kunkle, B., Shumpert, B., Bear, E., and Reukov, V. (2017) "Developing an Apparatus to Treat Plantar Fasciitis" presented at 33rd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference in Gulfport, MS.
*Rodriguez, J., Gil, D.,  and Reukov, V. (2016, October 5-8). "The effect of SOD conjugates on the release of free radicals by inflammatory cells", 2016 Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) Annual meeting, Minnesota, MN.
J.Rodriguez*, D.Gil, V.Reukov (2016, October 5-8). "The effect of SOD conjugates on the release of free radicals by inflammatory cells". 2016 Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) Annual meeting, Minnesota, MN.
2nd place poster competition at the 33rd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2017
Gil, D., *Rodriguez, J., *Ward, B., Vertegel, A., Ivanov, V., and Reukov, V. (2017, February 25). "Antioxidant Activity of SOD and Catalase Conjugated with Nanocrystalline Ceria". Bioengineering 2017, 4, 18.
Rodriguez, J.*, Gil, D., Reukov, V. (2016, October 24). "Novel nanoparticle conjugates for prevention of oxidative damage," 2016 Southeast Regional American Chemical Society Meeting, Columbia, SC.
Rodriguez, J.*, Gil, D., Reukov, V. (2016, October 24) "Novel nanoparticle conjugates for prevention of oxidative damage," 2016 Southeast Regional American Chemical Society Meeting, Columbia, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1149

Mechanisms, Robots and Embodied Cognition

Robots that can fly walk, run, jump, slither, roll, fly and swim as well as animals do could have an enormous impact on our lives. Few if any of the currently available robots can emulate the smoothness and efficiency of animal locomotion. Characteristics like high  efficiency and maneuverability of animal locomotion are primarily due to the mechanical properties of the body architecture and not through  continuous algorithmic computation as in the case of robots.  In other words the cognition required for locomotion is embodied and is governed by mechanical principles pertaining to linear and angular momentum and energy. The project seeks to exploit these principles to deign and build mechanisms and robots that can emulate the motion of animals.

Team Leaders
Phanindra Tallapragada Mechanical Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1150

Innovations in Bioinstrumentation

Bioinstrumentation is an interdisciplinary subject of applying physical principles and mechanical, electronic and chemical engineering technologies to acquire, analysis and display information from cells, tissues, organs and entire organisms including the human body. This CI was created to allow students to design and build their own bioinstrumentation and/or wearable biomedical technology projects. (Instrumentation class/experience is a pre-requisite for this team)

Team Leaders
Vipul Pai Raikar Bioengineering
Tyler Harvey Housing: Summer Programs
Melissa McCullough Bioengineering
Lucas Schmidt General Engineering
Hetal Maharaja Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Patent filed, , "Titanium Clip Detectors and Methods of Detection", D. Dean, N. Demore, S. Stanley, J.R. Wilson III, C. Jordan, M. McCullough, Provisional Patent Application No.: 62/379,883, 2016
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1151

Exploring sustainability using citizen science and engineering

The Fourteen Grand Challenges for Engineering in the 21st Century are problems identified by the National Academy of Engineering and the National Science Foundation as requiring scientific and engineering solutions in order to sustain civilization’s continuing advancement. Participants will engage in one of these Grand Challenges at a local level, by observing and identifying sustainability issues affecting the Clemson community utilizing various citizen science tools. The goals of this Creative Inquiry project are two-fold: to introduce students to cross-disciplinary undergraduate research opportunities, as well as to identify, investigate, and attempt to solve a Grand Challenge associated with environment, energy, and climate.

Team Leaders
Stephen Moysey Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Kelly Lazar Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Curtis, A., Moysey, S., Lazar, K., Sellers, V. (2017, April). The effects of climate change regarding South Carolina's Industry and Infrastructure. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1152

Marine Ecology

Marine ecology is an interdisciplinary field of study that integrates research efforts of marine science, conservation biology, evolutionary ecology, oceanography, and fisheries science.  The goal of marine ecology research is to understanding the abiotic and biotic factors that influence the interactions of marine life with their environment.  Students in the Marine Ecology Creative Inquiry team will conduct research on the ecology of Caribbean spiny lobsters and coral reef fishes in response to changes in water quality and habitat quality in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary.  Field research will be conducted during 2 months in the summer and two week-long research trips in the spring and fall semesters.  Students with SCUBA certification will be trained to conduct data collection as a scientific diver.  Students will be expected to enroll for 2-6 semesters and will present their research at local and national conferences. Senior students with sufficient experience will have an opportunity to develop senior thesis research questions of their own design.  Evaluation for this creative inquiry is based on satisfactory participation in weekly lab meetings, unsupervised data collection in the lab, supervised field research, data analysis, poster preparation, and public presentation of research. Students will initially enroll in BIOL 4940 CI: Marine Ecology and then will advance to BIOL 4910 Independent Research.

Team Leaders
Michael Childress Biological Sciences
Kara Noonan Biological Sciences
Kylie Smith Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
$900 raised for Spring Break trip to conduct research in the Florida Keys. We raised this money through various fundraisers including bake sales, Krispy Kreme, Groucho’s, Go Fund Me, TDs, and other personal donations.
*Guryan, T.; Smith, K.; Childress, M. Impacts of the Neon goby, Elacatinus oceanops, on Coral Reef Community Structure. May 2017. Calhoun Honors College Undergraduate Thesis, Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University.
Dubnicka, I.; *Krachman, H.; *Ehlert, A.; Childress, M. 2017, April 12-16. Behavioral plasticity and the loss of social behaviors in juvenile spiny lobsters. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Whitaker, S.; *Ehlers, A.; Smith, K. 2017, April 12-16. Greener Futures: Substrate preferences explain variation in social structure in two species of parrotfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Rolfe, S.; Stroud, C.; *Towe, A.; *Sims, R.; Smith, K. 2017, April 12-16. Damsels in Distress: Influence of reef composition on abundance and behavior of damselfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Childress, M.; Bertelsen, R. 2017, April 12-16. Den sharing and den fidelity in juvenile spiny lobsters. Oral presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Dubnicka, I.; *Ehlers, A.; *Ehlert, A.; *Guryan, T.; *Krachman, H.; *Rolfe, S.; *Sims, R.; Stroud, C.; *Towe, A.;*Whitaker, S.; Smith, K.; Childress, M. Forecasting the Future of Coral Reef Communities. April 6,2017. Digital poster presentation at the annual Focus On Creative Inquiry Poster Forum.
*Guryan, T; *Sims, R; Smith, K; Childress, M. Clean Freaks: Neon gobies facilitate reef herbivore diversity. Poster presentation at the annual Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Childress, M. and Bertelsen, R. (2017, April 12-16). Den sharing and den fidelity in juvenile spiny lobsters. Oral presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Rolfe, S., *Stroud, C., *Towe, A., *Sims, R., and Smith, K. (2017, April 12-16). Damsels in Distress: Influence of reef composition on abundance and behavior of damselfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Ehlert, A., and Smith, K. (2017, April 12-16). Greener Futures: Substrate preferences explain variation in social structure in two species of parrotfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Krachman, H., *Ehlert, A., and Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Behavioral plasticity and the loss of social behaviors in juvenile spiny lobsters. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
ScienceG
1199

Animal Model Tissue Biopsy Device Design

The focus of this creative inquiry is to design and develop a fine needle aspirate biopsy (FNAB) device that is semi-automated and allows for tactile ease of use and consistent sampling in animal models.  Resultant samples will be used to study human disease development, initiation and progression of abnormal mammary cells.   

Team Leaders
Heather Dunn Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Jeremy Mercuri Bioengineering
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1156

Creating and delivering technology solutions to seniors in the Clemson community

This Creative Inquiry partners with local groups of senior citizens to help identify and provide solutions for the challenges that they face.  Solutions may include tutoring seniors on new technologies, inventing new tools and assistive technologies, developing mobility solutions, exploring sustainable improvements to local retirement communities, or other addressing needs identified by the community partners. 

Team Leaders
Karen High Engineering & Science Educatio
Claire Dancz Engineering & Science Educatio
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1157

A.R.C.H.E.R. (Accessible Recreational Creations to Highlight Educational Reach) Design Works

Design targeted solutions with the ARCHER (Accessible Recreational Creations to Highlight Educational Reach) Design Works creative inquiry! Archery has been integrated into the physical education curriculum in K-12 schools across the state of South Carolina. However, students with disabilities can’t always participate fully. Through the ARCHER creative inquiry, Clemson students can design and develop engineering solutions to help these students experience the excitement that comes with hitting the bullseye. Clemson students will be paired with a K-12 student with a disability and will spend the semesters enrolled getting to know the K-12 student, learning about the PE archery program and current adaptive sports techniques, and designing and developing a prototype device to assist the K-12 student in archery competition.  Students wishing to participate should expect to enroll for a minimum of two semesters. Future semesters will expand into other sports.

Team Leaders
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Meredith Owen Bioengineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1159

Mechanical Root Collar Excavation

Armillaria Root Rot is the major devastating disease in southeastern stone fruit orchards causing premature tree deaths. This disease is present in almost every orchard and infected orchards lose their economic value as they are not suitable for establishing new orchards. To combat Armillaria root rot in peach trees, a process of planting trees on raised beds and exposing the roots was developed. After the trees are matured, the beds in between trees needs to be removed. The goal of this project is to develop a tractor pulled in-row orchard cultivator and test it with field experiments.  

Team Leaders
Bulent Koc Plant & Environmental Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1160

Child Development

Students interested in graduate school in psychology or any health-related field who have a GPA of 3.0 or more and can stay involved in the project for at least 2 semesters, are welcome to apply for this research project.  For this project, students will be studying key factors that influence parent attachment to their children in infancy and toddlerhood.   

Team Leaders
Sarah Sanborn Psychology
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1162

The History of the Clemson House

The Clemson House, which has served the University and the community since 1950 as a hotel, restaurant, residence hall, and college and community center, will soon be demolished, and with its demolition of an important part of the University's, the town of Clemson's, and the Upstate's history.  This proposal is designed as a multi-faceted history of the Clemson House, including its construction, the years of its operation, and its demolition.  It's a project involving collection of documents and but also of the memories of staff and people who visited the hotel, dined in its restaurant, resided in it as a dormitory, or made use of it as a University and community center.  Ultimately the project is aimed at producing a book detailing the history of this important structure that has meant so much to so many people.In Fall 2016 the students (3 in number) laid the basis of the more extensive history of the Clemson House, scheduled to be demolished in May and June.  Students toured the Clemson House, took pictures, and interviewed some of the personnel, and studied the original building plans for the hotel/restaurant.  In the Spring students will begin a more comprehensive collection of documents related to the Clemson House's history as a hotel/restaurant, community and college center, and dormitory, conduct written and oral interviews with people associated with the Clemson House over the years  as well as document the building's demolition.  These activities are intended to culminate in a student-written history of the structure and its place in Clemson college and community lifeThis Fall's objective (Fall, 2017) is to assemble and write up the recollections of the Clemson House sent to us, along with photographs and newspaper accounts of activities at the Clemson House, in order to publish a book that will preserve the memory of the Clemson House and its importance in the growth and development of the University..           

Team Leaders
C Alan Grubb History
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1163

Changes of patients with Parkinsons Disease when participating in Boxing

Identification of changes in balance, coordination and physical abilities plus psycho-social behavior associated with the use of a boxing program for persons with a diagnosis of Parkinson's Disease 

Team Leaders
Julia A Eggert School of Nursing
Accomplishments
*Deaton, C., *Escoe, B., *Fulton, H., *Greene, P., *Harris, J., *Vaughn, R., Eggert, J. (2017, April). Changes of patients with Parkinsons Disease when participating in Boxing. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1167

Human-elephant conflict in Asia: citizen science

Conservationists have come to realize that the protection of any species requires the support of the people who live and interact with that species on a daily basis. This is especially true when trying to protect endangered mega fauna, such as elephants and tigers, which often come into conflict with the human communities who share their habitat. Mitigating human-wildlife conflict (HWC) requires a multi-faceted, collaborative, and innovative approach that balances both social and ecological benefits. In this creative inquiry project, we will explore some of the issues related to the cause and management of HWC, focusing in particular on human-elephant conflict in Myanmar and throughout Asia.  We will work in teams to create citizen sciences projects that will engage local communities in research to better understand the animals that share their landscape.

Team Leaders
David Tonkyn Biological Sciences
Christie Sampson Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*May, M., *Scott, A., *Carpenter, G., Sampson, C. (2017, Feb). Using educational outreach to reduce human-elephant conflict in Myanmar. Poster presentation at Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
1170

Coding for the Carillon: Improving Automation and Social Interaction with the Clemson Memorial Carillon

The Clemson Memorial Carillon in Tillman Hall is a well-loved feature of campus.  Although typically played by hand, it also supports some forms of automation, currently used to announce the time.  The goal of this CI is to design and deploy technology that will enhance communal interaction with the Carillon -- for example allowing students to request songs or upvote their favorite performances via social media, to allow community members to submit their own compositions for playback (with proper approval), and to allow for innovative synchronization with events on campus (e.g., football games).

Team Leaders
Linda Dzuris Performing Arts
Brian Dean School of Computing
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1171

Coiled Tubing Publication

The Chemical Engineering Unit Operations Lab has started performing a fluid flow experiment involving flow in coiled tubing.  Such new experiments are of interest to the CHE community and are commonly reported in Chemical Engineering Education.  This project will write up an article suitable for publication on this experiment. 

Team Leaders
Christopher W. Norfolk Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1172

Carbon fiber composite fabrication and characterization

This creative inquiry will focus on investigating the mechanical properties of carbon fiber composite.  Hands-on participation is required to design and carry out fabrication of carbon fiber composite specimens, perform experiments, and analyze the results on these specimens.  Properties investigated will include ply thickness, orientation, and layup size on the bistability of unidirectional composite materials.  The CI will consist of multiple semesters with an end goal of furthering student’s understanding of composites and uncovering the unique properties behind bistability.

Team Leaders
Oliver Myers Mechanical Engineering
Huijuan Zhao Mechanical Engineering
Garrett Pataky Mechanical Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1173

Creating a Healthcare Makerspace to Enhance Active Learning for Undergraduate Students

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to create a Healthcare Makerspace community where undergraduate students can share their ideas, identify problems and create solutions, search for inspiration, and connect with fellow healthcare makers.

Team Leaders
Nancy K Meehan School of Nursing
Kristen Lawson Dean of Health,Educ,HumanDev
Accomplishments
Meehan, N., Lawson, K., McKee, H., & Anderson, R. [Podium Presentation]. Health MakerSpaces. Community Advisory Board. Sponsored by Clemson University School of Nursing. Clemson, South Carolina, November 16th, 2016.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1174

CU Food Forest

A food forest is intended to mimic the structure of a woodland ecosystem, with layers of trees, shrubs, and herbs, but in a food forest these are substituted with edible and medicinal plants and fungi. The goal of this project is to create small areas, called food forests, throughout campus for all to enjoy. With the permission from Landscape Services, fruit and nut trees, berry shrubs, and edible and medicinal perennials and annuals will be planted and maintained in selected areas on campus. Edible fungi, which are often overlooked as a means of food in the garden, will also be cultivated. Students will learn landscape planning and how to grow and maintain plants and fungi in a food forest environment. The produce from the food forests will be available for anyone to pick. The intent is to nourish, educate, and inspire passersby.

Team Leaders
Julia Kerrigan Plant & Environmental Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1179

Engage Dominica 1 - Water and Sanitation

On the basis of the most recently conducted study, the levels of poverty in Dominica have fallen from 39 percent in 2003 to 28.8 percent in 2009. This reduction in poverty is attributed to attempts by Government to stabilize the economy, contain the debt, expand the social and physical infrastructure and prioritize investment. International assessment has been used to expand the physical infrastructure that is contributing to economic development. These infrastructure projects include the airport development, roads and highways expansion and agricultural access roads.  However, the storm in 2015 had a devastating effect on progress, setting the country back a reported 20 years.  This group will seek to address the economic status and effect of the recent storm and infrastructure devastation. 

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Julia Harrison WISE-Women in Sci & Eng
Accomplishments
CUSG provided funds to support travel for two students of financial need to attend the spring break research/service trip to Dominica
Ogle, J. et. al. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016, Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Johnson, C., *Samantaray, A., *Reese, M., *Gunst, J., *Lewis, K., *Bullard, T., *Delik, J., *Kellner, T., *Mammadrahimli, A., *Marshall, S., and *Ogle, J. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016. Presented at CEDC/Engage Summit.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1177

Sensors for Rett Syndrome

Rett Syndrome is a rare genetic neurological disorder. The syndrome is characterized by neuro developmental issues and repetitive stereotyped hand movements (hand stereotopies), such as hand wringing, mouthing, clapping, etc. While there are some drugs being developed to help with the issues that arise from this disorder, it is very hard to quantify their effects on behaviors. Therefore, the goal of this CI team is to develop wearable technology to help monitor hand stereotopies in Rett Syndrome patients. These devices could help to quantify changes in frequency, amplitude, and duration of repetitive hand gestures characteristics. This could help to assess whether new treatments are having a significant effect on stereotopies.

Team Leaders
Kevin Champaigne Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Brian Dean School of Computing
Accomplishments
Bellino, K., *Larue, D., *Wells, J., Dean, D., Champaigne, K., Dean, B. (2017, April). A Biometric Sensor Approach to Analyzing Rett Syndrome’s Abnormal Episodic Behavior]. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1178

Counting the representations of an integer as the sum of squares with modular forms

It is a classical theorem of Lagrange that any positive integer can be written as a sum of four squares. This immediately shows any positive integer can be written as the sum of r squares for r an integer at least 4. The obvious follow-up question is how many ways can n be written as the sum of r squares.  We will investigate this problem.

Team Leaders
James Brown Mathematical Sciences
ScienceG
1180

Engage Dominica 2 - Archbald Tropical Research Center Assessment and Program Development

For a number of years, Clemson has owned the Archbald Tropical Research Center in Dominica.  The center services a number of US based universities and will house a new Creative Inquiry program modeled after CEDC.  To support the program, this CI will conduct an assessment of the facilities at ATRC and determine potential projects that could improve the site and offer additional resources to visitors and the local community alike.  It is hoped that in the future, the center could support summer educational programs for local youth, as well as connections to the state college.  Additionally, facility improvement such as trails to the extents of the property would be assessed for potential construction. 

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Julia Harrison WISE-Women in Sci & Eng
Accomplishments
CUSG provided funds to support travel for two students of financial need to attend the spring break research/service trip to Dominica
Ogle, J. et. al. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016, Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Johnson, C., *Samantaray, A., *Reese, M., *Gunst, J., *Lewis, K., *Bullard, T., *Delik, J., *Kellner, T., *Mammadrahimli, A., *Marshall, S., and *Ogle, J. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016. Presented at CEDC/Engage Summit.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1181

Engage Dominica 3 - Soufriere and Scotts Head Jetty Development

The small town of Soufriere on the southeast side of Dominica is the focus of this Creative Inquiry.  Over the next several months, students will develop a plan to collect data from local residents by local residents on topics related to water security, economic opportunity and quality of life.   Members of the local steering committee have agreed to meet and collect data related to understanding fishing conditions, water security issues, as well as other conditions related to poverty.  Several initial projects that our students can begin researching include a jetty, fishing coop, and sanitation.  

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Jared Delk General Engineering
Julia Harrison WISE-Women in Sci & Eng
Accomplishments
CUSG provided funds to support travel for two students of financial need to attend the spring break research/service trip to Dominica.
Ogle, J. et. al. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016, Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Johnson, C., *Samantaray, A., *Reese, M., *Gunst, J., *Lewis, K., *Bullard, T., *Delik, J., *Kellner, T., *Mammadrahimli, A., *Marshall, S., and *Ogle, J. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016. Presented at CEDC/Engage Summit.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1186

Methods for Monitoring Stream Amphibians

Amphibians can serve as excellent indicators of water quality and stream integrity, given that most rely on aquatic habitats to complete a portion of their life cycle and few species are capable of traveling long distances to avoid disturbance.  Student interested in managing wildlife populations, managing forests to conserve ecological integrity and identifying ecological consequences of environmental change can benefit from hands-on training in methods to monitor populations of stream amphibians.  All students should expect to enroll in at least 2 semesters of this Creative Inquiry.  Part one will focus on methodology and establishment of sampling arrays for stream associated salamanders.  Part two will involve multiple site visits to sample salamander populations using the arrays established in part one.  Data collected during the CI will contribute to broader graduate student-led research designed to investigate effects of land use on aquatic habitat quality and amphibian populations. 

Team Leaders
Cathy Jachowski Forestry & Environment Conserv
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1220

Personality Measurement

We will be working on finding a resolution to the person-situation debate among personality and social psychologists. Results of our study of the literature on this topic will likely lead into a master's thesis project. Student's will get to see the process of creating a master's thesis from start to finish. Student's will get to work on numerous facets likely including creation of scale items, tests of reliability, internal consistency, as well as working on construct, criterion, and content validity.There is a need for studying personality in context because of the low predictive validity of most personality trait measurement in the modern world. The impact of our research will be that personality can take on a role of more significance in recruiting, selecting, and appraising students/employees.

Team Leaders
Fred S Switzer III Psychology
Joseph Ligato Psychology
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1185

Film Production

The Film Production Creative Inquiry will introduce students to the creative process of developing, shooting, editing, and distributing feature, documentary, and short films.  Students will be introduced to and be involved with all facets of the highly creative process of storytelling.  They will also be exposed to and use all of Adobe's industry standard editing and special effects tools.  The deliverable for this project will be the collaborative completion of one or more films and the submission of the film(s) to film festivals and online distribution platforms such as Netflix, Amazon, Vimeo, YouTube, and/or Hulu.

Team Leaders
Matthew Klein AM Spiro Ctr for Entr Leadersh
John Hannon AM Spiro Ctr for Entr Leadersh
BusinessD
1183

Bibliotherapy: Improving Patient/Provider Communication

This innovative Creative Inquiry is designed specifically for students who are interested in health-related careers, students who plan to work in health services, or students who enjoy literature. Students and faculty will work together to update a compendium of literature appropriate for patient readings (“A Dose of Prose”) and develop a research and implementation plan for the program. Participants will learn empathic communication skills and have the opportunity to utilize those in health care settings and patient interactions.

Team Leaders
Windsor Westbrook Sherrill Public Health Sciences
Kristen Lawson Dean of Health,Educ,HumanDev
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1187

Becoming a Sociologist: Sociological Identity and Practice

Sociology majors often face a challenge when trying to explain “sociology” and “sociology jobs” to their parents and other interested stakeholders. This Creative Inquiry will provide students with hands-on qualitative (and some quantitative) research experience on a project about applied sociology, the application of sociology beyond academia and traditional practice settings. Together, we will engage in collaborative research that will make a direct contribution to several ongoing efforts related to the occupational pathways of sociology graduates. This includes the development of an Applied Sociology Directory of Organizations and a Sociological Skills Inventory.   The results of our work will be used to develop a variety of publications, including marketing materials for the general sociology curriculum, general information about social science research careers, a research article and poster presentations.  We also hope to feature our research in a workshop for sociology majors and others interested in learning more about our methods and outcomes.   This Creative Inquiry may be of interest to sociology majors interested in learning about the various occupational pathways of sociologists working in settings applicable to the general sociology curriculum and settings beyond academia. The project may also be of interest to students interested in social science in general and in gaining research experience. 

Team Leaders
F Catherine Mobley Sociology and Anthropology
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1192

Geological Investigations in Dominica

The island of Dominica in the Caribbean has a research station owned by Clemson.  Numerous active volcanic-related features are present on the island such as calderas, volcanic domes, a boiling lake, fumaroles ( steam vents), and hot springs.  This setting represents a unique learning environment for students to study the nature of previous volcanic events and to investigate the potential for future events.  The research would include an examination of impacts to both human and environmental systems that would be affected by another eruption.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1193

Engaging the public on issues of climate change

     This CI project primarily serves to engage the public on issues of climate change through the establishment of an interactive public exhibit. We are a cross-disciplinary team of students from different departments with interests in biology, climate science, communication, and creative design working together to design an exhibit to educate and inspire informed conversations.     An unfortunate and dangerous commonality persists among conversations concerning human-driven climate change. Often, the consequences of climate change are spoken of as something that will take place in the future, something that is decades from now. Naively, many even talk as if it is something that is still preventable if only we could convince people to take on a "green" lifestyle, industry to clean up its act, and policy makers to face overwhelming evidence. While those are worthy pursuits, that naiveté is dangerous.    Climate change is happening now. It is affecting ecosystems around the globe and causing drastic decreases in biodiversity. Organisms across land and sea are being forced to migrate, acclimate, adapt, or face extinction. It's not just the flora and fauna we study; people around the world are facing consequences of climate change. In places such as the Marshall Islands in the Pacific and Isle de Jean Charles in Louisiana, USA, some of the first “climate refugees” are facing displacement from the places their families have called home for generations.     As a Ph.D. student, I am researching such responses to increase our understanding of how some animals may respond to climate change through different biological processes. As a CI team leader, I bring my expertise and enthusiasm to this collaborative project. This project will ultimately serve to inform the public on issues surrounding rapid climate change and hopefully to inspire positive change.

Team Leaders
Michael Carlo Biological Sciences
ScienceG
1194

Tigers vs. Mosquitoes

Issues concerning mosquitoes and disease transmission in SC, including Zika will be the focus of this project.

Team Leaders
Eric P Benson Plant & Environmental Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1195

Research into emotion and its expression

This Creative Inquiry is focused on learning how to conduct research in the realm of consumer behavior, with a focus on the psychology of emotions. Students will be active in research, and will actively collect data. This CI should be of particular interest to individuals interested in research careers both in and out of academia. The CI will meet weekly as round-table seminar.  Topics to be discussed are: methodology, best research practices, current literature, proposals for research projects, ongoing projects, and presentations of findings from research projects. If professional conferences coincide with the CI we will make efforts to provide presentation opportunities for students with completed research projects. We will also discuss if students are interested the path of graduate school and academic careers.

Team Leaders
Oriana Aragon Marketing
BusinessD
1196

Developing an Online Platform for the Positive Behavior Supports (PBS) Film Festival

Positive behavior support (PBS) is a proactive and respectful approach for supporting all students in a school or group. In 2010, the PBS Film Festival premiered at the Association of Positive Behavior Support (APBS) conference.  Each year the PBS Film Festival receives dozens of film submissions from all over the globe. During the PBS Film Festival, we screen about two dozen exemplary PBS films. The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to (a) provide students with a hands-on experience supporting a film festival while they learn about schools are using film to support K-12, (b) develop a PBS Film Festival website, and (c) conduct a study to better understand how schools are using film.   The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to (a) provide students with a hands-on experience supporting a film festival while they learn about schools are using film to support K-12, (b) develop a PBS Film Festival website, and (c) conduct a study to better understand how schools are using film.   

Team Leaders
Shanna Hirsch Education & Human Dev
Accomplishments
Hirsch, S. E., Marcus, K., Rice, K., Ennis, R., & MacSuga-Gage, A. S. (2017, September, Pending Acceptance). Views of PBS Film Makers: What and why we make PBS Films. PBIS Forum, Chicago, IL.
EducationE
1198

Carnivore Ecology

In 2015, Clemson CI students detected the eastern spotted skunk on forest lands near campus, the first time the species had been seen in the state in over 17 years.  This project builds on this important discovery by doing a dedicated study of the ecology and behavior of this cryptic and poorly understood species.

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry & Environment Conserv
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1202

Exploring engineering solutions to improve dialysis care

Patients on dialysis typically receive three blood-purification treatments a week. One of the most difficult— and potentially traumatic—experiences of a patient relying on dialysis is the experience of being “stuck” with a relatively large needle to draw blood. The primary goal of this project is to use engineering approaches to improve patient health outcomes and experience by enhancing the skill of nurses and healthcare technicians who perform these tasks. Students will work in a fast-paced, highly inter-disciplinary environment to communicate with clinicians, create novel materials to simulate anatomical structures, interface sensors with computers, and analyze human skill data. Students with previous experience in sensor interfacing are strongly encouraged to apply. To apply for the Spring 2017 cohort, please send Dr. Joseph Singapogu (joseph@clemson.edu) the following information: latest resume/CV, major and GPA, brief statement regarding why student is interested in project, any previous project experience.

Team Leaders
Ravikiran Singapogu Inst Biological Interfaces Eng
1205

Turkey Ecology

This creative inquiry project will focus on teaming undergraduate student researchers and Clemson faculty with biologists at the National Wildlife Turkey Federation in Edgefield, SC to conduct field-based research on wild turkeys.  

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry & Environment Conserv
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1207

The Use of Deliberate Practice in Nursing Skill Acquisition

    The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to design a research project to determine if deliberate practice can increase Clemson nursing students’ mastery of sterile technique using a deliberate practice model.        

Team Leaders
Leslie Ravan School of Nursing
Jean Zavertnik School of Nursing
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1209

Clemson Curates: Visual Arts & the Clemson Campus

Clemson Curates presents visual arts exhibitions that explore ideas and issues reflective of and intersecting with university research.  Students gain experience by interpreting visual art, writing exhibit content, project management and exhibition presentations. Students also explore various media platforms necessary for marketing and communications, while conducting studio visits with artists to make final selection for artwork to be included in exhibits. 

Team Leaders
Denise C Woodward-Detrich Art
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1211

Whats in Our Waters

The What’s in Our Waters (WOW) educational outreach program is designed to introduce high school students to methods of monitoring and reporting on the conditions of local streams thus teaching students the importance of responsible citizen science, conducting research using the ‘scientific method’ and the relevance of science communication with the public. The program has 3 essential phases: 1) in class presentations on watershed health and research practices; 2) in field surveys and data collection; 3) scientific reporting and poster presentation at a local conference. To assess the educational effectiveness of the program surveys are administered to the participating high school students before and after the program and then analyzed by the WOW mentors to help improve the program implementation. In this creative inquiry project we will develop and implement a lesson plan based on research communication and scientific poster presentation at Daniel High School, analyze survey data to assess and report on whole program effectiveness, and work with current mentors to enhance the WOW model.

Team Leaders
Lauren Garcia Chance Plant & Environmental Sciences
Erica Linard Environmental Toxicology
Christie Sampson Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Chance, L., Linard, E.,  and Sampson, C. (2016, October). Clemson WOW Project: Successes of a water quality outreach program. Poster presented at South Carolina Water Resources Conference, 
Pamphlet covering the WOW program designed and created by CI student. 
Video shows work done by students
Garcia, L., Linard, E., and Sampson, C. (2017, April 7). "What's in Our Waters" Clemson GRADS. Presented at Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
ARJWS donated $140 to support prizes for the high school student scientific poster competition, as well as donating the time of their employees to serve as judges.
Attaway, D. (2017, March 8). "Clemson water project engages Daniel High students in citizen science". 
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1212

Siemens Qualitative Marketing Research

This project will provide a hands-on learning experience in conducting qualitative research for theoretical and B2B insights for Siemens Corporation. In addition to actively learning and practicing different qualitative research methods (e.g., focus groups, interviews, ethnography), students will also learn how to conduct a qualitative research project from start to finish. This CI takes place over the course of three years. Students will need to be available to work on the project for at least one year to be selected for this CI. 

Team Leaders
Anastasia Thyroff Marketing
Jennifer Seimens Marketing
BusinessD
1213

Health Behaviors of Undergraduate Students using Wearables

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to explore the most efficacious strategies for observing, tracking, and promoting health behaviors of undergraduate nursing students. The goal is to track these behaviors and patterns from freshman year through senior year to determine how undergraduate nursing health behaviors change over time. In order to accomplish this purpose, there will be four focused areas: (i) health behaviors, (ii) student sleep patterns, (iii) device compliance, and (iv) social media incorporation.

Team Leaders
Nancy K Meehan School of Nursing
Karen A Kemper Public Health Sciences
Elliot Jesch Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Caitlin Moore Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1232

FIRST Around the World

FIRST Around the World is a global learning program for first generation students, funded jointly by a Proctor and Gamble Educational Partnership grant, Clemson University Office of Undergraduate Studies and the Division of Academic Affairs. This project will serve five students in year one. In year two and beyond, we plan to create a sustainable model to support first-generation college students' to study abroad at an affordable or no cost rate.  First-generation students are an underrepresented population in international education. Clemson's Strategic Plan, Clemson Forward, aims to "...build a campus-wide global engagement infrastructure. ClemsonForward aims to expand the University’s study abroad infrastructure and increase opportunities for students to interact across cultures and national boundaries." One goal is toincrease the number of students participating in study abroad programs. According to the Diversity Abroad Network, most underserved students are shut out of international education and its benefits, often due to a lack of financial resources. Thus, the goal of this CI is to investigate the real and perceived barriers of study abroad and identify new, innovative ways to support student international experiences. Completing inventories, participating, planning and conducting focus groups, publishing student blogs, creating an online published story map, analyzing qualitative data, and co-authoring and presenting a publication and/or poster on the research findings are activities that will be completed by students. These activities will add to research on this topic of underserved students studying abroad.

Team Leaders
Sherry Dorris Office of Undergrad Stud
June Pilcher Psychology
1325

Sorghum as a feedstuff for gamebirds and broilers in the Southeast

This project aims to evaluate grain sorghum as an alternative feedstuff for gamebirds and broilers in the Southeast by investigating if it is nutritionally equivalent to corn for use in poultry diets. Aside from determining the apparent metabolizable energy of each dietary treatment, students will learn the components of formulating a diet, which will be essential to evaluating the growth, health and product quality of the birds. In addition, students calculating and analyzing diet formulations will be able to make projections for expected growth rates and performance of the birds as well as the economic costs and benefits of an alternative feedstuff. Students should expect to enroll in the CI project for 2-4 semesters.      

Team Leaders
Tiffany Wilmoth Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1214

A Nursing/Engineering Collaboration to Solve Current Healthcare Problems

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry (CI) is to utilize a Healthcare Makerspace as a collaboration between nursing and engineering students in order to solve current problems faced by healthcare professionals. This CI will organize teams and match them to healthcare problems brought to us by health professionals currently practicing in the field. Students may use cutting-edge technology, CAD design and other software/hardware to build and test prototypes. The School of Nursing will utilize a portion of its CLRC (Clinical Learning and Research Center) to test products in a realistic clinical environment. Already equipped with high-fidelity automated mannequins and modern healthcare equipment, the CLRC will provide an opportunity for new products to be developed and tested.

Team Leaders
Nancy K Meehan School of Nursing
Kristen Lawson Dean of Health,Educ,HumanDev
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1215

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, or NAS occurs when babies are born with opioid dependence from mothers using opioids during late pregnancy.  The South Carolina State’s Office of Research and Statistics, reports 5.4 of every 1,000 hospital births in 2012 were NAS babies. At some hospitals, babies of mothers who were being treated for addiction to opiate-based drugs such as heroin or prescription painkillers had to exhibit symptoms before treatment could begin. This remains standard practice at many hospitals. For the past eight years, under Dr. Hudson’s leadership at Greenville Health Systems (GHS), withdrawal treatment has started at birth.  Rather than long stays in intensive care, these NAS babies typically go home after one week to bond with their families and continue to receive a slow medication wean at home. In the MAiN (Managing Abstinence in Newborns) model, outpatient physicians and visiting nurses monitor the four-week home treatment process. This Creative Inquiry project supports the MAiN model by developing a new website for the GHS/ CU research project and entails interviewing different staff members, especially nurses, at GHS, AnMed, and Clemson to gather their ideas for the new MAiN 2.0 website. Source: Clemson Glimpse Website accessed 1/3/2017 http://glimpse.clemson.edu/gentler-treatment-for-addicted-infants/Reference: http://hsc.ghs.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/GHS-Proc-Neonatal-Abstinence-Syndrome-An-Epidemic.pdf

Team Leaders
Mary Wright School of Nursing
Heide Temples School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Drum, L., and Temples, H. S. (2017, April). Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry, 12th Annual Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina.
*Drum, L., Temples, H. (2017, April). Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) Website Development. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1217

Researching the need for and development of an Undergraduate Network for Innovation and Marketable Skills (NIMS)

To research, plan, and propose a centralized model of undergraduate resources that will empower innovation and development of marketable skills through partnership with student organizations, Creative Inquiry, and special interest centers on campus. These actions will enrich the student team’s ability to investigate issues; think critically; collect, analyze, interpret data and communicate results relative to real-world applications right here on campus.

Team Leaders
Sagar Thakur Watt Family Innovation Center
Perry Bolick Mechanical Engineering
Leland Dunwoodie Student Services
Barbara Speziale Watt Family Innovation Center
1218

Development of novel antibacterials

Summary as described in Medchemcomm, 2014 Jun 1;5(6):816-825. "Controlling DNA topoisomerase functions has been envisioned for developing new anticancer and antibacterial agents.   A number of small molecules have been tested for their ability as poisons of DNA topoisomerase functions.  The therapeutic interest in the development of small molecules as inhibitors of DNA topoisomerase lies in their ability to act as DNA cleavage complex stabilizing agents and to recognize ATP binding site. The emergence of resistance to anti-bacterials has necessitated the search of novel molecules that could help tackle these issues. Small molecules that are both DNA binders and non-binders will be discovered to poison the functions of DNA topoisomerases".  Team members will learn about the target enzyme and work towards investigating small molecules that can inhibit it.

Team Leaders
Dev Priya Arya Chemistry
ScienceG
1219

Entrepreneurial Mentoring: Lemonade Day

Lemonade Day is a community-wide educational program that teaches youth the entrepreneurial skills necessary to start, own and operate their own business...a lemonade stand. The CI project is a recurring activity each academic year engaging a new cohort of Clemson students.          

Team Leaders
Matthew Klein AM Spiro Ctr for Entr Leadersh
Joshua Harris Finance
David Frock Campus Recreation
BusinessD
1221

Human Factors Forensics

This team will explore the application of scientific knowledge and methods in Human Factors to the legal arena.  Issues include the development of expert opinion, the scientific justification and defense of expert testimony, the techniques for effective education of jurors and the court by experts, etc.  Students will explore these issues from practical, empirical, and theoretical perspectives.  Focus will include topics in vision, attention, cognition and related areas.

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1227

Understanding the aggregation mechanism of amyloid peptides with multiscale molecular dynamics simulations

Understanding the aggregation mechanism of amyloid peptides with multiscale molecular dynamics simulations   Protein misfolding and amyloid aggregation are implicated in an increasing list of human diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's, Huntington's, and Parkinson's diseases as well as type-2 diabetes. Accumulating evidences suggest that the intermediate species - i.e., oligomers - along the aggregation processes are the toxic species causing cell deaths. Understanding the aggregation mechanisms and identifying the structural and dynamics properties of these toxic oligomers are crucial for designing therapeutic approaches to inhibit the aggregation and/or reduce cytotoxicity. However, the aggregation mechanism of amyloidogenic proteins and peptides is largely unknown due to challenges both in experiments and simulations. The intrinsic and transient nature of these intermediate states makes experimental pinning difficulty, while the time and length scales of aggregation is often beyond the computational limit of traditional computer simulation methods. The PI lab has pioneered a multiscale discrete molecular dynamics algorithm (DMD) with enhanced computational sampling efficiency, which allows us to observe protein and peptide aggregation in silico. The project aims to perform large scale DMD simulations to understand the aggregation mechanisms of several commonly-studies amyloid peptides - including Abeta in Alzheimer's disease, alph-synuclein in Parkinson's disease, and amylin in type-2 diabetes. The students involved in this CI project will be exposed to the fundamental research of amyloid diseases and get familiar with high performance computing. The students will be trained to use various advanced computational methodologies either developed in the lab or academically available, and will learn to develop their own computational analysis tools. The students will also present the outcome of their research in scientific journals and research conferences. The CI project is part of the NIH-sponsored MIRA research award – “Inhibition of Human Islet Amyloid Polypeptide Aggregation”.

Team Leaders
Feng Ding Physics and Astronomy
ScienceG
1224

The genetic and developmental basis of evolution in cichlid fishes

Variation during developmental processes can both produce disease in humans, as well as the incredible variation in morphology found in nature. Cichlid fishes have undergone an extraordinary adaptive radiation; in Lake Malawi alone, upwards of a thousand species have evolved within just two million years.  A hallmark of this radiation and a major focus of the lab is their unparalleled range of craniofacial morphologies, which correlates with their feeding mechanism (e.g. algae scraping or suction feeding). The goal of this CI is to determine the genetic and developmental basis of evolved differences in cichlid fishes. Students will characterize genetic and phenotypic variation in cichlids.  We will then analyze the mechanism through which DNA variation alters development to produce different adult shapes in cichlids. Given the molecular conservation of development from fish to humans, the goal of this work is advance our understanding of how genetic variation can produce both natural and disease-related variation. Students are expected to enroll in this CI for 2-4 semesters as part of Biol 4940/4941, section 027 or Biol 4940/4941, section 028 for honors.

Team Leaders
Kara Powder Biological Sciences
ScienceG
1226

Social Interactions in Virtual Reality

In this CI project, students will explore how people interact socially in virtual reality environments. Students will work with the instructor to develop social virtual environments using the Unity 3D game engine and the HTC Vive virtual reality headset. After developing virtual reality systems, students will conduct experiments exploring how people behave and communicate in these virtual environments. Special emphasis will be placed on eye gaze, body posture, and verbal communication. Successful projects will result in the submission of a research paper to IEEE Virtual Reality, or another related conference.

Team Leaders
James Dominic School of Architecture
Andrew Robb School of Computing