Current Projects

IDProject InfoCollegeCollege ID
4

Stress, Behavior and Health

Our team has been studying subtle changes in brain function that are associated with increased risk for hypertension in young adults. These changes in brain function produce emotional dampening, the reduced perception of emotionally meaningful environmental cues such as facial expressions. Emotional dampening could lead to increased psychosocial stress, further elevations in blood pressure and a higher risk for cardiovascular disease.

Team Leaders
James A McCubbin Psychology
Accomplishments
*Cummings, G., *Miguelino, T., *O'Toole, L., *Weiss, B., *Puderbach, M., *Shaughnessy, R., *Kadau, A., McCubbin, J. (2019, April). Relationship between Blood Pressure, Emotional Dampening, Alexithymia, and Risk Behavior using a Lottery Simulation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
McCubbin, J., *Whitesides, N., *Basiura, R., *Cummings, G., *O'Toole, L. & *Demas, R. (2017, April). The Effects of Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening on Financial Risk-Taking Behavior. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
McCubbin, J., Zinzow, H., *Lindberg, C., *McGee, T., *Rodriguez, M., *Hayes, J., *Green, C. & *Kinard, S. (2015, April). The relationships among sleep quality, hostility, blood pressure, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, in young adults without a known trauma history. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
McCubbin, J.A., Zinzow, H.M., *Hibdon, M.A., *Nathan, A.W., *Morrison, A.V., *Hayden, G.W. & *Lindberg, C.A. (2015, March 18-21). Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, sleep quality, hostility and blood pressure in young adults without a known trauma history. Presented at the 73rd Annual Scientific meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, Savannah, GA.
*Graham, J.G., *Hibdon, M.A., *Nathan, A.W., *Schram, R.R., *Caldwell, M.T., *Morrison, A.V., *Wilson, E.D., *Backman, K.L. & McCubbin, J.A. (2013, April). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening is there a Relationship Between Social Support and Blood Pressure. Presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, La Crosse, WI.
McCubbin, J., Loveless, J.P., *Graham, J., Bart, R., *Hibdon, M., *Loukas B., Brower-Lingsch, D., *Ross G., *Nathan, A., *Isgett, S., and *Schram, R. (2012, April). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening Is There a Relationship Between Blood Pressure and Perception of Risk. 33rd Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions. Presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, New Orleans, LA.
*Graham, J., *Hibdon, M., *Nathan, A., *Schram, R., *Caldwell, M., McCubbin, J., (2013). Does Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening Reduce Social Support. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, Miami, FL.
McCubbin, J.A., Burnette, C.M., *Peach, H., Allen, A.J., Gillispie, S., Pilcher, J.J. (2010, March). Methodological Pilot Study The Relationship Between Blood Pressure and Perception of Emotion in Narrative Sentences. Presented at Annual Meeting of the American Psychosomatic Association. Portland, OR.
McCubbin, J., Loveless, J., Hall, G., *Robinson, G., Moore, D., (2011, March). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening is Independent of Alexithymia. 69th Annual Scientific Meeting. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, San Antonio, TX.
*Robinson, G., Hall, G., Loveless, J., McCubbin, J. (2010, August). The Relationship Between Cardiovascular Function and Emotion Recognition Studying the Emotional Dampening Hypothesis. Presented at the Conference on Applied Psychology, Clemson, SC.
*Peach, H., James, M., Pilcher, J. (2011, March). Cognitive Functioning Declines in Pre-Hypertensive Young Adults throughout a Night of Sleep Deprivation. 69th Annual Scientific Meeting. Presented at the Annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, San Antonio, TX.
*Robinson, G., Moore, D. (2011, March). Sleep Deprivation Increases Blood Pressure in Persons with a Family History of Hypertension. 69th Annual Scientific Meeting. Accepted for oral presentation at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, San Antonio, TX.
*Peach, H., James, M., Pilcher, J. (2011, April). Cognitive Functioning Declines in Pre-Hypertensive Young Adults throughout a Night of Sleep Deprivation. Annual ACC Meeting of the Minds Conference. Accepted for presentation at the 2011 Annual ACC Meeting of the Minds Conference, Coral Gables, FL.
McCubbin, J., *Nathan, A., *Hibdon, M. A., *Stephens, J., *Morrison, A., *Graham, J. G., *Schram, R., *Hayden, G. (2014, March). Blood pressure and emotional dampening in young adults: Effects on threat appraisal and risk behavior. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, San Francisco, CA
*Nathan, A., *Lansinger, D., *Hayden, G., *McDermott, K., *Newman, A., *Quakenbush, J. & McCubbin, J. (2014, April). Systolic blood pressure and effects on threat appraisal and risk behavior. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hibdon, M., *Morrison, A., *Stephens, J., *Scanlon, M., *Lindberg, C. & McCubbin, J. (2014, April). Cardiovascular emotional dampening and blood pressure: Is there a relationship between diastolic blood pressure and risk-taking behavior? Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
McCubbin, J., Nathan, A., *Hibdon, M., *Castillo, A., *Graham, J., & *Switzer, F. (2018). Blood Pressure, Emotional Dampening, and Risk Behavior. Psychosomatic Medicine, 80(6), 1. doi: 10.1097/psy.0000000000000598
Loveless, J., Nicoletta, A., Winters, A., Carels, R., Wuensch, K., Whited, M., McCubbin, J., & Everhart, D. (2018). Exploring the relationship between frontal asymmetry and emotional dampening. International Journal Of Psychophysiology, 123, 8-16. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2017.12.003
McCubbin, J., Nathan, A., *Hibdon, M., Castillo, A., *Graham, J., & Switzer, F. (2018). Blood Pressure, Emotional Dampening, and Risk Behavior. Psychosomatic Medicine, 80(6), 544-550. doi: 10.1097/psy.0000000000000598
McCubbin, J., ZInzow, H., *Hibdon, M., *Nathan, A., *Morrison, A., *Hayden, G., *Lindberg, C., Switzer, F. (2016). Subclinical Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms: Relationships with Blood Pressure, Hostility, and Sleep. Cardiovascular Psychiatry And Neurology, 1-9.
McCubbin, J., Loveless, J., *Graham, J., Hall, G., Bart, R., & Moore, D. et al. (2013). Emotional Dampening in Persons with Elevated Blood Pressure: Affect Dysregulation and Risk for Hypertension. Annals Of Behavioral Medicine, 47(1), 111-119. doi: 10.1007/s12160-013-9526-2
McCubbin, J., *Peach, H., Moore, D., & Pilcher, J. (2012). Decreased Cognitive/CNS Function in Young Adults at Risk for Hypertension: Effects of Sleep Deprivation. International Journal Of Hypertension, 2012, 1-9. doi: 10.1155/2012/989345
CI: 4. (2017). McCubbin CI Team's visit to Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands[Video].
As President of the Academy of Behavioral Medicine, I highlighted several of our undergraduate CI project results in my Presidential Address at the annual meeting in Santa Fe, NM, June 24, 2017.
NIH- 1 R13 CA216984-01, PI- James McCubbin, Total Costs = $15,580 requested and funded).
Kyla Davis graduated this year (May 2017) with departmental honors using her CI-related study protocol.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
276

Design and Synthesis of Advanced Nanomaterials to Address the Global Challenges of the 21st Century

This Creative Inquiry is focused on the design and synthesis of nanomaterials for applications that are of significant interest towards addressing the grand challenges of the 21st century.  Specifically, this CI research is addressing challenges associated with Catalysis and Drug Delivery.  Catalysis is responsible for 90% of the chemicals and materials produced today.  This equivocates to roughly 30% of the global GDP.  We are looking to redefine the way nanomaterials are used for catalysis.

Team Leaders
Christopher Kitchens Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Accomplishments
Jiang, M., *Seney, R., Bayliss, P., & Kitchens, C. (2019). Carbon Nanotube and Cellulose Nanocrystal Hybrid Films. Molecules, 24(14), 2662. doi: 10.3390/molecules24142662
Jiang, M., *DeMass, N., Economy, R., Shackleton, T., & Ktichens, C. (2016). Formation of Highly Oriented Cellulose Nanocrystal Films by Spin Coating Film from Aqueous Suspensions. Journal Of Renewable Materials, 4(5), 377-387. doi: 10.7569/JRM.2016/634131
Mohamed Ansar, M. S., & Kitchens, C. L. (2016). Impact of the gold nanoparticle stabilizing ligands on catalysis. Presented at the Spring 2016 National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, San Diego, CA.
Mohamed Ansar, M., & Kitchens, C. (2016). Modifying lipid bilayer permeability with inorganic nanoparticles. Presented at the National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, San Diego, CA.
*Shackleton, T., *Wilson, O., Jiang, M., & Kitchens, C. (2016, April). Investigation of Carbon Nanotubes/Cellulose Nanocrystals Composites for Potential Use in Microelectromecanical Systems. Presented at 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson SC.
McMillan, M., Jiang, M., & Kitchens, C. (2016). Nanocrystalline Cellulose Device Platforms. Southeastern Regional AIChE Meeting, Tuscaloosa, AL.
*Mispireta, P., Ansar, S.M., Kitchens, C. (2015 April). Transformations of Silver Nanoparticles exposed to bovine serum albumim.
*Demass, S., *McMillan, M., & Kitchens, C. (2014). Phase behavior and application studies of cellulose nano-crystals synthesized by acetic acid. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Solon, T., *Davidson, C., *Stonaker, J., *Ledford, T., *Leroy, C., & Kitchens, C. (2014). Stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems using gold nanoparticles and phospholipid vesicles. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
21

Conservation of Marine Resources

The Conservation of Marine Resources Creative Inquiry team participates in marine ecology research to benefit the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Current projects include studying (1) the impact of shelter loss on the survival of juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters, (2) using acoustic telemetry technology to track the movement of Caribbean spiny lobsters, (3) estimating effects of structure on reef fish diversity and abundance, (4) studying the effects of coral disease on coral cover and reef fish communities, and (5) the impact of marine debris on reef communities in the Florida Keys.

Team Leaders
Michael Childress Biological Sciences
Randi Sims Biological Sciences
Kea Payton Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Smith, K., *Quirk-Royal, B., *Drake-Lavelle, K., & Childress, M. (2018). Influences of ontogenetic phase and resource availability on parrotfish foraging preferences in the Florida Keys, FL (USA). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 603, 175-187. doi: 10.3354/meps12718
Smith, K., Payton, T., *Sims, R., *Stroud, C., *Jeanes, R., Hyatt, T., & Childress, M. (2019). Impacts of consecutive bleaching events and local algal abundance on transplanted coral colonies in the Florida Keys. Coral Reefs, 38(4), 851-861. doi: 10.1007/s00338-019-01823-7
Smith, K., Payton, T., *Sims, R., Stroud, C., Jeanes, R., Hyatt, T., & Childress, M. (2019). Impacts of consecutive bleaching events and local algal abundance on transplanted coral colonies in the Florida Keys. Coral Reefs, 38(4), 851-861. doi: 10.1007/s00338-019-01823-7
Smith, K., *Quirk-Royal, B., *Drake-Lavelle, K., & Childress, M. (2018). Influences of ontogenetic phase and resource availability on parrotfish foraging preferences in the Florida Keys, FL (USA). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 603, 175-187. doi: 10.3354/meps12718
Childress, M., Heldt, K. and *Miller, S. (2015). Are juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters (Panulirus argus) becoming less social?. ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil, 72(suppl 1), pp.i170-i176.
Heldt, K., Bridges, W. and Childress, M. (2015). Behavioral response to habitat loss in juvenile spiny lobsters. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 521, pp.117-128.
Parmenter, K., Vigueira, P., *Morlok, C., *Micklewright, J., Smith, K., Paul, K., & Childress, M. (2012). Seasonal Prevalence of Hematodinium sp. Infections of Blue Crabs in Three South Carolina (USA) Rivers. Estuaries And Coasts, 36(1), 174-191. doi: 10.1007/s12237-012-9556-1
*Crowfoot, E., *Garvey, R., *Sox, K., Noonan, K., & Childress, M. (2019, April). Evaluating the effects of artificial versus natural reef structures on fish communities in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the Focus on the Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*McComb, M., & Childress, M. (2019, April). Using Acoustic Telemetry to Study Homing Behavior in Juvenile Caribbean Spiny Lobsters. Poster presented at 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Crowfoot, E., *Garvey, R., *Sox, K., *Noonan, K., Childress, M. (2019, April). Evaluating the Effects of Artificial Versus Natural Reef Structures on Fish Communities in the Florida Keys. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., *Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K., & Childress, M. (2018, April). A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K., & Childress, M. (2018, April). Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., *Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K., & Childress, M. (2018, April). A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC. 
*Jeanes, R., Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K., & Childress, M. (2018, April). Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Gardner, M., *Ingrum, I., Noonan, K., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 April 4-5) Effects of Hurricane Irma on reef community structure in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Student Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 April) A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018, April) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Gardner, M., *Ingrum, I., Noonan, K., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 10) Effects of Hurricane Irma on reef community structure in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 10) A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 10) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Gardner, M., *Ingrum, I., Noonan, K., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 1) Effects of Hurricane Irma on reef community structure in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Poster Presentation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 1) A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 1) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Rolfe, S., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, September 29). Conservation of Marine Resources Summer Research blog. Presented at the Creative Inquiry Summer Research Showcase, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, September 22). Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Presented at the Annual College of Sciences Undergraduate Research Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Guryan, T., *Sims, R., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, February 25). Clean Freaks: Neon gobies facilitate reef herbivore diversity. February 25, 2017. Poster presented at the 9th Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Krachman, H., *Ehlert, A. & Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Poster presentation at the 46th Annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Ehlers, A., *Whitaker, S., *Fraser, L. & Smith, K. (2017 April 12-16). Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Oral presentation at the 46th Annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Sims, R., *Towe, A., *Rolfe, S. & Smith, K. (2017, April 12-16). Influence of farmer and non-farmer damselfishes on coral transplant success. Oral presentation at the 46th Annual Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Ehlers, A., *Ehlert, A., *Guryan, T., *Krachman, H., *Rolfe, S., *Sims, R., *Stroud, C., *Towe, A., *Whitaker, S., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, April) Forecasting the Future of Coral Reef Communities. Digital poster presented at the 12th Annual Focus On Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Guryan, T., *Sims, R., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, February). Clean Freaks: Neon gobies facilitate reef herbivore diversity. Poster presented at the Annual Clemson University Biological Sciences Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Ehlers, A., *Guryan, T., *Krachman, H., *Rolfe, S., *Sims, R., *Stroud, C., *Towe, A., *Whitaker, S., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, April). Forecasting the Future of Coral Reef Communities. Digital poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus On Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Testing trophic cascades: Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the 46th Annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Ehlert, A. & Childress, M. (2016 April 12-16). What Factors Influence Den Sharing in Juvenile Spiny Lobsters? Oral presentation at the 45th Annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, January 4-8). "Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of coral cover in the Florida Keys". Oral presentation for Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology meeting, New Orleans, LA.
*Sims, R., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, January 4-8). "Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef community structure". Oral presentation for Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology meeting, New Orleans, LA.
*Fraser, L., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Stay off my lawn: Territoriality and social structure differences in two species of reef parrotfishes. Oral presentation presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Sims, R., *Towe, A., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef algal community structure. Oral presentation presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, April). Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Sims, R., *Towe, A., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, February 20). Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef algal community structure. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Fraser, L., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2016, February 20). Stay off my lawn: Territoriality and social structure differences in two species of reef parrotfishes. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, February 20). Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Coster, D.*, Ehlers, A.*, Whitt, J., Smith, K., and Childress, M. 2016, February 20. Veggie Tails: Variable dietary selectivity of parrotfish in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Burgess, M.T., *Sims, R.J., Smith, K.M. & Childress, M.J. (2015). Rescuing the Reef: Monitoring the impacts of macroalgal competition and grazing on coral transplants. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Athens, GA.
*Burgess, M., *Sims, R., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2015, April). Monitoring the impact of macroalgal competition and grazing on coral transplants. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
*Ehlert, A., *Fraser, L., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2015, April 6). Are lobsters from disease free habitats more social? Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
*Whitt, J., *Drake-Lavelle, K., *Coster, D., Smith K. & Childress, M. (2015, April). Taking a bite out of the reef: factors influencing foraging patterns and dietary selectivity indices. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Childress, M., & Parmenter, K. (2012). Dying of Thirst: Impact of Reduced Freshwater Inflow on South Carolina Blue Crabs. Presented at the 2012 South Carolina Water Resources Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Childress, M. (2010, October 15-16). Modeling The Impact of Drought on South Carolina Blue Crabs Using a Spatially-Explicit Individual-Based Population Model. South Carolina Water Resources Conference. Presented at the 2010 South Carolina Water Resources Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hoffmann, S. L., *Quirk-Royal, B.E., Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Just keep grazing: parrotfish grazing and dietary selectivity in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the 43rd Annual Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
*Hoffmann, S. L., *Quirk-Royal, B.E., Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). It ain't easy being reef: impacts of competition and corallivory in Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the 43rd Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Holt, B., *McClellan, K., *Watts, R., *Witt, R., Parmenter, K. & Childress, M. (2012, March). Impact of Drought on Blue Crab Health. 2012 Benthic Ecology Meeting. Presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Norfolk, VA
*Gurley, A., Parmenter, K., Childress, M. (2011, March). The influence of salinity variation on juvenile blue crab growth and survival. Benthic Ecology Meeting. Presented at the 2011 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Mobile, AL.
*Miller, S.D., Heldt, K.A. & Childress, M.J. (2013, March). Effects of ocean acidification on aggression and den sharing behavior of juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters, Panulirus argus. Presented at the 2013 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Savannah, GA.
*Micklewright, J., Parmenter, K. & Childress, M. (2011, March). The influence of salinity variation on Hematodinium sp. infection of blue crabs in the ACE Basin. Presented at the 2011 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Mobile, AL.
*McClellan, K., *Quirk-Royal, B., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2013, March). Who says intermediacy is a bad thing? Influences of community factors on coral diversity in the Florida Keys. Presented at the 2013 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Savannah, GA.
*Clarke, L., *Cunningham, K., Heldt, K. & Childress, M. (2013, April). Personality in lobsters: Do juvenile spiny lobsters show repeatability in their social and anti-social behaviors? Presented a the 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hoffmann, S. L., *O'Connor, E.K., *Burgess, M.T., Moody, K.N. & Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Modeling population structure and adaptation in a Hawaiian stream goby: Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presented at the 2014 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
*Quirk-Royal, B., *Hoffmann, S., Childress, M. & Smith, K. (2014, April). Just keep grazing: Parrotfish grazing and dietary selectivity in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hoffmann, S. & Childress, M. (2014, April). It's not easy being a reef: Impacts of competition and corallivory in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*O'Connor, E., *Burgess, M., Moody, K. & Childress, M. (2014, April). Modeling population structure and adaptation in a Hawaiian stream goby: Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Ellis, J.R., *Cunningham, K.G., Heldt, K.A. & Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Do Spiny Lobsters Prefer to Associate with Familiar Individuals? Poster presented at the 2014 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Historical vs. contemporary effects on coral cover in the Florida Keys. Presented at the 43rd Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
*Cunningham, K., *Ellis, J. & Childress, M. (2014, April). Do spiny lobsters prefer to associate with familiar individuals? Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Noonan, K. Clemson University Professional Enrichment Grant - $750
$900 raised for Spring Break trip to conduct research in the Florida Keys. We raised this money through various fundraisers including bake sales, Krispy Kreme, Groucho’s, Go Fund Me, TDs, and other personal donations.
Smith, K. International Women’s Fishing Association - $1000
ACC Fellowship in Innovation and Creativity awarded to Thomas Guryan This fellowship program supports undergraduate student-driven research projects at the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) campuses. Fellows are sponsored by the Clemson University Office of Undergraduate Studies and the Atlantic Coast Conference Inter-institutional Academic Collaborative (ACCIAC). Each Fellow receives an award of up to $4,000 to conduct innovative research. The project must be substantially the idea of the student, though it may derive from previous work with a mentor. Examples of project outcomes might include publication, artistic work, presentation or a proof-of-concept proposal. Fellows receive additional funding to present their project results at the 2017 ACC Undergraduate Research Conference. Application forms for this fellowship are available in early February each year. The Fellowship research period is March through August. http://www.clemson.edu/academics/programs/creative-inquiry/opportunities/?type=all
The Explorer’s Club Youth Activity Fund Grant awarded to Randi Sims. The Explorers Club is proud of its history but also looks toward the future, recognizing the importance of new ideas and avenues of exploration. The Club is deeply committed to supporting the fieldwork of serious researchers and, as part of its public service commitment, offers the following grants: The Youth Activity Fund Grant supports high school students and college undergraduates. Its goal is to foster a new generation of explorers dedicated to the advancement of the scientific knowledge of our world. Awards range from $500 to $5,000. We recommend keeping your budget realistic. The average award is approximately $1,500. Only a few grants may be awarded at the $5,000 level. https://explorers.org/expeditions/funding/expedition_grants
Women Diver’s Hall of Fame undergraduate conservation research grant awarded to Randi Sims. The Women Divers Hall of Fame™ (WDHOF) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization dedicated to honoring and raising awareness of the contributions of outstanding women divers. WDHOF provides educational, mentorship, financial, and career opportunities to the diving community throughout the world. Each year, WDHOF awards scholarships and training grants that provide financial and educational support to individuals of all ages, particularly those who are preparing for professional careers that involve diving. Marine conservation has been our most popular and most competitive scholarship opportunity for several years. The scholarships will be awarded to qualified women of any age who are enrolled in accredited graduate or undergraduate academic or research programs in the field of marine conservation. http://www.wdhof.org/scholarships/scholarships.shtml
Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference best undergraduate oral presentation 3rd place awarded to *Randi Sims
Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium undergrad poster presentation 1st place awarded to *Daniel Coster
Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium undergrad poster presentation 3rd place awarded to *Lauren Fraser
Phil and Mary Bradley Award for Mentoring in Creative Inquiry - May 2015 - Clemson, SC
Best Undergraduate Poster - Second Place - Clemson Biological Sciences Student Symposium - Feb 2015 - Clemson, SC
Outstanding Undergraduate Research Poster 2010 Benthic Ecology Meeting - Wilmington, NC
Best Undergraduate Poster - First Place - 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium
mchildr2. (2013). Bottoms Up Episode 1 [Video].
Clemson. (2013). FKNMS - Summer 2013, Team conducting research at the Keys Marine Laboratory [Image].
Clemson. (2013). FKNMS - Summer 2013, Counting jellyfish on Long Key Lake, Long Key State Park. [Image].
Clemson. (2013). FKNMS - Summer 2013, Building parrotfish exclusion cages. [Image].
Clemson. (2013). FKNMS - Summer 2013, Conducting fish surveys using Go Pro cameras. [Image].
Clemson. (2012). FKNMS - Summer 2012, Analyzing water samples at the Keys Marine Laboratory  . [Image].
Clemson. (2012). FKNMS - Summer 2012, Taking plankton samples from Florida Bay. [Image].
Clemson. (2013). FKNMS - Summer 2013, Preparing corals fragments for transplantation on the reef. [Image].
Clemson. (2012). FKNMS - Summer 2012, Atlantic spadefish on the Benwood Wreck . [Image].
Clemson. (2012). FKNMS - Summer 2012, Exploring the wreck of the Spiegel Grove . [Image].
Clemson. (2012). FKNMS - Summer 2012, Underwater videophotography while on SCUBA . [Image].
Clemson. (2008). FKNMS - Summer 2011, Anemone shrimp in a giant purple anemone. [Image].
Clemson. (2008). FKNMS - Summer 2011, Juvenile spiny lobsters crowding under a coral head. [Image].
Clemson. (2008). FKNMS - Summer 2011, Learning sponge identification while in the water. [Image].
Clemson. (2008). FKNMS - Fall 2009, three amigos on SCUBA. [Image].
Clemson. (2008). FKNMS - Fall 2009, On the boat heading out to Looe Key Reef. [Image].
Clemson. (2008). FKNMS - Fall 2009, Pillar coral at the Looe Key SPA. [Image].
Clemson. (2008). FKNMS - Fall 2009, Conducting research at the Keys Marine Lab. [Image].
Clemson. (2008). FKNMS - Fall 2009, CMR team versus the giant lobster. [Image].
Clemson. (2008). FKNMS - Fall 2008, Live coral at Cheeca Rocks SPA. [Image].
Clemson. (2008). FKNMS - Fall 2008, Hawksbill turtle at the Cheeca Rocks SPA. [Image].
Clemson. (2008). FKNMS - Fall 2008, Checking a juvenile lobster for a microwave tag. [Image].
Clemson. (2008). FKNMS - Fall 2008, Team conducting research at the Keys Marine Laboratory. [Image].
Clemson. (2009). ACE Basin NERR - Summer 2010, stuck in pluff mud[Image].
Clemson. (2009). ACE Basin NERR - Spring 2009, Ready to pull some crab pots on the Combahee River.[Image].
Clemson. (2009). ACE Basin NERR - Spring 2009, sampling the pluff mud soft sediment community [Image].
Clemson. (2009). ACE Basin NERR - Spring 2009, drawing blood from Blue Crab[Image].
Clemson. (2009). CMR ACE Basin NERR Spring 2009 [Image].
CI: 21. (n.d.) Group at the National Estuarine Research Reserve field station.
College of ScienceG
23

Courage and Positive Psychology Research

What is courage? Can people become more courageous? How can people lead better lives? The Courage and Positive Psychology CI team conducts scientific investigations into courage and other virtues and human well-being. 

Team Leaders
Cynthia Pury Psychology
Accomplishments
Kelley, C., Murphy, H., Breeden, C., Hardy, B., Lopez, S., O'Byrne, K., Leachman, S., & Pury, C. (2019). Conceptualizing Courage. In M. Gallagher & S. Lopez, Positive Psychological Assessment: A Handbook of Models and Measures (2nd ed., pp. 157-176). American Psychological Association.
Pury, C., & Saylors, S. (2017). Courage, Courageous Acts, and Positive Psychology. In D. Dunn, Positive Psychology: Established and Emerging Issues (pp. 153-168). New York, NY: Taylor & Francis.
Pury, C., Brawley, A., Lopez, S., & Burnett, E. (2016). Courage. In C. Snyder, S. Lopez, L. Edwards, & S. Marques (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of positive psychology 3rd ed., 1-24. doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199396511.013.30
Pury, C., Starkey, C., *Kulik, R., *Skjerning, K. and Sullivan, E. (2015). Is courage always a virtue? Suicide, killing, and bad courage. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 10(5), pp.383-388.
Pury, C., Britt, T., Zinzow, H. and Raymond, M. (2013). Blended courage: Moral and psychological courage elements in mental health treatment seeking by active duty military personnel. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9(1), pp.30-41.
Lester, P., & Pury, C. (2011). What Leaders Should Know About Courage. In P. Sweeney, M. Matthews & P. Lester, Leadership in Dangerous Situations: A Handbook for Armed Forces, Emergency Services, and First Responders (1st ed., pp. 21-39). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press.
Pury, C. L. S., & Starkey, C. B. (2010). Is courage an accolade or a process? A fundamental question for courage research. In C. L. S. Pury & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue (pp. 67-87). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/12168-004
Pury, C. and Lopez, S. (2010). The Psychology of Courage: Modern Research on an Ancient Virtue. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Pury, C. L. S., Lopez, S. J., & Key-Roberts, M. (2010). The future of courage research. In C. L. S. Pury & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue (pp. 229-235). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/12168-012
Pury, C., & Hensel, A. (2010). Are courageous actions successful actions?. The Journal Of Positive Psychology, 5(1), 62-72. doi: 10.1080/17439760903435224
Pury, C., & Lopez, S. (2009). Courage. In S. Lopez & C. Snyder, The Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology (2nd ed., pp. 375-382). New York, New York: Oxford University Press.
Pury, C. (2011). Perseverance. In: S. Lopez, ed., The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology, 1st ed. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, pp.678-682.
Pury, C. and Woodard, C. (2009). Courage. In: S. Lopez, ed., The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology Volume 1, 1st ed. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, pp.247-254.
Pury, C. (2008). Can courage be learned: Exploring the best in people. In: S. Lopez, ed., Positive Psychology: Discovering human strengths, 1st ed. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers, pp.109-130.
Pury, C. and Kowalski, R. (2007). Human strengths, courageous actions, and general and personal courage. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(2), pp.120-128.
Pury, C., Kowalski, R. and Spearman, J. (2007). Distinctions between general and personal courage. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 2(2), pp.99-114.
Pury, C., Starkey, C., Breeden, C., Kelley, C., Murphy, H. and Lowndes, A. (2014). Courage interventions: Future directions and cautions. In: A. Parks and S. Schueller, ed., The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of Positive Psychological Interventions, 1st ed. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, pp.301-323.
Wasko, L. and Pury, C. (2009). Affective Forecasting. In: S. Lopez, ed., The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology Vol. 1, 1st ed. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, pp.24-26.
Woodard, C., & Pury, C. (2007). The construct of courage: Categorization and measurement. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice And Research, 59(2), 135-147. doi: 10.1037/1065-9293.59.2.135
Pury, C. (2013). Fostering courage in individuals: basic directions and cautions. In R. Burke & C. Cooper, Voice and Whistleblowing in Organizations: Overcoming Fear, Fostering Courage and Unleashing Candour (1st ed., pp. 343-357). Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited.
Pury, C. (2013). Proposed Frailties of Courage and Related Interventions. In R. Burke, S. Fox & C. Cooper, Human Frailties: Wrong Choices on the Drive to Success (pp. 261-267). New York: Routledge.
Grau, C., & Pury, C. (2013). Attitudes Towards Reference and Replaceability. Review Of Philosophy And Psychology, 5(2), 155-168. doi: 10.1007/s13164-013-0162-3
Pury, C., & Glennon, K. (2014). Psychological and Spiritual Aspects of Courage for Self-Renewal. In R. Wicks & E. Maynard, Clinician's Guide to Self-Renewal: Essential Advice from the Field (pp. 251-262). Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Pury, C. L. S.. (2019, March). Courage comes in many forms: Applying courage typologies to therapy for anxiety and depression. Paper presented at the Anxiety and Depression Association of America’s Anxiety and Depression Conference 2019: Focusing Research on Improving Treatment Outcomes. Chicago, IL.
Pury, C. L. S. (2017, July). Nature is lumpy: Goal-risk parings and types of courage. Symposium contribution to Pioneering and Profiling Courage: The work and legacy of Shane Lopez. Presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
*Jordan, M., Burnett, E., *Wisch, N., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K., *Russell, L, *Gonzalez, K., *Kouser, A., & Pury, C. (2017). Views of Controversial Decisions Based on One's Values. Poster presented at the 63rd annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Wisch, N. R., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell, L. E., & *Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Burnett, E. A., Pury, C. L. S., & Ellenberg, D. (2017, July 13-16). Interpersonal Courage in Organizations. Presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Hardy, B. P., Pury, C. L. S., & *Jordan, M. J. (2017, July 13-16). Does it take Courage to Start a Business? Presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. B., Saylors, S., *Vanelli, N., *Cataldo, A., *Nichols, E. R., & *Green, M. M. P. (2017, July 13-16). Virtues as Guides to Maximizing Well-Being: A Theoretical and Empirical Exploration. Presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Jordan, M. J., *Cataldo, A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Nichols, E. R., & *Green, M. M. P. (2017, July 13-16). Accolade Courage as a Reflection of the Observer’s Values. Presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S. (2016, July). Process Courage, Accolade Courage, and Meaning. Paper presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., Jordan, M. J.*, Vanelli, N.*, Wisch, N. R.*, Gonzalez, K. R.*, Clancy, K. E.*, and Russell L. E.* (2016, July). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., Wisch, N. R.*, Vanelli, N.*, Clancy, K. E.*, Russell, L. E.*, and Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Wisch, N. R., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell, L. E. & *Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July 28-31). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., *Jordan, M. J., *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Clancy, K. E. & *Russell L. E. (2016, July 28-31). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Russell, L. E., *Clancy, K. E., *Jordan, M. J. *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R. & *Allen F. E. (2016, July 28-31). A Situational View of Courage: Affordances for Action, Goals, and Risks. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Kowalski, R. M., Pury, C.L. S., Sporrer, L., Hunter, E., Gorney, A., Baker, M., Smith, L., Elrod, M., DeWitt, S., Sternfeld, J., Mitchell, T. (2006, November). Courage and hope Pathways to action. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Knoxville, TN.
Pury, C., Starkey, C., *Hawkins, C., Weber, C., Saylors, S. (2009, June). A cognitive appraisal model of courage. Presented at the First World Congress on Positive Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Pury, C., Kowalski, R., McRae, T., Kentera, J., Arnold, C., Becht, C., Starkey, J. (2006, October). Getting up the nerve Self-reports of deliberate attempts to increase courage. In C. Pury (Chair) Symposium Courage. Presented at the 5th Gallup International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington, DC.
Pury, C., Starkey, C., Breeden, C., Murphy, H. & Kelley, C. (2011, July). A goal systems theory explanation of courage. 2nd International Positive Psychology World Congress. Poster presented at the International Positive Psychology World Congress, Philadelphia, PA.
Campbell, R., Pury, C. (2005, September). Moral courage, self-esteem, and self-respect. Poster presented at the 4th International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington, DC.
Hensel, A., Pury, C. (2005, September). Courage in retrospect An investigation into the roles of self presentation and hindsight. Poster presented at the 4th International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington, DC.
Pury, C., Kowalski, R. (2005, September). Human strengths, courageous actions, and general and personal courage. Poster presented at the 4th Gallup International Positive Psychology Summit,Washington, DC.
Wasko, L. E., Pury, C. L. S. (2006, October). An empirical integration of affective forecasting and the Good Life. Poster presented at the 5th Gallup International Positive Psychology Summit,Washington, DC.
Higgenbottom, L., Pury, C. (2006, November). Getting up the nerve to overcome. Is there a relationship between the type of obstacles individuals encounter and the methods used to increase courage. Presented at the Annual Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students (ABRCMS), Anaheim, CA.
Pury, C. L. S. (2008, August). Types of courage within an organizational context. Presented at the 2008 Annual Academy of Management Meeting, Annaheim, CA.
Pury, C. L. S. (2007, October). Goal pursuit, meaning, and courage. Presented at the 2007 Courage Summit, Washington, D.C.
Pury, C. L. S. (2008, April). The psychology of courage. Presented at 2008 University of South Carolina Lancaster Community Health Lecture Series, Lancaster, SC.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C., Wueste, D. (2008, October). Cognitive appraisals, Courage, and academic integrity. Presented at the 2008 Center for Academic Integrity Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Kelley, C. & Pury, C. (2011, May). Development and validation of a workplace courage scale. Poster presented at Work, Stress, and Health 2011: Work and Well-Being in an Economic Context, Orlando, FL.
Pury, C. & Starkey, C. (2013). Is Courage always a virtue? Suicide, killing, and bad courage. Poster presented at the American Psychological Association 2013 Annual Convention, Honolulu, HI.
Pury, C. & Murphy, H. (2013). Courage interventions in the workplace. Paper presented at the 28th Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP), Houston, TX.
Pury, C. & Starkey, C. (2013). A cognitive appraisal theory of courage. Presented at the American Philosophical Association 2013 Central Division Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
32

Motion Science and Applied Psychophysiology Lab

This lab is focused on understanding the relationship between human sensory systems and virtual reality devices, particularly focusing on simulator sickness. Students in this lab learn how to use psychophysiology recording tools, design/run an experiment, and read papers associated with virtual reality and motion sickness. The goal is to have students create their own methodology or ask their own question that leads to creation of a poster to present at a conference annually. 

Team Leaders
Sarah Beadle Psychology
Christopher Pagano Psychology
Eric R. Muth Psychology
Accomplishments
*Dischiavi, N., *Daniels, B., *Henderson, L., *Hourigan, C., *Beadle, S., Muth, E. (2019, April). Can You Adapt to a Virtual Rollercoaster? Using Stomach Activity and Surveys to Assess Simulator Sickness Over Time. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Waters, D., *Cavanaugh, S., *Wegner, H. & Kinsella, A. (2018). Social Implications of Using Remote Food Photography Method Comapred to a Wrist-Worn Bite Counting Device. Presented at the 64th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC.
*Russell, L., *Hourigan, C., *Daniels, B., *Messinger, C. & Kinsella, A. (2018). Comparing Ease of Use of a Bite Goal Comared to a Calorie Goad During a Meal. Presented 64th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC.
*Simpson, S. & Kinsella, A. (2018). Trait Anxiety Predicts Motion Sickness in Head-Mounted Display. Presented at 64th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC.
*Daniels, B. & Kinsella, A. (2018, April) Using a Wrist-Worn Device to Eat to a Bite Goal: Does Behavior Change? Presented at the Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Clemson, SC. 
*Cavanaugh, S., *Daniels, B., *Messinger, C., *Russell, L., *Waters, D., *Wegner, H., *Hourigan, C., Beadle, S. & Muth, E.R. (2018, April) Studying eating behavior with mobile health technologies. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Beadle, S., Salley, J., McSorely, J. Determining Criteria for Valid Data in Long Term Studies with Wearable Devices. Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC, April, 2017.
*Hwang, T., *Muth, E., *Guercio, H., *Demos, J. (2017, April 4-5). Taking a Bite from the Mindless Margin. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Burns, D., *Kohm, K., *Timmons, E., *Elsey, T., *Jeanes, K., *Rampey, L., *Williams, L., *Dixon, R., *Schroer, R., & Muth, E. (2013). Accuracy of the Bite Counter Device in a Cafeteria Setting. Poster presented at the 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson University. 
*Westmoreland, M., Brown, M., *Dixon, R., Good, H., Jackson, C., Jasper, P., *Kohm, K., Owens, R., Srickland, C., Sowell, A., and Muth, E. (2012, April). An Assessment of the Use of Bite Count as an Energy Intake Monitor in a Cafeteria Setting. Spring 2012 Focus of Creative Inquiry. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson, SC. 
McSorley, J. (2017 April 1). "An Overview of the Effects of Latency on Simulator Sickness in Head-Mounted Displays". Poster presented at the Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
*Jasper, P.W., Scisco, J.L., Parker, V.G., Hoover, A.W. & Muth E.R. (2012). Using the Bite Counter Device to Measure Energy Intake in Overweight African Americans. Presented at the American College of Sports Medicine conference, San Francisco, CA.
*Salley, J., Scisco, J., Hoover, A. & Muth, E. (2011, October). Variability in bite count and calories per bite across identical meals. Obesity 2011: The Obesity Society 29th Annual Scientific Meeting. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Obesity Society, Orlando, FL.
Scisco, J., Muth, E., Dong, Y., Hoover, A., O'Neil, P. & Fishel-Brown, S. (2011, September). Usability and acceptability of the bite counter device. 55th International Annual Meeting. Presented at the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, Las Vegas, NV.
CI: 32. (2017). Hope, Stephanie, and Della at SEPA.
CI: 32. (2018). Bryson, Christianna, and Lindsey at SEPA. 
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
36

Lifestyle Medicine

This creative inquiry will explore the effects of lifestyle medicine in conjunction with traditional medicine practices on the patient population at the Joseph F. Sullivan Center. Lifestyle Medicine is an evidence-based approach shown to prevent and treat disease, using a whole food dietary lifestyle, regular physical activity, restorative sleep, stress management, avoidance of risky substances and positive social connection as a primary therapeutic modality for treatment and reversal of chronic disease. 

Team Leaders
Caitlin Moore Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
Accomplishments
*Berg, H., *Wiksell, G., *Tomevi, M., Meehan, N. & Moore, C. (2017, April 4-5). Lifestyle Modification Within an Underserved Population: A Case Study Analysis. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Palermo, L., *Smith, A., Moore, C., Meehan, N. (2017, April). Participant Outreach for Frist Line Therapy Program at Rural Women's Clinic. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Cook, K., *Gaal, E., Moore, C., Meehan, N. & Watt, P. (2016, April). CU Succeed: Incentive Wellness Program for Pregnant and Parenting Teens. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Miller, T. & *Tantillo, E., (2015, April 23-24). Wellness Programs: Utilizing Incentives to Shrink Americans Waistlines. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Building Healthy Academic Communities National Consortium, Irvine, CA.
*Clements, N. & *Stonecypher, G. (2015, April 23-24). Evaluating the effectiveness of an employee wellness program. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Building Health Academic Communities National Consortium, University of California, Irvine, CA.
*Tantillo, G., *Miller, T., Moore, C., Mayo, W., Watt, P., Meehan, N. (2015, April). Wellness Programs: Utilizing Incentives to Shrink Americans' Waistlines. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Clements, N., *Stonecypher, G., Moore, C., Mayo, W., Meehan, N. & Watt, P. (2015, April). Improving Clemson's Employee Wellness Program. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Funding given for supplies and cost of implementing programming.
Calhoun Honors Grant
Calhoun Honors Department Grant Money
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
216

Bundling Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences

Undergraduate teams with academic experience in culinary science and nutrition science collaborate to create new products, recipes, services development and testing as well as evaluation with health considerations for children and adults in the Upstate of South Carolina.   Project affiliated with Produce Rx at the Clemson Free Clinic and SNAP Ed. 

Team Leaders
Margaret Condrasky Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
Condrasky, M., Halteman, B., Sharp, J., & Darby, D. (2019). Evaluating the Long-Term Impacts of an Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Curriculum on Food Science, Nutrition, and Packaging Science Undergraduate Students. Journal Of Culinary Science & Technology, 1-13. doi: 10.1080/15428052.2019.1625475
Condrasky, M., Weeks McCay, A., Darby, D., Sharp, J. and Griffin, S. (2018). Research Study on an Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Course for College Sophomores. Journal of Food Science Education, 17(2), pp.66-71.
*Goodine, J., *Krantz, C., *Kryshak, V., *Martinez, A., *Messick, L., *Newton, H., *Oneill, A., *Ott, A., *Price, A., *Rast, A., *Shackleford, L., *Yeates, M., Condrasky, M. (2019, April). Produce Rx. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Kelly, L., *Krantz, C., *Martinez, A., *McCasland, K., *Newton, H., *Oneill, A., *Richardson, J., *Schueren, F., & Condrasky, M. (2018, April). New Impact for a New Future. Presented at 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC. 
*Adair, J., *Andrew, B., *Babson, E., *Bartz, M., *Baxley, M., *Bernhardt, A., *Buzhardt, C., *Cobb, K., *Dillard, J., *Downs, R., *Eades, A., *Marsh, S., *Martinez, A., *Mattocks, C., *Murphy, K., *Russell, N., *Whitlow, A., Condrasky, M., Darby, D. (2017, April). Healthy Children's Food Product Development. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Coffee, A., Condrasky, M., Darby, D., Halteman, B., Sharp, J.(2016, May 5). Development and Testing of Supplemental Materials For a Product Development Course to Include Herbs, Spices and Sensory Science. Poster presentation at the 2016 South Carolina Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Annual Conference, Columbia, SC. 
Coffee, A., Scharp, J., Weeks, A., Condrasky, M., Darby, D. (2016, March). Healthy Foods Created within an Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Course. Poster presentation at the 2016 Research Chefs Association Annual Conference and Culinology Expo, Denver, CO. 
*Blankenship, C., *Cobb, K., *Cucco, P., *Floyd, Z., *Knight, A., *Mars, M, *Prevost, J., *Prochaska, A., *Sullivan, K., *Wood, K., Condrasky, M., Duncan, D. (2016, April). Applied Interdisciplinary Healthy Food Product Development for Children. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Condrasky, M., Weeks, A., Darby, D., Sharp, J., Coffee, A., Halteman, B. (2015). Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development for Sophomore Students. Presented at the Research Chefs Association, New Orleans, LA.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
217

Culinary Nutrition

This team collaborates with providers of children programs and services in the Upstate of SC to define, create, and test programs with a culinary and nutrition emphasis for adolescent children. Examples of previous programs have been cooking camps, Clemson Free Clinic, healthy lifestyle competitions and recipe set development.

Team Leaders
Margaret Condrasky Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
Condrasky, M. (2019, March 1) Food Access Research/Projects 'Culinary Nutrition Outreach.' Presented at the Food FORWARD 2019 Research Symposium hosted by College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences and CAFLS, Clemson, SC. 
*Brookshire, C., *Castillo, A., *Duffy, C., *Funcik, A., *Garwatoski, A., *Lewis, C. *Martinez, A., *Nesbitt, T., *Pesce, G., & Condrasky, M. (2019, April). Design and Evaluation of a Melting Pot: Culture and Cuisine Summit. Presentation at the 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC. 
*Newton, H., *O'Neill, A., *Price, A., *Yeates, M., & Condrasky, M. (2019). Healthy Menus for Families. Poster presentation at the SC Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Columbia, SC.
*Funcik, A., *Pesce, G., *Brookshire, C., *Duffy, C., & Condrasky, M. (2019). 'Melting Pot' Summer Camp: Getting Kids Involved in the Kitchen. Presented at the SC Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Columbia, SC. 
*Brookshire, C., *Castillo, A., *Duffy, C., *Funcik, A., *Garwatoski, A., *Lewis, C., *Martinez, A., *Nesbitt, T., *Pesce, G., Condrasky, M. (2019, April). Design and Evaluation of a Melting Pot: Culture and Cuisine Summit. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Duffy, C., *Farr, N., *Harvey, C., *Kelly, C., *Pesce, G., & Condrasky, M. (2018, April). Creation of Rubric to Score Healthy Salad Competition for Children. Presented at 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Flowers, L., *Forbes, H., *Hudachek, G., *Jordan, T., *King, C., *Longobardo, A., *Mahoney, S., *Marshall, V., *Richardson, J., *Thomas, K., *Wendt, E., Condrasky, M. (2017, April). Vegetable Recipes that Families Choose. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Coffee, A., Scharp, J., Weeks, A., Condrasky, M., and Darby, D. (2016, March). Healthy Foods Created within an Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Course. Poster presentation at the 2016 Research Chefs Association Annual Conference and Culinology Expo, Denver, CO. 
*Blankenship, C., *Cobb, K., *Cucco, P., *Floyd, Z., *Knight, A., *Mars, M., *Prevost, J., *Prochaska, A., *Sullivan, K., *Wood, K., and *Condrasky, M. (2016, April 7). Applied Interdisciplinary Healthy Food Product Development for Children. Poster presented at 2016 Focus On Creative Inquiry, Watt Family Innovation Center.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
62

International Design Projects With Engineers Without Borders (EWB) In Central America

Students participating in this Creative Inquiry will help to lead the design and development of sustainable systems to provide drinking water and associated water treatment for the community of El Serrano, Nicaragua, as part of an official project with the Clemson University Student Chapter of Engineers Without Borders.

Team Leaders
Mark A. Schlautman Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Jerry Wylie Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Accomplishments
*York, B., *Queen, N., Schlautman, M., *Wylie, J. (2019, April). Clemson Engineering Without Borders in El Serrano, Nicaragua. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Braun, H. (2017, April 10). A New Clemson University Engineers Without Borders (CU-EWB) Bridge Project for El Serrano, Nicaragua. Presented at the meeting of the Society of Professional Engineers (SPE), Greenville, SC.
*Black, E, & Wylie, J. (2017). Challenges to Rural Community Water Supply Development in Nicaragua. Presented at the 25th Annual meeting of the David S. Snipes Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium. Clemson University Clemson, SC.
Hennessy, S., Wylie, J., Parker, M., Black, E., Watson, M.M., Pales, A., Tracy, J., Bellino, K., Brigham, E., Braun, H. and Schlautman, M.A. (2017, March 12-15). Water Solutions and Bridge Design in El Serrano, Nicaragua by Clemson University Engineers Without Borders. 27th Annual South Carolina Environmental Conference, Sheraton Myrtle Beach Convention Center, Myrtle Beach SC.
*Braun, H., *Brigham, E., *Bellino, K. and Schlautman, M.A. (2017, April 5-6) Engineers Without Borders-Nicaragua. 12th Annual Poster Forum, Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson SC.
Generous funding from university sources including undergraduate student government (CUSG), Creative Inquiry, the Calhoun Honors College and other student organizations (including Omicron Delta Kappa and Alpha Lambda Delta).
$4000 award given to EWB by Clemson's ODK honor society.
$2500 award granted by Clemson's ODK honor society.
Collaborating with engineers and geologists from Geosyntec (Greenville). Employees mentoring and participating in engineering activities with Clemson students. Geosyntec recently donated $15,000 towards our efforts.
Award granted to Clemson EWB through EWB National from ALCOA in the amount of $10,000
Award granted to Clemson EWB through EWB National for $2000.
CI: 62. (2014). Well yield testing in La Pintada. Look at all of our helpers!
CI: 62. (2014). Solid works design for sustainable bottled water bottle wall design to be implemented in La Pintada, Nicaragua to protect the new drinking water well.
CI: 62. (2014). Solid works design and parts for the proposed chlorinator to be implemented in La Pintada, Nicaragua alongside their new well to be drilled in December 2014.
CI: 62. (2014). Contour map of the ground surface in the village of La Pintada, Nicaragua.
CI: 62. (2014). This is the CI class on a tour of a local drinking water treatment plant.
CI: 52. (2014). This is the CI class on a tour of a local drinking water treatment plant.
CI: 52. (2013). This is part of the CI class learning how to sample major water quality parameters in the field.
CI:62. (2012). Matt McMillan getting his hair braided by one of the little village girls. The children loved the long hair on Matt, and after some convincing decided to braid his hair.[Image].
CI: 62. (2012). Carolyn Coffey and a little village girl collecting rock to put in the cement. The children were more than willing to help in all they could while we were constructing the playground for them. [Image].
CI: 62. (2013). Photo number one shows the entire travelling group from 2013, Allison DeNunzio, Matt McMillan, Jamie Noel, Carolyn Coffey, Hannah Haire, Jesse Richards, and Alex Pellet, on the merry-go-round we designed and built in Jungle Farms. The merry-go-round turns a generator which then charges a battery. This battery was hooked up a school, providing lights for three rooms at the school house so they could have night school for the adults in the village. [Image].
*Harper, J., *McPherson, E., *Korte, C., *Tracy, J., *Stahel, K., *Broom, J., *DeVol, N., *DeMass, N., *Hotzlet, N., *Gordon, A., Boland, R., *Bryla, B., *Bellino, K., *Yeoman, R., *Rhodes, E., *Danahy, R., Parker, M., Estes, S., Emerson, H. (2014,). 524: Draft Final Design Report.
Engineers Without Borders USA-Clemson Chapter. (2014). 523: Alternatives Analysis Report Review.
*Harper, J., *McPherson, E., *Korte, C., *Tracy, J., *Stahel, K., *Broom, C., *Devol, N., *DeMass, S., Hotzlet, N., *Gordon, A., Boland, R., *Bryla, B., *Bellino, K., *Yeoman, C., *Rhodes, E., *Danahy, R., Parker, M., Estes, S., and Emerson, H. (2014). Document 524: Draft Final Design Report. 
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
69

Cyber Bullying

This project examines a variety of aversive interpersonal behaviors, most notably cyberbullying, hazing, and school shootings. People engage in a variety of aversive interpersonal behaviors. Some of these behaviors are more mundane, such as guilt-induction. Others, such as those that constitute the focus of this team, are more insidious in nature, and have potentially fatal consequences. One of the interesting things about these behaviors is that, as seemingly disparate as they appear, there is actually quite a bit of overlap between them. For example, our research suggests an overlap between bullying and hazing. Additionally, one of the key predictors of perpetrating a school shooting is a long-term history of rejection, manifested most often through a history of bullying. One focus of our team with all of these behaviors is not only understanding antecedents and consequences but also prevention and intervention strategies. 

Team Leaders
Robin Kowalski Psychology
Accomplishments
*Bourque, L., *Bednar, H., *Wells, S., & Kowalski, R. (2019, April). Hazing and bullying. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Focus on Creative Inquiry Conference, Clemson, SC.
*Bednar, H., *Bourque, L., *Chitty, H., *Chapman, C., *Jones, R., *Hendley, T., *Rubley, K., *Oakley, R., *Welsh, S., & Kowalski, R. (2019). The self versus the school shooter. Paper presented at the Clemson Student Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
Kowalski, R., *Bourque, L., *Chapman, C., *Longacre, M., *Graham, R., *Bednar, H., *Scarborough, M., *Jones, R., *Chitty, H., *Wells, S., & Leary, M. (2019). Predictors of School Shootings. Paper presented at the 2019 Southeastern Shool Behavioral Health Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC. 
Kowalski, R. M., *Foster, M., *Scarborough, M., *Bourque, L., *Wells, S., *Graham, R., *Bednar, H., *Franchi, M., Nash, S., & Crawford, K. (2018). Hazing: Victims, perpetrators, and witnesses. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Raleigh, NC.
*Franchi, M., Kowalski, R. M., Dillon, J., Macbeth, J., & Bush, M. (2018). Race/ethnicity and cyberbullying victimization and perpetration. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Raleigh, NC.
*Bednar, H., *Bourque, L., *Wells, S., Franchi, N., Graham, R., Scarborough, M., Foster, M., Crawford, K., Nash, S., & Kowalski, R. (2019, April). Hazing and Bullying. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Crawford, K., *Foster, M., *Hughes, A., *Nash, S., *Franchi, M., *Bednar, H., Kowalski, R. M., *Geary, E., *Brady, A., *Luber, C., *Taylor, K., *Doghman, M., *Garrett, B., & *Pitts, B. (2018, March 1-3). Sorry, I’m not sorry: Apologies in interpersonal Interactions. Paper presented at the 2018 Annual meeting of the Society of Personality and Social Psychology, Atlanta, GA.
*Crawford, K., *Geary, E., *Dickson, A., *Foster, M., *Brady, A., *Pitts, B., *Nash, S., *Luber, C., *Doghman, M., *Bednar, H., *Taylor, K., *Morgan, M., & Kowalski, R. (2017, April). Change the Name, Change the Game: Cyberbullying Changes with Platform. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Crawford, K., *Morgan, M., Kowalski, R., *Geary, E., *Dickson, A., *Foster, M., *Taylor, K., *Brady, A., *Pitts, B., *Nash, S., *Luber, C., *Doghman, M., & *Bednar, H. (2017). Change the name, change the game: Cyberbullying changes with platform. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Kowalski,R. M., Morgan, M.*, Taylor, K, Broderick, A., Schrader, K., Geary, E., Wilson, E., Brady, A., Pitts, B., Wewers, L., Vernau, J.,Dickson, A., & Whittaker, E. (2016). Hard to say I'm sorry or is it?: Apologies in interpersonal interactions. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists. 
Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Kowalski, R. M., *Whittaker, E., & Gilbert, J. (2016). “Is this cyberbullying or not?”: Intertwining computational detection with human perception (A case study). Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics, Orlando, FL.
Kowalski, R. M., & *Morgan, M. (2016). Technology to overcome the stigma of mental illness. Paper presented at the meeting of the Southeastern Symposium on Mental Health, Greenville, SC.
*Whittaker, E., Kowalski, R. M., Dillon, E., & Macbeth, J. (2016). Is it or isn’t it? Cyberbullying in conversations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Whittaker, E., & Kowalski, R. M. (2016). Cyberbullying in political campaigns. Paper presented at the 62nd annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Morgan, M., Kowalski, R. M., *Geary, E., Schroeder, K., *Wilson, E., *Broderick, A., *Brady, A., Wewars, L., *Dickson, A., Taylor, K., *Vernau, J., & *Pfeiffer, C. (2016). Going postal in a digital world: Online workplace bullying/incivility. Paper presented at the 62nd Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Toth, A., & Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Bullying in adulthood. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Kowalski, R. M., *Toth, A., Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Herzog, A., & Thatcher, J. (2015). Cyberbullying among individuals with disabilities. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
*Toth, A. & Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Bullying in adulthood. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Kowalski, R. M., *Toth, A., Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Herzog, A., Thatcher, J. (2015). Cyberbullying among individuals with disabilities. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
*Morgan, M., *Geary, E., *Zaremba, B., *Drake-Lavelle, K., *Stephens, J., *Toth, A., *Whittaker, E., *Wewers, L., *Pfeiffer, C., *Huff, M., *Dickson, A., *Brady, A., Kowalski, R. (2015). Get up, Stand up: The effects of bystanders self-compassion and interpersonal reactivity on intervening in cyberbullying situations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Allison, A., & Kowalski, R. M. (2015). The Relations between Psychological Health Climate and Individual Health Behaviors. Paper presented at the 2015 annual meeting of the Work, Stress, and Health Conference, Atlanta, GA.
*Morgan, M., *Toth, A., *Whittaker, E., *Stephens, J., *Webb, M., *Geary, E., & *Drake-Lavelle, K. (2015). Bystander reactions to cyberbullying. Paper presented at the 61st annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Hilton Head, SC.
*Morgan, M., Kowalski, R., *Geary, E., *Drake-Lavelle, K., *Whittaker, E., *Ballard, T., *Huff, M., *Zaremba, B., *Toth, A., *Pfeiffer, C. (2014). Complaining in the media: Regional differences in dissatisfaction expressed in letters to the editor. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Athens, GA.
Wynkoop, G., Kowalski, R., *Robinson, A., *Blackshire, E., *Toth, A., *Lankowski, C., *Emerson, L., *Dogan, J., Smith, B., Sherck, K., Brown, L., *Whittaker, E., *Allison, B. (2014). Ask me about 27. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Athens, GA.
*Baker, B., & Kowalski, R. (2013). Bullying and cyberbullying among college students with disabilities. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R., *Fortune, A., *Morgan, M., *Murphy, C., & Schroeder, A. (2013). College narratives Understanding student identity through passion dispersion. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Baker, B.*, Kowalski, R. M., McMillan, V.*, Turner, J*., Whittaker, E.*, Elsey, T.*, Fortune, A.*, Morgan, M.*, Murphy, M.*, Maclennan, C.*, Frazee, L.*, Stephens, J.* (2012, November). Happiness and passion: What type of passion defines happy people. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Gainesville, FL.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Turner J., *Whittaker, E., *Frazee, E., *MacLennan, C., *Murphy, C., *Stephens, J., *Elsey, T., *McMillan, V., *Morgan, M., *Fortune, A. (2013). Pet peeves and happiness How do happy people complain. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Baker, B., Schroeder, A., & Kowalski, R. (2013). Energizing our way to a better workforce An examination of employee energy and passion. Paper to be presented at the 2013 Work, Stress, and Health Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Brooke, B. A. & Kowalski, R. M. (2012). Domain and range Determining passion dispersion among college students. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the Research Experience for Undergraduate Students, Clemson, SC.
*Freeman, S., *Fulmer, R. M., *Johnson, E., *Louderback, S., *Richman, A. & Kowalski, R. M. (2011, March). Priming empathy in cyberbullying situations. 2011 Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
*Freeman, S., Kowalski, R. & Woorons-Johnston, S. (2011, March). Athletic attainment. 2010 Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
Giumetti, G., Schroeder, A., & Kowalski, R. M. (2013). Two-wave panel study investigating the relative impact of cyber and face-to-face incivility on employee outcomes. Paper to be presented at the 2013 Work, Stress, and Health Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
*Hatfield, A., Guiumetti, G. & Kowalski, R. (2011, March). Effects of experiencing cyber-incivility in the workplace. 2011 Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Association. Paper presented at the Annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
*Hock, L., Kowalski, R., & Hunter, E. (2012). Why Obesity?: The Actor Observer Bias in Attributions for Obesity. Paper presented at the ACC Undergraduate Research Conference, Blacksburg, VA.
*Hock, L., Kowalski, R., & Hunter, E. (2012). The Role of Actor-Observer Bias in Attribution for Obesity. Paper presented at the 58th Annual Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Isgett, S., Kowalski, R., Lattanner, M., *Schroeder, A. & Giumetti, G. (2011, November). Cyberbullying among college students Prevalence rates and predictors. 58th Annual Meeting of the Society for Southeastern Social Psychologists. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Society for Southeastern Social Psychologists, Johnson City, TN.
*Isgett, S., Kowalski, R. M., Lattanner, M., *Schroeder, A. (2012, February). Cyberbullying among college students. 58th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Stephens, J., *Turner, J., *Frazee, L., *Whittaker, E., *Martin, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A., Kowalski, R., Baker, B. (2014). Redefining happiness: Is the happiness pie literature missing some slices? Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Turner, J., *Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Martin, J., *Frazee, L., *Stephens, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A., *Whittaker, E., Kowalski, R., *Baker, B. (2014). On the construction and sustainability of happiness: Where does my happiness come from? Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Martin, J., *Frazee, L., *Turner, J., *Stephens, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A., & *Whittaker, E. (2014). On the construction and sustainability of happiness: Where does my happiness come from? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 2014 Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Stephens, J., *Turner, J., *Frazee, L., *Whittaker, E., *Martin, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., & *Bokman, A. (2014). Redefining happiness: Is the happiness pie literature missing some pieces? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
*Whittaker, E., & Kowalski, R. M. (2014) Cyber victimization: Categories, attitudes, and prevalence. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the 2014 Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
*Whittaker, E.B., & Kowalski, R. M. (2014). Cyberbullying: Victims, venues, attitudes, and prevalence. Paper to be presented at the ACC Undergraduate Research Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Webb, M., *Stephens, J., *Martin, J., Kowalski, R. M. (2013). What makes you happy? Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Augusta, GA.
*Morgan, M., *Frazee, L., *Turner, J., Kowalski, R. M. (2013). Defining happiness and joy. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Augusta, GA.
*Whittaker, E.B., Kowalski, R. M. (2013). Venue and subject of cyber aggression in social networking sites. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Augusta, GA.
CI: 69. (2017). Students presenting at the national meeting of the Society of Personality and Social Psychology.
NSF EAGER Grant Supplement
Incentive Award given by the office of Creative Inquiry
The students' poster won third place among judged posters at the annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Conference.
CAFLS Creative Inquiry Competition -- Zan Isgett -- 1st place -- Cyberbullying among college students Prevalence rates and predictors.
Whittaker, Elizabeth -- ACC-CIO award recipient.
*Toth, A., Kowalski, R. M., & *Webb, M. (2016). Bullying among boys with disabilities. Psychology and Education Journal, 53, 34-39.
Kowalski, R., Toth, A., & *Morgan, M. (2017). Bullying and cyberbullying in adulthood and the workplace. The Journal Of Social Psychology, 158(1), 64-81. doi: 10.1080/00224545.2017.1302402
Kowalski, R., & Toth, A. (2017). Cyberbullying among Youth with and without Disabilities. Journal Of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 11(1), 7-15. doi: 10.1007/s40653-017-0139-y
Kowalski, R. M., & *Toth, A. (2018). Cyberbullying among Youth with and without Disabilities. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 11(1), 7–15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40653-017-0139-y
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, M.*, Taylor, K.*, Broderick, A.*, Shrader, K.*, Geary, E.*, Wilson, E.*, Brady, A.*, Pitts, B.*, Wewers, L.*, Vernau,J.*, Dickson, A.*, & Whittaker, E.* (under review). Hard to Say I'm Sorry or Is It?: Apologies in Interpersonal Interactions. European Journal of Social Psychology. 
Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Kowalski, R., *Whittaker, E. and Gilbert, J. (2019). Is this Cyber-bullying or Not?: Intertwining Computational Detection with Human Perception (A Case Study). In: 7th International Conference on Applied Human Factors and Ergonomics. Springer International Publishing, pp.337-346.
Kowalski, R., *Morgan, M. and Taylor, K. (2016). Stigma of mental and physical illness and the use of mobile technology. The Journal of Social Psychology, 157(5), pp.602-610.
*Toth, A., Kowalski, R. and *Webb, M. (2016). Bullying Among Boys with Disabilities. Psychology and Education Journal, 53(1), pp.34-39.
Kowalski, R., *Morgan, C., *Drake-Lavelle, K. and Allison, B. (2016). Cyberbullying among college students with disabilities. Computers in Human Behavior, 57, pp.416-427.
*Whittaker, E. and Kowalski, R. (2015). Cyberbullying. In: International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2nd ed. pp.638-644.
Kowalski, R. and *Whittaker, E. (2015). Cyberbullying: Prevalence, Causes, and Consequences. In: L. Rosen, N. Cheever and L. Carrier, ed., The Wiley Handbook of Psychology, Technology, and Society. John Wiley & Sons, pp.142-157.
Kowalski, R., *Morgan, C., *Drake-Lavelle, K., & Allison, B. (2016). Cyberbullying among college students with disabilities. Computers In Human Behavior, 57, 416-427. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2015.12.044
Cox, B., Dean, J. and Kowalski, R. (2015). Hidden Trauma, Quiet Drama: The Prominence and Consequence of Complicated Grief Among College Students. Journal of College Student Development, 56(3), pp.280-285.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, M. (2015). Cyberbullying in schools. In Sturmey, P. (Ed.), The Wiley handbook of violence and aggression: Societal interventions (Vol. 3). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
*Toth, A., Kowalski, R. and Webb, M. (2016). Bullying Among Boys with Disabilities. Psychology and Education Journal, 53(1).
Kowalski, R., Giumetti, G., Schroeder, A. and Reese, H. (2012). Cyber Bullying Among College Students: Evidence From Multiple Domains of College Life. In: Misbehavior Online in Higher Education. Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing, pp.293-321.
Kowalski, R., Schroeder, A. and *Smith, C. (2013). Bystanders and their willingness to intervene in cyberbullying situations. In: R. Hanewald, ed., From Cyber Bullying to Cyber Safety: Issues and Approaches in Educational Contexts, 1st ed. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers, pp.77-100.
Kowalski, R., Allison, B., Giumetti, G., *Turner, J., *Whittaker, E., *Frazee, L., & *Stephens, J. (2014). Pet Peeves and Happiness: How Do Happy People Complain?. The Journal Of Social Psychology, 154(4), 278-282. doi: 10.1080/00224545.2014.906380
*Whittaker, E., & Kowalski, R. (2014). Cyberbullying Via Social Media. Journal Of School Violence, 14(1), 11-29. doi: 10.1080/15388220.2014.949377
*Whittaker, E. and Kowalski, R. (2015). Cyberbullying. In: International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd ed. New York, NY: Elsevier, pp.638-644.
Kowalski, R. and *Whittaker, E. (2015). Cyberbullying: Prevalence, Causes, and Consequences. In: L. Rosen, N. Cheever and M. Carrier, ed., Wiley Handbook of Psychology, Technology, and Society, 1st ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, pp.142-158.
Skinner, J. and Kowalski, R. (2013). Profiles of Sibling Bullying. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 28(8), pp.1726-1736.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
957

Investigations into Primate Personality

This Creative Inquiry project is centered around analysis of data that were collected on zoo-living monkeys. Behavioral experiments, in which golden lion tamarin monkeys were exposed to novel foods and objects, were conducted on 10 family groups in 4 different zoos. Students will examine whether the response to novelty differs in males and females. They also will explore the question of personality in golden lion tamarins. Students will computerize data from video recordings of the experiments, organize and analyze the data, and delve into relevant literature to inform themselves on the topics at hand. They will create posters and present oral presentations on the results.

Team Leaders
Lisa Rapaport Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice
Accomplishments
*Jahn, J., *DeLorenzo, M., *Haas, K., Frye, B. & Rapaport, L. (2018, March 3). Information transfer in response to novelty in zoo-living golden lion tamarins. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the South Eastern Evolution and Human Behavior (SEEHB), Atlanta, GA.
*Brown, T.A., *DeLorenzo, M., *Jahn, J., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, June). Validating Behavioral Assessments of Exploratory Behavior in Captive Golden Lion Tamarin Monkeys (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society, Toronto, ON, Canada.
*Keener, M., *Schultz, C., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, June). Validating Behavioral Assessments of Exploratory Behavior in Captive Common Marmoset Monkeys (Callithrix jacchus). Poster presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society, Toronto, ON, Canada.
*Schultz, C., *Keener, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, Feb). Validating Tests of Behavioral Consistency in Captive Golden Lion Tamarins. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Brown, T.A., *DeLorenzo, M., *Jahn, J., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, Feb). Validating Tests of Behavioral Consistency in Captive Common Marmoset Monkeys. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Brown, T.A., *DeLorenzo, M., *Jahn, J., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, Feb). Personality Consistency in Common Marmosets in Response to Novel Foods and Objects. Poster presentation at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Schultz, C., *Keener, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2017, Feb). Personality Consistency in Golden Lion Tamarins Response to Novel Foods and Novel Objects. Poster presented at the 9th Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Brown, T., *Delorenzo, M., *Schultz, C., *Jahn, J., *Keener, M., Frye, B., Rapaport, L. (2017, April). Personality differences in exploration and activity in captive callitrichine primates. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Brown, T., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, August). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster to be presented at the International Primatological/American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting, Chicago, IL.
Nielson, M., *Cobranchi, A., *Holthausen, C., *Keener, M., *Knotts, H., *Brown, T., *O'Brien, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC.    
*Brown, T., *O'Brien, M., *Knotts, H., Frye, B., & Rapaport, L. (2016). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC.    
*O'Brien, M., *Knotts, H., *Brown, T., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research, Asheville, NC.
*Cobranchi, A., *Holthausen, C., *Nielsen, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016). Hand preferences do not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research, Asheville, NC.
*Knotts, H., *Brown, T., *O'Brien, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Holthausen, C., *Cobranchi, A., *Nielson, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, February). Hand preferences do not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Knotts, H., *O'Brien, M., *Brown, T., Frye, B., and Rapaport, L.G. (2016, Feb 20). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Presented at  the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, SC.
Maggie Keener was awarded the honorable mention for the competitive Charles H. Turner Award ($125.00) to support her travel to the Animal Behavior Society meeting (Toronto, Canada) where she presented a poster about personality parameters in golden lion tamarin monkeys. 
Brett Frye was awarded the competitive Ruppenthal Student Travel Award ($500.00) to support her travel to the American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting (August, 2017) where she will present a talk about personality and physiology in common marmoset monkeys.
Tara Brown was awarded the competitive Charles H. Turner Award ($500.00) to support her travel to the Animal Behavior Society meeting (Toronto, Canada) where she presented a poster about personality parameters in common marmoset monkeys.
The Conference Travel Fund (CTF) is intended to provide financial support to students in the Calhoun Honors College planning to attend conferences related to their academic interests. Maggie Keener was awarded $500.00 to attend and present at the annual meeting for the Animal Behavior Society in Toronto, Canada.
Our group was awarded the Creative Inquiry Travel Grant ($3,000) to attend the annual meeting for the Animal Behavior Society in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
*Maggie Keener was awarded the Conference Travel Grant from the Calhoun Honors College to attend the Animal Behavior Society meeting in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
*Maggie Keener was awarded honorable mention for the Charles H. Turner Award (June 2017). The Charles H. Turner Program for undergraduate participation at the annual Society meetings. This program, previously funded by an NSF grant but now supported entirely by the Animal Behavior Society, is a travel grant that supports the goals of increasing the diversity of our membership. Selected Turner Program Fellows will receive support to travel to the Annual Conference, and participate in a one-day workshop structured to integrate students into both the meeting experience and the broader community of the Animal Behavior Society.
*Tara A. Brown was awarded the Charles H.Turners Award (June 2017). The Charles H. Turner Program for undergraduate participation at the annual Society meetings. This program, previously funded by an NSF grant but now supported entirely by the Animal Behavior Society, is a travel grant that supports the goals of increasing the diversity of our membership. Selected Turner Program Fellows will receive support to travel to the Annual Conference, and participate in a one-day workshop structured to integrate students into both the meeting experience and the broader community of the Animal Behavior Society.
Tara Brown was awarded the competitive Ruppenthal Student Travel Award ($500.00) to support her travel to the International Primatological Society/American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting (August, 2016) where she will present a poster of the sex differences of behavior in primates.
The Sigma Xi Grants in Aid of Research was awarded to support the aspects of our research that examine the developmental underpinnings of primate behavior.
The Conference Travel Fund (CTF) is intended to provide financial support to students in the Calhoun Honors College planning to attend conferences related to their academic interests. Alyssa has been awarded $500.00 to attend and present at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research.
Grant proposals are for general research projects, with preference given to training initiatives, start-up funds, supplementary funding for students, and innovations in animal care and research technology. Award amounts range from $500 to $1500, and will be for a period of one year.
CI: 957. (2017). The Rapaport Lab representing at CBASS 2017. [Photo].
CI: 957. (2017). *Tara Brown with her poster at the ABS 2017 meeting in Toronto, Canada. [Photo].
CI: 957. (2017). Taking a little time off from the conference to enjoy Niagara Falls! [Photo]. 
CI: 957. (2017). Maggie presenting her work at the Animal Behavior Society meeting in Toronto, Canada. [Photo]. 
CI: 957. (2016). Tara Brown accepts her certificate of completion for the Southwest National Primate Research Center Summer Interns program. [Image]. 
CI: 957. (2016). Senior, Megan O'Brien (Forestry & Conservation major), presenting the GLT sex differences poster at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research in Asheville, NC (04/9/2016). [Image]. 
CI: 957. (2016). FoCI 2016 poster presentation by Haylee Knotts. [Image].
CI: 957. (2016). Focus on Creative Inquiry. [Image]. 
CI: 957. (2016). Focus on Creative Inquiry. [Image]. 
CI: 957. (2016). Focus on Creative Inquiry. [Image]. 
CI: 957. (2015). Brett Frye (Biological Sciences PhD student) with completed sample assays at the Callitrichid Research Center (10/13/15). [Image].
CI: 957. (2015). *Tara Brown (Biological Sciences junior) at the University of Nebraska at Omaha campus visiting Dr. Jeffery French's Callitrichid Research Center (10/13/15). [Image]. 
CI: 957. (2015). *Tara Brown (Biological Sciences junior) conducting serial dilutions for the EIA prep (10/12/15). [Image]. 
*Tara Brown, American Society of Primatologists Ruppenthal Student Travel Award ($300)
*Tara Brown, Southwest National Primate Research Center Summer Interns Program (2016)
Tara Brown has accepted a position at the Southwest National Primate Research Center in San Antonio, TX for mentor Dr. Corrine Lutz. Tara is one of six students in the United States that has been admitted this year. At the SNPRC, she will investigate how environmental enrichment can be used to improve the welfare of captive primates.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1579

Disposable Point-of Care Home Testing Platform for Metabolic Disease

Nonketotic hyperglycinemia (NKH) is a rare, pediatric metabolic disease caused by mutations resulting in the deficiency of the enzyme complex that breaks down the amino acid glycine. The resulting abnormally high levels of glycine in the body leads to severe medical issues starting in infancy, including uncontrollable seizures and problems with breathing. There are currently no tools available to monitor levels of glycine in patients while at home, which is necessary for drug and diet-mediated regulation of glycine levels in the body and preventing seizures. The objective of this CI is to develop a low-cost, disposable, stand-alone point-of-care diagnostic and monitoring system to enable caregivers of NKH patients to monitor glycine levels at home, adjust the patient’s drug treatment schedule, and improve the patient’s quality of life as well as clinical outcomes.

Team Leaders
Renee Cottle Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1628

Brand Communications: Research, Strategy & Student Agency Planning

Students involved in this CI project will participate in cross-disciplinary work with multiple departments and partners to research various approaches for the formation of a student-run agency for various client-based projects on campus.

Team Leaders
Katie Hildebrand Erwin Center for Brand Comm
College of BusinessD
1629

DeepGreen: Modeling and Boosting Energy Efficiency on Liquid Immersion HPC Systems

This project aims to comprehensively understand the opportunities enabled by liquid immersion cooling, and explore its full potential to boost energy efficiency for high performance computing (HPC) under various thermal and power constraints. Improving energy efficiency, i.e., the ratio of performance to total power consumption, is crucial to sustain performance growth and realize exascale computing within 20 MW of power. HPC systems consume tremendous amounts of power for not only computing but also cooling to keep compute components within their thermal limits. In this project, we investigate liquid immersion HPC systems to optimize overall energy efficiency. we propose to develop machine learning models and system software to understand and optimize energy efficiency and reliability for workloads running on liquid immersion HPC systems. Our experimental platform is a Submer SmartPodX immersion cooling system.

Team Leaders
Rong Ge School of Computing
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
78

Testing Variables of Foods, Films, Antimicrobials and Surfaces Affecting Transfer and/or Survival of Bacteria

This team studies the transfer and survival of bacteria on various surfaces related to food. This team has tested numerous food-related surfaces and activities such as the 5-second rule, double-dipping and beer pong in the past. In the future we will investigate new topics related to food and bacteria such as transfer of bacteria by wiping table tops with cleaning cloths, sanitation of bottles and cans and transfer of bacteria while sharing snacks.

Team Leaders
Paul Dawson Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
*Cannon, L., *Hieronymus, B., *Johnson, K., *Meza, C., *Whittington, Z., *Goodine, J. & Dawson, P. (2019 April) Sanitation Level of Eating Surfaces and Transfer of Bacteria on Surfaces by Cleaning. Presented at the 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry poster forum, Clemson, SC.
Carrigg, G., Dookran, D., Ferguson, K., *Johnson, K., *Goodine, J., , *Hieronymus, B. *Whittington, Z., *Cannon, L., *Meza, C., Buyukyavuz, A., Dawson, P., Martinez-Dawson, R.(2019, April). Sanitation Level of Eating Surfaces and Transfer of Bacteria on Surfaces by Cleaning. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Nguyen, T., *Garrison,S., *Taylor, A., *Macinnis, M., *Kurtz, A., *Mattox, C., *Ellis, V., *Freeland, J., *Monitto, F., *Polte, K., *Suffern, M., *Thurmond, A., *Riggs, D., *Downs, R., *McClary, J. (2017, April). Bacterial transfer and survival on lemons. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bartz, M., *Johnson, L., *Marvin, P., *Musselwhite, C., *Nicholson, A., *Randar, D., *Dawson, E., *Ritterpusch, M., Dawson, P. April 2015. Study of the transfer of microbes from hands to tongs. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC
*Mitchell, J., *Bond, K., *Taylor, A., *Quinley, H., *Yocum, B., *Osborne, N., *Fain, P., *Ciotta, E., Hessinger, A., & Dawson, P. (2014). Does Salt Affect Milk Spoilage? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Gillespie, C., *Musselwhite, C., *Johnson, L., *Marvin, P., *Brown, S., & Dawson, P. (2014). Foam vs. Gel; Are These Soaps Foams Equal. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Dawson, P., Buyukyavuz, A., Aljeddawi, W. Martinez-Dawson, R., Downs, R. Mattox, C., Kurtz, A., *MacInnis, M., Freeland, J., *Garrison, S., May, T., McClary, J., Monito, F., Nguyen, T., Polte, K., Suffern, M., Tanner, Z., Thurmond, A. & *Ellis, V. (2017). Transfer of Escherichia Coli to Lemons Slices and Ice during Handling. Journal Of Food Research, 6(4), 111. doi: 10.5539/jfr.v6n4p111
Dawson, P., Inyee, H., Buyukyavuz, A., Aljeddawi, W. Martinez-Dawson, R., *Downs, R., *Riggs, D., *Mattox, C., *Kurtz, A., *MacInnis, M., *Freeland, J., *Garrison, S., *May, T., *McClary, J., *MonitTo, F., *Nguyen, T., *Polte, K., *Suffern, M., *Tanner, Z., *Thurmond, A., and *Ellis, V. (2017). Transfer of Escherichia Coli to Lemons Slices and Ice during Handling. Journal Of Food Research, 6(4), 111. doi: 10.5539/jfr.v6n4p111
*Bartz, M., Buyukyavuz, A., *Dawson, E., *Diener, M., *Gates, R., Han, I., *Johnson, L., *Marvin, P., *Musselwhite, C., *Nicholson, A., *Randar, D., *Ritterpusch, M., *Zazzara, M., and Dawson, P. (2016). Transfer of Escherichia coli while using Salad Tongs. Journal Of Food: Microbiology, Safety & Hygiene, 01(02). doi: 10.4172/2476-2059.1000112
Baker, K., Han, I., Bailey, J., *Johnson, L., *Jones, E., *Knight, A., *MacNaughton, M., *Marvin, P., *Nolan, K., Martinez-Dawson, R. and Dawson, P. (2015). Bacterial Transfer from Hands While Eating Popcorn. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 06(15), pp.1333-1338.
Dawson, P., Han, I., *Lynn, D., *Bailey, C., *Taylor, A. and Martinez-Dawson, R. (2015). Bacterial transfer to beverages during drinking games: 'beer pong'. International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health, 5(2), pp.151-161.
*Alsallaiy, I., Dawson, P., Han, I. and Martinez-Dawson, R. (2015). Recovery, Survival and Transfer of Bacteria on Restaurant Menus. Journal of Food Safety, 36(1), pp.52-61.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
79

Using Creative Inquiry to Investigate Food Advertising Claims

This CI team evaluates various Food Advertising Claims including those claiming to taste "better", last longer and meet a certain specification. Last semester the team tested the Alkaline water claim, which included sampling different types of alkaline water and also temperature effects on the pH of the water.

Team Leaders
Paul Dawson Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Rose Martinez-Dawson Emeritus College
Accomplishments
*Mccomb, J., *Johnson, M., *Leech, B., *Mattox, C., *Williams, K., *Suffern, M. & Dawson, P. (2019 April) Testing if Coke Life has REAL Coke Taste? Presented at the 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry poster forum, Clemson, SC.
*Mccomb, J., *Johnson, M., *Leech, B., *Mattox, C., *Williams, K., *Suffern, M., Dawson, P. (2019, April). Testing if Coke Life has REAL Coke Taste?. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Painter, M., *Tatge, R., *Crosby, B., *Spagnoletti, A., *Boggs, A., Dawson, P. & Martinez-Dawson, R. (2015, April). Testing if Coke Zero has real Coke taste. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC
*Macnaughton, M., *Butterworth, B., *Corvese, A., *Davis, K., *Ewald, E., *Green, H., *Grigg, A., *Jones, E., *Keating, L., *Maurer, M., Martinez-Dawson, R. & Dawson, P. (2014, April). Investigating if Dr. Pepper TEN is a "10" for men. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Butterworth, B., *Corvese, A., *Green, H., *Grigg, A., *Falconi, L., *Jones, E., Martinez-Dawson, R. & Dawson, P. (2014, April). Investigating Nabisco's claim that double stuff Oreos contain double the stuff. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
80

Changing Dynamics of China's Development

This Creative Inquiry project systematically examines some of the most important issues facing the world – such as China’s economic development and its impact on international trade, the global supply chain, the US and ultimately the world.

Team Leaders
Xiaobo Hu Political Science
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
92

Robotic Systems Research

The team is to design and construct a robot which will compete in IEEE's Southeastcon conference.

Team Leaders
III,William J Reid Electrical and Computer Engineering
Accomplishments
CI: 92. (2017). SouthEastcon 2017.
CI: 92. (2017). SouthEastcon 2017.
CI: 92. (2017). SouthEastcon 2017.
CI: 92. (2017). SouthEastcon 2017.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
189

Nutraceutical and Functional Foods Research and Product Development

In this CI project, students will learn to use state-of-the-art analytical instruments to analyze food components, such as vitamins, amino acids, flavors,  nutraceuticals, etc, which are the major nutritional and functional chemicals in foods. At the end of the research project, students are expected to be able to have gained critical thinking skills, learned basic principles of experimental design,  mastered one or more modern analytical instruments, learned how to perform basic statistical analyses and written a professional report.

Team Leaders
Feng Chen Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
the CI team was invited as the finalist to attend the national undergraduate student research competition organized by the American Chemical Society (ACS), which was held in San Francisco, CA, April 4-6, 2017;
*Mr Ryan Ramey, the CI team leader, was awarded the Marcondes scholarship, and has submitted his application for a MS program in our department.
2016-2017 Recipient of The Carr Family Endowment for CI.
one CI team member, Mr. *Ryan Ramey, was hired as an intern using his knowledge and analytical skills learned from my lab in a big food company, McCormic, this passed summer, 2016. He is exciting to use his CI experience in my lab into his intern training and work in company.
Carr Family Creative Inquiry Endowment
CI: 189. (2017). Dr Feng Chen's Food Chemistry CI team was invited as the finalist to attend the national undergraduate student research competition organized by the American Chemical Society (ACS), which was held in San Francisco, CA, April 4-6, 2017.
Receive American Chemical Society's trip fund $1000 to support the CI team to attend the final undergraduate research competition as the invited finalist
Carr Family donate $4000 to support this CI project.
Carr Family CI research endorsement, $4000
The 2016-2017 Carr Family Endowment for Creative Inquiry
 
Wang, X., Beckham, T., Morris, J., Chen, F., & Gangemi, J. (2008). Bioactivities of Gossypol, 6-Methoxygossypol, and 6,6′-Dimethoxygossypol. Journal Of Agricultural And Food Chemistry, 56(12), 4393-4398. doi: 10.1021/jf073297u
Wang, X., Howell, C., Chen, F., Yin, J., & Jiang, Y. (2009). Chapter 6 Gossypol-A Polyphenolic Compound from Cotton Plant. Advances In Food And Nutrition Research, 215-263. doi: 10.1016/s1043-4526(09)58006-0
*Burgess, A., *McCullough, A., *Nguyen, T., and *Ramey, R. (2017). Total Phenolics and Antioxidant Capacity of South Carolina Grown Peaches. Presented at American Chemical Society National Meeting, San Francisco, CA. 
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
99

Green Energy and Biodiesel Project

From Fields to Fuel, team members will be researching all aspects of sustainable biofuels production and engineering while facilitating biodiesel and ethanol production to be utilized by University Facilities. Projects will focus on facility optimization through relief of production bottlenecks, and research increasing biodiesel feedstock acquisition through cultivation of energy crops and harvest of waste lipid streams.

Team Leaders
Terry Walker Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Rui Xiao Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Accomplishments
*Patrohay, E., *Miyasato, E., *Moore, C., *Simmons, J., *Tuttle, N., *Whitaker, N., *Yeung, T., *Zhuo, C., *Haines, D., Taylor, J., Walker, T., *Xiao, R. (2019, April). Clemson Biodiesel Creative Inquiry. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Zanin, E., Anderson, S., Thornton, C.D., Walker, T.H. (2017, January 16-19) Optimization of FAME Production using Eversa® Transform and Methyl Acetate. Presented at the 2017 National Biodiesel Board Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.
Anderson, S., Thornton, C.D., Walker, T.H. (2017, January 16-19). Identification of dominant factors in the conversion percentage of cottonseed oil in the enzymatic interesterification of biodiesel. Presented at the 2017 National Biodiesel Board Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA.
*Monroe, E.A. , *O'Connell, W.J., and *Mashtare, K.R. (2016, January 27). "Synthesis of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil Using Lipase Catalyzed Interesterification at Clemson University". Lecture given at National Biodiesel Conference in Tampa, FL.
*Hummer, J. "Enhancing Economic Competition Using Black Soldier Fly Composting." (2016, January 27). National Biodiesel Conference, Tampa, FL.
*Hummer, J. (2015, January 20). Use of Hermetia illuscens for conversion of waste to feed, fuel and fertilizer. Poster and Oral presentation at the National Biodiesel Conference. Forth Worth, TX. 
*Bobo, C., Buie, R., Culbertson, M., *Dobberstein, L., Duke, K., Gray, M., Hamlett, B., Huckabee, O., Hyder, E., Jones, C., Spearman, L., Stilwell, W., Szabo, J., Martens, C., McGowans, S., *Patton, R., *Prosser, K., *Hughes, L., & Williams, J. (2014). Exercise is medicine in rural health centers and federally qualified health centers. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
CI: 99. (2017). CI semester review in the form of a poster created by the students.
CI: 99. (2014). David Thornton. 
Harper, D. (2014). Clemson University Black Soldier Fly Recycling and Sustainability.
Perea, S. (2014). Clemson University has a great Compost program, and we want to share the fun with you! This is a project I did in my Creative Inquiry class to promote the compost program as an integral part of Clemson's sustainability operations.
clemsonbiofuels. (2012). Algae Production from Waste Biodiesel Glycerin- Clemson University Biosystems Engineering [Video].
clemsonbiofuels. (2012). Clemson University Soybeans- Oil Extraction and Biofuels[Video].
Yenawine, J. (2011). Clemson Biofuels Program: Used Cooking Oil Collection [Video].
*Zanin, E. (2017) Optimization of FAME Production using Eversa® Transform and Methyl Acetate. Presented to the Department of Biosystems Engineering as Honors Thesis presentation, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Association of South Carolina Energy Managers - Energy Project of the Year! For production of an estimated 3000 gallons of biodiesel fuel over 2011. Simms, Bryan. Clemson Biofuels Program Wins Award. Biodiesel Magazine, Nov 2011. http //www.biodieselmagazine.com/articles/8205/clemson-university-biodiesel-program-earns-award
$241,000 in SARE support for the collaboration under Dr. Zehnder. project number es13-117
The Green Energy and Biofuels CI in conjunction with Clemson Facilities and Clemson Student Government received a Capital Improvement Projects grant for Approximately $40,000.00 to purchase a diesel waste collection truck, rainwater reuse system and new biomass research pole barn for gasification research. These projects were completed June 2016 and can be toured at Cherry Crossing Research Center.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
561

Relationship Between Toxoplasma Infection and Immune Responses in Cancer Development

Toxoplasmosis is a highly prevalent infectious disease among the human population with approximately one third of the people on the earth carry such infections. The causing agent Toxoplasma gondii widely spreads in the environment. The primary infections generally do not cause severe symptoms in healthy people owing to competent immunity; however, they can transit into latent infection and form cysts within the host’s brain by penetrating the blood-brain barrier or muscle tissue. When the host experiences compromised immunity, such as cancer development, the cyst can be reactivated to cause severe or even lethal situations. Moreover, a recent study has revealed that the infection of Toxoplasma can trigger a similar signaling pathway shared with cancer development. So far, many epidemiological studies have shown that the human population with cancer have a higher Toxoplasma infection percentage than the healthy control group. These findings suggest a positive correlation between Toxoplasma infection with cancer occurrence, and the cancer patients are more vulnerable to primary toxoplasmosis than healthy individuals. It is obvious that the immune system plays a critical role in the parasite infection and tumor development; however, the information about the immune regulation in Toxoplasma infection on tumor development is very limited. In this project, students will have the opportunity to investigate the relationship between Toxoplasma infection and the immune system on cancer development using in vitro assays.

Team Leaders
Yanzhang Wei Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Fogle, M., *Sulzbach, M., *Allison, H., *Smith, M., Wei, Y. (2019, April). Anti-cancer Effects of the Poha Plant and Vernonia cinerea Less Plant. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Ding, D., *Kouser, H., *Magrane, M., *Smith, M., Yang, X. & Wei, Y. (2018, April) Anti-Inflammation, Anti-Cancer, and Antioxidant Effects of the Poha Plant. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Kouser, H., *Magrane, M., Smith, M.C., Yang, X. & Wei, Y. (2017) Anti-inflammation, Anti-cancer, and the Antioxidant Effects of the Poha Plant. Presented as CI Lab Report: Wei Lab 2017, Clemson, SC.
*Kouser, H., *Polito, M., *Schumacher, J., Wei, Y. (2017, April). Anti-cancer and/or Anti-inflammatory Effects of Marine Protist Matelized Materials. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Fox, A., *Cruse, K., *Polito, M., Wei, Y. (2016, April) CI Report. Presented at Dr. Wei's lab meeting.
Tietje, A., Yang, I., *Huggins, H., *Brierley, S., *Burns, A., & *Shearer, A. (2015). Anti-tumor potential of compounds isolated from Physalis peruviana (poha). Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Borucki, R., *Blumer, A., *Huggins, H., Wei, Y., Tietje, A., & Yang, X. (2014). Compounds from fermented noni exudates (fNE) selectively kill human cancer cells. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Xiao, R., Yang, X., Li, M., Li, X., Wei, Y., & Cao, M. et al. (2018). Investigation of composition, structure and bioactivity of extracellular polymeric substances from original and stress-induced strains of Thraustochytrium striatum. Carbohydrate Polymers, 195, 515-524. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2018.04.126
Youn, U., Park, E., Kondratyuk, T., Sang-Ngern, M., Wall, M., & Wei, Y. et al. (2016). Anti-inflammatory and Quinone Reductase Inducing Compounds from Fermented Noni (Morinda citrifolia) Juice Exudates. Journal Of Natural Products, 79(6), 1508-1513. doi: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00970
Clemson University. (2012). CI Team from 2012 [Image].
College of ScienceG
150

Microbial ecology and bioinformatics

We know that microbes are the most abundant organisms on the planet and are found pretty much everywhere. However, we know very little about which microbes are present in different environments and what microbes are actually doing. The emphasis in our lab is to use genomics and transcriptomics of microbial communities combined with measuring environmental parameters in order to understand the global and local importance of microbes.  We focus on ecologically important concepts, such as functional redundancy.

Team Leaders
Barbara Campbell Biological Sciences
Anna Seekatz Biological Sciences
Sharon Bewick Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*O’Boyle, B., *Hall, C., *Harris, A., *Katragadda, S., *Weber, E., *Zeaser, M., Gholamian, J., & Campbell, B. (2019, April). The Effect of Environmental Factors on the Functional Potential and Activity of Microbes in the Chesapeake Bay and Delaware Bay. Presented at the 14th annual Focus on Creative Inquiry poster forum, Clemson, SC.
*O'Boyle, B., *Zeaser, M., Campbell, B., *Hall, C., *Harris, A., *Katragadda, S., *Weber, E., Gholamian, J. (2019, April). The Effect of Environmental Factors on the Functional Potential and Activity of Microbes in the Chesapeake Bay and Delaware Bay. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Hall, C., *Harris, A., *Katragadda, S., *Weber, E., Patel, M. & Campbell, B. (2018, April). Environmental factors in the Delaware Bay affecting microbial composition and function. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hall, C.N., *Harris, A.J., *Katragadda, S., *Weber, E.M., Patel, M.I. & Campbell, B.J. (2018 June 7-11) Understanding the effects of environmental factors on microbial activity and composition in the Delaware Bay. Presented at the ASM Microbe 2018, American Society for Microbiology, Atlanta, GA.
*Hall, C.N., *Harris, A.J., Hambright, A., *Katragadda, S., *Weber, E.M., Patel, M.I. & Campbell, B.J. (2017 September) Characterizing the Delaware Bay microbiome. Presented at the College of Science Undergraduate Research Showcase, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hall, C.N., *Harris, A.J., *Katragadda, S., *Weber, E.M., Patel M.I. & Campbell B.J. (2018 March 10) Environmental factors in the Delaware Bay affecting microbial composition and function. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Katragadda, S., *Weber, E., Lim, S. J., *Weber, R., and Campbell, B. J. (2017). Feral Hog Fecal Source Tracking of Lake Keowee Tributaries. American Society for Microbiology South Carolina Branch 2017 Spring Meeting. Francis Marion University, South Carolina.
*Nachman, E., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J.C. (2017). Quantifying the expression of genes involved in nitrogen assimilation in symbionts of the lucinid clam, Phacoides pectinatus. Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium. Clemson University, South Carolina (undergraduate student poster).
*Nachman E., Lim J., and Campbell B. (2017, March 25). Quantifying the expression of genes involved in nitrogen assimilation in symbionts of the lucinid clam Phacoides pectinatus. Poster presented at the biannual meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Florence, SC.
*Katragadda S., *Weber E., Lim J., Weber R., and Campbell B. (2017, March 25). Feral Hog Fecal Source Tracking of Lake Keowee Tributaries. Poster presented at the biannual meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Florence, SC.
Katragadda,S.*, Weber, E.*, Painter, J., Miller, K., and B. Campbell. (Fall 2016). Seasonal Trends in Host-Specific Bacteroidales Prevalence and Activity in Lake Keowee Tributaries. COS Research meeting.
*Weber, E., *Katragadda, S., Painter, J., Miller, K., Campbell, B.J. (2016, April). Seasonal Trends in Host-Specific Bacteroidales Prevalence and Activity in Lake Keowee Tributaries. SC ASM Branch Meeting, MUSC, Charleston, SC.
*Love, K., *Seward, J., Miller, K.P., Kurtz, H., Henson, J.M. (2016, April 9). Assessment of the microbial soil community in two South Carolina peach orchards.  Poster presentation: South Carolina branch of the American Society of Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
*Erika Nachman, *Elijah Weber and *Suraj Katragadda won first place undergraduate poster award for their posters presented at the South Carolina Branch Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Spring 2017 meeting in Florence, SC.
College of ScienceG
115

Orthopaedic Retrieval Program (CU- REPRO)

Medical implant devices have been used widely for more than 50 years, and it is estimated that 8 - 10 % of Americans (20-25 million people) currently have such a device. Orthopaedic implants are medical devices made of biomaterials used to treat musculoskeletal disorders inside the human body with an intended lifespan spanning years. Although implant devices have produced great benefits, it must be recognized that implants sometimes must be removed or replaced. Bioengineers contribute to their continual state of development to increase their performance and extend their useful lifespan. This cross-disciplinary project applies fundamental concepts in bioengineering, materials science, and biological sciences to investigate orthopaedic implants after they have functioned in patients. Long-term data on the behavior of implant devices and host response are essential inputs to the development process, yet there are few systematic programs for the retrieval and analysis of implants in the USA. Independent and international data banks do exist however. The contributions to implant design provided by retrieval and analysis will benefit patients through improvements in implant performance. We can consider implants to be defined as having a minimum lifespan of 3 months, as penetrating living tissue, as having a physiologic interaction and as being retrievable. A number of barriers exist to the establishment of an implant retrieval program. Major impediments are the costs associated with such a program and fear of litigation affecting manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and investigators. The long term goal of this Creative Inquiry project is to establish and develop a viable Clemson University Implant Retrieval Program and pursue hypothesis-driven research related to orthopaedic implants. The aim of this program is to provide a working repository for retrieved orthopaedic implants, and to develop the tools and techniques for the systematic evaluation of implant designs, materials, surfaces and function.

Team Leaders
Melinda Harman Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Hargett, Z., Snethen, K., & Harman, M. (2018). Validation of a component-based coordinate system for optical tracking of joint replacements. Presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA. 
*Abbott, H., *Baxa, G., *Davis, L., *Gunderman, M., *Harp, C., *Insignares, S., *Kodikara, S., *Kullman, A., *Mercado, E., *O’Leary, K., *Reno, M., *Rose, C., *Schroeder, W., *Sykes, W., & Harman, M. Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC, April 1, 2019.
*Kodikara, S., *Mercado, E., *Schroeder, W., *Harp, C., *Gundermann, M., *Baxa, G., *Davis, L., *Abbott, H., *Kullman, A., *O'Leary, K., *Reno, M., *Rose, C., *Sykes, J., Harman, M. (2019, April). Joint Replacement Research: Clemson Orthopedic Retrieval Program (REPRO). Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Adams, L., *Baxa, G., *Brisbane, J., *Burt, M., *Coggins, M., *Frenzel, B., *Gaston, E., *Gunderman, M., *Harp, C., *Insignares, S., *Marrs, E., *Mercado, E., *Nguyen, H., *Schroeder, W., *Walker, P., *White, G., & Harman, M. (2018, April). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Stanford, M., *Nguyen, H., Meilinger, N., Lu, X., Harman, M. (2017, August 4) Biaxial mechanical characterization of abdominal wall tissue phantoms and hernia mesh. Presented at the Biomaterials Day Regional Symposium, Nashville, TN.
*Bebler, M., *Young, L., Meilinger, N. & Harman, M. (2018, April 11-14) Conformity and stability in total knee replacements. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Society for Biomaterials, Atlanta, GA.
*Nguyen, H., Schöneberg, L., Schmitt, S. & Harman, M. (2018, March 10-13) Implant retrieval analysis of an ACL-Substituting TKR design at a minimum 5 year follow-up. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS), New Orleans, LA.
*Nguyen, H., Schöneberg, L., Schmitt, S. & Harman, M. (2017, August). Implant retrieval analysis of an ACL-Substituting TKR design at a minimum 5 year follow-up. Submitted to the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Young, L., *Bebler, M., Flannery, S., *Leslie, H., Snethen, K., Burnikel, B., Geary, S., Jeray, K., Pace, T., Shirley, B., Toaln, S. & Harman M. (2017, May) Does Implant Design Affect Knee Stability After Total Knee Replacement? Submitted to the Health Sciences Center Research Showcase, Greenville, SC.
*Bebler, M., *Hargett, Z., *Leslie, H., *Nguyen, H., *Young, L. & Harman, M. (2017, May) Retrieval Research and Reprocessing of Medical Devices. Presented at the Bioengineering Design Expo, Greenville, SC.
*Adams, L., *Bebler, M., *Coggins, M., *Gaston, M., *Hargett, Z., *Leslie, H., *Marrs, E., *Nguyen, H., *Schroeder, W., *White, E., *Young, L. & Harman, M. (2017, April). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*David, M., *Bebler, M., *Farrell, A., *Harper, C., *Leslie, H., *Doyle, J., *Li, A., *Graham, W., DesJardins, J. & Harman, M. (2016, April). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Young L., Snethen K., Brandt P., *Bebler M., *Leslie H. & Harman M. (2016). Constraint testing of flat, semi-constrained, and mobile bearing total knee replacements. Presented at the 2016 Annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Minneapolis, MN.
*Harper, C., *Leslie, H., *Doyle, J., *Young, L., *Li, A., *Farrell, A., *Bebler, M., *David, M., DesJardins, J. & Harman, M. (2015, September 25).  Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). Presented at the Biomaterials Day Regional Symposium, Society for Biomaterials, Clemson, SC.
*David, M., *Bebler, M., *Farrell, A., *Harper, C., *Leslie, H., *Doyle, J., *Li, A., *Graham, W. & Harman, M. (2016, April 29). Performance of four knee design categories: A comparison of CU-REPRO and international registries. Presented at the Bioengineering Design Expo, Greenville, SC.
*Csernica, R., Harman, M., Baleani, M., Tozzi, G., Erani, P., Stea, S. & Toni, A. (2013). Mechanical disassembly and taper damage assessment of retrieved femoral stems with modular necks. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS), San Antonio, TX.
Freed, R., *Keith, K., Hodge, A. & Harman, M. (2013). Risk of damage during hip dislocation: Surface roughness on dislocated versus non-dislocated femoral heads retrieved after total hip replacement. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS), San Antonio, TX.
*Stamer, C., *Taylor, R., Panigrahi, P. & Harman, M. (2014, October). Quantifying variations in the femoral head-neck moment arm and associated surface changes on retrieved modular total hip replacements. Presented at the Annual Biomaterials Day, Atlanta, GA.
*Stamer, C., *Taylor, R., Panigrahi, P. & Harman, M. (2015, April). Quantitative assessment of taper damage and head-neck moment arm on retrieved total hip replacements with modular bore-cone taper junctions. Presented at the Society for Biomaterials, Charlotte, NC.
*Binnicker, R., *Patel, A., *Taylor, R., *Hall, G., *Harper, C., *Leslie, H., DesJardins, J. & Harman, M., (2015, April). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., *Wabler M. & DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Assessment of New Damage Scoring Methodology for Total Knee Replacement Retrieval Analysis. Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Proceedings of the 2010 Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Austin, TX.
*Cash, H., Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Wabler, M., Voss, F. & DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Comparative Analysis of Retrieved Genesis II UHMWPE Articulating Against OxZr vs. CoCr Femoral Components. Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Proceedings of the 2010 Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Austin, TX.
*Cash, H., *Elpers, M., *Wabler, M.E., Alvarez, E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2010, April). Total Knee Replacement Explant Surface Damage Characterization. Clemson Undergraduate Research Symposium. Presented at the 2010 Undergraduate Research Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Csernica, R., Harman, M., Baleani, M., Tozzi, G., Stea, S., & Toni, A. (2012). Mechanical disassembly and damage assessment of retrieved femoral stems with modular necks. Presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
*Durig, N., Alvarez, E. & Harman, M. (2012). Characterizing metal-polymer bearing couples of knee replacement prostheses retrieved after in vivo function. Presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., *Wabler, M. & DesJardins, J., (2011, October). Assessment of Quantitative Methodology for Evaluation of Retrieved Metallic Femoral Components from Total Knee Replacements. ASME/STLE 2011 Joint Tribology Conference. Presented at the 2011 International Joint Tribology Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J., Schmitt, S. & Harman, M., (2012, February). Relationship between Surface Roughness and Articular Wear for Cobalt-Chrome on Polyethylene Bearing Couples Evaluation of Retrieved Unicondylar Knee Replacements. Orthopedic Research Society 2012 Annual Meeting. Presented at the Annual Orthopedic Research Society Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., *Wabler, M. & DesJardins, J.D. (2010, October). Assessment of New Damage Scoring Methodology for Total Knee Replacement Retrieval Analysis. 2010 Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference. Proceedings of the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC), Clemson, SC.
*Elpers, M., Alvarez, E., *Cash, H., *Wabler, M., Burnikel, B., Rodrigo, J. & DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Comparative Analysis of Damage to Retrieved Femoral and Tibial NexGen PS Components. Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Proceedings of the 2010 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Austin, TX.
Henson, K., *Quinn, R., Kuruvilla, J., *Lamb, A., DesJardins, J. & Harman, M. (2012, September 28-29). Systematic Characterization of Specific Design Features for Retrieved Joint Prostheses. Presented at the 2012 Society for Biomaterials: Biomaterials Day, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Keith, K., Hodge, A., Harman, M. (2012). Surface roughness of dislocated metal hip heads retrieved after total hip replacement. Presented at the 2012 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
*Elpers, M.E., Alvarez, E., *Cash, H.M., *Wabler, M.E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2010, October). Comparative Analysis Retrieved Femoral Components Surface Scratching in the NexGen PS Design. 2010 Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference. Proceedings of the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC), Clemson, SC.
*Sloan, E., Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., *Wabler, M. & DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Analysis and Damage Characterization of PS Total Knee Joint Replacement Posts. 2010 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Austin, TX.
Pace, T.B., *Keith, K., Alvarez, E., Snider, B. & DesJardins, J.D., (2012, August 2-5). Comparison of Conventional Polyethylene Wear and Signs of Cup Failure in Two Similar Total Hip Designs. Presented at the 2012 South Carolina Orthopaedic Association Annual Scientific Meeting, Kiawah Island, SC.
*Wabler, M., Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., Demos, H., Schutte, H. & DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Damage Scoring and Surface Roughness Analysis to Assess Oxinium and Standard CoCr Femoral Component Scratching in Total Knee Replacements. 2010 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Austin, TX.
*Wabler, M.E., Wright-Walker, C.J., Alvarez, E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2009, October). Exploration, Development, and Implementation of the Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program in Orthopaedics (CU-REPO). Presented at the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC). Washington, DC.
*Wabler, M., Alvarez, E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2009, July 23). Exploration, Development, and Implementation of the Clemson University Implant Retrieval Program (CUIRP). Presented at the 7th Annual NIH-NSF BBSI Second Annual NASA-REU SSBR Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Elpers, M., Alvarez, E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2010, April). Comparative Analysis of Surface Scratching of Retrieved Femoral Components in the NexGen PS Design. Presented at the 8th SC-LIFE Colloquium of Undergraduate Research, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Sloan, E. & DesJardins, J. (2010, April). Protocols for Posterior Stabilized Total Knee Joint Replacement Wear Testing and Damage Characterization. Spring 2010 Undergraduate Research Symposium. Presented at the Undergraduate Research Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Wabler, M., Alvarez, E. & DesJardins, J.D. (2010, June 20-23). Exploration, Development, and Implementation of the Retrieval of Explants Program in Orthopaedics (REPO). Presented at the  Annual Meeting of the American Society for Engineering Education Conference and Exposition, Louisville, KY.
Alvarez, E., Harman, M., & DesJardins, J. (2012, February). Development and Assessment of Knee Femoral Component Surface Damage Classification and Training Method, Poster #1949. Orthopedic Research Society 2012 Annual Meeting. Presented at the Orthopedic Research Society Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
*Durig, N. & Harman, M. (2012, April). Characterizing Metal-Polymer Bearing Couples Assessment of Knee Replacement Prostheses Retrieved After in vivo Function. Presented at Society for Biomaterials: Biomaterials Day, Memphis, TN.
February 2016: CU-REPRO was featured in a broadcast of Decipher TV produced by Clemson TV. Dr. Melinda Harman and CU-REPRO students *Haley Leslie and *Jon Doyle discussed the impact of joint replacements on patients and modern developments in implant design. The link to the finished broadcast was provided by Tullen Burns: https://clemson.box.com/s/o6o8ixr4d8o1j6tjl0at3woepary154g
Panigrahi, P., *Schwartzman, K., & Harman, M. (2015). Polyvinyl Siloxane Molds for Nondestructive Surface Feature Metrology of Failed Joint Prostheses. Journal Of Failure Analysis And Prevention, 15(2), 266-271. doi: 10.1007/s11668-015-9925-8
Panigrahi, P., *Durig, N., Alvarez, E. and Harman, M. (2015). Damage from unintentional metal–metal articulation of CoCrMo, TiAlV, and oxidized zirconium knee replacements following polyethylene insert failure. Wear, 324-325, pp.1-9.
Institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program to support one undergraduate summer research intern, 5/8/2017-6/30/2017.
“Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO)”, Institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program, Principal Investigator, 8/17/2016-5/5/2017.
Summer Stipend for Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics”, institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program to support one undergraduate summer research intern, Principal Investigator, 5/8/2017-6/30/2017.
“Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO)”, Institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program, 8/17/2016-5/5/2017.
Summer Stipend for CU-REPRO, institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program to support one undergraduate summer research intern, 5/2/2016-6/30/2016.
“Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO)”, Institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program, Principal Investigator, $5,500 funded, (8/19/2015-4/29/2016).
Hieu (Helen) Nguyen was awarded a summer research stipend from Clemson University Creative Inquiry Program. Helen was nominated for this competitive university award in recognition of her progress in REPRO-related research and her willingness to participate in REPRO outreach events during summer 2017.
*Zach Hargett will continue with orthopaedic research as a graduate student in Bioengineering, pursuing a PhD degree in Dr. Harman’s lab.
*Maddi Bebler will continue with orthopaedic research as a graduate student in Bioengineering, pursuing a Master’s degree with thesis research in Dr. Harman’s lab.
Best Poster (2nd place) - Retrieval of Explants and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO), Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson University (2013)
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
944

Perception & Action: Studies in Virtual Reality, Haptic Surgical Simulation, Robotics, and Affordances

Students will assist in conducting experimental research in one of a number of ongoing projects involving visual perception in virtual reality, touch and muscle perception in a laparoscopic surgery simulator, tele-operated robotics and/or the perception of “affordances.” Affordances are the things that can be done with the surfaces of the environment, such as whether an area on the floor is "step-over-able" or whether the width of a doorway is "pass-through-able." In a series of experiments we will investigate the accuracy of perceptual judgments pertaining to a variety of affordance behaviors, such stepping over, jumping over, passing through, whether or not an object is reachable, whether or not a short incline is stand-on-able, etc. 

Team Leaders
Christopher Pagano Psychology
Kathryn Lucaites Psychology
Hannah Solini School of Computing
Balagopal Raveendranath Psychology
Accomplishments
Day, B., Ebrahimi, E., Hartman, L., Pagano, C., Robb, A., & Babu, S. (2019). Examining the effects of altered avatars on perception-action in virtual reality. Journal Of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 25(1), 1-24. doi: 10.1037/xap0000192
Day, B., Ebrahimi, E., Hartman, L., Pagano, C., & Babu, S. (2017). Calibration to tool use during visually-guided reaching. Acta Psychologica, 181, 27-39. doi: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2017.09.014
Altenhoff, B., Pagano, C., Kil, I., & Burg, T. (2017). Learning to Perceive Haptic Distance-to-Break in the Presence of Friction. Journal Of Experimental Psychology, 43(2), 231-244.
Long, L., Pagano, C., Singapogu, R., & Burg, T. (2016). Surgeon’s Perception of Soft Tissue Constraints and Distance-to-Break in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task. Proceedings Of The Human Factors And Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 60(1), 1600-1604. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1541931213601369
Hartman, L., Kil, I., Pagano, C., & Burg, T. (2016). Investigating haptic distance-to-break using linear and nonlinear materials in a simulated minimally invasive surgery task. Ergonomics, 59(9), 1171-1181. doi: 10.1080/00140139.2015.1127429
Day, B., Hartman, L. and Pagano, C. (2015). The Perceived Preferred Critical Boundary as an Example of Gibson’s Margin of Safety. In: J. Weast-Knapp, M. Malone and D. Abney, ed., Studies in Perception and Action XIII: Eighteenth International Conference on Perception and Action. New York, NY: Psychology Press, pp.179-182.
*Reed, M., *Tota, J., *Weiss, B., Lucaites, K., Solini, H., Pagano, C. (2019, April). Gap Passability Judgments in a Dynamic Environment. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Weiss, B., *Reed, M., *Tota, J., *Lucaites, K., *Solini, H., Pagano, C. (2019, April). Gap Passability Judgments in a Dynamic Environment. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Lucaites, K. & Pagano, C. (2018, April 7). In search of a dynamics-based predictor of action capabilities. Poster presented at the Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Clemson, SC.
*Wegner, H., Lucaites, K. & Pagano, C. (2018, April). Static and Dynamic Judgments of Aperture Passability in Novice Walker Users.Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Bhargava, A., Lucaites, K., Hartman, L.S., Solini, H., Bertrand, J., Robb, A., Pagano, C.C. & Babu, S. (2018, March 18-22). A Comparative Evaluation of Passability Judgments in Real and Immersive Virtual Environments. Poster presented at the IEEE Virtual Reality 2018 Conference, Reutlingen, Germany.
Pagano, C. C. (2017, April 14). "Perceiving Haptic Distance-To-Break in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task." Illinois State University Department of Psychology & CBS Colloquium Series. Normal, IL.
*Wegner, H., Day, B., Hartman, L., Pagano, C. (2017, April). Investigating Avatar Transformations and Perception in Virtual Reality. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Day, B., Hartman, L., & Pagano, C. (2016, June 20-22). Facilitating performance through perception. Poster presented at the 2016 North American Meeting of the International Society for Ecological Psychology, Clemson, SC.
Day, B., Ebrahimi, E., Pagano, C. & Babu, S. (2016, March 19-23). Applied Perception Research Group, Clemson University. Demonstration at IEEE Virtual Reality Conference 2016, Greenville, SC.
Hartman, L.S., Day, B.M., Pagano, C.C., Kil, I. & Burg, T.C. (2015, July 15-18). Modality Effects in Training Haptic Distance-To-Break in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task. Perception and Action XIII: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Perception and Action, 117-120, Minneapolis, MN.
Day, B., Hartman, L. S., Pagano, C. C. (2015, July). The Perceived Preferred Critical Boundary as an Example of Gibson's Margin of Safety. Poster presented at the Eighteenth International Conference on Perception and Action, Minneapolis, MN.
Day, B., Hartman, L. S., *Bryan, R., *Mask, R., *Goebel, A., Pagano, C. C. (2015, April). Is The Perceived Preferred Critical Boundary an Example of Gibson's Margin of Safety? Poster presented at Clemson GRADS research symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Bryan, R., *Mask, R., *Goebel, A., Day, B., Hartman, L., & Pagano, C.C. (2015). Perception of Gap Traversability and Safety of Actions. Poster presented at 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Pagano, C. C., Co-Investigator, “Investigating Perceptual-Motor Synchrony and Coordination on Cybersickness, Skills Training, and Spatial Perception in a VR Rowing Simulator.” Clemson Brooks Sports Sciences Institute, 1/17-12/17, $47,000, Sabarish Babu, PhD, principle investigator.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
118

Microfluidics and Lab-on-a-Chip for Point of Care Technology

In this Creative Inquiry project, we explore the use of electric, magnetic or flow field for the transport and control of biological and synthetic particles in engineered microchannels with lab-on-a-chip applications to chemistry and biomedicine for point of care technology. 

Team Leaders
Xiangchun Xuan Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Malekanfard, A., Ko, C., Li, D., Bulloch, L., Baldwin, A., Wang, Y., Fu, L., & Xuan, X.  (2019). Experimental study of particle electrophoresis in shear-thinning fluids. Physics Of Fluids, 31(2), 022002. doi: 10.1063/1.5085186
Zhu, L., Patel, S., *Johnson, M., Kale, A., Raval, Y., Tzeng, T., & Xuan, X. (2016). Enhanced Throughput for Electrokinetic Manipulation of Particles and Cells in a Stacked Microfluidic Device. Micromachines, 7(9), 156. doi: 10.3390/mi7090156
*Thomas, C., Lu, X., *Todd, A., Raval, Y., Tzeng, T., & Song, Y. et al. (2017). Charge-based separation of particles and cells with similar sizes via the wall-induced electrical lift. Electrophoresis, 38, 320-326. doi: 10.1002/elps.201600284
Harrison, H., Lu, X., Patel, S., *Thomas, C., *Todd, A., *Johnson, M., Raval, Y., Tzeng, T., Song, Y., Wang, J., Li, D. and Xuan, X. (2015). Electrokinetic preconcentration of particles and cells in microfluidic reservoirs. The Analyst, 140(8), pp.2869-2875.
DuBose, J., Zhu, J., Patel, S., Lu, X., *Tupper, N., *Stonaker, J., & Xuan, X. (2014). Electrokinetic particle separation in a single-spiral microchannel. Journal Of Micromechanics And Microengineering, 24(11), 115018. doi: 10.1088/0960-1317/24/11/115018
*Wilbanks, J., *Kiessling, G., Zeng, J., Zhang, C., Tzeng, T., & Xuan, X. (2014). Exploiting magnetic asymmetry to concentrate diamagnetic particles in ferrofluid microflows. Journal Of Applied Physics, 115(4), 044907. doi: 10.1063/1.4862965
Patel, S., *Showers, D., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T., Qian, S., & Xuan, X. (2012). Microfluidic separation of live and dead yeast cells using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis. Biomicrofluidics, 6(3), 034102. doi: 10.1063/1.4732800
Church, C., Zhu, J., *Nieto, J., *Keten, G., *Ibarra, E., & Xuan, X. (2010). Continuous particle separation in a serpentine microchannel via negative and positive dielectrophoretic focusing. Journal Of Micromechanics And Microengineering, 20(6), 065011. doi: 10.1088/0960-1317/20/6/065011
Zeng, J., Chen, C., Vedantam, P., *Brown, V., Tzeng, T., & Xuan, X. (2012). Three-dimensional magnetic focusing of particles and cells in ferrofluid flow through a straight microchannel. Journal Of Micromechanics And Microengineering, 22(10), 105018. doi: 10.1088/0960-1317/22/10/105018
Zhu, J., *Canter, R., *Keten, G., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T., & Xuan, X. (2011). Continuous-flow particle and cell separations in a serpentine microchannel via curvature-induced dielectrophoresis. Microfluidics And Nanofluidics, 11(6), 743-752. doi: 10.1007/s10404-011-0839-9
*Wolfersberger, A., *Zu, W., *Bulloch, L., *Baldwin, A., Malekanfard, A. & Xuan, X. (2019, April). Experimentally investigation of electrokinetic motion of particles (electrophoresis) in non-Newtonian fluids. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Li, D., *Walker, P., *Newcomer, M., *Zielinski, J., Kozubowski, L. & Xuan, X. (2017 October) "Morphology based continuous cell separation via elasto-inertial pinched flow fractionation," Presented at the MicroTAS 2017: The 21st International Conference on Miniaturized Systems for Chemistry and Life Sciences, Savannah, GA.
*Brumme, C., *Shaw, R., Zhou, Y., Prabhakaran, R. & Xuan, X. (2016, March 14-18). "Joule heating effects on electrokinetic flow instabilities in ferrofluids." Presented at the APS March Meeting 2016, Baltimore, MD.
*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X. & Xuan, X. (2016, March 14-18) "Lift-enhanced electrical pinched flow fractionation for particle and cell separation." Presented at the APS March Meeting 2016, Baltimore, MD.
*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X. & Xuan, X., (2015, November 22-24). "Continuous-flow electrophoretic separation of particles with dissimilar charge-to-mass ratios via the wall-induced non-inertial lift." Presented at the 68th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Boston, MA.
*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X. & Xuan, X. (2014). Selective concentration and separation of colloidal particles by positive reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at the AICHE 2014 Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
Zhou, Y., Thanjavur, D., *Pasternak, S., Lu, X., & Xuan, X. (2014). Electrokinetic Instabilities in Ferrofluid Flows. Presentation, Atlanta, GA.
*Wilbanks, J., *Kiessling, G. A., Zeng, J., Chen, C., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T. J. & Xuan, X. (2013, May 24-26). Diamagnetic particle and microbe concentration using ferromicrofluidics. Presented at the Annual meeting of Advances in Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN.
Zeng, J., *Wilbanks, J. J., Chen, C., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T. J. & Xuan, X. (2013, May 24-26). Continuous size-based particle and cell separation in ferrofluid flow through a straight microchannel with two offset magnets. Presented at Advances in Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN.
Patel, S., *Showers, D., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T., Qian, S., & Xuan, X. (2012). Continuous-flow separation of live and dead yeasts using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at 65th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, San Diego, CA.
*Johnson, M., *Anderson, R., Patel, S., Tzeng, T., & Xuan, X. (2012). Microbe removal using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at the AICHE 2012 Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA.
*Wilbanks, J., *Kiessling, G., Zeng, J., Chen, C. & Xuan, X. (2012). Diamagnetic particle trapping in ferromicrofluidics. Presented at the AICHE 2012 Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA.
*Brown, V., Zeng, J., Liang, L., Tzeng, J. & Xuan, X. (2012, March). Continuous Cell Concentration Using Ferrofluids. Third International Conference on Micro/Nanosclae Heat and Mass Transfer. Presented at the ASME 2012 Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer International Conference, Atlanta, GA.
*Ibarra, E., *Keten, G., *Nieto, J., Church, C. & Xuan, X. (2009, November 8-13). Negative and positive dielectrophoresis of particles in curved microchannels. Presented at 2009 AICHE Annual Meeting, Nashville,TN.
*Showers, D., *Brown, V., Liang, L., Tzuen-Rong, J., Xiangchun, X. (2011, November). Dielectrophoretic Separation of Live and Dead Yeast Cells in Microfluidic Reservoirs. Presented at 64th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Baltimore, MD.
*Zeng, J., Liang, L., Tzuen-Rong, T., & Xuan, X. (2011, November). Diamagnetic Cell Focusing in Ferrofluid Microchannel Flows. Presented at 64th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Baltimore, MD.
Liang, L., *Rivers, J. & Xuan, X. (2012, March). Continuous flow separation of magnetic and nonmagnetic particles in a ferrofluid. Presented at ASME 2012 Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer International Conference, Alanta, GA.
*Showers, D., Patel, S., Liang, L. & Xuan, X. (2012, March). Three-dimensional characterization of electrokinetic particle entry into microchannels. Presented at the ASME 2012 3rd Micro/Nanoscale Heat and Mass Transfer International Conference, Atlanta, GA.
DuBose, J., *Tupper, N., *Stonaker, J., Patel, S. & Xuan, X. (2013). Electrokinetic filtration and separation of particles by size in single-spiral microchannels. Presented at the 66th Annual Meeting of American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Harrison, H., *Johnson, M., Patel, S. & Xuan, X. (2013, November 24-26). Electrical manipulation of submicron particles by reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at the 66th Annual Meeting of American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics, Pittsburgh, PA.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1456

Social Media Listening Center Digital Analytics

SMLC Digital Analytics CI: This CI will use the software associated with the Social Media Listening Center to monitor, listen and engage with social media for CU clients/partners, as well as complete weekly projects using social media analytics. Members of the CI, will have the opportunity to work collaboratively on assignments for companies, individually on personal assignments and gain a deeper understanding of leveraging analytics in the digital sphere. Members of the CI will refine their digital presence, contribute to collaborative projects, participate in webinars, and contribute to weekly analysis reports. 

Team Leaders
William Henderson Communication
Accomplishments
Moore, A., *Crunk, A., *Douglass, M., *Middleton, E. (2019, April). Social Media Listening Center Digital Analytics. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
163

Interpreting Geologic Landforms

Interpreting the landforms around us lies at the heart of geologic exploration.  Through the use of low tech and high tech methods, we propose geologic processes that would explain the world around us.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Accomplishments
*Capps, R., Brame, S., & Crafton, A. (2019). Stability Analysis of Weathered Volcanic Rock Slopes in the Caribbean. Presentation, Charleston, SC.
*Moseley, R., Shuller-Nickles, L., (2019). Effect of B-site Cation Position and Spin Ordering on the Stability of Cesium Loaded Hollandite. Oral and Poster presentation at the 27th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Geyer, D., Brame, S., Pullen A. (2019). The Age of a Granitic Pluton and Pegmatite Intrusions within the Tallulah Falls Formation, Sols Creek, North Carolina. Oral and Poster presentation at the 27th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Capps, R., Brame, S. (2019, March). Stability Analysis of Weathered Volcanic Rock Slopes in the Windward Islands. Oral and Poster presentation at the 27th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Moseley, R., Shuller-Nickles L., Brame, S. (2019, April). Effect of B-site Cation Position and Spin Ordering on the Stability of Cesium Loaded Hollandite. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Blais, R., Murdoch, L., and Brame, S. (2018). Characterizing Deformation during the Pumping of an Unconfined Aquifer in Pendleton, SC. Oral and poster presentation at 26th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Badum, R. & Brame, S. (2018). Mapping Cataclastic Rock Outcrops in Upstate South Carolina to Trace a Possible Brittle Fault. Oral and poster presentation at 26th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Blais, R., Brame, S. (2018, April). Characterizing Deformation During the Pumping of an Unconfined Aquifer in Pendleton, SC. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Coolman, J. & Brame, S. (2017). Mapping Distinct Units within the Tallulah Falls Formation in the Southern Portion of the Six-Mile Quadrangle, SC. Oral presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Marcacci, K. & Brame, S. (2017). Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Oral presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Seigler, M. & Brame, S. (2017, April). Petrographic Analysis of Ultramafic Rocks in the Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont of South Carolina. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Nguyen, S. & Brame, S. (2017, April). Using a Mobile Eddy Covariance Tower to Measure CO2 Flux. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Wykel, J. & Brame, S. (2017, April). Nitrogen Loading and Coliform Bacteria in Eighteen Mile Creek. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Berisford, J. & Brame, S. (2015, April). The Influence of Slope on the Weathering Rates of Biotite Gneiss Bedrock. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Walters, D. & Brame, S. (2015, April). Changes in Soil CO2 Flux from an Urban Environment due to Anthropogenic Compaction. Presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., *Demille, R. & Brame, S. (2014, April). Analysis of carbon flux from soils derived from different rock types. Presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Gloerson, K., *Goretoy, S. &Brame, S. (2014, April). Determination of chemical weathering rates using mass balance equations and determination of weathering products using X-ray diffraction. Presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Hickok, K. & Brame, S. (2014, April). Carbon dioxide efflux in forest soil and topsoil influenced by soil moisture and temperature variations. Presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Coffin, A. & Brame, S. (2014, April). Comparison of till and no-till agricultural practices on carbon dioxide flux from the soil on an organic farm. Presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Wylie, P. & Brame, S. (2013, April). Using soil pH and Ca/Mg Hardness to Map Bedrock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Black, E. & Brame, S. (2013, April). Geologic Mapping by Soil Analysis: Determining the Contact Between Amphibolite and Biotite Gneiss Using Soil Chemistry and pH. Presented at the 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Lefitz, A. & Brame, S. (2013, April). Mapping of the Clemson Forest using Digital Field Mapping Techniques. Presented at the 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Grayson, A. & Brame, S. (2012, April). Detailed Mapping of Amphibolite Rock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 7th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Marcacci, K. & Brame, S. (2017, April). Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Lo, S. & Brame, S. (2016). Interpretation of a Large Amphibolite Body in the Clemson Forest, Six Mile Quad, SC. Presented at the 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Slocum, C. & Brame, S. (2016). Calculation of Mineral Weathering Rates of Four Different Rock Types in the Sunset Quad (SC) Using a Mass Balance Equation. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Berisford, J. & Brame, S. (2015). The Influence of Slope on the Weathering Rates of Biotite Gneiss Bedrock. Presented at the 23rd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Caldwell, G. & Brame, S. (2015). Refinement of the Seneca Fault in the Southwest Corner of the Six Mile Quadrangle. Presented at the 23rd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Herrmann, A., Brame, S. & Bharadwaj, A. (2015). Sediment Core Characterization in the Twelvemile Creek Arm of Lake Hartwell, SC. Presented at the 23rd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*McFarland, W. & Brame, S. (2015). XRD Analysis of Soil between Outcrops of Amphibolite and Mica Schist. Presented at the 23rd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Villanueva, R. & Brame, S. (2015). Re-examining the Geologic Interpretations Used to Delineate the Seneca Fault. Presented at the 23rd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Goretoy, S. & Brame, S. (2014). Determining Mineral Weathering Rates in the Clemson Experimental Forest using a Mass Balance Approach. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Gloersen, K. & Brame, S., (2014). Determining Residual Soil Mineralogy using X-ray Diffraction. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Phillips, C. (2012, April) Geothermometry of Migmatites in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presentation at 20th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Grayson, A. (2012). Detailed Mapping of Amphibolite Bodies in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presentation at 20th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Black, E., & Brame, S. (2013). Geologic Mapping by Soil Analysis: Determining the Contact between Amphibolite and Biotite Gneiss using Soil Chemistry and pH. Presented at 21st Annual Clemson Hyrdogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
Wylie, P. & Brame, S. (2013). Using Soil pH and Ca/Mg Hardness to Map Bedrock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
645

Bamboo Reinforced Concrete

This project was initially started following the 2010 Haiti Earthquake. Many concrete and masonry buildings collapsed during the 2010 Haiti Earthquake resulting in serious devastation and many casualties. One of the major cause of widespread building collapses was the lack of reinforcement (steel bars) in the buildings. Steel rebars are very expensive in Haiti. This project seeks to use bamboo as a replacement for steel to reinforce concrete and masonry structures. 

Team Leaders
Weichiang Pang Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
*Patel, M., Pang, W. (2019, April). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Brokaw, G., *Cook, M., *Davis, L., *Patel, M., *Repp, A., *Ressler, E., *Spong, C., Pang, W. (2017, April). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Patel, M., *Hummel, G., *Ressler, E., *Brokaw, G., and *Spong, C. (2016, December). “Bamboo Reinforced Concrete – Fall 2015 Activities Summary”. Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (CEDC) end-of-semester project summary presented Watt Innovation Center, Clemson, SC.
Anastopoulo, T.*, Hummel, G.*, Jerwann, K.*, Patel, M.*, Tatem, L.*. (2016, April). The Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Group. Innovations Summit Presentation.
Patel, M.*, Hummel, G.*, Tatem, L.*, Anastopoulo, T.*, and Jerwann, K.* (2016, April). "The Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Group". Concrete Innovations Summit,  Clemson, SC.
*Schneider, N., Pang, W., & Gu, M. (2014). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete for Seismic Design. Presented at Structures Congress, ASCE, Boston, MA.
*Schneider, N., *Albritton, S., *Crowder, M., *Goodwin, J., *Kiser, S., *Lawler, P., *Lehne, W., *Mcgowan, R., *Stoner, M., (2013). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete. Poster Presentation, Clemson Green Expo, Clemson, South Carolina.
CI: 645. (2018). Figure 4. (left) construction of bamboo reinforced masonry wall, (right) final view of tested bamboo reinforced masonry wall. [Photo].
CI: 645. (2017). Bamboo reinforced masonry wall. 
CI: 645. (2017). Pouring of concrete foundation beam.
CI: 645. (2017). Bamboo reinforcement for masonry wall. 
Ogle, J. (2017). Bamboo reinforced concrete part 1. 
CI: 645. (2016). Testing Bamboo for Tensile Strength. [Photo]. 
CI: 645. (2016). Lab equipment for BRC team and testing. [Photo]. 
CI: 645. (2016). The BRC Team, in the van, to bamboo forest, 2016. [Photo].
CI: 645. (2016). Harvesting bamboo 2016. [Photo]. 
CI: 645. (2016). Field trip to visit an old experimental bamboo reinforced concrete house. [Photo].
CI: 645. (2016). Bamboo Reinforcement. [Photo]. 
CI: 645. (2015). 2015 Fall - Splitting Bamboo. [Image]. 
CI: 645. (2015). Bamboo Work. [Image]. 
CI: 645. (2015). Bamboo Splitting. [Image]. 
CI: 645. (2015). Bamboo Splitting. [Image]. 
CI: 645. (2015). 2015 Fall - Bamboo Harvesting. [Image]. 
CI: 645. (2015). Bamboo reinforced concrete. 
CI: 645. (2014). Postmortem of test specimens by Nathan Schneider.
CI: 645. (2014). Postmortem of test specimen.
CI: 645. (2014). Example crack patterns of selected beam specimens
CI: 645. (2014). Full-scale testing of bamboo reinforced concrete beam.
CI: 645. (2014). Casting bamboo reinforced beams. 
CI: 645. (2014). Casting the bamboo reinforced beams. 
CI: 645. (2014). Casting the reinforced bamboo beams.
CI: 645. (2014). Assembly of stirrups with formwork. 
CI: 645. (2014). Project update with support in formwork. 
CI: 645. (2014). Team creating the formwork. 
CI: 645. (2014). Creating the formwork. 
CI: 645. (2014). Installing the strain gauges. 
CI: 645. (2014). Installing strain gauges.
CI: 645. (2013). Tying bamboo reinforcement cages. 
CI: 645. (2013). Tying the reinforcements. 
CI: 645. (2013). Bending the stirrups. 
CI: 645. (2013). Bending test the stirrups 
CI: 645. (2013). Strips tensile tests [Image].
CI: 645. (2013). Splitting the Moso Bamboo [Image].
CI: 645. (2013). Splitting the Moso Bamboo [Image].
CI: 645. (2013). Harvesting Moso Bamboo [Image].
CI: 645. (2013). Harvesting Moso Bamboo [Image].
2015 - Overall 3rd Place in Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Beam Competition - ASCE Carolinas Conference
*Schneider, N., Pang, W., & Gu, M. (2014). Application of Bamboo for Flexural and Shear Reinforcement in Concrete Beams. Structures Congress 2014. doi: 10.1061/9780784413357.091
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
187

Exploring Microbial Community in Students' Exercising Environment

This CI project enumerates, isolates and characterizes antimicrobial resistant bacteria from student exercise environments. 

Team Leaders
Xiuping Jiang Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Amber Baker Office of Advocacy & Success
Marc Alvarado Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Nykira Sutton Campus Recreation
Caren Mccollum Biological Sciences
Marshall Epps Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Baker, A., *Sutton, N., Jiang, X., & Mccollum, C. (2019, April). Fighting Back: Antibiotic Resistance in Student Athletic Facilities. Poster presented at 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Jiang, X., *Baker, A., *Mccollum, C., *Sutton, N. (2019, April). Fighting Back: Antibiotic Resistance in Student Athletic Facilities. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Hess, S., *Alvarez, N., *Lefort, C., & Jiang, X., (2017, April). Joining the resistance: microbial presence and antibiotic resistance in student exercising environments. Presented at 12th Annual Poster Forum of Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Hess, S., *Alvarez, N., *Lefort, C. & Jiang, X. (2017, April).  Joining the resistance: microbial presence and antibiotic resistance in student exercising environments. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
199

Meaningful Work in Medicine

This Creative Inquiry team will examine meaningful work as a buffer against the effects of stressors on emergency physicians, as well as determine interventions that should enhance meaningful work and therefore reduce stress and burnout. Students will gain experience in all phases of the research process.

Team Leaders
Thomas W. Britt Jr Psychology
Accomplishments
Jennings, K., Goguen, K., Britt, T., *Jeffirs, S., *Wilkes, J., Brady, A., *Pittman, R., *DiMuzio, D. (2017). The role of personality traits and barriers to mental health treatment seeking among college students. Psychological Services, 14(4), 513-523.
Goguen, K., Britt, T., Jennings, K., Sytine, A., *Jeffirs, S., *Peasley, A., *Zaremba, B., *Palmer, J. (2016). Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Toward Mental Health Treatment. Journal Of Social And Clinical Psychology, 35(1), 45-63.
Britt, T., Sytine, A., *Brady, A., *Wilkes, R., *Pittman, R., Jennings, K., & Goguen, K. (2017). Enhancing the Meaningfulness of Work for Astronauts on Long Duration Space Exploration Missions. Aerospace Medicine And Human Performance, 88(8), 779-783. doi: 10.3357/amhp.4875.2017
Zinzow, H., Britt, T., Pury, C., Jennings, K., *Cheung, J., & Raymond, M. (2015). Barriers and Facilitators of Mental Health Treatment‐Seeking in U.S. Active Duty Soldiers With Sexual Assault Histories. Journal Of Traumatic Stress, 28(4), 289-297. doi: 10.1002/jts.22026
Gillispie, S., Britt, T., Burnette, C., & McFadden, A. (2016). Employee mental health treatment seeking: Perceptions of responsibility and resilian. Journal Of Workplace Behavioral Health, 31(1), 1-18. doi: 10.1080/15555240.2015.1100519
Goguen, K., Britt, T., Jennings, K., Sytine, A., *Jeffirs, S., *Peasley, A., *Zaremba, B., *Palmer, J. (2016). Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Toward Mental Health Treatment. Journal Of Social & Clinical Psychology, 35(1), 45-63. doi: 10.1521/jscp.2016.35.1.45
Jennings, K. S., Cheung, J. H., Britt, T. W., Goguen, K. N., *Jeffirs, S. M., *Peasley, A. L., & *Lee, A. C. (2015). How are perceived stigma, self-stigma, and self-reliance related to treatment-seeking? A three-path model. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 38(2), 109-116.
Britt, T., Pusilo, C., McKibben, E., Kelley, C., *Baker, A., & Nielson, K. (2011). Personality and strength-related attitude dimensions: Between and within-person relationships. Journal Of Research In Personality, 45(6), 586-596. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2011.07.006
*Wilkes, J.R., *Brady, A.R., *Pittman, R.A., *Jennings, K.S., Sytine, A., Sawhney, G.. Goguen, K.N., Britt, T.W., *Jeffirs, S.M., & Sheridan, D. (2017). Meaningful work as a buffer against stressors facing astronauts. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Pittman, R., Jennings, K., Goguen, K., Britt, T., *Jeffirs, S., *Wilkes, R., *Brady, A., and *DiMuzio, D. (2017). Personality traits and barriers to treatment seeking among college students. Poster to be presented at the LXIII Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (SEPA), Atlanta, GA.
*Peasley, A., *Jeffirs, S., *Zaremba, B., *Lee, A., *Rivera, K., *Palmer, J., Goguen, K., Jennings, K., & Britt Jr, T. (2014). Implicit and explicit stigma towards mental health treatment. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
(2015). What to Tell a Soldier Who Hasn't Gotten Treatment [Video]. 
(2015). The Importance of Unit Support [Video].
(2015). Barriers Soldiers Face [Video]. 
(2015). The Benefits of Treatment. [Video]. 
(2015). Mental Health Symptoms and the Need for Treatment. [Video].
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1085

Design, Development and Creative Uses of a Combined Optical Tweezer and Fluorescent Microscope

The team works on designing new functionality into an optical tweezer instrument to support a new, creative set of experiments. We are currently optimizing optical tweezer-based microrheology.

Team Leaders
Joshua Alper Physics and Astronomy
Subash Godar Physics and Astronomy
College of ScienceG
211

Exploration of Weight Gain and Obesity in Adult Populations

This CI will introduce students to the need for programs addressing overweight and obesity in adult populations and how to create and implement effective interventions. A review of existing programs for diverse populations will be included in the literature review and hypothesis(es) generated to plan an intervention for a local population. Students will be trained in anthropometrics and assessment measures such as blood pressure that often changes with weight gain. Students will plan and develop an educational intervention and learn/practice assessments along with conducting a pilot assessment. The intervention component of the CI will then occur along with data collection and analysis. The project will culminate in a write up and presentation of the study results.

Team Leaders
Vivian J Haley-Zitlin Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
Haley-Zitlin, V., Surapaneni, L., *Brodland, D., *Musarra, A., *Wiles, A., *Carney, S., *Challenger, E. (2012, April 22). An Obesity Prevention and Treatment Worksite Intervention by a Faculty Directed Student Research Team. Poster presented at the Experimental Biology meeting, San Diego, CA.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
212

A Nutrition Education & Life-Style Intervention for Type 2 Diabetes

This CI will introduce students to the incidence and prevalence of diabetes in SC, the US and worldwide as well as the resources available to individuals with diabetes locally. Existing programs addressing type 2 diabetes – prevention and treatment – will be researched and critiqued. An intervention specific for the population that we will work with will be created and implemented following a thorough literature review and hypothesis(es) generated which will facilitate development of an effective intervention for a local population. Students will be trained in anthropometrics and assessment measures such as finger sticks & glucometer use, physical assessments that are diabetes related such as skin changes, foot and eye changes. They will also learn how to assess HgA1C, breath and urine changes with uncontrolled diabetes in order to more effectively relate to and treat their clients. Blood pressure will also be monitored as cardiovascular changes occur with uncontrolled diabetes. Students will plan and develop an educational intervention and/or plan a media campaign and learn/practice assessments Fall semester along with conducting a pilot assessment. The intervention component of this CI will occur Spring semester 2020 along with data collection, analysis, and write up plus presentation of the study results.

Team Leaders
Vivian J Haley-Zitlin Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1638

Tiger Tea Kombucha

Tiger Tea is a data-driven product development project where students develop beverage formulations, design labels, execute human subjects research, and analyze data to iteratively improve delicious and nutritious kombucha for the marketplace.

Team Leaders
Rupert Hurley Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Funan Jiang Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1763

Research Topics in Mineralogy

This CI project encompasses research related to mineralogy including crystallography, crystal chemistry, mineral occurrences, and mineralogical applications in petrology. Students will develop skills in hand sample identification, compositional and morphological characterization of minerals, as well as atomistic scale investigation of composition, structure, and mineral stability.

Team Leaders
Lindsay Shuller-Nickles Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Emily Scribner Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
244

Healthcare Logistics and Patient Flow: Observation and Analysis

Students involved in this Creative Inquiry project will be exposed to projects involving healthcare processes on the day of surgery or in emergency medicine. Students will get the opportunity to collect data at a hospital, analyze the data to provide meaningful results and recommendations, and present the project at conferences. Understanding how modeling tools are used to improve healthcare logistics will also be an underlying theme to this research.

Team Leaders
Kevin Taaffe Industrial Engineering
VISHNUNARAYAN GIRISHAN PRABHU Industrial Engineering
Accomplishments
*Fetchen, P., *Smith, T., Taaffe, K., Arishi, A. & Abo Hamad, W. (May 2019). Implementation Science in Healthcare - Are We There Yet?" Presentation at the 2019 Annual IISE Conference, Orlando, FL.
Geiger, A., Fant, D., Richardson, S., Sherman, H., Shehan, M., Huffer, E., & Fiore, A. (2018). "Periop Mobile Learning System - Integrating Technology & Perioperative Services. Presented at the 2018 FoCI, Clemson, SC. 
Taaffe, K., Dempsey, H. & Dempsey, J. (2016) Integrating Simulation Modeling And Mobile Technology To Improve DayOf-Surgery Patient Care. Presented at the 2016 Winter Simulation Conference, Washington, DC.
*Mallette, N., *Cipollone, A., *Sanchez, J., *Smolinski, J., *Carpenter, E., Weiss, R., & Taaffe, K. (2014). Using Social Media to Advance Healthcare Communication. Presentation, Montreal, Canada.
*Pearson, L., *Johnson, E., Zinouri, N., and K. Taaffe, (2015).  Utilizing and testing smart applications in a healthcare environment. Proceedings of the 2015 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference (ISERC), eds. Cetinkaya, S., and Ryan, J. K.  Nashville, TN. 1572-1578.
Taaffe, K., Zinouri, N., & Kamath, A. G. (2016, December). Integrating simulation modeling and mobile technology to improve day-of-surgery patient care. In 2016 Winter Simulation Conference (WSC) (pp. 2111-2122). IEEE.
Cetinkaya, S. and Ryan, J. (2015). Utilizing and Testing Smart Applications in a Healthcare Environment. In: Industrial Systems Engineering Research Conference.
Malette, N., *Cipollone, A., *Sanchez, J., *Smolinksi, J., *Carpenter, E., Weiss, R. and Taaffe, K. (2014). Using Social Media to Advance Healthcare Communication. In: 2014 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference.
Team member Emily Huffer was awarded an ACC Fellowship to fund research relating to this project.  
PeriopMLS. (2017). PeriopMLS - Answers Hospital Staff's Daily Questions [Video]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CnKy1sTGUOo&feature=youtu.be
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
252

Molecular Dissection of the Spider Silk Self-Assembly Process

This Creative Inquiry group is studying the mechanism by which soluble spider silk proteins are assembled into a fiber. Understanding this process may provide insights that lead to the development of new biologically-inspired materials. 

Team Leaders
William R Marcotte Jr Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Glasshof, R., *Hudson, K., Marcotte Jr, W. (2019, April). Production of Recombinant Spider Dragline Proteins for Novel Materials Development. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Ortman, M.* (2014). An Assessment of the N-terminal Domain in the Spider Silk Assembly Process.
*Gravgaard, C., *McCartney, H., Peng, C. & Marcotte, W.R. (2012, March 4). Confirmation of Mini-spidroin Expression in Transgenic Tobacco. Presented at the American Society of Plant Biology, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Marcotte, B. (2011, October). Biochemical characterization of spidroin self-assembly. Presented at the annual meeting of the New Frontiers in Fiber Materials Science, Charleston, SC.
College of ScienceG
1617

Engineering Nanobiomaterials for Delivery of Cancer Therapy

Advances in cancer research together with advances in biomaterials and nanotechnology, have enabled the development of micro- nano-scaled drug delivery systems for cancer treatment. The goals of delivery systems for cancer treatment are (1) delivering cancer therapeutics efficiently to the tumor site, (2) enhancing uptake of therapeutics by tumor cells, and (3) minimizing non-specific uptake of therapeutics by healthy cells. The design of effective delivery systems for cancer therapies will require optimization of micro- or nano-based delivery systems, cell-specific targeting, and mechanisms for effective drug release. Targeted delivery may be enhanced by both active and passive targeting mechanism. Targeting moieties that bind to overexpressed receptors on malignant cells can be conjugated to particles to increase cell-specific uptake, thus enhancing the efficacy of treatment. Additionally, environmentally responsive polymers can be used to achieve efficient and/or controlled release of therapeutics under physiologic conditions. The goal of this CI is to develop innovative drug delivery systems to advance cancer treatment.

Team Leaders
Angela Alexander Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Elpers, M., *Gregory A., *Miller, E., *Nukovic, A., & Alexander-Bryant, A. (2019). Implantable peptide-hydrogel drug delivery system for treating glioblastoma multiforme. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Philadelphia, PA.   
*Nukovic, A., *Gregory, A., & Alexander-Bryant, A. (2019). Evaluation of self-assembling peptide hydrogel for drug delivery into T98G glioblastoma cells. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Philadelphia, PA. 
*Shine, K, Samec, T, Mbiki, S, Jenkins, A, *Gilmore, J, Alexander-Bryant, A. (October 2019) Comparative analysis of real-time imaging and end-point assays in determining the efficacy of vacquinol-1 on U-118 glioblastoma cells. Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
300

PackExpo Exhibit Design, Build, Research

One of the largest trade exhibitions in the country is PackExpo. Join us as we represent Clemson University in a large booth that involves human subjects research with eye tracking and facial coding. Students will participate in the experimental design, execution, and analysis of human subjects research while designing, building, and managing a large event.

Team Leaders
Rupert Hurley Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
Packaging School. (2018). Clemson PackExpo 2018 [Video].
(confidential) Package of the Year Award - will be disclosed on 10/9/16.
Won first and second place in the Denesco competition 2012.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
447

Clemson ASCE Steel Bridge Team

This CI project prepares students to compete in the annual Student Steel Bridge Competition organized by the American Institute of Steel Construction. The student will design and fabricate a scaled steel bridge (about 15-ft long) to be compete in the annual regional competition (Carolinas and Georgia). At the competition, the team will be judged for efficiency of assembling the bridge under timed construction. The bridge will then be load tested and weighted. The scale-bridge is about 20-ft long and is expected to carry at least 2,500 lbs. Top ranked teams in the regional competition will advance to the national competition.

Team Leaders
Weichiang Pang Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
CI: 447. (2017). Group at the Steel Bridge Banquet.
CI: 447. (2017). Group with the constructed steel bridge. 
CI: 447. (2016). Team Competition Results for Years 2001 to 2016
CI: 447. (2017). 2017 Welding Training Session. [Photo]. 
CI: 447. (2017). 2017 Team and Design Drawings for the Bridge. [Photo].
CI: 447. (2017). 2017 Bridge Design Laptop Screen Captures. [Photo].
CI: 447. (2017). SAP2000 Computer Model for 2017 Bridge. [Photo]. 
CI: 447. (2016). Steel bridge connection fabrication. [Image].
CI: 447. (2016). Bridge load testing. [Image].
CI: 447. (2016). Steel Bridge Display at 2016 National Competition in Provo, Utah. [Image]. 
CI: 447. (2016). Team Photo, 2016 National Steel Bridge Competition, Provo, Utah. [Image]. 
The following companies donated or sponsored the activities of steel bridge team. The total monetary contribution from these companies exceeded $11,000. 1) SC State Board of Engineers 2) AECOM 3) SC Solutions 4) Sealed Air Corporation 5) Broyles and Associates 6) Dave Steel Company Inc. 7) Steelfab Inc. of SC 8) NUCOR Vulcraft Division 9) Johnson, Laschober and Associates 10) Britt, Peters and Associates 11) Keck and Wood 12) FlatIron
The Steel Bridge Team competed in both the regional (SC, NC, GA) and national competitions. The team was placed 1st in the regional competition and thus qualified for the national competition. The Steel Bridge team was invited to the 2016 National ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) and AISC (American Institute of Steel Construction) Steel Bridge Competition at BYU in Provo, Utah. The team competed against 223 total teams through the regional process and 47 teams at the National level with some International schools as well (5 teams form outside of the US). The Clemson Steel Bridge Team was placed 23rd overall with the 5th lightest bridge.
Team won first place in display (Aesthetic). National Student Steel Bridge Competition. Kansas City, UMKS. http://www.aisc.org/content.aspx?id=7176
2015 Qualified in National Competition and won 1st Place in Aesthetic Category - National Steel Bridge CompetitionOverall 1st Place in Carolinas Region
2012 1st Place Overall, Carolinas Conference - 9th Place Finish, National Student Steel Bridge Competition - Hosted National Student Steel Bridge Competition.
2013 1st Place Overall, Carolinas Conference - 23rd Place Finish, National Student Steel Bridge Competition
2014 3rd Place Overall, Carolinas Conference - 26th Place Finish, National Student Steel Bridge Competition
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1896

Developing Medical Devices for Intervertebral Disc Repair

The objective of this CI is to design and develop medical devices that can be used for repairing the herniated intervertebral disc.

Team Leaders
Jeremy Mercuri Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1893

Robotics Automation and Machine Learning

Robotics and Artificial Intelligence have evolved significantly in the past decade. The advancement sin the research area such as computer vision, robotics and automation have enabled advanced manufacturing across the spectrum of various industries, especially in the State of South Carolina. This Creative Inquiry will provide students an opportunity to get hands-on experience with robotics, computer vision and flexible automation. Students will be challenged to come up with their own design of a Delta Robots with machine vision capability to solve a real-world engineering problem related to high-speed pick-and-place task. Students will learn inverse kinematics of parallel manipulators and use the theories to guide their design and prototyping. A successful solution will involve theoretical analysis, CAD design, rapid prototyping (3D printing, water jet), mechatronics (sensor fusion, motor and actuators, etc.), and computer vision for complex problem under high-speed processing requirement. The CI project will present the students with in-depth robotics knowledge, and also prepare students for joining exciting engineering positions in high-tech industries.

Team Leaders
Yiqiang Han Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
263

Projects for Sustainable Development in Recovering and Developing Communities

 2021 Fall The Sustainable Designs CI project brings together students from a variety of majors in engineering and science to explore sustainable  options for fueling our world and restoring our natural resources and ecosystems- options that are particularly suited for developing communities and those that are recovering from natural disasters. In past semesters, solar water heaters and solar water distillation systems have been explored. More recently, the team has focused on two projects: 1) the biological production of hydrogen gas (H2) for use as a biofuel from waste agricultural products; and 2) the restoration of oyster reefs for reducing sediment loss in wetlands and improving ecosystem function. The biological production of hydrogen gas using waste agricultural products is one way to produce biofuels in a sustainable manner. In this CI, students learned the lab-scale techniques (media preparation, inoculation and incubation) for the anaerobic bacterium Thermotoga neapolitana that is capable of converting sucrose, fructose and glucose contained in cull fruits to H2 gas, acetic acid, and CO2.   The team will investigate options for optimizing the rate of H2 production.Globally, 85% of the world's oyster reefs have been destroyed or harvested.  The CI team will investigate means to restore oyster reefs in the ACE basin in South Carolina, through the use of structures to provide suitable surface area for spat attachment.  The team will collaborate with SC-DNR personnel to design and install structures near Fenwick Island, SC in the ACE Basin.

Team Leaders
Caye Drapcho Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Accomplishments
Drapcho, C., Thurmes, R., *Calfe, M., *Cattell, M., *Davis, M., *Garza, C., *Hibberts, J., *Hillard, K., *Ihm, S., *Kirkland, A., *Stefano, G., *Thurmes, R., *Walker, J., *Willis, S. (2017, April). Oyster Reef Restoration. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Calfe, M., *Cattell, M., *Davis, M., *Garza, C., *Hibberts, J., *Hillard, K., *Ihm, S., *Kirkland, A., *Stefano, G., *Thurmes, R., *Walker, J., *Willis, S., Drapcho, C.(2017, April). Sustainable Design - Oyster Reef Restoration. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Primm, Z., *Agin, J., *Daughtridge, M., *Gilstrap, Z., *Kernich, K., *Loper, A., *Moriarty, C., *Skibenes, E., *Stefano, G., *Thompson, A., *Thurmes, R., *Willis, H., Tinsley, C., & Drapcho, C. (2015). Oyster Reef Rehabilitation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
CI: 263. (2014). CI team filled 75 oyster shell bags to be used as artificial reefs. [Image].
CI: 263. (2014). CI Team at the reconstructed oyster reefs. [Image].
CI: 263. (2014). View of reconstructed oyster reef. [Image].
CI: 263. (2014). View of reconstructed oyster reefs from boat. [Image].
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
359

Physical Activity Promotion and Research

The goal of our CI project is to examine and promote healthy eating and physical activity practices among children and families participating in an afterschool program in a low-income, predominantly Hispanic community. This project is funded, in part, by a 21st Century community Learning Center grant awarded to the elementary school we serve in Greenville, SC.

Team Leaders
Karen A Kemper Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
*Davis, S., *Devaney, L., *Kryshak, V., *Lamb, S., *Reid, R., *White, K., *Woodard, R., Helsel, B., Kemper, K. (2019, April). Survey and interview data of parents of children in a low-income, predominantly Hispanic afterschool program. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Dunnam R., *Kuehhas A., *Reid R., *Sauder B., *Clack M., *Patel A., *Aycock A., *Crocker A, *Friscia M, *Haas E., *Khaleghi S., *Patterson A., *Pressley N., *Rusher K., Helsel B., & Kemper K. (2018, April). Health promotion and diabetes assessment in a low-income, Hispanic afterschool program. Poster presented 
Kemper, K., *Bossong, A., *Dundervill, K., *Huss, M., *Laporte, M. & *Passailaigue, L. (2016, April 20). Evaluation of the Greenville County Girls on the Run Program. Presented at the 2016 CBSHS Research forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Attaway, D. (2018). Clemson students use dual languages to share healthy eating tips with Monaview Elementary parents and students. 
I received a sub-award from a 21st Century Community Learning Center grant awarded to Monaview Elementary School in Greenville County School. This sub-award is for $10,000 per year which funds a part-time graduate assistant to assist with the implementation of our project for the 21st Century grant. The graduate student assists me with training and mentoring the CI students to implement community engagement and research.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1036

Metabolism in the Human Parasite Entamoeba Histolytica

Entamoeba histolytica is a human pathogen that causes dysentery in ~90 million people each year. This disease is spread through ingestion of contaminated water or food, primarily in developing countries in areas that lack adequate sanitation and/or are overcrowded. Entamoeba is found in the environment as a resistant cyst that is shed by an infected person. Ingested cysts will survive the harsh stomach environment to become the motile amoeba form in the small intestine. These amoebas then move to large intestine to colonize and new cysts can form to be shed to the environment to allow the infection process to continue. Entamoeba infection can be treated; however, only ~10% of those infected develop symptomatic disease. Thus, there may be between 500 million and 1 billion people who are asymptomatic carriers of the disease who may not be receiving treatment, leading to Entamoeba’s persistence in the environment. Our research investigates how Entamoeba grows and thrives in the human body. Entamoeba colonizes the large intestine, which is a nutrient-poor environment since most of the nutrients from the food we eat has already been absorbed in the small intestine. We are examining what other nutrients Entamoeba can use for growth and how it interacts with the large intestine and the bacteria present there. This research is expected to help us understand how colonization in the large intestine occurs and helps this disease persist.

Team Leaders
Cheryl Ingram-Smith Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
NIH COBRE grant. L. Temesvari (PI) and K. Smith (Co-I). This five-year $10.5M award designates the Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center as a Center of Biomedical Research Excellence. I am one of five Target Investigators on this grant and provided one of the eight individual proposals that made up the final group proposal. My proposal is entitled "Energy metabolism in Entamoeba histolytica".
NIH R15 award 1R15GM114759-01A1 Entamoeba metabolism: the role of acetate kinase and ADP-forming acetyl-CoA synthetase Cheryl Ingram-Smith, PI 4/1/2016-3/31/2019 $423,966
*Diana Nguyen has been awarded an NIH Undergraduate Scholarship. This award provides a $20,000 scholarship for this year and a year-long paid research internship at the National Institutes of Health. This is one of just 16 awards nationwide.
Jones, C., *Khan, K., & Ingram-Smith, C. (2017). Investigating the mechanism of ADP-forming acetyl-CoA synthetase from the protozoan parasiteEntamoeba histolytica. FEBS Letters, 591(4), 603-612. doi: 10.1002/1873-3468.12573
*Khan, K., *Smith, N., Jones, C., Ingram-Smith, C. (2015, October 22-23). Investigating the mechanism of ADP-forming acetyl-CoA synthetase in Entamoeba histolytica. Poster presentation at Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson University, SC.
Jones, C., Khan, K., Ingram-Smith, C. (2015, April). Exploring the mechanism of acetyl-CoA synthetase (ADP-forming) from Entamoeba histolytica. Poster presentation at the Southeast Enzymes Conference, Atlanta, GA.
College of ScienceG
672

Finding Your Voice Camp

This Creative Inquiry group will be responsible for planning, marketing, and evaluating an all-girls weekend camp at the Clemson University Outdoor Lab. The purpose of the camp is to introduce middle school girls to nontraditional physical activities as well as to offer educational sessions on topics such as self-esteem, body image, and college life. Research focused on the camp will address the following research questions:Does participation in a girls only camp impact middle school girls' body image? Does participation in outdoor recreation activities impact middle school girls' sense of physical self-efficacy? What are additional outcomes of participation in a girls only camp for middle school girls beyond potential impacts on body image and self-efficacy?

Team Leaders
Denise Anderson Dean of Health,Educ,HumanDev
Alexsandra Dubin Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management
Teresa Tucker Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management
Accomplishments
*Beecher, K., *Bradfute, J., *Daniel, H., *Dorman, C., *Hayes, S., *Mandrgoc, S., *Moore, T., *Moosey, J., *Roberts, D., *Saverance, C., *Self, K., *Van Overeem, T., *Wallace, K., Anderson, D., *Dubin, A. (2019, April). Finding Your Voice: An Outdoor Recreation Camp for Girls. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bedenbaugh, E., *Fleming, L., *Janson, R., *Johnson, A., *Mims, M., *Nance, M., *Oliver, B., *Sease, M., *Shuey, M., *Stapleton, O., *Watt, C., *Whitney, D., *Workman, M. (2017, April). The Impact of the Finding Your Voice Camp on Middle School Girls. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Partnerships with City of Clemson Parks and Recreation, Greenville County Recreation, Parks, and Tourism
To supplement the budget provided by CI, students were involved in fundraising efforts from external donors that to date have netted $2000 in additional funding necessary to offer the camp to participants free of charge.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1890

Gero App Development

This project will work with the Study of Health Aging & Applied Research Programs (SHAARP.org) lab to develop, test, and refine a smartphone application. This application will assess the cognitive, psychosocial and everyday functioning of older adults.

Team Leaders
Lesley Ross Psychology
Paige Rodeghero School of Computing
Christine Phillips Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1891

Modeling Solid-Liquid Interface Properties in High-Entropy Alloys for Additive Manufacturing Processes

Advanced designs in many applications require the development of materials with improved properties to cope with the increasingly harsh environments that such applications pose. Advanced manufacturing processes, such as additive manufacturing (AM), can deliver parts with complex geometries, minimal waste material, and limited post-processing. However, AM microstructures can vary considerably from those produced by traditional metallurgy. It is essential to characterize and control the microstructure and properties of AM parts such that they may be qualified for use in critical applications. Furthermore, the combination of these advanced processing techniques with novel compositions, such as high-entropy alloys, can potentially generate invaluable knowledge to grow optimized materials. We will use atomistic modeling tools to analyze the solid-liquid interface properties that control the solidification process and dictate the morphology of the microstructure. We will combine molecular dynamics with Monte Carlo methods to sample the correct composition in the solid, liquid and interphase. We will compute the interphase stiffness relying on the capillary fluctuation method and the kinetic coefficient for different compositions and undercoolings.

Team Leaders
Enrique Martinez Saez Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
287

ClemsonLIFE: Nutrition and Healthy Cooking

ClemsonLIFE Postsecondary program currently has 15 students with disabilities on the Clemson campus. The ClemsonLIFE Nutrition and Healthy Eating Creative Inquiry group will assist the program by providing instruction, support, and accountability in the areas of Nutrition and Healthy Eating. People with disabilities typically have a high occurrence of obesity and diabetes due to a sedentary lifestyle and poor food choices. This group will help the students explore healthy eating and cooking options along with educating them on nutrition principles to support them in achieving their ultimate goal of successful independent living. 

Team Leaders
Elliot Jesch Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
Sanders, S., Cleland, M., Collins, J. C., *DiGorio, J. & *Styles, S. (2010, February). Postsecondary Education for Students with Disabilities Pointing to the Future. Presented at the South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Collins, J., Wagner, J. & Ryan, J. (2011, February). The Use of Assistive Technology to Promote Socially Appropriate Eating Behavior. Presented at the South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Sanders, S., *Collins, J. & Romig, J. (2011, February). Postsecondary Education for Students with Disabilities Pointing to the Future. Presented at the South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
563

Investment Research Challenge

The CFA Research Challenge, organized by the CFA Institute and its member Societies, involves the valuation of a publicly traded company. Just like a Wall Street analyst would do for a research report, the team of students must come up with a one-year target price for the stock along with a Buy/Hold/Sell recommendation. The students must research the company, its industry, competitors, customers, and market trends to make assumptions that are used in a financial model projecting future performance. In this project, students develop teamwork, analytical, written and oral communication skills to write their report and present to a panel of investment professionals.

Team Leaders
Jack G. Wolf Department of Financial Management
Accomplishments
CFA Society Atlanta. (2017). Southern Classic IRC, The CFA Institute Research Challenge is a global competition which tests the analytic, valuation, report writing, and presentation skills of university students. The challenge comprises analysis of a publicly-traded company, mentoring by a professional research analyst, writing a research report, and presentation of research to a panel of experts. Over 4,000 students from over 865 universities in 70 countries participated in the 2015 Challenge and learned best practices in equity research from leading industry experts. [Video].
ASFIP. (2015). CI Team presenting at 2015 ASFIP Conference. [Video]. 
College of BusinessD
564

Certified Financial Analyst Seminar

The CFA charter is the most prestigious certification available in Finance and Investments. Although students can’t completely earn the charter while they are still in school, they can begin the process with the Level I exam. The CI group helps students prepare for the exam by having the students develop written study materials (which are uploaded to Canvas) and present these topics to the rest of the group. 

Team Leaders
Jack G. Wolf Department of Financial Management
College of BusinessD
908

Experimental Cardiovascular System

In this project students will design and prototype a benchtop flow system which mimics realistic human cardiovascular physiology and anatomy. Such a system can be used for direct medical device testing and clinical training. The current phase of the project is designing a pressure-generating device for producing realistic blood pressure waveforms in an experimental system.

Team Leaders
Ethan Kung Mechanical Engineering
Ray Kean Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Ruinard, K. (2019). CI presentation to the board of trustees meeting on October 10th 2019 [Image].
*Kean, R., *Mahendranath, A., *Dale, J., Farahmand, M., & Kung, E. (2019, April). Low Resistance Actuated Valve for Cardiovascular Experiments. Poster presented at 2019 FoCI, Clemson, SC.
*Kean, R., *Mahendranath, A., *Dale, J., *Farahmand, M., Kung, E. (2019, April). Low Resistance Actuated Valve for Cardiovascular Experiments. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Neely, K., *Danahy, R., *Capobianco, P., Shabanisamghabady, M., Farahmand, M., Kung, E. (2017). Design of an Actuated Pressure Waveform Generating Device for In-Vitro Cardiovascular Experiments. Presented at the 2017 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ.
Goss, P. (2017). Experimental Cardiovascular Systems. Decipher, (6), 42.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1900

Clinician Well-Being and COVID-19: Fostering Resilience Using Authentic Connections Groups(ACGs) Among Undergraduate Students in a Prelicensure Baccalaureate Nursing Program

Fostering Resilience Using Authentic Connections Groups(ACGs) Among Undergraduate Students in a Prelicensure Baccalaureate Nursing ProgramThe physical and psychological demands inherent in nursing education have been associated with vulnerability to burnout (a psychological syndrome that occurs in response to chronic emotional and interpersonal stressors) and can begin long before the student is a professional registered nurse. The levels of burnout are alarming and may adversely impact professional development, jeopardize patient safety and place undue strain on the physical and mental health of student nurses. Even before the COVID-19 outbreak, many already faced symptoms related to burnout syndrome as well as stress, anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and even suicidality. Now this global pandemic crisis is presenting even greater academic and personal hardships that are very likely to exacerbate existing levels of burnout syndrome and related mental health problems.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1889

SHAARP Lab Experience

The Study of Health Aging & Applied Research Programs (SHAARP.org) laboratory examines cognitive, sensory, lifestyle, and physical predictors of everyday functioning among older adults. We then examine how different interventions (such as brain training and exergaming) impact health (such as dementia and cognition) and everyday functioning (such as driving mobility, crashes, falls, and Complex Instrumental Activities of Daily Living). 

Team Leaders
Lesley Ross Psychology
Christine Phillips Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
336

Applications of Geographic and Soil Information Systems

Soil is a critical component of land use planning. The objective of this project is to study and understand the properties of soils in relation to current and future use.  Individual student projects focus on evaluating the soil resources using soil sampling and testing, Web Soil Survey databases, as well as GIS and statistical software in relation to current or future land use plans.  Students are able to select an area of interest and perform a comprehensive assessment of soil resources in relation to potential real estate, agricultural, or forestry application.

Team Leaders
Elena Mikhailova Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Christopher Post Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Andres, S., *Fox, W., *Pearson, A., Mikhailova, E., Post, C. (2019, April). Soil Inventory of Private Lands in South Carolina. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jhant, G., Mikhailova, E., Post, C., *Shugh, K., *St. Laurent, R., & *Wall, G. (2018, April). Soil inventory of Private Lands in South Carolina. Poster presented at Thirteenth Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI) Forum, Clemson, SC.
Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C., Green, A., *Kneece, R., Murphy, H., *Padgett, A., Rogers, T., & Tisdale, E. (2017, April). Soil Inventory of Private Lands in SC. Poster presented at 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI) Forum, Clemson, SC. 
Mikhailova, E., *Jhant, G., *Shugh, K., *St. Laurent, R., & *Wall, G. (2018, April). Soil Inventory of Private Lands in SC. Presented at 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI) Forum, Clemson University.
Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C., *Green, A., *Kneece, R., *Murphy, H., *Padgett, A., Rogers, T., and Tisdale, E. (2017, April). Soil Inventory of Private Lands. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Brown, M., *Buckfelder, E., *Donohue, R., *Duffy, K., *Dukart, Y., *Lister, V., *McNeely, K., *Moore, F., *Williams, G., Mikhailova, E., Post, C., Sharp, J. (2016, April). Soil Inventory of Private Lands in South Carolina. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.
*Bryant, S.J., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J. & Sharp, J.L. (2011, April). Soil Inventory of HWY 9 West, Wallace, SC. Presented at the Natural Resources Student Research Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Green, L., Mikhailova, E., Post, C.J. & Sharp, J. (2011, March). Soil Inventory of Two Residential Properties in Columbia, SC. Presented at the Minorities in Agriculture, Natural Resources and Related Sciences (MANRRS) 26th Annual Career Fair and Training Conference, Overland Park, KS.
Mikhailova, E.A., Tennant, C.H, Post, C.J., Cicimurri, C. & Cicimurri, D. (2009, November 1-5). Geology Museum based learning in Soil Science Education. Presented at the GSA-ASA-CSSA-SSSA-GCAGS-HGS Joint Annual Meeting in Pittsburgh, PA.
*Vereen, M., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J & Sharp, J.L. (2011, April). Soil Inventory of a Residential Plot in Little River, SC. Presented at the Natural Resources Student Research Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Werts, J.D., Mikhailova, E.A. & Ring, G. (2009, November 1-5). Introductory Soil Science Artifact for Student ePortfolios. In Annual meetings abstracts CD-ROM . Presented at the GSA-ASA-CSSA-SSSA-GCAGS-HGS Joint Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Green, L., Mikhailova, E., Post, C.J. & Sharp, J. (2011, April). Soil Inventory of Two Residential Properties in Columbia, SC. Presented at the Natural Resources Student Research Symposium,  Clemson, SC.
*Capps, J., & Mikhailova, E. (2014). Soil inventory of Capps Forestland, Westminster, SC. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Mikhailova, E., Post, C., Sharp, J., & Speziale, B. (2015). Creative Inquiry in Soil Science: Soil Inventory of Private Lands. Natural Sciences Education, 44(1), 122. doi: 10.4195/nse2015.05.0006
Mikhailova, E., Post, C., Koppenheffer, A., & Asbill, J. (2009). Celebrating the Smithsonian Soils Exhibit in the Classroom with the State/Representative Soil Project. Journal Of Natural Resources And Life Sciences Education, 38(1), 128-132. doi:10.2134/jnrlse2009.381128x
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
347

Tackling Social Issues: Advanced Multidisciplinary Undergraduate Research in Applied Ethics And Ethical Debate

Critical examination of ethical cases largely taken from up-to-date newspaper and magazine publications.  Anticipation of critical questions that might be asked about the cases.  Research and development of responses to these questions and the best ethical resolution of the cases.  These responses are first developed in writing, and then are presented orally in a competitive debate-like format. Oral responses will be presented at the regional competition and, if chosen, at the national conference of the Association for Practical and Professional Ethics.

Team Leaders
David Antonini Philosophy and Religion
Kelly Smith Philosophy and Religion
Accomplishments
Competed at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Ethics Bowl Competition that was held in Fall 2015 at Clemson University.
Won the Mid-Atlantic Regional Ethics Bowl, November 2011. Placed second in nation at National Undergraduate Intercollegiate Ethics Bowl competition, March 2012.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
351

Ice Cream Innovation

An exploration of new and novel techniques to advancing innovation in ice cream and frozen desserts.  Growth of the Ice Cream and Frozen Dessert industry is dependent on innovation.  This team of students is focused on conducting market research that explores consumer trends for the e-commerce market and food vendors on college campuses.

Team Leaders
John U. McGregor Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
MacDonald, K. (2018). Analysis of Frozen Desserts using Low-Temperature Scanning Electron Microscopy (LT-SEM) (Master of Science). Clemson University.
*Sam Lopane received the International Dairy Industries Joe Larson Leadership Award which is given to the student that has demonstrated the greatest leadership potential. This is our industry's version of the Heisman Trophy.
A three person team competed in the Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Contest against other universities from Canada and the US. Clemson placed 2nd overall with numerous top 3 individual and team awards.
A member of our team, Kinsey MacDonald*, received the Joe Larson Leadership Award at the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition that was held in Chicago, IL at the International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo.� This prestigious award recognizes the student that demonstrates the greatest potential for being a future leader of the Food Manufacturing Industry. Clemson's team of students finished 2nd overall in the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition.� The competition was established in 1916 and is recognized by the Food Manufacturing Industry as a key opportunity to identify the future leaders of the world's largest manufacturing industry and the institutions they represent.� This is the third time in the past 6 years that one of our CI team members has won this prestigious International Leadership Award.
Clemson's team of students finished 2nd overall in the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition that was held in Chicago, IL at the International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo. The competition was established in 1916 and is recognized by the Food Manufacturing Industry as a key opportunity to identify the future leaders of the world's largest manufacturing industry and the institutions they represent. This group of students were outstanding representatives for Clemson at this prestigious meeting of internationally recognized business and industry leaders.
*Lopane, S. & *Gaidousek, E. (2016). "Development of an Ice Cream Innovation Lab Tour". Presented to selected representatives for the State of South Carolina, Clemson, SC.
McGregor, J.U. (2009, February). Food Science - Real Time Examples for the Classroom. Presented at the 2009 Foodservice Educators Learning Community Summit, Charleston, SC.
McGregor, J.U. (2009, February). Culinary Science Creative Inquiry. Presented at the 2009 Foodservice Educators Learning Community Summit, Charleston, SC.
CI: 351. (2016). Presi Presentation for the Ice Cream Innovation Lab; Created in collaboration with the Ingredient Applications Team. [Image].
CI: 351. (2015). 3D Rendered Model of Ice Cream Innovation Lab Renovation Design. [Image].
CI: 351. (2016). 3D Rendered Model of Ice Cream Processing Lab Renovation Design. [Image].
Carr Family Creative Inquiry Endowment
$2,400 Received from the National Dairy Shrine
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
608

Human Factors Safety Research

This project is a continuing series of studies involving the assessment of factors impacting safety and performance in real world situations.  Principles of perception, conspicuity, and hazard identification will be applied in experiments assessing, for example, trips, falls, and similar incidents in both real-world and laboratory environments.

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
*Cobranchi, A., *Wilson, B., *White, A, & Stephens, B. (2019) Hazard ratings of trip and fall analysis. Poster accepted for presentation at the meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
*Lawerence, M., *Stiltner, K., *Seay, A., *Burriss, T., *Hearn, S., *Serwat, M., *Cooper, H. & Stephens, B. (2018, April). The Effect of Illumination and Texting on Judgments of Trip Hazards. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bartholomew, Z., *Kirstein, S., *Seay, A., *Sicilia, N., *Stiltner, K.A., *Taffer, A., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Trip Hazard Assessment: A Survey Method. FOCI, Clemson.
*Sicilia, N., *Bartholomew, Z., *Taffer, A., *Angeloff, G., *Hawk, S., *Pickens, E., *Scott, M., Stephens, B. (2016, April). Two techniques for conspicuity assessment. Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
*Bartholomew, Z., *Bensch, A., *Boyd, R., *Grossman,  A., *Kirstein, S., *Sicilia, N., *Taffer, A., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Trip Hazard Assessment: A Survey Method.  Poster presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
*Sicilia, N., *Bartholomew, Z., *Taffer, A., *Angeloff, G., *Hawk, S., *Pickens, E., *Scott, M., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Two Techniques for Conspicuity Assessment. Poster presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.  
*Angeloff, G., *Sicilia, N., *Scott, S., *Hawk, S., *Bartholomew, Z., *Pickens, E., *Taffer, A., Stephens, B. (2015, April). Identification and Detection Conspicuity Measurement. Presented at FOCI, Clemson, SC. 
*Pacek, M., *Angeloff, G., *Scott, M., *Solesbee, H., Stephens, B. (2015). Identification and Detection Conspicuity Measurement. Presented at 61st Annual Meeting of Southeastern Psychological Association, Hilton Head, SC. 
*Angeloff, G., *Ramsey, A., *Glaze, K., *Pacek, M., *Myers, B., & Stephens, B. (2014). Attention and Search Conspicuity for Skylight Fall Hazards. Presented at 60th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN. 
Stephens, B., Stephens, J., Pearl, G., *Ramsey, A., *Angeloff, G., *Glaze, K., & Thames, Z. (2013). An Efficient Method to Evaluate Skylight Hazard Conspicuity. Presented at Annual Meetings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, San Diego, CA.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1005

Sexuality Studies

In a recently published paper with another CI team, we found that many Clemson students use nonverbal behaviors in a dating situation as signals of sexual consent.  This study will examine how middle-school children (7th and 8th graders) interpret nonverbal behaviors in a dating situation as signals of sexual consent.  This will be the first study ever with children of that age.        Recruitment of middle-school children for the project has proven difficult.  We will be asking the IRB to extend approval for this project into the Spring 2021 semester and also the Fall 2021 semester.

Team Leaders
Bruce King Psychology
Accomplishments
King, B., *Burke, S., & *Gates, T. (2019). Is there a gender difference in US college students’ desire for school-based sexuality education?. Sex Education, 1-10. doi: 10.1080/14681811.2019.1668762
King, B., *Scott, A., *Van Doorn, E., *Abele, E., & McDevitt, M. (2019). Reasons students at a US University do or do not enroll in a human sexuality course. Sex Education, 20(1), 101-109. doi: 10.1080/14681811.2019.1606793
King, B., *Duncan, L., *Clinkenbeard, K., *Rutland, M., & *Ryan, K. (2019). Social Desirability and Young Men’s Self-Reports of Penis Size. Journal Of Sex & Marital Therapy, 45(5), 452-455. doi: 10.1080/0092623x.2018.1533905
King, B., *Marino, L., & *Barry, K. (2018). Does the Centers for Disease Control and Preventionʼs Youth Risk Behavior Survey Underreport Risky Sexual Behavior?. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 45(3), e10-e11. doi: 10.1097/olq.0000000000000704
King, B., *Parker, K., *Hill, K., *Kelly, M., & Eason, B. (2017). Promoting Sexual Health: Sexuality and Gender/Women's Studies Courses in US Higher Education. Health Behavior And Policy Review, 4(3), 213-223. doi: 10.14485/hbpr.4.3.2
Allen, S., Childers, L., & King, B. (2016). College Women as Recipients of Multiple Types of Negative Body Comments. Health Behavior And Policy Review, 3(1), 81-87. doi: 10.14485/hbpr.3.1.9
King, B., Parker, K., Hill, K., Kelly, M., & Eason, B. (2017). Promoting Sexual Health: Sexuality and Gender/Women's Studies Courses in US Higher Education. Health Behavior And Policy Review, 4(3), 213-223. doi: 10.14485/hbpr.4.3.2
King, B., *Parker, K., *Hill, K., *Kelly, M., & Eason, B. (2017). Promoting Sexual Health: Sexuality and Gender/Women's Studies Courses in US Higher Education. Health Behavior And Policy Review, 4(3), 213-223. doi: 10.14485/hbpr.4.3.2
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
625

Host-Microbe Interactions in the Gastrointestinal Tract

This research project will focus on various aspects of interactions between the normal (non-pathogenic) bacterial members of the human gastrointestinal tract and their human hosts.  The overarching focus is to identify conserved functions within particular groups of microbes that can be targeted with small organic molecules.  The goal is to identify potential new therapeutics that could be used to modify the gastrointestinal microbiome in a targeted fashion.  The current research is focused on investigating the possible involvement of Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron (and related species) in the development and/or exacerbation of diabetes and obesity.

Team Leaders
Kristi Whitehead Biological Sciences
Daniel Whitehead Chemistry
Accomplishments
*Armstrong, D., *Austin, R., *Cabezas, J., Whitehead, K., Whitehead, D., *Scott, B., *Palmentiero, M., *Petersen, D. (2019, April). Targeted inhibition of clinically relevant Bacteroides dorei.. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Whitehead, K. (2018). Small Molecule Manipulation of the Bacteroides Starch Utilization System. Presented at the 2018 Annual SC ASM Branch Meeting, Rock Hill, SC. 
*Austin, R., *Bilodeau, M., *Scott, B., *Spier Camposano, E., *Floyd, M., *Patel, N., *Owen, H., *Peters, E., Santilli, A., Whitehead, D. & Whitehead, K. (2018, April). Investigation into Targeted Manipulation of the Gastrointestinal Microbiota Through Disruption of Starch Utilization Systems. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Dawson, E., *Owen, H., *Peters, E., *Floyd, M., Whitehead, K., Whitehead, D., *Santilli, A., *Patel, N. (2017, April). Inhibiting the Starch Utilization System of Bacteroides spp. as a Therapeutic Target for Type 1 Diabetes. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Bryant, H., *Stein, N., *Patel, N., Santilli, A., Tackeberry, K., Whitehead, D., & Whitehead, K. (2016, April). Investigation of Inhibition of Members of the Gastrointestinal Microbiota to Prevent or Delay the Onset of Type 1 Diabetes. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC.
*Patel, N., *Bryant, H., Tackeberry, K., *Stein, N., Santilli, A., Whitehead, D., & Whitehead, K. (2016, April). Investigation of inhibition of members of the gastrointestinal microbiota to prevent or delay the onset of Type 1 diabetes. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
CI: 635. (2018). Students from the lab presenting at FoCI!
Santilli, A., *Dawson, E., Whitehead, K., & Whitehead, D. (2018). Nonmicrobicidal Small Molecule Inhibition of Polysaccharide Metabolism in Human Gut Microbes: A Potential Therapeutic Avenue. ACS Chemical Biology, 13(5), 1165-1172. doi: 10.1021/acschembio.8b00309
Santilli, A., *Dawson, E., Whitehead, K., & Whitehead, D. (2018). Nonmicrobicidal Small Molecule Inhibition of Polysaccharide Metabolism in Human Gut Microbes: A Potential Therapeutic Avenue. ACS Chemical Biology, 13(5), 1165-1172. doi: 10.1021/acschembio.8b00309
We received an additional $10,000 supplement from JDRF (Junvenile Diabetes Research Foundation) to continue analysis of the results from our animal study. Two CI undergraduates will be working on aspects of this project this summer and into the Fall
$50,000 grant awarded by the Juvenille Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF). This award was based solely from preliminary data generated by Creative Inquiry students. The grant include money to conduct a preliminary animal study that could greatly further our project.
College of ScienceG
880

Microbes All Around Us

Microbes are all around us. They are in the air we breathe, the water we drink, the soil we walk on, the food we eat; they are even in and on us. Although this fact is generally acknowledged, we don’t always have a great appreciation for the roles these microbes play in our health.  Antimicrobial resistance for pathogens is clearly becoming a bigger and bigger problem, but there is also the potential for some classically non-pathogenic organisms to cause issues. This Creative Inquiry project will focus on investigating a variety of bacteria with various impacts on humans. We will use hypotheses generated by the student investigators’ natural curiosity or recent news stories as the driving force behind our experiments. This CI has investigated topics such as microbial contamination of lab coats during General Microbiology teaching labs and the potential for magazines in physician's waiting rooms to serve as sources of infection.  We have also investigated the antimicrobial activity of various novel compounds with collaborators in the Department of Chemistry. 

Team Leaders
Kristi Whitehead Biological Sciences
Krista R Rudolph Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Conti, A., *Gamble, L., *Glasshof, R., Whitehead, K., Rudolph, K., *Reeves, H., *Kerr, C., *Jones, K. (2019, April). Interactions of Lactobacillus in the Gastrointestinal Tract of the Human Body. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Conti, A., *Connolly, K., *Maddie B., *Marhefka, C., *Speers, R., Santilli, A., Rudolph, K., Whitehead, D., and Whitehead, K. (2018, April). Anti-Microbial Evaluation of Synthetic Nanoparticles and Small Molecules. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Connolly, K., *Macomson, J., Whitehead, K., Rudolph, K., *Santilli, A., *Whitehead, D. (2017, April). Antimicrobial Effect of Volatile Organic Compound Capturing Nanoparticles. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Migliore, M., *Scott, M., *Ramey, S., Owen, H., Abercrombie, J., Rudolph, K., & Whitehead, K. (2016, April). Investigation of the Presence and Impact of Bacterial Pathogens Around Campus. Presented at 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC. 
*Ramey, S., *Scott, M., *Owen, H., Rudolph, K., Whitehead, K. (2016, April). Investigation of the presence and impact of bacterial pathogens around campus. Presented at FoCI 2016, Clemson University, SC.
"Anti-Microbial Nanomaterials for Rendering Applications". 33% Contributor. Sponsor: Fats & Proteins Research Foundation, Inc., Clemson University Animal Co-Products. 6/1/16 to 7/1/17. $49,500 awarded. The majority of this funding went towards development of the nanomaterials; we received a small amount for antimicrobial testing.
College of ScienceG
1581

Building an Academic Dashboard/Case Study of Black Students in Engineering

Many students don’t realize that there are multiple degree paths to most careers, especially in engineering.  As part of an NSF-funded project, students on this Creative Inquiry team will help design and develop a prototype “Academic Dashboard” to help put students in the driver’s seat of their education.  The dashboard will include information about major choice and activities to develop and track adaptive decision-making skills.  The project will focus on two main tasks: 1) designing the dashboard structure, and 2) modeling academic pathways in engineering.  The purpose of modeling academic pathways using longitudinal data is to identify indicators of “overpersistence” and alternative strategic pathways.  This information will be incorporated into the dashboard to help students make informed decisions about their path forward.  

Team Leaders
Marisa Orr Engineering and Science Education
Baker Martin General Engineering
Haleh Brotherton Engineering and Science Education
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
629

Serious games to enable STEM research and education

This CI group will contribute to the development, testing, and evaluation of serious games as a tool to enhance STEM education, understand factors influencing decision making, and assess efficacy of discipline-specific game-based learning. By integrating cyber-infrastructure, earth systems science, and social science with game play, modern serious games can become a particularly powerful tool for communicating interdisciplinary concepts, such as environmental sustainability. This CI group will research the breadth of game mechanics utilized in existing serious (e.g., River City) and non-serious (e.g., Farmville) games, test and evaluate what features of these games are attractive to players, and contribute to the development of new serious games that can be used at Clemson and beyond for STEM education and research. 

Team Leaders
Lindsay Shuller-Nickles Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
David Connick Physics and Astronomy
F Catherine Mobley Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice
Michael Dale Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Emily Scribner Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
D. Matthew Boyer Engineering and Science Education
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1587

Evaluation of Forage Production and Quality for Livestock Production Systems in the Southeastern United States

A major challenge for producers in cool-season grass systems like tall fescue is the quantity and quality gap of forage production that usually occurs during mid through late summer. Warm season annuals can complement perennial cool-season systems and extend production during this critical summer months. High level of nitrogen fertilization are usually required to maximize summer annual grasses production, but  summer annual legumes have the potential to provide high forage quality and fix atmospheric N that will reduce fertilizer cost. In recent years, stored forage in the form of baleage has become more popular in the southeast. Legumes-grasses might present some challenges for a proper ensiling process due to the commonly lower sugar concentration in the resultant forage. Thus, evaluating the impact of the ensiling process of this forage mixes is warranted in order to generate producer’s adoption of these forage sources.Although alfalfa has been grown in the Southeastern USA since the late 1800’s, it has not attained the status in this region as in other parts of the nation mainly due to problems with alfalfa weevil and an abundant supply of inexpensive nitrogen fertilizer that reduced the need for leguminous crops to boost soil fertility. However, the cost of fertilizers has risen and modern well-adapted and pest-resistant alfalfa varieties are available in the market. Information about productivity and management of alfalfa, generated locally, is needed in order to demonstrate, educate, and ultimately re-introduce and advance the utilization of alfalfa as part of diverse forage systems and crop rotations for livestock farms in the Southeast USA. The goals of this project are to evaluate: 1. How summer annual grasses alone or in mixtures with annual legumes affects yield and nutritional value of fresh and ensiled forage. 2. The impact of growing new alfalfa varieties on plant persistency, forage yield and quality.

Team Leaders
Matias Aguerre Animal and Veterinary Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1821

Introduction to Qualitative Research in Mathematics Education

This Qualitative Education Research in Transfer Student's Perceptions and Math Anxiety Creative Inquiry investigates qualitative research methods on two ongoing research projects on Transfer Student's Perceptions of Their Transition Experience in Calculus 2 and Math Anxiety, Working Memory, and Experiences. Students in this project will learn how to perform qualitative research and gain valuable experience with data collection, analysis, and interpretation. 

Team Leaders
Steven Edalgo Engineering and Science Education
Karen High Engineering and Science Education
Luther Duncan Engineering and Science Education
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1822

Design and Development of Medical Devices: Covid-19 Response

This project will cover the design and development of medical devices capable of production by small industry. Design challenges including PPEs and a breathing apparatus for medical disasters. Building on work started in Spring 2020 in the School of Architecture we will extend the design, development, and testing of protective devices for medical personnel and first responders. We will seek to produce FDA approved designs and design improvements for existing devices and develop new designs. We will work with CURF to secure necessary forms to manage any technology transfer issues. 

Team Leaders
Winifred Newman School of Architecture
Timothy Sutherland School of Architecture
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1895

Soft Matter and Complex Fluids

This creative inquiry will enhance students’ ability of computational thinking by offering computational research projects on soft matter and complex fluids. Soft matter represents soft materials that are easily deformed by thermal fluctuations and small external forces, while complex fluids refer to multi-component soft materials that can flow but display non-Newtonian rheology. Gels, liquid crystals, polymers, colloids, emulsions, foams, lipid membranes, cell suspensions, and many biological systems fit this description. Soft matter and complex fluids are ubiquitous in nature and play an important role in many industrial and biological applications, from soft construction materials, food processing industries, to biomimetic soft materials and artificial tissues. 

Team Leaders
Zhen Li Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1814

Developing a Sustainable Equine Composting System

Animal waste has been successfully converted to compost for several decades in a way to efficiently dispose of and utilize as a resource. The Clemson University Equine Center houses anywhere from 60-70 horses in which each defecates an average of 30 lbs. daily with no ecological or economical disposal benefits. Our goal is to determine how to effectively convert horse manure into organic compost, sustainably package it through used feed sacks and market the product to the public.

Team Leaders
Brittany Perron Horse Farm
Kristine Vernon Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Travis Vaughan Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1815

Introduction to Food Systems

This project will use the socioecological framework to provide an introduction to food systems at the local, national, and global levels. Students will critically examine issues concerning food production, processing, distribution, and consumption. We anticipate this project be a series of three, consecutive semesters and is expected to build students’ foundational knowledge about food before students work collaboratively with mentors to develop a research project to implement.

Team Leaders
Mariela Fernandez Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management
Sarah Griffin Public Health Sciences
Iryna Sharaievska Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management
Harrison Pinckney Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management
Michael McGirr Dean of Health,Educ,HumanDev
Kristen Okamoto Communication
Yi Wu Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice
Leslie Hossfeld Dean of Health,Educ,HumanDev
F Catherine Mobley Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice
W Kirby Player Cooperative Extension Services
Kenneth Robinson Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice
Susan Sullivan School of Nursing
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
635

A Non-Viral Episomal Vector System for Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell (IPS) Production

Embryonic stem cells hold great promise for the cures of a variety of human diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's etc.. However, ES cell research has been hampered due to the ethical concerns of the use of human embryos. Recently, scientists have developed a novel way to convert somatic cells into ES-like cells through forced expression of four transcription factors key to the ES cell pluripotency maintenance. These cells are called induced pluripotent stem cells (IPS). The initial method used for IPS induction is based on retrovirus due to its high transfection efficiency. However, the potential dangers of retrovirus induced insertional mutagenesis and transformation pose great concerns for the applications of theses IPS cells in human. Therefore a great deal of research efforts have been put in the search of alternative delivery systems to create safer IPS cells, such as protein, mRNA, plasmid, and non-integrating viral system. My laboratory has been working with a non-viral episomal vector based on the sequence of mammalian scaffold/matrix attachment region (S/mar), which are sequences in the DNA of eukaryotic chromosomes where the nuclear matrix attaches. S/mar sequences function as architectural DNA components that organize the genome of eukaryotes into functional units within the cell nucleus. Plasmids incorporated with the S/mar sequence can be maintained as replicative episomal units within mammalian nuclei. We plan to clone the four transcription factors into this vector for IPS induction. This episomal vector system will not only reduce or eliminate the potentials of insertional mutagenesis, but also solve the problems of gradual loss from transfected cells encountered by regular plasmids due to the episomal replicative capacity of this plasmid.

Team Leaders
Xianzhong Yu Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
We are collaborating with Orbis Health Solution and Lauren's Hope foundation trying to establish patient-specific IPS for the treatment of Sanfilippo Syndrome, a deadly genetic disease affecting children. Both the company and the foundation have donated reagents to our research and we hope that further collaboration will lead to grants from them.
*Amanda Barrett, a former member of our team, get hired by MUSC as a research specialist to do IPS related work.*Milap Patel, also a former member of our team, get hired by Orbis Health Solutions to do patient-specific IPS related research work. Both hires are based on their experiences in our CI class.
College of ScienceG
356

Geologic Properties

The properties of geologic materials such as rocks, soil, and water highly influence the placement and design of human constructs such as roads, dams, and buildings. Understanding these properties help us design more sustainable structures with less environmental impact.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Accomplishments
*Mundell, H., & Shuller-Nickles, L. (2019). Evaluation of Spin Ordering in Fe3+-doped Hollandite: Implications for Nuclear Waste Management. Oral and Poster presentation at the 27th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Patson, S., & Brame, S. (2019). Detection of Rock Failures Using Plastic Fiber Optics and Wire Extensometers at Caesars Head State Park, SC. Presentation, Clemson, SC.
*Mckinzie, C., Brame, S., & Pullen, A. (2019). Timing of Crystallization and Metamorphism of Rocks Juxtaposed Along the Seneca Fault Near Clemson, SC Using U-Pb Geochronology. Presentation, Clemson, SC.
*Staub, A., Lazar, K., & Moysey, S. (2019). The Sediment Record as an Indicator of Changing Ocean-Lagoon Dynamics, Boka Ascension, Curacao. Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Mundell, H., & Nickles, L. (2018). Evaluation of Spin Ordering in Fe-Doped Hollandaise: Implications for Nuclear Waste Forms. Presentation, Indianapolis, IN.
*Campbell, M., Brame, S. (2019, April). Timing of Crystallization and Metamorphism of Rocks Juxtaposed along the Seneca Fault near Clemson, SC using U-Pb Geochronology. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Thomas, M., Smith, A., Lazar, K., & Brame, S. (2018). Using Fossils to Determine the Geologic Origin of the Hagood Millstone (Pickens, SC). Oral and poster presentation at 26th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Williams, R., Brame, S., & DeWolf, S. (2018). A Comparative Study of Wire and Plastic Fiber Optic Cable Extensometers. Oral and poster presentation at 26th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Thomas, M., Brame, S., Lazar, K., Smith, N. (2018, April). Using Fossils to Determine the Geologic Origin of the Hagood Millstone (Pickens, SC). Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Martuch, A. & Brame, S. (2017). Origin and Geochemical Relationships of Pegmatites in the Upper Piedmont of South Carolina. Oral and Poster presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Avard, D. & Brame, S. (2017). Characterization of Accelerated Erosion and Failure Potential along Hunnicutt Creek. Oral and Poster presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Wykel, J. & Brame, S. (2017, April). Nitrogen Loading and Coliform Bacteria in Eighteen Mile Creek. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*McCaffrey, D. & Brame, S. (2016). Episodic Growth of Garnets from a Two-Mica Schist near Clemson, SC. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Bagbey, D. & Murdoch, L., (2015). Characterization and Imaging of Pipe Flow Within a Natural Embankment. Presented at the 23rd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Lyles, M. & Murdoch, L. (2013). Characterizing Water Content Trends in Saprolite Soils near Clemson, SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Waterhouse, T., *Chamlee, W., *Baldwin, J., *Thompson, E., *Vaughan T. & Murdoch, L. (2013). Sediment Transport after Dam Removal on Twelve-Mile Creek, Norris, SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Chamlee, W. & Murdoch, L., (2013). Modeling Sediment Transport associated with a Reservoir Sediment Release following Dam Removal on Twelve-mile Creek. SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Baldwin, J. & Murdoch, L. (2013). Quantifying Radial Borehole Deformation During Well Tests. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Thompson, E., Bastian, B., Vaughan, T., & Murdoch, L. (2014, April). Evaluation of Hydrology of Hunnicutt Creek Wetland. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Kennedy, C., Murdoch, L., Genereux, D., Corbett, D., Stone, K., Pham, P., & Mitasova, H. (2010). Comparison of Darcian flux calculations and seepage meter measurements in a sandy streambed in North Carolina, United States. Water Resources Research, 46(9). doi: 10.1029/2009wr008342
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
364

Landscape Ecology and Conservation in the Appalachians

Students in this CI are working to understand the influence of landscapes and land uses on snake movement ,ecology, and disease susceptibility. 

Team Leaders
Bryan Hudson Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Russell Kyle Barrett Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Potter, H., *Carew, A., *Miller, B., *Cairco, B., Weaver, N., Barrett, K. (2015, October). The effect of a growing college town on stream health and abundance. Poster presented at The Annual Meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
*Cairco, B., Weaver, N., Barrett, K. (2015, October). Salamander and aquatic insect response to development in southern Appalachia. Poster presented at The Annual Meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
*Miller, B., Weaver, N., Barrett, K. (2015, Oct. 17). The influence of forest structure on Piedmont streams in Upstate South Carolina. Poster presented at the annual meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Surasinghe, T. & Baldwin, R. (2011, April). Exploitative competition among stream salamanders along a land-use gradient. Presented at Natural Resource Graduate Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Reinstein, Z., *Albright, K., *Enright, R., Surasinghe, T.D. & Baldwin, R. (2012, March). Riparian land-use as a predictor of salamander diversity in stream ecosystems in Upstate SC. Presented at Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Surasinghe, T.D., *McAlister, M. & Baldwin, R., (2012, February). Exploitative competition among stream salamanders along a land-use gradient. Presented at Southeastern Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation, Falls Creek Fall State Park, TN.
Surasinghe, T., *Reinstein, Z., Baldwin, R. (2012). The community composition of stream salmanders as a function of riparain land-use. Presented at the Student Conference on Conservation Science, American Museum of Natural History, New York-Manhattan, NY.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1735

Using Sports Science to Increase Interest in STEM Among K-12 Athletes

Outreach programs are an often used tool to “fix the leaking pipeline” by promoting interest in STEM in K-12 students. However, these programs predominately target students who already have an exposure to and interest in STEM. The goal of this CI is to develop and deliver a sports science outreach program to increase the size of the pool, by exposing the 56.6% of youth who participate in sports to STEM in way that’s relatable their athletic interests. Initially, we plan to focus on three sports: football, volleyball, and soccer (men and women’s). 

Team Leaders
Tyler Harvey Bioengineering
Jordon Gilmore Bioengineering
Meredith Owen Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1737

3D Printing and Graphic Communications

This Creative Inquiry project introduces students to the core technologies, applications and production processes of three-dimensional printing. Students will learn 3D design, design for print production and apply their knowledge in hands-on project work that will allow them to produce 3D objects of their own. We intend to use Mimaki 3duj-553 color 3D printer to study print quality and to create special 3D effects.

Team Leaders
Erin Clark Department of Graphic Communications
Shu Chang Department of Graphic Communications
College of BusinessD
1243

ENGAGE Dominica 4: Infrastructure

Ever notice how convenient it is to have Google Maps and Google Street View when you want to look at a location that you've never been to before?  In many small island developing states, this type of digital data does not exist.  This group will research what it would take to develop a digital data set for primary roads on the island of Dominica.  Over several trips, significant amounts of geolocated video has been obtained.  This, along with the linear road mapping currently available will provide the starting point for this development. 

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Isaiah Del Campbell Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Joseph Marcsik Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Nabozna, J., *Gunst, J., *Marshall, C., Peterson, M., *Powers, A., *Vo, Y., *Zhou, S., Halliday, K., *Del Campbell, I., Ogle, J. (2019, April). Infrastructure. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1775

Microbial Transfer in Hospitals : Empirical Research Study of Contact Transfer via Nursing Personnel

Healthcare associated infections are deadly and costly in our medical practice. They negatively impact patient outcomes, while increasing length of patient stay and widespread antibiotic exposure, all of which in turn can increase chance for opportunistic infections, medical errors, deterioration and muscle wasting. Reducing bioburden by altering surface materials has been shown to significantly decrease HAIs. Current options for this are limited solely to copper bed linens. This research study is designed to identify and quantify contamination and spore transfer that occurs in daily nursing practice. This study will provide a basis for the development of new materials, fabrics, and linens in the form of copper and silver scrubs. 

Team Leaders
Kelliann Koehler Research/Electron Micro Facil
Olin Mefford Materials Science and Engineering
O
1851

Design Justice in Architecture

This research focuses on architecture and space within marginalized communities. It will question rules implemented and institutionalized by entities in power.  Namely, sections of architectural history in which practices followed such directives without questioning the effects those actions had in our culture and society will be analyzed. Students will use architecture and urban design as lenses to highlight the truthful consequences of government sponsored displacement, exclusion, segregation, racial inequality, social injustice, redlining, as well as policies that have fortified racial discrimination. The research will provide students with sources to develop projects and initiatives through design to combat these injustices with an emphasis on the notions of city, architectural pedagogy, and architectural practice. 

Team Leaders
Clarissa Mendez School of Architecture
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
922

Biochromic Sensors for Food Safety Applications

Biosensors based on the thermochromic polymer polydiacetylene are being developed for the detection of food-borne pathogens, such as salmonella, lysteria and E. coli. The sensing agents are engaged as simple devices, such as dips, swabs, and aerosols, They are immobilized on cellulose-based substrates, like paper, cotton pads, or dispersed into water.

Team Leaders
William T Pennington Jr Chemistry
Paul Dawson Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Julie Northcutt Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
Kobra, K., O’Donnell, S., Ferrari, A., McMillen, C., & Pennington, W. (2018). Halogen bonding and triiodide asymmetry in cocrystals of triphenylmethylphosphonium triiodide with organoiodines. New Journal Of Chemistry, 42(13), 10518-10528. doi: 10.1039/c8nj01373j
Zhang, Y., Northcutt, J., Hanks, T., Miller, I., Pennington, B., Jelinek, R., Han, I., Dawson, P. (2017). Polydiacetylene sensor interaction with food sanitizers and surfactants. Food Chemistry, 221, 515–520. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.09.168
Outstanding Chemistry Senior at Clemson University Award, Western Carolina ACS Award*Andrew Poveromo
*Garbowski, S., *Poveromo, A., *Johnson, T., Gaulden, H., *Vanswol, J. Khadijatul, K. & Pennington, W. ( 2017, March 4) "Polydiacetylene biosensors for food safety." Presented at the 2nd Annual Chemistry Research Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Castiglione, E., *Haines, J., *MacPherson, G., McNamara, C., Melnychuk, J., Parker, J., Vanswol, J., Kobra, K. & Pennington, W.T. (2017, September 22). Polydiacetylenes: Sensor Applications and Reversible Thermochromism. Presented at the College of Science Undergraduate Research Showcase, Clemson, SC.
Pennington, W.T., Khadijatul, K., Dawson, P., Hanks, T.W., Jelinek, R., Northcutt, J. (2016, October 23-26). "Polydiacetylenes: Sensor Applications and Reversible Thermochromism." Invited talk to be presented in the Molecules to Functional Supramolecular Materials Symposium at the 2016 Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia SC.
Gotthelf, G.I., Hill, S.C., Pennington, W.T. (2015, April). Reversible Thermochromism in Polydiacetylenes. Presented at South Carolina Academy of Sciences Annual Meeting, Furman University.
*Garbowski, S.J., *Reamer, S.A., Hill, S.C., Pennington, W.T. (2015, April). Immobilization of Polydiacetylene Sensors onto Cellulose. Presented at South Carolina Academy of Sciences Annual Meeting, Furman University.
Binational Agricultural Research and Development Grant for collaboration between our group and groups at Furman University and at Ben Gurion University in Israel.
College of ScienceG
376

Popular Science Journalism

The overall goal of this project is to produce a science column in the student body newspaper, The Tiger.  The name of the column is Tigra scientifica and is used to report on the hottest topics in scientific and academic research.

Team Leaders
Lesly Temesvari Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Tuten, H., & Temesvari, L. (2013). Popular Science Journalism: Facilitating Learning through Peer Review and Communication of Science News. Journal Of College Science Teaching, 42(4), 46-49.
College of ScienceG
378

Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World

Developing countries face healthcare challenges every day, whether it is lack of supplies or a shortage of healthcare professionals. Medical devices and equipment that are considered standard in hospitals in the United States can be hard to find and very expensive in developing countries, such as Tanzania. Tanzania has recently made significant advances with the quality of their healthcare; however, there are still many hurdles that need to be overcome. The goal of this Creative Inquiry team is to design and develop medical instrumentation and monitors that are robust, user-friendly, and low-cost for developing countries. The students on this team will be expected to work on electronics and instrument design.  These types of projects not only have the ability to improve the lives of young infants and families, but they can also impact the medical field in developing nations worldwide. In addition to doing design, students are expected to learn about Tanzania as a whole. Students will learn about Tanzanian culture, government and healthcare structure as well as some basic conversational Swahili.

Team Leaders
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Melinda Harman Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Melissa McCullough Bioengineering
William Richardson Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Elpers, M., *Harrison, A., *Downing, M., Mefford, T., McCullough, M., DesJardins, J., Richardson, W., & Dean, D. (2018). Kifua Pampu: A Robust Breast-Pump for the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV. Presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA. 
*Boulos, J., *Gaston, E., *Grahne, M., *Nguyen, H., McCullough, M., Richardson, W., DesJardins, J., & Dean, D. (2018). Development of Mobility Device for the Visually Impaired in Developing Countries. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Guion, N., *DeMass, I., *Gilbert, R., *Brewer, C., *Guion, K., DesJardins, J., & Dean, D. (2018). HojaHealth: Portable Patient Monitoring. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA. 
*Nigoa, D., *Mandilwar, S., *Fenner, R., McCullough, M., DesJardins, J., Richardson, W., & Dean, D. (2018). Demonstrating the Viability of Using Zinc-Air Batteries in Oxygen Sensors for Low-Resource Settings. Presented at the 2018 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA. 
*Byars, B., *Cannon, K., *Downing, M., *Elpers, M., *Hartsell, M., *Hargett, B., *Jamison, A., *Lee, T., *Livingstone, M., *Morton, Z., *Neely, K., *Pagendarm, H., *Rafka, H., *Ryan, T., *Shaffer, J., *Springer, G., *Staino, R., *Tedeschi, A., Harrison, J., Hargett, Z., *McCullough, M., DesJardins, J., *Richardson, W., Dean, D. (2019, April). Global Health Design. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Cannon, K., *Cheser, J., *Elpers, M., *Guion, K., *Hargett, B., *Harrison, A., *Hurd, J., *Jamison, A., *Judge, M., *Livingstone, M., *McKeown, T., *Guion, N., *Turbeville, R., *Demass, I., *Brewer, C., & *Gilbert, R. (2018, April). Global Health Design for Tanzania. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Guion, K., Dean, D., *Rohde, J., *Young, C., *Gilbert, R., *Wilson, G., DesJardins, J., *Erickson, H. & *Hargett, Z. (2017, April). Medical Technology for Developing Countries. Poster presentation at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Young, C., *DeMass, I., *Brewer, C., *Gilbert, R., *Guion, K., McCullough, M., *DesJardins, J. & Dean, D. (2016). Assessment of Medical Equipment in Kisarawe, Tanzania. Presented at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Minneapolis, MN.
*Stafford, S. & DesJardins, J. (2015, November), Designing Medical Devices for the Developing World: A Global Health Partnership in Biotechnology. Oral presentation at the Partnering for Impact in Global and Public Health Symposium, Charleston, SC
Cobb, A., *Hawks, Z., *Herbst, A. & *Rohde, J., (2015, December), MicroSense, Invention disclosure presentation to CURF. Oral presentation to the Clemson University Research Foundation, Clemson, SC.
*Rohde, J., *Brewer, C., *Young, C., *DeMass, I, *Guion, K., *Gilbert, R., *Hargett, Z., *Stafford, S., & Cobb, A, (2016, April) Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World. Poster Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson SC.
*Showghi, J. D., *Stafford, S. G., *Veliz, J. S., Dean, D., DesJardins, J. & Rodriguez, J. (2014, March 28). Respire Medical, a breath assistive device for low resource settings. Presented at Fifth Annual National Undergraduate Global Health Technologies Design Competition, Houston, TX.
*Showghi, J., *Stafford, S., *Rohde, J., *Hawks, Z., *Herbst, A., *Veliz, J., *Murdy, J., Dean, D., DesJardins, J., Rodriguez, J. & Gainey, K. (2015, April). Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Elpers, M., *McCaskill, B., *Sosdian, L. & Dean, D. (2010, April) Tanzania 2011 Wazungu, Saving Babies, and Awesome People. Presented at the Bioengineering Undergraduate Research Day, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Elpers M., *McCaskill, B., *Sosdian, L. & Dean, D. (2010, April) Tanzania 2011 Wazungu, Saving Babies, and Awesome People. Presented at the Honor's College Research and Travel Award Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Elpers M., *McCaskill, B., *Sosdian, L. & Dean, D. (2010, October). Low-Cost Temperature Control Alarm Systems Designed for Application in Third World Countries. Presented at the SouthEast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference, Orlando, FL.
*Kofoed, M., *Keith, K., *Nicholas, J., Dean, D. & DesJardins, J. (2012). Medical Equipment Breakdown Survey Weil Bugando Referral Hospital, Tanzania. Presented at the 2012 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Wiles, L., *Langworthy, S., *Halsey, M., DesJardins, J. & Dean, D. (2012). Development of a Low-Cost Blood Glucose Monitoring System for Implementation in Resource-Poor Settings. Presented at the 2012 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Youngman, T., *Kofoed, M., *Martin, D., *Metzger, A., Dean, D. & Desjardins, J. (2013). Developing a Woven Grass Neck Brace for Low Resource Implementation. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Devon, A., *Gainey, K., *Adams, H., & Desjardins, J. & Dean, D. (2013). Designing Neonatal Monitoring Devices for Resource-Poor Settings. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Gainey, K., *Ovington, P., Desjardins, J. & Dean D. (2013). Design of Low Cost Glucometer and InkJet Printed Test Strips. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Adams, H., *Adams, R., *Devon, C., *Hall, R., *Hargett, A., *Herbst, A., *Ovington, P., *Rye, K., *Stafford, S., *Tibbs, M., *Veliz, J., *Youngblood, R., Dean, D., Desjardins, J., *Gainey, K., *Metzger, A., Rodriguez, J. (2014, April). Designing medical technology for developing countries. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Mamola, P., Dean, D., *Adams, H., *Gainey, K., & *Russell, M. (2013). Helping improve hospitals in Tanzania- Engineering medical equipment for developing countries. Presentation.
NIH NMH R01 1R01MH111366-01 “Impact of Integrated HIV/NCD Screening on HIV Testing Uptake and Engagement in HIV Care: an RCT in Kisarawe, Tanzania” PI: M. Sweat (MUSC), D. Dean and D. DesJardins (Clemson) Award dates: Aug. 2016-2021 Total award: ~$3.5M
"Developing World Biomedical Device Innovation Co-op Program", VentureWell, $30,500 https://venturewell.org/portfolio-item/developing-world-biomedical-device-innovation-co-op-program/ This grant funds internship experience for our CI students to travel to Tanzania and do medical device assessment and needs finding.
Dean, D., DesJardins, J., McCullough, M., *Brewer, C., DeMass, I., *Guion, K., & *Young, C. (2016). Designing Medical Devices for Developing Countries. Electronic Component News, 8-9.
*Rohde, J., Cobb, A., *Gilbert, R., *Hawks, Z., Desjardins, J., Dean, D. (2016, July), "Development of Low-cost Impediometric Biosensors for Clinical Diagnostics and Water Testing", Proceedings of the annual Biomedical Engineering Society
*Gainey Wilson, K., *Ovington, P. and Dean, D. (2015). A Low-Cost Inkjet-Printed Glucose Test Strip System for Resource-Poor Settings. Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, 9(6), pp.1275-1281.
CI team was Clemson finalist for Clemson InVenture competition and they competed in the pitch competition on Feb. 2016. http://tv.clemson.edu/acc_inventure_prize_clemson_competition_full_event/
Kayla Gainey Wilson (former CI student) was a US finalist in the James Dyson Award competition. http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/student-created-medical-device-advances-in-competition/
*Carson Brewer participated on the Emory Global Health Competition as the engineering student on MUSC's team. http://globalhealth.musc.edu/blog/musc-team-reflects-emory-university-global-health-case-competition
The Lemelson-MIT National Collegiate Student Prize Competition is a nationwide search for the most inventive undergraduate and graduate students, with winning undergraduate teams receiving $10,000 in two categories and graduate student winners receiving $15,000 in two categories: 1. "Cure it!"� for students with inventions that can improve healthcare. 2. "Use it!" for students with inventions that can improve consumer devices and tools. Tyler Ovington*, Alex Devon*, and Kayla Gainey* won in the "Cure it!"� undergraduate team category for their work in the Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World Creative Inquiry project. The Lemelson-MIT Program celebrates outstanding inventors and inspires young people to pursue creative lives and careers through invention.
The Woven Solutions team (Matthew Kofoed*, Danielle Martin*, Adam Metzger*, and Tyler Youngman*) from our CI won the Spiro Institutes Social LaunchPad Competition in April, 2013, for their work on woven neck braces that can be produced and used in low-technology areas such as rural Tanzania.
Katelyn Rye* and Sarah Stafford* (rising junior won the LIMBS International Design competition on prosthesis/orthosis design for developing countries. The finals were held at UT El Paso this weekend and Katelyn and Sarah won first place ($1000). It was for the latest design of the grass-woven neck brace from Tanzaniahttp://engineering.utep.edu/announcement061614.htm
Adam Metzger*, and Tyler Youngman* from our CI came in 2nd place at the Rice 360 Global Health Technology competitions for their work on woven neck braces that can be produced and used in low-technology areas such as rural Tanzania.
CI program and student, *Jacki Rohde, featured in Anderson Independent Mail video and article: Eads, M. Anderson Indepent Mail. (2016). Clemson engineering students devise cheap health solutions
Lemelson MIT. (2014). Glucosense, 2014 Lemelson-MIT "Cure it!" Undergraduate Team Winner, Clemson University team of Tyler Ovington, Alex Devon, and Kayla Gainey [Video].
Johnson, W. (2014). Clemson students head to Africa to help save lives. 
Lemelson MIT. (2014). Presentation by 2014 $10,000 Lemelson-MIT "Cure it!" Undergraduate Team Winners from Clemson University, Kayla Gainey and Alex Devon, explain their team invention: Developing a low-cost glucometer and strip system for diabetics in resource-poor settings.
Lemelson MIT. (2014). Presentation by 2014 $10,000 Lemelson-MIT "Cure it!" Undergraduate Team Winners from Clemson University, Kayla Gainey and Alex Devon, explain their team invention: Developing a low-cost glucometer and strip system for diabetics in resource-poor settings.
Clemson Engineering World Health. (2014). Our team is part of the Creative Inquiry program at Clemson University. We work to provide sustainable healthcare technology to clinicians in resource poor settings.
Clemson Engineering World Health. (2014). Glucosense Project Summary- Clemson University.
Osby, L. (2014). Clemson students develop cheaper way to produce diabetes test strips. 
Reporter, S. (2014). Clemson University Students Develop Cheap Blood Sugar Testing Kit. 
Osby, L. (2014). Clemson research could help diabetics. 
CI: 378. (2014). Katelyn Rye and Sarah Stafford (with Dr. Jorge Rodriguez, co-mentor) won the LIMBS International Design competition on prosthesis/orthosis design for developing countries. The finals were held at UT El Paso. Katelyn and Sarah won first place ($1000). It was for the latest design of the grass-woven neck brace from Tanzania.
Updated Invention disclosure to the university. (Hopefully should file patent soon) (CURF #2013-069) "Electrochemical Biosensor for the Detection of Microorganisms in Liquid Medium"
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
379

Digital History and Introduction to Cyberinfrastructure in Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences

In this current global digital age, this humanities project fosters students to research and independently design their own digital history projects.  As an introduction to cyberinfrastructure, students learn the basics of digital history and humanities and participate in ongoing database and web projects.  More advanced students can do statistical analysis as well as use the Social Media Lab to analyze media in a historical context.

Team Leaders
Vernon Burton History and Geography
Joshua Catalano History and Geography
Megan Gaston History and Geography
Accomplishments
I nominated *Corrine Foster for several awards for her project on the Cherokee early village settlements and maps. I believe she will receive the History award for a project she has done in this Creative Inquiry class.
The Digiital History CI worked on a grant with me on improving dermatology patient outcomes with social media; Sponsored by University of Illinois at Champaign Urbana and we have received $7,500 so that we can continue to explore issues on the Social Media Listening Center, especially as to the Civil War and Southern Identigy.
Students worked on a grant to the Tom Watson Foundation to add a digital component and a website for a conference on Abraham Lincoln's Unfinished work which will be presented at Clemson in 2018. We just received this award for $15k
Appleford, S. (2016, November 20). "Using the Social Web to Explore Online Discourse on Southern Identity and Memory of the Civil War". Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of  the Social Science History Association, Chicago, IL.
*Eichhorn, C., *Werts, B., *Mack, D. & *Madini, M. (2014, April) Digital History: Working with Large Data Sets. Presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Burton, O. (2013). The South as "Other," the Southerner as "Stranger". The Journal Of Southern History, 79, 7-50. 
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
643

Aspire: Developing Peer Delivered Initiatives to Foster the Promotion of a Healthy Campus

Aspire: Developing Peer Delivered Initiatives to Foster the Promotion of a Healthy Campus works with the Aspire to Be Well Program, which is a 90-minute peer-led health- and safety-focused dialogue and CU 1000 requirement. The dialogue covers key areas to maintaining a healthy and safe campus including overall wellness, alcohol and other drug misuse prevention, mental health and suicide prevention, and interpersonal violence prevention. Students will gain an understanding of campus resources and learn how to help others in need through risk-reduction strategies and bystander intervention. Students enrolled in this Creative Inquiry will explore topics related to Aspire, receive extensive training on delivering the content to new students and research trends related to health and wellness in higher education.

Team Leaders
Chloe Dixon Student Health Center
Rosemary Holt Student Health Center
Jennifer Goree Student Health Center
Accomplishments
*Steele, A., Greene, C., Myer, C., *Stone, L. (2019, April). The Unregulated Market of Social Media, And its Affect on the Alcohol Habits of College Students. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Batson, K., Brown, D., Greene, C., *Zugg, R., *Grooms, T., & Thompson, M. (2018, April). Increasing Students Holistic Wellness Through the Aspire to Be Well Program. Poster session presented at the Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Uzell, L., Brown, D., Goree, J., Green, C., Palmer, H., Thompson, M. (2017, April). Increasing Student Resiliency through the Aspire to be Well Program. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Hester, E., *Wood, S., and *Webster, C. (2016). "Aspire Presentation". Presented at Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Thompson, M., Allison, H., Goree, J., Green, C., Rock, K., *Harbin, M., *Smith, T., & *Uzell, L., (2016, April). Increasing Suicide Awareness and Prevention on Campus Through the Aspire to Be Well Program. Presented at 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Allison, H., Burnette, C., Duncan, R., Greene, C., (2015, March). Breaking Down the Silos of Prevention. NAPSA Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA.
Allison, H., Greene, C., Goree, J., *Hinson, A., Rock, K., Shaw, C., & Thompson, M. (2015). Developing Peer Delivered Initiatives to Foster the Promotion of a Healthy Campus. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Goree, J., Greene, C., Thompson, M., & Zinzow, H. (2015). Aspire to Be Well Fall 2014. Student Affairs Vice President Cabinet Meeting, Clemson, SC.
CI: 643. (2015). Poster presentation at 2015 FoCI.
O
1552

Waikiki and the World: A Study of the Pacific Islands and Their Peoples

This Creative Inquiry project provides an opportunity for students to evaluate the impact of colonialism, contemporary capitalism and modern tourism on the physical integrity of the Hawaiian islands and their culture by exploring the history, art, and worship practices of the indigenous peoples. Hawaii and the rest of the Pacific Islands represent a special place in the cultural imagination of those who live outside of the region. Its image as a tropical paradise filled with exotic landscapes and peoples has been shaped through the lens of American pop culture from films, television shows, musical theater productions to party themed-sets and popular music, all which inform the development of Hawaiian tourism. 

Team Leaders
William Terry History and Geography
Katie Laporte History and Geography
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
397

Computational Design Group

The Clemson School of Architecture Computational Design Group engages in a critical exploration of emergent technologies and material science in architectural design. The aim of this group is to house several, more specific, research agendas concerning applications of computing methods in architecture under one, more general, classification of ‘computational design’. We are currently research 'Design-to-fabrication workflows with Extended Reality'. In 2021 our team is continuing a project initiated in 2020 with industry partner Autodesk where we are developing algorithms for accurate holographic-assisted physical component assembly. 

Team Leaders
David Lee School of Architecture
Accomplishments
CI: 397. (2017). Our new AR/VR testing LAB!
CI: 397. (2014). Various gravity molds. [Image]. 
CI: 397. (2014). Gravity molding. [Image].
CI: 397. (2012). F[r]AME installation. [Image]. 
CI: 397. (2012). Glove flex sensor testing. [Image].
CI: 397. (2012). Screen wall display. [Image]. 
CI: 397. (2012). AIA Greenville Alteration 2012 installation write up. [Image]. 
CI: 397. (2013). Unveiling - AIA Greenville Architecture Month 2010. [Image]. 
CI: 397. (2015). Animated curved folding. [Image]. 
CI: 397. (2013). Animated curved folding. [Image]. 
*Crile, B., Lee, D. & *Scherer, J. (2018, March 1-3).  "Design Instrumentation in an Immersive Virtual Environment". Presented at the 'Time' 34th National Conference on the Beginning Design Student. Ed. University of Cincinnati. Cincinnati, Ohio.
*Danahy, P. (2017, April 5-6). The Machined Shoe. Poster presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Danahy, P., Lee, D., *Bell, E. (2017, April). The M. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Lee, David. (2016, February 25-27). Topological Tactics. Presented at the National Conference on the Beginning Design Student at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. 
Lee, D., *Colquhoun, A., *Mabe, S. & *Newberry, J. (2012, April). Visualizing Curricula. Presented at the 7th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Lee, D. & Newbold, M. (2011 April). Advanced Architectural Geometry: Subdivision Surfaces. Presented at the 6th annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Lee, D., Hutcherson, D.*, Mountcastle, A. 2013. "Animated Curved Folding" in ACADIA 2013: Adaptive Architecture. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture. Edited by Philip Beesley, Omar Khan, and Michael Stacey. p413-414. Riverside Architectural Press, Waterloo, ON, Canada.
Lee, D., *Darsinos, A., *Perkinson, D., *Schulte, E., Stone, D. 2013, "Self-Organizing Origami Structures" in ACADIA 2013: Adaptive Architecture.Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture. Edited by Philip Beesley, Omar Khan, and Michael Stacey. p421-422. Riverside Architectural Press, Waterloo, ON, Canada.
*Smentek, B., *Javed, A., & Lee, D. (2014). Light-responsive facade prototype. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Smentek, B., *Javed, A., & Lee, D. (2014). Structural optimization using FEA tools. Poster presented at the 9th Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Lee, D. (2016). Topological Tactics. In 32nd National Conference on the Beginning Design Student (pp. 155-166). San Luis Obispo: California Polytechnic State University.
Lee, D. (2014). Creative Inquiry: A case for specialized research as foundation of the undergraduate architecture curriculum. In: 102nd ACSA Annual Meeting. ACSA Press, pp.831-837.
Lee, D. (2011). Meta-Zoning Logistics. In: Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture Regional Conference. pp.25-30.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
416

TAGA Journal

This project offers students the opportunity to design, edit and produce a technical journal showcasing student research in Graphic Communications as well as compete with schools internationally for recognition for the quality of their work. The team attends the international Technical Association for the Graphic Arts (TAGA) Annual Technical Conference to present their journals for the competition and to meet and learn from top researchers in the Graphic Communications industry.

Team Leaders
Liam O'Hara Department of Graphic Communications
Accomplishments
Ferguson, F. (2017, March 20-22) Brand Personality (Web vs. Print): Consumer Perception of Color in Branding. Presented at the 69th TAGA Annual Technical Conference, Houston, TX.
*Bates, V., *Fidler, L., *Dillard, C., *Jones, H., *Queen, K., *Brown, D., *Epps, B. & *Marion, A. (2017, March). "Clemson Chapter Student Journal". Presented at the TAGA Annual Technical Conference, Houston, TX. 
Fergurson, J. (2017). Brand Personality (Web vs. Print): Consumer Perception of Color in Branding. In 69th Annual Technical Conference (pp. 376-401). Warrendale, PA: TAGA.
The students were recognized for Best Design and Best Production in the student journal competition, the Helmut Kippan Cup, by the TAGA Board of Directors.
College of BusinessD
879

Fire ecology and invasive plants

This project will help student gain knowledge about wildfire in forests, and how fire acts as an agent of natural selection affecting the ecology and evolution of plants, especially woody plants and trees.

Team Leaders
Gaofeng Wang Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Trisha Markus Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Calvin Norman
Bridget Blood Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
Third place poster award at SE-EPPC/NC-IPC regional conference
*Thomas, D.J., Durham, W.P., Pile, L.S., Wang, G.G. (2015). Are woody non-native invasive plants adapted to frequent surface fires in the southeastern US? Presented at the Society of American Foresters National Convention, Baton Rouge, LA.
*Steppe, C., *Adams, C., *Spencer, H., Pile, L.S., Wang, G.G. (2015). Are woody non-native invasive plants of Asian origin adapted to frequent fire regimes that were historically characteristic of the southeastern US? Presented at the Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council (SE-EPPC) and North Carolina Invasive Plant Council (NC IPC) Joint Annual Meeting, Chapel Hill, NC.
*Adams, C., *Lund, M., *Spencer, H., *Brady, T., *Garland, T., *Hutto, H., *Myers, C., *Raeckelboom, M., *Steppe, C., *Thomas, D., Pile, L.S., Wang, G.G. (2015). Increasing our scientific knowledge of invasive plant species of the Southeastern US and promoting public awareness. Presented at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum. Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1585

Micro-Heart Tissue Pumps and Pipes

Heart disease is the #1 cause of death in the world every year, and finding new therapies to treat heart disease is very slow and very expensive. Fortunately, researchers are able to grow small pieces of heart tissue in the lab to test new therapies as quickly, cheaply, and safely as possible. Unfortunately, these heart cells in a dish do not behave the same as heart cells in our body because they are no longer subjected to the same mechanical environment of a beating heart under pressure. In this creative inquiry, we are developing new culture chambers for growing heart cells in mechanically-realistic conditions in order to improve future therapy screens. Students will work in teams to (1) build miniature pump and pipe chambers, (2) grow heart-like tissues within these chambers, and (3) test the effects of different therapies on these functional tissues under disease-like conditions.

Team Leaders
William Richardson Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
424

Synthesis and Modification of Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

Students will focus on understanding the structure-property relationships of magnetic nanoparticles. Specifically the team will investigate how size and composition change the magnetic properties of these systems. 

Team Leaders
Olin Mefford Materials Science and Engineering
Accomplishments
Fellows, B.D., *Sandler, S., Yan, Z. & Mefford, O.T. (2018 May 22-26) Extended LaMer Synthesis of Nonstoichiometric Ferrites with Enhanced Magnetic Properties for Magnetic Hyperthermia. Presented at the 12th International Conference on the Scientific and Clinical Applications of Magnetic Carriers, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
*Bleyer, C., *Patterson, L., *Stegura, C., *Young, C., Yan, Z. & Mefford, O.T. Systematic Investigation of Doped Ferrites for Increased Energy Conversion. Presented at the Annual MagMED MRS/OSA Poster Competition, Clemson, SC
Mefford, O., *Bleyer, C., *Patterson, L., *Stegura, C. & *Young, C. (2018). Systematic Investigation of Doped Ferrites for Increased Energy Conversion in MagMED. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Sandler, S., Nguyen, C., *Fuller, K., Fellows, B.D., *Bigner, J., *Timmins, S., Lantz, K., Stefik, M. & Mefford, O.T. (2017, March 16) Investigation of Cobalt doped ferrite nanoparticles for use in MagMED. Presented at the MRS Poster session, Clemson, SC.
*Livingston, J., *Sandler, S., and *Nguyen, C. (2017, May 1). MagMED of Cobalt Ferrite. Presented at Mefford-Kitchens Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Sandler, S., Fellows, B., *Livingston, J., *Fuller, K., *Bigner, J., *Timmins, S., Lantz, K., Stefik, M., and Mefford, O. (2017, June 5-7). Systematic Investigation of Cobalt Doped Ferrites for Increased Energy Conversion in MagMED. Poster Presentation at Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particle V in Asheville, NC. 
*Livingston, J., *Sandler, S., Nguyen, C., Fellows, B., and Mefford, O. (2017, March 16). Investigation of Cobalt-Doped Ferrite Particles for Use in MagMED. Presented at MRS/OSA Poster Competition, Clemson University. 
Mefford, O.T. (2016). Evaluation of Substituted Ferrites in Magnetically Modulated Energy Delivery (MagMED) via SAXS. Presented at the 68th Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
Bigner, J.*, Fellows, B., Goodling, A., Kirkland, E.*, Mefford, O., Saunders, M., Timmins, S.* (2016, June 30). Beyond Magnetite: Evaluation of Substituted Ferrites in MagMED. Retrieved from Magnetic North V, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs. 
Timmins, S.*, Kirkland, E.*, Fuller., K*, Livingston, J.*, Sandler, S.*, Bigner, J.*, Fellows, B., and Mefford, O. (2016, March 24). Synthesis and Characterization of Doped Ferrites for Use in MagMED. Presented at 11th Annual MRS/OSA poster session, Madren Conference Center.
*Jessica Bigner was selected to be one of two students from the State of South Carolina to Present at Posters on the Hill in Washington DC.
*Bell, M., Pearson, T., *Frazier, C., Fellows, B., Qi, B., Ye, L., Crawford, T.M., Mefford, T. (2015, June 23-25). The Formation and Isolation of Nanostructures through Directed Magnetic Assembly of Nanoparticle Patterns using Disk Drive Recording Media. Presented at Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
*Howell, S., *Burden, B., *Cantley, M., *DeMass, I., Mefford, T., (2015, June 23-25). Purification and Quantification of Magnetite Nanoparticles for Biological Applications. Presented at the Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
Mefford, O. T. (2015, June 23-25). Integrated approach for the fabrication of multifunctional metal and metal oxide nanoparticles. Presented at the Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
*Murbach, J., Fellows, B., Wetzler, M. & Mefford, T.O. (2015, June 23-25). Seeking alternative polymer coatings and functionality for magnetic nanoparticles. Presented at the Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
*Hunt, H., Fellows, B., Gutierrez, L., Puerto Morales, M., & Mefford, O. T. (2014). Measurement of the size effects on the biodistribution of polymer sterically stabilized magnetic nanoparticles. Poster presentation at 10th International Conference on the Scientific and Clinical Applications of Magnetic Carriers, Dresden, Germany.
Stone, R., Raval, Y., Qi, B., Bruce, T., Mcnealy, T., Tzeng, T., & Mefford, O. (2014) Synthesis of a heterobifunctional polymer platform for "tailored" multimodal theranostic magnetic particles. Oral presentation at 10th International Conference on the Scientific and Clinical Applications of Magnetic Carriers, Dresden, Germany
Fellows, B. D., *Sandler, S., *Livingston, J., *Fuller, K., Nwandu, L., *Timmins, S., Lantz, K., Stefik, M., & Mefford, O. T. (2017). Extended LaMer synthesis of cobalt-doped ferrite. IEEE Magnetics Letters, 9, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1109/lmag.2017.2787683
*Glasgow, W., Fellows, B., Qi, B., Darroudi, T., Kitchens, C., & Ye, L. et al. (2016). Continuous synthesis of iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles via thermal decomposition. Particuology, 26, 47-53. doi: 10.1016/j.partic.2015.09.011
*Sarah Sandler was awarded a Honors College Educational Enrichment Grant, where she continued this work at University College London.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1006

Contemporary Art & Practice

Contemporary Art & Practice is a Departmental Creative Inquiry two-semester sequence consisting of ART 4730, and then ART 4750. Visual Arts Majors seeking the Bachelors of Fine Arts (BFA) Degree begin this Creative Inquiry two semesters from graduation such that their final exhibition in the Lee Gallery coincides with their enrollment in ART 4750. Contemporary Art & Practice CI students will explore historical and theoretical issues to gain critical perspectives on Art, visit and study current exhibitions in galleries in museums in New York City, gain professional experience, and share their studio research in an exhibition in the Lee Gallery. 

Team Leaders
Joey Manson Art
Denise C Woodward-Detrich Art
Accomplishments
*Lemere, L., *Rodgers, H., *Comen, K., *Coward, A., *Davis, A., *Embree, N., *Horowitz, H., *Hutchinson, G., *Mccraw, S., *New, S., *Watson, M., *Wood, S., Manson V, J., Woodward-Detrich, D. (2019, April). Contemporary Art & Practice. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
574

Implementation of Public Art for the Clemson University Campus

Clemson University's Public Art Program features the works of nationally recognized artists. We are dedicated to exploring opportunities where public art becomes woven into the campus environment. All artwork selected for projects will be intellectually engaging while demonstrating qualities that elicit questions and prompt discourse. Artworks are site specific and are commissioned through a competitive process. 

Team Leaders
David M Detrich Art
Joey Manson Art
Denise C Woodward-Detrich Art
Accomplishments
*Alewine, J., *Bull, C., *Coward, A., *Jones, S., *Konopka, L., *Wright, J., *Comen, K., *Embree, N., *Massey, K., Detrich, D., Manson V, J., Woodward-Detrich, D. (2019, April). Clemson Public Art: Atelier InSite. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Lamont, B., *Farrow, S. (2014). Atelier InSite Public Art initiative. Presentation, City of Clemson State of the Arts Conference, Clemson, SC.
Eads, M. (2014). Atelier InSite’s Public Art Program Unveiling 
On August 26, 2013 the University Administrative Council approved a proposed policy that sets aside 1/2% of construction costs for new building projects and renovations exceeding $2 million for the purpose of implementing public art
Clemson. Atelier InSite Creative Inquiry students were given the charge to facilitate the dedication of the new Life Sciences facility [Image].
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
430

Student Directors of the Annual Clemson Literary Festival

The Clemson Literary Festival is a student run, student directed, annual event featuring three days of readings by national authors, literary panel discussions, book fairs, and open mic events that seeks to bring students, faculty, alumni, and the surrounding communities together through a mutual love and appreciation for the Arts and Humanities. 

Team Leaders
John Pursley English
Jilian Weise English
Keith L Morris English
Accomplishments
This year for the first time in its history, the class was able to procure a large external sponsor for the festival. The initial commitment is for two years, but we are hoping the family will agree to extend this commitment over the next ten years.
Grant from the Humanities Advancement Board, September 2011.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
648

Humanitarian Aid to Support Ethnic Reconciliation

Students collect aid for young students (K 1-9) in Srebrenica and deliver it in May during the Study Abroad Balkans program. Their work during academic years starting in 2012 was always very successful. 

Team Leaders
Vladimir Matic Political Science
Accomplishments
*Bell, M., *Hayes, S., *Mccarter, A., Matic, V. (2019, April). A Creative Inquiry in Humanitarian Aid to Support Ethnic Reconciliation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
649

AIChE ChemE Car Team

The ChemE Car team develops a car which runs on energy which is generated by the car itself.  At competition, the car carries a payload a certain distance and must then stop; the car which is closest to the target distance wins. 

Team Leaders
Christopher Kitchens Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Christopher W. Norfolk Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Accomplishments
Mou, H., Daichendt, B., Gaul, J., Earls, T., Nance, S., & Klaasmeyer; C. (2018) Shaquille O’Wheel; Clemson ChemE Car Team. Poster Presentation at the 2018 Regional AIChE Meeting, Baton Rouge, LA.
*Owen, K., *Childs, B., *Pstrak, P., *Dworkin, J., *Coats, J., *Joshi, J., *Redzikowski, J., *Hughes, E. & Kitchens, C. (2014, April). ChemE car. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1812

Signals, Sensors, and Machine Learning to Improve Psychotherapy Outcomes

This Creative Inquiry project is an interdisciplinary collaboration led by engineers, a computer scientist, and a social scientist. The team will work together to create training tools for therapists to improve session outcomes, especially using the Motivational Interviewing framework. The team will be assisted by clinical psychologists from the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC) and Florida State University, who will provide content knowledge of the therapy setting. Engineering and computing students will develop instrumentation and data processing techniques that will allow the therapists to be physiologically monitored, adding important information to the session records, which can be improved for better patient outcomes.

Team Leaders
Jordon Gilmore Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Nina Hubig School of Computing
Jerome McClendon Campbell Grad Engr Program
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
493

The Domestic Politics of US Treaties

The goal of this project is eventual publication of a book on the domestic politics of international agreements, primarily focused on the Obama administration and the Trump administration's response to Obama's agreements.  

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Peake Political Science
Accomplishments
Peake, J. (2018). Obama, Unilateral Diplomacy, and Iran: Treaties, Executive Agreements, and Political Commitments. In R. Conley, Presidential Leadership and National Security: The Obama Legacy and Trump Trajectory (pp. 142-171). New York, NY: Routledge.
Peake, J. and Krutz, G. (2014). President Barack Obama, Partisanship, and the Politics of International Agreements. In: 2014 Annuaire Francais des Relations Internatinales XV. pp.534-559.
Peake, J. S. (2015). Executive Agreements as a Foreign Policy Tool During the Bush and Obama Administrations.
Peake, J. (2015). Executive Agreements as a Foreign Policy Tool During the Bush and Obama Administrations. In: 2015 Midwest Political Science Association Meetings.
Peake, J. (2014). The Domestic Politics of US Treaty Ratification: Bilateral Treaties from 1949 to 2012. Foreign Policy Analysis, 13(4), 832-853. doi: 10.1111/fpa.12086
Peake, J. S. (2014). Unilateral Presidential Power during the Obama Presidency: Executive Agreements and the Implementation of American Diplomacy. In APSA 2014 Annual Meeting Paper.
Peake, J. S. (2014). The Obama Administration's Use of Executive Agreements: Business As Usual or Presidential Unilateralism?. Available at SSRN 2445535.
Peake, J. (2013). The Domestic Politics of International Agreements during the Obama Administration: Presidential Unilateralism and Senate Obstruction. In American Political Science Association Annual Meeting 2013. Chicago, IL: APSA.
Peake, J. (2013). The Domestic Politics of US Treaty Ratification: Bilateral Treaties from 1949-2012. In 71st Annual Conference Midwest Political Science Association. Chicago, IL: MSPA.
*Forrester, V.C., *Wilson, E. (2016, April). Treaty Politics in an Era of Partisan Polarization. Paper presented at the Midwest Political Science Association Meetings, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J. S. (2016, April 9). The Congressional Role in US Diplomacy in an Era of Presidential Unilateralism and Partisan Polarization, paper presented at the Midwest Political Science Association meetings, Chicago, IL.
*Forrester, V. C., *Wilson, E. A. (2016, April 8). Treaty Politics in an Era of Partisan Polarization. Paper presented as a poster at the Midwest Political Science Association meetings, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J.S. (2015, April). Executive Agreements as a Foreign Policy Tool during the Bush and Obama Administrations. Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J.S. (2014, August). Unilateral Power during the Obama Presidency: Executive Agreements and the Implementation of American Diplomacy. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC.
Peake, J.S. (2014). The Obama Administration's Use of Executive Agreements: Business As Usual or Presidential Unilateralism? Presented at the 2014 Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J. (2013). The Domestic Politics of International Agreements during the Obama Administration: Presidential Unilateralism and Senatorial Obstruction. Presented at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, Jeffrey S. (2013, April). The Domestic Politics of US Treaty Ratification: Bilateral Treaties from 1949-2012. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association. 
CI: 493. (2016). *Virginia Chase Forrester presents her paper at the 2016 Midwest Political Science Association meetings in Chicago. [Image].
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1842

Digital Wellness Nurse - Applied Biomedical Sensing and Machine Learning in Nursing

The Digital Wellness Nurse (DWN) is an ongoing collaborative project aimed at developing an interactive, digital assistant for healthcare professionals engaging a diverse patient population. The project will feature the development of an artificially intelligent chat interface that collects patient data from multiple sources, including previous health data, wearable sensor data, and patient interviews. The combination of these data can be used to develop a patient wellness profile, which can be monitored overtime to assess progress toward a healthy lifestyle over time. The DWN will be designed to interact with electronic health record systems to access patient health and medication history. Students participating in this project will engage in human subjects research during the design and implementation of a DWN prototype. Research will include usability studies for an interactive patient software application, machine learning applications to develop autonomous patient interviewing and data management, and wearable sensor integration to enable continuous patient monitoring.

Team Leaders
Jordon Gilmore Bioengineering
Nancy K Meehan School of Nursing
Jerome McClendon Campbell Grad Engr Program
Caitlin Moore Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
958

Camera Traps in Animal Ecology

This project is designed to train undergraduate students to design, carryout and report on investigations into animal ecology through the use of remote camera trapping technology.  Specifically, students will utilize camera traps to collect scientific data on the location of animal species, then work with the mentors to analyze the data and report findings.  Students will be expected to be involved with the entire scientific process from building hypotheses to writing and presenting findings at professional meetings.   

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Laura Gigliotti Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Michael Muthersbaugh Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Goodman, K., *Rhodes, K., *Stewart, S., *Stowasser, M., *Chapman, Z., Gigliotti, L., & Jachowski, D. (2019, April). Effects of Vehicles on African Wildlife Activity and Behavior. Poster presented at 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC. 
*Goodman, K., *Rhodes, K., *Stewart, S., *Stowasser, M., *Chapman, Z., *Gigliotti, L., Jachowski, D. (2019, April). Effects of vehicles on African wildlife activity and behavior. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Clemson University. (2015). Eastern Spotted Skunk [Image].
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1860

Cyber Crime & Psych

This Creative Inquiry team will investigate the psychological correlates of vulnerability to cyber crimes (e.g., phishing emails).

Team Leaders
Dawn Sarno Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1858

Ionospheric Radar Data Analysis and Instrument Development

In this CI, students work with data collected by high power- large aperature incoherent scatter radars in the polar region, specifically to address questions associated with high latitude ionosphere and thermospheric physics. We also develop low power ionospheric sounding radars using software defined radios within my lab and associated analysis software. 

Team Leaders
Stephen Kaeppler Physics and Astronomy
College of ScienceG
1383

Controlled Environment Agriculture: Innovation of Distributing Food to Urban Environments and Food Deserts

The project will provide an atmosphere for the design and evaluation of a moderate sized controlled environment container to yield animal protein, vegetables to supplement fresh food in an urban environment.  Urban areas, also called food deserts, have limitations to fresh food and previous research has proven that, if available, people would welcome the choice of fresh food to prepare in their household. People are also reassured that the products being produced are fresh and free from harmful chemicals. Transportation is limited for these people so getting to a grocery store is somewhat restricted, so the idea of bringing a food production unit to the area is widely accepted.  Presently these portable controlled environment units are available and expensive, however economics performed usually show limited to no revenue.  The CI will investigate what is needed for the unit to produce food but on a more economical scale.  This would also benefit school systems by providing fresh food to supplement the cafeteria needs for fresh food and at the same time becomes an effective teaching tool that can be positive reinforcement for understanding science, math and economics topics in an enjoyable and dynamic atmosphere.

Team Leaders
Lance Beecher Cooperative Extension Services
O
1384

Unraveling the Mystery of the Rare Rocky Shoals Spider Lily

Rocky Shoals Spider Lilies are an important part of South Carolina’s natural heritage and probably existed along most Piedmont streams prior to hydropower development of shoals and sedimentation of creeks and streams due to agricultural practices. The watershed for Stevens Creek is forested and mostly undeveloped allowing us a glimpse of what plant, fish, and even mussel populations may have looked like prior to European influence. There is a population of Rocky Shoals Spider Lilies that runs approximately 150 yards along Steven Creek on the Naturaland Trust Property.As a part of this CI, students will research and characterize the Stevens creek run where the Rocky Shoals Spider Lily occurs and at least two additional sites where historic populations existed to determine why the Rocky Shoals Spider Lily has such a robust population along this stretch of stream. Students will collect water quality data using the SC adopt a stream protocol and characterize the sites. They will additionally put out game cameras as one hypothesis is that deer herbivory is impacting Rocky Shoals Spider Lilies. Students will also work to propagate Rocky Shoals Spider Lilies in greenhouses at Clemson so that we will have a population we can attempt to introduce to other suitable stream stretches. By using the SC adopt a stream protocol, students will be adding to a database of stream health for the state and they will be able to compare Stevens Creek to other SC streams to determine what is different about Stevens creek that allows the Rocky Shoals Spider Lily to persist.

Team Leaders
Andrew Grunwald Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Althea Hagan Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Jellema, H., *Schafer, K., Hagan, A. (2019, April). Unraveling the Mystery of the Rare Rocky Shoals Spider Lily. Poster presented at 14th Annual FoCI, Clemson, SC.
*Jellema, H., *Schafer, K., Hagan, A., Stringer, W. (2019, April). Unraveling the Mystery of the Rare Rocky Shoals Spider Lily. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1864

Small Satellite Educational Program

The goal of this CI is to develop outreach modules, including the associated lessons and hands-on activities, and present them to K-12 students and teachers. The program, Small Satellite Educational Program, is cross-disciplinary touching on all aspects of rocketry design: physics, electrical engineering, computer science, and mechanical engineering. Creativity of lessons and activity plans is encouraged.

Team Leaders
Garrett Pataky Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1867

Recognizing Behaviors of Cognitive Impairment

Every 69 seconds, someone in the U.S. is newly diagnosed with Alzheimers. In this project, students will participate in educational sessions that will provide tips and tools for recognizing behaviors associated with  cognitive impairment and how to effectively communicate with individuals in public and in family contexts.

Team Leaders
Kathleen Valentine School of Nursing
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1870

Fish Ecomorphology

Phenotypic plasticity can give rise to intra-specific phenotypic variation, which can lead to unique phenotypes between or within populations. Phenotypic plasticity provides an excellent opportunity for ecologists to study habitat induced phenotypic divergence as well as phenotypic disparity of ecologically different species. Body shape has been shown to be an excellent surrogate for the ecology of fish species and is known to be strongly influenced by water velocity. However, studies of intra-specific body shape divergence among habitat types have focused geographic separated habitats such as lakes and rivers. Only one study has been done looking at body shape differences between lotic and lentic habitats within a stream. By examining the variation in body shape, it may be possible to understand how some individuals are able to take advantage of different flow regimes and habitats. The objective of this study is to test for intra-specific body shape differences between high and low flow micro-habitats within streams. In this study we address three hypotheses: 1) individual fish occupying high water velocity habitats will have significantly different body shape from fishes in low water velocity habitats. 2) individual fish occupying high water velocity habitats will have more fusiform body shapes and deeper caudal peduncles fishes in low water velocity habitats. 3) All fish species will show similar responses to water velocity. 

Team Leaders
Brandon Peoples Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Luke Bower Forestry and Environmental Conservation
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
468

South Carolina Natural History Schools Outreach Project

Clemson students select projects that focus on environmental research in public parks or other venues accessible to K-12 students.  After completing their research goals, participants communicate their results by designing outdoor learning experiences for these students that incorporate their research findings and align with the science curriculum standards for that specific grade level.  Some examples of typical projects include constructing a nature trail in a woodland adjacent to a local elementary school; introducing K-12 students to an activity known as 'geocaching' in which students use GPS units to locate buried 'treasure' that others have left behind; and designing classroom activities based on topographic maps and aerial photographs of environmentally important sites.

Team Leaders
John R Wagner Emeritus College
Accomplishments
*Belt, S., *Chokshi, P., *Bright, A., *Shugh, K., & Wagner, J. (2019, April). Biodiversity in a Pendleton Woodland. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Belt, S., Chokshi, P., Bright, A., Shugh, K., Wagner, J. (2019, April). Biodiversity in a Pendleton Woodland. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Archer, J., Wagner, J. (2017, April). Interactive Tour of the Pendleton School Nature Trail. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Archer, J., *Bobo, A., *Braun, S., *Canterbury, S., *Huston, C., *Knowlin, L., *Sherley, K., *Smithdeal, C., *Stefano, G., *Tidd, K., *Winns, J., & Wagner, J. (2016, April). The Pendleton Elementary School Nature Trail. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Poster Forum at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Undergraduate student *Jacob Archer was awarded the third place prize in the 'Digital Poster Category' at the 12th Annual "Focus on Creative Inquiry" symposium in April 2017.
Pendleton Elementary Nature Trail. (2016). Nature Trails Videos. [Video].
O
1818

Determining a Rotational Grazing System for Horses

Pasture is a common and efficient way to improve horses’ voluntary exercise and nutrient intake and to decrease behavioral and health problems (Bott et al., 2013). However, if pastures are not managed appropriately, horse health and pasture composition can both be at risk. Rotational grazing has been known to provide numerous animal and forage production, environmental and financial benefits (Henning et al., 200; Undersander et al., 2002). While limited, research on horse grazing systems has demonstrated the benefits of rotational grazing, but has not determined a specific rotational grazing protocol, particularly in the Southeast of the United States (Webb et al., 2009; Webb et al., 2011; Burk et al., 2011). Therefore, the objective of this research proposal is to determine the effects of two different time periods of rotational grazing has on horse health, grazing behavior and pasture condition in the Piedmont area of South Carolina. The two-year study will graze horses rotationally in a 2x2 Latin Square with pasture size and time as variables. The effect of grazing system on horse health will be measured weekly via body weight and body condition score. Forage preference and grazing behavior will be measured using GPS tracking devices. Pasture health will be measured via vegetative cover, composition and yield, or herbage mass. It is hypothesized that a shorter grazing period will show increased horse health, grazing behavior and pasture condition; longer grazing periods are expected to mirror continual grazing and yield minimal benefits to horse and pasture.

Team Leaders
Brittany Perron Horse Farm
Kristine Vernon Animal and Veterinary Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1854

ColorNet: Watson in the Watt

ColorNet uses Machine Learning (ML) which focuses on learning patterns from data. In this case, the “pattern” is the relationship between the color incorrect and color correct images and the “data” is a large set of manually produced, paired examples of the incorrect and correct images. By exposing an appropriate ML model to a sufficient number of such paired examples, the model learns to predict the correct from the incorrect.

Team Leaders
Erica Walker Department of Graphic Communications
Dane Smith Watt Family Innovation Center
Carl Ehrett Watt Family Innovation Center
College of BusinessD
522

Experiencing Woody Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

The project aims to utilize genomics tools and advanced biotechnological approaches to improve plant health and enhance nutritional/medicinal values and production. The focus is on woody plants. Students are exposed to molecular techniques, bioinformatics, tissue culture, data recording and analysis, and greenhouse management. The project will cultivate students’ interests in plants and understanding of plants’ important roles plants in the food supply, the environment, and human well-being.

Team Leaders
Haiying Liang Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Carlson, A., Zhang, X., Tian, Z., Staton, M., Schlarbaum, S.E., Romero-Severson, J., Carlson, J., & Liang, H. (2013). Liriodendron EST-SSR marker development and genetic constitution of two Liriodendron seed orchards. Presented at the South Forest Tree Improvement Conference, Clemson, SC.
Xu, C., *Stott, G., *Barclay, M., Liang, H. (2014). Unraveling the basal angiosperm cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) genes that are involved in lignin biosynthesis. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Chen, C.C., Xu, Y., Xu, T., Staton, M., *Stott, G., Bukles, O., Schlarbaum, S.E., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2014). Poster presented in 2014 Biology Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.
*Carlson, A., Zhang, X., Tian, Z., Staton, M., Schlarbaum, S.E., Romero-Severson, J., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2013, June 23). Liriodendron EST-SSR marker development and genetic constitution of two Liriodendron seed orchards. Presented at the Plant Biology Annual Meeting, Providence, RI.
CI: 722. (2015). Lab group photo and congrats to the two CI students who graduated in 2015!!! [Image]. 
CI: 522. (2014). CI students collected tissues for transcriptome sequencing
CI: 522. (2013). CI received 3rd place poster award at SFTIC.
CI: 522. (2014). CI student presented in Plant Biology 2014 meeting in Portland, OR.
CI: 522. (2014). CI student conducted Arabidopsis transformation
CI: 522. (2013). CI student conducted pollination in the field
CI: 522. (2013). CI student presented in the Plant Biology 2013 meeting in Providence, RI
CI: 522. (2013). CI student received 3rd place poster award in Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference
Zhang, X., *Carlson, A., Tian, Z., Staton, M., Schlarbaum, S., Carlson, J. and Liang, H. (2015). Genetic characterization of Liriodendron seed orchards with EST-SSR markers. Journal of Plant Science and Molecular Breeding, 4(1).
Chen, C., Xu, Y., Xu, T., Staton, M., *Stott, G., Bukles, O., Schlarbaum, S., Carlson, J. and Liang, H. (2015). Diversity level of genomic microsatellites in redbay (Perseaborbonia L.) generated by Illumina sequencing. Journal of Plant Science and Molecular Breeding, 4(1).
CI student Alanna Carlson* received a 3rd place poster award in 2013 Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference
College of ScienceG
1868

Creative Medical Device Solutions for COVID Needs (CMeDS)

The emergence of COVID-19 has created unpresident demand of medical device solutions that can rapidly address clinical and patient needs during this pandemic and beyond. In bioengineering, the opportunity to collaborate with clinicians in the design of biomedical devices is challenging, and with COVID, these opportunities are both more in demand and more challenging than ever. But they are critically needed. Clinicians continue to be an essential contributor to the design process, in that they are both the users of biomedical devices, and often the first point of contact for problems that occur in their use. Typically, students explore design related issues, and recruit clinicians to support their work. In this new CI, clinical collaborators that have critical COVID-related needs will work with students to create the next generation of biomedical devices during this pandemic and beyond. This CI will be open to all undergraduates, and projects will be multi-semester, to support the development of long-term innovations to address COVID challenges.

Team Leaders
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
526

Soil Judging Project - Hands-On Experience in Soil Science

Soil characteristics are key to land productivity and the objective of this project is to learn hands-on techniques to be able to interpret soils based on physical soil properties.  Soil morphology and classification skills are critical to help understand the best and most productive uses of different land areas. These skills and knowledge are applied through a group project focused on real-life soils-based issues in the U.S and Internationally.    

Team Leaders
Elena Mikhailova Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Boykin, T., *Bryson, J., *Crow, G., *Fincher, G., *Mcmillan, K., *Nicholson, L., *Ruple, A., *Snively, T., Mikhailova, E. (2019, April). Soil Judging Project. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Mikhailova, E.A., Baldwin, R., Barringer, L., *Brady, J., Hinson, W., *Infinger, D., *Morales, C., Porter, B., *Sherbert, C., *Sigmon, T., and *W. Sumwalt. (April, 2017). Soil Judging project. Presented at 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI) Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Mikhailova, E., Barringer, L., Crow, G., Diehl, A., Kammerer, R., Larson, J., Lattimore, C., Morales, C., Skeppstrom, G., & Taylerson, A. (2018, April). Soil Judging project. Presented at 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI) Forum, Clemson, SC.
Mikhailova, E.A., *Baldwin, R., *Barringer, L., *Brady, J., *Hinson, W., *Infinger, D., *Morales, C., *Porter, B., *Sherbert, C., *Sigmon, T. & *Sumwalt, W. (2017, April). Soil Judging project. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Green, A., *Kneece, R., *Murphy, H., *Padgett, A. *Rogers, T., *Tisdale, E. (2017, April). Soil Inventory of Private Lands in South Carolina. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Baldwin, R., *Barringer, L., *Brady, J., *Hinson, W., *Infinger, D., *Morales, C., *Porter, B., *Sherbert, C., *Sigmon, T., *Sumwalt, W., Mikhailova, E. (2017, April). Soil Judging Project. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Dukart, Y.L., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J. (2016, April). Adaptation of Soil Judging to Brazil. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1848

Renewable Spools

3D printing is one the fastest growing and most innovative of the manufacturing industries. However, a large portion of material used to 3D print invariably gets used as support material, failed prints, and other wastes. This unused plastic often gets discarded, with an average of 10%-20% of the total material used thrown away. The renewable spools CI will be heading industry grade recycling of filament to provide to campus resources and eventually the community with recycled spools of filament to reduce waste.

Team Leaders
William Martin General Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
489

Exploring Peptoid Proteins: Making and Structurally Characterizing Peptidomimetic Structures

Natural peptides and proteins are critically important in biology and medicine as well as increasingly in biotechnology and the chemical industry. Chemical structures mimicking the properties of natural peptides and proteins have been developed over the past three decades, with enormous potential for transformative impact in many fields. One handicap of these peptide-mimetic systems, however, is the lack of a broad scope of knowledge comparable to that available for natural proteins and peptides. Databases such as the Protein Data Bank contain structures for ~150,000 natural proteins, collected over the past ~50 years. These rich data sources enable whole fields of research, such as bioinformatics and protein engineering, that rely on having abundant data. Design of peptide mimics and hybrid peptide-peptidomimetic systems, therefore, relies on rational planning and design. This project involves both a structural component--synthesizing peptoids and other peptide mimics to study their structures and test predictions for novel secondary structures; as well as biomedical component--e.g., using the proven strategy of replacing proline residues in peptides with peptoid residues, as well as incorporating other peptidomimetic residues such as PEGylated amino acids into peptides of medical interest. 

Team Leaders
Modi Wetzler Chemistry
Accomplishments
*Sibley, M., Ruohoniemi, I., *North, A., *Wasilewski, M., McMillen, C., & Wetzler, M. (2019). Statistical Prevalence versus Energetic Contributions of F···F, F···H, and F···C Intermolecular Interactions in 4-Trifluorotoluenesulfonamide Crystals. Crystal Growth & Design, 19(11), 6296-6307. doi: 10.1021/acs.cgd.9b00792
Dong, D., Ehrlich, D., Johnson, J., and Wetzler, M. (in press). "Faster and Greener: One Minute Reactions for Synthesis of Peptoid Oligomers and Polymers". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 
*Cannon, J., *Haberman, V. (2017, April). Extending Half-lives of Peptide Hormones by PEGylation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Haberman, V., Hamilton, P., and Wetzler, M. (2016, October 23-26). "Facile synthesis of PEGylated vasopressin, lypressin, and oxytocin analogs". Presented at the Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
College of ScienceG
479

Comparative Vertebrate Musculoskeletal Biomechanics

Research in my lab examines the patterns and processes of functional evolution in vertebrates. To understand the factors that have contributed to evolutionary transitions in function, we test the functional consequences of variation in biological design, primarily through experimental studies of vertebrate musculoskeletal biomechanics. We have extended these studies to include selection experiments on functional performance, allowing us to evaluate the impact of functional tradeoffs on structural diversification. Our three primary study systems have been examinations of (1) the load bearing capacity of vertebrate limb bones (and fish fins) during terrestrial and aquatic locomotion; (2) the functional performance of waterfall climbing gobiid fishes in a variety of behaviors, including climbing, predator escape, and feeding; and (3) the effects of differences in body structure on the swimming performance of turtles and tadpoles. These systems have allowed a diverse range of comparative studies that have provided insight into broader issues in the diversity and evolution of vertebrate functional design. Studies of these systems are complemented by investigations of other systems as new questions and opportunities emerge.

Team Leaders
Amanda Palecek Biological Sciences
Richard Blob Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*McKamy, A. & Schneider, N. (2018, November 10) Do predators take advantage of prey blind spots? Oral presentation at the Southeastern Regional Meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Clemson, SC.
*Forker G. (2018 November 10) Do predators take advantage of prey blind spots? Oral presentation at the Southeastern Regional Meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Clemson, SC.
*Forker, G., Blob, R.W. & Diamond, K.M. (2019 April 2) Bendy to the bone: a comparison of vertebral morphology and locomotor modes. Presented at the 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry poster forum, Clemson, SC.
Munteanu V. D., Diamond K. M., *Schneider N. G., *Riley A. B., *McKamy A. J. & Blob R. W. (January 2019). Effects of ecological transitions on locomotor morphology: do changes in bone loads have implications for limb elongation in arboreal tetrapods? Annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Tampa, FL.
*Forker, G., Blob, R., Diamond, K. (2019, April). Bendy to the bone: a comparison of vertebral morphology and locomotor modes. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Petty, C., Mayerl, C., & Blob, R. (2018, April). The relationship between morphology, behavior, and performance in swimming turtles. Poster presented at 13th Annual FoCI, Clemson, SC.
*Stevens, L., Mayerl, C., Rivera, G., Vance, J. & Blob, R. (2017, April). Testing the effects of keels on stability and maneuverability in aquatic turtles. Poster presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Rubin, A. M.*, Diamond, K. M., Schoenfuss, H. L.,  Blob, R. W. (2017, January 4-8) Assessing the impacts of environmental contaminants on escape behavior in the migratory stream goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, New Orleans, LA
Mayerl, C.J., *Pruett, J.E., Rivera, A.R.V. & Blob, R.W. (2016, June 29-July 3). Hind limb muscle function in turtles: is novel skeletal design correlated with novel muscle function? Presented at the 11th International Congress of Vertebrate Morphology meeting, Bethesda, MA.
*Rubin, A. M., Diamond, K. M., Schoenfuss, H. L. & Blob, R. W. (2016, February 20). Field observation of intraspecific and predatory attack behaviors of the Hawaiian sleeper fish, Eleotris sandwicensis. Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Pruett, J.E., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, A.R.V. & Blob, R.W. (2016, February 20). Motor patterns of the hind limb muscles of pleurodire turtles. Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Pruett, J., Mayerl, C., Rivera, A. & Blob, R. (2016, April). Motor patterns of the hind limb muscles of pleurodire turtles: correlations between changes in muscle attachments and activity. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Vest, K., Young, V., Espinoza, N., Blob, R. (2016, April 6). Swimming in terrestrial turtles: does limb function correlate with ecology or phylogeny? Poster presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Rubin, A. M., Diamond, K. M., Schoenfuss, H. L., & Blob, R. W. (2016). Field observation of intraspecific and predatory attack behaviors of the Hawaiian sleeper fish, Eleotris sandwicensis. Poster presented at the Annual meeting for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Portland, OR.
Bertram, R.S., Schoenfuss, H.L., Lagarde, R., Ponton, D., Diamond, K.M.,  *Offerle, T. & Blob, R.W.  (2016). Waterfall-climbing performance of gobiid fishes from La Reunion: how conservative are novel functional behaviors? Presented at the Annual SICB meeting, Portland, OR.
*Pruett, J., Mayerl, C., Rivera, A., & Blob, R. (2016). Motor patterns of the hind limb muscles of pleurodire turtles: correlations between changes in muscle attachments and activity. Poster Presented at the Annual meeting for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Portland, OR.
*Hicks, K., *Pruett, J., *Youngblood, J., Mayerl, C. & Blob, R. (2015, April). Effects of flow on the swimming stability of turtles. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Cullen, J., Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H. & Blob, R. (2013). Novelty versus exaptation Oral kinematics in feeding versus climbing in the Hawaiian stream goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Presented at the 2013 National SICB meeting, San Francisco, CA.
*Cullen, J., Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H. & Blob, R. (2012). Novelty versus exaptation Oral kinematics in feeding versus climbing in the Hawaiian stream goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Presented at the 2012 Southeast Regional SICB meeting, Charleston, SC.
*Sutton, J., Blob, R., Young, V. (2014, April). In vivo femoral strains in swimming turtles: Influence of locomotor medium on limb bone loading. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Stevens, L., Blob, R., & Mayerl, C. (2018). Ontogeny, morphology and performance: changes in swimming stability and turning performance in the freshwater pleurodire turtle, Emydura subglobosa. Biological Journal Of The Linnean Society. doi: 10.1093/biolinnean/bly140
Mayerl, C., *Sansone, A., *Stevens, L., Hall, G., Porter, M., Rivera, G., & Blob, R. (2018). The impact of keels and tails on turtle swimming performance and their potential as models for biomimetic design. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, 14(1), 016002. doi: 10.1088/1748-3190/aae906
Mayerl, C., *Sansone, A., *Stevens, L., *Hall, G., Porter, M., Rivera, G., & Blob, R. (2018). The impact of keels and tails on turtle swimming performance and their potential as models for biomimetic design. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, 14(1). doi: 10.1088/1748-3190/aae906
*Stevens, L., Blob, R., & Mayerl, C. (2018). Ontogeny, morphology and performance: changes in swimming stability and turning performance in the freshwater pleurodire turtle, Emydura subglobosa. Biological Journal Of The Linnean Society, 125(4), 718-729. doi: 10.1093/biolinnean/bly140
*Rubin, A., Blob, R., & Mayerl, C. (2018). Biomechanical factors influencing successful self-righting in the pleurodire turtleEmydura subglobosa. The Journal Of Experimental Biology, 221(14). doi: 10.1242/jeb.182642
Petty, C. (2017). The relationship between morphology, behavior, and swimming performance in swimming turtles.
Young, V., Wienands, C., *Wilburn, B., & Blob, R. (2017). Humeral loads during swimming and walking in turtles: implications for morphological change during aquatic reinvasions. The Journal Of Experimental Biology, 220(21), 3873-3877. doi: 10.1242/jeb.156836
Mayerl, C., *Pruett, J., Summerlin, M., Rivera, A., & Blob, R. (2017). Hindlimb muscle function in turtles: is novel skeletal design correlated with novel muscle function?. The Journal Of Experimental Biology, 220(14), 2554-2562. doi: 10.1242/jeb.157792
Young, V., *Vest, K., Rivera, A., Espinoza, N., & Blob, R. (2017). One foot out the door: limb function during swimming in terrestrial versus aquatic turtles. Biology Letters, 13(1), 20160732. doi: 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0732
Maie, T., Furtek, S., Schoenfuss, H., & Blob, R. (2013). Feeding performance of the Hawaiian sleeper,Eleotris sandwicensis(Gobioidei: Eleotridae): correlations between predatory functional modulation and selection pressures on prey. Biological Journal Of The Linnean Society, 111(2), 359-374. doi: 10.1111/bij.12214
*Cullen, J., Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H., & Blob, R. (2013). Evolutionary Novelty versus Exaptation: Oral Kinematics in Feeding versus Climbing in the Waterfall-Climbing Hawaiian Goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Plos ONE, 8(1), e53274. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053274
Kawano, S., Bridges, W., Schoenfuss, H., Maie, T., & Blob, R. (2012). Differences in locomotor behavior correspond to different patterns of morphological selection in two species of waterfall-climbing gobiid fishes. Evolutionary Ecology, 27(5), 949-969. doi: 10.1007/s10682-012-9621-z
CI student *Alex Rubin (graudated 2017) has been admitted to the graduate program at Auburn University.
Former CI student *Jenna Pruett (graduated 2016) received a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship to pursue graduate studies at Auburn University.
Student Poster award - *Stevens, L.M., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, G., Vance, J.T., Blob, R. (2017, April). Testing the effects of keels on stability and maneuverability in aquatic turtles. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Morgan Summerlin, Third Place, Science as Art competition, Clemson.
*Jake Youngblood, admitted to graduate program in biology at Arizona State University
*Jenna Pruett - admitted to graduate program in Biology at Auburn University
*Jenna Pruett – Honorable Mention, National Science Foundation GRFP
*Jenna Pruett – 1st place Best poster presentation at FOCI
*Jenna Pruett – 2nd place Best poster presentation at Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium
College of ScienceG
1863

Creating A Smart Phone APP for the Clemson Extension Health Program's WalkSC Step Initiative

WalkSC is a 12-week program that encourages participants to walk the equivalent of the length of South Carolina without actually making the trip. Based on a step challenge, and developed by Clemson Extension, participants who sign up gain access to a private Facebook group and receive a two-to three-minute video each week about a diet or exercise topic and flier with nutrition, exercise and health tips. There have been four WalkSC cohorts and initial data is very encouraging that the program is having a positive impact on participants’ movement habits and health outcomes.This creative inquiry project willexamine the current data sets and future data sets with the goal of developinga smart phone application to facilitate and improve the WalkSC experience.CI students will conduct literaturereviews regarding the benefits of Step programs for health; Gamification ofhealth habits and Use of Smart Phone Technologies to improve human behaviorsand habits.The cross-disciplinary team willdevelop an APP to use on smart phones that leads participants through theWalkSC experience. This APP will be piloted with upcoming WalkSC groups anddata from these pilot groups will be compared with past WalkSC groups andfuture control WalkSC groups that do not utilize the new APP. Data will becollected and analyzed to determine the effectiveness of the APP to increaseadherence to the WalkSC program. Participant digital surveys will be conductedto gain insight into creating a final version of the WalkSC APP.The final goal will be to publishand consider the future use of the WalkSC APP for promotion, income generationfor the WalkSC program and development of future iterations of WalkSC typeinitiatives for Clemson Extension Health Program.

Team Leaders
Michelle Parisi Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
W Kirby Player Cooperative Extension Services
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
918

Future Engineers and Scientists

The Future Engineers CI is a service/outreach program that takes STEAM activities to Clemson and Six Mile Elementary schools one afternoon per week (one on Wednesday and one on Thursday) for 6 weeks. Approximately 20 4th and 5th graders from each school are selected to participate each semester and the students are different each semester.  

Team Leaders
Melissa Smith Electrical and Computer Engineering
Accomplishments
Nominated for the SC Governor's Award for STEM outreach. This is an award given by the SC Academy of Sciences.http://www.scacademysci.org/govaward
CI: 918. (2015). Camp Thunderbird Rockets. [Image]. 
Presentation to the American Camp Association that discussed and provided hands on demonstration of the importance and use of STEM activities.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1852

Rising to the COVID-19 Challenge with Buoyant And Magnetic (BAM) Assays Sensitive, Rapid, On-Site Testing in Saliva

This is a continuation of the COVID-19 Challenge which we started in June. Our team received first prize in the pitch competition (out of 86 teams). Rapid, accurate, and highly accessible COVID-19 diagnostics are critical for managing the pandemic and even in helping eliminate it. Since many people may have high viral loads before/without symptoms, inexpensive, rapid, on-site testing for the virus is key. We hope to develop the first test that meet the WHO's criteria for testing in resource-constrained settings: Affordable, Sensitive, Specific, User-friendly, Rapid and robust, Equipment-free and Deliverable to end-users (ASSURED). Resource constrained settings include developing world locations as well as businesses, schools/universities, and homes in the US. Our approach combines two separation technologies: antibody-functionalized buoyant microbeads capture SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid proteins in saliva and rise to the surface separating and concentrating the protein; next antibody-labelled magnetic microbeads attach to the nucleocaptured proteins on the buoyant microbeads forming a buoyant and magnetic (BAM) sandwich complex. The concentration of nucleocapsid proteins in saliva can be quantified by counting the number of BAM complexes, which can be completely separated from non-magnetic buoyant microballoons using a magnet and from non-buoyant magnetic microbeads by removing the magnet and observing floating behavior. The team will work on simulating reaction kinetics, measuring buoyancy and magnetic separation in simple simulated saliva systems (often at home during the pandemic), optimizing reaction and video capture conditions, and writing up results for publication as well as pitch competitions.Finally, while we are focusing on COVID-19 detection, the underlying technology could be used as a platform for multiple other diseases.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Anker Chemistry
College of ScienceG
498

Democracy Building in Post-Conflict Societies: The Cases of Serbia, Kosovo, BiH, Montenegro and Croatia

Students are engaged in research of the history and causes of the conflicts in former Yugoslavia working in 5 teams, one for each country to be visited during study abroad. They present their findings and draft research papers which are then finished during Summer Study Abroad using primary sources. 

Team Leaders
Vladimir Matic Political Science
Accomplishments
Jessica Collins applied for the Fulbright Scholarship in Serbia and got it in summer 2015. Since mid September she is teaching at the Faculty of Philosophy in Nis. She is also Clemson on-site Mentor for a group of our students who are in Serbia - Clemson Spring Semester in Belgrade program
*Holba, K., & Matic, V. (2014). Humanitarian aid for ethnic reconciliation. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1887

Blockchains, Security and Privacy

Blockchains can be viewed as digital models of fiat money and business contracts in decentralized networks where distributed ledgers provide data integrity and smart contracts allow automatic execution of business logic.  The goals of project include: Learning the basic concepts and cryptographical tools used in blockchains and crypto-currencies, (b) Learning programming experience on smart contracts (in Ethereum), (c) Work as teams on projects in various business applications. Ideally each team consists of students from Math, CS, ECE and business school, a mixture of graduate and undergraduate students.

Team Leaders
Shuhong Gao School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences
Richard Brooks Electrical and Computer Engineering
College of ScienceG
1850

Virtual Reality and Global Learning

Students will help to advance the frontiers of global learning by building 3D virtual environments of international locations where users will gain cultural knowledge and collaborate with international peers. Students will become proficient in applications such as Spoke, Sketchup, Rhino, Blender and Mozilla Hubs. In addition, they will acquire a general understanding of current research on virtual reality in higher education, particularly as it pertains to global learning and intercultural communication.

Team Leaders
Nate Newsome Watt Family Innovation Center
O
510

Aquaponics: Maximizing use of a Biological System for Unique Production of an Aquatic and Plant Based Crop

This project stimulates undergraduate students' understanding of aquatic (fish, shrimp) production in recirculating systems and works to expand the unit for establishment of a dual or polyculture unit. The project will investigate methods for aquaponics and refine specific deficiencies of the system which include passive heating techniques to reduce costs, system design (airlift technology) considerations for efficiency and power dependency, automation for system productivity and bacterial control for food safety considerations.

Team Leaders
Lance Beecher Cooperative Extension Services
Accomplishments
Vegetable products from project 
Aquaponics trailer designed and created
New system created and designed
*Elmore, E., *Fisher, S., *Lasala, M. & *Wolfe, C. (2018, April)  Aquaponics: Safe Way of Growing Food for the Future. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
O
578

Green Building Materials: Magnesium Oxide Based Cements as a Sustainable Alternative

This CI is focused on fundamental research associated with sustainable building products.  Specifically, we are investigating the chemistry and material properties of magnesium oxide cement composites.  Companies we have interacted with include Jet Products, LP Corp., MiTek Ind., and Shaw corp. The goal of this work is to develop new technology and materials for residential and commercial construction that benefits human health and the environment.

Team Leaders
Christopher Kitchens Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Accomplishments
Góchez, R., *Vreeland, T., Wambaugh, J., & Kitchens, C. (2017). Conversion of magnesium oxychloride to chlorartinite and resulting increased water resistance. Materials Letters, 207(15), 1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2017.06.124
Gochez, R., Wambaugh, J., Rochner, B., & Kitchens, C. (2017). Kinetic study of the magnesium oxychloride cement cure reaction. Journal Of Materials Science, 52(13), 7637-7646. doi: 10.1007/s10853-017-10130x
*Vreeland, T. (2015). Reinforcement of Magnesium Oxychloride Cement through addition of organic and inorganic fibers. Clemson, SC.
*Haney, R., *Hughes, E., *Layman, O., *Foote, J. and Kitchens, C. (2015). Life Cycle Assessment of Magnesium Oxide-based Cement Board as a Green Alternative for Building Products.
*Mou, H., Gochez, R., *Nasol, D., *MacPherson, G., Wambaugh, J., & Kitchens, C. (2017). Reinforcement of Magnesium Oxychloride Cements Composites using Short Carbon and Aramid Fibers. Presented at 2017 AiChE Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN. 
*Mou, H., *Nasol, D., *Rogers, N., *Vreeland, T., Gochez, R., & Kitchens, C. (2016, April). Reinforced Magnesium Oxide Based Cements as a Sustainable Building Alternative. Presented at 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson SC.
*Robison, J., *Brown, A. (2015, March).MgO Concrete CI Project. Presented to the CEO of Jet Products.
*Gragg, J., *Nasol, D. (2015, March). Magnesium Oxide Cement Research. Presented to the CEO of Jet Products.
*Haney, B., *Layman, O., *Hughes, E., *Foote, J. (2015, March). Life Cycle Assessment of the Magnesium Oxide Board . Presented to the CEO of Jet Products.
*Flanagan, M., *Orear, C., *Johnson, K., & Kitchens, C. (2014). The Cooler Koozie, optimizing thermal insulation for beverage consumption. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Roque Gochez was granted an industrial internship this past summer with JetProducts LLC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1953

The Coffee Can Radar

In this project, students will plan, build and test a "Coffee Can Radar" using coffee cans as transmit and receive antennas, basic RF components and a laptop for digital radar data analysis. The students will learn basic radar principles and operation, to include the radar range equation, basic radar waveforms, and basic signal processing techniques. The students will create a project plan, to include a schedule, a bill of materials, and a test plan. They will build a working radar using an open-source design and test both analog and digital operation. Once the radar is operating correctly, the students will execute their test plan, measuring detected object range, velocity and a synthetic aperture radar imaging mode. The students will document their experience in a presentation to peers and faculty.

Team Leaders
Joseph Chapa General Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1898

Population genetic structure of glyphosate resistant and sensitive North Carolina Amaranthus palmeri and the association of genetic variations to resistance phenotype.

Amaranthus palmeri is one of the most pervasive and destructive weeds known to impact US agriculture. An Infestation of this weed can decrease field crop yield by 50% or more. While the plant’s prolific reproductive capacity, growth, and ability to outcompete neighboring plants under a wide range of environmental conditions gives it an ecological edge, the plant’s rapid evolution of resistance to multiple herbicides, including glyphosate (Round-up®), has further undermined strategies for mitigating spread and economic impacts. Glyphosate resistance in A. palmeri is achieved by amplification of a 399-kb extrachromosomal circular DNA called the EPSPS replicon. The replicon contains the gene encoding 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS), the enzyme targeted by glyphosate. When amplified, the replicon produces increased EPSPS transcription and protein activity. This project aims to investigate the origin and spread of glyphosate resistance in North Carolina A. palmeri and to identify genetic variations that may underly fitness, adaptation, and phenotypic variation related to glyphosate resistance. Analyses include variant calling including single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), insertion and deletions (indels) and copy number variation (CNV), genetic relatedness and population structure analyses (e.g. Phylogenetic tree analysis and principal component analysis), and genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to assess the association of genetic variations with glyphosate sensitive (GS) and resistant (GR) phenotypes. It is anticipated that findings from this project will contribute to our understanding of the evolution and mechanism of glyphosate resistance in Amaranthus and will improve the theory and practice of weed resistance management.

Team Leaders
Amy Lawton-Rauh Provost & VP for Ac Aff
O
1755

Deconvolving the Southern South American Dust Production Pathways

Glacial action in South America over the past ~1 million years created a tremendous amount of dust (airborne rock power). This South American dust influenced Earth's global climate over this time period, but our understanding of HOW Earth's atmosphere and hydrosphere were effected is hampered by a limited understanding of when and where deposits of glacial dust came from. In this project, students will use detrital mineral geochronologic methods to determine the bedrock sources of large dust deposits throughout South America.

Team Leaders
Mary Fidler Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Alexander Pullen Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1764

New Ideas of Making Driverless Vehicles Better

Driverless vehicles use advanced in-vehicle and transportation infrastructure sensors and electronic controllers, wired and wireless communication (vehicle-to-everything (V2X)), human-machine interfaces, data management infrastructure and advanced analytics tools to enable the safe and secure longitudinal and lateral movements of driverless vehicles. A substantially improved surface transportation system, in terms of both safety and efficiency, is the result. This course will provide students with a comprehensive overview of concepts and hands-on experience related to new ideas to make driverless vehicles and their surrounding environments much safer, more secure and more efficient than what is envisioned today.

Team Leaders
Mashrur Chowdhury Civil Engineering
MD Mizanur Rahman Civil Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1756

Stress, Health, & Well-Being

This CI team focuses on three common health behaviors: sleep, physical activity, and nutrition. Research projects can include objective and subjective measures such as performance, activity, exercise, sleep logs, affective/emotion, satisfaction with life, circadian rhythms, self-control, and other daily functioning tasks/scales. The broad goal of this research is to develop and document intervention strategies to improve performance, health, and well-being in college students and in workers.

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1886

Plant Phenotypic Plasticity

 The amount of pollen brought to flowers by pollinators often determines the reproductive output of plants. However, many plants have systems of self-incompatibility, whereby not all pollen grains will effectively fertilize the plant. We are examining pollen-pistil dynamics in a plant with a genetic self-incompatibility mechanism in populations from the Southern Colorado Rocky Mountains. CI students will assess how factors like population genetic structure, land use, and pollinator visitation influence pollen deposition, and pollen tube growth scored via fluorescence microscopy. 

Team Leaders
Matthew H Koski Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1885

ACTIVA TU SPEAKING - Global Intercultural Challenge

SPANISH. SCIENCE. DEBATE. This program aims to nurture the scientific creativity and practice your communication skills in Spanish of students in an intercultural virtual environment.Students from Clemson are team up with students from the Universidad de Guadalajara school system and work on solving a global engineering challenge as a team. Virtual meetings are scheduled to debate every team’s approach and progress to the challenge. By the end of the semester a video is created by each team, showcasing their solution.

Team Leaders
Jorge Rodriguez Dean of Engineering & Science
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
575

Veteran's History Project Collection and Digitization

The Veterans History Project of the American Folklife Center collects, preserves, and makes accessible the personal accounts of American war veterans, as well as U.S. Citizens who were actively involved in supporting war efforts (war industry workers, USO medical personnel, flight instructors, etc.) so that future generations may hear directly from veterans and better understand the realities of war. In order to assist the Library of Congress with this arduous task, Clemson University students will conduct interviews and collect other materials accepted by the project then facilitate their digitization for Clemson University records before sending the original materials to the Library of Congress.  

Team Leaders
Vernon Burton History and Geography
Megan Gaston History and Geography
Lance Young CBBSUAC
Joshua Catalano History and Geography
Accomplishments
Todd, J. (2017). Meet a Tiger: Vernon Burton. 
We got publicity on the Clemson Downs Facebook page and on the monthly newsletters for each Clemson Downs, Clemson Veteran Association, and Lone Star Veteran Association. All good for the students and the university
*Mall, A., *Devera, D., *Gerstmyer, H., *Richter, W., *Richter, J., *Hines, W., *Bruns, Z., *Mack, D., & Young, L. (2014). Clemson veterans project. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Mack, D. (2014, April, 11). Clemson Veteran's Project. Presentation to Mr. Bob Patrick, The Director, Veteran's History Project, American Folklife Center,Library of Congress, Washington D.C.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
787

Community Supported Art

A Creative Inquiry Project by Ceramics Students in the Department of Art at Clemson UniversityClemson Community Supported Art is an initiative started by Clemson students and faculty to connect the community with local, emerging artists. Based on the Community Supported Agriculture model, our goal is to build relationships between local artists and art collectors, while creating a unique shopping experience. Our annual production of the CSArt share brings students from multiple majors together to research professional careers, entrepreneurship, and small business practices in Art. 

Team Leaders
Valerie Zimany Art
Daniel Bare Art
Accomplishments
Abrams, D., Bare, D., *Baughan, M., *Francis, K., *Wood, S. and Zimany, V. (March 2019). Seven Seasons of Student Artists in Community Supported Art (CSArt) at Clemson University. National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts (NCECA) conference, Resource Hall Table Presentation, Minneapolis, MN.
Bunda, C., Kim, D., & Zimany, V. (2017, March). Seven Semesters of Community Supported Art at Clemson. National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts (NCECA) conference, Resource Hall Table Presentation, Portland, OR.
*Bunda, C., *Clevenger, J., *Davis, E., *Hunt, H., *Miller, W., *Murphy, J., *Rinker, R., *Rupprecht, A., *Stanley, S., *Wesly, E. (2016, April). Community Supported Art Pop-up Exhibition. Exhibition design, publicity, and installation, Acorn Gallery, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Davis, E., *Hunt, H., *Murphy, J., *Rupprecht, A., *Wesly, E., *Wilund, B. (2015, November). Community Supported Art Pop-up Exhibition. Exhibition design, publicity, and installation, Acorn Gallery, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hunt, H., *Rupprecht, A. (2015, August). Three Semesters of Community Supported Art. Exhibition design, publicity, and installation, Emory A Gunnin Library, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Abrams, D, Elsey, L, Iwamura, E. (2015, October). Community Supported Art in the Academic Setting. Lecture presented at the biennial meeting of the International Society for Ceramic Art Education and Exchange, Beijing, China.
*Hunt, H., *Rupprecht, A., Zimany, V. (2015, November). Three Semesters of Clemson Community Supported Art. Non-refereed public exhibition developed and presented in the Gunnin Architecture Library, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Abrams, D., Iwamura, E. (2015, October). Clemson Community Supported Art.  Peer-refereed presentation at the biannual meeting of the International Society of Ceramic Art Education and Exchange, Jingdezhen, PRC.
*Beaird, R., *Hunt, H., *Shafer, H., *Wilund, B. Zimany, V. (2015, March). Community Supported Art (CSArt) Launches Student Artists at Clemson University. Presented at the National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts (NCECA) conference, Resource Hall Table Presentation, Providence, RI.
*Beaird, R., *Davis, E., *Hunt, H., *Murphy, J., *Pechthalt, S., *Pizzuti, M., *Rupprecht, A. *Shafer, H., *Wesly, E., *Wilund, B. & Zimany, V. (2015, April). Community Supported Art (CSArt) Launches Student Artists at Clemson University. Poster presentation at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
CI: 787. (2017). 2016-2017 CSArt Team with Professor Zimany
CI: 787. (2017). Spring 2018 Clemson Community Supported Art (CSArt) call for entry!
CI: 787. (2017). Tweet from President Clements after featuring the Clemson Community Supported Art CI team at the April 2017 Board of Trustees meeting.
CI: 787. (2016). Clemson CSArt CI Team Students & Professor Zimany featured by Presidents Clements at the April 2017 Board of Trustees Meeting.
CI: 787. (2015). One of 25 Fall 2015 CSArt Share crates ready for pickup.  Artwork by six juried Clemson student artists. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Fall 2015 Packaging Day! [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Fall 2015 Clemson CSArt Exhibition, Acorn Gallery, Lee Hall. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). CSArt Share Artist Ella Wesly mugs in progress. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2016). CSArt Fall 2015 Team Photo with Juror Stephanie Moore, Executive Director of the Center for Craft, Creativity and Design, Asheville, NC. [Image].
CI: 787. (2015). Clemson CSArt Team Fall 2015. [Image].
CI: 787. (2015). Fall 2015 Clemson CSArt Team and Faculty Valerie Zimany with CAAH Dean Richard Goodstein at the November pickup event in the Acorn Gallery. [Image]. 
ClemsonVisualArts. (2015). In the Studio: Episode Six | Meet Brittany. [Video]. 
ClemsonVisualArts. (2014). In the Studio: Episode Five | Meet Hallie. [Video]. 
ClemsonVisualArts. (2014). In the Studio: Episode Four | Meet Hannah. [Video].
ClemsonVisualArts. (2014). In the Studio: Episode Three | Meet Allison. [Video]. 
ClemsonVisualArts. (2014). In the Studio: Episode Two | Meet Molly. [Video].
ClemsonVisualArts. (2014). In the Studio: Episode One | Meet Lindsey. [Video]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Building a raku kiln for the Spring 2015 CSArt share with share artist Lindsey Elsey. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Spring 2015 Pickup Event with CSArt Share artists and shareholders. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2014). Fall 2014 Share Artwork Teaser image for web & print. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Spring 2015 CSArt Pickup Event Team Photo. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Laser-cutting a CSArt stencil at the Digital Design Shop with Brian Leounis, Spring 2015. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Spring 2015 Shareholder Susan Hilligoss examines a work unloaded from the Clemson Anagama, March 2015. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Spring 2015 Share Artist En Iwamura's vases piled up and ready to package. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Packaging Day for the Spring 2015 Share, April 2015. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Postcard design for Fall 2015 CSArt share, produced by Spring 2015 CSArt CI Students. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). CSArt team members experiment with screen-printing. [Image]. 
CI; 787. (2015). CSArt Team students meet with juror Stephanie Moore (Executive Director, CCCD, Asheville) for a discussion of art careers and artist opportunities. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Fall 2015 Share Juror Stephanie Moore with Faculty Valerie Zimany and CSArt Share Artist Lindsey Elsey. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Spring 2015 Pop-up Exhibition Poster. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Spring 2015 - CSArt students experiment with viral marketing - including temporary tattoos! [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Postcard design for Spring 2015 by CSArt students & faculty. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2014). CSArt students attend Marketing 101 seminar at the Small Business Development Center, Greenville ONE Building, Fall 2014. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). CSArt Team Members and Faculty Valerie Zimany at the National Council for Education in the Ceramic Arts annual conference, Providence, RI, Spring 2015. [Image]. 
Chris Phillips. (2014). Group at CSArt Pickup Event. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). CSArt Team, Spring 2015, Back Row: Lindsey Elsey, Matt Pizutti, Deighton Abrams, Johnny Murphy, Middle Row: Stephanie Pechthalt, Hannah Hunt, Allison Rupprecht, Ella Wesly, Valerie Zimany, Front Row: Brittany Wilund, En Iwamura. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2014). CSArt Team Members and Faculty Valerie Zimany deliver the CSArt Share Crate to Dean Richard Goodstein, Fall 2014. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). Accompanying documentation for Spring 2015 Share crates about artists, designed by CSArt Team Member *Hannah Hunt. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). CSArt Team Member *Hannah Hunt drops off a share crate to our Spring 2015 juror Alan Ethridge, Executive Director of the Metropolitan Arts Council of Greenville. [Image]. 
CI: 787. (2015). CSArt crates awaiting pickup at the Spring 2015 CSArt pickup event and pop-up exhibition. [Image].
CI: 787. (2014). Jurying Day for the inaugural Clemson CSArt share. 6 artists were selected by juror Harriet Green (Director of Visual Arts, South Carolina State Art Commission)
CI: 787. (2014). CI CSArt Postcard Front image
CI: 787. (2014). Spring 2014 CI CSArt Team Members.
CI: 787. (2014). Spring 2014 CI CSArt team photo.
CI: 787. (2014). Promotional image by Creative Inquiry CSArt web/design sub-team members.
Clemson Community Supported Art in Clemson, SC, Opens Sale of Shares – Sept. 1, 2014. (2014). 
CI: 787. (2014). First video-conference / planning session with our CI Team and Andy, Artist Resources Director at Springboard for the Arts in Minneapolis, MN.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1169

Kinetic Sculpture

We create pieces of art which incorporate movement into them.  We display these at Artisphere, the art festival in Greenville held in May, and some are planned around Clemson campus and the RiSE Community.

Team Leaders
Christopher W. Norfolk Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
550

Organelle Biogenesis in African Trypanosomes

African trypanosomes cause a number of human and livestock diseases. My laboratory is focused on resolving the mechanisms that regulate the biogenesis of essential organelles called glycosomes in these organisms. These organelles are parasite specific and essential making them excellent drug targets.

Team Leaders
Meredith Morris Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Miller, A. & *Shealey, J. (2019, April 1-2) Organelle biogenesis in African trypanosomes. Electronic Poster Presented at the 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Bauer, S., *Patel, T., McQueeney, K., Arigi, E., Almeida, I. & Morris, M. T. (2016, September 19). Defining the glucose- dependent glycosome proteome of T. brucei. Presented at the Annual Molecular Parasitology Meeting, Woods Hole, MA.
Crowe, L., Bauer, S., *Nicholson, K., *Patel, T. & Morris, M. T. (2016, September 9).  Glucose regulation of glycosome protein expression in T. brucei Presented at the annual Molecular Parasitology Meeting, Woods Hole, MA.
Hart, C*, Morris, MT. (2016, November 19) Defining the function of two novel Peroxins, TbPex13.1 and TbPex13.2 in Trypanosoma brucei. Presented at the 4th Annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens meeting, Clemson, SC
Crowe, L., Bauer, S., *Nicholson, K., *Patel, T. & Morris, M. T. (2016, November 17-19). Resolving mechanisms that mediate environmental regulation of two unique kinetoplastids peroxins, TbPex13.1 and TbPex13.2. Presented at the 4th Annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens meeting, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Patel, T. (2016, April 8-10). "The search for new drug targets in the battle against African sleeping sickness: Identification of signaling molecules involved in organelle regulation in Trypanosoma brucei". Presented at 11th Annual ACC Meeting of the Minds Undergraduate Research Conference, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York.
*Patel, T. & Morris, M. (2015, February 28). The search for new drug targets in the battle against African sleeping sickness: Identification of signaling molecules involved in organelle regulation in Trypanosoma brucei. Poster presented at the CBASS 7th Annual Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Crowe, L., Nicholson, K., Wilkinson, C., & Morris, M. (2018). Trypanosoma brucei Pex13.2 is an accessory peroxin that functions in the import of PTS2 proteins and localizes to subdomains of the glycosome. doi: 10.1101/474080
Bauer, S., *McQueeney, K., *Patel, T., & Morris, M. (2016). Localization of a Trypanosome Peroxin to the Endoplasmic Reticulum. Journal Of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 64(1), 97-105. doi: 10.1111/jeu.12343
Bauer, S., McQueeney, K., *Patel, T., & Morris, M. (2016). Localization of a Trypanosome Peroxide to Endoplasmic Reticulum. Journal Of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 64, 97-105. doi: 10.1111/jeu.12343
Bauer, S., *Conlon, M., & Morris, M. (2014). Using Fluorescent Proteins to Monitor Glycosome Dynamics in the African Trypanosome. Journal Of Visualized Experiments, (90). doi: 10.3791/51647
*Christine Hart was awarded an ACCIAC Fellowship for Creativity and Innovation for her work in the lab.
College of ScienceG
962

Robot Networks

The technological development of the last decade in robots, computing and communications has led to envisage the design of robotic and automation systems consisting of networked vehicles, sensors, actuators and communication devices. These developments enable researchers and engineers to design new robotic systems that can interact with human beings and other robots in a cooperative way. Applications span surveillance/monitoring, manufacturing, intelligent vehicles, exploration, and many others. In this project, we will explore some basics of robot networks and build robotic cooperation using several intelligent ground robots available in the lab. No knowledge of distributed dynamical systems or robotics is needed.

Team Leaders
Yongqiang Wang Electrical and Computer Engineering
Accomplishments
Wisnewski, C., Bear, E., & Mulqueen, D. (2018). Decentralized Controlled Robotics Using Pulse Coupled Oscillators. In 13th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation (pp. 70-75). Changsha, China: IEEE.
Tan, W., Angela, T., & Wang, Y. (2018). Analysis of Dead Reckoning Accuracy in Swarm Robotics System. In World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation (pp. 860-864). Changsha, China: IEEE.
Mulqueen, D., & Wang, Y. (2017). Undergraduate Creative Inquiry of Swarm Robotics: Communication Methods. In 3rd International Conference on Computer Science and Systems Engineering (pp. 220-223). Beijing, China: IEEE.
Tan, W., Angela, T., & Wang, Y. (2019). Analysis of Dead Reckoning Accuracy in Swarm Robotics Systems. In 13th World Congress on Intelligent Control and Automation (pp. 860-864). Changsha, China: IEEE.
*Bear, E., *Maxwell, T., Anglea, T., *Raval, D., *Buckley, I. and Wang, Y. (2016). An Undergraduate Research Platform for Cooperative Control and Swarm Robotics. In: 2016 IEEE 11th Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications. IEEE, pp.1876-1879.
Wang, Y., *Maxwell, T., *Bear, E. and Angela, T. (2016). A Unified Communication and Control Approach for Decentralized Heading Alignment in Robot Networks. In: The 28th Chinese Control and Decision Conference. IEEE, pp.2548-2553.
NSF Award Abstract #1738902 CICI: RSARC: Secure Time for Cyberinfrastructure Security
Wang, Y. (2016, May). $10,000. "A Summer Camp for Video-game Based Control Learning for Middle-School Girls" Control Systems Society Outreach Fund. IEEE. http://ieeecss.org/sites/ieeecss.org/files/A_Summer_Camp_For_Video_Game_Based_Control_Learning_Report.pdf
IEEE Control Systems Society , 10K
Mulqueen, D., and Wang, Y. (2017, August) Undergraduate Creative Inquiry of Swarm Robotics: Communication Methods. Paper Presentation at The 3rd International Conference on Control Science and Systems Engineering, Beijing, China
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
548

China's Foreign Policy

This Creative Inquiry project systematically examines some of the most important issues facing the world. Students will be involved in on-going discussions and debates as well as engaged in direct dialogues with diplomats and business leaders, both Chinese and American. 

Team Leaders
Xiaobo Hu Political Science
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
995

Entangled Learning: Deep Learning in Community

Making a difference in the world requires developing skills for lifelong independent learning, participating in meaningful work (a practice), and building community around that work.  Participants in this project will explore social learning theories, including communities of practice, as well as skills for deep learning while developing the idea of Entangled Learning.  Outcomes include defining characteristics that relate to practice-based and social learning and integrating them with habits of deep learning.  Some qualitative research will be involved.

Team Leaders
Laurel Ann Whisler Academic Success Center
Accomplishments
Whisler, L., *Dickenson, S., & *Makos, M. (2015). Entangling Your Learning: Harnessing the Power of Collaborative Independence. Workshop presented at the annual meeting of the College Reading and Learning Association (CRLA) Conference, in Portland, OR.
O
956

Economics of Crime and Punishment in South Carolina, 1900 - present

The project will investigate the operation of the chain gang in Greenville County, South Carolina in the early 20th century. We will investigate who was sentenced to the gang to serve at hard labor, for which offenses, and for how long.             

Team Leaders
Howard Bodenhorn John E. Walker Department of Economics
Accomplishments
Bodenhorn, H. (2016, July 13)."Blind Tigers and Red-Tape Cocktails: Liquor Control and Murder in Prohibition-Era South Carolina." National Bureau of Economic Research Summer Institute. Cambridge, Mass. Will present preliminary version of results from Spring 2016 project. Wednesday, Julra South Carolina."
*Evans, H., *Hey, D., *Heyne, G., *James, A., *Laneve, G., *Palange, K., *Stewart, D., and *Welch, A. 2015. "Uncovering Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice." Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry conference. Clemson University.
College of BusinessD
516

Heat Transfer Along the Human Arm in Electric Arch Phenomenon (Mathematical Modeling with Advanced Engineering Apps)

Students enrolled in the CI will be utilizing what they learned in differential equations to model and explore the phenomena of an electric arc through the human arm and its effects.

Team Leaders
Irina Viktorova School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences
Muhammed Kose Mechanical Engineering
Timothy Teitloff School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences
Sofya Alekseeva School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences
Accomplishments
Viktorova, I., Alekseeva, S., & *Kose, M. (2017). Some Aspects of Model Equations Development for Viscous Materials. Mechanics, Materials Science, And Engineering, 10, 179-190.
Viktorova, I., & *Bates, M. (2016). An Empirically Derived Arc Flash Discharge Energy Model and Comparison to Established Safety Codes. Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, 4, 634-641. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2198.3761
Viktorova, I., *Fleck, M., & *Kose, M. (2016). HAVS and HAV-nots: Investigating Resonance in the Human Arm Caused by Contact with Machinery. Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, 4, 543-551. doi: 10/13140/RG.2.1.4580.2648
Viktorova, I., & *Bates, M. (2016). Heating Phenomenon in Materials with High Dissipation. Mechanics, Materials Science & Engineering, 3(1), 20-28. doi: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2198.3761
Viktorova, I., *Fairchild, K., & *Fischer, J. (2012). Modeling Heat Explosion for a Viscoelastic Material. In 8th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference (pp. 31-37). Greensboro, North Carolina: Springer.
College of ScienceG
580

Geologic Indicators of Climate Change

The goal of this project is quantify the difference between natural fluxes of carbon dioxide and anthropogenic sources. This is accomplished with a mobile eddy covariance tower and soil chambers.  Understanding human contributions to the carbon cycle will enable us to devise more sustainable solutions for the future.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Accomplishments
Jervonte, C., & Lazar, K. (2019). Understanding the Impact of Different Modes of Science Communication on the Behavioral Intentions of Students Related to Geoscience. Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Gerald, P., & Brame, S. (2019). Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Flux Perturbations Resulting from Clemson University Football Games. Presentation, Clemson, SC.
*Nguyen, A., & Brame, S. (2019). Micrometeorological Measurements of CO2 Flux from a Cattle Feedlot at Simpson Research Station, South Carolina. Presentation, Clemson, SC.
*Proctor, G., Brame, S. (2019, April). Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Flux Perturbations Resulting from Clemson University Football Games. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Reed, H. & Brame, S. (2018). A Comparison Study of Carbon Dioxide Flux from Two Fields during the Summer Growing Season in Clemson, SC using an Eddy Covariance System. Oral and poster presentation at 26th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Reed, H., & Brame, S. (2018, April). A Comparison Study of Carbon Dioxide Flux from Two Fields During the Summer Growing Season in Clemson, SC Using an Eddy Covariance System. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Christison, J. & Brame, S. (2017). Comparing Seasonal Soil Carbon Flux of Three Botanically Distinct Areas in the Clemson Botanical Gardens. Oral presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
 *Christison, J. and Brame, S. (2017, April). Comparing Seasonal Soil Carbon Flux of Three Botanically Distinct Areas in the Clemson Botanical Gardens. Oral and poster presentation at 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Nguyen, S. & Brame, S. (2017). Using a Mobile Eddy Covariance Tower to Measure CO2 Flux. Oral and poster presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Nguyen, S., Brame, S. (2017, April). Using a Mobile Eddy Covariance Tower to Measure CO2 Flux. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*King, T., Brame, S., (2016, March 31). Preliminary Analysis of Total Carbon Levels in Lake Issaqueena. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*George, S., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Comparative Study of Soil CO2 Flux using Eddy Covariance and Chamber Methods. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Walters, D. & Brame, S. (2015, April). Changes in Soil CO2 Flux from an Urban Environment due to Anthropogenic Compaction. Poster presentation at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Coffin, A., & Brame, S. (2014). Comparison of Till and No-till Agricultural Practices on Carbon Dioxide Flux from the Soil on an Organic Farm. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Demille, R., & Brame, S. (2014). Soil Carbon Flux from an area underlain by Amphibolite in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Hickok, K., Brame, S. (2014).Carbon Dioxide Efflux in Forest Soil and Topsoil Influenced by Soil Moisture and Temperature Variations. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Lacy, N. (2014). Carbon Dioxide exchange between the Atmosphere and Freshwater Reservoirs around Clemson, South Carolina. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., & Brame, S. (2014). Soil Carbon Flux on an Area Underlain by Biotite Gneiss in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presentation, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., *Demille, R., & Brame, S. (2014). Analysis of carbon flux from soils derived from different rock types. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
As part of a collaboration with Stephen Moyseys NSF grant with the GeoPath program, a $35,000 Eddy Covariance (EC) system was bought for the climate change students to design experiments and collect data. EC systems are the state of  the art instruments used to monitor and detect changes in CO2 Fluxes.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1540

Using Magnetic Nanoparticles to Prevent Restenosis

Aging, smoking, diet, and genetic factors cause the build up of plaque in the arteries that provide nutrients to the heart, which is a major cause of heart attacks. To solve this problem, stents are commonly used to open the artery back up. In some cases, when a stent is inserted, it injures the walls of the blood vessel causing it to swell and block the blood vessel back up. In recent years, medicated stents have been used to deliver medication that reduces that swelling by reducing the growth and spreading of the cells that cause the problem. In doing that, they also stop the healing process of the injury site, which causes delayed effects like blood clots that block the artery. We designed a magnetic nanoparticle coated with heparin. Heparin is a drug that is naturally found in the body. It is known to stop the swelling in the wall of the blood vessel and accelerate the healing process. We have tested these nanoparticles on cells and mice to show that they are not toxic. We have started to test their effect on the cell growth and spreading to show that they are effective as a treatment option. We plan to deliver that nanoparticles to the stent using a magnetic field similar to the ones used in MRI imaging. This project would advance the treatment of blocked arteries without causing new problems. In doing so, we would eliminate the need for multiple surgeries to treat the complications. This helps save patients from complications associated with stent implantation and help patients live healthier lives. 

Team Leaders
Nardine Ghobrial Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1847

Media Forensic Hub CI

CU Media Forensics Hub (https://www.clemson.edu/centers-institutes/watt/hub/) is part of the Watt Family Innovation Center. By “Media Forensics” we mean the development and application of state-of-the-art techniques to broaden and deepen our understanding of all media types, while working to increase the capacity of our students and community to apply them. The “Hub” accomplishes this by spanning multiple disciplines and approaches, from history and case studies, to AI and machine learning, to experiments in the lab and the field. We connect widely-spaced entities with a common interest from across disciplines, centers, institutions, and perspectives.  In Fall of 2021, the Hub is offering two sections of Creative Inquiry that approach this mission in different ways. Track 1 is more practical – applying cutting-edge techniques to important current problems. Track 2 is more academic – trying to deepen our scientific understanding of inauthenticity. We are looking for interested students to join both these projects. Please express interest in an email to indicated contact, include a CV and a short paragraph about why you are interested in this project.   ---- Track 1. “How to Catch a Troll: Investigating Political Disinformation”   Open-Source Investigations and Media Forensics  In this CI, we will introduce the students to forensic techniques that can be used to investigate the origins of and connections between media artifacts and producers. Students will use those techniques with increasing levels of expertise to analyze media artifacts from conversations around international and national security affairs that we jointly identify as interesting and important. Industry standard software will be employed to achieve deep insights regarding disinformation networks.  As a team, students will publicly report on their findings, in a regular update to the Hub website, to be disseminated to the CU Hub community and media partners to deepen how the public interprets these media artifacts.  The students in the first section of this CI (2020-2021) produced several reports, available here. Their work also appeared several times in the local and regional press. Several students from this first group have gone on to paid internships or full-time positions in this field.   Section 2. Phishing for Trolls, Bots, and Hackers:  The Generalized Analysis of Online Inauthenticity  In this CI, we will explore what we know about what strategies inauthentic online actors like trolls, fake news outlets, and phishers use in various contexts and what countermeasures are effective, in order to work toward a general theory of online inauthenticity. Students in this CI will design and implement original, interdisciplinary research projects examining unanswered questions about the nature of inauthentic online actors. From these original research projects we will derive broad implications for our scientific understanding of inauthenticity.   Students in the first section of this CI (Spring 2021) designed and ran behavioral experiments, surveys, and observational  investigations of what characteristics makes inauthentic actors effective across domains, including social media and email phishing. They summarized the state of the literature for some particular aspect of effectiveness, derived hypotheses, wrote pre-registration plans for each analysis and are implementing those plans throughout the rest of the Spring. These analyses will result in research reports that are appropriate for publication in peer-reviewed scholarly journal. 

Team Leaders
Patrick Warren John E. Walker Department of Economics
Darren Linvill Communication
David White Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Jeffrey Lees John E. Walker Department of Economics
Dawn Sarno Psychology
College of BusinessD
1773

LGBTQ+ Learning Communities: Queering University Spaces

The purpose of this creative inquiry project is to provide students with an opportunity to answer the broad question: How are universities deployed (or not) as queer spaces? The project involves an initial sequence that provides an overview of lgbtq+ studies and reviews the literature related to queer(ing) space on campus. Then two semesters of research experiences will be dedicated to introducing, designing, and implementing a participatory action research project that describes queer space as it pertains to Clemson University. Students will have an opportunity to design a study and collect, analyze, and present data in a variety of formats, including scholarly presentations and community education exhibits.  

Team Leaders
Rachel Wagner Educational and Organizational Leadership Development
Kimberly Carter Gantt Multicultural Center
College of EducationE
1079

ASME Student Design Competition Team

The ASME Student Design Competition provides a platform for ASME Student Members to present their solutions to various design problems - from everyday household tasks to groundbreaking space exploration.  Each team must design, construct, and operate a prototype according to annually determined problem statement requirements.We are still waiting for ASME to announce its 2022 design competition problem statement.   Below is the old 2021 statement for your reference.Harvesting the Sun and WindThis year’s competition requires teams to design and build a vehicle capable of collecting solar and wind energy to extend the duration of operation while of a remotely controlled vehicle that navigates a course and transports weights to earn points. The validation of your design is intended to take place at a face-to-face ASME E-Fest Student Design Competition and/or a virtual event to be held in Spring 2021.  

Team Leaders
Suyi Li Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
CI: 1079. (n.d.). Drive and support system Solidworks model.
CI: 1079. (n.d.) Lauch mechanism Solidworks model.
CI: 1079. (n.d.). Ball staging mechanism solid works drawing. 
CI: 1079. (n.d.). Single drive system solid works drawing. 
CI: 1079. (2017). 3D rendering of device. 
2016-2017-ASMESDC-building progress photo 1
2016-2017-ASMESDC-building progress photo 2
2016-2017-ASMESDC-building progress photo 3
2016-2017-SDC solid work design
Koops, a manufacturing automation company located in Greenville, SC donated aluminum materials and electrical wires to our team.
The team leader *James Weatherly won the ASME outstanding student member award due to his excellent leadership role in the ASME SDC team.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1833

Cryptocurrencies and Blockchain Technology with Monero

The cross-disciplinary CI team will learn about ethics, privacy, open source software development, cryptography, decentralized protocols, and data analytics in collaboration with the Monero Project and the School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences. Monero is a privacy-centric open-source cryptocurrency with a global market capitalization exceeding a billion dollars. The Monero Research Lab is a workgroup of the Monero Project studying advancements in cryptographic protocols, computer information systems, and privacy in 21st century financial technology. 

Team Leaders
Felice Manganiello School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences
College of ScienceG
1834

Transgene Containment and Removal in Important Perennial Grasses

Turfgrass and switchgrass are among the most important perennial grasses significantly impacting agriculture production, agriculture economy, sustainable energy and environment. Like in many row crops, genetic engineering of both switchgrass and turfgrasses using transgenic technologies offers the opportunity to incorporate many economic and agronomic benefits that are difficult or impossible to achieve through traditional breeding techniques. However, the risk of transgene escape and the unforeseen environmental consequence by the use of transgenic technology in perennial grasses require development of strategies for transgene containment. We propose to develop and evaluate an integrated approach that combines a dual site-specific recombination system and total sterility induction mechanisms for transgene containment and removal in switchgrass and turfgrass, producing transgenic products self-contained for desirable transgene, but free of undesirable foreign DNAs.

Team Leaders
Hong Luo Genetics and Biochemistry
College of ScienceG
742

Imaginative Ligands and Unique Metal Complexes: A Marriage of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry

Organic chemists often are puzzled by metals, and inorganic chemists are often puzzled by organic chemistry, but there are great opportunities in uniting the ability of organic chemists to generate complex 3D molecules with the unique reactivities and properties of metals.  This project combines the expertise of an organic chemist and an inorganic chemist to design, synthesize, and examine the metal-coordination properties of ligands for commonly studied metal ions such as iron and copper, as well as more exotic metal ions such as lanthanides uranium, and plutonium (note: undergraduate students will not be working with uranium and plutonium!).  This project uses synthetically versatile new approaches in organic synthesis to generate ligands with applications in biological, catalytic, and nuclear applications.  Once made, a variety of techniques are used to examine the metal coordination abilities of these ligands, including electrochemistry, stability constant determinations, and DNA damage and cellular assays.

Team Leaders
Julia Brumaghim Chemistry
Modi Wetzler Chemistry
Accomplishments
*Baird, H., Goodman, S. & Brumaghim, J. L. (2018, October) Using polyphenol antioxidants to reduce cytotoxic oxidative stress in Escherichia coli. 70th Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Augusta, GA.
*Baird, H., Brumaghim, J. (2019, April). Using Polyphenol Antioxidants to Reduce Cytotoxic Oxidative Stress in Escherichia Coli. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Pontius, R.K., Sibley, M.M., Wetzler, M. (2017, April) Synthesis of N-​(N'-​(3-​propyl)​-​N''-​methylimidazole-​2-​thione) diethylenetriamine tetraacetic acid for the reduction of nuclear waste. American Chemical Society National Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Kimani, M., Zimmerman, M., Stadelman, B., *Owen, A., Bayse, C., and Brumaghim, J. (2016, October 23-26). "Metal properties control sulfur and selenium antioxidant activity". Presented at the Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
North, A., Sibley, M. M., *Wasilewski, M., and  Wetzler, M. (2016, October 23-26). "Trifluorotoluenesulfonyl as a new nitrogen protecting group" Presented at Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
*Rebecca Pontius received the Barry Goldwater scholarship
Amanda Owen was selected for a prestigious ($10,000) Department of Homeland Security Nuclear Forensics summer internship
*Rebecca Pontius received the Barry Goldwater scholarship
CI: 742. (2015). *Matt Wasilewski and *Rebecca Pontius carefully adding an air-sensitive reagent to a reaction. [Image]. 
College of ScienceG
556

Biology of Lipids and Lipid Droplets in Trypanosomes

We are investigating how the lethal blood parasite Trypanosoma brucei acquires and stores lipids from its host. Lipids can be used as a source of energy, key building blocks for cell membranes, anchors of cell surface proteins, and signaling molecules. In its hosts, T. brucei must use a combination of fatty acid uptake and synthesis to survive. We are interested in the following research questions: How does the parasite sense environmental sources? How does it take up fatty acids from its hosts? How does it "decide" where those fatty acids go int he cell? What role do these processes play in pathogenesis and immune evasion? We use a variety of genetic, molecular, biochemical, and cell biological approaches to address these questions in our lab.

Team Leaders
Kimberly Paul Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Featherstone, E., *Raja, S., Begley, H., *Walkowiak, O., *Pazzo, K., Fowler, K., Jones, C., Winston, B. & Paul, K. (2017, Oct. 19). Fatty Acid Uptake in T. brucei. Poster presented at the annual Cell Biology of Euakryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Pazzo, K., *Featherstone, M., Croft, L., Adamson, M., *Raja, S., Begley, H., *Hannah, R. & Paul, K. (2017, Oct. 19). Dramatic Morphological Changes in T. brucei Upon Over-Expression of Lipid Droplet Targeting Proteins. Poster presented at the annual Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Walkowiak, O. A., *Baron, A., *Metropol, S. G. & Paul, K. S. (2016) A Study of Fatty Acid Uptake and ATP Production in Trypanosoma brucei Parasites. Poster session presented at the 2016 Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Chetcuti, M. A., *Walker, S. & Paul, K. S. (2016, November) Lipid Droplets in the Trypanosomatid, Crithidia fasciculata. Poster session presented at the 2016 Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Baron, E., *Metropol, S., Bauer, S.T., Mattingly, C., Jones, C.H., Winston, B.C., & Paul, K.S. (2014). Fatty Acid Uptake in Trypanosoma brucei. Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Staub, S., Ray, S., and Paul, K. (2013, November) "Allosteric Regulation of the First Step of Fatty Acid Synthesis in African Trypanosomes." Presented at the 2013 Southeastern Regional Lipid Conference.
*Metropol, S., Bauer, S., Mattingly, C., Jones, C., Winston, B., and Paul, K. (2013, October). "Fatty Acid Uptake in the Early Branching Eukaryotic Pathogen, Trypanosoma brucei." Presented at the 2013 Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium.
Agata Walkowiak was awarded a 2017-2018 Fellowship from the ACC Fellows Program in Creativity and Innovation.
College of ScienceG
1283

Data Analysis, Decision Making and Healthcare Modeling in Hospital and Clinic Settings

Prisma Health continues to expand its academic research presence as its relationship with Clemson faculty and students matures. In particular, the departments of Emergency Medicine and Perioperative Services have worked on process improvement initiatives where Clemson students have been able to contribute. This Creative Inquiry will be instrumental in supporting research projects in these departments, as well as hands-on support of various applied projects. One main driver in this research is the measurement of human performance and decision making in healthcare delivery, To support this research, students might have the opportunity to work with physicians, residents, and patients at various levels from data collection to presenting results. Students will also engage in data analytics and some healthcare modeling, depending on the student's background.

Team Leaders
Kevin Taaffe Industrial Engineering
VISHNUNARAYAN GIRISHAN PRABHU Industrial Engineering
Accomplishments
Shvorin, D., *Smith, A., *Hughes, S., *Adkins, K. (2019, April). Physician Distraction in the Emergency Department. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
693

Human Energy Metabolism

This project studies a wide range of factors contributing to energy metabolism, such as body composition measurement via DXA scan, monitoring nutrient metabolism and resting energy expenditure via metabolic cart, and physical activity and sleep monitoring with a wearable activity monitor.

Team Leaders
Elliot Jesch Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
CI: 693. (2014). Brochure for all weight tracking apps. 
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1810

Development of a Zebrafish Model of Parkinson's Disease to Analyze Novel Treatment Methods

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease that causes balance and coordination problems that eventually lead to death and affects nearly 10 million people worldwide. As of today, there is no definitive test to diagnose and track the progression of PD This increases the need for a reliable biomarker to diagnose, track, and ultimately, treat the disease. PD has been linked to lysosomal storage disease characteristics. A potential biomarker has been discovered in a lysosomal storage disease, GM1 Gangliosidosis. This biomarker connects lysosomal enzyme upregulation to impaired autophagy. Between the connection with PD and LSDs, it is hypothesized that a similar biomarker can be found in PD. There are many PD cellular models that are used in disease research. These models typically are not all inclusive of the disease, but model a specific aspect of the disease, such as degeneration of dopaminergic neurons, the aggregation of a-synuclein, and accumulation lewy bodies. This project will explore potential biomarkers of PD and if one or more aspect of the disease is directly related to enzyme upregulation. Team members in this creative inquiry will research different cellular models of Parkinson’s Disease in order to determine potential biomarkers that can help diagnose and track the disease.

Team Leaders
Jessica Larsen Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
703

Assessment of College Student Health

This research team is focused on assessing and evaluating college student health. Our primary focus is the analysis of the National College Health Assessment with both Clemson specific and National data. Student have the opportunity to learn key data analysis skills while exploring various topics that impact college student health. Student will also work on the projects to reduce high-risk activities, promote positive health practices, and foster healthy campus environments at Clemson University.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Goree Student Health Center
Martha Thompson Psychology
McKenzie McNamara Student Health Center
Accomplishments
L O. (2015). Greeks for Greeks Creative Inquiry | Clemson News Now. [Image].
*Atkinson, A., *Baltimore, C., *Bonner, R., *Chea, A., *Giraldo Escobar, K., *Howell, B., *Zwolski, M., McNamara, M., & Fulmer, C. (2019, April). Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse Among College Students. Presented at Clemson University’s Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Atkinson, A., *Baltimore, C., *Bonner, R., *Chea, A., *Giraldo Escobar, K., *Howell, B., *Zwolski, M., Fulmer, C., McNamara, M. (2019, April). Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse Among College Students. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Smith, L., *Andrews, L., *Arms, C., *Dipasquale, J., *Graham, J., *Henson, H., *Loiselle, A., & Polomski, J. (2017). National College Health Assessment Data 2010-2016. Presentation, Office of Advocacy and Success at Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Smith, L., *Andrews, L., *Arms, C., *Dipasquale, J., *Graham, J., *Henson, H., *Loiselle, A., & Polomski, J. (2017, April). Promoting health on Clemson’s campus. Presentation, Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
O
1702

Cancer Systems Biology in the Birtwistle Lab

This is a creative inquiry that broadly catches research projects going on in the Birtwistle Lab. In general, we do both basic and applied research at the interface of engineering and cancer biology. We specifically focus on cancer systems biology from both experimental and computational / theoretical perspectives. The purpose of this CI is to get first time undergraduates familiar with the lab, who we are, what we work on, and how we do it, so that they can enter more specific projects subsequently. 

Team Leaders
Marc Birtwistle Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1722

SAE Layout Design

Provide recommendations for the SAE Formulae 1 and Baja work areas that address issues/opportunities identified by last year's CI team.

Team Leaders
William G Ferrell Jr Industrial Engineering
Lindsay Hobbs Watt Family Innovation Center
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
709

The Development of Critical Thinking in Undergraduates

We conduct a continuing series of experimental and non-experimental studies examining the assessment and development of critical thinking skills in undergraduates. Team members review relevant literature, design the studies, collect data, analyze the data, and present the results and conclusions at local, regional, and international research meetings.

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
Stephens, B.R., *Grier, K., *Mckinney, M. & *Mcwhite, C. (2018, June 4-6). Does a Psychology Research Methods Course Enhance Critical Thinking?. Invited presentation at Clemson University CT2 Faculty Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Nelson, H., *Grier, K., *Mckinney, M., *Mcwhite, C. & Stephens, B. (2018, April). Does a Psychology Research Methods Course Enhance Critical Thinking? Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Irvin, E., *Seo, H., Stephens, B. (2017, April). Teaching Induction and Deduction: Effect of Class Size. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Brewer, V.*, Pittman, R.*, Stevens, D. *, Yockel, K. *, and Stephens, B. (2017, March). Teaching Induction and Deduction for our QEP. Poster session accepted at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Beesburg, C., *Brewer, V., *Carney, A., *Dicke, C., *Pittman, R., *Schneider, A., *Stevens, D., *Yockel, K., Stephens, B. (2016, April). Teaching Induction and Deduction for our QEP. Presented at FOCI, Clemson, SC.
*Dicke, C., *Beesburg, C., *Brewer, V., *Carney, A., *Flynn, M., *Pittman, M., *Staples, A., *Cox, A., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Teaching Induction and Deduction for Our QEP. Poster presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
*Stebbins, C, *Cole, M., *Cox, A., *Kennedy, S., *Overdyk, M., & Stephens, B. (2015) Critical Thinking: Undergraduate Views and an Intervention. Presented at 61st Annual Meeting of Southeastern Psychological Association, Hilton Head, SC>
*Bogart, L., *Carney, A., *Cox, A., *Dicke, C., *Overdyk, M., *Samour, M., *Staples, A., Stephens, B. (2015, April). Critical Thinking: Undergraduate Views and an Intervention. Presented at FOCI, Clemson, SC.
*Webb, M., *Leland, E., *Huddleston, S., *Kennedy, S., *Cole, M., *Overdyk, M., *Fields, R., *Heard, N., *Laxgang, V., *Stephens,, J., & Stephens, B. (2014). Undergraduate views of critical thinking. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Leland, E., *Baskett, T., *Cooper, C., *Egglefield, D., *Kirk, K., *Lucas, L., *O'Hara, C., & Stephens, B. (2014). Undergraduate views of the structure and value of the Clemson general education ePortfolio. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
729

Geologic Field Trip Design and Implementation

It has been said that the best geologist is the one who has seen the most rocks.  The rocks in the southeast US contain only a small fraction of the overall geologic diversity and the wet climate encourages ample vegetation that obscures what is there.  The goal of this project is to engage students by researching locations to observe geologic features of interest, plan a trip, and go there.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Accomplishments
*Bruner, A., & Brame, S. (2018, April). Field Based Experiences that Build Confidence and Leadership Skills in the Geosciences. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Marcacci, K. & Brame, S. (2017) Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Oral and poster presentation at the 25th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Marcacci, K. and Brame, S. (2017, April 5-6). Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
CI: 729. (2015). Sunset Bay and Cape Arago brochure. [Image]. 
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1114

South Carolina - China Economic Relations

The U.S.-China relationship is the most important bilateral relationship in the 21st Century and China has become the top destination for South Caroline exports.  In recent years China has expanded its international economic presence and South Carolina provides an alternative for Chinese outflow foreign direct investment.  Overall in the United States, China has established 1,583 companies with $46 billion that directly employs more than 80,000 Americans.  This project aims at exploring what South Carolina can offer to such international investment as Chinese FDI, what kind of business South Carolina has been able to attract from China, and what contributions Chinese investments are making to South Carolina's economic development. 

Team Leaders
Xiaobo Hu Political Science
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
715

Beaches and Deserts: The Microbial Cycling of Iron and Other Nutrients and Their Importance to Healthy Ecosystems.

Microbes are responsible for numerous ecosystem functions and processes. These functions and processes include the reduction and oxidation of biogenic metals as well as changing the form of non-metallic nutrients such as nitrogen. We seek to understand microbes and their communities involved in these processes in arid and coastal ecosystems.

Team Leaders
Harry Kurtz Jr Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Gannt, L., Smithwick, R., Birch, B., & Kurtz, H. (2019). Isolation of Two Acid Tolerant Bacterial Genera from a Cryptoendolithic Ecosystem. Presented at the 2019 Spring Meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Beaufort, SC.
*Lee, H. & Taylor, H. (2017). Nitrogen cycling in intertidal beach sands along the Grand Strand area of South Carolina. Presentation, 81st Annual Meeting of SCASM, Francis Marion University, Marion, SC.
*Haire, L. M., *Funk, C., *Weyman, M. & *Corley, M. (2017) Initial characterization of six previously uncultured bacteria isolated from a desert ecosystem. Presentation, 81st Annual Meeting of SCASM, Francis Marion University, Marion, SC.
*Tollman, C.D.  & Kurtz, Jr., HD. (2016). Kinetic Analysis of Ammonium Oxidation on Five Beaches on the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard. Poster presented at the Spring meeting of the SC Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
*Lee, H.M., *Hundzinski, C.M. & Kurtz, Jr., H.D. (2016). Measuring the Effective Change in Conditions in Ammonium Oxidizers in Beach Sands Caused by Contaminants Associated with Recreational Activities. Poster presented at the Annual meeting of the SC Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
Taylor, H. & Kurtz, Jr., H. (2016). Diversity and Activity of Ammonia Oxidizing Bacteria in Beach Sands along the Eastern Seaboard. Poster presented at the Spring meeting of the SC Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
*Taylor, H.B., Kurtz, H. (2016). Diversity and activity of ammonia oxidizing bacteria in beach sands along the eastern seaboard. Presented at the South Carolina Branch of ASM meeting at MUSC, Charleston SC (April 9).
*Kaur, S., Kurtz, H. (2016). Role of microbes in coloring and stabilization of the sandstone outcrops in Colorado Plateau, USA. Presentation, 2016 meeting of the Southeastern Section of the Geological Society of America. Columbia, SC (April 1).
*Tollman, C.D. (2016, April 9). Kinetic Analysis of Ammonium Oxidation on Five Beaches on the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard. Presented at the SCASM branch meeting, Charleston, SC.
*Eyo, E., *Haire, M.L. (2016, April 9). Initial characterization of nine previously uncultured bacteria isolated from a desert ecosystem. Presentation, SCASM branch meeting, Charleston, SC (April 9).
*Lee, H.M., & *Hundzinski, C. (2016). Measuring the effective change in conditions in ammonium oxidizers in beach sands caused by contaminants associated with recreational activities. Presentation,  Annual Meeting of SCASM, Charleston, SC.
*Tollman, C., *Taylor, H., Kurtz, H. (2015). The kinetics of ammonium oxidation in coastal beaches. Presentation, SC Branch ASM Meeting (April 11).
*Taylor, H., Kurtz, H. (2015, April 11). Microbial diversity within the intertidal zone of four east coast beaches. Presentation, SC Branch ASM Meeting (April 11).
*Kaur, S., Kurtz, H. (2015). Illumina-based amplicon sequencing analysis of cryptoendolithic bacterial communities in sandstones of an arid region. Presentation, SC Branch ASM Meeting (April 11).
*Xavier, S., *Eyo, E., *Lee, H., Kurtz, H. (2015). Concentration of ferrous iron, ammonium and nitrite on coastal beaches. Presentation, SC Branch ASM Meeting (April 11).
College of ScienceG
1678

Anth CI: Arch Lab Analysis

This project gives students the opportunity to work with archaeological data from the Fort Hill Plantation, located at the core of Clemson’s campus. Students learn archaeological laboratory methods through working with the artifacts excavated by Clemson students during the Fort Hill Plantation Field School, analysis of materials related to the landscapes and people that worked on what would later become Clemson University. Students can be involved in original scholarship about enslavement and the history of the Upstate region. Project components involved analysis and curation of historic period artifacts, 3D virtual reconstructions of artifacts, and Portable X-ray Fluorescence (pXRF) componential analysis of coal and soil deposits.

Team Leaders
David Markus Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
716

Novel Applications of Photovoltaics

The goal of this project is to demonstrate that 100% of the electric and thermal power needs of Anderson Research Park can be provided by photovoltaics and batteries at a cost lower than what the university will be paying to utility. 

Team Leaders
Rajendra Singh Electrical and Computer Engineering
Accomplishments
*Kimsey, J., *Carmbia, A., *Osteen, K., *Galvez, P., *Carrillo, D., Paniyil, P. & Singh, R. (2019) Household Appliances Operating on Local Direct Current. Presented at the 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC. 
*Kimsey, J., *Carambia, A., *Osteen, K., *Galvez, P., *Carrillo, D., Paniyil, P., Singh, R. (2019, April). Household Appliances Operating on Local Direct Current Power Networks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Singh, R., Paniyil, V., Powar, V., Bedi, G., *Ditullio, L., *Draper, M., *Simmons, K., *Carambia, A., *Galvez, P., *Kimsey, J., & *Osteen, K. (2018, April). Tranformative Role of Photovoltaics in Surface Transportation. Presented at 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry poster forum, Clemson, SC.
*Sternick, B., *Combs, A., *Shook, J., & Singh, R. (2015). Intelligent Zero Net Energy Construction for Disaster Relief. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Goodwin, H., *Neary, C., *Darlington, M., & Singh, R. (2014). Local DC electricity generated by photovoltaics (PV): Transforming the electricity infrastructure of the 21st Century. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Working with CU Automotive Engineering Center.
Based on Funding from CI funds we build a Solar Table. Next improved design will be funded by Capital Improvement, which is awarded by the student senate. The Watt Family Innovation Center is supporting our proposal to place the tables on campus.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
719

Hands on Tissue Engineering

Electrospinning is an often utilized lab technique to create extracellular matrix-like nanofibers for tissue engineering. Our group works to utilize electrospun nanofibers containing therapeutic agents in surgical sutures for targeted drug delivery. Departments of this project include: modifying/improving/maintaining the coating device, running laboratory electrospinning trials under controlled conditions, and performing validation testing including imaging, mechanical testing, and drug-eluting testing. 

Team Leaders
Jorge Rodriguez Dean of Engineering & Science
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Samuta, A., *Magee, K., *Fletcher, M., *Mckeehan, J., *Veideman, E., Korneva, G., Lee, J., & Rodriguez, J. (2019, April). Optimization of an Electrospinning Mechanism to Apply Protein-Treated Fibers to Surgical Sutures. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Crea-tive Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Samuta, A., *Magee, K., *Fletcher, M., *Mckeehan, J., *Veideman, E., Korneva, G., Lee, J., Rodriguez, J. (2019, April). Optimization of an Electrospinning Mechanism to Apply Protein-Treated Fibers to Surgical Sutures. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Cavrak, M., *Keating, E., *Sama, V., Navarro, M., Dean, D. & Rodriguez-Devora, J. (2018, April 11-14) "Haptic As-sessment of Neurosurgical Model of the Brain and Nerves." Presented at the Society For Biomaterials 2018 Annual Meeting and Exposition: Exploring the Nexus of Research and Application, Atlanta, GA.
*Abdeladl, O., *Cavrak, M., *DiGangi, D., *Hannam, J., *Magee, K., *Samuta, A., *Branco, R., *Keating, E., Dean, D. & Rodriguez, J. (2018, April) 3D Printing of Eloquent Structures for Preoperative Surgical Planning. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus of Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Tharp, P., *Branco, R., *Dale, S., *Keating, E., Navarro, M. & Rodríguez-Dévora, J.I. (2017). 3D Printed Brain Model for Preoperative Planning and Practice. Poster Presented at the 3rd annual BMES/FDA Frontiers in Medical Devices Conference, Washington, DC.
*Tharp, P., *Branco, R., *Keating, E., *Dale, S., Rodriguez, J., & Dean, D. (2017, April). Development of a brain model for neurosurgery pre-operative planning and training stage II: Integration of cerebrovascular sytem. Presentation, Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Stewart, A*; Holmes, S*; Wortkoetter, J*; Desai, A; Rodriguez, J; Dean, D (2015, October) Characterization of Mechanical Properties of Chondrocyte Spheroids. Presentation, 2015 Sigma Xi Annual meeting and student research conference. Kansas City, MO.
Navarro, M., *Cotton, B., *Stewart, A., Joseph, J., Dean, D. & Rodriguez, J. (2016, May 19-21) 3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Preoperative Planning. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Southeastern Medical Device Association (SEMDA) 2016 Conference, Nashville, TN
*Cotton, B., *McGreevey, J., Navarro, M., Joseph, J., Dean, D. & Rodriguez, J.I. (2016). 3D Printed Brain Model for Practice and Preoperative Planning. Presented at the GHS Poster Research Day, Greenville, SC.
*Cotton, B., *Repp, M., Navarro, M., Desai, A., Joseph, J., Dean, D. & Rodriguez, J. (2015) 3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Preoperative Planning. Poster presented at Sigma Xi, International Research Conference, Kansas City, MIssouri.
*Arthur, C., *Demos, C., *Garzon, K., *Holmes, J.S., *Jones, C., *Repp, M., *Stastny, A. & *Wortkoetter, J. (2015, April). Exploration in Novel Tissue Engineering Methods. Poster Presentation at the 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Holmes, J., *Arthur, C., *Wortkoetter, J., *Jones, C., *Stastny, A., *Gorrell, L., *Johnson, K., Rodriguez, J. & Dean, D. (2014, April). Exploring tissue engineering. Poster presented at the 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Arthur, C., *Stastny, A., *Jones, C., *Saul, O., Dean, D. & Rodriguez-Devora, J. (2013) Using Photovoltaic Surfaces for Cell Culture. Poster Presented at Biomaterials Symposium at Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
*Gorrell, L., *Holmes, S., *Johnson, K., *Wortkoetter, J., Dean, D. & Rodriguez-Devora, J. (2013). The Effect of Spheroid Culturing Techniques on Cell Viability. Poster Presented at Biomaterials Symposium at Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
*Holmes, S., *Wortkoetter, J., *Gorrell, L., *Johnson, K., Dean, D. & Rodriguez, J. (2014). Analysis and Development of Spheroid Cell Culture Techniques. Presented at the Annual Biomedical Engineering (BMES) meeting, San Antonio, TX.
*Brittney Cotton and *Madison Repp were recognized by Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society for their Superior research poster presentation entitled “3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Presurgical Planning” in the Society’s 2015 International Research Conference that took place at the Sheraton Crown Center in Kansas City, MO from October 23-25, 2015
CI: 719. (2014). Student viewing samples under a microscope. [Image]. 
CI: 719. (2014). Student viewing sample box. [Image].
CI: 719. (2014). Student viewing samples under microscope. [Image]. 
CI: 719. (2014). Student holding up sample. [Image]. 
CI: 719. (2014). Tissue Engineering group in lab. [Image]. 
CI: 719. (2013). Biomaterials Day Team - Novel 2D culture
CI: 719. (2013). Poster Presentation
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
741

Marine Conservation and Genetics

Over-fishing, pollution, and habitat destruction are among the major issues affecting marine life and habitats. Marine ornamental crustaceans, i.e., wild caught species sought by aquarium hobbyists due to their aesthetic value (e.g., bright coloration) and/or ability to control/eliminate aquarium pests, are particularly impacted by over-fishing and habitat destruction and do require immediate attention. The ornamental fishery, a well-established multi-million dollar industry, often operates unnoticed due to their niche market, the frequency of product export, and the diminutive size of the target organisms. Little attention has been paid to them and they have been managed based on little to no life history information. The marine aquarium trade relies predominantly on wild caught species with > 90% taken from coral reefs and associated habitats. The industry has increased dramatically in recent years with a distinct focus on crustaceans (and other invertebrates) that provide “ecosystem services” for aquaria (control of aquarium pests). As these organisms are harvested for the services they can provide in an aquarium, those services are potentially lost from the ecosystem. Immediately after corals, crustaceans represent the most heavily traded ornamental marine invertebrate worldwide. Basic life history information critical to manage any fishery with the goal of sustainability is largely absent. Furthermore, the mislabeling of the species traded in the industry is rampant. The development of a genetic (COI and/or 16S) barcode for this economically and ecologically important group of shrimps is warranted for achieving the goal of fishery sustainability. This Creative Inquiry project aims at generating basic life history information about the most intensively traded species in the western Atlantic (e.g., shrimps from the genera Thor, Lysmata and Periclimenes, and crabs from the species complex Mithrax-Mithraculus). Furthermore, this project will setup the basis for the development of a genetic barcode for the most heavily harvested ornamental crustaceans.

Team Leaders
Juan Antonio Baeza Migueles Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Baeza, J., Liu, X., Kostecka, L., & Wortham, J. (2019). Active parental care in the peppermint shrimp Lysmata boggessi: the effect of embryo age and circadian cycle. Marine Biology, 166(10). doi: 10.1007/s00227-019-3579-0
Antonio Baeza, J., *Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L., Guéron, R., Mora, N., & Owen, D. (2015). Reproductive Investment in a Phyletic Giant, the Caribbean King Crab Damithrax spinosissimus: Exploring Egg Production Costs in Large Brooding Marine Invertebrates. Journal Of Shellfish Research, 34(3), 1049-1056. doi: 10.2983/035.034.0331
Baeza, J., *Steedman, S., Prakash, S., Liu, X., Bortolini, J., Dickson, M., & Behringer, D. (2018). Mating system and reproductive performance in the isopod Parabopyrella lata, a parasitic castrator of the ‘peppermint’ shrimp Lysmata boggessi. Marine Biology, 165(3). doi: 10.1007/s00227-018-3297-z
*Simpson, L., *Ambrosio, L., & Baeza, J. (2016). Sexual Dimorphism and Allometric Growth in the Enigmatic Pygmy Crab Petramithrax Pygmaeus (Bell, 1836) (Decapoda: Brachyura: Mithracidae), with a Formal Test of Rensch’s Rule in Spider Crabs (Superfamily Majoidea). Journal Of Crustacean Biology, 36(6), 792-803. doi: 10.1163/1937240x-00002486
Antonio Baez, J., *Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L., Guéron, R., Mora, N. and Owen, D. (2015). Reproductive Investment in a Phyletic Giant, the Caribbean King CrabDamithrax spinosissimus: Exploring Egg Production Costs in Large Brooding Marine Inertebrates. Journal of Shellfish Research, 34(3), pp.1049-1056.
Baeza, J., *Hemphill, C. and Ritson-Williams, R. (2015). The Sexual and Mating System of the Shrimp Odontonia katoi (Palaemonidae, Pontoniinae), a Symbiotic Guest of the Ascidian Polycarpa aurata in the Coral Triangle. PLOS ONE, 10(3).
*Major, R. and Baeza, J. (2017). Monogamy and sexual dimorphism in the shrimp Periclemenes rathbunae, living in symbiosis with the sun sea anemone Stychodactyla helianthus. Presentation, Benthic Ecology Meeting 2017, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina (April 12-16). 
*Steedman, S., Prakash, S., Behringer, D., Baeza, A. (2017). Reproductive performance and mating system in the isopod Parabopyrella lata, a parasitic castrator of the shrimp Lysmata boggessi. Presentation, Benthic Ecology Meeting 2017, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina (April 12-16). 
*Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J., Baeza, J.A. (2016). Sexual dimorphism in the pygmy spider crab, Petramithrax pygmaeus, and testing a macroevolutionary trend in growth in the superfamily Majoidea. 2016 South Eastern Ecological Conference, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 
*Simpson, L., *Major, R., Ambrosio, L.J., Baeza, J.A. (2016). Sexual dimorphism in the pygmy spider crab, Petramithrax pygmaeus, and a test of Rensch's Rule in the superfamily Majoidea. 2016 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Portland, Maine, USA. 
Baeza, J. A., *Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J. (2016). Active parental care, reproductive performance, and a novel egg predator affecting fecundity in the Caribbean spiny lobster Panulirus argus. 2016 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Portland, Maine, USA. 
*Johnson, C.A. & Baeza, J.A. (2015, March 13-16). Exploring the effect of phyletic dwarfism on the static allometry of reproductive traits: Fecundity, Egg Size, and Reproductive Output in the Pygmy Spider Crab Mithrax pygmaeus . Poster presented at the The Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference (SEEC), Athens, GA.
*Hemphill, C., *Brownell, C., Charlton, H. & Baeza, J. (2014). The lifestyle and sexual dimorphism of the symbiotic shrimp Ascidonia katoi suggests a polygamous mating system. Poster presented at the 43rd Annual Benthic Ecology Meeting 2014, Jacksonville, FL.
*Simpson, L.A., & Baeza, J.A. (2014). Does Rench's rule apply to marine invertebrates?: A formal test of predictions using the Crustacea as a model system. 'Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and their use in Evolutionary Biology' Meeting, Sevilla, Spain. Runner up to best student poster price at the Meeting 'Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and their Application in Evolutionary Biology', Seville, Spain.
College of ScienceG
1610

Visual Exploration of Scientific Data (SciVis Contest)

This Creative Inquiry aims at exploring scientific data by means of interactive visualization techniques. The project is developed in conjunction with the SciVis contest, a visualization challenge hosted every year at the IEEEVIS conference (http://ieeevis.org/).Students should expect to enroll in the CI project for 2 semesters. During the Fall semester, students will learn the basics of scientific visualization by working with Paraview. During the Spring semester, students will develop a new project based on the dataset published in the SciVis contest. High-quality projects will be submitted to the SciVis contest and, if accepted, students will have the chance to attend the IEEE VIS conference for presenting their work.

Team Leaders
Federico Iuricich School of Computing
Mehrdad Yousefi CCIT CITI
Guoxi Liu School of Computing
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1799

Invasion Ecology of Non-Native Ornamental Trees

Virtually all non-native trees in the United States were originally introduced as ornamentals and landscape trees. Their escape into natural and managed areas has been associated with declines in native biodiversity and alterations in food webs. We will look at the most common non-native ornamentals (e.g. Callery pear, privet) and their impacts on various native species from plants to pollinators, leaf litter arthropods, and twig borers. Students will design experiments to test hypotheses related to these potential impacts, collect and analyze respective data, and present the results in presentations and publications.

Team Leaders
Jessica Hartshorn Forestry and Environmental Conservation
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1801

Public Space in the Age of COVID-19: CAAV5 Conference

This project will be the research and development engine for the CAAV5 Conference, Oct. 14-17, 2020. Working with the Watt Family Innovation Center, we will develop and deliver a fully online conference including a student organized Hack-a-thon. Learning will encompass how we move from in-person content delivery to online/digital and virtual public space. There is the potential for various social and behavioral research projects related to this project. We plan to work with an industry partner, Mozilla. 

Team Leaders
Winifred Newman School of Architecture
Tullen Burns Watt Family Innovation Center
Nate Newsome Watt Family Innovation Center
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
756

Biochemical Analysis of Homologous Recombination and DNA Repair

Our laboratory studies the mechanism behind the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). If not repaired, a DSB can result in genome instability and potentially, cancer. DSBs are caused by exposure to chemicals, radiation, oxidative reactive species generated during normal metabolism and damaged replication forks. The repair of DSBs often involves the homologous recombination (HR) DNA repair pathway. The heart of HR is the RAD51 and DMC1 recombinase. These enzymes catalyze the search for homology between the damaged DNA and the sister chromatid. The activity of the recombinases is modulated by a number of accessory proteins. We utilize a combination of molecular biological and biochemical techniques to determine the role these accessory proteins have in the modulation of RAD51 and DMC1 recombinase activity. The results of our studies will provide insight into the mechanistic underpinnings of HR and genome maintenance.

Team Leaders
Michael Sehorn Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Waldvogel, S., Goodson, S., & Sehorn, M. (2019). Stabilization of the Human DMC1 Nucleoprotein Filament. In L. Balakrishnan & J. Stewart, DNA Repair (pp. 285-291). New York, NY: Humana Press.
Goodson, S., *Hawes, R., *Waldvogel, S. and Sehorn, M. (2019). In Vitro Assay for Plasmid Length DNA Strand Exchange by Human DMC1. In: L. Balakrishnan and J. Stewart, ed., DNA Repair: Methods and Protocols. New York, NY: Springer, pp.265-270.
Goodson, S., *Hawes, R., *Waldvogel, S. and Sehorn, M. (2019). In Vitro Assay for Plasmid Length DNA Strand Exchange by Human DMC1. In: L. Balakrishnan and J. Stewart, ed., DNA Repair: Methods and Protocols. New York, NY: Springer, pp.265-270.
*Waldvogel, S., Goodson, S. and Sehorn, M. (2019). Stabilization of the Human DMC1 Nucleoprotein Filament. In: L. Balakrishnan and J. Stewart, ed., DNA Repair: Methods and Procedures. New York, NY: Springer, pp.285-291.
*Waldvogel, S., Goodson, S., & Sehorn, M. (2019). Stabilization of the Human DMC1 Nucleoprotein Filament. In L. Balakrishnan & J. Stewart, DNA Repair: Methods in Molecular Biology (pp. 285-291). New York, NY: Springer New York.
Goodson, S., Hawes, R., Waldvogel, S., & Sehorn, M. (2019). In Vitro Assay for Plasmid Lengthen DNA Strand Exchange by Human DMC1. In L. Balakrishnan & J. Stewart, DNA Repair: Methods and Protocols. New York, NY: Springer New York.
Kelso, A., *Waldvogel, S., *Luthman, A., & Sehorn, M. (2017). Homologous Recombination in Protozoan Parasites and Recombinase Inhibitors. Frontiers In Microbiology, 8. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01716
Kelso, A., Goodson,  S., Chavan, S., Say, A., Turchick, A., Sharma, D., Ledford, L., *Ratterman, E., *Leskoske, K., King, A., Attaway, C., Bandera, Y., Foulger, S., Mazin, A., Temesvari, L., & Sehorn, M. (2016). Characterization of the recombination activities of the Entamoeba histolytica Rad51 recombinase. Molecular And Biochemical Parasitology, 210(1-2), 71-84. doi: 10.1016/j.molbiopara.2016.09.001
Kelso, A., Goodson, S., *Watts, L., Ledford, L., *Waldvogel, S., *Diehl, J., Shah, S., Say, A., *White, J., Sehorn, M. (2016). The β-isoform of BCCIP promotes ADP release from the RAD51 presynaptic filament and enhances homologous DNA pairing. Nucleic Acids Research, 45(2), 711-725. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkw877doi:10.1093/nar/gkw877.
*Sarah Waldvogel was selected as the Outstanding Junior in the College of Science.
College of ScienceG
762

Exploring New Materials for Advanced Lithium Ion Battery Applications

New materials will be explored for longer life and greater capacity of the next generation batteries. Metal-organic framework (MOF) solids are known for its propensity in host-guest chemistry relevant to gas absorption, ion-exchange, catalysis and cathode applications, to just name a few. Participants of this Creative Inquiry project will learn fundamental electrochemical (e-chem) skills and, with my supervision, are encouraged to formulate their own work in the exploration of MOF solids. We will employ the water-soluble polyoxometalates along with organic amines to build new MOFs through e-chem synthesis at room temperature. The resulting solids will be subject to ion-exchange reactions and surface area analysis. We anticipate that new solids featuring open-framework structures suitable for electrode applications will result.

Team Leaders
Shiou-jyh Hwu Chemistry
Kirkland Sheriff Chemistry
Accomplishments
Hess, S., *Alvarez, N., *Lefort, C., *Jiang, X. (2017, April). Joining the Resistance: Microbial Presence and Antibiotic Resistance in Student Exercising Environments. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Sulejmanovic, D., Campbell, M., Raval, Y., *Anayee, M., Whitehead, D., Tzeng, J., Hwu, S. (2016). "Water-soluble Polyoxometalates: Synthetic Strategies and Applications." Department of Chemistry, Annual Research Symposium. 
College of ScienceG
763

Exploring New Magnetic Solids for Quantum Computing and Information Storage

Exploring new magnetic materials revealing quantum tunneling phenomenon for the next generation quantum computing. A new class of inorganic solids will be synthesized by high-temperature (<500 oC) solid state methods. A typical example can be seen in one of our recent publications (Chem. Mater. 2014, 26, 1502-1504) where the synthesis of magnetic nanostructures in condensed matter is shown feasible for the formation of desired quantum tunneling phenomenon. The resulting new solids will be subject to single crystal X-ray diffraction studies, UV-vis spectroscopic analysis, and magnetic susceptibility measurements. We anticipate temperature-independent magnetic relaxation, a signature phenomenon for quantum tunneling, will be observed in these new magnetic insulators.

Team Leaders
Shiou-jyh Hwu Chemistry
Kirkland Sheriff Chemistry
Accomplishments
Joseph Ondus, Undergraduate  Award in Inorganic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, 2019
"Electrochemical Crystal Growth of POM-based Complex Oxides," Qiuying Zhang, Joseph Ondus, Shiou-Jyh Hwu, 2019 Chemistry Research SymposiumZhang, Q., Ondus, J., Hwu, S. (2019) Electrochemical Crystal Growth of POM-based Complex Oxides. Presented at the 2019 Chemistry Research Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Ondus, J., *Talbert, J. & Hwu, S. (2017, March 4). "Computational Study of Complex Salt Formation." Presented at the Annual Chemistry Department Research Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Shen, Y., Sulejmanovic, D., *Malone, G. & Hwu, S.-J. (2016, March) Inorganic-Organic Hybrids – Crystal Assembly via Non-conventional Bonding, Poster Presentation at the Chemistry Department Annual Research Symposium.
*Malone, G., Shen, Y., Htet, Y., Sulejmanovice, D., Tennyson, A., Hwu, S.J. (2016). "Inorganic-Organic Hybrids – Crystal Assembly via Non-conventional Bonding." Department of Chemistry, Annual Research Symposium.
College of ScienceG
765

Engineering the Intervertebral Disc

Herniation and degeneration of the intervertebral discs (IVDs) in our spine can cause significant pain, disability and economic burden on a global scale. Current surgical strategies to repair and restore function to the IVDs have limitations. Regenerative medicine-based approaches for IVD repair and regeneration using stem cells and scaffolds hold significant promise; however, an ideal scaffold that mimics the complex micro-architecture, biochemistry and mechanical properties of the entire IVD has yet to be developed. Previously, our CI has created a composite scaffold derived from cow tail IVDs that have had all the cow cells removed. The scaffolds have demonstrated similar physio-chemical properties compared to human IVDs and they support stem cell viability in vitro. Thus, the continued focus of the CI is to develop approaches to efficiently repopulate the scaffold with stem cells and to assess tissue regeneration on the IVD scaffold.

Team Leaders
Jeremy Mercuri Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Rood, C., *Randall, H., *Hannah, L., *Krussig, M., Mercuri, J., Simionescu, D. (2019, April). Development and Analysis of a Tissue Engineered Intervertebral Disc Xenograft Scaffold. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Boulez, A., *Casler, V., *Doyle, C., *Garon, A., *Hensley, A., *Rood, C., *Smith, K., *Wyman, N., Walters, J., & Mercuri, J. (2018, April). Histological and Mechanical Characterization of a Decellularized Intact Intervertebral Disc Xenograft. Presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry Conference, Clemson, SC.
*Boulez, A., Casler, V., Garon, A., Minton, N., Rodd, C., *Hensley, A., *Rames, J., *Doyle, C., *Litzinger, T., *Watt, T., *Wyman, N., Fernandez, C. & Mercuri, J. (2017, April). Intact Composite Intervertebral Disc Scaffolds Developed by Decellularizing Bovine Tail Caudal Discs. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Compton, C., *Lehane, A., *Rames, J., *Skelly, M., *Hensley, A. & Mercuri, J. (2015, April). 'Development of a Novel Biological Intervertebral Dsic Scaffold'. Poster presentation at the 10th annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
*Hensley, A., *Rames, J., Casler, V., Rood, C., Walters, J., & Fernandez, C. et al. (2018). Decellularization and characterization of a whole intervertebral disk xenograft scaffold. Journal Of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, 106(9), 2412-2423. doi: 10.1002/jbm.a.36434
CI: 765. (2014). Bovine caudal IVD harvestd by the creative inquiry students (side view).
CI: 756. (2014). Bovine tail intervertebral disc harvested by creative inquiry (top view).
CI: 756. (2014). Engineering the Intervertebral Disc creative inquiry students snap freezing their bovine discs using liquid nitrogen.
CI: 756. (2014). Engineering the intervertebral disc creative inquiry students hard at work in the the laboratory of Orthopaedic Tissue Regeneration & Orthobiologics.
CI: 765. (2014). Cross-section of a Bovine Caudal IVD illustrating the nucleus pulposus region (center), surrounding annulus fibrosus and end-plates (inferior and superior).
CI: 765. (2014). Bovine Caudal IVD's without (top two) and with (bottom 2) endplates.
CI: 765. (2014). decelled IVDs
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1544

Health Literacy in the American Sign Language Community

This CI is designed to explore ways to alleviate the communication barriers between healthcare systems and the deaf people who use American Sign Language (ASL). Through conducting research in the community, the researchers analyze a variety of data and information that addresses the existing health literacy issues being provided in ASL for deaf people. The purpose of this is to ensure that these individuals have the access to information pertaining to awareness about health welfare. The goal of this research is to create a better understanding for delivering health and medical information via ASL for deaf people with different educational backgrounds and to ultimately break down the prevailing communication barriers that they face in today's society. 

Team Leaders
Jody Cripps Languages
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
772

Brain Tips

Students in this project learn more about the human brain and behavior. We find popular press and scientific articles that we think would be of interest to and help college and high school students and develop short, memorable tips to share using social media (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter). Students learn about the brain and how it works by developing ideas that others can find useful and apply in their lives. https://www.facebook.com/clemsonbraintips/; https://www.instagram.com/clemsonsss/

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
Accomplishments
*Koger, E., *Whaley, T., *Knox, A.,*Barker, K., *Six, S. & Pilcher, J. (2019, April). Smart and Savvy Students: Clemson University Brain Tips. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Pilcher, J., *Whaley, T., *Koger, E., *Knox, A., *Barker, K., *Six, S. (2019, April). Clemson Smart & Savvy Students- Brain Tips. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Koger, E., *Cantz, P., *Chiles, N., *Neal, J., *Whaley, T., *Knox, A., & Pilcher, J. (2018, April). Smart and Savvy Students: Clemson University Brain Tips. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. (*student collaborators)
*Boyk, M., *McIntyre, B., *Kouser, A., *Anzola, Z., *Schwiekert, M., *Askins, D., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, April). Smart & savvy students: Life hacks. Electronic poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
*Anzola, Z., *Boyk, M., *Kouser, A., *Mcintyre, B., *Schweikert, M., *Askins, D., Pilcher, J. (2017, April). Smart and Savvy Students: Life Hacks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Clancy, K., *Dickson, A., *Myers, C., *Kinard, S., *Sharpe, T., *Hiott, C., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Smart and savvy students: Broadcasting the brain. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Holmes, K., *Bryan, R., *Clancy, K., *Palmer, D., *Tyler, C. & Pilcher, J. J. (2015). Smart & savvy students: Year 2. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Hildreth, L., *Holmes, K., *Osborn, R., & Pilcher, J. (2014). Smart & savvy students. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
CI: 772. (2014). Our Smart & Savvy Students handing out water and Brain Tips to other students and CU tour groups. [Image]. 
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
778

Mission Impossible? Teamwork and Team Composition in High Risk, High Stress Environments

How do we turn teams of experts into expert teams, especially when they are teams working in stressful and demanding environments such as the military, healthcare, or outer space? We are currently investigating this question in the DIGITAL (Deriving Innovative & riGorous scIence for Teaming And Leading) Research Lab, as teams today face new challenges which may require different interventions and strategies than what seems to work in traditional teams. This CI team will involve conducting lab and field research with military teams, spaceflight crews, and healthcare professionals to answer this question and expand our current knowledge of teamwork and leadership in culturally diverse, physically distributed, dynamic, and adaptive work environments.       

Team Leaders
Marissa Shuffler Psychology
Sydney Begerowski Psychology
Kyle Christenson Psychology
Allison Traylor Psychology
Katelyn Hedrick Psychology
Akasha Nelson Psychology
Annamaria Wolf Psychology
Riley Mccallus Psychology
Jordan Smith Psychology
Kaitlan Bryant Psychology
Accomplishments
Shuffler, M., Diazgranados, D., Maynard, M., & Salas, E. (2018). Developing, Sustaining, and Maximizing Team Effectiveness: An Integrative, Dynamic Perspective of Team Development Interventions. Academy Of Management Annals, 12(2), 688-724. doi: 10.5465/annals.2016.0045
Mroz, J., Allen, J., Verhoeven, D., & Shuffler, M. (2018). Do We Really Need Another Meeting? The Science of Workplace Meetings. Current Directions In Psychological Science, 27(6), 484-491. doi: 10.1177/0963721418776307
Shuffler, M., Salas, E., & Xavier, L. (2010). The Design, Delivery and Evaluation of Crew Resource Management Training. In B. Kanki, J. Anca & R. Helmreich, Crew Resource Management (2nd ed., pp. 205-232). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
Shuffler, M., Kramer, W., Carter, D., Thayer, A., & Rosen, M. (2018). Leveraging a team-centric approach to diagnosing multiteam system functioning: The role of intrateam state profiles. Human Resource Management Review, 28(4), 361-377. doi: 10.1016/j.hrmr.2017.08.003
Shuffler, M. L., Kramer, W. S., Carter, D. R., Thayer, A. L., & Rosen, M. A. (2018). Leveraging a team-centric approach to diagnosing multiteam system functioning: The role of intrateam state profiles. Human Resource Management Review, 28(4), 361-377.
DiazGranados, D., Shuffler, M., Savage, N., Dow, A., & Dhindsa, H. (2017). Defining the Prehospital Care Multiteam System. In J. Keebler, E. Lazzara & P. Misasi, Human Factors and Ergonomics of Prehospital Emergency Care. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
DiazGranados, D., Shuffler, M., Savag, N., Dow, A. and Dhindsa, H. (2017). Defining the Prehospital Care Multiteam System. In: J. Keebler, E. Lazzara and P. Misasi, ed., Human Factors and Ergonomics of Prehospital Emergency Care. Boca Ratan, FL: Taylor & Francis Group.
Kramer, W., Shuffler, M., & Feitosa, J. (2017). The world is not flat: Examining the interactive multidimensionality of culture and virtuality in teams. Human Resource Management Review, 27(4), 604-620. doi: 10.1016/j.hrmr.2016.12.007
Salas, E., Shuffler, M., Thayer, A., Bedwell, W. and Lazzara, E. (2014). Understanding and Improving Teamwork in Organizations: A Scientifically Based Practical Guide. Human Resource Management, 54(4), pp.599-622.
Shuffler, M., Kramer, W. and Burke, C. (2016). #TeamLeadership: Leadership for Today's Multicultural, Virtual, and Distributed Teams. In: J. Wildman, R. Griffith and B. Armon, ed., Critical Issues in Cross Cultural Management. New York, NY: Springer, pp.1-14.
Verhoeven, D., Cooper, T., *Flynn, M., & Schuffler, M. (2017). Transnational Team Effectiveness. In E. Salas, R. Rico & J. Passmore, The Wiley Blackwell Handbook of the Psychology of Team Working and ... (pp. 73-102). San Fransisco, California: John Wiley & Sons.
Shuffler, M.L., Verhoeven, D., & Jiménez-Rodríguez, M., Chairs (2018). Ouch, That Trust Fall Hurts! Translating the Science of Team Affect into Evidence-based Team & Multiteam System Development Interventions. Panel presented at the 13th annual conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Bethesda, MD.
*DeMass, R., *Flynn, M.L., & Shuffler, M.L. (2019). Development and Validation of a Situational Judgement Test of critical social thinking. Poster presented at the 65th Southeastern Psychological Association Annual Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Wirth, K., LeNoble, C.A., Lindgren, R., Savage, N., & Shuffler, M.L. (2019). Leadership development evaluation: Self-reported vs. qualitatively coded affective responses. Poster accepted to the 65th Southeastern Psychological Association Annual Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Flynn, M.*, Verhoeven, D., Burnett, E., & Shuffler, M. L. (2018). Identifying Core Competencies in Multiteam Systems. Poster presented at the 13th annual conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Bethesda, MD.
*Rye, A., *Demos, J., Verhoeven, D., Savage, N., Flynn, M., Kramer, W., Farago, P., Shuffler , M. (2017, April). Leadership Formality and Cultural Diversity in Space Missions. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Farago, P.R., Verhoeven, D.C. & Shuffler, M.L. (2017) Growing pains: Leader-member exchange buffers organizational change effects. Poster presented to the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, TX.
Farago, P. (2017). Leaving it All on the Field: Coaching in Healthcare to Reduce Burnout. Poster presented to the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, TX.
Patel, A., Kramer, W. S., Summers, J. D., & Shuffler, M. L. (2016). "Function modeling: A study of model sequential completion based on count and chaining functions". Paper presentation. Presented at the annual meeting of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conference and the Computer and Information in Engineering Conference, Charlotte, NC.
*Mercer, E. L., Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., & Farago, P. (2016). The Positive Impact of Mindfulness in Organizations. Poster presented at the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, TX.
*Flynn, M., Farago, P., Savage, N., Shuffler, M. L., Wilson, S., & Tappert, T. (2017). "The Impact of Mindfulness on Burnout in Clinical Healthcare Employees". Poster submitted to the 12th Annual International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health, "Work, Stress, and Health", Minneapolis, Minnesota
*Flynn, M., Savage, N., Shuffler, M. L., Farago, P., Wilson, S., & Tappert, T. (2017). Leading Safely: Leadership Behaviors as Predictors of Patient Safety Climate. In Sinclair, R. R. (Chair) & Manapragada, A. (Co-Chair), Putting the "Health" in Healthcare. Symposium presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Savage, N. & Shuffler, M. L. (2017). "Let's Be Fair: The Influence of Leadership on Interpersonal Justice Climate in Healthcare". Poster submitted to the 12th Annual International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health, "Work, Stress, and Health", Minneapolis, Minnesota.
*Flynn, M., Kramer, W. S., Patel, A., & Shuffler, M. L. (2017). "Learning and Training Development In Complex Function Modeling". Poster Submitted to the 2017 Industrial-Organizational & Organizational Behavior Conference, Jones School of Business, Rice University, Texas.
Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., & Wilson, S. (2016). Political Skill and Media Use as Antecedents to Healthcare Leadership. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Shuffler, M. L., & Verhoeven, D. C. (2016). Leadership Demands for 21st Century Healthcare: A Multilevel Approach. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Shuffler, M. L., Verhoeven, D. C., & Savage, N. (co-chairs) (2016). Bridging the Gap: Challenges of Leadership in Healthcare. Panel presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Savage, N., Shuffler, M. L., & Wilson, S. (2016). Staying Positive: The Influence of Leadership on Justice in Healthcare. In M. Jimenez-Rodriguez, M. Key-Roberts, & B. Lynn (Chairs), Maximizing Organizational Productivity: Leader Strategies for Promoting Inclusive Climates. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Wilson, S., & Tappert, T. (2016). Fairness Matters: The Importance of Leaders and Justice on Healthcare Teams. Poster Presented at the 11th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Helsinki, Finland.
*Mercer, E., *Demos, J., Savage, N., Verhoeven, D., Kramer, W., & Shuffler, M. (2016, April). The Influence of Leaders on Organizations: Considering the Role of Political Skill in Healthcare. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, South Carolina.
Kramer, W.S., Shuffler, M.L. & Switzer, F. (2015, April). The effect of leader-member exchange on voice: A meta-analysis. Poster to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Savage, N., Kramer, W., Verhoeven, D. C, Shuffler, M. L., Burke, C. S., Salas, E. (2015). Are Distributed Teams More Stressed? The Influence of Distribution on Justice and Stress. Paper presented at the 10th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Allison, B.A., &  Shuffler, M.L. (2015). Leading tomorrow's teams today: The future of teams-focused leadership development. Panel to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Kramer, W.S., & Shuffler, M.L. (2014). Context's ability to influence team perceptions and performance: Bridging culture and leadership research. Poster Presentation at the 9th Annual Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
Shuffler, M.L., & Janicki, S. (2014). Student learning in a partially distributed teamwork assignment. In S. Perry & O. Leung (Co-Chairs), Teaching students to work in virtual teams: Lessons learned from three virtual team projects. Symposium presented at the 74th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
Postdoctoral Fellowship, Leadership Development & Organizational Culture, Greenville Health System & Clemson University (Funded) o Marissa Shuffler, PI o October 2016-January 2020 o Sponsor: Clemson & GHS o Funding for a postdoctoral fellow  supervised jointly by Shuffler & Dr. Chip Wiper and Sharon Wilson of Prisma Health-Upstate (formerly Greenville Health System) o $90,000 in funding from Prisma Health-Upstate
CAREER: Detecting Patterned Profiles for Functional and Dysfunctional Teamwork (Funded) • Marissa Shuffler, PI • March 2017-February 2022 • Sponsor: NSF (Science of Organizations, SBE Division) • $466,662
Hoechst Celanese Graduate Student Research Award - Nastassia Savage
Outstanding Master’s Degree Student in Psychology - Dana C. Verhoeven
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
786

Engineering for Modern Healthcare

The goal of this CI is to develop a method to organize hospital stockrooms using a color-coding scheme that can be used universally throughout various hospitals and stockrooms.

Team Leaders
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Cash, H., *Seawell, T., *Colborn, E., *Gilmore, S. (2019, April). Color-Coding Organization Scheme to Improve Hospital Stockrooms. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Long, K., Dean, D., & Cash, H. (2018, April). Color-coding for nursing stockrooms. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster forum, Clemson, SC.
Cash, H., Dean, D., *Long, K., *Maad, H., *O'Neill, K., *Bergamasco, G., Gainey, K. (2017, April). Color-Coding for Hospital Stockrooms. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Ford, A., *Parekh, D., *Shaw, E., *Hobbs, M., *Harper, N., *Zadeh, S., & Gainey, K. (2014). A cross-discipline approach to healthcare needs. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
789

Generation and Characterization of Radiation for Biomedical Applications

In recent years there has been a strong growth in the number of medical devices that use different types of radiation for treatment and imaging applications. There is also a growing interest in different fields ( e.g. medicine, biology, space research, electronics) to understand and utilize the effects of different forms of radiation. The effectiveness of radiation technology depends on the understanding of the interaction with the materials in question ranging from surfaces of solids to biological soft tissues.   The present research project lies on the borderline of physics and biology. The elementary physical processes of the interaction are well known, but their expressions in biological samples depend on the complex response of the system and its environment. Students in this project will explore different techniques to generate, detect, and characterize electromagnetic radiation, their uses in specialized medical devices, and their applications in research.    

Team Leaders
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Endre Takacs Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
*Napolitano, J., Chowdhury, A., *Aduma, K., *Garvey, R., *Hill, M., *Keller, R., *Petty, C., *Rifkin, A., Takacs, E., Dean, D. (2019, April). The Effect of Low Dose Radiation on Human Aortic Smooth Muscle Cells. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*McDowell, K., *Keller, R., *Napolitano, J., *Petty, C., *Patrick, A., *Pusker, S., Takacs, E., Dean, D., (2018, April). The effects of low-dose radiation on various cell types. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum in Clemson SC
*Baginski, B., *Bradley, S., *Truong, K., Takacs, E. & Dean, D. (2017, April). The effects of low-dose radiation on various cell types. Presented at the 12th annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Truong, K., *Bradley, S., Rusin, M., Takacs, E. & Dean, D. (2016). The cell response of 7F2 Osteoblasts to low-dose radiation. Presented at the 2016 Annual Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES) meeting, Minneapolis, MN.
*Baginski, B., *Brandenburg, K., *Caruso, S., *Hellyer, A., *Kimmel, T., *Klingenberger, A., *Medlin, D., *Miller, J., *Williams, J., *Wilson, R., *Wilson, J., Dean, D., Takacs, E., & Rusin, M. (2014). Generation and characterization of radiation in biomedical applications. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Truong, K., *Bradley, S., *Baginski, B., *Wilson, J., *Medlin, D., Zheng, L., Wilson, R.K., Rusin, M., Takacs, E., & Dean, D., T (2018). The effect of well-characterized, very low-dose x-ray radiation on fibroblasts. PLOS ONE, 13(1), e0190330. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190330
*Truong, K., *Bradley, S., *Baginski, B., Wilson, J., *Medlin, D., Zheng, L., *Wilson, K., Rusin, M., Takacs, E., Dean, D. (2018). The effect of well-characterized, very low-dose x-ray radiation on fibroblasts. PLOS ONE, 13(1), e0190330. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0190330
*Medlin, D., Heffron, W., Siegel, A., *Wilson, K., *Klingenberger, A., Gall, A., Rusin, M., Dean, D. and Takacs, E. (2015). Development of an x-ray irradiation port for biomedical applications at the CUEBIT facility. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 583, p.012048.
*Klingenberger, J., Schott, M., *Kimmel, T., Medlin, D., Gall, A., Rusin, M., Dean, D. and Takacs, E. (2015). Modeling low energy x-ray interactions with biological material at the CUEBIT. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 583, p.012046.
Joey Wilson won the Astronaut Scholarship: http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/clemson-bioengineering-student-awarded-astronaut-foundation-scholarship/
Joey Wilson won the Schwartzman Scholarship: http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/clemson-senior-joey-wilson-awarded-schwarzman-scholarship-to-china/
*Bryana Baginski won the Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences Scholarship as a direct result of the work she did for CI
1st Place Judged Poster Prize at the 2017 FoCI for *Bryana Baginski, *Suzanne Bradley, *Katelyn Truong
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1546

Science and Values in Environmental and Radiological Health

The objective of this project is to develop effective tools within the context of environmental and radiological health for emphasizing the interwoven nature of science and values and making ethics accessible for everyday decision making. This project also provides an introduction to the responsible conduct of research.

Team Leaders
Nicole Martinez Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
791

Lab-on-a-Chip and Microfluidics to Identify the Cause of Disease in Clinical Diagnostics

We investigate the use of electric fields to identify and separate different strains of Candida cells. This is very important in the context of healthcare diagnostics since Candida is the causative pathogen of candidiasis, a medical condition affecting 46,000 patients yearly in the US with a mortality rate up to 44%. Identifying the strain causing this condition is crucial since front line antibiotics are not necessarily effective on all strains. For example, front line antibiotics commonly used for Candida albicans, the most likely cause of candidiasis, are not effective to eradicate C. glabrata, an emerging pathogen. The technology we are developing is a microfluidic chipset that utilizes a phenomenon known as Dielectrophoresis to selectively trap and detect different strains of Candida. This is uncharted territory and we are generating excellent results in several fronts. Go to www.multiscalemanufacturing.net to see more information

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Bisbee, C., Barnett, E., Vogel, M., Hammond, C., Keck, D., & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2019). 3D Carbon-electrode Dielectrophoresis to Identify Candida strains. Presentation at the 35th International Symposium on Microscale Separation and Bioanalysis, Corvallis, OR.
*Barnett, E., *Vogel, M., *Hammond, C., *Bisbee, C., *Jones, P., *Keck, D., & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2019) “Carbon-electrode Dielectrophoresis to Identiy Candida strains” Presentation. 235th ECS Meeting: Dallas, TX.
*Gullette, E., *Hammer, M., *Heustess, M., *Mills, A., *Stuart, C., Keck, D., & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2018, April). Dielectrophoresis of Trypanosoma brucei Using Titanium Microelectrode Arrays. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Sparks, J., Islam, M. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Towards synthesis of steel foams through carbothermal reduction of iron oxide nanoparticles and renewable biopolymers. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Duncan, J., *Hanson, N., *Heustess, M., *Kluttz, E., *Mitchell, F. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Studying the Attraction of T. brucei to different materials and landscapes. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Gullette, E., *Hanson, N., Kluttz, E., *Stuart, C., *Hammer, M., *Pitman, A., *Wallace, K., Keck, D. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Studying the Behavior of T. brucei under Electric Field Gradients Implemented using Optoelectronic Tweezers. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Duncan, J, *Gullette, E., *Hammer, M., *Heustess, M., Pitman, A., *Wallace, K., Islam, M. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Carbon-electrode Dielectrophoresis for concentrating Trypanosoma Brucei. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Emily Gullette, *Emily Kluttz, *Meredith Hammer and *Natalie Hanson were awarded Honorable Mention in the Poster Session of the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society (ECS) in New Orleans, LA. Poster session featured 70 posters from mostly graduate students. EG, EK, MH and NH were featured in the awards section of Interface, the ECS magazine
*Josie Duncan and *Mary Grace Heustess awarded 3rd place in the Poster Session of the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society (ECS) in New Orleans, LA. Poster session featured 70 posters from mostly graduate students. JD and MGH were featured in the awards section of Interface, the ECS magazine
Gilmore, J., Islam, M., *Duncan, J., Natu, R., & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017). Assessing the importance of the root mean square (RMS) value of different waveforms to determine the strength of a dielectrophoresis trapping force. ELECTROPHORESIS, 38(20), 2561-2564. doi: 10.1002/elps.201600551
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1964

3D Printing Jointed Customizable Splints

Many traditional medical devices are often designed with a “one size fits all” approach to allow them to be mass produced at as low a cost as possible, but because of the variation in the patient population often results in “one size fits none” devices. With the advent of low-cost 3D-printing, this paradigm has started to change towards patient centered design, where devices are customized to the anatomy of the specific patient they will used to treat. The goal of this CI is to explore these concepts of patient centered design and create a platform for the rapid design and production of customized jointed splints used in the treatment and rehabilitation of finger and hand injuries.

Team Leaders
Tyler Harvey Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
792

Origami for Carbon-based Multifunctional Materials

Carbonaceous materials such as glassy carbon and metal carbides are widely used as electrodes in many applications including sensors, batteries, and capacitors. The focus of this CI is to derive these materials from renewable resources and elucidate ways to control their structure at multiple length scales, from the nano to the centimeter scale, to tailor their mechanical and electrical performance. The aim is at deriving multifunctional architectures such as structural batteries, sensors and batteries. To this end, we emphasize the use of origami techniques to create complex architectures in pure or doped paper, which we then carbonize at very high temperatures without the presence of oxygen. In this way we can derive complex, porous, lightweight architectures of carbonaceous materials. This is a powerful concept since we can create 3D architectures of engineering value from flat paper films. More details can be found in www.multiscalemanufacturing.net  

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Islam, M., *Flach, J. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2018 July). Carbon origami: A method to fabricate lightweight carbon cellular materials. Carbon, 133, 140-149.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
799

The DEN (Design and Entrepreneurship Network)

This CI allows student teams to be mentored by leaders in device design, development, marketing, patenting and small business development to forward student-led technology and ideas. Initially, this CI will focus on mentoring technologies that are being generated by other CI groups, as well as from other Capstone Design programs, but other “independent” teams and technical areas will be sought after the CI structure is established. Teams can include undergraduates and graduates, and preference is given to groups that have already formed around a topic or technology of interest. Mentors and guest speakers from industry, patent law, marketing and start-up businesses will work with student teams to take technology beyond the university development level.  The format will be very student driven, with small student teams presenting each week on some aspect of their technology development and business plans. These presentations will be the focal point for discussions, mentoring and advice.      

Team Leaders
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Kristen Lawson School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Breanne Przestrzelski: The Larry Dooley Graduate Student Entrepreneurship Award, through Clemson Bioengineering
*Carile Van: The Larry Dooley Undergraduate Entrepreneurship Award, through Clemson Bioengineering
CI: 799. (2015). A successful first DEN meeting of the 2015-2016 year was held on Tuesday, August 25th!  Thanks to all the students, faculty, and mentors that attended with the purpose of expanding their entrepreneurial and creative mindset, developing their professional network, and working in teams to develop ideas they are passionate about!  Come check out The DEN every Tuesday night at 5:30-7:30pm!. [Image]. 
Jewell, A. (2015). Duck, Duck, Punch.
Jewell, A. (2015). DesJardins named to Hambright Professorship. 
Jewell, A. (2015). Looking for the next Steve Jobs at The DEN. 
Jewell, A. (2015). Alumni return to Clemson University to support The DEN.
Jewell, A. (2015). Students lunch with CEOs to learn entrepreneurship. 
Alongi, P. (2015). Clemson University students turn research project into a global business. 
Students pitch business ideas to Utah Jazz’s Trevor Booker. (2015). 
Alongi, P. (2014). The Design and Entrepreneurship Network recognized as ‘major campus initiative’ by the College of Engineering and Science.
CI: 799. (2014). DEN Newsletter part 2/2. [Image]. 
CI: 799. (2014). DEN Newsletter part 1/2. [Image].
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1798

Software Engineering Bots for Newcomers Onboarding to Open Source Projects

Onboarding refers to the process of teaching newcomers (new workers) the knowledge and skills needed to succeed in their positions. It serves as a way to integrate new workers into the environment both so they can understand how to succeed in their position but also integrate with their coworkers so they can work effectively as a team. It is during this period that programmers become familiar with a new project, its source code, and its team. While it is considered a necessity, it is also very costly and error-prone. Open-source software (OSS) projects leverage the coordinated effort from globally distributed stakeholders who build high-quality software. To remain sustainable and to evolve, several projects rely on the onboarding and retention of newcomers. However, attracting newcomers and engaging them are not easy tasks. Previous work shows that the barriers posed during the joining process may lead newcomers to give up on contributing. Joining an OSS project is a complex, multi-stage process, and this complexity could push newcomers away from the project.We propose to create a conversational bot that could help newcomers with finding open source projects that they can contribute to and guide them throughout the process. Newcomers face difficulties when onboarding to new projects. We believe that a bot that guides the newcomer, offering help when there is no activity, provides resources and recommends experienced developers for assistance, the newcomer will feel more confident and will be poised to have a successful contribution.

Team Leaders
Paige Rodeghero School of Computing
James Dominic School of Computing
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
824

Plant Biotechnology for use in Crop Genetic Improvement

Abiotic stress, such as salinity, drought, heat, cold and nutritional stress, is the major factor significantly impacting crop production. Understanding molecular mechanisms underlying plant response to various stresses will facilitate development of molecular strategies in genetically engineering crop species with enhanced performance under adverse environmental conditions. In this proposed study, we use molecular genetics and genomics approaches to dissect molecular mechanisms determining plant salt stress response, and will develop molecular strategies using agricultural biotechnology approach to modify candidate genes in transgenic plants producing new cultivars with enhanced salt tolerance. This will lead to genetic improvement of important crop species with enhanced performance under adverse environmental conditions contributing to increasing agricultural productivity.

Team Leaders
Hong Luo Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Hong Luo "Genetic engineering of turfgrass for enhanced multi-stress resistance" US Golf Association 02/01/2016 - 1/31/2019. $60,000.
Hong Luo "Methods and compositions for modulating gene expression in plants" Clemson University Research Foundation (CURF) Technology Maturation Fund Program 10/01/2016 - 10/31/2017. $31,808.
Li, Z., Yuan, S., Jia, H., Gao, F., Zhou, M., Yuan, N., Wu, P., Qian, Hu., Sun, D., Hong, L. (2016). Ectopic expression of a cyanobacterial flavodoxin in creeping bentgrass impacts plant development and confers broad abiotic stress tolerance. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 15(4), 433-446. doi: 10.1111/pbi.12638
Mishra, N., Sun, L., Zhu, X., Smith, J., Srivastava, A.P., Yang, X., Pehlivan, N., Esmaeili, N., Luo, H., Shen, G., Jones, D., Auld, D., Burke, J, Payton, P., Zhang, H. (2017). Overexpression of the Rice SUMO E3 Ligase Gene OsSIZ1 in Cotton Enhances Drought and Heat Tolerance, and Substantially Improves Fiber Yields in the Field under Reduced Irrigation and Rainfed Conditions. Plant And Cell Physiology, 58(4), 735-746. doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcx032
Hong Luo “Modification of plant stress-related genes in tobacco for enhanced plant performance under adverse environmental conditions” R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company 12/15/2016 - 12/14/2018. $223,516.
College of ScienceG
827

Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden

   Design, installation, and maintenance are essential to creating a sustainable landscape that is a display or model for education. Sustainability is defined according to the Brundtland report (1987) as the integrated use of social, environmental, and economic approaches to effect positive developmental change. Sustainable Sites Initiative (2009) is a working model for the creation of sustainable landscapes. Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden is a project that intends to alter the physical environment and enhance the landscape using environmental and psychological measures through the design and installation of a native plant garden.  Visit Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Web site: http://www.clemson.edu/cafls/demo/  and select "Meet the Team" to view past student experiences.                                   

Team Leaders
Ellen Vincent Plant and Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
*Anthony, A., Vincent, E. & White, S. (2018 April 4-5). The Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden. Poster Presented at the 2018 Clemson Student Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Anthony, A., Vincent, E. & White, S. (2018 April 4-5). The Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden. Presented at the 2018 Clemson Student Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
Vincent, E. & White, S. (2017, October 16-17). Sustainable Urban Garden- A Replicable Model for Health. Healthy City Design International, Royal Physicians Hall, London, England
Hollifield, K.* (2016, January 21). Sustainable landscape demonstration garden. Presented at the South Carolina Horticulture Industry Annual Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
825

Synthetic Biology

Synthetic Biology is a new engineering discipline studying principles and techniques for the design of devices made of biological materials (DNA, proteins, cells). Synthetic Biology uses microorganisms and molecular constituents as blocks (BioBricks) for the development of artificial (synthetic) biological system with novel functions. Students will use BioBricks from the Registry of Standard Biological Parts (http://partsregistry.org/Main_Page) as well as new parts of their own design to build biological systems and operate them in living cells to address important current global issues. This will be a year-long project driven by student participants.

Team Leaders
Tzuen-Rong J Tzeng Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Borthayre, S., *Hoy, S., *Mathew, R., Saffarian, M., & Tzeng, J. (2018). Development of Antibiotic-Inducible Reporter Systems as Tools for Study of Antibiotic Penetration through Biofilms. Presented at the Spring 2018 Meeting of the SC Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Rock Hill, SC. 
*Bickford, L., *Borthaye, S., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Hoy, S., *Jones, R., *Mathew, R., *Saffarian, M., Sridharan, J., *Summers, M., *Tzeng, A., *Wilson, J., Tzeng, T.R.J. (2016, April). Optimization of Bivector Systems for Export of Isoprenoids in Biofuel Applications. Poster presented at the FoCI Symposium, Clemson University
*Bickford, L., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Jones, R., *Tzeng, A., *Wilson, J. (2015, October 24). Cellular Export of Isoprenoids for Biofuel Synthesis. Presented at the American Society for Microbiology, SC Branch Annual Meeting.
*Bickford, M., *Jones, D., *Kane, R., *Louie, R., *Scanlan, A., *Tzeng, J., *Whatley, A., *Wilson, J., Brown, A., Saffarian, M., Cao, M., Tzeng, T.R. (2013). Development of a Universal Self-Amplified (USA) Biosensor for Repaid Detection of Viable Pathogens. Poster and oral presentations, 2013 iGEM North America Regional Jamboree, University of Toronto, Canada,
College of ScienceG
831

Clemson University Soil Judging Competition Team

 "The Muddy Tigers", Clemson University's Soils Team, "digs"deep into how South Carolina, regional and national soils play an important role in food, fiber, fun, and our future! The Muddy Tigers learn how to characterize soils, and evaluate the landscape in order to make sound decisions on what soil can be used for. 

Team Leaders
Dara Park Plant and Environmental Sciences
Bill R Smith Plant and Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
*Nisbet, J. & Park, D. (2018, April). Soil Profiles Tell a Story of What Was and What May Become. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Geddings, E.*, Henderson, C.*, Seiders, H.*, Park, D. (22, April 2017). Students compete in the 2017 National Collegiate Soils Contest, American Society of Agronomy, Northern Illinois University, De Kalb, IL.
*Reed, M., *Deason, J., White, D., & Park, D. (2014). The Nitty Gritty of South Carolina Soil Orders. Poster presented at the 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Team placed 13th and 10th as a group  at the National Soils Contest
*Anna Scott (Senior-PES) placed  7th at the National Soils Contest. She now will represent the USA at the International Contest in Brazil in August.
At the Regional Soils Contest: Individual competition (out of 65 competitors, only top 10 are awarded): 1st place: Georgianna "Anna" Scott 7th place: John "Zack" Nisbet Team Competition (out of 10 teams competing, only top 5 are awarded and advance to national contest): 2nd place: Clemson University
The Clemson University Soil Judging Team (Calum Henderson, Tee Stoudemayer, Elizabeth Geddings, and Hunter Seiders) placed 2nd out of 9 teams at the SE Regional Soil Judging Contest in Auburn Al, Oct 6, 2016. The team will now compete at the National Competition in Northern Illinois in late April 2017.
Calum Henderson placed 9th out of 59 students at the SE Regional Soil Judging Competition in Auburn, AL, Oct 6, 2016.
Timothy "Tee" Stoudemayer placed 5th out of 59 students at the SE Regional Soil Judging Competition in Auburn, AL, Oct 6, 2016.
Hunter Seiders* placed 7th in the individual competition.2017 National Collegiate Soils Contest, American Society of Agronomy, Northern Illinois University,De Kalb, IL.
CI: 831. (2016). Students showing their Clemson pride and gearing up to compete in the SE Regional Soil Judging Contest in Auburn AL, Oct 6th. [Image].
CI: 831. (2016). Dr. Bill Smith was recognized by students and colleagues for his 40 years of coaching the Clemson University Soil Judging Team. [Image].
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1794

Research Using Museum Collections

The goal of this Creative Inquiry project is twofold: 1. Use museum collections, starting with our own Bob and Betsy Campbell Museum of Natural History on Clemson’s campus, to answer research questions that could lead to future publications and presentations at scientific conferences; 2. Serve the museum and others that would like to use the collection for research purposes in the future by databasing and digitizing collections that we access and use.

Team Leaders
Virginia Abernathy Biological Sciences
Melissa Fuentes Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1176

Machine Learning and Big Data Research (ML/BD)

Machine Learning is a field which is becoming increasingly useful in a wide variety of domains due to the accumulation of large amounts of raw data (“big data”) and the availability of high-performance computing (HPC) systems which can process this data.  These domains include image processing, natural language processing, autonomous driving, gene set analysis, molecular structure classification, and many others. The goal of this Creative Inquiry is to equip students with the various skills required to apply machine learning techniques to real-world problems, which includes data-related issues such as how to select and load a dataset, software-related issues such as how to implement a machine learning pipeline from basic components, and hardware-related issues such as how to best take advantage of GPUs and other high-performance computing resources.  Students will gain hands-on experience with machine learning / big data by working on a real-world problem of their choice.

Team Leaders
Melissa Smith Electrical and Computer Engineering
Benjamin Shealy Electrical and Computer Engineering
Accomplishments
BMW has contributed support in conjunction with but not limited to the scope of this CI (it includes current research work by graduate students under my supervision).
Collaborations with CUiCAR and the Deep Orange 8 project. Specifically working on the image and object detection required for the autonomous aspects of the vehicle.
Collaboration with BMW on the use of Deep Learning toolkits and hardware to develop the use of machine learning in the context of both autonomous vehicles and management of parts and supplies in a manufacturing plant.
Presentations of work progress at BMW.
Multiple presentations with CUiCAR regarding Deep Orange 8 progress.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1267

Decision-Making and Risk-Taking

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry team is to conduct research on the (1) effect of emotion and reward motivation on goal-directed decision-making as well as (2) how individual differences, such as personality and susceptibility to performance pressure, affect risk-taking behaviors.  Decision-making is an inescapable, prevalent phenomenon that can have significant consequences.  This research aims to understand factors and cognitive mechanisms that affect decision-making and risk-taking. Students should expect to enroll in the CI project for at least 2 semesters. 

Team Leaders
Kaileigh Byrne Psychology
Accomplishments
Byrne, K., *Willis, H., *Peters, C., Kunkel, D., & Tibbett, T. (2019). Behind Closed Doors: The Role of Depressed Affect on Risky Choices Under Time Pressure. Clinical Psychological Science, 216770261985842. doi: 10.1177/2167702619858423
*Busto, S., *Byrne, K., *Phan, D. (2019, April). Social and Cognitive Engagement is Associated with Enhanced Memory Capabilities in Older Adults. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Adesegun, N., *Six, S., *Dennis, D., *Byrne, K. (2019, April). Stop the Clock Because I Can’t Stop: Time Pressure, but not Monitoring Pressure, Impairs Response Inhibition Performance. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Splendore, M. & Byrne, K.A. (2018, April 4-5). The Effect of Emotion on Effort-Based Decision-Making. Presented at the 1st Annual Clemson Student Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Willis, H., *Peters, C. & Byrne, K.A. (2018, April). The Effect of Depressive Symptoms on Risky-Decision-Making. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Winner of the Best Poster by Popular Vote Award at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum. The Effect of Depressive Symptoms on Risky-Decision-Making.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
840

Insect Viruses and Physiology

Insects provide excellent opportunities to perform basic and applied biological experiments at the molecular, physiological and organismal scales. They serve as model organisms for developmental and cellular biology, and are important vectors for human and agricultural pathogens. As a result, working with insects can expose students to numerous hard and soft skills useful in a range of life-sciences fields, from medical to agricultural biology, evolutionary and ecological to developmental and immunological. In this project, students will develop and work on projects examining the evolutionary physiology of an insect virus by looking at host-specific patterns, mechanistic basis of pathology, and molecular evolution, of different members of a virus gene family. To do this, students may participate in DNA barcoding of host insects, isolation of novel gene family members, and use of recombinant viruses and transgenic Drosophila melanogaster in organismal and cell culture bioassays. Techniques commonly used include fluorescent microscopy, immunological approaches, PCR and sequencing, and more. Students are required to participate in communicating data in weekly group meetings, as well as on-campus, state, regional, and national meetings. 

Team Leaders
Matthew Turnbull Biological Sciences
Peng Zhang Biological Sciences
Daniel Howard Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Zhang, P. and Turnbull, M.W. (Nov 11-14, 2018) Polydnavirus Innexins induce bioelectric changes in host cells. ESA/ESC/ESBC Joint Meeting, Vancouver, BC.
*Corker, A., *Howard, D., *Lynch, S., *Melton, R., *Parker, J., *Zhang, P. & Turnbull, M. (2018, April 2-3) Bioelectric patterns and living: Cell membrane potentials, growth, regeneration, and pathology. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Melton, R., *Parker, J. & Turnbull, M. (2018, March 10) Meeting your potential: Development, defense, and regeneration in the caterpillar midgut. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Howard, D. & Turnbull, M. (2018, March 10). Stem cells and virus infection in the caterpillar gut. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Corker, A., *Lynch, S. & Turnbull, M. (2018, March 10) Bioelectric patterns associated with binding and uptake of the baculovirus, Autographa californica MNPV. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Baker, P. & Turnbull, M. (2018, March 10) The electrotaxis potential of insect hemocytes. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Melton, R., *Parker, J., & Turnbull, M. (2018, April 12) Meeting your potential: Development, defense, and regeneration in the caterpillar midgut. Molecules in the Mountain Annual Conference, Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, NC.
*Howard, D. & Turnbull, M. (2018, April 4-6). Stem cells and virus infection in the caterpillar gut. Presented at the Joint Meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society/Georgia Entomological Societies, Helen, GA.
*Howard, D. & Turnbull, M. (2018, April 14). Stem cells and virus infection in the caterpillar gut. Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Winthrop University, Rock Hill, SC.
*Lynch, S., *Corker, A. & Turnbull, M. (2018, April 14) Bioelectric patterns associated with binding and uptake of the baculovirus, Autographa californica MNPV. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Winthrop University, Rock Hill, SC.
*Corker, A., *Lynch, S. & Turnbull, M. (2017, October 5-6) "Bioelectric Patterns Associated with Binding and Uptake of the Baculovirus, Autographa californica MNPV." Presented at the Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society, Georgetown, SC.
*Parker, J., *Howard, D., *Melton, R. & Turnbull, M. (2017, October 5-6) "The Guts of the Matter: Development, Defense, and Regeneration in the Caterpillar Midgut". Presented at the Annual Meeting of the South Carolina Entomological Society, Georgetown SC.
*Corker, A., *Hinsch, V., *Howard, D., *Howard, Y., *Melton, R., *Nietering, J., *Parker, J., *Reilly, M., *Stuart, G. (2017, April). Caterpillar Viruses And Insects In Biotechnology. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Melton, R. (2017, Feb). "Effects of gap junction inhibition on Heliothis virescens gut development". CBASS Annual Meeting, Watt Family Innovation Center.
Zhang, P., *Erickson, S.L., and Turnbull, M.W. (2016, October 28). Functional analysis of potential insect virus virulence factors. South Carolina Entomological Society Annual Meeting. Hickory Knob State Park, SC.
*Melton, R. and Turnbull, M.W. (2016, October 28). Significance of gut gap junction activity in caterpillar life history. South Carolina Entomological Society Meeting. Hickory Knob State Park, SC.
*Erickson, S.L. (2016, March). Use of transgenic Drosophila melanogaster to test function of insect virus genes. CBASS Annual meeting.
*Daniel Howard received 1st place in poster competition at annual meeting of the SC ASM
*Daniel Howard received 2nd place in the undergraduate poster competition at SCES/GES annual meeting
*Richard Melton Third place Student Poster Competition Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium Feb 2017
*Richard Melton First place Student Poster Competition Annual South Carolina Entomological Society Meeting October 2016
Grant award from SC Cotton Board to examine gut stem and mature cells from tobacco budworm caterpillar, characterizing membrane potential.
CI: 840. (2017). Sf9 cells stained with the membrane potential sensitive dye, DiBac4(3) from work by *Alexa Corker [Image].
CI: 840. (2017). Primary gut cells from the caterpillar, Heliothis virescens by *Jessie Parker. [Image].
CI: 840. (2017). Tobacco budworm (Heliothis virescens) gut tissue, stained with TRITC-phalloidin (F-actin cytoskeleton, red) and DAPI (nuclei, blue) from *Jessie Parker and *Richard Melton work. [Image].
Hasegawa, D. K., *Erickson, S. L., Hersh, B. M., & Turnbull, M. W. (2017). Virus Innexins induce alterations in insect cell and tissue function. Journal of Insect Physiology, 98, 173–181. doi: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2017.01.003
College of ScienceG
1442

Building Elder Care Services

Students work with the professor to assess caregivers attitudes, knowledge and benefits about the care of persons with cognitive impairment.  The students will do community based action research and consider policy changes that could improve the health of elders and those who care for them.

Team Leaders
Kathleen Valentine School of Nursing
Adam McFarlane School of Nursing
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
848

Creative Play

Creative Play studies formalistic models for visual computation applied to creative disciplines, science engineering, humanities and art. This CI project will introduce the LEGO brick system as a catalyst for creativity in design and as an introduction to formal systems for visual computation. Topics include design creativity, formal composition, engineering problem solving, exploratory research, manufacturing and game theory.

Team Leaders
Carlos Barrios School of Architecture
Accomplishments
*Hoppe, J., *Smith, J., *Taylor, E., *Wooten, A., & Barrios, C. (2018, April). Creative Play. Poster presented at the 2018 Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Sterckx, P., *Stanhope, K., *Southern, L., *Helander, L., *Abbey, A., Barrios, C. (2017, April). Creative Play. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
(2016, May). Richard Meier Architecture in LEGO. Work Exhibited at the Emery A. Gunnin Architecture Library, Clemson, SC
(2016, May). A Palladian Construction Grammar. Presented at the 2016 Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI), Clemson, SC
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
849

Design Morphology

Design Morphology studies form and structure of natural structures and processes to find applications in the build environment. The initial focus will be for structural applications using pre-cast concrete. Subjects of study include Geometry, Topology, Computational Design, Origami, Deployable Structures and Kinetic Design.

Team Leaders
Carlos Barrios School of Architecture
Grace Fulmer School of Architecture
Brandon Ross Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
*Cross, P., *Hallinan, M., *Shank, T., *Smith, J., Ross, B., & Barrios, C. (2018, April). Tessellations. Poster presented at the 2018 Focus on Creative Inquiry. Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Kleiss, M. & Ross, B. (2018, June 14-17). Morphology Research at Clemson. Presented at the 2018 Annual Georgia/Carolinas PCI Meeting, Hilton Head, SC.
Kleiss, M. (2017, May). Precast Performative Morphologies. Presentation at the 3rd National PCI Foundation Professors Conference, Denver, CO.
Barrios, C., Ross, B., *Drinkuth, D., *Day, C., *Dorsey, R., *Johnson, L., *Krider, M., *Polk, W. (2017, April). Tesselations. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Nemetz, J., *Day, C., *Moreira, E., *Polk, W., *Dorsey, R., and *Drinkuth, D. (2017, Feb 28- March 4). Precast Concrete Morphologies. Poster presented at the Precast Concrete Institute Annual Convention held at the Convention Center in Cleveland, OH.
Kleiss, M. & Ross, B. (2016, May). Developing an agenda for teaching precast concrete in the design studio. Presented at the annual meeting of the PCI Foundation Teachers Seminar, Los Angeles, CA.
Kleiss, M. & Ross, B. (2016, March).  Experiences in precast concrete studio at Clemson University. Presented at the annual meeting of the Precast Concrete Institute, Nashville, TN.
*Lehnert, A., *Sam, B., *Ferguson, A., Barrios, C., Ross, B. (2016, April). Precast Tessellations. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Clemson University URGC project initiation grant.
Shutt, C. (2015). University Profile: Integrated Disciplines. Ascent, 32-34.
CI: 849. (2015). Students inspect finished panel with thin-brick veneer. [Image].
CI: 849. (2015). Removing formliners before applying finishes to precast panel. [Image].
CI: 849. (2015). Students and instructor posing next to completed panel. [Image]. 
CI: 849. (2015). Students laying thin brick for panel fabrication. [Image]. 
CI: 849. (2015). Student preparing mold for precast concrete panel fabrication. [Image].
CI: 849. (2015). Students stand next to panel fabricated by them during site visit to Metromont precast concrete plant. [Image]. 
CI: 849. (2014). Student presenting project in front of jury. [Image].
CI: 849. (2015). Student presenting project in front of jury. [Image].
CI: 849. (2015). Students present the final project for jury. [Image].
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
850

Cities, Memories and Models

Cities, Memories and Models aims to create a collection of scale models to serve as visual catalog of significant architecture and urban environments in the most prominent cities in the US.

Team Leaders
Carlos Barrios School of Architecture
Ufuk Ersoy School of Architecture
Brandon Ross Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Ersoy, U., *Mardikian, V., *Massa, K. (2019, April). Cities, Memories and Models. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Barrios, C., Ross, B., *Bazzani, D., *Dale, T., *Owens, J., *Ramsey, A., *Roberts, C., *Rodgers, T., *Greer, H., and Ersoy, U. (2017, April). Collages of Asheville. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Guan, M., *Southern, L., Barrios, C., Ersoy, U. (2016, May). Historical Murals of Charleston. Presented at the 2016 Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI), Clemson, SC
CI: 850. (2015). Murals for New York City. [Image].
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1790

BeakerBox: Science Education and Outreach in Middle Schools

Help develop fun activities for K-12 science classrooms! Through this CI, small teams will generate lesson boxes (“kits”) and activities to help local teachers communicate concepts in genetics, evolution, and developmental biology for the 6th-8th grade classroom. The goals of this project are to promote understanding of concepts, science literacy, and excitement about STEM for middle school students. Over multiple semesters we will develop grade-appropriate inquiry-based activities, generate class resources for teachers, and implement these activities in local classrooms with the College of Science Outreach Center. Team members in marketing and graphic communication will create branding materials, assist in generation of classroom materials, and design and establish communication materials such as flyers, websites, and social media.

Team Leaders
Kara Powder Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1789

Collaborative for Communication and Culture

This creative inquiry is designed to support Clemson’s land-grant mission and CBSHS’s goal to build people and communities by fostering collaboration between students and departments performing cutting-edge cultural criticism. Cultural criticism entails committed and rigorous analysis that draws on a variety of research traditions. This interdisciplinary work aims to assess, advocate, and advance positive change in the communities and cultures in which we live. 5C emphasizes student mentorship and training, and allows students to collaboratively develop projects that train them in critical communication approaches to problem solving, leading to meaningful interventions in South Carolina and the region.

Team Leaders
James Gilmore Communication
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
862

The use of Medical-Grade Compression Clothing in Children with Autism

On this team, students will explore the effect of medical-grade compression vests on the behavioral responses of children with autism.  The use of compression clothing, widely employed in sensory integration therapy and marketed to parents of children with autism, is not supported (nor refuted) as a viable therapy option in any known published manuscripts.  In this study, the effectiveness of this therapy technique will be scientifically established.  Student researchers will video record the children with and without compression vests.  The video data will later be reviewed to determine the vests’ effectiveness. 

Team Leaders
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Accomplishments
*Miller, L., *Starr, M., & Bisson, J. (2019, April). Talk the talk: A content analysis on language use in academic sources related to ASD. Poster presentation at Clemson University’s 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Miller, L., *Starr, M., Bisson, J. (2019, April). Talk the talk: A content analysis on language use in academic sources related to ASD. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Watson, L., *Geiger, A., *Wannamaker, S., & Bisson, J. (2018). The effect of compression on stereotyped, repetitive behavior in autism. Poster presented at the 64th annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC.
*Bennett, K., *Simpson, S., Bisson, J. (2017, April). The Effect of Compression on Stereotyped Behaviors in Children with Autism. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
McDavid, B. (2017). Clemson students research possible benefits of compression clothing for children with autism. [Video].
Fox Carolina 21. (2017). The effect of compression in children with autism. [Video].
Staton, M. (2017). Researchers examine effects of compression clothing on children with autism. 
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1786

RCA Product Development Competition

Student teams will develop a proposal for food products based on the criteria set by the Research Chefs Association (RCA). Teams will develop both a gold standard and the corresponding manufactured item formulations. If selected, teams will compete in the Student Culinology® Competition at the RCA's annual conference. 

Team Leaders
Carol Hegler Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
965

Montana Prairie Ecology

This Creative Inquiry is part of an undergraduate summer program that exposes Clemson students to the biodiversity and working landscape of the Great Plains through directed research experiences.  Students will spend the spring semester learning about the ecosystem, developing research questions and preparing for the summer when they will travel to Montana.  In the fall, the project will focus on analyzing resulting data.  More information on the project and how to apply can be found at:  http://prairieecology.blogspot.com/ 

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Keifer Titus Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Ferral, M., *Mcdaniel, E., *Slater, N., *Taylor, G., *Murray, J., Lascano, G., Jachowski, D., & Titus, K. (2019, April). Effects of Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) Thinning on Forage Quality and Quality in the Northern Great Plains of Montana. Presented at 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum. 
*Ferral, M., *Mcdaniel, E., *Murray, J., *Slater, F., *Taylor, G., Titus, K., Lascano, G., Jachowski, D. (2019, April). Effects of Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) Thinning on Forage Quality and Quality in the Northern Great Plains of Montana. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Clemson Prairie Ecology Lab. (2016). Montana Summer Program. 
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
883

Single Molecule Biophysics

In this project, students get the opportunity to explore and learn about single molecule biophysics, what it takes to do studies at the single molecular level and the methodologies need to prepare the samples, all while working at the interface of all basic sciences. Students select among various molecular systems that we currently work with in the lab, and learn how to prepare the samples, how to measure them and how to interpret the results.

Team Leaders
Hugo Sanabria Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
NSF CAREER award.
Hamilton, G., *Disharoon, Z., & Sanabria, H. (2018). Revisiting viscosity from macroscopic to nanoscale regimes. Revista Mexicana De Física E, 64(2), 222. doi: 10.31349/revmexfise.64.222
*Spencer M, Levesque B., Wang B., Ding F., Bowen M., Sanabria H., (2016, April). Using FRET to determine structural dynamics and inter-domain interactions of tandems PDZ1-2 domains in PSD95. Syracuse, N.Y.
*Kouser, H, *Blocker R.E., *Spencer M., *Disharoon Z., Yanez-Orozco I.S., Sanabria H. (2016, April). Recombinant Flavodoxin for Single Molecule Fluorescence Experiments, Clemson, SC.
*Tremblay, L., *Williams, F., *Disharoon, Z., Andorfer, R., Yanez-Orozco I.S.A., & Sanabria, H. (2014). Single Molecule Spectroscopy Using Multiparameter Fluorescence Detection. Poster presented at the 2014 Sigma Xi Student Research Conference, Glendale, AZ.
College of ScienceG
1792

Smart and Healthy Buildings

Buildings are generally considered as static objects with limited capability to adapt to varying environmental and operational conditions. One important aspect is the flow of users, which can vary significantly during a typical day. This project consists of developing and testing the technology necessary to identify and quantify the flow of users in a building, and even track the location of each user in real time. It is anticipated that once users can be tracked, the building operating conditions, such as HVAC conditions and lighting, can be altered to create the necessary conditions for optimal comfort. Several technologies are under development including the analysis of signal strength of mobile devices from wireless access points. The students involved in this CI project will work with industrial partners to test various technologies in several buildings on campus, including the Watt Family Innovation Center.

Team Leaders
Vincent Blouin School of Architecture
Nigel Kaye Civil Engineering
Da Li Civil Engineering
Seyed Ehsan Mousavi Rizi Contruction Science and Management
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
886

Future Manufacturing: Nano 3D printing using bacteria

Imagine using bacteria as tiny 3D printers to weave a material from the bottom-up. We know that many bacteria can synthesize useful materials. In this project we use 1) a bacteria that transforms sugar in its environment to high purity cellulose nanofibers with excellent mechanical properties, and 2) electric fields  to manipulate the bacteria in time and space. The project focuses on the study of the effects of electric field on the synthesis of bacterial cellulose, and the development of optoelectronic tweezers to manipulate single bacterial cells in designed trajectories. Go to www.multiscalemanufacturing.net to see videos

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Sparks. J., *Earl, T., *Hutter, S., *Grubbs, J., Islam, M., & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2018, April). Synthesis of Titanium Carbide and Silicon Carbide through Carbothermal Reduction of Renewable Paper Precursors Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry poster forum, Clemson, SC.
*Flach, J., *Figuereido de Lima, P., *Sparks, J., Islam, M. & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2016, April). Synthesis of Titanium Oxycarbide Through Carbothermal Reduction of Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles and Renewable Biopolymers. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Flach, J.P., *Figuereido de Lima, P., *Sparks, J., Islam, M., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2016, May). “Synthesis of Titanium Oxycarbide through carbothermal reduction of titanium dioxide nanoparticles and renewable polymers”. ECS Engineering Carbon Hybrids Symposium, San Diego, CA.
Flach, J., *Figueiredo de Lima, P., *Sparks, J., Islam, M. and Martinez-Duarte, R. (2016). Synthesis of Titanium Oxycarbide through Carbothermal Reduction of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles and Renewable Biopolymers. ECS Transactions, 72(1), pp.17-23.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1771

Redfern Sexual Health

Redfern is the student health facility at Clemson University and offers many services related to sexual health. The purpose of the study is to see how knowledgeable Clemson students are about these services.

Team Leaders
Bruce King Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1602

The Nanomaterials Studio: Modeling Materials at the Nanoscale

Nanomaterials are a class of materials with a feature size (e.g., crystal size, a dimension of an object) in the nano-metric (10^-9 m) regime. Many new phenomena and properties emerge in nanomaterials that enable a wide range of real-life applications, including miniaturized electronics, light-weight structures, and energy harvesting and conversion devices. In this CI project, students will perform research activities related to the field metallurgy and gain hands-on experience in performing simulations that explore the thermal and mechanical behavior of a wide range of nano-structured metals. The goal of such studies is to explore size effects in novel metallic systems and identify features at the nanoscale that optimize their properties. The research work is computational in nature and employs a wide range of simulation tools.

Team Leaders
Fadi Abdeljawad Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
899

Establishing a Clemson University-K-12 Research Collaboration/CU Investors

This Creative Inquiry group works with teachers from local middle schools, with an emphasis on under-resourced communities, to design and implement experiments that reinforce scientific theories and processes they learn in the classroom. 

Team Leaders
Meredith Morris Genetics and Biochemistry
Jillian Milanes Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Clemson students working to address diversity and inclusion in STEM
ClemsonTV. (2015). Bridging the Gap Between the Classroom and the Laboratory. [Video].
Lab Work
Lab Work
Lab Work
CI: 899. (2015). Richland Northeast EPIC Ambassadors Visit. [Image]. 
Dr. Meredith Morris received the Clemson University Service Alliance Faculty Fellows for 2015-2016. The Fellows Program is a program for faculty interested in exploring issues related to service-learning and community-based research
College of ScienceG
906

Research and Development for the National Dairy Council's Annual New Product Competition

Small teams of undergraduates create a new dairy product to enter into the annual National Dairy Council new product competition. Emphasis being placed on conducting sensory panels and understanding ingredient functions as is relates to dairy foods. 

Team Leaders
Sara Cothran Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
CI: 906. (2015). National Dairy Council New Product Competition Finalist Certificate. [Image].
CI: 906. (2015). National Dairy Council finalist award. [Image]. 
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1077

Prosthetics - Socket Fit Sensor

We have developed a sensor which will allow users and medical personnel to score a socket based on how well it fits a user.  We are currently working on an evaluation apparatus, which will allow us to test the sensor in a relevant way. 

Team Leaders
Christopher W. Norfolk Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
951

Assessing Reasoning

We are studying a number of aspects of reasoning and attention, including: 1. fault diagnosis (finding what caused a particular event to happen); 2. making decisions about your health; and 3. attention allocation during driving (how can drivers make wise decisions about where to attend to next?, eg, should I take that cell phone call?)

Team Leaders
Leo J Gugerty Psychology
Nathan Dumessa Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1016

Martian and Lunar Soil Simulants - Characterizations and Feasibility as Building Blocks

Efficient in-situ resource utilization is a critical component of NASA’s current and future Mars and Lunar exploration missions. In this CI project, the team aims to explore innovative, energy efficient and sustainable processes to transform in situ Martian and Lunar resources into construction materials for functional building blocks.

Team Leaders
Qiushi Chen Civil Engineering
Zakia Tasnim Civil Engineering
Weiwei Zhan Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Lai, Z., & Chen, Q. (2018). Discrete Element Modeling of Martian Regolith Simulants Accounting for Realistic Particle Shapes and Particle Size Distributions. In 16th Biennial International Conference on Engineering, Science, Construction, and Operations in Challenging Environments (pp. 28-38). Cleveland, OH: American Society of Civil Engineers.
Gleaton, J., Xiao, R., Lai, Z., *McDaniel, N., Johnstone, C., *Burden, B., Chen, Q., & Zheng, Y. (2018). Biocementation of Martian Regolith Simulant with In Situ Resources. In 16th Biennial International Conference on Engineering, Science, Construction, and Operation in Challenging Environments (pp. 591-599). Cleveland, OH: American Society of Civil Engineers.
SC Space Consortium Palmetto student fellowship awarded to CI student *Michael Burden.
Matthew Brennan* is a Material Science and Engineering student working with the CI team on this Martian soil project. He received the NASA SC Space NASA SC Space Consortium Palmetto Student Fellowship to carry out research on Martian regolith-based composite materials.
Michael Burden* was a Civil Engineering sophomore working with the CI team on this Martian soil project. He received the NASA SC Space NASA SC Space Consortium Palmetto Student Fellowship to carry out research on Martian regolith-based composite materials.
David McCormick* was a Civil Engineering senior working with the CI team on this Martian soil project. He received the NASA SC Space Grant Undergraduate Fellowship for his proposed work on creating building blocks with Martian soil. He carried out his proposed research with the CI team.
SC Space Consortium Palmetto student fellowship is awarded to Clemson undergraduate student Matthew Brennan working on this project over the summer of 2016
SC Space Consortium Palmetto student fellowship is awarded to CI student *Michael Burden on this research topic
NASA undergraduate fellowship awarded to CI student *David McCormick.
*Burden, M., *Burden, B., *Johnstone, C., *Mcdaniel, N., *Merry, P., Chen, Q., Lai, Z. (2017, April). Martian Soil Simulants - Mechanical Properties and Feasibility as Building Blocks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Brennan, M., *Burden, M., and Chen, Q. (2016, July 29). Creation and Characterization of JSC Mars-1A Martian Simulant-based Composite Material. Palmetto Academy Symposium, College of Charleston.
*Burden, M., *Miller, J., *Shiotani, M., Wang, C., Bakthavatchalam, K., Chen, Q., Pilla, S. (2016, April). Martian Soil Simulants - Mechanical Properties and Feasibility as Building Blocks. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson, SC.
CI: 1016. (2016). CI student is creating regolith-based composite materials. [Photo].
CI: 1016. (2016). Direct shear test on Martian soil by *Michael Burden. [Image].
NASA SC Space Consortium Palmetto Faculty Grant is funded as a result of this CI project.
The grant is funded by the NASA South Carolina Space Grant Consortium's under the Palmetto Program. The overarching goals of the SCSGC Palmetto Academy are to enhance workforce development within South Carolina in STEM areas and to increase the number of students interested in and retain those currently pursuing STEM disciplines. The mentored SCSGC Palmetto Academy sites will advance NASA’s research agenda and will raise NASA’s profile in the Southeast region of the United States.
SC Space Consortium Palmetto Faculty award to Dr. Qiushi Chen on research topic of Martial soil simulant as building blocks
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1018

Video Game Development for Fun Learning of Distributed Dynamical Systems

This project aims at the development of a car racing video game which can enhance the student learning experience of distributed dynamical  systems and intelligent transportation. The project will be built upon existing work which already realized a sophisticated vehicle simulator, a  game framework, and graphics engine. Students will be focused on developing an interface between existing work and intelligent transportation systems. The game development itself will be a fun learning process. Knowledge of Linux and C++/C is required. No knowledge of distributed dynamical systems is needed.

Team Leaders
Yongqiang Wang Electrical and Computer Engineering
Accomplishments
I am attaching a screen shot of the "1018 video game" CI project results. Currently we already achieved autonomous platooning of autonomous "Clemson-Pride" vehicles. We are working to extend this to  multiple-lane convoys.
IEEE CSS outreach fund, $10,000
IEEE Control Systems Society outreach fund, 10K.
Wang, Y., *Maxwell, T., *Bear, E. and Anglea, T. (2016). A Unified Communication and Control Approach for Decentralized Heading Alignment in Robot Networks. In: The 28th Chinese Control and Decision Conference. IEEE, pp.2548-2553.
*Bear, E., *Maxwell, T., Anglea, T., *Raval, D., Buckley, I. and Wang, Y. (2016). An Undergraduate Research Platform for Cooperative Control and Swarm Robotics. In: 2016 IEEE 11th Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications. IEEE, pp.1876-1879.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1028

Development of Novel Antifungals

A number of drugs are inhibitors of antimicrobial growth. We have identified medicinal leads that are active antifungals and also inhibit bacterial growth. Using chemical and biochemical techniques, this project will explore how we can tailor the chemical structures of these leads to develop better drugs. 

Team Leaders
Dev Arya Chemistry
College of ScienceG
1341

Targeted Gene Editing in Mammalian Cells

Gene therapy has been proposed for inherited and acquired diseases yielding promising results in animal studies and human clinical trials. The advent of gene-editing tools, such as CRISPR/Cas9 nucleases have unleashed new possibilities for curing diseases at the genetic level. In this Creative Inquiry, we will investigate the application of genome editing tools for achieving precise gene modification in target cells for therapeutic applications.

Team Leaders
Renee Cottle Bioengineering
Lawrence Fernando Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Nadolski, G., *Salvadore, K., *Addlestone, E., Fernando, L., & Cottle, R. (2019, April). Optimization of gene editing tools for precise gene editing. Presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC. (2019, April). 
*Bryson, T., Rathbone, T., & Cottle, R. (2018). Comparison of CRISPR-Cas9 and Cas12a on-target activity in Hepa 1-6 cells. Presented at the 2018 BMES Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA. 
*Addlestone, E., *Nadolski, G., *Salvadore, K., *Fernando, L., *Cottle, R. (2019, April). Optimization of Gene Editing Tools for Precise Gene Editing. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1745

Narratives of Incarceration: Upstate Critical Thinking Initiative

Mass incarceration and recidivism rates continue to grow in the U.S. This is a subject that U.S. citizens rarely think about but it directly affects them – 95% of prisoners are released and over 70% commit another crime within seven years that lands them right back in the prison they left – which directly affects public safety. Education is the only known method of reducing recidivism. However, prisons mostly punish rather than rehabilitate. The aim of this project is to research and create a critical thinking initiative that keeps possible societal reintegration and penal abolition in its sight. The program would focus on ways to evolve reading and writing (narratives, academic papers) skills as a means of empathetic rehabilitation and create artifacts that serve as portfolios for the incarcerated students.

Team Leaders
Nancy Paxton-Wilson English
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1044

Japanese stiltgrass invasion in a multi-use forest: patterns, mechanisms and perceptions

Introduction to invasion ecology research, with emphasis on Japanese stiltgrass (Microstegium vimineum) invasion in “multiple-use” forest landscapes. The Clemson Experimental Forest (CEF) will be used for field sites for a project that assesses if recreational trails and trailheads facilitate Japanese stiltgrass invasion.

Team Leaders
Donald Hagan Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Rehfus, A., *Bock, N., *Durham, P., *Sayers, S., *Stamey, T. (2016, April 18-22). Identifying plant invasion hotspots to prioritize restoration efforts in a multiple-use forest. National Conference on Ecosystem Restoration.
*Bock, N., *Durham, P., *Rehfus, A., *Sayers, S., *Stamey, T. (2016, April). Do roads and trails facilitate plant invasions in multiple-use forests. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1048

The Phoenix Challenge

The Phoenix Challenge Creative Inquiry gives students the chance to create packaging for several products during all stages of the development to final execution, while competing with peers from other schools.  This project serves as the structure in which students prepare for The Phoenix Challenge Competition, a competition held between more than dozen universities across North America. Educators from the different universities come together to choose a design brief posing a new problem within the field and students spend a year creating a product that meets the guidelines. Past examples include designing, prototyping and printing packaging for snack foods, golf products, hotel toiletries and coffee.    Each year the team creates packaging solutions for several products that will be used and distributed by a small business. This has posed an additional learning experience as the team meets expectations and deadlines from a customer and works in collaboration with industry professionals outside of Clemson. Students are fully self-directed in the process—they conduct background and market research, come up with the design, organize prepress and layout, print and perform finishing details, all while communicating with the company. All products are produced by the students enrolled in the CI within the GC labs on donated equipment with donated materials. The initial quantity of the products are small and are intended to allow the small business to use the packaging while waiting for a true production run with a commercial printing company. In past years, the quantities produced by the students were was sufficient because it was for an event such as Springfest, the Tigers-4-Tigers run and the Greenville Zoo Kids Day Out Event.

Team Leaders
Nona Woolbright Department of Graphic Communications
College of BusinessD
1053

Drinking Water Quality

Students work to evaluate drinking water quality in the state of South Carolina. They test private wells, municipal water systems, and ambient source water for contaminants like E-coli and nitrate. They also measure general water quality parameters like pH, conductivity, hardness, alkalinity, and temperature.

Team Leaders
David Ladner Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Accomplishments
Ladner, D.A., Song, L., Griffis, H.M., Landa, E.R. & Tasian, G.E. (2017, June) "Correlating Drinking Water Quality with Kidney Stone Incidence in South Carolina." Platform presentation at the Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors (AEESP) by-annual meeting, Ann Arbor, MI.
Ladner, D.A., Holtmann, K., Al-Dulaimi, R.*, Bui, K.*, Degen, J.*, Dove, M.*, Gallimore, N.*, Knapp, M.*, Markley, A.*, Mettlen, H.*, Shugart, R.*, and Vatalaro, A*. (2016, October). "Mapping South Carolina drinking water quality for alignment with health-record databases in epidemiological studies." Platform presentation at the South Carolina Water Resources Conference, Columbia, SC.
*Holtman, K., *Mettlen, H., *Knapp, M., Ladner, D.A. (2016, March). "Correlating water quality and kidney stone incidence in South Carolina." Poster presentation at the South Carolina Environmental Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Holtman, K.*; Mettlen, H.*; Markley, A.*; Knappe, M.; Al-Dulaimi, R.*; Shugart, R.*; Ladner, D.A. (2016, March 14). Correlating Water Quality and Kidney Stone Incidence in South Carolina. Poster presented at the annual South Carolina Environmental Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
In this year we developed a relationship and collaboration with the water quality engineers at the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control. They provided water quality data for 63 surface water systems in the state of South Carolina.
Our collaborators are Gregory Tasian, a urologist at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and Edward Landa, an environmental scientist at the University of Maryland. They have been working with us to compile and analyze water quality and kidney stone occurrence data.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1068

Meiotic Homologous Recombination

Our laboratory studies the mechanism behind the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) by homologous recombination during meiosis.  We use both human and the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae to study meiotic recombination. The introduction of DNA double-strand breaks during meiosis is carefully controlled.  If not repaired, a DSB can result in genome instability and potentially, cancer. DSBs are caused by exposure to chemicals, radiation, oxidative reactive species generated during normal metabolism and damaged replication forks. The repair of DSBs often involves the homologous recombination (HR) DNA repair pathway. The heart of HR is the RAD51 and DMC1 recombinase. These enzymes catalyze the search for homology between the damaged DNA and the sister chromatid. The activity of the recombinases is modulated by a number of accessory proteins. We utilize a combination of molecular biological and biochemical techniques to determine the role these accessory proteins have in the modulation of RAD51 and DMC1 recombinase activity. The results of our studies will provide insight into the mechanistic underpinnings of HR and genome maintenance.

Team Leaders
Michael Sehorn Genetics and Biochemistry
College of ScienceG
1597

Application of Machine Learning to Science and Engineering

In this project, students will learn and work on applying machine learning methods to science and engineering problems, including 1) predict the material properties from the material composites; 2) predict skin cancer using images; 3) understand social behavior using social media data.

Team Leaders
Feng Luo School of Computing
Jianhua Tong Materials Science and Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
2039

ClemsonX

Humanity appears to be on the verge of a dramatic new era of exploration and development in outer space. Driven by multiple innovative agile companies operating on a remarkable design timeline; technologies to explore and develop a sustainable human presence in space are rapidly emerging. In December 2019, Elon Musk unveiled Starship Mark I, and less than 18 months later after several successful prototype flights, an orbital vehicle may be flown as soon as August 2021. Companies such as Blue Origin, Sierra Nevada Corporation, RocketLab, Relativity Space, and others are driving innovations in the space industry at an unprecedented rate of development. Increasingly, what was once a science fiction dream of expanding humanity throughout the solar system appears to be within the realm of scientific fact. This creative inquiry seeks to imbue a similar level of enthusiastic agile innovation amongst its participants. Formulated along the lines of the 1975 summer NASA workshop with Gerald O'Neill that led to designs for space colonies, this creative inquiry will form student teams to propose design solutions for future space exploration initiatives. The selection of exploration and development initiatives will be determined by the participating students, but once selected, design teams will be expected to develop practical engineering solutions to their projects. Want to design a space elevator for the moon? An Earth-Mars cycler spacecraft? The first colony on Mars? An exploration probe to Triton? The first space colony? The first asteroid mining mission? All of these are possible projects for teams within the creative inquiry. As part of the creative inquiry, students will be engaged in the current developments of the aerospace industry and will be expected to develop a YouTube channel which will include a mixture of commentary on current events in space exploration and discussions of future visions, including those developed by the students themselves. The purpose of this platform is to engage a broader community of interest in space exploration, to promote scientific education about space exploration to the general public, and to promote the ideas of the students in the CI, as well as the CI and Clemson University. The CI design projects will emulate the rapid, agile progress using approaches demonstrated by SpaceX and other innovative space company startups. 

Team Leaders
Cameron Turner Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1740

Physics of Sports Laboratory Development

In this Creative Inquiry project, we will be involved in the creation and development of the laboratory component of a new general education course focused on the physics of sports. We will collaboratively design and test new laboratory exercises and deploy these exercises into the new lecture course associated with this project. Potential topics  include Coefficient of Restitution, Deflategate and Materials Advantages in Sports. 

Team Leaders
Amy L Pope Physics and Astronomy
Chad Sosolik Physics and Astronomy
College of ScienceG
569

Drones for Natural Resource Management

Drones or Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have become a critical tool for natural resource management.  This CI will focus on teaching students the skills and laws associated with legal use of UAVs for natural resource management.  Topics covered include: the various sensors and types of UAVs, data collection planning and methods, processing data and accuracy evaluation, safe operations of UAVs, and the legal framework for using UAVs for commercial and research purposes (under FAA Part 107 rules).  Students will typically focus on one related research topic during the semester that leverages the high spatial and temporal resolution of UAV data to address a research topic in natural resources.

Team Leaders
Christopher Post Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Carly Berrios School of Nursing
Accomplishments
CI: 569. (n.d.). Testing of the drone's first official flight. 
CI: 569. (n.d.). Students and Ken Pruitt Balance first Conservation Drone.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1072

Coupling Green Roofs, Rainwater Cisterns, and Urban Agriculture

This project is exploring the possible synergy between utilizing green roofs, rainwater cisterns, and roof top agriculture. Green roofs have many benefits, but their impact on reducing stormwater runoff quantity from larger design storms is limited. Including a cistern can be a way to improve this, a cistern by itself is not a reasonable approach if there is no use for the stored water. Urban agriculture is the link that we will use to couple these two BMPs as the stored water can be used to irrigate the plants in the green roof, which expands the types of plants which can be grown to crops which can be harvested and produce a source of revenue as well as a source of locally produced food.

Team Leaders
William Martin General Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1073

Using an Arduino for Tech Development

This project is teaching students to use Arduinos to allow students to develop their own prototypes. An Arduino microcontroller is an easy to learn interface between electrical hardware and programing. After students have learned the basic concepts, they will be allowed to brainstorm and create a device of their choosing and design which utilizes an Arduino to solve a problem.

Team Leaders
William Martin General Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1080

Diagnostic Imaging in Animal Research

Formal laboratory, library, or field study of problems related to diagnostic imaging research in animals, emphasizing hypothesis development, testing, and reporting results. 

Team Leaders
Jeryl Jones Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Marguerite Albro University Libraries
Ahmed Ali Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Cerano Harrison Animal and Veterinary Sciences
Accomplishments
*Rovitz, E., Dragicevich, C., & Jones, J. (2018). ABSTRACTS FROM THE 2018 ACVR IVRA JOINT SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE. In ACVR IVRA Joint Scientific Conference (p. 123). Fort Worth, TX.
Jones, J., Kimmett, K., Sharp, J., *Sanders, S., & Wilmoth, T. (2019). CT measures of lumbosacral paraspinal muscle size are not correlated with CT measures of lumbosacral stability in military working Labrador Retrievers. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 60(5), 513-524. doi: 10.1111/vru.12775
*Sanders, S., Rowland, K., Jones, J., & Sharp, J. (2016). Comparison of canine lumbosacral angle measurement techniques for standardized flexion and extension positions using computed tomography. In Annual Conference Of The American College Of Veterinary Radiology(pp. 670-684). Orlando, FL.
Hynes C (undergraduate student), Carnevale M (undergraduate student), Jones J, Lay J. Useability and educability of a web-based anatomic atlas of the canine lumbosacral spine.  In: Abstracts of the 2017 American College of Veterinary Radiology Scientific Conference: October 18-21, 2017; Phoenix, AZ.  Vet Radiol Ultras 2018, 59(2): 221-250. https://doi.org/10.1111/vru.12585
*Rovitz, E., Dragicevich, C., & Jones, J. (2018). Has there been a recent increase in young, military working dogs being presented for computed tomography of the lumbosacral spine?. In ACVR IVRA Joint Scientific Conference (p. 123). Fort Worth, TX.
*Sanders, S., Jones, J., *Rowland, K., & Sharp, J. (2016). Comparison of Canine Lumbosacral Angle Measurement Techniques for Standardized Flexion and Extension Positions Using Computed Tomography. Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound, 57(6), 670-684. doi: 10.1111/vru.12428
*Hynes, C., Carnevale, M., & Jones, J. (2016). Anatomic Atlas for the Canine Lumbosacral Spines. Retrieved 23 October 2019, from http://caninelsanatomy.sites.clemson.edu
CI: 1080. (2017). Carolyn Hynes presenting her poster at ACVR Meeting in Phoenix, AZ. October, 2017.
CI: 1080. (2017). *Sara Beeland presenting her poster at the International Working Dog Conference in Banff, Canada. April, 2017. [Photo].
CI: 1080. (2016). Comparison of canine lumbosacral angle measurement techniques for standardized flexion and extension positions using computed tomography. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Veterinary Radiology, Orlando, FL by *Samantha Sanders. [Image].
CI: 1080. (2015). Students in the Creative Inquiry helped to host a visit by Dr. Jean Meade, DVM, PhD, MD, Dipl. Occupational Medicine during Fall 2015.  Dr. Meade is an internationally recognized scholar in the field of occupational toxicology, owner of Cheat Lake Animal Hospital, co-founder of the Hearts of Gold foundation, and founder of the service dog training program at West Virginia University.  Dr. Meade presented a seminar for the AVS Seminar Series and met with  students to discuss their research and career plans. [Image].
Beeland S, Carnevale M, Jones J. 2017, April 3. Sacroiliac joint lesions in species other than humans and dogs: literature review. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the International Working Dog Breeder Association, Banff, Alberta, Canada.
*Sanders, S.R., Jones, J.C., Rowland, K.L., Sharp, J.L. (2016). Comparison of canine lumbosacral angle measurement techniques for standardized flexion and extension positions using computed tomography. Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Veterinary Radiology. Orlando, Florida. Abstract in review.
*Beeland, S., Carnevale, M., Jones, J. (2017).  Sacroiliac joint lesions in species other than dogs: literature review. 2017. International Working Dog Breeder Conference, Banff, Canada. Abstract submitted.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1168

Fish Biodiversity Challenge

This Creative Inquiry project focuses on conservation science of South Carolina's native fishes. Students learn sampling and lab techniques, as well as data management and analysis. Students have the opportunity to develop independent research projects and present findings at professional conferences, as well as author scientific publications.

Team Leaders
Lauren Stoczynski Biological Sciences
Ridge Sliger Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Brandon Peoples Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Colby Denison Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
CI: 1168. (2017). Members of Dr. Peoples' and Farmer's creative inquiry courses take a break from presentations to get some beach time at a fisheries conference in San Juan, Puerto Rico
CI: 1168. (2017). A Redbreast Sunfish in spawning colors from Rock Creek in Ashley Dearing Park--just off campus
CI: 1168. (2017). Clemson CI students conducting backpack electrofishing on Widcat Creek in Clemson Experimental Forest
*Lamb, E., Bell, D., & Peoples, B. (2018, April). Evaluating Length Bias in Three-Pass Depletion Backpack Electrofishing. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Lamb, E., Bell, D. & Peoples, B. (2018 March) Evaluating Length Bias in Three-Pass Depletion Backpack Electrofishing. Poster presented at the SC Chapter of American Fisheries Society, Beaufort, SC
*Lamb, E., Bell, D. & Peoples, B. (2018 March) Evaluating Length Bias in Three-Pass Depletion Backpack Electrofishing. Poster presented at the Southern Division of American Fisheries Society, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
College of ScienceG
1165

Injured Military Veteran Adaptive Sport Program Development

This is going into Year 6 of a grant where we work with Injured Military veterans and get them exposed to adaptive sport opportunities with a focus on soccer but many other sports as well. We host at least 14 camps per year at Clemson and travel to a number of other cities or military bases to implement the program as well. Students will be involved with planning the camps, working directly with the injured military veterans and collecting data surrounding best practices, program evaluation and impact. In addition, we are beginning to be asked to deliver presentations about our programs nationally so students will have those opportunities as well. 

Team Leaders
Skye Arthur-Banning Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management
Accomplishments
$106,000 Department of Veteran Affairs grant to continue the program in partnership with US Soccer and additional students in programs.
$85,327 from the US Department of Veteran Affairs renewal of the grant. This is an increase from last year and reviewer comments included elements of the student involvement was a component they really liked.
We just confirmed receipt of a grant for $85,327 from the US Department of Veteran Affairs to continue with programs and research that we had been doing last year (2016-2017).
Student Government Capital Grant $13,500 These are funds designed for the CI to continue with program development and research as a result of the program.
CI: 1165. (2017). Group picture with CI students and veterans.
CI: 1165. (2017). CI students working with military veterans on adaptive soccer skills.
CI: 1165. (2017). Veteran group after soccer certification.
Rink, B. (2017). 'Adapt and thrive': Clemson program coming together. Retrieved 13 January 2020, from https://www.independentmail.com/story/sports/college/clemson/2017/04/06/adapt-and-thrive-clemson-pro...
Staton, M. (2017). Clemson establishes soccer residency program for students with cerebral palsy, brain injury. Retrieved 13 January 2020, from https://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/clemson-establishes-soccer-residency-program-for-studen...
Staton, M. (2016). VA funds Clemson soccer leadership camp for disabled veterans. Retrieved 13 January 2020, from http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/va-funds-clemson-soccer-leadership-camp-for-disabled-vet...
Staton, M. (2017). Soccer coach visits Clemson on fact-finding mission to build blind soccer program in Egypt. Retrieved 13 January 2020, from https://newsstand.clemson.edu/adaptive_sport_expert_visits_from_egypt/
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1976

Hunting for novel antibiotics from the soil – an introductory biology research opportunity

The arms race between antibiotics and resistant bacteria existed long before the widespread use of antibiotics. Antibiotics were once considered as the “magic bullets” for treating infectious diseases, but the balance of victory has shifted in favor of antibiotic resistant bacteria (commonly known as “superbugs”) due to the over-reliance on antibiotics by human beings in the past decades. Antibiotic resistant is a problem described by the World Health Organization as "one of the biggest threats to global health, food security and development today". Novel antibiotics are in need! As a partner of the Small World Initiative (SWI) – crowdsourcing antibiotic discovery, we invite everyone who is interested in tackling the challenge to join this creative inquiry team. During the semesters, students will collect soil samples, search for antibiotic-producing bacteria, characterize the antimicrobial activities, and contribute the findings to a database shared by a network of student researchers from over 300 other institutions around the world. This research opportunity will provide students with a hands-on learning experience and is open to students from all backgrounds and disciplines. Students will also have the chance to develop their own creative projects to raise awareness about the antibiotic crisis and to participate the annual Do Something About Antibiotics Challenge™ in November.

Team Leaders
Min Cao Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1083

Biomimicry and Biomimetics

Biomimicry is an approach to innovation that seeks sustainable solutions to human challenges by emulating nature's time-tested patterns and strategies. Biomimicry and Biomimetics aims to create products, processes, and policies—new ways of living—that are well-adapted to life on earth over the long haul using nature as a model. This project proposes to observe and investigate the diverse ecosystem of the greater Clemson area watershed.

Team Leaders
Carlos Barrios School of Architecture
Brandon Ross Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
*Betfort, M., *Busher, J., *Curry, T., *Day, N., *Fair, T., *Gaskins, J., *Kittrell, B., *Matthews, C., *Staudmyer, C., & Barrios, C. (2018, April). Bioinspired Design. Poster presented at the 2018 Focus on Creative Inquiry. Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Barrios, C., *Gaskins, J., *Hafner, N., *Faykus, M., *Busher, J., *Curry, T., *Frager, J., *Horne, J. (2017, January). Distribution of Curbicula Flumiea in Clemson area lakes. Poster presentation at Biology research poster session, Clemson, SC.
Barrios, C., *Gaskins, J., *Hafner, N., *Faykus, M., *Busher, J., *Curry, T., *Frager, J., *Horne, J. (2017, April). Shell organisms from Clemson area lakes. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Alderson, E., *Curry, T., *Faykus, M., *Gaskins, J., *Grubb, S., *Hafner, N., *Kittrell, B., *Lindler, M., *Loe, N., *Miyasato, E., *Rabin, J., *Rolfe, S., *Tharp, K., Barrios, C. (2016, April). Biomimicry. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1086

Activity in School-aged Children

This CI team investigates the effects of physical activity on performance and behavior in school-aged children. In general we are interested in how light activity while completing tasks may affect the students' ability to perform as well as their behavior in the classroom setting.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Sarah Sanborn Psychology
June Pilcher Psychology
Accomplishments
*Dame, A., *Strawsburg, G., *Noel, S., *Kent, H., *Klaasmeyer, A., *Knight, C., Bisson, J., Sanborn, S., & Pilcher, J. J. (2019, April). The fun of fidgeting: Children’s view of bouncy bands. Poster presentation at Clemson University’s 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Bisson, J., Sanborn, S., *Dame, A. & Pilcher, J. (2019). The effect of bouncy bands on classroom behavior. Poster presentation at the Society for Research in Child Development Biannual meeting, Baltimore, MD. 
*Dame, A., *Strawsburg, A., *Noel, S., *Kent, H., *Klaasmeyer, M., *Knight, C., Bisson, J., *Sanborn, S., Pilcher, J. (2019, April). The Fun of Fidgeting: Children’s View of Bouncy Bands. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Benfield, E., *Renwick, L., *Callahan, B., *Dame, A., *Old, A., *Strawsburg, G., Bisson, J., Sanborn, S., & Pilcher, J. J. (2018, April). Functional fidgeting: The effect of gender on classroom behavior during Bouncy Band use. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Old, A. E., *Benfield, E. J., *Harley, L. A., *McGill, S. L., Bisson, S. L., Sanborn, S. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2018). Exercising attention: The effect of bouncy bands on classroom behaviors. Poster presentation at the 64th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC. 
*Harley, L. A., *Pruitt, H. S., *McGill, S. L., *Old, A.E., *Bennett, K. N., *Benfield, E. J., *Renwick, L. E., Bisson, J. B., Sanborn, S. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, April). Active not distractive: The effect of bouncy band use on classroom behavior. Electronic poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
Bisson, J. B., Sanborn, S. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, April). Wiggle while you work: The effect of bouncy band use on classroom outcomes. Poster presentation at the Society for Research in Child Development Biannual meeting, Austin, TX.
*Harley, L., *Pruitt, H., *McGill, S., Old, A., *Bennett, K., *Benfield, E., *Renwick, L., Bisson, J., Sanborn, S., Pilcher, J. (2017, April). Active Not Distractive: The Effect of Bouncy Band Use on Classroom Behavior. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Roberson, T., *Pruitt, H., *McGill, S., *Harley, L., Bisson, J., Sanborn, S., Fleming, D., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Bouncing to success: How does in classroom bouncy band usage impact attention? Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1094

Tiger Gardens: healthy home gardens to combat malnutrition and obesity in SC, USA

Research suggests that failure to link agricultural production with human nutrition and health has led to the development of unhealthy food systems. Malnutrition and high calorie linked chronic diseases are the result of unhealthy food systems. A sensible and quick approach to combat nutritional challenges would be to increase dietary diversity through vegetables that can provide a range of essential nutrients.  This proposed Creative Inquiry project provides an introduction to vegetable production, value addition, and nutrition.  Students are expected to develop a home garden model to provide year-round nutritious vegetables (especially micronutrients and vegetable proteins) to a small family. 

Team Leaders
Dil Thavarajah Plant and Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
*Mcswain, M., *Cox, B. & Thavarajah, D. (2017 Oct 11) Tiger Garden – approach to prevent local hidden hunger. Presented at the CU Global Food Security Institute, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, D. (2017 July 24) Future Ag Ambassadors for Global Food Security: Biofortification. Presented at the Commissioner School Program, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, D. (2017 Oct 11) Pulse crops towards food security. Presented at the Annual meeting of the CU Global Food Security Institute, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, D. (2018 Feb 8) Invited Lecture, Food systems linking to the world health challenges – biotechnology challenges in global food production Presented to the AgEd 4160 - Ethics and Issues in agriculture and the Food and Fiber system, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, Dil (2018 April 7) Invited Seminar, Pulse crops linking to global food security and human health. Presented at the International Association of students in Agricultural and related Sciences (IAAS) National Summit 2018, SC.
Thavarajah, D. (2017 June 20-23) Pulses as Whole Food Solution to Global Health Challenges. Presented at the  Annual meeting at the American Council for Medicinally Active Plant, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, D. (2018). Pulses Linking to Global Food Security and Human health. Presented at the Annual International Food Legume Research Conference, Morocco.
*McSwain, M., *Nicolas, B., Reid, E., *Dale, S., *Sterling, A., *Schueren, F., *Younts, G., Behnke, M., *Edwards, R., *Gallagher, S., Mapapathirannehelage, I., Siva, N. & Thavarajah Dil. (2018, April). Tiger Gardens: Healthy urban vegetable production. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum (FoCI). Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Mcswain, M., Anderson, J., Chaney, J., Chapman, M., Cox, B., Erwin, D., Fisher, A., Kay, J., Moore, H., Shine, J., Abare, A., & Dil, T. (2017, April). Tiger Gardens: Educating Future Generations on Health and Sustainability. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, D., *Anderson, J., *Chaney, J., *Chapman, M., *Cox, B., *Erwin, D., *Fisher, A., *Kay, J., *Mcswain, M., *Moore, H., *Shine, J. & *Abare, A. (2017, April). Tiger Gardens: Educating Future Generations on Health and Sustainability. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Thavarajah, D., *Abare, A., *Mcswain, M., *Cox, B., *Moore, H., *Fisher, A., *Erwin, D., *Chapman, M., *Chaney, J., *Kay, J., *Anderson, J., *Shine, J. (2017, April). Tiger Gardens: Educating Future Generations on Health and Sustainability. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Abare, A.*, Thavarajah, D., Abare, S.*, Smith, P., Fernandez, G., Thavarajah, P. (2016, April 16). Carolina grown Strawberry and Raspberry as a prebiotic carbohydrate rich whole food source to reduce obesity. South Carolina Academy of Sciences, Winthrop University.
Attaway, D. (2018). Clemson students grow Lunchbox Garden to promote healthy eating. 
*Alex Abare: Outstanding senior for academic, research leadership Blue Key Award, Phi Kappa Phi Certificate of Merit , Distinguished Agronomist recognized as a part of this CI for all these awards at the graduation ceremony 2017 spring
1. Clemson University Extension awarded $4000 to establish school gardens at Central and Pendelton Elementary School
Attaway, D. (2016). Clemson students share gardening knowledge with Pendleton Elementary students.Students Involved: Abare, A., Bell, J., Carruth, F., Chiu, C.*, Cox, B., Dahill, B., Edwards, R., Erwin, D., Kissell, D., Oswald, L., Randall, J., Webb, J., Yeargin, J., Agudelo, P
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1092

Mind Controlled 3D Printing

In this project, we explore a conceptual Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) by controlling a 3D printer with Electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings. We currently have a lab-built printer and a lab-built a 2D that serves as a demo version, and a 3D printer that is the final goal. In addition, the team is exploring the usage of an open-source platform for EEG.

Team Leaders
Hugo Sanabria Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
*Bolick, P., *Sech, C., *Strohl, E., *Acosta, G., Sanabria, H. (2017, April). Mind to machine additive manufacturing . Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bolick, P., *Willems, R., *Benson, C., *Wham W., *Mcmullen, D., *Moore, E. & Sanabria, H. (2016, April). Mind controlled 3D printing. Presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1095

Nutrient Acquisition and Utilization in Toxoplasma gondii

Infection with Toxoplasma gondiiin people with compromised immune systems can result in severe morbidity and even lethality. A detailed mechanistic understanding of how Toxoplasmaparasites metabolize nutrients will contribute to identifying new targets to impact disease.

Team Leaders
Zhicheng Dou Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Thornton, L., Teehan, P., *Floyd, K., *Cochrane, C., Bergmann, A., & Riegel, B. et al. (2019). An ortholog of Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance transporter (PfCRT) plays a key role in maintaining the integrity of the endolysosomal system in Toxoplasma gondii to facilitate host invasion. PLOS Pathogens, 15(6). doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1007775
*Davis Osborn, a former senior undergraduate student, finished his honor thesis in my lab. Now he is a MD student at the Medical University of South Carolina.
KTEF Pediatric Ophthalmology Career-Starter Research Grant PI-Dou 07/01/2016 - 06/30/2018 Knights Templar Eye Foundation Regulation of proteolytic activity within a digestive vacuole in Toxoplasma gondii, the most common pathogen causing infectious posterior uveitis in infants and children
During last academic year, the lab secured a research grant from Knights Templar Eye Foundation. The amount is ~65,000 for one year. The grant can be renewed for another year if the progress is satisfactory.
The lab secured a research grant from Knights Templar Eye Foundation. The award amount is ~$65,000 for one year. The grant can be renewed one more year if the progress is satisfactory.
College of ScienceG
1549

The Role of Acetate Metabolism in Fungal Pathogenesis

Invasive fungal infections cause nearly one and a half million deaths annually, accounting for nearly 50% of all AIDS-related deaths. Cryptococcus neoformans, an invasive opportunistic pathogen of the central nervous system, is the most frequent cause of fungal meningitis. Exposure to C. neoformans is common, as it is an environmental fungus found in the soil that can enter the lungs through inhalation and disseminate to the central nervous system in susceptible individuals. An increased rate of infection occurs in individuals with impaired cell-mediated immunity, particularly those with AIDS and recipients of immunosuppressive therapy. The widespread availability of antiretroviral therapy in developed countries has helped improve the immune systems of many HIV patients to decrease their susceptibility to infection. However, cryptococcal meningitis is still a major problem in resource-limited regions of the world such as sub-Saharan Africa where HIV prevalence is high and access to healthcare is limited. The CDC estimates the yearly burden of cryptococcal meningitis to be nearly one million cases with more than 190,000 deaths. Despite the global significance of cryptococcal meningitis, current treatments are inadequate as the gold standard therapy is based on half century old drugs that have a wide range of liabilities and shortcomings. Metabolic adaptability and flexibility are important attributes for fungal pathogens to successfully infect and cause disease. Although carbon metabolism is critical for virulence in C. neoformans, very little is known about which carbon sources are utilized during infection. Our long-term goal is to provide a better understanding of how Cryptococcus can adapt its metabolism to survive in the changing environments encountered during infection. Developing a more in-depth understanding of the metabolism and physiology of this pathogen during infection may facilitate identification of suitable targets for new antifungal therapies.

Team Leaders
Kerry Smith Genetics and Biochemistry
College of ScienceG
1099

Object Use in Individuals with Autism

For this project, students will explore how individuals with autism interact with everyday objects.  

Team Leaders
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Accomplishments
*Paul, T., *Davis, A., *Jordan, S., *Szabo, E., & Bisson, J. (2019, April). How affordable is it? Autism severity and object affordances. Poster presentation at Clemson University’s 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Paul, T., *Davis, A., Bisson, J. (2019, April). How affordable is it? Autism severity and object affordances. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jordan, S., *Upham, M., *Szabo, E., & Bisson, J. (2018). What can you afford? Perception of affordances in autism. Poster presented at the 64th annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Charleston, SC.
*Doghman, M., *Collins, K., *Campbell, C., Bisson, J., *Kwon, J. (2017, April). How Many Can You Find? : The Effect of an Autism Spectrum Disorder on Object Perception. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Bisson, J., *Fant, C., *Tomberlin, C., *Keramati, C. (2017, April). Sleeping Hard or Hardly Sleeping: Differences in Nighttime Waking for Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1759

Team Research in Computational Environments

This creative inquiry research project seeks to further our understanding of how humans work and interact with artificially intelligent agents in a team environment. The Team Research in Computational Environments lab group conducts and reports on multiple experiments supporting this field every semester and this creative inquiry allows Clemson students the opportunity to learn how to conduct such research and conduct their own study on human-autonomy teaming.

Team Leaders
Nathaniel McNeese School of Computing
Beau Schelble School of Computing
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1120

An Examination of Death in Pickens County

In this project, students build a spatial database of coroner records from Pickens County, SC. Students develop skills in database management and GIS software to understand the patterns of death in the county over time. 

Team Leaders
Katherine Weisensee Sociology, Anthropology and Criminal Justice
Accomplishments
Weisensee, K.E. (2019, February 21). Geospatial Database for Coroner’s Records: Developing a Collaborative Partnership for Undergraduate Research. Presented at the American Academy of Forensic Science meeting, Baltimore, MD.
*Martinson, C., *Cory, L., *Hudson, H., *Johnson, K., *Wright, S., & Weisensee, K. (2019, April).Gunshot Wound Interpretation: Correlations Between Locality and Manner of Death. Poster presented at the FoCI conference, Clemson University.
*Martinson, C., *Cory, L., *Hudson, H., *Johnson, K., *Wright, S., Weisensee, K. (2019, April). Gunshot Wound Interpretation: Correlations Between Locality and Manner of Death. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Marcotte, A., *Whetstone, A., *Shillinglaw, A., *Couch Hoffman, A., *Rhodes, E., *Anderson, K., *Lucas, M., *Schweikert, M., Weisensee, K. (2016, April). Spatial Analysis of Deaths in Pickens County, SC. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1648

Trulite Shipping and Next Generation Packaging

This Corporate CI project centers on designing two supply chains.  One is for hardware used in some of their products and the other is for producing low-demand products. This project is supported by Trulite Glass and Aluminum Solutions.

Team Leaders
William G Ferrell Jr Industrial Engineering
Gregory Batt Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1138

3D Printing Architected Electrodes

This CI focuses on the research of 3D printing of pastes, a.k.a. robocasting, to create complex architected WC structures with unprecedented versatility. The paste to print is a composite of biopolymers and oxide nanoparticles. Once printed, these biopolymer composite architectures are heat treated to high temperatures to yield tungsten carbide. The electrical properties of these architected carbide shapes are then measured under mechanical load. The goal is to elucidate the relation between processing, the microstructure of the material, and the electrical and mechanical performance of the structure. Understanding such relation will enable the fabrication of electrically-conductive structures with optimized properties towards achieving structural batteries, fuel cells and capacitors. More details are in www.multiscalemanufacturing.net 

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Carrillo, G., Keck, D., and Martinez-Duarte, R. (2019) “Mechanical Properties and Process Improvement of Tungsten Carbide Additively Manufactured with Renewable Biopolymers” Presentation at the North American Manufacturing Research Conference, Erie, PA.
*Carrillo, G., *Sullivan, M., *Islam, M., & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2018, April). 3D Printing of Carbides Using Renewable Resources. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Carrillo, G., *Keck, D., & Martinez-Duarte, R. (2019). Mechanical Properties and Process Improvement of Tungsten Carbide Additively Manufactured with Renewable Biopolymers. Procedia Manufacturing, 34, 704-711. doi: 10.1016/j.promfg.2019.06.226
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1150

Innovations in Bioinstrumentation

Bioinstrumentation is an interdisciplinary subject of applying physical principles and mechanical, electronic and chemical engineering technologies to acquire, analysis and display information from cells, tissues, organs and entire organisms including the human body. This CI was created to allow students to design and build their own bioinstrumentation and/or wearable biomedical technology projects. (Instrumentation class/experience is a pre-requisite for this team)

Team Leaders
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Lucas Schmidt Bioengineering
Tyler Harvey Bioengineering
Melissa McCullough Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Tharp, P., *McKain, S., *Kerley, J., Schmidt, L., & Dean, D. (2017). Developing Pressure-Adaptive Shoes. Presented at the Annual Biomedical Engineering Society Meeting, Phoenix, AZ. 
*McKain, S., *Tharp, P., McCullough, M., & Dean, D. (2018). Dynamic Pressure Sensing Shoe Accessory. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA. 
*Slaney, S., *Judge, M., Demore, N., & Dean, D. (2018). Surgical Detector for the Localization of IMplanted Breast Tissue Markers. Presented at the 2018 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Leslie, H., *Flannery, S., *Copeland, M., *Kaul, S., *Zoeller, S., *Schmidt, L., McCullough, M., & Dean, D. (2017). The Pressure Point: Assessing Forces on Young Dancers' Feet during Ballet. Presented at the 2017 Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Phoenix, AZ. 
*McKain, S., *Tharp, P., & Dean, D. (2018, April). Pressure adaptive system for sneakers. Poster presented at 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum at Clemson, SC.
Clemson University. (2018). Chandler Schramm | College of Engineering; for Chandler Schramm, internships provided more than applicable experience. He was able to learn, grow and secure a job. Soon, he’ll be headed to Florida to work as an engineer with Universal Parks and Resorts.[Video].
Brazell, D. (2017). Proving their mettle: Clemson bioengineering students create titanium detector for breast cancer surgery. 
Dean, D., Demore, N., *Slaney, S., *Wilson, J. R., III, *Jordan, C., & McCullough, M. (2016). U.S. Provisional Patent No. 62/379,883. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.Titanium clip detectors and methods of detection.
Patent filed, , "Titanium Clip Detectors and Methods of Detection", D. Dean, N. Demore, S. Stanley, J.R. Wilson III, C. Jordan, M. McCullough, Provisional Patent Application No.: 62/379,883, 2016
Finalist in the BMES Instrumentation Design competition (top 8 finish) in *Scott Slaney, *Joey Wilson, and *Cody Jordan. They presented their work on the Breast Clip Detector at BMES in Oct. 2017.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1152

Marine Ecology

Marine ecology is an interdisciplinary field of study that integrates research efforts of marine science, conservation biology, evolutionary ecology, oceanography, and fisheries science.  The goal of marine ecology research is to understand the abiotic and biotic factors that influence marine life interactions with their environment.  Students in the Marine Ecology Creative Inquiry team will research the ecology of Caribbean spiny lobsters and coral reef communities in response to changes in water quality and habitat quality in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary.  Students will participate in field research techniques, data analysis, presentation, and publication preparation and submission. If able to travel to the field with students this semester, they will get some experience in scientific diving. The spring semester will determine which students we will bring to the field for our summer-long research trips (if permitted through the University). Students with SCUBA certifications will be trained to conduct data collection as scientific divers. Senior students with sufficient experience will have an opportunity to develop senior thesis research questions of their own design.

Team Leaders
Kea Payton Biological Sciences
Michael Childress Biological Sciences
Randi Sims Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Baeza, J., Childress, M., & Ambrosio, L. (2018). Chemical sensing of microhabitat by pueruli of the reef-dwelling Caribbean spiny lobster Panulirus argus: testing the importance of red algae, juveniles, and their interactive effect. Bulletin Of Marine Science, 94(3), 603-618. doi: 10.5343/bms.2017.1132
Moody, K., Wren, J., Kobayashi, D., Blum, M., Ptacek, M., & Blob, R. et al. (2019). Evidence of local adaptation in a waterfall-climbing Hawaiian goby fish derived from coupled biophysical modeling of larval dispersal and post-settlement selection. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 19(1). doi: 10.1186/s12862-019-1413-4
Smith, K., Payton, T., *Sims, R., Stroud, C., Jeanes, R., Hyatt, T., & Childress, M. (2019). Impacts of consecutive bleaching events and local algal abundance on transplanted coral colonies in the Florida Keys. Coral Reefs, 38(4), 851-861. doi: 10.1007/s00338-019-01823-7
*Fair, T., *Matthee, K., *Radick, R., Noonan, K., and M. Childress. (2019 April 17) The relationship between Foureye butterflyfish (Chaetodon capistratus) and coral disease. Poster Presentation at the College of Agriculture, Forestry, and Life Sciences poster forum in Clemson, SC.
*McComb, S., & Childress, M. (2019, April). Using Acoustic Telemetry to Study Homing Behavior in Juvenile Caribbean Spiny Lobsters. Poster Presentation at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum in Clemson, SC.
*Crowfoot, E., *Garvey, R., *Sox, K., Noonan, K., & Childress, M. (2019, April). Evaluating the effects of artificial versus natural reef structures on fish communities in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Crowfoot, E., *Garvey, R., *Sox, K., Noonan, K., & Childress, M. (2019, April). Evaluating the effects of artificial versus natural reef structures on fish communities in the Florida Keys. Poster Presentation at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum in Clemson, SC.
*McComb, S. & Childress, M. (2019, April). Using Acoustic Telemetry to Study Homing Behavior in Juvenile Caribbean Spiny Lobsters. Poster Presentation at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum in Clemson, SC.
*Mccomb, S., Childress, M. (2019, April). Using Acoustic Telemetry to Study Homing Behavior in Juvenile Caribbean Spiny Lobsters. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Gardner, M., *Ingrum, I., Noonan, K., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 April 4-5) Effects of Hurricane Irma on reef community structure in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Student Research Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., *Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018, April) A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018, April) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Gardner, M., *Ingrum, I., Noonan, K., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 10) Effects of Hurricane Irma on reef community structure in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 10) A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 10) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Gardner, M., *Ingrum, I., Noonan, K., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 1) Effects of Hurricane Irma on reef community structure in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Poster Presentation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Hulsey, R., Collins, M., *Way, E., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 1) A tail of two territories: gender differences in the territories of stoplight parrotfish, Sparisoma viride. Poster Presentation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Jeanes, R., *Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2018 March 1) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Poster Presentation at the Osher Lifelong Learning Institute, Clemson, SC.
*Krachman, H. & Childress, M. (2017) The investigation of Exploratory and social behaviors in Panulirus argus. Presented as Fall 2017 Honors Thesis Presentation, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., Hulsey, R., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017) Territorial characteristics in adult parrotfish. Presented as Fall 2017 Senior project, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Rolfe, S. & Childress, M. (2017) The influences of social behavior on lobster dispersal. Presented as Fall 2017 Senior project, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Rolfe, S., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, September 29) Conservation of Marine Resources Summer Research blog. Presented at the 2017 Creative Inquiry Summer Research Showcase, Clemson, SC.
Jeanes, R., Miller, E., *Stroud, C., Smith, K. & Childress, M. (2017, September 22) Responses of transplanted and natural coral colonies to thermal stress events. Presented at the College of Sciences Undergraduate Research Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Dubnicka, I., *Krachman, H., *Ehlert, A., Childress, M. 2017, April 12-16. Behavioral plasticity and the loss of social behaviors in juvenile spiny lobsters. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Rolfe, S., Stroud, C., *Towe, A., *Sims, R., Smith, K. 2017, April 12-16. Damsels in Distress: Influence of reef composition on abundance and behavior of damselfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Ehlers, A., *Ehlert, A., *Guryan, T., *Krachman, H., *Rolfe, S., *Sims, R., Stroud, C., *Towe, A., *Whitaker, S., Smith, K., Childress, M. Forecasting the Future of Coral Reef Communities. April 6,2017. Digital poster presentation at the annual Focus On Creative Inquiry Poster Forum.
*Guryan, T, *Sims, R, Smith, K, Childress, M. Clean Freaks: Neon gobies facilitate reef herbivore diversity. Poster presentation at the annual Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Childress, M. and Bertelsen, R. (2017, April 12-16). Den sharing and den fidelity in juvenile spiny lobsters. Oral presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Rolfe, S., *Stroud, C., *Towe, A., *Sims, R., and Smith, K. (2017, April 12-16). Damsels in Distress: Influence of reef composition on abundance and behavior of damselfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Whitaker, S., *Ehlert, A., and Smith, K. (2017, April 12-16). Greener Futures: Substrate preferences explain variation in social structure in two species of parrotfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Krachman, H., *Ehlert, A., and Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Behavioral plasticity and the loss of social behaviors in juvenile spiny lobsters. Poster presentation at the annual meeting of Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Krachman, H. Calhoun Honors College Research Grant, March, 2017 - $500
*Guryan, T. Calhoun Honors College Research Grant, March, 2017 - $500
Guryan, T. Calhoun Honors College Research Grant, November, 2016 - $500
Sigma Xi Research Grant - *Thomas Guryan $1000
Smith, K. Clemson University Professional Enrichment Grant - $750
$900 raised for Spring Break trip to conduct research in the Florida Keys. We raised this money through various fundraisers including bake sales, Krispy Kreme, Groucho’s, Go Fund Me, TDs, and other personal donations.
*Guryan, T. Sigma-Xi Grants in Aid of Research, March, 2017- $1000
Departmental Honors Grant - *Thomas Guryan $500
*Guryan, T. Outstanding Undergraduate. Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University
College of ScienceG
1157

A.R.C.H.E.R. (Accessible Recreational Creations to Highlight Educational Reach) Design Works

Design targeted solutions with the ARCHER (Accessible Recreational Creations to Highlight Educational Reach) Design Works Creative Inquiry! Archery has been integrated into the physical education curriculum in K-12 schools across the state of South Carolina. However, students with disabilities can’t always participate fully. Through the ARCHER creative inquiry, Clemson students can design and develop engineering solutions to help these students experience the excitement that comes with hitting the bullseye. Clemson students will be paired with a K-12 student with a disability and will spend the semesters enrolled getting to know the K-12 student, learning about the PE archery program and current adaptive sports techniques, and designing and developing a prototype device to assist the K-12 student in archery competition.  

Team Leaders
Meredith Owen Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Barringer, C., *Bove, C., *Burnette, A., *Chernick, A., *Dow, N., *Fratus, R., *Lipold, J., *O'Leary, K., *Piel, T., Owen, M., & DesJardins, J. (2019, April). Development of Custom Assisttive Devices fro K12 Participation in Archery. Poster presented at the annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Barringer, C., *Bove, C., *Burnette, A., *Dow, N., *Lipold, J., *O'Leary, K., *Piel, T., *Chernick, A., *Fratus, R., *Owen, M., DesJardins, J. (2019, April). Development of Custom Assistive Devices for K12 Participation is Archery. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
DesJardins, J. D., Owen, M., *Banaszak, B., *Benson, R., *Coeyman, S., *Elie, B., *Grant, M., *Guo, H., *Harley, J., *Hendrix, H., *Horkan, M., *Nance, E., *Teal, E. (2017, April). Design of Assistive Needs Devices for Kids in Sport. Presented at the 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1160

Child Development

The goal of this CI team is to better understand parent-child interactions, taking special consideration to how the dynamics of the child’s personality and temperament impact the quality of these interactions. We currently have three ongoing projects 1) how parent-child attachment develops during the first year of infancy into toddlerhood and child as well as parental and child factors that impact attachment; 2) how parents and non-parents perceive and respond to infant crying and toddler temper tantrums; and 3) how parents and non-parents handle multitasking and/or focusing on specific tasks (like driving), when hearing negative emotions from their children, such as infant crying or toddler/child temper tantrums, particularly with how it impacts parents’ own emotion regulation, attention, and physiological reactions? 

Team Leaders
Sarah Sanborn Psychology
Jennifer Bisson Psychology
Accomplishments
*Burger, A., *Huffman, M., *Denny, L., *Dennis, D., Sanborn, S., & Bisson, J. (2019, April). Keep calm and parent on: Gender differences in parent stress. Poster presentation at Clemson University’s 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Burger, A., *Huffman, M., *Denny, L., *Dennis, D., *Sanborn, S., Bisson, J. (2019, April). Keep calm and parent on: Gender differences in parent stress. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1563

Education and Entitlement: Improving Learning Environments through Student Input

How does student feedback manifest in instructional change? Can student voices make a difference in their own education? What are the boundaries between student input and instruction design? These are the questions we seek to answer in this Creative Inquiry. With a focus on how and when student voices can impact design education, specifically in undergraduate education in general, we seek to understand how student feedback can inform and contribute actively to the learning environment. This is our opportunity to be proactive in the learning process and shape the course evaluation procedures in order to make our voices impactful.

Team Leaders
Winifred Newman School of Architecture
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1162

The History of the Clemson House

The Clemson House, built in 1950, was the center of campus and community life, its central importance indicated by its distinctive "modern" structure, its visible location on the hill overlooking Bowman Field, and its iconic neon sign.  The Clemson House project aims to record the memories of those who stayed at the Clemson House as a hotel, ate in its famous restaurant, worked there, held activities there, or lived there as a students.  Like people, buildings have "lives" and the purpose of this CI is to record and publish those memories as well as provide a history of the famous building. While this has been an ongoing project for the past two years, the plan is to complete the text of the history of the Clemson House, including people's recollections and memories of the building, this fall and hopefully publish the book in the spring (2020).  Students who have not been involved in the project previously will be given some training in historical methods and information on Clemson University's history.

Team Leaders
C Alan Grubb History and Geography
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1172

Investigation of Carbon Fiber Composites Strengthened With Carbon Nanotubes

The goal of this CI is to understand the effect of carbon nanotubes impregnated into carbon fiber prepreg. The presence of the nanotubes is supposed to increase the interlaminar strength by 10-15%. Aerospace grade carbon fiber prepreg, with and without carbon nanotubes, will be laid up to create specimens for testing and characterization. Students will learn about anisotropic material behavior, carbon fiber fabrication techniques, and how to perform experiments and analysis. Experiments include quasi-static behavior and impact testing.

Team Leaders
Garrett Pataky Mechanical Engineering
Andrew Cannon Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Accomplishments
*Argenal, A., *Matthews, D., *Wilkie, A., Pataky, G., & Cannon, A. (2019, April). Nanotube Reinfoced Carbon Fiber Composites. Poster presented at 14th annual Focus on Creative Inquiry poster forum, Clemson, SC.
*Argenal, A., *Matthews, D., *Wilkie, A., *Pataky, G., *Cannon, A. (2019, April). Nanotube Reinfoced Carbon Fiber Composites. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Smyre, M., *Wade, D. & Pataky, G. (2018, April). Bistable Composites Snap Through Characterization. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Guy Kemmann completed his B.S. and is continuing on with Dr. Myers as a graduate student.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1174

CU Food Forest

A food forest is intended to mimic the structure of a woodland ecosystem, with layers of trees, shrubs, and herbs, but in a food forest these are substituted with edible and medicinal plants and fungi. The goal of this project is to create small areas, called food forests, throughout campus for all to enjoy. Edible fungi, which are often overlooked as a means of food in the garden, will be cultivated. Students will learn landscape planning and how to grow and maintain fungi in a food forest environment. The produce from the food forests will be available for anyone to pick. The intent is to nourish, educate, and inspire passersby.

Team Leaders
Julia Kerrigan Plant and Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Stewart, M. (2018). An Interactive Landscape: The creation of campus food forest. Decipher, (7), 6.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1636

Pre-service Teacher Instruction Using Mixed-Reality Simulators

Mixed-reality simulators provide opportunities for pre-service teachers to practice and reflect on the implementation of academic instruction and behavioral supports before entering the classroom. This Creative Inquiry will provide opportunities for project students to use, facilitate and research a mixed-reality simulator supporting the instruction of pre-service special education and general education teachers.  Participants will learn a variety of evidence based practices to support the behavior needs and academic growth of students in classrooms. Using the simulator, these instructional techniques can be personalized, practiced and retried in a realistic, non-threatening environment without risking harm to "real" students. In addition, this Creative Inquiry Project will support a research study evaluating the effectiveness of simulations in teacher education as well as the participant's views of the simulator.

Team Leaders
Alex Carlson Education and Human Development
Sharon Walters Education and Human Development
Shanna Hirsch Education and Human Development
College of EducationE
1179

Engage Dominica 1 - Water and Sanitation

The mission of this project group is to improve the existing conditions of the grey water output to the environment by implementing preventative measures around the community of Soufriere, Dominica. Grey water contamination from some of the residential areas merges with the Alumn Stream and flows directly into the ocean causing a buildup harmful bacteria.  Significant levels of the E. Coli bacteria have been found in the water entering the bay from the Soufriere River.  The bacteria has degraded the coral reefs in close proximity and there are concerns for the public swimming area nearby.  This project will research sustainable methods for filtering water using mushroom root growth, or mycelium.  

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Joseph Marcsik Civil Engineering
Isaiah Del Campbell Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Accomplishments
CUSG provided funds to support travel for two students of financial need to attend the spring break research/service trip to Dominica
*Johnson, C., *Samantaray, A., *Reese, M., *Gunst, J., *Lewis, K., *Bullard, T., *Delk, J., *Kellner, T., *Mammadrahimli, A., *Marshall, S., and *Ogle, J. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016. Presented at CEDC/Engage Summit.
Olge, J., et. al. (2016). Engage Dominica. Clemson.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1180

Engage Dominica 2 - Archbald Tropical Research Center Assessment and Program Development

The Archbold Tropical Research and Education Center (ATREC) is a 198-acre (79 ha) tract of rainforest and agricultural land managed by a Dominican not-for-profit organization in partnership with Clemson University and an international consortium of universities. The Center, located in the Commonwealth of Dominica, West Indies, was created in 1989 by a gift to Clemson from the late conservationist and philanthropist John D. Archbold.It was his vision that international students and researchers work with Dominican citizens to address pressing land use concerns. The Archbold Tropical Research and Education Center enables us to study the entire spectrum of ecological, economic, and social factors that influence human relationships with tropical ecosystems. For many years, researchers have traveled to Dominica and stayed at the property collecting specimens, cataloging them, and preserving them at the station.Since Hurricane Maria, the Clemson owned property in Dominica has been badly damaged and continues to sustain water and wind damage to buildings.  Most of the current structures are uninhabitable and the university awaits a settlement with the insurance company.  For this reason, we would like to seek support to digitally archive the works of many researchers before they are lost to degrading environmental conditions.  

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Joseph Marcsik Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
CUSG provided funds to support travel for two students of financial need to attend the spring break research/service trip to Dominica
*Johnson, C., *Samantaray, A., *Reese, M., *Gunst, J., *Lewis, K., *Bullard, T., *Delik, J., *Kellner, T., *Mammadrahimli, A., *Marshall, S., and *Ogle, J. (2016, December 5). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016. Presented at CEDC/Engage Summit.
Ogle, J. et. al. (2016). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016. Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1181

Engage Dominica 3 - Soufriere and Scotts Head Development

Over the last couple of years, this CI team has been engaged in collecting data for a public pier for Soufriere to support emergency evacuation as well as tourism development.  After Hurricane Maria, they also spearheaded the development of a tool lending center which has been quite beneficial in rebuilding much of the public space of the Soufriere community.  Now, the group will turn it's focus toward helping the small island town plan for future development to include fishing, farming, tourism, diving, among others.  The small coastal town has a wealth of natural elements including Sulphur Springs, oceanside hot springs, coral reefs, diving sites, mountains, trails, etc.  We will work with the community to inventory the current resources as well as plan for future development and resilient development.  The community was devastated after Tropical Storm Erika in 2015 and again by Hurricane Maria in 2017.  While development is important, resilient and sustainable development is even more so.  

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Isaiah Del Campbell Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Joseph Marcsik Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
*Hecht, A., *Borelli, J., *Reece, M., *Hammond, M., Ogle, J. (2019, April). TLC. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
CUSG provided funds to support travel for two students of financial need to attend the spring break research/service trip to Dominica.
Ogle, J. et. al. (2016). Engage Dominica: Fall 2016. Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1195

Research Into Emotion and its Expression

We study emotions, emotion expressions, and reactions to cute stimuli. All of these topics are examined through the lens of psychology and consumer behavior. 

Team Leaders
Oriana Aragon Department of Marketing
Accomplishments
Aragón, O.R. (2018 April 4-5). Dimorphous Expressions of Emotion. Presentation at the 2018 Clemson Student Research Symposium, Clemson SC.
*Maisel, H., McDowell, N., *Romano, M., *Bellucco, A., *Dukes, G., Houston, A., Old, A., *Rigatti, A., *Thompson, S., *Camacho, A., *Lucas, C., Rivers, E., & Aragon, O. (2018, April). Emotion, Motivation and Expression in Marketing. Poster presented at the Clemson FoCI Presentation, Clemson, SC
CI: 1195. (2017). Students Hannah Maisel and Mary Romano did a fantastic job presenting our research!
CI: 1195. (2017). All 5 of our ongoing projects were featured on our collaborative poster. Our teams (1) created video stimuli of trained Clemson undergraduate actors expressing emotion, (2) ran online and lab studies into the implications of emotion expression with consumers' product preferences, (3) ran online studies to understand the impact of dimorphous expressions in consumers' inferences about others' product preferences, (4) conducted an in lab study looking into the brain's reactions to dimorphous expressions and product choices, and (5) conducted research with undergraduate student populations that looked at the frequency of dimorphous expressions in everyday life.
CI: 1195. (2017). All 5 of our ongoing projects were featured on our collaborative poster. Our teams (1) created video stimuli of trained Clemson undergraduate actors expressing emotion, (2) ran online and lab studies into the implications of emotion expression with consumers' product preferences, (3) ran online studies to understand the impact of dimorphous expressions in consumers' inferences about others' product preferences, (4) conducted an in lab study looking into the brain's reactions to dimorphous expressions and product choices, and (5) conducted research with undergraduate student populations that looked at the frequency of dimorphous expressions in everyday life.
CI: 1195. (2017). All 5 of our ongoing projects were featured on our collaborative poster. Our teams (1) created video stimuli of trained Clemson undergraduate actors expressing emotion, (2) ran online and lab studies into the implications of emotion expression with consumers' product preferences, (3) ran online studies to understand the impact of dimorphous expressions in consumers' inferences about others' product preferences, (4) conducted an in lab study looking into the brain's reactions to dimorphous expressions and product choices, and (5) conducted research with undergraduate student populations that looked at the frequency of dimorphous expressions in everyday life.
CI: 1195. (2017). Our Lab Team Spring 17' We worked on (1) theoretical understanding of gender and the expression of emotions, (2) finding of actors to create new stimuli, and (3) theoretical understanding and a series of empirical studies investigating attentional habituation to cute stimuli. We had a great semester! [Photo].
College of BusinessD
1417

Football Facemask Performance Creative Inquiry

In this CI, we will be working with the local Daniel High School football team to study the effect of a season of head impacts has on the performance of football facemasks.  We will be studying the performance of facemasks with ages ranging from brand new to a year of use.

Team Leaders
Gregory Batt Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Andrea Fisher Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
*Longacre, A., *Mantia, A., *Sall, A., Batt, G., *Fisher, A. (2019, April). Effect Of High School Football Season Impacts On Facemasks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1590

Taking Context Seriously: Collecting and analyzing location-based data

In this Creative Inquiry, students will explore the importance of context in social science research. After exploring the types of contextual data that are publicly available (such as data from the U.S. Census and Bureau of Labor Statistics), students will learn how to combine contextual data with individual-level data to more completely understand people’s attitudes and behaviors. Students will first develop these skills with existing data from the from the Creative Inquiry mentor, but after this initial application, they will then be encouraged to repeat the process with data that more align with their own interests. In the process, students will improve and expand their ability to use geographic software – ArcGIS – and statistical software – such as Stata or R. As such, this Creative Inquiry aims to help students develop data collection and analysis skills for both academic, industry, and applied settings.

Team Leaders
Ethan Busby Political Science
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1591

Designing Caring Environments for Mothers and Infants Affected by Addiction

The environment of caring surrounding mothers and infants affected by addiction includes consideration of physical space design as well as approaches to prevent stigma of families that can be marginalized by society. Perinatal substance exposure is the exposure of mothers and infants to legal and illicit substances during pregnancy, delivery, postpartum period that may have effects on the mother and/or infant from those exposures. The Creative Inquiry will include opportunities to research the healthcare environment both physical and experiential of mothers and their infants who have experienced perinatal substance exposure.  Students will be an integral part of study proposal, data collection, analysis and dissemination of research surrounding the area approaches to care, designing the optimal patient and family room, unit, and facility to meet nursing protocols and architectural guidelines.   

Team Leaders
Susan Sullivan School of Nursing
Vincent Blouin School of Architecture
Mary Ellen Wright School of Nursing
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1198

Carnivore Ecology

This project is intended to challenge students to address pertinent research questions related to the ecology of carnivores, particularly their inter- and intra-specific interactions.  The project will use a combination of collecting original and utilizing existing field data to address questions each semester that student develop with advisors.

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Alex Jensen Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Stephen Harris Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Courtney Marneweck Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
Photo of wildlife from wildlife camera from April 7th 2016
Wildlife camera check from March 26, 2016
Wildlife camera monitoring photo from March 22, 2016
Wildlife live photo from January 29, 2016
Wildlife camera photo from May 2, 2016
Wildlife live camera photo from May 2, 2016
Wildlife live camera photo from January 29, 2016
Wildlife live camera photo from March 3, 2016
Wildlife live camera photo from March 6, 2016
Wildlife live camera photo from February 9, 2016
Wildlife live camera photo from March 31, 2016
Wildlife live camera photo from March 23, 2016
Wildlife live camera photo from March 7, 2016
*Wilson, S., *Colquhoun, R., *Klink, A., *Lanini, T., Riggs, S., *Simpson, B., *Williams, A., Jachowski, D. (2016). Recent Detections of Spilogale putorius (Eastern Spotted Skunk) in South Carolina. Southeastern Naturalist, 15(2), 269-274.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1209

Clemson Curates: Visual Arts & the Clemson Campus

Clemson Curates is a Creative Inquiry project focused on developing visual arts exhibits for the Clemson campus. Students from a variety of academic disciplines research, coordinate, and install artworks across campus.  Current exhibit locations include the ground floor of Sikes Hall and the CAAH Dean’s Gallery in Strode Tower and the Brooks Center for Performing Arts.    Clemson Curates presents visual arts exhibitions that explore ideas and issues reflective of and intersecting with Clemson University research.  Students gain experience by interpreting visual art, writing exhibit content, managing projects and presenting their research. Students explore various media platforms necessary for marketing and exhibition coordination, and conduct studio visits with artists to make final selection for artwork to be included in exhibits.

Team Leaders
Denise C Woodward-Detrich Art
Accomplishments
*Oliver, T., *Watson, M., Woodward-Detrich, D. (2019, April). Andy Warhol: Portraits and the Everyday. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
CI: 1209. (2017). Again, Then Again: A Clemson Curates Creative Inquiry Project poster.
CI: 1209. (2018). Description of CI exhibit in at Lee Gallery about Again, Then Again. 
CI: 1209. (2018). Again, Then Again description of exhibit. 
CI: 1209. (2017). Again, Then Again exhibit description. 
Again, Then Again. (2018). Clemson University Center For Visual Arts.
CI: 1209. (2017). Clemson Curates students Peden Wright and Aimee McShane document artwork for Again, Then Again, showcased at Sikes Hall, Spring 2018.
CI: 1209. (2017). Professor Anderson Wrangle discusses an artwork from the Do Good Collection with Clemson Curates students prior to the exhibition installation, March 2018.
CI: 1209. (2017). Clemson Curates students load Yvette Cummings paintings for transport February, 2018.
CI: 1209. (2017). Kara Larchenfeld installing Ink Travles at Dean's Gallery, Spring 2018
CI: 1209. (2017). Installation image for "Next UP Exhibition" at CAAH Dean's Gallery in Strode Tower.
CI: 1209. (2017). Panel discussion for the Upstate 8: SC Women Fellowship Recipients exhibition at Lee Gallery. 
CI: 1209. (2017). This print piece was designed as a mailer to alumni and supporters announcing the exhibit.
CI: 1209. (2017). The print piece was designed as an interpretative trifold takeaway for visitors to the exhibit. 
South Carolina Arts Commission, non-competitive matching grant, 2000.00 awarded for Upstate 8: SC Fellowship Women Artists. The Exhibition was on View at Lee Gallery from October 2 - November 8, 2017 and was organized through the Clemson Curates Creative Inquiry course. Students participated in studio visits, selected exhibition works, participated in coordinating the panel discussion and installed the exhibit in Lee Gallery.
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1211

Whats in Our Waters

The “What’s in Our Waters?” (WOW) educational outreach program, connects Clemson students with local high school classes to educate them about the human impact on local water systems, demonstrates techniques for water quality sampling, and communicates the results of a water quality studies at a local science conference. In this Creative Inquiry, the undergraduate students act as mentors in the WOW program, develop instructional videos of field sampling protocols for use by the mentors and other volunteers all across the southeast United States, and analyze the survey results from the high school students’ participation in the program. 

Team Leaders
Stephanie LaPlaca Biological Sciences
Peter Van den Hurk Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Ware, M., Sampson, C., *Lann, D., Linard, E., & Chance, L. (2019). Bridging the Gap: Bringing Professionals into the Classroom to Effectively Teach Environmental Science Concepts. The American Biology Teacher, 81(9), 618-624. doi: 10.1525/abt.2019.81.9.618
Sampson, C., Linard, E., & Garcia-Chance, L. (2018). Life's a Beach: Using Role-Playing Scenarios to Facilitate Water Quality Studies. The American Biology Teacher, 80(5), 353-358. doi: 10.1525/abt.2018.80.5.353
*Grear, G., *Taylor, A., Sampson, C., *Heintz, M. (2019, April). Overcoming Database Barriers to Successful Citizen Science Programs. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Linard, E.N., Garcia-Chance, L., & Sampson, S. (2017, March). Clemson WOW Project: Success and Effectiveness of an Outreach Program. Presented at the 5th Annual Southeastern Environmental Education Alliance, Buford, GA.
Chance, L., Linard, E., and Sampson, C. (2016, October). Clemson WOW Project: Successes of a water quality outreach program. Poster presented at South Carolina Water Resources Conference, 
Garcia, L., Linard, E., and Sampson, C. (2017, April 7). "What's in Our Waters" Clemson GRADS. Presented at Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
CI: 1211. (2017). Pamphlet covering the WOW program designed and created by CI student. [Photo].
CI: 1211. (2017). Students of WOW at work. [Photo].
CI: 1211. (2017). CI Students engage in Georgia Adopt a Stream sampling. [Photo].
CI: 1211. (2017). What's In Our Waters. [Photo]. 
Clemson University-PSA. (2016). Clemson's "What's in Our Waters" project. [Video].
Attaway, D. (2017). Clemson water project engages Daniel High students in citizen science.
ARJWS donated $140 to support prizes for the high school student scientific poster competition, as well as donating the time of their employees to serve as judges.
College of ScienceG
1217

Researching the Need for and Development of an Undergraduate Network for Innovation and Marketable Skills (NIMS)

This project will collaborate with the Watt Center MakerSpace and associated student organizations to produce and evaluate a MakerDay each semester.  Activities will include contacting and coordinating with student organizations, classes, potential donors, faculty, and students to recruit MakerDay displays. Team members will develop and implement methods to assess the success of each MakerDay.

Team Leaders
Barbara Speziale Watt Family Innovation Center
Accomplishments
O
1218

Development of novel antibacterials

Summary as described in Medchemcomm, 2014 Jun 1;5(6):816-825. "Controlling DNA topoisomerase functions has been envisioned for developing new anticancer and antibacterial agents.   A number of small molecules have been tested for their ability as poisons of DNA topoisomerase functions.  The therapeutic interest in the development of small molecules as inhibitors of DNA topoisomerase lies in their ability to act as DNA cleavage complex stabilizing agents and to recognize ATP binding site. The emergence of resistance to anti-bacterials has necessitated the search of novel molecules that could help tackle these issues. Small molecules that are both DNA binders and non-binders will be discovered to poison the functions of DNA topoisomerases".  Team members will learn about the target enzyme and work towards investigating small molecules that can inhibit it.

Team Leaders
Dev Arya Chemistry
College of ScienceG
1221

Human Factors Forensics

This project will explore the application of psychology and engineering principles to accident analysis.

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
*Tutaj, M., *Martin, E., *Khoury, Z., *Free, K., *Giovinazzo, A., *Martin, T., *Cox, E. & Stephens, B. (2018, April) Human factors forensic analysis of trip and fall incident. Poster presented at the Southeaster Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Clemson, SC.
*Cox, R., *Free, K., *Giovinazzo, A., *Khoury, Z., *Martin, E., *Martin, T., *Tutaj, M. & Stephens, B. (2018, April). Human Factors Forensics of Child Elevator Accident. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1224

The Genetic and Developmental Basis of Evolution in Cichlid Fishes

The Powder lab seeks to understand the genomic and developmental basis of natural diversity in animal morphology. Development involves the coordination of complex pathways, and variation during developmental processes can produce both human anomalies as well as evolved diversity. We focus on cichlid fishes of the East African rift lakes, which have undergone an extraordinary adaptive radiation to produce an incredible range of phenotypic diversity. This includes an unparalleled range of craniofacial morphologies, which correlates with their feeding mechanism (e.g. algae scraping or suction feeding). We seek to understand how this facial variation is produced using a range of shape analyses, experimental embryology, and genetics.

Team Leaders
Kara Powder Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Martin, K.T., &Haire, S. & Powder, K. (2018, May). Genetic Variation in the Cranial Shape of Malawi Cichlids. Poster presentation at the Southeast Regional meeting of the Society for Developmental Biology, Athens, GA.
*Lally, M.E. & Powder, K. (2018, May). Gene expression analysis of migrating neural crest cells in craniofacial evolution in cichlid fishes. Poster presentation at the Southeast Regional meeting of the Society for Developmental Biology, Athens, GA.
*Hawkins, E., *Furno, E. & Powder, K. (2018, May). Cis-enhancing regions that influence craniofacial development in cichlids. Poster presentation at the Southeast Regional meeting of the Society for Developmental Biology, Athens, GA.
*Furno, E., *Hawkins, E. & Powder, K. (2018, April). Identifying cis-enhancing regions that influence craniofacial development in cichlid fishes. Poster presentation at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1238

Thinking Outside the Box: A Cross-disciplinary Approach to Understanding Team Creativity

Have you ever wondered how the teams of people who work on shows like SNL, South Park, and The Daily Show with Trevor Noah are able to come up with such creative content in such a short amount of time? What stands in the way of creativity in teams like these and what can we do to help teams reach their creative potential? Come to think of it, what even is creativity? As a research initiative of the Developing and Improving Globally Integrated Teamwork and Leadership (DIGITAL) Lab, we are interested in exploring these topics by specifically looking at what goes on during team meetings that helps or hinders creative processes and outcomes. 

Team Leaders
Marissa Shuffler Psychology
Kaitlan Bryant Psychology
Kyle Christenson Psychology
Accomplishments
*Rothermel, L., *Petrucci, T., *Welsh, J., *Lindgren, R., *Roberts, M., Pegram, R., Mccallus, R., Powers, J., Shuffler, M., Ogle, J., McNeese, N., Kleiss, M., & Schmidt, J. (2019, April). Developing a Technology-Enhanced Teamwork Training Program for Higher Education: Initial Design & Pilot Study Across Disciplines. Poster presented at 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum. 
*Demass, R., *Hume, R., *Huff, E., *Flynn, M., Shuffler , M. (2019, April). Development and Validation of a Situational Judgment Test. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Shuffler, M., Diazgranados, D., Maynard, M., & Salas, E. (2018). Developing, Sustaining, and Maximizing Team Effectiveness: An Integrative, Dynamic Perspective of Team Development Interventions. Academy Of Management Annals, 12(2), 688-724. doi: 10.5465/annals.2016.0045
Mroz, J., Allen, J., Verhoeven, D., & Shuffler, M. (2018). Do We Really Need Another Meeting? The Science of Workplace Meetings. Current Directions In Psychological Science, 27(6), 484-491. doi: 10.1177/0963721418776307
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1235

Conation and Creativity in Engineering

Have you heard of Disney Imagineers? Are you interested in how engineers apply creativity? Conation and Creativity in Engineering (CCE) is a variable credit Creative Inquiry project in which students from across campus research instinctive problem-solving (conation) and creativity that inspires innovation in engineering around the world. Want to get even more immersed in creativity in engineering? Students are invited to participate in Disney Imaginations design competition, created and sponsored by Walt Disney Imagineering which seeks and natures the next generation of diverse Imagineers, and/or newly-established Creativity in Engineering Club, action-research student group dedicated to supporting creativity across Clemson's campus. All majors welcome. 

Team Leaders
Claire Dancz Watt Family Innovation Center
Susan Reeves Watt Family Innovation Center
Accomplishments
*Boudinot, C., Dancz, C., High, K. (2018, April). Evaluating Creativity of Engineering Students. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
O
1240

Exploring Balkan Politics

As part of the semester abroad program in Belgrade, students will investigate key political and social issues in Serbia (and the region), incorporating both American and Serbian perspectives in their review.  They will meet with Serbian students to discuss these issues and present their research to one another.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Peake Political Science
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1246

ENGAGE Dominica 6: Primary School Initiatives

The Soufriere Primary School is located on the southwest tip of the island of Dominica.  Due to the damage caused by Hurricane Maria in 2017, the school has been displaced and operating only half day programs to be able to support all of the children in the community in a small temporary space. This Creative Inquiry team will support a significant outreach program with the school and the community.  Project components will include a school/community garden (with economic programming for children to sell excess goods to local businesses), a chicken coop, sports fields (basketball/soccer), and a STEM learning garden.  The mission of our team is to plan different projects throughout the year to help the Soufriere Primary school and implement the projects on our trips to Dominica. Our goal is to help with the learning experience for the local community. This semester, our focus is specifically working towards the development of a garden so that the students not only have access to food, but can also gain agricultural skills.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Ogle Civil Engineering
Joseph Marcsik Civil Engineering
Isaiah Del Campbell Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Accomplishments
*Bauer, J., *Guynup, T., *Langley, S., *Kosydar, D., *Samantaray, A., Ogle, J. (2019, April). Primary School. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1265

International Collaborative Research with Tecnologico de Monterrey, Mexico

During Fall 2021, students will be introduced to various colleagues at Tec de Monterrey, Mexico. From their interactions, literature reading, discussion groups,  and guided mentorship, students will develop a research plan to execute at Clemson University, with the intention of visiting Mexico sometime in the near future as the project reaches maturity.One or multiple projects will be identified that bring together interdisciplinary, multicultural and international interaction.

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Hugo Sanabria Physics and Astronomy
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1247

Leidenfrost effect

A liquid drop brought into contact with a hot solid can levitate on a cushion of vapor. The absence of liquid/solid contact makes the liquid extremely mobile and susceptible to a number of hydrodynamic instabilities, such as shape oscillations, and directed self-propulsion. This CI project will focus on experimental studies of instabilities that result from the Leidenfrost effect; shape oscillation, self-propulsion, splashing, and bouncing. 

Team Leaders
Joshua Bostwick Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Bergen, J., *Basso, B., & Bostwick, J. (2019). Leidenfrost drop dynamics: Exciting dormant modes. Physical Review Fluids, 4(8). doi: 10.1103/physrevfluids.4.083603
Bostwick, J., *Hilleary, C., *Wallace, D., *Haithcock, E. & *Henke, J. (2018, April) The Effects of Specific Fluid Properties on the Leidenfrost Effect in Directed Motion. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1250

Science and Pseudoscience in Popular Media

The combination of access to information and the decline in science education and critical thinking ability have given rise to a fear of science and mistrust of scientists.  Because of the lack of understanding of science, charlatans like Dr. Oz are able to exploit the public’s fears for their own financial gain.  A few examples of what this exploitation has led to:  cancer patients refusing chemo therapy treatments in favor of questionable “natural” therapies; a subset of people have tried to “cure” their autistic children by giving them bleach enemas; and an increase in the production and marketing of dietary supplements promising to cure everything from obesity to cancer.  Because of ignorance, people can be the victims of scams and in the case of fad diets and supplements, can be harmed. In addition to the decline of science education, critical thinking, and difficulty identifying reliable sources of information, public attitude towards science and scientists is negative.  Scientists are harassed on a regular basis and are accused of being paid to do the bidding of large companies like Monsanto.  Additionally, these celebrities and charlatans mislead the public by saying science is wrong and that they are the only ones that are trustworthy.  This leads to fearmongering and a belief in conspiracy theories.   The proposed project seeks to help students and the general public tell the difference between science and pseudoscience and be able to evaluate claims seen in popular media, correct misconceptions about science, and to help students develop critical thinking skills through presenting their findings to a general audience.  The CI will help students explain science to a general audience and show people that science is relevant to their lives, approachable, and nothing to be afraid of.

Team Leaders
Elliot Ennis Chemistry
College of ScienceG
1253

Ecotoxicological Effects in Aquatic Species

This project investigates the effects of pollution on fish species, specifically the effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and pharmaceuticals. These toxic compounds are released from wastewater treatment facilities, and during oil spills, and can enter waterways through road runoff. Effects we measure are upregulation of liver enzymes, excretion of metabolites in the bile, and cellular damage like membrane disintegration and DNA damage.

Team Leaders
Lauren Stoczynski Biological Sciences
Peter Van den Hurk Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Washington, S. (2019). Invasive, Toxic Lionfish: When Predator Turns Prey. Decipher, (8), 26-27.
Van den Hurk, P., Edhlund, I., Davis, R., *Hahn, J., *McComb, M., *Rogers, E., & DeLorenzo, M. (2019). Lionfish (Pterois Volitans) as Biomonitoring Species for Oil Pollution Effects in Coral Reef Ecosystems. Platform presentation at the 20th International Meeting on Pollutant Responses in Marine Organisms (PRIMO20), Charleston, SC. 
*Davis, R., *Hahn, J., *Mccomb, S., *Rogers, E., Van den Hurk, P. (2019, April). Lionfish (Pterois volitans) as biomonitoring species for oil pollution effects in coral reef ecosystems. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1251

Supporting Healthcare Superheroes: Application of Organizational Science to Improve Healthcare Effectiveness

Soaring healthcare costs, staffing shortages, and legislative changes have contributed to a surge of interest in the ways healthcare organizations manage their leaders and teams in order to better impact the bottom line. As a research initiative of the DIGITAL lab, we are interested in better understanding the impact of leadership development on multiple levels of analysis within the healthcare industry: this includes, but is not limited to, leader health and burnout, team effectiveness, employee engagement and health, patient safety and experiences, and business outcomes. The purpose of this CI team is to examine leadership structures within Prisma Health - Upstate (formerly Greenville Health System) and the impact of leadership on various outcomes. 

Team Leaders
Marissa Shuffler Psychology
Chloe Wilson Psychology
Katelyn Hedrick Psychology
Chelsea LeNoble CU/GHS Research Collaboration
Thomas W. Britt Jr Psychology
Annamaria Wolf Psychology
Sydney Begerowski Psychology
Riley Mccallus Psychology
Kaitlan Bryant Psychology
Accomplishments
*Crocker, A., *Peters, C., *Charlesworth, W., *Wirth, K., *Lindgren, R., *Brown, M., *Williamson, R., Wilson, C., Johnson, E., *LeNoble, C., Shuffler , M. (2019, April). A Targeted Intervention for Decreasing Burnout and Improving Resiliency in Oncology Nursing Teams. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Dobson, M. (2017) Leadership Development Programs and Work-Family Enrichment. Research presented to Greenville Health System leaders, Greenville, SC.
*Brown, D. & Smith, E. (2017). The New Way to Lead: An Examination of the Relationship Between Leadership Development and Patient Satisfaction Ratings Across Healthcare Systems. Research presented to Greenville Health System leaders, Greenville, SC.
*Schwarze, T. (2017). A Review of Physiological Devices: Measuring Healthcare Worker Stress and Well-being. Research presented to Greenville Health System leaders, Greenville, SC.
*Brown, D., *Schwarze, T., *Dobson, M. & LeNoble, C. (2018, April). Supporting Healthcare Superheroes Through Leadership Development. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Shuffler, M., Verhoeven, D., Savage, N., *Flynn, M., & Farago, P. (2017). Shared Team Leadership. Oxford Bibliographies. doi: 10.1093/OBO/9780199846740-0131
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1252

Appalachian Fire Ecology

Wildfires in late 2016 burned tens of thousands of forested acres across the southern Appalachian region. These events, unprecedented in recent history, have created a unique opportunity to conduct important fire ecology research in affected areas. This Creative Inquiry project is a collaborative effort between Clemson, the US Forest Service, and other agencies to assess the impacts of these fires, with a primary focus on the Rock Mountain fire in north Georgia. .

Team Leaders
Donald Hagan Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Brayden Williams Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Williamson, C.,  *Anderson, J., *Christ, P., *Sparks, R., *Williams, B., *Hallman, S., *Sharpe, C., *Bailey, H., *McClure, A., *Wolfe, C., *Drose, F., *Tate, B., Vaughan, M., Hagan, D., & Coyle, D. (2019, April). Controlling Callery Pear (Pyrus calleryana) with Prescribed Fire: Ecological and Management Considerations. Presented at 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Williamson, C., *Hallman, S., *Sharpe, C., *Bailey, H., *McClure, A., *Wolfe, C., *Drose, F., *Tate, B., Vaughan, M., & Hagan, D. (2019, April). Overstory and understory responses to severe wildfire in southern Appalachian mountains. Presented at 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC. 
*Bailey, H., *Tate, B., *Sharpe, C., *Drose, R., *Williamson, C., Hagan, D., Vaughan, M. (2019, April). Overstory and understory responses to severe wildfire in the southern Appalachian mountains. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Anderson, J., *Christ, P., *Drose, R., *Sharpe, C., *Sparks, R., *Tate, B., *Williams, B., Hagan, D., Coyle, D.(2019, April). Controlling Callery Pear (Pyrus calleryana) with Prescribed Fire: Ecological and Management Considerations. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1254

International Bridge Design Project With Engineers Without Borders (EWB) In Nicaragua

Students participating in this Creative Inquiry project will develop alternative pedestrian bridge designs and then implement the best design for the community of El Serrano, Nicaragua. The bridge project is one of the official projects for the Clemson University Student Chapter of Engineers Without Borders (CU-EWB) as recognized and approved by the EWB-USA national office.

Team Leaders
Mark A. Schlautman Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Jerry Wylie Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Accomplishments
*Queen, N., *Argenal, A., *Gore, R., Schlautman, M. (2019, April). El Serrano Bridge Replacement Project. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1640

Tangible genomics

This Creative Inquiry project will center upon genomics. The focus will be on structural variations with emphasis on mobile elements. Mobile elements, discovered by Barbara McClintock, are also often referred to as jumping genes or transposable elements.They are abundant in many genomes --e.g. more than 50% of the human genome is comprised of mobile elements. Transposable elements are associated with certain genetic disorders not only through insertion but also via recombination between elements. As part of this project, we will investigate different aspects of mobile element biology and how genomes evolve with respect to transposable elements. This Creative Inquiry has computational including programming as well as some wet-bench aspects. Furthermore, we will explore new approaches on how to visualize genomes with regard to mobile elements. This includes the developments of tangibles for data interaction.

Team Leaders
Miriam Konkel Genetics and Biochemistry
College of ScienceG
1256

Development and Assessment of Makerspace Standard Operating Procedures

The Clemson Makerspace provides students, faculty and staff the ability to collaborate and innovate using current technologies such as 3D-printers, laser cutters, a waterjet, 3D-scanners, textiles processing equipment, and electronics. The Makerspace educates and trains students of all majors on machines and processes. The objective of this project is to develop a safe set of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for training students on Makerspace equipment within the culture and requirements of the university.  

Team Leaders
Todd Schweisinger Mechanical Engineering
Kelsey Sheaffer University Libraries
Accomplishments
*Samstag, M., *Ghotbi-Taheri, P., *Gaidjunas, J. & Schweisinger, T. (2019, April 25). Showcasing the Capabilities of the Artec Eva 3D Scanner, digital presentation and demonstration at Clemson University 6th Annual Makerday, Clemson, SC.
*Samstag, M., *Ghotbi-Taheri, P., *Gaidjunas, J., *Hills, M., & Schweisinger, T. (2019, April). Developing Standard Operating Procedures for the Artec Eva 3D Scanner. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Samstag, M., *Ghotbi-Taheri, P., *Gaidjunas, J., *Baum, J., *Hills, M., Schweisinger, T. (2019, April). Developing Standard Operating Procedures for the Artec Eva 3D Scanner . Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Hoolachan, N., *Grant, W., *Turner, N., *Patel, P., *Samstag, M. & Schweisinger, T. (2018, April). Student Engagement: Lowering the Barrier of Entry to The Clemson Makerspace, Digital presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1258

Native Bass Conservation

Bartram's Bass is native to the Savannah River basin of SC and GA; it occurs nowhere else in the world. Students learn field sampling and lab techniques to learn more about the basic ecology of this rare fish. Students also have the opportunity to develop independent research projects and present results at professional conferences and in scientific publications. 

Team Leaders
Brandon Peoples Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Caroline Cox Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Tyler Zumwalt Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Blalock, J., *Bodiford, L.M., Judson, E. & Peoples, B.K. (2019, January). Comparing otoliths and scales for age determinination of endemic Bartram's Bass. Poster presentation to the Southern Division of the American Fisheries Society, Galveston, TX
*Moore, W., *Michaeli, A., *Bell, D., *Rodgers, A., Judson, E. & Peoples, B. (2018 March) Diet content analysis of Bartram's Bass--a Savannah River endemic. Poster presented at the Southern Chapter American Fisheries Society, San Juan, Puerto Rico
*Moore, W., *Michaeli, A., *Bell, D., *Rodgers, A., Judson, E. & Peoples, B. (2018, April). Diet content analysis of Bartram's Bass--a Savannah River endemic. Poster presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Moore, W., *Michaeli, A., *Bell, D., *Rodgers, A., Judson, E. & Peoples, B. (2018 March) Diet content analysis of Bartram's Bass--a Savannah River endemic. Poster presented at the SC Chapter American Fisheries Society, Beaufort, SC.
*Moore, W., *Michaeli, A., *Bell, D., *Rodgers, A., Judson, E. & Peoples, B. (2018 March) Diet content analysis of Bartram's Bass--a Savannah River endemic. Poster presented at the Southern Division of American Fisheries Society, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
CI: 1258. (2017). A male Bartram's Bass guarding his eggs
CI: 1258. (2017). Bertram's Bass is a Savannah River endemic--it only lives in rivers of upstate SC & GA
CI: 1258. (2017). CI student Alex Michaeli holds an endemic Bartram's Bass
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1270

Engineering a High-throughput Method for Western Blotting

Western blotting is a molecular-weight resolved, antibody-based technique for analyzing proteins and their post-translational modifications that is highly sensitive and specific, but has been difficult to scale-up to more than dozens of samples. This project is developing a novel high-throughput, small sample size approach to western blotting we call the Mesowestern blot. We use a 3D printable mold to cast polyacrylamide gels containing 336, 0.5 uL micropipette-loadable sample wells arranged within a standard microplate footprint. The linear range of detection is at least 70-fold, with a limit of detection (for b-actin) of around 30 ng of total protein from mammalian cell lysates (~30-3000 cells). Because the gel mold is 3D printable, users have significant design freedom for custom layouts, and there are few barriers to adoption by the typical cell and molecular biology laboratory already performing Western blots. Currently, this project has several arms:  (1) making a plug and play mold that fits into currently industry standards (Biorad); (2) using low cost automatic pipetting robots (opentrons) to load the gel; (3) developing a novel application to COVID antibody testing for variants from saliva samples. 

Team Leaders
Marc Birtwistle Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Accomplishments
*Zadeh, O., *Westbury, B., *Interiano, W., *Huggins, J. (2019, April). Optimization of western blotting via mold-cast gel. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1271

Ocean under the magnifying glass - using microscopy to understand the impacts of climate change

Oysters are important to our coastal ecosystem, providing food in the aquaculture industry, protecting coastal fisheries and alleviating storm damage to the coastal land. The changing climate is, however, posing an alarming threat to the marine ecosystem. The excessive release of carbon dioxide by human activities has caused an acidified ocean with greater pH fluctuations. The impact has been found to be regional, pH values are found to reduce faster in estuary regions than the open ocean. As a result, the coastal oyster communities are facing an unprecedented risk. Our research focus on assessing the health of the native oysters Crassostrea virginica. Microscopy techniques are sensitive to the physiological status, and therefore, oysters can be monitored for their success in terms of growth, development and calcification. The goals of this Creative Inquiry projects are (1) to develop students with the skillset for marine science and climate change research, (2) to raise appreciation and understanding of an oyster life cycle, (3) to promote image analysis skills for biology topics and (4) to enable student's experience for research planning, performing, writing and presenting.   Students will conduct ocean acidification study on oysters using confocal microcopy and image analysis tools such as ImageJ and MATLAB to measure the response and development of shell formation process.

Team Leaders
Andrew Mount Plant and Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
*Stewart, J., *Groce, M., *Hickman, N., Mount, A. (2019, April). Observations of anatomical elements of shell repair in the Eastern Oyster, Crassostrea virginica. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
CI: 1271. (2017). Group collecting oysters. 
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1272

Elucidating Water Transport and Structure of Polymer Membranes for Energy Applications

The use of polymer membranes for energy storage and delivery applications is ubiquitous. The performance properties of these membranes is inherently tied to the nanostructure, making it important to elucidate the fundamental structure-property relationships of these materials.

Team Leaders
Eric Davis Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Accomplishments
Involvement of Underrepresented Minorities and Women in Research Related to Stimuli-Responsive Polymers. This will provide an external supplement to help promote the involvement of underrepresented groups in polymer science research. Total amount: $10,000
Singh, M., Haring, A., Tong, Y., Cesewski, E., *Ball, E., & Jasper, R. et al. (2019). Additive Manufacturing of Mechanically Isotropic Thin Films and Membranes via Microextrusion 3D Printing of Polymer Solutions. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 11(6), 6652-6661. doi: 10.1021/acsami.8b22164
*Bowers, A., *Jasper, R., & Davis, E.M. (2019). Investigating the Mechanical Properties and Water Transport of Novel Polymeric Materials. Poster presented at Southern Student Regional Conference, American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Starkville, MS.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1282

Development of a System to Incentivize Litter Storage/Collection in Developing Areas

Widespread litter, comprised in large measure of plastic bags, plastic beverage containers, paper, and assorted refuse, vexes large parts of the world, particularly under-developed regions where there is no centralized trash and garbage collection.  A practical means of involving the local population in collecting and transporting accumulated litter to central collection points and establishing incentives for participation is a potential solution.  An important component of such an approach is thought to be the development of a practical process to enable single individuals to compact litter into small, manageable units, for which they could be compensated on a piece by piece basis, somewhat like collecting deposits on discarded beverage containers in some communities.  Accordingly, the following effort is proposed:   Develop a means of compacting litter into dense units that can be transported easily to central collection facilities by personal conveyances such as bicycles, motorcycles, push carts, bicycle rickshaws, and bullock carts   Apparatus employed should be amenable to local fabrication from readily available materials, including recycled automobile and bicycle parts, scrap metal, and the like, using modest welding, blacksmithing, and fabrication methods commonly found in undeveloped regions.  Any method or materials used to bind compacted litter into stable units should be derived from litter components.

Team Leaders
Todd Schweisinger Mechanical Engineering
Cecil Huey Emeritus College
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1313

Pathways to Engineering

There are many pathways to an engineering degree, but all of them pass through calculus.  Some students complete first semester calculus in high school and start their post-secondary studies ahead of the game, or at least not behind.  Others complete calculus in high school, but nonetheless, place into courses below calculus at the start of college. Still others do not attempt calculus in high school.  In South Carolina, there is a significant racial and socioeconomic disparity between engineering students who place below calculus and those who enter college calculus-ready.  In this project, we analyze qualitative focus-group and interview data from first-year engineering students around the state to understand both academic and non-academic factors that affected their initial mathematics placement in college.

Team Leaders
Eliza Gallagher Engineering and Science Education
Aubrie Pfirman Engineering and Science Education
Accomplishments
Pfirman, A., *Brisbane, J., *Dunwoody, L., *Roberson, S., Anderson, A., *Hanna, T., *Murphy, J., *Hines, A., *McKenzie, D., *Schenk, L., *Anderson, C., *Avallon, K., *Hanse, E., *Paul, T., *Staats, R., Patel, K., & Gallagher, E. (2018, April). Factors Affecting South Carolina Students' Mathematics Preparation for College. Presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Symposium, Watt Family Innovation Center, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1309

FishShapes: Exploring the Evolution of Body Form Diversity Across Fishes.

Students will join a team of scientists from across the US that are working to investigate body shape evolution across teleost fishes. Teleosts account for 96% of all fish species, nearly half of extant vertebrate diversity, and exhibit a spectacular variety of body forms, including lineages that range from deep-bodied (e.g. moonfish, spadefish), elongate (e.g. eels, needlefish), laterally compressed (e.g. ribbonfish) to globular (e.g. pufferfish), plus the uniquely shaped seahorses, flatfishes and ocean sunfishes. The purpose of this research is to tease-apart the major interacting factors influencing the evolution of body form at the macroevolutionary scale, across teleost fishes, and to identify trends in shape diversity over their evolutionary history. As members of the ‘FishShapes’ team students will spend at least 2 semesters conducting research: collecting data and working together to develop and test a hypothesis concerning the evolution of body shape across fishes. The ultimate goal is to write and publish a scientific paper. This project is ideally suited to students who have no prior research experience, as we will cover everything from how to develop hypotheses through to giving scientific presentations.

Team Leaders
Samantha Price Biological Sciences
Keiffer Williams Biological Sciences
Laura Rodrigues Vieira De Alencar Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Larouche, O. Friedman, ST, *Benton, B., *Gross, D.,* Iwan,M., *Kessler, B., *Rodriguez, S., *Whelpley, H., Wainwright PC & Price, SA (2019) Does habitat complexity influence the evolution of teleost fish body shape? Evolution annual meeting, Providence RI.
*Benton, B., *Kessler, B., *Mcglinn, C., *Gross, D., *Price, S., *Larouche, O. (2019, April). Habitat complexity influences locomotor morphologies in teleost fishes. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1314

Collaborative Biomedical Engineering Design Between Clemson and Arusha Technical College

Developing countries face healthcare challenges every day, whether it is lack of supplies or a shortage of healthcare professionals. Medical devices and equipment that are considered standard in hospitals in the United States can be hard to find and very expensive in developing countries, such as Tanzania. In addition there is a shortage of trained biomedical engineers. Therefore, the goal of this Creative Inquiry team is to design and develop medical instrumentation and monitors that are robust, user-friendly, and low-cost for Tanzania in collaboration with engineering students and faculty at Arusha Technical College in Tanzania. The students on this team will be expected to work on electronics and instrument design.  They are expected to do needs finding to find the issues facing biomedical engineers in rural SC and in Tanzania. The students will collaborate weekly with students from Arusha Technical College through message boards. In addition, the Clemson and ATC student teams will have joint videoconferenced update meetings once a month with faculty and staff from both institutions. In addition to doing design, Clemson students are expected to learn about Tanzania. Students will learn about Tanzanian culture, government and healthcare structure. In addition, students will learn some basic conversational Swahili.

Team Leaders
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
William Richardson Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Melissa McCullough Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Nigoa, D., *Mandilwar, S., *Fenner, R., McCullough, M., DesJardins, J., Richardson, W., & Dean, D. (2018). Demonstrating the Viability of Using Zinc-Air Batteries in Oxygen Sensors for Low-Resource Settings. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
*McLeod, D., *Dean, B., & Dean, D. (2018). Classification of Individual Finger Movements Using a Myoelectric Armband and Machine Learning Techniques. Presented at the 2018 Annual Biomedical Engineering Society Meeting, Atlanta, GA. 
*Banaszak, B., *Blasko, M., *Conner, K., *Falconer, R., *Hatchett, M., *Houk, E., *Hummel, C., *Jenkins, L., *Kolf, K., *LeMatty, A., *Mandilwar, S., *Mcleod, D., *Meilinger, N., *Moen, R., *Nigoa, D., *Nukovic, A., *Peer, H., *Tan, S., *Ward, S., Dean, D., DesJardins, J., *McCullough, M., *Richardson, W. (2019, April). Low Resource Medical Device Design - Clemson-Arusha Collaboration. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Banaszak, B., *Boulos, J., *Cattell, M., *Donaldson, T., *Fenner, R., *Gaston, E., *Grahne, M., *Hadley, J., *King, K., *Mandilwar, S., *Moen, R., *Nguyen, H., *Nigoa, D., *Straga, V., Richardson, W., McCullough, M., DesJardins, J., & Dean, D. (2018, April). International Collaborative Biomedical Engineering Design. Poster presented at 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1316

Hellbender Ecology

Hellbenders (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis) are large, long-lived amphibians that live their entire lives in rivers and streams throughout the Appalachian mountains.  As part of this project, students will assist with hellbender monitoring surveys and will work independently or in groups to develop a research question and hypothesis, collect and analyze data, and summarize findings as part of a year-long project. 

Team Leaders
Cathy Jachowski Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Malone, H., *Mcdaniel, E., Diaz, L., Jachowski, C. (2019, April). A Comparison of Water Quality Parameters in Artificial and Natural Habitat of the Eastern Hellbender . Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1839

Sustainable Packaging: Life Cycle Analysis with the End in Mind

Beginning with the end in mind is particularly applicable to packaging. There are design approaches that could substantially improve the ability to recycle packaging. Obstacles to improve a package’s end-of-life still exist and call for collaboration and new solutions with likely partners along the food value chain that include: suppliers, competitors, and waste stream partners. Comparison among alternative solutions using Life Cycle Analysis is an important contributor to success. This project is related to: packaging, food waste, food safety, sustainability and consumer behavior. This project is guided by the staff of Sonoco FRESH at Clemson University. FRESH is a multi-disciplinary hub for innovation and research and is housed in the Harris A. Smith building on campus

Team Leaders
David Vandeventer Univ Fac:Custodial-Recycle Svs
Robert M. Kimmel Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Elizabeth Barr Sonoco Inst Pkg Design & Graph
O
1317

Creating Simulation in Didactics to Promote Active Learning for Undergraduate Students

The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to create a community where undergraduate students can share their ideas, identify effective low-fidelity simulation strategies, and create engaging simulation pedagogies for didactic undergraduate nursing education.

Team Leaders
Lena Burgess School of Nursing
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1318

NASA Micro-g NExT

This Creative Inquiry is focused on applying to NASA's Micro-g NExT Program. Teams of undergraduate students from multiple majors will be challenged with creating a device to aid in space exploration missions defined by requirements outlined by NASA. Student teams, if selected, will have the opportunity to travel to Johnson Space Center in Houston, TX to test their devices in the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory. 

Team Leaders
Will Lane Mechanical Engineering
Laura Redmond Civil Engineering
Atul Kelkar Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Borel, S., *Furgeson, M., *Henning, K., *Pierce, W., *Spivey, N., *Sutton, M., Stidham, H., & Summers, J. (2018, April). NASA Micro-g NExT Sharp Edge Detection and Removal- Edge B' Gone. Poster presented at the annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Program, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1320

Industrial Assessments: Energy and Resource Efficiency Audits

This project is dedicated to training students to help with Clemson's Industrial Assessment Center  Students will learn about energy use in major building systems around campus and potential energy efficiency projects.  Students should expect to enroll in this project for 1 semester.

Team Leaders
Elizabeth R. Carraway Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Michael Dale Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
David Ladner Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Yongjia Song Industrial Engineering
Phillip Litherland Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1321

Bioprinting

When hosted in the proper fluid medium, cells can be loaded into ink jet printer heads and printed in three-dimensional structures.  The ultimate goal of this technology, called “cell printing” is to print organs that can be used as replacements for diseased or damaged organs.  While this goal is still far in the future, cell printing currently has several applications, including rapid drug testing, bioprinting of skin grafts for promoting wound healing, and bioprinting of bone and cartilage.  One problem inhibiting further development of bioprinting concerns the control over droplet formation for existing printheads.  Ideally one would like to have control over the drop diameter and number of cells per drop in a fixed printhead.  However, any given printhead typically is capable of forming a narrow range of drop diameters.  It is possible that, for viscoelastic fluids, there is a greater possibility to control the characteristics of drops than is the case for fluids that have little or no elasticity.  This idea is the focus of this project.  

Team Leaders
Joshua Bostwick Mechanical Engineering
John R Saylor Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1322

Aging and Decision-Making

Decision-making is a prevalent part of everyday life, and the choices we make can have significant consequences across all stages of the lifespan. The purpose of this CI Team is to examine adaptive and maladaptive decision-making strategies that occur with healthy aging.  This research seeks to assess how social, cognitive, emotional, and motivational factors influence decision-making.  Understanding these factors may allow us to develop decision aids that can improve decision-making outcomes with age. 

Team Leaders
Kaileigh Byrne Psychology
Accomplishments
Byrne, K., & Ghaiumy Anaraky, R. (2019). Strive to Win or Not to Lose? Age-Related Differences in Framing Effects on Effort-Based Decision-Making. The Journals Of Gerontology: Series B. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbz136
*Busto, S., *Phan, D., & Byrne, K.(2019). Social and Cognitive Engagement is Associated with Enhanced Memory Capabilities in Older Adults’. Presented at Clemson FOCI 2019.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1331

Horse Play

Hippotherapy, also known as equine assisted therapy, is the use of a horse as a moving platform for rehabilitation treatment for a range of disabilities. Literature has shown positive improvements in patients with spinal cord injuries, cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, and many other disabilities when partaking in hippotherapy. This information will be used to create saddles for effective use in hippotherapy. Adaptive saddles will be created to provide assistance to those of specific disabilities whom normally cannot ride without assistance or minimal intervention. The saddle will be suited with pressure sensor feedback in order to obtain rider patterns within the saddle. Further modifications to gather rider actions while mounted on the horse can also be explored.

Team Leaders
Anne Marie Holter CES Living Learning Community
Kristine Vernon Animal and Veterinary Sciences
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Holter, A.M., et al. (2018, October). Biomechanical relation between horse and rider in therapeutic horseback riding and its effect on balance in elderly. Poster session at the Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship International's Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL.
Holter, A.M., et al. (2018, October) Biomechanical relation between horse and rider in therapeutic horseback riding and its effect on balance in elderly. Poster session at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
Holter, A., *Gates, J., *Luzum, N., Vernon, K., Van Puymbroeck, M., & DesJardins, J. (2018). Biomechanical relation between horse and rider in therapeutic horseback riding and its effect on balance in elderly. Presented at the 2018 Annual Biomedical Engineering Society Meeting, Atlanta, GA. 
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1330

Designing With Docs

In bioengineering, the opportunity to collaborate with clinicians in the design of biomedical devices is considered the highlight of any design experience, but usually these design experiences are limited to senior year, if at all. Clinicians are an essential contributor to the design process, in that they are both the users of biomedical devices, and often the first point of contact for problems that occur in their use. Typically, students explore design related issues, and recruit clinicians to support their work. In this new CI, clinical collaborators that have the support of their clinical innovation departments will work with students to create the next generation of biomedical devices.  This CI will be open to all undergraduates, and projects will be multi-semester, to support the development of long-term innovations in healthcare.

Team Leaders
Jordon Gilmore Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1333

AI for Racecars

Through hands-on experience, students will learn the new frontier of autonomous vehicle control based on deep reinforcement learning, and also fundamentals of vehicle dynamics; data acquisition and analytics skills etc. Specifically for the upcoming semester, students will have opportunity to work on a fully-autonomous 18th scale race car finishing racing on a track (Amazon AWS DeepRacer) and a FPV robot car that can be readily used as development platform for Python and computer vision learning (DJI Robomaster S1). Students will gain experience in deep learning and end-to-end training for autonomous vehicles. 

Team Leaders
Yiqiang Han Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1335

Autonomous Micro Aerial Vehicles (MAV)

Electric-powered Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) technologies are around the corner and ready to be applied to commercial applications, such as unmanned delivery, emergency response, survey and patrolling, etc. Autonomous control of an Unmanned Air Vehicle for a package delivery mission is specifically considered in this project. Students will have to carry out their unique design that achieve a balance between size and payload, while still capable of autonomous navigation without external interference (100% edge computing). The current project involves using state of the art development tools such as NVIDIA Jetson TX2 GPU board, ROS robotics simulation environment, PX4 autopilot platform. The objective of this project is to design, simulate and test a UAV to perform package delivery mission solely based on vision navigation and autonomous control algorithms. Students will also gain insight of the vehicle autonomy through hands-on programming and testing practices that can be applied to other interdisciplinary projects such as self-driving car researches. Students are expected to meet weekly to report progress and plan for next steps. Students should expect to enroll in the CI project for 2-4 semesters.Estimated length of the proposed project is 4-6 semesters. Multi-semester commitment is expected from the enrolled students.

Team Leaders
Yiqiang Han Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
The Vertical Flight Society invites student teams to participate in the 7th Annual Micro Air Vehicle (MAV) Student Challenge. This electric-powered vertical take-off and landing (VTOL) MAV competition seeks to encourage interest in autonomous/unmanned aircraft technology as well as small air vehicle design and fabrication. Teams may choose to design either a remotely-controlled system or a fully-autonomous system. The 7th Annual MAV Student Challenge will be held in conjunction with the 75th Annual Forum & Technology Display in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on Monday morning May 13, 2019, 9:00-11:00 am, at the University of Pennsylvania's Houston Hall (Hall of Flags). Please download the competition rules (PDF).
*Han, Y., Hao, W., *Nicholson, D., *Krolicki, A., *Wang, T., *Nasser, J., *Powers, N., *Ballard, J., *Do, P., *Sheets, S., *Nuttall, M., *Patel, D., *Witebsky, N., *Lee, J., *Gantenbein, C. (2019, April). Autonomous MAV Package Delivery for Urban Last Mile Project and Artificial Intelligence for Racecar project. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1753

Determining the Impact of Polymers on Blood Health to Improve Translation of Polymeric Nanotechnology

Although a vaccine and several treatments exist for Hepatitis B, chronic cases remain a public health concern. Chronicity is due in part to large numbers of non-infectious particles, produced alongside the virus, which exhaust the immune response. In this project, we will focus on treating Hepatitis B by using targeted polymer amphiphiles to assembly around virus particles and removing them from the body. We will also study the effect of flowing fluid on directed self-assembly, in order to mimic blood flow conditions in the human body. Self-assembly of nanoparticles is an area of intense focus in nanomedicine, but relatively little attention has been given to either directing self-assembly around a free-floating target and the effect of flow on nanoparticle formation. As a result, these areas potentially hold broad interest for nanotechnology.

Team Leaders
Jessica Larsen Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1336

Psychology of Religion and Spirituality

Team members have opportunities to work on several major projects related to religion and/or spirituality, under the supervision of Dr. Job Chen. In broad terms, we study attitudes and behaviors influenced by religious beliefs and/or spiritual experiences. We use a mixed methods including psychological measures (e.g., survey), experimental manipulation, and qualitative interviews. The CI team has several ongoing projects for students to conduct psychological research in topics related to religion and spirituality. Motivated students are also encouraged to explore their own interest and the CI team will support their endeavor.  Through these researches, students will gain experience in empirical, social scientific research methods, and may have opportunity at conference presentation and authorship on peer-reviewed publications. 

Team Leaders
Zhuo Job Chen Psychology
Randle Aaron Villanueva Psychology
Accomplishments
*Black, D., *Brooke, E., *Gouge, C., *Jackson, M., *Kao, E., *Koch, H., *Merics, N., *Myers, L., *Patel, J., *Word, F., *Chen, Z., *Villanueva, R. (2019, April). Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bridges, G., *Evatt, C., *Fitzgibbon, S., *Jardim, K., *Mckinney, M., *Russell, L., *St.Onge-Denton, E., Chen, Z., & Pury, C. (2018, April). Expressions of awe: Narrative and psychometric data from the 2017 Solar Eclipse. Poster presentation at Clemson University 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1443

Autonomous Vehicles and Users with Disabilities

Persons with certain motor or cognitive disabilities like paralysis of the extremities or autism may face significant obstacles to gainful employment and social inclusion due to difficulties in operating conventional motor vehicles. Proponents of fully autonomous or “self-driving” vehicles argue that the emergence of this technology may address this issue. Advocates for disabled persons are concerned, however, that the needs of persons with disabilities are not being adequately considered in the design of this technology.  As a result, it is argued, self-driving technologies are being developed that will ultimately prove inaccessible to persons with a range of disabilities, ultimately undermining the potential mobility benefits of the technology. There is, therefore, a critical need to determine a model of interaction that will support efficient use of this technology by persons with disabilities. The proposed research is being initiated to determine the needs, preferences, and concerns of persons with motor, cognitive and other disabilities in interacting with self-driving vehicles, a model of interaction incorporating context-specific methodologies and the development of tools to support accessible interaction.

Team Leaders
Julian Brinkley School of Computing
Accomplishments
Huff, E., *DellaMaria, N., Posadas, B., & Brinkley, J. (2019). Am I Too Old to Drive?: Opinions of Older Adults on Self-Driving Vehicles. In 21st Internation ACM SIGACCESS Conference on COmputers and Accessibility (pp. 500-509). New York, NY: Association for Computing Machinery.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1643

Documentary Film Production - Production, Technology, and Marketing

Our CI is focused on professional quality documentary and even feature film production and production technologies. In the 2020-2021 school year we will be working on two funded films. One of the films is titled WORDMAN and is the life story of famed communicator and literary giant Kenneth Burke. This film was first developed and sponsored by Professor David Blakesley. During the course we will have a Zoom presentation from a Hollywood studio film professional where an overview of the studio system environment will be discussed and all of your questions will be answered. It will be an excellent insight on how an actual film studio works and how a student can best prepare themselves to work in the industry by learning skills and learning production techniques. These same techniques will be the underpinnings of the CI itself.The other film's working title WALT'S WALTZ and is a story of mental health and how as a community we need to be better prepared and focused on helping people with their mental health issues. A principal subject of the film is a Clemson grad and former Clemson lecturer Walt Rooks who lost his fight with depression by suicide.  This film if being financially supported by a 501c3 tax exempt organization based in Greenville and led by Clemson alumnus Susan Rooks, Walt's mother and project founder.  Both of these films will be filmed with a cinematic quality camera and lens and edited to the same standards you will find by major motion picture studios. The members of the CI, along with  Open Studio Club member at Clemson  are both being produced for the documentary film festival market and commercial broadcasting opportunities such as PBS and HBO. We will also work on the business of the film and how to package and market the film for distribution and sales.The course is being led by a Hollywood studio industry professional who has worked on post-production special effects on dozens of feature films and television shows and Free and Open Source film production software engineering. Copy and paste the link below to see a picture of our cinema camera:http://clemsonos.org/cion.jpgEveryone in the CI will get plenty of time with the camera, as well....testing and actual production. The goal of the class is to make sure everyone has professional technical skills and professional production credits to add to your resume.

Team Leaders
Michael Collins English
David Blakesley English
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1343

Polymeric Biomaterials for Treatment and Diagnosis of Central Nervous System Disease

The presence of the blood-brain barrier dramatically hinders neurologic treatments, with >98% of small molecule drugs unable to enter the brain. Modern medical attempts to deliver drugs into the brain have involved disruption of the barrier, exploitation of different routes of administration, and attachment of ligands on nanoparticle surfaces that are specific to cellular receptors at the blood-brain barrier. These methods have had limited success in translation to clinical applications. The modulation of nanoparticle shape has been shown to have a large impact on nanoparticle transport, thermodynamic stability, and cellular internalization. However, the effect of different nanoparticle shapes on brain uptake has not been extensively explored. Team members in the Modulating Nanoparticle Shape to Enhance Blood-Brain Barrier Delivery creative inquiry will engage in the creation of polymer-based nanoparticles of various shapes to improve blood-brain barrier delivery. CI students will have the opportunity to work in an interdisciplinary research environment, using engineering, biology, and nanotechnology related concepts towards solving a major medical problem.

Team Leaders
Jessica Larsen Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Accomplishments
*Edgecomb, S., *Rovero, C., Larsen, J. (2019, April). Encapsulation and Delivery of Cas9 in Polymeric Nanoparticles. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Suescum, C., *L’Amoreaux, N., *Ali, A., *Crum, C. & Kelly, J.M. (2018) . Post-Assembly Manipulation of Polymersome Morphology. Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Southeastern Regional Conference, Baton Rouge, LA.
*L'Amoreaux, N., *Ali, A., *Crum, C., *Suescum, C. & Kelly, J.M. (2018, April). Modulating polymersome Shape to Enhance Cellular Uptake. Presented at the 13th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1344

Image-Guided Drug Delivery To the Brain

Advances in nanotechnology have led to the development of nanoparticles that can deliver therapeutics into specific cells for the treatment of many cancers, including gliomas. Clinical translation of these therapies to patients has been limited due to inefficient efficacy in vivo.  Image-guided drug delivery may help overcome barriers to translation providing quantitative analysis of biodistribution and pharmacokinetics through real-time visual monitoring of the therapeutic within the body,. Computed tomography (CT) is a desirable imaging method for brain disease diagnosis, as it can provide information on the location of bones, muscles, fat, and organs. However, CT can require long-term exposure to radiative contrast agents in order to obtain high quality image information. The high doses required are not currently approved by the FDA. Because of this, we are proposing the creation of a nanoparticle system capable of delivering FDA approved contrast agents directly to the site of interest, limiting toxicity associated with whole body exposure and off-targeting. Due to their small size, nanoparticles have the ability to load a high concentration of drug while simultaneously being targeted to specific areas of the brain, which would provide a dramatic improvement to current CT capabilities.

Team Leaders
Angela Alexander Bioengineering
Jessica Larsen Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Accomplishments
*Beitz, A., *Martin, C., *Scammon, B., *Nguyen, H., *Tatem, L., *Dorsey, R., Kelly, J. & Alexander-Bryant, A. (2018). Advancing Computed Tomography Imaging in the Brain through Nanoparticle Contrast Agents. Presented at the AIChE 2018 Southern Student Regional Conference, Baton Rouge, LA.
*Beitz, A., *Martin, C., *Scammon, B., *Nguyen, H., *Tatem, L., *Dorsey, R., Kelly, J. & Alexander-Bryant, A. (2018, April 11-14) “Advancing Computed Tomography Imaging in the Brain through Nanoparticle Contrast Agents.” Presented at the Society for Biomaterials Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1616

Diversity Outreach in Bioengineering

We aim to improve retention and matriculation of students of color into bioengineering by building their identity as engineers. Targeting incoming freshman, this CI will function as a diverse cohort of minority students enrolled in bioengineering. We will connect underrepresented upper classmen and grad students with the freshmen as they work together on a multidisciplinary engineering project. The potential being that underrepresented students can build a community of fellow bioengineers for support and fellowship that will aid in developing their identify as engineers early in their college careers. In the second year, students will design their own hypothesis based study based on their foundational year of research on the team. In addition, they will use their project to outreach to new general engineering students and K-12 students in our state.

Team Leaders
Angela Alexander Bioengineering
Maria McCoy Cooperative Education Prog
Melissa McCullough Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Melinda Harman Bioengineering
Jordon Gilmore Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1445

Clemson Football Recruiting Mailer Design

We have partnered with the Clemson Football Recruiting Office to help design a mailer to send to potential Clemson Football recruits. This  multidisciplinary team will meet to brainstorm, design and prototype a personalized 3D mailer that the recruiting office can send to high school football players in the recruiting process. The mailer is intended to promote Clemson Football and get the student excited about the possibility of being on the team. This is an incredible opportunity for students to have a direct impact on Clemson Football and potential incoming players.

Team Leaders
Haley Appleby Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1345

Renaissance MAN: Men of Color and Social Action

Renaissance Male Achievement Network (Renaissance MAN) is an initiative that provides academic enrichment, social engagement, personal development and professional preparation to men of color. Participants of Renaissance MAN will engage in this Creative Inquiry beginning the spring semester of their second year. This CI focuses on exploring the role of racial identity, masculinity and leadership philosophy in addressing social issues. Participants will ultimately develop and implement a plan to address a social issue. 

Team Leaders
DeOnte Brown New Student & Family Programs
O
1349

IBM Watson in the Watt

 The IBM Watson in the Watt team, sponsored by IBM, brings the world renown AI technology "Watson" to Clemson, with a mission to broadly explore AI's use in broad disciplines.   We welcome creative students from any disciplines that are interested in "answering questions" with the power of a wealth of data.  The team will learn about:* What is Watson* How to use Watson to answer questions* How to train Watson to be expert of your discipline, by feeding it the right data - lots of itCurrently, we have professors offering Watson challenges in digital humanities, digital history, healthcare, precision agriculture, and Internet of Things.  The list of challenges keeps growing.

Team Leaders
Dane Smith Watt Family Innovation Center
Kuang-Ching Wang Electrical and Computer Engineering
Carl Ehrett Watt Family Innovation Center
O
1418

Vehicle Dynamics Characterization

This team will study vehicle dynamics of a trailer traveling over the road and how these characteristics will alter a packaged unitized load.  In addition, the team will alter aspects of the trailer such as wheel imbalance, vehicle loading and vehicle speeds have on the packaged product.  To study this, a multi-axis vibration data acquisition system will be used to record the tri-axial accelerations as well as the rotational axis

Team Leaders
Gregory Batt Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Gregory Cocchiola Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
Accomplishments
*Ferreira, D., *Cocchiola, G., *Mclamb, M., *Nielson, R. (2019, April). Vehicle Dynamics Characterization. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1351

Rocket Club Leadership

Clemson University Rocket Engineering (CURE) is a team who's main objective is to design and fabricate a high powered rocket to enter into the annual Spaceport America Cup, an international intercollegiate experimental sounding rocket competition. Throughout the year, members of the team will separate into various flight critical teams including flight dynamics, structural design, payload and recovery, avionics, and manufacturing. The rocket will be designed with various height, weight, and apogee constraints based on the competition category rules.

Team Leaders
Phanindra Tallapragada Mechanical Engineering
Daniel B Fant Mechanical Engineering
Garrett Pataky Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Charles Dove was awarded the Astronaut Scholarship Foundation scholarship. Its mission is to aid the United States in retaining its world leadership in technology and innovation by supporting the very best and brightest scholars in science, technology, engineering and mathematics.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1428

Something Very Fishy

Something Very Fishy is a musical theater production paired with a hands-on marine science exhibit for elementary school children. This collaboration between Kathy Prosser (Educational Entertainment LLC) and Michael Childress (Biological Sciences) will bring to together local elementary school classes with Clemson student volunteers in a unique arts and sciences (STEAM) outreach program with a focus on marine conservation and our changing climate. Members of this creative inquiry team will develop and present hands-on marine science exhibits to enhance the experience of children attending this musical theater adventure following lives of a young marine biologist and a local fisherman who must set aside their differences to work together to save their local marine animals. Members of this creative inquiry team will develop hands-on exhibits, demonstrations, grade-specific experiments, class resources for teachers, and activities in support of the general theme of marine conservation. Team members will also care for and exhibit live marine animals in portable touch tanks, demonstrate the use of cameras and diving gear used by marine scientists, and lead students through basic experiments demonstrating the importance of water quality. Photo backdrops, reusable bag coloring stations, and continuous videos of underwater exploration will give the participating children an immersion experience like no other. CI team members will also have an opportunity to learn about ongoing marine science research through their partnership with the Conservation of Marine Resources and Marine Ecology creative inquiry teams. This will include reading and discussing the current marine conservation literature and assisting in the analysis of field data. Team members will also be expected to create a digital poster and promotional video about the Something Very Fishy production for use in advertising and promotion of future productions. By bringing together education, biology and environmental science majors with local artists and performers, this promises to be an enriching experience for everyone.

Team Leaders
Randi Sims Biological Sciences
Michael Childress Biological Sciences
Kea Payton Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Alikhail, S., *Arango, K., *Blake, A., *Braffitt, K., *Branan, E., *Corell, J., *Cousart, A., *Fisher, K., *Fox, D., *Gentry, C., *Gleaton, E., *Gower, J., *Greene, L., *Haeffner, N., *Hays, K., *Holt, C., *Isbell, K., *Iwan, M., *Johnson, K., *Johnson, H., *Joines, A., *Kinard, L., *Logan, M., *Lott, A., *Lutz, J., *Momin, M., *Parker, M., *Powell, E., *Radick, R., *Saverance, M., *Shah, M., *Smith, C., *Stroud, M., *Young, T., Childress, M., *Noonan, K., Smith, K. (2019, April). There is Something Very Fishy Going On . Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1352

New Drug Targets in Bacterial Genome

Drug resistance to current antimicrobials is a major health concern in the 21st century. This project will focus on discovery of new target sites in the genome of pathogenic bacteria.  The project will involve looking for new sites of intervention in the bacteria genome, and approaches of targeting nucleic acid and enzyme targets selective to bacteria. 

Team Leaders
Dev Arya Chemistry
College of ScienceG
1574

Servant Leadership Abroad

Servant leadership is an essential concept for future business leaders to acknowledge; it considers how an organization affects the growth and well-being of the people in the local community. This Creative Inquiry project will explore crucial business issues that affect Puerto Rico in the wake of a major hurricane through the lens of what it means to be a servant leader. The research topic for this year is the global logistics of humanitarian aid and we will work with Samaritan’s Feet, a non-profit organization based out of Charlotte, N.C., called to identify an issue pertinent to their operations. Samaritan’s Feet serves underprivileged children worldwide by providing them with a pair of new shoes and words of hope for future opportunities. During this project, students will have to identify, collect, and analyze the data necessary to address the issue identified, and propose an innovative solution or operational improvement which they will present to the managers and other stakeholders of Samaritan’s Feet. This CI will require travel to Puerto Rico during Spring Break 2020 to examine first-hand the on-the-ground operations of a Samaritan’s Feet mission trip. The location of the travel portion may change each year depending upon the needs of the organization and communities abroad.

Team Leaders
Gabriela Peschiera Office of Student Enrichment
Kristin Scott Department of Management
College of BusinessD
1768

Moot Court Competition

This CI involves legal research addressing a defined hypothetical problem.  Participants will do research on legal issues and write a legal brief.  Teams will present their briefs and defend them orally in an intra-university competition at the end of the Spring.  Then in the Fall, they will again compete at a qualifying competition for a slot in the nationals the next spring.  The Spring will also involve another intra-university competition in preparation for the next year’s nationals.

Team Leaders
Cary Kaye Philosophy and Religion
Kelly Smith Philosophy and Religion
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1490

Data-driven Disaster Relief Logistics Planning

This proposed research project aims to understand the dynamic evolution of a hurricane's forecast and how to mobilize disaster relief commodities to address the immediate needs following a hurricane. Specifically, we will investigate (i) how to utilize historical data on hurricane trajectory, intensity, and affected areas as well as their rolling forecasts to estimate the forecast errors/uncertainty; (ii) how to create a stochastic optimization model that incorporates the forecast errors/uncertainty to support disaster relief logistics decision making; (iii) how to visualize the disaster relief logistics solutions using visualization tools such as ArcGIS.

Team Leaders
Yongjia Song Industrial Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1491

Well-Being and Meaning

In broad terms, we study psychological well-being in various contexts, such as built environment, religious beliefs, and clinical settings. We use mixed methods including psychological measures (e.g., survey), experimental manipulation, and qualitative interviews.  The CI team has several ongoing projects for students to conduct psychological research in topics related to health and well-being. Motivated students are also encouraged to explore their own interest and the CI team will support their endeavor. 

Team Leaders
Zhuo Job Chen Psychology
Randle Aaron Villanueva Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1356

Analysis of Packaging used for Home Delivery Meals Analysis, Food Safety and Sustainability

Literature research performed in Fall 2017 indicated that Home Delivered Meal Kits such as Hello Fresh and Blue Apron may have food safety issues.  Meal kits that may sit at a home owners door for 2 or more hours can be at risk for temperature abuse which can lead to microbial growth at levels that can cause food safety concerns.  In addition, vague cooking instructions may lead to undercooked food that can cause additional problems.  Other concerns are that amount of packaging used in Meal Kits could be excessive and without proper instruction regarding how to dispose of the waste material, could lead to increased solid waste problems.  The main objectives are 1-Evaluate the temperature profile of different home delivered packaged meal kits for perishable products; 2 - Examine overall microbial population of selected food components within the packaged meal kits. ·       Measure selected physical properties of primary and secondary packaging materials used in home delivered meal kits. 3 - Audit the type of packaging and amount of packaging to provide a sustainability score for each meal kit. 4-Use information gathered to determine if packaging used by packaged home delivered meal kits are packaged for optimal shelf life and make recommendations to improve packaging where appropriate. 

Team Leaders
Kay Cooksey Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1371

High-Performance Cluster Computing

Parallel computing is often a topic covered until the senior year for undergrads. Moreover, large-scale computing is becoming a fundamental tool to researchers in many fields of science and engineering (e.g., business, chemistry, physics, biology). This CI is dedicated to opening up parallel computing to all levels of undergrads in relevant fields of computational science and engineering. Through this CI, we explore how high-performance computing (HPC) systems impact various disciplines, how HPC systems are constructed, what it takes to program parallel applications, how to run parallel applications on an HPC system, and how to optimize applications.This CI is intended to introduce undergraduate students from various STEM disciplines to parallel computing early in their undergraduate experience. Skills and knowledge gained through hands on activities, research, and training will prepare students for undergraduate research, provide skills to help students stand out and succeed in graduate school, and provide students an opportunity to test their skills against teams from all over the world at the annual Supercomputing Conference's Student Cluster Competition.Each year the annual competition's scientific domain changes (e.g, geophysics, bioinformatics, molecular dynamics, hydrology, climate); therefore, this CI is open to STEM majors who can serve as domain scientists to help interpret scientific results produced by the HPC applications.

Team Leaders
Jon Calhoun Electrical and Computer Engineering
Accomplishments
*Van Scyoc, A., *Hollowell, J., *Broadhead, G., *Dube, G., *Heitzeg, N., *Holden, N., *Mcknight, C., Faykus, M., *Placke, S., Calhoun, J. (2019, April). High-Performance Cluster Computing: Engaging Young Scientists and Engineering in the 21st Century Laboratory.. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1369

Statistical and Mathematical Models in Weather Forecast

This is an interdisciplinary project in which students will gain access to both statistics and mathematics. The students will record temperatures in certain regions and try to use statistical models to find seasonal patterns in the recorded numbers. The patterns and numbers are used to forecast weather in the future. Students will then use computer software to analyze the prediction errors. Students will also perform similar activities in the context of number theory.

Team Leaders
Jun Luo School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences
Hui Xue School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences
College of ScienceG
1370

LEAD Forward

Each of you already have a full academic schedule with required curriculum requirements. Each of you though are also positioning for future co-ops, summer internships and full time jobs following graduation. What will differentiate you from your peers as you seek those employment opportunities? Demonstrated leadership skills will make a difference.Register to be part of LEAD Forward, a unique opportunity to learn leadership skills and how to apply them now and in the future. Email Emily Budlong at leadforward@clemson.edu to learn more about this opportunity and how you can apply to be a part of this program!

Team Leaders
Stephen Murphy Dean of Engineering & Science
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1727

The Effects of Radio-Frequency Effects on Biological Cells

This project studies the effects of radio-frequency (RF) fields on cell growth, including cell growth rate and cell viability.  The targeted frequency is from kHz to low GHz.  The unique features of the RF technologies developed in this effort include uniform electric fields across the targeted cell samples, the capabilities to identify frequency components that are most likely to induce RF effects, and real-time online monitoring of biological processes.  We will begin with yeast cells and move on to neurons. The obtained results are expected to help understand the effects of cell phone signals on human health and point to new biomanufacturing technologies as well as new bioelectronic medicine.

Team Leaders
Pingshan Wang Electrical and Computer Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1380

Ground-based Support for the NASA Juno Mission

The NASA mission to study Jupiter is supported by telescope observations on Earth that put the scientific return of each Jupiter flyby into broader context. For example, the NASA IRTF telescope is regularly used to record high resolution spectra of the planet. Data analysis can be a time-consuming process that is limited by current software. This project is to work as team to develop, test, and automate software that will process spectra of the atmosphere of Jupiter. Members of the team will include students that are interested in optics and instrumentation, astrophysical data analysis, software development, and planetary atmospheres.

Team Leaders
Mate Adamkovics Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
Ciaccia, C. (2018). Water clouds in Jupiter's Great Red Spot mean alien life 'can't be ruled out'. 
College of ScienceG
1379

Dinosaurs to Birds: Ontogeny and morphogenesis

The long- to short-tailed avian dinosaurs transition occurred 125 Mya. The tail underwent considerable morphological change, from the long, reptilian-like ancestral condition to the short, distally fused tail of Pygostylian birds. We are interested in the developmental and genetic changes that occurred to bring about this morphological adaptation in the tail and the fusion of the synsacral vertebrae. Understanding these processes will provide insight into vertebrate morphogenesis and the basis of morphological adaptation.

Team Leaders
Susan Chapman Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1560

Food Waste Recovery Initiative

The Clemson Food Waste Recovery Initiative (FWRI) is a collaborative outreach campaign that seeks to document the current life cycle of food waste on campus. Where is it going now? What is being done with it? How can it be improved? How does the Clemson University model reflect the EPA's Food Recovery Hierarchy? Develop a guide that prioritizes actions to prevent or divert food waste from landfills. We will bring together ambassadors from the public and private sectors dedicated to sharing knowledge and coordinating resources to reduce food waste in South Carolina. Virtually anyone can take part in reducing food waste. This project is supported by Sonoco.      

Team Leaders
David Vandeventer Univ Fac:Custodial-Recycle Svs
Elizabeth Barr Sonoco Inst Pkg Design & Graph
Thomas Jones Univ Fac:Support Services
Accomplishments
Sonoco announces 5-year, $2.725 million fresh packaging initiative with Clemson. (2019).
O
1381

Sugar High? How do different sugars and sugar substitutes in soft drinks impact the oral microbiome?

Dental cavities are a major health problem worldwide. To better understand what causes tooth decay, we need to examine the microbes living on our teeth. This community of microbes are known as the oral microbiome. The bacteria that live on our teeth form a biofilm commonly known as dental plaque. The microbes in the tooth biofilm survive by feeding on sugars and starches consumed in our diets. After feeding on these sugars many of the waste products expelled by bacteria are acidic, causing tooth enamel erosion, and eventually, tooth decay. The goal of our research will be to compare how different soda types influence the oral microbiota. Students involved in this CI will conduct genomic and microbiological research on the oral microbiome. Student’s will complete DNA/RNA extractions of plaque biofilms, complete PCR amplifications, prepare samples for DNA/RNA sequencing, and will learn how to use Next Generation DNA sequencing technology. Student’s should expect to enroll for at least 2-4 semesters. 

Team Leaders
Vincent Richards Biological Sciences
Lauren O'Connell Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1406

Design for All Abilities

There are many individuals with physical and/or cognitive disabilities in the world, but their needs are often overlooked in the design of everyday things. This project will guide students through research on principles of universal design, identification of a project with a local impact, and development of prototype solutions to improve the accessibility and utility of the Clemson campus. Students will participate in activities that allow them to gain first-hand experience with some of the challenges individuals with disabilities face on a daily basis.  This experience will enable students to empathize with people different from themselves, providing a unique design perspective and ability to think outside the box when developing solutions to meet the needs of a wide range of stakeholders.

Team Leaders
Matt Miller General Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1389

Bat Ecology and Management

Students in this creative inquiry will work collaboratively with faculty, staff and graduate students to study the ecology of bats on and nearby Clemson's campus.  A major component will be assessing bat behavior and space use in response to land use change.  This will provide student with experience in radio-tracking, acoustic monitoring, experimental design, data analysis, and project management.

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Eduardo Rosales-Gonzalez Forestry and Environmental Conservation
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1969

The Dangers of Online Inauthentic Media

This project will explore the relationships between susceptibility for various forms of inauthentic media (e.g., phishing, misinformation). Explicitly, we will investigate if there are any psychological factors that predict multiple forms of inauthentic online media.

Team Leaders
Dawn Sarno Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1390

History of the Clemson Child Development Center

This Creative Inquiry will research the history of the Clemson Child Development Center and create a multimodal presentation of findings for the 50th anniversary celebration of the center in the fall of 2019.  Research will be conducted through interviews with founders, past and present board members, past and present teachers and directors, and former students. 

Team Leaders
Jacquelynn Associate Malloy Teaching and Learning
College of EducationE
1393

Survey of Clemson Infrastructure

"Restore and Improve Urban Infrastructure" is one of the 14 Engineering Grand Challenges and this CI will explore what infrastructure is and it's role in our lives. Through a collaboration with Clemson University's Facilities, we will be conducting an inventory of the stormwater system to assist with University's MS4 program. This is great experience for students interested in Civil Engineering, Biosystems Engineering, or Environmental Engineering though all students are welcome.

Team Leaders
William Martin General Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1395

Human Factors in Medical Device Reprocessing

Human factors engineering focuses on understanding how people interact with technology and studying how user interface design affects the interactions people have with technology. U.S. Food and Drug Administration guidelines identify human factors engineering as essential for maximizing the likelihood that new medical devices will be safe and effective for the intended users, uses and use environments. Therefore, incorporating human factors engineering into medical device design and product development can be a key factor for meeting regulatory standards and launching a successful product. The long-term goal of this Creative Inquiry is to introduce the tools and techniques used in human factors engineering and to apply those skills to medical device design. Students enrolled in this CI interact with industry professionals and a cross-disciplinary team of faculty and students, using human factors and usability testing to inform medical design decisions with a focus on devices in end-use conditions and during their reprocessing. Students conduct the testing on commonly used medical devices and medical device prototypes and use hypothesis-driven research for improving upon medical device designs. Undergraduate students looking to join this team are expected to be involved for 2-4 semesters.

Team Leaders
Melinda Harman Bioengineering
Manuel Gutierrez
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
David Neyens Industrial Engineering
Zachary Hargett Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Livingstone, M., *Hines, A., *Zemitis, S., *Hargett, Z., Dead, D., DesJardins, J., Neyens, D., & Harman, M. (2019). Evaluating the safety of reusable medical devices using human factors engineering. Presented at the 2019 Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Philadelphia, PA. 
*Beals, J., *Bryant, J., *Hines, A., *Kropilak, K., *Murrell, K., *Sanna, K., *Livingstone, M., *Peer, H., *Ratteree, L., *Sizer, C., *Swafford, B., *Wagner, J., Hargett, Z., Zemitis, S., Dean, D., Desjardins, J., Nuyens, D., Harman, M. (2019, April). Informing medical device design and reprocessing through human factors engineering and user validation. Presented at the 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Zemitis, S., *Hargett, Z., Dean, D., Weinbrenner, D., & *Harman, M. (2018). Medical device reuse practices reprocessing methods in hospitals within a low-resource setting. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA. 
*Beals, J., *Bryant, J., *Hines, A., *Kropilak, K., *Murrell, K., *Sanna, K., *Livingstone, M., *Peer, H., *Ratterree, L., *Sizer, C., *Swafford, B., *Wagner, J., *Hargett, Z., Zemitis, S., Dean, D., DesJardins, J., Neyens, D., Harman, M. (2019, April). Informing Medical Device Design and Reprocessing through Human Factors Engineering and User Validation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Zemitis, S., Harman, M., *Hargett, Z., & Weinbrenner, D. (2019). Single-Use Bag Valve Masks: Evaluation of Device Design and Residual Bioburden Analytical Methods. Journal Of Biomedical Science And Engineering, 11(9). doi: 10.4236/jbise.2018.119019
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1394

Estuarine Fish Ecology I

As transitional zones between freshwater and marine environments, estuaries contain a diversity of habitat types and experience highly variable abiotic conditions. Variation in salinity has long been recognized as a factor controlling estuarine fish distributions, through its effect on behavior and physiological processes. Despite this, the ecological consequences of habitat-specific residency patterns on foraging and growth of freshwater, estuarine, and marine fish species is still not well understood. As estuaries serve as essential habitats for many recreationally and commercially important fishes, a more complete understanding of how habitat-specific estuarine conditions affect growth and survival of fishes is needed to provide managers with better information for habitat-specific management actions (e.g., protection, restoration efforts). This CI aims to explore relationships between habitat-specific residency patterns, foraging, and growth in estuarine fish populations. Students will work on team-based projects that require critical thinking, data collection, quantitative analyses, and presentation and publication of results. Students will gain essential knowledge and skills for processing samples in the lab including otolith aging, diet analysis, stable isotope analysis, preparation of gonadal tissues for histological analysis, and identification of estuarine fish and invertebrates.

Team Leaders
Troy Farmer Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Meghan Angelina Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Jared Chrisp Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Collins, M., Chrisp, J., Angelina, M., DeVries, D., Wright, R., Farmer, T.(2019, April). Temporal patterns and environmental correlates of age-0 Southern Flounder abundance along the northern Gulf of Mexico. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1401

Creating a Health Hub for SC Rural Communities: Prosperity, SC

This Creative Inquiry Project will facilitate the creation/expansion of a Health Hub that includes a community garden, greenhouse, and health education center on Hwy 76 in Prosperity, South Carolina.  This initiative will be associated with a well established medical practice in the community. 

Team Leaders
W Kirby Player Cooperative Extension Services
Julianna Parham Anderson
O
1397

Insect Bioelectricity

Insects provide excellent opportunities to perform basic and applied biological experiments at the molecular, physiological and organismal scales. They serve as model organisms for developmental and cellular biology, and are important vectors for human and agricultural pathogens. As a result, working with insects can expose students to numerous hard and soft skills useful in a range of life-sciences fields, from medical to agricultural biology, evolutionary and ecological to developmental and immunological. In this project, students will examine patterns, mechanisms, and function associated with bioelectricity in insects, including relationship to regeneration, immunity, and pathology. Techniques used include tissue culture, fluorescence microscopy, standard virological techniques (such as plaque assays), and more. Students are required to participate in communicating data in weekly group meetings, and then via on-campus, state, regional, and national meetings.

Team Leaders
Matthew Turnbull Biological Sciences
Zilan Li Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Lynch, S., *Emerson, C., *Corker, A. & Turnbull, M. (2019 April 6) Bioelectric patterns associated with binding and uptake of the baculovirus Autographa californica MNPV. CU Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1568

Exploration of College Student Emotional, Physical, and Mental Wellbeing

In this Creative Inquiry project, undergraduate students will have the opportunity to partner with M.Ed. Counselor Education/Student Affairs students to participate in creating research projects, develop research skills, and contribute important insight. This class will be rooted in dialogue about campus climate and the college experiences. Students will have the chance to help develop research topics, create methodologies, collect and analyze data, and present findings. Topics will be related to the emotional, physical, and mental wellbeing of college students. An example of this could be exploring the relationship between aptitude for empathy and the first-year experience. 

Team Leaders
Tony W Cawthon Educational and Organizational Leadership Development
McKenzie McNamara Student Health Center
College of EducationE
1400

Restoration Ecology: From Coastal Wetlands to the Appalachian Mountains and Back

Wetland RestorationStudents in the CI will assist with research related to a wetland restoration at Brosnan Forest in Dorchester, South Carolina. The Brosnan Forest is a 14,400-acre preserve near Charleston, SC, and is currently restoring a 200-acre wetland on the property. Students will help with vegetation surveys, growing plants in the greenhouse and learn about seed viability and germination. Students will gain valuable skills in wetland plant identification, wetland seed bank knowledge, and fieldwork. Piedmont Prairie RestorationStudents will work on a prairie and understory restoration in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Students will learn to identify native and invasive grasses, sedges, and forbs. They will also learn to survey vegetation and other field techniques.

Team Leaders
Althea Hagan Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
Johnson, E., *Scercy, C., *Kome, R., & Hagan, A. (2019). Longleaf Pine Groundcover Restoration in the Wiregrass Gap: Seed Source, Is local best? Poster presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry 2019, Clemson, SC. 
*Kome, R., *Scercy, C., Johnson, E., Hagan, A., Walker, J. (2019, April). Longleaf Pine Groundcover Restoration in the Wiregrass Gap: Seed Source, Is local best?. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1440

Sullivan Center: Programs Evaluation

In this creative inquiry, students will gain hands on clinical experience working with the Joseph F. Sullivan Center (JFSC) while assisting with the development and evaluation of lifestyle medicine projects. The JFSC is an academic, clinical learning facility that operates on Clemson's campus, and has many satellite locations throughout the upstate. Additionally, the JFSC operates a mobile health clinic statewide to transform SC's rural and under served populations. The JFSC addresses root causes of disease by whole person clinical interventions, recognizing the spectrum of genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors, supporting individual, family and community vitality.  Students will be responsible for collecting data from patients directly, including vital signs like height, weight and blood pressure, during the patient visits. Program evaluation will be performed at various levels, from patient to population. Students may be responsible for analyzing data on single patients or analyzing larger data sets to ensure efficiency in case management services, depending on the student’s interests and current programs running at JFSC. Past research projects that students have assisted with include lifestyle medicine individual case studies, quality assurance, quality control and quality assessment measures for Best Chance Network patient’s lab results, and cohort studies on a population enrolled in FirstLine Therapy for 12 months or more.

Team Leaders
Caitlin Moore Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1404

Stream Fish Mercury Dynamics in Managed Forests

Southeastern forests contain large pools of mercury in the terrestrial leaf litter and understory vegetation. The majority of the mercury in southeaster forests is from atmospheric deposition, meaning that even remote forests far from industrial activities may have elevated levels of mercury stored in the soil, leaf litter, and living plant biomass. Common forest management practices intended to reduce fuel loads (e.g., controlled burning, mechanical thinning) may also release mercury from soils, leaf litter, and living plant biomass into downstream aquatic environments. Mercury bioaccumulation in aquatic ecosystems, particularly in fish at the top of aquatic food chains, has been well documented in a variety of systems. However, we know very little about how fish and invertebrate mercury burdens are affected by fuel reduction practices. For example, does the amount and type of mercury (methyl versus inorganic) released into downstream aquatic systems differ between controlled burns and thinning? Additionally, how do nutrients, which are also released during forest management activities, affect stream food webs and, subsequently, mercury bioaccumulation? Students in this project will participate in collection of fish and invertebrates from forest streams in the Clemson Experimental Forest and the Santee Experimental Forest (part of the Francis Marion National Forest near Charleston, SC). Students will learn techniques for backpack electrofishing, invertebrate collections, diet analysis, and age and growth techniques using otoliths and scales. Students will also be encouraged to develop specific research questions and to develop hypotheses that could be tested with real-world data collecting during the course of this project.

Team Leaders
Troy Farmer Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Alex Chow Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Brandon Peoples Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Jeremy Pike Plant and Environmental Sciences
Donald Hagan Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Padgett, A., *Rivera, A., *Moreland, J., Ku, P., Tsui, M., Chow, A., Farmer, T. (2019, April). The Effects of Forest Management Practices on Fish Diversity in the Santee Experimental Forest, South Carolina. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1411

Biophysics of Parasitic Kinetoplastid Motility

Motility is critical to the life cycle and pathogenicity of many parasites. While targeting motility has been successful in the treatment of multiple bacterial diseases, the motility and motile structures of eukaryotic pathogens remain understudied and under exploited as a treatment targets. A bending wave that primarily propagates from the tip to the base of their flagella drives the motility of pathogenic kinetoplastids, which are eukaryotic parasites that cause multiple neglected tropical diseases. This is unlike nearly all other eukaryotes, which beat from the base to the tip. For a variety of experimental and theoretical reasons, it is likely that unique biophysical mechanisms innate to axonemal dyneins, the molecular motors that drive flagellar motility, dictates tip-to-base motility. The broad goal of this Creative Inquiry is to identify the mechanism of tip-to-base motility of kinetoplastid flagella using Trypanosoma brucei as a model. Specifically, we will biophysically and biochemically characterize axonemal dynein that we purify from trypanosome flagella, and to identify trypanosome axonemal dynein regulation mechanisms that could yield tip-to-base motility. We will also take genetic approaches to understanding the effects of motors on cell motility. This interdisciplinary project will take molecular biological (RNAi, cloning, protein tagging), biochemical (ion exchange chromatography, in vitro reconstitutions, ATPase assays), and biophysical (ultrafast dual-trap optical tweezers, total internal reflectance fluorescence microscopy) experimental approaches. The expected outcome will a quantitative framework from which to develop pan-kinetoplastid drugs that target parasite motility. Successful completion of the project will ultimately lead to a greater understanding of the fundamental mechanisms of pathogenic parasite motility and could lead to novel treatments for African sleeping sickness, Chagas disease, and leishmaniasis.

Team Leaders
Joshua Alper Physics and Astronomy
Subash Godar Physics and Astronomy
Katherine Wentworth Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Scammon, W., Carman, E., *Eimen, R., *Judge, M., *O’Brien, K., Phemister, L., Alper, J., *Kee-Young, D., *Marosok, D., *Nikkila, J., & *Taylor, A. (2019) Constructing Neural Circuits: An Integrated Optical Tweezer Microelectrode Array System for Directing the Axonal Cytoskeleton and Modulating Synaptic Strength. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson, SC.
*Amlashi, P., *Hinsch, V., *Kistler, S., *Lopez, E., *Markley, S., Ragland, M., *Wentworth, K., Godar, S., and Alper, J. (2019, April). Single molecule study of axonemal dynein to understand the unique flagellar undulation in T. brucei. Poster presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI), Clemson, SC.
*Amlashi, P., *Hoover, H., *Kistler, S., *Lopez, E., *Markley, S., *Wentworth, K., *Hinsch, V., *Alper, J., *Godar, S. (2019, April). Single Molecule Study of Axonemal Dynein to Understand Unique Flagellar Undulation in T. Brucei. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1409

Infant Cranial Remodeling

Infant cranial helmets are used when children, under the age of 1, are diagnosed with a cranial deformity. The helmets help to direct the growth of the infant’s head, in order to restore proper head shape. Students involved with the Head Start! project will work to improve the current helmet designs by using pressure mapping technology to identify proper pressure values within the helmet. All testing will be done on head molds, so no human subjects will be used.

Team Leaders
Kyle Walker General Engineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Johnson, S.J. & DesJardins, J.D. (2019, October 16-19) Head Start! Quantification of Head-Helmet Interaction During Cranial Remolding Treatment, Biomedical Engineering Society, Abstract ID 1003, Philadelphia, PA.
Dr. John DesJardins was awarded a $14,900 grant by the American Orthotic & Prosthetic Association from September 15, 2018 to September 14, 2019 for "The Quantification of Containment Conditions Used for Directed Growth Within Infant Cranial Remolding Orthoses: A Pilot Study."
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1414

Building and Probing Simple Neuronal Circuits With Combined Optical Tweezer and Microelectrode Array Experiment

The human brain is perhaps the most complicated system in the known universe. It is comprised of 100 billion individual neurons with about 80% of the brain mass in the cerebral cortex, which is the site of human cognition. There are massive efforts underway to understand how the brain works. What is memory, attention, perception, thought, language self-awareness, consciousness, etc.? To even begin to answer these questions, much fundamental science must be done. In this creative inquiry, we intend to build and study simple neuronal circuits, in vitro. We will use a combined optical tweezer and microelectrode array system to manipulate simple neuronal circuits, to electrically excite the circuits, and to probe the response of these circuits. We will build and study simple model logic gates out of rat or mouse neurons.

Team Leaders
Joshua Alper Physics and Astronomy
Katherine Wentworth Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*O'Brien, K., *Eimen, R., *Judge, M., *Kee-Young, D., *Marosok, D., *Nikkila, J., *Taylor, A., *Alper, J., *Trout, M. (2019, April). Constructing Neural Circuits: An Integrated Optical Tweezer Microelectrode Array System for Directing the Axonal Cytoskeleton and Modulating Synaptic Strength. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of ScienceG
1419

Multiplexing Using Spectral Imaging and Combinatorics (MuSIC)

There are hundreds if not thousands of specialized cell types within the human body. Knowing the relative abundance of these cell types is important for understanding physiology and disease. Current technologies can only look at a handful at a time, and only expensive technologies can look at dozens. The expensive technologies also are destructive, meaning they have to kill the cells to know what type it was. This project uses a novel technology developed in our lab called MuSIC to make high-dimensional cell type profiling fast, affordable and non-destructive. This will push the boundaries of our single-cell understanding of physiology and disease, as well as increase the potential of personalized medicine through accessibility to such technologies. 

Team Leaders
Marc Birtwistle Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Madeline McCarthy Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Accomplishments
Holzapfel, H., Stern, A., Bouhaddou, M., Anglin, C., Putur, D., Comer, S., & Birtwistle, M. (2018). Fluorescence Multiplexing with Spectral Imaging and Combinatorics. ACS Combinatorial Science, 20(11), 653-659. doi: 10.1021/acscombsci.8b00101
McCarthy, M., & Birtwistle, M. (2019). Highly Multiplexed, Quantitative Tissue Imaging at Cellular Resolution. Current Pathobiology Reports, 7(3), 109-118. doi: 10.1007/s40139-019-00203-8
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
2058

Enhancing small ruminant production

Small ruminants such as sheep and goats are found throughout the world and are used for weed control, forage management, meat, milk and wool production. In the Southeast, a majority of small farms utilize small ruminants to produce specialty products and manage the land. They have a smaller carbon footprint and can produce meat and milk on forage-based systems. This project will examine ways to enhance small ruminant production systems in SC and learn about the benefits of producing meat and milk in grass-based systems.

Team Leaders
Susan Duckett Animal and Veterinary Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
2042

Multiplexing using Spectral Imaging and Combinatorics (MuSIC) for Genetic and Genetic Interaction Screens

A genetic screen is the process by which every gene in an organism is disrupted to determine what role it plays in a particular phenotype. A genetic interaction screen is similar, except it asks that question for every possible two-way combination of genes. Genetic screens on human cells at genome scale, around 30,000 genes, is routine now with CRISPR technologies. However, this is only on a cell population level, looking at bulk effects in millions of cells, not on a single cell level, which is the fundamental unit of most phenotypes. Genetic interaction screens are severely limited due to the sheer number of combinations possible. This project explores the use our recently developed MuSIC technology to enable single-cell genetic screens at high-throughput, and genetic interaction screens on scales far greater than currently possible.

Team Leaders
Marc Birtwistle Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Xiaoming Lu Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1425

Saving Lives Takes a Team: Investigating Team and Process Management in Cancer Care Coordination

Understanding how to effectively coordinate patient care has been a long-standing issue within the healthcare context. In fact, in 2016 at least 30 percent of all malpractice claims estimated that communication failures were to blame, resulting 1,744 deaths and $1.7 billion in malpractice costs over five years. The goal of this project is to help reduce these communication failures in cancer care by better understanding the care coordination process and how different healthcare teams must work together to provide effective cancer care. This project is a unique interdisciplinary effort, bringing together organizational science and industrial engineering researchers at Clemson and Greenville Health System. CI members on this team will be involved in field research including interviews, focus groups, simulations, and observations; training development and evaluation; data organization and analysis; formal presentation of findings at conferences and to GHS leadership; and other qualitative and quantitative research efforts. 

Team Leaders
Marissa Shuffler Psychology
Riley Mccallus Psychology
Kevin Taaffe Industrial Engineering
Jordan Smith Psychology
Annamaria Wolf Psychology
Accomplishments
*Koch, H., Verhoeven, D., & Shuffler, M.L. (2019). An evaluation of bottlenecks in cancer care delivery to enhance patient care. Poster presented at the 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., Keebler, J., & Allen, R. (2018). Not another game of operation: Considerations for multiteam systems the operating room. Presented at the 13th annual conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Bethesda, MD.
Verhoeven, D., Shuffler, M. L., Allen, R., & Wiper, D. (2019). Advancing a Perspective of Multiteam System Structures & their Dynamics in Healthcare. Symposium accepted at the 14th annual conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Lisbon, Portugal.
*Rothermel, L., *Petrucci, T., *Welsh, J., *Lindgren, R., *Roberts, M., Pegram, R., Powers, J. Shuffler , M., Ogle, J., McNeese, N., Kleiss, M. & Schmidt, J.(2019, April). Developing a Technology-Enhanced Teamwork Training Program for Higher Education: Initial Design & Pilot Study Across Disciplines. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*McClellan, L., *Koch, H., *Verhoeven, D., Shuffler , M., Allen, R. (2019, April). An Evaluation of Bottlenecks in Cancer Care Delivery to Enhance Patient Care. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Lazzara, E., Shuffler, M., Lenoble, C., Weaver, S., & Chollette, V. (2018). Teams aren’t enough: Considering multiteam systems for better cancer care. Journal Of Clinical Oncology, 36(30_suppl), 231-231. doi: 10.1200/jco.2018.36.30_suppl.231
Lazzara, E., Keebler, J., Shuffler, M., Patzer, B., Smith, D., & Misasi, P. (2019). Considerations for Multiteam Systems in Emergency Medical Services. Journal Of Patient Safety, 15(2), 150-153. doi: 10.1097/pts.0000000000000213
Shuffler, M., & Carter, D. (2018). Teamwork Situated in Multiteam Systems: Key Lessons Learned and Future Opportunities. American Psychologist, 73(4), 390-406. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/amp0000322
Allen, J., Reiter-Palmon, R., Prange, K., Shuffler, M., & Barber, E. (2019). Leading After-Action Reviews among Emergency Responder Teams: how Perceptions of Leader Behaviors Relate to Proximal and Distal Outcomes. Occupational Health Science, 3(1), 59-81. doi: 10.1007/s41542-019-00032-6
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1431

Profiling Sensitivity of Glioblastoma Cells to Targeted Anti-Cancer Drugs

Glioblastoma is the most common and the most malignant of all primary brain tumors. Prescription of drugs for such tumors would require an intricate understanding of the targets the drug would act upon and how it would affect other proteins in the cell and overall cell behavior. Our research goal would construct a network of proteins in the cell which are important in glioblastoma and help prescribe a suitable drug combination for such tumors. 

Team Leaders
Marc Birtwistle Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Deepraj Sarmah Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1435

Clemson Sports Signal

The Robert H. Brooks Sports Science Institute brings you the Clemson Sports Signal: a Creative Inquiry used to mine social media data and track and analyze trends in the sports world.

Team Leaders
Katie McElveen Communication
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1554

Impact of the Microbiome on Clostridium Difficile Growth and Toxin Production

Infections caused by Clostridium difficile, an important healthcare-associated pathogen, rely on the ability of C. difficile to colonize the human gut successfully. Colonization is highly reliant on the metabolic environment provided by the gut microbiota, the indigenous microbes living in the gastrointestinal tract. This project will focus on how short chain fatty acids produced by the gut microbiota impact C. difficile growth. Students will grow C. difficile under different metabolic conditions, then measure growth and toxin production. Techniques include anaerobic cultivation, preparation of in vitro bacterial growth assays, molecular assays such as PCR, and cell culture assays to detect toxin activity. Students will also be expected to participate in weekly group meetings to discuss study results and relevant literature related to the project. We expect to present results at a local, regional, or national meeting at the conclusion of the student’s CI project. These results are expected to characterize how certain microbial metabolites contribute to C. difficile susceptibility, thus increasing our knowledge to combat C. difficile infection.

Team Leaders
Anna Seekatz Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
235

Nutrient Sensing in Protozoan Parasites

The Morris lab is focused on resolving the mechanisms that protozoan parasites use to sense and metabolize the important sugar glucose during infection of their human host.  Through these studies, parasite-specific components of the sugar sensing and uptake pathway have been identified and, in an on-going collaborative effort, small molecule inhibitors of the pathways with anti-parasitic activity have been developed.  While the team has historically focused on the African trypanosome, more recent work on the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum and the brain eating amoeba Naegleria fowleri suggests that exploiting the sugar metabolism pathways of these single-celled invaders may also prove useful in the development of new therapeutics.  

Team Leaders
James Morris Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Milanes, J., Suryadi, J., Abendroth, J., Van Voorhis, W., Barrett, K., & Dranow, D. et al. (2019). Enzymatic and Structural Characterization of the Naegleria fowleri Glucokinase. Antimicrobial Agents And Chemotherapy, 63(5). doi: 10.1128/aac.02410-18
Voyton, C., Choi, J., Qiu, Y., Morris, M., Ackroyd, P., Morris, J., & Christensen, K. (2019). A Microfluidic-Based Microscopy Platform for Continuous Interrogation of Trypanosoma brucei during Environmental Perturbation. Biochemistry, 58(7), 875-882. doi: 10.1021/acs.biochem.8b01269
Qiu, Y., Milanes, J., Jones, J., Noorai, R., Shankar, V., & Morris, J. (2018). Glucose Signaling Is Important for Nutrient Adaptation during Differentiation of Pleomorphic African Trypanosomes. Msphere, 3(5). doi: 10.1128/msphere.00366-18
Voyton, C., Morris, M., Ackroyd, P., Morris, J., & Christensen, K. (2018). FRET Flow Cytometry-Based High Throughput Screening Assay To Identify Disrupters of Glucose Levels in Trypanosoma brucei. ACS Infectious Diseases, 4(7), 1058-1066. doi: 10.1021/acsinfecdis.8b00058
Voyton, C., Qiu, Y., Morris, M., Ackroyd, P., Suryadi, J., & Crowe, L. et al. (2018). A FRET flow cytometry method for monitoring cytosolic and glycosomal glucose in living kinetoplastid parasites. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 12(5). doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006523
Qiu, Y., Milanes, J., Jones, J., Noorai, R., Shankar, V., & Morris, J. (2018). Glucose Signaling Is Important for Nutrient Adaptation during Differentiation of Pleomorphic African Trypanosomes. Msphere, 3(5). doi: 10.1128/msphere.00366-18
Flaherty, D., Harris, M., Schroeder, C., Khan, H., Kahney, E., Hackler, A., Patrick, S., Weiner, W., Aube, J., Sharlow, E., Morris, J., Golden, J. (2017). Optimization and Evaluation of Antiparasitic Benzamidobenzoic Acids as Inhibitors of Kinetoplastid Hexokinase 1. Chemmedchem, 12(23), 1994-2005. doi: 10.1002/cmdc.201700592
Qiu, Y., *Patrick, S., & Morris, J. (2017). Nutrient Sensing in Kinetoplastid Parasites. In L. Berhardt, Advances in Medicine and Biology Vol. 105 (1st ed., pp. 177-202). New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers.
Gordhan, H., *Patrick, S., Swasy, M., *Hackler, A., *Anayee, M., & *Golden, J., Morris, J., & Whitehead, D. (2017). Evaluation of substituted ebselen derivatives as potential trypanocidal agents. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 27(3), 537-541. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2016.12.021
*Hackler, A., *Patrick, S., Kahney, E., Flaherty, D., Sharlow, E., Morris, J., & Golden, J. (2017). Antiparasitic lethality of sulfonamidebenzamides in kinetoplastids. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 27(4), 755-758. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2017.01.043
Lin, S., Voyton, C., Morris, M., Ackroyd, P., Morris, J., & Christensen, K. (2017). pH regulation in glycosomes of procyclic formTrypanosoma brucei. Journal Of Biological Chemistry, 292(19), 7795-7805. doi: 10.1074/jbc.m117.784173
Davis, M., *Patrick, S., Blanding, W., Dwivedi, V., Suryadi, J., Golden, J., Coussens, N., Lee, O., Shen, M., Boxer, M., Hall, M., Sharlow, E., Drew, M. and Morris, J. (2016). Identification of Novel Plasmodium falciparum Hexokinase Inhibitors with Antiparasitic Activity. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 60(10), pp.6023-6033.
*Hackler, A., Qiu, Y., *Patrick, S., Hee Lee, S., Acosta-Serrano, A. and Morris, J. (2015). Characterization of an African trypanosome mutant refractory to lectin-induced death. Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports, 4, pp.33-38.
Harris, M., Walker, D., Drew, M., Mitchell, W., *Dao, K., & Schroeder, C. et al. (2013). Interrogating a Hexokinase-Selected Small-Molecule Library for Inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum Hexokinase. Antimicrobial Agents And Chemotherapy, 57(8), 3731-3737. doi: 10.1128/aac.00662-13
Harris, M., Mitchell, W., & Morris, J. (2014). Targeting Protozoan Parasite Metabolism: Glycolytic Enzymes in the Therapeutic Crosshairs. Current Medicinal Chemistry, 21(15), 1668-1678. doi: 10.2174/09298673113206660286
*Phillip Burkhardt will be enrolled in an MD/PHD program at Baylor University this fall.
*Stephen Patrick, a former CI student, was awarded the "Deans Scholarship" at MUSC. This covers the tuition and associated costs for his medical school training and is one of two awarded a year.
*Ratner, L. & Morris J.C. (2018) Research into possible therapeutic developments for treating Trypanosoma brucei. Oral presentation at the Department of Genetics and Biochemistry Honors Day, Clemson, SC.
*Burkhardt, P. & Morris, J.C. (2018)  Strategies to Identify Small-Molecule Lethal Mechanisms in Trypanosoma brucei. Oral presentation at the Department of Genetics and Biochemistry Honors Day, Clemson, SC.
*Burkhardt, P., Qui, E., and Morris, J. (2016, November). Heterologous expression of human glucokinase in the African trypanosome. Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center 4th Annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Meeting. Outdoor Laboratory and Watt Center, Clemson University.
*Werner, T., *Newton, W., Milanes, J., and Morris, J. (2016, November 17-19). Targeting the Naegleria glucokinase as a therapeutic target: an amoeba Achilles heal? Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center 4th Annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Meeting. Outdoor Laboratory and Watt Center, Clemson University.
*Patrick, S.L., Golden, J.E., Dwivedi, V., Drew, M.E., Sharlow, E., Davis, M.I., Shen, M., Hall, M.D., Boxer, M., Blanding, W.M., Kahney, E.W., Morris, J.C. (2016, Jan 25-29). Protozoan hexokinases as therapeutic targets: Trypanosoma brucei and Plasmodium falciparum in the crosshairs. Presented at the Keystone Symposium Meeting, "Drug Discovery for Parasitic Diseases," Tahoe City, CA.
*Griffith, M. (2015, October). Purifying and Characterizing Hexokinase 1 in Leishmania donovani. Presented at the 3rd Annual Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Meeting.
National Institutes of Health – PI, "Identification of kinetoplastid parasite glucose uptake and subcellular distribution inhibitors as therapeutic leads" (1R21AI127575-01) (R21/33 R21/33 Phased Innovation Award Mechanism)
April 15, 2016 – awarded,TI, on 1P20GM109094-01A1, NIH Center for Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE).
College of ScienceG
1439

Advancement of Assisted Reproductive Technologies for Cattle and Other Species

Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are utilized for both humans and cattle; however, ART has been and will continue to be used to save species from extinction.  Most advances used in ART currently used in all mammalian species were developed at least partially using cattle as a model. Assisted reproductive technologies commonly used in bovine reproduction are artificial insemination, in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer.  This project will focus on methods to increase bovine fertility and examine the putative microRNA markers associated with early pregnancy and early pregnancy loss in pregnancies produced by in vitro fertilization or embryo transfer.  The team will meet weekly to coordinate and plan activities for the week which would include  estrous synchronization of cattle, estrous detection, embryo transfer, blood collection and processing, ultrasonography, ELISA, RNA isolation, qRT-PCR, and cell culture.

Team Leaders
Scott Pratt Animal and Veterinary Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1450

Embodiment and Race Conference Organization

The conference on Embodiment and Race (November 4-7, 2021) is a two-day interdisciplinary conference that will explore the issues of race and embodiment from the perspectives of critical-race theory and phenomenology. The aim of the conference is to open a space for Clemson University and the local community where we can extend and deepen our understanding of recent debates on race, racialization, and being an embodied agent of a minority group. This conference will bring together academics who work on race and embodiment to share their studies and discuss different approaches to these issues. In my teaching I explore the issues of philosophy of racism and racial embodiment focusing on questions: What role does embodiment play in the experience of racism and/or racial harm? How do various social policies benefit or burden people classified as being a given race? Does racism harm the racist as well as the victim? 

Team Leaders
Edyta Kuzian Philosophy and Religion
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1826

Culture's Influence on People's Interactions with Others and with their Environment

This project investigates the influence of cultural background and cultural values on various psychological processes related to interpersonal relations as well as to environmental attitudes and behaviors. 

Team Leaders
Ceren Gunsoy Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1446

Pathways to Graduate Education

Pathways to Graduate Education is a program to engage underrepresented undergraduate students in robust research and exploration of graduate education opportunities. The students in the CI will understand the graduate education process while participating in the development and implementation of a research project. This CI will encourage students to be active participants in developing a research project, around social justice, applicable to their respective fields.

Team Leaders
DeOnte Brown New Student & Family Programs
Cherese Fine Charles H. Houston Center
Jerad Green Gantt Multicultural Center
Sara Hanks
O
1665

Forest Herbicide Applications

This project will investigate the effects of herbicide treatments on vegetation in various types of forested stands. The research study will involve various herbicide applications may include site preparation, timber stand improvement, and seedling release sprays to deaden competing vegetation around preferred trees and seedlings. Study sites will be near Andrews, SC and the Clemson Experimental Forest which are located in Georgetown County along the coast and near campus, respectively.

Team Leaders
Stephen Peairs Forestry and Environmental Conservation
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1493

Ron Clark Academy and New Teacher Effectiveness

Students will have the opportunity to interview College of Education graduates from 2017 and 2018 to discuss how the Ron Clark Academy Teacher Training helped them in developing their classroom management style, course/academic expectations of their students, and readied them for success as classroom teachers.

Team Leaders
Natalie Pough Educational and Organizational Leadership Development
College of EducationE
1506

Substance Abuse and Cognition

  Substance Use Disorder (SUD) is a chronic, complex condition that is among the most prevalent of mental health disorders. To evaluate effective treatment approaches, it is important to first assess risk factors for relapse and barrier to recovery. While potential individual risk factors have been identified, there is currently no research aimed at systematically investigating how these factors together establish an individual’s risk for relapse. Thus, the purpose of this investigation is to identify specific risk factors for relapse and barriers to addiction recovery in individuals who are hospitalized at Greenville Memorial Hospital due to complications from SUD.  This research is a randomized control trial that will examine how neurocognitive, health, and personal risk factors as well and social, financial, and situational barriers influence recovery. Additionally, this project will evaluate which barriers a recovery coaching intervention can overcomes and what risk factors recovery coaching can mitigate. Students will be involved in working with patients at Greenville Memorial Hospital to collecting all survey data, cognitive assessments, and neuroimaging measures.

Team Leaders
Kaileigh Byrne Psychology
Irene Pericot Valverde School of Health Research
Zhuo Job Chen Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1505

Immunity and Infections in Zebrafish

Infectious disease is an increasing problem, and the overall goal of our research is to better understand how our innate immune system combats pathogens. We use zebrafish as a model host for infection studies to investigate mechanisms of infection and immunity. Projects include investigating the role of specific genes and pathways in immunity, modeling human patient conditions, and understanding how anti-fungal drugs affect the host immune system.

Team Leaders
Emily Rosowski Biological Sciences
Savini Upara Thrikawala Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1457

Frontline Service Robots and AI

This Creative Inquiry is designed to provide business, psychology, and engineering students with an opportunity to empirically explore issues related to “frontline service” robots and artificial intelligence entities. In other words, robots and AI’s designed to assist customers rather assist with the manufacture of products. Relevant topics include services marketing, social psychology, human-computer interaction, and strategic HR. 

Team Leaders
Michael Giebelhausen Department of Marketing
Accomplishments
*Dunlavey, S., *Garrett, E., *Geyer, D., *Giebelhausen, M., *Heffron, E., *Lindsey, K., *Lucisano, A., *Mcglynn, G. (2019, April). Ready Retail Robots! Two Studies Examining the Influence of Frontline Robots on Retail Consumption Behaviors. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of BusinessD
1459

American Alligator Ecology

As part of this project, students will assist with a broader study aimed at understanding alligator ecology in urbanized landscapes (i.e., golf course communities) in order to provide communities with information to reduce the risk of human-alligator interactions.  Students will assist current graduate students with visual surveys to detect alligators, develop a standard protocol for conducting visual surveys across a set of residential communities in South Carolina, and train community biologists how to implement the protocol.  In addition, students will work to develop and publish a website for education and outreach.  

Team Leaders
Cathy Jachowski Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Anje Kidd-Weaver Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Accomplishments
*Chardt, A., *Goff, C., *Greulich, L., *Lowe, T., *Tice, C., *Kidd-Weaver, A., *Jachowski, C. (2019, April). Advancing Public Awareness and Education of Alligator Ecology in South Carolina. Poster presentation at Clemson University 14th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1031

Biological and Evolutionary Approaches to Consumer Psychology

In this project we will weave together themes of gift-giving, sexual economics and marketing to study the evolutionary underpinnings of gift giving. It is being done in concert with former lab members (who are now graduate students) as well.

Team Leaders
T. Andrew Poehlman Department of Marketing
Accomplishments
*Nathanael S. Martin, Ph.D. admittance, University of Cincinnati.
Poehlman, *Kooi, K. A., Martin, Thorsteinsson (2016), "Directions in Consumptive Signaling." Panel Presentation at the Society of Marketing Advances, Atlanta, GA.
Larson, L.R.L., Poehlman, T.A., *Kooi, K.A., *Martin, N.S. (2015, November). New directions in evolutionary consumer behavior. Special session presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Marketing Advances, San Antonio, TX.
College of BusinessD
1463

Engagement at Every Level - A study of effective practices in K-12 classrooms

This Creative Inquiry will offer an opportunity for the students to explore the necessity of social emotional learning and the development of soft skills in the classroom. The student organization, ASCD at CU, plans to host a state-level Amazing Shake competition at Clemson. Prior to doing this, the Amazing Shake committee will do a study on student efficacy in schools that focus on SEL and soft skills. There is a significant amount of planning, relationship building, and organization needed to bring this event to Clemson which includes the students having the time to develop a holistic understanding as to why these events are necessary. All aspects of this opportunity will benefit in the development of future teachers. It will also provide students significant exposure to a variety of schools throughout the state of South Carolina. About the Amazing Shake National Competition: The Amazing Shake is a competition that places an emphasis on teaching students manners, discipline, respect, and professional conduct. Prior to the competition, students learn the nuances of professional human interaction as they are taught skills such as how to give a proper handshake, how to “work a room,” how to give a successful interview, and how to remain composed under pressure. The goal is to prepare our students so that they are able to present themselves exceptionally well for opportunities today as well as those that will come in the future. (From: http://www.ronclarkacademy.com/nationals)

Team Leaders
Natalie Pough Educational and Organizational Leadership Development
College of EducationE
1470

Environmental effects of co-contaminant exposure

Ecotoxicological studies traditionally determine or model effects resulting from single pollutants, yet no environmental contaminant is ever truly the sole toxicant in a contamination scenario. This project seeks to characterize the uptake, distribution, and/or effects of multiple environmental contaminants at different levels of biological organization. Students will study stress markers such as reactive oxygen species (ROS), gene expression, DNA methylation, and visual changes to determine if traditional ecotoxicological models sufficiently predict the effect of combined exposures.  

Team Leaders
Nicole Martinez Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Lisa Manglass
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1471

Machine Learning in Finance and Real Estate

This project will bring students across disciplines together to develop the most wanted applications of machine learning in finance and real estate investments. Students will collaborate and learn to use big data and Machine Learning tools to solve questions in the business world. This project will help students across different departments, creating the environment of a startup company. Together we will network, learn, explore, and succeed.

Team Leaders
Yannan Shen Department of Financial Management
College of BusinessD
1473

Technology Commercialization: From Lab Bench to Business

Building a successful business around a new technology takes more than just a research discovery. Commercialization requires creating a customer base, determining value proposition and building a business model. Every new commercial product, besides being great, requires someone who buys it. Therefore, the road towards commercialization starts with customer interviews. Over the years successful entrepreneurs developed a uniformed approach to generate robust, repeatable, scalable business model. It is called business canvas. In this project the PIs, who are successful entrepreneurs themselves, will guide you through the process of generation and completion of business canvas.

Team Leaders
Alexey Vertegel Bioengineering
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1472

Business Analytics, Artificial Intelligence, and House Price

This project provides a novel perspective on using artificial intelligence to study how to use natural language processing tools to predict real estate prices. Students will be guided to create a database that could be used for modeling house values using machine learning tools. It is an exciting opportunity for students to apply their knowledge from finance and engineering backgrounds to study real-world problems.

Team Leaders
Yannan Shen Department of Financial Management
College of BusinessD
1474

Design and Implementation of the Human Machine Interface for the 2030 Autonomous Vehicle

This project is designed to engage undergraduate Clemson students using an innovative educational method that allows Engineering and Psychology majors to apply academic knowledge and skills to the area of autonomous vehicles. During the semester students will focus on the design and implementation of the human machine interface for the 2030 self-driving car which will provide user experiences related to personalization, digital trust and usability.     

Team Leaders
Pierluigi Pisu Campbell Grad Engr Program
Jerome McClendon Campbell Grad Engr Program
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1475

Implementing Open Educational Resources into the Undergraduate Curricula in the College of Engineering, Computing and Applied Sciences

Open educational resources (OER) are freely available resources that supplement or can be used in a course in lieu of the textbook. The goal of using OER is to decrease the cost of education. For example, when OER is used in a class, students may be able to purchase an older version of the textbook, or they may be able to avoid purchasing the textbook altogether. Classes that use OER give students access to the class materials on the first day of class. Studies have shown that student learning and grades are higher when this is possible. In this Creative Inquiry, students will work with Primary Team Leader, Dr. Rachel Getman, who is an Associate Professor in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, to increase the use of OER in the Clemson University College of Engineering, Computing and Applied Sciences.

Team Leaders
Rachel Getman Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1479

Breaking the Resolution of Optical Microscopy

Biophotonics is a multidisciplinary field, which combines biology, photonics, and electronics to further our understanding of cellular biological processes within functional and dysfunctional tissues using optical microscopic techniques. This CI was created to allow students to design and build an optical system which pushes the limits in optical microscopy resolution to observe cellular events that would be undetectable using current techniques.

Team Leaders
Zhi Gao Bioengineering
Lucas Schmidt Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1480

Advanced Manufacturing by Ultrafast Lasers

This project includes hands-on participation to learn the state-of-the-art ultrafast laser and use it for micro-manufacturing, material strengthening, and multi-functional surface processing. 

Team Leaders
Xin Zhao Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1481

Engineering Biology of Arthropods

We explore structural and organismal features of insects from the physics and materials point of view looking at the physical determinants of the materials performance and evolution of insect fibrous materials. We are interested in mechanisms of nano and micro fluid movements, sensitivity of insect antennae, mechanisms of silk formation by insects and analysis of structural and physical properties of insect fibrous materials.  Check out these videos, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5JCIOOWm8w8 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QHDbdKj8NuM  

Team Leaders
Konstantin Kornev Materials Science and Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1627

Identification and Treatment Options for Pregnant or Parenting Women with Substance Use Disorder

To focus of this Creative Inquiry is the examination of the effects of perinatal substance use exposure on the mother and infant/offspring.  The students will have the opportunity to participate in all levels of the research process from literature review to dissemination of the study findings.  The mother-infant/child dyad will be the population of interest as well as pregnant women with substance use disorder.  Consideration will also be given to substances of exposure during pregnancy that may not be in the category of substance use disorder.  Currently the creative inquiry is assisting Dr. Wright in the conduction of an animal study on prenatal substance exposure to Kratom and Gabapentin.  Students will be assisting in the recording of the data of the study, data analysis and dissemination of results through submitted manuscripts and conference presentations.  

Team Leaders
Mary Ellen Wright School of Nursing
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1517

Stories of Refuge, Detention, and Hospitality

This CI began in Fall 2019 to understand immigration detention in the United States. Team members met with immigration lawyers and non-profit organizations, visited with people at Stewart Detention Center, observed court proceedings, and organized events on campus and online. This Fall 2021, team members continue to explore the stories and practices of refuge, hospitality, and care, even as detention centers remain closed to visitors during the pandemic. Team members conduct interviews; post writing, video, and podcast projects in an online archive; study relevant scholarship; and organize events, as part of an experiential and intellectual collaboration to better understand and produce knowledge on contemporary migration.

Team Leaders
Angela Naimou English
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1507

Making to Learn Geometry

There is emerging evidence to support “maker activities” to support STEM learning, although the role and impact of “making” as part of the K-12 education experience is in its infancy. The primary purpose of this project is to conceptualize, design, and test makerspace activity prototypes and related learning modules that would be appropriate for use in local middle grades classrooms. As part of this process, our team will study the makerspace literature as it relates to learning geometry. We will also interview local teachers/students and observe their classrooms in order to assess their needs and wants. Opportunities for conducting student research and/or assisting project leaders with a future grant research project will be offered.

Team Leaders
Nicole A. Bannister Teaching and Learning
College of EducationE
1516

The Mary Bruce Project: Women and the Golden Age of Tropical Medicine

The turn of the last century was marked by a golden era in tropical medicine. British doctors and researchers working in the British Colonies in Africa and the tropics made major discoveries, including elucidating the infectious agents that cause malaria, sleeping sickness, and schistosomiasis. However, the stories of women and their contributions to the history of tropical medicine are largely untold.Sir David Bruce was a Scottish doctor working for the British Army in colonial Africa and the tropics. One of his major discoveries was working out that sleeping sickness was transmitted by the tsetse fly. In Bruce's papers, there are illustrations of the trypanosomes drawn by Bruce's wife, Mary Bruce, who was working alongside Sir David in the field. In a number of Bruce's papers, Mary Bruce is even listed as an author! Our starting hypothesis is that Mary Bruce contributed in significant ways to the scientific research of her husband David Bruce. This project seeks to answer the following questions: What was Mary Bruce's role in Sir David Bruce's many discoveries? What is Mary Bruce's own story?With the aim of telling Mary Bruce's story (and the stories of those like her), this project has two goals: (1) To expand the online presence of information about women in the golden age of tropical medicine via Wikipedia entries, a publicly accessible Mary Bruce Project blog, and generation of a dedicated online archive; (2) To generate and submit for publication at years' end at least one popular science article arising from our research.

Team Leaders
Kimberly Paul Genetics and Biochemistry
College of ScienceG
1518

Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Brain development is a carefully choreographed process orchestrated by many different cell types in the brain. The laboratory studies the cellular and molecular events that control brain neural stem cells and their progeny. The goal of this Creative Inquiry project is to provide insight into how these events normally occur and what goes awry in neurodevelopmental diseases.

Team Leaders
David Feliciano Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1519

Affordable Automation for the Entertainment Industry

For most touring theatre productions, the locations of production elements are marked by hand using a tedious measuring and checking system. The objective of this project is to develop an affordable new tool for the entertainment industry called the PlotBot, a programmable robot that will accurately mark the locations of production elements such as scenery, overhead or rigging based elements, seating and the parameters of the space in which they are to be installed. The PlotBot will utilize a CAD-based interface and the user would input the configuration of the stage space, then overlay the ground plan plot for stage elements. With this information, the PlotBot would physically plot the points on the deck, similar to how a laser cutter or CNC router work. There are robots that serve similar functions that could be adapted to house this technology but are cost prohibitive for much of the industry. This four semester project will be completed in three main phases: (1) Planning and Design, (2) Fabrication, and (3) Testing and Improvement. During the third phase, we plan to allow tours to use the PlotBot and provide feedback as tours provide a controlled laboratory for testing and improvement. Near the end of the project, we will present the prototype at the USITT conference. In addition, we will also publish on the development and design of the PlotBot, the educational experience of a diverse student team, and additional applications of the PlotBot (e.g., tradeshows, construction, real estate, sporting events, street festivals, etc.

Team Leaders
Matthew Leckenbusch Performing Arts
Bradley J Putman Dean of Engineering & Science
Shannon Robert Performing Arts
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1521

Deer-Coyote Interactions

White-tailed deer are an important game species and coyotes may be impacting their populations in South Carolina. There is evidence that coyotes eat deer fawns, but this may depend on deer density and habitat. This CI will involve learning about deer-coyote interactions and how we are quantifying them, processing wildlife camera photos, performing limited field work, and developing/executing/presenting a research project. This CI will require a 2 semester commitment.  

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Michael Muthersbaugh Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Alex Jensen Forestry and Environmental Conservation
Elizabeth Reghi Saldo Forestry and Environmental Conservation
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1527

Digitization, Exhibition, and Documentation of Museum Collections

Students will be trained in creating permanent and temporary exhibits and displays, as well as creating outreach programs and tours of the museum. Students will gain skills in data management, working with museum management software, animal identification, scientific writing, photography, identifying key anatomical structures, public speaking and team-building.

Team Leaders
Melissa Fuentes Biological Sciences
Richard Blob Biological Sciences
Jaden Corell Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1533

Maze Following and Cell-to-Cell Communication in Slime Mold.

Slime molds are known to follow mazes in laboratory settings. Students will explore how to grow, maintain, and use various species of slime molds for experimentation, replicate existing maze following experiments, and use the results to generate new hypotheses related to maze following and cell-to-cell communication in slime molds.

Team Leaders
V Christine M Minor Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
1662

Clemson Metapopulation Research

The Clemson Metapopulation Research Creative Inquiry team conducts spatial ecology research on a local green salamander population to address the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources' 2015 State Wildlife Action Plan. Current projects include (1) derive estimates of abundance and survival at the subpopulation-scale using a capture-recapture study, and (2) estimate population connectivity, inbreeding, and the liklihood of bottlenecks across subpopulations. 

Team Leaders
Megan Novak Biological Sciences
Russell Kyle Barrett Forestry and Environmental Conservation
College of ScienceG
1903

Physiological Phenotyping of Cotton Leaf Shape Isolines to Collect Data for Cotton Breeding

In recent years, frequent hurricanes have brought in high winds and cloudy days causing significant boll loss in cotton in South Carolina. These conditions are also augmenting the frequency and intensity of biotic stresses affecting cotton canopy development and productivity. Four major leaf shape alleles exist in cotton: normal, sub-okra/Sea-Island, okra, and super-okra. These leaf shapes are a multiple allelic series of a single incompletely dominant genetic locus. After the shape has been determined, it normally does not vary through the remaining growth and development of the leaf. Leaf shape plays important roles in canopy development and photosynthesis and is associated with production advantages such as boll rot resistance, earliness, flowering rate, chemical spray penetration, lint trash, and yield. Understanding the differences in physiological mechanisms that lead to variation in plant performance among different cotton leaf shapes would help open new avenues for developing cultivars with ideal leaf shape, which would enhance sustainable and profitable production. The specific objectives of this project are to: (1) evaluate six leaf shape isolines of cotton based on physiological traits related with yield and performance (photosynthesis, stomatal conductance, transpiration, chlorophyll fluorescence, chlorophyll index, leaf temperature, leaf area, time to maturity, flower number, water use efficiency, and lint yield), (2) elucidate differences in physiological mechanisms that lead to variation in plant performance among different leaf shape isolines, and (3) identify the leaf shape ideotype with superior physiological mechanisms towards developing cotton varieties with improved productivity. In this study, the cotton plants will be grown in a greenhouse. The results from this study will help fine-tune the leaf shape approach for better agronomic performance and will compliment cotton breeding programs for variety development. The NC State cotton breeder, Dr. Vasu Kuraparthy, who developed the novel leaf shape approach, is a collaborator on this project.

Team Leaders
Sruthi Kutty Plant and Environmental Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1915

Gender Equity on College Campuses

The goal of this creative inquiry is to better understand the current resources devoted to gender equity on college campuses. In Fall 2021 the focus will be on developing a 'use case' for a GEC on Clemson's campus.

Team Leaders
Sarah Mae Cooper
Diane Perpich Philosophy and Religion
O
2074

Spaceflight mission planning and rocket experiment development

Students will have a hands-on experience going through the steps of space flight design that will eventually involve launching a small rocket. Students will also gain experience developing scientific instruments and other hardware that will fly on a NASA sounding rocket.

Team Leaders
Stephen Kaeppler Physics and Astronomy
Gerald Lehmacher Physics and Astronomy
Alvaro Guerra Physics and Astronomy
College of ScienceG
1918

Black Bass Reservoir Ecology

Black Bass populations in reservoirs support important recreational fisheries across North America. However, many North American reservoirs are now over 50 years old. Fish habitat quality in reservoirs tends to decline with reservoir age due to sedimentation and decomposition of natural structures submerged during reservoir filling. A common management approach to compensate for declining fish habitat quality is to install natural (i.e., trees, rock piles, stump clusters) or artificial (i.e., man made) structures in older reservoirs. Such installations have become common across North America and there is evidence that installed habitats can attract and hold fish while increasing angler catch rates. In recent years the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources has been engaged in a large-scale habitat enhancement project on Lake Hartwell aimed at improving habitat for native sportfish, including Largemouth Bass. However, non-native Alabama Bass are also present in Lake Hartwell. For SCDNR to successfully enhance native fish habitat more information is required on habitat use and selection for native and non-native fish in Lake Hartwell. This Creative Inquiry project will work closely with SCDNR and Clemson University faculty and graduate students to use acoustic telemetry to quantify habitat use and movement patterns in native Largemouth Bass and non-native Alabama Bass (also known as Spotted Bass) in Lake Hartwell. The goal of this project is to identify locations and installed habitat types that be preferentially selected by Largemouth Bass and show little benefit to Alabama Bass. Students working on this project will assist with overall project objectives and will also develop an independent project that investigates hypothesis-driven questions regarding fish habitat use in reservoirs.

Team Leaders
Troy Farmer Forestry and Environmental Conservation
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1919

Designing motile synthetic cells: Structural Biomaterials

The remarkable ability of cells to control shape, interact with their environment, and migrate directed through chemical and mechanical cues are some of the key features that set living systems apart from most synthetic systems. In this creative inquiry project, we will investigate minimal model cells, made from emulsion drops supported by a thin biological material shell. We will explore how stresses are mechanically stored and released in the biomaterial structure, resulting in emulsion drops that migrate! Research will investigate basic physical mechanisms of motility, elucidating how to control whether motion is sustained or intermittent and direction and speed in these minimal, bio-inspired, robot-like drops. Students from a variety of backgrounds are welcome to join and will gain experience in quantitative analysis and experimental techniques, and learn to be collaborative researchers as part of an interdisciplinary team.

Team Leaders
Kimberly Weirich Materials Science and Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1924

Nanotechnology

In this CI course, students would be introduced to the fundamentals and applications of Nanotechnology from Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) perspective. Nanotechnology is the art, science and engineering of designing materials, devices, and systems at the nanoscale from bottom-up and/or top-down approaches. The role of this technology in ECE has been the driving force behind information technology revolution over the past few decades and is further expected to be the enabling technology behind the next digital revolution in robotics, automation, and artificial intelligence. Students will have the opportunity to explore nanotransistors for Integrated Circuits (ICs) used in computers, smart phones like iPhone, smart watches and 5G technologies; flash memory and hard disks for memory applications; nanotechnologies behind 4K/8K, electronic-paper, LCD, LED and holographic displays; nano-solar cells and thermoelectric devices for energy applications; nanofabrication and nano-printing for nanomaterial and nanostructure synthesis; superconducting nanostructures; lasers and nano-antenna for communication, nano-sensors, and nano-electronics for self-driving vehicles.

Team Leaders
Hassan Raza Electrical and Computer Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1927

Bioleaching of arsenic-contaminated soils by Aspergillus niger

Arsenic is a trace metalloid that is ubiquitous in almost every environment. Increasing concentrations of arsenic in soil and water is a problem the world is currently facing with the multiple arsenic inputs by anthropogenic sources such as mining, milling, agricultural use, and coal ash. In 1993 the World Health Organization provisional guideline for arsenic was reduced from 50 micrograms per liter to 10 micrograms per liter. Since then, arsenic concentrations above acceptable standards were detected in many countries, such as the United States of America, China, France, and Germany.It is a natural process by which biological processes and the anatomy and physiology of plants reduce the arsenic concentration in soil and water. Plants need a necessary supply of nutrients, including arsenic, to grow and immobilize the arsenic through the biological processes mentioned. Certain species of plants have a higher tolerance to an excessive collection of arsenic in the soil. They could make an efficient, low-cost solution to reducing arsenic concentrations to below provisional guidelines.

Team Leaders
Zachary Gilstrap Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Caye Drapcho Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
Tom O. Owino Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1990

On the Mathematics of 3D Printing

Our team explores the mathematical foundation of 3D printing and establishes statistical frameworks to assess and calibrate the accuracy of 3D design. CI students will use computing tools to construct 3D designs, perform experiments to print 3D design, and collect 3D measurements for post-statistical analysis.

Team Leaders
Qiong Zhang School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences
William Fisher
College of ScienceG
1928

Human Factors in Healthcare

As technology evolves, changes and challenges among the interactions with humans and machines emerge, especially in the healthcare domain. The theme of this project is to leverage sensing technology, such as those measuring physiological signals, to understand and augment human performance. 

Team Leaders
Jackie Cha Industrial Engineering
Alexander Kullman
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1932

Promoting Economic Development through Growing Small Businesses

New and small businesses comprise a vast majority of all businesses in the US. The Small Business Development Center (SBDC) exists to support economic development by helping entrepreneurs grow successful businesses in South Carolina and beyond. This course is designed to support this mission by allowing students to work with SBDC clients to address their business needs. Students will work with multiple clients during the semester, guided by the CI leaders and SBDC staff. Students will work either individually or in teams, depending on the clients’ needs. Students will collect data and information to address the problems and create reports to be shared with the clients. By doing so, students will gain real-world business experience in various industries through learning to define business problems, how to address these problems, and how to communicate with business decision makers. The two-semester Creative Inquiry is open to all majors.  To apply for the program, complete the application linked here - https://clemson.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_0dgIa4SPLo4ITcy

Team Leaders
Ezgi Akpinar Ferrand Small Business Development Ctr
Peter Weathers Department of Marketing
Jennifer Seimens Department of Marketing
College of BusinessD
1965

The Martha’s Vineyard Sign Language Project

This CI is designed to conduct research and development on the signed language community outreach project that aims to serve various constituents ranging from residents to business owners on Martha’s Vineyard. Through the research and collaboration with the community partners from the island (e.g., Martha’s Vineyard’s Signs Then & Now – a project under a public access MVTV station, town libraries, and the Chamber of Commerce), the researchers and the partners will lead in a variety of projects. The purpose of this research is to educate the community partners, business owners, and residents about signed language and help them experience the practical solutions signed language can bring to its community and everyone. The goal of this research and development is to learn more about how collaboration works and to make it a model for creating society a signed language-friendly environment. 

Team Leaders
Jody Cripps Languages
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1937

Information Overload and Student Burnout

Library and survey study of the relationship between information overload and burnout among undergraduate students, emphasizing preparing a manuscript for publication in a peer-reviewed journal.

Team Leaders
Marguerite Albro University Libraries
O
1935

Pet minds -- how people coordinate with and buy for animals

People spend a lot of time thinking about what their pets think. This is especially true if they compete with their pet (i.e., dog owners that do agility or hunting trials, horse owners that jump or barrel race) and, more commonly, when they buy things like food, toys, or medical care for their pet. In this project, we will examine how attributing humanlike minds to pets affects how owners coordinate their behavior with their pet's and how they spend for their pet. The aim of this CI is to collect and analyze data, submit one or more conference proposals, and submit one or more academic journal articles.

Team Leaders
Lura Forcum Department of Marketing
College of BusinessD
1943

Queer Issues in STEM: Researching the Impact of LGBTQIA+ topics in STEM Environments

This creative inquiry project aims to explore issues at the intersection of being Queer and in STEM environments. There is emerging research understanding the experiences of Queer STEM students as well as professional societies and student organizations (e.g., oSTEM) that are uniquely designed for LGBTQIA+ students who have an interest in STEM fields. This project involves an initial sequence that provides an overview of Queer Theory, research on Queer issues in STEM, and a focus on designing Queer informed STEM experiences. In the second semester, the project will implement a teaching experiment or research project that examines the impact of Queer informed STEM experiences for undergraduate students. The project is designed for both STEM and Non-STEM students and students who identify with being LGBTQIA+ and Allies. Students will have an opportunity to analyze and present data in scholarly presentations and publications.

Team Leaders
Matthew Voigt Engineering and Science Education
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1944

PLM Processes and CAD/CAE Tools with Application to Vehicle Component Design

The growth in product lifecycle management (PLM) strategies and computer software has enabled businesses to standardize their design and manufacturing processes, optimize data management, improve field and enterprise support activities, and streamline supply chains. For engineers and scientists, these tools encompass computer-aided-design (CAD), computer-aided-engineering (CAE), and additive manufacturing. They also allow for virtual work environments to digitize innovation. In this creative inquiry course, multidisciplinary students will work with the PLM Center at Clemson University to gain insight into digital processes and tools. For application, system components will be designed, analyzed, and integrated into a Digital Twin representation of an electric ground vehicle to accommodate individual personal mobility needs.

Team Leaders
John R Wagner Mechanical Engineering
Gregory Mocko Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1950

AI Security and Privacy

Recent breakthroughs in Artificial Intelligence (AI) are powering various technology fields including autonomous driving, Internet-of-things (IoT), graphics and gaming, robotics, AR/VR, economics, smart grids, cyber-physical systems, and even structural biology. As technologies become more intertwined with our daily lives, it is important to understand the implications of AI on system’s security and privacy, and investigate vulnerabilities and countermeasures. Being aware of these potential risks and the known solutions to defend, or mitigate, such attacks is a critical skill for future AI developers. This CI project is designed to introduce students to the field of modern artificial intelligence from the security and privacy perspectives, and prepare students for careers as AI or security professionals. The CI team will identify vulnerabilities and propose new protection methods to ensure the trustworthiness of AI techniques.

Team Leaders
Yingjie Lao Electrical and Computer Engineering
Joseph Clements Electrical and Computer Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1951

Woodland Cemetery Preservation and Memorial Project

Students will conduct research and participate in community engagement activities to assist with the development of the preservation plan and memorial for Woodland Cemetery. In February of 2020, two Clemson students visited the Fort Hill Slave and Convict Cemetery and found it in a state of disrepair. They worked with faculty and staff to clean up the site and install a memorial. Further research led to the team to learn that there was a larger African American burial site on the west side of Woodland Cemetery. Using ground penetrating radar, 667 unmarked graves, believed to be those of African American enslaved persons, sharecroppers, convicted laborers, and wage workers, were recovered in the cemetery. Clemson Trustees established a trustee task force and Legacy Council in late summer 2020 to develop a preservation and memorialization plan for the burial ground, including a memorial. Students will complete genealogy research, conduct archival research, conduct and create historical tours, create social media posts, assist with developing memorial design, participate in dramatic performances, record oral history, proctor surveys, and write biographical narratives.

Team Leaders
Sara Collini History and Geography
Rhondda Thomas English
College of Architecture, Arts & HumanitiesB
1960

Research and Education in Disease Diagnosis and Intervention (REDDI) Creative Inquiry

The COVID-19 pandemic sparked a particular interest in the global health profession, as well as a demand for experienced front-line healthcare workers. As a result, the REDDI Lab, Clemson's first CLIA certified laboratory, is now ready to facilitate education and exposure of clinically-based diagnostic techniques as well as professional development for students interested in pursuing careers as health professionals. Students will learn about and be exposed to a variety of diagnostic testing methods, data analysis techniques, and professional practices within a clinical lab setting. Finally, students will participate in outreach opportunities to help educate the community about disease diagnostics.

Team Leaders
Austin Smothers
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Kylie King
Congyue Peng
O
1962

C.C.A.R.E Special Research Group: College Students, Our Lived Experiences, and the Research to Help Us Thrive

The purpose of the C.I. is to aid the C.C.A.R.E. initiative. The C.C.A.R.E. initiative began as a program to coach college freshman on how to embrace their new college lifestyle and truly thrive during their years in college. C.C.A.R.E. connects students with one another to share their lived experiences in a place that is intended to be safe and open for vulnerable conversations. This creative inquiry team will research topics related to the lived experiences of college students, including social media and self-perception, and work overload and procrastination. This interactive lab will feature related discussions and content production on college students and the college lifestyle. Our lab will also integrate related interpersonal activities, mindfulness, and play.

Team Leaders
Danielle McFarquhar Honors Programs
Sarah Winslow Honors Programs
O
2024

Fish ecology and morphometrics

Water flow influences many aspects of fishes’ ecology from timing of reproduction to evolution of body shape. One successful avenue for quantifying the ecological response to instream flows is larval fish research. Fish species often require specific flow conditions to spawn. By quantifying the timing and magnitude of spawning intensity (larval fish abundance) we can determine the flow conditions necessary for fish reproduction. Yet, no research on the relationship between flow and fish reproduction has been done in South Carolina. Ecomorphology is another excellent avenue of research for studying flow influence on fishes’ ecology and evolution. Body shape is an excellent surrogate for the ecology of fish species and is known to be strongly influenced by water velocity. However, studies of intra-specific body shape divergence among habitat types have focused geographic separated habitats such as lakes and rivers. Only one study has been done looking at body shape differences between lotic and lentic habitats within a stream. By examining the variation in body shape, it may be possible to understand how some individuals are able to take advantage of different flow regimes and habitats. The objective of this study is to test for intra-specific body shape differences between high and low flow micro-habitats within streams. In this study we address three hypotheses: 1) individual fish occupying high water velocity habitats will have significantly different body shape from fishes in low water velocity habitats. 2) individual fish occupying high water velocity habitats will have more fusiform body shapes and deeper caudal peduncles fishes in low water velocity habitats. 3) All fish species will show similar responses to water velocity. 4) identifying the timing, duration, and magnitude of stream flow driving spawning intensity.

Team Leaders
Luke Bower Forestry and Environmental Conservation
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1967

Multiscale modeling analysis of the Lithium metal/electrolyte interface properties in solid-state batteries

The goal of this project is to develop a multiscale modeling methodology to understand the interface properties between electrode and electrolyte in solid-state batteries. Solid-state batteries are promising energy storage devices with superior energy density and safer features compared to traditional Li-ion batteries. Li metal is the main candidate for the anode and we will focus on oxide materials as potential electrolytes. We will analyze the atomic structure of the solid-solid heterophase interface to fundamentally understand the role of misfit dislocations, generating due to the lattice mismatch between the different materials, on the nucleation and growth of voids and dendrites, which eventually lead to the failure of the component. Such fundamental understanding will help design principles to improve materials properties and broadly deploy solid-state batteries for the benefit of the entire society. Molecular dynamics simulations will be used to predict the structure of the interface and the thermodynamic and kinetic properties of carriers and defects. This knowledge will inform Monte Carlo methods to compute transport properties and nucleation rates for voids and Li dendrites. Using artificial intelligence methods (mainly machine learning) we will correlate these outputs to the oxide electrolyte properties to select the oxide material that optimize the battery response.

Team Leaders
Enrique Martinez Saez Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1968

Zero Waste Event Planning for Sonoco Fresh Summit

Students will learn about the stages of a Zero Waste Event. Hands-on student experience with planning, implementing, and assessing the Zero-Waste event associated with the Sonoco Fresh Food, Packaging & Sustainability Summit March 2-4, 2022. Be part of the Game Day Recycling Experience behind the scenes of what happens to the waste generated at a game day event with our award winning recycling program.

Team Leaders
David Vandeventer Univ Fac:Custodial-Recycle Svs
Deborah Falta Public Health Sciences
O
1975

Detection and Treatment of Cancers and Other Genetic-Based Diseases

This project explores the feasibility of novel biomarkers for early disease diagnosis, specifically in cancer diagnosis. The presence of small RNA molecules such as long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and microRNAs can be characteristic of disease development. Additionally, students will explore different treatments for genetic-based diseases, such as radiotherapy techniques for cancer or mRNA transcript delivery for treatment of spinal muscular atrophy. The collective efforts in these projects will advance molecular diagnostics and save lives. Students will have an opportunity to learn hands-on skills such as RT-qPCR, cell culture, and mRNA transcript design. Students will also develop analytical thinking skills while solving problems in the experimental process. 

Team Leaders
Kylie King
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Austin Smothers
Congyue Peng
O
1974

The Gig Work and Occupational Health Psychology (GW-OHP) Project

The goal of this CI team is to conduct research addressing issues in the field of occupational health psychology (OHP). Our lab will focus on OHP areas such as nonstandard work arrangements (e.g., gig work), economic stress (e.g., job insecurity, underemployment), and substance use (primarily opioid use). This CI team will be working on at least two projects studying gig workers to follow up and extend our lab’s previously published paper (Watson, Kistler, Graham, & Sinclair, 2021). One project will focus on capturing gig workers’ job demands (e.g., underemployment, emotional labor) and job resources (e.g., autonomy, support). As suggested by Watson et al. (2021), we expect that gig workers are not a homogenous group as they have diverse work experiences reflected in their job demands and job resources. Our CI team will empirically test these propositions using survey data representing the different gig worker profiles and consider other job demands and resources not included in our original propositions. The second project will extend our previous research by collecting mixed methods data to examine mechanisms gig workers engage in to improve their work experiences (e.g., job crafting) and outcomes of gig work. We will also explore OHP outcomes such as worker health and well-being, stress, burnout, engagement, and substance use. Our team will give particular attention to opioid use given the heavily documented opioid crisis and its expected overlap with economic stress and gig work. The mixed methods data collection will promote a deeper understanding of gig work including potential moderating factors of these outcomes (e.g., volition, economic dependency) so that we can better inform the how, when, and why of gig workers’ experiences.

Team Leaders
Robert Sinclair Psychology
Gwendolyn Watson
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1977

Confronting extremism and defending democracy

This project explores the origins and consequences of political extremism. Students will conduct independent investigations of specific factors they believe cause or could help reduce political extremism. Student researchers will formulate hypotheses, construct literature reviews, develop research plans, and collect data, including social media content analysis and in-person qualitative interviews.

Team Leaders
Matthew Rhodes-Purdy Political Science
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1979

Trust in Technology

Technology is ingrained into our society at so many levels. From physical technologies such as smartphones, automated vehicles, or even robots to more abstract forms such as virtual assistants, spaces, or threats. This research team investigates the impact of the trust we place on such technologies. Placing too much trust or overreliance on systems that can (and do) fail can have serious consequences, yet not trusting a helpful resource can lead to similar adverse outcomes. 

Team Leaders
William Volante Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
1989

Carr Endowed CI : Peach Package of the Future

Peach sales have significantly decreased over the past few years.  This CI is going to explore the effectiveness of the different types of packaging designs for peaches that are used in today’s marketplace.  The ultimate goal is to develop a new package for peaches that may be better suited to modern consumers than the traditional peach packaging methods.  Semester 1 will focus on studying the various ways that peaches are packaged: in bags, in bulk (open display in produce markets), multi-packs, and create an environment that can be used to test alternative designs within CUshop. How peaches are handled and delivered to the consumers’ home and cars will also be researched. Finally, students will design a few prototypes of future peach package designs. Students will present their baseline findings when the study is completed at the end of the first semester.  The second semester will consist of conducting a shopper research project of the current state of peaches, improving the alternative package designs, and finally testing and comparing to see if the alternative package designs were more useful and appealing to modern consumers. A presentation of the entire project work will be delivered at the end of the second semester. 

Team Leaders
Rupert Hurley Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1980

What makes a book worth sharing? A Review of Children's Literature

This Creative Inquiry project brings together education majors to answer the question, "What makes a book worth sharing?" First, we will read scholarly work that informs ways we can identify quality children's literature. Then, project members will select several books to analyze and evaluate. Finally, each member will write up a brief review of at least one book to share in a children's literature review column for Literacy Matters, the state journal of the Palmetto State Literacy Association. Reviews will inform PK-6 teachers and other literacy professionals in South Carolina and surrounding states.

Team Leaders
Koti Hubbard Teaching and Learning
Lisa Aker Education and Human Development
College of EducationE
1986

Human Factors of Clean Eating Globally (SPECTRA)

Eating utensils are instruments in restaurants, homes, schools etc. as an everyday part of our lives.  These seemingly simple instruments can introduce dangerous microbes like Ebola or enterovirus if not properly processed. The design of each instrument is based on human factors; how people interact with it, cost, usability, function, etc. The design, human factors, cleaning process, and cleaning supplies can vary across countries.  This Creative Inquiry will use human factor studies to analyze eating instruments such as forks, knives, chopsticks, etc for use and reprocessing for global countries.  Students will develop skillsets and research proficiencies that can be used across disciplines to apply human factor studies, device reprocessing techniques, global research, and device development.    Through the lens of future engineers and scientists, the project aims to address questions such as: How does human factors effect an instrument design? How do you collect human factors data? Why is reprocessing significant? How does effective reprocessing affect global countries?  How do you conduct global health research? How to develop a device that can be used globally with limited supplies and resources?     

Team Leaders
Marian Kennedy Materials Science and Engineering
Latoya McDonald Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1987

CI LAUNCH: Basic Wet-Lab Etiquette

This project will serve as an introduction to the skills, techniques and procedures needed to work independently in an experimental (i.e. wet) laboratory. Satisfactory completion of this project will result in the student being competent in directly setting-up well controlled experiments individually and independently conducting these experiments without any extra assistance from other laboratory personnel. This CI will provide the foundational knowledge and skillsets for undergraduate students to work on more advanced CI projects by allowing them to later thrive in various bench science research environments. 

Team Leaders
Alexis Stamatikos Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
1991

Making Sense of Gait: Integrating Biomechanical Feedback into a Lower Limb Prosthesis

This project will focus on developing several sensor prototypes that can detect critical events during walking with the long-term goal of using them to control a lower-limb prosthesis in development in the Bioengineering department. Students will learn about gait biomechanics relating to anatomy and physiology of the lower limb and the compensatory mechanisms that occur with lower limb prostheses through literature and collaboration with clinicians (and Certified Prosthetists and Orthotists) at Prisma Health. They will have the opportunity to learn about types of sensors that can track biomechanical metrics as well as work hands-on with several types of sensors and biomechanical testing equipment used for movement science. With graduate students and clinical collaborators, students will incorporate chosen sensors into a clinical setting through testing and development of chosen sensors on able-bodied individuals and lower limb amputees. 

Team Leaders
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Therese Parr Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1993

Bridging Materials Gaps to Combat Climate Change

We propose a fundamental research plan to dramatically reduce and/or ultimately eliminate the use of supply-deficit platinum group metals (PGMs) as strategic resources in critical catalytic materials for purifying transportation emissions as well as enabling negative CO2 emissions, which can ultimately reverse the climate change caused by pollution emissions. Our atoms-to-emissions approach aims to design and synthesize novel supported metal catalysts with atomic precision that can simultaneously achieve ~100% material efficiency and high intrinsic catalytic performance, thereby enhancing the status of the US energy security and sustainability. Students in various engineering and science majors will be recruited to participate and lead the project in research fronts of materials development, energy device construction, reaction tests, and advanced characterizations. We envision rich opportunities for students to engage conversations with relevant industry. Through the cutting-edge research training, the program aims to prepare Clemson students with diversified skill sets and embracive mind sets to capitalize on the state-of-the-art industry infrastructure as well as to create new opportunities in an era of fast-changing energy landscape to tackle some of the most exciting global challenges.

Team Leaders
Ming Yang Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1995

Cancer Biology and Development

This Creative Inquiry project investigates the cellular events that occur in breast cancer and the common events in mammary gland development. Specifically, we are focused on what directs a healthy cell to become a cancer cell. Research suggests the early developmental pathways in the mammary gland are reactivated in some types of breast cancers. In order to understand these developmental signals, we are evaluating mammary gland gene expression in human breast cancers and using the pre-pubertal swine as the non-tumorigenic model.Global collaborative collections of human tumor samples with matched normals are available in databases for research analysis, however this approach requires tools capable of analyzing extremely large data sets. We will utilize a bioinformatics approach to investigate our research-based questions. The field of bioinformatics is the intersection of biology, statistics, and computer science. We will build networks to indicate similar gene expression patterns comparing our swine samples to the human database. In addition to breast cancer, we will investigate other diseases including but not limited to colon, pancreas, prostate, and uterine cancer.   We will use open source software for the analysis of genes and intersecting networks. Visual graphics will be created in order to illustrate gene expression patterns between the human cancers and swine mammary models. In addition, we will utilize laser microdissection techniques to collect specified areas of interest for RNA extraction and analyses, and conduct immunohistochemical procedures for artificial intelligence studies.     

Team Leaders
Heather Dunn Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
2065

Computer Fabrication and User Interfaces

This Creative Inquiry centers on the use of computer control fabrication and computer graphics in manufacturing for apparel. Specifically, stitching (e.g. embroidery) to precisely control the stiffness properties of stretch fabrics.  The result is a textile capable of changing strength/stretch in magnitude/direction across its surface. The current research has seen proof of concept in algorithms to produce stitch plans from simple designs, but needs improvement in design control and calibrating mechanical properties of the output. The next steps include: 1) sketch based design input that translates user design to fabrication designs through image understanding; and 2) developing prototypes of the given technology along with mechanical stiffness testing to measure effect from stitch plans to physical artifacts. The goal in both of these thrusts is to develop more advanced, and user-driven (real-world) prototypes.

Team Leaders
Victor Zordan School of Computing
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1996

ROER: Robotics Open Educational Resources

The ROER: Robotics Open Educational Resources project will engage students as researchers and developers of learner-centered, open-access learning resources in Robotics for undergraduates at two- and four-year institutions. Students from any major interested in robotics, engineering education, learning design, or other related areas are welcome to join.

Team Leaders
D. Matthew Boyer Engineering and Science Education
Yang Wu University Libraries
Yue Wang Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
1999

Materials Exploration in Orthotics and Prosthetics

Foot orthotics and prosthetic socket liners use various combinations of materials and geometries to help reduce pressure hot spots across the orthotic/socket. The goal of the project is to determine a patient's ability to feel pressure differences when standing on various combinations of materials. Students will identify appropriate materials and characterize them based on measures such as hardness or stiffness. They will then develop a human subjects trial that will explore the relationship between the subjects level of comfort and the pressure generated due to various material combinations.

Team Leaders
Kyle Walker General Engineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
2000

Combating Misinformation through Education and Scientific Experiential Exposure in South Carolina (CoME and SEE SC) Program

The COVID-19 pandemic has made apparent the lack of trust that citizens of South Carolina have for scientific research, causing them to make ill-informed or uninformed decisions regarding science policy. To this end, this team will develop a program to foster civic scientific literacy, a component of scientific literacy that encourages understanding of the scientific process and the impact of innovation on society.This team of students will focus on (1) developing their scientific literacy and (2) establishing a module as a part of the Combating Misinformation through Education and Scientific Experiential Exposure in South Carolina (CoME and SEE SC) Program to help high school teachers improve their independent civic scientific literacy. Their module will be advertised by the SC EPSCoR office (see letter), with the long-term goal of providing access to all interested high school science teachers across the state.

Team Leaders
Jessica Larsen Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
2028

Sustainable Small-scale Wood Processing Solutions

Small-scale timber harvesting and processing has seen an increase in popularity in the past few years. In this Creative Inquiry project, we will utilize the Clemson University Tiger Timbers (CUTT) sawmill and associated drying kilns to explore ways to sustainably produce lumber and other wood products. As part of this project we will evaluate the mechanics and feasibility of producing wood pellets from sawmill by-products such as sawdust. We will further investigate the use of a gasifier to burn wood pellets for energy generation and test the feasibility of using a gasifier to run wood shop equipment. We currently own a pellet maker and a gasifier, both of which will need electrical and mechanical updating and testing. We will also explore, design, and implement the use of solar power to operate our drying kilns. Students will also learn how to operate a small-scale sawmill and produce the lumber needed to build support structures for the use of solar panels. As part of this project, students will also learn about data collection techniques to assess time consumption, productivity, and cost of small-scale sawmilling and wood drying operations. The long-term goal of this project is to create a self-sufficient and sustainable small-scale sawmilling and wood processing operation that can operate in an off-grid setting.  Students will be given the opportunity to present the results from their Creative Inquiry project at different meetings and conference. Efforts will be made to secure funding to allow students to travel to out-of-state meetings to present their findings. Students will also be able to write and publish detailed reports about their project in various outlets ranging from scientific journals to extension magazines. 

Team Leaders
Patrick Hiesl Forestry and Environmental Conservation
College of Agriculture, Forestry & Life SciencesA
2056

Validating Models of Attention in Older Adults

According to prominent theories, where our gaze and ensuing visual attention are drawn depends on a blending of four aspects of the to-be-viewed object: 1. how much it stands out from things around it (salience), 2. how much effort it takes for the perceiver to bring the object into view, 3. The perceiver’s preconceived expectancy for an object to appear based on past experience, and 4. the positive or negative consequences of detecting or missing the object (value). This study uses an eyetracker to investigate how age-related changes might modify the process of attention capture that is driven by these four features over a set of driving simulator tasks. An older driver sample will be recruited from the Clemson area community and younger drivers will be recruited through the Clemson Psychology Department’s SONA system so comparisons can be made between how they distribute their visual attention. Findings will inform on if and how age-related cognitive and sensory declines and experience gained over years might alter how drivers’ attention is directed during the driving task.

Team Leaders
Dustin Souders Psychology
Alan Mintz Psychology
Kathryn Baringer Psychology
College of Behavioral, Social & Health SciencesC
2059

Exploration of alternative injection molds and/or operational strategies for Tupperware

Tupperware currently has a strategy where they invest in a limited number of high-cost durable injection molds that are shared across production locations around the world.  The existing strategy does have drawbacks, and the Creative Inquiry project will investigate alternative strategies that could be implemented by Tupperware.  One alternative strategy is to investigate the feasibility of using low-cost molds (not as durable as current molds) for some products and have enough of them made so that each manufacturing can manufacture the production volumes for their region in a just-in-time model versus the current model of producing their expected demand, storing it, and then shipping the high cost injection mold to another facility to repeat the process.   

Team Leaders
Mark Krystofik Watt Family Innovation Center
Saeed Farahani Campbell Grad Engr Program
O
2029

Multifaceted Assessment of Highway 123 within Clemson City Limits (SPECTRA)

The goal of this CI is to achieve the safe and efficient movement of people and goods on roadways.  Specifically, the students will study and assess the movement of Highway 123 through Clemson, SC on ‘game days’ hosted by the Clemson University football team.  Using quantitative research methods and comparative analysis fundamentals, the team will put together proposals for how to decrease traffic times on those days.  These proposals will also address how these changes will impact the safety of city residents and visitors and also the interactions between traffic supply capacity and community quality of life.  

Team Leaders
Marian Kennedy Materials Science and Engineering
Jiayun Shen Civil Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
2032

AI in Biomedicine: Machine Learning Models for Prediction and Annotation of Novel Disease Genes

In the human genome, most genes actually do not encode proteins; they are noncoding RNA genes. The largest class of noncoding genes is known as long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which are transcripts greater in length than 200 nucleotides, but with no protein-coding capacity. While some lncRNAs have been demonstrated to be key regulators of gene expression and 3D genome organization, most lncRNAs are still uncharacterized. Thus, we have been developing new machine learning and data mining approaches for the functional annotation of human lncRNAs, as well as circular RNAs (circRNAs), by leveraging the vast amount of genetic and genomic data ("biological big data"). Our recent studies demonstrate that genomic data mining can give insights into RNA functions and provide valuable information for experimental studies of candidate lncRNAs. This CI project will focus on the identification and functional analysis of novel candidate lncRNAs (or circRNAs) associated with human diseases, including autism, intellectual disability and cancer. 

Team Leaders
Liangjiang Wang Genetics and Biochemistry
College of ScienceG
2033

Mitochondrial Genomics

In this course, we will learn about mitochondrial genomes. Mitochondria are organelles of utmost importance in 99.999% of uni-cellular and multi-cellular organisms. Perhaps more importantly, I will expose you to the scientific method and you will learn to think critically. We will be using various mitochondrial genomes as examples to improve your critical thinking skills. You will also improve your information literacy skills.

Team Leaders
Juan Antonio Baeza Migueles Biological Sciences
Timothy Cronin Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
2071

Plant Reproductive Dynamics

The amount of pollen brought to flowers by pollinators often determines the reproductive output of plants. However, many plants have systems of self-incompatibility, whereby not all pollen grains will effectively fertilize the plant. We are examining pollen-pistil dynamics in a plant with a genetic self-incompatibility mechanism in populations from the Southern Colorado Rocky Mountains. CI students will assess how factors like population genetic structure, land use, and pollinator visitation influence pollen deposition, and pollen tube growth scored via fluorescence microscopy.

Team Leaders
Matthew H Koski Biological Sciences
Anita Cisternas Fuentes Biological Sciences
College of ScienceG
2050

Sex-Specific Computational Disease Modeling

Computational disease models that can conduct drug screens, aid in diagnosis, and make treatment recommendations are the future of precision medicine. Unfortunately, these algorithm-driven models are biased based on the data that feed them. Female data are often underrepresented in the literature, so there is a concern that the accuracy of these models for women will reflect that. There are a multitude of diseases in which the presentation and prognosis of a disease can vary greatly due to sex, including cardiovascular, pulmonary, endocrine, gastrointestinal, and autoimmune diseases, as well as several types of cancer.  Our lab has already made strides to include sex-specific modeling into a signaling network model of cardiac fibroblasts. The goal of this creative inquiry is to conduct a literature review which (1) catalogs existing sex-specific computational disease models, (2) identifies areas where there is a need for more sex-specific disease models, (3) for areas where there is a need, determine if existing publicly available sex disaggregated data sets could be leveraged to create new models. Findings from this literature review will then be used by the team to create their own sex-specific disease models. 

Team Leaders
William Richardson Bioengineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
2044

The Nanomaterials Studio

Nearly all structural and functional materials are polycrystalline systems. They are comprised of crystalline grains that are connected internally at interfaces. As the crystal (or grain) size is reduced into the nanoscale, my new phenomena emerge that are driven by interface physics. Owing to their small crystal size, nanocrystalline metals exhibit unique combinations of properties that would enable many real-life applications, including miniaturized electronics, light-weight structures, and energy devices. The goal of this CI project is to provide students with an opportunity to conduct research on nanometals; the physics and science of metals at the nanoscale. We aim to explore size effects in metallic systems and identify design rules that optimize a specific materials property. The research work is computational in nature and employs a wide range of simulation tools. Students are expected to have some knowledge in programming in any language (e.g., Python, Matlab, C, C++).

Team Leaders
Fadi Abdeljawad Mechanical Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
2048

Creating an in silico mammalian cell model

Large-scale or whole-cell mechanistic, computational models enable the study of phenotypic responses with intuitive reasoning. An increase in the availability of big datasets confers an excellent opportunity to build such models. However, there is not much consensus or community standards for creating and sustaining such large models. Our lab created one of the largest mechanistic cellular signaling models in the literature, and now we plan to generate the mammalian in silico cell model. To do so, we need to gather, annotate and analyze available publicly available experimental data. This task will require self-motivated students and teach them about computational modeling, data analysis, and a flavor of (cancer) biology.

Team Leaders
Cemal Erdem Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
Marc Birtwistle Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering
College of Engineering, Computing & Applied SciencesF
2055

Reasoning and decision-making regarding COVID-19

Current polls suggest that about 20% of Americans strongly resist taking a COVID-19 vaccine, while an additional 10 to 15% are hesitant or unsure about this vaccine. We are investigating how to educate or persuade people in order to reduce vaccine hesitancy and resistance.

Team Leaders
Leo J Gugerty Psychology
Nathan Dumessa Psychology