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Current Projects

IDProject InfoCollegeCollege ID
4

Stress, Behavior and Health

The teams have been studying subtle changes in brain function that are associated with increased risk for hypertension in young adults. These changes in brain function produce emotional dampening; the reduced perception of emotionally meaningful environmental cues such as facial expressions. Emotional dampening could lead to increased psychosocial stress and further elevations in blood pressure and risk for cardiovascular disease.

Team Leaders
James A McCubbin Psychology
Accomplishments
Kyla Davis graduated this year with departmental honors using her CI-related study protocol.
McCubbin,  J., Whitesides, K.*, Tucker, J.*, Davis, K.*, Priddy, C.*, Basiura, R.*,  Haile, B.*, and D. Wood. (2017, March 31). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening of Threat Perception: A Preliminary Study of Blood Pressure and Financial Risk-Taking. Accepted for poster presentation at the annual meeting of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, San Diego, CA. ***Sorry about the duplicate- I don't know how to erase it.***
McCubbin, J., *Basiura, R., *Cummings, G., *Whitesides, K., *Davis, K., *O'Toole, L., *Demas, R. (2017, April). The Effects of Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening on Risk-Taking Behavior. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
McCubbin, J., *McGee, T., *Green, C., *Grady, J., *Kinard, S., *Whitesides, N., *Basiura, R., *Cole, S., *Davis, K., *Priddy, C., *Spencer, B., *Tucker, J., Wood, D. (2016, April).  Blood pressure, emotional dampening, and risky behavior: A model and converging methods. Presented at the annual Clemson University Focus on Creative Inquiry poster session.

McCubbin, J., *McGee, T., *Green, C., *Grady, J., *Kinard, S., *Whitesides, N., *Basiura, R., *Cole, S., *Davis, K., *Priddy, C., *Spencer, B., *Tucker, J., Wood, D. (2016, April 6). Blood pressure, emotional dampening, and risky behavior: A model and converging methods. Presented at FoCI Conference, Clemson University.

* CI Students
*Graham, J.G., *Hibdon, M.A., *Nathan, A.W., *Schram, R.R., *Caldwell, M.T., *Morrison, A.V., *Wilson, E.D., *Backman, K.L., McCubbin, J.A. (2013, April). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening is there a Relationship Between Social Support and Blood Pressure. To be presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, La Crosse, WI.
McCubbin, J.A., Loveless, J.P., *Graham, J.G., Bart, R., *Hibdon, M.A., *Loukas B., *Brower-Lingsch, D., *Ross G., *Nathan, A., *Isgett, S.F., and *Schram, R. (2012, April). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening Is There a Relationship Between Blood Pressure and Perception of Risk. Presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, New Orleans, LA.
*Graham, J.G., *Hibdon, M.A., *Nathan, A.W., *Schram, R.R., *Caldwell, M.T., McCubbin, J.A., (2013, March). Does Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening Reduce Social Support. To be presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, Miami, FL.
McCubbin, J.A., Burnette, C.M., *Peach, H., Allen, A.J., Gillispie, S., Pilcher, J.J. (2010, March). Methodological Pilot Study The Relationship Between Blood Pressure and Perception of Emotion in Narrative Sentences. Presented at Annual Meeting of the American Psychosomatic Association. Portland, OR.
McCubbin, J., Loveless, J., Hall, G., *Robinson, G., Moore, D., (2011, March). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening is Independent of Alexithymia Presented at American Psychosomatic Society, San Antonio, TX.
*Robinson, G., Hall, G., Loveless, J., McCubbin, J. (2010, August). The Relationship Between Cardiovascular Function and Emotion Recognition Studying the Emotional Dampening Hypothesis. Presented at Conference on Applied Psychology. Clemson University, SC.
*Peach, H., James, M., Pilcher, J. (2011, March). Cognitive Functioning Declines in Pre-Hypertensive Young Adults throughout a Night of Sleep Deprivation. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society. San Antonio, TX.
*Robinson, G., Moore, D. (2011, March). Sleep Deprivation Increases Blood Pressure in Persons with a Family History of Hypertension. Accepted for oral presentation at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society. San Antonio, TX.
*Peach, H., James, M., Pilcher, J. (2011, April). Cognitive Functioning Declines in Pre-Hypertensive Young Adults throughout a Night of Sleep Deprivation. Accepted for presentation at the annual ACC Meeting of the Minds Conference. Coral Gables, FL.
McCubbin, J., *Nathan, A., *Hibdon, M. A., *Stephens, J., *Morrison, A., *Graham, J. G., *Schram, R., *Hayden, G. (2014, March). Blood pressure and emotional dampening in young adults: Effects on threat appraisal and risk behavior. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, San Francisco, CA
McCubbin, J., *Whitesides, K., Tucker, J., Davis, K., Priddy, C., Basiura, R,. Haile, B., and Wood, D. (2017, March 31). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening of Threat Perception: A Preliminary Study of Blood Pressure and Financial Risk-Taking. Poster to be presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, San Diego CA.
McCubbin,  J., Whitesides, K.*, Tucker, J.*, Davis, K.*, Priddy, C.*, Basiura, R.*,  Haile, B.*, and D. Wood. (2017, March 31). Cardiovascular Emotional Dampening of Threat Perception: A Preliminary Study of Blood Pressure and Financial Risk-Taking. Accepted for poster presentation at the annual meeting of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, San Diego, CA.




McCubbin, J.A., Zinzow, H.M., *Lindberg, C.A., *McGee, T.E., *Rodriguez, M.K., *Hayes, J.M., *Green, C.A., and *Kinard, S.L. (2015, April). The relationships among sleep quality, hostility, blood pressure, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, in young adults without a known trauma history. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.
McCubbin, J.A., Zinzow, H.M., *Hibdon, M.A., *Nathan, A.W., *Morrison, A.V., *Hayden, G.W. and *Lindberg, C.A. (2015, March). Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder, sleep quality, hostility and blood pressure in young adults without a known trauma history. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychosomatic Society, Savannah, GA.
*Nathan, A., *Lansinger, D., *Hayden, G., *McDermott, K., *Newman, A., *Quakenbush, J., McCubbin, J. (2014, April). Systolic blood pressure and effects on threat appraisal and risk behavior. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Hibdon, M., *Morrison, A., *Stephens, J., *Scanlon, M., *Lindberg, C., McCubbin, J. (2014, April). Cardiovascular emotional dampening and blood pressure: Is there a relationship between diastolic blood pressure and risk-taking behavior? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
McCubbin, J., Zinzow, H., *Hibdon, M., *Nathan, A., *Morrison, A., *Hayden, G., *Lindberg, K. (2016). Subclinical post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms: Relationships with blood pressure, hostility and sleep. Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology, Volume 2016 (2016), Article ID 4720941, 9 pages.


McCubbin, J.A., Loveless, J.P., *Graham, J.G., Hall, G.A., Bart, R.M., Moore, D.D., Merritt, M.M., Lane, R.D., Thayer, J.F. (2013, June). Emotional dampening in persons with elevated blood pressure: Affect dysregulation and risk for hypertension. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 47, 111-119.
McCubbin J., *Peach, H., Pilcher, J., Moore, D. (2012, January). Decreased Cognitive Function in Young Adults at Risk for Hypertension: Effects of Sleep Deprivation. International Journal of Hypertension, vol. 2012.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
5

Social Cognition & Food

An ongoing series of studies of social aspects of food sharing in adult humans.

Team Leaders
Thomas R Alley Psychology
Accomplishments
Alley, T. R.  (2016, June). Impairment of Perceived Trustworthiness Due to an Incident of Minor Food Theft. To be presented at the 10th Northeastern Evolutionary Psychology Society (NEEPS), Saint Mary's University, Halifax, Canada. 
Alley, T. R. (2016, June). Impairment of Perceived Trustworthiness Due to an Incident of Minor Food Theft. To be presented at the 10th Annual Conference of the NorthEastern Evolutionary Psychology Society. Halifax, Nova Scotia, CANADA
Alley, T. R., *Kooi, K. A. (2015, July). Social Perception of Culprits and Victims by Witnesses of Minor Food Theft. Presented at the 18th International Conference on Perception and Action (ICPA-XVIII), University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.
Alley, T. R., *Doerr, R. E. (2014, August). Aerobic Fitness and Muscularity as Factors in Mate Preference. Presented at the 22nd biennial Congress of the International Society for Human Ethology, Federal University of Para, Belem, Brasil.
Alley, T. R. (2013, August). Kissing and Food Sharing as Signs of Attraction and Sexual Intimacy. Presented at the 4th Summer Institute on Human Ethology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI.
Alley, T. R. (2013, July). Social Cognition and Food Sharing: A Study of Tolerated Scrounging and Feeding. Presented at the 25th meeting of the Human Behavior and Evolution Society, Miami Beach, FL.
Alley, T. R., Raetzke, A.C., Mello, S. A., *Standridge, A. M. (2009, July). Food Sharing as a Contributor to Heterosexual Attraction and Bonding A Preliminary Report of an Ethological Study. Presented at the Summer Institute on Human Ethology, University of Maine, Orono, ME.
Alley, T. R., *Rykiel, J.R., *Lehmann, B. J. *Standridge, A. M. (2010, March). Food Sharing and Relationships in Couples An Observational Study. Presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Chattanooga, TN.
Alley, T. R. (2010, June). Feeding, Food Sharing and Heterosexual Attraction. Presented at the 22nd Annual HBES Conference, University of Oregon, Eugene.
Alley, T. R. (2010, August). An Observational Study of Sharing Contaminated Foods in Mixed-Sex Dyads as an Indicator of Intimacy and Attraction. Presented at the 20th Biennial Congress of the International Society for Human Ethology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI.
*Brubaker, L.W., Alley, T. R., *Fox, O.M. (2011, July). The Influence of Contaminated and Uncontaminated Feeding on Perceived Intimacy in Dyads. Presented at the 3rd Summer Institute on Human Ethology, Charles University, Prague, CZ.
*Fox, O.M., Alley, T. R. (2011, July). Attractiveness, Attraction and Feeding Behavior in Dining Pairs. Presented at the 3rd Summer Institute on Human Ethology, Charles University, Prague, CZ.
Alley, T. R., *Brubaker, L.W., *Fox, O. M. (2012, August). The impact of feeding versus providing food on perceived intimacy in mixed-sex dyads. Presented at the 21st biennial Congress of the International Society for Human Ethology, University of Vienna, AUSTRIA.
Alley, T. R. *Doerr, R. (2014, April). Sex Differences in Mate Preferences for Muscularity, Aerobic Fitness and Other Traits. Presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research (NCUR), University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.
Alley, T. R., Brubaker, L. W., *Fox, O. M. (2013, October). Courtship feeding in humans?: The effects of feeding versus providing food on perceived attraction and intimacy. Human Nature, 24, 430-443.
Alley, T. R. (2012, March). Contaminated and uncontaminated feeding influence perceived intimacy in mixed-sex dyads. Appetite, 58, 1041-1045.
Alley, T. R., Mello, S. A. (2009, June). Review of Feast: Why Humans Share Food by M. Jones. Appetite, 52(3), 813-814.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
6

Clemson Athletic Leadership Journal: Coach & Athlete in Education

Our objective with the magazine is to support positive learning environments that develop the whole athlete. Articles address the mental, physical and inner coach and athlete in all levels of educational athletics. We do this through articles written by students, faculty and invited qualified professionals; through real coaches and athletes testimony, and meaningful, inspiring quotes. They are all powerful influences. We emphasize philosophies and actions that motivate and encourage coaches to realize the powerful influence the sport experience has on student-athletes. In addition to coaching the sport, Athletic Coaches in Education have an obligation to develop a holistic approach in preparing student-athletes for life, and provide role model behaviors wherever possible.

Team Leaders
Nicholas Whitrow Leadrshp,Counsl Ed,Hum&Org Dev
Michael Godfrey Leadrshp,Counsl Ed,Hum&Org Dev
Justin Hickey PRTM Leisure Skills
Deborah Cadorette Leadrshp,Counsl Ed,Hum&Org Dev
EducationE
10

Aging: a programmed or environmental stress induced process?

aging and age-related disorders

Team Leaders
Yuqing Dong Biological Sciences
Min Cao Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Brand, K., *Collier, D., *Freebern, E., *Moore, R., *Richardson, L., *Staley, T., Dong, Y., Cao, M. (2017, April). The effects of anti-aging agents on the regulation of proteostasis. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Rypkema, E., Duvall, A., Phillips, A., *Shah, M., Natarajan, O., Cao, M., Dong, Y. (2016, April). Role of ethanol on healthspan of C.elegans. Presented at the annual meeting of FoCI, Clemson, SC.
*Cook, L., Wang, X., Cao, M., Dong, Y. (2015, April 6). Royal jelly-mediated prolongevity and stress resistance in Caenorhabditis elegans is possibly modulated by the interplays of Daf-16, SIR-2.1, HCF-1, and 14-3-3 proteins. Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Guha, S., *Kane, R., *Murbach, C., Dong, Y. (2013, June). "Long Term Consumption of Cranberry Extract Improves C. elegans Healthspan in Elderly Populations." 42nd Annual Meeting of the American Aging Association, Baltimore, MD.
Guha, S., Cao, M., *Kane, R., *Savino, A., Zou, S., Dong, Y. (March 9, 2012). "The Longevity Effect of Cranberry Extract in Caenorhabditis elegans is Modulated by daf-16 and osr-1." 8th Annual SC Aging Research Day, Greenville, SC.
Dong, Y., Zou, S., Guha, S., Cao, M., *Kane, R., *Savino, A. (2012). "Cranberry Extract Promotes Longevity and Modulates Stress Response in Caenorhabditis elegans." 41st Annual Meeting of the American Aging Association, Fort Worth, TX.
Guha, S., Cao, M., *Kane, R., *Savino, A., Zou, S., Dong, Y. (2012, March). The Longevity Effect of Cranberry Extract in Caenorhabditis elegans is Modulated by daf-16 and osr-1. 8th Annual SC Aging Research Day, Greenville, SC.
*Kane, R., *Savino, A., Guha, S., Dong, Y. (2011, December). Effect of cranberry supplementation upon insulin signaling pathway and behaviors for Caenorhabditis elegans. 5th Annual Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Cook, L., *Grasso, L., Dong, Y., Wang, X. (2014, April). Royal jelly-mediated prolongevity in Caenorhabditis elegans is modulated by the interplays of DAF-16, SIR-2.1, HCF-1 and 14-3-3 proteins. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Wang X, Cook L*, Grasso L*, Cao M, Dong Y. (2014) Royal jelly-mediated prolongevity in Caenorhabditis elegans is modulated by the interplays of DAF-16, SIR-2.1, HCF-1, and 14-3-3 Proteins. Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences.
Guha, S., Natarajan, O., *Murbach, C., Dinh, J., *Wilson, E., Cao, M., Zou, S., Dong, Y. (2014) Supplement timing of cranberry extract plays a key role in promoting Caenorhabditis elegans healthspan. Nutrients. 6(2): 911-21.
Guha, S., Cao, M., *Kane, R.M., *Savino, A.M., Zou, S., Dong, Y. (2013). The longevity effect of cranberry extract in Caenorhabditis elegans is modulated by daf-16 and osr-1. AGE 35. 1559-1574.
Sujay Guha received the only poster award presented at the 8th annual SC Aging Research Day which was held at the Greenville Hospital System University Medical Center, on March 9, 2012. Undergraduate students Ryan M. Kane and Anthony M. Savino were co-authors of the poster.
ScienceG
11

Advanced Functional Membranes

Team members in the Advanced Functional Membranes CI group develop and use new membranes for chemical and biochemical separations. Students work with Dr. Scott Husson and graduate student mentors in a research environment, investigating membrane synthesis, characterization with state-of-the-art research equipment, and evaluation of membrane performance.

Team Leaders
Scott M Husson Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Wandera, D., Baker, B., Husson, S.M. (2013, October). Membrane purification of rendering facility wastewater. Presented at National Renderers Association Convention, Naples, FL.
Hobley, E., *Robinson, J., Chenette, H.C.S., Marroquin, M., Husson, S.M. (2012, November). Surface-initiated Polymerization A Tool to Develop High-performance Cation-exchange Membranes. Presented at Annual Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students.
Loh, S., Beuscher, U., Poddar, T.K., Porter, A.G., *Wingard, J.M., Husson, S.M., Wickramasinghe, S.R. (2009, June). Interplay Among Membrane Properties, Protein Properties and Operating Conditions on Protein Fouling During Normal-Flow Microfiltration. Presented at the North American Membrane Society Annual Meeting, Charleston, SC.
*McGill, C., Gutierrez-Padilla, G., Pellegrino, J., Wickramasinghe, S.R., Husson, S.M. (2010, October). Surrogate Contaminants for MembraneIntegrity Tests. MAST Center, New Jersey Institute of Technology.
*McGill, C., Gutierrez-Padilla, G., Pellegrino, J., Wickramasinghe, S.R., Husson, S.M. (2011, September). Surrogate Contaminants for MembraneIntegrity Tests. MAST Center, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO.
Zhou, J., Kemmerlin, R.K., Samadi, A., Husson, S.M. (2010, July). CO2 sorption and permeability in poly(ionic liquid) thin-film composite membranes. Presented at the North American Membrane Society Annual Meeting, Washington, DC.
Zhou, J., Kemmerlin, R., Samadi, A., Husson, S.M. (2009, June). CO2 sorption and permeability in poly(ionic liquid) thin-film composite membranes. Presented at the North American Membrane Society Annual Meeting, Charleston, SC.
*McGill, C., Husson, S.M. (2010, April). Production of Monodisperse, Amine-terminated Magnetic Nanoparticles. Presented at the AICHE SE Regional Student Conference, Raleigh, NC.
*Robinson, J.R., Husson, S.M. (2012, April). Preparation of cellulose II nanolayers and use as model substrates for membrane design. Presented at the AICHE Southern Regional Student Conference. Clemson University, SC.
Barry Goldwater Scholarship Honorable Mention (Robinson 2012)
NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Awardee (Robinson 2014)
Bhut, B.V., Weaver, J., *Carter, A.R., Wickramasinghe, S.R., Husson, S.M. (2011, November). The Role of Polymer Nanolayer Architecture on the Separation Performance of Anion-Exchange Membrane Adsorbers. Part I. Protein Separations. Biotechnology and Bioengeering, 108, 2645-2653.
Bhut, B.V., *Conrad, K., Husson, S.M. (2012, February). Preparation of high-performance membrane adsorbers by surface-initiated AGET ATRP in the presence of dissolved oxygen and low catalyst concentration. Journal of Membrane Science, 390-391, 43-47.
Chenette, H.C.S., *Robinson, J.R., Hobley, E., Husson, S.M. (2012, December). Development of high-productivity, strong cation-exchange membranes for protein capture by graft polymerization from membranes with different pore sizes. Journal of Membrane Science, 423-424, 43-52.
Loh, S., Beuscher, U., Poddar, T.K., Porter, A.G., *Wingard, J.M., Husson, S.M., Wickramasinghe, S.R. (2009, April). Interplay Among Membrane Properties, Protein Properties and Operating Conditions on Protein Fouling During Normal Flow Microfiltration. Journal of Membrane Science, 332(1-2), 93-103.
Samadi, A., Kemmerlin, R.K., Husson, S.M. (2010, October). Polymerized Ionic Liquid Sorbents for CO2 Separation. Energy Fuels, 24, 5797-5804.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
18

Mirrors and Windows: A Children's Literature Newsletter

The purpose of this CI project is to create a newsletter that focuses on children's literature intended for youth in grades K-6. The books will be diverse in terms of genres (e.g., poetry, fantasy, nonfiction, etc.) as well as the race of the authors and illustrators. Students will read 6-8 titles and select their favorite book to review.

Team Leaders
Jonda McNair Teacher Education
Accomplishments
McNair, J. C., *Bray, A., *Christopher, H.K., *Coates, R., *Johnson, K., & *Tanzy, A. (Fall, 2016). "Mirrors and Windows: Literature Where Children See Themselves and Others".
McNair, J.C., Coates, R., Feisel, A., Shevlin, E., Seelig, A., & Tanzy, A. (May, 2016). Mirrors and windows: Literature where children see themselves and others. Spring 2016.








McNair, J.C. (2015). Picturebook Apps. Mirrors and Windows, in print.
McNair, J.C., *Webb, T., *Spencer, D., *Doctor, A.E., *Montgomery, L., *Richardson, R., *Cobbs, W.D., *Watkins, A. (2007, December). I Never Knew : A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Fall 2007.
McNair, J.C., *Spencer, D., *Montgomery, L., *Watkins, A., *Webb, T., *Wilkes, K., *Doctor, A.E. (2007, May). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Spring 2007.
McNair, J.C., *Joseph, M., *Montgomery, L., *Cobbs, W.D., *Henry, R., *Halloway, J., *Crouch, A., *Ochieng, L., *Chandler, L. (2008, December). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Fall 2008.
McNair, J.C., *Richardson, R., *Joseph, M., *Spencer, D., *Brice, C., *Montgomery, L., *Webb, T., *Cobbs, W., *Doctor, A., *Henry, R., *Gaines, L., *Watkins, A. (2008, May). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Spring 2008.
McNair, J.C., *Dekine, T., *Darby, L., *Joseph, M., *Montogmery, L., *Richardson, R., *Chandler, L. (2009, December). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Fall 2009.
McNair, J.C., *Smiley, A., *Ouzts, J., *Weir, M., *Dover, S., *Sturkie, C., *Joseph, M., *Montgomery, L., *Cade, L., *Nimmo, L. (2010, May). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature, Spring 2010.
McNair, J.C., *Mobley, D., *Trotty, C., *Sease, K., *Fowler, A., *Shaw, T., *Pate, C. Jr., *Hicks, H., *Ochieng, L., *Johnson, C. (2011, December). I Never Knew: A Newsletter Highlighting African American Children's Literature Fall, 2011.
McNair, J. C. (2013). Mirrors and Windows. Clemson University.
EducationE
276

Design and Synthesis of Advanced Nanomaterials to Address the Global Challenges of the 21st Century

As we look into our future, we see many daunting challenges that face our global society. Einstein once said, “We cannot solve the problems we face using the same kind of thinking that was used when we created them.” Creative Inquiry offers a new kind of research where we approach research as an interdisciplinary, collaborative approach. This is particularly true when we look into the global challenges for the 21st century. Some of these challenges include: Providing renewable energy and clean water to satisfy the global demand, Developing new diagnostics and therapeutics for the next generation of diseases that we face, and creating sustainable technologies that benefit society without being detrimental to the environment. The goal of this creative inquiry research is to look into these challenges and determine what problems can be solved by designing advanced nanomaterials with specific functionalities.

Team Leaders
Christopher Kitchens Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Jiang, M., DeMass, S. N.*, Economy, D. R., Shackleton, T.*, Kitchens, C. L. (2016, in press). “The Formation of Highly Oriented Cellulose Nanocrystal Films by Spin-Coating Films from Aqueous Suspensions”. Journal of Renewable Materials.
Mohamed Ansar, M. S., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, March 12-16). “Impact of the gold nanoparticle stabilizing ligands on catalysis.” Spring 2016 National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, San Diego, CA.
Mohamed Ansar, M. S., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, March 12-16). “Modifying lipid bilayer permeability with inorganic nanoparticles.” Spring 2016 National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, San Diego, CA.
*Shackleton, T., *Wilson, O., Jiang, M., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, April). “Investigation of Carbon Nanotubes/Cellulose Nanocrystals Composites for Potential Use in Microelectromecanical Systems.” Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson SC.
McMillan, M., Jiang, M., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, April). “Nanocrystalline Cellulose Device Platforms.” Southeastern Regional AIChE Meeting, Tuscaloosa, AL.
*Mispireta, P., Ansar, S.M., Kitchens, C. (2015 April). Transformations of Silver Nanoparticles exposed to bovine serum albumim.
*Demass, S., *McMillan, M., Kitchens, C. (2014, April). Phase behavior and application studies of cellulose nano-crystals synthesized by acetic acid. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Solon, T., *Davidson, C., *Stonaker, J., *Ledford, T., Leroy, C., Kitchens, C. (2014, April). Stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems using gold nanoparticles and phospholipid vesicles. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
21

Conservation of Marine Resources

The Conservation of Marine Resources creative inquiry team participates in marine ecology research to benefit the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary. Current projects include studying (1) the direct and indirect impact of parrotfish grazing on the survival of coral transplants, and (2) the impact of mass sponge mortality on the survival of juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters.

Team Leaders
Michael Childress Biological Sciences
Kylie Smith Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
$900 raised for Spring Break trip to conduct research in the Florida Keys. We raised this money through various fundraisers including bake sales, Krispy Kreme, Groucho’s, Go Fund Me, TDs, and other personal donations.
We are requesting $2000 in supplemental funds for our Conservation of Marine Resources and Marine Ecology Creative Inquiry teams. We will be using these funds to take our team of 8 students to the Florida Keys in March 2017. Specifically, we will be using these funds to pay for housing expenses. The Keys Marine Laboratory will be providing housing for our students. They change $40 per night per person ($1920 total for student housing, not including mentor lodging). We also have expenses of traveling to the field ($1500), boat rental / fuel to visit field sites ($1000), and per diem ($1500).
We are incredibly excited to take our team to the field this year. Of these 8 students, we are taking 5 seniors who have not only never been to the Florida Keys but some have never been to the ocean. This trip will give these students hands-on experiences to learn new skills in data collection. More importantly, it will expose them to the issues the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary is facing and encourage a quest for understanding the causes and finding solutions.  By taking these students to the field, they will have the skills it takes to make a difference in the future of coral reef conservation. The students who will be traveling with us are Thomas Guryan, Randi Sims, Abigail Ehlers, Abigail Towe, Isabella Dubnicka, Caroline Stroud, Sara Rolfe and Sydney Whitaker.
Smith, K. International Women’s Fishing Association - $1000
ACC Fellowship in Innovation and Creativity awarded to Thomas Guryan This fellowship program supports undergraduate student-driven research projects at the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) campuses. Fellows are sponsored by the Clemson University Office of Undergraduate Studies and the Atlantic Coast Conference Inter-institutional Academic Collaborative (ACCIAC). Each Fellow receives an award of up to $4,000 to conduct innovative research. The project must be substantially the idea of the student, though it may derive from previous work with a mentor. Examples of project outcomes might include publication, artistic work, presentation or a proof-of-concept proposal. Fellows receive additional funding to present their project results at the 2017 ACC Undergraduate Research Conference. Application forms for this fellowship are available in early February each year. The Fellowship research period is March through August. http://www.clemson.edu/academics/programs/creative-inquiry/opportunities/?type=all
The Explorer’s Club Youth Activity Fund Grant awarded to Randi Sims. The Explorers Club is proud of its history but also looks toward the future, recognizing the importance of new ideas and avenues of exploration. The Club is deeply committed to supporting the fieldwork of serious researchers and, as part of its public service commitment, offers the following grants: The Youth Activity Fund Grant supports high school students and college undergraduates. Its goal is to foster a new generation of explorers dedicated to the advancement of the scientific knowledge of our world. Awards range from $500 to $5,000. We recommend keeping your budget realistic. The average award is approximately $1,500. Only a few grants may be awarded at the $5,000 level. https://explorers.org/expeditions/funding/expedition_grants
Women Diver’s Hall of Fame undergraduate conservation research grant awarded to Randi Sims. The Women Divers Hall of Fame™ (WDHOF) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization dedicated to honoring and raising awareness of the contributions of outstanding women divers. WDHOF provides educational, mentorship, financial, and career opportunities to the diving community throughout the world. Each year, WDHOF awards scholarships and training grants that provide financial and educational support to individuals of all ages, particularly those who are preparing for professional careers that involve diving. Marine conservation has been our most popular and most competitive scholarship opportunity for several years. The scholarships will be awarded to qualified women of any age who are enrolled in accredited graduate or undergraduate academic or research programs in the field of marine conservation. http://www.wdhof.org/scholarships/scholarships.shtml
*Guryan, T., *Sims, R., Smith, K., Childress, M. (2017, February 25). Clean Freaks: Neon gobies facilitate reef herbivore diversity. February 25, 2017. Poster presentation at the annual Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Ehlers, A., *Ehlert, A., *Guryan, T., *Krachman, H., *Rolfe, S., *Sims, R., *Stroud, C., *Towe, A., *Whitaker, S.; Smith, K.; Childress, M. (2017, April) Forecasting the Future of Coral Reef Communities. Digital poster presentation at the annual Focus On Creative Inquiry Poster Forum.
*Guryan, T., *Sims, R., Smith, K., Childress, M. (2017, February). Clean Freaks: Neon gobies facilitate reef herbivore diversity. Poster presentation at the annual Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Krachman, H., *Ehlert, A., Childress, M. (2017 April 12-16). Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., *Sims, R., *Dubnicka, I., *Ehlers, A., *Whitaker, S., *Rolfe, S., *Krachman, H., *Stroud, C. (2017, April). Forecasting the Future of Coral Reef Communities. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Krachman, H., *Ehlert, A., and Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.

*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. 2016, March 12. Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.

*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Coster, D., *Ehlers, A., *Whitt, J., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Veggie Tails: Variable dietary selectivity of parrotfish in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Burgess, M., *Sims, R., Smith, K., Childress, M. (2015, January). Rescuing the Reef: Monitoring the impacts of macroalgal competition and parrotfish grazing on coral transplants. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, West Palm, FL.
*Burgess, M.T., *Sims, R.J., Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2015). Rescuing the Reef: Monitoring the impacts of macroalgal competition and grazing on coral transplants. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Athens, Georgia.
*Burgess, M., *Sims, R., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (April, 2015). Monitoring the impact of macroalgal competition and grazing on coral transplants. Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Ehlert, A., *Fraser, L., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (April, 2015). Are lobsters from disease free habitats more social? Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC
*Whitt, J., *Drake-Lavelle, K., *Coster, D., Smith K., and Childress, M. (April, 2015). Taking a bite out of the reef: factors influencing foraging patterns and dietary selectivity indices. Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Burgess*, M.; Sims*, R.; Smith, K; Childress, M.; (2015, January 3). Rescuing the Reef: Monitoring the impacts of macroalgal competition and parrotfish grazing on coral transplants. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, West Palm, FL.
Holt, B., McClellan, K.*, Watts, R.*, Witt, R., Parmenter, K., Childress, M. (2012, March). Impact of Drought on Blue Crab Health. 2012 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Norfolk, VA
*Gurley, A., Parmenter, K., Childress, M. (2011, March). The influence of salinity variation on juvenile blue crab growth and survival. Presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Mobile, AL.
*Miller, S.D., Heldt, K.A., Childress, M.J. (2013, March). Effects of ocean acidification on aggression and den sharing behavior of juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters, Panulirus argus. Presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Savannah, GA.
*Micklewright, J., Parmenter, K., Childress, M. (2011, March). The influence of salinity variation on Hematodinium sp. infection of blue crabs in the ACE Basin. Presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Mobile, AL.
*Holt, B., *McClellan, K., *Watts, R., *Witt, R., Parmenter, K., Childress, M. (2012, March). Impact of drought on blue crab health. Presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Norfolk, VA.
*McClellan, K., *Quirk-Royal, B., Smith, K., Childress, M. (2013, March). Who says intermediacy is a bad thing? Influences of community factors on coral diversity in the Florida Keys. Presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Savannah, GA.
*Clarke, L., *Cunningham, K., Heldt, K., and Childress, M. (2013, April). Personality in lobsters: Do juvenile spiny lobsters show repeatability in their social and anti-social behaviors? Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Hoffmann, S. L., *O'Connor, E.K., *Burgess, M.T., Moody, K.N., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Modeling population structure and adaptation in a Hawaiian stream goby: Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presentation at Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
*Quirk-Royal, B., *Hoffmann, S., Childress, M., Smith, K. (2014, April). Just keep grazing: Parrotfish grazing and dietary selectivity in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Hoffmann, S., Childress, M. (2014, April). It's not easy being a reef: Impacts of competition and corallivory in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*O'Connor, E.K., *Burgess, M.T., Moody, K.N., Childress, M.J. (2014, April). Modeling population structure and adaptation in a Hawaiian stream goby: Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Ellis, J.R., *Cunningham, K.G., Heldt, K.A., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Do Spiny Lobsters Prefer to Associate with Familiar Individuals? Poster presentation at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
*O'Connor, E.K., *Burgess, M.T., Moody, K.N., Childress, M.J. (2014, March). Modeling population structure and adaptation in a Hawaiian stream goby: Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presentation at Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
*Cunningham, K., *Ellis, J., Childress, M. (2014, April). Do spiny lobsters prefer to associate with familiar individuals? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Dubnicka, I; Krachman, H.; Ehlert, A.; Childress, M., April 12-16. Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Poster presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Ehlers, A; Whitaker, S.; Fraser, L.; Smith, K., April 12-16. Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Ehlert, A; Childress, M.., April 12-16. What Factors Influence Den Sharing in Juvenile Spiny Lobsters? Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Sims, R.; Towe, A.; Rolfe, S.; Smith, K., April 12-16. Influence of farmer and non-farmer damselfishes on coral transplant success. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Smith, K., Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Testing trophic cascades: Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Dubnicka, I., *Ehlers, A., *Guryan, T., *Krachman, H., *Rolfe, S.; *Sims, R.; *Stroud, C.; *Towe, A., *Whitaker, S.; Smith, K.; Childress, M. (2017, April 6). Forecasting the Future of Coral Reef Communities. Digital poster presentation at the annual Focus On Creative Inquiry Poster Forum. Clemson University, Clemson, SC


Smith, K.; Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Testing trophic cascades: Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Sims, R.; Towe, A.; Rolfe, S.; Smith, K., April 12-16. Influence of farmer and non-farmer damselfishes on coral transplant success. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.

*Ehlert, A., Childress, M., (2017, April 12-16). What Factors Influence Den Sharing in Juvenile Spiny Lobsters? Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Ehlers, A., *Whitaker, S., *Fraser, L.; Smith, K., April 12-16. Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2017, April 12-16). Testing trophic cascades: Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.

*Sims, R., *Towe, A., *Rolfe, S., and Smith, K. (2017, April 12-16). Influence of farmer and non-farmer damselfishes on coral transplant success. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.

*Ehlert, A. and Childress, M. (2016 April 12-16). What Factors Influence Den Sharing in Juvenile Spiny Lobsters? Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.

*Ehlert, A., *Whitaker, S., *Fraser, L., and Smith, K. (2017 April 12-16). Influence of reef characteristics on the abundance and social structure of two reef parrotfishes. Oral presentation at the annual meeting the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.

Smith, K., and  Childress, M. (2017, January 4-8). "Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of coral cover in the Florida Keys". Oral presentation for Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology, New
Orleans, LA.

*Sims, R., Smith, K., and  Childress, M. (2017, January 4-8). "Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef community structure". Oral presentation for Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology, New Orleans, LA.

Fraser, L., Smith, K., and Childress, M. 2016, March 12. Stay off my lawn: Territoriality and social structure differences in two species of reef parrotfishes. Oral presentation presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.

Sims, R., Towe, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. 2016, March 12. Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef algal community structure. Oral presentation presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.

Smith, K. and Childress, M. 2016, March 12. Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.

Smith, K. and Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Top-down versus bottom-up regulation of corals in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Sims, R., *Towe, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef algal community structure. Oral presentation presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.


*Fraser, L., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, March 12). Stay off my lawn: Territoriality and social structure differences in two species of reef parrotfishes.Oral presentation presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, April 7). Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Poster presented at the annual meeting of Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Sims, R., *Towe, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, February 20). Defenders of the reef: Impacts of damselfish territoriality on coral reef algal community structure. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Fraser, L., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, February 20). Stay off my lawn: Territoriality and social structure differences in two species of reef parrotfishes. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Guryan, T., *Ehlert, A., Smith, K., and Childress, M. (2016, February 20). Going my own way: Testing why spiny lobsters are becoming less social. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Coster, D.*, Ehlers, A.*, Whitt, J., Smith, K., and Childress, M. 2016, February 20. Veggie Tails: Variable dietary selectivity of parrotfish in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Coster, D.*, Ehlers, A.*, Whitt, J.*, Smith, K.*, and Childress, M. 2016, March 12. Veggie Tails: Variable dietary selectivity of parrotfish in the Florida Keys. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.







Childress, M.J., Parmenter, K.J.* (2012). Dying of Thirst: Impact of Reduced Freshwater Inflow on South Carolina Blue Crabs. Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634-0314, USA. 2012 S.C. Presented at the Water Resources Conference proceedings.
Childress, M.J. (2010). Modeling The Impact of Drought on South Carolina Blue Crabs Using a Spatially-Explicit Individual-Based Population Model. Proceedings of the 2010 South Carolina Water Resources Conference.
*Hoffmann, S. L., *Quirk-Royal, B.E., Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). It ain't easy being reef: impacts of competition and corallivory in Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Quirk-Royal, B.E.*; Hoffmann, S.L.*; Smith, K.M.; Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Just keep grazing: parrotfish grazing and dietary selectivity in the Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Hoffmann, S. L.*; Quirk-Royal, B.E.*; Smith, K.M.; Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). It ain't easy being reef: impacts of competition and corallivory in Florida Keys. Oral presentation at the Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Historical vs. contemporary effects on coral cover in the Florida Keys. Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Smith, K.M., Childress, M.J. (2014, March 20). Historical vs. contemporary effects on coral cover in the Florida Keys. Benthic Ecology Meeting, Jacksonville, FL.
Focus on Creative Inquiry Personal Development grant ($3000)
Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference best undergraduate oral presentation 3rd place awarded to Randi Sims
Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium undergrad poster presentation 1st place awarded to Daniel Coster
Clemson University Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium undergrad poster presentation 3rd place awarded to Lauren Fraser
The Phil and Mary Bradley Award for Mentoring for Creative Inquiry awarded to Dr. Michael Childress The Phil and Mary Bradley Award for Mentoring in Creative Inquiry is presented each spring in recognition of outstanding work with undergraduate students. Nominations are accepted from student participants in Creative Inquiry. The award is made possible by a generous gift from Phil and Mary Bradley and consists of a plaque and a salary supplement. http://www.clemson.edu/academics/programs/creative-inquiry/opportunities/bradley-award.html
Phil and Mary Bradley Award for Mentoring in Creative Inquiry - May 2015 - Clemson, SC
Best Undergraduate Poster - Second Place - Clemson Biological Sciences Student Symposium - Feb 2015 - Clemson, SC
Outstanding Undergraduate Research Poster 2010 Benthic Ecology Meeting - Wilmington, NC
Best Undergraduate Poster - First Place - 2014 Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium
Childress, M. J., Heldt, K. A., Miller, S. D. (2015, March). Are juvenile Caribbean spiny lobsters (Panulirus argus) becoming less social? ICES Journal of Marine Science.
Heldt, K. A., Bridges, W. C., Jr, Childress, M. J. (2015, February). Behavioral response to habitat loss in juvenile spiny lobsters. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 521: 117-128.
Parmenter, K.J., Vigueira, P. A., Morlok, C. K.*, Micklewright, J. A.*, Smith, K. M., Paul, K. S., Childress, M. J. (2013). Seasonal prevalence of Hematodinium sp. infections of blue crabs in three South Carolina (USA) rivers. Estuaries and Coasts 36:174-191.
ScienceG
577

Modeling growth and disturbance responese of southern pines

Are you interested in how different southern pines respond differently to natural disturbances such as fire and ice storm? Are you curious about specific strategies that southern pines developed to cope with natural disturbances? Have you ever wondered how can we know a tree growing each year without measure them annually? Our research team will model tree growth through stem analysis and investigate the differential responses to common natural disturbances such as fire and ice storm.  Students will also explore adaptations developed in southern pines to cope with fire.  Students will obtain fieldwork and labwork experience in silviculture and ecology, while gaining insight into research at Clemson University. This project require a commitment of two semesters.

Team Leaders
Gaofeng Wang Forestry & Environment Conserv
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1067

Memory Care Creative Studio

  Memory Care Creative Studio is a service-learning opportunity and community-based research effort that celebrates the capacity of creativity to heal suffering, foster resiliency, and enlarge our sense of possibility. In partnership with Clemson Downs’ senior living community, which recently opened a Memory Care facility dedicated to the care of individuals living with dementia, we opened a creative studio, which will serve as a space for students, faculty, community artists, Memory Care residents, and their care providers and family members to engage in creative arts projects. McNiff (2004) urged scholars to “expand our attention to the relationship among people, materials, and spaces” (p. 21), because it is in the creative energies that flow through and among people that we are able to witness the curiosities of how embodied, relational activities create space for healing that transcend the limits of biomedical mindsets. Engaged qualitative research in this health context, one often defined by the corporeal challenges of cognitive and physical decline, will contribute to fruitful conversation in the communication discipline about the capacities of art-based modalities and their unique ability to rise above the relational constraints often imposed by illness. This project will invite students to be profoundly impacted by engagement with individuals living with dementia; they will respond to the inherent moral calls of life – to be meaningfully present with people, to creatively transcend difference in pursuit of possibility, to answer suffering with generosity. Further, as members of the community-based research team, students will gain first-hand experience pursuing creative forms of engaged scholarship that will result in publications and presentations while also meeting the expressed needs of individuals in their community.  

Team Leaders
Stephanie Ruhl Communications Studies
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
23

Courage Research

Examines the psychological processes involved in courageous behavior.

Team Leaders
Cynthia Pury Psychology
Accomplishments

Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Lopez, S. J., & Burnett, E. A. (2016). Courage. In C.R. Snyder, S. J. Lopez, L. M. Edwards, and S. C. Marques (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology, 3rd Ed. New York: Oxford. Retrieved 9/8/2016 from http://www.oxfordhandbooks.com/view/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199396511.001.0001/oxfordhb-9780199396511-e-30


Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. B., Kulik, R. E., Skjerning, K. L., & Sullivan, E. A. (2015). Is courage always a virtue? Suicide, killing, and bad courage. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 1-6. doi: 10.1080/17439760.2015.1004552.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A., & Lopez, S. J. (in press). Courage. Submitted to S. J. Lopez & L. M. Edwards, & Marques, S. C. (Eds.) Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology, 3rd Ed. New York: Oxford.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. B., Kulik, R. E., Skjerning, K. L., Sullivan, E. A. (2015). Is courage always a virtue? Suicide, killing, and bad courage. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 1-6.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C., Breeden, C., Kelley, C., Murphy, H., Lowndes, A. (2014). Courage interventions: Future directions and cautions. In A.C. Parks & S. M. Schueller (Eds.), Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of Positive Psychological Interventions. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 168-178.
Pury, C. L. S., Britt, T. W., Zinzow, H. M., Raymond, M. A. (2014). Blended courage: Moral and psychological courage elements in mental health treatment seeking by active duty military personnel. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 9, 30-41.
Kelley, C., Pury, C. L. S. (2011) Development and validation of a workplace courage scale. Poster presented at Work, Stress, and Health 2011: Work and Well-Being in an Economic Context.
Lester, P. B., Pury, C. L. S. (2011). What leaders should know about courage.Leadership in dangerous situations: A handbook for the armed forces, emergency services and first responders. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 21-39.
Pury, C. L. S. Starkey, C. (2010). Is courage an accolade or a process: A fundamental question for courage research. The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue. Washington DC, American Psychological Association, pp. 67-87.
Pury, C. L. S., Lopez, S. J. (2010). Introduction. The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue. Washington DC, American Psychological Association, pp. 3 - 5.
Pury, C.L.S., Lopez, S. J., Key-Roberts, M. (2010). The future of courage research. The psychology of courage: Modern research on an ancient virtue. Washington DC, American Psychological Association, pp. 229 - 235.
Pury, C. L. S, Hensel, A.D. (2010). Are courageous actions successful actions. Journal of Positive Psychology, 5, 62-72.
Pury, C. L. S., Lopez, S. J. (2009). Courage. Oxford Handbook of Positive Psychology, 2nd Ed. New York Oxford. pp.375-382.
Pury, C. L. S. (2009). Perseverance. The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology, Vol. 2. Oxford, UK Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 678-682.
Pury, C. L. S., Woodard, C. (2009). Courage. The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology, Vol. 1. Oxford, UK Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 247-254.
Pury, C. L. S. (2008). Can courage be learned Positive psychology: Exploring the best in people, Vol. 1 Discovering human strengths. Westport, CT Praeger Publishers, pp. 109 - 130.
Pury, C. L. S., Kowalski, R. (2007). Human strengths, courageous actions, and general and personal courage. Journal of Positive Psychology, 2, 120-128.
Pury, C.L.S., Kowalski, R.M., Spearman, M.J. (2007). Distinctions between general and personal courage. Journal of Positive Psychology, 2, 99-114.
Wasko, L., Pury, C. L. S. (2009). Affective forecasting. The Encyclopedia of Positive Psychology, Vol. 1. Oxford, UK Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 24-26.
Woodard, C., Pury, C.L.S.. (2007). The construct of courage: Categorization and measurement. Consulting Psychology Journal Practice and Research, 59, 135 - 147.
Pury, C. L. S. (in press). "Clinician's Guide to Self-Renewal." Voice: Overcoming Fear, Fostering Courage, and Unleashing Candor In Organizations. London, UK, Edward Elgar.
Pury, C. L. S. (2013). Fostering courage in individuals: Basic directions and cautions.Voice and whistleblowing in organizations: Overcoming fear, fostering courage, and unleashing candor. Cheltnham, UK: Edward Elgar. pp. 343-357.
Pury, C. L. S. (2013). Proposed frailties of courage and related interventions.Human frailties: Wrong choices on the drive to success. Surrey, England: Gower, pp. 261-267.
Grau, C., Pury, C. S. (2014). Attitudes Towards Reference and Replaceability. Review of Philosophy and Psychology, 5, 155-168.
Pury, C. L. S., Glennon, K. N. (2014). Psychological and Spiritual Aspects of Courage for Self-Renewal. Clinician_s Guide to Self-Renewal: Essential Advice from the Field. Hoboken, N.J.: John Wiley & Sons, 251-262.
Pury, C. L. S. (2017, July). Nature is lumpy: Goal-risk parings and types of courage. Symposium contribution to Pioneering and Profiling Courage: The work and legacy of Shane Lopez. To be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., Jordan, M. J., Cataldo, A., Gonzalez, K. R., Nichols, E. R., & Green, M. M. P. (2017, July). Accolade Courage as a Reflection of the Observer's Values. Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. B., Saylors, S., Vanelli, N., Cataldo, A., Nichols, E. R., & Green, M. M. P. (2017, July). Virtues as Guides to Maximizing Well-Being: A Theoretical and Empirical Exploration. Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Hardy, B. P., Pury, C. L. S., & Jordan, M. J. (2017, July). Does it take Courage to Start a Business? Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Jordan, M., Burnett, E., Wish, N., Vanelli, N., Clancy, K., Russell, L, Gonzalez, K., Kouser, A., & Pury, C. (2017, March). Views of Controversial Decisions Based on One's Values. Poster presented at the 63rd annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Pury, C. L. S. (2016, July). Process Courage, Accolade Courage, and Meaning. Paper presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A.,  Gonzalez, K. R., Russell, L. E., Clancy, K. E.,  Jordan, M. J. Vanelli, N., Wisch, N. R., and Allen F. E. (2016, July). A Situational View of Courage: Affordances for Action, Goals, and Risks. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., Jordan, M. J., Vanelli, N., Wisch, N. R., Gonzalez, K. R., Clancy, K. E., and Russell L. E. (2016, July). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., Wisch, N. R., Vanelli, N., Clancy, K. E., Russell, L. E., and Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S. (2016, July). Process Courage, Accolade Courage, and Meaning. Paper presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., *Jordan, M. J., *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell L. E. (2016, July). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S. (2016, July). Process Courage, Accolade Courage, and Meaning. Paper to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Clancy, K. E.*, Buben, L.*, Gonzalez, K., Cole, S.*, & Jordan, M. (2016, March). "How rude!": Examining situations that afford inappropriate behavior. Poster presented at the 62nd annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Kowalski, R. M., Pury, C.L. S., Sporrer, L., Hunter, E., Gorney, A., Baker, M., Smith, L., Elrod, M., DeWitt, S., Sternfeld, J., Mitchell, T. (2006, November). Courage and hope Pathways to action. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Knoxville, TN.
Kowalski, R. M., Pury, C. L. S., Kozlik, L. E., Bullington, E. A., Wachter, A. S. (2004, May). How courageous was that Reference group, actor-observer bias, and the modest hero. Presented at the American Psychological Society Convention, Chicago, IL.
Pury, C., Starkey, C., Hawkins, C., Weber, C., Saylors, S. (2009, June). A cognitive appraisal model of courage. Presented at the First World Congress on Positive Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Pury, C., Kowalski, R., McRae, T., Kentera, J., Arnold, C., Becht, C., Starkey, J. (2006, October). Getting up the nerve Self-reports of deliberate attempts to increase courage. In C. Pury (Chair) Symposium Courage. Presented at the 5th Gallup International Positive Psychology Summit,, Washington, DC.
Pury, C. L. S., Kowalski, R. M., Kozlik, L. E., Bullington, E. A., Wachter, A. S. (2004, May). Studying courageous acts A prototype approach. Presented at the American Psychological Society Convention, Chicago, IL.
Pury, C.LS., Kowalski, R. (2004, March). Standing up to teasing A courageous action. 50th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Pury, C.L.S., Kowalski, R.M. (2004, October). Prototypes of courage. Poster presented at the 3rd International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington DC.
Kowalski, R. M., Pury, C. L. S., (2004, November) Defining courage What makes an action courageous Poster presented at the 2004 Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists Annual Meeting, Clemson, SC.
Pury, C. L. S. (2004, November). The varieties of courage. Part of invited Positive Psychology Symposium (organizer) presented at the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists 2004 Annual Meeting, Clemson, SC.
Campbell, R., Pury, C. (2005, September). Moral courage, self-esteem, and self-respect. Poster presented at the 4th International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington, DC.
Hensel, A., Pury, C. (2005, September). Courage in retrospect An investigation into the roles of self presentation and hindsight. Poster presented at the 4th International Positive Psychology Summit, Washington, DC.
Pury, C., Kowalski, R. (2005, September). Human strengths, courageous actions, and general and personal vourage. Poster presented at the 4th Gallup International Positive Psychology Summit,Washington, DC.
Wasko, L. E., Pury, C. L. S. (2006, October). An empirical integration of affective forecasting and the Good Life. Poster presented at the 5th Gallup International Positive Psychology Summit,Washington, DC.
Higgenbottom, L., Pury, C. (2006, November). Getting up the nerve to overcome. Is there a relationship between the type of obstacles individuals encounter and the methods used to increase courage. Presented at the Annual Biomedical Research Conference for Minority Students (ABRCMS), Anaheim, CA.
Pury, C. L. S. (2008, August). Types of courage within an organizational context. Presented at the 2008 Annual Academy of Management Meeting, Annaheim, CA.
Pury, C. L. S. (2007, October). Goal pursuit, meaning, and courage. Presented at the 2007 Courage Summit, Washington D.C.
Pury, C. L. S. (2008, April). The psychology of courage. Presented at University of South Carolina Lancaster Community Health Lecture Series.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C., Wueste, D. (2008, October). Cognitive appraisals, Courage, and academic integrity. Presented at the 2008 Center for Academic Integrity Conference Myrtle Beach, SC.
Pury, C. L. S., Murphy, H. J. (2013, April). Courage interventions in the workplace. Paper presented at the 28th Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (SIOP), Houston TX.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. (2013, February). A cognitive appraisal theory of courage. Presented at the American Philosophical Association 2013 Central Division Meeting, New Orleans.
Burnett, E. A., Pury, C. L. S., & Ellenberg, D. (2017, July). Interpersonal Courage in Organizations. Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Hardy, B. P., Pury, C. L. S., & *Jordan, M. J. (2017, July). Does it take Courage to Start a Business? Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. B., Saylors, S., *Vanelli, N., *Cataldo, A., *Nichols, E. R., & *Green, M. M. P. (2017, July). Virtues as Guides to Maximizing Well-Being: A Theoretical and Empirical Exploration. Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Jordan, M. J., *Cataldo, A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Nichols, E. R., & *Green, M. M. P. (2017, July). Accolade Courage as a Reflection of the Observer’s Values. Poster to be presented at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology, Montreal, Quebec.

Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Wisch, N. R., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell, L. E., and *Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., *Jordan, M. J., *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Clancy, K. E., and Russell L. E. (2016, July). "Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage". Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Russell, L. E., *Clancy, K. E., *Jordan, M. J. *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., and *Allen F. E. (2016, July). A Situational View of Courage: Affordances for Action, Goals, and Risks. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Wisch, N. R., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell, L. E., *Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., *Jordan, M. J., *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell L. E. (2016, July). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., Jordan, M. J., Vanelli, N.*, Wisch, N. R.*, Gonzalez, K. R., Clancy, K. E.*, and Russell L. E.* (2016, July). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.

Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., Wisch, N. R.*, Vanelli, N.*, Clancy, K. E.*, Russell, L. E.*, and Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.

Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Wisch, N. R., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell, L. E., *Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Russell, L. E., *Clancy, K. E., *Jordan, M. J. *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Allen, F. E. (2016, July). A Situational View of Courage: Affordances for Action, Goals, and Risks. Poster presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A., Gonzalez, K. R.*, Russell, L. E.*, Clancy, K. E.*, Jordan, M. J.*, Vanelli, N.*, Wisch, N. R., and Allen F. E.* (2016, July). A Situational View of Courage: Affordances for Action, Goals, and Risks. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.

Pury, C. L. S., Olson, L. R., Starkey, C. B., Burnett, E. A., *Wisch, N. R., *Vanelli, N., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell, L. E., *Gonzalez, K. R. (2016, July). Awards for Bravery: Accolade Courage and Meaning. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Hardy, B. P., *Jordan, M. J., *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Clancy, K. E., *Russell L. E. (2016, July). Valuing Goals as a Strategy to Increase Courage. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Brawley, A. M., Burnett, E. A., *Gonzalez, K. R., *Russell, L. E., *Clancy, K. E., *Jordan, M. J. *Vanelli, N., *Wisch, N. R., *Allen F. E. (2016, July). A Situational View of Courage: Affordances for Action, Goals, and Risks. Poster to be presented at the 9th Biennial International Meaning Conference, Toronto, Ontario.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C., Breeden, C., Murphy, H., Kelley, C. (2011, July). A goal systems theory explanation of courage. Poster presented at the International Positive Psychology World Congress.
Pury, C. L. S., Starkey, C. (2013, August). Is Courage always a virtue? Suicide, killing, and bad courage. Poster presented at the American Psychological Association 2013 Annual Convention, Honolulu, HI.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
892

EMAG!NE: K-12 STEM/STEAM Outreach Network

EMAG!NE is a coordinated network of Clemson University faculty, students, and staff with the mission to: Inspire K-12 students to see the value in their education and the impact they can make on society in STEM careers.Support K-12 teachers in overcoming the challenges associated with effectively integrating engineering and technology within the current curricular standards.Grow networks within communities that support and embrace STEM/STEAM education in formal and informal settings.The student, faculty, and staff members of the EMAG!NE network are dedicated to inspiring South Carolina K-12 students to see the value of their education and to consider careers in STEM fields.  The EMAG!NE network supports engineering integration in formal and informal learning settings by developing activity plans and context to enhance traditional learning objectives and to promote critical thinking, teamwork, communication, and leadership skills while helping students see the application of the science and math concepts they are learning in school.  To accomplish this goal, EMAG!NE travels across the state to help organize STEM/STEAM related events, lead design challenges, assist in developing engineering related curriculum content, and discuss STEM opportunities and experiences with students, teachers, parents, and community members.  During the 2015-16 academic year, EMAG!NE engaged more than 10,000 students, teachers, parents, and community members in active outreach activities.  By creating more educational activities based on the topics and products of research conducted at Clemson University, K-12 students and teachers will have a better understanding of how to apply their current knowledge (formal and informal) to challenges facing our society (locally and globally).

Team Leaders
Bradley J Putman Civil Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
29

Physical Activity & Health

This research program uses FitDesks (stationary bikes with a desk top) or similar activity workstations in college study areas, K-12 classrooms, and in office spaces to examine how being physically active can positively affect performance, health, and well-being. We are placing FitDesks around the Clemson campus and in 6-12 educational settings. The goal of this research is to document the effects of placing activity stations in areas that typically encourage sedentary behavior. 

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
Drew Morris Psychology
Accomplishments
*Cashman, J., *Diaz, E., *Harrill, P., *Hulett, T., *Soman, A., *Spencer, J., Morris, D., Pilcher, J. (2017, April). FitDesks for Finals: Movement and its Benefit on Grades. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Morris, D. M., Diaz, E., Wilkes, M. A., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March 9th). Swerve: Obstacle Avoidance Behaviors during Drowsy Driving. Presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

*Macpherson, V. K., *Limyansky, S. E., *Drummond, C. N., *Morris, D. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Low intensity physical activity reduces autonomic coactivation and heart rate variability during stressful cognitive tasks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
*Limyansky, S. E., *Diaz, E., *Drummond, C. N., *Macpherson, V.K., *Cashman, J. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Comparing activity levels in high school athletes during studying. Poster presentation at 2016 CBSHS/CoED Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Pilcher, J. J., Merritt, P. S., *Bryant, S. A., *Walker, J. H. (2015, May). Exercise is not Enough: Low Level Activity While Studying, Presentation at the 27th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
*Smith, P. D., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, May). Context differentially affects males and females moral decision making. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
Pilcher, J.J., Merritt, P. S., Bryant, S. A.*, & Walker, J. H. (2015, May). Exercise is not Enough: Low Level Activity While Studying. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
Pilcher, J. J., Morris, D. M., *Hulett, T. L., & Macpherson, V. K. (2017, May). Home sweet home: Study habits predict perception of activity workstations. Poster presentation at the 2017 Association for Psychological Science Annual Convention, Boston, MA.
Morris, D. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, May). Resist: A methodological toolkit for measuring self-control. Poster presentation at the 2017 Association for Psychological Science Annual Convention, Boston, MA.

Cashman, J., Limyansky, S. E., Macpherson, V., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March 10th). Effects of Low-Intensity Activity on Academic Performance and Mental Health. Poster presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

Morris, D. M., Hamilton, G. L., *Howard, E. E., & Pilcher, J. J. (2017, March 10th). Reading Your Opponent: Health Risk Interactions in Collegiate Athletes. Poster presentation at the 63rd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

*Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J., *Sauls, M. E., *Bryant, S. A., *Drummond, C. N., *Limyansky, S. E., & *Macpherson, V. K. (2015, October). Breaking a mental sweat: Low-intensity physical exertion during cognitive tasks did not affect performance. Poster presentation at the 2015 Neural Plasticity and Learning Conference, Columbia, SC.
*Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J., *Bryant, S. A., *Limyansky, S. E., *Macpherson, V. K., & *Drummond, C. N. (2016, May). The active heart: Physical activity moderates heart rate variability during cognitive tasks. Poster presentation at the 28th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, Chicago, IL.
Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J., Bryant, S. A.*, Limyansky, S. E., Macpherson, V. K., & Drummond, C. N. (2016, May). The active heart: Physical activity moderates heart rate variability during cognitive tasks. Poster presentation at the 28th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, Chicago, IL.
Bryant, S. A., *Walker, J. H., Bryan, R. C., Drummond, C. N., *Macpherson, V. K., Morris, D. M., Merritt, P. S., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April). The Influence of Light Activity on Academic Performance and Sleep Quality. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Staton, M. (July 5, 2016). Clemson professor finds positive effects from bringing physical activity to the desk. The Newsstand. 
Montgomery, B. (July 10, 2016). Study: Mixing exercise and work leads to better results. Goupstate.com.
Logue, J. (December 15, 2015). Study cycle. Inside Higher Ed. 




Pursell, R. (March 9, 2016). How using a stationary bike at work could improve your productivity. Grind TV. 

James, S. (April 19, 2016) FitDesk Bikes Help Students Pedal Their Way to Health, Academic Rewards. NBC News. 






Carson, M. (July 11, 2016). New Clemson study finds benefits to FitDesks while working. South Carolina Radio Network. http://www.southcarolinaradionetwork.com/2016/07/11/clemson-professor-research/








Pilcher, J. J., *Morris, D. M., *Bryant, S. A., Merritt, P. A., & *Feigl, H. B. (under review). Increasing physical activity: Effects on academic performance, meta-cognition, and sleep. Frontiers in Neuroscience.

Pilcher, J. J. & *Baker, V. C. (2016). Task performance and meta-cognitive outcomes when using activity workstations and traditional desks. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 957.
doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00957

Staton, M. (2016, July 5). Clemson professor finds positive effects from bringing physical activity to the desk. The Newsstand (media release).


Media release written by Michael Staton mentioned CI students. This release has been shared by a number of other on-line news and science sources. Here is a selected list of the more prominent pages: - EurekAlert AAAS: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2016-07/cu-cpf070516.php - Science Daily: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160705135132.htm - Science Newsline Psychology: http://www.sciencenewsline.com/news/2016070614340016.html - Medical Xpress: http://medicalxpress.com/news/2016-07-professor-positive-effects-physical-desk.html - Health Medicine Network: http://healthmedicinet.com/i/professor-finds-positive-effects-from-bringing-physical-activity-to-the-desk/ - News Medical: http://www.news-medical.net/news/20160706/Light-physical-activity-during-work-or-study-has-positive-benefits-reveals-Clemson-professor.aspx - Business Standard: http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/bring-physical-activity-to-your-desk-to-stay-healthy-116070600276_1.html - Physical Therapy Products: http://www.ptproductsonline.com/2016/07/including-light-physical-activity-work-study-may-positive-effects/ - Wellness Council of America: https://www.welcoa.org/blog/professor-finds-positive-effects-from-bringing-physical-activity-to-the-desk/
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
30

Sleep and Sleep Loss

This CI team includes two main research paradigms. (1) Examining the effects of sleep loss and sleep deprivation on performance, health, and well-being. (2) Examining the effects of sleep habits (including sleep timing, sleep quantity, sleep quality, and day-time sleepiness) on daily functioning, performance, health, and well-being. The broad goal of this research project is to develop intervention strategies to improve performance and well-being in the work place and to help college students make better decisions regarding sleep habits.

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
Drew Morris Psychology
Accomplishments
*Wilkes, M., *Smith, E., *Scircle, E., *Diehl, K., Morris, D., Pilcher, J. (2017, April). Slow and Steady: Speed-accuracy tradeoff during sleep deprivation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Wilkes, M. A., *Diaz, E., *Morris, D. M., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Beware of dog: Sleep deprivation and night driving. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Sullivan, K. L., Pilcher, J. J., Rosopa, P. J. (2015, May). Differences between Positive and Negative Affect during Sleep Deprivation. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, New York, NY.
*Bryant, S. A., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, May). Stress Depletion of Physiological and Cognitive Self-Regulatory Processes. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, New York, NY.
Sullivan, K. L., Pilcher, J. J., & Rosopa, P. J. (2015, May). Differences between Positive and Negative Affect during Sleep Deprivation. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
*Sullivan, K. L., Pilcher, J. J., Rosopa, P. J. (2015, March). Differences in Predictability of Simple and Complex Task Performance under Sleep Deprivation. Presentation at the 61st Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Hilton Head, SC.
Pilcher, J. J., Morris, D. M., Donnelly, J., *Feigl, H. B. (2014, July). Sleep: Fueling self-regulation. Presentation at the Inaugural European Conference on Psychology and the Behavioral Sciences, Brighton, United Kingdom.
*Jennings, K. S., Pilcher, J. J. (2013, May). Effects of perceived interest and difficulty on auditory comprehension under sleep deprivation conditions. Presentation at the Work, Stress, and Health 2013 Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Pilcher, J. J., *Callan, C., *Posey, J. L. (2013, May). Sleep deprivation negatively affects reactivity to emotional stimuli. Presentation at the 25th Annual Association for Psychological Science Convention, Washington, DC.
*Bryant, S. A., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April). The Implications of Social Support on Stress Induced Depletion of Self-Regulation. Presentation at 2015 ACC Meeting of the Minds: Undergraduate Research Conference, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.
*Walker, J. H., *Rummel, E. G., *Williams, J. R., Morris, D. M., Jellen, J. C., Lamm, C., Pilcher, J. J. (2014, April). American vs. Europeans: Who Has Better Sleep Quality? Poster presentation at Clemson University 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Sullivan, K. L., *Henderson, E. A., *Hohenberger, M. E., *Smith, P. D., *Williams, J. F., Pilcher, J. J. (2013, April). Correlations between Sleep Factors and Body Mass Index in Undergraduate College Students. Poster presentation at Clemson University 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Bryant, S. A., *Howard, E. E., *Rummel, E. G., *Baker, V. C., Pilcher, J. J. (2013, April). Evaluation of Mood State and Sleep Quality in College Students. Poster presentation at Clemson University 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Morris, D. M., Limyansky, S. E., *Ferguson, E. M., *Horth, N. L., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, May). Applications of Wearable Technology to Monitor Movement during Sleep. Presentation at the 27th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, New York City, NY.
Morris, D. M., *Horth, N. L., *Ferguson, E. M., *Limyansky, S. E., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, March). Motion by Body Location: Body Movement and Sleep Quality. Presentation at the 61st Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Hilton Head, SC.
*Rummel, E. G., *Horth, N. L., *Szubski, E. C., *Ferguson, E. M., Limyansky, S. E., Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April). Sleep Consistency as a Predictor of Daily Well-Being: Sleep Habits in Clemson and Vienna Students. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
(June 16, 2015). Drowsy driving segment. WSPA (CBS), Greenville, SC. 
Uhlmann, R. (July 2, 2015). Clemson Research: Bad sleep habits linked to higher self-control risks. The Newsstand
(July 5, 2015). Bad sleep can lead to bad habits: study. CTV News.
Bushak, L. (July 6, 2015). Sleep deprivation may have negative effect on self-control, increasing impulsivity and distractedness. Medical Daily
(July 7, 2015). Bad sleep habits can compromise self-control, Clemson University study. BioSpace. 
Ray, R. (July 9, 2015). Poor sleep leads to dangerous behavior. WBTW News 13. 
(July 10, 2015). The good habit which boosts self-control. PsyBlog
Holohan, M. (July 20, 2015). Resist chocolate! Boost your willpower by doing this one basic thing. Today.
(July 21, 2015). This is why your lack of sleep can ruin your life. Her World Plus. 
Shurkin, J. (July 22, 2015). Watch the car, not driver to cut accidents. Inside Science. 

Fluckey, E. (July 25, 2015). How sleep affects your willpower. The Huffington Post. 
(July 26, 2015). Self-control starts with a good nights sleep: study. Egypt Independent. 
Shurkin, J. (August 14, 2015). Watching the car and shaking the wheel to wake sleepy drivers. Inside Science. 
Uhlmann, R. (Fall 2015). A wake-up call for drowsy drivers. Glimpse, Vol 4, number 2, pg 11. 
Cara, E. (February 24, 2016). From poor sleep to ovulation, subtle trigger that can make us more impulsive. Medical Daily
TheBrainFlux. (March 1, 2016). Sleep can help you make better decisions. Time.



BedTimes. (October 7, 2015). Sleep well for better decision making.










Rodriquez, T. (March 1, 2016). Why sleep deprivation makes you crabby. Scientific American.








Shreiber, K.(March 24, 2016). 9 surprising things that make you overeat. Cosmopolitan.








*Elder, A. L., Pilcher,J. J., & Rosopa, P. J. (2016, May). Affective predictors of performance during sleep deprivation. Poster presentation at the 28th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, Chicago, IL.

*Morris, D. M., Pilcher,J. J., *Bryant, S. A., *Limyansky, S. E., *Macpherson, V. K., & *Drummond, C. N. (2016, May). The active heart: Physical activity moderates heart rate variability during cognitive tasks. Poster presentation at the 28th Annual Association of Psychological Science Convention, Chicago, IL.

*Szubski, E. C., *Roberson, T. A., *Old, A. L., *Jellen, J. C., Lamm, C., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Culture sleep habits: A comparison of Austria and America. Poster presentation at 2016 CBSHS/CoED Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Morris, D. M., *Limyansky, S. E., *Macpherson, V. K., *Hamilton, G. L., *Wilkes, M. J., *Yochum, C. A., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Training under cold stress improves future impulse control. Poster presentation at 2016 CBSHS/CoED Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Morris, D. M., *Hamilton, G. L., Powell, R. B., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Journey to the bottom of the earth: Occupational risk in Antarctica. Poster presentation at Clemson University 4rd Annual Graduate Research and Discovery Symposium, Clemson, SC. 
*Szubski, E. C., *Rummel, E. G., *Roberson, T. A., *Jellen, J. C., Lamm, C., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, March). Differences in sleep consistency and sleep habits across American and Austrian cultures. Poster presentation at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Morris, D. M., *Macpherson, V. K., *Limyansky, S. E., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, March). Think warm thoughts: Electroencephalography during cold stress. Poster presentation at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Morris, D. M., *Macpherson, V. K., *Limyansky, S. E., Pilcher, J. J. (2016, March). Think warm thoughts: Electroencephalography during cold stress. Poster presentation at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Szubski, E. C., *Rummel, E. G., *Roberson, T. A., Jellen, J. C., Lamm, C., Pilcher J. J. (2016, March). Differences in Sleep Consistency and Sleep Habits across American and Austrian Cultures Data. Poster presentation at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Feigl, H., *Howard, E., Henderson, E., Ferguson, E., Pilcher, J., Morris, D. (2014, April). Sleep habits around the world. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J., & Switzer III, F. S. (2015). Lane heading difference: An innovative model for drowsy driving detection using retrospective analysis around curves. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 80, 117-124.  

Pilcher, J. J. & *Baker, V. C. (2016). Task performance and meta-cognitive outcomes when using activity workstations and traditional desks. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 957. (*student collaborator)


*Morris, D. M. & Pilcher, J. J. (2016). The cold driver: Cold stress while driving results in dangerous behavior. Biological Psychology, 120, 149-155. (*student collaborator).


Pilcher, J. J. & *Bryant, S. A. (2016). Implications of social support as a self-control resource. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 10, 228. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2016.00228 (*student collaborator)


*Morris, D. M., Pilcher, J. J., *Mulvihill, J. B., & *Vander Wood, M. A. (under review). Performance awareness: Predicting cognitive performance during simulated shiftwork using chronobiological measures. Applied Ergonomics. (*student collaborators)

Pilcher, J. J., *Jennings, K. S., *Phillips, G., & McCubbin, J. A. (2016). Auditory attention and comprehension during a simulated night shift: Effects of task characteristics. Human Factors, 58(7), 1031-1043.
http://hfs.sagepub.com/content/58/7/1031


Pilcher, J. J., *Callan, C., & *Posey, J. L. (2015). Sleep deprivation affects reactivity to positive but not negative stimuli. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 79(6), 657-662. (*student collaborators)
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2015.05.003


Pilcher, J. J., Geldhauser, H. A., Beeco, J. A., Lindquist, T. A. (2013). Controlled attention and sleep deprivation: Adding a self-regulation approach? International Journal of Psychological Studies, 5(1), 71-83.
Pilcher, J. J., Morris, D. M., Donnelly, J., Feigl, H. B.* (2015, May). Interactions between sleep habits and self-control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9, 284.


*Burnett, M. L., Pilcher, J. J. (2011). Evaluating speed-accuracy tradeoff in sleep-deprived persons [Abstract]. Sleep, 34 (Suppl.), A100-A101.
Pilcher, J. J., Vander Wood, M. A., O'Connell, K. L. (2011). The effects of extended work under sleep deprivation conditions on team-based performance. Ergonomics. 54(7), 587-596.
Pilcher, J.J., *Burnett, M.L., McCubbin, J.A. (2012). "Measurement of Sleep and Sleepiness." Research Methods in Occupational Health Psychology: State of the Art in Measurement, Design, and Data Analysis. Boca Raton, FL: Taylor & Francis.
Pilcher, J. J., *Lindsey, M. M. (2011). Effects of sleep deprivation on task engagement [Abstract]. Sleep, 34 (Suppl.), A72.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
32

Human Stress and Motion Science Laboratory

Students on the CI team serve as research apprentices and help collect and analyze data. Advanced students sometimes lead a project. Projects are related to understanding eating and weight loss behaviors and perceptual problems in virtual environments.

Team Leaders
Eric R. Muth Psychology
Accomplishments
Beadle, S., Salley, J., McSorely, J. Determining Criteria for Valid Data in Long Term Studies with Wearable Devices. Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC, April, 2017.
Demos, J., Guercio, H., Hwang, T. Taking a Bite from the Mindless Margin. Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC, April, 2017.
Kinsella, A., Cavanaugh, S., Long, R. Assessing the Accuracy of the Remote Food Photography Method in Quantifying Energy Intake. Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC, April, 2017.
*Hwang, T., *Muth, E., *Guercio, H., *Demos, J. (2017, April). Taking a Bite from the Mindless Margin. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jasper, P.W., Scisco, J.L., Parker, V.G., Hoover, A.W., Muth E.R. (2012). Using the Bite Counter Device to Measure Energy Intake in Overweight African Americans. Presented at the American College of Sports Medicine conference, San Francisco, CA.
Salley, J. N., Scisco, J. L., Hoover, A. W., Muth, E. R. (2011, October). Variability in bite count and calories per bite across identical meals. Poster presented at the 29th Annual Meeting of the Obesity Society, Orlando, FL.
Scisco, J.L., Muth, E.R., Dong, Y., Hoover, A.W., O'Neil, P.M., Fishel-Brown, S.R. (2011). Usability and acceptability of the bite counter device. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 55th Annual Meeting. Oral presentation.
*Burns, D., *Kohm, K., *Timmons, E., *Elsey, T., *Jeanes, K., *Rampey, L., *Williams, L., *Dison, R., *Schroer, R., and Muth, E. (2013, April). Accuracy of the Bite Counter Device in a Cafeteria Setting. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Westmoreland, M., *Brown, M., *Dixon, R., *Good, H., *Jackson, C., *Jasper, P., *Kohm, K., *Owens, R., *Srickland, C., *Sowell, A., and Muth, E. (2012, April). An Assessment of the Use of Bite Count as an Energy Intake Monitor in a Cafeteria Setting. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
Jasper, P., *Demos, J., *Hwang, T., and *Guercio, H. (2017 April 1). "Taking A Bite from the Mindless Margin". Poster presented at the Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
McSorley, J. (2017 April 1). "An Overview of the Effects of Latency on Simulator Sickness in Head-Mounted Displays". Poster presented at the Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
Kinsella, A., *Cavanaugh, S., and *Long, R. (2017, April 1). "Assessing the Accuracy of the Remote Food Photography Method in Quantifying Energy Intake". Poster presented at the Southeastern Human Factors Applied Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.

Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
34

Institutionalizing Creative Inquiry in the Undergraduate Research Component of the Geology Curriculum Using the Clemson Forest and the Clemson Campus

This group represents the senior year culmination of the 6 semester Geology Undergraduate Creative Inquiry process. The students complete their senior capstone project in the fall and make oral and poster presentations of their research in the spring.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Seigler, M., Brame, S. (2017, April). Petrographic Analysis of Ultramafic Rocks in the Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont of South Carolina. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Wyant, P.*, Moysey, S. (2016, March 31). Virtual Reality Experience for Introductory Earth Science Classes. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Earle, M., Zavarin, M., Begg, J., Joseph, C., Leif, R., Lane, M., Shuller-Nickles, L. (2016, March 31). Evaluation of an Aqueous Phase Derivatization Reaction of Acetohydroxamic Acid. Prevented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Earnhart, J., Shuller-Nickles, L. (2016, March 31). Evaluation of Elemental Distribution in Trinitite Using Electron Microscopy. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Walters, D., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Changes in Soil CO2 Flux from an Urban Environment due to Anthropogenic Compaction. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Villanueva, R., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Re-examining the Geologic Interpretations Used to Delineate the Seneca Fault. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*George, S., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Comparative Study of Soil CO2 Flux using Eddy Covariance and Chamber Methods. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*McFarland, W., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). XRD Analysis of Soil between Outcrops of Amphibolite and Mica Schist. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Herrmann, A., Brame, S., Bharadwaj, A. (2015, March 25). Sediment Core Characterization in the Twelvemile Creek Arm of Lake Hartwell, SC. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Caldwell, G. S., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Refinement of the Seneca Fault in the Southwest Corner of the Six Mile Quadrangle. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Berisford, J., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). The Influence of Slope on the Weathering Rates of Biotite Gneiss Bedrock. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Miller, S., Murdoch, L. (2014, April). Analyzing Effects of Barometric Pressure and Temperature on Subsurface Displacement. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Bastian, B., Murdoch, L. C. (2014, April 3). Evapotranspiration Estimation and Water Balance in a Freshwater Wetland in Clemson, South Carolina. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Creighton, A., *Good, D., Moysey, S., Mangel, A. (2014, April 3). Topographic Effects on Infiltration in Rain Gardens. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Demille, R., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Soil Carbon Flux from an area underlain by Amphibolite in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Gloersen, K., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Determining Residual Soil Mineralogy using X-ray Diffraction. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Good, D. (2014, April 3). Measuring Soil Moisture in Rain Gardens using Geophysical Methods. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Goretoy, S., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Determining Mineral Weathering Rates in the Clemson Experimental Forest using a Mass Balance Approach. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Hickok, K., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Carbon Dioxide Efflux in Forest Soil and Topsoil Influenced by Soil Moisture and Temperature Variations. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Jackson, C. (2014, April 3). Characterizing the Effects of Rainfall on Soil Deformation. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Lacy, N. (2014, April 3). Carbon Dioxide exchange between the Atmosphere and Freshwater Reservoirs around Clemson. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Soil Carbon Flux on an Area underlain by Biotite Gneiss in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Searcy, C., (2014, April 3). Soil Displacement Correlations with Estimates of Evapotranspiration using the Penman-Monteith Equation. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Thompson, E., Murdoch, L. (2014, April 3). Evaluation of the Water Balance and Groundwater Flow in the Hunnicutt Creek Wetland. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Vaughan, T. (2014, April 3). Determining inflows in a freshwater wetland located in Clemson. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Wylie, P., Brame, S. (2013, April 4). Using Soil pH and Ca/Mg Hardness to Map Bedrock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Waterhouse, T. C., *William, M., *Chamlee, J. A., *Baldwin, E., *Thompson, T. V., Murdoch, L. (2013, April 4). Sediment Transport after Dam Removal on Twelve-Mile Creek, Norris, SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Black, E., Brame, S. (2013, April 4). Geologic Mapping by Soil Analysis: Determining the Contact between Amphibolite and Biotite Gneiss using Soil Chemistry and pH. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Berisford, J. and Brame, S. (2015, April). The Influence of Slope on the Weathering Rates of Biotite Gneiss Bedrock. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Walters, D., and Brame, S. (2015, April). Changes in Soil CO2 Flux from an Urban Environment due to Anthropogenic Compaction. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Newman, J., *Demille, R., and Brames, S. (2014, April). Analysis of carbon flux from soils derived from different rock types. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Gloerson, K., *Gorety, S., and Brame, S. (2014, April). Determination of chemical weathering rates using mass balance equations and determination of weathering products using X-ray diffraction. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Hickok, K. and Brame, S. (2014, April). Carbon dioxide efflux in forest soil and topsoil influenced by soil moisture and temperature variations. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Wylie, P. and Brame, S. (2013, April). Using soil pH and Ca/Mg Hardness to Map Bedrock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University.
*Black, E. and Brame, S. (2013, April). Geologic Mapping by Soil Analysis: Determining the Contact Between Amphibolite and Biotite Gneiss Using Soil Chemistry and pH. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University.
*Lefitz, A. and Brame, S. (2013, April). Mapping of the Clemson Forest using Digital Field Mapping Techniques. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Grayson, A. and Brame, S. (2012, April). Detailed Mapping of Amphibolite Rock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Coffin, A., Brame, S. (2014, April). Comparison of till and no-till agricultural practices on carbon dioxide flux from the soil on an organic farm. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Merritt Earle has been accepted into the EEES graduate program here at Clemson after graduating with a BS in geology.
Wagner, J. R., Bixler, R. D., Carraway, E. R., Moysey, S. M., Murdoch, L. R., Schlautman, M. R., Warner, R. D. (2010, August). Institutionalizing Undergraduate Research for Geology Majors Through Creative Inquiry Experiences. Journal Of College Science Teaching, 39(6), 30-37.
Wagner, J.R. (2011). Creative Inquiry Projects: Research Opportunity for All Students. CURQ Vignettes: Additional Examples of Undergraduate Research for All?, 32(1).
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
36

Lifestyle Medicine

Lifestyle Medicine projects are developed, refined, evaluated, and prepared in association with an interdisciplinary academic nursing center.

Team Leaders
William W Mayo Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
Paula Watt Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
Nancy K Meehan School of Nursing
Caitlin Moore Clinical Ed/Pract&Med Surv Pro
Accomplishments
*Berg, H., *Wiksell, G., *Tomevi, M., Meehan, N., Moore, C. (2017, April). Lifestyle Modification Within an Underserved Population: A Case Study Analysis. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Palermo, L., *Smith, A., Moore, C., Meehan, N. (2017, April). Participant Outreach for Frist Line Therapy Program at Rural Women's Clinic. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Funding given for supplies and cost of implementing programming.
Funding given for cost of supplies to implement programming.
*Cook, K., Gaal, E., Moore, C., Meehan, N., Watt, P. (April, 2016). CU Succeed: Incentive Wellness Program for Pregnant and Parenting Teens. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Miller, T., *Tantillo, E., (2015, April 23-24). Wellness Programs: Utilizing Incentives to Shrink Americans Waistlines. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Building Healthy Academic Communities National Consortium, Irvine, CA.
*Clements, N., *Stonecypher, G. (2015, April 23-24). Evaluating the effectiveness of an employee wellness program. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Building Health Academic Communities National Consortium, University of California, Irvine, CA.
*Tantillo, G., *Miller, T., Moore, C., Mayo, W., Watt, P., Meehan, N. (2015, April). Wellness Programs: Utilizing Incentives to Shrink Americans' Waistlines. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Clements, N., *Stonecypher, G., Moore, C., Mayo, W., Meehan, N., Watt, P. (2015, April). Improving Clemson's Employee Wellness Program. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Calhoun Honors Grant
Calhoun Honors Department Grant Money
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
44

How can we document and communicate our skills and capabilities to others?

Evaluation of the values of ePortfolios in education

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
Stephens, B., Pittman, R.*, Stanton, C.*, and Diaz, E.* (July, 2017) The Do’s and Don’ts for ePortfolio Initiatives at Clemson University. Paper accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland, OR. Pittman, R.*, Stanton, C.*, Diaz, E.*, and Stephens, B. (July, 2017) Lessons Learned for ePortfolio Iniatives at Clemson University. Poster accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland OR, July. Pittman, R.*, Stanton, C.*, Diaz, E.*, and Stephens, B. (July, 2017) (July-2017) Undergraduate Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM v Non-STEM. Poster accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland OR, July. Pittman, R.*, Stanton, C.*, Diaz, E.*, and Stephens, B. (July, 2017) Ignite! Undergraduate Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM v Non-STEM. Paper accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland OR, July.
*Pittman, R., *Moss, G., *Shull, N., *Stanton, C., & Stephens, B. (2017, March). Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM versus Non-STEM Majors. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.


Pittman, R.*, Stanton, C.*, Diaz, E.*, and Stephens, B. (2017, July). Undergraduate Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM v Non-STEM. Poster accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland, OR.
Pittman, R.*, Stanton, C.*, Diaz, E.*, and Stephens, B. (2017, July). Lessons Learned for ePortfolio Iniatives at Clemson University. Poster accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland, OR.
Pittman, R. *, Moss, G. *, Shull, N. *, Stanton, C. *, and Stephens, B. (2017, March). Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM versus Non-STEM Majors. Poster accepted presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, Georgia.
Brewer, V.*, Pittman, R.*, Stevens, D. *, Yockel, K. *, and Stephens, B. (2017, March) Teaching Induction and Deduction for our QEP. Poster session accepted at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, Georgia.
Pittman, R. *, Moss, G. *, Shull, N. *, Stanton, C. *, and Stephens, B. (2017, March). Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM versus Non-STEM Majors. Poster accepted presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, Georgia.
*Pittman, R., *Nagaisha, M., *Carter, M., Stephens, S. (2016, March). Undergraduate Views of a General Education ePortfolio. Poster presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
Pittman, R.*, Stanton, C.*, Diaz, E.*, and Stephens, B. (2017, July). Ignite! Undergraduate Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM v Non-STEM. Paper accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland, OR.
Stephens, B., Pittman, R.*, Stanton, C.*, and Diaz, E.* (2017, July). The Do’s and Don’ts for ePortfolio Initiatives at Clemson University. Paper accepted for presentation at the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning. Portland, OR. 
*Stanton, C., *Diaz, E., Stephens, B. (2017, April). Views of a General Education ePortfolio: STEM versus Non-STEM Majors. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Stephens, B., Pittman, R.*,Carter, M.*, Stanton, C.*, Moss, G.*, and Shull, N.* (2016, August) Undergraduate
views of the value of a general education eportfolio. Paper presented at
the meetings of the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based
Learning, Boston, MA.

Ring, G., Brackett,B. Stephens, B, and Waugaman, C. (2016, August) ePortfolio and Improved Interviewing Skills. Paper presented at the meetings of the Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning, Boston, MA.
Stephens, B.R., *Nagaishi, M., *Carter, M, *Pittman, R.  (2015, November). Using the PESC Schema to Identify Features of Academic ePortfolios. AAEEBL Southeast Regional Conference, Athens, GA.
*Carter, M., *Moss, G., *Pittman, R., *Shull, N., *Stanton, C., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Values of a General Education ePortfolio. FOCI, Clemson.
Pittman, R.*, Nagaisha, M.*, Carter, M.* and Stephens, B. (accepted) Undergraduate views of a general education eportfolio. Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, April, 2016.
*Klien, N., *Bagley, A., *Ellis, J., *Embry, L., *Nagaishi, M., and Stephens, B. (2015). Improving Pedagogical Aspects of a General Education Portfolio. SEPA, Hilton Head.
*Klein, N., Stephens, B., *Ellis, J., *Embry, L. , *Bagley, A., *Nagaishi, M. (2014, November). Understanding and Improving Pedagogical Aspects of a General Education ePortfolio. Presented at the Annual Southeast conference of The Association for Authentic, Experiential and Evidence-Based Learning, Athens, GA.
Stephens, B.R., *O'Hara, C., *Leland, E., *Cooper, C.. *Egglefield, D., *Kirk, M., *Baskett, T., *Lucas, L., *Lassinger, D. (2014, July) Undergraduate views of the Clemson General Education ePortfolio. Presented at the Association for Authentic Experiential and Evidence Based Learning, Boston.
Stephens, B.R., *O'Hara, C., *Leland, E., *Cooper, C.. *Egglefield, D., *Kirk, M., *Baskett, T., *Lucas, L., *Lassinger, D. (2014) Undergraduate Views of the Structure and Value of the Clemson General Education ePortfolio. FOCI, Clemson.
Stephens, B.R., *Kistler, C., *Leland, E., *Marshall, C., *O'Hara, C., *Rinz, A., *Rollo, A., *Wasloski, S., *Bolt, T. (2013) Objective Measures of General Education e-portfolios. Presented at the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, March.
Stephens, B.R., *McCormick, S., *Marshall, C., *McKissack, K. (2012, July) e-Portfolio Format Can Enhance Appeal of Job Applications. Presented at the AAEEBL, Boston.
*Birckbichler, J., Stephens, B.R., *Bolt, T., *Brannon, L., *Marshall, C., *O Hara, C., *Rinz, A., *Rogers. A. (2012, February). NSF/REU intern eportfolio maps correlate with program learning outcomes. Paper presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
*Birckbichler, J.M., *Maynard, S.V., *Klein, N.D., Stephens, B.R. (2011). Using student-centered instruction to enhance the effectiveness of an eportfolio program at improving competency in the social sciences. Presented at South Carolina Psychological Association meeting.
*Klein, N.D., *Birckbichler, J.M., *Maynard, S.V., Stephens, B.R. (2011, February). Student Learning via a General Education Eportfolio Does It Occur and How Can It Be Enhanced . Presented at Southeastern Conference on the Teaching of Psychology. Atlanta, GA.
*Maynard, S.V., *Birckbichler, J.M., *Klein, N.D., Stephens, B.R. ( 2011, April). Do students learn from completing an eportfolio Presented at South Carolina Psychological Association meeting.
*McCormick, S., Stephens, B.R., *McKissack, K., *Harvey, K. (2012, Febuary). ePortfolio format can enhance appeal of job applications. Paper presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
Stephens, B.R., *Klein, N.D., *Rivchun, A.R. (2011, September). Structural Measures of Intern ePortfolios in a NSF-funded REU Summer Program in Applied Psychology. Presented at Human Factors and Ergonomics Society meeting. Las Vegas, NV.
Stephens, B.R., Rondon, A., Getz, B., *Klein, N., *Laux, M., *MacMinn, J., *Hale, B., *Rivchun, A., *Harrill, K., *Dimitri, A. (2011, August). Multiple Artifacts And Deeper Reflection Increase Learners Ratings Of General Education Eportfolio Content Experiments And Implications. Presented at AAEEBL, Boston.
Stephens, B., et al, (2010, July) ePortfolios enhance learning, assessment and job applications. Presented at AAEEBL. Boston.
*Birckbichler, J., *Rinz, A., *Marshall, C., *Bolt, T., *O'hara, C., *Rollo, A., Stephens, B.R. (2012) Structural Measures of Undergraduate ePortfolios in Three Educational Contexts. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 56th Annual Meeting, pp 561-565.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
50

The Hispanic World through Film, Literature, and Media

This project will analyze social, philosophical, political, and economic issues in the Hispanic world through videos and pertinent materials. Students will also complete service learning projects to help Hispanic communities. Through their service to Hispanic communities, students will explore the impact of culture, immigration, education, language, health, and jobs on family members and their future expectations in multicultural environments.

Team Leaders
Graciela Tissera Languages
Accomplishments
*Cram, E., *McConnell, R., *Campos, R., *Courage, M., *Fuentes, M., *Gilliam, H., *Haight, D., *Jones, C., *Rogers, R. (2017, April). The Fantastic in Hispanic Film. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*O'Sell, M. (2013, August). "Borges and 'The South': Text and Filmic Perspectives on the Essence of Time and Space". Presented at the XIII Jornadas "Borges y los otros" International Conference, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
*Dengler, E. (2013, August). "Cinematic Labyrinths and Symmetries in 'Death and the Compass' by Jorge Luis Borges". Presented at the XIII Jornadas "Borges y los otros" International Conference, Buenos Aires, Argentina. 
Tissera, G. (2017, February 17). "The Fiction of Borges and Cortazar in Film: Exploring the Realm of Metaphysical Imagery". Presented at Southwest Popular/American Culture Association 38th Annual Conference, Hyatt Regency Hotel and Conference Center, Albuquerque, NM.

*McConnell, R. (2017, February 17). "Cinematic Interpretation of Aura by Carlos Fuentes: Damiano Damiani's The Witch (1966)". Presented at Southwest Popular/American Culture Association 38th Annual Conference, Hyatt Regency Hotel and Conference Center, Albuquerque, NM.

*Cram, E. (2017, February 17). "Gabriel Garc?a M?rquez and Lisandro Naranjo: Recreating the Story of Margarito Duarte in the film Miracle in Rome (1988)". Presented at Southwest Popular/American Culture Association 38th Annual Conference, Hyatt Regency Hotel and Conference Center, Albuquerque, NM.







*Aleman, Y. (2012, February). In Graciela T (Chair). The long journey to the promised eden in Maria full of grace and El norte. Presented at Southwest/texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
*Edwards, B. (2012, February). In J Meehan (Chair). Representation of survival in national reorganization process through argentinean films. Presented at Southwest/Texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
*Cotton, T. (2012, February). In J Meehan (Chair). In the eyes of war Salvador and Machuca. Presented at Southwest/texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
Kincheloe, J.* (2012, February). In Graciela T (Chair). Hispanic children in the USA Visual learning, filmic portrayal. Presented at Southwest/texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
*Meehan, J. (2012, February). In Graciela T (Chair). The paradox of motherhood Cinematic and cultural perspectives. Presented at Southwest/texas popular culture and american culture association conference, NM.
*Husain, M., *Winburn, E., *Lovett, K., *Haire, H., *Dunnigan, C., and Tissera, G. (2014, April). Literary and cinematic perspectives on gender studies. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Addis, C., *Aniarwalla, A., *Athavale, D., *Cotton, T., *Davis, B., *Fuentes, M., *Haire, H., *Jamison, A., *Orellana, K., and Tissera, G. (2014, April). International health and Hispanic culture. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Blackshire, E., *Cram, E., *Frasier, C., *James, N., *McCully, M., *Rojas, A., *Sullivan, A., *Valvo, A., *Watkins, A., *van der Horst, T., *Martin, C., and Tissera, G. (2016, April). Health and Business Topics in Film and Media. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University.
*Boyd, M., *Duenas, L., *Mcconnell, R., *Osell, M., *Plasky, R., *Sipes, C., *Hernandez, J., *Bolta, J., *Stephens, D., *Addis, C., and Tissera, G. (2015, April). Health, Business, and Gender Topics in Film. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
*Blackshire, E., *Dogan, J., *Jones, J., *Offerle, T., *Villegas, E., *Wingard, A., *Rojas, A., *Frasier, C., *Ragland, K., *James, N., *Williams, K., and Tissera, G. (2015, April). International Health and Hispanic Culture. Poster presented at FoCI, Clemson University. 
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
54

Adaptive Sports

Challenger Baseball and TOPSoccer (The Outreach Program for Soccer) are community-based adaptive sports programs designed to meet the needs of children with physical and/or mental disabilities. Player participation and development are key elements of the program. Adaptive sports programs are designed to improve the overall fitness, self-esteem and social skills of child with disabilties.

Team Leaders
Joseph Ryan Teacher Education
Courtney Dukes Education & Human Dev
Antonis Katsiyannis Teacher Education
Accomplishments
Ryan, J.B., Traylor, D., Dukes, C. & Burst, L.* (2016, Feb 5). Establishing a health/fitness-program and adaptive sports leagues for youth with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities. Presentation session at South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Ryan, J.B., *Jennet, A., *Dukes, C. (2015, February). How to Establish an Adaptive Sports Program in Your School or Community. Presentation session at the South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Ryan, J.B., Katsiyannis, A., Johnson, M., *Chapman, M.K. (2014, April 10). Establishing Adaptive Sports Programs for Youth With Moderate to Severe Disabilities. Presentation session at the International Council for Exceptional Children (CEC) Conference, Philadelphia, PA.
Ryan, J.B., Katsiyannis, A., Cadorette, D., Hodge, J. Markham, M. (2014). Establishing adaptive sports programs for youth with disabilities. Preventing School Failure, 58, 32-41.
EducationE
161

Clinical Simulation: A Comparison of the Training Value of Two Types of Simulation: Computer Screen Based and Mannequin-Based Simulators

Simulation is an important solution to the challenges of patient safety. The reality, however, is that making mistakes is an expected and inevitable part of the learning process. Mistakes are a real risk to patient safety. With simulation learning, nursing students have the opportunity to develop and refine their skills using simulation technology — without putting patients at risk. In clinical simulations, integrating mobile technology and computer-controlled equipment may advance learning and ensure that students learn procedures and treatment protocols before using them on actual patients. A simulation environment allows students and providers to learn, practice, and repeat procedures as often as necessary in order to correct mistakes, fine-tune their skills, and optimize clinical outcomes. In addition, with simulation, students can gain experience with various types of patients and cases they may not actually encounter during their clinical experiences. This is particularly significant for training in managing emergency situations. Patients with serious and volatile conditions may not get second chances. Research studies indicate that simulation improves learning (Grantcharov et al, 2004). Simulation training helps learners prepare to deal with unanticipated medical events, develops teamwork and communication skills, increases confidence, and improves performance.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
Accomplishments
*Gandy, E., *Foley, E., and Lyons, T. (2016) Telehealth: Changing the Face of Healthcare. 


Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
216

Team 4 Bundling Food, Nutrition, and Packaging Sciences

Teams design and test new healthy food products and services for children.

Team Leaders
Margaret Condrasky Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Duncan Darby Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
*Adair, J., *Andrew, B., *Babson, E., *Bartz, M., *Baxley, M., *Bernhardt, A., *Buzhardt, C., *Cobb, K., *Dillard, J., *Downs, R., *Eades, A., *Marsh, S., *Martinez, A., *Mattocks, C., *Murphy, K., *Russell, N., *Whitlow, A., Condrasky, M., Darby, D. (2017, April). Healthy Children's Food Product Development. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Blankenship, C., *Cobb, K., *Cucco, P., *Floyd, Z., *Knight, A., *Mars, M, *Prevost, J., *Prochaska, A., *Sullivan, K., *Wood, K., Condrasky, M., Duncan, D. (2016, April). Applied Interdisciplinary Healthy Food Product Development for Children. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Condrasky, M., Weeks, A., Darby, D., Sharp, J., Coffee, A., Halteman, B. (2015). Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development for Sophomore Students. Presented at the Research Chefs Association, New Orleans, LA.
Congratulations again on being accepted to present your session at the 2015 RCA Annual Conference and Culinology?? Expo in New Orleans! We have your session scheduled for the following date and time: _? Session Name: D4: Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Curriculum and Lessons Learned _? Session Date: Friday __ March 27, 2015 _? Session Time: 9:45 AM __ 11:00 AM All sessions will be held at the Morial Convention Center.
Condrasky, M., Darby, D., Sharp, J., Weeks, A. (2016, June). Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Course Design and Implementation. Journal article accepted by the Journal of Food Science Education.


Coffee, A., Condrasky, M., Darby, D., Halteman, B., Sharp, J.(2016, May 5). Development and Testing of Supplemental Materials For a Product Development Course to Include Herbs, Spices and Sensory Science. Poster presentation at the 2016 South Carolina Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Annual Conference, Columbia, SC.
 
Coffee, A., Scharp, J., Weeks, A., Condrasky, M., Darby, D. (2016, March). Healthy Foods Created within an Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Course. Poster presentation at the 2016 Research Chefs Association Annual Conference and Culinology Expo, Denver, CO. 

Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
217

Culinary Nutrition

Nutrition science applied to creative recipe modification, and culinary sciences project applications. Research with children programs and camps in the upstate.

Team Leaders
Margaret Condrasky Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
*Flowers, L., *Forbes, H., *Hudachek, G., *Jordan, T., *King, C., *Longobardo, A., *Mahoney, S., *Marshall, V., *Richardson, J., *Thomas, K., *Wendt, E., Condrasky, M. (2017, April). Vegetable Recipes that Families Choose. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Coffee, A., Scharp, J., Weeks, A., Condrasky, M., and Darby, D. (2016, March). Healthy Foods Created within an Applied Interdisciplinary Product Development Course. Poster presentation at the 2016 Research Chefs Association Annual Conference and Culinology Expo, Denver, CO. 


(2016, May). Poster presented to SC Academy of Nutrition and Ditetetics, Columbia, SC.
*Blakenship, C., *Cobb, K., *Cucco, P., *Floyd, Z., *Knight, A., *Mars, M., *Prevost, J., *Prochaska, A., *Sullivan, K., *Wood, K., and *Condrasky, M. (2016, April 7). Applied Interdisciplinary Healthy Food Product Development for Children. Poster presented at 2016 Focus On Creative Inquiry, Watt Family Innovation Center.

Condrasky, C., Hegler, M. (2009, February). Bridging the Nutrition Gap for Chefs.The National Culinary Review, 54-56.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2009, June). Allergen Awareness. Culinary Nutrition News,1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2009, May). Vegetarian-Friendly. Culinary Nutrition News,1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2009, November). Downsizing Calories and Portions. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2009, October). Demystifying Lipids. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, December). Protein: The Vegetarian Way. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, February) Balancing the Plate from the Less-is-More Perspective. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, January). Nutrition Resolutions for 2010. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, July). Probiotics: The Friendly Bacteria. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, March). Nutrition and the Baby Boomer Generation. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2010, November). Allergen Awareness: The Peanut Edition. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, December). Building Better Menus for Kids. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-5.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, February). Fighting Phytochemicals. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, June). The Scoop on Sodium. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, March). Small Plates for Healthy Appetites. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, November). Functional Ingredients: Gums and Starches. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2011, September). The Other Red Meats. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2012, February). Why Most Diets Fail and How You Can Help. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-4.
Condrasky, M., Hegler, M. (2012, January). A Look Back at 2011-the Year of Culinary Nutrition. Culinary Nutrition News, 1-3.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
214

Lean Principles and Lean Accounting in Practice

This Creative Inquiry team focuses on learning to apply the scientific method on business problems. They collect data, perform analysis and recommend solutions to the participating company using Lean Six Sigma tools.Successful completion awards a Green Belt in Lean Six Sigma.

Team Leaders
Frances Kennedy School of Accountancy
BusinessD
62

International Design Projects With Engineers Without Borders (EWB) In Central America

Students participating in this course will lead drinking water treatment and production designs for the CU-EWB official project in Nicaragua.

Team Leaders
Mara Watson Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Sarah Hennessy Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Mark A. Schlautman Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Erin Black Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Bellino, K., *Braun, H., *Brigham, E., Schlautman, M. (2017, April). Engineers Without Borders. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Generous funding from university sources including undergraduate student government (CUSG), Creative Inquiry, the Calhoun Honors College and other student organizations (including Omicron Delta Kappa and Alpha Lambda Delta).
Collaborating with engineers and geologists from Geosyntec (Greenville). Employees mentoring and participating in engineering activities with Clemson students. Geosyntec recently donated $15,000 towards our efforts.
In 2014-2015 we were fortunate to receive support from both Clemson University organization and outside organizations. Our well drilling project was supported in large part by corporate grants (Boeing and the Alcoa Foundation made large contributions to our projects). 
Award granted to Clemson EWB through EWB National from ALCOA in the amount of $10,000
Award granted to Clemson EWB through EWB National for $2000.
$4000 award given to EWB by Clemson's ODK honor society.
$2500 award granted by Clemson's ODK honor society.
Clemson’s chapter of Engineers Without Borders has worked in La Pintada, a rural community in Nicaragua, for four years. During this time, we have been able to identify issues with the water system in the community, and we have begun implementing solutions with the drilling of a well and updating of the distribution system. Our future implementation will include a chlorinator for the well and a structure to house it. Throughout this time, students have gained engineering design experience and hands on experience through travel and our chapter has developed a strong relationship with the community members of La Pintada.

*Harper, J., *McPherson, E., *Korte, C., *Tracy, J., *Stahel, K., *Broom, C., *Devol, N., *DeMass, S., Hotzlet, N., *Gordon, A., Boland, R., *Bryla, B., *Bellino, K., *Yeoman, C., *Rhodes, E., *Danahy, R., Parker, M., Estes, S., and Emerson, H. (2014, April 20). "Document 524 Draft Final Design Report". 
*Bellino, K., *Korneva, K., *Mumma, H., *Danahy, R., *Olinger, M., *McPherson, E., Watson, M., Parker, M., Tracy, J. (2015, July). Document 526 Post Implementation Report. Engineers Without Borders USA.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
69

Cyber Bullying

Students on this team examine the experiences with cyberbullying of both youth and adults.

Team Leaders
Robin Kowalski Psychology
Accomplishments
Fellow, American Psychological Association Fellow, Division of Personality and Social Psychology
Incentive Award given by the office of Creative Inquiry

The students' poster won third place among judged posters at the annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Conference.

CAFLS Creative Inquiry Competition -- Zan Isgett* -- 1st place -- Cyberbullying among college students Prevalence rates and predictors.
Whittaker, Elizabeth -- ACC-CIO award recipient.
NSF EAGER Grant Supplement
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<!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:"Cambria Math"; panose-1:2 4 5 3 5 4 6 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-536870145 1107305727 0 0 415 0;} @font-face {font-family:"Lucida Console"; panose-1:2 11 6 9 4 5 4 2 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:auto; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-2147482993 6144 0 0 31 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-unhide:no; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; margin:0in; margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:none; mso-layout-grid-align:none; text-autospace:none; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Lucida Console"; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman";} .MsoChpDefault {mso-style-type:export-only; mso-default-props:yes;} @page WordSection1 {size:8.5in 11.0in; margin:1.0in 1.0in 1.0in 1.0in; mso-header-margin:.5in; mso-footer-margin:.5in; mso-paper-source:0;} div.WordSection1 {page:WordSection1;} --> Kowalski, R. M., Toth, A., & Morgan, M. (2017). Bullying and cyberbullying in adulthood and       the workplace. Journal of Social Psychology. Doi:10.1080/00224545.2017.1302402

Kowalski, R. M., & Toth, A. (2017). Cyberbullying among youth with and without disabilities. Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma. DOI: 10.1007/s40653-017-0139-y
Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Kowalski, R. M., *Whittaker, E., & Gilbert, J. (2016). Is this Cyber-bullying or
Not?": Intertwining Computational Detection with Human Perception (A Case Study). In D. Nicholson (Ed.), Advances in human factors in cybersecurity: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 international conference on human factors in cybersecurity (pp. 337-346). New
York: Springer.

Kowalski, R.M., Morgan, M., & Taylor, K. (2017). Stigma
of physical and psychological disabilities and the use of mobile technology. Journal of Social Psychology.







Kowalski, R. M., & Morgan, M. (in press). Cyberbullying in schools. In Sturmey, P. (Ed.), The Wiley
handbook of violence and aggression: Societal interventions (Vol. 3). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Toth, A., Kowalski, R. M., & Webb, M. (2016). Bullying among boys with disabilities. Psychology and Education Journal, 53, 34-39.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, C., Drake-Lavelle, K., & Allison, B. (2016). Cyberbullying among college students with disabilities. Computers in Human Behavior, 57, 416-427. doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.12.044.
*Whittaker, E. B., & Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Cyberbullying. International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences (2nd. ed.). New York: Elsevier.
Kowalski, R. M., & *Whittaker, E. (2015). Cyberbullying: Prevalence, causes, and consequences. In L. D. Rosen, L. M. Carrier, & N. A. Cheever (Eds.), The handbook of psychology, technology, and society. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, C., *Drake-Lavelle, K., Allison, B. (2016). Cyberbullying among college students with disabilities. Computers in Human Behavior, 57, 416-427. 
Bradley, B. E., Dean, J., Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Hidden trauma, Quiet drama: The prominence and consequence of problematic grieving among college students. Journal of College Student Development, 56, 280-285.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, M. (2015). Cyberbullying in schools. In Sturmey, P. (Ed.), The Wiley handbook of violence and aggression: Societal interventions (Vol. 3). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
*Toth, A., Kowalski, R. M., Webb, M. (2015). Bullying among boys with disabilities. Psychology and Education Journal.
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, C., & Limber, S. (2012). Traditional bullying as a potential warning sign of cyberbullying. School Psychology International, 33(5),505-519.
Kowalski, R. M., *Giumetti, G. W., *Schroeder, A. W., *Reese, H. H. (2012). Cyber bullying among college students: Evidence domains of college life. In C. Wankel & L. Wankel (Eds.), Misbehavior online in higher education (pp. 293-321). Bingley, UK: Emerald Publishing Group.
Kowalski, R. M., *Schroeder, A. N., *Smith, C. A. (2013). Bystanders and their willingness to intervene in cyberbullying situations. From cyberbullying to cyber safety: Issues and approaches in educational contexts.
Kowalski, R. M., *Baker, B., *Giumetti, G., *Turner, J., *Whittaker, E., *Frazee, L., *Stephens, J. (2014). Pet peeves and happiness: How do happy people complain? Journal of Social Psychology, 154, 1-5.
*Whittaker, E., Kowalski, R. M. (in press). Cyberbullying via social media. Journal of School Violence.
*Whittaker, E. B., Kowalski, R. M. (2015). "Cyberbullying." International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences (2nd.ed.). New York: Elsevier.
Kowalski, R. M., *Whittaker, E. (2014). "Cyberbullying: Prevalence, Causes, and Consequences." The Handbook of Psychology, Technology, and Society. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
*Crawford, K., *Geary, E., *Dickson, A., *Foster, M., *Brady, A., *Pitts, B., *Nash, S., *Luber, C., *Doghman, M., *Bednar, H., *Taylor, K., *Morgan, M., & Kowalski, R. (2017, April). Change the Name, Change the Game: Cyberbullying Changes with Platform. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.



*Crawford, K., *Morgan, M., Kowalski, R., *Geary, E., *Dickson, A., *Foster, M., *Taylor, K., *Brady, A., *Pitts, B., *Nash, S., *Luber, C., *Doghman, M., & *Bednar, H. (2017). Change the name, change the game: Cyberbullying changes with platform. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.







Kowalski,R. M., Morgan, M.*, Taylor, K, Broderick, A., Schrader, K., Geary, E., Wilson,
E., Brady, A., Pitts, B., Wewers, L., Vernau, J.,Dickson, A., & Whittaker, E. (2016). Hard to say I'm sorry or is it?: Apologies in interpersonal interactions. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists. 
Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Kowalski, R. M., *Whittaker, E., & Gilbert, J. (2016). “Is this cyberbullying or
not?”: Intertwining computational detection with human perception (A case study). Paper
presented at the annual meeting of the International Conference on Applied Human Factors and
Ergonomics, Orlando, FL.

Kowalski, R. M., & Morgan, M. (2016). Technology to overcome the stigma of mental illness. Paper
presented at the meeting of the Southeastern Symposium on Mental Health, Greenville, SC.

Whittaker, E., Kowalski, R. M., Dillon, E., & Macbeth, J. (2016). Is it or isn’t it? Cyberbullying in
conversations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.


Whittaker, E., & Kowalski, R. M. (2016). Cyberbullying in political campaigns. Paper presented at the
annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.

Morgan, M., Kowalski, R. M., *Geary, E., *Schroeder, K., *Wilson, E., *Broderick, A., *Brady, A., *Wewars, L., *Dickson, A., *Taylor, K., *Vernau, J., *Pfeiffer, C. (2016). Going postal in a digital world: Online workplace bullying/incivility. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Toth, A., & Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Bullying in adulthood. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Kowalski, R. M., Toth, A., Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Herzog, A., & Thatcher, J. (2015). Cyberbullying among individuals with disabilities. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Morgan, M., *Geary, E., Zaremba, B., Drake-Lavelle, K., Stephens, J., Toth, A., *Whittaker, E., *Wewars, L., *Pfeiffer, C., Huff, M., *Dickson, A., *Brady, A., & Kowalski, R. (2015). Get up, Stand up: The effects of bystanders’ self-compassion and interpersonal reactivity on intervening in cyberbullying situations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
*Toth, A., Kowalski, R. M. (2015). Bullying in adulthood. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Kowalski, R. M., *Toth, A., Dillon, E., Macbeth, J., Herzog, A., Thatcher, J. (2015). Cyberbullying among individuals with disabilities. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
Morgan, M., *Geary, E., *Zaremba, B., *Drake-Lavelle, K., Stephens, J., *Toth, A., *Whittaker, E., *Wewars, L., *Pfeiffer, C., *Huff, M., *Dickson, A., *Brady, A., Kowalski, R. (2015). Get up, Stand up: The effects of bystanders self-compassion and interpersonal reactivity on intervening in cyberbullying situations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Winston-Salem, NC.
*Allison, A., Kowalski, R. M. (2015). The Relations between Psychological Health Climate and Individual Health Behaviors. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Work, Stress, and Health Conference, Atlanta, GA.
*Morgan, M., *Toth, A., *Whittaker, E., *Stephens, J., *Webb, M., *Geary, E., *Drake-Lavelle, K. (2015). Bystander reactions to cyberbullying. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Hilton Head, SC.
*Morgan, M., Kowalski, R., *Geary, E., *Drake-Lavelle, K., *Whittaker, E., *Ballard, T., *Huff, M., *Zaremba, B., *Toth, A., *Pfeiffer, C. (2014). Complaining in the media: Regional differences in dissatisfaction expressed in letters to the editor. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Athens, GA.
Wynkoop, G., Kowalski, R., *Robinson, A., *Blackshire, E., *Toth, A., *Lankowski, C., *Emerson, L., *Dogan, J., Smith, B., Sherck, K., Brown, L., *Whittaker, E., *Allison, B. (2014). Ask me about 27. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Athens, GA.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M. (2013, March). Bullying and cyberbullying among college students with disabilities. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Fortune, A., *Morgan, M., *Murphy, C., Schroeder, A. (2013, March). College narratives Understanding student identity through passion dispersion. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Baker, B.*, Kowalski, R. M., McMillan, V.*, Turner, J*., Whittaker, E.*, Elsey, T., Fortune, A.*, Morgan, M., Murphy, M., Maclennan, C.*, Frazee, L.*, Stephens, J.* (2012, November). Happiness and passion: What type of passion defines happy people. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Gainesville, FL.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Turner J., *Whittaker, E., *Frazee, E., *MacLennan, C., *Murphy, C., *Stephens, J., *Elsey, T., *McMillan, V., *Morgan, M., *Fortune, A. (2013, March). Pet peeves and happiness How do happy people complain. Paper to be presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Baker, B., Schroeder, A., Kowalski, R. M. (2013, June). Energizing our way to a better workforce An examination of employee energy and passion. Paper to be presented at the Work, Stress, and Health Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Brooke, B. A., Kowalski, R. M. (2012). Domain and range Determining passion dispersion among college students. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Research Experience for Undergraduate Students, Clemson, SC.
*Freeman, S., *Fulmer, R. M., *Johnson, E., *Louderback, S., *Richman, A., Kowalski, R. M. (2011, March). Priming empathy in cyberbullying situations. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
*Freeman, S., Kowalski, R. M., Woorons-Johnston, S. (2011, March). Athletic attainment. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
Giumetti, G., Schroeder, A.*, Kowalski, R. M. (2013, June). Two-wave panel study investigating the relative impact of cyber and face-to-face incivility on employee outcomes. Paper to be presented at the Work, Stress, and Health Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Hatfield, A.*, Guiumetti, G., Kowalski, R. M. (2011, March). Effects of experiencing cyber-incivility in the workplace. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Jacksonville, FL.
*Hock, L., Kowalsk, R. M., Hunter, E. (2012, March). The role of the actor-observer bias in attributions for obesity. Paper presented at the ACC Undergraduate Research Conference, Blacksburg, VA.
*Hock, L., Kowalski, R. M., Hunter, E. (2012, March). The role of actor-observer bias in attribution for obesity. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychologica Association, New Orleans, LA.
Isgett, S.*, Kowalski, R. M., Lattanner, M., Schroeder, A.*, Giumetti, G., Senn, W.* (2012, March). Cyberbullying among college students. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
Isgett, S.*, Kowalski, R. M., Lattanner, M., Schroeder, A.* (2012, February). Cyberbullying among college students. 58th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, LA.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Martin, J., *Frazee, L., *Turner, J., *Stephens, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A., *Whittaker, E. (2014). On the construction and sustainability of happiness: Where does my happiness come from? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
*Baker, B., Kowalski, R. M., *Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Stephens, J., *Turner, J., *Frazee, L., *Whittaker, E., *Martin, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A. (2014). Redefining happiness: Is the happiness pie literature missing some pieces? Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
*Whittaker, E.B., Kowalski, R. M. (2014) Cyber victimization: Categories, attitudes, and prevalence. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Nashville, TN.
*Whittaker, E.B., Kowalski, R. M. (2014). Cyberbullying: Victims, venues, attitudes, and prevalence. Paper to be presented at the ACC Undergraduate Research Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Webb, M., *Stephens, J., *Martin, J., Kowalski, R. M. (2013). What makes you happy? Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Augusta, GA.
*Morgan, M., *Frazee, L., *Turner, J., Kowalski, R. M. (2013). Defining happiness and joy. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Augusta, GA.
*Whittaker, E.B., Kowalski, R. M. (2013). Venue and subject of cyber aggression in social networking sites. Paper presented at the meeting of the Society of Southeastern Social Psychologists, Augusta, GA.
Isgett, S.*, Kowalski, R., Lattanner, M., Schroeder, A.*, Giumetti, G. (2011, November). Cyberbullying among college students Prevalence rates and predictors. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Southeastern Social Psychologists, Johnson City, TN.
*Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Stephens, J., *Turner, J., *Frazee, L., *Whittaker, E., *Martin, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A., Kowalski, R., *Baker, B. (2014, April). Redefining happiness: Is the happiness pie literature missing some slices? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Turner, J., *Morgan, M., *Webb, M., *Martin, J., *Frazee, L., *Stephens, J., *Zaremba, B., *Newsome, B., *Bokman, A., *Whittaker, E., Kowalski, R., *Baker, B. (2014, April). On the construction and sustainability of happiness: Where does my happiness come from? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
77

Re-engineering of Medical Training Simulator

Despite commercially available simulators, most of medical procedure training is conducted on human patients; medical students and interns perform their first trial of injection, intubation of airway, placement of central venous line, birthing, and neonatal resuscitation, and numerous other procedures on live patients. This is mainly due to the fact that the commercially available simulators do not completely simulate the anatomy and physiology of humans, thus, they do not allow realistic training of medical students. Dr. John Schaefer, professor of anesthesiology at the Medical University of South Carolina and an expert on the engineering of medical simulators, has recently presented these problems to the faculty of Clemson Bioengineering with intentions of collaboration to enhance the technology of medical training simulators. Thus, with clinical guidance and consultation from Dr. Schaefer, this creative inquiry project aims to 1) reverse-engineer and examine the problems associated with the existing models of medical training simulators, and 2) develop new devices or additional components to the existing devices to enable more realistic simulation for training of physicians. Applications for the team are typically due at the end of the semester. Please see the Department of Bioengineering website for details: http://www.clemson.edu/ces/bioe/creative-inquiry.html

Team Leaders
Jiro Nagatomi Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Jett, J., *Jacoby, J., *Barrett, A., *Van Metre, R., *Casey, J., (2015, March). Validation Testing of a Novel Central Venous Catheterization Simulator Poster presented at the annual Focus on Creative Inquiry meeting in Clemson, SC
*Luedicke, N., *Burghardt, E., *Hodge, J., *Barrett, A., *Thomas, R., Dean, D., Nagatomi, J. (2013, October). Novel Central Venous Catheterization Simulation for Medical Training. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA.
*Luedicke, N., *Burghardt, E., *Hodge, J., *Barrett, A., *Thomas, R., Dean, D., Nagatomi, J. (2013, May 3-5). Novel Central Venous Catheterization Simulation for Medical Training. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Conference (SBEC), Miami, FL.
*Luedicke, N., *Burghardt, E., *Hodge, J., *Barrett, A., *Thomas, R., Dean, D., Nagatomi, J. (2013, May). Novel central venous catheterization simulation for medical training. Proceedings of the 29th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, 93-94.
Patent Pending for Medical Simulation Puncture Tissue, USA, CXU-674. D. Dean*, G. Fercana*, S. Becker*, J. Nagatomi, M. Townsend*, E. Tumblin*, M. Dunphy*, K. Grove*, Clemson University Research Foundation, CURF #2010-066 and 066
In Sep. 2011, they filed a provisional patent through CURF for the final design. Patent filing: CURF Ref. 2010-066 CXU-674 MEDICAL SIMULATION PUNCTURE TISSUE.
USA, CXU-674, with G. Fercana, S. Becker, J. Nagatomi, M. Townsend, E. Tumblin, M. Dunphy, K. Grove, Clemson University Research Foundation, full patent filed
The student were awarded an SCRA Launch entrepreneur award in Jan. 2012 Presentations Presented a poster at the SouthEast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC), Biomaterials Day, and Biomedical Engineering Society meeting in Fall 2011.
Nadine Luedicke* won an NSF Graduate Student Fellowship
*Ovington, T. and *Devon, A. (2014, April 29). Poster presented at the 18th Annual Posters on the Hill, Washington, DC.
*Thomas, R., *Barrett, A., *Foister, S., *Jett, J., *Hicks, K., Nagatomi, J., Dean, D. (2014, April). Medical training simulation for central venous catheterization. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Luedicke, N., *Burghardt, E., *Hodge, J., Dean, D., Nagatomi, J. (2014, October). CLIVE: Central Line Venous Emulator. Presented at the SC Bio Annual Conference, Greenville, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
957

Investigations into Primate Personality

Individuals often vary in their behavior. When inter-individual differences in behavior are consistent over time and across contexts, animals are said to have distinct personalities. Such consistent behavioral tendencies are often heritable and entail consequences for survival and reproduction. Given that these traits satisfy the requisites of national selection (i.e., phenotypic variation exists, said variation is heritable, and there is differential survival and reproductive success based on phenotypic variation), personalities may have important implications for species’ evolutionary trajectories. Primates exhibit rich behavioral repertoires and are therefore interesting models for studying the causes and consequences of variation in personality traits. For this CI project, we examine inter-individual variation in the behavioral and physiological repertoires of captive callitrichine monkeys. Our study species include the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) and the golden lion tamarin (Leontopithecus rosalia). Callitrichine monkeys offer interesting opportunities to investigate personalities for several reasons. One of which is that these monkeys typically give birth to twins or triplets. Thus, we can compare how variation in the sex ratios of the litter (i.e., how many males and females) impacts physiological and behavioral outcomes of individuals.Over the past two years, we have conducted experiments with the goal of uncovering the possible behavioral and physiological effects of differing birth sex ratios on female monkeys. Our CI students will attempt to better understand this phenomenon via analysis and interpretation of these data. To do this, students will actively participate in transcribing behavioral trials. Students will also have the opportunity to learn analytical techniques to measure hormonal correlates of behavior. 

Team Leaders
Lisa Rapaport Biological Sciences
Brett Frye Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Brown, T., *Delorenzo, M., *Schultz, C., *Jahn, J., *Keener, M., Frye, B., Rapaport, L. (2017, April). Personality differences in exploration and activity in captive callitrichine primates. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Neilson, M., Frye, B.M., Rapaport, L.G., Brown, T., Cobranchi, A.*, Holthausen, C.* (2016, August 23). Hand preferences do not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Joint Meeting of the American Society of Primatologists and International Primatological Society
*Brown, T.A., *DeLorenzo, M., Frye, B.M., *Jahn, J., *Keener, M., Rapaport, L.G., *Schultz,C.  (2017, June). Validation of Experimental Methods to Measure Exploration in Callitrichine Monkeys. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Animal Behavior Society, Toronto, Canada.


Tara Brown has accepted a position at the Southwest National Primate Research Center in San Antonio, TX for mentor Dr. Corrine Lutz. Tara is one of six students in the United States that has been admitted this year. At the SNPRC, she will investigate how environmental enrichment can be used to improve the welfare of captive primates.
Tara Brown, American Society of Primatologists Ruppenthal Student Travel Award ($300)
Tara Brown, Southwest National Primate Research Center Summer Interns Program (2016)
Tara Brown was awarded the competitive Ruppenthal Student Travel Award ($500.00) to support her travel to the International Primatological Society/American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting (August, 2016) where she will present a poster of the sex differences of behavior in primates.
The Sigma Xi Grants in Aid of Research was awarded to support the aspects of our research that examine the developmental underpinnings of primate behavior.

The Conference Travel Fund (CTF) is intended to provide financial support to students in the Calhoun Honors College planning to attend conferences related to their academic interests. Alyssa has been awarded $500.00 to attend and present at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research.
Grant proposals are for general research projects, with preference given to training initiatives, start-up funds, supplementary funding for students, and innovations in animal care and research technology. Award amounts range from $500 to $1500, and will be for a period of one year.
*Nielson, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, August). Hand preferences do not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster to be presented at the International Primatological/American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting, Chicago, IL.
*Brown, T., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, August). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster to be presented at the International Primatological/American Society of Primatologists Joint Meeting, Chicago, IL.
*Nielson, M., *Cobranchi, A., *Holthausen, C., *Keener, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, April). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC.    
*Brown, T., *O'Brien, M., *Knotts, H., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, April). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC.    
*O'Brien, M., *Knotts, H., *Brown, T., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, April). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research, Asheville, NC.
*Cobranchi, A., *Holthausen, C., *Nielson, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, April). Hand preferences do not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the National Conference for Undergraduate Research, Asheville, NC.
*Knotts, H., *Brown, T., *O'Brien, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, February). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Holthausen, C., *Cobranchi, A., *Nielson, M., Frye, B.M., & Rapaport, L.G. (2016, February). Hand preferences do not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Knotts, H., *O'Brien, M., *Brown, T., Frye, B., and Rapaport, L.G. (2016, Feb 20). Sex does not predict responses to novel foods in captive golden lion tamarins (Leontopithecus rosalia). Presented at  the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, SC.
ScienceG
331

Robotics and Bioengineering

The use of robotics in the operating room has become commonplace over the last two decades. The first clinically approved robot was the Computer Motion AESOP, which is a simple robotic arm which holds an endoscope during a surgical procedure, freeing the surgeon's hands to work on other surgical tasks, and get precise visualization of the tissues underneath. This robot was a favorite of many surgeons, and was subsequently discontinued without replacement. This group is exploring AESOP robots to better understand how they meet a surgeon's needs and how to develop new technologies for rural and developing areas to provide better healthcare with less resources.

Team Leaders
David Kwartowitz Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Laird, T. (2011, April). MindBot Robotic Control via Wireless Neural Headset. Presented at the ACC Meeting of the Minds, Miami, FL.
*Laird, T. (2011, October). MindBot Robotic Control via Wireless Neural Headset. Presented at the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference, Herndon, VA.
Kwartowitz, D. (2012, August). Creative Inquiry. Clemson University Reruiting Kickoff, Atlanta, GA.
*Connoly, J. M., * Byrd, M.G., *Dicks, A. N., *Macks, C. P., *Turbeville, J. G., *Veith T. M., Dean, D., Kwartowitz, D. M. (2012, October 24-27). Evaluation of the Impact of Experiencial Activities on Student's Choice of Major and Submajor Concentration. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Benza, D., *Cobb, A., *Haire, H., *Cole, S., *Tingen, M., Dean, D., Kwartowitz, D. (2014, April). Robotics in Bioengineering. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Kwartowitz, D.M., *Connolly, J., *Macks, C., *Turbeville, J., *Dicks, A., *Byrd, M., *Veith, T., Dean, D. (2012). Exploration of Bias Impacting Sub-major Concentration Decision within Bioengineering, IEEE Transactions on Education, In Review.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
78

Testing Variables of Foods, Films, Antimicrobials and Surfaces Affecting Transfer and/or Survival of Bacteria

This team studies the transfer and survival of bacteria on various surfaces related to food. This past semester the group compared gel vs. foam soap for handwashing effectiveness. Based on the small sample size, results indicated that foam removed more bacteria than gel and that more bacteria remained on the dominant hand.

Team Leaders
Paul Dawson Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
*Nguyen, T., *Garrison,S., *Taylor, A., *Macinnis, M., *Kurtz, A., *Mattox, C., *Ellis, V., *Freeland, J., *Monitto, F., *Polte, K., *Suffern, M., *Thurmond, A., *Riggs, D., *Downs, R., *McClary, J. (2017, April). Bacterial transfer and survival on lemons. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bartz, M., Buyukyavuz, A., *Dawson, E., *Diener, M., *Gates, R., Han, I., *Johnson, L., *Marvin, P., *Musselwhite, C., *Nicholson, A., *Randar, D., *Ritterpusch, M., *Zazzara, M., and Dawson, P. 2016. Transfer of Escherichia coli while using salad tongs. Journal of Food Microbiology, Safety and Hygiene. 1(2): 112 Open access journal.
*Baker, K.A., *Han, I.Y., *Johnson, L., *Jones, E., *Knight, A., *MacNaughton, M., *Marvin, P., *Nolan, K., *Martinez-Dawson, R., Dawson, P. (2015). Bacterial transfer from hands while eating popcorn. Food and Nutrition Sciences. In press.
Dawson, P.L., Han, I., Bailey, C., Lynn, D., Martinez-Dawson, R. (2015). Bacterial transfer to beverages during drinking games (beer pong). International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Safety. 5(2): 151-161.
Alsallaiy, I.*, Dawson, P., Han, I., Martinez-Dawson, R. (2015, July). Recovery, Survival and Transfer of Bacteria on Restaurant Menus. Journal of Food Safety,
*Bartz, M., *Johnson, L., *Marvin, P., *Musselwhite, C., *Nicholson, A., *Randar, D., *Dawson, E., *Ritterpusch, M., Dawson, P. April 2015. Study of the transfer of microbes from hands to tongs. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC
Hessinger, A., Dawson, P. (2014, April). Does Salt Affect Milk Spoilage? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Gillespie, C., *Musselwhite, C., *Johnson, L., *Marvin, P., *Brown, S., and Dawson, P. (2014, April). Foam vs. Gel; Are These Soaps Foams Equal. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
79

Using Creative Inquiry to Investigate Food Advertising Claims

This CI team evaluates various Food Advertising Claims including those claiming to taste "better", last longer and meet a specific specification. Last semester the team tested the "Foot-Long" sub claim of Subway and found that for the subs purchased in the local area, the length differed depending on the store and on the type of bread.

Team Leaders
Paul Dawson Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Rose Martinez-Dawson Mathematical Sciences
Accomplishments
*Butterworth, B., *Jones, E., *Pierce, L., *Reale, E., *Nicholson, A., *Spagnoletti, A., Dawson, P., Hopkins, D., Martinezdawson, R. (2015, April). Are Ruffles Deep Ridge Potato Chips Twice the Depth of Regular Ridge Chips? Using Statistics to test food advertising claims. Presented at FoCI, Clemson, SC.
*Painter, M., *Tatge, R., *Crosby, B., *Spagnoletti, A., *Boggs, A., Dawson, P., Martinez-Dawson, R. (2015, April). Testing if Coke Zero has real Coke taste. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson, SC
*Macnaughton, M., *Butterworth, B., *Corvese, A., *Davis, K., *Ewald, E., *Green, H., *Grigg, A., *Jones, E., *Keating, L., *Maurer, M., Martinez-Dawson, R., Dawson, P. (2014, April). Investigating if Dr. Pepper TEN is a "10" for men. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Butterworth, B., *Corvese, A., *Green, H., *Grigg, A., *Falconi, L., *Jones, E., Martinez-Dawson, R., Dawson, P. (2014, April). Investigating Nabisco's claim that double stuff Oreos contain double the stuff. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
80

Changing Dynamics of China's Development

The objective of this one-credit Creative Inquiry course is to instruct Clemson University undergraduate students to systematically examine some of the most important issues facing the world, by involving the students in on-going discussions and debates and engaging them in direct dialogues with government officials and business leaders, both Chinese and American.

Team Leaders
Xiaobo Hu Political Science
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
92

Robotic Systems Research

Design and build a robot to compete in the IEEE Southeastcon hardware competition.

Team Leaders
Stanley Birchfield Electrical & Computer Engr
III,William J Reid Electrical & Computer Engr
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
189

Nutraceutical and Functional Foods Research and Product Development

The 2016-2017 Carr Family Endowment for Creative InquiryThis project helps students learn analytical techniques of food components, such as vitamins, flavors, lipids, artificial sweeteners, nutraceuticals, colorants, etc, via modern analytical instruments such as spectrometer, gas chromatography and high performance liquid chromatography. We also encourage students to make nutraceutical formulations for human health.                      

Team Leaders
Feng Chen Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Attaway, D. (2017, February 22). Clemson students to present peach research in national competition.  The Newsstand. 
Wang, X., Beckham, T.H., Morris, J.C., Chen, F., Gangemi, J.D. (2008). Bioactivities of Glossypol, 6-Methoxygossypol, and 6,6'-Dimethoxygossypol. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56, 4393-4398.
Wang, X., Howell, C., Chen, F., Yin, J., Jiang, Y. (2009). Review: Gossypol-A Polyphenolic Compound from Cotton Plant. Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, 58(6), p213-261.
*Burgess, A., *McCullough, A., *Ramey, R., and *Nguyen, T.(2017, April 2-5). Investigation of Antioxidant Capacity and Bioactive Chemicals in South Carolina Grown Peaches. Presented at the 2017 American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition, San Francisco, CA. 


*Burgess, A., *McCullough, A., *Ramey, R., *Nguyen, T., Chen, F. (2017, April 2-6). Investigation of Antioxidant Capacity and Bioactive Chemicals in South Carolina Grown Peaches. Presented at the American Chemical Society National Meeting, San Francisco, CA.  
*Burgess, A., *McCullough, A., *Nguyen, T., and *Ramey, R. (2017, April 2-6). Total Phenolics and Antioxidant Capacity of South Carolina Grown Peaches. Presented at American Chemical Society National Meeting in San Francisco, CA.
 
Carr Family donate $4000 to support this CI project.
The CI has been invited as the finalists to attend the final undergraduate research competition in the American Chemical Society's national meeting in San Francisco, California, during April 2-5, 2017. The team was awarded with $1000 trip fund by ACS
one CI team member, Mr. Ryan Ramey, was hired as an intern using his knowledge and analytical skills learned from my lab in a big food company, McCormic, this passed summer, 2016. He is exciting to use his CI experience in my lab into his intern training and work in company.
Carr Family Creative Inquiry Endowment
receive Carr Family Endowment Fellowship to support CI project; Receive American Chemical Society's trip fund $1000 to support the CI team to attend the final undergraduate research competition as the invited finalist
Carr Family CI research endorsement, $4000
The 2016-2017 Carr Family Endowment for Creative Inquiry
 
Clayton, H., Baker, A.H., Craig, M., Randar, D., Barend, T., Motro, R., Finn, R., Mars, M., Chen, F. () Comparison of Coke vs. Red Bull Caffeine Content"
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
99

Green Energy and Biodiesel Project

From Fields to Fuel, team members we will be researching all aspects of sustainable biofuels production and engineering while facilitating biodiesel and ethanol production to be utilized by University Facilities. Project team 1 is focused on facility optimization through relief of production bottlenecks. Project team 2 will research increasing biodiesel feedstock acquisition through cultivation of energy crops and harvest of waste lipid streams.

Team Leaders
Terry Walker Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Charles Thornton Campus Utilities
Accomplishments
$241,000 in SARE support for the collaboration under Dr. Zehnder. project number es13-117
Association of South Carolina Energy Managers - Energy Project of the Year! For production of an estimated 3000 gallons of biodiesel fuel over 2011. Simms, Bryan. Clemson Biofuels Program Wins Award. Biodiesel Magazine, Nov 2011. http //www.biodieselmagazine.com/articles/8205/clemson-university-biodiesel-program-earns-award
Zanin, E*. et al (2017, January 17). Optimization of FAME Production from Eversa® Transform and Methyl Acetate. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the National Biodiesel Board, San Diego, CA.
*Hummer, J. (2015, January 20). Use of Hermetia illuscens for conversion of waste to feed, fuel and fertilizer. Poster and Oral presentation at the National Biodiesel Conference. Forth Worth, TX.
*Bobo, C., Buie, R., Culbertson, M., *Dobberstein, L., Duke, K., *Gray, M., Hamlett, B., Huckabee, O., Hyder, E., Jones, C., Spearman, L., Stilwell, W., Szabo, J., Martens, C., McGowans, S., *Patton, R., Prosser, K., *Hughes, L., Williams, J. (2014, April). Exercise is medicine in rural health centers and federally qualified health centers. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Monroe, E.A. , *O'Connell, W.J., and *Mashtare, K.R. (2016, January 27). "Synthesis of Biodiesel from Used Cooking Oil Using Lipase Catalyzed Interesterification at Clemson University". Lecture given at National Biodiesel Conference in Tampa, FL.

*Hummer, J. "Enhancing Economic Competition Using Black Soldier Fly Composting." (2016, January 27). National Biodiesel Conference, Tampa, FL.


The Green Energy and Biofuels CI in conjunction with Clemson Facilities and Clemson Student Government received a Capital Improvement Projects grant for Approximately $40,000.00 to purchase a diesel waste collection truck, rainwater reuse system and new biomass research pole barn for gasification research. These projects were completed June 2016 and can be toured at Cherry Crossing Research Center.
Clemson Sustainable Biofuels
Joshi, H., Moser, B.R., Mandalika, A., Walker, T.H. Evaluation of Cold Flow Improver and Antioxidant Additives in Cottonseed Oil Methyl Esters, Bioresource Technol.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
150

Microbial ecology and bioinformatics

Students will use bioinformatics as well as PCR, qPCR and next generation sequencing technology to identify, characterize and track the activity of microbes in the environment.          

Team Leaders
Barbara Campbell Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Erika Nachman, Elijah Weber and Suraj Katragadda won first place undergraduate poster award for their posters presented at the South Carolina Branch Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology, Spring 2017 meeting in Florence, SC.
Katragadda S, Weber E, Lim SJ, Weber R, Campbell BJ. Feral Hog Fecal Source Tracking of Lake Keowee Tributaries. American Society for Microbiology South Carolina Branch 2017 Spring Meeting. Francis Marion University, South Carolina. Best poster presentation (tie) (undergraduate student).
Nachman, E., Lim, S.J. & Campbell, B.J.C. (2017). Quantifying the expression of genes involved in nitrogen assimilation in symbionts of the lucinid clam, Phacoides pectinatus. Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium. Clemson University, South Carolina (undergraduate student poster).
Katragadda,S.*, Weber, E.*, Painter, J., Miller, K., and B. Campbell. (Fall 2016). Seasonal Trends in Host-Specific Bacteroidales Prevalence and Activity in Lake Keowee Tributaries. COS Research meeting.

Weber, E.*, Katragadda, S.*, Painter, J., Miller, K., and B. J Campbell. (2016, April). Seasonal Trends in Host-Specific Bacteroidales Prevalence and Activity in Lake Keowee Tributaries. SC ASM Branch Meeting, MUSC, Charleston, SC.

*Weber, E., *Katragadda, S., Painter, J., Miller, K., Campbell, B.J. (2016, April). Seasonal Trends in Host-Specific Bacteroidales Prevalence and Activity in Lake Keowee Tributaries. SC ASM Branch Meeting, MUSC, Charleston, SC.
*Nachman E., Lim J., and Campbell B. (2017, March 25). Quantifying the expression of genes involved in nitrogen assimilation in symbionts of the lucinid clam Phacoides pectinatus. Poster presented at the biannual meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Florence, SC.
*Katragadda S., *Weber E., Lim J, Weber R., and Campbell B. (2017, March 25). Feral Hog Fecal Source Tracking of Lake Keowee Tributaries. Poster presented at the biannual meeting of the South Carolina Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Florence, SC.

*Love, K., *Seward, J., Miller, K.P., Kurtz, H., Henson, J.M. (2016, April 9). Assessment of the microbial soil community in two South Carolina peach orchards.  Poster presentation: South Carolina branch of the American Society of Microbiology, Charleston, SC.
ScienceG
112

Future Computing Technologies

Undergraduate students in the Future Computing Technology Creative Inquiry Team are investigating distributed algorithms for biometrics and the use of accelerator architectures such as FPGAs, GPUs, and MIC processors to accelerate and improve the performance of these algorithms. The field of biometrics, specifically facial recognition, relies heavily on repetitive image processing but has yet to fully take advantage of the efficiency and parallelism offered by accelerator architectures. Facial recognition is desirable over other available biometric techniques due to its ease of collectability and acceptability, and thus has the potential for use in a wide range of applications. However, due to the lower uniqueness of facial features and typical variations in image samples obtained because of environmental changes like illumination, temporal changes, and occlusion, the robustness of the facial recognition process suffers severely. Several facial recognition algorithms, including principal component analysis (PCA), independent component analysis (ICA), and linear discriminant analysis (LDA), have been researched extensively in comparative and independent studies. Such studies have revealed that while each algorithm has advantages, none are accurate for all variations of input data, making robust identification difficult. Real-time recognition has also been hindered by the complex calculations and large memory requirements involved in this process. Our research exploits the inherent parallelism available in accelerators by implementing multiple algorithms concurrently to increase accuracy via fusion of results while improving decision time by exploiting the available parallelism. The successful development of robust biometric identification algorithms capable of high performance in uncontrolled environments is especially of interest to the intelligence community (e.g. CIA, FBI, Department of Homeland Security) and would represent a major contribution to the field of biometrics.

Team Leaders
Melissa Smith Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
*Goodall, T., Gibson, S., and Smith, M. (2012, July 10-11). Parallelizing Principal Component Analysis for Robust Facial Recognition Using CUDA. Presented at 2012 SAAHPC, Chicago, IL. 
*Shealy, B., *Targonski, C. (2017, April). Robust Real-time Face Recognition with PCA, LDA, and ICA. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
921

CEDC 14: Health and Transportation Infrastructure Development

This project is attempting to find solutions to problems faced by the Haitian population. Our medical equipment team will help other organizations redesign donated equipment by utilizing materials accessible to the Haitian people. Success for both of these teams means improving health care in Haiti and increasing the capacity of lake transportation in rural Haiti.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Plumblee Civil Engineering
Hunter Lee Experiential Education
David Vaughn Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Ogle, J., and Harrison, A. (June 2016). "Transportation Safety Opportunities in Latin American Communities,' presented at the Mid-year Meeting of the Highway Safety Performance Committee of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of Sciences, Irvine, CA.

Melton, M.E.*, Tam, H.*, Welsh, M., Gad, M., Metri, J.*, Reynolds, S. (2015, April). Medical Equipment. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Leibel, J.*, Comparini, J.* (2015, April). Road Safety Initiative. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
2015�Leadership Award from Omicron Delta Kappa National Leadership Honor Society for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)
2015 Student Organization of the Year for Exceptional Community Service given by Clemson University Student Affairs for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
114

Enhancing Campus Activity with Mobile Devices

This course consists of multiple teams (most likely 8-10) of undergraduates working on developing iOS apps for a variety of departments around campus. The students in one semester will learn app development programming skills through four intensive programming assignments. They will then propose a major project (must be approved by instructor) for which they will design, implement, test, and deploy an app. The project may involve other academic departments (such as Mathematical Science, Bioengineering, or English) or campus institutions (such as the Academic Success Center, Cooper Library, or the Michelin Career Center) around campus. The students will present their results at a formal class mini-conference at the end of the semester.

Team Leaders
Roy P Pargas School of Computing
Accomplishments
Reba, M., Pargas, R. (2016, July 11-12). Computer Science and Mathematics Collaborating to Create New Educational Opportunities While Developing Interactive Calculus Apps. ICTED 2016 : 18th International Conference on Technology, Education and Development, Stockholm, Sweden.

*Paul, S., Camp, M., Beckwith, A. (2016, July 11-16). CU Navigate: Campus Navigation Technology for Wayfinding Independence. The 39th Annual AHEAD Conference, Indianapolis, IN.


*Schnabel, G.A., *Hu, M.J.A., Edison, G.B., Pargas, R.B. (2016, April 24-28). Communication of FRAC Code Principles with Fruit Producers via Smartphone. Presented at the18th Reinhardsbrunn-Symposium.

Five apps which started as fall 2015 class projects have received internal funding ($4000 - $5000 each) for continued development in the 2016 spring, summer, and fall semesters. These projects are: 1. Clemson Life (Navigation) Co-Mentors: Dr. Joseph Ryan, Dr. Elliot Jesch, Ms. Courtney Dukes, Mr. Chris Egan, Clemson Life Student: Joey Costa 2. Clemson Life (Shopping) Co-Mentors: Dr. Joseph Ryan, Dr. Elliot Jesch, Ms. Courtney Dukes, Mr. Chris Egan, Clemson Life Student: Volodymyr Budnichenko 3. Nice Catch Tiger! Co-Mentors: Dr. Jim Grieger, Ms. Anne Kogut, Ms. Angel Bright, Research Safety Students: Daniel Battle, Jackson Dawkins 4. CU Navigate Co-Mentor: Ms. April Beckwith, Clemson Student Disability Services Students: Sydney Paul, Kyle Brennan 5. PeerTutor Co-Mentor: Dr. Sara Mackiewicz Students: Cameron Washick, Colton Rudd
*Edison, G., Pargas, R. (2014, April). Mobile apps software development with Creative Inquiry. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Edison, G., Kulkarni, P. (2014, March 5-8), "Teaching Mobile App Software Development is a Challenge!", Poster presented at the annual meeting of ACM SIGCSE 2014, Atlanta, GA.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
115

Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics: CU- REPRO

Medical implant devices have been used widely for more than 40 years, and it is estimated that 8 percent 10 percent of Americans (20-25 million people) currently have such a device. Although implant devices have produced great benefits, it must be recognized that sometimes MIDs must be removed or replaced. They are in a continual state of development to increase their performance and extend their useful lifespan. Long-term data on the behavior of implanted devices and host response are essential inputs to the development process, yet there are few systematic programs for the retrieval and analysis of implants in the USA. Independent and international data banks do exist however. The contributions to implant design provided by retrieval and analysis will benefit patients through improvements in implant performance. We can consider implants to be defined as having a minimum lifespan of 3 months, as penetrating living tissue, as having a physiologic interaction and as being retrievable. A number of barriers exist to the establishment of an implant retrieval program. Major impediments are the costs associated with such a program and fear of litigation affecting manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and investigators. The long term goal of this creative inquiry group is to discuss, investigate, develop, establish, promote and grow a viable Clemson University Implant Retrieval Program. The aim of such a program is to provide a working repository for retrieved implants, and to develop the tools and techniques for the systematic evaluation of implant designs, materials, surfaces and function.

Team Leaders
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Melinda Harman Bioengineering
Accomplishments
May 2017: The CU-REPRO summer intern and Dr. Harman participated in an Orthopaedic Outreach Program developed by the Perry Initiative. The mission of the Perry Initiative is to inspire young women to be leaders in the exciting fields of orthopaedic surgery and engineering. The program involved 40 high school students and six female students in medicine and bioengineering completing four hands-on activities related to joint replacement, fracture fixation, and ligament repair. The program also featured two guest speakers (a female orthopaedic surgeon from the Shriner’s Hospital in Greenville, SC and a female orthopaedic bioengineer – Dr. Harman).
May 2017: Research students and Dr. Harman led 15+ middle school students from the Sterling School in Greenville, SC in the CU-REPRO “Implant Discovery” activity. The learning objectives of that activity were: 1) to understand the four main reasons why joint replacements fail; and 2) to identify evidence of those failure reasons on actual explanted joint replacements from the CU-REPRO collection.
April 2017: Dr. Harman led eight middle and high school STEM teachers from Project Lead the Way schools in an Orthopaedics in Action workshop developed by the Perry Initiative. The mission of the Perry Initiative is to inspire young women to be leaders in the exciting fields of orthopaedic surgery and engineering. The workshop included four stand-alone lessons and hands-on activities appropriate for grades 7-12 classrooms. The learning objectives of the lessons map to Next Generation Science Standards and cover multiple disciplinary core ideas and science and engineering practices.
January 2017: Dr. Harman and a CU-REPRO student discussed the program with the Research Coordinator at the Palmetto Health-USC Orthopaedic Center in Columbia, SC. The purpose of this outreach was to provide information necessary for renewal of the IRB protocol at the hospital and to promote the educational aspects of the CU-REPRO program.
October 2016: CU-REPRO hosted an international orthopaedic surgeon in the lab and discussed our on-going orthopaedic research related to the explanted devices. Lisa Maria Schöneberg, MD is an orthopaedic surgeon from the Clinic for Orthopaedics and Trauma Surgery at the Martha-Maria Medical Center in Halle-Dolau, Germany. She shared radiographs of complex revision knee and hip cases and discussed the challenges she faces with her orthopaedic joint replacement patients in the clinic.
September 2016: Two CU-REPRO students met with the Director of Orthopaedic Services for Anmed Health Hospital in Anderson, SC., The purpose of this outreach was to promote the educational aspects of the CU-REPRO program and inform the surgical staff about specific protocols for providing explanted joint replacements to our program.
Summer 2016: At the invitation of Clemson PEER, the CU-REPRO summer intern and Dr. Harman led +20 students in the CU-REPRO "Big Break" implant activity during the Foundations in Research (FIRE) camp for incoming minority freshman engineering students.
Summer 2016: Bioengineering, Building a Better You (Bioengineering, BABY!) was hosted by the CU-REPRO summer intern and other team members on two separate occasions (June 2016, July 2016). The event included +40 high school students who completed the CU-REPRO "Big Break" implant activity over a two day period.
Summer 2016: Bioengineering, Building a Better You (Bioengineering, BABY!) was hosted by the CU-REPRO summer intern and other team members on two separate occasions (June 2016, July 2016). The event included +40 high school students who completed the CU-REPRO "Big Break" implant activity over a two day period.
Zach Hargett will continue with orthopaedic research as a graduate student in Bioengineering, pursuing a PhD degree in Dr. Harman’s lab.
Maddi Bebler will continue with orthopaedic research as a graduate student in Bioengineering, pursuing a Master’s degree with thesis research in Dr. Harman’s lab.
February 2016: CU-REPRO was featured in a broadcast of Decipher TV produced by Clemson TV. Dr. Melinda Harman and CU-REPRO students Haley Leslie and Jon Doyle discussed the impact of joint replacements on patients and modern developments in implant design. The link to the finished broadcast was provided by Tullen Burns: https://clemson.box.com/s/o6o8ixr4d8o1j6tjl0at3woepary154g
Best Poster (2nd place) - Retrieval of Explants and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO), Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson University (2013)
“Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO)”, Institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program, Principal Investigator, 8/17/2016-5/5/2017.
Summer Stipend for Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics”, institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program to support one undergraduate summer research intern, Principal Investigator, 5/8/2017-6/30/2017.
“Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO)”, Institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program, 8/17/2016-5/5/2017.
Summer Stipend for CU-REPRO, institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program to support one undergraduate summer research intern, 5/2/2016-6/30/2016.
“Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO)”, Institutional funding from Clemson University through the Creative Inquiry Program, Principal Investigator, $5,500 funded, (8/19/2015-4/29/2016).
*Young, L., *Bebler, M., Flannery, S., *Leslie, H., Snethen, K., Burnikel, B., Geary, S., Jeray, K., Pace, T., Shirley, B., Toaln, S., Harman M. (2017, May) Does Implant Design Affect Knee Stability After Total Knee Replacement? Submitted to the Health Sciences Center Research Showcase, Greenville, SC.
*Bebler, M., *Hargett, Z., *Leslie, H., *Nguyen, H., *Young, L., Harman, M. (2017, May) Retrieval Research and Reprocessing of Medical Devices. Bioengineering Design Expo, Greenville, SC.
*Adams, L., *Bebler, M., *Coggins, M., *Gaston, M., *Hargett, Z., *Leslie, H., *Marrs, E., *Nguyen, H., *Schroeder, W., *White, E., *Young, L., Harman, M. (2017, April). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*David M, *Bebler M, *Farrell A, *Harper C, *Leslie H, *Doyle J, *Li A, *Graham W, Harman M. Performance of four knee design categories: A comparison of CU-REPRO and international registries. Bioengineering Design Expo, Greenville, SC, April 29, 2016.
*David M, *Bebler M, *Farrell A, *Harper C, *Leslie H, *Doyle J, *Li A, *Graham W, DesJardins J, and Harman M. (2016, April 6-7). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Young, L., Snethen, K., Brandt, P., *Bebler, M., *Leslie, H., Harman, M. (2016) Constraint testing of flat, semi-constrained, and mobile bearing total knee replacements. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society, Minneapolis, MN.
*Young L, Snethen K, Brandt P, *Bebler M, *Leslie H, Harman M. (2016 Oct 6). Constraint testing of flat, semi-constrained, and mobile bearing total knee replacements. Podium talk presented at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Minneapolis, MN.
*Harper, C., *Leslie, H., *Doyle, J., *Young, L., *Li, A., *Farrell, A., *Bebler, M., *David, M., DesJardins, J., Harman, M. (2015, September 25).  Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). Biomaterials Day Regional Symposium, Society for Biomaterials, Clemson, SC.
*David, M., *Bebler, M., *Farrell, A., *Harper, C., *Leslie, H., *Doyle, J., *Li, A., *Graham, W., Harman, M. (2016, April 29). Performance of four knee design categories: A comparison of CU-REPRO and international registries. Bioengineering Design Expo, Greenville.
*David, M., *Bebler, M., *Farrell, A., *Harper, C., *Leslie, H., *Doyle, J., *Li, A., *Graham, W., DesJardins, J., Harman, M. (2016, April 6-7). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics (CU-REPRO). 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Freed, R., *Keith, K., Hodge, A., Harman, M. (2013, January). Risk of damage during hip dislocation: Surface roughness on dislocated versus non-dislocated femoral heads retrieved after total hip replacement. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS), San Antonio, TX.
Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., *Wabler M., DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Assessment of New Damage Scoring Methodology for Total Knee Replacement Retrieval Analysis. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Austin, TX.
*Cash, H., Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Wabler, M., Voss, F., DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Comparative Analysis of Retrieved Genesis II UHMWPE Articulating Against OxZr vs. CoCr Femoral Components. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Austin, TX.
*Cash, H., *Elpers, M., *Wabler, M.E., Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D. (2010, April). Total Knee Replacement Explant Surface Damage Characterization. Presented at the Spring 2010 Undergraduate Research Symposium. Clemson, SC, Clemson University.
*Csernica, R., Harman, M., Baleani, M., Tozzi, G., Stea, S., Toni, A. (2012). Mechanical disassembly and damage assessment of retrieved femoral stems with modular necks. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
*Durig, N., Alvarez, E., Harman, M. (2012, October). Characterizing metal-polymer bearing couples of knee replacement prostheses retrieved after in vivo function. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M.E., *Cash, H.M., *Wabler, M.E., DesJardins, J.D., (2011, October). Assessment of Quantitative Methodology for Evaluation of Retrieved Metallic Femoral Components from Total Knee Replacements. Presented at the International Joint Tribology Conference, Los Angeles, CA.
Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D., Schmitt, S., Harman, M., (2012, February). Relationship between Surface Roughness and Articular Wear for Cobalt-Chrome on Polyethylene Bearing Couples Evaluation of Retrieved Unicondylar Knee Replacements. Proceedings of the Orthopedic Research Society Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M.E., *Cash, H.A., *Wabler, M.E., DesJardins, J.D. (2010, October). Assessment of New Damage Scoring Methodology for Total Knee Replacement Retrieval Analysis. Proceedings of the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC), Clemson, SC.
*Elpers, M., Alvarez, E., *Cash, H., *Wabler, M., Burnikel, B., Rodrigo, J., DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Comparative Analysis of Damage to Retrieved Femoral and Tibial NexGen PS Components. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Austin, TX.
Henson, K., *Quinn, R., Kuruvilla, J., *Lamb, A., DesJardins, J., Harman, M. (2012, September). Systematic Characterization of Specific Design Features for Retrieved Joint Prostheses. Presented at Biomaterials Day, Clemson, SC.
*Keith, K., Hodge, A., Harman, M. (2012). Surface roughness of dislocated metal hip heads retrieved after total hip replacement. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Atlanta, GA.
*Elpers, M.E., Alvarez, E., *Cash, H.M., *Wabler, M.E., DesJardins, J.D. (2010, October). Comparative Analysis Retrieved Femoral Components Surface Scratching in the NexGen PS Design. Proceedings of the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC), Clemson, SC.
*Sloan, E., Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., *Wabler, M., DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Analysis and Damage Characterization of PS Total Knee Joint Replacement Posts. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Austin, TX.
Sloan, E.*, Alvarez, E., Elpers, M.*, Cash, H.*, Wabler, M.*, and DesJardins, J.* (2010, October). Analysis and Damage Characterization of PS Total Knee Joint Replacement Posts. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Austin, TX.
Pace, T.B., *Keith, K., Alvarez, E., Snider, B., DesJardins, J.D., (2012, August). Comparison of Conventional Polyethylene Wear and Signs of Cup Failure in Two Similar Total Hip Designs. Proceedings of the 2012 South Carolina Orthopaedic Association Annual Scientific Meeting, Kiawah Island, SC.
*Wabler, M., Alvarez, E., *Elpers, M., *Cash, H., Demos, H., Schutte, H., DesJardins, J. (2010, October). Damage Scoring and Surface Roughness Analysis to Assess Oxinium and Standard CoCr Femoral Component Scratching in Total Knee Replacements. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society. Austin, TX.
*Wabler, M.E., Wright-Walker, C.J., Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D. (2009, October). Exploration, Development, and Implementation of the Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program in Orthopaedics (CU-REPO). Presented at the Southeast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference (SEBECC). Washington, DC.
*Wabler, M., Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D. (2009, July). Exploration, Development, and Implementation of the Clemson University Implant Retrieval Program (CUIRP). Presented at the Seventh Annual NIH-NSF BBSI Second Annual NASA-REU SSBR Symposium, Podium, Clemson, SC.
*Elpers, M., Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D. (2010, April). Comparative Analysis of Surface Scratching of Retrieved Femoral Components in the NexGen PS Design. Presented at the 8th SC-LIFE Colloquium of Undergraduate Research. Clemson, SC Clemson University.
*Sloan, E.E., DesJardins, J.D. (2010, April). Protocols for Posterior Stabilized Total Knee Joint Replacement Wear Testing and Damage Characterization. Presented at the Spring 2010 Undergraduate Research Symposium. Clemson, Clemson University.
*Wabler, M., Alvarez, E., DesJardins, J.D. (June 2010). Exploration, Development, and Implementation of the Retrieval of Explants Program in Orthopaedics (REPO). Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Engineering Education Conference and Exposition. Louisville, KY.
*Durig, N., Harman, M. (2012, April). Characterizing Metal-Polymer Bearing Couples Assessment of Knee Replacement Prostheses Retrieved After in vivo Function. Presented at Biomaterials Day, Memphis, TN.
Stamer, C. (2015, May). (MS – thesis), "Assessment of Bore-Cone Taper Junctions in Explanted Modular Total Hip Replacements.". Thesis advisor, Melinda Harman, PhD
Panigrahi P, Durig N, Alvarez E, Harman MK. Damage from unintentional metal-metal articulation of CoCrMo, TiAlV, and oxidized zirconium knee replacements following polyethylene insert failure. Wear, 324-325:1-9, 2015.




Csernica, R.*, Harman, M.*, Baleani, M., Tozzi, G., Erani, P., Stea, S., Toni, A. (2013, January). Mechanical disassembly and taper damage assessment of retrieved femoral stems with modular necks. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society (ORS), San Antonio, TX.
*Stamer, C., *Taylor, R., Panigrahi, P., Harman, M. (2014, October). Quantifying variations in the femoral head-neck moment arm and associated surface changes on retrieved modular total hip replacements. Presented at Biomaterials Day, Atlanta, GA.
*Stamer, C., *Taylor, R., Panigrahi, P., Harman, M. (2015, April). Quantitative assessment of taper damage and head-neck moment arm on retrieved total hip replacements with modular bore-cone taper junctions. Presented at the Society for Biomaterials, Charlotte, NC.
*Binnicker, R., *Patel, A., *Taylor, R., *Hall, G., *Harper, C., *Leslie, H., DesJardins, J., Harman, M., (2015, April). Clemson University Retrieval of Explants Program and Registry in Orthopaedics. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Alvarez, E., Harman, M., DesJardins, J.D. (2012, February). Development and Assessment of Knee Femoral Component Surface Damage Classification and Training Method, Poster #1949. Proceedings of the Orthopedic Research Society Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
944

Perception & Action: Studies in Virtual Reality, Haptic Surgical Simulator, Robotics and Affordances

Students will assist in conducting experimental research in one of a number of ongoing projects involving visual perception in virtual reality, touch and muscle perception in a laparoscopic surgery simulator, tele-operated robotics and/or the perception of “affordances.” "Affordances" are the things that can be done with the surfaces of the environment, such as whether an area on the floor is "step-over-able" or whether the width of a doorway is "pass-through-able." In a series of experiments we will investigate the accuracy of perceptual judgments pertaining to a variety of affordance behaviors, such stepping over, jumping over, passing through, whether or not an object is reachable, whether or not a short incline is stand-on-able, etc. Students are expected to participate in the CI project for 2-4 semesters.

Team Leaders
Leah Hartman Psychology
Kathryn Lucaites Psychology
Christopher Pagano Psychology
Brian Day Psychology
Accomplishments
*Wegner, H., Day, B., Hartman, L. & Pagano, C. (2017). Investigating Avatar Transformations
and Perception in Virtual Reality. Poster presented at the Clemson University Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, April 6, 2017.

Pagano, C. C. (2017). Perceiving Haptic Distance-To-Break in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task. Illinois State University Department of Psychology & CBS Colloquium Series. Normal, IL, April 14, 2017.
*Wegner, H., Day, B., Hartman, L., Pagano, C. (2017, April). Investigating Avatar Transformations and Perception in Virtual Reality. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Day, B., Ebrahimi, E., Pagano, C. & Babu, S. (2016, March 19-23). Applied Perception Research Group,
Clemson University. Demonstration at IEEE Virtual Reality Conference 2016, Greenville, SC.

Hartman, L.S., Day, B.M., Pagano, C.C., Kil, I. & Burg, T.C. (2015, July 15-18). Modality Effects in Training Haptic Distance-To-Break in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task. Perception and Action XIII: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Perception and Action, 117-120, Minneapolis, MN.

Day, B., Hartman, L. S., *Bryan, R., *Mask, R., *Goebel, A., Pagano, C. C. (2015, April). Is The Perceived Preferred Critical Boundary an Example of Gibson's Margin of Safety? Poster presented at Clemson GRADS research symposium, Clemson, SC.
Long, L.O., Pagano, C.C, Singapogu, R.B., & Burg, T.C. (2016). Surgeon’s Perception of Soft Tissue Constraints and Distance-to-Break in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2016 Annual Meeting, 1598-1602. Washington, DC, September 19-23, 2016.
Hartman, L.S., Kil, I., Pagano, C.C. & Burg, T.C. (2016). Investigating Haptic Distance-To-Break Using Linear and Nonlinear Materials in a Simulated Minimally Invasive Surgery Task. Ergonomics, 59, 1171-1181.
Day, B., Hartman, L. S., Pagano, C. C. (2015). The Perceived Preferred Critical Boundary as an Example of Gibson's Margin of Safety. Studies in Perception and Action XIII. Proceedings from the Eighteenth International Conference on Perception and Action, pp. 179-182.
Pagano, C. C., Co-Investigator, “Investigating Perceptual-Motor Synchrony and Coordination on Cybersickness, Skills Training, and Spatial Perception in a VR Rowing Simulator.” Clemson Brooks Sports Sciences Institute, 1/17-12/17, $47,000, Sabarish Babu, PhD, principle investigator.
Day, B., Hartman, L., & Pagano, C. (2016, June 20-22). Facilitating performance through perception. Poster presented at the 2016 North American Meeting of the International Society for Ecological Psychology, Clemson, SC.

Day, B., Hartman, L. S., Pagano, C. C. (2015, July). The Perceived Preferred Critical Boundary as an Example of Gibson's Margin of Safety. Poster presented at the Eighteenth International Conference on Perception and Action, Minneapolis, MN.
*Bryan, R., *Mask, R., *Goebel, A., Day, B., Hartman, L., and Pagano, C.C. (2015, April). Perception of Gap Traversability and Safety of Actions. Poster presented at 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
118

Exploring the Electrokinetic and Magnetic Transport Phenomena in Engineered Microchannels for Developing a General-Purpose Microfluidic Biochip

We explore the use of electric and magnetic fields for the transport and control of biological and synthetic particles in engineered microchannels with lab-on-a-chip applications to chemistry and biomedicine.

Team Leaders
Xiangchun Xuan Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Zhu, L., Patel, S., *Johnson, M., Kale, A., Raval, Y., Tzeng, T. R., Xuan, X. Enhanced throughput for electrical
manipulation of particles and cells in a stacked microfluidic device. Micromachines
, 7, 156 (2016). http://www.mdpi.com/2072-666X/7/9/156

*Thomas, C., Lu, X., *Todd, A., Raval, Y., Tzeng, T., Song, Y., Wang, J., Li, D., Xuan, X. Charge-based electrokinetic separation of particles and cells with similar sizes via the wall-induced electrical lift. Electrophoresis 38, 320-326 (2017). http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/elps.201600284/abstract
Harrison, H., Lu, X., Patel, S., *Thomas, C., *Todd, A., *Johnson, M., Raval, Y., Tzeng, T., Song, Y., Wang, J., Li, D., Xuan, X. (2015, February). Electrokinetic preconcentration of particles and cells in microfluidic reservoirs. Analyst, 140, 2869 - 2875. https://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5AN00105F
DuBose, J., Zhu, J., Patel, S., Lu, X., *Tupper, N., *Stonaker, J. M., Xuan, X. (2014, October). Electrokinetic particle separation in a single-spiral microchannel, Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 24, 115018. http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0960-1317/24/11/115018
*Wilbanks, J.J., *Kiessling, G., Zeng, J., Zhang, C., Xuan, X. (2014, January). Exploiting magnetic asymmetry to concentrate diamagnetic particles in ferrofluid microflows. Journal of Applied Physics, 115, 044907. http://aip.scitation.org/doi/full/10.1063/1.4862965
Patel, S., Showers, D.*, Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T., Qian, S., Xuan, X., (2012). Microfluidic separation of live and dead yeast cells using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Biomicrofluidics, 6, 034102. http://aip.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.4732800
Church, C., Zhu, J., *Nieto, J., *Keten, G., *Ibarra, E., Xuan, X. (2010, May). Continuous particle separation in a serpentine microchannel via negative and positive dielectrophoretic focusing. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 20, 065011. http://iopscience.iop.org/0960-1317/20/6/065011
Patel, S., *Showers, D., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T. J., Qian, S., and Xuan, X. (2012, July). Microfluidic separation of live and dead yeast cells using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis. AIP Biomicrofluidics: Fundementals, Perspectives, and Apllications, 6(3). http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/bmf/6/3/10.1063/1.4732800
Zeng, J., Chen, C., Vedantam, P., *Brown, V., Tzeng, T. J., Xuan, X. (2012, August). Three-dimensional magnetic focusing of particles and cells in ferrofluid flow through a straight microchannel. Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 22, 105018. http://iopscience.iop.org/0960-1317/22/10/105018/
Zhu, J., *Canter, R. C., *Keten, G., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T., Xuan, X. (2011, December). Continuous flow separation of particles and cells in a serpentine microchannel via curvature-induced dielectrophoresis. Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, 11(6), 743-752. http://experts.umn.edu/en/publications/continuousflow-particle-and-cell-separations-in-a-serpentine-...
*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X., Xuan, X. (2016, March). "Lift-enhanced electrical pinched flow fractionation for particle and cell separation". APS March Meeting 2016, Baltimore, MD.
Li, D., *Walker, P., *Sparks, J., Kozubowski, L., and Xuan, X. (February 2017). "Continuous sheathless separation of normal and drug-treated Cryptococcus neoformans in viscoelastic fluid flow through a straight rectangular microchannel". Presented at 88th Annual Meeting of The Society of Rheology, Tampa, FL.

Brumme, C.*, Shaw, R.*, Zhou, Y., Prabhakaran, R., Xuan, X. (2016, March). "Joule heating effects on electrokinetic flow instabilities in ferrofluids," APS March Meeting 2016, Baltimore, MD.

*Brumme, C., *Shaw, R., Zhou, Y., Lu, X., Xuan, X. (2015, November). "Electrothermal flow enhanced sample mixing in a ratchet microchannel". American Physical Society 68th Annual Division of Fluid Dynamics (DFD) Meeting, Boston, MA.

*Brumme, C., *Shaw, R., Zhou, Y., Prabhakaran, R., Xuan, X. (2016, March). "Joule heating effects on electrokinetic flow instabilities in ferrofluid". APS March Meeting 2016, Baltimore, MD.

Thomas, C., Todd, A., Lu, X., Xuan, X., "Lift-enhanced electrical pinched flow fractionation for particle and cell separation," APS March Meeting 2016, Baltimore, MD (March 2016).

*Brumme, C., *Shaw, R., Zhou, Y., Lu, X., Xuan, X. (2015, November). "Electrothermal flow enhanced sample mixing in a ratchet microchannel." Presented at the 68th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Boston, MA.
*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X., Xuan, X., (2015, November). "Continuous-flow electrophoretic separation of particles with dissimilar charge-to-mass ratios via the wall-induced non-inertial lift." Presented at the 68th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Boston, MA.
*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X., Xuan, X. (November 2015). “Continuous-flow electrophoretic separation of particles with dissimilar charge-to-mass ratios via the wall-induced non-inertial lift,” American Physical Society 68th Annual Division of Fluid Dynamics (DFD) Meeting, Boston, MA.

*Thomas, C., *Todd, A., Lu, X., Xuan, X. (2014, November 16-21). Selective concentration and separation of colloidal particles by positive reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at the AICHE 2014 Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
Thanjavur, D., *Pasternak, S., Zhou, Y., Lu, X., Xuan, X. (2014, November 16-21). Electrokinetic instabilities in ferrofluid flows. AICHE 2014 Annual Meeting. Atlanta, GA.
*Wilbanks, J., *Kiessling, G. A., Zeng, J., Chen, C., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T. J., Xuan, X. (2013, May). Diamagnetic particle and microbe concentration using ferromicrofluidics. Advances in Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN.
Zeng, J., *Wilbanks, J. J., Chen, C., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T. J., Xuan, X. (2013, May). Continuous size-based particle and cell separation in ferrofluid flow through a straight microchannel with two offset magnets. Presented at Advances in Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN.
Patel, S., *Showers, D., Vedantam, P., Tzeng, T., Qian, S., Xuan, X. (2012, November). Continuous-flow separation of live and dead yeasts using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at 65th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, San Diego, CA.
*Brown, V., *Zeng, J., Liang, L., Tzeng, J., Xuan, X. (2012, March). Continuous Cell Concentration Using Ferrofluids. Presented at Asme 2012 micro/nanoscale heat and mass transfer international conference, Alanta, GA.
*Ibarra, E., *Keten, G., *Nieto, J., Church, C., Xuan, X. (2009, November). Negative and positive dielectrophoresis of particles in curved microchannels. Presented at 2009 AICHE Annual Meeting, Nashville,TN.
*Showers, D., *Brown, V., et al. (2011, November). Dielectrophoretic Separation of Live and Dead Yeast Cells in Microfluidic Reservoirs. Presented at 64th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Baltimore, MD.
*Zeng, J., Liang, L. (2011, November). Diamagnetic Cell Focusing in Ferrofluid Microchannel Flows. Presented at 64th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics. Baltimore, MD.
Liang, L., *Rivers, J., Xuan, X. (2012, March). Continuous flow separation of magnetic and nonmagnetic particles in a ferrofluid. Presented at Asme 2012 micro/nanoscale heat and mass transfer international conference, Alanta, GA.
*Showers, D., Patel, S., Liang, L., Xuan, X. (2012, March). Three-dimensional characterization of electrokinetic particle entry into microchannels. Presented at Asme 2012 micro/nanoscale heat and mass transfer international conference, Alanta, GA.
DuBose, J., *Tupper, N., *Stonaker, J., Patel, S., Xuan, X. (2013, November 24-26). Electrokinetic filtration and separation of particles by size in single-spiral microchannels. Presented at 66th Annual Meeting of American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Harrison, H., *Johnson, M., Patel, S., Xuan, X. (2013, November 24-26). Electrical manipulation of submicron particles by reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at 66th Annual Meeting of American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics, Pittsburgh, PA.
Li, D., *Walker, P., *Sparks, J., Kozubowski, L., and X. Xuan. 2017. Continuous sheathless separation of normal and drug-treated Cryptococcus neoformans in viscoelastic fluid flow through a straight rectangular microchannel. Presented poster at 88th Annual Meeting of The Society of Rheology.    
*Johnson, M., *Anderson, R., Patel, S., Tzeng, T., Xuan, X. (2012, October). Microbe removal using reservoir-based dielectrophoresis (rDEP). Presented at AICHE 2012 Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA
*Wilbanks, J., *Kiessling, G., Zeng, J., Chen, C., Xuan, X. (2012, October). Diamagnetic particle trapping in ferromicrofluidics. Presented at AICHE 2012 Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
561

Identification and Functional Evaluation of Anti-cancer and Anti-inflammatory Immunomodulators from natural products

Samples isolated from many natural products have anti-cancer and/or anti-inflammatory activities through the activation of the immune system, such as  natural killer (NK) cells, macrophages, etc. We are in a process of identifying these potential anti-cancer or anti-inflammatory compounds from various natural products. The CI project is a part of this effort and responsible for the biological screening and characterization of these samples. CI students will use in vitro screening systems to exam cell proliferation, cytotoxicity, inflammatory mediator production, etc. to identify potential anti-cancer/inflammatory drugs. A minimum of two semesters are required for a student to register this course (BIOL 4940).

Team Leaders
Yanzhang Wei Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Biotransformation of Agricultural Waste into Antitumor Compounds by a Marine Protist, a pending grant proposal submitted to USDA.
Hiba Kouser, Megan Polito, Justin Schumacher, Xi Yang, Yanzhang Wei. Anti-cancer and/or Anti-inflammatory Effects of Marine Protist Metalized Materials. Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC Spring 2017

*Kouser, H., *Polito, M., *Schumacher, J., Wei, Y. (2017, April). Anti-cancer and/or Anti-inflammatory Effects of Marine Protist Matelized Materials. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Fox, A., *Cruse, K., *Polito, M., Wei, Y. (2016, April) CI Report. Presented at Dr. Wei's lab meeting.
*Kouser, H., *Polito, M., *Schumacher, J., Yang, X., and Wei Y. (2016). CI Semester Report 2016 Fall. Presented at Dr. Wei's group.
Kouser, H., Polito, M., Schumacher, J., Yang, X., and W. Yanzhang. 2016. CI Final Report.

Youn, U. J., Park, EJ, Kondratyuk T, Sang-Ngern M, Wei Y, Wall M, Pezzuto J, Chang L. Anti-inflammatory and Quinone Reductase Inducing Compounds from Fermented Noni (Morinda press.citrifolia) Juice Exudates. J Nat Prod, (2016) in press
Tietje, A., Yang, I., *Huggins, H., *Brierley, S., *Burns, A., *Shearer, A. (2015, April). Anti-tumor potential of compounds isolated from Physalis peruviana (poha). Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Borucki, R., *Blumer, A., *Huggins, H., Wei, Y., *Tietje, A., Yang, X. (2014, April). Compounds from fermented noni exudates (fNE) selectively kill human cancer cells. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
158

A Horse Show Team: An integrative approach to horse training, marketing and sales

Students in A Horse Show Team: An integrative approach to horse training, marketing and sales have the opportunity to work with a diverse group of horses ranging from weanlings to aged horses. Students will train horses and prepare them for sale or entry into shows and events. Students manage the training and overall wellbeing of the horses under the direction of course instructors. Students have the opportunity to showcase their work through horse shows, public service events and open houses at the CU Equine Center.

Team Leaders
Kristine Vernon Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Anna Baxley Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Accomplishments
 IHSA teams won 2nd and 4th in the region for the 2011-2012 academic year.  Three riders progressed to the regional championship and one to the western semi-finals.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
162

Health Disparities

Racial and ethnic minorities represent one of the fastest growing segments of our society. Of the 281 million people counted by the 2000 Census, more than half were women. Approximately 41 million of these were women of color, representing 29% of all the U.S. population. Of these, 43% were classified as black non-Hispanic, 41% Hispanic, 13% Asian non-Hispanic, 0.4% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (non-Hispanic) and 2.5% American Indian/Alaska Native (non-Hispanic). Concomitant with the population growth of racial/ethnic minority groups is growing in this country, the disparities in health between minorities and the majority group remain large in some cases continue to widen. Health Disparities are defined as differences in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of diseases and other adverse health conditions that exist among specific population groups in the United States when compared to non-Hispanics. Specific population groups are identified as African-Americans, Asian and Asian Pacific Islanders, Hispanic and Latino, Native American and Native Alaskan. Medically Under-served Populations are defined as populations that have inadequate access to, or reduced utilization of high quality health care. Included in this group are low literacy, rural and low-income populations, including older minority women. In an effort to improve the nation’s health, Healthy People 2020 encourages the design of strategies and action plans to address one or more of the leading health indicators. Successful interventions that target these indicators are integral to improving the quality of life and reducing the incidence of the leading causes of death for all people. It is well documented that many of the disparities in health are related to a variety of lifestyle factors and may be amenable to primary and or secondary preventive measures.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
Accomplishments
*Reifeis, E and Lanham, J. (2011, April). Health Promotion, Physical Activity, and Obesity Prevention in Preschool Children. Presented at CBSHS/CoE Research Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Lyons, T., *Gandy, E., and *Foley, E. (2016, April). Telemedicine: Changing the Face of Healthcare. Presented at 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
163

Geologic Mapping in the Upstate of SC

This group explores and analyzes the geologic structures and mineralogy of the bedrock formations that comprise the upstate of South Carolina.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Seigler, M. and Brame, S. (2017, April). Petrographic Analysis of Ultramafic Rocks in the Blue Ridge and Inner Piedmont of South Carolina. Presented at 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Nguyen, S. and Brame, S. (2017, April). Using a Mobile Eddy Covariance Tower to Measure CO2 Flux. Presented at 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Wykel, J. and Brame, S. (2017, April). Nitrogen Loading and Coliform Bacteria in Eighteen Mile Creek. Presented at 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Berisford, J. and Brame, S. (2015, April). The Influence of Slope on the Weathering Rates of Biotite Gneiss Bedrock. Presented at 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Walters, D. and Brame, S. (2015, April). Changes in Soil CO2 Flux from an Urban Environment due to Anthropogenic Compaction. Presented at 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., *Demille, R., and Brame, S. (2014, April). Analysis of carbon flux from soils derived from different rock types. Presented at 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Gloerson, K., *Goretoy, S., and Brame, S. (2014, April). Determination of chemical weathering rates using mass balance equations and determination of weathering products using X-ray diffraction. Presented at 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Hickok, K. and Brame, S. (2014, April). Carbon dioxide efflux in forest soil and topsoil influenced by soil moisture and temperature variations. Presented at 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Coffin, A and Brame, S. (2014, April). Comparison of till and no-till agricultural practices on carbon dioxide flux from the soil on an organic farm. Presented at 9th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Wylie, P. and Brame, S. (2013, April). Using soil pH and Ca/Mg Hardness to Map Bedrock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Black, E. and Brame, S. (2013, April). Geologic Mapping by Soil Analysis: Determining the Contact Between Amphibolite and Biotite Gneiss Using Soil Chemistry and pH. Presented at 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Lefitz, A. and Brame, S. (2013, April). Mapping of the Clemson Forest using Digital Field Mapping Techniques. Presented at 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Grayson, A and Brame, S.(2012, April). Detailed Mapping of Amphibolite Rock in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at 7th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Marcacci, K., Brame, S. (2017, April). Interpretation of Mylonites and Other Ductile Shear Indicators from the Six Mile Quad, SC. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.

*Lo, S., Brame, S. (2016, March 31). Interpretation of a Large Amphibolite Body in the Clemson Forest, Six Mile Quad, SC. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Slocum, C., Brame, S. (2016, March 31). Calculation of Mineral Weathering Rates of Four Different Rock Types in the Sunset Quad (SC) Using a Mass Balance Equation. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson.
*Berisford, J., Brame, S. (2015, March). The Influence of Slope on the Weathering Rates of Biotite Gneiss Bedrock. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Caldwell, G. S., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Refinement of the Seneca Fault in the Southwest Corner of the Six Mile Quadrangle. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Herrmann, A., Brame, S., Bharadwaj, A. (2015, March 25). Sediment Core Characterization in the Twelvemile Creek Arm of Lake Hartwell, SC. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*McFarland, W., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). XRD Analysis of Soil between Outcrops of Amphibolite and Mica Schist. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Villanueva, R., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Re-examining the Geologic Interpretations Used to Delineate the Seneca Fault. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Goretoy, S., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Determining Mineral Weathering Rates in the Clemson Experimental Forest using a Mass Balance Approach. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Gloersen, K., Brame, S., (2014, April 3). Determining Residual Soil Mineralogy using X-ray Diffraction. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Phillips, C. (2012, April) Geothermometry of Migmatites in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presentation at 20th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Grayson, A. (2012, April 12) Detailed Mapping of Amphibolite Bodies in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presentation at 20th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Wylie, P., Brame, S. (2013, April 4). Using Soil pH and Ca/Mg Hardness to Map Bedrock in the Clemson Experimental Forest, Sediment Transport after Dam Removal on Twelve-Mile Creek, Norris, SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Lefitz, A., Brame, S. (April 4, 2013). Mapping of the Clemson Forest using Digital Field Mapping Techniques. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Black, E., Brame, S. (2013, April 4). Geologic Mapping by Soil Analysis: Determining the Contact between Amphibolite and Biotite Gneiss using Soil Chemistry and pH. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
645

Bamboo Reinforced Concrete

This Creative Inquiry (CI) project aims to address the sub-standard and dangerous construction of buildings with unreinforced concrete due to the high cost of rebar. In many developing countries, such as Haiti, single-story family homes are constructed with severely under-reinforced concrete beams and columns and in many cases unreinforced concrete masonry units (CMU). When the 7.0 earthquake hit Port-au-Prince in January 2010, thousands of people died from the collapsing of these under-designed homes. The high cost of rebar is the major cause for the construction of under-reinforced buildings. In many developing countries, the cost of rebar for a home could be more than several months’ wages and because of this, many chose to build their houses with little to no rebar reinforcement. This CI project will explore the possibility of using bamboo to replace steel to provide tensile reinforcement for concrete. Some past studies have shown that the maximum tensile capacity of bamboo is comparable to that of steel and the tensile strength to weight ratio of bamboo is six times that of steel. In addition, bamboo is a sustainable and renewable construction material. Bamboo grows naturally in many regions of the world including Haiti. It can reach full growth in just a few months and its full strength in just a few years.

Team Leaders
Weichiang Pang Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
*Brokaw, G., *Cook, M., *Davis, L., *Patel, M., *Repp, A., *Ressler, E., *Spong, C., Pang, W. (2017, April). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Patel, M., *Hummel, G., *Ressler, E., *Brokaw, G., and *Spong, C. (2016, December). “Bamboo Reinforced Concrete – Fall 2015 Activities Summary”. Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (CEDC) end-of-semester project summary presented Watt Innovation Center, Clemson, SC.
Anastopoulo, T.*, Hummel, G.*, Jerwann, K.*, Patel, M.*, Tatem, L.*. (2016, April). The Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Group. Innovations Summit Presentation.


Patel, M.*, Hummel, G.*, Tatem, L.*, Anastopoulo, T.*, and Jerwann, K.* (2016, April). "The Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Group". Concrete Innovations Summit,  Clemson, SC.
*Schneider, N., Pang, W., Gu, M. (2014, April 3-5). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete for Seismic Design. Presented at Structures Congress, ASCE, Boston, MA.
2015 - Overall 3rd Place in Bamboo Reinforced Concrete Beam Competition - ASCE Carolinas Conference
Schneider, N.*, Pang, W., Gu, M. (2014), "Application of Bamboo for Flexural and Shear Reinforcement in Concrete Beams," 2014 Structures Congress, Boston, MA.
*Schneider, N., *Albritton, S., *Crowder, M., *Goodwin, J., *Kiser, S., *Lawler, P., *Lehne, W., *Mcgowan, R., *Stoner, M., (2013). Bamboo Reinforced Concrete. Poster Presentation, Clemson Green Expo, Clemson, South Carolina.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
176

Health Promotion, Physical Activity and Obesity Prevention Among Children, Adolescents and Teenagers

The prevalence of obesity continues to be a health concern for children and adolescents in the United States. Obesity increases the risk of many diseases and health conditions. These include: Coronary heart disease Type 2 diabetes Cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon) Hypertension (high blood pressure) Dyslipidemia (for example, high total cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides) Stroke Liver and Gallbladder disease Sleep apnea and respiratory problems Osteoarthritis (a degeneration of cartilage and its underlying bone within a joint) Gynecological problems (abnormal menses, infertility) One of the Healthy People 2020 national health objectives is to reduce the prevalence of obesity among children and adolescents to less than 5%. Significant differences in obesity among race or ethnic groups remain. The prevalence of overweight in Mexican-American and non-Hispanic black girls was higher than among non-Hispanic white girls. Among boys, the prevalence of overweight was significantly higher among Mexican Americans than among either non-Hispanic black or white boys. There were significant differences by age. Adolescents were more likely to be overweight than younger children. Obesity and overweight are a result of an imbalance between food consumed and physical activity. National data have shown an increase in the calorie consumption of and no change in physical activity patterns. Overweight adolescents often become obese adults. Although the United States has the highest prevalence of obesity among the developed nations, it is not alone in terms of trends. Increases in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children and adults have been observed throughout the world.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Lanham, J., *Boyd, C., *Cureton, H., *Gibbs, J., *Holmes, S., *Johnston, P., *Robelen, M. (2017, April). Childhood Obesity: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
With golden arches on every street corner and video games to keep children on the couch for days, childhood obesity is a quickly spreading problem in today's society. Poor eating and sedentary habits can lead to the predisposition of chronic illnesses and eventually premature death. This publication intends to educate minority preschool age children about issues involving nutrition, exercise, and the benefits of living a healthy lifestyle. The group plans to create an activity book for interactive learning with the goal of decreasing childhood obesity.
Graff, R., Hook, L., Hungerford, S., Pryor, C., Wright, S., and Berkompas, B. (2013). "Healthy for me from A-z". 
Reifeis, E. (2013). "Health Promotion, Physical Activity, and Obesity Prevention in Preschool Children".
*Lanham, J. (2013). Childhood Obesity. Poster presentation for the Creative Inquiry Undergraduate Research Program. Clemson University, Clemson, SC
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
187

Exploring microbial community in students' exercising environment

Microorganisms are everywhere in the environment.  Although most of them are harmless or beneficial microorganisms, human pathogens or antibiotic resistant microorganisms can pose the threat to human health.  In this project, we are interested in understanding the microbial community in student exercising environment.  The goal is to evaluate the risks of students acquiring those harmful microorganisms during exercising, and develop practical methods for controlling those risks.Food fermentation practices can be traced back many centuries ago. Worldwide, there are numerous food products created by beneficial microorganisms such as lactic acid producing bacteria, mold and yeast. These fermented food products, such as cheeses, yogurt, miso, soysauce, kimchi, rice wine and so on, not only add the flavor, nutritional value but also enhance food safety of food products. We'll explore the microbiological aspects of these products using both traditional and molecular biological tools, and hopefully develop some unique products or improve the safety of existing fermented food products.

Team Leaders
Xiuping Jiang Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
195

Digital Design Build - Community Engagement and Advanced Technology

Students in the course will go through the process of conceiving a project developing it through cutting edge digital design methods and then fabricating their design using state of the computer controlled manufacturing equipment with our regional industry partners. This a steep learning curve for them but extremely beneficial for them and will distinguish them from their peers at other institutions.

Team Leaders
Douglas Hecker School of Architecture
Accomplishments
Sewesky, M. (2011 April). "Clemson University students design urban furniture for Asheville."" Clemson Newsroom. Clemson University
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
199

Social and Organizational Psychology

Our research team uses multiple methodologies with diverse samples to better understand how characteristics of the individual interact with the demands and opportunities in the environment to influence motivation, health, and performance. Our research findings have led to recommendations for improving the well-being and performance of military personnel and foreign language analysts working for the US government, and have shed light on the structural and attitudinal barriers that affect individuals considering treatment for psychological problems.

Team Leaders
Thomas W. Britt Jr Psychology
Accomplishments
Pittman, R., Jennings, K., Goguen, K., Britt, T., Jeffirs, S., Wilkes, R., *Brady, A., and *DiMuzio, D. (2017). Personality traits and barriers to treatment seeking among college students. Poster to be presented at the LXIII Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Psychological Association (SEPA), Atlanta, GA.

*Wilkes, R., *Brady, A., *Jeffirs, S., *DiMuzio, D., Jennings, K., Goguen, K., Sytine, A. & Britt, T. (2017). The Role of Meaningful Work in Astronaut Health and Performance During Long Duration Space Exploration Missions. Poster presented at Fair of Creative Inquiry (FOCI), Clemson, SC.





*Peasley, A., *Jeffirs, S., *Zaremba, B., *Lee, A., *Rivera, K., *Palmer, J., Goguen, K., Jennings, K., Britt Jr, T. (2014, April). Implicit and explicit stigma towards mental health treatment. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
(2015-2016). What to Tell a Soldier Who Hasn't Gotten Treatment [Video file]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891179


(2015-2016). The Importance of Unit Support [Video File]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891181


(2015-2016). Barriers Soldiers Face [Video File]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891177


(2015-2016). The Benefits of Treatment [Video File]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891180


(2015-2016). Mental Health Symptoms and the Need for Treatment [Video File]. Retrieved from: https://player.vimeo.com/video/184891180


Zinzow, H. M., Britt, T. W., Pury, C. S., Jennings, K., Cheung, J. H., & Raymond, M. A. (2015). Barriers and facilitators of mental health treatment‐seeking in U.S. Active duty soldiers with sexual assault histories. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 28(4), 289-297.
Gillispie, S.K., Britt, T.W., Burnette, C.M., & McFadden, A.C. (2016). Employee mental health treatment seeking: Perceptions of responsibility and resilience. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 31, 1-18.
Goguen, K., Britt, T.W., Jennings, K., Sytine, A., *Jeffirs, S., Peasley, P., Zaremba, B., & Palmer, J. (2016). Implicit and explicit attitudes toward mental health treatment. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 35, 45-63.
Jennings, K.S., Cheung, J.H., Britt, T.W., Goguen, K., *Jeffirs, S., *Peasley, A., *Lee, A. (2015). How are perceived stigma, self-stigma, and self-reliance related to treatment seeking? Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal (Special Issue: Self-Stigma and Mental Illness), 38, 109-116.
Britt, T.W., Pusilo, C., McKibben, E.S., Kelley, C., *Baker, A.N., Nielson, K.A. (2011). Personality and strength-related attitude dimensions: Between and within-person relationships. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 586-596.
Alumni Award for Outstanding Achievement in Research at Clemson University
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1085

Design, Development and Creative Uses of a Combined Optical Tweezer and Fluorescent Microscope

Optical tweezers is an instrument used to apply and measure loads to single molecules, particularly in the study of the physical properties of biological molecules. The tweezers primarily consist of a laser that is focused to a diffraction-limited point at which a 0.5 – 2 um bead can be trapped and an optical microscopy light path to observe the sample. The laser can be moved by deflecting the laser beam. Based on the location of the bead in the beam, the force that the laser exerts on the bead can be determined. Students work together in interdisciplinary teams to design and implement subsystems into an optical tweezer instrument. While the function of the subsystem will be determined based on the interests of the students who participate, it could have significant optical, mechanical, and electrical components. Additionally, there are opportunities for primarily software enhancements potentially adding functionality or improving the user experience. Possible design projects include implementing time-sharing for trapping multiple beads simultaneously with one laser, enhancement of feedback control algorithms, introduction of real-time particle tracking, adding imaging modalities to the optical path (darkfield, DIC, phase contrast), etc.The final outcome, after 2 (or more) semesters, of this project will be the presentation or publishing of the results of the research, design and demonstration effort at an appropriate scientific conference or journal. This project will give students practical, hands on experience building precision scientific instruments. Successful completion, the experience gained as part of this project will be invaluable to students either planning on finding an industry job or entering a graduate program in science or engineering.

Team Leaders
Subash Godar Physics and Astronomy
Rachel Andorfer Physics and Astronomy
Joshua Alper Physics and Astronomy
ScienceG
215

Value Stream Process Management

Students will interview Clemson or other company employees and develop a process map. Activities may include developing a survey or collecting data, and analyzing the results. They will identify redundant and non-value added steps in the process and recommend changes.Successful completion is awarded with a Green Belt in Lean Six Sigma.

Team Leaders
Frances Kennedy School of Accountancy
BusinessD
229

Partnerships for a Sustainable Food System

Students in this CI, which is called Dirt to Food (D2F), engage in hands-on learning opportunities in gardening and gardening as a tool for nutrition education, focusing on partnerships with the Bart Garrison Agricultural Museum of SC. This semester, instructors are working on plans to partner this CI with Slow Food on Campus and the Sustainability CAFe.

Team Leaders
Jennifer Goree Student Health Center
Mary E Kunkel Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Jessie McGinty recieved a $2,000 Whole Kids Foundation School Garden Grant Program grant from Whole Foods supermarkets and FoodCorps in April 2012 for the Dirt to Food project.
235

Exploring Nutrient sensing in an ancient pathogen

The sugar glucose is essential to the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of African sleeping sickness. Heretofore, we have known very little about the regulation of a key enzyme in glucose metabolism, hexokinase (TbHK1). Recently, our group has identified a second HK (TbHK2) that regulates the first. This observation, along with our finding that products from other cellular processes can alter HK activity, suggest that HK serves as a central mediator of metabolism in the cell. Here, we propose to explore how TbHK2 regulates TbHK1, including studies aimed at understanding the impact of multimerization on enzyme activity. Further, we will consider how the enzyme is regulated by other mechanisms, including phosphorylation and inhibition by other cellular metabolites. Our long-term goal is to carefully characterize the roles of the two HKs in the biology of T. brucei, with a particular emphasis on understanding the role of these proteins in regulation of metabolism. We hypothesize that the proteins may regulate the cells’ response to environmental changes in nutrient availability that occurs as the parasites move from one host to another.

Team Leaders
James Morris Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
National Institutes of Health – PI, "Identification of kinetoplastid parasite glucose uptake and subcellular distribution inhibitors as therapeutic leads" (1R21AI127575-01) (R21/33 R21/33 Phased Innovation Award Mechanism)
April 15, 2016 – awarded,TI, on 1P20GM109094-01A1, NIH Center for Biomedical Research Excellence (COBRE).
Qiu, Y, Patrick, SL, and Morris JC. (2016). Invited Review: Nutrient sensing in kinetoplastid parasites. Advances in Medicine and Biology. Vol 105, 177-202.
Gordhan, HM, Patrick, SL, Swasy, MI, Hackler, AL, Anayee, M, Golden, JE, Morris, JC, Whitehead, D. (2017). Evaluation of substituted ebselen derivatives as potential trypanocidal agents. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 27, 537-541.
Hackler, A, Patrick, SL, Kahney, EW, Flaherty, DP, Sharlow, ER, Morris, JC, Golden, JE. (2017). Antiparasitic lethality of sulfonamidebenzamides in kinetoplastids. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 27, 755-758.
Lin, S, Voyton, C, Morris, MT, Ackroyd, CP, Morris, JC, Christensen, KA. (2017). pH regulation in glycosomes of procyclic form Trypanosoma brucei. Journal of Biological Chemistry (Accepted, 03/27/17, doi: 10.1074/jbc.M117.784173).
Davis, M.I., *Patrick, S., Blanding, W.M., Dwivedi, V., Suryadi, J., Golden, J.E., Coussens, N.P., Lee, O.W., Shen, M., Boxer, M.B., Hall, M.D., Sharlow, E.R., Drew, M.E., Morris, J.C. (2016, July).  Identification of novel Plasmodium falciparum hexokinase inhibitors with anti-parasitic activity. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2016 Jul 25. pii: AAC.00914-16. [Epub ahead of print]
Hackler, A.L., Qiu, Y., Patrick, S.L., Lee, S.H., Acosta-Serrano, A., Morris, J.C. (2015, December) Characterization of an African trypanosome mutant refractory to lectin-induced death. Biochem Biophys Rep. 2015 Dec 1;4:33-38. PMID:26393238
*Hackler, A.L., Yijian, Q., *Patrick, S.L., Lee, S.H., Acosta-Serano, A., Morris, J.C. (2015).  Characterization of an African trypanosome mutant refractory to lectin-induced death. Biochemistry and Biophysical Reports 4, 33-38.
*Hackler, A. L., Qiu, Y., *Patrick, S. L., Lee, S. H., Acosta-Serrano, A., Morris, J. C. (2015, August). Characterization of an African trypanosome mutant refractory to lectin-induced death. Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports, 4, 33_38.
Harris, M.T., Walker, D.M., Drew, M.E., Mitchell, W.G., *Dao, K., Schroeder, C. E., Flaherty, D. P., Weiner, W. S., Golden J. E., Morris, J. C. (2013, Aug) Interrogating a Hexokinase-Selected Small Molecule Library for Inhibitors of Plasmodium falciparum Hexokinase. (In Press) Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.;57(8):3731-7. doi: 10.1128/AAC.00662-13.
Harris, M.T., Mitchell, W.G., Morris, J.C. (2013). Targeting protozoan parasite metabolism: glycolytic enzymes in the therapeutic crosshairs. Current Medicinal Chemistry.;21(15):1668-78.
*Burkhardt, P., Qui, E., and Morris, J. (2016, November). Heterologous expression of human glucokinase in the African trypanosome. Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center 4th Annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Meeting. Outdoor Laboratory and Watt Center, Clemson University.

*Werner, T., *Newton, W., Milanes, J., and Morris, J. (2016, November 17-19). Targeting the Naegleria glucokinase as a therapeutic target: an amoeba Achilles heal? Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center 4th Annual Cellular Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Meeting. Outdoor Laboratory and Watt Center, Clemson University.

*Patrick, S.L., Golden, J.E., Dwivedi, V., Drew, M.E., Sharlow, E., Davis, M.I., Shen, M., Hall, M.D., Boxer, M., Blanding, W.M., Kahney, E.W., Morris, J.C. (2016, Jan 25-29). Protozoan hexokinases as therapeutic targets: Trypanosoma brucei and Plasmodium falciparum in the crosshairs. Presented at the Keystone Symposium Meeting, "Drug Discovery for Parasitic Diseases," Tahoe City, CA.


*Griffith, M. (2015, October). Purifying and Characterizing Hexokinase 1 in Leishmania donovani. Presented at the 3rd Annual Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Meeting.


Stephen Patrick, a former CI student, was awarded the "Deans Scholarship" at MUSC. This covers the tuition and associated costs for his medical school training and is one of two awarded a year.
Nominated for CAFLS Advisor of the Year (by research students associated with the CI).
ScienceG
986

Membrane Separations for Clean Water and Energy Applications

Team members in the Membrane Separations for Clean Water and Energy Applications CI group will design and build membrane separation units that will be used for outreach demonstrations and classroom experiments.  The CI will span 3 semesters.  In the first semester, students will study emerging membrane technologies and basic principles of membrane design and operation.  In the second semester, team members will design and cost a membrane separation unit. In the final semester, students will build the membrane separation units based on their design and conduct performance tests.

Team Leaders
Steven Weinman Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Scott M Husson Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Christine Duval Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
*Mullan, C., *Price, C., *Riggs, J., *Roberson, S., *Ruff, C., *Westbrook, B. (2017, April). Water Purification on a Cart: Mobile Laboratory Experiments to Teach about Membrane Separations. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Metri, J., *Mullan, C., *Reed, G., *Roberson, S., *Tedder, J., *Westbrook, B. (2016, April). Design and construction of a reverse osmosis demonstration unit for clean water. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Event, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
DMREF: Collaborative Research: An Integrated Multiscale Modeling and Experimental Approach to Design Fouling-Resistant Membranes The creative inquiry project was included in this grant to develop the membrane filtration unit to test these new membrane materials. The CI students will construct the membrane filtration unit that will be used by graduate students in the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering who are funded under the DMREF grant. Additionally, the membrane filtration unit will be part of an outreach program included in the DMREF grant.
DMREF: Collaborative Research: An Integrated Multiscale Modeling and Experimental Approach to Design Fouling-Resistant Membranes. This grant includes an outreach component that will use the membrane separation systems built by the CI to teach high school students about membrane technologies and opportunities in STEM.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
961

Take and Play: A Play Based Parent Intervention for Early Childhood

Students will work on an intervention-based research study that will involve developing take home based geared towards mathematics and social emotional growth in an effort to support play based interactions between parents and young children.

Team Leaders
Sandra Linder Teaching & Learning
Accomplishments
Emerson, A., Linder, S.M., Gerland, T., & Clay, K. (Accepted- to be presented November 2017). Promoting Preschooler's Approaches to Learning through Play: Intentional Toy and Task Selection for Early Childhood Classrooms. Poster to be presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for the Education of Young Children. Atlanta, GA.
PNC Foundation through Project BEEMS
Linder, S.M., Emerson, A., Heffron, B.*, Shevlin, E.*, Vest, A*. (2016). STEM use in
Early Childhood: Viewpoints from the Field. Young Children, 71, 3, 87-91.


Gee, K., Martin, H., & Linder, S.M. (In Press). Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers. Council for Elementary Science International Sourcebook.

*Covington, S. (2016, May). "Going for a Swim". National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. Teaching Children Mathematics, Vol 22 Issue 9.

*Reece, K. & *Setzer, K. (2016, April). "The Tip Top Ice Cream Shop". National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. Teaching Children Mathematics, Vol 22 Issue 8.


*Furguson, C. (2016, February). "A Trip to the Circus". National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. Teaching Children Mathematics, Vol 22 Issue 6.

Freestone, J*. (2015, November). "Space Adventures". National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. Teaching Children Mathematics, Vol 22, Issue 4.

Linder, S.M., Emerson, A., Heffron, B.*, Shevlin, E.*, Vest, A.* (2016). STEM use in Early Childhood: Viewpoints from the Field. Young Children, 71, 3, 87-91.

EducationE
237

Biochemical and genetic approaches to understanding acetate metabolism in pathogenic fungi

Cryptococcus neoformans is an invasive opportunistic pathogen of the central nervous system and the most frequent cause of fungal meningitis resulting in more than 625,000 deaths per year worldwide. Exposure to C. neoformans is common, as it is an environmental fungus found in the soil and can enter the lungs through inhalation, leading to pulmonary infection. An increased rate of infection occurs in individuals with impaired cell-mediated immunity, particularly those with AIDS and recipients of immunosuppressive therapy. Acetate has been shown to be a major fermentation product during cryptococcal infection, but the significance of this is not yet known. Little is known about what enzymes are responsible for acetate production and how it is transported. We have identified three putative acetate-producing pathways in C. neoformans. The genes encoding enzymes from these acetate-producing pathways and two putative acetate transporters have been shown to be unregulated during infection, suggesting that acetate production and transport may be a necessary and required part of the pathogenic process. The objective of this study is to use biochemical and genetics approaches to investigate the role of acetate fermentation in C. neoformans in metabolism and infection. 

Team Leaders
Kerry Smith Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Brittany Avin (lab alumna - BS Biochemistry 2015) - National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship
Megan Hunt - 2017 Phi Kappa Phi Certificate of Merit
NSF-REU supplement for 2010 - $6,000 Principal Investigator Kerry Smith Co-investigator Cheryl Ingram-Smith, Indi Bose Student Development
NSF-REU supplement for 2012 - $7,000
Principal Investigator Kerry Smith Co-investigator Cheryl Ingram-Smith National Science Foundation Biochemistry and physiology of novel acetate kinases from eukaryotic microbes 08/01/09 - 7/31/12 (extended to 7/31/13) Award# 0920274 $739,967
National Institutes of Health The presence of a bacterial metabolic pathway in eukaryotic fungi 05/01/10 - 4/30/12 (extended to 4/30/13) Award # GM084417-01A1 $210,720
The Awards of Distinction are presented by graduating National Scholars to faculty and staff who have served as significant mentors, both in class and out, and have helped develop the students intellectually, professionally, and personally during their time at Clemson. Brittany Avin* presented the award to Kerry Smith
*Ohlund, H., Ammar, M., and Smith, K. (2016, November 17-18). The Role of Carnitine Acetyltransferase in Cryptococcus neoformans. Presented at Departments of Biological Sciences and Genetics & Biochemistry and the Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation CenterCell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens (CBEP), Clemson, SC.


*Hunt, M., and Smith, K. (2016, November 17-18). The Impact of Acetate-Utilizing Proteins AcuL and AcuH on Cryptococcus neoformans Virulence. Presented at Department of Genetics and Biochemistry and the Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens (CBEP), Clemson, SC.

*Hunt, M., and Smith, K.  (2016, September 16). The Impact of Acetate-Utilizing Proteins AcuL and AcuH on Cryptococcus neoformans Virulence. Presented at Department of Genetics and Biochemistry and Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center College of Science Family Appreciation Day and Undergraduate Poster Presentation, Clemson, SC.



Ohlund, H.*, Ammar, M., and K. Smith. (2016, September). "The Role of Carnitine Acetyltransferase in Cryptococcus neoformans". Departments of Biological Sciences and Genetics & Biochemistry and the Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center  College of Science Family Appreciation Day and Undergraduate Poster Presentation



*Hunt, M., and Smith, K. (2016, March 10-12). "The Impact of Acetate-Utilizing Proteins AcuL and AcuH on Cryptococcus neoformans Virulence".  Presented in Washington, D.C.

*Hunt, M., Smith, K. (2016, April 8-10). The Impact of Acetate-Utilizing Proteins AcuL and AcuH on Cryptococcus neoformans Virulence. ACC Meeting of the Minds, Syracuse, NY.


Taylor, T., Bose, I., *Luckie, T., Smith, K. (2015, March). Biolistic transformation of the opportunistic fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans. Journal of Video Experimentation, 97.
Ingram-Smith, C., *Wharton, J., *Reinholz, C., *Doucet, T., *Hesler, R., Smith, K. (2015). The role of active site residues in ATP binding and catalysis in the Methanosarcina thermophila acetate kinase. Life (Basel), 5:861-871.
C. Ingram-Smith, J. Thurman, K. Zimowski, and K. S. Smith. 2012. Role of motif III in catalysis by acetyl-CoA synthetase. Archaea 509579. Epub 2012 Aug 15.
Meng, Y., Ingram-Smith, C., Cooper, L., Smith. K. S. (2010). Characterization of an archaeal medium-chain acyl-CoA synthetase from Methanosarcina acetivorans. Journal of Bacteriology 192:5982-90.
ScienceG
244

Healthcare Logistics: Day-of-Surgery Mobile Learning Systems, and Traffic Patterns in the OR

The CI team will be working with faculty and graduate students on two multi-institution, multi-hospital grants to study how to improve: (1) communication and coordination of patient activities on the day of surgery, and (2) traffic flow within the operating room. Work could involve any of the following:User testing our mobile application for day of surgery coordinationCreation of user testing scenariosManaging our social media presence in promoting our research to others across the U.S.Working with discrete-event and agent-based simulation models for both projectsStudying traffic patterns and flows within the operating room

Team Leaders
Kevin Taaffe Industrial Engineering
Accomplishments
Cetinkaya, S., Ryan, J. K. (2015). Utilizing and Testing Smart Applications in a Healthcare Environment. Proceedings of the 2015 Industrial Systems Engineering Research Conference.
Mallette, N., *Cipollone, A., *Sanchez, J., *Smolinski, J., *Carpenter, E., Weiss, R., Taaffe, K, (2014). Using Social Media to Advance Healthcare Communication. in Proceedings of the 2014 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference, Montreal, Canada.
*Mallette, N., *Cipollone, A., *Sanchez, J., *Smolinski, J., *Carpenter, E., Weiss, R., Taaffe, K. (2014, June 1). Using Social Media to Advance Healthcare Communication. presented at the 2014 Industrial and Systems Engineering Research Conference, Montreal, Canada.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
252

Production of Recombinant Spider Dragline Proteins for Novel Materials Development

This Creative Inquiry group is studying the mechanism by which soluble spider silk proteins are assembled into a fiber. Understanding this process may provide insights that lead to the development of new biologically-inspired materials.

Team Leaders
William R Marcotte Jr Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Ortman, M.* (2014). An Assessment of the N-terminal Domain in the Spider Silk Assembly Process.
*Gravgaard, C., *McCartney, H., Peng, C., Marcotte, W.R. (2012, March). Confirmation of Mini-spidroin Expression in Transgenic Tobacco. American Society of Plant Biology. Myrtle Beach, Mar 04, 2012.
Marcotte, B. (2011, October). Biochemical characterization of spidroin self-assembly. New Frontiers in Fiber Materials Science. The Fiber Society and the National Textiles Center. Charleston, SC.
Peng, C. A., *Russo, J., Gravgaard, C., McCartney, H., Gaines, W., Marcotte, Jr. W. R. Spider silk-like proteins derived from transgenic Nicotiana tabacum
*Peng, A. C., *Nelson, A., Gravgaard, C., McCartney, H., Marcotte Jr., W. R. (2013) "Polyelectrolyte Complexes Assembly From Recombinant Spider Silk-Like Proteins Produced in Transgenic Tobacco".
ScienceG
300

New Package Development

Most businesses consider packaging an afterthought. What if you had the skills required to develop new structural packaging during the product development phase? This is a course that walks you through ArtiosCAD, the leader in structural package development. Learn the program and apply the skills to the development of new packages for many different products. Have fun in a flexible environment and practically apply the skills you learn to real-life projects.

Team Leaders
Rupert Hurley Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
(confidential) Package of the Year Award - will be disclosed on 10/9/16.
Won first and second place in the Denesco competition 2012.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
447

Clemson ASCE Steel Bridge Team

Team designs, fabricates and competes in a regional steel bridge competition at the Carolinas Conference with the goal to attend the National Student steel Bridge Competition.

Team Leaders
Weichiang Pang Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
The Steel Bridge Team competed in both the regional (SC, NC, GA) and national competitions. The team was placed 1st in the regional competition and thus qualified for the national competition. 

The Steel Bridge team was invited to the 2016 National ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers) and AISC (American Institute of Steel Construction) Steel Bridge Competition at BYU in Provo, Utah. The team competed against 223 total teams through the regional process and 47 teams at the National level with some International schools as well (5 teams form outside of the US). The Clemson Steel Bridge Team was placed 23rd overall with the 5th lightest bridge.


Team won first place in display (Aesthetic). National Student Steel Bridge Competition. Kansas City, UMKS.

http://www.aisc.org/content.aspx?id=7176
2015 Qualified in National Competition and won 1st Place in Aesthetic Category - National Steel Bridge CompetitionOverall 1st Place in Carolinas Conferencehttp://www.aisc.org/content.aspx?id=7176http://www.aisc.org/uploadedFiles/University_Relations/Files/2014%20Qualifiers.pdf
2012 1st Place Overall, Carolinas Conference - 9th Place Finish, National Student Steel Bridge Competition - Hosted National Student Steel Bridge Competition.
2013 1st Place Overall, Carolinas Conference - 23rd Place Finish, National Student Steel Bridge Competition
2014 3rd Place Overall, Carolinas Conference - 26th Place Finish, National Student Steel Bridge Competition
The following companies donated or sponsored the activities of steel bridge team. The total monetary contribution from these companies exceeded $11,000.


1) SC State Board of Engineers


2) AECOM


3) SC Solutions


4) Sealed Air Corporation


5) Broyles and Associates


6) Dave Steel Company Inc.


7) Steelfab Inc. of SC


8) NUCOR Vulcraft Division


9) Johnson, Laschober and Associates


10) Britt, Peters and Associates


11) Keck and Wood


12) FlatIron
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
401

Product Innovation

In this project, micro teams of undergraduates will work on multiple design/build/test projects to create new, innovative products. The project will likely result in invention disclosures and patents.  This project is housed in a dedicated prototyping and testing lab that is supported by a local consumer product design group. Students should expect to get their hands dirty.

Team Leaders
Steven O'Shields Mechanical Engineering
Stephan Knackstedt Mechanical Engineering
Joshua Summers Mechanical Engineering
Apurva Patel Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Hess, T., *Bowman, M., Morkos, B., Summers, J., (2011, November). Cross Analysis of Metal Foam Design Parameters for Achieving Desired Fluid Flow. ASME 2011 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Denver, CO.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
259

International Design Projects with Engineers without Borders (EWB) in Gambia, Africa

The Engineers Without Borders (EWB) project in The Gambia, Africa offers students the opportunity to solve engineering problems for a community in need. This project is particularly focused on 1) irrigation 2) sustainable farming practices 3) fishery development 4) landfill development 5) community health. It offers students a unique chance to apply their engineering knowledge to real world problems.

Team Leaders
Raeanne Clabeaux Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Nathan Conroy Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Mark A. Schlautman Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Girvin, Z., *McCormick, C. (2017, April). Developing Rope Pumps for Agricultural Use. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Conroy, N.* (2015, September 25). Clemson University Engineers without Borders seminar, presented before the Department of Environmental Engineering and Earth Sciences, Clemson, SC.
Geosyntec (Greenville) recently donated $15,000 towards our EWB projects at Clemson.
Calhoun Honors College Travel Scholarship
*Price, C., *McMillan, M. (2015, May). Document 522 Post Assessment Report. Engineers Without Borders USA.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
260

CEDC 1: Water System

Our mission is to understand the current state of the water system as a whole and work with Cange-based interns to make corrective actions. We strive to meet the portable water standards set by WHO and DINEPA by upgrading currently installed technology, including fountains. We also work towards designing consistent and accurate daily water testing, developing a proper location to test the water, communicating test results, and implementing a subsequent plan of action for treatment. These actions are all required to ensure the safety of Haitian citizens and to prevent disease and death. The water system needs to be constantly monitored and any issues must be identified and resolved in order to ensure that safe and quality drinking water reaches the citizen of Cange. In order to accomplish this, students will write a recommendation report based on the analyzed water system data. They will also aim to upgrade infrastructure by integrating a water-testing laboratory and other technologies through the use of new standard operating procedures. Additionally the task of the well drilling project is to provide a constant source of clean water to the villages to use as drinking water as well as for the latrines and communal kitchens. The project will improve the overall lifestyle and health of the Haitian villagers. The task will be done by drilling a well in the villages and having the wells pump water into a holding tank that can then be gravity fed to the latrine system, communal kitchen, and to taps to provide water. There are two steps for this project: 1) the wells will be drilled and a hand pump will be installed in Haitian villages. 2) Once we are confident that the villagers can maintain this well the hand pump will be replaced with an electric pump and a holding tank will be installed. Once this is done the second part of the mission statement can be implemented (water from holding tank gravity fed to the latrines and communal kitchens.) Update 8/28/2014 CEDC has trained a local who conducts daily testing on all water sources in order to ensure quality. Additionally, they began working with other NPOs in the area to provide clean water sources to other villages that CEDC has not worked with yet. Update 1/23/2015 We no longer restrict our water system work to just Cange and have, over the course of last semester, installed an additional water purification system in Arcahaie, Haiti. Our water system work has provided us with a good base to begin work in other communities. Update 8/26/15 We began working on a water system in the extremely remote village of Morne Michelle, Haiti. This will require extensive research, design, and other planning due to the location's remoteness and elevation. We also are working with the local Cange community and DINEPA to begin a water sustainability initiative.

Team Leaders
Hunter Lee Experiential Education
David Vaughn Civil Engineering
Jeffrey Plumblee Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
*Bono, C., *Cauthen, J., *Gabbard, C., *Bobadilla, S., *Steel, A., *Warrington, M. (2017, April). Vaccine Refrigeration from Solar Thermal Energy. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Rumage S.*, Leisgang A.*, Abbott K.* (2015, April). Water Systems Analysis. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Weber, R.*, Hall, A., Burgess, T.*, Rai, V.*, Gandhi, M.* (2013, December). Water Systems Analysis. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Miller, S., Thompson E. (2013, December). Well Drilling. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
2015 Student Organization of the Year for Exceptional Community Service given by Clemson University Student Affairs for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)2015�Leadership Award from Omicron Delta Kappa National Leadership Honor Society for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)
"The Heiskell Awards promote and honor the most outstanding initiatives being conducted in international higher education by IIENetwork member universities and colleges."
Ogle, J. (2014, June 29). CEDC: Serving the developing world; developing the students that serve. Poster presented at the CUR Conference 2014, Washington, DC.
263

Projects for Sustainable Development in Recovering and Developing Communities

Develop sustainable designs for ecological restoration: The past  semesters, the students will focus on the ecosystem of the Louisiana Gulf Coast and the South Carolina coast, and designs for oyster reef restoration.  A work trip to travel to coastal SC to help with oyster reef construction using discarded oyster shells is planned.

Team Leaders
Rachel Thurmes Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Caye Drapcho Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
Drapcho, C., Thurmes, R., *Calfe, M., *Cattell, M., *Davis, M., *Garza, C., *Hibberts, J., *Hillard, K., *Ihm, S., *Kirkland, A., *Stefano, G., *Thurmes, R., *Walker, J., *Willis, S. (2017, April). Oyster Reef Restoration. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Calfe, M., *Cattell, M., *Davis, M., *Garza, C., *Hibberts, J., *Hillard, K., *Ihm, S., *Kirkland, A., *Stefano, G., *Thurmes, R., *Walker, J., *Willis, S., Drapcho, C., Thurmes, R. (2017, April). Sustainable Design - Oyster Reef Restoration. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Primm, Z., *Agin, J., *Daughtridge, M., *Gilstrap, Z., *Kernich, K., *Loper, A., *Moriarty, C., *Skibenes, E., *Stefano, G., *Thompson, A., *Thurmes, R., *Willis, H., Tinsley, C., Drapcho, C. (2015, April). Oyster Reef Rehabilitation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
359

Physical Activity Promotion and Research

The purpose of this project is to 1) engage Clemson University students in the implementation and evaluation of an ongoing afterschool  program that promotes physical activity, nutrition, healthy lifestyles and positive youth development among young children from a predominantly Hispanic community; and 2) develop pilot study projects evaluating the afterschool program using resources from the Department of Public Health Sciences Instruction and Research Lab. This Creative Inquiry project will allow students to participate in a tested, theory-based physical activity and nutrition intervention and design and implement a physiology-based physical activity assessment. Both parts of this class involve knowledge and skill development in programmatic implementation, evaluation and research.

Team Leaders
Karen A Kemper Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
Kemper, K. A., Bossong, A.*, Cason, M.*, Falta, D. (2016). Getting out of the classroom: Experiential learning for public health undergraduates. Will be submitted to in summer 2016 Health Promotion Practice





Kemper, K., *Bosson, A., *Dundervill, K., *Huss, M., *Laporte, M., Passailaigue, L. (2016). Evaluation of the Greenville County Girls on the Run Program.  HEHD Research forum, Clemson University, SC.




Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
278

Health and Business Topics in Film and Media

Health and Business Topics in Film and Media This project will analyze different perspectives on health, business and related topics to explore their impact on Hispanic countries and/or other areas of the world. Students will research historical and cultural aspects of several nations through videos, mass media, and pertinent materials (such as actual footage, film adaptations of novels, documentaries, movies based on real events and business and medical literature) by world renowned authors and film directors.

Team Leaders
Graciela Tissera Languages
Accomplishments
Tissera, G. (2016, October 26-30). Spirits Trapped between Worlds: The Devil's Backbone by Guillermo del Toro (2001). Presented during The Supernatural in Hispanic Films: Awakening the Hidden Specters of Memory panel at the The 2016 Film & History Conference, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
*Holodak, J. (2016, October 26-30). The Orphanage by Juan Antonio Bayona (2007): Paranormal Phenomena and the Game of RevelationPresented during The Supernatural in Hispanic Films: Awakening the Hidden Specters of Memory panel at the The 2016 Film & History Conference, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
*McConnell, R. (2016, October 26-30). The Occult beyond the Imagination in The Appeared by Paco Cabezas (2007). Presented during The Supernatural in Hispanic Films: Awakening the Hidden Specters of Memory panel at the The 2016 Film & History Conference, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
Tissera, G. (2016, April 7-8). Games of Disruptive Imagination and Business Strategies in Film. Presented during the Unconventional Cinematic Portrayal of Gender, Health, and Business Premises panel at the Southeast Coastal Conference on Languages and Literature, Savannah, GA.
*James, N. (2016, April 7-8). Images of Haiti: The Flawed Jewel of the CaribbeanPresented during the Unconventional Cinematic Portrayal of Gender, Health, and Business Premises panel at the Southeast Coastal Conference on Languages and Literature, Savannah, GA.
*Cram, E. (2016, April 7-8). Women and Sexual Violence in Almodovar's CinematographyPresented during the Unconventional Cinematic Portrayal of Gender, Health, and Business Premises panel at the Southeast Coastal Conference on Languages and Literature, Savannah, GA.
*Baltazar, M. (2016, April 7-8). Women in Film: Subtle Dominance, Deadly Persuasion. Presented during the Unconventional Cinematic Portrayal of Gender, Health, and Business Premises panel at the Southeast Coastal Conference on Languages and Literature, Savannah, GA.
Session I: The Metaphor of Death in Film: Graphic Images, Surreal Transgressions Chair: Graciela Tissera Lisa Due?as: "The Aura by Fabi?n Bielinsky (2005): Perceptions of Death in an Elusive Reality" Margaret O__Sell: "Confronting Death, Duty, and Love in Felicitas by Maria Teresa Costantini (2009)" Graciela Tissera: "Filmic portrayals of the Subconscious Mind and the Game of Death" Session II: Filmic Representations of the Art of War and Survival Chair: Dolores Mart??n-Armas Margaret Boyd: "Times of War and Alternate Existences in Pan__s Labyrinth by Guillermo del Toro (2006)" Rebecca Plasky: "Europe under Fire: The Intricate Worlds of Survival" Dolores Mart??n-Armas: "Women in the Franco Regime: Prisoners, Guerrilleras and Tailors"
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
672

Finding Your Voice (Spring 2017 camp)

This Creative Inquiry group will be responsible for planning and evaluating an all-girls weekend camp at the Clemson University Outdoor Lab. The purpose of the camp is to introduce 11 and 12 year old girls to nontraditional physical activities as well as to offer educational sessions on topics such as self-esteem, body image, and college life. This project will be conducted over the course of 4 semesters (PRTM 198, 298, 398, 498) section 007 starting Spring 2013.

Team Leaders
Teresa Tucker Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Kellie Walters Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Denise Anderson Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Accomplishments
Partnerships with City of Clemson Parks and Recreation, Greenville County Recreation, Parks, and Tourism
*Bedenbaugh, E., *Fleming, L., *Janson, R., *Johnson, A., *Mims, M., *Nance, M., *Oliver, B., *Sease, M., *Shuey, M., *Stapleton, O., *Watt, C., *Whitney, D., *Workman, M. (2017, April). The Impact of the Finding Your Voice Camp on Middle School Girls. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
To supplement the budget provided by CI, students were involved in fundraising efforts from external donors that to date have netted $2000 in additional funding necessary to offer the camp to participants free of charge.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
287

ClemsonLIFE: Nutrition and Healthy Cooking

ClemsonLIFE Postsecondary program currently has 15 students with disabilities on the Clemson campus. The ClemsonLIFE Nutrition and Healthy Eating Creative Inquiry group will assist the program by providing instruction, support, and accountability in the areas of Nutrition and Healthy Eating. People with disabilities typically have a high occurrence of obesity and diabetes due to a sedentary lifestyle and poor food choices. This group will help the students explore healthy eating and cooking options along with educating them on nutrition principles to support them in achieving their ultimate goal of successful independent living.

Team Leaders
Elliot Jesch Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Sanders, S., Cleland, M., *Collins, J. C., *DiGorio, J., *Styles, S. (2010, February). Postsecondary Education for Students with Disabilities Pointing to the Future. South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference. Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Collins, J. C., Wagner, J. Y., aRyan, J. B. (2011, February). The Use of Assistive Technology to Promote Socially Appropriate Eating Behavior. South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference. Myrtle Beach, SC.
Sanders, S., *Collins, J. C, Romig, J. (2011, February). Postsecondary Education for Students with Disabilities Pointing to the Future. South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference. Myrtle Beach, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
301

The Clemson Concrete Canoe Team (3CT)

3CT is a student lead team (under the direction of a faculty advisor) that designs, builds, markets, and races a concrete canoe each year. This is a year long project where the students learn and apply classroom knowledge and concepts to a real-world project. This knowledge includes: Project management (organization, scheduling, finances, etc.); concrete mix design and materials; structural analysis and design; naval architecture; public relations; product performance and evaluation; sustainability;, mentoring and education; communication skills (oral and written) .

Team Leaders
Bradley J Putman Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
In 2011, 3CT won the regional concrete canoe competition at the ASCE Carolina's Conference. This gave the team the opportunity to compete at the ASCE National Concrete Canoe Competition in June. The team finished in 11th place overall at the national competition, which was an improvement over their 14th place finish in 2010.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
302

New Product Development

Want to build a new product for the market? Learn how to design in 3D to go to rapid prototyping and prep for market launch?If so, this is the CI for you! Learn Solidworks and go through a series of lectures and a collaborative forum to develop a new product of your choice! Prep all the files to run a 3D prototype! Have fun, experience a practical application of course content, and develop that thing you have always wanted!

Team Leaders
Rupert Hurley Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Contribution and support of a graduate student's thesis project
iMotions Biometric software license extension provided
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1065

Remote sensing for agricultural production

Develop an understanding of remote sensing using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) for crop production. Identify the components of a multirotor UAV. Gain hands on experience of building, programming and flying a multirotor UAV for remote sensing using infrared, thermal and color cameras.    

Team Leaders
Bulent Koc Plant & Environmental Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
305

A Framework for Creative Inquiry in the Industrial Engineering Curriculum

The Department formally integrates problem-based learning into its undergraduate curriculum through a set of two courses in system design: Systems Design I and II. Systems Design I introduces the product development process and user-centered methodologies for designing engineering systems; Systems Design II is the capstone design course. In Systems Design I, design methodologies are introduced in the context of a design process that includes identifying user needs. Students experience this process as members of teams, in a semester-long design project, working with a client. Clients are typically on campus; recent clients include University Housing, the Cooperative Education Office and Campus Recreation. In Systems Design II, students experience the challenge of integrating and synthesizing their engineering knowledge (as members of teams) in the creative solution of a real-world, open-ended problem posed by a client. In contrast to the first design course, clients are typically off campus; recent clients include BMW, Michelin, Milliken and Caterpillar.

Team Leaders
Shibi Karuppusamy Industrial Engineering
Brian J Melloy Industrial Engineering
Melissa Paul Industrial Engineering
David Parker Industrial Engineering
Aditya Vaze Industrial Engineering
Accomplishments
*Carlson, K., *Foecking, J., *Lazaro, M., *Wang, Z., Koikkara, R. (2014, April). Turnaround time reduction for military certificates of compliance - team 1. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Pack, L., *Bobola, T., *Bagwell, B., *Porter, R., *Sladek, C., Koikkara, R. (2014, April). Redesign of Schneider electric rack layout into a centralized warehouse layout. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Dezervos, L., *Rivera, S., *Schnee, Z., *Walter, S., *Whitworth, O., Koikkara, R. (2014, April). Redesign of Schneider electric rack layout into a centralized warehouse layout. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Namouz, M., *Tiernan, D., *Kelley, R., *Newman, R., Dorlette Paul, M. (2014, April). Nutra Manufacturing Production Scheduling Project. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Drenosky, N., *Dupree, H., *Guinn, C., *Petroski, F., *Sidhom, M., Dorlette Paul, M. (2014, April). Brake assembly bench part setup process improvement. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Barry, B., *Rogers, W., *Smolinski, J., *Vanest, K., Mason, S. (2014, April). Meritor brake assembly bench part set up and part presentation. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Paris, S., *Biega, S., *Smoot, S., *Taylor, K., Mason, S. (2014, April). Nutra manufacturing scheduling optimization project. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
563

Global Research Challenge

The Global Research Challenge is a competition overseen by the CFA Institute. At Local competitions, student teams are introduced to a publicly traded company and have to prepare an "Initiation of Coverage" report similar to what Wall Street financial analysts produce. Students have to research the firm, its industry, competitors, market conditions and use several different techniques to value the firm. In addition to a written report, the team will also deliver an oral presentation to a panel of judges made up of investment professionals and fund managers. The winner of the Local competition (SC, GA and AL) moves on the Regional competition and the Regional winner goes to the Global finals. For 2013-14, the Americas Regional competition will be in Denver and the Global Finals will be in Bangkok, Thailand. The CFA Institute covers all transportation and lodging costs at all levels.

Team Leaders
Jack G. Wolf Finance
BusinessD
564

Certified Financial Analyst Seminar

The Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) designation is one of the most prestigious certifications in Finance and is recognized globally. This seminar is intended for students that will sit for the Level I exam in June. The readings are allocated among the students who prepare outlines and deliver presentations to the rest of the group so that all will be better prepared to take the exam. Students also take practice tests to get a better feel for which topical areas may require more study.

Team Leaders
Jack G. Wolf Finance
BusinessD
947

CU Ethos

CU Ethos is a new kind of social media system designed to foster reflection on values, both personal and institutional. Clemson is partnering with a private company to adapt their software to an academic environment, making us the first university in the nation to have the system. CU Ethos will be piloted on campus with select students this Fall, then will be rolled out to the entire campus in the Spring. We are looking for a few interested students to help us both improve the system and plan and execute the rollout.

Team Leaders
Kelly Smith Philosophy and Religion
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
318

Effects of environment stress on cell growth

Cells respond to their environment by modulating their growth and/or changing their behavior. This CI will focus on understanding how environmental stressors such as low-dose radiation and heat affect human cells. While these stresses are not large enough to kill cells they can significantly affect the cells behavior. This project will involve experiments as well as computational modeling techniques. By using a combination of experimental, analytical and computational techniques, the team will work on various problems related to cell growth modeling in response to environmental stress. 

Team Leaders
Matthew Rusin Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Endre Takacs Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
*Bradley, S., *Baginski, B., Dean, D., Takacs, E., *Truong, K. (2017, April). The Effects of Low-Dose Radiation on Various Cell Types. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.

Baginski, B.*, Wilson, J.*, Rusin, M., Takacs, E., Dean, D. (2016, October). The Effect of Very Low Dose X-Ray Radiation on the Proliferation of MCF7 Breast Cancer Cells, Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting in Minneapolis, MN.

Truong, K.*, Bradley, S.*, Rusin, M., Takacs, E., Dean, D. (2016, October). "The Cell Response of 7F2 Osteoblasts to Low-Dose Radiation". Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting in Minneapolis, MN.


*Desai, A., *Nguyen, A., *Miller, K., Miller, L., Dean, D. (2010, October). Effects of growth factor concentration gradients on cells in culture. Presented at SouthEast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference. Clemson, SC Clemson University.
*Desai, A., *Nguyen, A., *Miller, K., Miller, L., Dean, D. (2011, April). Effects of growth factor concentration gradients on chicken neurons in culture. Presented at ACC Meetings of the Minds. Miami, FL Univeristy of Miami.
*Harvey, T., *Dean, B., Dean, D. (2010, October). Constructing a realistic brain phantom to validate the Independent Component Analysis of EEG Data. Presented at Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting. Austin, TX University of Texas.
Chowdhury, A., Vo, Huu*, Olang, S.*, Mappus, E.*, Peterson, B.*, Hlavac, N.*, Harvey, T.*, Dean, D., (2016), A Customizable Chamber for Measuring Cell Migration, In Press for the Journal of Visualized Experimentation
*Truong, K., *Bradley, S., Rusin, M., Takacs, E., Dean, D. (2016, July), The Cell Response of 7F2 Osteoblasts to Low-Dose Radiation, Proceedings of the Annual Biomedical Engineering Society Meeting
Suzanne Bradley was awarded an undergrad summer research fellowship at Wake Forest to work on research related to her CI project with one of our collaborators. http://www.wakehealth.edu/CIB/Summer-Research-Opportunities.htm
Joey R. Wilson was awarded the Astronaut Scholarship. (proposal included work from this CI) http://www.foxcarolina.com/story/32220466/governor-school-graduate-awarded-astronaut-scholarship
Elliott Mappus* was awarded the Hambright Award.
*Nguyen, A., *Mappus, E., *Harvey, T., *Peterson, B., *O'Kelly, M., Hammes E., Dean, D. (2012, October 24-27). Fibroblasts Solving Mazes in Response to Growth Factor Concentration. Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting in Atlanta GA
*Mappus, E., *Hlavac, N., *Harvey, T., *Peterson, B., *Olang, S., *Keeley, R., *O'Kelly, M., *Vo, H., *Chowdhury, A., *Robinson, E., *Williams, K., Dean, D. (2014, April). Can cells solve mazes? Understanding cells responses to wound healing. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
908

Experimental Cardiovascular System

In this project students will design and prototype a benchtop flow system which mimics realistic human cardiovascular physiology and anatomy. Such a system can be used for direct medical device testing and clinical training. The current phase of the project is designing a pressure-generating device for producing realistic blood pressure waveforms in an experimental system.

Team Leaders
Kaleigh Neely General Engineering
Ethan Kung Mechanical Engineering
Mitra Shabanisamghabady Mechanical Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
322

Mobile Technology

The use of mobile technology is becoming more prevalent in the healthcare setting. Accessing current, evidenced based practice information at the point-of-care is becoming increasingly vital if nurses are to practice safely and competently. Today’s emerging technology offers various learning tools to enhance professional nursing practice and patient care. Integrating this technology into nursing curricula may better prepare nursing students for clinical experiences and allow them to use this technology more effectively and efficiently.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
Accomplishments
*Gandy, E., *Foley, E., and *Lyons, T. (2015). "Health Information Technology: Changing the Face of Healthcare". 
*Foley, E., *Lyons, T., and *Gandy, E. (2015). "Honors Contract Paragraph". 
*Meyer, K. (2014). "Spring Break Immersion Trip: Elethuthera, Bahamas".

*Lyons, T., *Gandy, E., and *Foley, E. (2016). "Health Information Technology: Changing the Face of Healthcare".
*Gettelfinger, C., *Preston, S., Lanham, J.G. (2015). Telemedicine and double robotics technology. Presented at the 31st Annual Rutgers Interprofessional International Technology Conference, Atlantic City, NJ.

Gettelfinger, C.*, Preston, S.*, Lanham, J. (2015, April). Telemedicine: How Innovation is Changing the Face of Healthcare. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
325

CEDC 10: Economic Development CMU Block

Currently in Haiti concrete blocks are not testing at proper strength and aggregate is not being sorted properly. As a result the only ASTM certified blocks comes from The Dominican Republic, which does not contribute to Haiti’s economy. Therefore, the mission of the CMU Block project is to improve the manufacturing process by implementing ASTM standards, improving the use of sieves and different sizes of aggregate. If the Domond CMU plant can achieve ASTM certification they can create jobs and boost the local economy. Update 8/29/2014 The team has moved into the groundwork phase of the process. The local connections have been made and the need is evident among the Haitian people. The next phase involves giving a local plant the education and resources they need to begin producing blocks at ASTM standards.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Plumblee Civil Engineering
Hunter Lee Experiential Education
David Vaughn Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Abstract Submission # 228524 by William Escoe received an Honorable Mention. Poster Title Improving the Haitian Infrastructure Abstract Over 200,000 people died in the earthquake that hit Haiti in 2010. Of those dead, the vast majority perished in the first 30 seconds as a direct result of poor design and materials of the buildings. The primary building material that was, and still is, used is concrete masonry units (CMUs). However, despite the now-proven importance of building materials, the mass production of CMUs in Haiti still operates without quality standards. Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries, a student organization, has been working to improve the quality of the concrete blocks that are produced and used in rural Haiti by working with a production plant in the Central Plateau. At the beginning of this project, the blocks that were being produced at this plant could be crushed by hand. After the work of CEDC, the blocks from the plant are surpassing the US standards for strength and meeting other various standards as per ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials) specifications. CEDC has contributed to these improvements by creating an updated mix design, implementing methods for consistency in production, and engineering technical solutions that can be achieved with the available resources in Haiti. CEDC is now working to ensure consistency in the plant's manufacturing process through a Quality Assurance/Control Manual. In the future, CEDC hopes to streamline the process into a business model that can be implemented at other block plants throughout the country. In doing so, this project will improve building construction and save lives in Haiti. Discipline Significance or Uniqueness of Research This research is unique because it incorporates and requires engineering, economic, and sociologic systems of thinking for it to be an effective and sustainable solution. There is the engineering aspect of creating a concrete mix design that meets international standards and maintaining the machinery in the production plant. Then there is the economic aspect of promoting economic development through creating job opportunities for local Haitians. Lastly, there is the sociologic aspect of creating and engineering a production system that can be used by people in developing nations. These aspects are all important to consider in this research project.
Andrew Heiskell Award -- promotes and honor the most outstanding initiatives being conducted in international higher education by IIENetwork member universities and colleges.
The Arthur M. Spiro Institute for Entrepreneurial Leadership and Creative Inquiry recognize the need to provide experiences beyond the classroom for budding entrepreneurs, inventors, and developers. Social LaunchPad is designed to recognize individuals and/or teams for their outstanding social or environmental contribution to our society.NEED THE ACTUAL AWARD
*Escoe W., DiMarco K., *Monsalve C., Horgan S., Suda C. (2015, April). Concrete Masonry Unit. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
*Escoe, W., *Goodwin, J., *Lewis, T. (2013, December). Concrete Masonry Unit. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
326

Service Learning Mission Trip to Tanzania: Exploring The Needs of Children and Village Life

Students from majors across campus have been meeting regularly (Jan 2012 - Present)to learn about and understand cultural, social, recreation, Health, water and building issues in Tanzania, Africa. With the recent MOU with several agencies and a University in Tanzania, we now want to continue with our research and development of a project plan culminating in a trip to Tanzania (May 2017). This trip will involve working with the local population of educators and various orphanages to improve understanding and to provide volunteer services. Upon returning to the US, students will continue to work with the local contacts in hopes of being able to bring some of the participants here to the US to work, study and research our health, recreation and social issues (Jan 2017). Finally, students from both countries will work to develop an action plan to be taken back to Tanzania to enhance their learning of health and recreation in a culturally acceptable way.Examples of activities that have come out of this CI have been: over $20,000 in donations or supplies, clean water initiatives, teaching of English and Structural Engineering at schools, donations of chickens to help pay school fees, using recreation as a tool for communication and understanding in the slums, deep discussions about race differences in the US and Tanzania ..and many many more. Ideally, students bring their strengths to the group and we figure out ways to put those skills to their best use in Tanzania. The trip then ends with a 3 day safari through Serengeti National Park to see Elephant, Lion, Zebra etc.

Team Leaders
Skye Arthur-Banning Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Accomplishments
Each year we receive approximately $4000 in donations (either in kind or in fundraising) that the students collect or produce through the projects or culturally appropriate sales to provide the additional funds needed to support our projects while in Tanzania.
Stone, G.A., Duffy, L.N., & Arthur-Banning, S.G. (2015, November 18-22). Confronting Whiteness in Tanzania: Exploring the Role of Cross-Cultural Contact on White Student’s Racial Attitudes and Identity. 114th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropology Association, Denver, CO.

Stone, G.A., Duffy, L.N., Arthur-Banning, S.G. (2015, November). Confronting Whiteness in Tanzania: Exploring the Role of Cross-Cultural Contact on White Student's Racial Attitudes and Identity. 114th Annual Meeting of the American Anthropology Association, Denver, CO.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
332

Genetics and Autism

Autism project: We are working on Creatine Deficiency Syndrome - an X-linked intellectual disability and Autism spectrum disorder.  Zebrafish are being used to model CDS, a neurological disorder caused by a mutation in the SLC6A8 gene that results in abnormal energy metabolism in the brain. 

Team Leaders
Susan Chapman Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Robinson, K., *Sullivan, MK., Anderson, A., Wetzler, M., and Chapman, S. N-Modified Creatine as a Treatment for SLC6A8-Related Autism Spectrum Disorders. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeast Regional Society for Developmental Biology, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA. 18-20 May 2017.
Scott, A., Freese, N., and Chapman, S. (2013, March). "Araucana chicken as a model for DiGeorge Syndrome". Presented at 8th Annual ACC Meeting of the Minds Conference. Wake Forest University, NC.
Ray, P., Sharif, M.*, Chapman, S. (2016, May 19-21). Lectins differentially label tissues in the embryonic chicken head. Southeast Regional Society for Developmental Biology, Whitney Marine Laboratory, FL.
Ray, P., Sharif, M.*, Chapman, S. (2015, December). Lectins differentially label tissues in the embryonic chicken head. Anatomical Society Winter Meeting, Magdelene College, Cambridge, UK.
Ray, P., Hughes, A.L., *Sharif, M., Chapman, S.C. (2015, December). Lectin staining selectively labels tissues within the embryonic chicken head. Anatomical Society Winter Meeting. Magdelene College, Cambridge, UK.
*Robinson, K., *Sullivan, MK., Anderson, A., Wetzler, M., and Chapman, S. N-Modified Creatine as a Treatment for SLC6A8-Related Autism Spectrum Disorders. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeast Regional Society for Developmental Biology, Kennesaw State University, Kennesaw, GA. 18-20 May 2017.
*Bernstein, R., Freese, N., *Denney, H., and Chapman, S. (2013, January). Araucana chicken as a model for DiGeorge Syndrome. Presented at Opening of the Life Sciences Building, Clemson University, SC.
A NIH R03 grant proposal was submitted based on this work In October 2015 - Funded from August 2016-July 2018.
NIH R03 2016-2018 5th Percentile, awaiting award notification.
NIH R03: Creatine (Cr) transporter deficiency syndrome affects approximately 1 million people, resulting in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and X-linked intellectual disability (XLID). SLC6A8 codes for the Cr transporter, without which Cr cannot pass the blood-brain barrier, or enter neuronal cells, thus hindering ATP production and metabolic activity in the brain. The neuropathology of Creatine deficiency syndrome is not fully understood. We propose that Creatine is a novel neuromodulator and GABA antagonist at GABA A receptors.
1 Student received a Calhoun Honors Undergraduate Research Award for their projects in Spring 2016.
1 Student received a Calhoun Honors Undergraduate Research Award for their projects in Spring 2016.
3 Students received Calhoun Honors Undergraduate Research Awards for their projects in Fall 2015.
Ray, P., Hughes, A., *Sharif, M., and Chapman, C. (2016, October). "Lectins selectively label cartilage condensations and the oticneuroepithelium within the embryonic chicken head". Journal of Anatomy.
ScienceG
334

Clemson University Veterinary Initiative: Undergraduate Investigation in Ruminant Metabolism and Adipogenesis

The purpose of the Clemson University Veterinary Institute (CUVI) is to establish a world-class research program focused on critical needs in veterinary sciences. CUVI will provide the platform for expanded education opportunities and collaborative research with other universities, medical schools, and veterinary schools. The Center for Nutritional Physiology and Metabolism (CNPM) will focus on integrated analyses of sustainable production systems that leverage regional advantages to improve the efficiency of forage and nutrient utilization, preventing metabolic disease, animal health, and altering end product composition. Research will translate to solving problems of nutrition and obesity, and will lead to production of novel nutraceuticals. Research in these areas are directly aligned with the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture’s new priority areas for keeping American agriculture competitive while ending world hunger and improving nutrition and ending childhood obesity.

Team Leaders
Susan Duckett Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
336

Applications of Geographic and Soil Information Systems

Students work on soil inventory of private lands to create soil management plans using Web Soil Survey, GIS, Clemson Agricultural Service Laboratory analysis, and statistical software. Individual projects are developed by the students and faculty interaction and are not completed in group settings. Anticipated student learning outcomes include the ability to use cutting edge spatial research tools, including Web Soil Survey, GIS and statistical software, as well as the ability to synthesize information to develop soil management recommendations. Electronic posters, typically presented at the Clemson Creative Inquiry forum (as well as at the national meetings) are used as artifacts for ePortfolio. Students are encouraged to sign up for 3 credits in the Spring of 2014.

Team Leaders
Julia Sharp Mathematical Sciences
Elena Mikhailova Forestry & Environment Conserv
Christopher Post Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
*Brown, M., *Buckfelder, E., *Donohue, R., *Duffy, K., *Dukart, Y., *Lister, V., *McNeely, K., *Moore, F., *Williams, G., Mikhailova, E., Post, C., Sharp, J. (2016, April). Soil Inventory of Private Lands in South Carolina. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.


*Wall, T.J., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J., Sharp, J.L. (2015). Soil inventory of Mathews Street, Clover, SC. Presented at the Tenth Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI) Forum, Clemson University.
*Bryant, S.J., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J., Sharp, J.L. (2011, April). Soil Inventory of HWY 9 West, Wallace, SC. Presented at the Natural Resources Student Research Symposium, Clemson University.
*Green, L., Mikhailova, E., Post, C.J., Sharp, J. (2011). Soil Inventory of Two Residential Properties in Columbia, SC. Presented at the Minorities in Agriculture, Natural Resources and Related Sciences (MANRRS) 26th Annual Career Fair and Training Conference in Overland Park, KS.
Mikhailova, E.A., Tennant, C.H, Post, C.J., Cicimurri, C., Cicimurri, D. (2009, November). Geology Museum based learning in Soil Science Education. Presented In Annual meetings abstracts CD-ROM . GSA-ASA-CSSA-SSSA-GCAGS-HGS Joint Annual Meeting in Pittsburgh, PA.
*Vereen, M., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J, Sharp, J.L. (2011, April). Soil Inventory of a Residential Plot in Little River, SC. Presented at the Natural Resources Student Research Symposium, Clemson University.
Werts, J.D., Mikhailova, E.A., Ring, G. (2009, November). Introductory Soil Science Artifact for Student ePortfolios. In Annual meetings abstracts CD-ROM . Presented at the GSA-ASA-CSSA-SSSA-GCAGS-HGS Joint Annual Meeting in Pittsburgh, PA.
*Green, L., Mikhailova, E., Post, C.J., Sharp, J. (2011, April). Soil Inventory of Two Residential Properties in Columbia, SC. Presented at the Natural Resources Student Research Symposium, Clemson University.
Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J., Sharp, J.L., Speziale, B. J. (2015). Creative Inquiry in Soil Science: Soil inventory of private lands. Technical Contribution No. 6357 of the Clemson University Experiment Station. Nat. Sci. Educ. 44(1):1-8.
Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J., Koppenheffer, A., Asbill, J. (2009). Celebrating the Smithsonian Soils Exhibit in the classroom with the State/Representative Soil Project. J. Nat. Resour. Life Sci. Educ., 38, 128-132.
*Capps, J., Mikhailova, E. (2014, April). Soil inventory of Capps Forestland, Westminster, SC. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
340

Civics & Service: Capstone Course

This is a Fall capstone experience for seniors in the Community Scholars Program. The goal of this CI group is to examine pathways to ongoing civic engagement. Students will reflect upon current trends in civic engagement in the U.S., individual and group differences in civic engagement, the importance of civic engagement, and challenges in becoming and remaining meaningfully engaged in one's community.

Team Leaders
Susan P. Limber Inst on Fmly & Nhd Life (IFNL)
Accomplishments
*Meadows, S., Mobley, C., Limber, S., Shurley, J., *Wetzel, T., Woodard, K. (2010, March). Fostering civic engagement Clemson University's Civics and Service House Community Scholars Program. Panel presentation at the Gulf South Summit on Service Learning and Civic Engagement Through Higher Education. Augusta, GA.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
343

Biofilm Interactions

Students work to understand how biofilms interact and respond to biotic and abiotic stimuli in the environment.

Team Leaders
Tamara McNealy Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Brady, S. and McNealy, T. (2016, April 8). Establishing an In Vitro Model to Screen Gene Expression in Legionella pneumophila Biofilms. Poster presented at the South Carolina Branch American Society for Microbiology Meeting, Charleston, SC.

Alvarez, N.; Bruce, T.; Lucas, C.; McNealy, T. (2016, April 8). Lighting the Way: Amoeba Attraction to Legionella Fluoresce. Poster presented at the South Carolina Branch American Society for Microbiology Meeting, Charleston, SC.

*Garrison, S.; Orobio-Hurtado, R.; McNealy, T. (2016, April 8). Determining the Effectiveness of ClO2 and Bleach in Reducing Legionella pneumophila Biofilm Regrowth Potential. Poster presented at the South Carolina Branch American Society for Microbiology Meeting, Charleston, SC.


*Greene, H.; Lucas, C.; McNealy, T. (2016, April 8). Analysis of Type II Secretion System Function in Legionella clemsonensis. Poster presented at the South Carolina Branch American Society for Microbiology Meeting, Charleston, SC.

*Hassler, H.; Richards, V.; Lucas, C.; McNealy, T. (2016, April 8.) Comparative Genomics of L. clemsonensis. Poster presented at the South Carolina Branch American Society for Microbiology Meeting, Charleston, SC.

*McRee, R.; *Nordin, L.; Lucas, C.; McNealy, T. (2016, April 8). Characterization of Amoebae Interaction with Novel Legionella Strains. Poster presented at the South Carolina Branch American Society for Microbiology Meeting, Charleston, SC.

*Henderson, A.; *Sadowski, C.; Cotter, T.; and McNealy, T. (2016, April 8). Using Bacterial Pathogens to Trigger Antibiotic Production in Fungi. Poster presented at the South Carolina Branch American Society for Microbiology Meeting, Charleston, SC

*Banks, T., Mefford, O., and McNealy, T. (2016, April 8). Ferrofluid as a Mechanism for Bacterial Containment. Poster presented at the South Carolina Branch American Society for Microbiology Meeting, Charleston, SC.

*Fanning, B., Mefford, T., McNealy, T. L. (2015, May). DLS Spectroscopy and Zeta Potential Analysis of Interactions between Nanoparticles and Biofilm Components. Presented at the American Society of Microbiology General Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
*Linder, W., McNealy, T. L. (2015). Involvement of Extracellular DNA in Biofilm Expansion through Twitching Motility in Legionella pneumophila. Presented at the South Carolina Branch ASM Meeting, Greenville, SC.
*Limbaugh, D., McNealy, T. (2014, April). A study of gene expression in Legionella pneumophila biofilms through the use of confocal microscopy. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Tabitha Banks - National Institutes of Health Postbaccalaureate IRTA fellowship
Jwanoswki, K., Wells, C.E., Bruce, T., *Rutt, J., *Banks, T., McNealy, T.L. (2016). The Legionella pneumophila GIG operon responds to gold and copper in planktonic and biofilm cultures. PLoS One. In revision


*Headden, K., *Horton, C., McNealy, T. (2012). Significant variability in effects of nanoparticle exposure determined via high-throughput analysis. Journal Nanoparticle Research.
*Banks, T., Mefford, T., McNealy, T.L. (2016). Ferrofluid as a Mechanism for Bacterial Containment. SC Branch ASM Meeting, Charleston, SC.

*Sadowski, C., *Henderson, A., Cotter, T., McNealy, T.L. (2016). Using Bacterial Pathogens to Trigger Antibiotic Production in Fungi. SC Branch ASM Meeting, Charleston, SC


*Brady S., McNealy, T.L. (2016). Establishing an In Vitro Model to Assess the Interactions of Legionella pneumophila Biofilms. SC Branch ASM Meeting, Charleston, SC.


*Garrison, S., McNealy, T.L. (2016). Determining the Effectiveness of ClO2 and Bleach in Reducing Legionella pneumophila Biofilm Regrowth Potential. SC Branch ASM Meeting, Charleston, SC.



*Henderson, A., *Sadowski, C., Cotter, T., McNealy, T.L. (2015). Biological Triggers for Production of Novel Antimicrobials from Fungi. Presented at the Fall SC Branch ASM Meeting, Columbia, SC. 
*Fanning, B., McNealy, T. L. (2014). Interactions between nanoparticles and biofilm components. Presented at the SC Branch American Society for Microbiology Fall Meeting, Columbia, SC.
*Dusenbury, S. McNealy, T. (2012). Analysis of biofilm communities for Legionella pneumophila. Presented at Spring 2012 SCB-ASM.
*Headden, K., McNealy, T. (2012). Interactions of various nanoparticles with planktonic bacteria. Presented at Spring 2012 SCB-ASM.
*Saleeby, M.C., Raftery, T., McNealy, T. (2012). Development of a high-throughput analysis for assessing biofilm-nanoparticle interaction. Presented at Spring 2012 SCB-ASM.
*Limbaugh, D., Bruce, T.F., McNealy, T.L. (2014). A Study Of Gene Expression In Legionella pneumophila Biofilms Through The Use Of Confocal Microscopy. Presented at the American Society of Microbiology General Meeting, Boston, MA.
ScienceG
347

Tackling Social Issues: Advanced Multidisciplinary Undergraduate Research in Applied Ethics And Ethical Debate

This research project involves examining various issues in applied ethics from a multidisciplinary perspective. The project will begin with a study of fundamental philosophical concepts that are commonly used in examining such issues. Following this will be a consideration of topics which may include the definition of death, genetically modified foods, automobile engineering ethics, and biometrics and privacy. The examination of these issues will incorporate relevant information drawn from areas such as biology, law, medicine, and psychology. The project will be student-centered and largely discussion-based: the bulk of the latter part of the course will be composed of presentations and related discussions and debates designed by the students. Students in the project must commit for a minimum of two semesters and will register for sections of PHIL 4920 to receive credit. There are two teams and they will be working on different aspects of the project. One group will be focusing on constructing and presenting arguments that address critical ethical issues (making the case for a position respecting an issue that must be presented and defended) the other will be focusing on critical responses to those arguments assuming an adversarial posture in both oral and written exchanges on the issue(s).

Team Leaders
Stephen A Satris Philosophy and Religion
John Park Philosophy and Religion
Adam Gies Philosophy and Religion
Accomplishments
Competed at the Mid-Atlantic Regional Ethics Bowl Competition that was held in Fall 2015 at Clemson University.



Won the Mid-Atlantic Regional Ethics Bowl, November 2011. Placed second in nation at National Undergraduate Intercollegiate Ethics Bowl competition, March 2012.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
349

Ion Beam Physics

Student team will be involved in the development and running of experiments in ion beam physics. These range from radiation studies related to common electrical engineering device platforms (diodes, capacitors, transistors) to surface and bulk studies of material response to impacting and implanted ions. Training will lead to hands-on experience with vacuum technology, high voltage electronics, particle detectors, and computer interfacing.

Team Leaders
Chad Sosolik Physics and Astronomy
Dhruva Kulkarni School of Computing
Accomplishments
Kulkarni, D. (2016, November). Hyperthermal Ion Induced Hot Carrier Excitations in a Metal Probed using Schottky Diodes. Presented at the American Vacuum Society International Meeting Symposium and Exhibition 2016, Nashville, TN. 
Holstead, A., Monga, N., Sosolik, C., and Kulkarni, D. (2016, April 6-7). Depth Profiling of Stainless Steel for Tritium Storage. Poster presented at 2016 Focus On Creative Inquiry.
Kulkarni, D. D., Ahl, C. D., *Shore, A. M., *Miller, A. J., Harriss, J. E., Sosolik, C. E.,  and Marler, J. P. "Kinetic energy offsets for multicharged ions from an electron beam ion source". Review of  Scientific Instruments. (under review)


One student was accepted into an on-campus REU program through this work and was funded throughout the summer of 2016 to continue this project.
As a result of this work, Savannah River National Laboratory has set up an external funding agreement to have our group process and analyze samples for them. These funds are allocated on a per sample basis and processed through the university's comptroller's office.
*Jones, V., *Monga, N., *Doran, W., *Gray, B., Kulkarni, D., and Sosolik, C. E. (2015). Interfacing Ion Beam Line and Data Acquisition System, Presented at the FoCI Poster Presentation, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
351

Ice Cream Innovation

1. Development of innovative frozen desserts and applications, 2. Manage an Ice Cream Innovation laboratory that engages the student community, 3. Compete in Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation competition against peer institutions

Team Leaders
John U. McGregor Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
*Lopane, S. and *Gaidousek, E. (2016). "Development of an Ice Cream Innovation Lab Tour". Presented to selected representatives for the State of South Carolina.

*Lopane, S. and *Gaidousek, E. "Development of an Ice Cream Innovation Lab Tour". (2016). Presented to department faculty in preparation for industry presentations, Clemson, SC. 
(2015). Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition. International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo. Chicago, IL
Evaluation of Regular Chocolate Ice Cream Flavor Standards. 2012. National Ice Cream Retailers Association Annual Meeting. Greenville, SC. Presentation by Creative Inquiry Students
Evaluation of Dark Chocolate Ice Cream Flavor Standards. 2012. National Ice Cream Retailers Association Annual Meeting. Greenville, SC. Presentation by Creative Inquiry Students
McGregor, J.U. (2009, February). Food Science - Real Time Examples for the Classroom. Foodservice Educators Learning Community Summit. Charleston
McGregor, J.U. (2009, February). Culinary Science Creative Inquiry. Presented at Foodservice Educators Learning Community Summit. Charleston SC.
Carr Family Creative Inquiry Endowment
2nd place overall team in national academic competition against peer institutions 4 top three team finishes in national academic competition against peer institutions 3rd place overall individual (Kinsey MacDonald) in national academic competition against peer institutions 7th place overall individual (Lindsay Jenkinson) in national academic competition against peer institutions 12th place overall individual (Paige Lindquist) in national academic competition against peer institutions 1st place individual (Kinsey MacDonald and Lindsay Jenkinson) in national academic competition against peer institutions
$2,400 Received from the National Dairy Shrine
A member of our team, Kinsey MacDonald*, received the Joe Larson Leadership Award at the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition that was held in Chicago, IL at the International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo.� This prestigious award recognizes the student that demonstrates the greatest potential for being a future leader of the Food Manufacturing Industry. Clemson's team of students finished 2nd overall in the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition.� The competition was established in 1916 and is recognized by the Food Manufacturing Industry as a key opportunity to identify the future leaders of the world's largest manufacturing industry and the institutions they represent.� This is the third time in the past 6 years that one of our CI team members has won this prestigious International Leadership Award.
Clemson's team of students finished 2nd overall in the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition that was held in Chicago, IL at the International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo. The competition was established in 1916 and is recognized by the Food Manufacturing Industry as a key opportunity to identify the future leaders of the world's largest manufacturing industry and the institutions they represent. This group of students were outstanding representatives for Clemson at this prestigious meeting of internationally recognized business and industry leaders.
McGregor, J.U. (2015). National Ice Cream Retailers Association (NICRA) Flavor Standards - A Case Study of Student Engagement through Industry Collaboration. Journal of Food Science Education. Manuscript is in draft form and will be submitted Fall 2015.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
608

Safety Research

Evaluation of hazard detection

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
Stiltner, K. *, Burriss, T. *, Kirstein, S. *, Maad, H. *, Pearson, M. *, Seay, A. *, Sullivan, M. *, and Stephens, B. (2017) Trip Hazard Assessment: Is Texting Viewed as a Risk Factor? Paper session accepted at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
Stiltner, K.*, Burriss, T. *, Kirstein, S. *, Maad, H. *, Pearson, M. *, Seay, A. *,
Sullivan, M. *, and Stephens, B. (2017) Trip Hazard Assessment: Is
Texting Viewed as a Risk Factor? Paper session accepted at the meetings of the Southeastern
Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.






Bartholomew, Z.*, Bensch, A.*, Boyde, R.*, Grossman, A.*, Kirstein, S.*, Sicilia, N.*, Taffer, A.* and Stephens, B. (accepted) Trip hazard assessment: A survey method. Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, April.

*Bartholomew, Z., *Kirstein, S., *Seay, A., *Sicilia, N., *Stiltner, K.A., *Taffer, A., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Trip Hazard Assessment: A Survey Method. FOCI, Clemson.
*Sicilia, N., *Bartholomew, Z., *Taffer, A., *Angeloff, G., *Hawk, S., *Pickens, E., *Scott, M., Stephens, B. (2016, April). Two techniques for conspicuity assessment. Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
Sicilia, N.*, Bartholomew, Z.*, Taffer, A.*, Angeloff, G.*, Hawk, S.*, Pickens, E.*, Scott, M.*, and Stephens, B. (accepted) Two techniques for conspicuity assessment. Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, April.



*Angeloff, G., *Sicilia, N., *Scott, S., *Hawk, S., *Bartholomew, Z., *Pickens, E., *Taffer, A., Stephens, B. (2015) Detection and Identification Conspicuity. Presented at FOCI, Clemson.
Pacek, M.*, Angeloff, G.*, Scott, M.*, Solesbee, H.*, Stephens, B. (2015). Identification and Detection Conspicuity Measurement. Presented at SEPA, Hilton Head.
*Angeloff, G., *Ramsey, A., *Glaze, K., *Pacek, M., *Myers, B., Stephens, B. (2014, March 5). Attention and Search Conspicuity for Skylight Fall Hazards. Presented at SEPA, Nashville.
Stephens, B.R., Stephens, J.T., Pearl, G.S., *Ramsey, A., *Angeloff, G., *Glaze, K., Thames, Z. (2013). "An Efficient Method to Evaluate Skylight Hazard Conspicuity." Presented at Annual Meetings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, San Diego, CA.
*Bartholomew, Z., *Bensch, A., *Boyd, R., *Grossman,  A., *Kirstein, S., *Sicilia, N., *Taffer, A., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Trip Hazard Assessment: A Survey Method.  Poster presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
611

Clemson Wellness Program

The C.I. Participants will work towards developing a wellness program for the campus, and will present at a national wellness conference sometime later this year. In addition, students will prepare for a study abroad experience in summer 2015. The emphasis for fall semester will be at Clemson University. The spring semester will continue with a comparative study of Cyprus with the summer class being offered in Cyprus.

Team Leaders
Susan Pope Campus Recreation
612

Obesity: Role of the home food environment

Two thirds of American adults are overweight or obese. The dramatic increase in prevalence of obesity began in the 1970s, at about the same time as the processing and distribution of foods changed, resulting in what has been called an "obesogenic environment." Weight loss programs have not worked in the long run because relapse is high. This project looks specifically at the home food environment of normal-weight and obese individuals, with the evantual goal that teaching individuals to control their home food environment might aifd in relapse prevention after excess weight loss.

Team Leaders
Bruce King Psychology
Accomplishments
King, B. M., Ivester, A. N.*, Burgess, P. D.*, Shappell, K. M.*, Coleman, K. L.*, Cespedes, V. M.*, Pruitt, H. S.*, Burden, G. K.*, & Bour, E. S. (2016). Adults with obesity underreport high-calorie foods in the home. Health Behavior and Policy Review, 3(5), 439-443.
King, B. M., *Ivester, A. N., *Burgess, P. D., *Shappell, K. M., *Coleman, K. L., *Cespedes, V. M., *Pruitt, H. S., *Burden, G. K., Bour, E. S. (in Submission). Obese Adults Underreport High-Calorie Foods in the Home.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1005

Sexuality Education

It is not known how many of the nation's colleges and universities offer sexuality education courses.  The CI team will examine all Level II-VI colleges and universities listed by the nation's six accrediting agencies.  For those colleges that do offer a course, a record of the department offering the course as well as a course description will be saved.  The work done by students will be entirely on-line.

Team Leaders
Bruce King Psychology
Accomplishments
King, B. M., Parker, K. L., Hill, K. A., Kelly, M. J., & Eason, B. L. (2017). Promoting sexual health: Sexuality and gender/women's studies courses in U.S. higher education. Health Behavior and Policy Review, 4(3), 213-223.
King, B. M., *Parker, K. L., *Hill, K. A., & *Kelly M. J. (2016).  Sexuality and gender/women's studies courses in U.S. higher education. Submitted for publication.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
618

High-Speed Imaging of Rainfall

Team of 4-6 undergraduate students (sophomore, junior, and senior level) will conduct this research project under the guidance of Dr. Testik and one of his graduate students. This team project will consist of mainly a field study to measure raindrop characteristics during actual rain events. The location of the field site is at the Simpson Agricultural field in Pendleton. A state-of-the-art high-speed camera and digital image analysis system will be used to collect and process the data.

Team Leaders
Firat Testik Civil Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
623

Intercollegiate Livestock Judging: Preparation for a Career in the Livestock Industry

An intercollegiate livestock judging team consists of a group or team of students that learn to critically analyze and judge livestock. As part of intercollegiate livestock judging, teams travel across the country and participate in several national-level competitions. These trips are often coupled with the fondest memories a student experiences while they are participating in livestock judging. As well, during the trips, students have the unique opportunity to visit and practice their developed skills at some of the most impressive and well-known swine, cattle, and sheep operations in the country. Additionally, students are exposed to several of the country’s most recognized livestock exhibition events including the Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo, the American Royal Livestock Show, and the North American International Livestock Exhibition. Students involved in intercollegiate livestock judging develop life skills that they are able to utilize later in life regardless of their occupation. As part of the judging experience, individuals learn to make rapid, logical decisions and defend their own decisions through delivery of oral reasons to experts in the livestock industry. As a result, students involved improve their ability to critically think and accurately communicate. Additionally, individuals become scholastically organized and self-disciplined, learn to accept criticism, develop confidence, and become leaders. Furthermore, students form relationships with industry professionals that translate to employment opportunities, internships, and scholarships. By partaking in this Creative Inquiry, students will have the opportunity to interview and survey livestock producers across the country and determine how their involvement or lack of involvement in a livestock judging program impacted their career choice and preparedness. Students will develop a survey to distribute to producers and/or managers of the operations that are visited throughout the judging year. As well, students will carry these surveys to the livestock exhibition events where a large majority of seedstock producers are present. By distributing the surveys at various operations as well as exhibitions, students will be able to gather data from not only South Carolina producers, but producers across the country as well.

Team Leaders
Richelle Miller Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
624

Bio-Integrated Season Extension Techniques for Vegetable and Freshwater Prawn Production

Bio-Integrated Season Extension is inspired by the ancient Chinampas farming system that integrates agriculture with water to moderate temperature extremes and provide nutrients and soil for plants.  The Student Organic Farm has improved upon this model to extend the growing season by integrating greenhouses, rainwater harvesting and waste recycling systems to create a low cost model.  The system recycles energy and water throughout the entire greenhouse complex. Students enrolled in the Fall 2016 Creative Inquiry will gain experience with the operation and components of the integrated system and learn how to use data logging technology along with software.  Students will also construct a recirculating brackish water and compost heat extracting system for larval rearing of freshwater prawns.   Students will develop skills working in organic greenhouse production (including seed starting, transplanting, high tunnel prep and maintenance, irrigation, composting, hydronic heating systems, aquaponics and vegetable production) and will collect data to monitor various elements of the Bio-Integrated Season Extension system including air and water temperature, humidity, light intensity and carbon dioxide levels.

Team Leaders
Geoffrey Zehnder Plant & Environmental Sciences
Shawn Jadrnicek Plant & Environmental Sciences
Kelly Gilkerson Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Zehnder, G., Jadrnicek, S., *Mcswain, M., *Abare, A., *Kome, L., *Koon, J., *Beigay, C., *Carruth, F., *King, K. (2017, April). Sustainable Hydronic Heat Extraction and Use in a Closed Greenhouse System. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Jadrnicek, S., *Acosta, A., *McSwain, M., *Basinger, C., *Lane, E., *Murray, C., *Stiebohr, A., *Weinheimer, C., *Bartley, M., *Madsen, M., and Zehnders, G. (2017). "New Heat Extraction Technique for Thermophilic Compost Piles". Presented at Clemson University, Clemson, SC.


Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
948

Design and manufacture of Meta-Materials

Meta-materials are man-made structures whose global properties are different from those of its base materials. For instance, a structure could be designed to behave like an elastomer (rubber) although it is made of an elastic material such as aluminum or polycarbonate. Meta-materials are being investigated to reduce energy losses, absorb energy, dampen or eliminate noise, and possibly, cloak objects. The project will consist in testing various structures to identify how to possibly guide the design of such structures. Parts will be designed in CAD and built on 3D printers and or using origami techniques and then tested. More advanced students will investigate analysis methods to design such structures (topology optimization).Semester 1: Learn about metamaterials, generate sample geometries, build them on RP machines and learn how to test themSemester 2. Run DOE and identify critical parameters. Build multiple parts, understand experimental accuracy issues and run load cases to evaluate the effect of the parameter changesSemester 3 Identify specific geometries designed for specific behavior. Design, build and test to validate.

Team Leaders
Marcus Hubis Yoder Mechanical Engineering
Georges M Fadel Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Amick, A., *Buck, C., *Chisano, A., *Davis, B., *Hopkins, N., and *Moore, E. (April 29, 2016). The Analysis of Different Geometries in regards to Metamaterial Applications.

Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
625

Host-Microbe Interactions in the Gastrointestinal Tract

This research project will focus on various aspects of interactions between the normal (non-pathogenic) bacterial members of the human gastrointestinal tract and their human hosts. Initial work is focused on two projects: 1) understanding the involvement of Lactobacillus reuteri, a commonly marketed probiotic, in the recycling of bile acids in the small intestine and 2) investigating the possible involvement of Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron in the development and/or exacerbation of diabetes and obesity. This project uses a variety of biological and chemical techniques.

Team Leaders
Kristi Whitehead Biological Sciences
Daniel Whitehead Chemistry
Accomplishments
We received an additional $10,000 supplement from JDRF (Junvenile Diabetes Research Foundation) to continue analysis of the results from our animal study. Two CI undergraduates will be working on aspects of this project this summer and into the Fall
$50,000 grant awarded by the Juvenille Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF). This award was based solely from preliminary data generated by Creative Inquiry students. The grant include money to conduct a preliminary animal study that could greatly further our project.
Non-lethal small molecule inhibition of polysaccharide metabolism in human gut microbes: a potential therapeutic avenue. Submitted to the Journal of Chemical Biology.
*Dawson, E., *Owen, H., *Peters, E., *Floyd, M., Whitehead, K., Whitehead, D., *Santilli, A., *Patel, N. (2017, April). Inhibiting the Starch Utilization System of Bacteroides spp. as a Therapeutic Target for Type 1 Diabetes. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Bryant, H., *Stein, N., *Patel, N., Santilli, A., Tackeberry, K., Whitehead, D., Whitehead, K. (2016). Modulation of Bacteroidetes polysaccharide metabolism by small organic molecules as a potential therapeutic for Type 1 Diabetes. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session. Clemson University.
*Patel, N., Bryant, H., Tackeberry, K., *Stein, N., Santilli, A., Whitehead, D., Whitehead, K. (2016). Investigation of inhibition of members of the gastrointestinal microbiota to prevent or delay the onset of Type 1 diabetes. Presented at FoCI 2016, Clemson University, SC.
ScienceG
880

Microbes All Around Us

Microbes are all around us. They are in the air we breathe, the water we drink, the soil we walk on, the food we eat; they are even in and on us. Although this fact is generally acknowledged, we don’t always have a great appreciation for the types of microbes found on various surfaces, nor do we always have a sufficient understanding of how the microbes ended up on the surface, how long they are able to remain on the surface, or their impact in that particular environment. This Creative Inquiry project will focus on investigating a variety of microbial environments to try to answer some of these questions. We will use hypotheses generated by the student investigators’ natural curiosity or recent news stories as the driving force behind our experiments. The first project we plan to investigate is to determine how likely it is that a student will contaminate his or her lab coat with the microbes used in the General Microbiology teaching labs at Clemson. This is based upon a national outbreak of Salmonella Typhimurium that began in November 2013 (http://www.cdc.gov/salmonella/typhimurium-labs-06-14/index.html) where analysis has strongly correlated infections with participation in microbiology labs. Based on this and several other outbreaks, safety changes have been proposed for Microbiology teaching labs at Clemson. These include things such as not allowing students to use cloth lab coats that must be washed. Instead, each student is now given a disposable paper lab coat at the beginning of each lab term. Our project during the 2014-2015 academic year will focus on determining the likelihood that a student will contaminate their lab coat during a general microbiology protocol to investigate whether this particular safety change is likely to cut down on possible infection scenarios.

Team Leaders
Kristi Whitehead Biological Sciences
Krista R Rudolph Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
"Anti-Microbial Nanomaterials for Rendering Applications". 33% Contributor. Sponsor: Fats & Proteins Research Foundation, Inc., Clemson University Animal Co-Products. 6/1/16 to 7/1/17. $49,500 awarded. The majority of this funding went towards development of the nanomaterials; we received a small amount for antimicrobial testing.
*Connolly, K., *Macomson, J., Whitehead, K., Rudolph, K., *Santilli, A., *Whitehead, D. (2017, April). Antimicrobial Effect of Volatile Organic Compound Capturing Nanoparticles. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Migliore, M., *Scott, M., *Ramey, T., Abercrombie, J., Rudolph, K., Whitehead, K. (2016). Assessment of microbial diversity on surfaces located around a college campus. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session. Clemson University.
*Ramey, T., *Scott, M., *Migliore, M., Rudolph, K., Whitehead, K. (2016, April). Investigation of the presence and impact of bacterial pathogens around campus. Presented at FoCI 2016, Clemson University, SC.
ScienceG
632

Bacterial Biotechnology: Microbial Sensors & Enzyme Engineering

Our mantra is “Inspired, but not limited by biology”. Microbial biosynthesis of chemicals and fuels offers a renewable way to create the molecules our society needs in a sustainable manner. The major barriers to more broad adoption of biochemicals in the chemical process industry are starting to be overcome by advances in biotechnology and engineering. Taking advantage of natural biodiversity, and engineering new biological components will enable an expanded set of biochemical reactions to be better controlled and therefore more efficiently produced. Team members in the Sustainable Chemical Production in Engineered Microorganisms Creative Inquiry will actively engage in using and creating biotechnology to improve the production of sustainable chemicals. CI students work with Dr. Blenner, graduate student mentors, and fellow CI team members in a highly active interdisciplinary research environment. Students learn how to identify a problem, design and conduct experiments using state-of-art laboratory equipment, analyze data, and communicate findings. The projects available in this Creative Inquiry involve: 1. The design of microbial enzymatic pathways to create sustainable chemicals. 2. Biotechnology development for controlling and improve microbial biosynthesis. 3. Creating a microbial produced non-living biocatalyst. To learn more about the projects available through this Creative Inquiry, or summer research opportunities, please contact Dr. Mark Blenner (blenner@clemson.edu) to schedule an appointment. Open to students in: Chemical Engineering, Biomolecular Engineering, Biosystems Engineering, Bioengineering, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, others. http://www.clemson.edu/ces/proteinengineering

Team Leaders
Mark Blenner Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Blenner, M. (2016, Novemeber). Microbial Production of Value Added Chemicals and Opportunities for Creating New Markets for Biomass. Invited presentation to the South Carolina Biomass Council, Clemson, SC.
Arvay, E., Yaguchi, A., & Blenner, M. (2016, October). Improvements to microbial biodiesel production through dynamic regulation. Poster presented at Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.
Dassetty, S., Wang, W., Blenner, M., & Sarupria, S. (2016, November). Understanding the Structural Differences Between Psychrophilic and Thermophilic Enzymes: A Molecular Dynamics Study. Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Wang, W., Dassetty, S., Sarupria, S., & Blenner, M. (2016, November). Improving the Activity of a Thermophilic Lipase By Increasing the Flexibility Proximal to the Active Site. Presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Yaguchi, A., Arvay, E., Rodriguez, G., & Blenner, M. (2016, November). Improving Dynamic Regulation of Biodiesel Production in E. coli. Poster presented at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Yaguchi, A., Cook. T., Blenner, M. (2016, November). Using Phage-Assisted Continuous Evolution to Develop Novel Biosensors. Poster presentation at the American Institute of Chemical Engineers Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Dassetty, S., Wang, W., Blenner, M., & Sarupria, S. (2017, February). Engineering Robust Activity in Extremophilic Enzymes: A Molecular Dynamics Study. Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Wang, W., Dassetty, S., Sarupria, S., & Blenner, M. (2017, April). Engineering Enzymes For Broad Temperature Range Applications Through Active Site Flexibility. Presented at the American Chemical Society Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
*Arvay, E. *Barrett, R., *Burkes, K., *Karp, T., *Rumph, M., *Yu, T., Blenner, M. (2016, April). Engineering Bacterial Systems for Renewable Chemicals and Biosensors. Poster presented at the FoCI Conference, Clemson, SC.
Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Campbell, H., *Fowler, J., *Knowles, S., *Redzikowski, J., Blenner, M. (2014). Yarrowia Lipolytica: A Novel Bioproduction Platform to Utilize Xylose, BiomassHydrolysates, and Lignin-Derived Compounds. Presentation presented at 2014 AIChE Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
Shabbir-Hussain, M., Williams, S., Blenner, M. (2014). Engineering Responsive Hybrid Promoters for Metabolic Engineering in Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia Lipolytica. Presentation presented at 2014 AIChE Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
Jessica Zielinski, Goldwater Scholarship Winner
Erika Arvay, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship Program – Honorable Mention
ACCIAC Creativity & Innovation Fellowship to Erika Arvay, 2016
NASA SC Space Grant Undergraduate Research Fellowship to Erika Arvay, 2016
NASA SC Space Grant Undergraduate Research Fellowship to Erika Arvay, 2015
Taylor Cook received $2000 from NASA SC Space Grant as an Undergraduate Research Fellow to support continued research during the Summer of 2015. Work focuses on developing protein-based sensors
Joseph Redzikowski received$5000 fromNASA SC SpaceGrant as anUndergraduate Research Fellowto support continued research during the summer of 2015. project focuses on biosynthesis of lubricating oils
Awarded to Taylor Cook* and Joseph Redzikowski* for projects related to Synthetic Biology for Space Exploration. Taylor's work focuses on developing protein-based sensors, and Joe's project focuses on biosynthesis of lubricating oils.
“Discriminatory Transcriptional Response of Environmental Microorganisms to Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation” Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Co-Principal Investigator $1,480,460 ($709,959), (2017-2022).
3 Year NSF Grant (2015-2018).

Synthetic biology can help meet growing demand for sustainable advanced biofuels. Complex pathways for the total synthesis of biofuels are routinely expressed in microbial systems. This project seeks to improve the production of biodiesel in an engineered strain of bacteria by optimizing how renewable substrates are utilized through the use of protein-based metabolite sensors and enzymes with appropriate properties. An additional aim of the project is use this feedback control to make pathways more robust in their ability to maintain high production rates in spite of changing environmental or process conditions. The results of this project may also apply to other metabolic pathways that produce sustainable fuels and chemicals, allowing translation of biotechnologies from the lab to industry with more certainty and fewer complications. The research performed will be the focal point of our efforts to engage women potentially interested in STEM careers, in the state of South Carolina. We aim to integrate education and research by providing training opportunities for students already in STEM, and local outreach to young women who might become more interested in STEM. Finally, this research will be integrated into a new elective course on protein and metabolic engineering offered at Clemson University.

This project uses simple unsteady-state kinetic models to rationalize protein engineering and synthetic biology based improvements to E. coli biodiesel production. Modeling suggests inefficiency due to pathway imbalance. Better flux distributions can be achieved through simple genetic and protein engineering efforts. Enzymes with catalytic efficiencies predicted to improve biodiesel production will be used. Critical enzymes will be engineered using directed evolution to relieve pathway bottlenecks. Protein-level feedback control will be engineered and combined with genetic level feedback control to allow pathway fluxes to remain high in spite of short and long time-scale metabolic perturbations. The combination of genetic and protein-level dynamic control will allow biofuel and other chemical producing systems to withstand perturbations from environmental variation and scale-up conditions without suffering large losses in yield and efficiency. The results of this project may lead to more general methods for balancing pathways that does not rely on explicit kinetic or flux data.

AFOSR YIP: 3 Year Grant (2015-2018).

Thermostable enzymes from thermophilic extremophiles allow prolonged use of these biocatalysts; however, their activity is greatly compromised at lower temperatures encountered in the environment and physiological systems. Psychrophilic enzymes have evolved more efficient catalytic mechanisms to act efficiently at cold temperatures, but are typically unstable at higher temperatures or over extended times. The combination of these properties would result in enzymes that are highly thermostable and optimally active across a broad temperature range. The goal of the research in this proposal is to develop a set of rational design principles for the engineering the cold-activity into mesostable and thermostable enzymes. Through the careful analysis of biochemical and biophysical data of psychrophilic, mesophilic, thermophilic lipases, we will determine important characteristics and quantitative relationships between these properties and the cold-activity. Our hypothesis is that active site proximal flexibility is an important determinant of cold-activity and can be engineered into thermophilic enzyme scaffolds with minimal loss of thermostability. We will test our hypothesis by engineering a thermostable and mesostable lipase to be broadly active across a wide temperature range and to withstand substantial thermal challenge. Mutants obtained through rational protein engineering, loop grafting, and directed evolution will be used to further refine the quantitative design rules we will establish. To extend the usefulness of this framework, we will engineer thermostable enzymes for materials synthesis and degradation, including organophosphorus hydrolases and cuntinases. This research should make it possible to quickly and rationally engineer most any thermostable enzyme to retain its activity across a wide temperature range. Therefore, enzymes may be deployed with optimum performance and extended lifetimes critical to USAF goals.
“BioNanomanufacturing of Carbide Aerogels”, SC Space Grant Consortium, Co-Principal Investigator, $50,000 ($12,000), (2015-2016).
Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). 3 Year Grant with 2 Option Years (2016-2019). Immobilization is frequently used to enhance the lifetime and stability of enzymes, yet a fundamental understanding of the interactions between enzymes, covalent linkers, and complex polymeric surfaces enabling accurate prediction of system performance is lacking. While prediction of enzyme behavior in simple monolayers is well described, these capabilities fall short on complex polymer surfaces used in electrochemical or optical biosensors. The stabilizing effects of enzyme immobilization results in enzymes with longer useful lifetimes; however, this can come at the expense of specific enzyme activity, due to mass transfer limitations caused by orientation effects, the complex interplay between enzyme-linker-substrate interactions, and immobilization related unfolding of enzyme structure. Current approaches for addressing enzyme immobilization focus mostly on solutions to specific problems, i.e., on a specific combination of enzyme, linker, and immobilization chemistry. A broadly applicable understanding of the molecular scale interactions between enzyme-linker-substrate is required to make accurate predictions of the best overall immobilization strategy. This project uses a combined experimental and computational approach to understand the fundamental interactions in enzyme-linker-substrate systems. By combining experimental and simulation data sets, we will identify how particular characteristics of the enzyme, the linker, and the polymeric surface influence structure and activity. This enzyme activity-linker-surface relationship can be used to predict the effect of immobilization strategy on the activity of the enzyme, with application to enzymes for specific detection of tributyl phosphate solvent used in nuclear fuel processing.
Blenner, M. (2015, October). Enzymatic Deconstruction of Lignin for Biofuels. Advances in Enzymatic Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels, 20-36.
Shabbir-Hussain, M., *Gambill, L., Blenner, M. "Engineering Promoter Architecture in Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia lipolytica" submitted to ACS Synthetic Biology
*Arvay, E., Yaguchi, A., Rodriguez, G., Wilson, A., Blenner, M. (2016, April). Improving the Dynamic Control of Fatty Acid Ethyl Ester Production. Poster presented at the Southeast Regional American Institute of Chemical Engineers Meeting, Tuscaloosa, AL.
*Arvay, E., Yaguchi, A., Rodriguez, G., Wilson, A., Blenner, M. (2016, March). Improving the Dynamic Control of Fatty Acid Ethyl Ester Production. Poster presented at the American Chemical Society Meeting, San Diego, CA
*Cook, T., Yaguchi, A., Blenner, M. (2015, March). "Towards Engineering Bacterial Transcriptional Regulators through Continuous Directed Evolution." Poster presented at the biannual meeting of the American Chemical Society Meeting, Denver, CO.
Shabbir-Hussain, M., Williams, S., Blenner, M., (2015). Ligand Responsive Hybrid Promoters and Bidirectional Promoters for Metabolic Engineering in Oleaginous Yeast Yarrowia Lipolytica. Presentation presented at 2015 International Conference on Biomolecular Engineering Meeting, Austin, TX.
Wilson, A., *Cook., T., *Arvay, E., Guiseppi-Elie, A., Blenner, M., (2014). Simple Improvements to Dynamic Control Schemes Improve Product Yield. Presentation presented at 2014 AIChE Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Campbell, H., *Fowler, J., *Gambill, L., *Hume, P., *Knowles, S., *Hussain, M., Blenner, M. (2015, April) Engineering Yarrowia lipolytica for renewable fuels and chemicals from lignocellulose and waste feedstocks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Arvay, E., *Kessler, C., and Blenner, M. (2015, April). Dynamic Regulation and Metabolic Engineering of Total Biodiesel Production in E. coli. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
630

Human Powered Vehicle Design

Human Powered Vehicle Challenge (Additional information is available: https://www.asme.org/events/competitions/human-powered-vehicle-challenge-(hpvc))Human-powered transport is often the only type available in underdeveloped or inaccessible parts of the world, and if well designed, can be an increasingly viable form of sustainable transportation.ASME's international Human Powered Vehicle Challenge (HPVC) provides an opportunity for students to demonstrate the application of sound engineering design principles in the development of sustainable and practical transportation alternatives.In the HPVC, students work in teams to design and build efficient, highly engineered vehicles for everyday use—from commuting to work, to carrying goods to market.

Team Leaders
Gregory Mocko Mechanical Engineering
Elizabeth Crockett Engineering & Science Advising
Accomplishments
*Saracina, A., *Gonzalez, D., *Zalecki, P., *Griffin, A., *King, N., *Nich, P. (2016, May 13-15). Clemson University Submission: Adventure. Presented and ranked 16 at ASME HPVC East 2016, Athens, OH.    


*Whitman, A., *Druga, C., Nich, P., Fairchild, J. (2014, May 8-10). Panthera Tigris Tigris. Presented at the annual ASME Human Powered Vehicle Challenge, Gainsville, Fl.
$1000 to support HPVC
ITT AutomationWestminster, SC$1000 from Sustainability Council
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
963

Butterfly proboscis structure and engineering inspiration

Proboscis structure.  The CI team will use; traditional histological activities, optical microscopy (possibly including confocal and multi-photon), and engineering analyses not traditionally applied in biology, to elucidate some of the poorly understood important functions of the butterfly proboscis. During its adult life, the butterfly coils and uncoils the proboscis without noticeable deformities or loss of flexibility, unlike metal springs. The proboscis is a complex biological structure of rigid and flexible components, hydrophilic and hydrophobic components, and control structures. There also are questions about how the curvature, shape, and size relate to the function of the proboscis. For example, is the cross-sectional shape of a proboscis mechanically critical to function? Some investigators have hypothesized that the shape acts like a snap spring to stabilize the coiled or straightened position. Initially the emphasis will be on the butterfly. The CI team will then work in pairs to apply the microscopic methods to other proboscis insects (e.g. house fly) to compare the structures and engineering principles shared by fluid feeding insects. Image analysis will enable engineering analyses and modeling of function. Once techniques for studying adult specimens have been developed we will attempt to analyze pupal development of the structures and some of the specific components important to fluid feeding.

Team Leaders
Suellen Pometto Plant & Environmental Sciences
Peter H Adler Plant & Environmental Sciences
Konstantin Kornev Materials Science&Engineering
Charles E Beard Plant & Environmental Sciences
Terri Bruce Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Arling, A., Beard, C., Adler, P., Kornev, K., Pometto, S. (2017, April). New Histological Techniques for Exploring the Fine Structure of Insect Mouthparts. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Arling, A. (2017 March 29). Techniques to Examine Insect Haustellate Mouthparts. Presented at Annual meeting of the Association of Southeaster Biologists, Montgomery, AL. 

Arling, A.*, Pometto, S., Kornev, K. G., Beard, C. E., Adler, P. H. (2016). Techniques for Microscopic Confirmation of Lepidopteran Proboscis Repair. South Carolina Entomological Society Annual Meeting, Hickory Knob SP, SC.
*Arling, A., Kornev, K., Beard, C.E., Adler., P.H. (2016). Developing methods to visualize insect proboscis structures. Clemson University Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Best undergraduate paper at South Carolina Entomological Society meeting awarded to Alison Arling.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
635

A non viral episomal vector system for induced pluripotent stem cell (IPS) production

A non viral episomal vector system for induced pluripotent stem cell (IPS) production Embryonic stem cells hold great promise for the cures of a variety of human diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's etc.. However, ES cell research has been hampered due to the ethical concerns of the use of human embryos. Recently, scientists have developed a novel way to convert somatic cells into ES-like cells through forced expression of four transcription factors key to the ES cell pluripotency maintenance. These cells are called induced pluripotent stem cells (IPS). The initial method used for IPS induction is based on retrovirus due to its high transfection efficiency. However, the potential dangers of retrovirus induced insertional mutagenesis and transformation pose great concerns for the applications of theses IPS cells in human. Therefore a great deal of research efforts have been put in the search of alternative delivery systems to create safer IPS cells, such as protein, mRNA, plasmid, and non integrating viral system. My laboratory has working with a non viral episomal vector based on the sequence of mammalian scaffold/matrix attachment region (S/mar), which are sequences in the DNA of eukaryotic chromosomes where the nuclear matrix attaches. S/mar sequences function as architectural DNA components that organize the genome of eukaryotes into functional units within the cell nucleus. Plasmids incorporated with S/mar sequence can be maintained as replicative episomal units within mammalian nuclei. We plan to clone the four transcription factors into this vector for IPS induction. This episomal vector system will not only reduce or eliminate the potentials of insertional mutagenesis, but also solve the problems of gradual loss from transfected cells encountered by regular plasmids due to the episomal replicative capacity of this plasmid.

Team Leaders
Xianzhong Yu Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
We are collaborating with Orbis Health Solution and Lauren's Hope foundation trying to establish patient-specific IPS for the treatment of Sanfilippo Syndrome, a deadly genetic disease affecting children. Both the company and the foundation have donated reagents to our research and we hope that further collaboration will lead to grants from them.
Amanda Barrett, a former member of our team, get hired by MUSC as a research specialist to do IPS related work. Milap Patel, also a former member of our team, get hired by Orbis Health Solutions to do patient-specific IPS related research work. Both hires are based on their experiences in our CI class.
ScienceG
352

Using Citizen Science as a Tool for Wildlife Conservation in South Carolina

COURSE DESCRIPTION: Study of the biological, ecological, social, and economic bases for the conservation of biodiversity in South Carolina. Particular emphasis will be given to southeastern game and nongame species conservation issues. COURSE OBJECTIVE: (1) To investigate and understand issues related to wildlife conservation in South Carolina as they are influenced by citizen science

Team Leaders
Joseph Lanham Forestry & Environment Conserv
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
356

Geologic Properties

This group explores and analyzes the relationship between surficial processes and subsurface conditions.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Wykel, J., Brame, S. (2017, April). Nitrogen Loading and Coliform Bacteria in Eighteen Mile Creek. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
McCaffrey, D.M.*, Brame, S. (2016, March 31). Episodic Growth of Garnets from a Two-Mica Schist near Clemson, SC. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Bagbey, D., Murdoch, L., (2015, March 25). Characterization and Imaging of Pipe Flow Within a Natural Embankment. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Lyles, M. J., Murdoch, L.C. (2013, April 4). Characterizing Water Content Trends in Saprolite Soils near Clemson, SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Waterhouse, T. C., *Chamlee, W. M., *Baldwin, J. A., *Thompson, E., *Vaughn T., Murdoch, L. (2013, April 4). Sediment Transport after Dam Removal on Twelve-Mile Creek, Norris, SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Chamlee, W., Murdoch, L., (2013, April 4). Modeling Sediment Transport associated with a Reservoir Sediment Release following Dam Removal on Twelve-mile Creek. SC. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Baldwin, J. A., Murdoch, L. (2013, April 4). Quantifying Radial Borehole Deformation During Well Tests. Presented at the 21st Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
McCaffrey, D.*,Brame, S. (2016, in press). Episodic Growth and Growth Factors of Garnets from a Two-Mica Schist near Clemson, SC. American Mineralogist. 
Kennedy, C. D., Murdoch, L. C., Genereux, D. P., Corbett, D. R., Stone, K., Pham, P., Mitasova, H. (2010, September). Comparison of Darcian flux calculations and seepage meter measurements in a sandy streambed in North Carolina, United States. Water Resources Research, 46(9).
Simon, A. (2011, June 12). PCB Cleanup Mired in Debate. The Greenville News.
Murdoch, L. (2014, April). Evaluation of Hydrology of Hunnicutt Creek Wetland. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
363

Creative Inquiry in Graphic Communications with Variable Data

This class provides the students an opportunity to develop research projects dealing with current technology in the print and marketing arena where they compare and measure the success campaign or technology options related to variable data and interfacing data base analytics.

Team Leaders
Linda A Kanaley Graphic Communications
John M Leininger Graphic Communications
BusinessD
364

Landscape Ecology and Conservation in the Appalachians

Students in this CI Project explore the influence of human land use on biodiversity. Specifically, they focus on amphibian response to a range of land uses, including urbanization and forest management. Students gain experience in experimental design, data collection and analysis, and project interpretation and communication.

Team Leaders
Russell Kyle Barrett Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
*Potter, H., *Carew, A., *Miller, B., *Cairco, B., Weaver, N., Barrett, K. (2015, October). The effect of a growing college town on stream health and abundance. Poster presented at The Annual Meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
*Cairco, B., Weaver, N., Barrett, K. (2015, October). Salamander and aquatic insect response to development in southern Appalachia. Poster presented at The Annual Meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
*Miller, B., Weaver, N., Barrett, K. (2015, Oct. 17). The influence of forest structure on Piedmont streams in Upstate South Carolina. Poster presented at the annual meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Surasinghe, T. D., Baldwin, R. F. (2011, April). Exploitative competition among stream salamanders along a land-use gradient. Presented at Natural Resource Graduate Student Symposium, Clemson, SC Clemson University.
Reinstein, Z.*, Albright, K.*, Enright, R.*, Surasinghe, T.D., Baldwin, R. (2012, March). Riparian land-use as a predictor of salamander diversity in stream ecosystems in Upstate SC. Presented at Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Surasinghe, T.D., McAliaster, M., Baldwin, R., (2012, February). Exploitative competition among stream salamanders along a land-use gradient. Presented at Southeastern Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation, Falls Creek Fall State Park, TN.
Surasinghe, T.D., Reinstein, Z., Baldwin, R. (2012, October). The community composition of stream salmanders as a function of riparain land-use. Presented at the Student Conference on Conservation Science, American Museum of Natural History, New York-Manhattan, NY.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
365

Multicultural Competencies in Peer Dialogue Facilitation: Building Capacity and Efficacy

Peer Dialogue Facilitators [PDFs] are a team of undergraduate students whose primary role is to enhance campus climate through programs which improve understanding, tolerance and communication among students at Clemson University. PDFs facilitate dialogue for the Clemson student body in an effort to develop essential communication and leadership skills, which are critical for living and working in diverse and inclusive communities. Peer Dialogue Facilitator's foster mutual understanding, compassion, awareness, and meaningful relationships among students from different social identities.

Team Leaders
Rebecca Morgan Gantt Center for Student Life
Tony W Cawthon Leadrshp,Counsl Ed,Hum&Org Dev
Accomplishments
*Mills, D. (2014, July 9). Dialogue to Shift a Culture. Presented at the annual conference of Diversity in Organizations, Communities & Nations, Vienna, Austria.
371

The Sopranos: Organized Crime, Jersey Style

            In the late 1990’s, the acting boss of the DeCavalcante Crime Family became a government witness against members of the criminal syndicate that he had once helmed.  While he was the first boss of a La Cosa Nostra family to become a cooperating witness, his defection was preceded by a virtual cornucopia of colorful characters that included various capos, soldiers, and associates. The subsequent prosecutions left the family decimated and uncovered countless murders, government corruption, and various other criminal activities. Irrespective of the sensational headlines, the dismantling of the New Jersey based organization would have remained largely ignored by the American public had their demise not been foreshadowed by another, much more famous family from Jersey. As government interest in the DeCavalcante family increased, The Sopranos debuted on HBO.  Set in New Jersey, the series followed Tony Soprano as he navigated, often unsuccessfully and always with the assistance of a psychotherapist, the travails of domestic life as head of an organized crime family.  While marketed as pure fiction, the resemblance between many of the colorful characters depicted and individual members of the Decavalcante family is simply undeniable.              

Team Leaders
Marjie Britz Sociology and Anthropology
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
372

"Gangsterism" as a Film Genre: The Italian Experience

From the street hustler to the corporate embezzler, Hollywood has long been fascinated with crime of all types. Irrespective of ethnicity, the greatest interest has been reserved for criminal gangs and organized crime syndicates. Even those productions marked by poor direction, casting, or cinematography have proven all but irresistible to the American public. In contrast to other genres of American cinema (e.g. Westerns, historical epics, etc.), gangsterism as a cinematic concept has remained timely in the face of cultural, economic, and historical upheavals. While the notion of good versus evil has continued to be a bankable thematic foundation, contemporary audiences continue to demonstrate a preference for the presentation of the same in a colorful urban environment. While such requisites are necessarily found in the contextual landscape in which criminal syndicates flourish, depictions of both individual actors and organizations are not necessarily consistent with reality. As such, it is necessary to evaluate the development of gangsterism as a cinematic genre in both an empirical and historical context. The 2016-2017 Creative Inquiry will explore the American mafia genre specifically. Students enrolled in the Creative Inquiry will spend the Fall and Spring semesters of AY 2016-2017 evaluating films on the American mafia. Regularly scheduled group discussions will be held on the films to ascertain level of student participation, development of theoretical framework, and subsequent areas of focus. Particular attention will be given to the role of women, corruption of authority, community involvement, good vs. evil, role conflict, and duality of role, During the Spring Semester of the same year, students will compare and contrast depictions of the various criminal syndicates, assessing accuracy and identifying stereotypes. Students will present the findings of their inquiry in the form of brief reading summaries and a final paper. In the Summer of 2017, qualifying students will visit New York City. At this time, they will interact with various law enforcement agencies and visit geographical locales with significant importance to the applicable topics. At the conclusion of the visit, students will submit a term paper and poster which summarizes their experience and examines contradictions.

Team Leaders
Marjie Britz Sociology and Anthropology
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
375

Towards a Hospital Revolution: Cardiac Monitoring and Telemetry

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States, reportedly accounting for 26% of deaths. One specific heart disease that is increasing in prevalence is cardiac arrhythmia. Arrhythmia is a disorder where the beat of the heart is altered either by mechanical or electrical irregularities in the tissues. There is a direct correlation between age and risk of arrhythmia, thus with an ageing population the number at risk continues to rise. Treatment of cardiac arrhythmia is often curative as opposed to palliative, leading to direct improvements both in longevity and quality of life. Treatments can involve the use of antiarrhythmic drugs or surgical intervention. In the case of surgical intervention, often catheter-based procedures are performed, running from the femoral vein through to the left atrium. This procedure is complex and requires fine catheter skills and experience with a broad range of disorders. During a diagnosis and intervention in cardiac arrhythmia, biomedical signals such as EKG, pulse, respiratory cycle, and hear sounds are used. Additionally diagnostic imaging such as echocardiogram, intra-cardiac ultrasound, and fluoroscopy may be used. Practitioners and technicians are trained using a purely apprenticeship model, where training is performed directly on patients. This has two major disadvantages: first, the patient may be put at undue risk due to the lack of training that their team has, second, practitioner experience and training becomes a function of the specific institution they train at and further the specific cases they are assigned to. Modern technology in simulation has made the creation of virtual environments possible. This technology while widespread in many industries; has been slow to see adoption in the medical field. In this creative inquiry we will examine the development of a simulation system for the training and rehearsal of surgery using actual patient data. As a team we will attempt to determine the factors that define a particular condition based on patient data and expert opinions. Further, we will devise a method of creating specific scenarios, and create a formal simulation, which can be directly translated to practice. In this CI experience, direct interactions with surgeons and other practitioners is possible, as is the ability to impact the training of new interventionists. 

Team Leaders
Zahra Ronaghi Bioengineering
David Kwartowitz Bioengineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
922

Biochromic Sensors for Food Safety Applications

Polydiacetylenes (PDA) are polymers which when exposed to environmental stress, such as heat, solvent, mechanical impact, etc., change color from dark blue to bright red. In this project PDAs will be modified so that they respond to the presence of food pathogens (or to their metabolites), such as E. Coli, Salmonella, or Listeria. These sensors will be developed as swabs, wipes, aerosols, and gels for use in processing plants and to test storage and shipping containers.

Team Leaders
Paul Dawson Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Julie Northcutt Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
William T Pennington Jr Chemistry
Accomplishments
Zhang, Y., Northcutt, J., Hanks, T., Miller, I., Penningtion, B., Han, I., Dawson, P. (2016). "Polydiacetylene sensor interaction with food sanitizers and surfactants." Food Chemistry, submitted.
Pennington, W.T., Khadijatul, K., Dawson, P., Hanks, T.W., Jelinek, R., Northcutt, J. (2016, October 23-26). "Polydiacetylenes: Sensor Applications and Reversible Thermochromism." Invited talk to be presented in the Molecules to Functional Supramolecular Materials Symposium at the 2016 Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia SC.
Gotthelf, G.I., Hill, S.C., Pennington, W.T. (2015, April). Reversible Thermochromism in Polydiacetylenes. Presented at South Carolina Academy of Sciences Annual Meeting, Furman University.
*Garbowski, S.J., *Reamer, S.A., Hill, S.C., Pennington, W.T. (2015, April). Immobilization of Polydiacetylene Sensors onto Cellulose. Presented at South Carolina Academy of Sciences Annual Meeting, Furman University.
Binational Agricultural Research and Development Grant for collaboration between our group and groups at Furman University and at Ben Gurion University in Israel.
Chemistry/Biochemistry Oral Session 1st place Garret Gotthelf, Clemson University (Dr. Bill Pennington) Reversible Thermochromism in Polydiacetylenes Garret was invited to an Awards Banquet in Charleston, to honor this award.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
376

Popular Science Journalism

Students will survey the primary science literature and produce articles on timely topics in research for the Tigra Scientifica column in The Tiger. Students will also assemble the articles into a magazine with the same name.

Team Leaders
Lesly Temesvari Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Carew, A., *Halusker, H., *Masterson, M., *Miller, S., *Simmons, C., *Villano, A. (2015, October.  2016, March). Tigra scientifica: Vol. 2: Iss. 1-2. Retrieved from: http://tigerprints.clemson.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1027&context=tigra








Temesvari, L.A. ed., Johnson, M.G. ed., Newbold, C.R. ed., *Bendixen, B., *Kloc, B. *Larrew, T.W., *Tom, D.M., *Ward, L., *Wasylyk, R.D., *Watts, R., *Woodard, M., *Jackson, F. (2012, May). Tigra Scientifica, Spring 2012 (Issue 3).
Temesvari, L.A. ed., Johnson, M.G. ed., Newbold, C.R. ed., *Isgett, S.F., *Larrew, T.W., *Scott, A.H., *Wasylyk, R.D., *Alsallaiy, I.A., *Deneen, L.C., *Kloc, B.M., *Richman, A.E., *Tom, D.M., *Peterson, A.J., *Simmons, K.E., *Villamizar, J.D. (2011, November). Tigra Scientifica, Fall 2011 (Issue 2).
Tuten, H.C., Temesvari, L.A. (2013, March). Popular Science Journalism: facilitating learning through peer review and communication of science news. Journal of Science College Teaching, 42(4), 46-49.
Tuten, H. ed., Stone, C. ed., *Isgett, S.F., *Larrew, T., *McCuen, V., *Murphy, C., *Scott, A.H., *Stephan, K.L., *Wasylyk, R.D. (2011, May). Tigra Scientifica, Spring 2011 (Issue 1).
*McCuen, V. (2011, April). Tigri Scientifica: Prosthetics get a leg up. The Tiger, p. A6.
*Larrew, T. (2011, April ). Tigri Scientifica: If I only had a heart ( and a kidney). The Tiger.
*McCuen, V. (2011, Febuary 18). Tigri Scientifica You Complete Me: Relationships Help Couples Expand Minds and Identities. The Tiger.
*Scott, A. (2011, Febuary 25). Alert: Intelligent Plastics May Not Be All They Claim to Be. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Murphy, C. (2011, March 4). The Key to Living Well: Ha, Ha, Ha! Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2011, March 11). Kiss and Tell: From Frogs to Antibiotics. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Isgett, Z. (2011, April 1). The Brains Behind the Beats. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Stefan, K. (2011, April 15). Fruit May Hold Key to New Fuel Source. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Isgett, Z. (2011, September 2). Don't Get Testy, It's Just Testosterone. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2011, September 9). The Romance of Fear: Lean on Me When You are Scared. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Scott, A. (2011, September 16). Ethics Versus Innovation: The Future of Gene Therapy. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Stefan, K. (2011, September 30). Chemistry of Heartbreak. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Isgett, Z. (2011, October 7). Tonight's Dinner Special: Test Tube Tartare. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Scott, A. (2011, October 21). CSI: Wildlife Forensics Unit. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Larrew, T. (2011, October 28). When H20 Can be H2 Much: The Truth Behind Exercising and Hydration. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Deneen, L. (2011, November 4). Parlez-Vous Francais? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Richman, A. (2011, November 11). The Essence of Trust. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Kloc, B. (2011, November 18). Sunscreen in a Pill? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Tom, D. (2011, December 2). Level Up: Gamers Advance Scientific Knowledge. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 1, Spring 2011.
*Alsallaiy, I. (2012, January 20). Relax...Take a Break...BREATHE. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2012, February 3). Using the Pill and Losing the Thrill. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Larrew, T. (2012, February 10). Bath Salts: The Drug that is Everything, but Clean. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Tom, D. (2012, February 17). Practice Makes Perfect: Musical Training has Long-term Impact. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Kloc, B. (2012, Febuary 24). Read Past the Calories: There's More than Meets the Eye. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2012, March 2). A Sight for Blind Eyes: Vibrating Vests Provide a Fifth Sense to the Visually Impaired. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Watts, R. (2012, March 9). Step Away from the Diet Soda! Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Bendixen, B. (2012, March 30). Attackbots for Your Body. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Woodard, M. (2012, April). Can I Have Your Attention Please? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Ward, L. (2012, April 13). Portable Physician. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Larrew, T. (2012, April 20). From Generation to Generation to Generation to... Tigra Scientifica, Volume 2, Fall 2011.
*Wasylyk, R. (2012, August 24). Losing Your Keys Shouldn't Mean Losing Your Mind. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Kloc, B. (2012, September 7). Pumping Insulin May Soon Be a Thing of the Past. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Watts, R. (2012, September 14). Meatless Mondays, Tofu Tuesdays, and Wheat Wednesdays. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Ward, L. (2012, September 21). Sharing is Not Always Caring. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Watts, R. (2012, September 28). Howling for Help. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Luther, E. (2012, October 5). Professor Close Up: Dr. Mike Henson. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*West, H. (2012, October 12). Too Much Pep in this Spice? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Fall 2012.
*Xu, T. (2012, October 26). Allergies, Begone! Genetically Modified Plants Could Bring Relief to Millions. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 3, Spring 2012.
*Simonin, S. (2012, November 5). Green Tea Goodness. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012
*Khan, S. (2012, November 12). A Starving World and a Changing Planet. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Pollard, S. (2012, November 30). The Telepathic Light Switch. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Ward, L. (2012, December 7). You'll Have to Feel It to Believe It! Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Luther, E. (2013, January 18). Professor Close Up: Dr. June Pilcher. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Nix, Q. (2013, January 25). Companies are Starting to Make More Green. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Pollard, S. (2013, Febuary 1). Turning Trash into Treasure. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*West, H. (2013, Febuary 8). Risky Busniess. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Xu, T. (2013, Febuary 15). Trapped in Food Traffic. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 4, Fall 2012.
*Elmore, B. (2013, Febuary 22). Your Friendly Neighborhood Killer-the Cat? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
*King, C. (2013, March 1). Frankenfish or Futurefish? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
*Lutz, M. (2013, March 8). One Beer, Two Beer, Three Beer-What was that? Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
*Raciborski, L. (2013, March 29). Shedding Some Light on Tanning. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
*Nix, Q. (2013, April 5). A Handy New Way of Designing Prosthetics. Tigra Scientifica, Volume 5, Spring 2013.
ScienceG
377

MacroAFM

This project is aimed at reconstructing a working Atomic Force Microscope at the Macro Scale for research and education purposes. We first start with an introduction to a real, working AFM machine (our recently received Asylum Research BioMFP-3D) – how it works and what it can do. We also will run some samples to better understand the principles of AFM. After that the team will study the existing designs of AFM models or build their own scheme. The team then uses their AFM to collect data to reveal the contours of a prepared macro-roughened surface – models of different molecules and biological systems – proteins, viruses. This model will be a very good demonstration object for education of summer undergraduate and high-school students.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Aleksey Shaporev Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Bagnal, W., *Roberts, F., *Roberts, T., Reukov, V., Shaporev, A. (2017, April). An Educational Model of an Atomic Force Microscope. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Bagnal, W., *Canas, B., *Roberts, T.,  *Tilles, J., Reukov, V. (2016, April 6-7). Macroscopic Model of Atomic Force Microscopy, Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC
*Tilles, J., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016, March 11-13). mHealth Musculoskeletal Applications: Bluetooth Low-Energy Devices and Android. Presented at the 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA. 
*Hoelzen, M., *Athavale, D., *Portilla Rodriguez, M., Reukov, V., Shaporev, A. (2014, April). Macro-AFM model. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
378

Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World

Developing countries face healthcare challenges every day, whether it is lack of supplies or a shortage of healthcare professionals. Medical devices and equipment that are considered standard in hospitals in the United States can be hard to find and very expensive in developing countries, such as Tanzania. Tanzania has recently made significant advances with the quality of their healthcare; however, the infant mortality rate is still ten times greater than that of the United States. This is due to the lack of technology available and untrained healthcare professionals to use these medical devices. The goal of this Creative Inquiry team is to design and develop medical instrumentation and monitors that are robust, user-friendly, and low-cost for developing countries. The students on this team will be expected to work on electronics and instrument design. The first project will focus on developing a neonatal temperature sensing and control system for the prevention of hyperthermia in premature babies for Tanzanian health centers. The next projects will focus on development and design of cheap pulse oximeter and electrocardiography systems to monitor the blood oxygen levels and heart rates in these babies. These types of projects not only have the ability to improve the lives of young infants and families, but they can also impact the medical field in developing nations worldwide. Applications for the team are typically due at the end of the semester. Please see the department of Bioengineering website for details: http://www.clemson.edu/ces/bioe/creative-inquiry.html

Team Leaders
William Richardson Bioengineering
Melissa McCullough Bioengineering
Kayla Gainey Bioengineering
Jorge Rodriguez Bioengineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Guion, K., Dean, D., *Rohde, J., *Young, C., *Gilbert, R., *Wilson, G., DesJardins, J., *Erickson, H., *Hargett, Z. (2017, April). Medical Technology for Developing Countries. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Rohde, J.*, Cobb, A.*, Gilbert, R.*, Hawks, Z.*, DesJardins, J.*, Dean, D., (Oct 2016). "Development of low-cost Impediometric Biosensors for Clinical Diagnostics and Water Testing", presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Minneapolis, MN.

Young, C., DeMass, I., Brewer, C., Gilbert, R., Guion, K., McCullough, M., *DesJardins, J., and Dean, D. (2016, October). "Assessment of Medical Equipment in Kisarawe, Tanzania", presented at the Annual Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Minneapolis, MN.


*Stafford, S., DesJardins, J.*, (2015, November), Designing Medical Devices for the Developing World: A Global Health Partnership in Biotechnology. Oral presentation at the Partnering for Impact in Global and Public Health Symposium in Charleston, SC
Cobb, A., *Hawks, Z., *Herbst, A., *Rohde, J., (2015, Dec.), MicroSense, Invention disclosure presentation to CURF. Oral presentation to Clemson University Research Foundation.
*Rohde, J, *Brewer, C, *Young, C, *DeMass, I, Guion, K, Gilber, R, Cobb, A, (2016, April) "Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World" Poster at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster forum in Clemson SC.
*Showghi, J. D., *Stafford, S. G., *Veliz, J. S., Dean, D., DesJardins, J., Rodriguez, J. (2014). Respire Medical, a breath assistive device for low resource settings. Presented at Fifth Annual National Undergraduate Global Health Technologies Design Competition at Houston, TX.
*Elpers, M., *McCaskill, B., *Sosdian, L., Dean, D. (2010, April) Tanzania 2011 Wazungu, Saving Babies, and Awesome People. Presented at the Bioengineering Undergraduate Research Day.
*Elpers M., *McCaskill, B., *Sosdian, L., Dean, D. (2010, April) Tanzania 2011 Wazungu, Saving Babies, and Awesome People. Presented at the Honor's College Research and Travel Award symposium.
*Elpers M., *McCaskill, B., *Sosdian, L., Dean, D. (2010, October). Low-Cost Temperature Control Alarm Systems Designed for Application in Third World Countries. Presented at the SouthEast Biomedical Engineering Career Conference, FL.
*Ovington, P. T. (2013, April 4-6). Low-Cost Glucometer. Presented at the ACC Meeting of the Minds, Wake Forest University, Winston-Salem, NC.
*Gainey, K., *Byrd, K., *Wilson, J., *Wiles, L., DesJardins, J., Dean, D. (2012, October 24-27). Design of Glucose Testing Strips Using Inkjet Printing. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
CI team was Clemson finalist for Clemson InVenture competition and they competed in the pitch competition on Feb. 2016. http://tv.clemson.edu/acc_inventure_prize_clemson_competition_full_event/
Kayla Gainey Wilson (former CI student) was a US finalist in the James Dyson Award competition. http://newsstand.clemson.edu/mediarelations/student-created-medical-device-advances-in-competition/
CI program and student, Jacki Rohde, featured in Anderson Independent Mail video and article: Eads, M., Anderson Indepent Mail, (Feb. 2016), Clemson engineering students devise cheap health solutions http://www.independentmail.com/news/clemson-engineering-students-devise-cheap-health-solutions-2c5df0b8-9a82-6349-e053-0100007f02a4-370293211.html
Carson Brewer participated on the Emory Global Health Competition as the engineering student on MUSC's team. http://globalhealth.musc.edu/blog/musc-team-reflects-emory-university-global-health-case-competition
VentureWell Program Development grant for $30,500.http://venturewell.org/portfolio-item/developing-world-biomedical-device-innovation-co-op-program/
We were awarded a $20,000 internal grant to help us to submit large center type proposals to NIH with MUSC for the projects in Tanzania.
The Lemelson-MIT National Collegiate Student Prize Competition is a nationwide search for the most inventive undergraduate and graduate students, with winning undergraduate teams receiving $10,000 in two categories and graduate student winners receiving $15,000 in two categories: 1. "Cure it!"� for students with inventions that can improve healthcare. 2. "Use it!" for students with inventions that can improve consumer devices and tools. Tyler Ovington*, Alex Devon*, and Kayla Gainey* won in the "Cure it!"� undergraduate team category for their work in the Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World Creative Inquiry project. The Lemelson-MIT Program celebrates outstanding inventors and inspires young people to pursue creative lives and careers through invention.
The Woven Solutions team (Matthew Kofoed*, Danielle Martin*, Adam Metzger*, and Tyler Youngman*) from our CI won the Spiro Institutes Social LaunchPad Competition in April, 2013, for their work on woven neck braces that can be produced and used in low-technology areas such as rural Tanzania.
Katelyn Rye* and Sarah Stafford* (rising junior won the LIMBS International Design competition on prosthesis/orthosis design for developing countries. The finals were held at UT El Paso this weekend and Katelyn and Sarah won first place ($1000). It was for the latest design of the grass-woven neck brace from Tanzaniahttp://engineering.utep.edu/announcement061614.htm
Team Glucosence (Kayla Gainey*, Patrick Tyler Ovington*) http://www.ewh.org/programs/technology/ewh-design-competition
Adam Metzger*, and Tyler Youngman* from our CI came in 2nd place at the Rice 360 Global Health Technology competitions for their work on woven neck braces that can be produced and used in low-technology areas such as rural Tanzania.
"Developing World Biomedical Device Innovation Co-op Program", VentureWell, $30,500 https://venturewell.org/portfolio-item/developing-world-biomedical-device-innovation-co-op-program/ This grant funds internship experience for our CI students to travel to Tanzania and do medical device assessment and needs finding.
Updated Invention disclosure to the university. (Hopefully should file patent soon)

(CURF #2013-069) "Electrochemical Biosensor for the Detection of Microorganisms in Liquid Medium"
Gainey, K.*,Ovington, P.T.*,Wiles, L.*,Harfmann, K.,Halsey, R.M.*(2015). "Low Cost Glucose Monitoring System and Method of Use", with US Patent Application No.: 14/709,700
*Rohde, J., Cobb, A., *Gilbert, R., *Hawks, Z., Desjardins, J., Dean, D. (2016, July), "Development of Low-cost Impediometric Biosensors for Clinical Diagnostics and Water Testing", Proceedings of the annual Biomedical Engineering Society
*Gainey Wilson, K., *Ovington, P., Dean, D., (2015, June 12). A Low-Cost Inkjet-Printed Glucose Test Strip System for Resource-Poor Settings. Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology, (in press).
*Showghi, J., *Stafford, S., *Rohde, J., *Hawks, Z., *Herbst, A., *Veliz, J., *Murdy, J., Dean, D., DesJardins, J., Rodriguez, J., Gainey, K. (2015, April). Designing Medical Technology for the Developing World. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Kofoed, M., *Keith, K., *Nicholas, J., Dean, D., DesJardins, J. (2012, October). Medical Equipment Breakdown Survey _ Weil Bugando Referral Hospital, Tanzania. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Wiles, L., *Langworthy, S., *Halsey, M., DesJardins, J., Dean, D. (2012, October 24-27). Development of a Low-Cost Blood Glucose Monitoring System for Implementation in Resource-Poor Settings. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Youngman, T., *Kofoed, M., *Martin, D., *Metzger, A., Dean, D., Desjardins, J. (2013, Sep 26). Developing a Woven Grass Neck Brace for Low Resource Implementation. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Devon, A., *Gainey, K., *Adams, H., Desjardins, J., Dean, D. (2013, Sep 28). Designing Neonatal Monitoring Devices for Resource-Poor Settings. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Gainey, K., *Ovington, P., Desjardins, J., Dean D. (2013, Sep 25-28). Design of Low Cost Glucometer and InkJet Printed Test Strips. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Adams, H., *Adams, R., *Devon, C., *Hall, R., *Hargett, A., *Herbst, A., *Ovington, P., *Rye, K., *Stafford, S., *Tibbs, M., *Veliz, J., *Youngblood, R., Dean, D., Desjardins, J., *Gainey, K., *Metzger, A., *Rodriguez, J. (2014, April). Designing medical technology for developing countries. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Adams, H.*, Adams, R.*, Devon, C.*, Hall, R., Hargett, A.*, Herbst, A.*, Ovington, P.*, Rye, K.*, Stafford, S.*, Tibbs, M.*, Veliz, J.*, Youngblood, R.*, Dean, D., Desjardins, J.*, Gainey, K.*, Metzger, A., Rodriguez, J. (2014, April). Designing medical technology for developing countries. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Youngman, T., *Halsey, R.M., *Russell, M., *Toney, M., *Nicholas, J., DesJardins, J., Dean, D. (2012, October 24-27). Assessment of Medical Equipment Failures in Mbeya, Tanzania. Presented at the Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta GA.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1075

Catapult Team

Clemson ASME and Pi Tau Sigma partnered during the Fall of 2014 to create the Punkin Chunkin team. Fall 2016 will be the team's fourth semester as a creative inquiry. The team goals are to apply concepts learned in engineering to an interesting project, give students machining experience, as well as to raise interest in STEM majors for students not yet in college as well as those just entering college. The team's project involves designing and building a pumpkin throwing catapult to compete in regional competions. Additionally, the team will exhibit our project in a fun and safe way to students not yet in college. The team's website can be found at http://sites.google.com/a/g.clemson.edu/asme/projects/punkin-chunkin

Team Leaders
Steven Truelove Mechanical Engineering
Matthew Anderson Campus Recreation
Huijuan Zhao Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Anderson, M. (2017, February 11). Clemson Catapult Trebuchet presented at the annual Storm the Citadel competition, Charleston. SC.
Received scrap materials from Koops through collaboration with CU ASME.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
379

Digital History and Introduction to Cyberinfrastructure in Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences

This course will appeal to students with an interest in the Civil War and Southern History who want to explore how digital technologies can help historians uncover dimensions of the past. Students will cull primary source materials for relevant characteristics of Confederate soldiers that will be integrated with an existing demographic database that includes socioeconomic data on the same soldiers. Students will use a relational database to study how the experiences of soldiers during the war affected the well-being of themselves (and their families) in the fifteen years following the war. The effect of the war on the families of soldiers will be compared to the experiences of families that did not have a male member who served in the army.  We use this  database to analyze who actually fought from a South Carolina county in the civil war and what their experiences were.  In other words, what difference did it make if you served in the Confederate army, were wounded, were imprisoned, etc. to your life.The creative partnership between computer science, the humanities, and the social sciences—the core of what we now call “humanities technology”—is the cornerstone of the digital revolution. Knowledge is useless without meaning, and meaning is the essence of the humanities and social sciences. This CI project introduces students to advanced applications computing, primarily Digital History, but also to other Digital Humanities, Arts and Social Science techniques. Students are encouraged to develop their own projects, but the class together works on Southern Identity and our changing understanding of the Civil War, using newspapers, the HathiTrust (largest collection of digitized documents, as well as the Social Medial Listening Center. Several students are also interested in tracing the “DNA” of the writings of Abraham Lincoln, that is who he read and influenced Lincoln, and who read and was influenced by Lincoln. Skills and knowledge acquired will be an advantage for graduates to be marketable in today’s workforce and enhance student’s applications for advanced study and graduate school.

Team Leaders
Bennett Parten History
Vernon Burton History
Accomplishments
Appleford, S. (2016, November 20). "Using the Social Web to Explore Online Discourse on Southern Identity and Memory of the Civil War". Paper presented at a session on Collective Memory and Public Discourse in the Race and Ethnicity Network session at the Social Science History Association annual Meeting in Chicago, IL.

CI teacher Orville Vernon Burton received the Governor's Award for Lifetime Achievement in the Humanties presented by the SC Humanities Council. Part of this is in recognition of work done with CI students
CI professor Vernon Burton received the CAAH Dean's award for Research which included work with students in the CI classes.
CAAH Dean's award for Research, and much of that research as I announced was from the work of the Creativie Inquiry Class projects.
Students worked on a grant to the Tom Watson Foundation to add a digital component and a website for a conference on Abraham Lincoln's Unfinished work which will be presented at Clemson in 2018. We just received this award for $15k
*Eichorn, C., *Werts, B., *Mack, D., *Madini, M. (2014, April) Digital History: Working with Large Data Sets. Presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Burton, V. (2013, February). The South as Other, The Southerner as Stranger. The Journal of Southern History, LXXIX:1: 7-50.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
380

Developmental plasticity of alternative mating strategies in molly fish

This project tests the influence of social environment on the expression of genes that encode life history and behavioral mating strategies in sailfin molly fishes.

Team Leaders
Mary Ramos-Negrete Biological Sciences
Margaret Ptacek Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Our student Connor Burke was awarded the prestigious ACC Innovation and Creativity fellowship for Undergraduate research. He will also receive additional funding from the ACC to present his project results at the ACC-IAC Meeting of the Minds symposium in April 2018.
Rebecca Helstern was awarded Outstanding Senior in Biological Sciences at the annual CAFLS awards ceremony in Spring 2016. She graduated with General and Departmental Honors from Biological Sciences, May 2016.
*Soby, E., Helstern, R., Voytko, M., Abbott, A., Hogan, K, and Ptacek, M. 2016. "Does social environment during ontogeny influence female mating preferences in sailfin molly fishes?". College of Science Undergraduate Research Showcase. Clemson University.
Hogan, K. 2016. "The influence of salinity on genotype by environment interactions for life history traits in the sailfin molly fish". Society for the Study of Evolution annual meeting, University of Texas-Austin. Contributed Talk.
*Helstern, R., *Abbott, A., Hogan, K., *Soby, E., and Ptacek, M. 2016. "Does who you grow up with matter? Influence of social rearing environment on female mating preferences in sailfin molly fish". Clemson's FOCI poster presentation.
Hogan, K. 2016. "Phenotypic plasticity in life history in response to salinity environment in the sailfin molly". Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium. First Place Award, Graduate Student Lightning Talk.
Hogan, K., Voytko, M.* & Ptacek, M. (2015, October 24). Phenotypic plasticity in life history traits in response to salinity environment in the sailfin molly fish (Poecilia latipinna). Annual SEPEEG meeting, Eatonton, GA.

Helstern, R.*, Voytko, M.*, Abbott, A.*, Hogan, K. & Ptacek, M. 2015-10-24. Who you grow up with matters: the role of social environment in shaping female mating preferences in sailfin molly fish. Annual SEPEEG meeting, Eatonton, GA.

*Collins, A.T. (2012, December). Allelic variation in the melanocortin 4 receptor gene in poeciilid fishes. Presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium (CBASS), Clemson, SC.
*Crawford, C. C., *Voytko, M., *Davidson, G., *Abbott, A., Hogan, K. E., Ptacek, M. B. (2015, April). The influence of salinity on activity and growth in sailfin molly fish (Poecilia latipinna). Poster presented at Clemson's Creative Inquiry Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Crawford, C. C., Hogan, K. E., Ptacek, M. B. (2015, February). The influence of salinity on activity and growth in sailfin molly fish (Poecilia latipinna). Poster presented at Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Lange, E., Hogan, K., *Davidson, G., Ptacek, M. (2014, June). The influence of rearing environment on life history and morphological traits of sailfin molly fish (P. latipinna). Poster presented at Evolution.
*Hunter, S.N. (2010, October). New microsatellite loci for the endemic Hawaiian goby, Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presented at Southeastern Population Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics (SEPEEG) regional meeting hosted by University of Florida, FL.
*Rice, E.W. (2012, September). The role of diet in the evolution of male morphologies in sailfin mollies. Oral presentation at the HHMI/SCLife Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Turnbull, M. and Ptacek, M. 2016. Developing a fish model of adult size: the role of melanocortin 4 receptor (mc4r) as a master regulator of age and size at maturity in poeciliid fishes. Clemson University Research Grant Committee, Project Initiative Grant. (1 July 2016-30 June 2017, $9,770).
Hogan, K., *Voytko, M., and Ptacek, M. 2015. "Phenotypic plasticity in life history in response to salinity environment in sailfin molly fish". SouthEastern Population Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics regional meeting, University of Georgia. Second place award, Graduate Student Poster.
*Helstern, R., *Voytko, M., *Abbott, A., Hogan, K, and Ptacek, M. 2015. "Does social environment during ontogeny influence female mating preferences in sailfin molly fishes?". SouthEastern Population Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics regional meeting. University of Georgia. Awarded First Place, undergraduate poster.
*Crawford, C. C., Hogan, K. E., Ptacek, M. B. (2015, March). The influence of salinity on activity and growth in sailfin molly fish (Poecilia latipinna). Poster presented at the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution conference, Athens, GA.
*Collins, A.T. (2012, October). Allelic variation in the melanocortin 4 receptor gene in poeciilid fishes. Poster presented at Southeastern Population Ecology and Evolutionary Genetics (SEPEEG) regional meeting Clemson, SC.
*Davidson, G., *Crawford, C., *Voytko, M., Hogan, K., Ptacek, M. (2014, April). The influence of rearing environment on life history and morphological traits of sailfin molly fish (P. latipinna). Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
638

Squirrel Contraceptive Project (Sexless in the City)

Critical Thinking: Students will learn how to perform literature searches on subjects such as wildlife contraceptives, management of nuisance species, and damage management. Students will compose a literature review paper and create a poster to be presented at a conference this semester. Ethical Judgment: Students will be handing live vertebrate animals and will complete IACUC training for the ethical use of animals in scientific research. During this training, they will learn about the most efficient and ethical ways in which to design experiments with vertebrate animals such as squirrels. Students will be asked to review and possibly write an Animal Use Protocol, and in doing so, will have to use the knowledge gained in the IACUC training.

Team Leaders
Joseph Lanham Forestry & Environment Conserv
Kristina Dunn Aquaculture, Fish and Wildlife
Accomplishments
*Miller, B., Dunn, K.M., Chao, W., & Bridges, W. (2016, October 18). Influence of habitat factors on trapping success of eastern gray squirrels in Clemson, South Carolina. Poster presented at The Wildlife Society's 23rd Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC.

Adkins*, K., Hitchner*, C., Chao, W., & Dunn, K. M. (2016, March 12). Steeling Sex: The Possible Hidden Threat of Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) Contraception. Poster presented at the annual meeting of The Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.

Baumgardner, R.*, Davidson, M.*, Sheehy, B.*, Thomas, M.*, Schweisinger, T., Dunn, K. M., & Chao, W. (2016, March 12). Who runs the world? Eastern gray squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis)! All others excluded! Poster presented at the annual meeting of The Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.

*Adkins, K., *Hitchner, C., *Hippler, K., Chao, W., Dunn, K.M., & Bridges, W. (2016, October 18). Killing them Softly: Does the Oral Contraception of Eastern Gray Squirrels Pose a Hidden Threat? Poster presented at The Wildlife Society’s 23rd Annual Conference, Raleigh, NC.

*Adkins, K., *Curtis, C., Hippler, K., Hitchner, C., Chao, W., & Dunn, K. M. (2016, March). Steeling Sex: The Possible Hidden Threat of Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) Contraception. Poster session presented at the 13th Annual Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.
*McMillan, M., *Miller, B., Dunn, K. M., Chao, W. (2016, March). Are all eastern gray squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis) on Clemson University's main campus happy with a free meal? Poster session presented at the 13th Annual Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.

*McMillan, *M., Miller, B., Dunn, K. M., & Chao, W. (2016, March 12). Are all eastern gray squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis) on Clemson University’s main campus happy with a free meal? Poster presented at the annual meeting of The Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.






















*McAlister, M. (2014, March 15). Alternative Baits for Minimization of Non-target Species Usage in an Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) Contraceptive Project. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference (SEEC), Statesboro, GA.
*Sumner, B. *Brashier, E. (2014, March 15). Behavioral and spatial patterns of eastern gray squirrels in urban environments. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference (SEEC), Statesboro, GA.
Dunn, K. (2014, Oct. 7). Field assessment of the effectiveness of Diazacon_ on reducing gray squirrel reproduction and population. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Wildlife Society, Milwaukee, WI.
*Sumner, B., *Watson, A. (2014, Oct. 7). Behavioral and spatial patterns of eastern gray squirrels in urban environments. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Wildlife Society, Milwaukee, WI.
*Wilson, S. (2014, Oct. 7). Affects of human presence in an eastern grey squirrel's habitat on its reactions towards predators. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Wildlife Society, Milwaukee, WI.
Dunn, K. (2014, March 15). Field Assessment of the Effectiveness of DiazaCon on Reducing Gray Squirrel Reproduction and Population. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference (SEEC), Statesboro, GA.
*McAlister, M., Dunn, K. (2014, April). Alternative baits for minimization of non-target species usage in an Eastern gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) contraceptive project. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Brashier, E., *Sumner, B. (2014, October 28). The Movement and Behavior of Eastern Gray Squirrels in an Urban Environment. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Wildlife Society, Pittsburgh, PA.
*Curtis, C., *Hippler, K., Chao, W., & Dunn, K. M. (2016, March 12). Steeling Sex: The Possible Hidden Threat of Eastern Gray Squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) Contraception. Talk presented at the annual meeting of The Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Tallahassee, FL.

Dunn, K.* (2014, October 29). Use of DiazaCon_ to Reduce Eastern Gray Squirrel Reproduction: A Possible Non-lethal Alternative to Human-Squirrel Conflict. Talk presented at the annual meeting of the Wildlife Society, Pittsburgh, PA.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
959

Behavioral ecology of freshwater fish

Aquatic species have been declining globally. In USA, approximately 1/3 of freshwater fish and more than half of crayfish and freshwater mussels are considered at risk of extinction, and these numbers are higher than their terrestrial counterparts (mammals and birds).Observational studies of freshwater fish, both in the field and laboratory, have been relatively few in number and behavioral ecology of freshwater fish is little known. This CI project involves behavioral studies of freshwater fish and aims to contribute ecological information that is important to conservation of freshwater fish. 

Team Leaders
Yoichiro Kanno Forestry & Environment Conserv
Seoghyun Kim Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Kelly, B.B., J.B. Cary, A.D. Smith, K.C. Pregler, S. Kim, and Y. Kanno. In review. Detection efficiency of non-game fishes using a portable PIT tag antenna in a small Piedmont stream. North American Journal of Fisheries Management (Submitted on May 13, 2017).
*Cary, J.B., *Holbrook, J.L., *Reed, M.E., *Austin, T.B., *Steffensen, M.S., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno, Y. (2016, July). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with an 8-mm passive integrated transponder tag. Submitted to Transactions of the American Fisheries Society.
Kelly, B., A. Smith, J.B. Cary, K.C. Pregler, S. Kim, and Y. Kanno. 2017. The influence of species and tag size on detection probabilities using a portable PIT tag antenna wand in a small Piedmont stream. Annual Meeting of South Carolina Chapter of American Fisheries Society, McCormick, South Carolina. March 2, 2017.
Kim, S., and Y. Kanno. 2017. Spawning phenology and behavioral interactions of bluehead chub (Nocomis leptocephalus) and a nest associate, yellowfin shiner (Notropis lutipinnis). Annual Meeting of Southern Division American Fisheries Society, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. February 2-5, 2017.
Kelly, B., A. Smith, J.B. Cary, K.C. Pregler, S. Kim, and Y. Kanno. 2017. The influence of species and tag size on detection probabilities using a portable PIT tag antenna wand in a small Piedmont stream. Annual Meeting of Southern Division American Fisheries Society, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. February 2-5, 2017.
*Kelly, B., *Smith, A., *Cary, J., *Johnson, P., Pregler, K., Kim, S., Kanno, Y. (2017, April). Quantifying the Effectiveness of a Portable PIT Tag Antenna at Detecting Stream Fish. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.

Austin, T.B., *Cary J.B., Holbrook, J.L., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno. Y. (2016, February 18-21). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with a passive integrated transponder tag. Annual Meeting of Southern Division American Fisheries Society, Wheeling, West Virginia.
Austin, T.B., *Cary J.B., Holbrook, J.L., *Reed, M.E., *Steffensen. M., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno. Y. (2016, February 24-26). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with a passive integrated transponder tag. Annual Meeting of South Carolina American Fisheries Society, Seabrook Island, South Carolina.
Austin, T.B., *Cary J.B., Holbrook, J.L., *Reed, M.E., *Steffensen. M., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno. Y. (2016, April 6). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with a passive integrated transponder tag. Poster presentation at FoCI, Clemson, SC.
Austin, T.B., *Cary J.B., Holbrook, J.L., *Reed, M.E., *Steffensen. M., Kim, S., Pregler, K.C., Kanno. Y. (2016, February 18-21). Survival of upper Piedmont stream fishes implanted with a passive integrated transponder tag. Poster presentation at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Division American Fisheries Society meeting, Wheeling, WV.
Cary J, Reed M*, Holbrook J*, Austin T, Kim S, Pregler K, and Kanno Y. 2016. Survival of Upper Piedmont Stream Fishes Implanted with a Passive Integrated Transponder Tag. Poster presented at the 146th American Fisheries Society Annual Meeting, Kansas City, MO.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
960

Campus Suicide Prevention

This project will involve students in prevention and research activities associated with a SAMHSA grant entitled, "Clemson Cares: A Campus-Wide, Comprehensive Suicide Prevention Program" and with Clemson's Tigers Together to Stop Suicide initiative. Student research activities will include program evaluation, data collection and analysis, creating written products from scientific and research findings, and presenting findings at conferences, meetings, and publications. Programmatic activities will include generating student organization involvement, providing educational seminars on suicide prevention to students, developing website content, recruiting students for a crisis hotline, implementing social marketing, developing a video, and campaigns related to suicide prevention.  

Team Leaders
Martha Thompson Public Health Sciences
Heidi Zinzow Psychology
Accomplishments
Stanton, C., Farrenkopf, K., Free, K., Krug, B., Fields, M., Fritsche, A., Bogardus, L., Thompson, M., & Zinzow, H. (April 2017). Examining the efficacy of a suicide prevention advocacy training. Poster presentation at the Focus on Creative Inquiry conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Stanton, C., *Farrenkopf, K., *Free, K., *Fritsche, A., *Krug, B., *Fields, M., *Bogardus, L., Zinzow, H., Thompson, M. (2017, April). Tigers Together: Examining the Efficacy of a Suicide Prevention Advocacy Training. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jeffirs, S., *Dickson, A., *Calvert, B., *Balser, C., *Kramer, A., Zinzow, H., Thompson, M., & *Bogardus, L. (2016, April). The efficacy of a suicide prevention advocacy training. Presentation for the Focus on Creative Inquiry conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.


*Jeffirs, S., *Dickson, A., Calvert, B., *Balser, C., *Kramer, A., Zinzow, H., Thompson, M., Bogardus, L. (2016, April). Examining the Efficacy of a Suicide Prevention Advocacy Training. Focus on Creative Inquiry Conference, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Our program, Tigers Together, was featured in a university article and on the Faculty/Staff homepage: http://newsstand.clemson.edu/fighting-suicide-on-clemsons-campus/?utm_source=featured
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
643

Aspire: Developing Peer Delivered Initiatives to Foster the Promotion of a Healthy Campus

Students will collaborate on the development, implementation and evaluation of peer-delivered prevention and wellness focused programs for first-year students. Students will research multiple aspects of health and well-being as they relate to the college population. Possible focus areas for CI participants include: alcohol and other drug abuse prevention, addiction, alcohol and drug interactions, mental health and suicide prevention, interpersonal violence prevention, bystander intervention, and nutrition. Students may make videos, interview campus and community members, tour campus facilities, create new online content, and promote wellness through social media.

Team Leaders
Martha Thompson Public Health Sciences
Hailey Palmer Student Health Center
Jennifer Goree Student Health Center
Diamond Brown Student Health Center
Chloe Green Student Health Center
Accomplishments
*Uzell, L., Brown, D., Goree, J., Green, C., Palmer, H., Thompson, M. (2017, April). Increasing Student Resiliency through the Aspire to be Well Program. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Hester, E., *Wood, S., and *Webster, C. (2016). "Aspire Presentation". Presented at Clemson University, Clemson, SC.

Harbin, M, *Smith, T., *Uzell, L., (2016, March). Increasing Suicide Awareness and Prevention on Campus Through the Aspire to Be Well Program. Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Allison, H., *Greene, C. (2015, October) Clemson University's Aspire to be Well Program. Healthy Campus Summit Conference. Columbia, SC.
Allison, H., Burnette, C., Duncan, R., Greene, C., (2015, March). Breaking Down the Silos of Prevention. NAPSA Annual Conference, New Orleans, LA.
Goree, J., Greene, C., Thompson, M., Zinzow, H., (2015, April) Aspire to Be Well Fall 2014. Student Affairs Vice President Cabinet Meeting. Clemson, SC.
Allison, H., Greene, C., Goree, J., *Hinson, A., Rock, K., *Shaw, C., and Thompson, M. (2015, April). Developing Peer Delivered Initiatives to Foster the Promotion of a Healthy Campus. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
387

Multi-disciplinary Exploration of Materials Friction, Lubrication and Wear

Industry, academic and national laboratories are all interested in understanding how to control the friction between sliding surfaces. Work has shown that materials selection (surface materials and lubricant), surface topography (micro patterning), system parameters (velocity and force), etc. can all influence the coefficient of friction for a system. Since all these factors play a role (and their roles are not always completely understood), the direct measurement of the coefficient of friction and surface wear is often desired. Students in this group will look at surface deformation mechanisms, sliding contact and common test techniques used in this field. You will all contribute to this field by working on a research project in pairs. Don’t worry, we will help you select a partner and project. Focus for 2014- Tribocorrosion is understanding the synergistic effect between the friction between sliding surfaces (wear) and an electrochemical response resulting into material deterioration (corrosion). There has been a push to determine if one aspect dominates the other or if wear and corrosion equally contributes in the deterioration of the tribo-system (which are unique based on materials, loads, environment, velocity, etc.). Initially, wear tests and corrosion tests for each tribo-system are needed to be performed independently to determine the coefficient of friction, wear rate, and critical corrosion density of the system. Once the system is understood independently, the students in this group can follow ASTM standard G119-09 to determine the tribocorrosional aspects of the tribo-system.

Team Leaders
Marian Kennedy Materials Science&Engineering
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Mitchell, N., Eljach, C.*, Lodge, B., Sharp, J.L., DesJardins, J.D., Kennedy, M. (2011, September). Single and reciprocal friction testing of micropatterned surfaces for orthopaedic device design, Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
390

Clemson Farm-Fresh Farmers Market

Students will plan and execute at least four Farmers Market markets during the fall and spring semesters.             

Team Leaders
Sadie Dollar Campus Recreation
Angela Fraser Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
392

Assisted reproductive technologies in the mare: an investigatory approach to improving breeding and foaling efficiencies

Students will become proficient in record-keeping, estrus detection in mares, stallion handling and collection, semen analysis, artificial insemination, understanding the uses of ultrasound, managing the foaling (parturition) process, and ensuring the health of newborn foals.

Team Leaders
Anna Baxley Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
495

Scientific basis of foaling in the equine

Students learn the importance of the horse breeding and foaling industries.  Students learn to track estrous, learn to manipulate estrous and participate in artificial insemination techniques.  Students also work in teams to assist mares with parturition to ensure mare and foal health and safety.

Team Leaders
Kristine Vernon Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Anna Baxley Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
395

PRTM Departmental Creative Inquiry Project-ODD

These projects are currently being implemented. Students are expected to focus on one issues related to their project, write a literature review and develop methods to be used to answer project's research question. By the end of Spring 2016, all projects under this acct. will present a poster at the CI Poster Forum as well as engage in project implementation and date collection.

Team Leaders
Teresa Tucker Parks Recreation & Tourism Mgt
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
894

Algorithm-Based Fault Tolerance

This is a continuation from FA14, with the ECE 399 that I did with Rusty Davis.             The student will work under the direction of a faculty mentor, and in conjunction with other Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL) staff members, to implement, test and document the impact to performance and correctness of various algorithms in the presence of emulated hardware faults through the use of the F-SEFI emulation suite developed by LANL. If and where possible, these algorithms will be enhanced to improve their fault tolerance. The findings will be documented in scholarly article(s), which will be submitted for publication in appropriate venues.

Team Leaders
William Jones Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
Monroe, L., Jones, W. M., *Davis, C. H., Guan, Q., DeBardeleben, N. (Submitted). Multiplicative Resilience: A Double-Edged Sword. ISSRE.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
407

Civics and Service: The Global Community

Learn how cultures organize self-help and community support.

Team Leaders
Mark A Small Inst on Fmly & Nhd Life (IFNL)
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
396

America Reads: A Tutoring Program at Clemson Elementary School

Clemson University students provide after-school tutoring in reading to 4-5 grade students at Clemson Elementary School. The CI team will explore children's literacy development over the academic year, participate in assessing their reading achievement, and their responses to strategy instruction. The CI team will evaluate the effectiveness of the interventions implemented during tutoring instruction, implement and analyze assessments, and make modifications to interventions to serve struggling readers. 

Team Leaders
Linda B Gambrell Teacher Education
Leslie Roberts Education & Human Dev
Koti Hubbard Teacher Education
Accomplishments
Roberts, L., Hubbard, K., Bolton, A., & Harpster, J. (2017, April, accepted). Boys and book clubs: Increasing reading motivation. Research poster session presented at the Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
Roberts, L.,Hubbard, K., Bolton, A., & Harpster, J. (February, 2017). Not Down for the Count: How Book Clubs Motivate Young Boys to Read. Presentation at the South Carolina State Council of the International Reading Association Conference, Hilton Head, SC.
Gambrell, L., Hubbard, K. L., Roberts, L., Jacques,L., & Kimbrell, L. C. (2016). Exploring motivation to read for struggling readers in grades K-3. Paper presented at the Literacy Research Association Conference, Nashville, TN.
Gambrell, L. B., Hubbard, L. R., Jacques, L., & *Kimbrell, L. (2016, December).  Proposal submitted for the Literacy Research Association conference.
Ramey, D., McCrea-Andrews, H., Gambrell, L.B. (2012, December). Fact, Fiction or a Little of Both Accepted for presentation at the Literacy Research Association Conference, San Diego, CA.
Gambrell, L. (April, 2012) The Role of Motivation in Differentiated Literacy Instruction. Institute keynote presented at the International Reading Association, Chicago, IL.
Gambrell, L. B., Hubbard, K., Roberts, L., Jacques, L. & *Kimbrell, L. (submitted). Struggling readers motivation to read. In Garcia, P.O. and Lind, P.B. (Eds.), Reading Achievement and Motivation in Boys and Girls.
Hughes, E.M., Brooker, H., Gambrell, L.B., Foster, V. (2011). "Tutoring and mentoring: The results of an America Reads program on struggling readers' motivation and achievement." The 2011 Yearbook of the Association of Literacy Educators and Researchers.
EducationE
397

Computational Design Group

The Clemson School of Architecture Computational Design Group engages in a critical exploration of emergent technologies and material science in architectural design. The aim of this group is to house several, more specific, research agendas concerning applications of computing methods in architecture under one, more general, classification of ‘computational design’.

Team Leaders
David Lee School of Architecture
Accomplishments
*Danahy, P., Lee, D., *Bell, E. (2017, April). The M. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Lee, David. (2016, February 25-27). Topological Tactics. Presented at the National Conference on the Beginning Design Student at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo. 




Lee, D. (2016). Topological Tactics. Proceedings of the 32nd National Conference on the Beginning Design Student, Volume 32, 155.-159.
Boggs, B. (2015). Think Smarter, Not Faster. Decipher 2015. Clemson Creative Inquiry Magazine, p51-52.
Lee, D., (2015). "Smartphones as Drawing and Modeling Tools." In Engaging Media: The 31st National Conference on the Beginning Design Student. Ed; Meg Jackson, p308-313.
Lee, D., (2014). Creative Inquiry: A case for specialized research as foundation of the undergraduate architecture curriculum/ In Globalizing Architecture: Flows and Disruptions: The Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture 102nd annual meeting Proceedings. p831-837.
Lee, D., (2011). Meta-Zoning Logistics. In ACADIA Regional 2011: Parametricism SPC. Proceedings of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture Regional Conference. p25-30.
Lee, D., *Darsinos, A., *Perkinson, D., *Schulte, E., Stone, D. (2013). Non-Uniform Responsive Origami Structures. In Proceedings of the 2013 Architecture Research Centers Consortium Conference: The Visibility of Research.
Lee, D., *Perkinson, D., *Schulte, E., Stone, D. (April 2011). 'Responsive Origami Structures'. Presented at the 8th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, 2013.
Lee, D., *Colquhoun, A., *Mabe, S., *Newberry, J. (April 2012). 'Visualizing Curricula'. Presented at the 7th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry forum. Clemson University, 2012.
Lee, D. and Newbold, M. (April 2011). 'Advanced Architectural Geometry: Subdivision Surfaces'. Presented at the 6th annual Focus on Creative Inquiry forum. Clemson University.
Lee, D., Hutcherson, D.*, Mountcastle, A. 2013. "Animated Curved Folding" in ACADIA 2013: Adaptive Architecture. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture. Edited by Philip Beesley, Omar Khan, and Michael Stacey. p413-414. Riverside Architectural Press, Waterloo, ON, Canada.
Lee, D., *Darsinos, A., *Perkinson, D., *Schulte, E., Stone, D. 2013, "Self-Organizing Origami Structures" in ACADIA 2013: Adaptive Architecture.Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture. Edited by Philip Beesley, Omar Khan, and Michael Stacey. p421-422. Riverside Architectural Press, Waterloo, ON, Canada.
*Smentek, B., *Javed, A., Lee, D. (2014, April). Light-responsive facade prototype. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Smentek, B., *Javed, A., Lee, D. (2014, April). Structural optimization using FEA tools. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
416

TAGA Journal

Students will design, edit and produce a technical journal showcasing student research in Graphic Communications and compete with schools internationally for recognition for the quality of their work. Students will utilize state-of-the-art technologies for the printing industry to produce their project, and travel to the international Technical Association for the Graphic Arts (TAGA) conference for the competition and to meet and learn from top researchers in the Graphic Communications industry.

Team Leaders
Liam O'Hara Graphic Communications
Accomplishments
*Bates, V., *Fidler, L., *Dillard, C., *Jones, H., *Queen, K., *Brown, D., *Epps, B., and *Marion, A. (2017, March). "Clemson Chapter Student Journal". Presented in TAGA Annual Technical Conference in Houston, TX. 


*Hinson. R., Sisson, R., Rivers, S., Snell, M., Giles, G., Pretorious, N., Swiger, M., Heron, K., King, L., Cagle, J. (2016). Clemson University TAGA 2016 Edition.

Journal/Book as a result of a competition
The students were recognized for Best Design and Best Production in the student journal competition, the Helmut Kippan Cup, by the TAGA Board of Directors.
BusinessD
946

Breast Cancer and Mammography

This project focuses on the effect of radiation on development of breast cancer in women with an inherited mutation; especially women from diverse populations. Students will learn to collect disparate patient information from electronic records and correlate inherited DNA changes related to diverse populations. Students will be trained in tissue culture to compare the effects of radiation on different breast cancer cell types.

Team Leaders
Sourat Darabi School of Nursing
Julia A Eggert School of Nursing
Accomplishments
*Coggins, K., *Few, A., *Wingo, C., Eggert, J. (2016, August 4-6). Effects of Ethnicity and Breastfeeding on Aggressive Breast Cancer Phenotype. Poster presented at the 2016 International Society of Nurses in Genetics Congress, Dublin, Ireland. 



*Watkins, K., Eggert, J. (2016). Association of breast feeding on triple negative breast cancer status in Black women. e-poster at Oncology Nursing Society Congress, San Antonio, TX.
Eggert, J., *Coggins, K., *Few, A., and *Wingo, C. (2016, August). Association of breast feeding on triple negative breast cancer status in African American women. International Society of Nurses in Genetics, Dublin, Ireland.

Few, A.*, Coggins, K.*, and Wingo, C.* (2016, April). Association of breast feeding on triple negative breast cancer status in Black women. Presented at FoCI Clemson University, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1040

Technology in World War I as seen in soldiers' letters home

How was the experience of American soldiers in World War I shaped by the new technology of war, and how did they make sense of those experiences?  This project will include research on that topic with a primarily focus on reading and transcribing actual letters sent home by soldiers.

Team Leaders
Pamela E Mack History
Constance Wallace History
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
669

Impact of Wireless Devices on Dissemination of Clinical Laboratory Data

Project is designed to evaluate the impact of wireless technology on the dissemination of clinical laboratory data in improving clinical diagnosis and prognosis of human diseases. Based upon our success to date: three published manuscripts in peer reviewed journals in 2015 we will expand our project focus. For the upcoming acdemic year 2015-2016 the project will now assist the Anderson Free Clinic to convert their patient files to an electronic data base. Students enrolled in CI will assist in this effort.

Team Leaders
Vincent Gallicchio Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Chaudhary, C., *Andrews, C., Bartz, K., *Bulloch, L., Dennison, T., Wilson, KD., Holliday, C., Gallicchio, VS. (2015) Impact of Mobile Devices on Clinical Laboratory Data. International Journal of Biomedical Laboratory Science (IJBLS), 4(1), 12-16.
*Bulloch, L. R., *Andrews, C., *Dennison, T., *Elder, J., *Mitchell, A., *Rivenbank, M., *Schiling, K. J., Gallicchio, V. S. (2014) The Impact of Mobile Devices on Healthcare in Rehabilitation Medicine. International Journal of Health & Rehabilitation Science, vol 3(4):144-148, 2014.
*Bulloch, L., *Andrews, C., *Dennison, T., *Elder, J., *Michell, A., *Rivenbank, M., *Schiling, K., Gallicchio, V. (2015, Sept. 1-3). The Impact of Mobile Devices On Healthcare in Rehabilitation Medicine. Presented at the 3rd Annual Conference on Predictive, Preventive, and Personalized Medicine & Molecular Diagnostics, Valencia, Spain.
*Chaudhary, C., *Albertson, J., *Andrews, C., Anglin, A., *Bulloch, L., *Dennison, T., Elder, J., *Holliday, C., Lyon, C., Smith, E., *Smith, R., Gallicchio, V. (2014, April). Impact of Mobile Devices on Clinical Laboratory Data. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
406

Creative Inquiry in Marketing: Advertising Campaign Development and Execution

A Creative Inquiry in Marketing (offered as MKT 3980 - 001) is an annual two-semester project in which students form as a simulated advertising agency. In the project, students must research and develop fully integrated marketing communication campaign proposals for actual national sponsors. Competitions for the current CI team will include proposals for Snapple Beverages and other competitions yet to be announced. The team effort culminates their CI work in the second semester by competing against teams from other Universities in regional AAF competitions, with winners competing on a national level. This project requires weekly meetings to plan, execute, and present the final submission. This competition is part of the American Advertising Federation's National Student Advertising Competition (see under Education at www.aaf.org). Students participate in this Creative Inquiry project as part of the American Advertising Federation's annual National Student Advertsing Competition. For details, see under Education at the website: www.aaf.org.

Team Leaders
James G Gaubert Marketing
Accomplishments
Upstate advertising professionals presented topical coverage during the two semesters and critiqued their work prior to presentations in Raleigh.
Team 131. (2016). All Natural Snapple. Presented at the National Student Advertising Competition, Raleigh, NC.
*Clark, M., *Westmoreland, E., *Taylor, M., *Verdone, A., *Hogan, C. (2015). The Flavor of Now...Right Now!
BusinessD
414

Characterization of Planet Formation

This project contains two components. The first is using astronomical investigations of disks around young stars to study planet formation in situ. The second is to translate this knowledge to a wider audience by developing curricula for our planetarium.

Team Leaders
Steven Adams Physics and Astronomy
Sean Brittain Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
*Davis, S., *Teasley, T., Brittain, S. D., Doppmann, G., & Najita, J. R. (2015, January). Measurement of 12CO, 13CO, and C18O Ratios in HL~Tau and GV~Tau. American Astronomical Society Meeting Abstracts, 225, #348.05
*Burrows, M. *Wylie, W., *Halligan, D. Brittain, S., (2014, April). Accretion Demographics of Herbig Ae/Be Stars. poster presented at the South Carolina Astronomy Meeting, Columbia, SC
ScienceG
418

Exploration into Rotator Cuff injury, diagnosis, and treatment

The impact of injury on athletes is well known by the general public. Current research shows that many injuries are caused by repetitive stresses to a joint, tendon, or ligament. In this project we will use medical images to develop measurements, and analyses to detect and diagnose the potential causes, existence of, and eventually efficacy of treatment for rotator cuff injury. Students will use ultrasound data of subjects ranging from children, to professional athletes, to non-athlete adults. This project has a wide potential impact as well as the opportunity to work with clinicians in a clinical setting. Applications for the team are due at the end of the semester. Please see the Bioengineering Department website for details: http://www.clemson.edu/ces/bioe/creative-inquiry.html

Team Leaders
David Kwartowitz Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
C. Bocklet, E. Kowal*, G. Hefter, M. Marlowe, M. Warner*, W. Harley*, D. Dean, and D. M. Kwartowitz, “Ultrasound Elastography Probe Design for Rotator Cuff Diagnosis,” in BMES Annual Meeting, 2016.
*Harley, W., *Kowal, E., *Showers, K., *Corbett, C., *Scruggs, H., *Hefter, G., *Maelowe, M., *Matel, N., Dean, D., Kwartowitz, D. (2015, October). "Ultrasound Elastography Probe Design for Rotator Cuff Diagnosis," Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting. Tampa, FL
*Scruggs, H., *Cusik, A., *Grove, K., *Guo, Q., *Perry, K., *Rogers, M., Kwartowitz, D., Dean, D. (2012, October). Force sension ultrasound probe design for better rotator cuff injury diagnosis. Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
The team won 1st place in the audience vote for the FoCI photography contest
*Scruggs, H., *Corbett, C., *Cusick, A., *Perry, K., *Sudduth, B., *Cash, H., *Showers, K., *Hanschke, M., Dean, D., Kwartowitz, D. (2013, Sep. 28). "Force Sensor Ultrasound Probe Design for Better Rotator Cuff Injury Diagnosis". Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society, Seattle, WA.
*Showers, M., *Kerr, C., *Cash, H., *Corbett, C., *Kowal, E., *Scruggs, H., *Hanschke, M., Dean, D., Kwartowitz, D. (2014, April). Detachable force sensor for an ultrasound probe to improve rotator cuff injury diagnosis. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
420

The Ben Robertson Society

Students will work with mentors to develop a Ben Robertson Society that will help spearhead research and publicity about this international World War II correspondent who was an alumni of Clemson and the writer of the southern classic Red Hills and Cotton: An Upcountry Memory (1942). Projects and activities will include developing a digital online museum about Ben Robertson as well as curricular and instructional materials. Other opportunities include assisting with an academic biography on Ben Robertson, re-issue-ing his Travelers' Rest and I Saw England, spearheading an annual consciousness-raising campaign via a SWING dance event that features Clemson's Jungaleers, a group that Ben Robertson founded in 1920, contributing to a traveling trunk museum related to the Battle of Britain, and offering assistance for the statewide South Carolinians for the Common Good Multimedia History Project that helps sustain Robertson's legacy within South Carolina.

Team Leaders
Beatrice E Bailey Teaching & Learning
C Alan Grubb History
Accomplishments
Ben Robertson's only novel, Travelers' Rest, was republished last year by the Clemson University Press. Bea Bailey and Alan Grubb, directors of the Ben Robertson project, wrote the Introduction to the book and a glossary; they were assisted in this by research done by student participants in the project who researched Ben's relationship with other journalists of the period and the book's connection to his other works, particularly his famous Red Hills and Cotton, An Upstate Memory.
Bailey, B. and Grubb, A. (2016). "Traveler's Rest". Clemson University Press. 
*Bailey, B., *Grubb, A. (2016). Travelers' Rest and promoted it in the fall. Published through the Clemson University Press a re-issue of Ben Robertson's 1938 novel.
*Bailey, B., and *Grubb, A. (2015). Introduction In Ben Robertson's Travelers' Rest. Clemson, SC: Clemson University Digital Press.
Received some grant support from The Ben Robertson Society Foundation here at Clemson to launch our first South Carolinians for the Common Good Mulltimedia History Project (see details below) to honor the life and legacy of Ben Robertson. The funds covered the costs of advertising and the state awards.
The Ben Robertson Society is externally funded by The Ben Robertson Society Foundation at Clemson University. This foundation supports key efforts within the Creative Inquiry project that honor the life and legacy of Ben Robertson.
EducationE
422

ClemsonLIFE Mentoring Program

Through individual and group reflection, mentors will learn about students with disabilities and how to help them overcome challenges associated with integration in a campus community. The Mentoring Creative Inquiry students will be required to meet once per week with a ClemsonLIFE student. The Creative Inquiry group will assist the ClemsonLIFE program by providing hour long weekly mentoring meetings for ClemsonLIFE students to assist ClemsonLIFE students with personal goals such as becoming a friend, providing advice, and helping the student become acclimated to college life.

Team Leaders
Joseph Ryan Teacher Education
Erica Walters Foundation & Special Education
Accomplishments
Walters, E.* & Sulpizio, A. (2016, Feb). South Carolina’s Post-Secondary Education Programs for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities. Presentation session at South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Walters, E*. & Potter, M. H. (2016, February). The Ins and Outs of ClemsonLIFE and Implementing a Healthy Lifestyle for Students with Intellectual Disabilities. Presented at South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference in Myrtle Beach, SC.
Ryan, J.B., Traylor, D., Olson, C. (2015, February). Promoting HealthyLifestyles for Individuals with Disabilities. Presentation session at the South Carolina Council for Exceptional Children Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Schwarze, T. (2016, 25 February). Wellness course proposed in CUSG Senate: Class would cover the seven principles of wellness. The Tiger.
Ryan, J.B., Traylor, D., Jesch, E.D., Olson, C. (in submission). Promoting Healthy Lifestyles for Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities.
EducationE
879

Ecology and management of invasive plants in forest ecosystems

Most graduates in the natural resource field will manage or be responsible for lands that are impacted by invasive species. This CI project offers an interactive, hands-on learning environment to teach natural resource students the common invasive plants in southern forests as well as the their impacts of forest ecology and management. Students will be engaged to think about how invasive plant species change forest ecosystem composition, structure and function, especially how invasive plant species will impact silviculture and wildlife management actions. In addition, students will also be exposed to the ethical implications associated with invasive species. This CI project will take students to several sites that have been impacted by invasive plant species. Students will investigate several impacted forest sites, select a site for management, create management plans, prescribe management treatments and monitor vegetation change.

Team Leaders
Gaofeng Wang Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Third place poster award at SE-EPPC/NC-IPC regional conference
*Lund, M., *Soriano, D., Pile, L.S., Thomas, S. D., Wang, G.G. (2014, October). Exotic Invasive Plant Species of South Carolina. Published in South Carolina Exotic Pest Plant Council (SC-EPPC), 1-76.
Miller, S. (2015, September 3). Clemson students publish guide to state's invasive plants. Herald Independent.
*Thomas, D.J., Durham, W.P., Pile, L.S., Wang, G.G. (2015). Are woody non-native invasive plants adapted to frequent surface fires in the southeastern US? Presented at the Society of American Foresters National Convention, Baton Rouge, LA.
*Steppe, C., *Adams, C., *Spencer, H., Pile, L.S., Wang, G.G. (2015). Are woody non-native invasive plants of Asian origin adapted to frequent fire regimes that were historically characteristic of the southeastern US? Presented at the Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council (SE-EPPC) and North Carolina Invasive Plant Council (NC IPC) Joint Annual Meeting, Chapel Hill, NC.
*Adams, C., *Lund, M., *Spencer, H., *Brady, T., *Garland, T., *Hutto, H., *Myers, C., *Raeckelboom, M., *Steppe, C., *Thomas, D., Pile, L.S., Wang, G.G. (2015). Increasing our scientific knowledge of invasive plant species of the Southeastern US and promoting public awareness. Presented at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum. Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
424

Synthesis and Characterization of Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

Our team is developing novel synthetic routes for the production of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles for biomedical applications. Students will work on applications ranging from MRI contrast agents, drug delivery, and magnetic hyperthermia. Specifically we will be focusing on novel metal ferrites with controlled magnetic anisotropy.

Team Leaders
Olin Mefford Materials Science&Engineering
Accomplishments
*Livingston, J., *Sandler, S., and *Nguyen, C. (2017, May 1). MagMED of Cobalt Ferrite. Presented at Mefford-Kitchens Symposium, Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 


Mefford, O.T. (2016, October 23-26). "Evaluation of Substituted Ferrites in Magnetically Modulated Energy Delivery (MagMED) via SAXS". Presented at the 68th Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.

Bigner, J.*, Fellows, B., Goodling, A., Kirkland, E.*, Mefford, O., Saunders, M., Timmins, S.* (2016, June 30). Beyond Magnetite: Evaluation of Substituted Ferrites in MagMED. Retrieved from Magnetic North V, University of Colorado, Colorado Springs. 
*Bell, M., Pearson, T., *Frazier, C., Fellows, B., Qi, B., Ye, L., Crawford, T.M., Mefford, T. (2015, June 23-25). The Formation and Isolation of Nanostructures through Directed Magnetic Assembly of Nanoparticle Patterns using Disk Drive Recording Media. Presented at Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
*Howell, S., *Burden, B., *Cantley, M., *DeMass, I., Mefford, T., (2015, June 23-25). Purification and Quantification of Magnetite Nanoparticles for Biological Applications. Presented at the Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
Mefford, O. T. (2015, June 23-25). Integrated approach for the fabrication of multifunctional metal and metal oxide nanoparticles. Presented at the Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
Stone, R., Raval, Y., Qi, B., Bruce, T., Mcnealy, T., Tzeng, T.J., Mefford, O. T. (2014, June 10) Synthesis of a heterobifunctional polymer platform for "tailored" multimodal theranostic magnetic particles. Oral presentation at 10th International Conference on the Scientific and Clinical Applications of Magnetic Carriers, Dresden, Germany
*Sandler, S., Fellows, B., *Livingston, J., Fuller, K., Bigner, J., Timmins, S., Lantz, K., Stefik, M., and Mefford, O. (2017, June 5-7). Systematic Investigation of Cobalt Doped Ferrites for Increased Energy Conversion in MagMED. Poster Presentation at Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particle V in Asheville, NC. 

*Livingston, J., *Sandler, S., Nguyen, C., Fellows, B., and Mefford, O. (2017, March 16). Investigation of Cobalt-Doped Ferrite Particles for Use in MagMED. Presented at MRS/OSA Poster Competition, Clemson University. 


Timmins, S.*, Kirkland, E.*, Fuller., K*, Livingston, J.*, Sandler, S.*, Bigner, J.*, Fellows B., and O. Mefford. (2016, March 24). Synthesis and Characterization of Doped Ferrites for Use in MagMED. Presented at 11th Annual MRS/OSA poster session, Madren Conference Center.






Bigner, J.*, Mefford, O. T. (2016, April 20). Engineering Magnetic Particles for Cancer Therapy. Presented at posters on the Hill., Washington, DC. 

Murbach, J.*, Fellows, B., Wetzler, M., Mefford, T. O. (2015, June 23-25). Seeking alternative polymer coatings and functionality for magnetic nanoparticles. Presented at the Frontiers in Biomagnetic Particles, Telluride, CO.
*Hunt, H., Fellows, B., Gutierrez, L., Puerto Morales, M., Mefford, O. T. (2014, June 10). Measurement of the size effects on the biodistribution of polymer sterically stabilized magnetic nanoparticles. Poster presentation at 10th International Conference on the Scientific and Clinical Applications of Magnetic Carriers, Dresden, Germany.
*Glasgow, W., Fellows, B., Qi, B., Darroudi, T., Kitchens, C., Ye, L., Crawford, T., & Mefford, O. T. (2016). "Continuous synthesis of iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles via thermal decomposition". Particuology, 26, 47-53.
Murray Stokely Award for Outstanding Teaching and Mentoring was given to Dr. Mefford for student development.
Jessica Bigner was selected to be one of two students from the State of South Carolina to Present at Posters on the Hill in Washington DC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
426

Improving Quality of Life for Those with Dementia and Their Family Caregivers

CI students will implement strategies to promote quality of life of those with dementia and their caregivers in community-based settings.  They will also provide education to healthy older adults about strategies to improve brain fitness. Students will become certified in Human Subjects Protection and will collect data to measure level of engagement of those with dementia in the socially and cognitively stimulating activities provided by fellow students.  Students will also assist the CI instructors in measuring changes in dementia family caregivers knowledge and attitudes regarding their care giving role.

Team Leaders
Cheryl J Dye Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
*Ball, E., *Cox, E., *Gonzalez, N., *Nolan, C., *Nguyen, T., *Passailaigue, L., *Pikula, J., *Tracey, M., *Tuttle, E., *Young, E., *Edwards, K., *Merritt, A., *Nance, E. (2017, April). Improving Quality of Life for Those with Dementia and Their Family Caregivers. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Our CI project was featured in an article in the Seneca Journal released on August 3. The article includes a picture of my doctoral student, Caitlin Torrence, with one of the participants in our program. Program offers a break for caregivers FacebookTwitterShare Posted on August 3, 2016 By Stephanie Jadrnicek The Journal SENECA — What began as a practicum for a Clemson University professor has grown into a respite program for caregivers. Volunteer Caitlin Torrence helps participant George Moore with his art activity at the Golden Corner Respite Care Program. (Rex Brown | The Journal) The Golden Corner Respite Care Program offers a break for caregivers while providing brain-stimulating and socially interactive activities for their loved ones who suffer from early- to mid-stage dementia. Mike Teague has been taking his mother, Nancy, to the program for the last two months. But instead of using the time to catch up with tasks, go to medical appointments or simply rest, Mike stays and hangs out with his mom. “It’s respite care, and a lot of the caregivers get their respite somewhere else. I stay because it’s still respite for me,” he said. “So much of our time together away from here is negative — ‘you can’t eat that now’ or ‘don’t put that there.’ This is a time for me to be with her when it’s all positive — it enhances the relationship.” Nancy moved in with Mike about two months ago, and mother and son are trying to figure out what that looks like. He said the best part of the program is the continuity. Every Thursday it’s basically the same people providing the same things — entertaining and educational crafts for seniors. So it’s something both he and his mother can count on and look forward to each week. A trial run of the program is taking place this summer, but the official start is Sept. 8. The program will run weekly every Thursday at Episcopal Church of the Ascension in Seneca. Program director Kathy Birkett said there are very few respite care programs in the state. Golden Corner will be the third of its kind. She and several others have been meeting over the last year and half to develop the program. “We knew what we needed to do. We just needed to find the funding to get it going,” she said. “This type of service is so lacking that it was one of the Lieutenant Governor’s Office on Aging’s incentives to get a program going in the Upstate.” According to the American Association of Retired Persons, more than 770,000 family caregivers in South Carolina provide 737 million hours of free services to their chronically ill, disabled or frail elderly loved ones each year. If the caregivers’ services were replaced by care workers paid $10.04 per hour, the cost would total nearly $7.4 billion each year. The Upstate has seen a surge in the Alzheimer’s population. According to the South Carolina Alzheimer’s Disease Registry, Pickens County has 1,887 individuals with dementia, and Oconee has 1,454. And the state ranks 34th in providing measures of state-level performance of long-term service and support systems that assist older people, adults with disabilities and family caregivers. Birkett said once someone is diagnosed with Alzheimer’s, they may live another 10-20 years, because there’s no cure or treatment. And their caregivers need more support. “So what we’re seeing now are spouses caring for a person with dementia in their home with very little support. There’s some resources, but not a lot,” she said. “And caregivers tend to put the care recipient first, so they’re not taking care of themselves.” With little help, these caregivers burn the candle at both ends. Eventually, their own health begins to decline because they’re not receiving the care they need. “The idea behind this program is to give back the gift of time to our caregivers,” Birkett said. “We give them three hours per week to do what they need to do to care for themselves — to go to a medical appointment, to the beauty shop, visit a friend for lunch or just take a nap.” Birkett said she is thrilled to have a dedicated, caring staff of volunteers. Clemson University Ph.D. candidate Caitlin Torrence is facilitating the weekly meetings. Prior to moving to South Carolina, she and her husband lived in Alaska, where she ran six state-run assisted living health facilities. “We focused a lot on memory care using alternative methods, and I saw how you could make a difference in people’s lives through these approaches,” she said. The activities in the Golden Corner Respite Program range from corn hole and ring toss to word games and arts and crafts. “They get to develop and see a final product they can be proud of, facilitate hand-eye coordination and play games that promote visual and memory stimulation,” Torrence said. “We’re doing a variety of activities, but all of it encourages fun and improves the quality of their lives.” For more information, call (864) 973-7590 or email GoldenCornerRespiteCare@gmail.com.
I was the CU nomination for the SC Commission of Higher Education Service Learning award because of the work my students and I did in Creative Inquiry.
SC Commission on Higher Education Service Learning award. My CI work which led to the development of the program, Caring for Others, Caring for Self, and the establishment of a permanent respite care program in Seneca SC for families caring for someone with Alzheimer's disease was selected as the Clemson University nominee for this state award.
Jadrnicek, S. (2013, Jan. 26). Clemson professor offers up safe haven for family caregivers. Seneca Journal, pp.B1, B6.
Dye, C., Zhang, L., *Allen, A., *Bao, A., *Carsten, B., *Greiner, K., *Huff, M., *Kordonis, P., *Johnson, H., *Lang, E., *Lott, T., *Rennhack, J., *Sutcliffe, K., and *West, E. (2016). Caring for Others, Caring for Self. Poster presentation prepared for 2016 CI research forum.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
428

The Political Theory Reading and Writing Workshop

The Political Theory Workshop allows small groups of students to specialize further in the study of political thought through regular small-group reading group meetings, one-on-one time with faculty, and the chance to polish theory-related writing.

Team Leaders
Brandon Turner Political Science
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
430

Student Directors of the Annual Clemson Literary Festival

Students in the project will thoroughly research, plan, organize, promote, and put on the 10th Annual Clemson Literary Festival. The events in the festival take place over a three-day period at locations on campus and in the Clemson community, with multiple readings by nationally-acclaimed authors free and open to the public. It is the only student run, student directed festival of it kind nationally. Other events include a Young Writers Workshop for area high-school students, a "Family Day" for children and young adults interested in learning more about literature, and an open mic for all who are interested in participating. The festival is sponsored by the City of Clemson and the CU English Department, among others.

Team Leaders
John Pursley English
Keith L Morris English
Jilian Weise English
Accomplishments
This year for the first time in its history, the class was able to procure a large external sponsor for the festival. The initial commitment is for two years, but we are hoping the family will agree to extend this commitment over the next ten years.
Grant from the Humanities Advancement Board, September 2011.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
647

Materials for Medical Diagnosis/Sensors for Pathogens and Toxins in Biology and the Environment

Work centers on finding simple and cost-effective measures for detection of disease states in living organisms or toxic conditions in the environment.

Team Leaders
Rhett Smith Chemistry
Accomplishments
*Perry, R. E., *Gennaro, P. P., Smith, R. C. (2014, October 16-19). "Recyclable material for removal of organics from water using polyelectrolyte-modified magnetic microspheres." Presented at the Abstracts, 66th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Nashville, TN, United States.
*Hopkins, N. S., Smith, R. C. (2014, October 16-19). "Chromophore-modified phosphonium polyelectrolytes: Anion exchange and structure-property trends." Presented at the Abstracts, 66th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Nashville, TN, United States.
*Powell, C. R., *Conrad, C. A., Buelt, A. A., Smith, R. C. (2013, November 13-16). "Visible-Absorbing Phosphonium Polyelectrolytes: Synthesis, Ion-Exchange, Photophysics and Film Morphology." Presented at the Abstracts, 65th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Atlanta, GA, United States.
*El Homsi, S. J., *Burdette, M. K., Laughlin, B. J., Ma, J., Levy, B. E., Tennyson, A. G.,Smith, R. C. (2013, November 13-16). "Conjugated Polymers and Small-Molecule Chromophores Featuring the 1,4-fluorenylene Linker." Presented at the Abstracts, 65th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Atlanta, GA, United States.
*Hopkins, N., Smith, R. C. (2014, April). "Tetraarylphosphonium Units in Materials Chemistry." Presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Lexington, KY..
*Perry, R. E., Smith, R. C. (2014, April). "Modification of Solid-Supports with Phosphonium Polyelectrolytes: Uptake and Removal of Species from Solution." Presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Lexington, KY.
*Turner, M., Smith, R. C. (2014, April). "Indicator Displacement Approach to the Detection of Anions with Chromophore-Appended Phosphonium Polyelectrolyte Films." Presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Lexington, KY.
*Jolly, K. (2014, October 16-19). Surface modification with polyelectrolytes: Creative inquiry in chemistry. Lecture presented at the 2014 Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Nashville, TN.
Jolly, K.* (2014, October 16-19). Surface modification with polyelectrolytes: Creative inquiry in chemistry. Lecture presented at the 2014 Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Nashville, TN.
*Gennaro, P. P., *Jolly, K. M., Smith, R. C. (2015, April). "Solid-Supported Agents for Removal of Dye Pollutants from Water." Presented at the Western Carolinas Section of the American Chemical Society Undergraduate Award Poster Session, Furman University, SC, United States.
*Hedrick, S. (2015, June 13-17). Preparation of Tetraarylphosphonium Salts and Polyelectrolytes. Poster presented at the 98th Canadian Chemistry Conference and Exhibition, Ottawa, CA.
*Amendola, S., *Hopkins, N., *Kabrich, W., *Lawrence, A., Smith, R. (2015, April). Indicator Displacement Assays based on Polyelectrolyte:Dye Complexes. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Jolly, Kara. (2014, April 3-5). Surface Modification with Phosphonium Polyelectrolytes. Poster presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Lexington, KY.
Laughlin, B. J., Htet, Y., He, S., *Duniho, T. L., *Homsi, S. J. E., Ma, J., Tennyson, A. G., Smith, R. C. (2015). "Debromination-Chain Polymerization-Debromination Sequence to Low Defect Poly(p-phenylene vinylene) Derivatives" Eur Polym J, 70, 197-202.
*Duniho, T. L., Laughlin, B. J., Buelt, A. A., *Baker, W. F., *Conrad, C. A., Smith, R. C. (2014, March). "Conjugated polymers for the fluorescent detection of nitroaromatics: Influence of side-chain sterics and ?-system electronics." J. Polym. Sci., A, 52, 1487- 1492.
Laughlin, B. J., *Duniho, T. L., *El Homsi, S. J., *Levy, B. E., Deligonul, N., Gaffen, J. R., Protasiewicz, J. D., Tennyson, A. G., Smith, R. C. (2013, July). "Comparison of 1,4- distyrylfluorene and 1,4-distyrylbenzene analogues: synthesis, structure, electrochemistry and photophysics." Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry, 11, 5425-5434.
ScienceG
648

Humanitarian Aid to Support Ethnic Reconciliation

This is a unique project initiated by the students who participated in PO SC 305-010 (spring & fall 2012) and Summer Study Abroad May/June 2012 in the Balkans. It is sort of branching out from "Democracy Building in Post-Conflict Societies". Students collect aid for young students (K 1-9) in Srebrenica and deliver it in May during the Study Abroad Balkans program.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Matic Political Science
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
649

AIChE ChemE Car Team

Each year, an inter-university competition is held by the American Institute of Chemical Engineers challenging students to power a small vehicle using a chemical reaction. While Clemson University is known for its outstanding chemical engineering program, it has unfortunately not been represented in this competition in the past few years. This creative inquiry would be committed to the crafting and submission of a car into this competition in March of 2014 in Puerto Rico.

Team Leaders
Mark Roberts Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Christopher Kitchens Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
*Owen, K., *Childs, B., *Pstrak, P., *Dworkin, J., *Coats, J., *Joshi, J., *Redzikowski, J., *Hughes, E., Kitchens, C. (2014, April). ChemE car. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
653

Center Pivot Irrigation Design for the Clemson Farms

Students will learn the principles of irrigation and the fundamentals of running an irrigation system including pump stations and pipe design.

Team Leaders
Charles V Privette III Plant & Environmental Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
893

The Organic Chemistry of Human Medicine

This project involves research into the scientific literature to reveal how organic chemists have devised the synthesis of drugs for human medicine. The students will also search the literature to learn about the biochemical pathways by which each compound works to cure disease or otherwise lead to a desired biological outcome. Students will write about their findings and well-written student reports will be published in a review or as part of an educational book that is scheduled to be released in 2016.

Team Leaders
Rhett Smith Chemistry
Accomplishments
*Conley, M., *Ellis, C., *Hile, L., *Mairena, C., *Moseley, S., *Wert, T., Smith, R. (2015, April). Neurochemistry of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
656

Reconstructing Historic Mitchelville:Using the Basic Tools Genealogy and Oral Histories to Gain a Better Knowledge of Life in Historic Black Community

Mitchelville, SC was the first community of freed slaves. Located on Hilton Head Island and established before the end of the Civil War. This town was an “experiment” by Union Army General Ormsby M. Mitchel as a solution to the growing number of abandoned and escaped slaves resulting from won battles of Confederate territory in SC.

Team Leaders
Barbara D Hamberg Philosophy and Religion
Abel Bartley History
Accomplishments
*Curenton, J. (2016, Dec. 2). "Newburg Plantation".
Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.
*Smiley, S. (2016, Dec. 2). "Yvonne B Robinson". 
Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.

*Ray, J. (2016, Dec. 2). "Sallie Ann Robinson". 
Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.

*Arrington, P. ( 2016, Dec. 2). "Jane Hamilton School".
Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.

*Leonardi, D. ( 2016, Dec. 2). "Mr. Francis Jones". 
Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.

Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1088

Upstate Black Communities Then and Now: Their People and Their Places

The students researching Upstate Black Communities utilize Rose’s book to find the correlations between operations established by those who established Mitchelville and established operations of communities in Anderson, Oconee, Pickens and Greenville Counties.   They will also conduct oral histories given by persons in these native to these communities to have recorded documentation of these disappearing communities.  They will utilize the Heritage Library in Hilton Head, Ancestry.com and all forms of local, state and federal documentation to trace the migrations from these communities as well as look at how and why these communities thrived or ceased in existence.Students, at the Spring 2015 request of the curator of the Strickland Cultural Museum of Seneca, will research the Black churches of Oconee County.  Students will construct a family tree; if you will, listing the lineage of each of the church’s pastors, will research the history of church that will include the founders, land purchase and activities of the churches they research.  Students will utilize the Heritage Foundation Library to research the genealogy of the church founders.   There will be a meeting of those interested parties of the chosen churches to record oral histories.  Research will be displayed at the Strickland Cultural Museum as well as documented in the archives of the Heritage Foundation Library as they see fit.  We continue to gather information on the 15 churches requested by the museum curator and will add churches as histories are completed.

Team Leaders
Barbara D Hamberg Philosophy and Religion
Abel Bartley History
Accomplishments
*White, R. (2016, December 2). "Flat Rock Baptist Church". 
Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.

*Young, K. ( 2016, December 2). "St. Paul Baptist Church". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.


*Cave, J. (2016, December 2). "St. Matthews Baptist Church".
Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.

*Stackhouse, Z. (2016, December 2). "St. Mark Baptist Church, Westminster, SC". 
Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.

*Taurel, B. (2016, December 2). "Shiloh Baptist Church".
Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.

*Heard, C. (2016, December 2). "Cheohee Baptist Church". Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.


*Brown, V. (2016, December 2). "Crossroads Baptist Church". 
Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.

*Howard, J. (2016, December 2). "Pleasant Hill Baptist Church". 
Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.

*Elgin, H., *Jackson, A., *Raphael, T., *Howard, J., *Travis, J., *Brockington, N., *Hardy, J., and *Francis, M. (2015). "Upstate Black Communities".
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
437

Mapping Amino Acids on Protein Material Surfaces

Dragline spider silks have relatively high mass-based mechanical properties (tensile strength, elongation to break and rupture energy) and are environmentally responsive (supercontraction). In order to produce new synthetic fibers with these properties, many research groups have focused on identifying the chemical composition of these fibers and the structure of the fiber core. Since each fiber also has an outer skin, our study will provide a detailed understanding of the silk surface morphology, the response of the surface morphology to environmental conditions and processing variables, and also determine if the silk surface has a definitive patterning of charged amino acids. Students in this CI will learn about artificial silking, tensile testing and atomic force microscopy.

Team Leaders
Marian Kennedy Materials Science&Engineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Catoe, J., *Maeser, H., *Hafner, K., Ellison, M., Kennedy, M., Dean, D. (2017, April). Spider silk scaffolds: Impact of varying silk properties on cellular response. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Hafner, K., *Catoe, J., *Maeser, H., *Ross, O., *Kays, L., *Stoner, C., *Ellison, M., Dean, D., Kennedy, M.S. (2016, April), Understanding factors influencing cellular response to spider silk, poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum in Clemson SC
*Hafner, K., *Catoe, J., *Maeser, H., *Ross, O., Kays, L., Stoner, C., Ellison, M., Dean, D., Kennedy, M. (2016). Understanding Factors Influencing Cellular Response to Spider Silk. TMS Annual Meeting, Nashville, TN.

Wakeford, R. (201, January 8). "The Effect of Temperature on the Mechanical Properties of Spider Silk". Presented to the CI. 
*Hafner, K., *Maeser, H., Montag, D., Peng, C., Marcotte, W., Dean, D., and Kennedy, M. Evaluating Adhesion and Alignment of Stem Cells to a Spider Silk Scaffold. Submitted to Materials Science and Engineering C.  









*Hafner, K., *Ross, O., *Maeser, H., *Catoe, J., Kennedy, M.S., Dean, D., (2016, July), Adhesion and Alignment of Stem Cells on a Spider Silk Scaffold after UV Sterilization, Proceedings of the Annual Biomedical Engineering Society Meeting.
Katherine Hafner is going to continue part of this project as her Master's thesis in the fall.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Science User Grant CNMS2014-018 1/31/2015 Kennedy, Molly, PI: Nanostructuring of Natural Spidroin-like Protein Based Fibers- Characterization of Structure-Property Relationships
Data collected for this proposal was used in NSF proposal. They include: - NRT: Design of Biologically Inspired Materials and Systems (DGE- 1545457- Nanostructuring of Natural and Synthetic Spidroin-like Protein Based Fibers- Characterization of Structure-Property Relationships (DMR- 1508438)
*Harkins, D. (2014). "Influence of Argiope Aurantia Temperature on Fiber Surface Morphology". 
*Kays, L. (2014). "Effect of Spider Body Temperature on Mechanical Properties of Silk". 
Final presentation given by Kyle Price for one semester of work with this project during Fall 2014.
Wakeford, R. (2014). "Effect of Reeling Temperature on Mechanical Properties of Dragline Silk". 
*Shearin, M., Ellison, M., Dean, D., Kennedy, M. (2014, April 3-5). Determining a relationship between humidity magnitude and spider silk supercontraction. Poster presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research. Lexington, KY.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
454

Food Ingredient Applications

This CI team is focused on 1. Developing novel applications for traditional food ingredients, 2. Developing small scale manufacturing processes for the commercial production of ice cream inclusions, 3. Travel to food ingredient manufacturers to expand their understanding of companies that are focused on innovation of food ingredient applications.

Team Leaders
John U. McGregor Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
*Santoro, H., *Ciccone, M., *Fish, K., and *Newsome, P. (2012). "Evaluation of Strawberry Ice Cream Flavor Standards". 
*Davis, C., *Richards, C., *Thompson, S., and *Burpee, G. (2012). "Evaluation of Chocolate Ice Cream Flavor Standards".
Ciccone, M.*, Fish, K.*, Newsome, P.*, Santoro, H.*. (2012-2013). Evaluation of Strawberry Ice Cream Flavor Standards.


Felch, C.*, Maddox, B.*, Suhoza, S.*. (2012-2013). Evaluation of Dark Chocolate Ice Cream Flavor Standards.

Burpee, R.*, Davis, C.*, Richards, C.*, Thompson, S.*. (2012-2013). Evaluations of Chocolate Ice Cream Flavor Standards.


Haile, A.*, Madore, C.*, Mathews, S.*. (2012-2013). Evaluation of Vanilla Ice Cream Flavor Standards.


Haile, A., Madore, C., *Mathews, S. (2012). Evaluation of Vanilla Ice Cream Flavor Standards. Presented at the National Ice Cream Retailers Association Annual Meeting. Greenville, SC.
Haile, A., Madore, C., and Mathews, S. (2012). "Evaluation of Vanilla Ice Cream Flavor Standards".
ESPN Video Shoot.2016. '55 Exchange History and Culture
ESPN Video Shoot.2016. Creative use of Ice Cream Ingredients
*Worley K., and *MacDonald, K. Development of an Ice Cream Innovation Lab. (2016). Presented to department faculty in preparation for industry presentations during the fall 2016 semester, Clemson, SC.
*Santoro, H., *Ciccone, M., *Fish, K., *Newsome, P. (2012). Evaluation of Strawberry Ice Cream Flavor Standards. 2012. Presented at the National Ice Cream Retailers Association Annual Meeting. Greenville, SC.
*Haile, A., *Madore, C., *Mathews, S. (2012). Evaluation of Vanilla Ice Cream Flavor Standards. 2012. Presented at the National Ice Cream Retailers Association Annual Meeting. Greenville, SC.
*Davis, C., *Richards, C., *Thompson, S., *Burpee, G. (2012). Evaluation of Regular Chocolate Ice Cream Flavor Standards. Presented at the National Ice Cream Retailers Association Annual Meeting. Greenville, SC.
*Maddox, B., *Suhoza, S., *Felch, C. (2012). Evaluation of Dark Chocolate Ice Cream Flavor Standards. Presented at the National Ice Cream Retailers Association Annual Meeting. Greenville, SC.
Carr Family Creative Inquiry Endowment
Raised $3,000 in funding to support travel to industry trade show.
Clemson's team of students finished 2nd overall in the National Collegiate Dairy Products Evaluation Competition that was held in Chicago, IL at the International Dairy and Foods Processing Expo. The competition was established in 1916 and is recognized by the Food Manufacturing Industry as a key opportunity to identify the future leaders of the world's largest manufacturing industry and the institutions they represent. This group of students were outstanding representatives for Clemson at this prestigious meeting of internationally recognized business and industry leaders.
McGregor, J.U. (2015). National Ice Cream Retailers Association (NICRA) Flavor Standards - A Case Study of Student Engagement through Industry Collaboration. Journal of Food Science Education. Manuscript is in draft form and will be submitted Fall 2015.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
439

Biosystems Engineering: Creating Value Added Co-products from Biofuel Waste Products

This year's team will continue research on foodwaste and organics recovery at Clemson University with an emphasis on Zero-Waste athletics and special events. The team will act as a contractor to provide real world clients ( Clemson Food Service and Athletics) with cost-benefit analysis of zero-waste events, vendor specified products, and implementation of zero-waste tailgating, special events and sporting events. The result will be a lasting legacy to provide campus groups with zero waste options for every event moving forward. The emphasis will be on specifying high value secondary market recyclable products and compostable products to generate revenue from the secondary markets of these products. The teams are expected to meet weekly and implement concepts at designated special events and sporting events. May also involve field trips to other institutions implementing similar programs in the Southeast such as Appalachian State University and Duke University.

Team Leaders
David Vandeventer Univ Fac:Custodial-Recycle Svs
Terry Walker Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Charles Thornton Campus Utilities
Accomplishments
Lynn, Sydney. (2017, March). "Zero-Waste Tailgate: Bringing Compost To Game Day" Oral and Powerpoint Presentation, Carolina Recycling Association Annual Meeting, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Lynn, S. (2017, January) "Zero Waste Tailgate: Bringing Compost to Gameday". Quarterly Meeting of the Collegiate Recycling Coalition, NC.  

Thornton, D; Haines, D; Vandeventer D. (2015, Febraury 18). Panel: The connection between agriculture, soil health and food based compost. Food Recovery Summit. Charleston, SC.
*Sivakaminathan, S., *Harroff, L. A., Thornton, C. D., Walker, T. W. (2011, October). Comparison of biomass and lipid production of heterotrophic Chlorella Protothecoides using biodiesel derived crude and pure glycerol. Poster presented at the UTEX Culture Collection of Algae workshop on managing microalgal cultures at the University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX.
493

The Domestic Politics of US Treaties

In this Creative Inquiry project, we are investigating President Obama's behavior when completing international agreements and what happens to those agreements when the president submits them to the Senate as Article II treaties. Obama has completed far fewer Article II treaties than his predecessors, despite his efforts at international collaboration and multilateralism. What explains this puzzle? That will be our focus this year, as we collect original data on treaties, analyze the data and present our findings at national political science conferences.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Peake Political Science
Accomplishments
*Forrester, V.C., *Wilson, E. (2016, April). Treaty Politics in an Era of Partisan Polarization. Paper presented at the Midwest Political Science Association Meetings, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J. S. (2016, April 9). The Congressional Role in US Diplomacy in an Era of Presidential Unilateralism and Partisan Polarization, paper presented at the Midwest Political Science Association meetings, Chicago, IL.
Forrester, V*; Charpentier, N*; Wilson, E. 2016. April, 7. Treaty Politics in an Era of Partisan Polarization. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J.S. (2015, April). Executive Agreements as a Foreign Policy Tool during the Bush and Obama Administrations. Presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J.S. (2014, August). Unilateral Power during the Obama Presidency: Executive Agreements and the Implementation of American Diplomacy. Presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Washington, DC.
Peake, J.S. (2014, April). The Obama Administration's Use of Executive Agreements: Business As Usual or Presidential Unilateralism? Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, Jeffrey S. (2013, August). The Domestic Politics of International Agreements during the Obama Administration: Presidential Unilateralism and Senatorial Obstruction. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association, Chicago, IL.
Peake, Jeffrey S. (2013, April). The Domestic Politics of US Treaty Ratification: Bilateral Treaties from 1949-2012. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association.
*Forrester, V. C., *Wilson, E. A. (2016, April 8). Treaty Politics in an Era of Partisan Polarization. Paper presented as a poster at the Midwest Political Science Association meetings, Chicago, IL.
Peake, J. S., Krutz, G. S. (2014, August). Le President Obama, les Clevages Partisans et la Politique des Accords Internationaux (President Barack Obama, Partisanship, and the Politics of International Agreements). 2014 Annuaire Francais des Relations Internatinales XV, 534-59, in French.
Peake, J. S. (2014, December). The Domestic Politics of U.S. Treaty Ratification: Bilateral Treaties from 1949 - 2012. Foreign Policy Analysis.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
476

People-Place-Sustainability

People-Place-Sustainability focuses on sustainable schools and sustainable communities in the Commonwealth of Dominica, West Indies. We take a place-based approach and contextualize sustainability to the specific school and community. Activities and projects are a function of needs assessments conducted via informal the project has expanded and “morphed” into a more full-fledged, place-based Sustainable Schools-Sustainable Communities program. Students must sign up for a minimum of two credit hours, though three credits per semester is expected. Students are expected to engage in the project for a minimum of two semesters, though four semesters is preferred.

Team Leaders
Brenda J Vander Mey Sociology and Anthropology
Accomplishments
In large part because of our efforts, Morne Jaune Primary School (Morne Jaune, Dominica) was awarded national recognition for creating a Student Friendly School Environment. The award was given by Dominica's Ministry of Education and Human Resources
College of Business and Behavioral Sciences, $10.005.00 for AY 2015-2016 College of Behavioral, Social and Health Sciences, $7,125.00 for AY 2016-2017
Wall-Bassett, E. D., Vander Mey, B. J., Guiste, P. (2012). Food security in three regions of Dominica: Baseline data and social epidemiological exploration. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition 7(2/3):224-238.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
958

Camera traps in animal ecology

This course designed to train undergraduate students to design, carryout and report on investigations into animal ecology through the use of remote camera trapping technology.  Specifically, students will utilize camera traps to collect scientific data on the location of animal species, then work with the instructor to analyze the data and report findings.  Students will be expected to be involved with the entire scientific process from building hypotheses to writing and presenting findings at professional meetings.  

Team Leaders
David Jachowski Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Wilson, S.B., R. Colquhoun, A. Klink*, T. Lanini*, S. Riggs, B. Simpson*, A. Williams, and D.S. Jachowski. 2016. Recent detections of Spilogale putorius (Eastern Spotted Skunk) in South Carolina. Southeastern Naturalist 15:269-274.
Wilson, S.B., R. Colquhoun, A. Klink*, T. Lanini*, S. Riggs*, B. Simpson, A. Williams, and D.S. Jachowski.  2016.  Recent detections of Spilogale putorius (Eastern Spotted Skunk) in South Carolina.  Southeastern Naturalist 15:269-274.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
477

Industry Interactions: Connecting Students With Companies

A primary goal of this Creative Inquiry is for students to interact with (a minimum of) 1,000 companies in the packaging industry. A data base will be created, and relationships will be created between companies and students, who will be working in their respective Emphasis Areas, and Areas of Interest. Students will first profile all packaging schools. Then, they will select companies to contact based on their Emphasis Area and Areas of Interest. Students will then research information about companies based on criteria created by the students, and augmented by me. This information will be entered into a relational data baseThis information will be entered into a relational data base. Students will make presentations to companies in several different ways, including visits to companies, visits to campus by companies, at industry trade shows, such as the upcoming PackExpo, and other industry meetings, conferences, and related events

Team Leaders
Robert Moore Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
457

Inquiring Minds: Engaging Students With Hands-On Science and Math Activities

Inquiring Minds: Engaging Students With Hands-On Science and Math Activities. The overall goal of this Clemson University student-driven program is to excite students about learning science and math through hands-on activities. We hope to accomplish this by:Teaching a series of simple yet powerful math and science experiments to students in after school programs. We have worked primarily with Central Elementary School and schools in the Anderson area.Involving friends, families, and other community members in the fun.

Team Leaders
Victoria Corbin Biological Sciences
Neil J Calkin Mathematical Sciences
Accomplishments
I was nominated for and won the Scan Source Community Outreach Award, 2017, for the work we do at CU Life Sciences Outreach Center in general, especially for the highly visible outreach work done in the schools and community by my two CI groups.
I was nominated for and won the Scan Source Community Outreach Award, 2017, for the work we do at CU Life Sciences Outreach Center in general, especially for the highly visible outreach work done in the schools and community by my two CI groups.
ScienceG
459

A Distributed Question/Answer System Based on Social Networks

This project is about implementing a distributed question/answer system.

Team Leaders
Haiying Shen Electrical & Computer Engr
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1011

How does science inform natural resource management and conservation?

The proposed course would challenge students to identify the way in which scientific research informs management and conservation decisions that related to natural resources. 

Team Leaders
Shari Rodriguez Forestry & Environment Conserv
Russell Kyle Barrett Forestry & Environment Conserv
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
466

Carbon-Based Materials for "Fast-Discharging" Supercapacitors

Team members in the Carbon-Based Materials for "Fast-Discharging" Supercapacitors research topic learn how to research and evaluate carbon based materials and polymers for electrical energy storage devices. CI students work with Dr. Roberts, graduate student mentors and fellow CI team members in a multi-level, interdisciplinary research environment. Students perform literature searches, collect information to design experiments, and conduct measurements on state-of-the-art laboratory equipment. Through a series of directed tasks and activities, students learn how to properly formulate and evaluate hypotheses and efficiently conduct research on polymeric materials. Projects in this research topic include 1) integrating renewable, redox-active biopolymers with nanostructure carbon materials or electrically conducting polymers, 2) enhancing ion-transport properties in polymer electrodes using polyelectrolytes, 3) evaluating the effects of molecular structure and processing conditions on the material performance in electrode films. Undergraduate researchers are engaged in a multi-level educational environment where they learn how to become effective researchers and research mentors. Team members are mentored by the faculty advisor and more experienced researchers and are also required to mentor entry level students.

Team Leaders
Mark Roberts Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Mark Thies Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Roberts, M.E., Emmett, R.K.*, Podila, L., Karakaya, M., Rao, A.M. (2016). “Scalable, High-Charge Capacity Carbon Composite Electrodes based on Renewable Redox Polymers.” Submitted.
Kelly, J.C., *DeGrood, N.L., Diaz, K.P., Arcila-Velez, M.R., Zhu, J., Rao, A.M., Roberts, M.E. (2016). “Increasing power density in Li-ion batteries using cathode substrates modified with vertically aligned carbon nanotubes.” In Submission.
Klett, A., *Gamble, J., Thies, M.C., Roberts, M.E. (2016). “Identifying thermal phase transitions of lignin-solvent mixtures using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy”, Green Chem., 18, 1892-1897.
Arcila-Velez, M.R., Emmett, R.K.*, Karakaya, M., Podila, R., Diaz-Orellana, K.P.*, Rao A.M, and Roberts, M.E.(2016). “A simple approach to fabricating free-standing polymer/CNT composite electrodes”, Synth. Metals., 215, 35-40.
Leguizamon, S.*, Diaz, K.P., Velez, J., Thies, M.C., Roberts, M.E. (2015). "High charge-capacity polymer electrodes comprising alkali lignin from the Kraft process", J. Mater. Chem. A, 3, 11330-11339.
Kelly, J.C., *DeGrood, N.L., Roberts, M.E. (2015). "Li-ion battery shut-off at high temperature caused by polymer phase separation in responsive electrolytes", Chem. Commun., 51, 5448-5451.
*Kearns, J.T., Roberts, M.E. (2012). Enhanced performance of triarylamine redox electrodes through directed electrochemical polymerization, J. Mater. Chem., 2012, 22, 2392.
*Kearns, J.T., Roberts, M.E. (2012). Synthesis of high-charge capacity triarylamine-thiophene redox electrodes using electrochemical copolymerization. Journal of Material Chemistry. 22, 25447.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
467

Ecology and Biology of Bellamya japonica, a new invasive freshwater snail

This project includes multiple studies of a new invasive species in the Savannah River Basin. The freshwater snail, Bellamya japonica is expanding its range and this team is studying its dispersal, its behaviors, its reproductive capacity, and other aspects of basic biology and ecological interactions.

Team Leaders
John Hains Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Taylor, H., *Smith, T., *Mathis, E., *Mahon, R., *Elbrecht, M., *Davis, C., *Brady, J., *Bauer, J., *Bartell, J., Hains, J. (2017, April). Compendium of Research on Bellamya japonica, a New Invasive Species in the Savannah River Basin. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Taylor, H. (2017, March). "Development of a Hypothesis to Explain Geographic Differences in the Morphology of *Bellamya japonica* (von Martens 1861)". Presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Montgomery, AL". 
*Elbrecht, M. (2017, March). "Mass Dependent Metabolism in *Bellamya japonica* (von Martens 1861)". Presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Montgomery, AL.
*Fishburne, S., *Bartell, J., Hains, J. (2016). Observations on the Metabolism of Bellamya japonica, a New Invasive Species in the Savannah River Basin. Abstract. Annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists. Concord, NC
*Anthony, J., *Turbyfill, L., *Mahon, R., *Gaynor, A., Hains, J. (2016). Observations on the Fecundity of Bellamya japonica, a New Invasive Species in the Savannah River Basin. Abstract. Annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists. Concord, NC
*Hutson, J., *Kilpatrick, K., *Pappas, N., *Laird, J., Hains, J. (2016). Population Dynamics of Bellamya japonica: An Experimental Investigation of Sources of Mortality. Abstract. Annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists. Concord, NC
*Kilpatrick II, K., *Hutson III, J., *Melton, S., *Turbyfill, L., *Anthony, B., *Fishburne, S., Hains, J. (2015). Ecology and Biology of Bellamya japonica, a New Invasive Species in the Savannah River Basin. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Chattanooga, TN.
*Fishburne, S., Hains, J. (2015). Metabolism of Bellamya japonica: Hypothesis, experimental design, and results. Presented at the Annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists. Chattanooga, TN.
*Fishburne, S., *Broome, B., *Farmer, J., *Hemphill, C., *Logan, J., *Rutherford, R., Hains, J. (2014, March 27). Metabolism of Bellamya japonica: Experimental Design and Limitations. Presented at the 2014 Southeastern Lake Management Conference, Asheville, NC.
Hains, J. (2014, March 26). Basic Limnology for Lake Monitoring. Presented at the Workshop given at the 2014 Southeastern Lake Management Conference, Asheville, NC.
*Fishburne, S., *Logan, J., *Broome, B., *Frees, L., *Helstern, R., *Howard, J., *Woollen, G., Hains, J. (2014, April 3). Metabolism of Bellamya japonica: Experimental Design and Limitations. Presentation given at the 2014 Annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Spartanburg, SC.
Hains, J., *Logan, J., *Broome, B., *Fishburne, S., *Frees, L., *Helstern, R., *Howard, J., *Woollen, G. (2014, April 3). The Ecology of a New Invasion by Bellamya japonica In the Savannah River Basin Presentation given at the 2014 Annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Spartanburg, SC.
*Mahon, R. (2017, March). "Fecundity and Mortality in *Bellamya japonica*, An Invasive Freshwater Snail". Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Montgomery, AL.
*Bartell, J and Hains. (2017, March). "Plankton Entrainment by Water Intakes: A Case Study and Limnological Influences". Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Association of Southeastern Biologists, Montgomery, AL.

*Kilpatrick II, K., *Hutson III, J., *Melton, S., *Turbyfill, L., *Anthony, B., *Fishburne, S., and Hains, J. (2015, April). Ecology and Biology of Bellamya japonica, a New Invasive Species in the Savannah River Basin. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Broome, B., *Woollen, T., *Howard, J., *Logan, J., *Frees, L., *Helstern, R., *Fishburne, S., Hains, J. (2014, April). The ecology of a new invasion by Bellamya japonica in the Savannah basin. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
1153

Mathematical Sciences Peer Mentoring Program

In an effort to retain incoming math majors, the Mathematical Sciences Peer Mentoring Program aims to foster a sense of belonging while creating a community among the under- and upperclassmen majors. The mentors focus on developing effective mentoring strategies, while the mentees gain additional support and motivation in their first year. By reviewing and learning about current research in effective strategies for peer mentoring across several disciplines, students will engage in forms of action and evaluation research while developing, implementing, and evaluating their mentoring skills for students in STEM. Students will be able to self-access and reflect constantly while building on their current knowledge and abilities.  Along with the students serving as mentors conducting evaluative research based on their own experiences, the students serving as mentees will also be surveyed/interviewed about strategies they found most helpful and those they would have found to be more effective. Students serving as mentors should plan to be involved in this CI project (course: MATH 4990) for at least 2 semesters. 

Team Leaders
Charity Watson Teacher Education
EducationE
468

South Carolina Natural History Schools Outreach Project

The Carolina Natural History Schools Outreach Project seeks ways to incorporate hands-on inquiry-based natural history field studies into K-12 classrooms. Each semester, we partner with various master teachers and schools to help train K-12 students in the use of technology and techniques to successfully gather and interpret field data as they investigate the natural world, both in protected park settings and in their local communities.

Team Leaders
Jacob Archer Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
John R Wagner Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
Undergraduate student Jacob Archer was awarded the third place prize in the 'Digital Poster Category' at the 12th Annual "Focus on Creative Inquiry" symposium in April 2017.
Archer, J., Wagner, J. (2017, April). Interactive Tour of the Pendleton School Nature Trail. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Archer, J., *Bobo, A., *Braun, S., *Canterbury, S., *Huston, C., *Knowlin, L., *Sherley, K., *Smithdeal, C., Stefano, G., *Tidd, K., *Winns, J. (2016, April). The Pendleton Elementary School Nature Trail. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Poster Forum at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
Video of the Pendleton Elementary School Nature Trail

Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
522

Experiencing Woody Plant Genomics and Biotechnology

Forest trees are an essential component of our ecosystem, providing habitat and food for wildlife, stabilization of riparian zones, long-term carbon sequestration and other essential ecosystem services, as well as wood products for human use. In addition to use in lumber and pulp and paper, forests are a potential resource of biomass for sustainable energy production. In 2005, forestry and forest products contributed over $400 billion to the US Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a value exceeding the combined US farm income. However, many factors are threatening the sustainability of our forests, such as the increasing numbers of accidentally introduced exotic pests, diseases, and invasive plants, increasing climate instability, and forest fragmentation. This has created a dire need for forest management tools, including detailed genetic and genomic information, as well as an educated workforce. Unfortunately, interests in working with forest trees are generally low when compared to other systems. Thus, it is essential to educate and excite students about the ecological and economic importance of forest trees and the cutting-edge research. The goals of this Creative Inquiry project are to expose students to the genomics tools and biotechnology that can be used to improve biomass and fitness of trees and stimulate their interest in and appreciation for trees. The participating students will enroll in 491 (independent research) or 490 (Special Topics).

Team Leaders
Haiying Liang Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Carlson, A., Zhang, X., Tian, Z., Staton, M., Schlarbaum, S.E., Romero-Severson, J., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2013, June). Liriodendron EST-SSR marker development and genetic constitution of two Liriodendron seed orchards. Presented at the South Forest Tree Improvement Conference. Clemson, SC.
*Carlson, A., Zhang, X., Tian, Z., Staton, M., Schlarbaum, S.E., Romero-Severson, J., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2013, June 23). Liriodendron EST-SSR marker development and genetic constitution of two Liriodendron seed orchards. Presented at the Plant Biology Annual Meeting, Providence, RI.
Zhang, X., Carlson, A., Tian, Z., Staton, M., Schlarbaum, S.E., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H . (2015, June). Genetic characterization of Liriodendron seed orchards with EST-SSR markers. Journal of Plant Science and Molecular Breeding, 4(1).
Chen, C.C., Xu, Y., Xu, T., Staton, M., *Stott, G., Bukles, O., Schlarbaum, S.E., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2015, January). Diversity level of genomic microsatellites in redbay (Perseaborbonia L.) generated by Illumina sequencing. Journal of Plant Science and Molecular Breeding, 4(2).
Xu, C., *Stott, G., *Barclay, M., Liang, H. (2014, April). Unraveling the basal angiosperm cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) genes that are involved in lignin biosynthesis. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Chen, C.C., Xu, Y., Xu, T., Staton, M., *Stott, G., Bukles, O., Schlarbaum, S.E., Carlson, J.E., Liang, H. (2014). Poster presented in 2014 Biology Annual Meeting, Portland, OR.
CI student Alanna Carlson* received a 3rd place poster award in 2013 Southern Forest Tree Improvement Conference
ScienceG
526

Soil Judging Project - Hands-On Experience in Soil Science

Soil Judging is a field-oriented project designed to master the techniques used to interpret soil and landscape characteristics with the application to real-life issues in the United States and abroad. It provides hands-on experience in soil morphology and classification. Students have a choice to participate in the Southeastern Regional Soils Contest held each fall at a university within the region which includes the following states: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia. Contest consists of an individual and team competition where participant(s) must describe, classify and interpret the soil characteristics and their suitability for agricultural use, urban development and subsurface water treatment. If the team places in the top five positions, it is qualified to compete in the national contest held in the spring. In the Fall 2013 and Spring 2014 students will participate in the project "Adaptation and interpretation of Soil Judging in China."

Team Leaders
Elena Mikhailova Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
*Green, A., *Kneece, R., *Murphy, H., *Padgett, A. *Rogers, T., *Tisdale, E. (2017, April). Soil Inventory of Private Lands in South Carolina. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Baldwin, R., *Barringer, L., *Brady, J., *Hinson, W., *Infinger, D., *Morales, C., *Porter, B., *Sherbert, C., *Sigmon, T., *Sumwalt, W., Mikhailova, E. (2017, April). Soil Judging Project. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Dukart, Y.L., Mikhailova, E.A., Post, C.J. (2016, April). Adaptation of Soil Judging to Brazil. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.


Arroyo, A., Mikhailova, E.A., and Post, C.J. 2015. Adaptation of Soil Judging to Venezuela. Tenth Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI) Forum, Clemson University. April 6.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
901

High Risk Breast Cancer in SC: Ethnicity, prevalence, and Biomarkers (HBCSC)

This project is a retrospective chart audit with data analysis on available data focusing on high risk breast cancer patients or women at high risk to develop breast from a High Risk/ Inherited Cancer clinic at St. Francis Hospital in Greenville, SC.

Team Leaders
Julia A Eggert School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Watkin, Kate & Eggert, Julie. (2016)  "History of breast feeding in African american women with a breast cancer diagnosis". Presented at 41st annual ONS Congress, Denver, CO. 
Watkins, K., Eggert, J. (2016, April 28 - May 1). "History of breast feeding in African American women with a breast cancer diagnosis." Presented at the ONS 41st Annual Congress, San Antonio TX.
Edwards, K., Tedder, M., and Eggert, J. (2016, August 6-8). Incidence of germline mutations associated with paternal lineage in Black women. International Society of Nurses in Genetics Congress, Dublin, Ireland.
Coggins, K., Few, A., Wingo C., and J. Eggert. (2016). Effects of Ethnicity and Breast Feeding on Aggressive Phenotype. Presented at BSHS College, School of Nursing.
Few, A.*, Coggins, K.*, & Wingo, C.* (2016). Effect of breast feeding on triple negative breast cancer in Black women. Poster presentation, International Society of Nurses in Genetics Congress, Dublin, Ireland.
Eggert, J., *Geer, W., *Sloger, H.,*Powell, C., *Inglesby, D., and *Peterson, M. (2016, April). Effect of Mammography on breast cancer rates in African American women. Presented at 2016 Focus On Creative Inquiry Forum, Watt Family Innovation Center.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
525

Development of Course Material for AGM Undergraduate Curriculum

Students will design, develop, construct, and test technologies to be used in AGM Undergraduate courses. These activities and materials have been partially developed in prior semesters and need improvements made. The course material will not only allow an opportunity for the students working on the project to get experience in the design process, but also add additional visual aids and teaching tools to the current AGM courses. Using AGM 473 this will be an continuing project, which will allow upper classmen to interact with the underclassmen to improve the teaching tools.

Team Leaders
Hunter Massey Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Attaway, D. November 3 2016. Clemson students build cotton picker to increase awareness about agriculture.





*Mefferd, J., *Coleman, A., *Short, S., *Crisp, M.,*Barnes, J. (2015). Mobil Cotton Harvest Demonstration Unit. Tiger Prints.
*Perrow, J., *Holland, B. (2014). "Precision Agriculture Yield Monitor Mobile Trainer," Capstone Paper, Clemson University.
Large equipment donation. AGM program received a 2-row John Deere Cotton Picker and 14 foot equipment trailer to serve as the starting point for this project. These items were donated by Edisto Research and Education Center and Massey Farms.
*Morgan, W., *Ramsey, G., *Whitesides, C. (2012). Golf Cart Modification. Presented at AGM 473 Capstone. Agricultural Mechanization and Business. Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
Massey, H., Kirk, K. (2013, July 23). Teaching Precision Agriculture Technology with Modified Diesel Golf Cart. Presented at ASABE International Meeting. Kansas City, Missouri.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
489

Exploring Peptoid Proteins: Making and Structurally Characterizing Peptidomimetic Structures

Natural peptides and proteins are critically important in biology and medicine as well as increasingly in biotechnology and the chemical industry. Chemical structures mimicking the properties of natural peptides and proteins have been developed over the past two decades, with enormous potential for transformative impact in many fields. One handicap of these peptide-mimetic systems, however, is the lack of a broad scope of knowledge comparable to that available for natural proteins and peptides. Databases such as the Protein Data Bank contain structures for ~100,000 natural proteins, collected over the past ~50 years. These rich data sources enable whole fields of research, such as bioinformatics and protein engineering, that rely on having abundant data. Design of peptide mimics and hybrid peptide-peptidomimetic systems, therefore, relies on rational planning and design. This project involves both a structural component--synthesizing peptoids and peptoid-peptide mimics to study their structures and test predictions for novel secondary structures; as well as biomedical component--using the proven strategy of replacing proline residues in peptides with peptoid residues, as well as incorporating other peptidomimetic residues.

Team Leaders
Modi Wetzler Chemistry
Accomplishments
*Cannon, J., *Haberman, V. (2017, April). Extending Half-lives of Peptide Hormones by PEGylation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.

*Haberman, V., Hamilton, P., and  Wetzler, M. (2016, October 23-26). "Facile synthesis of PEGylated vasopressin, lypressin, and oxytocin analogs". Presented at the Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.


Dong, D., Ehrlich, D., Johnson, J., and Wetzler, M. (in press). "Faster and Greener: One Minute Reactions for Synthesis of Peptoid Oligomers and Polymers". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 
ScienceG
479

Comparative Vertebrate Musculoskeletal Biomechanics

Research in my lab examines the patterns and processes of functional evolution in vertebrates. To understand the factors that have contributed to evolutionary transitions in function, we test the functional consequences of variation in biological design, primarily through experimental studies of vertebrate musculoskeletal biomechanics. We have extended these studies to include selection experiments on functional performance, allowing us to evaluate the impact of functional tradeoffs on structural diversification. Our three primary study systems have been examinations of (1) the load bearing capacity of vertebrate limb bones (and fish fins) during terrestrial and aquatic locomotion; (2) the functional performance of waterfall climbing gobiid fishes in a variety of behaviors, including climbing, predator escape, and feeding; and (3) the effects of differences in body structure on the swimming performance of turtles. These systems have allowed a diverse range of comparative studies that have provided insight into broader issues in the diversity and evolution of vertebrate functional design.

Team Leaders
Richard Blob Biological Sciences
Christopher Mayerl Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
CI student Alex Rubin (graudated 2017) has been admitted to the graduate program at Auburn University.
Former CI student Jenna Pruett (graduated 2016) received a National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship to pursue graduate studies at Auburn University.
Student Poster award - *Stevens, L.M., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, G., Vance, J.T., Blob, R. (2017, April). Testing the effects of keels on stability and maneuverability in aquatic turtles. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Morgan Summerlin, Third Place, Science as Art competition, Clemson.
Jake Youngblood, admitted to graduate program in biology at Arizona State University
Jenna Pruett - admitted to graduate program in Biology at Auburn University
Jenna Pruett – Honorable Mention, National Science Foundation GRFP
Jenna Pruett – 1st place Best poster presentation at FOCI
Jenna Pruett – 2nd place Best poster presentation at Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium
PI Richard Blob recognized as Alumni Distinguished Professor
Mayerl, C.J., *Pruett, J.E., Rivera, A.R.V., Blob, R.W. (2017). Hind limb muscle function in turtles: is novel skeletal design correlated with novel muscle function? Journal of Experimental Biology, accepted and in press.
Young, V. K. H., *Vest, K. G., Rivera, A. R. V., Espinoza, N. R., and Blob, R. W. (2017, January). One foot out the door: limb function during swimming in terrestrial versus aquatic turtles.  Biology Letters 13:20160732. Vol 13 Issue 1.

Maie, T., *Meyer, S., Schoenfuss, H. L., Blob, R. W. (2014). Feeding performance and functional modulation of the Hawaiian sleeper, Eleotris sandwicensis (Gobiodei: Eleotridae): implications for selection pressures on prey. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 111:359-374.
*Cullen, J.A., Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H.L., Blob, R.W. (2013) Evolutionary Novelty versus Exaptation: Oral Kinematics in Feeding versus Climbing in the Waterfall-Climbing Hawaiian Goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. PLoS ONE 8(1): e53274. dx.dio.org/doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0053274
McPherson, C.* (2012). Ontogenetic Scaling of Jaw Function in Hawaiian Gobioid Stream Fishes, Sicyopterus stimpsoni and Eleotris sandwicensis: Implication of Functional Demands and Specialization. Biological Sciences departmental honors thesis.
Meyer, S. (2011). Feeding Kinematics of Eleotris sandwicensis: Determining Significance of Feeding Performance on Successful Prey Capture. Biological Scinces departmental honors thesis.
*Stevens, L.M., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, G., Vance, J.T., Blob, R. (2017, April). Testing the effects of keels on stability and maneuverability in aquatic turtles. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Mayerl, C.J., *Pruett, J.E., Rivera, A.R.V., Blob, R.W. (July, 2016). Hind limb muscle function in turtles: is novel skeletal design correlated with novel muscle function? International Congress of Vertebrate Morphology. Bethesda, MA.
*Rubin, A. M., Diamond, K. M., Schoenfuss, H. L., Blob, R. W. (2016, February). Field observation of intraspecific and predatory attack behaviors of the Hawaiian sleeper fish, Eleotris sandwicensis. Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Pruett, J.E., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, A.R.V., Blob, R.W. (2016, February). Motor patterns of the hind limb muscles of pleurodire turtles. Poster presented at the Clemson Biological Sciences Annual Student Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Pruett, J.E., Mayerl, C.J., Rivera, A.R.V., Blob, R.W. (2016, April). Motor patterns of the hind limb muscles of pleurodire turtles: correlations between changes in muscle attachments and activity. Poster presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Vest, K. G., Young, V. K H., Espinoza, N. R., Blob, R. W. (2016, April). Swimming in terrestrial turtles: does limb function correlate with ecology or phylogeny? Poster presented at Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC


Bertram, R.S., Schoenfuss, H.L., Lagarde, R., Ponton, D., Diamond, K.M.,  Offerle, T., and Blob, R.W.  (2016, January). Waterfall-climbing performance of gobiid fishes from La Reunion: how conservative are novel functional behaviors? Oral presentation at annual SICB meeting, Portland, OR.
*Hicks, K., *Pruett, J., *Youngblood, J., Mayerl, C., Blob, R. (2015, April). Effects of flow on the swimming stability of turtles. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Cullen, J., Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H., Blob, R. (2013). Novelty versus exaptation Oral kinematics in feeding versus climbing in the Hawaiian stream goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Presentation for 2013 National SICB meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Cullen, J., Maie, T., Schoenfuss, H., Blob, R. (2012). Novelty versus exaptation Oral kinematics in feeding versus climbing in the Hawaiian stream goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Presentation for 2012 Southeast Regional SICB meeting, Charleston, SC.
CI Travel Grant ($2,000)
Rubin, AM*; Diamond, KM; Schoenfuss, HL; Blob, RW. (2017, January 4-8) Assessing the impacts of environmental contaminants on escape behavior in the migratory stream goby Sicyopterus stimpsoni. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, New Orleans, LA

Stevens, LM; Mayerl, CJ; Rivera, G; Vance, JT; Blob, RW. (2017, January 4-8). Testing the effects of keels on stability and maneuverability in aquatic turtles. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, New Orleans, LA

*Rubin, A. M., Diamond, K. M., Schoenfuss, H. L., Blob, R. W. (2016, January). Field observation of intraspecific and predatory attack behaviors of the Hawaiian sleeper fish, Eleotris sandwicensis. Poster presented at the annual meeting for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Portland, OR.
*Pruett, J. E., Mayerl, C. J., Rivera, A. R. V., Blob, R. W. (2016, Jan). Motor patterns of the hind limb muscles of pleurodire turtles: correlations between changes in muscle attachments and activity. Poster Presented at the annual meeting for the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology, Portland, OR.
*Sutton, J., Blob, R., Young, V. (2014, April). In vivo femoral strains in swimming turtles: Influence of locomotor medium on limb bone loading. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
469

Integrating Children's Literature and Classroom Learning

The purpose of this CI project is to investigate current children's literature (grades 2-6) and approaches for integrating trade books in the elementary school classroom curriculum. Participants read 5-6 titles and develop teaching suggestions for using the books in classrooms.

Team Leaders
Pamela J Dunston Education & Human Dev
Accomplishments
Butler, T., Dunston, P. J., Cole, M. W. (2014). The Splendors and Glooms in Middle School Reading: Using Interactive Read-Alouds with Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Reading Association, May 11, New Orleans, LA.
Dunston, P. J., McCrea-Andrews, H. J., Pang, S., Massey, C. L. (2013). Examining Changes in Adolescent's Reading Motivation: Traditional Text versus eBooks. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Literacy Educators and Researchers, November 2, 2013, Dallas, TX.
EducationE
918

Future Engineers and Scientists

To deploy an undergraduate/graduate mentored after-school program to excite elementary school students about STEM disciplines through hands-on project experiences. This program has been operating at Clemson Elementary School since Fall 2008 serving 4th and 5th grade students. Our objective is to extend this program to other schools, especially rural and predominantly minority schools through the recruitment and training of undergraduate/graduate teams that will work directly with the schools in six-week modules during after school club or in-service programs according to mutual agreement with the school. Moreover, we seek to collect empirical data on the impact that this program has on the longitudinal academic career paths of the elementary students as well as the professional career paths of the undergraduate and graduate students involved. Finally, we wish to involve Education students and help promote and develop new hands on modules for K-12 classrooms.

Team Leaders
Melissa Smith Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
Nominated for the Governor's Award for STEM outreach
Asked to serve as STEAM Team Chair for the YMCA Camp Thunderbird
Presentation to the American Camp Association that discussed and provided hands on demonstration of the importance and use of STEM activities.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
472

Capstone Designs in Biosystems Engineering

Students will be successful in completing a major design experience based on the knowledge and skills acquired in earlier course work and incorporating appropriate engineering standards and multiple realistic constraints on open ended problems involving applications of hydrology, fluid mechanics, bioprocessing, heat/mass transfer, instrumentation, mechanical unit operations and structural principles. Successful completion involves project scheduling, cost estimation, ethics, environmental and social impacts, design drawings, and report documentation.

Team Leaders
Terry Walker Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Caye Drapcho Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
919

CEDC 12: Energy Production in Haiti

Students will explore different options to power villages in the Central Plateau region of Haiti. The ultimate goal is to provide more than enough clean energy to the people of this region. This will provide the local population with much of the infrastructure they need to promote economic growth. A team will examine the investments needed to install hydropower equipment and develop designs.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Plumblee Civil Engineering
Hunter Lee Experiential Education
David Vaughn Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
*Goodwin, J., *Brown, M. (2014, October 30- November 4). Working Trip to Haiti. Presented at the Biannual trip of CEDC, Cange, Haiti.
Marshall J., Waite M.*, Miller S. (2015, April). Solar Power. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Hustedt, T., Baugh, N. (2015, April). Hydrogen Power. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Dadosky, C.*, McCann, C.* (2015, April). Hydropower. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
2015�Leadership Award from Omicron Delta Kappa National Leadership Honor Society for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)
2015 Student Organization of the Year for Exceptional Community Service given by Clemson University Student Affairs for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
480

CI Tiger conservation

We will continue to maintain two CI teams working on tiger conservation projects in collaboration with the Clemson University Tigers for Tigers Club, and the National Tigers for Tigers Coalition which was formed here by an earlier CI class. Tiger Conservation CI (Biol 4960 section 001) will conduct the fourth annual campus-wide competition on tiger conservation, inviting students to create written, art or video entries that focus on poaching of tigers in the wild, private ownership of tigers in the US and/or tiger farming in China.  This year we have added a group competition for student organizations, for more substantial contributions. Students will promote this competition, solicit and judge entries, and award prizes to the best in each category at an awards ceremony at the end of the semester.Tiger Awareness CI (Biol 4960 section 002) will plan and host the National Tigers for Tigers Summit again this spring, bringing together students from many schools and tiger experts to plan and coordinate efforts.  We will also begin plans for an international summit, in coordination with organizations in India and Bangladesh. 

Team Leaders
David Tonkyn Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
$800 from the International Fund for Animal Welfare to be used as prize money in our campus-wide Multimedia Competition on tiger conservation.
$2,000 from Tigers in America Foundation to be used as prize money in our campus-wide Multimedia Competition on tiger conservation.
As part of our planning for our campus-wide, spring Multimedia Competition on Tiger Conservation, we raised $2,000 in prize money from the Tigers in America Foundation.
$200 from an anonymous donor to be used as prize money in our campus-wide Multimedia Competition on tiger conservation.
ScienceG
491

Reading and Reviewing Children's and Young Adult Literature

The purpose of this CI project is to write book reviews that will be included in a children's literature review column. The column will be published annually in Reading Matters, the journal of the South Carolina International Reading Association (SCIRA). Students will read 6-8 titles and then choose their favorites to review.

Team Leaders
Jonda McNair Teacher Education
Accomplishments
McNair, J.C. (2016). The Right Book: A Review of Children's Literature for Teachers. In Reading Matters Literature Matters, 16, 70-73.
EducationE
498

Democracy Building in Post-Conflict Societies: The Cases of Serbia, Kosovo, BiH, Montenegro and Croatia

This Creative Inquiry project is organized in spring as PO SC 3050-010 for students registered for Summer Study Abroad in May/June 2016 [Balkans trip]. Students are engaged in research of the history and causes of the conflicts in former Yugoslavia working in 5 teams, one for each country to be visited in May/June. They present their findings and draft research papers which are then finished during Summer Study Abroad using primary sources.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Matic Political Science
Accomplishments
Holba, K.*, Matic, V. (2014, April). Humanitarian aid for ethnic reconciliation. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
502

Senior ecological and Bioprocessing designs

Senior projects in bioprocess and ecological engineering. Design projects of biological systems using hydrology principles, fluid mechanics, bioprocessing, heat/mass transfer, instrumentation, mechanical unit operations, and structural principles. Topics also include - project management, engineering economics, professional ethics, professional development, written and oral communication, and job skills. Artifacts will be used to fulfill e-portfolio requirements.

Team Leaders
Tom O. Owino Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Caye Drapcho Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
607

Strain/Role Changes of Families of Women with Breast Cancer and the Impact on the Women

The purpose of this study is to explore experiences of family strain and altered family roles among spouses/partners and children of women with breast cancer and to examine the impact that the spouse/partner’s and children’s experiences have on the breast cancer survivor based on race and/or ethnicity.

Team Leaders
Deborah F Willoughby School of Nursing
Stephanie Davis School of Nursing
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
606

Landscape Architecture Co-LAB Studio

The Landscape Architecture Co_LAB Studio is a collaborative project based course that allows for students to explore issues and challenges effecting communities and towns within our region. Students will participate primarily in service learning focused research and design initiatives that include: community design charrettes, site and community planning, structural modeling and prototyping and all forms of graphic, written, and oral presentation typologies.

Team Leaders
Paul Russell Landscape Architecture
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
504

Developing and researching agricultural machinery technologies for field crops

This creative inquiry project researches and develops technology for agricultural field machinery, including harvesters, tillage equipment, sprayers, planters, spreaders, and other equipment. Projects generally involve field research or laboratory fabrication and testing.

Team Leaders
Hunter Massey Plant & Environmental Sciences
Kendall Kirk Edisto Research & Educ Center
Accomplishments
Fravel, J. B., Kirk, K. R., *Koch, J. P., Warner, A. C., Massey, H. F., Coleman, A. (2015, July). Testing of Handheld Grain Moisture Meters on Shelled and Whole Pod Peanuts. Presented at the 2015 ASABE Annual International Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
*Kolshak, M. J., *McLeod, S.C., *Phillips, R.C., *White, M.E. (2012, April). Design and Modification of a Research Plot Harvester. Presentation to Clemson University AGM 472 Capstone Class.
Kirk, K. R., Massey, H.F., Monfort, W.S., *Jordan, B., *Schmidt, W.B., *Kerr, B. (2013). Twin Row Peanut Digging and Combining Losses. Presented at the ASABE 2013 International Meeting , Kansas City, MO.
Kirk, K. R., Porter, W. M., Monfort, W. S.,. Han, Y. J, Henderson, W. G., Thomas, J. (2012). Development of a Yield Monitor for Peanut Research Plots. ASABE Paper No. 12-1337625.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
505

Sensors and Controls for Precision Agriculture

To learn sensors and instrumentation technologies for site-specific application of water and pesticide for precision agriculture and to demonstrate use, benefits and effectiveness of such technologies in the southeastern United States.

Team Leaders
Young J Han Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Variable Rate Intelligent Center Pivot. Presented to AGM 410/610 Precision Agriculture Technology, April 5, 2017.
Portable Electro-mechanical Educational Model for Variable Rate Center Pivot Irrigation Technology. (2016, April 23). Presented at the Dreams Imagination & Gift Development Program (DIG) STEM, (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) Festival, Williston.
Variable Rate Intelligent Center Pivot. (2016, April 20).  Presented to AGM 410/610 Precision Agriculture Technology.
Variable Rate Irrigation: Watering the Crops of Tomorrow. (2015, September 25).  Presented at the Lake Wood High School, Sumter SC.
Variable Rate Intelligent Center Pivot. Presented to AGM 206. (2015, September 16). “Machinery Management.” 
Variable Rate Intelligent Center Pivot. (2015, September 9).  Presented to AGM 101 “Introduction to Agricultural Mechanization and Business.”
Han, Y. J., Khalilian, A., Payero, J., Rogers, N. (2016). Development of a Portable Electro-mechanical Educational Model for Variable Rate Center Pivot Irrigation Technology. Journal of Water Resource and Protection, 8(4):449-458.
Han, Y. J., Khalilian, A., Payero, J., *Conrad, D., *Richardson, R., *Rogers, N., *Watkins, J., *Avant, B., *Patrick, C., *Scroggs, C., *West, M. (2014, July). Demonstration of Intelligent Center Pivot Irrigation Technology. ASABE Paper.
*Conrad, H., *Rogers, N., *Richardson, R., *Watkins, J., *Patrick, C., *Scroggs, C., *Avant, B., *West, M., Han, Y. (2014, April). Intelligent center pivot. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
914

Student-led reestablishment of farming operations at Thornwell Home for Children

Students will work on assessment, evaluation, and implementation for reintroduction of production agricultural practices on a once operational farming enterprise. Thornwell Home for Children has over 300 acres of farmland and facilities to produce animal and plant commodities. In the past, this operation primarily produced dairy products with some level of small animal and vegetable products. In 2007, farming operations were suspended and the property has remained under-utilized since that time. Currently, the leadership of Thornwell Home for Children has reached out to the CI team leaders to assist them with reintroduction of the farming operation with the specific involvement of Clemson students.

Team Leaders
Heather Dunn Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Thomas R Scott Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Accomplishments
*Baldwin, C., *Caskey, E., *Colwell, K., *Creech, H., *Fadeley, L., *Justice, S., *Lankford, K., *Lee, R., *Lowney, B., *McLane, A., *Mink, A., *Pfeiffer, K., *Vassar, J., Scott, T., Dunn, H. (2015, April). Re-establishment of Farming at the Thornwell Home for Children. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
510

Aquaponics: Maximizing use of a biological system for unique production of an aquatic and plant based crop

This course is designed to add additional interest to the aquaculture program in the School of Agriculture, Forestry and Environmental Sciences (SAFES). The purpose is to get students involved in aquatic (fish, invertebrates) production in recirculating systems and to expand the unit for establishment of a dual or polyculture unit. Today, a principal used around the world for such a system is labeled as an Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA). Although the principles of IMTA are utilized and even mandated for use in commercial aquaculture facilities in other parts of the world, the process has not been popular in the United States. Traditional aquaculture systems have bio filtration units to reduce nutrient loading and clean the water efficiently for reuse in the system. However, because of high land, water and energy cost systems must be able to produce more by-products to be competitive in the food market and at the same time be environmentally stable; the IMTA unit provides this. It combines aquaculture species with plant material (e.g., algae) and filtering organism (e.g., shellfish) aquaculture to create balanced systems for biological filtration or remediation, economic cost and stability and environmentally stable and acceptable. Students will be able to experience aquatic animal production, understand nutrient cycles and ecological balances that eventually occur in a well-designed unit. Other experiences include water quality analysis, hydraulic design, and daily management skill associated with the unit. Data will be collected to determine best combinations for each level of operation.

Team Leaders
Lance Beecher Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
511

Designing and Implementing Mobile Device Apps (With a focus on iOS Sensors and Attachments)

This two-semester effort teaches students how to develop iOS (Apple) apps. Students must have a good foundation in software development, equivalent to CPSC 101 and CPSC 102, or CPSC 210. Students will learn app software development skills and will then apply them to projects designed to help Clemson students learn, help Clemson teachers teach, or simply make campus life richer and more enjoyable. The focus this year will be on interaction between iOS apps and Bluetooth sensors and iOS attachments such as the Apple Watch.  We meet weekly and discuss ssues related to app development and we can help improve campus life through mobile technology.

Team Leaders
Roy P Pargas School of Computing
Accomplishments
*Garcia, S., *Erich, K., *Byrd, D., *Ellis, M., Pargas, R. (2014, April). ACTS: Apps connecting today's students. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Brennan, A., *Kutch, A., *Erich, K., *McKay, G., *Garcia, S., *Byrd, D., *Ellis, M., *Branum, H. (2014 March 28-29). ACTS: Apps Connecting Today's Students. Poster and app demo presented at the annual meeting of the ACM Southeast Regional Conference, Kennesaw, GA.
*Edison, G., Kulkarni, P. (2014 March 28-29). Mobile Apps Software Development with Creative Inquiry. Poster and app demo presented at the annual meeting of the ACM Southeast Regional Conference, Kennesaw, GA.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
578

Green Building Materials: Magnesium Oxide Based Cements as a Sustainable Alternative

Have you ever wondered what goes into the building products that go into your house? In many cases, these materials can contain toxic components, have inferior structural properties, or be detrimental to the environment. The goal of this creative inquiry is to explore the use of magnesium oxide-based (MgO) cements as a sustainable alternative to conventional building materials that consist of Portland cement, gypsum and oriented strand board (OSB). The current materials that dominate the $15 Billion residential building products market have many drawbacks. For example, Portland cement has a huge carbon footprint, releasing one ton of CO2 per ton of cement. One way to offset this is to incorporate large volumes of fly ash, which is laden with toxic and carcinogenic heavy metals. OSB contains toxic phenol-formaldehyde resins and are highly flammable. We have recently paired up with Jet Products to investigate the nearly limitless potential for MgO cement boards in a diversity of markets, primarily focusing on residential building products. The societal benefits of this work have the potential to impact every individual that lives in the built environment. Example products include wall board, tile backer, siding, structural insulated panels, fire-proof panels, and ballistic panels.

Team Leaders
Christopher Kitchens Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
Roque Gochez was granted an industrial internship this past summer with JetProducts LLC.
Gochez, R., Wambaugh, J., Rochner, B., Kitchens, C. L. (2015 Submission). “Kinetic Study of the Magnesium Oxychloride Cement Cure Reaction.” Cement and Concrete Research.
*Mou, H., *Nasol, D., *Rogers, N., *Vreeland, T., Gochez, R., Kitchens, C. L. (2016, April 6-7). “Reinforced Magnesium Oxide Based Cements as a Sustainable Building Alternative.” Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Session, Clemson SC.
*Robison, J., *Brown, A. (2015, March).MgO Concrete CI Project. Presented to the CEO of Jet Products.
*Gragg, J., *Nasol, D. (2015, March). Magnesium Oxide Cement Research. Presented to the CEO of Jet Products.
*Haney, B., *Layman, O., *Hughes, E., *Foote, J. (2015, March). Life Cycle Assessment of the Magnesium Oxide Board . Presented to the CEO of Jet Products.
*Vreeland, T. (2015, June 29). "Reinforcement of Magnesium Oxychloride Cement through addition of organic and inorganic fibers". 
This is a initial draft for a Life Cycle Assessment publication that we plan to complete this upcoming year.
Flanagan, M., *Orear, C., *Johnson, K., Kitchens, C. (2014, April). The Cooler Koozie, optimizing thermal insulation for beverage consumption. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
966

Qualitative Consumer Research

This Creative Inquiry is seeking students interested in learning how to conduct consumer qualitative research. This CI is specifically tailored for students who are interested in pursuing a career in academia, qualitative research, or marketing research. Students must be committed for three semesters: spring, summer, and fall of 2017.   During the spring semester, students will meet every other week for a semi-structured seminar where research question development and qualitative methods selection will be taught and discussed. There will be no formal, face-to-face meetings in the summer. Rather, the students will collect qualitative data. During the fall semester, the students will learn how to analyze qualitative data and write-up their results. The project will conclude with the student’s turning in a research paper on their findings and results.     Students can earn 2-3 credit hours: 1 for the spring, 1-2 for the fall.  

Team Leaders
Anastasia Thyroff Marketing
Robert Fitzwater University Relations
Accomplishments
*Allen, M., *Maisel, H., *Andrews, E., *Mcguire, A., *Stabler, L., *Nenninger, M., Thyroff, A., Fitzwater, R. (2017, April). Festival Materialities: Assembling Cool from Chaos. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Thyroff, A.*, Kooi, K.*, Ward, K.*, Spilka, R.*, Ciramello, J.*, Clark, M.*, Meacham, B.* (2016, November). That's so Relevant: Exploring the 7 Assemblage Paradoxes behind the Lollapalooza Music Festival. Presented at the Society for Marketing Advances Conference, Atlanta, GA.





Thyroff, A., *Kooi, K., *Ward, K., *Spilka, R., *Ciaramello, J., *Clark, M., *Meacham, B. (2016, November). That’s so Relevant: Exploring the 7 Assemblage Paradoxes behind the Lollapalooza Music Festival. Presented at the Society for Marketing Advances Conference, Atlanta, GA.






Thyroff, A., *Kaitlyn, K., *Ward, K., *Ciramello, J., *Clark, M., Fitzwater, R., *Kountz, G., *Meacham, B., and *Spilka, R. (Forthcoming). (2016, November 2-5). "That's so Relevant: Exploring the 7 Assemblage Paradoxes behind the Lollapalooza Music Festival". Proceedings of the 2016 Society for Marketing Advances Conference, Atlanta, GA.
Kaitlyn Kooi, University of Miami Fellowship. Pursuing PhD in Marketing starting Fall 2016 Rachael Spilka, University of Georgia, Scholarship. Pursuing Masters in Marketing Research starting Fall 2016 Kristine Ward, University of Georgia, Scholarship. Pursuing Masters in Marketing Research starting Fall 2016
Thyroff, A.*, Kooi, K.*, Ward, K.*, Spilka, R.*, Ciramello, J.*, Clark, M.*, Meacham, B.* (2016). That’s so Relevant: Exploring the 7 Assemblage Paradoxes behind the Lollapalooza Music Festival. Proceedings of the Society for Marketing Advances Conference, (Atlanta, GA), Forthcoming.


BusinessD
661

The Clemson Bird Observatory -An Upstate Center for Citizen Science and Avian Conservation

Undergraduate students will be expected to develop and participate in bird conservation projects and programming that is linked with local citizens and communities.

Team Leaders
Joseph Lanham Forestry & Environment Conserv
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
569

Conservation Drones (UAV's) for Natural Resource Management

With recent advancements it is now possible to build unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, using off the shelf model airplane kits and available electronics/software systems. These model airplanes can house gps-enabled digital cameras and have the capability to take ultra-high resolution aerial photos. These conservation drones are being used all over the world to both evaluate land cover and to identify the location of wildlife species. This creative inquiry project will aim to develop a multi-disciplinary team to add this capability to undergraduate research at Clemson University.

Team Leaders
Elena Mikhailova Forestry & Environment Conserv
Christopher Post Forestry & Environment Conserv
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
575

Veteran's History Project Collection and Digitization

MGT 2970 CI Veteran's History Project 2 (2,2). The Veterans History Project of the American Folklife Center collects, preserves, and makes accessible the personal accounts of American war veterans, as well as U.S. Citizens who were actively involved in supporting war efforts (war industry workers, USO medical personnel, flight instructors, etc.) so that future generations may hear directly from veterans and better understand the realities of war. In order to assist the Library of Congress with this arduous task, Clemson University students will conduct interviews and collect other materials accepted by the project then facilitate their digitization for Clemson University records before sending the original materials to the Library of Congress.

Team Leaders
Vernon Burton History
Bennett Parten History
Accomplishments
We got publicity on the Clemson Downs Facebook page and on the monthly newsletters for each Clemson Downs, Clemson Veteran Association, and Lone Star Veteran Association. All good for the students and the university
Clemson World did an article on our class and project and that was picked up by a lot of organizations and students got a lot of publicity. We also did a Clemson TV spot on our project and its history
Creative Inquiry Professor received the CAAH Dean's award for Research which included working with the Creative Inquiry classes.
*Mall, A., *Devera, D., *Gerstmyer, H., *Richter, W., *Richter, J., *Hines, W., *Bruns, Z., *Mack, D., Young, L. (2014, April). Clemson veterans project. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Mack, D. (2014, April, 11). Clemson Veteran's Project. Presentation to Mr. Bob Patrick, The Director, Veteran's History Project, American Folklife Center,Library of Congress, Washington D.C.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1121

Breaking Bud: investigating the environmental control of spring bloom timing in peach.

Trees must time their spring bloom to avoid late frosts but allow sufficient developmental time for their fruit and seeds. Although we know cool (chilling) followed by warm (heat) temperatures are necessary for bloom, we do not currently understand the quantitative relationship between chilling and heat that results in a specific bloom date for a cultivar. Missing this information means we cannot make accurate predictions of the timing of bloom and the start of the growing season now or under future climate change scenarios. Additionally, understanding the environmental and genetic factors that determine timing of bloom date is critical to efforts to breed tree fruit varieties adapted to our current or future climates. The goal of this work is to establish the relationship between chilling and heat requirements for bloom date in trees and whether there is variation for this relationship within a species. We will test these question using peach trees from the diverse germplasm collection located at the Musser Experimental Fruit Research Farm. Students are expected to enroll in the CI project for 2-4 semesters with a minimum of 2 semesters essential. This CI will be listed as BIOL 4940/4941 sec 024 each semester.

Team Leaders
Douglas Bielenberg Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Cook, K., *Scott, G., *Spencer, H., Bielenberg, D. (2017, April). Characterizing genotype specific responses to chilling and heat for predicting spring bud break in peach. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
1000

Leukemia Research

This CI project will include literature and laboratory research focused on the pathophysiology of leukemia. Specifically, students will explore the genetic abnormalities leading to leukemogenesis, cellular pathways altered in leukemia, and the potential role for ultraviolet (UV) light in treating the disorder.

Team Leaders
Matthew Tedder School of Nursing
Julia A Eggert School of Nursing
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
970

Rooting difficult plants

While the new introductions of horticultural species and cultivars to the marketplace differ from one another relative to color, shape, and size, they share one common trait: ease-of-propagation. Despite a plant’s desirable, one-of-a-kind features, its availability and commercial success depend on the nursery producer’s ability to mass-produce utilizing conventional propagation techniques. The introduction of several potentially successful species and cultivars has been hampered by the inability to multiply them in large numbers.   Students will work with desirable plants whose potential success in the marketplace has been hampered by the inability to reproduce them easily and in high enough commercially acceptable quantities. The team will carry-out experiments in the greenhouse using an affordable, state-of-the-art fog/mist propagation chamber.  Experimental designs dial into the controlling factors involved in plant propagation that include timing, environmental conditions, and media requirements based on prior research and nursery propagation techniques (published and anecdotal). Ultimately, a propagation protocol will be brought to nursery growers to reproduce their favorite hard-to-root species and cultivars and make them commercially available.

Team Leaders
Jeanne Briggs SC Botanical Garden
Jeffrey W Adelberg Plant & Environmental Sciences
Robert Polomski Plant & Environmental Sciences
1043

Towards an Adaptive Multimodal Interface in Support of Real-Time Decision Making for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Command and Control

Data overload, especially in the visual channel, and associated breakdowns in monitoring already represent a major challenge for UAV command and control. The problem is expected to get worse due to the anticipated introduction of even more tasks and technologies. For example, the Office of the Secretary’s Defense Roadmap for Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs) outlines the need to investigate “appropriate conditions and requirements under which a single pilot would be allowed to control multiple airborne unmanned aircraft simultaneously.” Currently, 2-3 operators are needed to handle all mission, flight, and management tasks for a single UAV; the ultimate goal, however, is to have one operator handle up to 10 UAVs. This drastic change in the operator-to-UAV ratio presents a major design challenge given operators’ limited attentional resources.   Given that an increasing number of tasks will have to be automated to achieve single operator control of multiple UAVs, the question then becomes what to allocate to automation and how to present this information to support attention management and multitasking. 

Team Leaders
Sara Riggs Industrial Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
787

Community Supported Art

CSA's are commonly known as "Community Supported Agriculture" - where shareholders pick up fresh produce at regular intervals throughout a season. An new spin on the CSA model is "Community Supported Art" - where shareholders pick up fresh art at special seasonal events, which are popping up around the country through arts centers, galleries, individual artist studios and other non-profits. This CI project will investigate the CSA and other innovative art and community models for application within the Clemson community, and as an opportunity for students interested in art to develop and implement a marketing plan.

Team Leaders
Valerie Zimany Art
Accomplishments
*Bunda, C., *Gregory, W., *Oehrig, R., and Zimany, V. (March 2017). Educating Student Artists through Community Supported Art (CSArt) at Clemson University. National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts (NCECA) conference, Resource Hall Table Presentation, Portland, OR.

*Bunda, C., Clevenger, J., *Davis, E., *Hunt, H., Miller, W., Murphy, J., Rinker, R., *Rupprecht, A., *Stanley, S., *Wesly, E. (2016, April). Community Supported Art Pop-up Exhibition. Exhibition design, publicity, and installation, Acorn Gallery, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.

*Davis, E., *Hunt, H., *Murphy, J., *Rupprecht, A., *Wesly, E., Wilund, B. (2015, November). Community Supported Art Pop-up Exhibition. Exhibition design, publicity, and installation, Acorn Gallery, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Hunt, H., *Rupprecht, A. (2015, August). Three Semesters of Community Supported Art. Exhibition design, publicity, and installation, Emory A Gunnin Library, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.

Abrams, D, Elsey, L, Iwamura, E. (2015, October). Community Supported Art in the Academic Setting. Lecture presented at the biennial meeting of the International Society for Ceramic Art Education and Exchange, Beijing, China.

Stanley S., Wesly, E.* and Zimany, V. (March 2016). Four Seasons of Community Supported Art (CSArt): A Creative Inquiry Project at Clemson University. National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts (NCECA) conference, Resource Hall Table Presentation, Kansas City, MO.
*Hunt, H., *Rupprecht, A., Zimany, V. (2015, November). Three Semesters of Clemson Community Supported Art. Non-refereed public exhibition developed and presented in the Gunnin Architecture Library, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
*Davis, E., *Hunt, H., *Murphy, J., *Rupprecht, A., *Wesly, E., *Wilund. B., and Zimany, V. (2015, November). Fall 2015 Clemson Community Supported Art Pop-Up Exhibition. Non-refereed public exhibition developed and presented in the Acorn Gallery, Lee Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
Abrams, D., Iwamura, E. (2015, October). Clemson Community Supported Art.  Peer-refereed presentation at the biannual meeting of the International Society of Ceramic Art Education and Exchange, Jingdezhen, PRC.
*Beaird, R., *Hunt, H., *Shafer, H., *Wilund, B. Zimany, V. (2015, March). Community Supported Art (CSArt) Launches Student Artists at Clemson University. Presented at the National Council on Education for the Ceramic Arts (NCECA) conference, Resource Hall Table Presentation, Providence, RI.
Everyhope-Reiser, J. (2015). Bring the Audience to the Artists: Community Supported Art Gives Students a Taste of the Marketplace, Glimpse Magazine, Fall 2015, 12-13.
Hunt, H.* (2015). Buying Local with Clemson Community Supported Art. Decipher, 11-12.
*Hunt, H. L. (2015, May). Buying Local with Clemson Community Supported Art. Decipher A Creative Inquiry Magazine, 42-43.
Clemson U Ceramics Facebook Page
Clemson U Ceramics Twitter
Clemson CSArt Instagram
*Beaird, R., *Davis, E., *Hunt, H., *Murphy, J., *Pechthalt, S., *Pizzuti, M., *Rupprecht, *Shafer, H., A., *Wesly, E., *Wilund, B., Zimany, V. (2015, April). Community Supported Art (CSArt) Launches Student Artists at Clemson University. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1169

Kinetic Sculpture

Kinetic sculptures are art pieces that incorporate movement.  Traditional sculptures use energy stored in a spring which is released over time or are powered by the wind.  However, other mechanisms can be envisioned, including small motors, magnets, or others.  This project will work to design and prototype new kinetic sculpture.  Prototypes will be pursued via 3D printing of plastic sculptures, and successful designs may be pursued via other materials.  Highly successful designs may be entered for display at Artisphere, the art show held downtown Greenville in May, as part of the Clemson Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Mathematics (STEAM) exhibit.  Computer design software skills such as SolidWorks will be a huge asset to students in this project, although they are not required.

Team Leaders
Christopher W. Norfolk Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
962

Robot networks

The technological development of the last decade in robots, computing and communications has led to envisage the design of robotic and automation systems consisting of networked vehicles, sensors, actuators and communication devices. These developments enable researchers and engineers to design new robotic systems that can interact with human beings and other robots in a cooperative way. Applications span surveillance/monitoring, manufacturing, intelligent vehicles, exploration, and many others. In this project, we will explore some basics of robot networks and build robotic cooperation using several intelligent ground robots available in the lab. No knowledge of distributed dynamical systems or robotics is needed.

Team Leaders
Yongqiang Wang Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
Daniel Mulqueen, Yongqiang Wang. Undergraduate Creative Inquiry of Swarm Robotics: Communication Methods. Accepted to IEEE International Conference on Control Science and Systems
*Osler, S. and Wang, Y. (2016). "Undergraduate Research of Swarm Robot Systems". Submitted to IEEE Conference on Networks and Control.

*Bear, E. and Wang, Y. (2016). "Cooperative Mobile Robotics". Submitted to IEEE Conference on Automation Science and Engineering.


*Maxwell, T., *Bear, E., *Raval, D., Anglea, T., Wang, Y.Q. (2016).  An undergraduate research platform
for cooperative control and swarm robotics. In Proceedings of the IEEE 11th Conference
on Industrial Electronics and Applications.
*Maxwell, T., *Bear, E., Anglea, T., Wang, Y.Q. (2016).  A unified communication and control
approach for decentralized heading alignment in robot networks. In Proceedings of the 28th
Chinese Control and Decision Conference, China.

10 K from IEEE Control Systems Society outreach task force to enhance outreach of this project
10 K from IEEE Control Systems Society outreach task force to enhance outreach of this project
IEEE Control Systems Society , 10K
Bear, E.*, Maxwell, T.*, Anglea, T., Rava, D., Wang, Y. (5 June 2016). An Undergraduate Research Platform for Cooperative Control and Swarm Robotics. Invited Oral Presentation at the "11th IEEE Conference on Industrial Electronics and Applications" of the IEEE, Heifei, China
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
917

Shark Tagging Mechanism

Shark tagging is a process by which an electronic data transmitter is attached to the dorsal fin of a shark during a brief capture and release process. Through the tagging of sharks, marine biologists are able to record data about their primary feeding behavior and migratory patterns. The Guy Harvey Ocean Foundation uses this information to develop management practices for a sustainable marine environment where fishing and sharks can co-exist in a balanced manner. The most widely used tag (electronic data transmitter) for this type of marine research is called the SPOT tag. The process of attaching the tag is labor intensive, complex, and takes of the order of 25-30 minutes which is too long. Having a shark outside of water for that long is very stressful and sometimes results in disoriented sharks leading to death. Only certain species of sharks are resilient enough to survive the tagging process which limits the type and breadth of data that can be collected. This creative inquiry team will work with the Guy Harvey research team to studying the tagging process in a design-engineering and marine biology interdisciplinary framework and develop a device or method for attaching the SPOT tag more efficiently. The design goal is to reduce the tagging time to less than five minutes and involve no more than three people. With this improvement, a wide variety of sharks species can be tagged including Hammerheads, that are currently the most difficult to tag due to their fragility when pulled outside of water for a long time and most vulnerable to disorientation and death and help marine biologists develop a robust set of data and develop effective conservation practices.

Team Leaders
Melur Ramasubramanian Mechanical Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
548

China's Foreign Policy

The objective of this one-credit Creative Inquiry project is to instruct Clemson University undergraduate students to systematically examine some of the most important issues facing the world, by involving the students in on-going discussions and debates and engaging them in direct dialogues with diplomats and business leaders, both Chinese and American.

Team Leaders
Xiaobo Hu Political Science
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
549

Gender, Sexuality, and Violence: Exploring Clemson's Campus Culture

This project will focus on Clemson’s campus culture surrounding gender and sexual violence. Students will be exposed to key theoretical arguments about the social construction of femininity, masculinity, and sexuality and existing research on their relationship to gender-based violence. Ultimately, students’ research will focus on exploring the attitudes, norms (both spoken and unspoken), and behaviors that encourage, discourage, and/or passively condone violence on Clemson’s campus. Efforts will be directed at designing and conducting original empirical research, producing a report of findings, and creating and executing a campus awareness campaign.Student learning outcomes will include: a working knowledge of research and theory on masculinity, femininity, sexuality, and gender-based violence; experience with the design and execution of social scientific research; and the ability to convert empirical findings into real-world applications. Students should expect to enroll in the course (Soc 486) for two to four semesters.

Team Leaders
Sarah Winslow Sociology and Anthropology
Accomplishments
Winslow, S., *Allen M., *Haney, L., *Stromberg, A., *Trumble, A. (March 2015). Sexual Assault Awareness on College Campuses: Clemson's #CUconsent Campaign and the Student Perspective. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Southern Sociological Society in New Orleans, LA.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
532

Students Helping Students

The Students Helping Students Creative Inquiry project will prepare and equip student leaders to successfully mentor diverse peer populations while acquiring interpersonal and helping skills, and doing meaningful research in peer mentoring.

Team Leaders
Sherry Dorris Office of Undergrad Stud
Mary M. Von Kaenel Univ Fac:Capital Projects
956

Economics of Crime and Punishment in South Carolina, 1900 - present

In the early twentieth century, South Carolina punished criminals through extended prison sentences for serious offenders, jail time for less serious offenders, and chain gangs, which were mostly reserved for African-Americans sentenced two or three months of incarceration. This project will document crime and punishment in Greenville County in the early 20th century using the county's jail (arrest) records, court records, and the state's prison records. Changes in the nature of arrests points to changes in the law and to changes in social conditions. In the 1920s, for example, arrests for alcohol-related offenses surged with the imposition of Prohibition. Jail and court records will also be used to document any disparate treatment by age, race or gender. The legal historian Lawrence Friedman writes that "criminal justice is not just an enumeration of forbidden acts, and what their punishments might be -- a price list for disfavored behavior. It is also a guide book to right and wrong conduct." Thus, the records can not only document criminal behavior and the prices society imposed on those behaviors, but evolving attitudes toward what acts were to be considered criminal. 

Team Leaders
Howard Bodenhorn Economics
Accomplishments
Bodenhorn, H. (2016, July 13)."Blind Tigers and Red-Tape Cocktails: Liquor Control and Murder in Prohibition-Era South Carolina." National Bureau of Economic Research Summer Institute. Cambridge, Mass. Will present preliminary version of results from Spring 2016 project. Wednesday, Julra South Carolina."


*Evans, H., *Hey, D., *Heyne, G., *James, A., *Laneve, G., *Palange, K., *Stewart, D., and *Welch, A. 2015. "Uncovering Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice." Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry conference. Clemson University.
BusinessD
513

Bringing Other Clemsons to Light

Develop an online historical atlas of the Clemson campus using ARC/GIS and related technologies.  Make bricks from campus clay in September  Propose, design, and construct a labyrinth on the Clemson campus.

Team Leaders
Lance Howard History
Accomplishments
Howard, L., *Rice, W., *Rummler, L., *Nikkila, J., *Holland, M. (2016, March 4). The Clemson University Campus as an Historical and Experimental Landscape. Presented at the 10th annual Landscape, Space, and Place Conference, Bloomington, IN.
Howard. L. (2015, November 18). "The Seven Wonders of Clemson: Using GIS to add Historical Meaning and Significance to Seven Sites on the Clemson University Campus". Presented at GIS Day, Clemson, SC. 
The login for the account is: Clemsonhist - username, clemsongis2015 - password.
Greene, G. (2014, April 4). Brick by Brick. The Tiger News, p. 4.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
731

Developing and Managing the Equine Athlete

Developing and Managing the Equine Athlete affords students the opportunity to develop a fitness program for a horse in a specific riding discipline and track the horse's fitness acquisition and physiological changes over time. Additionally, this creative inquiry project also incorporates the many other horse management techniques required to maximize equine fitness. Students are expected to enroll in AVS 4160 - Equine Exercise Physiology - in the fall semester and AVS 4120 - Advanced Equine Management - in the spring semester. Students can expect to gain further understanding of an athletic horse in a specific discipline, and the changes that the horse's body undergoes to accomplish this sport. Additionally, students will manage the horse to maintain peak performance through proper housing, nutrition and health care. Comparisons will be made between horses and humans during both acute exercise bouts and long-term training programs.

Team Leaders
Kristine Vernon Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Anna Baxley Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
852

Design and Characterization of 3D Brain tissue

We are now seeing an increase in the number of people afflicted with neurodegenerative diseases. The number is expected to reach 6 million for Alzhiemer's disease alone by the year 2020. The aim of this experiment would be to design and characterize a biomimetic brain tissue which can be used to study Alzheimer's disease and produce the molecular signatures expressed during neurodegeneration. The three dimensional scaffold will contain stem cells differentiated to neurons and astrocytes and will help in trying to understand how does the disease develop early on before the memory loss and dementia. Students will develop a 3D model of the diseased brain tissue and test the staining of the cells after treatment. The discussions and research will be done  at the Patewood Campus in Greenville. Participating students will be required to travel to Greenville via the Tiger Commute or by private transport.

Team Leaders
So-Jung Gwak Bioengineering
JeoungSoo Lee Bioengineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
516

Heat transfer along the human arm in electric arch phenomenon(Mathematical Modeling with Advanced Engineering apps)

Participants pursue research on different aspects for the problem of heat transfer along the human arm occurring during the electric arch phenomenon. Emphasis is placed on modeling and considering various modules that this complex problem consists of with applications in engineering and science and on use of electronic portfolios. Students will copnstinue this project in MTHSC 399 for three semesters

Team Leaders
Timothy Teitloff Mathematical Sciences
Sofya Alekseeva Mathematical Sciences
Jameel Abbess Mathematical Sciences
Irina Viktorova Mathematical Sciences
Accomplishments
Bates, M., Viktorova, I. (2016). An empirically derived arc-flash discharge energy model and comparison to established safety codes. MMSEJ, Vol. 4, p.p. 634-641.
*Kose, M., Fleck, M., Viktorova, I. (2016). HAVs and HAVnots: Investigating resonance in the human arm caused by the contact with machinery. MMSEJ, Vol. 3, p.p. 543-551.
Bates, M., Viktorova, I. (2016). Modeling of Heat Transfer and Self-Heating Phenomenon in Materials with High Dissipation. MMSEJ,Vol 3,p.p. 20-27
Viktorova, I., *Fairchild, K., *Fischer, J. (2013). "Modeling Heat Explosion for a Viscoelasic Material." Topics from the 8th Anuual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference published by Springer Proceedings in Mathematics and Statisics.
Analysis of Resonance Frequencies for the Problem of Induced Vibrations along the Human Arm by Irina Viktorova, Sara Bailey Stocks, and Lauren Holden."Heat propagation along the Human Arm in Electric Arc Phenomenon; overview of the CI course" by Nicholas Larrieu
ScienceG
580

Geologic Indicators of Climate Change

Students explore and analyze the carbon dioxide fluxes from soils, rocks, and reservoirs using a variety of techniques. The goal is to characterize the variability in CO2 fluxes from natural settings and from settings disturbed by human activities.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Nguyen, S., Brame, S. (2017, April). Using a Mobile Eddy Covariance Tower to Measure CO2 Flux. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*King, T., Brame, S., (2016, March 31). Preliminary Analysis of Total Carbon Levels in Lake Issaqueena. Presented at 24th Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*George, S., Brame, S. (2015, March 25). Comparative Study of Soil CO2 Flux using Eddy Covariance and Chamber Methods. Presented at the Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Coffin, A., Brame, S. (2014. April 3). Comparison of Till and No-till Agricultural Practices on Carbon Dioxide Flux from the Soil on an Organic Farm. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Demille, R., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Soil Carbon Flux from an area underlain by Amphibolite in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Hickok, K., Brame, S. (2014, April 3).Carbon Dioxide Efflux in Forest Soil and Topsoil Influenced by Soil Moisture and Temperature Variations. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Lacy, N. (2014, April 3). Carbon Dioxide exchange between the Atmosphere and Freshwater Reservoirs around Clemson, South Carolina. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., Brame, S. (2014, April 3). Soil Carbon Flux on an Area underlain by Biotite Gneiss in the Clemson Experimental Forest. Presented at the 22nd Annual Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium, Clemson, SC
As part of a collaboration with Stephen Moyseys NSF grant with the GeoPath program, a $35,000 Eddy Covariance (EC) system was bought for the climate change students to design experiments and collect data. EC systems are the state of  the art instruments used to monitor and detect changes in CO2 Fluxes.
*Walters, D., Brame, S. (2015, April). Changes in Soil CO2 Flux from an Urban Environment due to Anthropogenic Compaction. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Newman, J., *Demille, R., Brame, S. (2014, April). Analysis of carbon flux from soils derived from different rock types. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
585

Research in Digital Media & Learning

"Research in Digital Media & Learning" gives students the opportunity to work as individuals or part of interdisciplinary teams to enact research that focuses on the intersection between digital media and learning. This CI is interest-driven, meaning that students should come with their own ideas about what they would like to investigate. Faculty will assist students in developing and enacting their research plan. Ideal candidates would be from any field, as long as their interests involve digital media and learning in some way. Students will also be encouraged to present their work at a research conference.

Team Leaders
Ryan Visser Education & Human Dev
Stephen Moysey Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
D. Matthew Boyer Education & Human Dev
Accomplishments
Boyer, D. M., *Smith, J.E. (2016). Using course opportunities for learning game design. On the Horizon, 24 (1). 
*Roman, J., *Vargas, P., Boyer, D. M., Qian, M. (2014). ICLEP: Interactive Cases for Learning Educational Psychology. Paper to be presented at the Advances in Educational Psychology Conference. Fairfax, VA.
CI585 student helped First Grade teachers to integrate iPads into their classroom learning activities.
CI585 member researched, designed, and built an audio mixer using circuitry and the 3D printer.
CI585 member created a multimedia tutorial to support low-barrier-to-entry learning of FL Studio audio production software.
EducationE
586

The Jolly Postman Delivers: Dialoguing About Books With Children Through Letters, Blogs, & Vlogs

The Jolly Postman Delivers: Dialoguing about Books with Children Through Pen Pal Letters Creative Inquiry participants will have opportunities to read children’s picture books and tradebooks and dialogue through letters, book talks, blogs, and/or vlogs with students in elementary classrooms and libraries providing critical perspectives on quality children's literature. CI students will attend introductory sessions on picturebook characteristics and how to analyze picturebooks and tradebooks. Each group will learn ways to organize texts sets, critique, and model responses about books. Participants will write book talks, blogs or videotape vlogs on a regular basis throughout the semester. Groups will be based on data with early literacy or elementary level readers. Participants must enroll in ED 3970. This project will extend beyond one semester, for a minimum of two semesters.

Team Leaders
Susan Fullerton Education & Human Dev
Koti Hubbard Teacher Education
Accomplishments
Fullerton, S. K., Hubbard, K., and McClure, E. L. (2016, December, accepted). First-
graders’ re-descriptions of Ezra Jack Keats’ narratives: Transforming story
worlds into social worlds through oral and written responses within read-aloud
discussions and pen pal letters. Paper to be presented at the Literacy Research
Association Conference, Nashville, Tennessee.

Fullerton, S. K., Hubbard, K., McClure, E. L., & Jordan, K. (2016, November,
accepted). Interactive read-alouds and pen pals: Their use in a classroom and
university collaboration to advocate for reading-writing connection. Session to be
presented at the NCTE Annual Convention, Atlanta, GA.


Proposal to be submitted in September on Book Talks and Text Sets
Proposal submitted: Story as experience: First graders' responses to Ezra Jack Keats' Peter Narratives.
Fullerton, S. K., Parton, R.* (2015). Figuring out what's getting in the way for struggling readers: Analysis of errors in running records and during guided reading. South Carolina International Reading Association, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Fullerton, S. K., Hubbard, K., McClure, E. L., & Jordan, K. (2016, July). Story as “lived through” experience: First graders respond to Ezra Jack Keats’ Peter narratives. Research poster session presented at the International Literacy Association Conference, Boston, MA. 

EducationE
566

Identifying, Cloning and Characterizing Nodule Regulatory Mutants

The lab focuses on understanding how the shoots and roots of plants communicate with each other at the molecular level, using mutants in a process called nodulation to determine what genes and proteins are involved in long-distance signaling. The project involves DNA, RNA, and protein work as well as mapping & cloning genes.

Team Leaders
Julia Frugoli Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Manushi Patel, the CI team member who could not go to the Orlando conference, received an NSF REU supplement of $4500 through my grant to continue her work through the summer.
Cameron Corbett was selected as an Adobe Fellow for the summer
Ashley Castelloe will be attending The Ohio State University to earn her PhD in Molecular Biology. Tarek Patel will be apply for medical school in the fall.
*Chiu, C., *Patel, M., Nowak, S., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J. (2017, April) Novel M. truncatula CLE peptides in nodule regulation, a poster presented at the Southern Section meeting of the American Society of Plant Biologists, Orlando, FL April 8-10, 2017.
Cameron Corbett, Diptee Chaulagain, Elise L. Schnabel, Julia A. Frugoli, Screening Medicago truncatula Tnt1 insertion lines for mutants in the Autoregulation of Nodulation pathway, a poster presented at the Southern Section meeting of the American Society of Plant Biologists, Orlando, FL April 8-10, 2017.
Nowak,S., Kassaw,T., *Flanagan, B., *Patel,T., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J.(2016, July).  "Root derived signaling: Arabinosylation of peptides and their role in Medicago truncatula nodule regulation." invited talk for the the national ASPB meeting, Austin, TX.
*Castello, A. (2016). "Solving the Mystery of the Silenced Gene." Presented at the Genetics & Biochemistry honors presentation
*Corbett, C., Chaulagain, D., Schnabel, E., and Frugoli, J. (2017, April 9). Screening Medicago truncatula Tnt1 insertion lines for mutants in the Autoregulation of Nodulation pathway. Poster presented at the Southern Section Meeting of the American Society for Plant Biologists, Orlando, FL.
*Chiu, C., *Patel, M., Nowak, S., Schnabel, E., and Frugoli, J. (2017, April 9). Novel M. truncatula CLE peptides in nodule regulation. Poster presented at Southern Section Meeting of the American Society for Plant Biologists, Orlando, FL.





*Kotwis, K., Crook, A., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J. (2015, March 28-30). Is there TOO MUCH LOVE in Medicago truncatula nodule regulation? poster presented at the Souther Section meeting of the American Society for Plant Biologists, Dauphin Island, AL.
*Castelloe, A., Crook, A., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J. (2015). A Forward Genetic Approach to Unraveling a Genetic Pathway: Mapping Suppressor Screen Mutants. Poster presented at the Southern Section meeting of the American Association for Plant Biology, Dauphin Island, AL.
*Flanagan, B., *Puncheon, A., Crook, A., Kasswa, T., Schnabel, E. Frugoli, J. (2013, February). Identifying, Cloning, and Characterizing Nodule Regulatory Mutants. Presented at a poster for the Life Sciences Facility Dedication, Clemson, SC.
*Flanagan, B., Kassaw, T., Schnabel, E., Frugoli, J. (2014). The role of Hydroxyproline Arabinosyl Transferases (HPATs) in Arabidopsis. Poster presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Section of the American Society of Plant Biologists, Lexington KY.
Kassaw, T., Nowak, S., Schnabel, E., *Patel, T. *Flanagan, B., Frugoli, J. (2016, in press). "Roles for RDN/HPAT/FIN genes in root & nodule development".


Frugoli, J., (2012, March). Be Careful What You Wish For: Research Ethics Education in the University Setting, A Response to NIH and NSF Regulations. Teaching Ethics, 12(2), 103-105.
Kassaw, T., Frugoli, J. (2012, September). Simple and efficient methods to dissect long-distance signaling in Medicago truncatula and other small plants. Plant Methods, 8(38).
Schnabel, E., Karve, A., Kassaw, T., Mukherjee, A., Zhou, X., Hall, T., Frugoli, J. (2012, January). The M. truncatula SUNN gene is expressed in vascular tissue, similarly to RDN1, consistent with the role of these nodulation regulation genes in long distance signaling. Plant Signaling and Behavior, 7(1), 4-6.
Schnabel, E., Kassaw, T., Smith, L., Marsh, J., Oldroyd, G., Long, S., Frugoli, J. (2011, July). ROOT DETERMINED NODULATION 1 regulates nodule number in M. truncatula and defines a highly conserved, uncharacterized plant gene family. Plant Physiology, 157, 328-340.
Schnabel, E., Smith, C., Long, S., Frugoli, J. (2010, December). Transcript profiling in M. truncatula lss and sunn-1 mutants reveals different expression profiles despite disrupted SUNN gene function in both mutants. Plant Signaling and Behavior, 5(12), 1657-1659.
Schnabel, E., Mukherjee, A., Smith, L. Kassaw, T., Long, S., Frugoli, J. (2010, November). The lss supernodulation mutant of Medicago truncatula reduces expression of the SUNN gene. Plant Physiology, 154(3), 1390-1402.
Honors thesis from project
ScienceG
519

Advanced Synthetic Biology

Microbial biofilm confers high level of resistance to antimicrobial agents. Understanding how antibiotics penetrate through bacterial biofilms could aid the development of therapeutic approaches that facilitate the penetration of antimicrobial agents through biofilms. The team aims to develop a tool for detection of antibiotics in biofilms.  A antibiotic sensor system, i.e., a Biobrick consists of a green fluorescence protein reporter system under the control of Bacillus subtilis promotor PliaI, inducible by low concentrations of antibiotics will be constructed to measure the penetration of antibiotics through Bacillus subtilis biofilms.  A second Biobrick consists of a red fluorescence protein reporter system under the control of a synthetic constitutive promoter for Bacillus subtilis to measure the thickness of the biofilms.  A shuttle vector system will then be developed to study the penetration of antibiotics through Bacillus subtilis biofilms.  The completed antibiotic sensor tools will then be utilized to evaluate methods that could disrupt and/or facilitate the penetration antibiotics through biofilms.

Team Leaders
Tzuen-Rong J Tzeng Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Bickford, L., *Borthaye, S., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Hoy, S., *Jones, R., *Mathew, R., *Saffarian, M., Sridharan, J., *Summers, M., *Tzeng, A., *Wilson, J., Tzeng, T.R.J. (2016, April). Optimization of Bivector Systems for Export of Isoprenoids in Biofuel Applications. Poster presented at the FoCI Symposium, Clemson University
*Bickford, L., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Jones, R., *Tzeng, A., Wilson, J. (2015, October 24). Cellular Export of Isoprenoids for Biofuel Synthesis. Presented at the American Society for Microbiology, SC Branch Annual Meeting.
*Bickford, M., *Jones, D.G., *Kane, R., *Louie, R., *Scanlan, A., *Tzeng, J., *Whatley, A., *Wilson, J., Cao, M., Brown, A., Saffarian, M., Tzeng, T. (2013, Oct 4-6). "Development of a Universal Self-Amplified (USA) Biosensor for Repaid Detection of Viable Pathogens" Poster and oral presentations at the 2013 iGEM North America Regional Jamboree, University of Toronto, Canada.
*Bickford, M., *Wilson, J., *Jones, D., *Bickford, L., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Greene, G., *Jones, R., *Tzeng, A., Saffarian, M., Tzeng, T. (2014). Self-Amplifying Biosensor for Detection of N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone (AHL) in Low Limit. Poster and presentation to be presented at the 2014 International Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) Giant Jamboree, Boston, MA.
*Bickford, M., *Wilson, J., *Jones, D., *Bickford, L., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Greene, G., *Jones, R., *Tzeng, A., Saffarian, M., Tzeng, T. (2014). Self-Amplifying Biosensor for Detection of N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone (AHL) in Low Limit. Poster and presentation presented at the 2014 International Genetically Engineered Machine (iGEM) Giant Jamboree, Boston, MA.
Kane, R.*, Bickford, M.*, Tzeng, J.*, Wilson, J., Jones, D.*, Whatley, A.*, Louie, R.*, Scanlan, A.*, Brown, A., Saffarian, M., Cao, M., Tzeng, J. (n/a). Assessment of a Self-Amplifying N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone Biosensor. ACS Synthetic Biology.
*Kane R., *Bickford M., *Louie R., *Scanlan A., *Whatley A., *Wilson J., *Tzeng J., *Jones D., *Brown A., *Saffarian M., Cao M., Tzeng T. R. (2014) Assessment of a Self-Amplifying N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone Biosensor. American Chemical Society Synthetic Biology
Received the Silver Metal at the iGEM 2013 North American Jamboree for the development of Universal Self-Amplified (USA) Biosensors for detection of pathogens.
ScienceG
521

Economic, Ethical, and, Practical Aspects of Trapping

Have you ever trapped a mouse? That's right- you are a trapper! The Economic, Ethical, and Practical Aspects of Trapping provides an opportunity to learn about basic trapping issues. The participants in this project will review classical writing on the history of trapping and the importance to the economic development and settlement of the United States and Canada. Readings, debate, and discussion will be used to understand the negative externalities associated with trapping problem animals. The principle of actually trapping will be learned. This Creative Inquiry will encompass the economic effect from multiple species. The ethical aspects of trapping will be a theme of study. General laws and legal regulations will be reviewed. The practical benefits associated with this recreational activity will be explored. Students will be expected to engage in research and applied technical knowledge in order to complete the objectives, including: how trapping is an effective management tool, how it maintains sustainable resources by managing nuisance animals, while maintaining ethical standards.

Team Leaders
Webb M Smathers Jr Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
*Caldwell, S., *Reynolds, M., *Wilson, G., *Baldridge, B., *Bryan, J., Smathers Jr, W., *Honeycutt, M. (2017, April). Aspects of Trapping. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
991

Kennedy Waterfowl and Wetlands Conservation

Students will work with faculty, graduate students, field biologists, and land managers on applied waterfowl and wetlands research and management projects in South Carolina.

Team Leaders
Richard Kaminski Belle W Baruch Forest Sci Inst
Greg K Yarrow Forestry & Environment Conserv
Accomplishments
Narrative of accomplishments for 2016-2017 academic year
*Byars, T., *Gallman, C., *Brown, A., *Frazier, R., *Sharpe, C., *Leland, R., *Hughes, Z., *Eidson, J., 8Hinkle, E., *Byrd, S., *Barron, D., Kaminski, R., Yarrow, G. (2017, April). Artificial nest structures and estimation of submersed aquatic vegetation forage for waterfowl in coastal South Carolina. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Clements, S. (2016, April). Aquatic invertebrate biomass and composition in managed South Carolina coastal wetlands. Presentation at Baruch Institute of Coastal Ecology and Forest Science. Poster presented at FoCI Clemson University, SC.
*Clements, S. et al. (2016, March). Aquatic invertebrate biomass and composition in managed South Carolina coastal wetlands. Presentation at annual meeting of South Carolina Chapter of The Wildlife Society.
*Clements, S. et al. (2016). Aquatic invertebrate biomass and composition in managed South Carolina coastal wetlands. Presentation at 7th North American Duck Symposium, Annapolis, MD.
*Clements, S., et al. (2016). Aquatic invertebrate biomass and composition in managed South Carolina wetlands. Presented at 2016 annual meeting of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.
Mato, Nicholas; Marbert, Mathew; Clements, Stephen; Wilkinson, Mary; Thatcher, Madeline; Cofield, Carley; Lazarus, Jacob; Cross, Chase; Gallman, Charles; Jennings, Sylvan; Courtney, Lollice; Brown, Adam; Amick, Arthur; Turner; Joel Turner; Taylor, Byars; Dunn, Aaron; Dukes, Christopher; Smith, Jacob; Pike, Jeremy; Kaminski, Rick; Yarrow, Greg
Kennedy CI interns won 2nd place internationally for their poster at the 7th North American Duck Symposium, Annapolis, MD, January 2016.
1.Ms. Carley Colefield, a CI Intern, received the outstanding undergraduate student award from the South Carolina Chapter of The Wildlife Society. 2. Nick Masto, a former CI Intern, is transitioning to a graduate program focusing on waterfowl and wetland conservation.
CU CI support was matched by undergraduate research support from the James C. Kennedy Waterfowl and Wetlands Conservation Center, Clemson University.
Kennedy CI Interns. (2016, February 3-7).  “Aquatic invertebrate biomass and composition in managed South Carolina coastal wetlands.” 7th North American Duck Symposium in Annapolis, Maryland.
Kennedy. (2015, October 18-21).  Aquatic invertebrate biomass and composition in managed South Carolina coastal wetlands.  Poster presented at the Annual Conference of The Wildlife Society, Winnipeg, Canada.
592

CEDC 3: Communications

Improve communications within CEDC and externally with current and future partners by creating a powerful brand that effectively communicates the mission of CEDC.Update August 2014CEDC's Communications team is making excellent process on four major projects. First of all, a CEDC magazine will be released soon. Secondly, our Communications team's recruitment strategy has been excellent so far this year. Additionally, we are in the process of re-branding and our Communications team has led this initiative. Finally, our Communications team helped prepare award applications for in order to receive more recognition. The hard work paid off last year notably with the Heiskell Award.Update 8/26/15 CEDC' s communication team's mission has grown with the increased opportunity of CEDC to work with campus, students, and developing countries in more impactful ways. This will include work with campus leaders on CEDC's involvement in 20/20 campaign and advertising CEDC's and CI's work internationally.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Plumblee Civil Engineering
Hunter Lee Experiential Education
David Vaughn Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Burke, M.A.*, McCraw, D.*, Koeman, L., Tin, S., West, C., Holba, K.* (2015, April). Communications. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
2015 Student Organization of the Year for Exceptional Community Service given by Clemson University Student Affairs for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)2015�Leadership Award from Omicron Delta Kappa National Leadership Honor Society for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)
"The Heiskell Awards promote and honor the most outstanding initiatives being conducted in international higher education by IIENetwork member universities and colleges."
Facebook
Twitter
LinkedIn
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
593

CEDC 2: Current Operations

The mission of Current Operations is to establish continuity between directors by streamlining the processes for intern selection, preparation, and trip planning. This is accomplished through organization and quality documentation. A standard process for trip planning must be developed to solve problems that have existed in the past due to pitfalls in relaying information across semesters and between directors. Update August 2014: Current Operations group has, in the past, had a problem operating between semesters because it was a student led group. They are currently in the process of institutionalizing their responsibilities and procedures in order to give future students the resources they need to best handle these difficult transitions.

Team Leaders
Hunter Lee Experiential Education
Jeffrey Plumblee Civil Engineering
David Vaughn Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Lee, H., *Blair, E., Miller, J., Jackson, W. (2015, April). Current Operations. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
*Bargar, D., Siano, A. (2015, April). Finance. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Ogle, J. (2015, April). Technology Solutions. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
2015 Student Organization of the Year for Exceptional Community Service given by Clemson University Student Affairs for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)2015�Leadership Award from Omicron Delta Kappa National Leadership Honor Society for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)
"The Heiskell Awards promote and honor the most outstanding initiatives being conducted in international higher education by IIENetwork member universities and colleges."
594

CEDC 4: Economic Development

This project will address the overarching issues in agricultural practices in Haiti by focusing specifically on aquaculture, irrigation, and livestock issues in Haiti. Students are seeking to promote and implement aquaculture as a marketable source of income to the people of Cange by using resources in Haiti, introducing a variety of species, and creating jobs. Further, this project’s mission is to deliver an irrigation system to the farmers in and around the community of Cange. This way they will create sustainable solutions involving agriculture that will improve crop yields, boost harvests, and increase efficiency. Finally, within agricultural development students aim to improve livestock by any feasible means to further yield, market value, or any other quality of livestock subject to improvement of economic value. Through changes in livestock management resulting livestock quality improvement, the people of Cange, Haiti may benefit in livestock marketability and thereby economic circumstance. Update 8/28/2014The livestock team has determined which livestock to invest in and which methods would produce economic growth. The irrigation team has developed a system which now must only be implemented in Haiti. The Aquaculture team established contact with a Haitian organization in order to create hatcheries in Cange.Update 8/26/15 The team will focus its efforts on an underutilized, highly fertile region of Haiti very close to Cange. They will use the sciences associated with civil engineering and developmental economics to examine the best solution for sustainable exploitation of this resource opportunity.

Team Leaders
Hunter Lee Experiential Education
Jeffrey Plumblee Civil Engineering
David Vaughn Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
*Gandhi, N., *Neff, T., Staab, D. (2015, April). Peanut Shell Cement. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Higdon, G.* (2013, December). Aquaculture. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Ogino, J.* (2013, December). Livestock Improvement. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
2015 Student Organization of the Year for Exceptional Community Service given by Clemson University Student Affairs for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)2015�Leadership Award from Omicron Delta Kappa National Leadership Honor Society for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)
"The Heiskell Awards promote and honor the most outstanding initiatives being conducted in international higher education by IIENetwork member universities and colleges."
595

CEDC 5: Biodigester

Cange, Haiti has a serious lack of any systematic disposal method for solid municipal waste. Burning, and the more problematic practice of dumping, are widespread and are more serious concerns in the area. Composting, recycling, and reuse are sporadically used in the area; however, a more widespread system and management strategy will be required to remove the existing and newsly generated waste. The purpose of CEDC Waste Management is to design a viable waste management system for the town of Cange, Haiti. The mission of this project team is to design a waste management system that empowers the local people to achieve sustainable waste disposal while benefiting both the sanitation and environmental quality of Cange. Update 8/29/2014 We are seeking to provide a number of waste bins along a stretch of road that currently is the most polluted in the area. Several local activist groups have volunteered to take manage and take care of these waste bins once they are in place. Additionally, we seek to educate the locals on the importance of proper waste disposal. Update 8/26/15 We have focused on more large scale projects and partnerships. We are designing another biodigester for use in Haiti. This will manage human waste, decrease disease rates, and produce methane gas which can be used.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Plumblee Civil Engineering
Hunter Lee Experiential Education
David Vaughn Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
*Chieco, M., *Lewis, E., *Lewis, K., *Martin, A. (2015, April). Biodigester. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
*Liao, V., *Booker, K., Hodgkiss, K., *Priester, Z. (2013, December). Waste Management. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
2015 Student Organization of the Year for Exceptional Community Service given by Clemson University Student Affairs for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)2015�Leadership Award from Omicron Delta Kappa National Leadership Honor Society for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)
"The Heiskell Awards promote and honor the most outstanding initiatives being conducted in international higher education by IIENetwork member universities and colleges."
*Liao, Y., *Booker, K., *Priester, Z., Ogle, J. (2014, April). Waste Management in Cange, Haiti. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1191

Project Gateway

Project Gateway will offer students an interdisciplinary opportunity that exists at the intersection of art and technology.  The mission is to leverage the educational ecosystem of students and industry to re-purpose existing automobiles from Cuba for use in the new open region of tourism in Cuba.   The project will be a 4-semester, pioneering effort that employs a systems integration approach to preserve the artistic design of a vintage vehicle while incorporating current vehicle technology advancements to combine the look of yesterday with the technology of today.  Ideally, all student participants would be sophomores or juniors.    The first semester, students will create a business plan for Project Gateway.  The second semester, they will implement the branding/marketing and fundraising plan.  The second year, students will build the cars. 

Team Leaders
Srikanth Pilla Campbell Grad Engr Program
Robert Krulac CU ICAR
Ashley Parnell Management
Jennifer Bianchi Economic Development
Amy Bulger CBBS Dev, Alum,&Communications
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
596

CEDC 6: Sand Filter

The sand filter team will attempt to develop a filtration system using materials that are easily found or can be easily transported in developing countries. Although many sand filters have been built and even used, there is very little evidence that these systems actually consistently remove harmful micro-organisms from the water. This project group will build such a filter and document results. 

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Plumblee Civil Engineering
Hunter Lee Experiential Education
David Vaughn Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Watts, T.*, Long, Z.*, Hoppes, P.* (2015, April). Wind Power. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
"The Heiskell Awards promote and honor the most outstanding initiatives being conducted in international higher education by IIENetwork member universities and colleges."
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1079

ASME Student Design Competition Team

The ASME Student Design Competition is an annual international competition that tests students’ abilities to design and build a robotic solution to a unique problem statement often inspired by real world situations. Previous years’ problem statements have included: remotely navigate a room with an unknown layout in search of an object to retrieve; deliver a payload through various rugged terrain without contamination; design an automated machine to manufacture a projectile out of a piece of paper and launch it. The problem statement for this year will not be released until the end of August.

Team Leaders
Nicholas Gehringer
James Weatherly Mechanical Engineering
Huijuan Zhao Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
Koops, a manufacturing automation company located in Greenville, SC donated aluminum materials and electrical wires to our team.
Students will gain experience in the follow areas:Understanding project requirements based on a given problem statement and designing around those limitations, Performing calculations to test proposed designs, Creating a detailed project design, Manufacturing and ordering parts, Building and testing machine prototypes, Working and learning in a group of their peers and using the strengths of each member to improve the overall design, Understanding the impact of budget and time constraints in the design process. At the end of the spring 2016 semester, students will present their final product at the 2016 ASME Student Design Competition and compete against design teams from other universities in the southeast.
597

CEDC 7: Economic Development of Marketplace

The Market Place team exists to develop a safe and functioning marketplace in Cange, Haiti. This will be accomplished by communicating with interns and personnel on the ground in Cange, Haiti in order to determine the need and the location of a future communal marketplace for the benefit of the people of Cange as well as the surrounding region. The team will propose a design that would provide the people of Cange a place to buy and sell goods. Implementing this design would stimulate the economy as well as allow for continued economic growth in the community and in the surrounding areas. The final product will be a comprehensive design of the marketplace including the materials, costs, schedule, and location of the future marketplace. With the approval of the leadership of Cange, this proposed design will be executed. In Cange, Haiti, there is currently a problem with unemployment and a lack of economic stability. Communication with the women of Cange has expressed an interest in forming cooperative economic programs. The mission of this project this semester is to help develop economic infrastructure by establishing management and educational resources to establish and maintain individual microbusiness. While insuring that they preserve their cultural heritage and have the ability to empower and mentor other women locally by providing financial and business resources. The goal is to empower women through a cooperative business model that will ultimately help them establish economic independence and expand the market by mentoring other women. This will most likely occur in collaboration with Sant Art in Cange. To additionally supplement possible economic growth and infrastructure our team will be examine the processing and production of indigo.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Plumblee Civil Engineering
Hunter Lee Experiential Education
David Vaughn Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Bargar, D., Farthing, A., Ogle, J., Vaughn, D. (2015, April 21) "CEDC: Serving Developing Countries, Developing Those Who Serve." Presented at The Infrastructure Security Partnership (TISP) 2015 Critical Infrastructure Symposium in Linthicum, MD.
*Brooks, K., Moore, B., *Butler, C. (2013, December). Cange Market Place. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
Estes, T.*, Sheldon, A.*, Oehrig, S.*, Avery, S.*, Wilson, S.* (2013, December). Cange Market Place. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
*Butler, C., Dixon, R. (2013, December). Women's Cooperative. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
"The Heiskell Awards promote and honor the most outstanding initiatives being conducted in international higher education by IIENetwork member universities and colleges."
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
542

International Health and Hispanic Culture

International Health and Hispanic Culture This research project will focus on the interrelations between health and culture in the Hispanic countries and their impact on individuals and communities. The research will explore medical diseases and conditions, people’s traditions and concerns related to health issues, home remedies, behavior change, family and community, doctor-patient relationship, and social aspects of public health (ethnicity, gender, poverty). Students will have the opportunity to travel to the Dominican Republic (spring break) with the researchers and participate in health-related service learning activities to help Hispanic communities and collect data for the research project. The trip to the Dominican Republic will be organized through ELAP (Experiential Learning Abroad Programs).

Team Leaders
Graciela Tissera Languages
Accomplishments
*Anjarwalla, A., *Athavale, D., *Cotton, T., *Davis, B., *Fuentes, M., *Haire, H., *Jamison, A., *Orellana, K., Tissera, G., Moore, A. (2014, April). International health and Hispanic culture. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
550

Experimental studies of organelle biogenesis in protozoan parasites

This project employs biochemical, genetic and cell biology techniques in the study of organelle biogenesis in protozoan parasites using the African trypanosome as a model system.

Team Leaders
Meredith Morris Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Christine Hart was awarded an ACCIAC Fellowship for Creativity and Innovation for her work in the lab.
*Patel, T., Morris, M.T., Bauer, S.T., McQueeney, K.E. (2016, June 24). ER localization of a trypanosome peroxin. J Eukaryot Microbiol. doi: 10.1111/jeu.12343

Bauer, S., *Conlon, M., Morris, M.T. (2014). Using fluorescent proteins to monitor glycosome dynamics in the African trypanosome" Journal of Visualized Experimentation. In press
*Patel, T. (2016, April 8-10). "The search for new drug targets in the battle against African sleeping sickness: Identification of signaling molecules involved in organelle regulation in Trypanosoma brucei". Presented at 11th Annual ACC Meeting of the Minds Undergraduate Research Conference at Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York.





The search for new drug targets against African sleeping sickness
*Patel, T., and Morris, M. (2015, February). The search for new drug targets in the battle against African sleeping sickness: Identification of signaling molecules involved in organelle regulation in Trypanosoma brucei. Poster presented at the CBASS 7th Annual Symposium.
ScienceG
553

Poverty Ends with a Girl

Poverty Ends with a Girl is a Women’s Leadership Creative Inquiry that focuses on the unique challenges that adolescent girls and women face around the world and the important effect that education and empowerment has on alleviating global poverty.          Past projects by this Creative Inquiry include: A report entitled, ‘Envision Gender Equality in South Carolina,’ which evaluates the state of women and girls in South Carolina and provides guidance, based on successful programs from around the world, for improving our entire state by promoting gender equality. This research was presented at the 2014 ACS Gender Studies Conference. The report can be found here: http://www.clemson.edu/caah/womens-leadership/documents/Envision_Gender_EqualityThis report was written about by the South Carolina Press Association. The review of the report can be found here: http://scnewsexchange.com/?p=14410Three International Day of the Girl events, the last of which was attended by over 70 people, which raised awareness on global gender issues and girls’ empowerment.A research study on perceptions of education at the Jane Adeny Memorial School, an all-girls high school in rural Kenya.Attended the 2014 CARE conference Participated in Fulbright Scholars re-entry week, hosted by the Women’s Leadership department in Spring 2014, and brought the founder of the Jane Adeny Memorial School, Dr. Teresa Wasonga, to Clemson as a speaker for the event.Presented to a variety of groups about gender equality and global development, including Engineers without Borders, Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries, Clemson Nursing Majors, and at-risk girls at RC Edwards Middle School.

Team Leaders
Diane Perpich Philosophy and Religion
Accomplishments
Crouse, C., McCullough, K., & McDonald, K. (2017, March). "Does Women's Political Under-Representation Increase Economic Vulnerability." Presentation at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Women's Studies Association, Atlanta, GA. Hodge, R., Savage, R., & White, C. (2017, March). "Women's Vulnerability Throughout the Lifecyle." Presentation at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Women's Studies Association, Atlanta, GA.
McDonald, K.*, Crouse, C.*, and  *C. Prevost. (March 2017). "Does Women's Political Under-Representation Increase Economic Vulnerability?" Panel presentation Southeastern Women's Studies Association meeting in Atlanta in March 2017

Parrott, B., White, C.*, Tillman, A.*, Hodge, R*., and *A. Anderson. (March 2017). "Women's Vulnerability Throughout the Life Cycle" Panel presentation Southeastern Women's Studies Association meeting in Atlanta.


The Truman Scholarship is a prestigious, highly competitive graduate scholarship program for aspiring public service leaders in the United States.
*Moore, M., *Garland, W., *Taylor, E., *Mozingo, S., *Weed, J., *Morris, G., *English, A., *Farley, G., *Pape, A., Hernandez, A. (2014, June). Envision Gender Equality in South Carolina. Clemson University Undergraduate Research and Clemson University Women's Leadership.
*Moore, M., *Farley, G., *Garland, W., *Morris, G., *Mozingo, S., *Pape, A., *Taylor, E., *Weed, J. (2014, April 5). Envision Gender Equality in South Carolina. Poster presented at the Gender, and Sexuality Conference, Furman University, Greenville, SC.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1097

The impact of peer mentoring on the student of color experience

The CONNECTIONS program believes students of color at Clemson University are scholars who will achieve positive change in themselves, the Clemson community and their world. This creative Inquiry will prepare a group of undergraduate students whose primary role is to support students of color through their first-year transition at Clemson University. The students in the CI will understand student development and racial identity development theories and conduct research related to sense of belonging, self-regulated learning, academic achievement or student engagement.

Team Leaders
DeOnte Brown New Student & Family Programs
Cherece Fine Chief Diversity Officer
Bianca Lambert New Student & Family Programs
554

Development of NIR camera for early detection of diabetic wounds

Clinical applications for infrared (IR) cameras and thermometers have emerged in health care to detect and manage inflammation of tissue at risk of ulceration. Recent study findings in wound care suggest that IR technology is beneficial in targeting lower extremity skin temperature, including diabetic, pressure, neuropathic foot and venous leg ulcers, to predict, prevent, and treat these ulcers. However, portable IR cameras are expensive, and must be used in a clinical setting. The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to manufacture a cheap near-IR camera and application for use with smart phones to test whether the device can detect areas of skin at risk for ulceration. Near IR cameras are much cheaper and are readily compatible with smartphones. Near IR technology has previously been used to monitor wound healing in a hospital setting. However, a technology that enables patients to take images of their legs at home on a daily basis and transmit them to a clinician’s office over a cellular network is lacking. Such technology would allow early detection of nascent diabetic wounds, even before the patient can visually detect them. Students will be assembling and test prototype portable near IR cameras that could revolutionize prevention and treatment approaches to leg ulcers, specifically venous ulcers because they are expected to be readily detectable in near-IR range, and account for 80% of all lower extremity ulcers.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Aleksey Shaporev Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Reukov, V., Shaporev, A., *Portilla Rodriguez, M., *Fair, C., *Glace, B., *Gaston, M., *Abdeladl, O., *Schrody, R., *Groke, M., *Leonard, R., *Smithdeal, C., *Carp, M., *Magwood, K., *Stephenson, J. (2017, April). The Future Of Medicine Unseen. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Abdeladl, O., *Adams, S., *Bryant, K., *Fair, C., *Gaston, E., *Glace, B., *Giron, A., *Schrody, R., *Sleeper, B., *Portilla, M., and Reukov, V. (2017, March). "Development of a Portable Near Infrared Camera for Early Detection of Diabetic Ulcers". Presented at 33rd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2017, Gulfport, MS.

*Abdeladl, O., *Edwards, M., *Fair, C., Gilbert, R., *Giron, A., *Kunkle, B., *Schleicher, M., Reukov, V. (2016, April 6-7). Portable Near Infrared Camera for Diabetic Ulcer Prevention, Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
*Abdeladl, O., *Schleicher, M., Portilla, M., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016) Development of a Portable Near Infrared Camera for Early Detection of Diabetic Ulcers 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE.
*Abdeladl, O., Portilla, M., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016). Development of a Portable Near Infrared Camera for Early Detection of Diabetic Ulcers. 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE.
*Abdeladl, O., *Schleicher, M., Portilla, M., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016) Development of a Portable Near Infrared Camera for Early Detection of Diabetic Ulcers. Proceedings of 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE. pp. 55-56.
Abdeladl , Omar* et al. "Development of a portable near infrared camera for early detection of diabetic ulcer". (2016, March 11-13). Poster presented at The 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference held at the Shreveport Convention Center in Shreveport, LA.
*Bagnal, W., *Dautel, C., *Evans, C., *Hoelzen, M., *Portilla, M., *Schleicher, M., and Reukov, V. (2015, April). Portable NIR camera for Diabetic ulcers prevention. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Portilla Rodriguez, M., *Hoelzen, M., *Athavale, D., Reukov, V., Shaporev, A. (2014, April). NIR camera for early detection of diabetic ulcers. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
The Council For Undergraduate Research awarded the Certificate of�Honorable Mention to Maria Margarita Portilla* for her project "A portable, low-cost near-infrared imaging device for self-monitoring of diabetic patients to manage inflammation of tissues at risk of ulceration"�
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
742

Imaginative Ligands and Unique Metal Complexes: A Marriage of Organic and Inorganic Chemistry

Organic chemists often are puzzled by metals, and inorganic chemists are often puzzled by organic chemistry, but there are great opportunities in uniting the ability of organic chemists to generate complex 3D molecules with the unique reactivities and properties of metals. Living cells, which possess some of the most complex organic molecules, still turn to metals for their powerful reactivity in 2/3 of all enzymes (proteins that catalyze chemical reactions). Students participating in this project will focus on generating previously unknown ligands (organic molecules that bind metals) and studying their reactivity with the most biologically common metal ions (iron and copper). Additional ligand designs (such as more complex ligands for a variety of different applications) may be undertaken by students more interested in the organic chemistry; alternatively studies of the metal complexes could be pursued by students more interested in the inorganic chemistry aspects of the research. First semester organic chemistry and laboratory (CH 2230) are a prerequisite for this Creative Inquiry project, and one credit hour of commitment will translate to 3 hours spent in the laboratory. Specific times to conduct the CI project will be negotiated with Profs. Wetzler and Brumaghim.

Team Leaders
Modi Wetzler Chemistry
Julia Brumaghim Chemistry
Accomplishments
Rebecca Pontius received the Barry Goldwater scholarship
Amanda Owens was selected for a prestigious ($10,000) Department of Homeland Security Nuclear Forensics summer internship
Rebecca Pontius received the Barry Goldwater scholarship
Kimani, M., Zimmerman, M., Stadelman, B., Owen, A., Bayse, C., and Brumaghim, J. (2016, October 23-26). "Metal properties control sulfur and selenium antioxidant activity". Presented at the Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.




North, A., Sibley, M. M., *Wasilewski, M., and  Wetzler, M. (2016, October 23-26). "Trifluorotoluenesulfonyl as a new nitrogen protecting group" Presented at Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Columbia, SC.

*Wasilewski, M.S., *Sibley, M.M., Bein, O., *Pontius, R.K., Wetzler, M. Faster and Safer Syntheses of Azamacrocycle Ligands. submitted to Chemical Communications
ScienceG
556

Biology of Lipids and Lipid Droplets in Trypanosomes

We are investigating how the lethal blood parasite Trypanosoma brucei acquires and stores lipids from its host. More specifically, we are investigating the mechanisms of uptake and storage in lipid droplets of fatty acids. As a side project, we are also testing different compounds for their ability to kill T. brucei.

Team Leaders
Kimberly Paul Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Baron, E.M., *Metropol, S.G., Bauer, S.T., Mattingly, C., Jones, C.H., Winston, B.C., and Paul, K.S. (2014). Fatty Acid Uptake in Trypanosoma brucei. Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium.
*Staub, S., Ray, S., and Paul, K. (2013, November) "Allosteric Regulation of the First Step of Fatty Acid Synthesis in African Trypanosomes." Presented at the 2013 Southeastern Regional Lipid Conference.
*Metropol, S., Bauer, S., Mattingly, C., Jones, C., Winston, B., and Paul, K. (2013, October). "Fatty Acid Uptake in the Early Branching Eukaryotic Pathogen, Trypanosoma brucei." Presented at the 2013 Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium.
ScienceG
574

Implementation of Public Art for the Clemson University Campus

Atelier InSite is a new paradigm for the implementation of public artwork on university campuses that capitalizes on a cross-disciplinary and inclusive approach that is predominantly student driven. Students enrolled in different department programs from art to the life sciences collaboratively work together to implement site specific public artwork. Students in this creative inquiry program engage in direct, hands on processes to determine the artwork placed around campus. They also conduct research on the nature of public art as well as investigate the design build process, conduct site analysis, and identify site locations for artwork on the Clemson University campus.

Team Leaders
Denise C Woodward-Detrich Art
Joseph Manson V Art
David M Detrich Art
Accomplishments
On August 26, 2013 the University Administrative Council approved a proposed policy that sets aside 1/2% of construction costs for new building projects and renovations exceeding $2 million for the purpose of implementing public art
*Lamont, B., *Farrow, S. (2014). Atelier InSite Public Art initiative. Presented at the City of Clemson State of the Arts conference, Clemson, SC.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
693

Human Energy Metabolism

Students will explore a wide range of factors contributing to energy metabolism, such as body composition measurement via DXA scan, monitoring nutrient metabolism and resting energy expenditure via metabolic cart, and physical activity and sleep monitoring with a wearable activity monitor. Initial semesters will be devoted to the collection of data, with additional semester work devoted to composition of a manuscript describing the work performed. Thus it is encouraged for students who join this CI team to remain on the team until the successful completion of a manuscript.

Team Leaders
Elliot Jesch Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Accomplishments
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
697

CU and the CDC - Investigations in Legionella

Students will plan, design and conduct characterization of novel Legionella strains provided by the Centers for Disease Control. Each strain investigated is linked to a clinical case of the disease, but has not be classified by species. Novel species identified have the potential to be described and named in peer reviewed publications.

Team Leaders
Tamara McNealy Biological Sciences
Claressa Lucas Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Clinton, C. January 1 2017. Bacteria Strain Named by Clemson Students.

Palmer, A., *Painter, J., *Hassler, H., Richards, V.P., Bruce, T., Morrison, S.S., Brown, E., Kozak-Muiznieks, N.A., Lucas, C., McNealy, T.L. (2016). Legionella clemsonensis sp. nov., - a green fluorescing Legionella strain from a patient with pneumonia. Microbiology and Immunology. In revision.


*Greene, H., *Hassler, H., Lucas, C., McNealy, T.L. (2016). Analysis of Type II Secretion System Function in Legionella clemsonensis. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University.

*Alvarez, N.N., Bruce, T., Lucas, C., McNealy, T.L. (2016). Lighting the Way: Amoeba Attraction to Legionella Fluorescence. SC Branch ASM Meeting, Charleston, SC.

*Nordin, L., *McRee, R., Lucas, C., McNealy, T.L. (2016). CU and the CDC: Infection of Novel Legionella Strains in Amoeba. SC Branch ASM Meeting, Charleston, SC.


*Hassler, H., Richards, V., Lucas, C., McNealy, T.L. (2016). Comparative Genomics of L. clemsonensis sp. nov. Suggests a Salt-Water Adaptation. SC Branch ASM Meeting, Charleston, SC.


*Greene, H., *Hassler, H., Lucas, C., McNealy, T.L. (2016). Analysis of Type II Secretion System Function in Legionella clemsonensis. SC Branch ASM Meeting, Charleston, SC

*Greene, H., Lucas, C., McNealy, T.L. (2015). Interface Twitching Motility in Unknown Strains of Legionella. Presented at the Fall SC Branch ASM Meeting, Columbia, SC.
*Nordin, L., *McRee, R., McNealy, T.L. (2015) Identification and Characterization of Novel Legionella Strains. Presented at the Fall SC Branch ASM Meeting, Columbia, SC.
*Toth, K. (2015, May). Identification and Characterization of a Novel Legionella Strain. Presented at the American Society of Microbiology General Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
*Toth, K., *Painter, J., *Howard, S., *Remillard, K., *Hardy, R., Lucas, C., McNealy, T.L. (2014). SC Branch American Society for Microbiology Fall Meeting, Columbia, SC.
*Remillard, K. B., *Toth, K. R.,*Hardy, R. S., *Howard, C. S., *Painter, J. F., *Limbaugh, D., Wells, C. E., McNealy, T. L. (2014). Identification of Novel Legionella Strains from the CDC Freezer. Presented at the SC Branch American Society of Microbiology Meeting. Presbyterian College, Clinton, SC.
*Toth, K. R., *Painter, J., Palmer, A., Morrison, S., Brown, E., Kozak, N. A., Wells, C. E., Lucas, C., McNealy, T. L. (2015). Characterization of a Novel Legionella Strain. Presented at the American Society of Microbiology General Meeting. New Orleans, LA.
*Toth, K. R., *Nordin, L., *McRee, R., Lucas, C., McNealy, T. L. (2015). Identification and Characterization of a Novel Legionella Strain. Presented at the South Carolina Branch ASM Meeting, Greenville, SC.
*Greene, H. *Hassler, H., Rutt, J., McNealy, T. L. (2015). Presence of lpg2105-2108 operon in various strains of Legionella. Presented at the South Carolina Branch ASM Meeting, Greenville, SC.
*Painter, J., *Toth, K., *Hardy, R., *Howard, S., *Remillard, K., Wells, C. E., Kozak-Muiznieks, N., Brown, E., Lucas, C., McNealy, T. L. (2015). Novel Legionella Strains from the CDC Freezer. Mid-Atlantic Microbial Pathogenesis Meeting. Presented at the Wintergreen Conference Center, VA.
*Howard, C., *Remillard, K., *Toth, K., *Hardy, R., *Painter, J., *Limbaugh, D., McNealy, T., Wells, C. (2014, April). CU and the CDC. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
698

Short form video production

Team to produce short form video content for social media and other distribution methods.

Team Leaders
Eric Rodgers CUB Productions
701

Acetate kinase and its role in Salmonella growth and infection

Acetate kinase is an important metabolic enzyme that is present in nearly all bacterial pathogens. As this enzyme is not present in the human, animal, or plant host, it may represent a possible target for treatment of infections. We are using Salmonella, which is a common cause of food-borne illnesses, as a model for understanding the role of this enzyme in growth and infection. We are investigating the regulation of acetate kinase activity by phosphorylation and acetylation, and are also screening for small molecule inhibitors of this enzyme to study whether it could serve as a useful target for development of new treatments for bacterial infections.

Team Leaders
Cheryl Ingram-Smith Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Michaela Reinhart, who worked on this project for several years, presented me last May with the Award of Distinction from the Clemson National Scholars Program for my mentorship.
Kirin Khan received the Outstanding Student in Biochemistry and Outstanding Student in Genetics awards. These awards were voted on by the faculty in the Genetics and Biochemistry department.
ScienceG
703

Alcohol and Other Drugs

This research teams is dedicated to reducing the negative impact of alcohol and other drugs on Clemson’s campus. This team will apply the results of the National College Health Assessment to develop and evaluate alcohol and other drug initiatives.

Team Leaders
Martha Thompson Public Health Sciences
Jennifer Goree Student Health Center
Crystal Burnette Student Health Center
Accomplishments
*Smith, L., Andrews, L., Arms, C., Dipasquale, J., Graham, J., Henson, H., Loiselle, A., & Polomski, J., (2017, April). National College Health Assessment Data 2010-2016. Presented to the Office of Advocacy and Success at Clemson University, Clemson, SC. 
*Smith, L., Andrews, L., Arms, C., Dipasquale, J., Graham, J., Henson, H., Loiselle, A., & Polomski, J., (2017, April). Promoting health on Clemson’s campus. Poster presented at Clemson University’s Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
704

Molecular Modeling of Biological and Polymer Systems

We are rapidly entering the era of nanoengineering where materials are designed molecule-by-molecule. It is therefore, critical that we understand and model how the molecular properties affect material properties. The Molecular Modeling of Biological and Polymer Systems CI team will focus on this aspect of materials design.This CI will provide the students with a molecular perspective of materials and introduce them to the world of nanoengineering. The students will perform molecular modeling and computer simulations to investigate how molecular interactions govern the behavior of materials. Specifically, we will focus on polymers and biologicalmolecules (e.g. proteins).Students enrolled in this CI will work under the mentorship of Dr. Sarupria and be tasked with becoming familiar with concepts from material science and computing. This cross-disciplinary environment will offer a rich experience which can enable clarify challenging concepts in materials science through modeling. Students will learn how to work cooperatively and communicate science across disciplines, while honing their own skillsfrom their own background. Ultimately, the project aims to construct molecular models that get us closer to engineer materials at the nanoscale.

Team Leaders
Sapna Sarupria Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
*Barton, D., DeFever, R., Sarupria, S. (2016). "“Molecular simulations of PAMAM dendrimers for oil dispersion." Paper presented at the annual meeting of 2016 Southern Regional Student Conference AIChE, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa.

Jacobs, D.*, Barton, D.*, DeFever, R.*, Sarupria, S. (2016) "Aggregation of dendrimer polymers relevant to oil-dispersion applications", AIChE National Meeting, Nov 13-18, 2016 San Francisco, CA
DeFever, R., *Jacobs, D., Sarupria, S. (2015, November). Molecular Dynamics Investigations of Dendrimer-Aromatic Hydrocarbon Interactions. Presented at 2015 AIChE annual meeting, Salt Lake, UT.
DeFever, R., *Barton, D., *Jacobs, D., Sarupria, S. (2015, November). Dendrimers for Oil Dispersion: Atomistic and Coarse-Grained Molecular Dynamics Investigations of Dendrimer-Hydrocarbon Interactions. Presented at 2015 AIChE annual meeting, Salt Lake, UT.
*Hanger, W., Sarupria, S., Defever, R., Apon, A., Ngo, L. (2015, July). Experience using XSEDE resources for scalable rare event simulation. Presented at XSEDE 15, St. Louis, MO.
Sarupria, S., *Filanova, M., (2014, November). Separations Division (735g) Effects of Surface Chemistry on Heterogeneous Methane Hydrate Nucleation. Presented at the AIChE National Meeting.
* DeFever, R.S., Geitner, N.K., Bhattacharya, P., Ding, F., Ke, P., and Sarupria, S. (2015). "PAMAM dendrimers and graphene: Materials for removing aromatic contaminants from water", Environmental Science and Technology, 49, 4490-7
Sengupta, B., Gregory, W. E., Zhu, J., Dasetty, S., Karakaya, M., Brown, J. M., Rao, A., Barrows, J. K. Sarupria, S., Podilaa, R. "Influence of carbon nanomaterials defects on the formation of protein corona", Submitted to RSc Advances (under review)
*Barton, D., *Jacobs, D., *DeFever, R., and Sarupria, S. (2015, April) Dendrimers for Water Purification Applications: Molecular Dynamics Studies. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
David Barton received the NASA Space Grant Undergraduate Scholarship for his work on simulations of dendritic polymers for cleaning oil spills. This work started as part of the Molecular Modeling CI project.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
707

The Biography of George W. Bush

This creative inquiry will use students to help me research and write a biography on President George W. Bush, or "43" as he is known in comparison with his father. I expect this to be a four year project, with publication in 2017. The students will research topics and gather material for a biography. I expect to begin with two students and end with six who will be helping me on various topics. I have published 7 books in my Clemson career, this is the last one.

Team Leaders
David Woodard Political Science
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
709

The development of critical thinking in undergraduates

Evaluation of the values of critical thinking in education

Team Leaders
Benjamin R Stephens Psychology
Accomplishments
*Irvin, E., *Seo, H., Stephens, B. (2017, April). Teaching Induction and Deduction: Effect of Class Size. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Beesburg, C., *Brewer, V., *Carney, A., *Dicke, C., *Pittman, R., *Schneider, A., *Stevens, D., *Yockel, K., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Teaching Induction and Deduction for our QEP. FOCI, Clemson University.
Dicke, C.*, Beesburg, C.*, Brewer, V.* Carney, A.*, Flynn, M.*, Pittman, R.*, Staples, A.*, Cox, A.*, and Stephens, B. (accepted). Teaching induction and deduction for our QEP. Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans, April.
*Stebbins, C, *Cole, M., *Cox, A., *Kennedy, S., *Overdyk, M., Stephens, B. (2015) Critical Thinking: Undergraduate Views and an Intervention. Presented at SEPA, Hilton Head.
*Bogart, L., *Carney, A., *Cox, A., *Dicke, C., *Overdyk, M., *Samour, M., *Staples, A., Stephens, B. (2015). Critical Thinking. Presented at FOCI, Clemson.
Brewer, V.*, Pittman, R.*, Stevens, D. *, Yockel, K. *, and Stephens, B. (2017, March). Teaching Induction and Deduction for our QEP. Poster session accepted at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

Pittman, R. *, Brewer, V. *, McKinney, M. *, Philyaw, C. *, Robinson, E. *, Stephens, D. *, St. Laurent, H. *, Yockel, K. *, and Stephens, B. (2017, March). Critical Thinking: The effect of class size. Poster session accepted at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.

Pittman, R. *, Brewer, V. *, McKinney, M. *, Philyaw, C. *, Robinson, E. *, Stephens, D. *, St. Laurent, H. *, Yockel, K. *, and Stephens, B. (2017-March) Critical Thinking: The effect of class size. Poster session accepted at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, Atlanta, GA.
*Dicke, C., *Beesburg, C., *Brewer, V., *Carney, A., *Flynn, M., *Pittman, M., *Staples, A., *Cox, A., Stephens, B. (2016, March). Teaching Induction and Deduction for Our QEP. Poster presented at the meetings of the Southeastern Psychological Association, New Orleans.
*Webb, M., *Leland, E., *Huddleston, S., *Kennedy, S., *Cole, M., *Overdyk, M., *Fields, R., *Heard, N., *Laxgang, V., *Stephens,, J., Stephens, B. (2014, April). Undergraduate views of critical thinking. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
729

Geologic Field Trip Design and Implementation

Geology is an exploration of the world around us. Geologists examine, hypothesize, and decipher the landforms and associated natural process that created those landforms. One of the best ways to explore geology is on a field trip where a guide walks you through their interpretation of the processes that created what you are examining. This project seeks to place that responsibility of leadership on the student where they are assisted, encouraged, and trusted to develop field trips of their own and to lead them.

Team Leaders
Scott E Brame Environmental Engr & Earth Sci
Accomplishments
*Creighton, A., *Miller, S., *Herrmann, A., *Good, D., Miller, D. (2014, May). A Field Guide to the National Parks and Monuments of southern Utah. GEOL 375 Western Field Studies.
*Creighton, A., *Miller, S., *Herrmann, A., *Good, D., and Miller, D. (2014, May). A Field Guide to the National Parks and Monuments of southern Utah, Field Trip Guide for Geology 375: Western Field Studies.
Brame, S.E., *Goretoy, S. (2014, April). A Geologic Transect from the Piedmont to the Blue Ridge along US Hwy 76 in South Carolina. The 22nd Annual David S. Snipes/Clemson Hydrogeology Symposium Field Trip Guidebook, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
714

CI Practitioner - Advanced Cyberinfrastructure Projects

This creative inquiry project is hosted by the Center of Excellence in Next Generation Computing & Creativity, connecting students of all levels to advanced cyberinfrastructure research projects.  Students will join active research projects to learn and help develop advanced networking and computing solutions, including but not limited to software defined networks, cloud computing, high performance storage, big data computing and visualization.

Team Leaders
Kuang-Ching Wang Electrical & Computer Engr
Hui-Lin Tsai Public Health Sciences
Accomplishments
Joseph Porter and Benton Kribbs, "CI Spring 2017 Report"

Joseph Porter, Benton Kribbs, Sally Lee, Mikhail Romanov, and Tim McCabe, "CI Spring 2016 Report"

Izard, R., Wang, Q., *Kribbs, B., *Porter, J., Wang, K. (2016). "Steroid OpenFlow Service: A Scalable Cloud-based Data Transfer Solution", in Proceedings of CNERT, San Francisco, CA.
Izard, R., Wang, Q., *Kribbs, B., *Porter, J., Wang, K. (2016). "Demo: OpenFlow-Based Live Video Streaming with GENI Cinema", in Proceedings of IEEE INFOCOM, San Francisco, CA.
*Porter, J., Wang, K. (2017, April). An Experiment with SDN-based Traffic Analysis Resistant. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Izard, R., Wang, Q., *Kribbs, B., *Porter, J., Wang, K. (2016, March 8). "Demo: Steroid OpenFlow Service." Presented at the 24th GENI Engineering Conference, Tempe, AZ.
Izard, R., Wang, Q., *Kribbs, B., *Porter, J., Wang, K. (2016, March 8). "Demo: GENI Cinema." Presented at the 24th GENI Engineering Conference, Tempe, AZ.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
1114

South Carolina - China Economic Relations

The U.S.-China relationship is the most important bilateral relationship in the 21st Century and China has become the top destination for South Caroline exports.  In recent years China has expanded its international economic presence and South Carolina provides an alternative for Chinese outflow foreign direct investment.  Overall in the United States, China has established 1,583 companies with $46 billion that directly employs more than 80,000 Americans.  This class aims at exploring what South Carolina can offer to such international investment as Chinese FDI, what kind of business South Carolina has been able to attract from China, and what contributions Chinese investments are making to South Carolina's economic development.

Team Leaders
Xiaobo Hu Political Science
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
715

Beaches and Deserts: The microbial cycling of iron and other nutrients and their importance to healthy ecosystems.

Beaches are poorly studied with respect to coastal microbial ecology. While many of us spend time on a beach for recreational purposes, most are unaware of the complex biological processes found in the sand underneath their feet. It is the goal of this project to learn about the microbial ecology in a beach ecosystem. Using a variety of scientific tools, we will learn not only about the microbial diversity found within a beach, we will learn about the geochemical processes they mediate. Through this work, we hope to directly link these fundamental processes to the microbial diversity and ecologies found in estuarine, salt marsh and near coastal marine environments. To accomplish this, we will use multiple techniques from microbiology, genomics and biochemistry to gather the data necessary to support and revise our hypotheses regarding beach inhabiting microbial communities.

Team Leaders
Harry Kurtz Jr Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Tollman, CD., and Kurtz, Jr., HD. (2016, April 2). Kinetic Analysis of Ammonium Oxidation on Five Beaches on the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the SC Branch of the American Societyfor Microbiology, Charleston, SC.

*Lee, HM., *Hundzinski, CM., and Kurtz, Jr., HD. (2016, April 2). Measuring the Effective Change in Conditions in Ammonium Oxidizers in Beach Sands Caused by Contaminants Associated with Recreational Activities. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the SC Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Charleston, SC.

Taylor, H. B., and Kurtz, Jr., H. D. (2016, April 2). Diversity and Activity of Ammonia Oxidizing Bacteria in Beach Sands along the Eastern Seaboard. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the SC Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Charleston, SC.

*Tollman, C.D. (2016, April 9). Kinetic Analysis of Ammonium Oxidation on Five Beaches on the Mid-Atlantic Seaboard. Presented at the SCASM branch meeting, Charleston, SC.


Taylor, H.B., Kurtz, H. (2016, April 9). Diversity and Activity of Ammonia Oxidizing Bacteria in Beach Sands along the Eastern Seaboard. Presented at the South Carolina Branch of ASM meeting at MUSC, Charleston SC.

Kaur, S., Kurtz, H. (2016, April 1). Role Of Microbes In Coloring And Stabilization Of the Sandstone Outcrops
In Colorado Plateau, USA. Presented at the 2016 meeting of the Southeastern Section of the Geological Society of American, Columbia, SC.


*Eyo, E., *Haire, M.L. (2016, April 9). Initial Characterization of Nine Previously Uncultured Bacteria Isolated from a Desert Ecosystem. Presented at the SCASM branch meeting, Charleston, SC.


*Lee, H.M., *Hundzinski, C. (2016, April 9). Measuring the Effective Change in Conditions in Ammonium Oxidizers in Beach Sands Caused by Contaminants Associated with Recreational Activities. Presented at the SCASM branch meeting, Charleston, SC.


Eyo, E*, Haire, LM.*, and Kurtz, Jr., HD., 2016, April 2, Initial Characterization of Nine Previously Uncultured Bacteria Isolated from a Desert Ecosystem. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the SC Branch of the American Society for Microbiology, Charleston, SC.

*Tollman, C., Taylor, H., Kurtz, H. (2015, April 11). The Kinetics of Ammonium Oxidation in Coastal Beaches. Presented at the SC Branch ASM Meeting,
Taylor, H., Kurtz, H. (2015, April 11). Microbial Diversity within the Intertidal Zone of Four East Coast Beaches. Presented at the SC Branch ASM Meeting.
Kaur, S., Kurtz, H. (2015, April 11). Illumina-based Amplicon Sequencing Analysis of Cryptoendolithic Bacterial Communitiesin Sandstones of an Arid Region. Presented at SC Branch ASM Meeting.
*Xavier, S., *Eyo, E., *Lee, H., Kurtz, H. (2015, April 11). Concentration of Ferrous Iron, Ammonium and Nitrite on Coastal Beaches. Presented at SC Branch ASM Meeting
Taylor, H.B., Campbell, B.J., *Taylor, J.A., *Tollman, C.D., Kurtz, H.D. (2016, June 30). Community Structure and Presence of Ammonium Oxidizers in a Marine Beach Sand. This paper is under revision for resubmission. 


ScienceG
716

Novel Applications of Photovoltaics

Due to constant reduction of prices of photovoltaic (PV) modules, the generation of electricity is at lower price than other energy sources. Without investing about $5 million per mile in long haul transmission of electrical power, the local generation of resilient and sustainable electrical power by photovoltaics is transforming   the global electricity infrastructure. As a personal source of electrical power,  we can use photovoltaics  all over the world with minimum cost of electrical power  infrastructure Team 1 is building a table that will have electricity provided by a Photovoltaic (PV) system for charging laptop, cell phone etc. The Tables will be placed in the Watson Family Innovation Center. Team 2 is converting a golf cart where all the power will be coming from PV. Student will gain the knowhow of the real world engineering. Publications are expected.

Team Leaders
Rajendra Singh Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
Solar Power International, Los Vegas, NV September 10-13, 2017
Transformative Role of Photovoltics in Transportation, Solar Power International, Los Vegas, NV September 10-13
*Canady, D., *Bruce, J., *Zanin, E., *Griffin, T., Singh, R. (2017, April). Optimal Performance of Electric Cart with Solar Panel Installation. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Working with CU Automotive Engineering Center.
none
KEY Note Speaker, Darnell Conference, Local DC Power, Sept. 29, 2015
Based on Funding from CI funds we build a Solar Table. Next improved design will be funded by Capital Improvement, which is awarded by the student senate. The Watt Family Innovation Center is supporting our proposal to place the tables on campus.
*Sternick, B., *Combs, A., *Shook, J., Singh, R. (2015, April). Intelligent Zero Net Energy Construction for Disaster Relief. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Goodwin, H., Neary, C., *Darlington, M., Singh, R. (2014, April). Local DC electricity generated by photovoltaics (PV): Transforming the electricity infrastructure of the 21st Century. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
717

Developing Awareness Through Case Study and Self-Analysis: Eugene T. Moore School of Education Moore Scholars Program

The purpose of the freshman year of the Moore Scholars Creative Inquiry is to develop individuals who possess the knowledge and skills to lead, the commitment to act, and the courage and resilience to initiate change in schools and communities so that every child has the opportunity to learn. Students participating in this creative inquiry must be accepted to the Moore Scholars Program. Moore Scholars will participate in weekly, co-curricular activities designed to develop their self-awareness. These will include, but will not be limited to, completing a literacy biography of themselves and comparing it to the literacy biography that they create for a student in the Clemson First Program, creating a school and community profile for their own high school and comparing it to the school and community profile for the student that they interviewed from the Clemson First Program, completing a case study of the student they are tutoring in their field experience in their Ed 105 course, participating in a 2-hour poverty simulation, and reading articles, books, and movies that shed light on the factors that influence the educational outcomes of poor and minority K-12 students. Following all of these activities, Moore Scholars will engage in regular writing reflections on the Moore Scholars wiki. They will analyze their writings using and look for themes that emerge using a dispositional analysis tool.

Team Leaders
Angela Rogers Dean ETM School of Education
EducationE
719

Hands on Tissue Engineering:

Interested in working with cell and tissues for future clinical breakthroughs? Then this CI will give you hands-on experience in laboratory set up. During the past semesters students had work on various projects involving the culture of  novel three dimensional cancer models for screening purposes, creating cartilage tissues from chondrocyte cultures isolated from pig joints, development of a novel high throughput culture device base on the photoelectric effect of photovoltaic devices and more projects to come including cardiovascular tissues. This CI will provide you with the insights of bioengineering to better assess the propensity to continue towards a more formal research environment at graduate school. Students are expected to be enrolled in this CI at least two consecutive semesters.

Team Leaders
Jorge Rodriguez Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Tharp, P., *Branco, R., *Keating, E., *Dale, S., Rodriguez, J., Dean, D. (2017, April). Development of a Brain Model for Neurosurgery Pre-Operative Planning and Training Stage II: Integration of Cerebrovascular Sytem. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Tharp, P., *Branco, R., *Dale, S., *Keating, E., Navarro, M., Rodríguez-Dévora, JI., and
Dean, D. (May, 2017). "3D Printed Brain Model for Preoperative Planning and Practice"
BMES/FDA 2017 Frontriers in Medical Devices Conference focused on Innovations in Modeling and Simulation: Advancing Translational Science.
Stewart, A*; Holmes, S*; Wortkoetter, J*; Desai, A; Rodriguez, J; Dean, D (2015, October) Characterization of Mechanical Properties of Chondrocyte Spheroids. 2015 Sigma Xi Annual meeting and student research conference. Kansas City, MO.

*Cotton, B., *Repp, M., Navarro, M., Desai, A., Joseph, J., Dean, D., Rodriguez, J. (2015) 3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Preoperative Planning. Presented at Sigma Xi, International Research Conference.
Navarro, M; Cotton, B*; Stewart, A; Joseph, J; Dean, D; Rodriguez, J (2016) 3D Printed Brain Mod-el for Improved Preoperative Planning. 10th Annual Southeastern Medical Device Association (SEMDA) 2016 Conference. Poster Presentation. August 18-19, Nashville, TN
Cotton, B*; Repp, M*; Navarro, M; Desai, A*; Joseph, J; Rodriguez, J*; Dean, D*; (Oct 2015) 3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Preoperative Planning, 2015 Sigma Xi Annual meeting and student research conference. Kansas City, MO




*Holmes, S., *Wortkoetter, J., *Gorrell, L., *Johnson, K., Dean, D., Rodriguez, J. (2014) Biomedical Engineering (BMES) Annual meeting at San Antonio, TX. Abstract submitted: Analysis and Development of Spheroid Cell Culture Techniques. Oral Presentation
Navarro, M., *Cotton, B., *Stewart, A., Joseph, J., Dean, D., Rodriguez, J. (2016, May) 3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Preoperative Planning. Poster presented at the 10th Annual Southeastern Medical Device Associa-tion (SEMDA) 2016 Conference, Nashville, TN
*Cotton, B., *McGreevey, J., Navarro, M., Joseph, J., Dean, D., Rodriguez, J.I. (2016). 3D Printed Brain Model for Practice and Preoperative Planning. Presented at the GHS Poster Research Day. GHS memorial hospital




*Cotton, B., *Repp, M., Navarro, M., Desai, A., Joseph, J., Dean, D., Rodriguez, J. (2015) 3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Preoperative Planning. Poster presented at Sigma Xi, International Research Conference. ENG-01.
*Arthur, C., *Demos, C., *Garzon, K., *Holmes, J.S., *Jones, C., *Repp, M., *Stastny, A., *Wortkoetter, J. (2015, April). Exploration in Novel Tissue Engineering Methods. Poster Presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum. Clemson, SC.
*Holmes, J., *Arthur, C., *Wortkoetter, J., *Jones, C., *Stastny, A., *Gorrell, L., *Johnson, K., Rodriguez, J., Dean, D. (2014, April). Exploring tissue engineering. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Arthur, C., *Stastny, A., *Jones, C., *Saul, O., Dean, D., Rodriguez-Devora, J. (2013) Using Photovoltaic Surfaces for Cell Culture. Poster Presented at Biomaterials Symposium at Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
*Gorrell, L., *Holmes, S., *Johnson, K., *Wortkoetter, J., Dean, D., Rodriguez-Devora, J. (2013). The Effect of Spheroid Culturing Techniques on Cell Viability. Poster Presented at Biomaterials Symposium at Clemson University. Clemson, SC.
Brittney Cotton and Madison Repp gets recognized by Sigma Xi, The Scientific Research Society for their Superior research poster presentation entitled “3D Printed Brain Model for Improved Presurgical Planning” in the Society’s 2015 International Research Conference that took place at the Sheraton Crown Center in Kansas City, MO from October 23-25, 2015
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
722

Anti-Bacterial and Surface Modification Strategies

This project will provide student researchers with the opportunity to learn about and work with materials used to provide anti-bacterial coatings for surgical implants and other applications.

Team Leaders
Rhett Smith Chemistry
Kristi Whitehead Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Conrad, C. A., Smith, R. C. (2014, April). "Phosphonium Polyelectrolytes: Synthesis, Photophysics, Electrochemistry and Film Morphology." Presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Lexington, KY.
*Jolly, K. M., Smith, R. C. (2014, April). "Surface Modification with Phosphonium Polyelectrolytes." Presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Lexington, KY.
*Hedrick, S. A., Smith, R. C. (2015, June). " Preparation of Tetraarylphosphonium Salts and Polyelectrolytes." Presented at the 98th Canadian Chemistry Conference, ON, Canada.
*Keen, C. E., Smith, R. C. (2015, June). "Preparation and Characterization of Solid-Supported Phosphonium Salts." Presented at the 98th Canadian Chemistry Conference, ON, Canada.
*El Homsi, S. J., *Burdette, M. K., Laughlin, B. J., Ma, J., Levy, B. E., Tennyson, A. G.,Smith, R. C. (2013, November 13-16). "Conjugated Polymers and Small-Molecule Chromophores Featuring the 1,4-fluorenylene Linker." Presented at the Abstracts, 65th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Atlanta, GA, United States.
*Jolly, K. M.; *Conrad, C. A.; Buelt, A. A.; Smith, R. C. (2013, November 13-16). "Surface Modification with Phosphonium Polyelectrolytes." Presented at the Abstracts, 65th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Atlanta, GA, United States.
*Powell, C. R., *Conrad, C. A., Buelt, A. A., Smith, R. C. (2013, November 13-16). "Visible-Absorbing Phosphonium Polyelectrolytes: Synthesis, Ion-Exchange, Photophysics and Film Morphology." Presented at the Abstracts, 65th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Atlanta, GA, United States.
Bedford, M. S., *Jolly, K. M., *Patel, A. P., Smith, R. C. (2014, October 16-19). "Ionic polymer featuring dibenzo-18-crown-6 units: Effect of metallation on properties." Presented at the Abstracts, 66th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Nashville, TN, United States.
*Conrad, C. A., Yang, X., Wan, W., Smith, R. C. (2014, October 16-19). "Advances in ionic polymers: Interaction between cationic and anionic polyelectrolytes in solution and at surfaces." Presented at the Abstracts, 66th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Nashville, TN, United States.
*Jolly, K. M., Bedford, M. S., Smith, R. C. (2014, October 16-19). "Surface modification with polyelectrolytes: Creative inquiry in chemistry." Presented at the Abstracts, 66th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Nashville, TN, United States.
*Keen, C. E., Houjeiry, T. I., Creager, S. E., Smith, R. C. (2014, October 16-19). "Stability and reactivity of cationic polyelectrolytes in alkaline conditions." Presented at the Abstracts, 66th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Nashville, TN, United States.
Yang, X., *Conrad, C. A., Bedford, M. S., Wan, W., Smith, R. C. (2014, October 16-19). "Structureproperty relationships in cationic polyelectrolytes: Thermal properties, film morphology and supramolecular assembly." Presented at the Abstracts, 66th Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Nashville, TN, United States.
*Hopkins, N. (2014). Lecture presented at the 2014 Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Nashville, TN.
Keen, C. E.*, Smith, R. C. (2015, June). " Preparation and Characterization of Solid-Supported Phosphonium Salts."Presentation at the 98th Canadian Chemistry Conference, ON, Canada.
*Hopkins, N., Rhett S. (2014, October) Chromophore-modified phosphonium polyelectrolytes: Anion exchange and structure-property trends. Presented at the 2014 Southeast Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society. Lecture conducted from Sheraton Music City Hotel, Nashville, TN.
*Hopkins, N. (2014, April 3-5). Tetraarylphosphonium Units in Materials Chemistry. Lecture presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Lexington, KY.
*Gennaro, P. P., *Jolly, K. M., Smith, R. C. (2015, April). "Solid-Supported Agents for Removal of Dye Pollutants from Water." Presented at the Western Carolinas Section of the American Chemical Society Undergraduate Award Poster Session, Furman University, SC, United States.
*Conrad, C. A., *Colter, E. F., *Freeman, E. H., Smith, R. C. (2015, April). "Phosphonium Polyelectrolytes: Film Formation and Anti-Bacterial Properties." Presented at the Western Carolinas Section of the American Chemical Society Undergraduate Award Poster Session, Furman University, SC, United States.
*Keen, C. E., Smith, R. C. (2015, April). "Stability and reactivity of cationic polyelectrolytes in alkaline conditions." Presented at the Western Carolinas Section of the American Chemical Society Undergraduate Award Poster Session, Furman University, SC, United States.
*Colter, E. (2015, August 16-20). Phosphonium polyelectrolytes: Film formation, supramolecular assembly and anti-bacterial properties. Poster presented at the 250th American Chemical Society National Meeting.
Colter, E., *Conrad, C., Freeman, E., Smith, R. (2015, April). Phosphonium Polyelectrolytes: Film Formation and Anti-Bacterial Properties. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Turner, M. (2014, April 3-5). Indicator Displacement Approach to the Detection of Anions with Chromophore-Appended Phosphonium Polyelectrolyte Films. Poster presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Lexington, KY.
Buelt, A. A., Osti, N. C., Htet, Y., *Conrad, C. A., *Shehata, M. F., Potai, R., Tennyson, A. G., Perahia, D., Smith, R. C. (2014, August 22). "Conjugated polymers with m-pyridine linkages: synthesis, photophysics, solution structure and film morphology." J. Mater. Chem., 2, 8113-8121.
Bedford, M. S., Yang, X., *Jolly, K. M., *Binnicker, R. L., *Cramer, S. B., *Keen, C. E., *Mairena, C. J., *Patel, A. P., *Rivenbark, M. T., Galabura, Y., Luzinov, I., Smith, R. C. (2015). "Tetraarylphosphonium polyelectrolyte chromophores: synthesis, stability, photophysics, film morphology and critical surface energy." Polym. Chem., 6, 900-908.
Buelt, A. A., *Conrad, C. A., *Mackay, W. D., *Shehata, M. F., *Smith, V. D., Smith, R. C. (2015, June). "Conjugated polymers with regularly-spaced m-phenylene units and postpolymerization modification to yield stimuli-responsive materials." Polymer International, 64, 730-739.
*Conrad, C. A., Bedford, M. S., Buelt, A. A., Galabura, Y., Luzinov, I., Smith, R. C. (2015, October). "Phosphonium polyelectrolytes: influence of diphosphine spacer on layer-by-layer assembly with anionic conjugated polymers." Polym. Int.,10, 1381-1388.
Yang, X., *Conrad, C. A., Wan, W., Bedford, M. S., Hu, L., Chumanov, G., Smith, R. C. (2015, April). "Influence of spacer length and rigidity on properties of phosphonium polymers and on their supramolecular assembly with a conjugated polyelectrolyte." J. Mater. Chem., 3, 4537-4544.
ScienceG
726

Engineering Protein Post-Translational Modifications for Therapeutics

Team members in the Engineering Protein Post-Translational Modifications for Therapeutics Creative Inquiry will actively engage in using and creating biotechnology to improve the production of protein and peptide therapeutics. Specifically, we will develop platforms for efficiently tyrosine sulfation – a post-translational modification important for several interactions in the immune system. Most notably, antibodies with tyrosine sulfation are able to mimic the HIV receptor. CI students work with Dr. Blenner, graduate student mentors, and fellow CI team members in a highly active interdisciplinary research environment. Students learn how to identify a problem, design and conduct experiments using state-of-art laboratory equipment, analyze data, and communicate findings. To learn more about the projects available through this Creative Inquiry, or summer research opportunities, please contact Dr. Mark Blenner (blenner@clemson.edu) to schedule an appointment. Open to students in: Chemical Engineering, Biomolecular Engineering, Biosystems Engineering, Bioengineering, Microbiology, Biochemistry, Chemistry, Biological Sciences, and others. http://www.clemson.edu/ces/proteinengineering

Team Leaders
Mark Blenner Chemical & Biomolecular Eng
Accomplishments
*Pearce, S., *Robinson, A., *Wiseman, W., Blenner, M. (2016, April). Use of Biotechnology for Engineering Microbial Systems. Poster presented at the FoCI Conference, Clemson, SC.
*Stahel, K., *Dippre, A., *Pazzo, K., Blenner, M. (2014). Engineering Tyrosine Sulfation in E. coli. Presentation presented at 2014 AIChE Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA.
*Wiseman, W., Shabbir-Hussain, M., Blenner, M. (2016, April). Engineering bicistronic promoters for the oleaginous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. Poster presented at the Southeast Regional American Institute of Chemical Engineers Meeting, Tuscaloosa, AL
*Dippre, A., *Pazzo, K., *Borglin, J., *Wilkes, M., *Wiseman, W., Yaguchi, A., Blenner. M. (2015). Engineering Post-Translational Modifications for Protein Therapeutics. Poster presented at the 2015 FOCI.
ACCAC Creativity & Innovation Fellowship-$2000 awarded to Kyle Pazzo to continue research into the summer.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
745

K-12 Math and Physics Competitions- A Primary Tool For STEM Recruiting

A team of undergraduate and graduate students in the physics department will focus on organizing annual math competitions at K-12 levels, along with physics, biology and chemistry Olympiads for high school students, as a way of enriching the outreach activities of the University. We will use these contests as a tool to attract the best local students to STEM disciplines at Clemson. The competitions will be organized at Clemson University, Department of Physics and will aim to attract students from all the regional public schools with an interest in mathematics. In this activity, the support of the K-12 math teachers and principals will be sought. Two math competitions will be organized. First, in early fall we will collaborate with the Mathematical Association of America (www.maa.org) that offers AMC 8, AMC 10, AMC 12. These tests address middle through high school students and function as a primary selection exam for the math Olympiad national team. In the spring, we will organize Math Kangaroo (www.mathkangaroo.org), an international contest that has recently become very popular in many US schools. In the spring semester, we will organize the open phase of the national physics, biology and chemistry Olympiads which address high school students. Winners of these competitions are invited to spend a two week internship in the physics laboratories at Clemson. Undergraduate students from several physics courses are anticipated to participate: PHYS 4010, 2900.As part of the research involved in this course, we will develop test preparation materials that will be disseminated as free materials to the interested students. Also, we will survey the K-12 math teachers to find out in what additional ways we can support the training and coaching of the students for such activities.

Team Leaders
D. Catalina Marinescu Physics and Astronomy
Jason Brown Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
ScienceG
739

mHealth devices and cell phone applications

According Wikipedia, mHealth is a term used for the practice of medicine and public health, supported by mobile devices. mHealth applications include the use of mobile devices in collecting community and clinical health data, delivery of healthcare information to practitioners, researchers, and patients, real-time monitoring of patient vital signs, and direct provision of care (via mobile telemedicine). mHealth is a new and exciting technology that will bring doctor-patient communications to a new level within the next 5 years. The purpose of this Creative Inquiry is to design and manufacture a series of mHealth devices and phone apps to monitor numerous physiological parameters for patients and transfer those collected data to the researcher’s office via secured connection.

Team Leaders
Vladimir Reukov Bioengineering
Ilya Safro School of Computing
Aleksey Shaporev Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Abdeladl, O., *Bakker, E., *Baum, I., *Bear, E., *Garson, P., *Mcgreevey, J., *Shumpert, B., Reukov, V., Shaporev, A., Safro, I. (2017, April). Creating a mHealth Device for the Monitoring and Treating of Plantar Fasciitis. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*McGreevey, J., *Kunkle, B., *Gilbert, R., *Lindower, Z., *Giron, A., *Abdeladl, O., and Reukov, V. (2016). "Developing an Smart Sock to Assist in the Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis" presented at 2016 BMES Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN
*McGreevey, J., *Kunkle, B., *Gilbert, R.; *Lindower, Z.; *Giron, A.; *Abdeladl, O.; and Reukov, V. (2016, October). "Developing an Smart Sock to Assist in the Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis". Presented at 2016 BMES Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN.
*Tilles, J., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016). mHealth Musculoskeletal Applications: Bluetooth Low-Energy Devices and Android. 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE.
*Bear, E., *Shumpert, B., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016). SmartBottle: an mHealth approach to track liquid consumption. 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE.
*Bear, E., *Graham, T., *Hanger, R., *Johnson, C., *Macon, J., *Shumpert, B., *Tilles, J., Reukov, V. (2016, April 6-7). Mobile Health Applications. Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC.
Reukov, V. (2015, November 7-11). Presented at 7th annual mHealth Summit Washington, DC. 
McGreevey, J., *Kunkle, B., Shumpert, B., Bear, E., and Reukov, V. (2017) "Developing an Apparatus to Treat Plantar Fasciitis". Presented at 33rd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference in Gulfport, MS. 
Bear, Edward et al. (2016, March 11-13). "SmartBottle: an mHealth approach to track liquid consumption". Poster presented at The 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference at the Shreveport Convention Center in Shreveport, Louisiana.

*Tilles, J. (2016, March 11-13). mHealth Musculoskeletal Applications: Bluetooth Low Energy Devices and Android. Poster presented at The 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference will be held at the Shreveport Convention Center in Shreveport, Louisiana.

*Tilles, J., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016). mHealth Musculoskeletal Applications: Bluetooth Low-Energy Devices and Android, pp. 111-112. Proceedings of 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE. doi: 10.1109/SBEC.2016.61
*Bear, E., *Shumpert, B., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016). "SmartBottle: An mHealth Approach to Track Liquid Consumption," 2016 Proceedings of 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference (SBEC), Shreveport, LA, USA, pp. 173-174.
*Bear, E., *Shumpert, B., Shaporev, A., Reukov, V. (2016). SmartBottle: an mHealth approach to track liquid consumption. Poceedings at 32nd Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference, Shreveport, LA, IEEE.

*Tilles, J. (2016). "Mobile Health". 
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
741

Marine Conservation and Genetics

Over-fishing, pollution, and habitat destruction are among the major issues affecting marine life and habitats. Marine ornamental crustaceans, i.e., wild caught species sought by aquarium hobbyists due to their aesthetic value (e.g., bright coloration) and/or ability to control/eliminate aquarium pests, are particularly impacted by over-fishing and habitat destruction and do require immediate attention. The ornamental fishery, a well-established multi-million dollar industry, often operates unnoticed due to their niche market, the frequency of product export, and the diminutive size of the target organisms. Little attention has been paid to them and they have been managed based on little to no life history information. The marine aquarium trade relies predominantly on wild caught species with > 90% taken from coral reefs and associated habitats. The industry has increased dramatically in recent years with a distinct focus on crustaceans (and other invertebrates) that provide “ecosystem services” for aquaria (control of aquarium pests). As these organisms are harvested for the services they can provide in an aquarium, those services are potentially lost from the ecosystem. Immediately after corals, crustaceans represent the most heavily traded ornamental marine invertebrate worldwide. Basic life history information critical to manage any fishery with the goal of sustainability is largely absent. Furthermore, the mislabeling of the species traded in the industry is rampant. The development of a genetic (COI and/or 16S) barcode for this economically and ecologically important group of shrimps is warranted for achieving the goal of fishery sustainability. In this Creative Inquiry project, students will learn how to generate basic life history information about the most intensively traded species in the western Atlantic (e.g., shrimps from the genera Thor, Lysmata and Periclimenes, and crabs from the species complex Mithrax-Mithraculus). Furthermore, students will be exposed to relevant molecular techniques for setting up the bases for the development of a genetic barcode for the most heavily harvested ornamental crustaceans.

Team Leaders
Juan Antonio Baeza Migueles Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Major, R. and Baeza, J. (2017, April 12-16). Monogamy and sexual dimorphism in the shrimp Periclemenes rathbunae, living in symbiosis with the sun sea anemone Stychodactyla helianthus. Talk to be presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting 2017, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. 
*Steedman, S., Prakash, S., Behringer, D., Baeza, A. (2017, April 12-16). Reproductive Performance and Mating System in the Isopod Parabopyrella lata, a Parasitic Castrator of the Shrimp Lysmata boggessi. Talk to be presented at the Benthic Ecology Meeting 2017, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. 


Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J., Baeza, J.A. (2016). Sexual dimorphism in the pygmy spider crab, Petramithrax pygmaeus, and testing a macroevolutionary trend in growth in the superfamily Majoidea. 2016 South Eastern Ecological Conference, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 
Simpson, L., *Major, R., Ambrosio, L.J., Baeza, J.A. (2016). Sexual dimorphism in the pygmy spider crab, Petramithrax pygmaeus, and a test of Rensch's Rule in the superfamily Majoidea. 2016 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Portland, Maine, USA. 

Baeza, J. A., Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J. (2016). Active parental care, reproductive performance, and a novel egg predator affecting fecundity in the Caribbean spiny lobster Panulirus argus. 2016 Benthic Ecology Meeting, Portland, Maine, USA. 

Simpson, L., L. J. Ambrosio, J. A. Baeza. Sexual dimorphism and allometric growth in the enigmatic pygmy crab Petramithrax pygmaeus (Bell, 1836) (Decapoda: Braychura: Petramithrax) with a formal test of Rensch’s rule in spider crabs (superfamily Majoidea). Journal of Crustacean Biology 36(6): 792-803. [CI student Rami Major earned research experience participating in this publication]

Baeza, J. A., L. Simpson, L. J. Ambrosio, R. Guéron, N. Mora. 2016. Monogamy in a hyper-symbiotic shrimp. PLoS ONE 11(3): e0149797. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0149797.[CI summer student Dallas Owen earned research experience during this project this year]
Baeza, J. A., Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J. Guéron, R., Mora, N. (2016). Monogamy in a hyper-symbiotic shrimp. PLoS ONE, 11(3), e0149797.

Baeza, J. A., Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J. Guéron, R., Mora, N., *Owen, D. (2015). Reproductive investment in a phyletic giant, the Caribbean King crab Damithrax spinosissimus: exploring egg production costs in large brooding marine invertebrates. Journal of Shellfish, Research 34(3): 1049–1056.

Baeza, J.A., Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J., Gueron, R., Mora, N. (2016, March 2). Monogamy in Hyper-Symbiotic Shrimp. PLoS ONE, 11(3).
Baeza, J. A., *Simpson, L., Ambrosio, L.J., Guron, R., Mora, N., Owen, D. (2015). Reproductive investment in a phyletic giant, the Caribbean King crab Damithrax spinosissimus: exploring egg production costs in large brooding marine invertebrates. Journal of Shellfish Research, 34(3), 1049-1056.
*Simpson, L., Baeza, J.A. (2014, November, 11). Does Rench's rule apply to marine invertebrates?: A formal test of predictions using Crustacea as a model system. Poster presented at the 'Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and their Application in Evolutionary Biology' meeting, Sevilla,Spain.
*Johnson, C.A., Baeza, J.A. (2015, March 13-16). Exploring the effect of phyletic dwarfism on the static allometry of reproductive traits: Fecundity, Egg Size, and Reproductive Output in the Pygmy Spider Crab Mithrax pygmaeus . Poster presented at the The Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference (SEEC), Athens, Georgia.
Simpson*, L. and Baeza, J.A. (2014, November, 11th). Does Rench's rule apply to marine invertebrates?: A formal test of predictions using Crustacea as a model system. Poster presented at the 'Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and their Application in Evolutionary Biology' meeting, Sevilla, Spain.
*Hemphill, C., *Brownell, C., Charlton, H., Baeza, J.A. (2014, March) The lifestyle and sexual dimorphism of the symbiotic shrimp Ascidonia katoi suggests a polygamous mating system. Poster presented at the annual Benthic Ecology Meeting 2014, Jacksonville, FL.
*Simpson, L.A., & Baeza, J.A. (2014). Does Rench's rule apply to marine invertebrates?: A formal test of predictions using the Crustacea as a model system. 'Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and their use in Evolutionary Biology' Meeting, Sevilla, Spain. Runner up to best student poster price at the Meeting 'Modern Phylogenetic Comparative Methods and their Application in Evolutionary Biology', Seville, Spain.
ScienceG
743

Engaging Elementary Teachers and Students in Outdoor Learning Experiences with Mobile Learning

The purpose of this project is to support elementary teachers in effectively integrating outdoor learning environments (e.g. school courtyards) and mobile learning into their science curriculum. We will develop and refine learning activities and supplemental materials for using school courtyards to engage students in learning science with mobile learning (i.e. iPads). The modules developed for this project will also integrate science with other academic disciplines to address state and national science standards (i.e. Next Generation Science Standards) as well as other subject area standards (e.g. literacy and mathematics) while engaging students in environmental science themes. In teams and individually, we will implement modules with PreK-5th grade students at local elementary schools and refine them based on our experiences and reflections. We will also assess teachers’ beliefs about and implementation of the outdoor activities and our modules to support their science instruction. Research on the teachers’ use and beliefs about the learning modules will also be used to refine the modules and develop additional supplemental resources and activities that will support elementary teachers in effectively using their outdoor learning environments for teaching and learning integrated environmental science. The culminating project for this year's CI group will be a elementary science resource book that includes environmental science lesson plans that are inquiry-based, meet the Next Generation Science Standards, integrate multiple subjects areas, and engage students and teachers in effectively using mobile learning (e.g. iPads) for science investigations.

Team Leaders
Cynthia Deaton Teaching & Learning
Accomplishments
We received acceptance of our iBook as the yearbook for the Council for Elementary Science International (CESI). We will be finishing up the book in April and will be able to showcase/share the book at the Council for Elementary Science International conference strand and sessions. It will also be showcased at the CESI membership meeting and awards ceremony at the National Science Teachers Association conference.
Deaton, C., *Dickenson, S., *Mendez, D., *Brown, A., *Wilson, V. (2015, March). Five K-6th Grade Science Activities for Learning Environmental Science with Mobile Learning. Five posters to be presented for the Council for Elementary Science strand of the Elementary Extravaganza at the 2015 annual National Science Teachers Association Conference, Chicago, Illinois.
EducationE
748

WISER Workforce: A Yellow Belt Six Sigma Program for Women in Science and Engineering

Sophomore science and engineering students residing in the Women in Science and Engineering Residence (WISER) living and learning community participating in this Creative Inquiry experience will have the opportunity to receive training on yellow belt six sigma principles and participate in a six sigma project. Students will help identify potential six sigma projects with industry and on-campus clients. They will then follow the Six Sigma cycle (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control) in order to improve on the client’s product or process. Upon the successful completion of the project, the students will receive a Yellow Belt Six Sigma certificate from the Clemson University Center for Workforce Development. This industry recognized certification will prepare them to enter the workforce and help them stand out for co-op, internship, and job applications.

Team Leaders
Serita W Acker WISE-Women in Sci & Eng
Natasha Topoluk PEER - Prog Educ Enrich&Reten

Anand Gramopadhye Dean of Engineering & Science
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
751

Health Literacy

The primarily focus of this Creative Inquiry project will focus on the concept of health literacy. Students will focus on literature which will support future research efforts targeting the following three areas: 1) the influence of functional health literacy on health/ health care ; 2) health promotion and health-seeking behaviors/ practices; and 3) adaptation of national and global models of health addressing chronic illnesses predominant in underserved and vulnerable populations. The influence of literacy on health and health care is an important area of investigation. Several studies support deficiencies in health literacy and its correlation to health practices and outcomes in vulnerable populations. Health literacy mediates some disparities in preventive health care utilization and adds important information to the growing understanding of the role of health literacy in the health of older adults. Low literacy was also associated with poorer health status, and less satisfaction with health care, even when controlling for other potentially confounding variables. Inadequate functional health literacy is common, but its impact is not well described. Traditional patient education relies heavily on written material about disease processes, medical management, and self-care instructions. Despite the availability of extensive health education materials with relatively consistent content, many are written at too high a level for low-literate patients to comprehend essential points. Thus, patients with inadequate literacy may not benefit from such educational efforts. This may explain why some patient education programs have been unsuccessful. Understanding the role of functional health literacy in disease management and patient education should enhance efforts to improve patients' knowledge of their disease and adherence to treatment/education plan. I would like to measure health literacy on focus group participants using the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults, the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM) or another appropriate health literacy tool to assist the team in the development of the education program. Project goals will guide future collaborative research efforts targeting health promotion/prevention strategies in the US and abroad.

Team Leaders
Janice Lanham School of Nursing
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
754

Determining Delirium in the Intensive Care Unit Utilizing a Wireless Sleep Assessment Monitor and Assessing Environmental Factors

Our creative inquiry (CI) team research seeks to discover if the use of the Z-Machine device improves the identification of events that disrupt the sleeping pattern of MICU patients. For this project, the team chose to utilize the Z-Machine device because it is the first complete electronic system for capturing and analyzing sleep event data far less complicated than an EEG. By solving the problem of inadequate sleep correlations could be made into better ways of providing care to patients in the MICU that would enhance recovery and minimize delirium. The result is better information you can use to improve protocols, streamline procedures, enhance Joint Commission compliance and improve outcomes. To gain a better understanding of the Z-Machine the objective wake/sleep state of the patient, the Zmachine contains an integrated EEG amplifier, digitization circuitry, and a processor with an integrated wake/sleep detection algorithm (”Zmachine Algorithm”). The Zmachine system acquires a single channel of spontaneous EEG data obtained from the differential-mastoids and a neck ground. The Zmachine Algorithm then processes the EEG signal to classify the wake/sleep state of the patient every 30 seconds. Because each patient will have a different EEG pattern, related to their unique characteristics (skull thickness, age, etc.), the Zmachine Algorithm automatically tunes its internal parameters to match each patient, thereby maximizing accuracy. A ninety-nine subject (99) clinical study was conducted (publication in progress) in which polysomnographic (PSG) data was acquired and analyzed by multiple PSG technologists and compared with the Zmachine wake/sleep detection algorithm.

Team Leaders
John Whitcomb School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Mary Lohr, Internal funding School of Nursing. Provided funds to purchase more devices.
Publication has been submitted and accepted for publication in Critical Care Nursing 2015.When this publication is released I will update with link to article.
*Fogle, S., *Ethridge, E., *Edwards, S., Whitcomb, J. (2015, April) A Pilot Study Determining Delirium in the ICU: Utilizing the Z-machine sleep monitor for assessment. Poster presented at the 14th Annual Research and Evidence-Based Practice Conference UCLA. Los Angeles, CA
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
756

Biochemical analysis of homologous recombination and DNA repair

The process studied in my laboratory is homologous recombination. Homologous recombination is an error-free pathway to repair DNA double-strand breaks within the genome. If these breaks in the genome are not repaired correctly, chromosomal aberrations and anueplodies can occur which may lead to cancer or even cell death. At the heart of homologous recombination in eukaryotes is two recombinases, Rad51 and Dmc1. Both the Rad51 and Dmc1 recombinases localize to a processed DSB and bind to the broken end of DNA. The recombinases then engage the sister chromosome and search for homology in order to promote error free repair of the DSB. In order to this, Rad51 and Dmc1 need help from accessory factors. My lab focuses on establishing a better understanding of the role these accessory factors play in the DNA repair process through biochemical and genetic experiments. This CI project is designed to provide students with an opportunity to perform molecular biochemical research. The project involves generating and cloning mutants of these accessory factors genes in order to express and purify the protein encoded by the genes. The purified protein from these mutant genes is tested for various biochemical activities (DNA binding, protein-protein interactions). The culmination of these studies will provide mechanistic insight in to the function of these recombination accessory factors.

Team Leaders
Michael Sehorn Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
Kelso, A. A., Goodson,  S. D., Chavan, S., Say, A. F., Turchick, A., Sharma, D., Ledford, L. L., *Ratterman, E., Leskoske, K., King, A. V., Attaway, C. C., Bandera, Y., Foulger, S. H., Mazin, A. V., Temesvari, L. A., and Sehorn, M. G. Characterization of the recombination activities of the Entamoeba histolytica Rad51 recombinase. (2016, Nov). Mol Biochem Parasitol. 2016 Nov - Dec;210(1-2):71-84. doi: 10.1016/j.molbiopara.2016.09.001.
Kelso, A. A., Goodson, S. D., *Watts, L. E., Ledford, L. L, *Waldvogel, S. M., *Diehl, J. N., Shah, S. B., Say, A. F., *White, J. D., and Sehorn, M. G. (2017, January 25). "The β-isoform of BCCIP promotes ADP release from the RAD51 presynaptic filament and enhances homologous DNA pairing". Nucleic Acids Res. 2017 Jan 25;45(2):711-725. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkw877.

2016 Clemson University National Scholars Program Award of Distinction 2016 Phil and Mary Bradley Award for Mentoring in Creative Inquiry, Clemson University
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964

Calculation of NMR Chemical Shifts

As nanotechnology becomes more prevalent in our everyday lives, it is important to understand the interaction between materials such as carbon nanotubes and proteins, lipids, and other biological molecules.  In this CI project, students will work in teams to perform calculations of NMR chemical shifts for systems that are relevant to tissue engineering, nanotube separation and purification, and nanomaterial toxicity.

Team Leaders
Leah Casabianca Chemistry
Accomplishments
Vong, S., Foroughian, M., Renderos, G., Badiei, Y. M., and L. B. Casabianca. (2016, September). “Stability of New Ru(III) Catalysts for Water Oxidation,” Poster presented at College of Science Undergraduate Research Symposium.



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761

America Reads: Exploring Strategies and Techniques for Reading Instruction

Students on this CI team will explore reading intervention strategies and techniques for children in grades K - 2. A series of investigations will be conducted to explore children's reading interests, motivation to read, awareness of features of narrative and informational text, and responses to teacher read alouds. CI students will engage in developing research projects, interventions, and assessments and will be involved in implementing the studies as well as collecting, analyzing, and interpreting results.

Team Leaders
Leslie Roberts Education & Human Dev
Linda B Gambrell Teacher Education
Koti Hubbard Teacher Education
Accomplishments
Roberts, L., Hubbard, K., *Harpster, J., *Bolton, A. (2017, April). Not Down for the Count: How Book Clubs Motivate Young Boys to Read. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Hubbard, K., Roberts, L., Bolton, A. & Harpster, J. (2017, February). Not down for the count: How book clubs motivate young boys to read. Practitioner Presentation at the SCIRA State Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
Hubbard, K. & Roberts, L. (2017). Not down for the count: How book clubs motivate young boys to read. Practitioner Presentation at the SCIRA State Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC. (February, 2017).
Hubbard, K. & Roberts, L. (2017). Not down for the count: How book clubs motivate young boys to read. Practitioner Presentation at the SCIRA State Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC. (February, 2017).
*Kimbrell, L., Gambrell, L.B., Hubbard, K., Roberts, L., Jacques, L. (2016, December). Exploring Motivation to Read for Struggling Readers in Grades K – 3. Proposal submitted to the Literacy Research Association for presentation at the December 2016 conference in Nashville, TN.


$2000 CI Travel Grant awarded to fund presentation at SCIRA in Hilton Head- February, 2017
CI Travel Grant. Award amount: $2,000
*Dodgins, E., *Hamilton, S., *Herring, K., *Hughes, J., *Jennings, D., Ramey, M. D., Homer, A., Gambrell, L. (2014, April). America reads: A tale of two studies. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
EducationE
762

Exploring New Materials for Advanced Lithium Ion Battery Applications

This creative inquiry project provides a focused field of study for the research and training of undergraduates in a vital area of basic energy sciences. Through this interdisciplinary research program, we will learn what constitutes prototype solids suitable for cathode applications in the next generation re-chargeable lithium-ion batteries. The underlined research goal is to examine and evaluate the critical parameters that produce electronically and ionically conducting materials for use in Electric Vehicles (EV), Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV), and Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) which require high energy density and minimal capacity fade throughout multiple charge/discharge cycles. The major emphasis of our research activity is to investigate the chemistry of extended inorganic oxides featuring open-framework structures that warrant improved electronic conductivity and ion transport properties compared to the state-of-the-art cathode materials. This research covers a broad range of fundamental inorganic chemistry in an emerging field of advanced materials. It offers ample opportunities to acquire new knowledge that invigorates innovative directions in the research development of prototype materials for next generation, high-power battery applications. Students will participate in the research activities through which knowledge in emerging fields of materials science and engineering is readily acquired.

Team Leaders
Shiou-jyh Hwu Chemistry
Accomplishments
Hess, S., *Alvarez, N., *Lefort, C., *Jiang, X. (2017, April). Joining the Resistance: Microbial Presence and Antibiotic Resistance in Student Exercising Environments. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Sulejmanovic, D., Campbell, M., Raval, Y., *Anayee, M., Whitehead, D., Tzeng, J., Hwu, S. (2016). "Water-soluble Polyoxometalates: Synthetic Strategies and Applications." Department of Chemistry, Annual Research Symposium. 

*Malone, G., Hester, B.R., Hwua, S.J. (2016). "pH Dependent Isomerism in (V14As8O42Cl)n– and Non-Covalent Interactions Between Polyoxovanadates and Organic Ligands." Chem. Sci, in preparation.
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763

Exploring New Magnetic Solids for Quantum Computing and Information Storage

This creative inquiry project provides a focused field of study for the research and training of undergraduates in a vital area of basic energy sciences. Through this interdisciplinary research program, we will learn the factors that constitute a prototype solid suitable for quantum computing and information storage. The underlined research goal is to evaluate and determine the parameters that are critical for materials selection in quantum device applications. The research activity is designed to investigate the chemistry of extended inorganic oxides featuring magnetic nano structures that warrant slow relaxation of magnetic spins. This research covers a broad range of fundamental inorganic chemistry in an emerging field of advanced materials. It offers ample opportunities to acquire new knowledge that invigorates innovative directions in the research development of prototype materials for next generation computing and information storage device applications. Students will participate in the research activities through which knowledge in emerging fields of materials science and engineering is readily acquired.

Team Leaders
Shiou-jyh Hwu Chemistry
Accomplishments
Shen, Y.; Sulejmanovic, D.; Malone, G. & Hwu, S.-J. (2016, March) Inorganic-Organic Hybrids – Crystal Assembly via Non-conventional Bonding, Poster Presentation at the Chemistry Department Annual Research Symposium.
*Malone, G., Shen, Y., Htet, Y., Sulejmanovice, D., Tennyson, A., Hwu, S.J. (2016). "Inorganic-Organic Hybrids – Crystal Assembly via Non-conventional Bonding." Department of Chemistry, Annual Research Symposium.

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765

Engineering the Intervertebral Disc

Low back pain associated with intervertebral disc degeneration places major economic burdens on society here in the U.S. and around the world. The multi-factor degenerative process results in the degradation of the shock-absorbing cartilage discs in your spinal column and can result in pinched nerves and reduced mobility. Many patients must have their spines fused with metallic hardware or have a synthetic disc composed of metal and plastic implanted. The goal of this creative inquiry project is to develop an approach to creating a novel engineered total disc replacement that will ultimately consist of living cells and tissues. The participating students will be responsible for idea generation, hands-on experimentation, collaboration in a team environment, and presentation of their technical findings.

Team Leaders
Jeremy Mercuri Bioengineering
Dan Simionescu Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Mercuri, J., *Hensley, A., *Rames, J., *Watt, T., *Doyle, C., *Wyman, N., *Boulez, A., *Casler, V., *Garon, A., *Minton, N., *Rood, C. (2017, April). Intact Composite Intervertebral Disc Scaffolds Developed by Decellularizing Bovine Tail Caudal Discs. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Hensley, A.*, Rames, J.*, Compton, C.*, Litzinger, T.*, Watt, T.*, Wood, S.*, Aggarwal, A.*, Williams, K.*, Fernandez, C.*, MS, Mercuri, J., PhD. (2017 March 19-22). Intact Composite Intervertebral Disc Scaffolds Developed by Decellularizing Bovine Tail Caudal Discs. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Orthopaedic Research Society, San Diego, CA.
*Compton, C., *Lehane, A., *Rames, J., *Skelly, M., *Hensley, A., Mercuri, J. (2015, April). 'Development of a Novel Biological Intervertebral Dsic Scaffold'. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th annual focus on creative inquiry forum, Clemson, SC
Mercuri, J. (2015-2016). Engineering the Invertebral Disc-Creative Inquiry Project 765.  

Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
767

CEDC 9: Research and Development for CEDC

This group of students will develop technical documentation for many of the CEDC project teams. Technical writing is designed to introduce you to the theory and practice of technical business communication and how it is used in workplace settings. You will learn the conventions of several workplace-writing genres: cover letters/resumes, business letters, instructions, proposals, and reports. You will learn how to investigate audiences and how to tailor your writing to meet the needs of those audiences.

Team Leaders
Jeffrey Plumblee Civil Engineering
Hunter Lee Experiential Education
David Vaughn Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Suarez, V.*, McCaffrey, W.* (2015, April). Slow Sand Filter. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
2015 Student Organization of the Year for Exceptional Community Service given by Clemson University Student Affairs for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)2015�Leadership Award from Omicron Delta Kappa National Leadership Honor Society for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
768

CEDC 11: Capacity Building/GIS

Assist all project groups by providing mapping and GIS support for CEDC projects. This includes compiling GPS and spatial data to create visual aids for a comprehensive analysis of the environment in Haiti, such as land structure, soil, geology, hydrology, populations, etc. The work done will be put towards a GIS database which will help to track past and current conditions in Haiti. This is important for the success of CEDC because such a database will be necessary resource for the creation of realistic and functional designs by all project groups. This database will incorporate certain data in an online webpage for easy access by all groups. There is currently a lack of communication between NGOs in Haiti, with all the NGO aid that is currently in Haiti, a connection must be established in order to work together for the most benefit to both parties. The mission of this group therefore is to create a database and a procedure with the ultimate goal of helping one another help Haiti.

Team Leaders
Hunter Lee Experiential Education
Jeffrey Plumblee Civil Engineering
David Vaughn Civil Engineering
Accomplishments
Ghobrial, A., Heim, M., *McLeod, J. (2015, April). NGO Fusion Cell. Presented at the biannual EDUSC Summit Presentation, Clemson, SC.
2015 Student Organization of the Year for Exceptional Community Service given by Clemson University Student Affairs for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)2015�Leadership Award from Omicron Delta Kappa National Leadership Honor Society for Clemson Engineers for Developing Countries (2015)
769

Gender and Leadership: Cinematic, Corporative, and Media Portrayal

This project will explore different portrayals of men and women in leadership through film, media, and entertainment industries to define main strategies, motivation profiles, and common goals of diverse groups in a variety of disciplines. We will analyze new trends in leadership behaviors, styles, and gender-stereotypic arguments in the context of organizational and personal settings.          

Team Leaders
Graciela Tissera Languages
Accomplishments
Topic area of the submission: Film Presentation format: Panel Session Title of the Panel Session: Cinematic Portrayal of Gender and Leadership Styles Chair: Graciela Tissera Title of the submissions: 1. Michelle Baltazar: __Women in Film: Subtle Dominance, Deadly Persuasion_ 2. Eandra Hall: __Extreme Filmic Journeys to Fathom Luminous Minds and Broken Bodies_ 3. Chardrevius Martin: __Decoding Filmic Symbols of the Power of the Female Community_ 4. Graciela Tissera: __Games of Disruptive Imagination and Arcane Strategies in Film_
*Husain, M., Winburn, E., *Lovett, K., *Haire, H., *Dunnigan, C., Tissera, G., Martin, D. (2014, April). Literary and cinematic perspectives on gender studies. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1006

Contemporary Art & Practice

Contemporary Art & Practice is a Departmental Creative Inquiry three-semester sequence consisting of AAH 3050, ART 4730, and then ART 4750. Visual Arts Majors seeking the Bachelors of Fine Arts (BFA) Degree begin this Creative Inquiry three semesters from graduation such that their final exhibition in the Lee Gallery coincides with their enrollment in ART 4750.             Contemporary Art & Practice CI students will explore historical and theoretical issues to gain critical perspectives on Art, visit and study current exhibitions in galleries in museums in New York City, gain professional experience, and share their studio research in an exhibition in the Lee Gallery.

Team Leaders
Denise C Woodward-Detrich Art
Joseph Manson V Art
Beth Lauritis Art
Andrea Feeser Art
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
1089

The Churches of Mitchelville

Students researching the Churches of Mitchelville will conduct research on the history of the churches which were a part of this community of freed slaves and are some of the oldest Black churches in South Carolina.  Students will learn and document the traditions that are part of Black churches in the South Carolina Low Country.  The students will work with the Heritage Library to trace the Mitchelville descendants who founded the churches as well as the Mitcheville Preservation Foundation to document the locations and current information on the churches.Students will continue their research on First African Baptist Church and its congregants.

Team Leaders
Barbara D Hamberg Philosophy and Religion
Abel Bartley History
Accomplishments
*Black, P. (2016, December 2). "St. James the Baptist Church (Mitchellville)".
*Glenn, J. (2016, December 2). "Mt. Calvary Missionary Baptist Church".
*Vaughn, S. (2016, December 2). "Sam Frazier".
*Hayes, R. (2016, December 2). "New Church of Christ". 
*Lipscomb, T. (2016, December 2). "First Zion Baptist Church". 
*Figueroa, J. (2016, December 2). "First African Baptist Church". 
*Carmichael, J. (2016, December 2). "Central Oak Grove Baptist Church"
Presented at the final class meeting of HIST 3890 Creative Inquiry project numbers 656, 1088 and 1089.  Presentations took place in 024 Hardin Hall.



Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
772

Brain Tips

Students in this project learn more about the human brain and behavior. We find popular press and scientific articles that we think would be of interest to and help college and high school students and develop short, memorable tips to share using social media (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter). Students learn about the brain and how it works by developing ideas that others can find useful and apply in their lives. https://www.facebook.com/clemsonbraintips/; https://www.instagram.com/clemsonsss/

Team Leaders
June Pilcher Psychology
Accomplishments
*Anzola, Z., *Boyk, M., *Kouser, A., *Mcintyre, B., *Schweikert, M., *Askins, D., Pilcher, J. (2017, April). Smart and Savvy Students: Life Hacks. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Clancy, K. E., *Dickson, A. N., *Myers, C. M., *Kinard, S. L., *Sharpe, T. L., *Hiott, C. B., & Pilcher, J. J. (2016, April). Smart and savvy students: Broadcasting the brain. Poster presentation at Clemson University 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC. (* CI students)
*Holmes, K. M., *Bryan, R. C., *Clancy, K. E., *Palmer, D. E. *Tyler, C. P. & Pilcher, J. J. (2015, April). Smart & savvy students: Year 2. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Symposium, Clemson, SC.
*Hildreth, L., *Holmes, K., *Osborn, R., Pilcher, J. (2014, April). Smart & savvy students. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
775

Nurturing, protecting and interpreting story across cultures: devised Kenyan storytelling through puppets and masks

Students will create/devise theatre pieces that can be performed for local schools in Clemson, Pendleton, Seneca, Anderson and Greenville. These theatre pieces will be created from Kenyan (Maasai and Kikuyu) children's stories. Students will meet with Kenyan students via Skype to learn stories and craft methodology/technology so that they can create masks and puppets based on the Kenyan traditions. They will base the story, the music and the design on Kenyan styles specific to the tribes of the stories' origins. Ideally, these students will travel to Kenya to meet with their Kenyan counterparts and share the theatre pieces with them and Kenyan audiences. During this time. the students will be able to do more in-depth research on the literature, design and music styles. This project will begin in the fall of 2014.

Team Leaders
Shannon Robert Performing Arts
Architecture, Arts and HumaniesB
776

ICLEP: Interactive Cases for Learning Educational Psychology

This is a long running project to develop interactive case studies to use with education students. So far we have designed an html based case which uses a relatively simple website as a means of navigating through different portions of the case. There is however, a lot of potential for a computer science student or any student with programming abilities to help make the case more adaptive and responsive to user inputs. If you are interested in a web-based coding challenge, this may be the project for you!

Team Leaders
Meihua Qian Teacher Education
D. Matthew Boyer Education & Human Dev
Accomplishments
Roman, J., Mercer, E., Wilt, K., Denardis, V., Stover, M., Boyer, D.M. & Qian, M. (2017). Design of an Interactive Case-based Simulation for Learning Educational Psychology. In P. Resta & S. Smith (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2017 (pp. 464-467). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).
Roman, J.*, Mercer, E.*, Wilt, K*, Denardis, V.*, Stover, M.*, Boyer, D.M, & Qian, M. (2017, March 6). Design of an Interactive Case-based Simulation for Learning Educational Psychology. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Austin, TX.
Roman, J.*, Stover, M.*, Boyer, D.M., Vargas, P, and Qian, M. (2016, 23 March). Complexity of an Interactive Case Study on Student Self-Efficacy. Paper presented at the 2016 annual meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Savannah, GA.

*Mercer, E.L., *Denardis, V., *Stover, M., Vargas, P., Boyer, D.M., & Qian, M. (2016, 23 March). ICLEP: Interactive Cases for Learning Educational Psychology. Paper presented at the 2016 annual meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Savannah, GA.
*Mercer, E.L., *Denardis, V., *Stover, M., Vargas, P., Boyer, D.M., & Qian, M. (2016, 23 March). ICLEP: Interactive Cases for Learning Educational Psychology. Paper presented at the 2016 annual meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Savannah, GA.
*Roman, J., *Caldwell, B., Boyer, D.M., Vargas, P, and Qian, M. (2016, 23 March). Complexity of an Interactive Case Study on Student Self-Efficacy. Paper presented at the 2016 annual meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Savannah, GA.
*Roman, J., Vargas, P., Boyer, D. M., Qian, M. (2015). Effect of Complexity of an Interactive Activity on Student Self-Efficacy. Paper presented at the South Carolina Psychology Annual Meeting. Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Roman, J., Vargas, P., Boyer, D. M., Qian, M. (2014). ICLEP: Interactive Cases for Learning Educational Psychology. Paper presented at the Advances in Educational Psychology Conference. Fairfax, VA.
Denardis, V., Caldwell, B., Mercer, E., Boyer, D.M., Qian, M., & Vargas, P. (2016, 23 March). ICLEP: Interactive Case for Learning Education Psychology. Poster presented at the 2016 annual meeting of the Society for Information Technology and Teacher Education, Savannah, GA.

Vargas, P., Boyer, D.M., Qian, M., *Roman, J., *Mercer, E., *Denardis, E. (2015, April). Developing an Interactive Case to Support Student Learning of Educational Psychology. Poster presented at the American Educational Research Association Annual Meeting. Chicago, IL.
*Mercer, E., *Denardis, V., Vargas, P., Boyer, M., Qian, M. (2015, April). ICLEP: Interactive Cases for Learning Educational Psychology. Poster presented at the South Carolina Psychological Association Annual Meeting. Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Denardis, V., *Mercer, E., *Roman, J., Vargas, P., Boyer, D., Qian, M. (2015, April). ICLEP: Interactive Cases for Learning Educational Psychology. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
EducationE
777

Physiological Ecology with Salamanders

With global amphibian populations already declining, it will be crucial to understand the effect of global climate change on amphibian populations. By leveraging physiology, we can further understand the link between an organism and its environment to improve predictions about the biotic world and climate change. This Creative Inquiry project will explore the effects of the hydrothermal environment through field and laboratory investigations with lungless salamanders. Students will have the opportunity to develop their own projects by using advanced water profiling and analyzing equipment and state-of-the-art technology to assess salamander performance in the laboratory. The project will also apply data collected in the field and laboratory to computational models to improve predictions on the effect of climate change on amphibian populations. By the end of the project, students will have developed their own projects and a foundation to begin a professional career as biologists.

Team Leaders
Michael Sears Biological Sciences
Eric Riddell Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Matthews, C.R., Riddell, E.A, Rice, C.D., and Sears, M.W. (2017, January). Thermal stress induces melanin production in a lungless salamander. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for integrative and Comparative Biology, New Orleans, LA.
*Matthews, C. (2017, January 5). Thermal stress induces melanin production in a lungless salamander. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for integrative and Comparative Biology, New Orleans, LA.
*Odom, J. (2015, May 14). Using boundary layer resistance to understand how salamanders interact with their environment: a criticism of agar models. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Athens, GA.
*Rutledge, M., *Matlack, M. (2015, May 14). Mechanisms that regulate skin resistance to water loss rates in Plethodon salamanders across various body sizes. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Southeastern Ecology and Evolution Conference, Athens, GA.
*Matlack, M., *Rutledge, M., Riddell, E. (2015, August 14). Mechanisms that regulate skin resistance to water loss of a lungless salamander. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Baltimore, MD.
*Matlack, M., *Rutledge, M., Riddell, E. and Sears, M. (2015, April). Mechanisms that regulate skin resistance to water loss rates in Plethodon salamanders across various body sizes. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Riddell, E. A., Apanovitch, E. K., Odom, J. P., & Sears, M. W. 2017. Physical calculations of resistance to water loss improve species range models. Ecological Monographs 87: 21-33.
Blankenship, C., M. Duncan, E.A. Riddell, & M.W. Sears. (2016, February). Identifying the relationship between salamander skin morphology and skin resistance to water loss in Plethodon metcalfi.

Damm, J.*, C.R. Matthews*, H. Bailey*, E.A. Riddell, & M.W. Sears. (2016, February). Cues and costs of reproduction: physiological variation within female salamanders (Plethodon metcalfi) along an elevational gradient.

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778

Virtual Teamwork

How do we turn teams of experts into expert teams, especially when their members are distributed across space and time? We are currently investigating this question in the Developing and Improving Globally Integrated Teamwork and Leadership (DIGITAL) Lab, as teams today face new challenges which may require different interventions and strategies than what seems to work in traditional teams. This CI team will involve conducting lab and field research with populations such as medical teams, business teams, and spaceflight crews to answer this question and expand our current knowledge of teamwork and leadership in culturally diverse, physically distributed, dynamic, and adaptive work environments.

Team Leaders
William Kramer Psychology
Pamela Farago Psychology
Nastassia Savage Psychology
Marissa Shuffler Psychology
Michelle Flynn Animal & Veterinary Sciences
Dana Verhoeven Psychology
Chelsea Lenoble Psychology
Accomplishments
*Rye, A., *Demos, J., Verhoeven, D., Savage, N., Flynn, M., Kramer, W., Farago, P., Shuffler , M. (2017, April). Leadership Formality and Cultural Diversity in Space Missions. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.

Patel, A., Kramer, W. S., Summers, J. D., & Shuffler, M. L. (2016). "Function modeling: A study of model sequential completion based on count and chaining functions". Paper presentation. Presented at the annual meeting of the ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conference and the Computer and Information in Engineering Conference, Charlotte, NC.
*Flynn, M., Savage, N., Shuffler, M. L., Farago, P., Wilson, S., & Tappert, T. (2017). Leading Safely: Leadership Behaviors as Predictors of Patient Safety Climate. In Sinclair, R. R. (Chair) & Manapragada, A. (Co-Chair), Putting the "Health" in Healthcare. Symposium presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Orlando, FL.
Verhoeven, D. C., Shuffler, M. L., & Wilson, S. (2016). Political Skill and Media Use as Antecedents to Healthcare Leadership. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Shuffler, M. L., & Verhoeven, D. C. (2016). Leadership Demands for 21st Century Healthcare: A Multilevel Approach. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Shuffler, M. L., Verhoeven, D. C., & Savage, N. (co-chairs) (2016). Bridging the Gap: Challenges of Leadership in Healthcare. Panel presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
Savage, N., Shuffler, M. L., & Wilson, S. (2016). Staying Positive: The Influence of Leadership on Justice in Healthcare. In M. Jimenez-Rodriguez, M. Key-Roberts, & B. Lynn (Chairs), Maximizing Organizational Productivity: Leader Strategies for Promoting Inclusive Climates. Symposium presented at the 31st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Anaheim, California.
*Mercer, E. L., *Demos, J., Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., Kramer, W. S., & Shuffler, M. L. (2016). The Influence of Leaders on Organizations: Considering the Role of Political Skill in Healthcare. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, South Carolina.
*Savage, N., *Kramer, W. S., *Verhoeven, D. C, Shuffler, M. L., Burke, C. S., Salas, E. (2015). Are Distributed Teams More Stressed? The Influence of Distribution on Justice and Stress. Paper presented at the 10th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Pittsburgh, Pa.
*Allison, B.A., Shuffler, M.L. (2015, April). Leading tomorrow's teams today: The future of teams-focused leadership development. Panel to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
Shuffler, M.L., Janicki, S. (2014, August). Student learning in a partially distributed teamwork assignment. In S. Perry & O. Leung (Co-Chairs), Teaching students to work in virtual teams: Lessons learned from three virtual team projects. Symposium presented at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA.
Farago, P. (2017). Leaving it All on the Field: Coaching in Healthcare to Reduce Burnout. Poster presented to the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, Texas.




Flynn, M.*, Kramer, W. S., Patel, A., & Shuffler, M. L. (2017). Learning and Training Development In Complex Function Modeling. Poster Submitted to the 2017 Industrial-Organizational & Organizational Behavior Conference, Jones School of Business, Rice University, Texas.

Mercer, E. L.*, Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., & Farago, P. (2016). The Positive Impact of Mindfulness in Organizations. Poster presented at the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, Texas.

Moran, E.*, Kramer, W., Shuffler, M., & Summers, J. (2016). Teams in the Engineering Context. Poster presented at the Industrial/Organizational & Organizational Behavior Conference, Houston, Texas.

Demos, J.N.*, Verhoeven, D.C., Kramer, W.S., & Shuffler, M.L. (2017). A Meta-analytic Review on the Effect of Ethical and Authentic Leadership on Voice. Poster presented at the Industrial/Organizational & Organizational Behavior Conference, Houston, Texas.

 Farago, P., Verhoeven, D.C. & Shuffler, M.L. (2017) Growing pains: Leader-member exchange buffers organizational change effects. Poster presented to the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, Texas.


Farago, P.R., Verhoeven, D.C. & Shuffler, M.L. (2017) Growing pains: Leader-member exchange buffers organizational change effects. Poster presented to the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, TX.
Farago, P. (2017). Leaving it All on the Field: Coaching in Healthcare to Reduce Burnout. Poster presented to the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, TX.
*Mercer, E. L., Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., & Farago, P. (2016). The Positive Impact of Mindfulness in Organizations. Poster presented at the annual meeting of Industrial Organizational and Organizational Behavior, Houston, TX.


*Flynn, M., Farago, P., Savage, N., Shuffler, M. L., Wilson, S., & Tappert, T. (2017). "The Impact of Mindfulness on Burnout in Clinical Healthcare Employees". Poster submitted to the 12th Annual International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health, "Work, Stress, and Health", Minneapolis, Minnesota
Savage, N. & Shuffler, M. L. (2017). "Let's Be Fair: The Influence of Leadership on Interpersonal Justice Climate in Healthcare". Poster submitted to the 12th Annual International Conference on Occupational Stress and Health, "Work, Stress, and Health", Minneapolis, Minnesota.
*Flynn, M., Kramer, W. S., Patel, A., & Shuffler, M. L. (2017). "Learning and Training Development In Complex Function Modeling". Poster Submitted to the 2017 Industrial-Organizational & Organizational Behavior Conference, Jones School of Business, Rice University, Texas.
Savage, N., Verhoeven, D. C., Kramer, W. S., Shuffler, M. L., Wilson, S., & Tappert, T. (2016). Fairness Matters: The Importance of Leaders and Justice on Healthcare Teams. Poster Presented at the 11th Annual Conference for the Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research, Helsinki, Finland.
*Kramer, W.S., Shuffler, M.L., Switzer, F. (2015, April). The effect of leader-member exchange on voice: A meta-analysis. Poster to be presented at the 30th Annual Conference for the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Philadelphia, PA.
*Kramer, W.S., Shuffler, M.L. (2014, July). Context's ability to influence team perceptions and performance: Bridging culture and leadership research. Poster Presentation. Interdisciplinary Network for Group Research Conference, Raleigh, NC.
DiazGranados, D., Shuffler, M. L., Savage, N., Dow, A., & Yee, A. (in press). Defining the Pre-Hospital Care Multi-Team System. In J. R. Keebler, E. H. Lazzara, & P. Misasi (Eds.), Ergonomics and Human Factors of Prehospital Emergency Care.
Verhoeven, D. C., Cooper, T. N., Savage, N., & Shuffler, M. L. (in progress). Training in Healthcare: What Matters In Design and For Transfer. To be submitted to Human Resource Management Review.
*Kramer, W.S., Shuffler, M.L., Feitosa, J. (in press). The world is not flat: Examining the multi-dimensionality of culture and virtuality in teams. Human Resource Management Review.
Salas, E., Shuffler, M.L., Thayer, A. L., Bedwell, W. L., Lazzara, E. H. (2014, October). Understanding and diagnosing teamwork in organizations: A scientifically based practical guide. Human Resource Management, 54(4), 599-622.
Shuffler, M.L., *Kramer, W.S., Burke, C.S. (2015). #TeamLeadership: Leadership for today's multicultural, virtual, and distributed teams. In J. Wildman & R. Griffith (Eds.), Critical issues in cross-cultural management. New York: Springer.
*Verhoven, D., Cooper, T., *Flynn, M., Shuffler, M. L. (in press). Models of team effectiveness. In E. Salas, R. Rico, & S. Passmore (Eds.), Handbook of teamwork & collaboration. San Francisco, CA: Wiley.
Wilson, S., Tappert, T., & Shuffler, M. (under review). A journey to conscious leadership. Submitted to MGMA Connections Magazine.
Hoechst Celanese Graduate Student Research Award - Nastassia Savage
Outstanding Master’s Degree Student in Psychology - Dana C. Verhoeven
Emerging Scholar Research Award - Marissa L. Shuffler
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
785

The Application of Package Design Knowledge to Non-Packaging Challenges

Students pair with groups from across campus and local entrepreneurs to compete packaging and structural design projects.

Team Leaders
William Snyder Food, Nutrition & Package Sci
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
1182

Interdependent Critical Infrastructure (ICI)

We will be exploring how organizations (power, water, and gas) that are in competition with each other interact in times of crises when they are forced to work together. We will be conducting cognitive task analysis (CTA) interviews and creating concept maps that will be used to help prepare communities for disasters, such as the recent Hurricane Matthew. We will also be looking at how infrastructure professionals communicate with lay people about probability of disasters occurring. Our findings will likely end up being used to create a guidebook.There are also opportunities to work on other grant funded projects (at least 2), a master's thesis, and non-grant funded projects. Opportunities for summer funded research assistantships are possible. Presentations and publications are likely. Limited spaces available.Examples of other projects are: A project on synthesizing civil engineering curriculum instead of having silo'd knowledge. Teaching graduate students teamwork and leadership through workshops. Studying hacking of autonomous vehicles. We will also be studying and breaking down all components of CI teams using task analysis.

Team Leaders
Fred S Switzer III Psychology
Joseph Ligato Psychology
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
896

Phage Display Selection of Antiangiogenic CMG2 Cyclic Peptide Antagonists

Angiogenesis plays a key role in serious eye diseases and cancer. Molecules that bind CMG2 inhibit angiogenesis. Given similarity of CMG2 to integrins and the large number of peptide integrin antagonists, we propose to identify antiangiogenic peptide CMG2 antagonists by phage display and validate their activity.

Team Leaders
Kenneth Christensen Chemistry
ScienceG
786

Engineering for Modern Healthcare

This Creative Inquiry collaborates with Centra hospital in Lynchburg, VA. Our contacts there have proposed several projects for us to help them with including process engineering and medical device design.

Team Leaders
Kayla Gainey Bioengineering
Hannah Cash Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Accomplishments
Cash, H., Dean, D., *Long, K., *Maad, H., *O'Neill, K., *Bergamasco, G., Gainey, K. (2017, April). Color-Coding for Hospital Stockrooms. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Ford, A., *Parekh, D., *Shaw, E., *Hobbs, M., *Harper, N., *Zadeh, S., Gainey, K. (2014, April). A cross-discipline approach to healthcare needs. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
789

Generation and Characterization of Radiation for Biomedical Applications

In recent years there has been a strong growth in the number of medical devices that use different wavelength radiation for treatment and imaging applications. There is also a growing interest in different fields ( e.g. medicine, biology, space research, electronics) to understand and utilize the effects of different forms of radiation. The effectiveness of radiation technology depends on the understanding of the interaction with the materials in question ranging from surfaces of solids to biological soft tissues. The present research project lies on the borderline of physics and biology. The elementary physical processes of the interaction are well known, but their expressions in biological samples depend on the complex response of the system and its environment. Students in this project will explore different techniques to generate, detect, and characterize electromagnetic radiation, their uses in specialized medical devices, and their applications in research. Radiation sources that can be used in this program range from simple x-ray sources to the new CUEBIT facility of the Department of Physics and Astronomy. Biological response measurements will be designed based on the advanced techniques developed at the Department of Bioengineering.

Team Leaders
Matthew Rusin Bioengineering
Delphine Dean Bioengineering
Endre Takacs Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
*Medlin, D., *Heffron, W., *Siegel, A., *Wilson, K., *Klingenberger, A., *Gall, A., Rusin, M., Dean, D., Takacs, E. (2015, Jan. 11). Development of an x-ray irradiation port for biomedical applications at the CUEBIT facility. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 583(1).
*Klingenberger, J., *Schott, M., *Medlin, D., *Gall, A., Rusin, M., Dean, D., Takacs, E. (2015, Jan. 11). "Modeling low energy x-ray interactions biological material at the CUEBIT." Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 583(1).
*Baginski, B., *Brandenburg, K., *Caruso, S., *Hellyer, A., *Kimmel, T., *Klingenberger, A., *Medlin, D., *Miller, J., Williams, J., *Wilson, R., Wilson, J., Dean, D., Takacs, E., Rusin, M. (2014, April). Generation and characterization of radiation in biomedical applications. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
791

Low-cost microfluidics to detect Chagas disease in a rural setting

This project will explore the development of a low cost technology to detect the parasite causing Chagas disease in newborns in a rural setting. Chagas disease is a silent killer claiming up to 14k lives each year. Although the disease is deemed incurable in the mature stage, current antibiotics are capable of eliminating the parasite in newborns. Therefore, is extremely important to diagnose the disease at the time of birth. Unfortunately, those mostly affected by the disease are born in rural conditions where power and clean water are not always a given. The project includes review of the literature to detail the specifications needed to detect such parasite in blood; hands-on development of technology; and testing of the technology with biological samples. Expected outcomes include the development of a technology with the potential of being deployed in Latin America.

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Accomplishments
*Sparks, J., Islam, M., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Towards synthesis of steel foams through carbothermal reduction of iron oxide nanoparticles and renewable biopolymers. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Duncan, J., *Hanson, N., *Heustess, M., *Kluttz, E., *Mitchell, F., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Studying the Attraction of T. brucei to different materials and landscapes. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Gullette, E., *Hanson, N., Kluttz, E., *Stuart, C., *Hammer, Pitman, A., *Wallace, K., Keck, D., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Studying the Behavior of T. brucei under Electric Field Gradients Implemented using Optoelectronic Tweezers. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.
*Duncan, J, *Gullette, E., *Hammer, M., *Heustess, M., Pitman, A., *Wallace, K., Islam, M., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2017, May 30). Carbon-electrode Dielectrophoresis for concentrating Trypanosoma Brucei. Poster presented at the Biannual meeting of the Electrochemical Society, New Orleans, LA.

Duncan, J., Islam, M., Gilmore, J.*, Gomez Quinones, J., Perez-Gonzalez, V., Martinez-Duarte, R. (2016, November 14). “The impact of Different Waveforms on particle trapping efficiency when using using 3D Carbon-electrode Dielectrophoresis”. Poster Presented at the Annual Meeting of AIChE/AES Electrophoresis Society, San Francisco, CA.
Everyhope-Roser, J. (2016, April). Trapping Chagas, Glimpse, 5 (1), 14-15
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
792

Origami-inspired manufacturing of composite parts

This project explores the use of paper soaked in different composite inks as a precursor of carbide parts. The goal is to develop a manufacturing process that allows the relatively easy creation of patterns in paper, i.e. following origami techniques, that will yield carbon and carbide parts after going through a heating process. Students will perform a literature review to determine the state-of-the-art in the field; develop composite inks; establish protocols for paper processing; and optimize the carbonization process.

Team Leaders
Rodrigo Martinez-Duarte Mechanical Engineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
795

Cardiovascular microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for myocardial regeneration

Myocardial infarction and heart failure are predominant pathologies in developed countries. Strategies for restoration of heart function remain clinical priorities. Mesenchymal stem cells have the potential to differentiate into cardiac cells, especially when grown as 3D spheroid structures. In this project, cell self-assembling techniques will be considered in order to form stem cell spheroids able to generate cardiac-like microtissues. These structures can serve as in vitro models to: 1) study of normal and pathological processes that occur in cardiac tissues; 2) study the effect of drugs on cardiac cells (and mitigate the use of animal studies); 3) assemble as building blocks and generate larger-sized tissue constructs (a tissue engineering and regenerative medicine approach). Students will work in a team environment; they will design, test, and compare several techniques, in order to create cardiovascular microtissues. Specific stainings will be used to determine cardiovascular tissue formation. Six students are required for this project.

Team Leaders
Agneta Simionescu Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Zheng, W., *Ramirez, Y., *Patrick, A., *Alerre, A., *Banaszak, B., *Boulez, A., *Evans, D., *Mcauliffe, E., *Robertson, A., *Wood, E., Simionescu, A., *Busher, J., *Marsh, S. (2017, April). Generation of cardiomyocyte-like cells from adipose tissue-derived stem cells. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Alerre, A., *Banaszak B., *Busher J., *Freeman D., Kamperman S., *Zheng W. & *Marsh, S. (2016, December). The Development of 3D Cell Structures for Myocardial Regeneration. Poster presented at the Bioengineering Undergraduate Research Day, Clemson, SC.
*Ayala, A., *Baker, A., *Beal, E., *Dale, J., *Jacks, I., *Marsh, S., *Moses, T., *Scalera, K., Simionescu, A. (2015, April). 3D cell-based structures for cardiac tissue engineering. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
797

Insulin-secreting microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for pancreatic islets regeneration

Diabetes is a significant health problem affecting over 8% of the population and increasing to epidemic proportion worldwide. In type1 diabetes, the pancreas completely stops producing insulin, a hormone that enables the body to use glucose found in foods for energy. The beta cells, responsible for insulin production, are located in pancreatic islets. Pancreatic islet transplantation is an efficient therapeutic strategy, but often rejection and poor function of islets occur after transplantation. A new tissue engineering approach has been recently described in the literature, based on the developing of multicellular aggregates or spheroids from commercial pancreas-derived cell lines. In this project, the potential of mesenchymal stem cells to form cellular spheroids and differentiate into insulin-producing cells will be investigated. These structures can be used to study pathological mechanisms involved in diabetes, as well as the effect of different drugs used for the treatment of diabetes. The participating students will explore several techniques to generate stem cell spheroids and test their ability to secrete insulin as a response to glucose stimulation. Students will develop their own hypotheses, test them in the lab, and select optimal methods for generation of insulin-secreting microtissues. Six students are needed for this project.

Team Leaders
Agneta Simionescu Bioengineering
Accomplishments
*Brown, G., *Haney, A., *Jackson, L., *Knight, T., *Mandilwar, S., *Scalera, K., *Shearin, J., *Walker, B., *Marsh, S., Simionescu, A. (2017, April). Adipose tissue-derived stem cell differentiation into beta-cells. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Knight, T., *Brown G., *Haney A., *Jackson, L., *Shearin, J., *Walker, B., & Marsch, S. (2016, December). Insulin-secreting Microtissues: 3D Cell-based Structures for Pancreatic Islets Regeneration. Poster presented at the Bioengineering Undergraduate Research Day, Clemson, SC.
*Ambrosio, N., *Carlson, K., *Gow, D., *Haney, A., *Mulqueen, K., *Scull, M., *Wilkin, B., Simionescu, A. (2015, April 6). Insulin-secreting microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for pancreatic islets' regeneration. Poster presented at the Annual meeting Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
*Scull, M., *Wilkin, B., Simionescu, A. (2015, April 6). Insulin-secreting microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for pancreatic islets', regeneration. Poster presented at the Annual meeting Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
Ambrosio, N., Carlson, K., Gow, D., Haney, A., Knight, T., Mulqueen, K.*, Scull, M., Wilkin, B., and Simionescu, A. (2015, April 6). Insulin-secreting microtissues - 3D cell-based structures for pancreatic islets' regeneration. Poster presented at the Annual meeting Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
952

Interdisciplinary Service Learning: Assisting Local Head Start Programs with Hearing, Vision Screenings & Health Education

Head Start is a federally funded preschool/daycare agency that provides basic educational services to qualifying children ages 5 and under at no parental cost.  The centers typically have one RN who is responsible for each demographic region and can consist of as many as six schools!  The RN is required to perform a basic hearing, vision, and developmental screening on the children within the first 45 days of each school year.  This task is extremely difficulty for one nurse to properly do within this time constraint.  Currently our senior nursing students go to one of the centers to assist as one of their required clinical experiences.  The Head Start Centers have expressed sincere appreciation for our efforts and have asked if we can possibly assist more!  The experience is a great learning opportunity for our students in that they learn to communicate with, assess, and observe the behavior of three, four, and five year olds in the well-child setting.  It is a mutually beneficial activity!  Our nursing students are typically interacting with patients in the hospital setting when they are not feeling well and acting as typical preschool children.  The NCLEX RN licensing exam tests heavily around the topic of normal growth and development issues, so this increased interaction would not only serve this population in need, but would serve our students as well.  The hearing and vision screens are simple to perform and do not require any specialized nursing knowledge to implement.  The students would be taught basic growth and development expectations and cognitive theory for the age group prior to attending.  The project would be open to all levels and could progress semester to semester as the need is on-going.  This CI has been expanded to four groups based on schedule and interests related to solving this problem.            

Team Leaders
Terry H Busby School of Nursing
Accomplishments
Meehan, N., *Kuehn, K., *Osiason, R., Busby, T. (2017, April). Let Hearing Defecits Be Heard. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
799

The DEN (Design Entrepreneurship Network)

The DEN (Design Entrepreneurship Network)Are you entrepreneurially minded? Do you have an idea, design or technology that you would like to move to the next stage? This CI allows student teams to be mentored by leaders in device design, development, marketing, patenting and small business development to forward student-led technology and ideas. Initially, this CI will focus on mentoring technologies that are being generated by other CI groups, as well as from other Capstone Design programs, but other “independent” teams and technical areas will be sought after the CI structure is established. Teams can include undergraduates and graduates, and preference is given to groups that have already formed around a topic or technology of interest. Mentors and guest speakers from industry, patent law, marketing and start-up businesses will work with student teams to take technology beyond the university development level. The format will be very student driven, with small student teams presenting each week on some aspect of their technology development and business plans. These presentations will be the focal point for discussions, mentoring and advice. Key concepts to be covered are: 1. Predicting Technology Trends/Market Mapping 2. Opportunity Assessment/Intellectual Property/Licensing 3. Corporate Law/Contracts 4. Project Management 5. Product Development/Device Lifecycle Management 6. Operations/GMP/Logistics/Quality 7. Business Models/Start-Up Funding/Attracting Investment 8. Start-Up Finance 9. Regulatory/FDA/International 10. Clinical Trial Design & Management The goal of this CI is to take ideas and technologies forward using student-teams with the hopes of generating new start-ups, technology licenses and a greater network of design and entrepreneurship at Clemson and in Creative Inquiry.

Team Leaders
Sarah Grigg General Engineering
Nancy K Meehan School of Nursing
Scott Mason Industrial Engineering
Kristen Lawson Dean of Health,Educ,HumanDev
John D DesJardins Bioengineering
Suzanne H Edlein Graphic Communications
Erica Black Graphic Communications
D. Matthew Boyer Education & Human Dev
Breanne Przestrzelski Bioengineering
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
800

Investigating mechanisms of drug resistance in a fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans

Fungal infections are estimated to occur in over a billion people each year, and recent evidence suggests the rate is increasing. One of the pressing needs in antifungal therapy is to prevent frequent drug resistance among fungal pathogens. Commonly used azole drugs inhibit the production of ergosterol, an essential component of the fungal cell membrane. It has become apparent recently that two most significant opportunistic fungal pathogens, Candida albicans and Cryptococcus neoformans acquire resistance to azole drugs by changing the number of chromosomes (becoming aneuploids or polyploids). It is well established that resistance of C. albicans to the azole drug fluconazole may occur through specific chromosomal rearrangements that result in an increase of the copy number of a gene that encodes the target of fluconazole, the Erg11. Similarly, Cryptococcus neoformans challenged with a dose of fluconazole higher than the MIC (minimum inhibitory concentration) becomes an aneuploid with respect to key genes that permit survival of the drug treatment. What are the molecular mechanisms responsible for changes in chromosome number upon drug treatment remains elusive and the main objective of this Creative Inquiry project will be to investigate these mechanisms. The goals of this Creative Inquiry are 1. To improve our understanding of the mechanisms of fungal drug resistance 2. To engage students in a scientific discovery process that will include formulating relevant questions and hypotheses, hypothesis testing, and making conclusions. 3. To familiarize students with scientific tools and methods in a molecular biology laboratory. The participating students will enroll in GEN4910.

Team Leaders
Lukasz Kozubowski Genetics and Biochemistry
Accomplishments
*Fang, D., *Simmons, C., Kozubowski, L., Al Tamirano, D. (2017, April). Elucidating fluconazole based aneuploidy in Cryptococcus neoformans. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Simmons, C., Kozubowski, L. (2015, October 22). Utilizing artificially derived diploid to elucidate the mechanism of fluconazole-induced aneuploidy in a haploid yeast Cryptococcus neoformans. Poster presented at The 3rd Annual Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium in Clemson University Outdoor Lab, Clemson.
Altamirano, S., *Fang, D., Kozubowski, L. (2015, October 23). Fluconazole-induced aneuploidy in C. neoformans. Speech presented at The 3rd Annual Cell Biology of Eukaryotic Pathogens Symposium in Clemson University Outdoor Lab, Clemson.
Lukasz Kozubowski serves as a Target Investigator on a recently awarded program grant from the NIH that includes investigators from the Clemson University Eukaryotic Pathogens Innovation Center.
Lukasz Kozublwski (mentor) is a PI on recently received NIH grant award on a project directly related to this CI project. The title of the study is "Mechanisms of Fluconazole-Induced Aneuploidy in Cryptococcus neoformans", the total award is 300,000 direct costs and it ends 5/31/2018.
AREA NIH grant 1R15 AI119801-01 Title: Mechanisms of Fluconazole-Induced Aneuploidy in Cryptococcus Neoformans start date 06/15/2015 end date 05/31/2018
ScienceG
803

Vegetative Succession in Restored Wetland and Steam Ecosystems: Hunnicutt Creek Case Study

Clemson University has a longstanding, fundamental commitment to environmental sustainability. However, much of the campus stream network illustrates conversion of natural fluvial ecosystems into largely unstable and simplified aquatic environments that require continuing maintenance and provide only marginal value to the surrounding landscape or to the university. In June of 2013, a multi-disciplinary project was undertaken on the lower section of Hunnicutt Creek to restore and enhance selected areas as part of an approved compensatory mitigation plan. Three hundred and ninety (390) linear feet of perennial stream were restored using Rosgen Level 2 Priority methodology and approximately two (2) acres of jurisdictional wetlands are in the process of being converted from emergent vascular flora (which includes many invasive alien species) to a native bottomland hardwood community. This Creative Inquiry project will establish a collaborative research effort designed to document the composition and status of vegetation in restored and enhanced sites for purposes of inventory, non-compliance based monitoring, assessment of environmental conditions, and adaptive management. Since the long-term success of the restoration project will largely depend on the management of invasive plant populations upstream, students will also conduct a research project to compare the efficacy of various invasive plant removal strategies in the upper Hunnicutt Creek watershed. Additionally, students will gain experience collecting water quality data in accordance with “Adopt-a-Stream” protocols. In collaboration with Clemson faculty, students will participate in experimental design, field data collection and data analysis. Students will also present their findings at a departmental seminar.

Team Leaders
Jeremy Pike Plant & Environmental Sciences
Donald Hagan Forestry & Environment Conserv
Calvin Sawyer Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
3rd place, Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum
*Lanza, C., *Riley, J., *McAlhaney, A., *Kelly, B., *Mckinney, S., *Bryan, J., *Hendron, N. (2016). No Goats, No Glory? Making a Case for Integrated Management for Invasive Species. Clemson University Focus on Creative Inquiry.
*Lanza, C., *Riley, J., McAlhaney, A., *Kelly, B., *Pence, G., *Mckinney., S., Hagan, D., Sawyer, C., Pike, J. (2016). Choose Your Weapon: Comparing Invasive Removal Methods in an Urban Watershed. Presented at the National Conference on Ecosystem Restoration.
*Lanza, C., Mcalhaney, A., *Kelly, B. (2016). Taking Back Hunnicutt Creek: A student driven, community-based approach for riparian invasive plant management. Presented as the Restoration Ecology Class Guest Lecture.
*Lanza, C., Mcalhaney, A. (2015). Taking Back Hunnicutt Creek: A student driven, community-based approach for riparian invasive plant management. Presented at the SC-Exotic Pest Plant Council annual meeting.
*Lanza, C., Mcalhaney, A. (2015). Taking Back Hunnicutt Creek: A student driven, community-based approach for riparian invasive plant management. Pickens and Anderson Counties Stormwater Partners Quarterly Meeting
*Pence, G., *Allen, S., *Basinger, C., Blanton, R., *Daniels, K., *Dorn, G., Hagan, D. *Hollowell, R., *Mcalhaney, A., *McDaniel, D., *Sidwell, B. (2015, April). Assessment of methods for invasive plant removal and reintroduction: building blocks for a campus watershed restoration project. Poster Presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Blanton, R., *Clark, L., *Dixon, D., *Guy, E., *Kelly, B., *Lanza, C., *McAlhaney, A., *Mcdaniel, D., *Pence, G., *Sheorn, B., *Simmons, T., Hagan, D., Sawyer, C., Pike, J. (2014, April). Stream Restoration and Vegetative Succession in an Alien Environment: Hunnicutt Creek Case Study. Poster Presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Pence, G. and *Allen, S. (2015, May). Assessment of methods for invasive plant removal and reintroduction. Poster Presented at the SE Exotic Pest Plant Council Annual Meeting, Raleigh, NC.
*Lanza, C., *Kelly, B., *Harper, N., *Slaton, N., *Mckinney, S., and *Courtney, L. (2015, April). Under the Surface: Biological monitoring along Hunnicutt Creek restoration. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Blanton, R., *Clark, L., *Dixon, D., *Guy, E., *Kelly, B., *Lanza, C., *McAlhaney, A., *Mcdaniel, D., *Pence, G., *Sheorn, B., *Simmons, T., Hagan, D., Sawyer, C., Pike, J. (2014, April). Vegetative succession in a restored urban wetland: If we build it will they come? Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
808

Heat Transfer Applications in Agriculture

Principles of heat transfer, fluid mechanics, and psychometrics are applied in many engineering technology topics studied by students in the AGM program. Practical applications include energy use in residential and agricultural structures, ventilation of structures, understanding thermal properties of insulation products, cooling of engines and hydraulic systems, energy conservation, and evaporative cooling. Students will participate in a small group creative inquiry project that could involve, design, testing, analysis, or demonstration agricultural applications of heat transfer and/or fluid mechanics. Other practical outcomes will include learning to work in groups, development of written and oral communication skills, development of project management skills, and enhancement of analytical and laboratory skills.

Team Leaders
John P Chastain Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
*Johnson, J., *Carpenter, J., and Chastain, J.P. (2015). Inlet Apparatus Ventilation Testing for AGM 4730 Creative Inquiry. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.
*Satterwhite, J., *Troutman, C., *Crowder, C., *Cassidy, S. (2015). Design and Testing of Wall Insulation Alternatives for Local Poultry House. Presented at the 2015 PRTM Creative Inquiry Forum: Final Project Presentations. Madren Center, Clemson University, SC.
Chastain, J. (Spring 2014). Heat Transfer Applications in Agriculture.


Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
954

Building Healthier Communities in the Dominican Republic: Creative Inquiry and Study Abroad

This multi-disciplinary creative inquiry project engages Clemson students in a reflective critical thinking learning process and incorporates service learning in order to study the health situation of Las Malvinas II, a low-resourced setting bordering the highly polluted Ozama River in the city of Santo Domingo. Students will use the input gathered from direct interactions with the community to recommend appropriate courses of action for improvement under the healthy communities’ and socio-ecological frameworks. This project increases students’ cultural competence by translating applicable evidence-based health practices from the US to a LAC country. 

Team Leaders
Arelis de Peralta Youth, Fmly & Comm Studies
Accomplishments
Study abroad in spring break 2017. Traveling to Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic to continue working with the project "Building healthier communities in the DR: Las Malvinas II, Santo Domingo".
Fuentes, M.*, Brown, K.*, Schockling, C.*, & Moore de Peralta, A. (2017, March 9-11). Utilizing Multi-disciplinary Partnerships to Build Healthy Communities in the Dominican Republic. 2017 ACHI National Conference. Meeting of the Association for Community Health Improvement. Denver, CO.
Moore de Peralta, A., *Schockling, C. (2016, June 28th). Building Healthier Communities in the Dominican Republic. Presentation to WFIC Board of Trustees.
*Schockling, C., *Brown, K., *Fuentes, M., *Lenti, R. (2016, March). Socio-cultural and linguistic adaptation of CDC CHANGE Action Guide to conduct a Community Health Assessment in the Dominican Republic: A multi-disciplinary and mixed methods approach. Presentation/Panel at Clemson Global Symposium, Clemson Univeristy; Clemson, SC.

*Garcia L., *Lenti, R., *Labelle, N., & Moore de Peralta, A. (2016, April 7). Using GIS to conduct a household survey for developing a community health and assets assessment in the Dominican Republic. Poster presented at the FoCI Forum, Clemson University; Clemson, SC.
*Schockling, C., *Brown, K., *Fuentes, M., Moore de Peralta, A. (2016). Socio-cultural and linguistic adaptation of CDC CHANGE Action Guide to conduct a Community Health Assessment in a low-income community in the Dominican Republic: A multi-disciplinary and mixed methods approach. Presented at the Community Engagement and Research Symposium, University of Massachusetts Medical School.


*Luis, G., *Lenti, R., *LaBelle, N., Moore de Peralta, A., Matta, P., Carbajales, P. (2016, April). Using GIS to conduct a household survey for developing a community health and assets assessment in the Dominican Republic. Presented at FoCI, Clemson University, SC.






*Brown, K., *Schockling, C., *Fuentes, M., *Lenti, R., Moore de Peralta, A. (2016, March 5). Socio-cultural and linguistic adaptation of CDC CHANGE Action Guide to conduct a Community Health Assessment in a low-income community in the Dominican Republic: A multi-disciplinary and mixed methods approach. Presented at Clemson Global Symposium.





This presentation targeted Clemson undergraduates participating in the Language and International Health Symposium in January 2015. The topic was Building Healthy Communities and it portrayed the historical evolution of this initiative developed and promoted by the World Health Organization worldwide. Theoretical frameworks related with this public health initiative are discussed including Bronfenbrenner's Socio-ecological model and Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. Other related concepts are also explained including social determinants of health and health disparities. Challenges for implementing BHC initiatives in under-resourced and low-income settings are also discussed.Lastly, a creative inquiry project to orient the design of a BHC initiative in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic is discussed.
CDC Invitation to portray our project as a model example (best practice) for adapting CDC CHANGE Guide to a developing country. Contacted by: Susan O’Connell, MEd, PMP IMPACT Program , Workforce and Institute Development Branch DGHP |CGH |CDC Deloitte Consulting LLP Work Cell: 404-290-2764 ynv6@cdc.gov soconnell@deloitte.com | www.deloitte.com Below the information shared by Susan O'Connell, CDC representative, to invite me to collaborate with their project: "I am a curriculum designer working with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention within the Division of Global Health Protection/Workforce and Institute Development Branch on a program known as IMPACT. IMPACT (which stands for Improving Public Health Management for Action) is a two year fellowship program designed to build the public health management workforce within Ministries of Health of developing countries. I’ve attached a brief fact sheet if you would like to read more about the program. We are currently piloting this program in Kenya and Bangladesh. Dr. Shannon Griffin-Blake shared information about the Building Healthier Communities in the Dominican Republic seminar / project that you are leading at Clemson University. I would like to discuss your experiences as it relates to one of the key competency domains that we want to develop through IMPACT: Community Partnership Development and Community Health Needs Assessment. We are in the process of expanding existing training material on Community Health Needs Assessment created within the CDC and based on the CHANGE tool. (That material can be found lower down on the page here: http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/healthprotection/fetp/ncd_modules.htm.) In particular, we are considering expanding the topics around identifying public health priorities and developing new instruments for data collection for non-US audiences. Based on the information that Dr. Griffin-Blake has shared with me, this is an area in which you may be willing to share your experiences. We would find this incredibly useful."
$1,455.00
Spitlet, N. (2016, May 4). Putting Data to Work. Clemson World.
Barnett, R. (2016, March 15). College students give up spring break frolicking for hammers and nails. Greenville News article.

Service Learning Mini-grant $400.00 Purporse: To organize service learning activity at Las Malvinas community. Type of activity: Local school children educational and fun activity focusing on healthy life style and nutrition.
Schockling, C.*, Brown, K.*, Fuentes, M.*, & Moore de Peralta, A. (2016). Socio-cultural and linguistic adaptation of CDC CHANGE Action Guide to conduct a Community Health Assessment in a low-income community in the Dominican Republic: A multi-disciplinary and mixed methods approach. Poster presented at the 2016 Community Engagement & Research Symposium of the Center for Clinical and Translational Research; Albert Sherman Center, UMass Medical School, Worcester, MA.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
824

Plant biotechnology for use in crop genetic improvement

Abiotic stress including drought, salt, heat, cold etc. are important factors significantly impacting plant development and crop yield. Development of molecular strategies to genetically engineer crop species for enhanced performance under adverse environmental conditions would greatly contribute to agriculture production. This project involves identification, cloning, molecular characterization of new genes determining plant response to environmental stress and development of novel molecular strategies to improve crop species using biotechnology approaches. Students involved in such research activities will tremendously benefit from gaining new knowledge and learning modern technologies in molecular biology and cell biology and plant biotechnologies. This would train next generation agricultural research scientists who would contribute to continued development of agricultural research for sustainable agriculture, meeting the challenge of producing more food for increasing world population. As an experienced plant molecular biology and biotechnology educator, The PI has a long-term goal of making a difference in educating a new generation of citizens with deeper appreciation of plant science research. Thus the goals of this Creative Inquiry project are to train students to conduct research in plant molecular biology and plant biotechnology to improve crop species with enhanced performance under adverse environmental conditions and increased agriculture production. The participating students will enroll in GEN or BCHM 4910 or 4900 and remain in the project for at least two semesters.

Team Leaders
Hong Luo Genetics and Biochemistry
ScienceG
827

Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden

Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden is a model for urban design. It uses sustainable practices for design, installation, and maintenance. It measures environmental health via soil tests and soil moisture; and human perception of health via perception surveys that have received Institutional Review Board approval. Student designs from HORT 308 were adapted for installation and students enrolled in HORT 408 worked with landscape services to install the garden. Students each semester (including summer) maintain the garden; conduct surveys; and orally present on the project. The Web site is an instrumental communication tool that provides valuable information regarding plants, process, and people.

Team Leaders
Ellen Vincent
Accomplishments
Hollifield, K.* (2016, January 21). Sustainable landscape demonstration garden. Presented at the South Carolina Horticulture Industry Annual Conference, Myrtle Beach, SC.
*Dickerson, C., *Shirley, J., *Wells, J., and  *Murphy, T. (2015). Sustainable Landscape Demonstration Garden: Research and Experiences.Oral presentation to Landscape Services Department, Poole Agricultural Center, Clemson University.
*Busbee, E. (2014, August). From grease to green. South Carolina Nurseryman, 27.
825

Synthetic Biology

The need for alternative energy sources has driven the scientific community to explore biofuels, energy sources produced by living things or their wastes. Biofuels may be produced using plants, bacteria, or other microbial systems. Bacteria are often the host of choice for mass production of industrial products because they are easily genetically engineered and cultured. However, using bacteria for the production of biofuels is not currently economical because harvesting cells is both time-consuming and energy-intensive. One way to reduce costs is to prevent the need for lysing the cells by using cellular processes to export the products instead. Not only will using cellular export allow the products to be more easily collected, but the cells can be maintained in continuous culture. There are many groups of well-described bacterial efflux pumps that can be utilized for the export of biofuels. In this study, we are evaluating the efficiency of two such efflux pumps in exporting isoprenoids. This study focuses on isoprenoids because they are already used to manufacture biofuels and are easily detectable using colorimetric methods. The goal is to combine isoprenoid production and efflux pump activity into the same cell for rapid and efficient export. Rapid product removal will drive production forward and minimize the toxic effects of overaccumulation within cells. Optimization of this system will allow for more rapid and economical production of bacterially-produced biofuels. 

Team Leaders
Tzuen-Rong J Tzeng Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
*Bickford, L., *Borthaye, S., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Hoy, S., *Jones, R., *Mathew, R., *Saffarian, M., Sridharan, J., *Summers, M., *Tzeng, A., *Wilson, J., Tzeng, T.R.J. (2016, April). Optimization of Bivector Systems for Export of Isoprenoids in Biofuel Applications. Poster presented at the FoCI Symposium, Clemson University
*Bickford, L., *Chiu, C., *Eller, J., *Gandhi, M., *Jones, R., *Tzeng, A., Wilson, J. (2015, October 24). Cellular Export of Isoprenoids for Biofuel Synthesis. Presented at the American Society for Microbiology, SC Branch Annual Meeting.
http://igem.org/Results?year=2013??ion=North%20America&division=igem
Kane, R.*, Bickford, M.*, Tzeng, J.*, Wilson, J., Jones, D.*, Whatley, A.*, Louie, R.*, Scanlan, A.*, Brown, A., Saffarian, M., Cao, M., Tzeng, J. (n/a). Assessment of a Self-Amplifying N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone Biosensor. ACS Synthetic Biology.
*Kane R., *Bickford M., *Louie R., *Scanlan A., *Whatley A., *Wilson J., *Tzeng J., *Jones D., *Brown A., *Saffarian M., Cao M., Tzeng T. R. (2014) Assessment of a Self-Amplifying N-Acyl Homoserine Lactone Biosensor. American Chemical Society Synthetic Biology
ScienceG
831

Clemson University Soil Judging Competition Team

This is a multi-semester project (3 hours in fall and 1 hr in spring unless we place and head to nationals at which time students can sign up to 4 credits in spring ) coaching students to compete in the SE regional Soil Judging competition. If make top 3 then students will advance to national competition. Expected Student Activities: 1.  characterize a soil profile, 2. identify the relationships between different soil characteristics and between soil characteristics and what the soil's uses maybe. 3. learn how to work as a team. 4. network with other students, faculty and state and federal officials for after graduation opportunities. 

Team Leaders
Dara Park Plant & Environmental Sciences
Bill R Smith Plant & Environmental Sciences
Accomplishments
Gedding, E.*, Henderson, C.*, Seiders, H.*, Park, D. (22, April 2017). Students compete in the 2017 National Collegiate Soils Contest, American Society of Agronomy, Northern Illinois University, De Kalb, IL.

The Clemson University Soil Judging Team (Calum Henderson, Tee Stoudemayer, Elizabeth Geddings, and Hunter Seiders) placed 2nd out of 9 teams at the SE Regional Soil Judging Contest in Auburn Al, Oct 6, 2016. The team will now compete at the National Competition in Northern Illinois in late April 2017.
Calum Henderson placed 9th out of 59 students at the SE Regional Soil Judging Competition in Auburn, AL, Oct 6, 2016.
Timothy "Tee" Stoudemayer placed 5th out of 59 students at the SE Regional Soil Judging Competition in Auburn, AL, Oct 6, 2016.
Hunter Seiders placed 7th in the individual competition.
The soil Judging Team placed 7th overall. Hunter Seiders (Junior, PES) placed 8th out 76th students.
*Reed, M., *Deason, J., White, D., Park, D. (2014, April). The Nitty Gritty of South Carolina Soil Orders. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
Agriculture, Forestry and Life ScienceA
834

Inter-kingdom communications - studies on C. elegans and bacteria interactions

Bacteria are known to have social behaviors just like the higher organisms. They use special "languages" to talk to each other and make group decisions. The "languages" (or signaling molecules) are small chemical compounds, such as autoinducers and secondary metabolites, produced and secreted by the bacterial cells. Recent studies have revealed that functions of these signaling molecules are not restricted to communications between bacterial cells, but extend to cross kingdoms, i.e. communications between bacteria and their hosts. In this research, we will use the nematode, C. elegans, as a model to study the inter-kingdom communications. Specifically, we will investigate (1) interactions between bacterial pathogens and C. elegans, and (2) effects of probiotics on C. elegans health span.

Team Leaders
Yuqing Dong Biological Sciences
Miranda Klees Biological Sciences
Min Cao Biological Sciences
Accomplishments
Graduate student, Miranda Klees, was awarded the Michael and Ellen Dobson Henson Student Assistance Endowment in Microbiology travel grant and the Clemson University Professional Enrichment Grant to support her travel to ASM Microbe 2017 and present her result at the conference.
Andrew Gitto was selected to participate in the 2016 ASM URF program. The award will provide $4000 stipend for him to conduct a minimum of 10 weeks of summer research in our lab and up to $1000 for travel to the ASM 2017 General Meeting. 
Andrew Gitto was awarded the 2016 ASM Undergraduate Research Fellowship (ASMURF) from American Society for Microbiology.
The American Society of Microbiology (ASM) awards highly competitive Undergraduate Research Fellowships each summer for projects spanning 10 weeks, giving students the experience of greater freedom and responsibility in the lab. Andrew Gitto is among the recipients for this prestigious $4,000 fellowship. The award will allow him to complete a lab research project titled "Influence of Probiotics on Fat Storage in Caenorhabditis elegans" in Cao lab, which is also a part of the CI project. In addition to his $4,000 fellowship, the award covers travel expenses to the ASM annual meeting in June and a 2-year gift membership to ASM.
Diana Nguyen was selected to participate in the 2015 ASM URF program. The award will provide $4000 stipend for her to conduct a minimum of 10 weeks of summer research in our lab and up to $1000 for travel to the ASM2016 General Meeting. Although Diana already accepted another summer research fellowship and had to decline this one, the award is a great honor.
Graduate student Miranda Klees was awarded the Visiting Scholar Award for Excellence in Scholarship for the Natural and Computational Sciences at the 14th Annual Graduate Research Symposium at the College of William & Mary, which was held on March 20-21, 2015. Miranda was one of eight graduate students chosen by CAFLS to represent Clemson University to present at the Symposium. Her research is focused on the effects of probiotics supplementation on health using Caenorhabditis elegans as a model system.
*Gitto, A., *Whitesides, K., *Moore, C., *Patel, K., *Dimery, M., *Klees, M., Dong, Y., Cao, M. (2017, April). Probiotics and Fat Storage: A C. elegans model. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Gitto, A., *Sullivan, J., Klees, M., Dong, Y., Cao, M. (2016, April) Influence of Probiotics on Fat Storage in Caenorhabditis elegans. Poster presented at the 11th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry, Clemson, SC
*Gitto, A. J., Klees, M. L., Cao, M. (2017, June 3) Influence of Probiotics on Fat Storage in Caenorhabditis elegans. Poster presented at American Society for Microbiology- Microbe 2017 General Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
*Gitto, A. J., Whitesides, K., Moore, C., Patel, K., Dimery, M., Klees, M. L., Dong, Y., Cao, M. (2017, April 6) Probiotics and Fat Storage: A C. elegans model. Poster presented at the 2017 Clemson University Focus of Creative Inquiry (FoCI), Clemson, SC.   
Gitto, A. J., Klees, M. L., Cao, M. (2017, June 3). Influence of Probiotics on Fat Storage in Caenorhabditis elegans. Poster presented at the American Society for Microbiology- Microbe 2017 General Meeting, New Orleans, LA.
Klees, M., *Nguyen, D., *Tran, S., *Gitto, A., Dong, Y., Cao, M. (April 2015) Interkingdom Communication: Probiotics effect on healthspan in the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Angeloni, J., *Conley, M., *Hourigan, P., Dong, Y, Cao, M. (2015, April). Interkingdom Communication: Study of Caenorhabditis elegans and Vibrio cholerae Interactions. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
Klees, M., *Nguyen, D., *Tran, S., *Gitto, A., Dong, Cao, M. (2015, April). Probiotics effect on healthspan in the model organism Caenorhabditis elegans. Poster presentation at Clemson University 10th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
836

Comm3990 Sports Fandom

This creative inquiry project aims to provide individual students with the opportunity to work with the faculty mentor on experimental studies that will examine how football and fandom interact.  Specifically, the research will examine how race impacts perceptions of quarterback play and how concussive hits are perceived by football fans.

Team Leaders
John Spinda Communications Studies
Accomplishments
*Bates, G., *Burns-Heffner, K., *Canedo, T., *Chandler, G. *DeCoursey, E., *Dukes, B., *Eagleton, R., *McCullough, R. (2016, April). Examining how tweets influence Basking in Reflected Glory (BIRGing) and Cutting off Reflected Failure (CORFing) behaviors among sports fans. Poster presented at the Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry (FoCI), Clemson, SC.
Earned top poster award by both judges and popular attendee vote.
Behavioral, Social and Health SciencesC
1176

Deep Learning and Big Data Research (DL/BD)

            Deep Learning is currently a very popular paradigm of machine learning research used for applications such as image processing, natural language understanding, or even controlling a vehicle. Deep Learning has become so successful in recent years due in part to the availability of modern high-performance computing resources such as GPGPUs, but also because of the sudden influx of more and more labeled data for training these huge neural networks. The goal of this Creative Inquiry is to equip students with a better understanding of how Deep Learning networks operate, how they are directly affected by the training set used to teach them, and the methods and best practices for designing a training set for meeting a certain goal. Students should expect exposure to high-performance computing hardware, cutting-edge machine learning software, and the latest sensors used in dataset creation.

Team Leaders
Melissa Smith Electrical & Computer Engr
Edwin Weill Electrical & Computer Engr
Accomplishments
BMW has contributed support in conjunction with but not limited to the scope of this CI (it includes current research work by graduate students under my supervision).
Collaborations with CUiCAR and the Deep Orange 8 project. Specifically working on the image and object detection required for the autonomous aspects of the vehicle.
Presentations of work progress at BMW.
Multiple presentations with CUiCAR regarding Deep Orange 8 progress.
Collaboration with BMW on the use of Deep Learning toolkits and hardware to develop the use of machine learning in the context of both autonomous vehicles and management of parts and supplies in a manufacturing plant.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
864

The Organic Chemistry of Veterinary Medicine

This project involves research into the scientific literature to reveal how organic chemists have devised the synthesis of drugs veterinary medicine. The students will also search the literature to learn about the biochemical pathways by which each compound works to cure disease or otherwise lead to a desired biological outcome. Students will write about their findings and well-written student reports will be published in a review or as part of an educational textbook that is scheduled to be released in 2015.

Team Leaders
Rhett Smith Chemistry
ScienceG
837

Test and Development of Instrumentation for NASA Sounding Rocket Experiments

The temperature, density and wind structure of the upper mesosphere (70-100 km) is extremely variable on hourly, diurnal, seasonal, and interannual time scales, however, high-resolution and local measurements remain scarce due to the inaccessibility to the region for in situ and remote measuring techniques. The installation of sensitive accelerometers on launch vehicles such as sounding rockets and future commercial suborbital spacecraft may provide a simple way to determine the residual atmospheric drag and thus the density, temperature, and wind structure. We propose to evaluate suitable COTS (commercial off-the-shelf) MEMS (micro-electromechanical systems) 3-axis accelerometers in ground and flight tests and model their response based on the expected flight profile and atmospheric drag. Modeling efforts include the calculation of drag coefficients for spacecraft in supersonic motion in a rarefied atmosphere using 2D and 3D DSMC (direct simulation Monte Carlo) methods). One accelerometer is currently planned to be flown on a NASA sounding rocket, another experiment is designed as a self-contained unit in a CubeSat box to be proposed to fly on the reusable manned XCOR Lynx spaceplane.

Team Leaders
Gerald Lehmacher Physics and Astronomy
Accomplishments
Krier, W., *Near, J., & Lehmacher, G. (2016, April 6-7). Test and Calibration of Two Types of Ionization Gauges for a NASA Sounding Rocket Project.  Focus of Creative Inquiry, 11th Annual Poster Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Burkholder, B. & Lehmacher, G. (2015, April). Rocket investigations of density and turbulence with ionization gauges and accelerometers. Poster presented at the Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.
ScienceG
844

Human Performance Engineering In Health Care: Developing applications in emergency medicine when considering the patient (diagnostics, treatment pathways, and recovery), the care giver (training, teamwork and education) and the system (capability, processes, and interfaces).

Emergency Medicine (new are, starting Fall 2017) The Greenville Health System (GHS) is growing to become an academic center in addition to its clinical care given service. The Emergency Medicine Department will open a new residency program in January 2017 which will include a clinical track as well as a research track. This creative inquiry will be instrumental in supporting this endeavor and provide theoretic assistance as well as practical engagement with various projects. This collaboration will require students to be able to engage with physicians, residents, and patients at various levels from data collection to present a progress report. The CI yearlong (Fall, Spring and possibly Summer) commitment will enrich the student’s hands-on research experience in health care and provide an in-depth knowledge of clinical procedures of emergency medicine.        Background (the past six semesters) This is a multidisciplinary research approach in trying to understand human capability with cutting-edge technological developments. Using a mobile and wireless EED (electroencephalograph) technology we are able to record brain wave activity and analyze its meanings. We are engaging with the most complex system in the universe as we apply various engineering tools. Our goals are to improve human performance when considering our physiology, cognition, and emotions. The human developmental aspects ranging from genes, that establishes our limitations, to experience, which shapes our capabilities, are critical to multidimensional research collaboration. Experts in different fields are working with us to examine ideas that may innovate our way of thinking when trying to solve problems. Looking at disability as well as high athletic capability allow us to learn the extremes of performance and create relative scales. Innovative technology allows us to directly communicate with our brain as we can code brain activity and use that code to activate a remote-control device. This capability gives rise to shorten the distance between thought and action and present tremendous potential ready to be explored. Expectation Being a part of this research require creativity, adaptability, and motivation. This area presents many challenges as we face great uncertainty in every aspect, thus a research member is expected to initiate research progress on a weekly basis. This is internally funded research and its funds support our technological equipment and student presentation in professional conferences as well as paper publications.

Team Leaders
Kevin Taaffe Industrial Engineering
Dotan Shvorin Industrial Engineering
Accomplishments
Dotan I. Shvorin was Awarded in April 2017, in recognition of outstanding work with undergraduate students in the creative inquiry program. 
This grant allowed us the present our research projects at the Industrial and System Engineering Conference, May 20-23, Pittsburgh, PA.
Presentation in a Professional Conference: Alexis Holt, Beau Scheble and Ethan Zakian (undergraduates) have successfully presented in the IISE conference, May 20-23, Pittsburgh, PA.
Graduate Student Award For Mentoring In Creative Inquiry, Dotan I. Shvorin. Awarded April 2017 in recognition of outstanding work with undergraduate students in the creative inquiry program.
A new story in the Decipher magazine will feature our creative inquiry projects, as a part of undergraduate innovation research on campus. At the end of last semester, students were interviewed in order to present our research approach and gather feedback on their experience with this project.
Project presentation to the Clemson president and Watt's center leadership in the Planar gift award ceremony. We created a demonstration of technological capability and future potential to overcome academic, athletic and disability challenges. Here is a link for our presentation: https://drive.google.com/file/d/0Byo3PNDM2xrUZ2phWk9OUTV3UFU/view?usp=sharing
BrainHQ have sponsored 10 students to utilize their online software for a period of 12 weeks. This was a part of experimental testing for their software on the students bio-feedback. Results are still underway but this collaboration has opened up a link to design brain training for treating students with ADHD.
Tennis players strength is put to the test when facing a challenging drill that is analyzed for performance control.This is a research paper base line at the undergraduate level, which will be develop to a higher level publication.
The tennis player capability is depended on his reaction time in certain scenarios. A drill was design to test and evaluate this performance characteristic.This is a research paper base line at the undergraduate level, which will be develop to a higher level publication.
Consistency is one of the most important features of performance. The ability to replicate high level of performance is put to the test in this case study.This is a research paper base line at the undergraduate level, which will be develop to a higher level publication.
Conference traveling award allowed our research team to present our achievement in the Industrial and System Engineering (IISE) conference (May 20-24, Pittsburgh, PA).
Possible: 1. Travel grant for presenting four projects in the Institute of industrial and system engineering conference. 2. Travel grant to present one of our projects in the ACC undergraduate innovation festivals in DC. We will know later in this semester if we receive these grant applications.
*Albo, H., *Berg, A., *Lee, C., *Mcgill, L., *Rosenberger, P. (2017, April). Human Performance Engineering: Decision Making in Virtual Reality. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Zakian, E., *Barker, C., *Johnson, E., *Schelble, B., *Christensen, D. (2017, April). Brain Activity Characteristics of ADHD. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Knotts, M., *Williams, D., *Cink, C., *Holt, A. (2017, April). Human Performance Engineering: Team Performance Priming Effect. Poster presentation at Clemson University 12th Annual Focus on Creative Inquiry Forum, Clemson, SC.
*Zakian, E., *Schelble, B., *Johnson, E., *Christensen, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K.(2017, May 20-23). "Human Performance Engineering and Brains Affected by ADHD". Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering Annual Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.



*Knotts, M., *Holt, A., *Cink, C., *Williams, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K.(2017, May 20-23). "Team performance: from problem definition to solution methods". Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering Annual Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.

*Knotts, M., *Holt, A., *Cink, C., *Williams, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K. (2017, May 20-23). "Impact of Prior Experience on Team Performance and the Brain". Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering Annual Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.

*Zakian, E., *Schelble, B., *Johnson, E., *Barker, C., *Christensen, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K. (2017, May 20-23). Human Performance Engineering and Brains Affected by ADHD. Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering EXPO, Pittsburgh, PA.

*Miller, R., *Meier, H., *Horne, J., *Jeffcoat, C., *Martin, C., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe K. (2017, May 20-23). Understanding Performance Characteristics Impact on Decision Making: Tennis Case Study. Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering EXPO, Pittsburgh, PA.

*Knotts, M., *Holt, A., *Cink, C., *Williams, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K. (2017, May 20-23). Team performance: from problem definition to solution methods. Presented Institute of Industrial and System Engineering EXPO, Pittsburgh, PA.

*Knotts, M., *Holt, A., *Cink, C., *Williams, D., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K. (2017, May 20-23). Impact of Prior Experience on Team Performance and the Brain. Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering EXPO, Pittsburgh, PA.


*Miller, R., *Meier, H., *Horne, J., *Jeffcoat, C., *Martin, C., Shvorin, D., and Taaffe, K. (2017, May 20-23). "Understanding Performance Characteristics Impact on Decision Making". Presented at Institute of Industrial and System Engineering Annual Conference, Pittsburgh, PA.





Keane, A.*, Jenkins, M., Farrell, A.*, Pajewski, M.*, and *M. Meadows. (2017, May 20-23). Using Brain Mapping Technology to Discover New Ways to Treat ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder). Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, Pittsburgh, PA.
Chuck, D.*, Bermudez, J.*, Fritz, B.*, Watson, K.*, and *B. Swartwood. (2017, May 20-23). Impact of Prior Experience on Team Performance and the Brain. Presented at Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, Pittsburgh, PA.


*Kalcos, L., Pence, E., *Singal, N., *Sonday, J. (2016). Decision Making Using Brain Wave Mapping, Human Performance Engineering Research, Department of Industrial Engineering, Clemson University.




*Courie, C., Csernica, M., *Leonard, M., Nunes, C. (2016). Sensory Stimulation vs Decision Making, Human Performance Engineering Research, Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University.
*Courie, C., Csernica, M., *Leonard, M., Nunes, C. (2016). Sensory Stimulation vs Decision Making, Human Performance Engineering Research, Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University.
*Courie, C., *Csernica, M., *Leonard, M., *Nunes , C. (2016, April). Sensory Stimulation vs Decision Making , Human Performance Engineering Research. Presented at Focus On Creative Inquiry, Clemson University, SC.
Shvorin, D., Taaffe, K. (2017). Improving The Player`s Recruitment Process Using Scenario-Based Decision Making Analysis, to be submitted to the International Journal of Sport Management and Marketing.
Shvorin, D., Taaffe, K. (2014). Improving tennis player performance using system development interpretations methodology, International Journal of Quality Engineering and Technology (IJQET), 4(3).
Connolly, M.*, Leonard, M.*, Shvorin, D., Taaffe, K. (2015, December). Strength Control Analysis. Human Performance Engineering Research, presented to Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University. 
*Bittner, A., *Hernandez, J., Shvorin, D.,and Taaffe, K. (2015, December). Confidence Testing. Human Performance Engineering Research, presented to Industrial Engineering Department., Clemson University. 
Jones, M.,Hyneman, K.*,Shvorin, D.,Taaffe, K. (2015, December). Confidence Testing. Human Performance Engineering Research, poster presented to Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University. 
Kalcos, L.,Singal, N.,Shvorin, D.,Taaffe, K. (2015, December). Testing Control and Reaction Time. Human Performance Engineering Research, poster presented to Industrial Engineering Department, Clemson University. 
Talley, G.,*Courie, C.*,*Henderson, B. (2015, December). Consistency and Motivation. Industrial Engineering, Clemson University.
*Moorefield, B.,Sonday , J. (2015, December). Adaptation Drills for Accuracy Improvement. Industrial Engineering, Clemson University.
Engineering, Computing and Applied SciencesF
840

Insect Viruses, Molecular Biology, and Biotechnology

Insects provide excellent opportunities to perform basic and applied biological experiments at the molecular level. They serve as model organisms for developmental and cellular biology, and are important vectors for human and agricultural pathogens. Additionally, many biotechnological advances and techniques have emerged from and continue to make use of insect-based systems. As a result, working with insect molecular biology has the potential to expose students to fundamental properties of life, to techniques and technologies relevant to all aspects of science, and to important biomedical and agricultural sciences. Students will develop projects which use insect cell culture with the baculovirus expression vector system to examine protein receptors regulating vertebrate development and behavior, test molecular approaches to interfere with gut