The Department of Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management

Dr. Kenneth F. Backman

Professor
Email: frank@clemson.edu
Tel: 864-656-2204
Location: 288 Lehotsky Hall

Education:
B.S.C., Psychology and Business Administration, Acadia University
M.S., Urban and Regional Planning, Texas A&M University
Ph.D., Urban and Regional Science (Minor, Sociology, Research and Statistics, and Tourism) Texas A&M University

Specialty area:
  • International Sustainable community-based tourism development and events management related to tourism
  • Rural sociology & tourism
Additional Professional Responsibilities:  
  • Editor-In-Chief: Event Management: An International Journal
  • Associate Editor: Journal of Ecotourism; Journal of Quality Assurance in Tourism & Hospitality; Anatolia (International Journal of Tourism and Hospitality); Tourism Analysis–An Interdisciplinary Journal; Journal of Tourism Research & Hospitality

Research Interests:
Dr. Kenneth F. Backman is an Associate Professor in the Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management at Clemson University and several editorial boards such as the Journal of Ecotourism, and Tourism Analysis.  His research areas of interest are sustainable community tourism development, ecotourism, international tourism development and events and have resulted in him conducting research and out reach in over 25 counties and 5 continents. He is currently working on capacity building of local residents and local universities in Kenya, Tanzania, Burundi, Uganda, and Rwanda. Focusing on relationships between the universities and resident population’s capacity and effectiveness to benefit from tourism development in rural regions. Also, he is working with the Maasai people in East Africa on methods to improve the implementation of community tourism enterprises in their home lands. Additionally, Dr. Backman is researching DMO management strategies and methods for regions and nations in less developed areas globally. Finally, he is involved in many research projects dealing with visitor management and carrying capacity in East Africa National Parks.

Publications:

Books and Monographs
Backman, K. F., & Backman, S. J. (2013 in-press) Sustainable tourism benefits: In a marketing sense. In C. Cater, & B. Garrod (Eds). The Encyclopedia of Sustainable Tourism. London, CABI Publishers.

Backman, Kenneth F., & Backman, Sheila J. (2013 in-press). Sustainable Tourism Benefits: Social Psychological. In C. Cater, & B. Garrod (Eds). The Encyclopedia of Sustainable Tourism. London, CABI Publishers.

Nampushi, J., Backman, K. F., Backman, S. J., & Hallo, J. (2013-in-press) An assessment of the Maasai residents' views on tourism in the Maasai Mara National Reserve, Kenya. In Dev Jani (Ed.) Sustainable tourism in developing countries: A reconnaissance. Dar es Salaam, University of Dar es Salaam Press.

Slocum, S. L., Backman, K. F., & Baldwin, E. (2012).  Independent instrumental case studies: Allowing for the autonomy of cultural, social and business networks in Tanzania. In K. Hyde, C. Ryan, and A. G. Woodside (Eds.) Field Guide for Case Study Research in Tourism, Hospitality and Leisure (pp.521-542). Emerald Publishers, London.

Backman, K. F., & Nzuki, A. (2011) Special Edition: State of Tourism in Africa: Special Issue. Tourism Analysis Journal, 16(1)1-102.

Backman, K. F., & Nzuki, A. (2011). Special Edition: State of Tourism in Africa: Tourism Analysis Journal, 16(2), 103-210.

Backman, K. F., & Backman, S. J. (2009). The state of festival and event research globally. 2009 International Conference on Festival and Event Research. Cognizant Corporation, NY.

Van Blarcom, B., & Backman, K. F. (2007). A comparison of methods for assessing the short-run economic impacts of tourist spending on a county economy. In Alvaro Matias, Peter Nijkamp and Paul Neto, (Eds.) Advances in Modern Tourism Research (Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg, NY, pp.259-273.

Articles and Chapters

Loda, Marsha and Backman, Kenneth F., (2013 in-review). Sequencing Still Matters: A More Effective Way to Use the Web, Advertising and Publicity. Journal of Advertising.

Huang, Yu Chih, Backman, Sheila J., Backman, Kenneth F., and Moore, DeWayne. (2013- in review) Understanding Tourist's Experience in 3D Tourism Destination and its Impact on Behavioral Intentions. Journal of Business Research.

Nampushi, J., Backman, K. F., Backman, S. J., & Hallo, J. (2013 in-review). An assessment of the Maasai residents’ views on tourism in the Maasai Mara National Reserve, Kenya. Society & Natural Resources.

Slocum, S. L., & Backman, K. F. (2013 in-review). Scientific tourists: a community's perspective into research travel behaviors. Journal of Ecotourism.

Huang, Y.-C., Backman S. J., McGuire, F. A., Backman, K. F., & Chang, L.-L. (2013 in-press) Second Life: The potential of 3D Virtual Worlds in travel and tourism industry. Tourism Analysis: An Interdisciplinary Journal.

Sirima, A., & Backman, K. F. (2013-in-press). Communities' displacement and tourism development in the Usangu Plains, Tanzania. Current Issues in Tourism Journal.

Munanura, I., & Backman, K. F. (2013 in-press). Managing tourism growth in endangered species' habitats of Africa: The Case of Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda. Current Issues in Tourism Journal.

Huang, Y.-C., Backman, S. J., & Backman, K. F. (2013). An exploratory study on understanding tourist use of 3D Virtual Worlds and its impacts on travel intention. Tourism Management, 36(3), 490-501.

Munanura, I., & Backman, K. F. (2013). Stakeholder collaboration as a tool for tourism planning: A developing country's perspective.  An International Research Journal of Travel and Tourism, XIII(1), 23-39.

Backman, K. F. (2012). What is happening with sustainable community tourism? Journal of Tourism Research & Hospitality, 1(2), 2-3.

Mancini-Cross, C., Backman, K. F., & Backman, S. J. (2012).  A case for the utilization of the scaffolding case study in tourism instruction. Journal of Travel and Tourism Teaching, XIII(1), 10-24.

Huang, Y.-C., Backman, S. J., & Backman, K. F. (2012). Exploring the Impacts of Involvement and Flow Experiences in Second Life on Peoples Travel Intentions. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology, 3(1), 4-23.

Dixon, A., Oh, C-O., Backman, S. J., Norman, W., Backman, K. F., Henry, M. (2012). Valuing the private consumption benefits of the college game experience. Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 5, 172-191. College Sport Research Institute. Online: http://csri-jiia.org

Dixon, A. W., Backman, S. J., Backman, K. F., & Norman, W. (2012).  Expenditure based segmentation of sport tourist. Journal of Sport and Tourism, 17(1), 5-21.

Slocum, S. L., & Backman, K. F. (2011). Understand government capacity in tourism development as a poverty alleviation tool: A case study of Tanzanian policy makers. Tourism Planning and Development, 8(3), 281-296.

Dixon, A., Backman, K. F., Backman, S. J. (2011). Valuing the Private Consumption Benefits of the College Game Experience. Manuscript submitted to Journal of Sport Tourism, 2011,

Huang, Y.-C., Backman, S. J., & Backman, K. F. (2011-in press). Exploring the Impacts of Involvement and Flow Experiences in Second Life on Peoples Travel Intentions. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Technology.

Slocum, S. L., & Backman, K. F. (2011). Understand government capacity in tourism development as a poverty alleviation tool: A case study of Tanzanian policy makers. Tourism Planning and Development, 8(3), 281-296.

Backman, K. F., Cheng-Hsuan, H., & Backman, S. J. (2011).   Tao residents’ perceptions of social and cultural impacts of tourism in Lan-Yu, Taiwan. Event Management: An International Journal, 15(2), 123-135.

Backman, K. F., & Nzuki, A. (2011). Introduction to Part II of the special issues on state of tourism in Sub-Saharan Africa. Tourism Analysis, 16(2), 1-2.

Backman, K. F., & Nzuki, A. (2011) State of tourism in Africa: An introduction. Tourism Analysis, 16(1), 1-5.

Van Winkle, C. M., & Backman, K. F. (2011). Designing interpretive audio tours to enhance meaningful learning transfer at an historical site. Journal of Heritage Tourism, 6(1), 29-43.

Huang, Y.-C., Backman, S. J., & Backman, K. F. (2011). Student attitude toward virtual learning in Second Life: A flow theory approach. Journal of Teaching in Travel & Tourism, 10(4), 312-334.

Slocum, S. L., Backman, K. F., & Robinson, K. L. (2011). Tourism pathways to prosperity: Perspectives on the informal economy in Tanzania. Tourism Analysis, 16(1), 43-56.

Slocum, S. L., & Backman, K. F. (2011). Responsible tourism: An African overland example. Omani Journal of Applied Sciences, 3(1), 26-50.

Johnson, A., & Backman, K. F. (2010). Leisure and community type as indicators of overall quality of life. World Leisure Journal, 52(2), 134-142.

Loda, M. D., Coleman, B., & Backman, K. F. (2010). Walking in Memphis: A Test of One DMO's Marketing Strategy. Journal of Travel Research, 49(1), 46-55.

Cross, C. M., Backman, K. F., & Baldwin, E. (2009). A gate to intercultural communication: The language barrier educational travel in Italy a case Study.  Journal of Teaching in Travel and Tourism, 9(1&2), 104-123.

Van Winkle, C. M., & Backman, K. F. (2008). Visitor's perceptions of their own impacts at a special event. Event Management: An International Journal 12(3/4), 163-170.

Grants and Self-funded Research Projects:

Tourism as a Tool for Conservation of MountainGorillas in the Albertine Rift: The Case of Volcanoes National Park, Rwanda; Sponsored by USDI (US Department of the Interior) from 7/1/2012 to12/31/2013($30,648)

Partnership Competencies Needs Assessment(s), sponsored by USDI (US Department of the Interior) $70,000. Co-Investigator with Brett A. Wright (2007-2008)

City of Greenville Parks and Needs Assessment, sponsored by the City of Greenville,$40,000. Co-Investigator with Brett A. Wright (2007)

A Study of the Economic Impact of the MCI Heritage. Sponsored by Heritage Classic Foundation. $50,000. (4/1/2004 – 1/31/2006)

City of Greenville Parks and Needs Assessment. City of Greenville. $50,000. (7/25/2003 to 5/31/2004)

Lower Berkeley County Nature-based Tourism Marketing Study. Alcoa. $10,000 (2004)

Consumers' Perceptions of Recreation Fees.  USDA Forest Service. $24,696 (5/1/2002 - 4/30/2004)

City of Greenville, SC. Evaluation of City of Greenville Special Events. $16,060 (2000)

State of South Carolina, Parks, Recreation & Tourism. Social Impacts of the MCI Classic.  $20,000 (1999)

South Carolina Water Resources Institute. Assessment of Conditions and Public Attitudes Concerning Marine Sanitation of the Lakes Encompassed by the Savannah River Watershed: Policy projections for the future. $22,000 (1999-2000)

Heritage Classic Foundation. Economic Impact of MCI Classic. $20,000 (1999).

Backman, K. F., & Backman, S. J. "Canadian Visitors Conversion Comparison." Myrtle Beach Chamber of Commerce.  $10,000 (1997/1998)

Backman, K. F., & Hawkins, Melissa.  "The Extent of In–Migrant Retiree Interdependence and its Role in Successful Rural Economic Development."  TVA Rural Studies. University of Kentucky. $12,000 (1996/97).

Backman, K. F., Backman, S. J., & Coggeshall, John H.  "The Impact of Tourism on Social and Cultural Diversity."  South Carolina Sea Grant Consortium.  $20,000 (1996/97)

Backman, K. F., & Backman, S. J.  "Myrtle Beach Visitor Profiles."  Myrtle Beach Chamber of Commerce.  $10,000 (1996/97)

Backman, K. F., Rhodes, Raymond, & Waltz, Wayne. "Socio–Demographic Assessment of Commercial Reef Fisherman in the South Atlantic."  National Marine Fisheries Service:  MARFIN Proposal.  $139,831 (1995/1996)

Backman, K. F., & McGuire, F. A.  "Older Volunteers and At–Risk Youth:  The Intergenerational Entrepreneurship Demonstration Project."  AARP–Andrus Foundation. October, 1992, $396,433 (3 years)

Courses Taught:

Undergraduate:
PRTM 101: Concepts of Leisure                                                
PRTM 301: Recreation and Society     
PRTM 309: Behavioral Concepts in Parks Recreation and Tourism Management
PRTM 343: Spatial Aspects of Tourist Behavior
PRTM 390: Independent Study            
PRTM 392: Event Management
PRTM 409: Recreation Research 1
PRTM 410: Recreation Research 2
PRTM 443: Resort Management
PRTM 447: International Tourism

On-line Development
PRTM 101: Concepts of Leisure
PRTM 392: Event Management
PRTM 409: Recreation  Research 1
PRTM 343: Spatial Aspects of Tourist Behavior
PRTM 447: International Tourism

Graduate:
PRTM 843: Tourism Analysis
PRTM 708: Master's Independent
PRTM 709: Special Problems 
PRTM 643: Resort Management
PRTM 900: Sustainable Tourism
PRTM 804: Doctoral Independent Study
PRTM 806: Doctoral Special Problems

On-Line Development
PRTM 846: Event Management