in the Bahamas (Geology 375 and H375) †General
Course Offering: We
will be in the Bahamas from May 18 through 25, 2013, which is during Minimester A. Online assignments to help prepare for
the field study will be due by May 17. Registration for the course will
begin during Fall Semester 2012. Application
and deposit are due in the Study Abroad Office by February 1, but
applications after the deadline will be accepted as spaces remain. See How to Register
for more information.
Pre-requisite: One course in
James W. Castle (firstname.lastname@example.org
or 864-656-5015), Professor, Department of
Environmental Engineering & Earth Sciences, Clemson University
Geology 375 emphasizes both science and culture through an international
field experience. Students learn about ocean processes by visiting marine
environments and about the culture and history of another country. The
third longest barrier reef in the world is examined. Students visit a
Bahamian village, observe traditional woodcarving, tour a local clothing
factory, and visit historical and cultural sites. Students spend one week
at Forfar Field Station on Andros Island in the
Bahamas. Specific sites visited may vary depending on weather and tides.
About Andros Island
Andros Island is 104 miles long and the largest island in the Bahamian
archipelago. The geology of Andros has been studied extensively as an
example of carbonate sedimentation. There are no cities, no American fast
food restaurants, and few distractions from the spectacular natural
features. The island is sparsely populated. Visibility in the waters off
the windward coast of Andros is seldom less than 80 feet and commonly
exceeds 150 feet. Water temperature throughout the year ranges from
approximately 72 to 78 degrees.
plan to visit the following marine environments on Andros Island:
is over 100 miles long along the eastern edge of Andros Island. It is the third
longest barrier reef in the world and one of the least disturbed. Skeletal
sands with localized patch reefs are present in a 2-mile wide back-reef
Joulterís Cay is a shoal
complex of agitated, clean ooid sands on the
windward-facing margin of Andros. A broad sand
flat penetrated by numerous tidal channels is present immediately behind
the active sand flat.
Andros Tidal Flats
are laterally extensive accumulations of carbonate mud along the western
edge of Andros in an area generally protected by the island from tidal
currents and prevailing winds. The tidal flats contain numerous lakes and
lagoons and are locally cut by tidal channels.
The following cultural and historic sites on Andros Island will be visited:
is a friendly Bahamian village on the west side of Andros. Woodcarvers and basketmakers sell their products here.
is a traditional one-room Bahamian school that is being converted to a
sustainable habitat and cultural center. Environmentally acceptable and effective
methods of waste recycling and water reuse are demonstrated.
Bluff and Nichollstown are very interesting for their history and impact on the
Bahamian economy. Every day millions of gallons of freshwater are shipped
from this area to supply water needs of the tourist industry in Nassau,
which raises important issues concerning water use and sustainability.
There is interesting history about pirates at Morgans
Bluff. The Fossil reef is at Nichollstown.
Androsia Factory is one of the
most important industries on Andros. Cloth is dyed and sewn into clothing,
which is shipped to Nassau.
Forfar Field Station
Field Station, which is situated on the beach on the windward side of
Andros, has been owned and operated for educational and research purposes
since 1973 by International
Field Studies (IFS). Forfar provides room,
board, van and boat transportation, and other logistical support.
Facilities include cabins (with bathrooms) and a main building with
kitchen, dining hall, classroom, laboratory/library, lounge, office, and a
small darkroom. Meals are prepared and served by IFS staff; field-trip
participants assist with clean-up.
IFS is a non-profit,
educational, and scientific organization established to promote and assist
educators with field-study programs.
Although not required, snorkeling on the field trip is recommended because
of the many features and processes that can be observed more closely. Each
participant who will be snorkeling needs to bring a mask, snorkel, and
fins. If you do not already have this equipment, you will need to borrow or
purchase it if you plan to snorkel. Prices for a snorkeling set
(including mask, snorkel, and fins) begin at about $32 at most major
sporting goods stores. Previous snorkeling experience is not required, but
it would be helpful if you first try out the equipment in a local pool or
lake before the field trip. The field station will provide a snorkeling
vest. Bringing an underwater disposable camera is also recommended.
Click here for
descriptions and photographs of some of the places that we plan to visit.
you have any questions, please contact Dr. Jim Castle at email@example.com