Small Grains Research
Recent studies have evaluated the economic competitiveness of contract triticale and barley production as alternatives to wheat. Results are important in allowing growers to evaluate the profitability of alternative grain contracts based on input and gross return differences.
In addition to host plant resistance evaluation, experimental and standard fungicide performance tests have been conducted at EREC for 19 years. Testing has also evaluated the efficacy of variable fungicide timing.
Research advances at EREC have made important contributions to understanding the biology and management of the Hessian fly and aphid vectors of barley yellow dwarf virus disease throughout the southeastern U. S.
Nitrogen management studies include the effect of rate, timing, and split application on wheat, triticale, and barley. Additional studies are conducted on the effect of foliar and soil-applied nutrient supplements on agronomic performance.
Annual evaluations at both EREC and PDREC compare experimental wheat, oat, barley, and triticale cultivars to standards for total agronomic performance (multi-year yield index, test weight index, disease resistance, insect resistance, straw strength, and maturity).