Herpetofauna Species Found on the Clemson Experimental Forest

Caudata

Spotted Salamander - Ambystoma maculatum
Marbled Salamander - Ambystoma opacum
Northern Dusky Salamander - Desmognathus fuscus
Seal Salamander - Desmognathus monticola
Mountain Dusky Salamander - Desmognathus ocoee
Black-Bellied Salamander - Desmognathus quadramaculatus
Two-lined Salamander - Eurycea cirrigera
Three-lined Salamander - Eurycea guttolineata
Northern Spring Salamander - Gyrinophilus porphyriticus dunni
Red-Spotted Newt - Notophthalmus v. viridescens
Slimy Salamander - Plethodon chlorobryonis
Jordan's Salamander - Plethodon metcalfi
Southern Appalachain Salamander - Plethodon teyahalee
Eastern Mud Salamander - Pseudotriton montanus
Northern Red Salamander - Pseudotriton r. ruber
Black-Chinned Red Salamander - Psuedotriton ruber schencki

Anura

Northern Cricket Frog - Acris c. crepitans
American Toad - Bufo americanus
Fowler's Toad - Bufo fowleri
Southern Toad - Bufo terrestris
Eastern Narrowmouth Toad - Gastrophryne carolinensis
Gray Treefrog - Hyla chrysoscelis
Green Treefrog - Hyla cinerea
Squirrel Treefrog - Hyla squirella
Spring Peeper - Pseudacris c. crucifer
Upland Chorus Frog - Pseudacris triseriata feriarum
Bullfrog - Rana catesbieana
Green Frog - Rana clamitans melanota
Southern Leopard Frog - Rana sphenocephala
Pickerel Frog - Rana palustris
Wood Frog - Rana sylvatica

Crocodilia

Alligator - Alligator mississippiensis

Testudines

Gulf Coast Spiny Softshell - Apalone spinifera aspera
Common Snapping Turtle - Chelydra serpentina
Eastern Painted Turtle - Chrysemys picta
Eastern Mud Turtle - Kinosternon s. subrubrum
Eastern River Cooter - Pseudemys concinna
Common Musk Turtle - Sternotherus odoratus
Eastern Box Turtle - Terrapene c. carolina
Yellowbelly Slider - Trachemys s. scripta
Red-Eared Slider - Trachemys scripta elegans

Lacertilia

Green Anole - Anolis carolinensis
Six-Lined Racerunner - Cnemidophorus s. sexlineatus
Five-Lined Skink - Eumeces fasciatus
Southeastern Five-Lined Skink - Eumeces inexpectatus
Broadheaded Skink - Eumeces laticeps
Northern Fence Lizard - Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus
Ground Skink - Scincella lateralis

Serpentes

Copperhead - Agkistrodon contortrix
Worm Snake - Carphophis a. amoenus
Scarlet Snake - Cemphora c. coccinea
Black Racer - Coluber c. constrictor
Timber Rattlesnake - Crotalus horridus
Ringneck Snake - Diadophis punctatus
Corn Snake - Elaphe g. guttata
Black Rat Snake - Elaphe o. obseleta
Eastern Hognose Snake - Heterodon platirhinos
Mole Kingsnake - Lampropeltis calligaster
Eastern Kingsnake - Lampropeltis g. getula
Northern Water Snake - Nerodia sipedon
Rough Green Snake - Opheodrys aestivus
Queen Snake - Regina septemvittata
Northern Brown Snake - Storeria dekayi
Redbelly Snake - Storeria occipitomaculata
Southeastern Crowned Snake - Tantilla coronata
Eastern Garter Snake - Thamnophis s. sirtalis
Smooth Earth Snake - Virginia v. valeriae

Potential Species in the CEF

Eastern Spadefoot Toad - Scaphiopus h. holbrooki
Slender Glass Lizard - Ophisaurus attenuatus
Eastern Milk Snake - Lampropeltis t. triangulum
Scarlet Kingsnake - Lampropeltis triangulum elapsoides
Eastern Coachwhip - Masticophis f. flagellum
Redbelly Water Snake - Nerodia e. erythrogaster
Northern Pine Snake - Pituophis m. melanoleucus
Carolina Pygmy Rattlesnake - Sisrurus m. miliarius
Eastern Ribbon Snake - Thamnophis s. sauritus

Sources:
Floyd, T.M. 2003. Effects of prescribed fire on herpetofauna within hardwood forests of the upper
Piedmont of South Carolina. M.S. Thesis. Clemson University. 127 p.

Kilpatrick, E.S. 2002. The effects of prescribed burning and thinning as fuel reduction treatments
on herpetofauna in the upper Piedmont of South Carolina. M.S. Thesis. Clemson University. 87 p.

Metts, B.S. 1999. Evaluation of herpetofauna communities on upland streams and beaver impoundments
in the upper Piedmont of South Carolina. M.S. Thesis. Clemson University. 48p.