Division of Research
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Vice President for Research
230 Kappa Street
Ph.D. Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, 1995
M.S. Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, 1991
B.S. Environmental Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, 1988
International Water Association Fellow
Professional Engineer, South Carolina, 2003, No. 23143
Board Certified Environmental Engineer, 2005, No. 04-10040
Dr. Karanfil's primary teaching and research interests are in the fundamentals and applications of physiochemical processes in water, wastewater and hazardous waste treatment systems. There are three thrusts in his research group:
(i) The formation and control of regulated and emerging disinfection by-products (DBP) and understanding their precursors (e.g., the components of natural organic matter, dissolved organic nitrogen) in drinking water systems, wastewater effluents and swimming pools. The current research focus is more on nitrogenous (Nitrosamines, Halonitromethanes) and iodinated DBPs, and the formation and control of DBPs during desalination and controlled and wild fires.
(ii) Phase separation, specifically sorption and membrane processes and technologies. The adsorption behaviors of several adsorbents (e.g., activated carbons, carbon fibers, ion exchange resins, impregnated carbon materials and nanomaterials), with more emphasis on CNTs, graphenes, and other nanomaterials in recent years, have been examined in engineered and natural systems. LSER and QSAR based adsorption models for CNTs and graphenes have been developed. Some membrane application projects have also been conducted.
(iii) Water quality research in natural systems and process engineering research in water treatment systems.
Dr. Karanfil's research group is particularly interested in applying fundamentals of chemistry and engineering to address environmental challenges faced in practical applications including both engineered and natural systems.
Visit Dr. Karanfil’s faculty profile page for classes, publications and honors.