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Sexual Health

SEXUAL HEALTH CLEMSON

According to the World Health Organization, sexual health is defined as a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality; it is not merely the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity. Sexual health requires a positive and respectful approach to sexuality and sexual relationships, as well as the possibility of having pleasurable and safe sexual experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. For sexual health to be attained and maintained, the sexual rights of all persons must be respected, protected and fulfilled.1

 

HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are serious health concerns. According to the CDC, anal sex is the riskiest sexual behavior for getting and transmitting HIV for men and women.


The only way to ensure complete protection against HIV, other STIs and pregnancy is abstinence. If you choose to be sexually active, the best way to reduce transmission of HIV and other STIs and prevent pregnancy is to use a condom during any form of sexual activity – anal, oral or vaginal. FREE condoms, donated by AID Upstate, are provided in the waiting rooms, bathrooms, pharmacy and other areas in Redfern Health Center. Free condoms are also located outside the Healthy Campus office on the third floor of Fike Recreation Center. A variety of condoms are available in the Student Health Services pharmacy at Redfern.


It's also important to get tested regularly for HIV and other STIs to treat any infections and prevent transmission to others.


According to the CDC2:


  • Nearly half of the 20 million new sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) diagnosed each year are among young people aged 15–24 years.

  • Women can have long term effects of these diseases, including pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, tubal scarring, ectopic pregnancy and chronic pelvic pain.

  • About 1 in 4 (26 percent) of all new HIV infections is among youth ages 13 to 24 years.

  • About 4 in 5 of these infections occur in males.


Additional Stats from the American Sexual Health Association3:


  • One in two sexually active persons will contract an STD/STI by age 25.

  • In 2008, there were an estimated 110 million prevalent STIs among women and men in the U.S. Of these, more than 20 percent (22.1 million) were among women and men aged 15 to 24 years.

  • One out of 20 people in the United States will get infected with hepatitis B (HBV) some time during their lives. Hepatitis B is 100 times more infectious than HIV.

  • It is estimated that as many as one in five Americans have genital herpes, a lifelong (but manageable) infection, yet up to 90 percent of those with herpes are unaware they have it.

  • Each year, there are almost 3 million new cases of chlamydia, many of which are in adolescents and young adults.

  • About two-thirds of young females believe doctors routinely screen teens for chlamydia. However, in 2003 only 30 percent of women 25 and under with commercial health care plans and 45% in Medicaid plans were screened for chlamydia.

The CDC provides the following tips2:


  • If you are a sexually active female aged 25 years or younger, get tested every year for chlamydia. If left untreated, chlamydia can affect your ability to have children.

  • If you are diagnosed with an STI/STD, notify your sex partners so they can be tested and receive treatment if needed. If your sex partner is diagnosed with an STI/STD, you need to be evaluated, tested and treated.

  • The most reliable ways to avoid transmission of STI/STDs, including HIV infection, are to abstain from sexual activity or to be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with an uninfected partner.

  • Latex male and female condoms, when used consistently and correctly, can reduce the risk of transmission of some STI/STDs.

American Sexual Health Association 

CDC: HIV/AIDS and STDs: Detailed information about different types of STDs/STIs, fact sheets, treatment and care, and more. 

10 FYIs on STIs

AIDS.gov: One-stop access to U.S. Government HIV/AIDS information

STD Wizard: Online STD Risk Calculator 


2Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (August 2016). College Health and Safety. Retrieved from URL

3American Sexual Health Association. (n.d.). Statistics. Retrieved from URL

Testing Through Student Health Services 

Student Health Services offers confidential testing for HIV and various STDs/STIs during normal business hours. You can make an appointment online through MyHealth-e, and it takes a few days to receive test results. Lab fees do apply. If you have the Clemson University Student Health Insurance Plan with AIG, all of these tests are covered 100 percent if done at Redfern. Please don't urinate within an hour before your appointment.


Free Testing at Redfern Health Center Through AID Upstate

Student Health Services provides free, confidential testing for HIV and other STIs in Redfern Health Center every Tuesday from Sept. 19 – Nov. 28. This free, confidential testing is through AID Upstate and includes rapid HIV and hepatitis C testing with same day results and screenings for chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis with results provided several days later. AID Upstate testing does NOT include screening for herpes. Limited time slots are available each week, and each appointment takes about 45 minutes. To reserve a time slot, you must make an appointment online through MyHealth-e. Once you log in using your Clemson username and password, select the following: “Appointments” > “Schedule an Appointment” > “HIV and STI Testing.” If you'd like to schedule an appointment but find that all time slots are taken, please check MyHealth-e periodically to see if any appointment times reopen due to cancellations. Please don't urinate within an hour before your appointment. 


Free Testing in Anderson and Greenville Through AID Upstate

AID Upstate is located in Anderson and Greenville. You can call anytime and make an appointment for free, confidential rapid HIV and hepatitis C testing with same day results. Other STI screenings are available. Free, confidential testing is available at the Anderson location on Fridays from 9:15 a.m. – 3:30 p.m. and at the Greenville location Monday – Friday; occasional Saturday clinics are offered in Greenville. Please call AID Upstate at 864-226-9164 or 1-800-755-2040 to make an appointment. Please don't urinate within an hour before your appointment. 


Free Testing in Charleston Through Lowcountry AIDS Services 

Lowcountry AIDS Services, located in Charleston, offers free, confidential HIV/STD testing at their North Charleston office at 3547 Meeting Street Road. Testing hours are 8:30 a.m. – 3:30 p.m., Monday – Thursday. No appointment necessary. Please don't urinate within an hour before your appointment.

The only way to ensure complete protection against HIV, other STIs and pregnancy is abstinence. If you choose to be sexually active, the best way to reduce transmission of HIV and other STIs and prevent pregnancy is to use a condom during any form of sexual activity – anal, oral or vaginal. Using condoms correctly and consistently can also provide protection against other diseases that can be transmitted through sex like the Zika virus


FREE condoms, donated by AID Upstate, are provided in the waiting rooms, bathrooms, pharmacy and other areas in Redfern Health Center. Free condoms are also located outside the Healthy Campus office on the third floor of Fike Recreation Center. A variety of condoms are available in the Student Health Services pharmacy at Redfern.


The Facts About Condoms 

Condom Sense – A How-to Guide for "Getting It On"

Condom Effectiveness – Frequently Asked Questions 


American Sexual Health Association: Condoms 

CDC: Condom Effectiveness

Condoms: Male condoms, female condoms, how to use condoms, talking to a partner and condom sizing

Condom Game: Do you know how to put on a condom?

4American Sexual Health Association. (n.d.). Condoms. Retrieved from URL

Different methods of contraception are available at Redfern Health Center. FREE condoms, donated by AID Upstate, are provided in Redfern. A variety of condoms are available in the pharmacy, and the Women’s Clinic can write prescriptions for most birth control methods.


American Sexual Health Association 

CDC: Contraception

Beyond Pregnancy Prevention: A Custom Guide to Birth Control

Birth Control and Protection: What works best for you?

Bedsider

The Women’s Clinic, located in Redfern Health Center, offers a wide range of gynecological services:


  • Routine annual women’s exam

  • Birth control advice and prescriptions

  • Sexually transmitted disease/infection (STD/STI) testing and treatment

  • Emergency contraception prescriptions for students age 17 and younger (no prescription is necessary for women ages 18 and up)

  • Gardasil (HPV immunization)

  • HIV testing

  • Pregnancy testing and referrals

  • Breast health assessment

  • Evaluation and treatment for other common women’s health issues such as:

    1. Menstrual concerns (cramps, irregular bleeding, PMS, other related problems)

    2. Vaginal infections

    3. Urinary tract infections

    4. Sexual assault support services

 

Learn More/Resources

American Sexual Health Association 

Everything you want to know about sexual health; includes information on how to get help, stats, STDs/STIs, vaccines, prevention tips and much more


Bedsider 


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Sexual Health 

Includes up-to-date information about STDs, basic HIV/AIDS information and resources for prevention, answers to women’s and men’s reproductive concerns, how to have a healthy pregnancy and more


Clemson Student Health 101


WomensHealth.gov 

Office on Women’s Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services


1Gender and human rights. (n.d.). Retrieved from URL