Food and Water Requirements for Livestock

Water is ALWAYS given free choice to all animals. Animals (except birds), like people, can go extended periods of time without food, but can only last a couple of days at the most without water. The values, below, are approximate per adult animal per day and may vary greatly with temperature, workload, stress and disease. Sources of feed should be identified before a disaster.

In general most herbivorous animals are going to eat approximately 1-2% of their body weight in some form of "roughage." Roughage is hay or hay-like products (pellets, cubes, hay, etc.) In an emergency grain products ("concentrates") need not be given.

Disaster Food Schedule

SPECIES

>WATER
(Summer/Winter)

>FOOD
(Type)

>FEED
(Quantity)

FEED
(Frequency)

Beef Cattle

5-15 Gallons

alfalfa &/ or oat

15-30 lbs

Daily

Dairy Cattle

5-30 Gallons

alfalfa

15-40 lbs

Daily

Horses

5-15 Gallons

alfalfa &/ or oat

8-15 lbs

2x Daily

Pigs

1-2 Gallons

pig pellets/mixed grains

1-7 lbs (depending on weight of pig)

once or twice daily

Llamas

2-5 Gallons

alfalfa &/ or oat hay

2-4 lbs

2x Daily

Sheep

1-2 Gallons

alfalfa

2-5lbs

Daily

Goats

1-2 Gallons

alfalfa &/ or oat hay

1-5 lbs

Daily

*supplementing the diet with grain is helpful
**always supplied free choice

During and Following a Disaster

Your personal safety and that of those around you should always be your first concern. A pre-determined plan will help you remain calm and think clearly. Remember to communicate and cooperate with all emergency personnel. If you must leave the premises let someone know where you are going and try to remain in contact with that person.