1. Armitage, A. (2001). Armitage’s manual of annuals, biennials, and half-hardy perennials. Portland, OR: Timber Press.
  2. Armitage, A. (2006). Armitage’s native plants for North American gardens. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press.
  3. Armitage, A. (2008). Herbaceous perennial plants: A treatise on their identification, culture, and garden attributes. Athens, GA: University of Geogia.
  4. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center.(2011). Flowers fact sheets. Retrieved from
  5. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center.(2011). Groundcovers & vines fact sheets. Retrieved from
  6. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center. (2011). Trees. Retrieved from
  7. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center.(2011). Shrubs. Retrieved from
  8. Dirr, M. A. (2009). Manual of woody landscape plants. Champaign, IL: Stipes Publishing.
  9. Gilman, E. F. (1997). Trees for urban and suburban landscapes. Albany, NY: Delmar Publishers.
  10. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center University of Texas at Austin. (2012). Native plant information network. Retrieved from
  11. McMillan, P., Plant taxonomist Clemson University, personal communication.
  12. Missouri Botanical Garden Kemper Center for Home Gardening. Plant finder. Retrieved from
  13. North Carolina State University (2005). Plant fact sheets. Retrieved from
  14. Strother, E. V., Ham, D. L., Gilland, L. (2003) Urban tree species guide: Choosing the right tree for the right place. Columbia, SC: South Carolina Forestry Commission.
  15. University of Florida, IFAS Extension. (2011). Southern trees fact sheet. Retrieved from
  16. USDA. Plant profile. (n/d).Retrieved from
  17. USDA. Plant wetland indicator status. (n/d). Retrieved from
  18. Vincent, E., Environmental horticulturist Clemson University, personal communication


    Butterfly Weed

    Blue false indigo

    Carolina Allspice

    Blue Wood Sedge

    Shagbark Hickory


    White Flowering Dogwood

    Smooth Purple Coneflower

    ‘Kim’s Knee-High’ Purple Coneflower

    Fothergilla ‘Mount Airy’

    Spotted Joe-Pye Weed

    Dwarf Fothergilla

    Willow-leaved sunflower ‘First Light’

    Scarlet Rosemallow
    Larry Allain @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database (13)

    Pink Muhly Grass

    White Muhly Grass

    Passion Vine

    Blue-eyed Grass

    Late Purple Aster

    Burgundy Wild Lowbush Blueberry

    Highbush Blueberry ‘Misty’

    Highbush Blueberry ‘Jubilee’

    Woodland Sunflower

    Bushy Bluestern,%20Andropogon%20glomeratus%20-%20Coleman_small.jpg

    Eastern Blue Star