1. Armitage, A. (2001). Armitage’s manual of annuals, biennials, and half-hardy perennials. Portland, OR: Timber Press.
  2. Armitage, A. (2006). Armitage’s native plants for North American gardens. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press.
  3. Armitage, A. (2008). Herbaceous perennial plants: A treatise on their identification, culture, and garden attributes. Athens, GA: University of Geogia.
  4. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center.(2011). Flowers fact sheets. Retrieved from
  5. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center.(2011). Groundcovers & vines fact sheets. Retrieved from
  6. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center. (2011). Trees. Retrieved from
  7. Clemson Cooperative Extension Home and Garden Information Center.(2011). Shrubs. Retrieved from
  8. Dirr, M. A. (2009). Manual of woody landscape plants. Champaign, IL: Stipes Publishing.
  9. Gilman, E. F. (1997). Trees for urban and suburban landscapes. Albany, NY: Delmar Publishers.
  10. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center University of Texas at Austin. (2012). Native plant information network. Retrieved from
  11. McMillan, P., Plant taxonomist Clemson University, personal communication.
  12. Missouri Botanical Garden Kemper Center for Home Gardening. Plant finder. Retrieved from
  13. North Carolina State University (2005). Plant fact sheets. Retrieved from
  14. Strother, E. V., Ham, D. L., Gilland, L. (2003) Urban tree species guide: Choosing the right tree for the right place. Columbia, SC: South Carolina Forestry Commission.
  15. University of Florida, IFAS Extension. (2011). Southern trees fact sheet. Retrieved from
  16. USDA. Plant profile. (n/d).Retrieved from
  17. USDA. Plant wetland indicator status. (n/d). Retrieved from
  18. Vincent, E., Environmental horticulturist Clemson University, personal communication


Butterfly Weed

Blue false indigo

Carolina Allspice

Blue Wood Sedge

Shagbark Hickory


White Flowering Dogwood

Smooth Purple Coneflower

‘Kim’s Knee-High’ Purple Coneflower

Fothergilla ‘Mount Airy’

Spotted Joe-Pye Weed

Dwarf Fothergilla

Willow-leaved sunflower ‘First Light’

Scarlet Rosemallow
Larry Allain @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database (13)

Pink Muhly Grass

White Muhly Grass

Passion Vine

Blue-eyed Grass

Late Purple Aster

Burgundy Wild Lowbush Blueberry

Highbush Blueberry ‘Misty’

Highbush Blueberry ‘Jubilee’

Woodland Sunflower

Bushy Bluestern,%20Andropogon%20glomeratus%20-%20Coleman_small.jpg

Eastern Blue Star