B.A. (Interdisciplinary Studies), University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
M.E.M. (Environmental Management), Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies
Ph.D. (Forestry and Environmental Studies), Yale University
2011-present: Director of Research. Institute for Parks, Clemson University.
Bob Powell is an Associate Professor in the Department of Parks, Recreation, and Tourism Management and the School of Agricultural, Forest, and Environmental Sciences at Clemson University. His research and outreach program has taken him to over 40 countries and 6 continents and focuses on international protected area management, ecotourism, informal environmental education/interpretation, biodiversity conservation, and integrated landscape scale planning. As part of his research program, Bob is currently investigating the effectiveness of community-based conservation projects for the National Audubon Society and the Toyota Foundation; developing a service wide assessment tool for Interpretation, Education, and Visitor Orientation for the National Park Service; and evaluating education and outreach in Everglades and Great Smoky Mountains National Parks. In addition he is part of an interdisciplinary team of researchers that is investigating the relationship between parks, human health, social conditions, and ecological structure using supercomputing available at Clemson University. Past projects include conducting an integrated marine protected area, tourism, and coastal zone planning project in Sri Lanka for US Agency for International Development; working with land managers and tour operators in Antarctica, the Galapagos Islands, and the Colorado River through Grand Canyon National Park to evaluate nature-based tourism as a conservation and informal environmental education tool; and evaluating the Leave No Trace and TreadLightly! outdoor ethics education programs occurring on U.S. public lands.
Stern, M.J., Wright, M.E., & Powell, R.B. (In press) Motivating school participation in National Park Service education programs. Journal of Visitor Studies.
Powell, R.B., Brownlee, M.T.J., Kellert, S. R. & Ham, S.H. (2011) From awe to satisfaction: Immediate affective responses to the Antarctic tourism experience. Polar Record. DOI: 10.1017/S0032247410000720
Baldwin,R.F., Powell, R.B., & Kellert, S.R. (2011) Habitat as architecture for sustainability: Integrating conservation planning and human health. Ambio. 40(3) 322-327.
Powell, R.B., Stern, M.J., Krohn, B. & Ardoin, N. (2011) Development and validation of scales to measure environmental responsibility, attitudes toward school, and character development. Environmental Education Research, 17(1) 91-111.
Stern, M.J., Powell, R.B., & Ardoin, N.M. (2011) Evaluating a constructivist and culturally responsive approach to environmental education for diverse audiences. Journal of Environmental Education, 42(2)109-122.
Stern, M.J., Powell, R.B., & Cook, C. (2010-2011) The benefits of live interpretive programs to Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Park Science, 27 (3) 56-60.
Vagias, W. & Powell, R.B. (2010) Backcountry visitors’ Leave No Trace attitudes. International Journal of Wilderness, 16(3) 21-27.
Powell, R. B. (2010). Developing institutions to overcome governance barriers to ecoregional conservation. In S. C. Trombulak & R. F. Baldwin (Eds.), Landscape-scale Conservation Planning (pp. 53-67). New York: Springer.
Powell, R. B & Vagias, W. (2010) Benefits of stakeholder involvement in the development of social science research. Park Science, 27 (1) 46-49.
Powell, R.B., Cushnir, A., & Peiris, P. (2009) Overcoming governance barriers to integrated coastal zone, marine protected area, and sustainable tourism management in Sri Lanka. Coastal Management, 37(6) 633-655.
Powell, R.B., Kellert, S. R., & Ham, S.H. (2009) Interactional theory and the sustainable nature-based tourism experience. Society and Natural Resources, 22 (8) 761-776.
Stern, M.J., Powell, R.B., & Ardoin, N. (2008) What difference does it make? Assessing student outcomes of participation in a residential environmental education program. Journal of Environmental Education, 39 (4) 31-43.
Powell, R.B. & Ham, S.H. (2008) Can ecotourism interpretation really lead to pro-conservation knowledge, attitudes, and behavior? Evidence from the Galapagos Islands. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 16 (4) 467-489.
Powell, R.B., Kellert, S. R., & Ham, S.H. (2008) Antarctic tourists: Ambassadors or consumers? Polar Record, 44 (230) 233-241.
Powell, R.B., Stern, M.J., & Ardoin, N. (2006) A sustainable evaluation framework and its application. Applied Environmental Education and Communication, 5 (4) 231-241.
FOR 431/631 Recreation Resource Planning in Forest Management
PRTM 403 Elements of Recreation and Park Planning
PRTM 430/630 Geography of World Parks and Protected Areas
PRTM 900 Interdisciplinary Park and Protected Area Management