Dr. Karanfil's primary teaching and research interests are in the fundamentals and applications of physiochemical processes in water, wastewater and hazardous waste treatment systems. In recent years, his research group has also investigated the behavior of nanomaterials, especially carbon nanotubes and graphenes, in engineered and natural systems. There are three thrusts in his research group:
(i) The formation and control of regulated and emerging disinfection by-products (DBP) and understanding their precursors (e.g., the components of natural organic matter, dissolved organic nitrogen) in drinking water systems, wastewater effluents and swimming pools. The current research focus is more on nitrogenous (Nitrosamines, Halonitromethanes) and iodinated DBPs.
(ii) Phase separation, specifically sorption and membrane processes and technologies. The adsorption behaviors of several adsorbents (activated carbons, carbon fibers, ion exchange resins, nanomaterials), with more emphasis on CNTs, graphenes, and other nanomaterials in recent years, have been examined in engineered and natural systems. Some membrane application projects have also been conducted.
(iii) Water quality research in natural systems.
Dr. Karanfil's research group is particularly interested in applying fundamentals of chemistry and engineering to address environmental challenges faced in practical applications including both engineered and natural systems. Dr. Karanfil is a recipient of the National Science Foundation Early CAREER Award, and is a certified professional engineer and board certified environmental engineer.
Ellerie, J.R., Apul, O., Karanfil, T., and Ladner, D.A. "Comparing Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes and SUperfine Powdered Activated Carbon as Adsorptive Coating Materiasl for Microfiltration Membranes," Journal of Hazardous Materials, 261, 91-98, (2013).
Johnston, T. and Karanfil, T. "Calculating the Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Water Utilities" Journal of American Water Works Association, 105, (7) E363-E371, (2013).
Gan, X., Kim, D., and Karanfil, T. "MIEX Treatment of an Effluent Impacted Stream Water" Journal of American Water Works Association, 105, (5) E195-E206, (2013).
Apul, O.G., Wang, Q., Shao, T., Rieck, J.R., and Karanfil, T. "Predictive Model Development for Adsorption of Aromatic Contaminants by Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes," Environmental Science and Technology, 47, 2295-2303, (2013)
Apul, O.G., Wang, Q. Zhou, Y., and Karanfil, T. "Adsorption of Aromatic Organic Contaminants by Graphene Nanosheets: Comparison with Carbon Nanotubes and Activated Carbon," Water Research, 47, 1648-1654, (2013)
Gan, X., Karanfil, T., Kaplan-Bekaroglu, S.S., and Shan, J. "The Control of N-DBP and C-DBP Precursors with MIEX," Water Research, 47, 1147-1155, (2013).
Hong, Y., Song, H., and Karanfil, T. "Formation of Haloacetic Acids from Dissolved Organic Matter Fractions during Chloramination," Water Research, 47, 1147-1155, (2013).
Selbes, M., Kim, D., Ates, N. and Karanfil, T. "The Roles of Tertiary Amine Structure, Background Organic Matter and Chloramine Species on NDMA Formation," Water Research, 47, 945-953, (2013).
Zhang, S., Shao, T., and Karanfil, T. Pan, B. "The Correlation between Structural Characteristics and Adsorption Affinity of Activated Carbons," Adsorption, 18, 229-238, (2012).
Jones, D.B., Song, H. and Karanfil, T. "The Effects of Selected Preoxidation Strategies on Iodinated Trihalomethane Formation and Speciation," Water Research, 46, 5491-5498, (2012).
Shan, J., Hu, J., Kaplan-Berkaroglu, S.S., Song, H. and Karanfil, T. “The Effects of pH, Bromide and Nitrite on Halonitromethane and Trihalomethane Formation from Amino Acids and Amino Sugars,” Chemosphere, 86, 323-328, (2012).
Zhang, S., Shao, T., Kose, H.S., and Karanfil, T. “Adsorption Kinetics of Aromatic Compounds on Carbon Nanotubes and Activated Carbons,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry,31, 79-85, (2012).
Apul O., Shao, T., Zhang, S., and Karanfil, T. “The Impact of Carbon Nanotube Morphology on Phenanthrene Adsorption,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 31, 73-78, (2012).
Jones, D.B., Saglam, A., Song, H. and Karanfil, T. “The Impact of Bromide/Iodide Level and Ratio on Iodinated Trihalomethane Formation and Speciation,” Water Research, 46, 11-20, (2012).
Jones, D.B., Saglam, A., Triger, A., Song, H. and Karanfil, T. “I-THM Formation and Speciation: Preformed Monochloramine versus Prechlorination followed by Ammonia Addition,” Environmental Science and Technology, 45, 10429-10437, (2011).
Yigit C., Maden G., Disa N., Yılmaz O., Ogutverici, A., Alp E., Unlu K., Gokçay C.F., Dilek F.B., Doğan O., Karanfil T., and Yetis U. "Hazardous Waste Management in Turkey: Current Legislative Requirements and Future Challenges,” Desalination and Water Treatment, 26,152-159, (2011).
Zhang, S., Shao, T., and Karanfil, T. “The Effects of Dissolved Natural Organic Matter on the Adsorption of Synthetic Organic Chemicals on Activated Carbons and Carbon Nanotubes,” Water Research 45, 1378-1386, (2011).
Kanan, A. and Karanfil, T. “The Formation of Disinfection By-products in Indoor Swimming Pools: Contribution from Filling Water Natural Organic Matter and Swimmers Body Fluids,” Water Research, 45, 926-932, (2011).
Editorial Advisor Board, Journal of American Water Works Association (2008-2013)
American Water Works Association, Academic Achievement Award (2011, 2010, 2009, 2007)
American Water Works Association South Carolina Section, Membership Award (2008-2009)
Clemson University, Board of Trustees Award for Faculty Excellence (2011, 2008, 2006, 2003, 2002)
Clemson University, College of Engineering and Science, McQueen Quattlebaum Faculty Achievement Award (2005)
National Science Foundation, Early CAREER Award (2001)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Ph.D. Fellowship, (1989-1992)