Dr. Karanfil's primary teaching and research interests are in the fundamentals and applications of physiochemical processes in water, wastewater and hazardous waste treatment systems. In recent years, his research group has also investigated the behavior of nanomaterials, especially carbon nanotubes and graphenes, in engineered and natural systems. There are three thrusts in his research group:
(i) The formation and control of regulated and emerging disinfection by-products (DBP) and understanding their precursors (e.g., the components of natural organic matter, dissolved organic nitrogen) in drinking water systems, wastewater effluents and swimming pools. The current research focus is more on nitrogenous (Nitrosamines, Halonitromethanes) and iodinated DBPs.
(ii) Phase separation, specifically sorption and membrane processes and technologies. The adsorption behaviors of several adsorbents (activated carbons, carbon fibers, ion exchange resins, nanomaterials), with more emphasis on CNTs, graphenes, and other nanomaterials in recent years, have been examined in engineered and natural systems. Some membrane application projects have also been conducted.
(iii) Water quality research in natural systems.
Dr. Karanfil's research group is particularly interested in applying fundamentals of chemistry and engineering to address environmental challenges faced in practical applications including both engineered and natural systems. Dr. Karanfil is a recipient of the National Science Foundation Early CAREER Award, and is a certified professional engineer and board certified environmental engineer.
Kim, D., Amy, G. and Karanfil, T. “Disinfection By-Product Formation during Seawater Desalination: A Review,” Water Research, in press (2015).
Wang, J-J., Dahlgren, R.A., Ersan, M., Karanfil, T. and Chow, A.T. “Wildfire Alters Terrestrial Precursors of Disinfection Byproducts in Drinking Water,” Environmental Science and Technology, in press, (2015).
Zhou, Y., Apul, O. and Karanfil, T. “Adsorption of Halogenated Aliphatic Contaminants by Graphene Nanomaterials,” Water Research, 79, 57-67, (2015).
Apul, O., Zhou, Y. and Karanfil T. “Mechanisms and Modeling of Halogenated Aliphatic Contaminant Adsorption of Carbon Nanotubes,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, 295, 138-144, (2015).
Zhang, X. L., Yang, H. W., Wang, X. M, Xie, Y.F., Karanfil, T. “Trihalomethane Hydrolysis in Drinking Water at Elevated Temperatures,” Water Research, 78, 18-27, (2015).
Ersan, M.S., Ladner, D. A. and Karanfil, T. “N-nitrosodimethylamine Precursors Leach from Nanofiltration Membranes,” Environmental Science and Technology Letters, 2 (3), 66-69, (2015).
Selbes, M., Yilmaz, O., Khan, A.A. and Karanfil, T. “Leaching of Organic and Inorganic Tire Constituents from Scrap Tires,” Chemosphere, in press, (2015).
Linard, E.N., van den Hurk, P., Karanfil, T., Apul, O. and Klaine, S.J. “Influence of Carbon Nanotubes on the Bioavailability of Fluoranthene,” Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 34 (3), 658-666, (2015).
Yilmaz, O., Anctil. A. and Karanfil, T. “LCA as a Decision Support Tool for Evaluation of Best Available Techniques (BATs) for Cleaner Production of Iron Casting,” Journal of Cleaner Production, in press, (2015).
Yang, L., Kim, D., Uzun, H., Karanfil T. and Hur, J. “Tracing Trihalomethanes and N-nitrosodimethylamine formation potentials in drinking water treatment plants using fluorescence spectroscopy and parallel factor analysis,” Chemosphere, 121, 84-91, (2015).
Uzun, H., Kim, D. and Karanfil, T. “Seasonal and Temporal Patterns of NDMA Formation Potentials in Surface Waters,” Water Research, 69, 162-172, (2015)
Apul, O. and Karanfil T. “Adsorption of Synthetic Organic Contaminants by Carbon Nanotubes: A Critical Review,” Water Research, 68, 34-55, (2015).
Selbes, M., Kim. D. and Karanfil T. “The effect of pre-oxidation on NDMA formation and the influence of pH,” Water Research, 66, 169-179, (2014).
Liu, Y.D., Selbes, M., Zeng, C., Zhong, R. and Karanfil, T. “Formation Mechanism of NDMA from Ranitidine, TMA and other Tertiary Amine during Chloramination: A Computational Study,” Environmental Science and Technology, 48, 8653-8663, (2014).
Yilmaz, O., Can, Z.S., Toroz, I., Dogan, O., Oncel, S., Alp, E., Dilek, F.B., Karanfil, T., and Yetis, U. “Use of Theoretical Waste Inventories in Planning and Monitoring of Hazardous Waste Management Systems: A Case Study of Turkey,” Waste Management and Research, 32, 763-771, (2014).
Wang, Q., Apul, O.G., Xuan, P., Luo, F. and Karanfil, T. “Development of 3D QSPR Model for Adsorption of Aromatic Compounds by Carbon Nanotubes: Comparison among Multiple Linear Regression, Artificial Neural Network and Support Vector Machine” RSC Advances, 3, 23924-23934, (2013).
Grayson, J., Khan, A.A. and Karanfil, T. “Permeability of Uniform and Mixed Size Tire Chips Under Different Loading Conditions,” Journal of Irrigation & Drainage Engineering, 139, (11) 939-946, (2013).
Zhang, S. and Karanfil, T. “Applicability of the Linear Solvation Energy Relationships in the Prediction for Adsorption of Aromatic Compounds on Activated Carbons from Aqueous Solutions,” Separation and Purification Technology, 117, 111-117, (2013).
Lewis, D.O., Ladner, D., and Karanfil, T. “Source Water and Microfiltration Manganese Control Study” Journal of American Water Works Association, 105, (9) E480-E495, (2013).
Ellerie, J.R., Apul, O., Karanfil, T. and Ladner, D.A. “Comparing Graphene, Carbon Nanotubes and Superfine Powdered Activated Carbon as Adsorptive Coating Materials for Microfiltration Membranes,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, 261, 91-98, (2013)
Johnston, T., and Karanfil, T. “Calculating the Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Water Utilities” Journal of American Water Works Association, 105, (7) E363-E371, (2013).
Gan, X., Kim, D., and Karanfil, T. “MIEX® Treatment of an Effluent Impacted Stream Water” Journal of American Water Works Association, 105, (5) E195-E206, (2013).
Apul, O.G., Wang, Q., Shao, T., Rieck, J.R., and Karanfil, T. “Predictive Model Development for Adsorption of Aromatic Contaminants by Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes,” Environmental Science and Technology, 47, 2295-2303, (2013).
Apul, O.G., Wang, Q., Zhou, Y., and Karanfil, T. “Adsorption of Aromatic Organic Contaminants by Graphene Nanosheets: Comparison with Carbon Nanotubes and Activated Carbon,” Water Research, 47, 1648-1654, (2013).
Gan, X., Karanfil, T., Kaplan-Bekaroglu, S.S., and Shan, J. “The Control of N-DBP and C-DBP Precursors with MIEX®,” Water Research, 47, 1344-1352, (2013).
Hong, Y., Song, H., and Karanfil, T. “Formation of Haloacetic Acids from Dissolved Organic Matter Fractions during Chloramination,” Water Research, 47, 1147-1155, (2013).
Selbes, M., Kim, D., Ates, N. and Karanfil, T. “The Roles of Tertiary Amine Structure, Background Organic Matter and Chloramine Species on NDMA Formation,” Water Research, 47, 945-953, (2013).
Editorial Advisor Board, Journal of American Water Works Association (2008-2013)
American Water Works Association, Academic Achievement Award (2011, 2010, 2009, 2007)
American Water Works Association South Carolina Section, Membership Award (2008-2009)
Clemson University, Board of Trustees Award for Faculty Excellence (2011, 2008, 2006, 2003, 2002)
Clemson University, College of Engineering and Science, McQueen Quattlebaum Faculty Achievement Award (2005)
National Science Foundation, Early CAREER Award (2001)
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Ph.D. Fellowship, (1989-1992)