Agricultural and Environmental Science Department
Office: 260 P & A Building
Personal Website: http://www.clemson.edu/cafls/safes/faculty_staff/liu.html
Post-doc. Plant Sciences
Rutgers University 1993-96
Ph.D. Plant Sciences
University of Rhode Island 1992
University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign 1988
B.S. Landscape Architecture
Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China 1982
Hort 2120 Introduction of Turfgrass Culture (since 1996; fall semester)
Hort 2710/4710/6710 Coordinating Turf Internships (since 1996, every semester)
Hort 4080 Turfgrass Discovery and Inquiry (since 2004, every semester)
Hort 4200/6200 Applied Turfgrass Stress Physiology (since 2004; spring semester)
PES 4520/6520 Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition (since 2012; spring semester)
PES 4530/6530 Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition Lab. (since 2013; spring semester)
PES 4850/6850 Environmental Soil Chemistry (since 2014; fall semester)
PES 4060/8900 Plant Nitrogen Metabolism (since 2015; spring semester)
PES 8910 M.S. Studies and Thesis Research (since 1996; every semester)
PES 9910 Ph.D. Studies and Dissertation Research (since 2002; every semester)
Guest Lecturer of Hort 1010: Introduction of Horticulture
Instructor of South Carolina Turf School on Turf Nutrition and Fertility
2009-present Professor in turfgrass and soil sciences, Clemson University
2002-2008 Associate Professor in turfgrass science and management, Clemson University
2001-2002 Associate Professor in turfgrass science and management, Western Kentucky University
1996-2001 Assistant Professor in turfgrass science and management, Western Kentucky University
1993-1996 Post-Doc. Rutgers University turfgrass science
1990-1992 Research Assistant III of turfgrass science and management, Univ. of Rhode Island
1988-1992 Ph.D. student in turfgrass science, Univ. of Rhode Island
1985-1988 MS student in turfgrass management, Univ. of Illinois
1982-1985 Assistant Lecturer of woody plants, Beijing Forestry Univ.
1978-1982 Undergraduate student in landscape architecture, Beijing Forestry Univ.
Dr. Haibo Liu is a professor in Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences at Clemson University with a specialized area of turfgrass nutrition, stress physiology, and the environment. Dr. Liu has over 320 publications and among those, over 90 are peer-reviewed publications (including peer-reviewed book chapters; over 95 trade magazine and newsletter publications; and over 136 research abstracts) in turfgrass science and management and has given over 300 presentations to different audiences in addition to his routine turf and soil related teaching. Dr. Liu has taught a total of 27 different courses and labs at Beijing Forestry University, University of Rhode Island, Rutgers University, Western Kentucky University, and Clemson University with a total over 5,600 students enrolled in those courses in the past 34 years since Jan. 1982 when he started his first full time teaching position at Beijing Forestry University. Among the 27 courses and labs, 16 did not exist and were first developed by Dr. Liu at the different universities. In addition, he has chaired 17 graduate students as the major professor and a committee member for 20 additional graduate students since 1996. At Clemson, Dr. Liu is teaching an introduction course of turfgrass science and management, and two advanced level turfgrass-related courses of turfgrass stress physiology and plant nutrition and soil fertility with labs and responsible for turf major internships. Dr. Liu also teaches an advanced soil course of environmental soil chemistry and a graduate level course of plant nitrogen metabolism once a year. He has been PI or co-PIs of over $4.3 million research grants and donations including two turf research farms renovated and built between 2002 to 2015 with a focus on turfgrass stress physiology, management, nutrition, and aluminum toxicity. Dr. Liu is the senior author of a CD ROM Book (946 pages; peer-reviewed by a task force committee): Landscape, Turfgrass, and Golf Course management and a coauthor of Turfgrass Physiology CD ROM Slide Set. Dr. Liu was the GCSAA seminar speaker of foliar turfgrass nutrients in 2003 and 2004 and has been Carolinas Golf Course Superintendents Association Annual Conference seminar speaker of “Turfgrass Foliar Nutrients” from 2005 to 2014. Dr. Liu has served as a co-editor or associate editor of the 11th and 12th International Turfgrass Research Journal, Editing Board of the Second International Sports Turf Proceedings, Associate Editor of Agronomy Journal, and a Consulting Editor of HortScience between 2010 to 2014. Since 2013, Dr. Liu has been invited as the keynote speaker for Eastern Chinese Golf Course Superintendents Association (ECGCSA) Annual Conferences as members of Board Advisory for ECGCSA and a magazine of Golf and People (a Chinese Magazine). Dr. Liu has visited more than 230 turf major interns during his career to date and the total intern visiting trip miles have been close to 2.5 times of the earth equator over 55,000 miles. Dr. Liu has been responsible for a turf research and demonstration farm with graduate student and undergraduate assistants for turf related teaching, research, and Extension activities since March 2002 and on the farm, variable turf plots next to SC Botanical Garden as a main entrance site of the Clemson campus not only have served the turfgrass program education purposes, but also have attracted some visitors to SC Botanical Garden stopping by at the turf plots.
The most liked quote about turfgrasses "In the grass family, there are over 10,000 species, but just only few species have made multiple billion dollars to our societies, golf courses, sports fields, lawns, and other recreation activities suitable as turfgrasses. Turfgrasses work together always holding each others' hands regardless of what kinds of stresses as simple as just one single goal: just do the job; the consequences: always more peaceful to people who use them, to themselves as well." - an unknown turf student.
- Plant Nutrition
- Plant Foliar Nutrient Absorption
- Plant Stress Physiology
- Aluminium Toxicity
- Nitrogen Use Efficiency
- Turfgrass and the Environment
Local and National Levels (educational activities and research grants)
- Sports Turf, Golf Course Management, Lawn Care
- South Carolina Sports Turf Managers Association
- Carolinas Golf Course Superintendents Association
- The South Carolina Sod Producers Association
- Golf Course Superintendents Association of America
- United States Golf Association Green Section
- National Turfgrass Evaluation Programs
- Test trials for multiple companies on turfgrasses, fertilizers, wetting agents, pesticides, plant growth regulators, soil amendments, paints, dyes, equipment, and and other turf products
International Levels (educational activities and research grants)
- International Turfgrass Society
- Sod Producers International
- Eastern Chinese Golf Course Superintendents Association (ECGCSA)
Academic Organizations and Societies
- Crop Science Society of America
- Soil Science Society of America
- American Society of Agronomy
- The American Society for Horticultural Science
Selected peer-reviewed and Extension-related publications (since 2008)
Mirmow, W.N., H. Liu, L.B. McCarty, and J. Rieck. 2017. Winter traffic stress on a transition zone bentgrass green Ph.D. Golfdom February 22, 2017.
Liu, H. 2016. Spring time and never have the turf energy nutrient –phosphorus neglected. SCSTMA Newsletter. Vol. 2(1), April.
Liu, H. 2015. Potassium nutrient for warm-season turfgrasses. SCSTMA Newsletter. Vol. 1(4), November.
Liu, H. 2015. Controlled (slow) release nitrogen fertilizers for sports fields. SCSTMA Newsletter. Vol. 1(3), August.
Liu, H. 2015. Why annual soil samples? SCSTMA Newsletter Vol. 1(1), March.
Bethea, Jr. F.G., D. Park, A. Mount, N. Menchyk, and H. Liu*. 2014. Effects of Acute Moisture Stress on Creeping Bentgrass Cuticle Morphology and Associated Effects on Foliar Nitrogen Uptake. HortSci. 49:1582-1587.
Menchk, N., D.G. Bielenberg, S. Martin, C. Waltz, H. Luo, F. Bethea, Jr. and H. Liu*. 2014. Nitrogen and Trinexapac-ethyl Applications for Managing ‘Diamond’ Zoysiagrass Putting Greens in the Transition Zone, U.S. HortSci. 49:1076-1080.
Menchk, N, D. Park, and H. Liu. 2014. Nickel and turfgrass growth:all you need to know. Sports Turf, June.
Baldwin, C.M. and H. Liu*. 2013. Morphological and physiological characteristics of 42 bermudagrass cultivars grown in the transition zone. Inter. Turfgrass Soc. Res. J. 12: 391-404.
Baldwin, C.M., H. Liu*, L.B. McCarty, H. Luo, and J.E. Toler. 2013. Winter cultural practices andshade impacts on ‘Tifeagle’ bermudagrass spring green-up. Inter. Turfgrass Soc. Res. J. 12:257-262.
Li, Z., Hu, Q., Zhou, M., Vandenbrink, J., Li, D., Menchyk, N., Reighard, S.R., Norris, A., Liu, H., Sun, D., Luo, H. 2013. Heterologous expression of OsSIZ1, a rice SUMO E3 ligase enhances broad abiotic stress tolerance in transgenic creeping bentgrass. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 11(4): 432-445.
Liu*, H., N. Menchyk, F. G. Bethea Jr., and H. Luo. 2013. ‘Diamond’ zoysiagrass putting greens in the transition zone. Inter. Turfgrass Soc. Res. J. 12:761-766.
Stiglbauer, J.B., H. Liu*, L.B. McCarty, D.M. Park, and J.E. Toler. 2013. Seashore paspalum green establishment affected by sprig rates, nitrogen sources and rates. Inter. Turfgrass Soc. Res. J. 12: 251-256.
StJohn, R. N. Christians, H. Liu, and N. Menchyk. 2013. Secondary Nutrients and Micronutrient Fertilization in Turgrass Monograph 56 Crop Science Society of America. Madison, WI. P 521-542.
Atkinson, J.L., L.B. McCarty, H. Liu, J. Faust, and J.E. Toler. 2012. Diamond zoysiagrass golf green response to reduced light environments with the use of trinexapac-ethyl. Agron. J. 104: 847-852.
Menchyk, N, F, Bethea, and H, Liu. 2012. Diamond not in the rough. Green Section Record. Vol. 50 (9). 1-4.
Hull, R.J., J.A. Amador, H. Liu, and J.C. Fetter. 2012. Do organic nitrogen sources leach less nitrate from turf? Turfgrass Trends March 37-44.
Liu*, H., N. Menchyk, F. Bethea, and C. Baldwin. 2011. Chapter 38 Turfgrass nutrient management under stresses: A part of integrated stress management 965-988 in Mohammad Pessarakli (ed) Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress, Third Ed. Taylor & Francis Group, Raton, Florida.
Liu*, H., N. Menchyk, F. Bethea, and C. Baldwin. 2011. Chapter 39 Nutrient management of golf course putting greens under stresses. 989-1018. In Mohammad Pessarakli (ed) Handbook of Plant and Crop Stress, Third Ed. Taylor & Francis Group, Raton, Florida.
McCarty, L.B. and H. Liu. 2011. Developing Turf Fertilizer Programs and Fertilizer Calculations. pp. 273-298. in Best Golf Course Management Practices (3rd edition). Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Hull, R.J., and H. Liu. 2011. Do organic nitrogen sources leach less nitrate from turf? Turfgrass Trends November 37-44.
Hull, R.J., and H. Liu. 2011. Turfgrass nutrient interactions in management II. Turfgrass Trends-Golfdom February: 43-47.
Atkinson, J. L. L. B. McCarty, and H. Liu. 2011. Shade tolerance of ‘diamond' zoysiagrass managed under putting green conditions with the use of trinexapac-ethyl. Golf Course Mgt. 79 (7): 82-84.
Li, Z., C.M. Baldwin, Q. Qian, H. Liu, and H. Luo. 2010. Heterologous expression of Arabidopsis H-pyrophosphatase enhances salt tolerance in transgenic creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.). Plant, Cell & Environment. 33:272-289.
Baldwin, C.,M, H. Liu* H, L.B. McCarty, H. Luo, and J.E. Toler. 2010. 'L-93' creeping bentgrass putting green responses to various winter light intensities in the southern transition zone. HortScience 44:1751-1756.
Hull, R.J. and H. Liu. 2010. Turfgrass nutrient interactions in management I. Turfgrass Trends-Golfdom October: 43-47.
McCarty, L.B., R.K. McCauley, H. Liu, F.W. Totten, and J.E. Toler. 2010. Perennial ryegrass allelopathic potential on bermudagrass germination and seedling growth. HortScience 45(12): 1872–1875.
Baldwin, C.M. and H. Liu. 2010. There’s more to tree shade than just light quantity. TurfGrass TRENDS. 66(10):41-43.
Baldwin, C.M., H. Liu, and L.B. McCarty. 2010. Response of creeping bentgrass to winter shade. Golf Course Management. 78(1): 108-112.
Baldwin, C.M. H. Liu, and L.B. McCarty. 2010. Managing an ultradwarf bermudagrass under shade. Golf Course Mgt. 78(3): 104-108.
Baldwin, C.M., H. Liu*, L.B. McCarty, H. Luo, C.E. Wells, and J. E. Toler. 2009. Altered light spectral qualities impact on warm-season turfgrass growth and development. Crop Science 49:1444-1453.
Baldwin, C.M., H. Liu*, L.B. McCarty, H. Luo, C.E. Wells, and J. E. Toler. 2009. Nitrogen and plant growth regulator Influence on ‘Champion’ bermudagrass putting green under reduced sunlight. Agronomy J. 101:75-81.
Gaussoin, R., C. Schmid, K, Frank, T. Butler, H. Liu, W. Sarvis, and C. Baldwin. 2009. Foliar uptake of nutrients applied in solution to Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis palustris Huds.), Annual Bluegrass (Poa annua var. reptans (Hausskn.) Timm) and Ultra-Dwarf Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis Burtt-Davy). International Plant Nutrition Colloquium: 1396-1405.
Yan, J., J. Chen, T. Zhang, J. Liu, and H. Liu*. 2009. Evaluation of aluminum tolerance and nutrient uptake of 50 centipedegrass accessions or cultivars. HortScience 44 (3):857-861.
Hull, R. J. and H. Liu*. 2009. Improving foliar fertilization of turf- basic research on plant cuticles suggests ways to do it better. Turfgrass Trends. June.
McCauley, R. K., L. B. McCarty, H. Liu and J. E. Toler. 2009. Optimizing overseed spring transition by integrating mowing height, nitrogen rate and sulfonylurea herbicide us. Inter. Turfgrass Soc. Res. J. 11:399-416.
Liu, H.*, T. Whitwell, D. C. Garrett, L. B. McCarty, S. B. Martin, J. Adelberg,J. Adelberg, J. E. Brown-Faust and C. M. Baldwin. 2009. Survey of undergraduate turf education and the internship experience. Inter. Turfgrass Soc. Res. J. 11: 607-617.
Baldwin, C. M., H. Liu*, L. B. McCarty, H. Luo and J. E. Toler. 2009. Dormant bermudagrass spring green-up influenced by shade. Inter. Turfgrass Soc. Res. J. 11: 711-722.
Stiglbauer, B.J., H. Liu*, L.B. McCarty, D.M. Park, J.E. Toler and K.R. Kirk. 2009. Diamond zoysiagrass putting green establishment affected by sprigging rates, nitrogen sources, and rates in the southern transition zone. HortScience 44:1757-1761.
Sarvis III, W. G., H. Liu*, L. B. McCarty and J. E. Toler. 2009. Performance of Poa trivialis as overseeded turf under shade conditions. Inter. Turfgrass Soc. Res. J. 11: 837-848.
Totten, F.W., H. Liu, L.B. McCarty, J.E. Toler, C.M. Baldwin. 2009. Foliar vs. granular fertilization on creeping bentgrass greens in the transition zone. Golf Course Mgt. 77(10) 74- 80.
Hull, R.J. and H. Liu*. 2009. Improving foliar fertilization of turf. Turfgrass Trends, June 1, 2009.
Baldwin, C.M. H. Liu. L. B. McCarty, S. H. Long. 2008. Impact of winter traffic on creeping bentgrass. Golf Course Mgt. 75(3): 98-103.
Baldwin, C.M. and H. Liu. 2008. Altered light spectral qualities impact on warm-season turfgrass growth and development. USGA Turfgrass and Environmental Research Online 7(9):1-12.
Sarvis, W.G., H. Liu*, L.B. McCarty, and J.E. Toler. 2008. Wetting agents provide ways to manage summer stress of bentgrass in the transition zone. Turfgrass Trends. Vol. 17 No. 5.
McCauley, R.K., L. B. McCarty, H. Liu, and J. E. Toler. 2008. Optimizing spring transition of perennial ryegrass. Golf Course Mgt. 76(10): 107-110.
Baldwin, C.M., H. Liu*, L.B. McCarty, H. Luo, and J.E. Toler. 2008. Winter Foot and Equipment Traffic Impacts on a 'L93' Creeping Bentgrass Putting Green. HortScience 43(3):922-926.
Liu*, H., C. M. Baldwin, F. W. Totten, and L. B. McCarty. 2008. Foliar fertilization for turfgrasses. II International Conference on Turfgrass Science and Management for Sports Fields. Acta Hort. (ISHS) 783:323-332.
Totten, F. W., H. Liu*, L. B. McCarty, J. E. Toler, and C. M, Baldwin. 2008. Efficiency of foliar versus granular fertilization: a field study of creeping bentgrass performance. J. Plant Nutri. 31(5): 972-982.
Hu, Q., K. Nelson-Vasilchik, D. Viola, P. Zeng, H. Liu, A. P. Kausch, J. M. Chandlee, T. K. Hodges, H. Luo. 2008. FLP-mediated site-specific recombination in rice. Plant Biotechnology 6(2): 176-188.
Liu* H., C.M. Baldwin, H. Luo, and M. Pessarakli, 2008. Enhancing turfgrass nitrogen use under stresses. p. 557-581. In M. Pessarakli (ed.) Handbook of turfgrass management and physiology. Taylor and Francis group, LLC Boca Raton, Fl.
Liu* H., H. Luo, and C.M. Baldwin. 2008. Acid soil and aluminum tolerance in turfgrasses. p.375-388. In M. Pessarakli (ed.) Handbook of turfgrass management and physiology. Taylor and Francis group, LLC Boca Raton, Fl.
*Liu, H. as the corresponding author