Bees

n-1 Modern beekeeping began in 1851 with the development of the Langstroth hive, which is held here by George J. Abrams of the University of Maryland. The hive was the invention of a Massachusetts minister, Dr. L. L. Langstroth, who kept bees as a hobby. It was the first hive to contain removable frames, which simplified the observation and study of bees.
These modern 3-story hives, maintained by apiculturists for experimental brood production, are adaptations of the original Langstroth hive. The bees develop and reproduce in the boxes, each of which contains 10 movable frames. Note the bee veil worn by the apiculturist while he is working near the hives. n-2
n-3 The bee is a beneficial insect. It produces honey and beeswax and pollinates many plants. Three forms of bees exist; the queen, which lays the eggs; the drone, which mates with the queen; and the worker, which builds the hive and cares for the colony living in it. This worker is gathering nectar or pollen to take back to the colony.
Apiculturists are continually crossing bees to produce new strains that are resistant to diseases and are good honey producers. Improved instruments for the artificial insemination of honeybees were developed by entomologists of the United States Department of Agriculture. In this picture, the sperm is being injected into the queen by means of a pointed syringe. n-4


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