Quarantines

o-1 Twenty-five years ago Arizona quarantine inspectors detained travelers at this State inspection station and examined car and baggage for insects--particularly the pink bollworm, a destructive cotton pest--and for plant disease. Some States such as Arizona and California continue to maintain inspection stations of this type to prevent transportation of injurious insects across their borders.
When a Federal-State quarantine is established to prevent the spread of an insect, authorities post notices throughout the affected area to familiarize the public with the problem. Two Georgia farmers read about the white-fringed beetle quarantine. This South American pest first showed up in Florida in 1936 and, since then, has spread into 8 States. o-2
o-3 Certain classes of imported plant material are routed by shippers through plant quarantine inspection houses where special facilities and trained personnel are available for safeguarding it. Inspectors at the Hoboken, N. J. house carefully scrutinize all plants from foreign countries for signs of insects and disease. Inspection of imported plant material dates back to 1912, with the passage of the Federal plant quarantine act. Before that, many of our most injurious insects such as the Hessian fly came into this country undetected.
Federal quarantine inspectors examine foreign packages for unauthorized plant material in most large U. S. post offices. This inspector finds pink bollworms in a package containing cotton that has been used as packing material. o-4


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