1) "Alternative" means the replacement of one active ingredient with another, eg., malathion may serve as an alternative for diazinon. 2) "Alternative" can mean replacement of a chemical control method by a non-chemical method, eg., cultivation may serve as an alternative to 2,4-D. 3) "Alternative" can mean replacement of a non-chemical control method with a chemical control method, eg., 2,4-D may serve as an alternative to cultivation.
Computer application software programs
Computer application software programs include complete applications, such as a decision support or reporting systems, not a particular library or segment of code.
Crop profiles are reports based on the systematic collection of pesticide use and usage data that provide a production story for a commodity, identifying current pest management practices, regional production and pest management differences, established IPM and resistance management programs, alternative pest management tools (chemical and nonchemical), and ongoing research efforts directed at finding replacement strategies for pesticides facing cancellation.
Electronic media includes audio and video-tapes, slide and visual presentations, and other mass media (e.g., CD and DVD disks, etc.).
Government Performance Results Act (GPRA)
GPRA Refers to an assessment of the results of a program compared to its intended purpose.
Media/modes of communication
Media/modes of communication include mail, phone, fax, e-mail, office visits, referrals, etc., to information requests made by similar means.
Pest management registration data/information
Pest management registration data/information includes: NPIRS, electronic and e-mail requests, database searches, label look-ups, Pest Bank, telephone calls, office visits, etc.
Pesticide recommendation guides
Pesticide recommendation guides are defined as print publications, electronic releases and other outlets that the state land grant university issues which include listings of pesticides that are available for use in a state. The purpose of the releases is to advise producers on pest control/management utilizing pesticides. Examples include, but are not limited to: Fact Sheets, Recommendation Sheets, Crop Sheets, Production Guides, State Recommendation Books, web pages, CD-ROMs with pesticide/pest/crop combinations, etc. To report for Pesticide Recommendation Guides, the NAPIAP liaison does not have to produce nor edit these publications, but does have to have input into the production. Input includes, but is not limited to, providing a listing of registered pesticides, identifying restricted-use-pesticides, notification of cancellations, etc.
Pesticide Registration refers to a permit issued by the Environmental Protection Agency for the sale and use of an active ingredient within the boundaries of the United States and its territories. Registrations include Section 3, 18 and 24C labels and are identified by the EPA registration number included in their labeling.
Pesticide usage data
Pesticide usage data is quantitative and answers the question "how much" of a pesticide is used on a given crop or site. Usage data indicate total crop acres grown, total acres of that crop treated, percent of crop treated, and the total pounds of an active ingredient applied to that crop.
Pesticide use information
Pesticide use information is qualitative and answers the questions "how, why, what, when, and where" a given pesticide is used. Use information identifies specific pesticides applied, the crops or sites treated, target pests (insects, diseases, nematodes, weeds), rates used, number, frequency and timing of applications, reentry and preharvest intervals, and application methods and equipment.
Pesticide use/pest management surveys
Pesticide use/pest management surveys could encompass non-grower pesticide users and audiences such as owners and staff of golf courses, nurseries, greenhouse operations, park officials and staff, master gardeners, and home owners. Providing information on the pesticide use and pesticide management practices of these constituencies provides a more complete profile of pesticide uses, usage, and pest management practices than either just crop profiles or pesticide surveys per se.
Printed materials include bulletins, brochures, fact sheets, and newsletters.
Production Management Practices
Production Management Practices include the appropriate use of pesticides, integrated pest management and crop management techniques, and cultural management including reduced tillage, cultivation, fertility management, water management, etc.
Production Management Tools
Agricultural producers must have access to a wide array of production management tools to remain competitive and meet consumer demands for quality food and fiber. This includes access to appropriate agricultural pesticides, integrated pest and crop management education, and research findings on pest management alternatives and their effectiveness.
Published articles include refereed and non-refereed journals and magazine articles.
Stakeholders are groups or individuals that use systematically gathered pesticide information to set goals and establish strategic plans to further the objectives of their organization or operation. While these organizations/operations are varied.
Total number of events
Total number of events include total number of meetings and related occasions in which presentations were given (such as talks, displays, demonstrations, panel discussions, etc.) and/or information was shared concerning the regulation of pesticides, the use and usage of pesticides, and application of pest management practices.