Day 70 | March 11, 2014

323Illustration of peanut maturity. To check maturity Extension researchers use a pressure washer to take off the outer layer of the peanut pod to be able to access the color of the middle layer or Mesocarp of the Pod. The white color (far left) is immature and the Black color (far right) is mature. Clemson Extension recommends growers to start digging peanuts once the pod sample (100 pods) has 70% or more pods with some color (dark orange to black). Photo from the 2014 SC Peanut Production guide produced by Clemson Extension Researchers.

South Carolina Peanut Production

South Carolina peanut production has grown dramatically in acreage and value in the last ten years.  Peanut production expanded from the southeast and south central part of the state to almost every county in the coastal plain from Georgia to North Carolina. The expansion in peanut production includes

  • acreage increased from 15,000 to now 80,000
  • nearly 400 growers (added more than 30 plus growers each year for last few years), and
  • two new buying points equaling a total of 9

The value of the peanut crop is substantial for South Carolina Growers at an estimated $66 million. This does not account for the added revenue to the industry (local chemical and fertilizer companies and buying points).

An acre of peanuts at two tons is worth a $1,000.00 per acre ($500 per ton average for 2013) with a cost of production of estimated $750 to $1000 per acre in variable and fixed cost. 

2013 stats

  • South Carolina produced 17, 236 acres of Runners and 62,550 acres of Virginias 
  • Average yields was 3,400 pounds, $540 per ton for Virginia and $500 per ton for Runners
  • 15 to 20 % irrigated – increasing each year
  • Industry is talking about manufacturing in South Carolina
  • Top three counties are Orangeburg, Calhoun, and Horry

Visit Extenison's Agronomy page dedicated to Peanut production >

Content provided by W. Scott Monfort, Clemson Extension Peanut Specialist


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