News for SC Beekeepers: November 2010

Local News 

As a result of drastic cuts in the Clemson University Public Service Activities budget, there are no funds available to print and mail paper copies of this ―News for South Carolina Beekeepers‖ newsletter. This newsletter will continue to be published in the same format, but it will be accessible by electronic form only. There are three avenues for you to access the newsletter which will continue to be published three times annually (February, June, and November). You may find the newsletter available on two websites, the SCBA website, scstatebeekeepers.org, or my website at Clemson University, www.clemson.edu/extension/beekeepers. The newsletter will be emailed to each local beekeepers association in the state through a designated person who will further distribute the newsletter to their membership. It is important that an accurate email listing of membership be maintained at the local level. This newsletter has now been published and mailed for 21 years to South Carolina beekeepers and I hope that you will continue to access and review it electronically. 


Spring Meeting

The North Carolina State Beekeepers Association will host our joint 2-day spring meeting at Gaston College, Gastonia, North Carolina on March 4-5, 2011. This is a convenient meeting site for many South Carolina beekeepers, located about 15 minutes drive west of Charlotte. The February 2011 ―News for South Carolina Beekeepers‖ newsletter will give further details of this meeting. Make plans now to attend this joint meeting with our beekeeping friends from North Carolina. I‘m sure the program will be outstanding and I know the fellowship will be great. 

Our 2011 summer meeting is scheduled to be held at Clemson University on July 14-16, 2011. Plans now include an intermediate level beekeeping short course and a queen rearing workshop to be offered concurrently on Thursday, the first day of the summer meeting. Mark your calendars now for this important summer meeting. 

Three honorary awards were presented at our South Carolina Beekeepers 2010 summer meeting in July. Ray Farmer of Abbeville County was selected to receive the "2010 South Carolina Beekeeper of the Year Award." Ray became interested in honey bees at the early age of 3 and has now been keeping bees for over 60 years. His grandfather was a beekeeper in Virginia and his mother still keeps bees there. 

When Ray was discharged from the Army at the age of 20, he obtained several colonies of honey bees. Sixteen years ago, he transferred from Florida to Abbeville where worked for Pirelli Cable Company. Ray lives on a small farm with his wife, many bee colonies, some horses, dogs and chickens. He began rescuing bees from trees and structures in Florida and continues this activity today. Ray gets bee rescue/removal calls from a six county area to remove swarms or remove bees from structures. In 2008, Ray received 78 calls for structure colony removals. In 2009, he logged in 9,800 miles rescuing honey bee colonies. 

Ray is one of the three founding members of the Lakelands Beekeepers. He along with the late McCormick County beekeeper Paul LeRoy and retired Extension Agent Wallace Wood organized this group in 2001. Ray became a South Carolina Master Beekeeper Program certified level beekeeper in 2003. He has made himself available to club members, school groups and anyone remotely interested in beekeeping, explaining the importance of honey bees. He carries the honey bee life cycle chart in his truck and uses every opportunity to educate the public about bees. He has even recruited members to join the Lakelands Beekeepers from some of his structural bee removal calls. Ray willingly visits new beekeepers to help them with their hives and personally mentored five new beekeepers in 2009. He builds his own equipment and recycles everything possible. Every moment you‘re with Ray is a learning experience. 

Ray has assisted with beginner level beekeeper classes as well as helping with regular club meetings, field days, bee exhibits at Emerald Farms, farm/city day exhibits in Abbeville and McCormick Counties. He regularly gives presentations to civic and garden clubs, especially the Golden Kiawanis Club. On October 9, 2009 the Press and Banner, the local newspaper in Abbeville, published a feature article about Ray and his bees titled ―Show Me the Honey, Ray Farmer is a bee keeper‘s beekeeper.‖ Several times in 2008 and 2009 there was a picture and write up in Greenwood‘s ―Index Journal‖ of Ray‘s feral bee colony rescues. 

Ray has a unique trapping method to remove bees from structures. Escapes and hive traps are placed on the wall surface for 6-8 weeks and checked twice weekly. He enlists help from club members to check these traps. Ray does not charge for bee removals, but he does accept gas money, if offered. Ray finds a home for all the bees that he rescues. Some may be sold, and others are given away. In 2009, he gave away 11 swarms and 10 queens to club members. Even though Ray experiences great personal expense, rescuing bees has become his ministry to our community. 

Thanks, Ray Farmer, for all you do to support beekeeping in South Carolina. Our hats are off to you in being selected the ―Beekeeper of the Year in South Carolina for 2010.‖ Keep up the good work ! 

Alana West, Clemson University County Extension Agent in Cherokee County, was selected to receive the "2010 Extension Agent of the Year Award." According to her letter of nomination which came from the president of the Cherokee County Beekeepers, ―Alana has been tireless in her efforts to help our association and educate the public about honey bees and the vital role they play in our lives.‖ Through Alana‘s efforts, the Cherokee Beekeepers has doubled its membership within the past year. She coordinated with the York County Beekeepers the first ever beginners short course to be held in Cherokee County back in winter 2010, with 22 participants. Alana has setup and maintains a beekeeping library at the extension office in Gaffney. She arranged and helped host a honey bee and beekeeping booth at both Limestone College Earth Day and the Union County Fair. Alana has also been busy visiting elementary schools in Cherokee County where she provided instruction on honey bees and beekeeping. Thanks Alana for all your effort over the past year in support of honey bees and beekeeping in Cherokee County and we hope that you will keep up the good work. Congratulations on receiving this award ! 

Congratulations to Tori Elrod, a 12-year old from Pickens County, who was selected to receive the “Junior Beekeeper of the Year Award.” Tori was nominated by the Pickens County Beekeepers who reported that she was a 2009 certified beekeeper, having completed all the requirements of this level of the South Carolina Master Beekeeper Program. She plans to take the journey level short course soon. 

Tori joined the Pickens County Beekeepers three years ago and attends meetings regularly. She became interested in beekeeping three years ago when her grandfather began keeping bees. Tori‘s great-grandfather and great-great-grandfather were beekeepers, also. She has eight bee colonies which she maintains herself and helps her grandfather manage 25 more colonies. Tori is an accomplished beekeeper, not only does she work with her bee colonies, she builds frames, assembles beehives and paints them. Over the past year, Tori sold 60 gallons of honey which her colonies produced and made 30 beeswax candles which she shared with others as gifts. When she sales her honey, Tori is always glad to answer any questions that the customer may have on honey bees and beekeeping. Tori has given a number of school reports on her beekeeping activities and she gave a presentation recently on beekeeping at Career Day at Six Mile Elementary School. We salute Tori for all her beekeeping accomplishments and we look forward to hearing more about her in the future. 


Calendar for 2011 

Jan. 4-8, 2011 – North American Beekeeping Conference (ABF and AHPA), Galveston, Texas 

Mar. 4-5, 2011. NCSBA/SCBA Joint Meeting to be held in Gastonia, NC 

July 14-16, 2011. SCBA Summer Meeting to be held at Clemson University 


North American Beekeeping Conference And Trade Show Scheduled 

Together for a sweet future 

Beekeeping Industry to Gather in Galveston in January 

Plans are well underway for the ―Together for a Sweet Future‖ 2011 North American Beekeeping Conference & Tradeshow, January 4-8, in Galveston, Texas. This joint conference of the American Beekeeping Federation (ABF), the American Honey Producers Association (AHPA) and the Canadian Honey Council (CHC) promises to be the largest beekeeping event in the United States. And with anticipated attendance of more than 1,200, this is sure to be the conference that you won‘t want to miss -- beekeepers at all levels and from all over North America and beyond will gather to share ideas and develop new contacts. 

The joint conference promises to offer something fro everyone. From the new hobbyist to the seasoned professional, conference organizers have planned a schedule to incorporate educational sessions at all levels. The tradeshow has also been expanded to offer even more great deals and new product ideas. And, other industry-related organizations have been invited to participate in this groundbreaking event, including the American Association of Professional Apiculturists (AAPA), the American Bee Research Conference (ABRC), the Apiary Inspectors of America (AIA) and the National Honey Packers and Dealers Association (NHPDA). 

The conference will be held at the San Luis Resort, which consists of four properties: The Galveston 

Convention Center (where all meetings will be held); The Hilton; The San Luis Resort; and The Holiday Inn. We have secured rooms at all three hotels with rates ranging from $89.00 to $99.00 per night (plus tax). 

The conference will begin on Tuesday evening with a complimentary welcome reception for all registered attendees. Wednesday morning will kick-off with the Opening General Session followed by Shared Interest Group meetings, and then finish in the evening with the traditional Honey Queen Reception. The 2011 American Honey Show will also take place on Wednesday. 

The expanded tradeshow will open on Wednesday afternoon and remain open during conference hours until noon on Saturday. Thursday and Friday will be dedicated to general sessions, as well as the always-popular and well-attended Serious Sideline Symposium facilitated by Dr. Larry Connor of Wicwas Press and the ABRC conference. Interactive workshops will take place on Saturday morning. In addition, both the ABF and AHPA will host their annual banquets during the conference. 

The conference will include many great opportunities for networking and socializing, including two optional activities. ―Murder by Honey‖ will take place on Thursday evening and includes dinner and entertainment, provided by YOU. That‘s right, join us for a murder mystery dinner, where you and your fellow beekeepers will put on your acting caps and show just how talented you truly are. This is sure to be a great time for all who participate. 

The second optional activity will follow the conference on Sunday and is just the place to unwind and socialize with your new friends. We‘ve reserved the conference lounge at the San Luis Resort for lunch, networking and fun. So before you go home, stop by for a little last-minute mingling. 

Registration rates, online registration and hotel reservation information are now available on the conference Web site at www.nabeekeepingconference.com. Be sure to check the Web site often as additional conference details will be posted as soon as they are made available. 

SOURCE: American Bee Journal, October 2010, Vol.150, No. 10, P. 905. 


Aia, USDA Beltsville Survey Of Honey Bee Colonies Report loss of 33.8%

By Dennis vanEnglesdorp, Jerry Hayes, Dewey Caron & Jeff Pettis 

A survey conducted by the Apiary Inspectors of America (AIA) and USDA-ARS Beltsville Honey Bee Lab has found that over one-third of the colonies included in the apiaries surveyed died over the winter of 2009-2010. 

More than 4,000 beekeepers participated in the survey, representing 22.4% of the country‘s estimated 2.46 million colonies. 

A total loss of 33.8% of managed honey bee colonies was recorded. This compares to total losses of 29%, 35.8% and 31.8% recorded respectively in the winters of 2008-2009, 2007-2008, and 2006-2007. 

On average, responding beekeepers lost 42.2% of their operation, this is an 8 point or 23% increase in the average operational loss experienced by beekeepers compared to the winter of 2008-2009. 

Average losses were nearly three times greater than the losses beekeepers reported that they considered acceptable (14.4%). Sixty-one percent of beekeepers reported losses in excess of what they would consider acceptable. 

Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) is characterized, in part, by the complete absence of bees in dead colonies and apiaries. This survey was not designed to share the ―absence of dead bees‖ symptom. Only 28% of operations reported that at least some of their dead colonies were found dead without dead bees. However this group lost a total of 44% of their colonies, as compared to the total loss of 25% experienced by beekeepers who did not report losses indicative of CCD. 

Responding beekeepers attributed their losses to starvation (32%), weather (29%), weak colonies in the fall (14%), Mites (12%, and poor queens (10%). Only 5% of beekeepers attributed CCD as the major cause for their losses. 

In all 4,207 beekeepers responded to the online survey and an additional 24 were contacted by phone. This response rate is of greater magnitude than previous years‘ efforts, which relied on phone or email response only (2008-2009 n=778, 2007-20088 n=331, 2006-2007 n=384). 

It is also important to note that this survey only reports on winter losses and does not capture the colony losses that occur throughout the summer as queens or entire colonies fail and need to be replaced. Preliminary data from other survey efforts suggest that these ―summer‖ losses can also be significant. All told, the rate of loss experienced by the industry is unsustainable. 

(Note: This is a preliminary analysis, and a more detailed final report is being prepared for publication at a later date.) 

SOURCE: The Speedy Bee, Summer 2010, Vol. 39, No. 2, P. 4. 

The Numbers on Colony Losses

The Numbers on Colony Losses

 


USDA Begins National Survey Of Honey Bee Pests, Diseases 

A 13-State survey of honey bee pests and diseases is underway. The survey is being conducted cooperatively by USDA‘s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), USDA‘s Agricultural Research Services (ARS), and Pennsylvania State University (PSU). The survey will help USDA scientists to determine the prevalence of parasites and disease-causing microorganisms that may be contributing to the decline of honey bee colonies nationwide. 

"Bee health is critical for the success of pollination-based agriculture, which produces about a third of our diet in the United States,‖ said Agricutglure Secretary Tom Vilsack. ―There has been a disturbing drop in the number of U.S. bee colonies over the last few years while the demand for commercial bee pollination services continues to grow, and this survey will help us to better understand the factors threatening our honey bees so we can take effective action to protect them and the crops that they pollinate.‖ 

The voluntary survey includes 350 apiaries across 13 states and will last through the end of the year. APHIS developed the survey protocol jointly with ARS and PSU and allocated $550,000, provided by Section 10201 of the 2008 Farm Bill, for the survey. Survey kits have been mailed to state apiary specialists, who will collect samples of bees and debris from the apiaries in their states. ARS and PSU scientists will test the samples for specific pests and pathogens. APHIS is particularly interested to know whether foreign mites of the genus Tropilaelaps have entered the United States. 

The survey will take place in Alabama, California, Georgia, Indiana, Florida, Hawaii, Michigan, New York, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas and Washington. Once all the samples have been analyzed, APHIS will summarize the results and post the summary on its web site. 

Beekeeping is an essential component of modern U.S. agriculture, providing pollination services for more than 90 commercial crops and adding $15 billion in value. Since the 1980s, however, a number of factors have contributed to the declining health of U.S. honey bee colonies. These include the introduction of several honey bee pests into the United States, such as the small hive beetle, which can damage honey comb, stored honey and pollen, as well as deadly bee parasites such as the Varroa mite (Varroa destructor), tracheal mite (Acarapis woodi) and single-celled gut parasite Nosema ceranae. Honey bees also face a number of newly introduced diseases caused by viruses, bacteria and fungie. 

In addition, beekeepers began to report in 2006 a new threat to honey bee health that scientists have named colony collapse disorder (CCD). In colonies exhibiting CCD, adult bees leave the hive and never return, abandoning the queen and eggs. APHIS, ARS, USDA‘s National Institute of Food and Agriculture and a number of other organizations have formed a CCD working group, which is researching the possible causal agent(s) of CCD. The survey results will provide valuable information in this effort. 

SOURCE: USDA News Release, June 7, 2010. 


Pollen "Fingerprints‟ Can Tell The Origin Of Illegal Honey Imports 

By Eric Berger, Houston Chronicle 

The last decade has really stung U.S. beekeepers. There‘s been the widely reported Colony Collapse Disorder, in which some keepers have reported the loss of 30 to 90 percent of their hives, the underlying cause of which remains mysterious. Less well known but just as significant for their economic vitality, U.S. beekeepers have also had to deal with tens of thousands of tons of Chinese honey being illegally dumped onto the market. 

These combined natural and economic forces have dampened honey production by large American producers from 221 million pounds in 1998 to 144 million pounds last year. Last year‘s levels were the lowest since the 1970s. 

"It‘s been a real struggle for many to survive,‖ said John Talbert, owner of the Sabine Creek Honey Farm in Josephine, Tex., and executive secretary of the Texas Beekeepers Association. 

While scientists continue to study the cause of Colony Collapse Disorder, there is hope that the economic issues stemming from illegal Chinese honey flowing into the United States may be addressed. Vaughn Bryant would welcome the help. 

An anthropologist at Texas A & M University, Bryant has honed a unique honey sleuthing talent since 1975, when the U.S. Department of Agriculture asked him if he could test a sample of honey and determine its origin. At the time Bryant studied pollen at archaeological sites in order to tease out historical details. As it turns out, pollen in bee honey – traces of the many, variable nectar sources bees use – can be used to geographically pin down where the honey was made. 

"Holy Moses, I had no idea what I was getting into," Bryan recalled. 

He Knows His Pollen 

After decades of experience, Bryant can look at samples of honey under a microscope in his lab and identify hundreds of types of pollen on sight. That‘s no small feat considering each looks like a roundish, nondescript speck of dust. By linking pollen to plants, and knowing the geographical range of plants, he almost always can pin down the location of the bees that produced a certain sample. 

To help him, along one wall of Bryant‘s lab stand several large cabinets in which he houses a multimillion-dollar collection of 20,000 pollen samples. Two-thirds of the collection, he says, was donated by BP and Exxon Mobil Corp., which use pollen in oil exploration activities to determine the relative ages of rock strata. 

In addition to pinpointing a honey‘s country of origin by glancing in a microscope, Bryant has a second talent: storytelling. There‘s the anecdote about Greek armies that catapulted beehives into enemy cities. Or the one about ―mad honey,‖ produced by bees that use nectar from certain plants that produce a toxin. The Persians, in 67 B.C., apparently left jars of mad honey along the roadside. Honey-loving Roman soldiers came along and ate it, got sick, and then the Persians fell upon them, Bryant said. Today, in some Turkish nightclubs, he said, mad honey is taken as a drug. 

Since becoming involved in honey in the 1970s, Bryant has closely followed the fortunes of the industry. 

The U.S. Honey Habit 

To meet its needs, the United States imports about one-third of the honey it uses. While consumers may be most familiar with jars of honey on grocery shelves, industry uses most of the honey as a flavoring in foods such as cereals, breads and barbecue sauce. The tobacco industry uses a lot of honey, too, as it enhances the body‘s ability to absorb nicotine, Bryant said. 

"If you put sugar into tobacco, you get a bigger charge out," he said. The domestic honey market itself isn‘t that large, about $200 million a year. 

The real economic concern, Bryant said, is the loss of pollination. Fewer bees will mean less pollination of crops. The Department of Agriculture estimates that pollination is worth about $15 billion in America, particularly for crops such as almonds and other nuts, berries, fruits and vegetable. About one mouthful in three in the diet directly or indirectly benefits from honey bee pollination, according to the government. So in 2001, when it determined that lower-priced Chinese honey was flooding the market and driving beekeepers out of business, the U.S. government imposed 200 percent and higher tariffs on honey from China. 

But since then, Bryant said, there‘s been a dramatic rise in honey exports from countries near China, at very low prices. Bryant‘s analysis of this honey reveals that it has either been transshipped from China, or even cut with high-fructose corn syrup to increase its volume. 

"At the rate the Chinese are dumping this honey, it could devastate the U.S. honey industry," he said. 

Enforcement Efforts 

The government has undertaken recent enforcement efforts. Last month, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement officials arrested a Taiwanese executive, Hung Ta Fan, 41, in Los Angeles for allegedly conspiring to illegally import honey that was falsely identified to avoid U.S. tariffs. 

"ICE will not tolerate products being illegally imported into the U.S. marketplace," John Morton, Department of Homeland Security assistant secretary for ICE, said in a statement. 

And in May 2009, Yong Xiang Yan, the president of a honey manufacturer in China, was arrested and later pled guilty to conspiring to illegally import Chinese honey that was falsely identified as coming from the Philippines. Yan is cooperating in the ongoing investigation while awaiting sentencing, according to the affidavit against Fan. 

Cheap Honey 

Earlier this month, five U.S. honey producers launched the Honest Honey Campaign to raise consumer awareness of this illegally imported honey. They estimate the Unites States loses about $100 million annually in uncollected duties because of illegal honey imports. 

"We‘re encouraged by the activity we‘ve seen from the Department of Homeland Security on this issue," said Jill Clark, an official with Lancaster, Pennsylvania-based Dutch Gold Honey, one of the companies sponsoring the campaign. 

Bryant, who studies about 150 samples a year to determine their origin, is more skeptical about the U.S. fight to stop Chinese dumping of honey. Many importers, he said, are happy just to get the honey at a good price. So it will take a lot of enforcement to solve the problem. 

"Essentially," he said, "what we‘ve got is a big leak in the dike with the government sticking a few fingers into it, trying to plug small holes."

SOURCE: The Speedy Bee, Summer 2010, Vol. 39, No. 2, P. 3. 


Bee Pastures: Floral Havens Where Pollinators Can Prosper 

By Marcia Wood, Agricultural Research Service Information Staff 

Beautiful wildflowers, perhaps as alluring to bees as they are to people, might someday be planted in ―bee pastures.‖ These floral havens would be created to help propagate larger generations of healthy, hard-working bees. 

Pesticide-free bee pastures can be ―simple to establish and—at perhaps only a half-acre each—easy to tend,‖ says entomologist James H. Cane. He‘s with the Agricultural Research Service‘s Pollinating Insects Biology, Management, and Systematics Research Unit in Logan, Utah, about 80 miles north of Salt Lake City. 

Cane has conducted bee-pasture-related experiments for about 4 years, working both in a research greenhouse and at outdoor sites in Utah and California. He says species of pastured pollinators could include, for example, the blue orchard bee, Osmia lignaria. This gentle bee helps with pollination tasks handled mainly by the nation‘s premier pollinator, the European honey bee, Apis mellifera. 

Today, millions of bees are needed, every year, to pollinate orchards and fields. Planting pastures for native blue orchard bees, for instance, could help meet that need. Cane estimates that, under good conditions, blue orchard bee populations could ―increase by as much as four- to fivefold a year‖ in a well-designed, well-managed bee pasture. 

Cane gives this brief explanation of how the pasture idea would work: Blue orchard bees would be taken out of a bee manager‘s winter storage and brought to the pasture, where they would emerge from their cocoons, mate, and, if female, lay eggs, before dying. 

The following year, some of the new generation of bees that developed from those eggs would be brought to commercial almond orchards to pollinate the trees‘ cream-white blooms. But most of that generation would be returned to their parents‘ pasture to produce yet another, hopefully larger, generation. 

Ideally, this cycle would continue year after year, with each year‘s new generation larger than the one it replaced. 

Best Bets For A Bountiful Bee Pasture 

In their experiments, Cane and colleagues have studied wildflowers that might be ideal for planting at bee pastures in California. In particular, the team was interested in early-flowering annuals that could help bolster populations of blue orchard bees needed for pollinating California‘s vast almond orchards. The research resulted in a first-ever list of five top-choice, bee-friendly wildflowers for tomorrow‘s bee pastures in almond-growing regions. 

These native California plants are: Chinese houses (Collinsia heterophylla), California five-spot (Nemophila maculata), baby blue eyes (N. menziesii), lacy or tansy phacelia (Phacelia tanacetifolia), and California bluebell (P. campanularia). 

Though blue orchard bees gathered nectar and pollen from all of these species—a key requirement for wildflowers on the list—the bees‘ obvious favorite was the bright-pink blossoms of the Chinese houses plants. 

Wildflower species had to have more attributes than merely appealing to bees, however. Cane‘s team made sure that each of the select species flourishes in the same climate and soil as that of almond orchards, and that the wildflowers bloom at about the same time of year as those trees. 

These features help make it feasible and practical for bee managers who are busy fulfilling a commercial almond pollination contract to—at the same time—manage a bee pasture. 

The wildflowers also met other criteria: They are rich in pollen and nectar and are reasonably easy to grow. And their seed is commercially available. 

There was yet more that the researchers determined before deciding that the wildflowers were pasture-perfect. For example, the scientists either newly determined or confirmed the amount of pollen and nectar produced by the plants, and they noted the timing and duration of the bloom. They estimated how many flowers were produced per acre, then calculated the ―carrying capacity‖ of each species, that is, the number of blue orchard bees that these plants could nourish. 

Cane estimates that every 10 square yards of pasture that is planted with a mix of these five attractive flowers could provide enough pollen and nectar to support 400 mother bees. In turn, these pastured parents could produce enough progeny to—the following year—pollinate 3 acres of almond trees. 

Two bee businesses in California are already using the findings to propagate more bees, Cane notes. He collaborated in the research with support scientist Glen Trostle at Logan; former Logan technician Stephanie Miller; AgPollen LLC colleague Steve Peterson, and others. ARS and the Modesto-based Almond Board of California funded the studies. 

Cane notes that the bee-pasturing approach could perhaps be developed for other regions where other tree crops that blue orchard bees pollinate are grown, such as the cherry, apple, or pear orchards of the Pacific Northwest. 

Bee pasturing isn‘t a new idea. But the studies by Cane and his collaborators are likely the most extensive to date. 

For the foreseeable future, bees will remain in great demand. And the bee pastures that Cane proposes are in perfect harmony with the pollination needs of almond blossoms and wildflowers alike. 

"Bee pasturing," he says, "is an efficient, practical, environmentally friendly, and economically sound way for bee managers to produce successive generations of healthy young bees."

This research is part of Crop Production, an ARS national program (#305) described at www.nps.ars.usda.gov. 

James H. Cane is in the USDA-ARS Pollinating Insects Biology, Management, and Systematics Research Unit, 5310 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT 84322; (435) 797-3879. 

SOURCE: August 2010 issue of Agricultural Research magazine. 

 

Recipes

Honey Whole-Wheat Pancakes with Honey Lime Butter 

Servings: 4 servings ; Prep Time: 15 min 

Cook Time: 10 min; Difficulty: Easy 

For the pancakes: 

1 1/2 cups all-purpose flour 
1/2 cup whole-wheat flour 
1/2 teaspoon baking soda 
1/2 teaspoon salt 
1/4 teaspoon ground cinnamon 
2 cups buttermilk 
2 eggs 
4 tablespoons (1/2 stick) butter, melted, plus more for cooking pancakes 
1 tablespoon honey 

For the honey lime butter: 

4 tablespoons (1/2 stick) butter, softened 
1/4 cup honey 
1 lime, zest finely grated 

Directions

For the honey lime butter: 
Whisk the butter, the honey, and lime zest in a bowl until smooth, or pulse to combine them in a mini food processor. Refrigerate until ready to serve with the pancakes. 

For the pancakes: 
Whisk together the flours, baking soda, salt, and cinnamon in a large bowl. In a separate bowl, whisk together the buttermilk, eggs, melted butter, and honey. Stir the wet ingredients into the dry ingredients until just combined; don‘t worry about lumps. 

Melt 1 tablespoon of butter in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Working in batches, drop the batter, about 1/4 cup at a time, into the skillet. Cook until the surface is bubbling and the bottom is golden brown, 2 to 3 minutes. Flip each pancake and cook until the bottom golden brown and the pancake is firm, about 2 minutes more. Remove the pancake to a platter and cover with foil. Repeat with the remaining batter, using more butter if necessary. Serve topped with the honey butter. 

Source: Paula's Best Dishes/The Deen Family Cookbook

 

Butternut Squash Soup   Butternut Squash Soup 

Makes 6 servings 

2 Tablespoons butter 
1 onion, chopped 
2 cloves garlic, minced 
3 carrots, diced 
2 celery stalks, diced 
1 potato, peeled and diced 
1 butternut squash, peeled, seeded and diced 
3 cans (14.5 oz. each) chicken broth 
1/2 cup honey 
1/2 teaspoon dried thyme leaves, crushed 
Salt and pepper, to taste 

In large pot, melt butter over medium heat. Stir in onions and garlic. Cook and stir until lightly browned, about 5 minutes. Stir in carrots, celery, potatoes, squash, chicken broth, honey and thyme. Bring mixture to boil; reduce heat and simmer 30 to 45 minutes or until vegetables are tender. Remove from heat and cool slightly. Transfer mixture to blender or food processor; process until smooth. Return pureed soup to pot. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Heat until hot and serve. 

SOURCE: National Honey Board Website

 

Honey BBQ Shredded Pork   Honey BBQ Shredded Pork 

National Honey Board's Beekeepers' Favorite Recipe Contest Winner Category: Main Dish Lancaster County Honey Producers 

Makes 8 to 10 servings 

1 pork shoulder, picnic roast (remove fat) or 3-4 lbs. turkey legs 
1-1/4 cups ketchup 
1/2 cup water 
1/2 cup honey, we suggest dark honey 
1 cup chopped celery 
1 cup chopped onion 
2 Tablespoons lemon juice 
3 Tablespoons white vinegar 
3 Tablespoons Worcestershire sauce 
2 Tablespoons dry mustard 
1 teaspoon salt 
1/2 teaspoon ground black pepper 
8 to 10 crusty rolls or flour tortillas 

In 9x13-inch pan, combine all ingredients. Cover with foil and roast at 300°F oven for 3 to 3-1/2 hours. Shred meat using two forks, removing all bones and skin. Stir with sauce. Serve in crusty rolls or warmed flour tortillas. 

SOURCE: National Honey Board Website

 

Apple Honey Bars 

1/2 cup Sue Bee Honey 

1 1/2 cups all-purpose flour 
1 cup chunky applesauce 
1 teaspoon vanilla extract 
1 large egg 
1/4 cup butter 
1/4 teaspoon salt 
1/2 teaspoon baking soda 
1/2 teaspoon baking powder 
1 teaspoon ground cinnamon 
1 golden delicious apple 

Directions 

  1. Preheat oven to 350°F.
  2. Grease 13x9 baking pan with non-stick cooking spray. 
  3. In medium bowl, combine flour, cinnamon, baking powder, baking soda and salt. 
  4. Set aside. 
  5. In large bowl, using wire whisk, beat butter, honey, egg and vanilla until well blended, 1 minute. 
  6. Stir in applesauce until just blended. 
  7. Stir in flour mixture until just blended. 
  8. Stir in apples. 
  9. Spread batter evenly in pan. 
  10. Bake 32 minutes or until edges begin to pull from sides of pan. 
  11. Transfer pan to wire rack, cool completely. 

SOURCE: http://www.suebee.com/recipes 

 

 



Comments or Questions, Contact:

Mike Hood,  Extension Apiculturist, 864-656-0346, mhood@clemson.edu

Clemson University, Dept. of Entomology, Soils, & Plant Sciences
Attn: "News for SC Beekeepers", Editor
Box 340110, 116 Long Hall, Clemson, SC 29634-0110
Phone: 864-656-3111, Fax: 864-656-0274

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