Urban treeArboriculture and urban forestry are two terms commonly associated with the care of urban trees.  While the two fields overlap one another, as a general rule, arborists are professionals who evaluate and treat trees on an individual basis, while urban foresters deal more often with larger-scale urban ecosystem management issues.

Community forestry is the combination of planning, establishment, management, and research of trees and associated plants (individually, in groups, or under forest conditions) within cities, suburbs, and towns. Community forestry addresses the interface between people, the built environment and trees through a dynamic interaction of forestry, horticulture, arboriculture, landscape architecture and urban planning. As cities continue to grow, increasing numbers of people will choose to live, work, and play in community forests, making the field of community forestry critical for healthy and sustainable living.



Tree I.D. fact sheets (VA)

Tree Fact Sheets (FL)


Urban Tree Selector Database (VA)

Urban Tree Species Guide (SC)

Selection, Establishment, and Maintenance

Clemson Extension Home & Garden Information Center

Landscape Plants (FL)

Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources (GA)

Urban & Community Forestry

Columbia Tree and Appearance Commission

South Carolina Forestry Commission


USDA Forest Service Urban and Community Forestry

National Arbor Day Foundation

Urban Forestry South Expo: Providing resources to support U&CF programs in the southeastern US.

Professional Arboriculture

Online Seminars for Municipal Arborists

American Society of Consulting Arborists

International Society of Arboriculture (ISA)

ISA (Spanish)

ISA, Southern Chapter

Society of Municipal Arborists

Trees SC: South Carolina's non-profit forum for the stewardship of SC's urban and community forests. Membership is open to all.

Selected readings

Geiger, J.R., C. King, D. Hartel. 2004. The Large Tree Argument - The case for large-stature trees vs. small-stature trees. Davis, CA: Center for Urban Forest Research, Pacific Southwest Research Station, USDA Forest Service; 8p. Research summary - View Document [3.62 MB]

Geiger, J.R. 2004. The Large Tree Argument: The Case for Large Trees vs. Small Trees. Western Arborist. 30 (1): 14-15 - View Document [379.55 KB]