Water Resources

Water resources world-wide are considered tremendous. Three quarters of the earth's surface is made up of water. However, 97% of the world's water is salty and of little direct value to man. Another two percent of our water is tied up as ice.

This leaves only one percent of all our world's water available for direct use by man. South Carolina has many water quality problems that further limit the use of this precious resource. Studies by SCDHEC show that 43 percent of our streams and rivers are impaired. In addition, 7 percent of our lakes and 23 percent of our coastal waters are also impaired and we have restrictions or closures on 70 percent of our shellfish areas.

Most of our water quality problems are from nonpoint source pollution (NPS) or urbanization. NPS pollution is the result of runoff originating in from many different sources. Following a heavy rain event, runoff water may move sediment from a improperly managed construction site, logging operations or plowed fields. The runoff may also carry pesticides from our lawns and farming operations. Of concern to human health is the introduction of bacteria from pet areas in our yards, hobby farms or poorly managed animal production and livestock operations.

Clemson is actively conducting research and providing outreach education on water quality issues. We work cooperatively on these problems with Counties, State and Federal Agencies, and private organizations involved with conserving our most important natural resource — water.


Water Quality Information:

Cattle Diseases and Water Quality

Fecal Coliform Bacteria

Contact :
Dr. William R. English
Associate Professor, Department of Forestry and Natural Resources

Pond Information:


Factsheets on various aspects of pond management in the Home and Garden Information Center:

HGIC 1706 Water Gardening in Containers
HGIC 1707 Aquatic Garden Pond & Pool Construction
HGIC 1708 Algae Problems in Water Gardens
HGIC 1709 Aquatic Plant Selection
HGIC 1710 Fertilizing Recreational Fish Ponds
HGIC 1711 Liming Recreational Ponds
HGIC 1712 Stocking & Harvesting Recreational Fish Ponds
HGIC 1713 Use of Rotenone for Management of Fish Populations
HGIC 1714 Aquatic Weed Control Overview
HGIC 1715 Biological Control of Aquatic Weeds
HGIC 1720 Chemical Control of Aquatic Weeds
Also, as part of the Southern Regional Aquaculture Center – we support Aquaplant. Aquaplant is a Pond Management Diagnostic Tool on the web that is a reference tool to identify and develop the best management approach for aquatic weeds.
SCDNR maintains the list of Licensed Fish Sources in SC.