What type of fruit is a peach?

Diagram of typical drupe (peach) showing both fruit and sees. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DrupeQ:  What type of fruit is a peach? Name some additional examples of this type. What are the names for the various parts of the fruit? Besides using the pits and seed contained within them to grow another peach tree, what else can they be used for?

A:  The peach is called a drupe. Other drupe fruits include the nectarine, apricot, plum, and cherry. The outermost layer of the fruit is called the exocarp. Commonly, this is called the skin. Red pigmentation in the skin (blush) is loaded with anthocyanins that are rich antioxidants and healthy for you. Don't peel and throw the skin away!  Eat it! The fleshy part that we enjoy eating is the mesocarp.  Inside the middle of the fruit is the pit. Technically, we refer to this as the stony endocarp. Within the stony endocarp is the seed. Fruits bearing stony endocarps inside them are typically called "stone" fruits. Historically, peach pits have been used by artists and carved into pieces of jewelry.

To see an interesting site for peach pit carving, visit:
http://stoneplus.cst.cmich.edu/peachpits/index.htm

 

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