Louisiana iris

Iris 'Full Eclipse'Iris full eclipse dark purple bloom`

Family:
Iridaceae

Lifecycle:
Perennial

Native or Introduced:
Introduced

Nutrient Removal Rating:
Highpicture of louisiana iris

Wildlife Value:
Low

Invasiveness:
Low

Rooted or Floating:
Rooted

Site Requirements:
Full sun

Maximum Water Depth:
3 in

Plant Description:
The genus Iris is highly complex taxonomically. It's complexity has brought about the advent of subgenera and classes. Louisiana Irises are found in the subgenus Limniris and the section Limniris. The group that consists of the Louisiana Irises has been termed Hexagonae. Hexagonae is made up of 5 species: Iris hexagona, Iris fulva, Iris brevicaulis, Iris giganticaerulea, and Iris nelsonii. There is significant variation between these species, but they all share some major characteristics.

Taxonomic Outline:

  • Genus: Iris
    • Subgenus: Limniris
      • Section: Limniris
        • Group: Hexagonae - Louisiana Irises
          • Iris hexagona
          • Iris fulva
          • Iris brevacaulis
          • Iris giganticaerulea
          • Iris nelsonii

Louisiana Irises are herbaceous perennial plants that grow to be approximately 2-3 feet in height. They produce underground rhizomes that serve as storage organs and as mechanisms for vegetative reproduction. Leaves are green, basal, and sword shaped.

The flowers are beardless and distinctly triangular in shape when viewed from above (three petals, three stamens, three pistils etc.). Flowers are very colorful, ranging from blues to pinks to yellow.

Louisiana irises can grow in shallow waters and along water edges.

Sources:

  • Society for Louisiana Irises (See link below)

Additional reading: